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-Examples of traditional printing methods

Woodblock printing 200

What is woodblock?
-woodblock printing is a technique for printing
text,images or patterns which are used widely
throughout East Asia,they originated in China in
antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later
Movable type 1040
What is movable type?
-is a movable type in the system of printing
that uses movable components to reproduce
the elements of a document which is usually
individual letters or punctuation
Printing press c.1440
What is printing press?
-A printing press is a device for applying
pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print
medium,such as paper or cloth,therby
transferring the ink
Etching c.1515
What is etching?
-the process of putting a
onto metal


Mezzotint 1642
What is mezzotint?
Mezzotint is a printmaking process of the intaglio
family,it is technically a drypoint method.It was the
first tonal method to be used,which made half tones
to be produced without using line or dot based
techniques such as hatching

Aquatint 1772
What is aquatint?
Aquatint is an antaglio printmaking
technique,a variant of etching,in intaglio
print making,the artists makes marks on
the plate that are capable of holding ink
Lithography 1796
What is lithography?
-Lithography is a method of printing
orginally based on the immiscibility of oil
and water
Chromolithography 1837
What is chromolithography?
chrimolithography is a method for
multi colour prints

Rotary press 1843

What is rotary press?
-A rotary printing press is a printing press in which
the images to be printed are curved
around a cylinder
Hectograph 1869
What is hectograph?
The hectograph, gelatin duplicator or jellygraph is a
printing process that involves transfer of an original,
prepared with special inks, to a pan of gelatin or a
gelatin pad pulled tight on a metal frame

Offset Printing (1869)

What is offset printing?
Offset printing is a commonly used printing technique where an
inked image is transferred (or offset) from a plate to a rubber
then to paper. The offsetprocess is a lithographic process.
Lithoghraphy is a process based on the repulsion of oil and

Typesetting (1884)
What is typesetting?
Typesetting is the composition of text by means of
arranging physical types or the digital equivalents.

What is mimeograph?
The stencil duplicator or mimeograph machine (often
abbreviated to mimeo) is a low-cost duplicating machine
that works by forcing ink through a stencil onto paper.

Screen printing (1910)

What is screen printing?
force ink or metal on to (a surface) through a prepared
screen of fine material so as to create a picture or

Spirit duplicator(1923)
What is spirit duplicator?
A spirit duplicator (also referred to as a Ditto machine
in North America, Banda machine in the UK or Roneo
in France and Australia) was a printing method
invented in 1923 by Wilhelm Ritzerfeld and commonly
used for much of the rest of the 20th century

Xerography (1938)

What is xerography?
A dry copying process in which black or
coloured powder adheres
to parts of a surface remaining electrically
charged after being
exposed to light from an image of the
document to be copied.

Phototypesetting (1949)
What is phototypesetting?
Phototypesetting is a method of setting type, rendered
obsolete with the popularity of the personal computer and
desktop publishing software, that uses a photographic
process to generate columns of type on a scroll of
photographic paper.
Inkjet printing(1951)
What is inkjet printing?
a printer in which the characters are
formed by minute jets of ink
dye sublimation(1957)
What is dye sublimation?
A dye-sublimation printer is a computer printer which uses
heat to transfer dye onto materials such as a plastic,
card, paper,
or fabric
dot matrix printing(1968)
What is dot matrix printing?
Dot matrix printing or impact matrix printing is a type of
computer printing which uses a print head that
back-and-forth, or in an up-and-down motion, on the
and prints by impact, striking an ink-soaked cloth
ribbon against the paper

Laser printing(1969)
What is laser printing?
Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process.
It produces high-quality text and graphics
(and moderate-quality photographs) by repeatedly
passing a laser beam back and forth over a
negatively charged cylinder

thermal printings (1972)

what is thermal printings?


Thermal printing (or direct thermal printing) is a digital

printing process which produces a printed image by
selectively heating coated thermochromic paper
3D printing(1984)
What is 3D printing?
a process for making a physical object from a threedimensional
digital model, typically by laying down
many successive
thin layers of a material
Digital printing (1993)
What is digital printing?
Digital printing refers to methods of printing
from a digital-based image directly to a variety of media.
It usually refers to professional printing where small-run
jobs from desktop publishing and
other digital sources are printed using large-format
and/or high-volume laser or inkjet printers.