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Elementary Differential Equations » Additional Topics on the Equations of Order One » Integrating Factors Found by
Inspection
Problem 06 - 07 | Integrating Factors Found by
Inspection
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Problem 06
2
2
y( y
+ 1) dx + x(
y
− 1) dy = 0
Solution 06
Click here to show or hide the solution
2
2
y(y
+ 1) dx + x(
y
− 1) dy = 0
3
y
dx + y dx + x
y 2
dy − x dy = 0
2
(xy
dy +
y 3
dx) + (y dx − x dy) = 0
2
y
(x dy + y dx) + (y dx − x dy) = 0
y dx − x dy
(x dy + y dx) + (
) = 0
y 2
 d( xy) + d ( x y ) = 0 ∫ d(xy) + ∫ d ( x y ) = 0 x xy + = c y xy 2 + x = cy x(y 2 + 1) = cy answer Problem 07 y(y 2 + 1) dx + x( y 2 − 1) dy = 0 Solution 07 - Another Solution for Problem 06 Click here to show or hide the solution y(y 2 + 1) dx + x( y 2 − 1) dy = 0 Divide by xy(y 2 + 1) y(y 2 + 1) dx + x(y 2 − 1) dy = 0 xy(y 2 + 1) xy(y 2 + 1) dx (y 2 − 1) dy = 0 x + y(y 2 + 1) Resolve into partial fraction y 2 − 1 A + By + C y(y 2 + 1) = y y 2 + 1 y 2 − 1 = A( y 2 + 1) + (By + C)y Set y = 0, A = -1 Equate coefficients of y 2 1 = A + B 1 = -1 + B B = 2 Equate coefficients of y 0 = 0 + C C = 0

y

Hence,

y(y

y

y(y

dx

Thus,

x

ln

x(y

x(y

2

− 1

2

2

+ 1)

− 1

2 + 1)

=

−1

2y

=

+

y y

2 + 1

2y

1

2y

y 2

+ 1

1

y

) dy = 0

+ 1

y

 2y dy − ∫ dy = 0 y 2 + 1 y

2 + 1) − ln y = ln c

= ln c

= c

+ (

dx

x

x(y

2

y

y

2

2 + 1)

2

y

+

ln x + ln(y

+ 1)

answer - okay

+ 1) = cy

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