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Briefly and simply about the Special Theory of Relativity.

(Dear Readers! First of all I am sorry for my bad English. I hope you will try to understand me.)
Sergey Vetrov, (v57sergio57@gmail.com).
Russia, November 21, 2016.
Keywords: Special relativity, Einstein, Lorentz factor.
Abstract: Briefly about the base error of clock synchronization in the Special theory of relativity.
If to speak briefly about the Special Theory of Relativity (STR), it should be noted that this theory is based on
incorrect method of synchronization by the ray of light a pair of clocks attached to the ends A and B of the
moving rod. This method of clock synchronization was proposed and described by Albert Einstein in
paragraphs 1 and 2 of his Special theory of relativity. Actually, this method of clock synchronization is only
suitable for the case of a stationary rod AB (or for a fixed points A and B). But this method is not
suitable for the case of a moving rod AB. It is clear from Figure 1.

Figure 1.
In this picture is shown two cases of clock synchronization, which are described by Albert Einstein in
paragraphs 1 and 2 of the Special theory of relativity. If we look with attention at this picture, we will see that
these two cases differ from each other in some details. In the case of stationary rod or fixed points A and B
(see Figure 1a)), a ray of light after reflection from B is returned to its starting point 0 as it's requires for
synchronization of clocks. However, in the case of moving rod (see Figure 1b)) the ray of light in Einstein's
1

example after reflection from B for some reason don't returned to its starting point 0, as shown by the curved
dotted line in Figure 1b). Contrary to Einstein's own rules for clock synchronization, this ray of light in
Einstein's example, somehow gets to the point A, which coincides with the beginning of a moving rod. It
should be noted, that in the case 1b), in accordance with Einstein's rule of clock synchronization, we only may
compare the time on the clock located at point 0 with the time on the clock attached on the end B of the
moving rod at the moment of ray reflection. But it is impossible to compare to each other the clocks at the ends
A and B of the moving rod! As a result of this error, the half of the sum of the direct and the reflected ray
of light in the case of 1b) will be at 2 times more than the same value in the case of 1a) (here 2 = 1/(1 v2/C2)
the Lorentz factor in square; v velocity of rod relative to the fixed coordinate system; C is the speed of light
relative to the fixed coordinate system). In other words, the sum of the optical lengths of the rod from A to
B and back in the case of 1b) will be at 2 times more than the same sum in the case of 1a). If we don't pay
attention to this incident and will take the average optical length of the object (of the rod) as a true length of
this object, we will have to agree that this is the average optical length of the object (or, rather, the chimera
of the length) will vary depending on the speed (v) of the object. In this case, any increasing speed of the
object will lead to the notorious and imaginary "length contraction" or "relativistic shortening" of this object
along the direction of motion.
It is important to note that this erroneous principle of clock synchronization is the basis of all further
theoretical constructions in Special relativity. But if the basis of this theory is installed the wrong principle, the
whole relativistic superstructure turns into empty juggling by mathematical formulas.

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