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Azymuth

4 2015 .

Dmitry Zakomoldin

............................................................................................... 3
- Display Site Picture, Antenna Documentation.........................8
Plug-in Incidence Angle Footprint............................................................................................ 9
AFP . .............................11
GSM............................................................................................... 11
BCCH............................................................................................................ 14
TCH.............................................................................................................. 17
............................................................................................... 19
()....................................................................21
AFP..................................................................................................................... 22
....................................................................................... 23
AFP, ..................................................................................... 24
Scrambling Code..............................................27
.................................................30
.............................................................................. 36
, -............................................................................................ 37
......................42
CW , , ..................................47
.............................................................................. 51

.......................................................................................................................... 52
ACP ........................................................................................................................... 55


RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol)
(IP 192.168.210.196). ,
:

(Automatic Cell Planner ),


, Atoll with ACP, Atoll without ACP.
,
:
Connect to the Database

(
). Server ATOLLDB

Events
:

Select Project

, .

. , 2 3D
(5- ), 20 2D (10-
), 2D (50- ).

, Personal Folder.
, ,
, , Computation, Focus Zone,
visual basic,
( Tools -> User Configuration -> Save)
.

,
( C:\Users\D.Zakomoldin118\Documents)

MT ( ) UTM
:
32639 39N UTM Zone
32640 40N UTM Zone
32641 41N UTM Zone
32642 42N UTM Zone
32643 43N UTM Zone
32644 44N UTM Zone
32776 Lambert ( )
User configuration.
Template.
.
:

F5 Refresh

.
:
online .

. ,
GEO online Maps,
New.

.
, .
.. ,
:
900 739639_900_02 (
)
1800 742215_1800_06 ( 1800)
2100 742215_2100_06 ( 2100)
,
Atoll.
, UTM , 3D

:

,
.
UMTS Transmitters () GSM
Transmitters , Properties
Propagation .

,
2 ,
( ).

900 2D
( 10 )

- Display Site Picture, Antenna


Documentation.

. :

, :

Display Site Pictrure,

, , Site
. Archive to
Database, .

, ,
-

Antenna Documentation

Plug-in Incidence Angle Footprint


,
plug-in Incidence Angle Footprint.
..
.

,
Plug-in

ALT + F8
:

AFP . .

GSM.
Template.
KCell, ,
.
Template - .

Template, New Transmitters or Station.


, .

900 1800, Template


, Template
.
- .

GSM 900 1800 .


3G ,
Template 3G
GSM .
1. .
Template :
- General

900 1800, Shared


antenna Transmitter c .
, 900 sector-1 1800 sector-6. Shared
antenna Sector-1 sector-6, Shared antenna sector-6
sector-1.
, .
Shared antenna .
Reception threshold,
Transmitters
- , Equipment

Power
.
- ,
, ,
.


2-
.
,
742215_1800_04
.
4- .


Select.
-

,


Secondary
Antennas.
- TRx

( ) ,
, Excluded Channels.
, -. , 12- 41- 44 ,
12-41,44

TRx TCH Required TRXs. .


, AFP 4 TCH, 4-.
, Synthesized Hopping

- Other Properties
.

- Propagation. , ,
, Radius, Resolution.

BCCH.
:
1. Pathloss
2. .
,
-> Allocate GSM Neighbors

% min covered area ( ).


% .
, 2..5% -
. Edit Relations on the Map
.
, % min covered area
.


. ,
importance neighbor list .

, Importance GSM Transmitters ->


Neighbors ->GSM ->Calculate Importance
.
.
.
BCCH, Allocate
Frequencies Interactively

BCCH.
BCCH Create.

BCCH

TCH.

TCH.
TCH,
:

Allocate Frequencies

Separation :

.. DTX,
, Reuse
distance


. high Quality, . Random generator
initialization ( )

, Solution

Allocation
commit , BSIC,

.

C/I BCCH, C/I TCH C/I all channels.

, Coverage by C/I (DL)


C/I BCCH

. BCCH.
, ( )

TCH 100%
( ) .
:

()
, :
1. Computation Zone
2. ,
Focus Zone
3. 2G
4. .
C/I BCCH, C/I TCH C/I all channels.
Coverage by C/I (DL)
C/I BCCH

TCH 100%
( ) .
:

Voice ,
- , % half Rate. Ericsson
TCH Traffic, Average Cell DL Used PDCHs, % half rate.
GSM Transmitters -> Subcells -> Subcells table: Traffic Data.
C/I TCH
, Traffic Load: Form subsells table (. ).
BCCH, TCH, All Channels
AFP.

AFP
Computation Zone. ,
.
, Focus Zone.
,
.

, AFP
AFP.
BCCH=2, TCH=1

, AFP
TRx.
TRx, TRx Required
TRXs Max MAL length

, AFP TRx
.

.

, . ,
.

,

Based on the maps used in the default traffic capture
, Uniform (probability expressed in % of interfered area)
.
, active .

AFP,
AFP GSM Transmitters -> Frequency Plan -> Automatic Allocation.

AFP ( MAL,
MAIO, Channels, HSN, BSIC)
,
AFP
TRx.
Optimization
of the number of TRXs.

. 0 ,
. 1
,
.

, AFP .

DTX,
.

.

Convergence
AFP

Random generator initialization


(
AFP

,
)

:
,
(
,
)
. Quality
indicator Solution,
Pause/Stop
.

continue. AFP
,
Commit.
Histogram

.
C/I BCCH, TCH, All channels.
(
C/I Histogram.

Scrambling Code
1. Primary Scrambling Code
:
- PSC
- 3G
, PSC
UMTS Transmitters -> Primary Scrambling Codes -> Code Distribution

PSC.
PSC .

, UMTS Transmitters -> Primary


Scrambling Codes -> Audit.
,
.
1, 2, 3- .
PSC . ,
indoor SC,
outdoor .
PSC
, PSC
.

:
Neighbour Condition: 61
|CELL A|
|CELL B|
|SC| |ORDER| |CELL C|
AA4931
AA7151
1
1
AA4621
AA4936
AA7156
1
1
6SOVAL6
AA0133
AB5021
89
1
2UTALA1
Cell C (AA4621) Cell A (AA4931) Cell B (
AA7151), PSC = 1. Order 1, 2, 3-
.
2. PSC .
, PSC pathloss .
, , UMTS
Transmitters -> Primary Scrambling Codes -> Automatic Allocation.
, ,
Scrambling Code.
Existing neighbors
( )
Additional overlapping conditions
RSCP Ec/Io
Active Set.

Reuse Distance
PSC ,

Exceptional Pairs
(

,
)
Strategy Atoll
Carrier , PSC.
.

Commit PSC Cell.


3. Primary Scrambling Code .
, PSC
.
Allocate Scrambling Code

PSC
:

.
1. clutter classes
.
, .
- , .

- Zoom Computation Zone.

, , ,
:

Vertical Mapper, Computation zone,


( 10. )

. ,

(Morphologies) .

2. .
2D 3D CrossWave
ray-tracing , . 2
:
-
- .
.
, MapInfo
( ). MapInfo . ,
, ,
3..4.

, MapInfo 3.5. :
- , Editable

- Polygon Select

Table -> update columns :


3.5


.
Polygon_Types Buildings. Table -> update
columns :

,
( ),
CrossWave .

Settings MapInfo .

Atoll.ini . .


Graph.
3.
- File -> import
tab (MapInfo) . UTM .
- online , ,
- .

- .

- Polygon_Types.
Buildings
Buildings .
Cntrl+U, Cntrl+D.


.
Graph.

- .
8 6
, 2 .

.

,
.

- Rural 10kms / Suburban 2kms /


Urban 1km
(
):

5000 1 . 10 000 20 000 .


(
; ) :
! .
3G
Latitud Longit
e
ude
PSC
Ec
43.230
76.959
255
002
126
-50.8
43.230
76.959
255
002
126
-55.3
43.230
76.959
255
002
126
-57.8
2G
Longi
tude

Latit
ude

BC
CH

24.70
654

48.98
472

64

24.70
654

48.98
472

64

24.70
654

48.98
472

64

24.70
651

48.98
466

64

24.70
619

48.98
343

64

24.70
604

48.98
199

64

Po
wer
63.
33
60.
9
67.
31
60.
46
64.
39
67.
27

B
SI
C
55
55
55
55
55
55

, -
-. ,

General

Setup:

Setup :

import. ,
-:

,
:

- :
-, ,
( ) Extract CW measurements:

,
.
.

, ,
.

, , CW Measurements:

, default
. UTM
:

4 :

GEO
Calculation ,
Propagation , (indoor ,
, horizontal propagation)
Advanced ..
.
:

GEO:

Clutter Classes:

:
add Files MapInfo .

MapInfo 2 :
Polygon_Type - Buildings, Forest, Water, Bridge
AMSL AGL
(Above Mean Sea Level or Above Ground Level)


Atoll.ini . .

Clutter
classes, DTM Clutter Classes.

Facets:

Graph

CW , , .
, -:

Propagation ,
.

-
:
CW Measurements -> Calculations -> Calculate Signal Levels.
-
-.
CW Measurements -> Display Statistics.
Global statistics

Points Mean errorStandard deviation


moment correlation coefficient
36 160 -2.17
12.16
12.35

Root mean square

Product-

0.57

Statistics per clutter class

Class
Points
Mean errorStandard deviation
open_area(1)
7 630 (21.1%) -1.89
9.73
forest(2)
6 (0.02%)
-9.99
0.59
sea(3)
0 (0%)
0
0
inland_water(4)
0 (0%)
0
0
residential_suburban(5)
7 682 (21.24%)
-1.71
urban(6)
0 (0%)
0
0
dense_urban(7)
0 (0%)
0
0
block_of_buildings(8) 0 (0%)
0
0
industrial(9)
0 (0%)
0
0
villages(10)
0 (0%)
0
0
open_in_urban(11) 20 216 (55.91%)
-2.13
14.13
parks_in_urban(12) 387 (1.07%) -5.83
2.28
airport(13)
0 (0%)
0
0
dense_residential(15)
0 (0%)
0
0
mixed_urban(17)
0 (0%)
0
0
mixed_dense_urban(18)
239 (0.66%) -22.57
8.6

Statistics per transmitter

Name
Points Mean errorStandard deviation
Product-moment correlation coefficient
00684GORHOZU_3 17 762 -1.52
6.9
7.07
01645TULIPHOTEL2_1
18 398
-2.79
15.61
0.48

7.74

Root mean square


0.67
15.86

Standard deviation .
. CW Measurements -> Filter
,
.



-.
- Open Analysis Tool.

2 ( , )

, ,
. .
200 .
:

-. 3
. .. -
:


:
Global statistics

Points Mean errorStandard deviation


moment correlation coefficient
21 180 -0.32
9.11
9.11

Root mean square

Product-

0.73

Statistics per clutter class

Class
Points
Mean errorStandard deviation
open_area(1)
4 552 (21.49%)
-3.06
6.28
forest(2)
0 (0%)
0
0
sea(3)
0 (0%)
0
0
inland_water(4)
0 (0%)
0
0
residential_suburban(5)
4 642 (21.92%)
-2.75
urban(6)
0 (0%)
0
0
dense_urban(7)
0 (0%)
0
0
block_of_buildings(8) 0 (0%)
0
0
industrial(9)
0 (0%)
0
0
villages(10)
0 (0%)
0
0
open_in_urban(11) 11 599 (54.76%)
1.92
10.16
parks_in_urban(12) 387 (1.83%) -5.83
2.28
airport(13)
0 (0%)
0
0
dense_residential(15)
0 (0%)
0
0
mixed_urban(17)
0 (0%)
0
0
mixed_dense_urban(18)
0 (0%)
0
0

Statistics per transmitter

Name
Points Mean errorStandard deviation
Product-moment correlation coefficient
00684GORHOZU_3 10 427 -3.5
4.23
5.49
01645TULIPHOTEL2_1
10 753
2.77
11.25
0.67

7.29

Root mean square


0.57
11.59


Parameters -> Propagation Model ->
-> Tuning

- (path quality
control)
(Do not consider indoor for raster areas)
Standard Advanced (default Standard )
:

, :
Global mean error on calibration sites < 1 dB
Global standard deviation on calibration sites < 7.7.5 dB
Mean error on each calibration site < 2.5 dB
, :
Standard deviation on each calibration site < 8 dB
Global mean error on verification sites < 2 dB
Global standard deviation on verification sites < 8 dB
(Corr. factor) 1-. 0.7 0.75
. 0.8 .


.
Signal Level .
-
:
CW Measurements -> Calculations -> Calculate Signal Levels.


. CW Measurements -> Display
Statistics.

-,
CrossWave.
Standard Deviation per Clutter Classes


.
. -
, default 7 .

, -
Ec ( UMTS), Coverage by Signal Level BCCH ( GSM)
- .

- ,
.

ACP .
:
(Site selection)
GreenField.

(, ,
)

:
GSM
BCCH coverage
Cell dominance
UMTS
Network coverage (RSCP)
Pilot interference (Ec/Io)
Pilot pollution and soft handover
LTE
RS coverage (RSRP, RS C, RS C/N, Signal level)
RS CINR &RSRQ
: Overlap threshold
indoor,
3D .
, Atoll
with ACP. , Network ACP Automatic Cell Planning.
1. (Site selection)
- Template
,
.
, , ,
.

- .
- , ACP - Automatic Cell Planning
New.
Optimization
(UMTS, GSM900, GSM1800, LTE).


( ).
.

.
(
, . focus zone)
-
( )

Objectives -

(cost function),
/

o
o - (RSCP coverage vs. Ec/Io)
o

Reconfiguration, Site
.
Site Removable, Reconfiguration Disable (
). ,
, Status Candidate Site Removable.

Transmitters.
:

,
,
. -
, min, max offset
.

, Antenna Type.
, .
Antenna, Antenna Group

New ,
. .

Reconfiguration Transmitters
.

Optimization
Number of iterations Recommended value. Resolution
. .


, ,
.


Objectives .
2. .
:
- Computation Zone ( , ,
, )
- Focus Zone () Hot Spot Zone.
Objectives.
- , ,
.
- ,
Computation Zone.
2.1

(UMTS, GSM900, GSM1800, LTE)


( )
(
, . focus zone)
-
( )


No cost control (
)
Quality/cost trade-off ( )
Maximum cost - .
.

.


(
)

(min, max, step)
,


( )

. .


(cell) (. UMTS pilot
power)

Display on
() . , ,
(Computation, Focus Zone ..).
Excell,

(Remotes)
(Remotes) , remote
antennas secondary antennas

( secondary antennas)
( ,
)


. e-tilt

Physical Antenna

2- 3-
(Antenna group)

Additional electrical tilt (AEDT)


(cost function),
/


- (RSCP coverage vs. Ec/Io)

(computation,
focus, )
% %

(.: UMTS)
,
setup

Load Balancing

,
,

,

UMTS
UMTS ,
DL
UL (uplink noise rise).
,

Ec/Io
ACP ,
,

Traffic Capture

km

Target Zone: ,

Balance Target (%): load balancing
Load Balance ( %)
Weight:
( )

2.2



Coverage (RSCP, BCCH, LTE RS, etc.)
UMTS Ec/Io, LTE RS CINR, GSM cell
dominance
(
)


(
)

/
(/
)


Computation zone
Focus zones
Hot spot zones
Excel

( , , ...)

:


(coverage, Ec/Io, RS
CINR, ...)

(change order)
(
quality improvement ratio)

ACP /


,
.

- ,

Ec/Io UMTS

Ec Variation.

. ,
Optimization
New Prediction:


.
Quality analysis
RSCP, Ec/Io
BCCH coverage
RSRP, RS CINR
Change analysis
Type of change
Tilts, azimuth, power, etc.
Best server analysis
Absolute values of parameter change
(tilt, azimuth, etc.)
Objective sector analysis

Improvement per cell


Objective analysis
Success/fail area
Variation

Load Balancing ,
Load Balance Average Load

/

(. EcIo)

- Average Load Cell load
imbalance
- relative load
Final Relative load ,
.
,

load balancing - Capacity


TAB
(/)
(STD)



,
.
( ).

(100%
)
(100% (.. STD=0)

Cell Load ACP


Cell Load Capacity load ,
.
,
, .

3. (Greenfield) Atoll ACP


UMTS

,
(rural,
urban, )
,

Site selection

()
:


Hexagonal
/
, ..

:
( )
(, .
dense urban)

( , , ..)