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Present

Imperfect Subjunctive
Subjunctiv
e
active
passive
active
passive
portem
porter
vocarem
voc rer
portes
port ris adhaesi, vocares
vocr ris
adhaereo, adhaerre,
adhaesus stick(to),
cling (to)
portet
port tur
vocaret
vocr tur
colo, colere, port
colui,mur
cultus- worship
till, cultivate
portemus
vocaremus
vocr mur
portetis
port min
vocaretis
vocr min
constituo,
constituere,
stitu,
-stittus
determine,
portent
port ntur
vocarent
vocrdecide,
ntur establish
deduco, deducere, deduxi , deductus- lead, withdraw, bring, launch
descendo,-ere, descendi, descensus- descend
eicio, eiciere, eieci, eiectus- throw (out), stick out, expel
fleo, flre, flevi, fletus- weep (for)
perficio, perficere, -feci, fectus- finish
perturbo, pertubare, perturb v, perturb tus disturb, throw into confusion
tendo, tendere, tetend, tentus
veho, vehere, vx, vectus- carry
*fleo and adhaereo are the only two that's 3rd conjug. with the -re
1st Conjugation
2nd Conjugation
3rd Conjugation
3rd -io and 4th

a
e
e
i

becomes
becomes
becomes
becomes

e
ea
a
ia

Hortatory
The volitive in first person(most often plural); e.g. "cedam" as an hortatory subjunctive is "may I depart."
Jussive
The volitive in second or third person; e.g. "canat" as a jussive subjunctive is "let her sing."
Purpose Clauses
A purpose clause is a dependent clause used, of course, to show purpose. Often initiated by an indicative
verb, the clause contains a subjunctive verb in either the present or imperfect tense. Present and imperfect
verbs in purpose clauses should be translated with the auxiliary verbs "may" and "might," respectively.
For example, "Marcus urbem condidit ut regeret" should be translated as "Marcus built the city so that he
might rule. these appear frequently in latin.