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Materials and Construction Technology-4

Aliyan Syed

62.27 Cast in-situ concrete with integrated tanking

The term tanking is used to describe a continuous waterproof
lining to the walls and floors of substructures to act as a tank to
exclude water.
Mastic asphalt
The traditional material for tanking is mastic asphalt, which is
applied and spread hot in three coats to a thickness of 20mm for
vertical and 30mm for horizontal work.
Asphalt tanking should be applied to the outside face of the
structural wall and under structural floors so that the walls and
floors provide resistance against water pressure on the asphalt
and the asphalt keeps water away from the structure.
The horizontal asphalt is spread in three coats on the concrete
base and over pile caps and extended 150mm outside of the
junction of the horizontal and vertical asphalt and angle fillet. The
horizontal asphalt is then covered with a protective screed of
cement and sand 50mm thick. The reinforced concrete floor
should be cast on the protective screed as soon as possible to act
as a loading coat against water pressure under the asphalt below.
When the reinforced concrete walls have been cast in place and
have dried, the vertical asphalt is spread in three coats and fused
to the projection of the horizontal asphalt with an angle fillet.
A half brick protective skin of brickwork is then built, leaving a
40mm gap between the wall and the asphalt. The gap is filled
solidly with mortar, course by course, as the wall is built the half

brick wall provides protection against damage from backfilling

and the mortar filled gap ensures that the asphalt is firmly
sandwiched up to the structural wall.

Figure (a)

In figure (a) the asphalt tanking is continued under a paved

forecourt. Where vertical asphalt is carried up on the outside of
external walls, it should be carried up atleast 150mm above


to join a

Mastic asphalt tanking

Figure (b)
Figure (b) is an illustration of mastic asphalt tanking to a concrete
floor and load bearing brick wall to a substructure the protective
screed to the horizontal asphalt and protecting outer wall and
mortar filled gap to vertical asphalt serve the same functions as
they do for a concrete substructure. As a key for vertical asphalt,
the horizontal joints in the external face of the loadbearing wall
should be lightly raked out and well brushed when the mortar is
hardened sufficiently.