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Elementary Differential Equations » Additional Topics on the Equations of Order One » Integrating Factors Found by
Inspection
Problem 06 - 07 | Integrating Factors Found by
Inspection
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Problem 06
2
2
y( y
+ 1) dx + x(
y
− 1) dy = 0
Solution 06
Click here to show or hide the solution
2
2
y(y
+ 1) dx + x(
y
− 1) dy = 0
3
y
dx + y dx + x
y 2
dy − x dy = 0
2
(xy
dy +
y 3
dx) + (y dx − x dy) = 0
2
y
(x dy + y dx) + (y dx − x dy) = 0
y dx − x dy
(x dy + y dx) + (
) = 0
y 2

d( xy) + d (

x y ) = 0

 

d(xy) + d (

x y ) = 0

 
 

x

 

xy

+

= c

 
 

y

 

xy

2

+ x = cy

 

x(y

2

+ 1) = cy

 

answer

 

Problem 07

 

y(y

2

+ 1) dx + x(

y

2

− 1) dy = 0

 

Solution 07 - Another Solution for Problem 06

 

Click here to show or hide the solution

 
   

y(y

2

+ 1) dx + x(

y

2

− 1) dy = 0

Divide by xy(y 2 + 1)

 

y(y

2

+ 1) dx

+

x(y

2

− 1) dy

= 0

 

xy(y

2

+ 1)

xy(y

2

+ 1)

dx

 

(y

2

− 1) dy

 

= 0

 
 

x

+

y(y

2

+ 1)

 

Resolve into partial fraction

 

y

2

− 1

 

A

+

 

By + C

 

y(y

2

+ 1)

=

y

 

y

2

+ 1

y

2

− 1 = A(

y 2

+ 1) + (By + C)y

 

Set y = 0, A = -1

 

Equate coefficients of y 2

 

1

= A + B

 

1

= -1 + B

B

= 2

 

Equate coefficients of y

 

0

= 0 + C

 

C

= 0

 

y

Hence,

y(y

y

y(y

dx

Thus,

x

ln

x(y

x(y

2

− 1

2

2

+ 1)

− 1

2 + 1)

=

−1

2y

=

+

y y

2 + 1

2y

1

2y

y 2

+ 1

1

y

) dy = 0

+ 1

y

2y dy

dy

= 0

y

2 + 1

y

2 + 1) − ln y = ln c

= ln c

= c

+ (

dx

x

x(y

2

y

y

2

2 + 1)

2

y

+

ln x + ln(y

+ 1)

answer - okay

+ 1) = cy

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