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INDONESIAN RAILWAY TECHNICAL STANDARD

ON
TRACK DESIGN, INSTALLATION AND
MAINTENANCE
PART 2 : DETAILED STANDARD

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

Table of Content
1. Scope of Application
2. Objective
3. Definitions and Interpretation
4. Basic principle
5. Railway geometry
5.1 Radius of curvature
5.2 Cant
5.3 Slack
5.4 Transition Curve
5.5 Gradient
5.6 Formation Level

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1
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3
4
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6
7
7
7
8

5.7 Track center to center distance


6. Railway structure
7. The Other Track Structures and Use of Materials
7.1 Rail
7.2 Use of Sleeper and Sleeper Spacing
7.3 Fastening device
7.4 Rail Joint
7.5 Slab Track
7.6 Ballast
7.7 Turnouts
8. Continues welded rail
8.1 Conditions on Installation of Long Rail

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9. Safety Facilities
9.1 Guard Rails
9.2 Buffer stop, etc.
10. Level crossing
11. Rail-Sign Posts
12. Maintenance
12.1 General
12.2 Values to be Aimed at in Stability of Track
12.3 Standard on Maintenance of Turnouts
12.4 Target to be achieved in Rail care

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12.5 Target Aim at in Track Maintenance

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

12.6 Use of Standard Values in Maintenance of Turnout


12.7 Standard on Rectification of the other Irregularities with Track
12.8 Maintenance of Long Rails
12.9 Others
13. Inspection on Track
13.1 Individual Inspection on (Regular Basis)
13.1.1 Inspection on Track Irregularity
13.1.2 Inspection on Train Vibration
13.1.3 Inspection on Rail Joint Gap
13.1.4 Inspection on Long Rail
13.1.5 Inspection on Rails, etc
13.1.6 Inspection on Turnouts
13.1.7 Inspection on Expansion Joint
13.1.8 Inspection on Sleeper
13.1.9 Inspection on anti-vibration/ rubber-soled sleeper directly fixed track
13.1.10 Inspection on Slab Track
13.1.11 Inspection on Ballast and Roadbed
13.1.12 Inspection on rail bond
13.1.13 Inspection on insulated joint
13.2 Individual Inspection (Extraordinary)
13.2.1 Extraordinary Inspection on Rail
13.2.2 Extraordinary inspection on turnouts
13.2.3 Extraordinary Inspection on Expansion Joints
13.2.4 The other extraordinary inspections
13.3 Person responsible for execution of inspection
13.4 Inspection on Newly Installed or Improved Track
13.5 Custody and report of inspection results
14. Examination on Interval of Centre of track
15. Supplementary Provision :

ii

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

1. Scope of Application

(1) Details on Structural conditions of Track to be installed, Track maintenance standard,


Track inspection method, etc. shall be regulated by this Standard, as well as by the
Standard Rule on Installation of Track and its relevant facilities.
(2) Items as not specified in this Standard shall be set out separately.

2. Objective
This detailed procedure deals with the technical specification that proper to the particular
condition of each track location and taking into condition a safety railway operation, efficient
and economic point of view.

3. Definitions and Interpretation


In this Standard, as defined thereinafter, the following words and expressions shall have the
meanings hereby assigned to them.
(1)

Front edge of Turnout means the position of the front edge of the joint of turnout.

(2)

Rear edge of Turnout means the position of the rear edge of the joint of turnout.

(3)

Roadbed Facilities means the facilities, installations and equipment installed on


roadbed, such as electric poles, troughs, apparatus boxes, track sign posts, right of way
post and other items of similar kind.

(4)

Structures means bridges, civil engineering works, drainages and any other
structures related to the track.

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

(5)

Side Drain means the ditch to be constructed at the edge of the formation level or at
the foot of embankment etc. for drainage of water on roadbed.

(6)

Labor-saving Track means Elastic ballast track (Elastic sleeper direct fixed track),
Slab track, Paved track and other track of similar kind.

(7)

Train (A) means the train composed of less lateral pressured or air spring high speed
electric or diesel cars with unsuspended mass of less than 2 tons and maximum axial
load of less than 13 tons at full passenger capacity.

(8)

Train (B) means the train composed of any electric or diesel cars other than those in
(7) above.

(9)

Train (C) means the train hauled by locomotive, and it is divided into C-1 (hauled by
ordinary locomotive) and C-2 (hauled by high performance locomotive).

(10) Sub-Main Line means the up line in the single line, the middle line in the double
lines, the Down #1 line, etc.
(11) Double elastic fastening means the method of fastening being done by elasticity
strength from the two directions, i.e. upward and downward from the rail.
(12) Ordinary section long rail means any other long rails than those inside the tunnel
and on the bridge.
(13) Long rail inside the tunnel means the long rail whose use is limited only to the
inside of the tunnel.
(14) Long rail on bridge means the long rail whose use is limited to non-ballast bridges.
(15) Installation of Long rail means the process from installation of long rail up to
complete fastening of the rail by fastening device.
(16) Installation temperature means the rail temperature at the time of installation and
fastening of long rail.

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

(17) Neutral temperature means the rail temperature in the middle between the
anticipated maximum rail and the anticipated minimum rail temperatures.

(18) Maintenance Grade means the track classification to be used for overall rail
assessment and rating, taking into consideration the annual passing tonnage, the track
strength, the degree of track maintenance and any other factors, and it shall be
established by DGLC.
(19) Slab track, etc. means Slab track, Direct-connected track, Paved track, Elastic sleeper
direct-connected track, etc.

4. Basic principle
The detail standard intent to define the minimum and maximum limits the railway structure
function / components from the point of safety, standard application, standard method and the
management of particular condition. However, in the following case, a deferent standard that
may have a better result shall be adopted.
(1) When a new technology is discovered.
(2) New method with more economic, efficient and durable is discover.
(3) On the following situation :
a. Transition between ballasted and ballasted track.
b. Transition part between embankment and Bridge.
c. Significant changing of topographic condition.
d. Significantly impact of ground water.

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

5. Railway geometry

5.1 Radius of curvature


(1) Minimum Circular Curve Length
In Main track, the length of adjacent circular curves with the same radius (one curve)
shall be larger than that of the longest rolling stock length. However, in case that
circular curve longer than the longest rolling stock could not be inserted due to such an
inevitable topographic reason, then the whole transition curves or the gradual decrease
curvature with the two transition curves may be used as an alternative.
(2) Minimum Straight Line Length Between Curves
a.

In the two adjacent curves in main line, straight line longer than the longest
rolling stock shall be inserted between the two transition curves. However, should
it be impossible to insert the straight line due to an inevitable topographic reason,
then the whole transition curve or the gradual decrease curvature with the two
transition curves may be used as an alternative.

b.

In between the two curves in siding, straight line of 5m without cant, shall, in
principle, be inserted.

(3) Straight Line Length Between Turnout and Curve Adjacent to It


In turnout and curve adjacent to it, a straight line whose length is larger than that of
the longest rolling stock shall be inserted between the front or the rear edge of turnout
and the beginning point of curve. However, in case of an inevitable reason making
such an insertion impractical, the following alternative may be applied.
a.

In case of turnout and adjacent curve in front thereof


The distance from the edge of switch to the beginning point of curve shall be
more than 5m.

b.

In case of turnout and curve adjacent to the curve side rear edge of turnout

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

i) When there is a transition curve in the adjacent curve the distance from the
front edge of crossing to the beginning point of curve shall be more than 5 m.
However, in the event of the crossing being more than 5m in length, the rear
edge of turnout shall be regarded as the beginning point of transition curve.
ii) When the adjacent curve has no transition curve the distance from the rear
edge of turnout to the beginning point of curve shall be more than 5 m.
Edge of turnout

5m

c. In case of turnout and curve near the straight line side rear edge of turnout.
i) When the adjacent curve has a transition curve
The rear edge of turnout shall be regarded as the beginning point of transition
curve.
ii) When the adjacent curve has no transition curve
The distance from the rear edge of turnout to the beginning point of curve
shall be more than 5m.
(4) Indication of Absolute Point
At the absolute points of curve (only curvature changing points of BTC, BCC, ECC,
ETC, etc.), absolute-point-sign posts shall be fitted. The method of indication shall be
according to the standard that is described in Fig.1 (clause 6) attached hereto.
(5) Management of Curves running alongside Station Platform
Curves corresponding to Clause 9.3 of Basic Standard on Track Installation and
Maintenance shall be managed, in accordance with Management Table set forth
separately for their structural conditions, etc.

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

5.2 Cant
(1)

(2)

Setting cant
a.

Except for special cases, cant shall be set, by placing its basis on the inner rail
of the curve and lifting up the outer rail.

b.

The Maximum value of cant shall be 110 mm, besides Clause 11(2) of Basic
Standard on Track Installation and Maintenance.

Permissible Cant Deficiency


a. Extent of shortage of cant shall be calculated by the following formula,
depending upon the speed of train passing through the curve.

V2
Cd = 8,4 x Co
R

Where,

Cd :
V :
R :
Co:

Cant deficiency
Train speed at Curve (km/h)
Radius of curve (m)
Setting cant (mm)

b. Standard value of permissible cant deficiency shall be as per Table 1 attached


hereto.
(3)

Cant in Curved Turnout


In curved turnout, cant shall, in principle, be provided at the main line track side for
its setting. However, in the outside curve of the turnout, the extent of cant shall be
held within 40mm.

(4)

Cant on Bridge
a. On the other bridges than those of truss-type and similar to truss type, 1/2
(Half) of cant shall be, in principle, fitted onto the bridge seat.

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

b. In trough girders and I-beams, the whole of cant shall be, in principle, fitted onto
the girder seat.

5.3 Slack
(1)

Gauge Widening
a. Depending on radius of curve, slack shall be provided, according to Table 2
attached hereto.
b. With regard to its structural conditions, etc., slack falling the Basic Standard for
Track Installation and Maintenance shall be managed by the set out separately
management table.

(2)

Gauge Widening for Opposite Turnouts


For turnouts staying opposite against each other within the gradual decrease distance
of slack of the toe of the switch , slack shall be provided preferably, according to the
Fig-2 attached hereto as much as possible.

5.4 Transition Curve


In new installation of and improvement to track, value of cant to be used for calculation of
transition curve length according to Clause 18 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and
Maintenance shall be approximately 70% of the equilibrium cant for the maximum speed
anticipated towards the design maximum speed; for the lines where trains run at the same
maximum speed, it shall be approximately 90% of the said equilibrium cant

5.5 Gradient
(1)

Grade Revision and Management


a. In case of the conflicted curve in the grade sections, then gradient shall be
rectified with the following formula.

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

Rectification/ compensation to Gradient () = 600/R


R: Radius of Curve (m)
b. Grade corresponding to 6.6.(5) of Basic Standard for Track Installation and
Maintenance, shall be managed with the set out separately management table,
with regard to their structural conditions, etc.
(2)

Vertical Curve and its management


a. Vertical curve and transition curve shall not have any conflict against each other.
However, should such a conflict between the two occur inevitably, then at the
location where gradient value changes, vertical curve with larger radius than
10,000m(12,000m in case of curve of more than 100 km/h in radius), shall be
inserted.
b. Vertical curves corresponding to 6.6.(7) of Basic Standard for Track Installation
and Maintenance shall be managed set out separately management table.

5.6 Formation Level


(1) Width of Formation Level
a.

The width of formation level of track (except side drain) shall be kept wider than
that specified in 6.7 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance.

b.

Depending on the height of embankment, the width as referred to in 17.1 above,


shall be widened as follows:
i) Embankment with 6 to 9 m in height:
ii) Embankment with 9 to 12 m in height:
iii) Embankment with more than 12 m in height:

c.

150 mm
300 mm
450 mm

Formation level corresponding to 6.7.(5) of Basic Standard on construction of


Track and its related facilities shall be managed, according to set out separately
management table.

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

(2) Roadbed Facilities


a. In installation of apparatus box, railway post, right of way posts and any other
facilities of similar sort, and of trough alongside the track, they shall be installed
outside the dimensions of the formation level. However, should it be difficult for
trough running along the track and right of way post to be set as required by the
said clause, the upper faces of trough and right of way post may be buried under
the formation level, provided that a certain drainage treatment shall be arranged at
the shoulder of the formation level.
b. Within the premises of railway station, except for railway post, facilities may be
installed in the other manner than stipulated in Clause 18.1. However, care shall
be taken to ensure that both of track maintenance and drainage of water at track
can be properly carried out without any difficulty.
c. When electric poles are erected on the roadbed, the reasonable distance/space
shall be secured to permit proper execution of track maintenance work.
(3) Facilities Constructed at Elevated Track Structure
In elevated bridges and embankments close to retaining wall, electric poles, hand rails,
etc. shall not be set within the boundary of the formation level. Further, troughs and
side drain staying parallel with track shall be positioned more than 2,600mm distant
from the centre of track. However, in case of slab track, etc., it may be reduced down
to more than 1,900 mm.
(4) Walkway
Walkway for main track (except for bridge of not elevated structure and tunnel) shall
be located more than 2,100 mm away from the centre of track, 600 mm width for high
speed running track, 500 mm width for the others. However, in case of inevitable
cases, an alternative arrangement may be adopted.
(5) Roadbed and Drainage
Issues relating to Roadbed shall be regulated by Fig.3 attached hereto, in addition to
Clause 27 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance.

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

(6) Side Drain


a. On roadbed, side drain shall be constructed. However, side drain is not required,
for such a place where the foot of embankment is always dry, completely free from
water, and no difficulty in proper drainage in the rainy season is encountered.
b. Standard of cross section of side drain shall be as follows:
i) Width of Side drain bottom
30 cm
ii) Depth of Side drain
30 cm
c. Vertical gradient of Side drain shall be steep enough to permit adequate drainage
of water.
d. Streamline of side drain shall be made as much straight lined as possible; it shall
not unnecessarily be kinked and no facilities apparently working as obstruction to
proper and smooth drainage shall be placed in the drain.
(7) Inter - Track Drainage Space between Track
Where roadbed drainage is difficult in more than double line sections, inter-track
drainage shall be constructed.
(8) Roadbed Crossing Facilities
a. In case that the electric line should cross the ground of the track outside railway
station, the line shall be buried more than 30 cm underground from the formation
level, and the burial location shall be marked, so that it can be easily tracked down.
In case of the burial depth being less than one meter from the ground surface, the
electric line shall be properly protected, by use of steel tube, etc.
b. In case of crossing of gas-supply pipeline, water supply pipeline, etc., the pipelines
shall be buried into the depth reasonable enough to ensure that up keep of track
and track maintenance work are properly and thoroughly ascertained.

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Track : Part 2

5.7 Track center to center distance


(1) Track Spacing of Outside Railway Station
a. Track spacing of outside the railway station shall be more than 4.0 m. However,
in case of an inevitable topographic reason, it may be reduced down to 3.8 m.
Also, in case of the line only for the rolling stock/ vehicle from the window of
which, human body cannot be exposed, it may be reduced to 3.4 m.
b. Should more than three lines be laid, side by side, one of the centers of track of
the adjacent lines shall be more than 4.5 m. However, in case of such an
inevitable topographic reason, etc., it may be reduced down to 4.0 m.
c. Depending upon the deviation in location of rolling stock/vehicle, spacing of
track center in curve shall be expanded by the value obtained by the following
formula:
Size of expansion (mm) = A + W1 + W2
Where,
A: Deviation due to difference of cant (=2.95 |C1 C2| But, deviation in
interval between rolling stock due to inclination of cant in case it may be
apart should be dis- Regarded as negligible)
C1: Extent of cant of the line concerned (mm)
C2: Extent of cant of the adjacent line (mm)
W1: Extent of deviation towards the inside of the curve (23,100/R1)
R1: Radius of the curve concerned (mm)
W2: Extent of deviation towards the outside of the curve (23,100/R2)
R2: Radius of the adjacent curve (mm)
d. Track spacing to 6.8 of Basic Standard on Track Installation and Maintenance
shall be managed, according to the set out separately management Table, in
regard to its structural conditions, etc.

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Track : Part 2

(2) Track Spacing in Railway Station


a. Track spacing of the lines laid side by side in railway station, shall be more than
4.0m. However, in such a location where 4.0 m is not required in terms of the job
to be done within the station yard, it may be reduced down to 3.8m; for track
spacing between freight loading and off-loading track and the adjacent line and
that of tracks accommodating/ parking rolling stock , it may be reduced down to
3.8 m.
b. Regarding track spacing at curve section, the specification in the preceding
5.7.(13) shall apply.
c. Track spacing corresponding to 6.8 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and
Maintenance, shall be managed, according to the set out separately management
table, with regard to its structural conditions, etc.
(3) Track Spacing in Side Track
a. Track spacing in side track shall be 3.8 m.
b. Regarding track spacing in curve section, 5.7.(13) hereof shall apply. However,
should the radius of the curve at Side track exceed 300m, then it is not necessary
that the value of deviation in location of rolling stock in curve be expanded.
c. Track spacing corresponding to 6.8 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and
Maintenance shall be managed, according to the set out separately management
table, with regard to its structural conditions, etc.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

6. Railway structure
Examination of track structure means that the appropriateness of strength, safety and
security of permanent-way operation and maintenance shall be confirmed and ensured
with examination system on track structure and track maintenance, taking into due
consideration, the maximum train speed, the maximum loads for the maximum speed
train, the minimum radius of curve and any relevant factors.
(1) Main line Track Structure in the Vicinity of Large Town
In Main lines in and in the vicinity of large town of the country, labor saving tracks
(good strength, maintenance and life cycle cost minimum tracks) shall, in principle, be
installed.
(2) Track structure in Tunnels and Elevated Bridge Section
a. In tunnels and elevated bridges, labor saving tracks shall, in principle, be
installed.
b. Should installation of labor-saving track be impractical or difficult in Turnout in
the foregoing 30.1 above, then directly sleeper connected track shall be fitted, as
much as possible.
(3) Track structure on Steel bridge, etc
a. In steel bridges, either steel direct connected track or labor saving track shall, in
principle, be installed.
b. In long concrete bridges, labor saving track shall, in principle, be installed.
(4) Track Structure in Ordinary Track Sections
For track structures other than those in the preceding clauses 29,30,31, ballast track
shall be installed.

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Track : Part 2

(5) Track Structure in Straight Line Section


a. In new installation of and improvement to, Track structure in Straight line
sections shall exceed the values specified in Table 3 attached hereto, in terms of
the factors such as the design passing tonnage and the design maximum speed or
the tonnage actually passed and the highest speed with the existing line, except
for the special section such as non-ballast bridges, etc.
b. Notwithstanding the specification in 1. above, in inevitable cases with the inside
the railway station or any other sections, alternative structure with the same
structural strength as Table 3 may be used.
(6) Track Structure in Curve Sections
Speed and track structure in curve sections, in terms of radius of curve, shall exceed
the conditions required in Table 4 attached hereto. (Pending - provide by separate
method)

7. The Other Track Structures and Use of Materials

7.1 Rail
(1) Weight of Rail
a.

Rails to be used for main tracks shall be heavier than specified below.
First class
R.60 / R.54
Second class
R.54 / R.50
Third class
R.54 / R.50 / R.42
Fourth class
R.54 / R.50 / R.42
Fourth S class
R.42

b.

With regard to important sidings, the specification for Fourth class track shall
apply.

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(2) Heat-treated Rail


Use of heat-treated rail in curve shall be as per Table 5 attached hereto.
(3) Rail in Turnout
Heat treated rail shall, in principle, be used in the turnout. However, where the
passing tonnage is small and rust easily occurs, heat-treated rail shall not be used.
(4) Mixed Use of Short Rail
Use of short rail in setting of opposite joint (not staggered joint) shall be as per Table
6 attached hereto.
(5) Use of Glued Insulated Rail
Glued Insulated Rails shall be used for any of the following cases:
a. Case in which there are insulated joints in log rail sections, and therefore,
sufficient long rail length cannot be ascertained.
b. Case in which insulated joints exists at the beginning and end point of long rail.
c. At the other insulated joints considered difficult to properly maintain (such a
place that insulated joints exist in the regular rail sections and short rails
connected, thus making proper maintenance impractical).
d. Method and scope of use of glued insulated rail shall be according to Table 7
attached hereto.
(6) Use of Compromise Rail
In case that in Main tracks, compromise rail should be used over a long period of
time, compromise rail of more than 10 m length shall be used as much as possible.
(7) Processing of Rail
Rail to be installed in sharp curve section, shall be processed into Curve shape,
according to Table 8 attached hereto.

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(8) Inclination in Rail Installation


Rail shall be so installed that it is inclined by 1/40 slope inwards the track gauge.
However, in case of non- use of tie plate and use of horizontal tie plate, the inclination
may not be provided.

7.2 Use of Sleeper and Sleeper Spacing


(1) Rate of Fixing of Sleeper for Main Track
The number of sleeper to be fixed as per one piece of 25 m size rail shall be 43 pieces
(sapling about 60 cm).
Reference:
Track class

Sleeper

Fist class track

PC sleeper (including joint sleeper) 44 pcs (48 pcs


of wooden sleeper in case of inevitable case)

Second class track

PC sleeper (including joint sleeper) 39 pcs (41 pcs


of wooden sleeper in Case of inevitable case)

Third class track

PC sleeper (including joint sleeper) or wooden


sleeper or steel sleeper 39 pcs.

Fourth class track

PC sleeper (including joint sleeper) or wooden


sleeper or steel sleeper 37 pcs.

Fourth S class tracks

Wooden sleeper (including joint sleeper) 37 pcs.

(2) Rate of Fixing of Sleeper for Side Track


The specifications for Main track shall apply to the rate of sleeper fixing for the
important Side track. With regard to the other Side tracks, at least the following
number of sleeper shall be fixed as per 25 m size rail, as follows:
Types

Number of sleeper

Ordinary side track

31 pcs

Side track rarely used

29 pcs

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(3) Rate of Fixing of Sleeper for Bridges


As per 25 m size rail, sleeper shall be fixed at ballast less track bridge in the larger
number than indicated in the Table 9. However, in case of use of PC ties, the number
of ties shall be determined separately.
(4) Sleeper Fixing Before and Behind Bridge Abutment
a. Fixing/Arrangement of sleeper before and behind bridge abutment shall be made
according to Fig.4 attached hereto.
b. Should the bridge structure be bevel-type, then special structure shall be worked
out so that tie shall be fixed right angled to the track.
(5) Sleeper Fixing in Construction Period, etc
As regards sleeper fixing in construction period, in cases not falling under the
specifications of 7.2.(3) and (4), the number of sleeper may be reduced, after
necessary treatment on the slow down speed operation, etc. and examination of the
track structures.
(6) Standard on Use of Wooden Sleeper
Standard on wooden sleeper use shall conform to table 11 attached.

7.3 Fastening device


(1) Standard on Use of Rail Fastening Device
Standard on use of rail fastening device shall be as per the Table 12 attached hereto
(Pending-provide by separate Method) In tunnels and bridges recognized as places
easily rusted, fastening device shall be coated with anti-corrosive treatment.
(2) Double Elastic Fastening
In fastening A at the locations difficult to properly maintain B in Main track which is
higher than 2nd class and (AB), except for special cases, rails shall be fastened with
the double elastic fastening method. However, Sub-main tracks higher classed than
2nd are excepted from this requirement.

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(3) Use of Dog Spikes


In the section where wooden sleeper are used, four pcs of sector-shaped dog spike or
device of similar kind shall be driven as per one sleeper in the constant direction.
(4) Additional Dog Spike Driving
In case that in the section where wooden sleeper are used, track shims and sleeper
pads are inserted (excluding insertion of rail pads into rail and sleeper plate), or their
use is necessitated by the track conditions, dog spikes or device of similar kind, shall
be additionally driven.
(5) Use of Tie Plates
a. In the section where wooden sleeper are used in Main track, sleeper plates shall,
in principle, be fixed. However, for the curve sections whose radius exceed 600
m, sleeper plate fixing may be omitted.
b. The method of driving dog spikes in use of tie plates, shall be as provide separate
method proper to the tie-plate design. In case that in the sections where sleeper
plates are not used but specially required (such as the section where excessive
lateral wheel pressure will likely occur in sharp curves, depending on type of
rolling stock entering there), dog spikes shall be additionally driven.
(6) Anti-creepers
a

According to the Table 13 (Reference) attached hereto, anti-creepers shall be


fixed to Main track. However, in PC sleeper-used and Elastic fastening sections,
anti-creepers shall not, in principle, be used.

Notwithstanding the preceding 57.(1) above, where considered necessary, anticreepers may be used, and the number of anti-creepers may be adjusted,
depending on the rail creeping conditions.

(7) Fastening of Bridge Sleeper


a. Bridge sleeper shall be fastened to the bridge girder with two jointing bolts or two
hook bolts as per one pc of sleeper, which shall, in principle, be as per L-type

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Track : Part 2

fixing method. However, should fastening with hook bolts be necessitated due to
the inevitable circumstances, then sleeper fastening shall be made according to
the Table 14 attached hereto.
b. For the bridge sleeper used for bridges and drains, sleeper connectors shall be
used to prevent movement of sleeper. However, at such places where bridge
sleeper are firmly fixed to the bridge girders with L-shaped fixing device, or
bridge guard rails are in place (only when the guards are connected to each
sleeper), unless otherwise specified, use of sleeper connectors is not required.
Fixing of sleeper connectors shall be as per the followings:

i) Angles shall, in principle, be used for fixing of sleeper connectors, which


shall be fixed with pin spikes. Sleeper connectors shall be positioned,
according to the Fig 6 attached hereto.
ii) The joint of sleeper connectors shall be connected onto a sleeper.
c. Foot board on bridge shall be installed as follows:
i) In bridge sleeper-used bridges and drains, walking plates(so called foot
board) with the width of 30 cm shall be placed in the track gauge,
irrespective of whether or not, side walk, refuge bay etc on the bridge have
existed.
ii) For material for walking plate, steel plate (Expanded metal) shall be used.
Positioning of plates and its frame of structure shall be according to the Fig.6
attached hereto.
iii) Onto the sleeper walking plates shall be jointed.

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Track : Part 2

7.4 Rail Joint


(1) Arrangement of Joint
In principle, rails shall be jointed on Opposite joint basis. However, in the curve
sections with relatively small radius, staggered joint may be used.
(2) Positioning of Joint
a. In setting of joint on opposite joint basis, in the straight line section, the ends of
rails shall be jointed right angle to the centre line of the track as possible, and in
the curve sections, depending on radius of the curve, short rails shall be co-used
with standard rails as much as possible to make the joints of the both sided rails
placed in the same direction, i.e. towards the direction of the curve center.
b. In case of staggered joint setting, joint shall be positioned within 1/4 of the rail
length from the centre of the opposite rail.
(3) Supporting Method of Rail Joints
Joints shall be supported by not only the specification of Clause 37 of Basic Standard
for Installation and Maintenance but also those of the Table 15 attached hereto.
(4) Fishplates
In case those fishplates are used at location with great track deterioration, heat-treated
joint plates and heat-treated bolts shall be used as preferably as possible.
(5) Compromise Fishplates
Should compromise fishplates be temporarily used in main line, then the compromise
fishplates that can meet with the extent of difference in level of the location and in
shape of the joint in the best manner under the circumstances.
(6) Fishplates Modified to the Purpose
Manufactured or modified fishplates can be used only in special cases.
(7) Standard on Insulation of Rail
Standard on effective insulation to rail shall be according to the Table 16 attached
hereto.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

(8) Rail Joint Gap


a. In installation of rails, joint gap shall be provided, according to the Fig.7 attached
hereto. However, subjected to the temperature conditions of the region, provision
of the gap may be modified.
b. Notwithstanding the preceding specification, joint gap of 2 mm shall be provided
in the tunnel where a slight change in temperature occurs.

7.5 Slab Track


Slab track to be laid in terms of type of curvatures and type of structures, shall be
determined in accordance with the Table 17 attached hereto. A ballast stop and an
approach tracks as buffer section shall be placed between the directly fixed tracks and
ballast tracks in main line, in principle.

7.6 Ballast
Standard Basic cross-section of the permanent way at the ballast track in main tracks shall
be as per the Table 18 attached hereto.

7.7 Turnouts
(1) Turnouts Applied for main Tracks
Turnout being used for Main tracks shall be code numbered in the Table 19 attached
hereto.
(2) Interval of turnouts
Confront and successive installation of turnouts shall be carried out, according to the
followings:

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a. In confront installation; the interval of the toes of the two switches of turnouts
shall be kept at more than 5 m. However, in case of the main track with traffic of
high speed trains and the track lay out passing across the diverged curve line, the
interval shall be more than 10 m.
b. The interval of the heel of turnout and the toe of the switch in main track shall be
kept at more than 5 m, except for special cases.
c. The same specifications as (a) and (b) above shall be applied to side track as much
as practically possible.
(3) Structure of Turnouts and Allowable Speed limit
Structural and installation conditions of the straight line section of the turnout in
terms of the maximum train speed of 120 km/h, 100 km/h and 90 km/h shall exceed
the following conditions and requirements:
a. The requisite conditions for turnout when high speed train runs through the
straight line section of turnout at 120 km/h
i)

60kg turnout (for high speed or ordinary use) and R54 turnout (for high speed
or ordinary use) shall be installed, and at the straight line section within 20 m
before and behind the turnout, the double elastic fastening device shall be set,
and ballast shall be 300 mm in thickness.

ii) Besides the specifications in a above, the purpose of R54 turnout (for ordinary
use) shall be to reinforce the switch and the crossing part. However, the
reinforcement shall be conducted as follows:

In case of the maximum of 120 km/h, large bed plate, bolts and sleeper at
the rear edge of the switch shall be reinforced.

In case of the maximum speed of 120 km/h, the crossing shall be


manganese type or equivalent strength-type, and guard rail at the of
straight side shall be H-shaped.

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b. In case of the maximum speed of 100 km/h at the straight line side to the turnout
without regard to type of train, the structural conditions shall be as follows:
i)

The turnout shall be used the flexible switch with more than R54 rail and
manganese crossing or equivalent strength-type.

ii) At location within 20 m before and behind the straight line section of the
turnout, double elastic fastening shall be used, and the thickness of ballast
shall be 300mm.
c. In case of the maximum speed of 90 km/h at the straight line section of the turnout
without regard to type of car, manganese crossings or equivalent strength-type
shall be used for the R54 rail turnouts.
(4) Use of Spring Points
In case that train or rolling stock run at the speed over 45 km/h, spring points shall
not be used.
(5) Use of Specialized Turnouts
Use of Such specialized turnouts as Diamond crossing, Single-slip switch, Doubleslip switch, Scissors crossing etc. shall be avoided as much as possible.
(6) Turnout and Rail Before and Behind Turnout
In between each part of turnout and section more than 10m distant from before and
behind turnout, the same type of rail shall be used as much as practically possible.
(7) Manganese Crossing
For turnouts to be used for main track, manganese crossing or crossing of the same
performance or higher shall be used. However, at places with smaller traffic amount,
crossing other than manganese-type may be used.
(8) Use of Turnout Tie Plates
For turnouts to be used for main track and important side track, turnout tie plates shall
be installed. However, simple lines which require no strict requirement are excepted
there from.

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Track : Part 2

8. Continues welded rail

8.1 Conditions on Installation of Long Rail


In installation of long rails, in addition to Clause 42 of Basic Standard for Track
Installation and Maintenance, the following conditions shall be observed and incorporated.
(1)

Radius of curve shall, in principle, be more than 300 m.

(2)

Installation temperature of long rail shall be set within the range set forth in the
Table 20, lest buckling and extraordinary expansion and shrinkage of rail should
occur.

(3)

Lateral resistance force of ballast in the long rail installed section shall be more than
those indicated in the Table 21. In this instance, lateral resistance force of ballast
means the value of the test on single sleeper pulling resistance force of ballast
converted by the following formula.

g=

P
2 a

Where,
g: Lateral resistance force of ballast (kgf/m)
P: Value of test on single sleeper pulling ballast resistance force (kgf/pc)
a: Sleeper spacing (m)
(4)

Vertical curve at grade changing point, shall be more than 2000 m in radius.

(5)

In case of installation inside the tunnel, long rail shall be installed at location where
the temperature remains small change in all the year round.

(6)

Roadbed shall be in a good condition.

(7)

Newly constructed roadbed shall satisfy any of the following conditions:

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

(8)

(9)

Track : Part 2

a.

It shall be in the cut section.

b.

In case of the low embankment, it shall be situated in the section where


settlement of the ground is not likely.

c.

In case of the high embankment, the roadbed shall be carefully constructed and
well consolidated, and also, shall be situated in the section where settlement of
the ground is not likely.

Conditions for elevated bridges of a concrete roadbed shall be as follows:


a

Plan and design of the bridge shall be conducted, in full consideration to the
loads of long rail.

The total of Dead loads of bridge girder, slab and items on slab shall be more
than 9.5tf/m as per single line.

It shall be installed at location where large creepage will not occur.

(10) It shall be constructed at location where partial damage such as black stained crack
(Shelling Crack) and wheel burn will not easily occur.
(11) Rail
a. It shall be new rail or used rail which is as good as new one.
b. It shall be free from any deviation in its characteristics required, and pass the
inspection by ultrasonic flaw detector prior to welding.
(12) Structure of rail joint
a. For both edges of the long rail of ordinary section and that of the bridge,
expansion joint shall, in principle, be used. However, at the location where
neither serious change in temperature nor serious creepage will occur, buffer rail
may be used.

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Track : Part 2

b. For the edges of the long rails inside the tunnel, buffer rail or expansion joint
shall be used, depending upon the necessity.
(13) Sleeper
a. At the location where long rail inside the tunnel and ballast less bridge long rail
and set-off mechanism/ temporary turnout are placed, wooden sleeper may be
used.
b. The number of sleeper to be installed into long rails of the ordinary sections, shall
be more than those specified in the Table 22 attached hereto.
c. The number of sleeper to be installed into the long rails inside the tunnel, shall be
according to the specified clause 43.
d. The number of sleeper to be installed into the bridge long rail shall be according
to the specified clause 45 in the Table 9 attached hereto.
(14) Anti-creepers
In case that dog spikes or fastening device of the similar kind are used for sleeper
fastening in the long rails inside the tunnel where wooden sleeper are installed, then
anti-creepers shall be fixed as per 25 m track, in the larger number than indicated in
the Table 23 attached hereto. However, in case of use of sleeper connection bars, the
number of anti-creepers used may be reduced within the range causing no
inconvenience to the proper maintenance of the track.
(15) Non ballasted bridge in the long rails of the Ordinary Section
a. Rail fastening part, sleeper to girder connecting part shall have a reasonable
lateral strength and also structured that uplift of sleeper may be prevented
properly.
b. Rail fastening part of ballast less bridge shall, in principle, be of such a system
that it will not have any longitudinal resistance force.
c. The length of ballast less bridge shall be less than 50m.

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Track : Part 2

(16) Welding of Long Rail


Long rails shall be welded by Flash But, Gas pressure, Enclosed Arc, or Thermit
welding methods.
(17) Re-use of Long Rail
a

The portion (both sides) of rail within the distance of 180mm from the point
welded by the other welding method than Flash But and Gas Pressure ones shall
not be re-used.

In case of removal of the defective part due to improper welding, both sides of
rail more than 120 mm away from the welded part shall be cut out and removed,
even if the welding had been effected with Flash But and Gas Pressure methods.

(18) Use of Expansion Joint


Scope of Use of Expansion joints shall be as per the Table 24 attached hereto.

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Track : Part 2

9. Safety Facilities

9.1 Guard Rails


(1)

Conditions for Installation of Derailment Preventive Guard


The location where derailment preventive guard must be installed in main track shall
be specified as per the Table 25 attached hereto, in addition to 8. of Basic Standard
for Track Installation and Maintenance.

(2)

Installation of Derailment Preventive Guard


At the location as specified in the preceding Clause, derailment preventive guards
shall be installed. In the section where derailment preventive guards are necessary
but installation thereof is impractical due to fall of rocks, etc., safety rail may be
alternatively used.

(3)

Installation area of derailment preventive guard in the section where curve and grade
co-exist, shall be as follows:
As an additional length, 5 meters shall be allowed for the whole length of curve at
the side for entrance of train, and 50 meters at the side of exit of train. However,
installation of guard shall be within the section of the conflict between the curve and
the grade.

(4)

As regards turnouts, expansion joints etc., the guard shall be installed up to 1 m


outside the toe and the heel of them. In case of transponder tag, the ground
installation shall be as per Fig. 8 attached hereto.

(5)

Installation of Bridge Guard Rail


In addition to 8.1.4 Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance, bridge
guard rails shall be installed, according to the Fig.8 attached hereto.

(6)

Installation of Level Crossing Guard


Method of installation of guard for level crossing shall be as per the Fig 9 attached
hereto, in addition to 8.1.5 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

(7)

Track : Part 2

Conditions for Installation of Point Guards


a Inner turnout connected to Main track
i)

Point guards shall be installed for inner turnout with curve of less than 1000
m in main line side radius.

ii) Depending on the necessity, point guards may be installed for inner turnout
with curve of main line side radius from 1000m up to 1500 m
b Other turnouts whose installation of switch guards is considered indispensable.
(8)

Method of Installation of Switch Guard


The method of installation of switch guards shall be as per the Fig.10 attached
hereto.

9.2 Buffer stop, etc.


(1)

Alignment of behind the turnout at Safety siding line shall be straight line. However,
in case of impossibility of provision of the straight line, the radius of curve behind
the turnout shall be larger than specified below:
a In case that the radius of the turnout curve being more than 200m, 120m in
radius.
b In case of the radius of the turnout curve being between 105 m to 200m in radius.

(2)

Should the above-mentioned curve connecting behind the turnout be opposite with
the turnout curve, then the line to which the turnout is joined, shall, in principle, be
straight line.

(3)

Shape and Dimensions of Buffer Stop


Shape of buffer stop and its standard dimensions shall be as per the Fig.11 through
Fig.14 attached hereto.

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Track : Part 2

(4)

Direction of First Class Buffer Stop


Direction of First class buffer stop shall be so determined that the direction of the
centre line of First class buffer stop and that of the end of the line at which the buffer
stop is fitted shall be made to be the same.

(5)

Interval of Centers of First Class Buffer Stop and Adjacent Line

(6)

In case that the adjacent line is the line from which safety side line is turned out:
more than 2.5 m

In case that the adjacent line is any other than referred to in (1) above: more than
3.5 m

Painting of Buffer stop


Buffer stop shall be painted in White color. However, depending upon the locality
of the region (such as heavy snow fall area etc.), painting of the buffer stop may be
in yellow.

10. Level crossing

(1)

Notification of Opening, Closing of Level Crossings and Change of Category of Level


Crossing
DGLC shall notify the parties concerned of the date of new opening, closure of level
crossing, or change in category of level crossing, whenever level crossing is newly
opened, the existing level crossing is closed or category of crossing is changed.

(2)

Management of Special Level Crossings in Existing Lines


With regard to its structural conditions, etc., level crossings corresponding to 9 of Basic
Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance shall be managed by the Management
Table.

(3)

Prohibition of New Establishment of Fourth Class Level Crossings


Fourth class level crossings shall not be newly established.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

(4)

(5)

Track : Part 2

Specifications on Third Class Level Crossing


Level crossing to be established as third class shall satisfy any of the following
specifications. However, the level crossings corresponding to the following 10.5 are
excepted from third class.
a

Daily volume of roadway traffic shall exceed the volume classified by the daily
volume of railway traffic as specified in the Table 26 attached hereto.

For the last through years, more than two traffic accidents have occurred, and
installation of warning system can and shall be justified as useful in prevention of
further accidents.

In the double-line sections, installation of warning system can and shall be justified
as useful in prevention of accidents.

The proposed location for establishment of level crossing shall be recognized as


dangerous area, due to the fact that in its vicinity, there exists a kindergarten or an
elementary school or any other special circumstances necessitating construction of
level crossing.

Specifications of First class level crossing


Level crossings to be constructed as First class crossing shall satisfy any of the
following requirements.
a

There is a railway crossing with more than 2.3 m in width, and the other than that of
car traffic is prohibited.

It shall satisfy any of the requirements referred to in the preceding 10(4). And its
hourly volume of roadway traffic shall exceed the volume classified by the hourly
volume of railway traffic as specified in the Table 27 attached hereto.

It shall satisfy either of the requirements (1) or (2) referred to in the preceding
10(4), and the watching distance of the light of its warning apparatus is less than 45
m (less than 22m for the warning apparatus at the level crossing to which a car
cannot approach at more than 35 km/h due to topographic reasons).

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They shall be a level crossing corresponding to (1) or (2) in the preceding 10(4),
and considered very dangerous due to heavy vehicular traffic, and installation of
crossing gate interceptor shall be regarded as useful in prevention of accidents.
Furthermore, it shall be regarded as very dangerous, more than two level crossings
are adjacent with one another due to parallel running of railways and a crossroads is
close to the level crossing, or there exist certain special circumstances.

11. Rail-Sign Posts


(1)

Boundary sign (-post) as shown in Fig.15 shall be provided at the boundary of each
DAOP, RESORT, DISTRIC GANG.

(2)

The sign post to indicate the party in charge of and responsible for track maintenance
and technological management, shall be placed at the point of the boundary of its job
discharging the said responsibility.
i)
In case that inside the tunnel premises, and on bridges ( inclusive of elevated bridges ),
setting of sign posts as per the methods of 10.1 to 10.4 of Basic Standard for Track
Installation and Maintenance, special structured sign posts or writing of necessary
information on side wall, etc. may be used as an alternative.

(3)

(4)

Unless otherwise specified, track-signboards and sign poles shall be wooden, plastic or
reused rail made, and in case of those of wooden make, a certain exposed and
underground part of the sign poles shall be coated with coal tar or any other anti-erosion
agent. And in case of those of reused rail make, anti corrosive treatment in black paint
shall be made to the pert buried into the ground..

(5)

Track-sign poles shall be provided with some protective device or foundation to prevent
them from tilt and/or pull-out.

(6)

Except for the cases as shown in the Figures attached hereto, the ground of the
signboard shall be painted in white, and letters on the ground shall be written in black
color.

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Track : Part 2

(7)

Sign posts shall be maintenance where they can be easily seen.

(8)

Right of Way shall be managed so properly that it shall be cleared of any possible
trespassing, by constructing fences around it, if need.

12. Maintenance

12.1 General
(1)

For the purpose of securing and maintaining comfortable train riding, tracks shall be
carefully and deliberately arranged, based upon the target as stipulated in the Table
28 attached hereto.

(2)

For the purpose of the minimum possible train vibration, tracks shall be arranged,
based upon and aiming at the target value specified in the Table 29 attached hereto.

12.2 Values to be Aimed at in Stability of Track

(1)

Control of Cross Level


The deviation from the standard cross level of curve shall be controlled so that it can
be kept within the range of + 20mm towards the designed degree of cant (including
gradual decreasing part of cant).

(2)

Prohibition of Entry into Side Track


In the side track, when the static measurement value of track deviation reaches the
below mentioned level, entry of train or cars into side track shall be prohibited.
a. Track gauge

38 mm (including slack )

b. Alignment

33 mm

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

(3)

Degree of Versine in Alignment Deviation of Side Track


When the static measurement value of versine in alignment deviation ( per 10m
chord) reaches 135 mm, the track shall be maintenance, and in case of the value
exceeding 140 mm, maintenance shall be carried out within 3 days from the date that
the deviation has actually been found.

(4)

Standard Values for Adjustment of Compound Deviation and Train Vibration


Compound deviation of track and rolling stock vibration (excluding high
performance cars and high speed track measuring cars) shall be adjusted, according
to the Table 30 attached hereto.

12.3 Standard on Maintenance of Turnouts


(1)

Gauge at the crossing part shall maintain according to 11.2.2 of Basic Standard for
Track Installation and Maintenance. However, in case for 1067 mm gauge track
where the high performance train runs at more than 120km/h (referred to as
Turnout for high speed), track gauges shall be maintained in case that expansion of
the gauge exceed 3mm, and reduction thereof exceed take off 3 mm.

(2)

Back gauge of turnout for both New improved type and other than New improved
type shall be as per 11.2.2 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance.
However, turnout for high speed train shall be maintained in case that for gauge of
less than 1023 mm and that of more than 1030 mm.

(3)

Irregularities in longitudinal level, alignment, cross level in turnouts shall be


maintained according to 12.2.1 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and
Maintenance. However, regarding turnouts for high speed train, the Table 31
attached hereto shall apply.

(4)

Contact for tongue rail shall be less than 4 mm. But the contact for turnouts for the
high speed train shall be less than 3mm, and less than 5mm for turnouts for side
track. Contact parts are the area except the pressed part of tongue rail.

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Track : Part 2

(5)

Rail end mismatch on the gauge side of joint rail for the rear edge of switch shall be
less than 1.5mm. However, the mismatch for turnout for the high speed train shall
be less than 1 mm.

(6)

Should the turnout not be placed in the designed direction, then it shall be corrected,
in one way or another.

(7)

Damage and Clutch to the front edge of the turnout shall be managed, according to
the Table 33 attached hereto.

12.4 Target to be achieved in Rail care


(1)

Rails shall be maintained by the following requirements, as well as Clause 66 of


Basic Regulation for Track Installation and Maintenance.

(2)

Unevenness of Welded part


By short wave length (welded rail end batter) 0.3mm depression.

(3)

Damage and Corrosion


As per the Table 32 attached hereto.

(4)

Extent of Opening in glued Insulated rail


Careful attention shall be given to openings of more than 1.0 mm, and in regard to
the opening of more than 3.0mm, a technical judgment as to whether or not it shall
be replaced with new one shall be made, depending on the prevailing situation.

(5)

Damage, etc. to Front Edge of Turnout


Damage and Clutch to the front edge of the turnout shall be managed, according to
the Table 33 attached hereto.

(6)

Target to be Achieved in Guard Rail Spacing


Spacing of the guard rail and the main track in relation to the target value, shall be
maintained within the boundary stipulated in the Table 34 attached hereto

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Track : Part 2

12.5 Target Aim at in Track Maintenance


Irregularities in Track shall be maintained, according to the followings:
(1)

Adoption of Target value in Track maintenance


a. Time for Track Maintenance
i)

Chart of high speed track measuring car shall be divided into sections by
every five hundred meters, and in each 500 m section according to each
maintenance items, the number of points at which the actually measured
values exceed the target values shall be obtained, and in case of the section
that has more than two or three points whose values are in excess of the
target values (including the case that the irregularities in track gauge
continue consecutively more than 30 m), instruction of adjustment/
rectification shall be conducted.

ii) The method of obtaining the number of the points whose actual values
exceed the target values shall be as per the followings:
Regarding the irregularities of longitudinal level and alignment, it shall be
obtained by summation of those of left and right rails.
In case that more than two points with irregularities exist adjacent to one
another within the distance of 15m (30m, in case of irregularities in track
gauge), then the two adjacent points shall be regarded as one point
(instead of Two) stipulated in the Fig.16 attached hereto. Moreover, in
case that the irregular point of longitudinal level and alignment on the left
side rail exists less than 15m away from that of the right side rail, the two
points shall also be regarded as one point.
iii) Regarding the irregularities measured by the static measurement method, the
same adjustment as i) and ii) shall apply.

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Track : Part 2

b. Points for rectification based upon the target values


i)

Points whose irregularities shall be rectified subject to the Target values


under the 500m section, shall be the Points where the degree of irregularities
are more than 6 mm (+2mm, ~ 4mm for Rail gauges) in EMI 120 chart
stipulated in the Fig. 17 attached hereto.

ii) Regarding the static measurement, irregular points exceeding 4mm from the
finishing standard values shall be picked up by the specification of i) above.
(2)

Use of standard value for maintenance


a. Time for maintenance
When the degree of track irregularity and train vibration have reached the status
as specified below, rectification thereto shall be conducted within 15 days.
However, should the status have been considerably worsened at the time of
having found them, rectification shall be conducted promptly in no loss of time.
i)

In case that the track irregularity has already got to the degree as set forth in
11.2.1 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance and 12.2
hereof, or has not yet reached them, but it is of acute nature, most likely
developing quickly.

ii) In case that the rolling stock vibration has already got to the degree as set
forth in 12.2.1 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance, and
12.2 hereof, and needs to be urgently rectified, as a result of the field survey.
b. Should the rectification within 15 days from the time of the irregularitys
reaching the standard value (within the reasonable number of days in case of its
having developed far beyond the standard value) prove impossible due to an
inevitable reason, then Slow down operation shall be taken as an ad hoc
solution.

(3)

Use of values for control of cross level

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Track : Part 2

The location where the control value of cross level has reached that specified in 12.2
hereof shall be rectified within one month. However, when the status has become by
far worse than the values specified at the time of having found it, the time for
rectification shall be made to be earlier.
(4)

Use of values for compound irregularities


a. Time for maintenance
The location where the compound irregularities have already reached the
following status, it shall be rectified within one month.
i)

When the compound irregularities have reached those specified in 12.5(5)


hereof, rectification shall be conducted.

ii) In case that the afore-mentioned irregularities are overlapped and have
developed far beyond the standard values, the time for rectification shall be
made to be earlier.
b. In case that the compound irregularities have reached the degree as specified in
12.2, and the rectification thereof within the time frame as required in a above is
impossible owing to an inevitable reason, Slow down operation at the point shall
be taken as ad hoc alternative solution. However, the section that is installed
with derailment preventive guard shall be exempted from this alternative
solution.

12.6 Use of Standard Values in Maintenance of Turnout


When the track irregularities in turnout have reached the degree specified in 12.3(1) and
(2) hereof, they shall be rectified within thirty days. Regarding the irregularities covered
by 12.3.(3) through (5), the preceding 12.5.(2) shall apply.

12.7 Standard on Rectification of the other Irregularities with Track

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Track : Part 2

(1)

Irregular inclination of rail shall be rectified before it seriously aggravates.

(2)

For the rails to be installed at the heavily worn sections, care shall be so given that
the gauge corner of rail shall be coated with oil.

(3)

In PC sleeper, care shall be taken to ensure that there be no reduction in the


insulation capacity of the rail fastening apparatus by connecting rail or plate springs
and bolts for the rail fastening apparatus direct to the concrete face.

(4)

Care shall be taken as much as possible to ensure that the joint plates be grease-oiled
to properly maintain the performance of the joint gap and prevent worn of rail.

(5)

Tightness of Track Bolts

(6)

(7)

Bolts for rail fishplates shall be tightened properly, that is, not too tightly or not
too loosely, so that full bearing capacity of fish plates can be secured, and
ordinary expansion/shrinkage of rail can not be prevented.

Bolts for rail fastening apparatus, bolts for turnouts and hook bolts, etc. shall be
tightened properly, that is, not too tightly or not too loosely.

Except for special cases, bolts and nuts shall be fitted into the outside of the rail,
for the rail with weight of R 33 kg/m or less. For the rail R 41 kg/m or more in
weight, they shall be fitted alternately at the edges of the rail.

Installation of Sleeper
Sleeper shall be installed, taking into consideration the followings:
a

Sleeper shall be fitted, with wooden face being upside.

Round-shaped Sleeper shall be fitted, with wider part being placed at the
bottom.

Maintenance of Rail Braces and Washers for Turnout

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Track : Part 2

Rail braces and washers for turnouts shall be fitted, so that they may be completely
tightly contacted to the bottom, top and web of the rail.
(8)

Hook Bolts
Hook bolts with the shape allowing for easier control to keep its pull out
phenomenon within the minimum level possible, shall, in principle, be used.

12.8 Maintenance of Long Rails


Long rails shall be maintained, in accordance with the followings:
(1)

Arrangement of track
a. Where a local irregularity (i.e. inherently at a certain point of the track) will
easily occur, maintenance of long rail installation shall be conducted with great
care.
b. Based upon the train vibration inspection, the location with large train vibration
shall be corrected promptly.
c. Tracks in the curve sections where long rails are laid, and those in the vertical
curve sections, shall be corrected, in terms of the circular alignment, before the
advent of the summer season.

(2)

Maintenance of Ballast
Ballast in the long rail section shall be maintained, according to the followings:
a. Width of ballast shoulder shall be more than the values specified in the Clauses
69 Table 18 attached hereto.
b. Side face of sleeper shall not be exposed.
c. Upper ballast shall be fully tamped.
d. Should shortage of ballast resistance force be likely, ballast shall be additionally
placed onto its shoulder. At locations such as bridges, points before and behind
level crossing, and convex gradient changing points etc., ballast resistance shall
be strictly secured.

(3)

Maintenance of buffer rails


Buffer rails shall be maintained as follows:

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

a. Joint gap of buffer rails shall be proportioned in size towards its expansion
movement.
b. Bolts to fishplates of buffer rail shall be fastened with appropriate tightness, and
each buffer rail shall bear a constant joint resistance force (frictional resistance
force against change in joint gap).
(4)

Gap of more than 0.5mm and less than 1.0 mm, shall, in principle, be provided in
between the tongue rail and the washer and the receiving rail and the rail brace, of
the expansion joint.

(5)

Restriction on Maintenance Work in the Long Rail Section

(6)

The maintenance work in the long rail installed sections, shall be performed with
the method worked out by taking into consideration the atmosphere, the rail
temperature, etc., and within the restriction as stipulated in the Table 35 (provide
by separate method) attached hereto.

In the maintenance works relevant to ballast, not only the temperature while
working, but also a possible increase in the temperature after completion of the
work, shall be considered. And, in case that the rail temperature after the work
has become higher than the installation temperature by more than 15C, upper
ballast shall be tamped, so that the ballast resistance as specified in Clause 78
Table 21 hereof may be restored.

Restriction on Maintenance work in the Standard length rail section


The maintenance work at the section where rectification to the joint gap is
necessary, shall be conducted, within the scope of the restriction stipulated in the
Table 36 (provide by separate method) attached hereto, depending on the conditions
of the joint gap.

12.9 Others
(1)

Slow down speed as necessitated by the preparatory work shall be specified as its
standard in the Tables of 37 through 40 (provide by separate method) attached
hereto.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

(2)

For main track lines and important sidings, materials shall be prepared and stored
beforehand at a certain place to meet with any possible emergency use, and the
materials shall be kept and maintained so properly that they can be utilized at any
time.

(3)

The type, the number and the conditions of machinery, installations and equipment
available shall be continuously checked and inspected, and so maintained that they
can be put into operation without any trouble at any time.

13. Inspection on Track

13.1 Individual Inspection on (Regular Basis)


13.1.1 Inspection on Track Irregularity
(1)

Items for inspection, Subject and frequency of inspection

Item for
Inspection

Frequency of Inspection
Subject

Maintenance
Grade

Remark

Frequency

(1) Turnout to be included as subject for


inspection
Track gauge, Cross
level, Longitudinal
level, Alignment.

Main line

1 a-b

4 times/year (2) Regarding compound irregularity,

(excluding sub

2 a-b

lines without freight train and with

main line)

3 a-c

the max, speed of less than 45km/h

4 a-d

may be omitted

Twist, Compound
Back gauge of

(3) Measurement of back gauge to be

1 a-b

irregularity and
Sub main line

Turnout crossings

2 a-b
3 a-c

2 times/ year

1a b
2a b

(4) Frequency of inspection for turnout


side of the turnout to be determined

4 a-d
Other lines

done only to turnout located part

1 time/ year

42

by director of DAOP, depending


upon the number of passing train

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

3a c
4a d
Level of
Curvature

(2)

Main line
(excluding sub
main line)

1a b
2a b
3a c

2 times/ year

As per the subject and the frequency as


indicated in 12.2

4a d

Method of Inspection
a. Method of inspection shall, in principle, be as per that by Electric and
overall track inspecting car (referred to as EM 120), but regarding submain lines and the other lines where EM 120 is not used, inspection shall be
manually carried out, by use of track master, turnout inspecting apparatus or
chord/ string measurement.
b. Chord measurement for track irregularity inspection, shall be done as
follows:
i)

In the case of stringlining measurement method of track irregularity shall


be as follows:
Cross level

: Left side rail for the straight line section and Inner
rail for the curve section to be used as the standard
for measurement
Longitudinal level : Left side rail to be measured for the straight line
section; inner rail to be measured for the curve
section.
Alignment
: Left side rail to be measured for the straight line
section; Outer rail to be measured for the curve
section
ii) The length of chord shall be 10m, and in case of longitudinal level, the
degree of irregularity shall be adjusted by adding 1mm corresponding to
the slackness of the chord (tensile strength: 2 kg, weight of chord:
approx. 0.16 g/m).

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iii) The chord for measurement shall, in principle, be 10m, and for turnout
installed section, 50cm forwarding method shall be adopted, and 5 m
forwarding method for the other sections.
c. In case of measurement by Track Master, the standard rail shall, in principle,
be left side rail, but be inner rail for the curve section (R 250). In case of
consecutive measurement of curves of R250, the inner rail of the curve
with the smallest radius shall be used at the Standard side. Inspection and
measurement shall be carried out, by 2 m chorded 50 cm forwarding
method.
d. Track irregularity shall be expressed in the following manner, and
measurement unit shall be in mm. In this case, the degree of irregularity
shall be obtained by deduction of slack, cant and versine values (including
vertical curve).
i)

Track gauge

ii)

Cross Level

iii) Longitudinal Level

(3)

iv)

Alignment

v)

Twist

Expanding irregularity shall be expressed with


+, and shrinking irregularity with .
Higher level of opposite rail shall be expressed
with + and lower level with .
Higher level shall be expressed with + and
lower level with .
Irregularity to the outside of the track gauge shall
be expressed with + and inward irregularity to
the track gauge with .
Flatness shall be measured in terms of the degree
of flatness (value of cant included) as per 5m
track (as per 2.5m for highly specified track for
Main line), and twist in the right direction shall
be expressed with + and that in the left
direction, with .

Criteria for judgment/assessment of track irregularity


Judgment/assessment of track irregularity shall be made, according to 11.2.1
and 11.2.2 of Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance and 12.
here of.

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13.1.2 Inspection on Train Vibration


(1) Items for inspection, Subject and Frequency of inspection
Item of
inspection

Frequency of
inspection

Subject

Acceleration of
vertical and
horizontal
vibration

Main line
(excluding sub
main line)

Acceleration of
horizontal
vibration and
vibration
frequency

Main line in high


speed operation
section
(excluding sub
main line)

Remarks

12 times/ year

2 times/ year

High speed line


are about 120
km/h or more

(2) Method of inspection


Train vibration shall, in principle, be measured by Inspection car (EM 120) and
train vibration measuring apparatus.
(3) Criteria for judgment/assessment
Rolling stock vibration shall be judged/assessed, according to 11.2.1.(5) of Basic
Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance and 11.2.(2) hereof.

13.1.3 Inspection on Rail Joint Gap


(1) Items for inspection, Subjects and Frequency of inspection

Items for
Inspection
Conditions of
Joint Gap

Subject

Frequency of Inspection

Main line
Maintenance
Frequency
(Including
Grade
sub-main line)
1a~b
2a~b

45

Twice/ year

Remarks
(N.B). Subject of
inspection shall be
decided by Director
of DAOP, before

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

3a~c
1 time/ year
Twice/year,
depend
upon
necessity

4a~d

hand and when


necessary

(2) Method of inspection


a. Amount of rail joint gap, rail temperature at each rail joint shall be measured
by use of automatic joint gap measuring apparatus or space measuring
gauge, etc.
b. Joint gap shall be measured, when shrinkage of joint gap starts with the
increase of the rail temperature, or when expansion of joint gap starts with
fall of the rail temperature, and the thermal conditions at the time of
measuring shall be as per the tables below.
Measurement
condition
Items
Rail temperature at time of
measurement

At time of raise of rail


temperature

At time of reduce of
rail temperature

Range to 20oC to 35oC,


and at time of increase of
rail temperature

Max. Rail Temperature


through the daytime actually
measured
(Max. temperature of day)
(Rail temperature at time of
measurement)

(about sunset)

(daytime)

More than 12oC, and


in the phase of
temperature fall

Note:
i) The case that the rail temperature at the time of measurement stays below such
temperature 12o degrees lower than the maximum rail temperature, even though
the maximum rail temperature of the day actually measured should exceed
40C, shall be regarded as duly satisfying the specifications.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

ii) The case that in the section where more than two rails exceeding 35 m in length
are consecutively laid, the difference of the maximum rail temperature of the
day actually measured minus the temperature at the time of measuring is more
than 15C and the rail temperature there continues to be decreased, shall also be
regarded as satisfying the specifications.
(3) Criteria for judgment/assessment
a. Buckling side
i)

Judgment /assessment shall be as per the following formula, and shall be


rated in the following table.
Stability () = Axial force being generated/Minimum Buckling force
Stability rating

Stability

C rank

0.90

B rank

0.75 < 0.90

A rank

0.66 < 0.75

No rank

< 0.66

ii) After rating of stability, except for C rank section with three consecutive
joints with no joint gap, slow down rail temperature (XC) shall be
calculated, and finally into C/X.
b. Judgment/assessment of joint gap at bolt shearing side
i) Judgment/assessment on the joint gap at the bolt shearing side shall be
conducted as a result obtained through joint gap judging system.
ii) Assessment rating shall be as per the following table.

Stability rating

Judgment due to M line, L line

L rank

L line measure gap

M rank

M line measure gap < L line

No rank

M line > measure gap

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

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13.1.4 Inspection on Long Rail


(1)

Items for inspection, Subject and Frequency of Inspection

Items of
inspection

Subject

Frequency of inspection
Maintenance
Grade

Rail creep
status of
strokes at
expansion joint

(2)

Main line
Sub main line

Remarks

Frequency

1a b
2a b
3a b

2 times/ year

4a d

1 times/ year
(Twice/ year,
depend upon
necessity)

(Note)
Subjects for
inspection shall
be decided by
Director of
DAOP

Method of inspection
a. Strokes at expansion joints.
i) Degree of stroke shall be measured visually or by use of scale.
ii) In stroke measurement, the rail temperature shall also be measured, and
expansion/shrinkage of long rail shall be properly controlled, and the
data/information thereof shall be accumulated.
b. Creep age of long rail
i) In the unmovable sections where the edges of the long rails are firmly
and solidly fixed, creep age shall be measured with string and scale, by
establishing the measuring points at the interval of 50 200m including
the ends of the long rails, front and back and inside of unmovable
section, and the rail temperature shall also be measured.
ii) Degree of creep age shall be indicated by use of the punch mark in the
fashion that it shall be expressed with + when the punch mark moves

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

towards the starting point and with when it moves towards the
ending point.

Starting

()

()

()

()

()

()

Point

Ending
Point

(3) Criteria for judgment/assessment


a. Strokes at Expansion joints
Target value 80mm Standard value

120mm

b. Stability of Long rail


i)

Judgment/assessment of stability on long rail shall be conducted,


according to long rail stability judging system.

ii) The stability of long rail shall be calculated by the following formula
and assessed into the rating described below.
Stability = Minimum buckling force/Axial force being generated

Stability (A) and Allowable rail temperature (A)


Stability (B) and Allowable rail temperature (B)
Stability (C) and Allowable rail temperature (C)
(judgment after measurement of ballast lateral resistance)
Stability (D) and Allowable rail temperature (D)
(judgment after measurement of ballast lateral resistance)
Stability (E) and Allowable rail temperature (E)
(judgment after conforming the fastening status)

iii) Regarding the long rail with the stability of less than 1.2, the allowable
rail temperature shall be computed by Long rail stability judging system.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

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13.1.5 Inspection on Rails, etc


(1)

As per mentioned below, inspection on rails etc shall be carried out, under the
category of which, inspection of such an accessory equipment as guard rail,
fishplate and bolt for fishplate shall be included.

(2)

Items for inspection, Subjects and Frequency of inspection

Items of Inspection
(1) Flow and adverse characteristic of
rear edge of the rail
(2) Condition on oiling fastening
between fishplate and its bolt
Status of
(3) Conditions on interval of rail and
Maintenance
guard rail (Safety rail and level
Work
crossing) and accessory
(4) Conditions on electric insulating
materials at the bridge guard rail
starting and ending points

Status and
Material

(1) Condition of wear (More than 5


mm)
(2) Condition of corrugation wear
(more than 0.3 mm)
(3) Uneven of welding part
(4) Failure and corrosion
(5) Opening condition of glued
insulated rail
(6) Conditions of fishplate,
reinforced fishplate, bolt, locknut
washer

50

Subject

Frequency
of
Inspection

Main line
Sub main
line Other
line

1 time/ year

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

(3)

Method of inspection
Inspection shall be conducted by rail damage detecting and wear and tear
measuring car (RFD) or by visual check up and measurement. Instruments and
tools may be used, depending on the necessity.

(4)

Criteria for judgment/assessment


a. Status of maintenance
i)

Flow of edge of rail and kink rail


Great care shall be taken to the rail that has a rail flow developed to
1mm and out break of serious wheel load and track irregularity due to
rail kink.

ii) Oiling and fastening status of fishplates and fishplate bolts


Loosened bolts shall be re-tightened, and bolts shall be newly supplied
and fastened to the bolt missing holes. Re-oiling shall be done.
iii) Spacing of rail and guard rails, etc.
It shall be as per 12.4.(6) hereof.
iv) Setting of electric insulating materials at the beginning and ending points
of guard rail on bridge, in case that bridge guard rails are installed within
the track gauge in the electrified section or automatic signaling section,
care shall be taken to ensure that electric insulation materials be
provided to the beginning and ending points of the bridge guard rails.
b. Materials
i)

Wear, and corrugated wear


They shall be managed, according to 11.3 of Basic Standard for Track
Installation and Maintenance.
ii) Damage, erosion and unevenness of the welded part
They shall be managed, according to 12.4 hereof.
iii) Status of Opening for glued Insulated rails

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

It shall be managed, according to Clause 68 of of Basic Standard for


Track Installation and Maintenance and Clause 112 hereof.
iv) Fishplate, reinforcing fishplate, bolt, locknut, washer, etc.
Fishplate
It shall be replaced with new one in any of the following cases.
a)

Case in which the crack has developed from the top of plate or
the bottom of plate, by more than 20 mm.

b)

Case in which there has occurred up and down cracks in rail


joint.

c)

Case in which tear and wear, erosion and damages have


considerably developed.

Bolt for Fishplate


It shall be replaced with new one in any of the following cases:
a)

Case in which the pitch has become heavily corroded and


damaged, and is workable no longer.

b)

Case in which it has become bent/deformed too seriously to be


repaired on the site.

c)

Case in which the corroded radius of bolts has reached more


than 3mm.

d)

Case in which it has become impossible to fasten the bolts due


to excessive expansion.

e)

Case in which the bolt has lost weight by more than 10% owing
to corrosion.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

Lock nut and washer


The lock nut and washer that has already lost its elasticity and has
already been too seriously deformed and eroded to be repaired, shall
be replaced with new one.

13.1.6 Inspection on Turnouts


(1) Items for inspection, Subjects and Frequency of inspection

Items of Inspections

Subject

Running face of rails inside

Frequency of Inspection

Remarks

Once/year

the turnout
1. Close contact of tongue rail

Maintenance

2. Contact of tongue rail

grade

3 Crossing of edges of tongue


rail

5 Flow of noses, guards


equipment to unmovable/
Maintenance

stationary apparatus

and Function

a. Space between bolt for


joint plate of heel of
switch and joint plate
supporting device

(Including Sub
main line)

Once/3 months
1b

Main
line, sub

main

2b
3a

line and
others

2a

3b
3c

line

4a

Once/3 months

bolt for heel joint of

Once/6 months
Once/6 months

4b
4c
4d

switch
d. Mismatch on the tread,
mismatch on the gauge

53

months
Once/3

Once/6
months

Once/4 months

switch rod and projected


c. Vertical difference of

line

months

b. Space between edge of


part of connecting plate

Others

Once/3

1a

4 Flow, width of flange way


6 Looseness of accessory

Main line

Once/year

Once/year

Once/year

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

at heel joint of the switch


e. Joint gap and flow at
heel joint of the switch
f. Tongue for fastening of
bolts for switch rod and
bolts for heel joint of the
switch
g. Condition of base plate
7 Spacing of point guards,
flow
Tear and wear, corrosion and

Once/year

damages to the edges of the

But, assigned important turnout:

switch

Once/ 3 months
Main,

Also, frequency for tongue rail or stock rail of

the switch

sub

less than one year remaining term of

(Tongue rails, stock rail)

main

replacement: Once/ 1 month from before 3

b. Loss of tongue rails

line and

months of replacement period

c. Engagement of shape of

others

a. Tear and wear of the toe of


Status of
Material

Tear

and

wear,

are
assigned
by
of DAOP

damages,

erosion of any other than toe

turnout

Director

line

tongue rails

Important

Once/ year

of the switch

(2) Method of inspection


a. Maintenance of its performance
Status of maintenance shall be inspected visually, and instruments and tools
such as space gauge may be used, depending upon the necessity.
i)

Close contact of tongue rail


Extent of close contact between tongue rail and stock rail within the
distance of 500 mm from the edge of tongue rail shall be measured by
thickness gauge, etc.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

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ii) Contact of tongue rails


Contact between tongue rail and stock rail in the section other than those
of close contact shall be measured by thickness gauge etc.
iii) Position slide and engagement shape of toe of tongue rails
Position slide and engagement shape of tongue rails shall be measured
by angled ruler or folding scale.
iv) Flow
Extent of flow of tongue rail and stock rail in the section where the top
parts of them stay in touch with each other, shall be measured.
v) Width of flange-way
Width of flange-way between crossing and guard shall be measured.
vi) Flow of nose and guard
Flow shall be measured visually or by use of scales, etc.
vii) Looseness of equipment and accessories of fastening, spacing and oiling
conditions thereof:
They shall be checked / inspected visually or by use of measuring apparatus.
The detailed method shall be as per the followings:
Space between bolt for heel joint of the switch and the joint plate
supporting device, shall be inspected.
Space between the edge of switch rod and the projected part of connecting
plate, shall be inspected.
Right angle irregularity to bolt for heel joint of the switch shall be
inspected.
Mismatch on the tread, mismatch on the gauge at heel joint of the switch
shall be inspected.
Status of joint gap and flow at heel joint of the switch shall be inspected.
Torque of fastening bolts for switch rod and bolts for heel joint of the
switch shall be inspected.
Conditions of base plate shall be inspected with respect of the followings:

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

a) Oiling status
b) Gap with tongue rail
Spacing of point guards, flow
They shall be inspected visually or by use of measuring tools.
b. Conditions on materials
i)

Wear, damage and erosion of the tip of Switch


Wear of the toe of Point
a) With regard to R 54 turnout, 60 kg rail turnout, the position with
the width of the tongue rail top part of 6mm and that of 10mm
(14mm in case of 60kg rail No.8 turnout) shall be marked
respectively, at which points, the width of the top shall be
measured.
b) Regarding the turnouts designed in 1925, the maximum wear at
the point of 500mm and 1000mm from the tip of the tongue rail,
respectively shall be measured.
c) In stock rail, at the point 10mm in front of the front edge of
tongue rail in gauge line, amount of wear of the side face shall be
measured.
Minus of part of tongue rail
a) In case that loss is continued from the tip of tongue rail
(including the case that the original material is lost in upper area
of the track gauge line under 14 mm from the top of stock rail,
from that loss towards the tip of the tongue rail), a and b (height
and width of a defect) shall be judged/ measured.
b) Should the loss exist in the middle of part tongue rail, not only a
and b, but also L (length of a defect) shall be measured.

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c) Should the results of (1) and (2) prove that the loss should be
replace with new rail, it shall be checked/inspected by wear
measuring gauge, etc., as to whether the angle point of the lost
part is positioned higher or lower that of the corner of the gauge.
Shape of tongue rail and its engagement position
a) Status of engagement of stock rail and tongue rail and the tread of
flange-way at the top of tongue rail shall be visually inspected.
b) In stock rail, at the point of 10mm in front of the front edge of
tongue rail in gauge line, amount of wear of the side face shall be
measured.
ii) Wear, damage and erosion of part other than toe of point
They shall be measured visually or by use of measuring tools.
Height of wear means the point showing the maximum height to be
measured right angled to the wear face.
Tongue rail wear measuring position

Original Width of top


20mm

30mm

40mm

Rail cross section

Crossing
Height of wear means the position showing the maximum height of
wear to be measured right angled to the wear face. However, the
measurement shall be made right angled at the top surface of the
recess of the crossing. In case of wing rail risen K-type crossing, the
measurement shall be done according to the specifications of itself.
Guards
The part correspondence to recesses near crossing nose-edge,
movable crossing and its closely contacted points shall be measured.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

Furthermore, for the purpose of more effective anti-wear, additional


measurement to the parts shall be carried out.
Rail in turnouts
Height of wear shall be measured right angled to the wear face.
(3) Criteria for judgment/assessment.
a. Status of Maintenance to properly keep Operation
i)

Close contact of tongue rail


Space between tongue rail and stock rail at the tip of the tongue rail,
shall be kept within 1mm.

ii) Contact of tongue rail


Gap between tongue rail and stock rail other than the close contact
referred to in a above, shall be kept within the following allowances.

54R High speed turnout


R60 kg rail turnout
High speed turnout (120km/ h)

3 mm

The allowances for turnouts under 120 km/h speed shall be 4mm,
and side track turnouts shall be 5mm respectively.

iii) Position slide of tongue rail


Extent of more than 15mm position slide shall be rectified.
iv) Flow
Flow most likely causing adverse effect to proper close contact and
conversion of tongue rail shall be rectified.
v) Width of Flange-way
Such width of flange way obstructive to the lower part construction,
gauge shall be rectified. In high speed turnouts, the width of the flangeway adjacent to both edge of guard rails (cross-section changing point)
shall be kept over 56 mm

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

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vi) Flow of noses and guards


Flow having reached 1mm shall be rectified.
vii) Looseness of equipment and accessories of fastening, and status of
spacing and oiling:
Bolts for heel joint of switch and the joint plate/supporting device,
shall be not contact.
Space between the switch rod of the close contact side and the
projected part of connecting plate has developed by more than 1mm,
shall be repaired.
Considerable right angle inclination/ deviation to bolt for heel joint
of switch shall be repaired.
Considerable tread and gauge mismach of 1.5 mm difference of heel
joints of switch shall be repaired. Also shall the high speed (120km/h
or more) turnouts with more than 1mm gauge mismach be repaired.

Considerable joint gap of heel joint of switch shall be repaired. Flow


at heel joint of switch developed enough to create adverse effect to
proper conversion of tongue rail shall also be repaired.
Those of loose tightening of bolts for switch rod and bolts for heel
joint of switch and tightening too excessive against proper
conversion of switch shall be rectified.
Base plate that needs oiling shall be properly oiled.
Considerably developed gap between base plate and tongue rail shall
be repaired.
Interval of Point guards and flow
a) Interval of point guards
It shall be according to 13.1.6 hereof.
b) Flow
Flow having reached 2mm shall be repaired.

At the gauge corner of rail inside turnout, existence of considerable


change of cracking and defect, shall be checked, and rectified, if any.

b. Conditions on Materials

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

i)

Track : Part 2

Wear, damage and erosion of the toe of switch


Wear of toe of switch
It shall be according to 11.3.2 of Basic Standard for Track
Installation and Maintenance.
Loss of toe of tongue rail
It shall be according to 12.4.(5) hereof.
Of tongue rail
It shall be according to 12.4.(5) hereof.

ii) Wear, damage and erosion of other than toe of point and crossings
It shall be according to Basic Standard for Track Installation and
Maintenance

13.1.7 Inspection on Expansion Joint


(1) Items for inspection, Subjects and Frequency of Inspection

Items of Inspection

Status of
maintenance

1. Condition of contact
2. Flows of stock rail & tongue
rail
3. Wheel tread face (gauge
corner) of rail
4. Gap between tongue rail and its
washer and between stock rail
and rail brace.

Materials

Wear, damage, erosion of tongue


rail and stock rail

(2)

Subject

Frequency
of
Inspection

Main line
Sub main
line Other
line

1 time/ year

Method of inspection
Inspection shall be made by visual measurement. Measuring instruments or tools
may be used depending on the necessity.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

(3)

Track : Part 2

Criteria for judgment/assessment


a. Status of maintenance items
i)

Condition of contact.
Looseness of more than 3mm in contact shall be rectified.

ii) Flaw of stock rail and tongue rail


When flaw has exceeded 1mm, it shall be repaired.
iii) Status of wheel tread face (running surface)
In the section where the stock and tongue rail are overlapped and the
overlapped length below 300mm in running surface it shall be mended.
iv) Gap between tongue rail and its washer and between stock rail and rail
brace. It shall be according to 12.8.(4) hereof.
b. Materials
Beside 11.3. of Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance the
criteria for the rail inspection and the turnout inspection shall be applied to
Material inspection.

13.1.8 Inspection on Sleeper


(1)

Inspection on ties shall be carried out according to the followings, and shall
include ordinary, bridge, turnout, EJ, plastic, PC and RC ties and fastening
devices thereof and anti-creepers, etc.

(2)

Items for inspection, subject and frequency of inspection

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Items of Inspection

Subject

Frequency

(1) Spacing of sleeper, right angle


(3) Conditions on looseness of fastening
apparatus, oiling dislocation of rail pad,
etc.
(4) Removal or looseness anti-creepage pile,
spacing strap, hook bolt, footboard,
packing of bridge sleeper, chock, anti
creeper.
Status of

(5) Conditions on loss, looseness, oiling to

maintenance

fastening devices of turnouts and


expansion joint (such as rail brace, bed
plate, tie plate, bolt)
(a) Condition on crack, bent and erosion
of wooden sleeper

Main line
Sub main line

1 time/ year

Other line

(b) Crack, loss, bent of PC sleeper,


deterioration of support plate,
embedded insert
(5) Condition on bending, damage and
erosion of fastening apparatus (including
Status of
materials

insulator)
(6) Condition on bending, damage and
erosion to fastening devices of turnout
and expansion joint

(3)

Method of Inspection
Inspection shall be conducted by visual check or visual measurement.
Depending on the necessity, scales, space gauges, etc. shall be used.

(4)

Criteria for judgment/assessment


a. Status of maintenance
i). Interval of ties and its right angle displacement.

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It shall be according to Basic Standard for Track Installation and


Maintenance.
ii). Looseness of, removal of fastening device and sprung-out pad shall be
rectified. Items running short of oil shall be re-oiled.
iii). Removed or loosened anti-creeper pile, spacing strap, hook bolt,
footboard, packing of bridge tie, chock and anti-creeper shall be
rectified.
iv). Loosened or removed fastening apparatus (such as rail brace, bed plate,
tie plate and various kinds of bolts etc.) shall be rectified, and items
running short of oil shall be re-oiled.
b. Status of Materials
i). Crack, fracture and erosion of wooden and plastic sleeper

Regular sleeper shall be replaced


a) Ties that still have less than 600 kg anti pull out resistance of
dog spike, even though dog spike should have been changed
location several times.
b) Ties whose reduction in cross-section due to erosion remains
more than 1/3.
c) Ties whose reduction in thickness due to the deficit
phenomenon is more than 20mm.
d) Sleepers whose dog spike bearing capacity is not obtained due
to crack and whose crack cannot be stopped, even if anti-crack
measures should be taken over the whole length.
e) Sleeper that are broken and will most likely be broken

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f) In addition to the above, ties with defects (such as considerable


twist, curve and bend), too difficult to properly maintain.

Turnout ties, Bridge ties and Short sleeper shall be replaced.


The specifications for regular ties shall apply.

ii). Crack, loss, break of sleeper, deterioration of support plate or


embedded insert etc. to be replaced
PC and RC sleeper whose main body are cracked.
PC and RC sleeper whose reinforcing bars are exposed and broken.
Sleeper whose support plate and embedded insert has become
deteriorated and will not work any more.
Sleeper whose fastening capability has been damaged, due to
broken concrete near the fastening part.
Sleeper considered to have hazardous defects or impractical to
maintain.
iii). Break, damage and erosion of fastening apparatus (including insulator)
for rail, turnouts and expansion.

Rail fastening apparatus


a) In wooden sleeper installed section
1) Tie plate to be replaced
- Tie plate whose side face of shoulder is more than 3mm
worn out.
- Tie plate which has become bent more than 5mm.
- Tie plate which lost more than 15% in weight due to
erosion.
- Tie plate whose fastening capacity is completely lost due
to wear or erosion at the point connected with bolt.

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2) Bolt and Nut to be replaced


Those whose fastening capacity are completely lost due to
wear or erosion at the part connecting screw and tie plate.
3) Springs (such as plate spring, coil spring, rail brace etc to be
replaced)
Spring that completely lost fastening capacity due to
damages, breaks and deformation.
4) Screw spike to be replaced
- Screw spike which will not work any more due to
damages or wear.
- Screw spike which has lost the designed fastening
capacity due to erosion or deformation.
5) Track pad, etc. to be replaced
-

Track pad which is broken or cut.


Track pad which has lost the designed fastening capacity.
Track pad which has been too much deteriorated.

6) Bed plate
Bed plate that has lost the designed capacity due to breaks
and deformation.
b) In the PC,RC, Slab track and Paved Track sections
1) Springs (plate spring, coil spring, rail brace etc to be
replaced)
-

Those with damages


Those whose designed capacity have been lost due to
erosion or deformation.

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2) Insulators to be replaced
-

Insulators that have cracks


Insulators that will likely suffer reduction in insulating
capacity, owing to wear, deficit/loss or deterioration of
insulator.

3) Track pad etc. to be replaced


-

Track pads that are cracked or cut


Track pads that have lost the designed capacity due to
deformation.
Track pads whose materials have been too much
deteriorated to be used as designed.

4) Fastening bolts, etc. to be replaced


-

Bolts that will work no more, due to damages, wear and


rust.
Bolts that have lost the designed capacity due to
deformation.

5) Tie plate
-

Tie plates which are damaged.


Tie plates whose side face of shoulder is worn out by
more than 3mm.
Tie plate which has become bent more than 5mm.
Tie plates that have lost weight by more than 15% due to
erosion.

6) Bed plate
Bed plate that has lost the designed capacity due to damages
and deformation.

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7) Grout pad, steel plates (shim plate) to be replaced


- Those with considerable erosion
- Those with considerable damage and loss
- Those bent or broken
- Those that have lost the designed capacity due to
deterioration of materials

Dog spikes, etc. to be replaced


a) Dog spikes whose length become short 15mm or more.
b) Dog spikes which has become too much bent to rectify on the
site
c) Dog spikes whose pull up by crow bar or spanner is impossible,
due to large loss, considerable wear or erosion of the head.
d) Dog spikes that have lost weight by more than 10 % due to
erosion.
e) Dog spikes whose underside of the head has become more than
3mm worn out.
f) Screw spikes with the pitch of screw spike has been worn out or
eroded and will not work any more.

Lock nut washer (spring washer) to be replaced


Lock nut washer that will not work any more because of loss of
elasticity or so greatly damaged, worn out and eroded that they
cannot work as designed.

Anti-creepers to be replaced
a) Anti-creepers that will not work any more due to wear, damage
and curve at rail contacting part.
b) Anti-creepers that will not work any more due to wear, crack or
curve of its chock.

Fastening device for bridge ties


a) Device that will not work effectively as fastener any more due

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to damage or wear.
b) Device that has lost the designed fastening capacity due to
deformation.

13.1.9 Inspection on anti-vibration/ rubber-soled sleeper directly


fixed track
(1)

Inspection for anti-vibration/ rubber-soled sleeper directly fixed track shall be


carried out by following manners :
PC sleeper directly fixed track, pavement track, anti-vibration sleeper directly
fixed track, laborsaving track, and the fasteners accompanying these tracks are
included in inspection for anti-vibration sleeper directly fixed track, etc.

(2)

Item, subject, and frequency of inspection


Items of Inspection

Subject

Frequency

Main line
Sub main
line
Other line

1 time/
year

(1) Condition on splitting of


joint-line and flapping of
sleeper between a sleeper
and pavement or direct fixed
concrete roadbed

Status of
maintenance

(2) Conditions on splitting and


exfoliation at joint-line of
sleeper covering material
(3) Condition on looseness of
fastening apparatus and on
dislocation of rail pad
(4) Conditions of drainage on
roadbed

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(1) Condition on degradation/


deterioration
of
sleeper
covering elastic material
(2) Condition
on
crack/
breakage/ damage of PC
sleeper or anti-vibration
sleeper

Status of
materials

(3) Condition
breakage/
pavement

on
crack/
damage
of

(4) Condition on damage and


erosion/
corrosion
of
fastening apparatus
(5) Condition on loss and
damage of grout mortar and
resinous material
(6) Condition on loss and
damage of a roadbed and a
direct fixed concrete roadbed
(3)

Method of Inspection
Inspection shall be conducted by visual check or visual measurement,
depending on the necessity, scales or a feeler gauges etc. may be used.

(4)

Criteria for judgment/assessment


i) Status of maintenance to be rectified

Sleeper and directly fixed concrete roadbed


a) Those with exfoliation of sleeper covering material, splitting of

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joint-line of concrete or pavement, flapping of sleeper.


b) Those with splitting of joint-line or exfoliation of sleeper covering
material
c) Location where there remains improper drainage of a roadbed

Fastening device
a) Fastening devices with looseness
b) Fastening devices of which the rail pad spring out
c) Status of Materials

Sleeper and directly fixed concrete roadbed


a) PC sleeper with the crack (exceeding 0.2mm) or damage.
b) Pavement with the crack or damage.
c) Those with the crack and loss of roadbed, direct fixing concrete
roadbed, and grouting mortar.
d) Those with degradation/ deterioration of an insulting material (the
insulated plate, insulated color) and covering elastic material of PC
sleeper.

Fastening devices
a) Fastening devices with the corrosion and breakage of a spring or a
bolt, etc.
b) Fastening devices with breakage, deformation, and quality
degradation of a rail pad.
c) Those with the embedded insert being lost the function due to
damage or wear, and with degradation/ deterioration of the quality of
its material.

Tie plate
a) Tie plate which is damaged.
b) Tie plate of which the side-face of shoulder is worn out 3mm or
more

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c) Tie plate being curved 5mm or more, or being corroded


considerably.
d) Tie plate of which weight decreased 15% or more due to erosion.

13.1.10 Inspection on Slab Track


Inspection on Slab track shall be conducted as per mentioned below. Under the same
inspection, soil roadbed slab track and fastening apparatus relevant thereto shall be
inspected.
(1)

Items for inspection, subject and frequency of inspection

Subject

Frequency
of
Inspection

(1) Difference of longitudinal level


of slab, lateral shift, movement,
wrong angle, settlement
(2) Condition on gap or shift in slab
Status of
mats
maintenance
(3) Conditions of looseness of
fastening, spring-out of track pad
Main line
(4) Conditions of drainage on
Sub main
roadbed
line Other
(1) Conditions on damage to slab
line
deck, cylindrical stopper
(2) Conditions of breaks, loss of
Status of
CAM & filing materials under
material
slab or fringe of cylindrical
stopper
(3) Conditions of erosion and
damages of fastening apparatus

1 time/ year

Items of Inspection

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(2)

Method of inspection
They shall be inspected by visual check or visual measurement. Scales and
space/ feeler gauges shall be used, if considered necessary.

(3)

Criteria for judgment/assessment


a. Status of maintenance items
i)

Slab and cylindrical stopper


Slab with lateral shift, longitudinal level difference, movement,
wrong angle and settlement
Those with gap or shift of slab mats.

ii) Fastening and bolts


Those loosened unnecessarily
Those with dislocation track pads
Those with contaminated and damaged insulation materials

iii) Status of drainage at roadbed


Location where there remains residual water due to improper drainage
shall be rectified.
b. Status of materials
i)

Slab and cylindrical stopper


Slab with crack whose dimensions are over 0.2mm in width and over
1000mm in length.
Cylindrical stopper with cracks of more than 0.2mm in width.
Those with exposed reinforcement bars.
Those with not a small amount of floating rust due to damaged
concrete.
Fastenings with damages to insulation plates and collars.

ii) CAM and filled materials under and around cylindrical stopper
Those with space between the base of track slab and filled layer

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being more than 1.0mm


Those with space of more than 2.0mm around cylindrical stopper
Those with filled layer deficient/ lost more than 20mm inward from
the slab edge and with damage of filled layer around cylindrical
stopper.

iii) Fastening apparatus and bolts


Those with erosion and damage to springs and bolts
Those with breaks, deformation, and material deterioration of track
pads, etc.
Those with loss of the function due to damages and wear to
embedded insert and serious deterioration in materials.
Tie plates
a)
b)
c)
d)

Tie plates being damaged


Tie plates with the side face of shoulder having been worn out
by more than 3mm
Tie plates that have been curved more than 5mm or eroded
Tie plates that have lost weight by more than 15 % due to
erosion.

13.1.11 Inspection on Ballast and Roadbed


(1)

Items for inspection, subject and frequency of inspection

Items for Inspection

Status of
maintenance

Status of
material

a. Arrangement of proper shape and cross section


b. Ballast lateral resistance
c. Status of drainage and residual water on
roadbed
d. Condition of mud pumping failure
e. Settlement of roadbed, deformation of roadbed
Condition of crushed stone/ ballast stone

73

Subject

Frequency
of
Inspection

Main line
Sub main
line Other
line

1 time/ year

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Track : Part 2

(2)

Method of inspection
They shall be inspected by visual check or by visual measurement. Scales and
space gauges shall be used, if necessary.

(3)

Criteria for judgment/assessment


a. Status of Maintenance items
i) Arrangement of proper shape and cross-section
It shall be according to Clause 77 of Basic Standard for Track
Installation and Maintenance and Clause 69 hereof.
ii) Lateral ballast resistance
Ordinary sections
Items

Type of ballast

Ballast shoulder width

Type of
sleeper

Resistance
(kg/ m)

Crushed stone

Heap up over 10cm

PC

600

Crushed stone

Extra banking under 10cm

PC

500

II-1

Crushed stone

Over 10cm

Wooden

400

Grade

II-2

Except of S, I, II-1, III-1, III-2

350

III-1

Screen

Extra banking under 10cm

Wooden

300

III-2

Screen

Extra banking

Wooden

200

Long rail sections


Shall be as per Clause 78 hereof.
iii) Condition of drainage and residual water on roadbed
Great care shall be taken to ensure that possibility of improper drainage
and water streaming, existence of residual water on roadbed be
eliminated.
iv) Mud pumping conditions
Roadbed with mud pumping failure shall be repaired.
v)

Settlement of roadbed, deformation in roadbed

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Roadbed with settlement and deformation.


b. Status of Ballast
i) Conditions of crushed stone/ ballast stone.
ii) Crushed stone worn out
iii) Crushed stone with high flatness
iv) Crushed stone with high mixture rate with soil and sand

13.1.12 Inspection on rail bond


(1)

The item, subject, and frequency of inspection


Items for inspection

Status of
maintenance
items

Condition on the connection of the welded


bond

Status of
material

1. Condition of crack and exfoliation on


welding of rail bond
2. Condition of snapping, breaks of wire
element and damage of rail bond
3. Condition of crack, damage and
degradation of the insulated covering
material for jumpers
4. Condition of crack, damage and
degradation of the protection plastics pipe
for jumpers.

Subject

Frequency

Main line
Sub main
line Other
line

1 time/ year

(2)

Method of inspection
Inspection shall be made by visual check or visual measurement, depending on
the necessity, scales or space/ feeler gauges etc. shall be used.

(3)

Criteria for judgment/ assessment


a. Status of maintenance items
Rail bond being felled
b. Status of materials

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i)
ii)
iii)
iv)

The bond that has a crack, exfoliation, or damage in welded part


Down circuit, element wire cutting or a damage of rail bond
Rail bond of which element wires being lost from the tighten hoop
Those are cracked, damaged or deteriorated on a insulated covering
material of a jumper.
v) Those are cracked, damaged or deteriorated on a protection plastics
pipe of a jumper.

13.1.13 Inspection on insulated joint


(1) The item subject, and frequency of inspection
Items for inspection
Status of
maintenance
items

Status of
material

1. Condition of the position and


thickness of insulated rail form
materials
2. Condition of a rail flow of metal
3. Condition of a shift of insulated plate
4. Condition of stains with iron powders
5. Conditions of fastenings of fishplates
and joint bolts, condition of joint
gaps

Subject

Frequency

Main line Sub


main line
Other line

1 time/ year

Condition of deficit, breakage or


degradation of the quality of the material
of insulators (rail form insulator,
insulated material, tube, insulated plate)

(2) Method of Inspection


Inspection shall be made by visual measurement, depending on the necessity,
scales or space/ feeler gauges etc. shall be used.
(3) Criteria for judgment/ assessment
a. Status of maintenance items.
i) Rail form insulator with subsidence of position or insufficient of
thickness.
ii) Insulated joint with a rail flow of metal exceeding 1mm or more.

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iii) Insulated joint of which the insulated part is remarkably stained with
iron powders.
iv) Insulated joint of which the insulated plate shifts.
v) Insulated joint with the looseness or omission of joint bolts.
vi) Insulated joint with an excessive joint gap
b. Status of materials
Those have a deficit, breakage, or degradation on the quality of the material
in an insulator.

13.2 Individual Inspection (Extraordinary)


13.2.1 Extraordinary Inspection on Rail
(1) Items for inspection, subject and frequency of inspection
Items for
Inspection

Subject

Frequency of Inspection
Line

Maintenance

Frequency of Inspection

Classificati

grade

Ordinary section

on

Damage,

line

flow,

Sub

erosion

main

Special
section

1
Main

Remarks

1-a

1 time/ year

1 time/ year

2-a

1 time/ year

1 time/ year

2-b

1 time/ 2 years

3-a

1 time/ 3 years

1 time/ year

3-b

1 time / 4 years

1 time/ 3 years

1-b
2

line

3-c
4

Special section
means the section
where heavy rail
wear or serious
rail damage may
be casude (sharp
curve etc.)

4-a
4-b

1 time/ 5 years

4-c

Whenever

4-d

necessary

According to new rail section, the inspection work may be extend the period as
the following table.

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Frequency of Inspection
Line classification

1
2

Maintenance grade
Ordinary section

Special section

3 years

2 years

2-a

3 years

2 years

2-b

4 years

3 years

5 years

3 years

1-a
1-b

3-a
3

3-b
3-c
4-a

5 years

4-b

3 years

4-c

10 years

4-d

(2) Method of inspection


Inspection shall be conducted by depth of rail flaw detector and rail wear
measuring cars and/or by ultrasonic rail flaw detector/ testor, or liquid penetrant
test.
(3) Criteria for judgment/assessment
It shall be according to 12.4 hereof.

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13.2.2 Extraordinary inspection on turnouts


(1) Items for inspection, subject and frequency of inspection
Items of

Subject

Inspection

Frequency of Inspection

Remarks

Line

Maintenance

Frequency of inspection

Classification

grade

Min line
Sub main

Others line

1-a
1

1-b

Main line
Damage, flow,

Sub main

erosion

line Other
line

2-a

2-b
3-a

3-b
3-c

necessary
shall be
1 time/year
1 time/ 2 years
1 time/ 3 years

4-a

1 time/ 3 years

4-b

1 time/ 4 years

4-c
4-d

Whenever

1 time/year

defined and
Whenever
necessary

established, in
advance, by
Director of
DAOP

1 time/ 5 years

According to new rail section, the inspection work may be extend the period as the
following table.
Line
Classification

Maintenance
grade

Main line Sub main


line

Others line

1-a

1 years

3 years

1-b

2 years

4 years

2-a

2 years

4 years

2-b

2 years

4 years

3-a

2 years

4 years

3-b

3 years

5 years

3-c

3 years

5 years

4-a

3 years

5 years

4-b

3 years

5 years

3
4

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4-c

5 years

4-d

5 years

(2) Method of Inspection


Extraordinary inspection on turnouts shall be conducted by visual check or by
the liquid penetrate test.
a. Part to be inspected.
i) Point to which switch rod is fitted

R54 turnouts
a) Bolts for switch rod
b) Bolt holes at the bottom of tongue rail (in case of direct
connecting type)
c) Bolt holes for switch rods
d) Collars
e) Washers
f) Bolt holes for connecting plates (in case of connecting plate
being fitted with)
g) Point levers (S-shaped) etc.

R54 Turnouts (improved type)


a) Bolts for switch rods
b) Bolt holes for connecting plates
c) Bolt holes for switch rods
d) Collars

ii) Joints at the heel of switch

R54 turnouts
a) Joint bolts
b) Bolt holes for tongue rail, lead rail and stock rail
c) Scraped face of the web of tongue rail
d) Turnout joint plate
e) Large-size alcove plate

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f) Heel block (space secured block)


g) Other bolts and washers

50N side track turnouts


a) Joint bolts
b) Bolt holes for tongue4 rail, lead rail and basic rail
c) Turnout joint plate
d) Collars
e) Large-size alcove plate
f) Heel block (space secured block)
g) Other bolts and washers

Run-over type turnouts (Unbroken main line turnouts)


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

Joint bolts
Bolts holes for tongue rail, run-ver type rail, lead rail
Turnout joint plates
Collars
Bed plate
Other bolts and washers

iii) Others
Bolt holes at the bottom of tongue rail at the point to which
supporting rod is fitted for N turnouts (wit)
Flexible part of tongue rail for high speed turnouts.
Side face (gauge corner) near toe of tongue rail
Joints of rail
Bolt holes for web of tongue rail
b. The standard procedure for inspection shall be as follows:
(i) Points to which switch rod is fitted.
Conversion apparatus shall be removed from switch rod
Steel fitting for prevention of falling down fixing bolt of switch rod
to tongue rail shall be removed
Fixing bolt of switch rod shall be loosened, and then removed.
Collars and washers shall be removed

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Part shown as Inspection item shall be washed with machine oil


Part shown as inspection item shall be carefully inspected by visual
check.
Depending on the necessity, color liquid penetrate test (color check)
shall be effected.
Existence of cracks, flaws etc. and extent thereof shall be recorded.
Each part dismantled shall be re-assembled.

(ii) Joint at the loose-heel switch (except flexible switch).


R54 turnouts
a) Washer supporting turnout joint plate shall be removed
b) Joint bolts shall be loosened and removed.
c) Turnout joint plate and washers for fastening rail shall be
removed
d) Heel block shall be removed
e) Part shown as item for inspection shall be washed with machine
oil.
f) Part shown as item for inspection shall be carefully inspected by
visual check.
g) Color liquid penetrate test (color check) shall be effected, if
considered necessary.
h) Existence of crack, flaw and damage shall be recorded.
i) Each part shall be re-assembled.
R 54 side track turnouts
a) T-shaped bolt shall be loosened and removed.
b) Joint bolts shall be loosened and removed.
c) Turnout joint plate, heel block and collars shall be removed.
d) Part shown as item for inspection shall be washed with machine
oil.
e) Part shown as item for inspection shall be carefully inspected by
visual check
f) Color liquid penetrate test (color check) shall be effected, if
considered necessary.
g) Existence of crack, flaw and damage and extent thereof shall be

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recorded.
h) Each part shall be re-assembled.
Run-over type turnouts (unbroken main line turnout)
a) Joint bolts shall be loosened and removed.
b) Turnout joint plate and collars shall be removed.
c) Washers for rail fastening shall be removed.
d) Part shown as item for inspection shall be washed with machine
oil.
e) Part shown as item for inspection shall be carefully inspected by
visual check.
f) Color liquid penetrate test (color check) shall be effected, if
considered necessary.
g) Existence of crack, flaw and damage and extent thereof shall be
recorded.
h) Each item shall be re-assembled.
(iii) Others

a) Bolt holes at bottom of tongue rail at the point to which supporting


rod is fitted for N turnout shall be inspected in the same manner as
switch rod.
b) Flexible part of tongue rail
1. Flexible part to be washed with machine oil.
2. Inspection shall be done by visual check.
3. Color liquid penetrate test (color check) shall be effected, if
considered necessary.
4. Existence of crack, flaw and damage and extent thereof shall
be recorded.
c) Side face (gauge corner) of toe of tongue rail
1. Tip of tongue rail and its vicinity shall be washed with
machine oil.
2. Inspection shall be made visually.
3. Color liquid penetrate test (color check) shall be effected, if
considered necessary.

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4.

Track : Part 2

Existence of crack, flaw, damage and extent thereof shall be


recorded.

d) Rail joints shall be inspected in accordance with the specifications


on the detailed inspection of the ordinary track line (Clause 138
hereof).
e) Bolt holes for web of tongue rail
1. Connecting plated for web of tongue rail, bolt holes with steel
fitting as washer shall be inspected visually, as they are, that is,
without removal of the said attachments.
2. However, should the circumstances require removal, then they
shall be removed, and visual inspection or color liquid penetrate
test shall be made.
3. Existence of crack, flaw, and damage and extent thereof shall be
recorded
c. Omission of dismantling of turnouts
(i) Switch to be borne in mind in omitting dismantling
Regarding the flexible points such as R54 type inspection through
dismantling may be conducted, depending on the necessity.
Regarding 50N metric turnouts other than 40N metric and 301 type
and 251 type (flexible point type), inspection through dismantling
may be conducted, depending on the necessity.
The expression Depending on the necessity as referred to in i) and
ii) above, means the case where any of the following defects is
identified:
a) The extent of non-engagement of the tips of tongue rails has
reached as many as 15mm.
b) As a result of visual check or color liquid penetrant test, cracks,
flaws, damages are found to the heel block, large-size alcove
plates, bolts.

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Track : Part 2

c) Furthermore, improper or poor contact of tounge rail is highly


likely. For any other than the said four cases, dismanthling shall,
in principle, be omitted.
Turnouts subjected to Omission of Dismantling shall be inspected
at the specified interval; regular visual check or color check shall be
conducted, instead of inspection through dismantling.
In carrying-out of inspection through dismantling, heel joint bolts,
switch-rod bolts and collars, etc. shall be replaced with new ones.
With regard to 50Nwit and 40N wit, 37kg, 30kg turnouts excepting
261 type, inspection through dismantling shall be conducted.
With regard to special turnouts such as DSS, SSS, movable DC
three-way turnout, double turnout, inspection through dismantling
shall be conducted.
(ii) As regards the points for inspection and the method of inspection, the
specifications in the preceding items shall apply. Further, the following
factors shall be taken into consideration.
Conditions of Looseness and damage of the bolt and collar at the
switch rod fitted point.
Wear and damage of tongue rail and differences in position of tips of
pair tongue rail
Looseness and damage of bolts at the heel part, and looseness and
damage of heel block, damage to large size alcove plate
(3) Criteria for judgment/assessment
a. In case of dismantling of turnout
(i) Turnouts with cracks, flaws and damages to:

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Switch rods
Joint bolts
Tongue rails
Bolt holes for connecting plate (in case of connecting plate being
fitted with)
Bolt hole for switch rod
Large-size alcove plate

(ii) Turnouts with cracks, flaws and damages to heel block, washers, collars
and joint plates that will most likely cause adverse effect to proper
operation of the turnouts.
b. In case of dismantling being not required:
Regarding the criteria for judgment/assessment, the preceding sub-clauses
shall apply. Further, the following factors shall be taken into account.
(i) Conditions of looseness and damage of the bolts and collars at the
switch rod -fitted point
(ii) Wear and damage to tongue rail and difference in position of tips of
pair tongue rails
(iii) Looseness and damages to bolts at the heel part, looseness and damage
to heel block, and damage to large-size alcove plate.

13.2.3 Extraordinary Inspection on Expansion Joints


(1) Items for inspection, Subject and frequency of inspection

Items for Inspections

Subject

Crack, flaw, damage,


Erosion to Tongue rail and
stock rail

Main line
Sub-main line
Others line

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Frequency of
Inspection
Whenever necessary

Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

(2) Method of inspection


In terms of deformation, bending point, fitting faces etc., of tongue rails and
stock rails shall be inspected.
(3) Criteria for judgment/assessment
Beside 11.3.3.(2) of Basic Standard for Track Installation and Maintenance, the
criteria for Extraordinary inspections on Rail and Turnout hereof shall be
applied.

13.2.4 The other extraordinary inspections


Regarding the other individual inspections (regular basis), should a re-inspection on
the further details be required, and then ad hoc inspection/s shall be effected.

13.3 Person responsible for execution of inspection


The persons held responsible for execution of inspections are tabulated as below:
Type

Item for

of inspection

inspection

Overall

Patrol by train

patrol

Responsible

Description

person

Patrolling around the whole track line from the front end of the
rolling stock

On foot patrol
Track
irregularity

Patrolling on foot the whole track line


Track irregularity to be measured by

Main line
(including

EM120

sub

Track irregularity to be measured

main line)
Turnout

track master etc.


attached

to

main

line (including sub main line)

Other line and turnout attached to other line


Train vibration

Portable train vibration measuring apparatus may be used

Joint gap

Status of joint gap

Long rail

Status of crepage & stroke at expansion joint to be


inspected

Rail etc.

by

Wear, damage etc of rail to be inspected

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Turnout

Track : Part 2

Condition on functioning & materials of turnout to be


inspected

Expansion joint

Conditions on maintenance of expansion joint & materials


thereof to be inspected

Sleeper

Conditions on maintenance of sleeper &


apparatus

fastening

&their materials to be inspected

Anti- vibration

Conditions on sleeper crack, damage to filling mortar to be

sleeper directly

inspected

fixed track
Slab track

Crack, damage etc. of slab track or its cylindrical stopper to be


inspected

Ballast and

Cross section of ballast and drainage to be inspected

roadbed

Individual

Rail bonds

Fitting status, damage etc. to be inspected

Insulation

Maintenance status and loss status to be inspected

Rails

Details on damage to rail to be inspected

Turnout

Damages to items such as tongue rail, crossing and a variety of

(extra)

relevant items to be inspected


Expansion joint

Damages

to

tongue rail to be inspected in full detail

Others

Inspection which is carried out, on ad hoc basis, in case it is


required

N.B.
(1) The responsible person blanketed in Overall track inspection patrol shall be
responsible for the mode/method of inspection patrol.
(2) Facility technical chief, etc. means the person in charge of technical matters or
maintenance of the facilities, installations and equipment duly appointed by the
facility technical chief and the general manager of the track maintenance technology
centre.
(3) General Manager of Track maintenance technology centre means the General
Manager of Track maintenance technology centre or the General Manager of Business
promotion office.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

13.4 Inspection on Newly Installed or Improved Track

(1) Items for inspection, subject and frequency of inspection


Items for inspection
All items (regular) for
individual (Rolling stock
vibration to be excluded for
un-used sections)

Subject
Main line
Sub-main line
Other lines

Frequency of inspection
Prior to opening of new line
Prior to commencement of
reuse of lines not used

(2) Method of Inspection


The corresponding methods of inspection (regular) shall be applied.
(3) Criteria for judgment/assessment
The corresponding criteria (regular) shall apply.
(4) Responsibility for execution of Inspection
The responsible person shall be Director of Branch Office.

13.5 Custody and report of inspection results


(1) Custody of inspection record shall be taken by General Manager of Track maintenance
technology centre under his full responsibility.
(2) Reporting to Director of Branch office shall be made as per Recording manual of
inspection result.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

Track : Part 2

14. Examination on Interval of Centre of track

(1)

Items for examination, subject and frequency of examination


Items for
Examination

Subject

Frequency of Examination
Regular basis

Spacing of
track center

Main line Submain line Other


line

A rank
B rank
C rank

Once/ year

D rank

Once/ 5 years

E rank

While working
Every time
works 1 thru 7
actually done
Every time
works 1 thru 7
actually done

N.B. Items of work at which the value of spac shall be measured are:
a. Arrangement of Curve
b. Change in Transition curve
c. Improvement to cant
d. Rectification of alignment
e. Multi-tie tamper work
f. Work for continuous sleeper replacement
g. Ballast replacement work
(2)

Method of examination
It shall be as per track measuring cars or other measuring instruments and tools.

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

(3)

Track : Part 2

Criteria for judgment/assessment

Main line
others

Single
Double

Single
line
Main line
(Including
sub main
line)

A Rank

Straight:
L+200
less than
Curve:
L+200+
less than

Double
line

Other line

B Rank
Straight :
3400 less than
(L+400)
Less than
Curve:
3400+a Less than
(L+400+) less than
Straight: 3450 less
than (L+450 less
than)

C Rank

D Rank

E Rank

Straight:
3600 less
than
Curve:
3600+
less than

Straight:
Straight:
3600+100
3600+100
less than
less than
Curve:
Curve:
3600++100 3600++100
Less than
Less than

Straight:
3400 less
than
Curve:
3400+
Less than

Straight:
Staright:
3400+100
3400+100
less than
Less than
Curve
Curve:
3400++100 3400++100
less than
less than

Curve:
3450+ Less than
(L+450+a) less than
Straight:
L+200
Less than
Curve:
L+200+
Less

Straight
3300 less than
(L+300)
Less than
Curve:
3300+
less than
(L+300+) less than

Note:
a. Single line section means the main line and any other lines adjacent thereto that are
located within the premises existing in the single line section (inclusive of the
premises of railway station at which the double line changes to the single line) and
existing in the multi-line section.
b. L: Maximum width of rolling stock of the largest wide rolling stock that is operated
in the section concerned.
c. L: Maximum width of rolling stock that is operated in the section concerned.
d. Figures in parentheses may be used in an inevitable case.
e. means the amount of deviation due to curvature and cant which shall be calculated

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Indonesian Railway Technical Standard

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by the radiuses pf all curves concerned, not withstanding the Basic Standard for Track
Installation and Maintenance (Clause 28) and the Detailed Standard for Track
Installation and Maintenance (Clause 25 through 27 hereof).
(4)

Person responsible for execution of examination


The responsible person shall be General manager of Track maintenance technology
centre, etc.

(5)

Custody and report of examination results


a. Custody of examination records shall be taken by General Manager of Track
maintenance technology centre etc.
b. Reporting to Director of Branch office shall be made, whenever necessary.

15. Supplementary Provision :


(1)

Effective Date
This circular notice shall become effective from and including .............

(2)

Transitional Actions
The existing tracks suit the previous specifications or either of this specification, until
being improved in future.

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