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1.

Inaserieswhosefirsttermis5andcommondifference2,
findthetenth,fifteenthandonehundredthterms.
2.Inaserieswhosefirsttermis35andcommondifference
3,findtheeighth,fifteenthandnthterms.
3.Intheseries
(1)4,7,10....,findthenthterm.
(2)8,5,2,findthenthterm.
(3)2,2^,2^....,findtheninthandseventeenthterms.
(4)23,18,13....,findthethirteenthand(nl)th
terms.
4.Intheseries,17,14,11....,whichtermis82,118,
419?
5.Thefirsttermis17andthetwentiethtermis150;findthe
commondifferenceandthefortiethterm.
6.Thethirdtermis75andtheeleventhtermis131;findthe
twentiethterm.
7.Thefirsttermis2a3bandthesecondtermis3a2b.find
thenthtermandthe(2n1)thterm.Whichtermis
{3p+5)a+3pb?
8.Sumtheseries

(1)1,2,3,4....to100terms.
(2)8,3,2,7....to20terms.
13
(3)r^,,2....to24terms.
(4)2w1,2n3,2m5tonterms.
6I''
(5)z^,3V^3,to50terms.
a/3V3
(G)711,712,7i3....to2nterms.
9.Findthearithmeticalmeanbetween33and17,37and5,
m+nandmn.
10.Insertfivearithmeticalmeansbetween2and20.
VeryEasy
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11.Insertxarithmeticalmeansbetween1andx.
12.Ifmn\arithmeticalmeansbeinsertedbetweeniii^
andn^,whatisthecommondifferenceoftheresultingseries?
13.ThesumofthesecondandfourthtermsofanA.P.is30,
andthesumofthethirdandfifthis38;findthefirstterm
and
thecommondifference.

14.TheeighthtermofanA.P.isgreaterthanthefifthby
24,andthesumofthesixtliandtenthtermsis100;findthe
commondifferenceandthe?i"'term.
15.ThefirsttermofanA.P.is1,andthesumofthefirst
twentytermsis400;findthethirtiethterm.
16.TjiesumofthefirstfivetermsofanA.P.isonethirdthe
sumofthenextfiveterms;thetenthtermis19;findthesum
ofnterms.
17.FindthesumofeleventermsoftheA.P.whosesixth
termis10.
18.Findthesumofthewholesei'iesformedbyinsertingin
arithmeticalmeansbetweenaandh.
19.Findthe{n+1)"^termofanA.P.whosesumto(2/1+1)
termsis(2w+l)c.
20.Showthatthesumofthe?*"^termfromthebeginning
andthe?"'termfromtheendofanyA.P.isconstantforall
valuesofr.
21.Thesumofntermsoftheseries,1,4,7...
.
,istothesum
of2/itermsas10:41;findn.
22.ThesumofthreetermsofanA.P.is33,andthesumof
theirsquaresis413;findtheterms.
23.ThesumofthreetermsofanA.P.is15,andthesumof
theircubesis495;findtheterms.
24.Betweentwonumberswhosesumis2^(yanumberofmeans
isinsertedwhosesumisgreaterbyunitythantheirnumber;how
manymeansarethere1
25.ThesumoffivetermsofanA.P.is25,andthesumof
tentermsis100;findthesumofnterms.
'26.ThesumoffournumbersinA.P.is44,andtheirproduct
is13440;findthenumbers.
27.TherearethreenumbersinA.P.;thesquareofthefirst
addedtotheproductoftheothertwois16;thesquareofthe
secondaddedtotheproductoftheothertwois14.Findthe
numbers.
LongbutEasy
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28.DivideunityintofourpartsinA.P.suchthatthesumof
theircubesmaybe
^10
29.Thep^^termofanA.P.is,andtheq^^termis;find
qp

thesumofpqterms.
30.Twopersonsstartfromthesamepointandtravelinthe
samedirection,theformerattherateof1,2,3,4,etc.,miles
duringthesuccessiveliours;thelatteruniformlyat6milesan
hour,butstartingtwohoursaftertheformer;inhowmany
hoursafterthefirstpersonstartswillthetwolietogether?
Explain
thetiroresults.
31.InanA.P.theconmiondifferenceistwicethefirstterm;
provethatthesumofntermsdividedbythefirsttermisa
perfect
squaie.
32.IfSdenotethesuuiofthefirstnnatu'\ilniimbers,then
8aS'f1isthesquareofanoddnumber.
33.If*S'bethesumanddthedifterenceofanA.P.of71
terms,thenthediflFerenceofthesquaresofthefirstandlast
termsis
(nl)dS'.
n
34.Themiddletermofanarithmeticalseriesofntermsisp,
andthe7i"'termisqtimesthemiddleterm;iindthefirst
term
andthecommondifference.
35.Giventhefirsttermandthecommondiflference,findnso
thatthesumoi2ntermsmayheequaltoptimesthesumofn
terms.Examinethecaseinwhich(/=2aandp=4.
36.Theseriesofnaturalnumbersisarrangedingroupsthus:
1,2+3,4+5+6,etc.;findthefirstandthelastnumbersof
the
n^^group,thesumofthew"'group,andtliesumofallthe
groups.
37.Theoddnumbersarearrangedingroupsthus:1,3+5,
7+9+11^etc.;showthatthesumofeachgroupisaperfect
cube,andthesumofanynumberofgroupsbeginningwiththe
firstisacompletesquare.
38.Findthesumofwtermsoftheseries,
l+(2+3+4)+(5+G+7+8+9)+....
39.Inanyarithmeticalseriesthesumofanytwoterms,less
thefirstterm,isatermoftheseries;andthedifferenceof
any
twoterms,increasedbythefirstterm,isalsoatermofthe
series.
40.IfthetermsofanA.P.bearrangedingroupsofnterms
each,thesumsofthesegroupswillformanA.P.whosecommon

differenceisrv'timesthecommondifferenceoftheoriginal
series.
41Provethatthetermsofanarithmeticalserieswillstillbe
inA.P.afteranyofthefollowingoperationshavebeen
performed
uponthem:
(1)Ifthesamequantitybeaddedtoorsubtractedfromeach.
(2)Iftheterrasofanother'vrithmeticalseriesbeaddedor
subtracted
inorder
(3)Ifthetermsbemultipliedordividedbythesamefactor.
Examinetheeffectuponthecommondifferenceintheseveral
cases.
ModeratelyDifficult
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Exercise2
1.Howmanytermsoftheseries,25,23,21....,mustbe
takenthatthesummaybe1651
2.Thev}^termofanA.P.is2ri3;findthecommon
difference
andthesumofnterms.
3.The?'"termofanA.P.is7^;findthesumof2n+\
terms.
4.The(ri+1)*termofanA.P.is:findthesumof
ab2n+\terms.
5.The11^^termofaseriesistv^n+\;writedownthetenth
term,ther^'^term,the(?i+1
)""term.Isitanarithmetical
series1
6.ThesujuofntermsofanA.P.is5?*3?i;findthen'"*
termandthecommondifference.
7.Thesumofntermsoftheseries,2,5,8...
.
,is950;findn.
Giveailinterpretationtothenegativevalueofn.
8.FindtheeighthtermofanA.P.whosesumtontermsis
n
9
,[nn

VeryEasy

9.Then^^termofanA.P.is2n+l;ofhowmanytermsis
thesum99"JGivetwodifferentinterpretationstothenegative
result.
10.IfthesumofptermsofanA.P.equalsthesumofq
terms,thenthesumoip+qtermsiszero.
11
Findtherelationbetweenaanddwhentheequationbetween
a,d,s,n,issatisfiedbytwodifferentpositiveintegral
valuesofn.
12.ThesumofntermsofanA.P.isan+hn,andthesum
of7?itermsofanotherseriesishni'+am;thefifthtermof
the
firstseriesishalfthefifthtermofthesecondseries;show
that
17a=76.
13.Thesumsoftwoarithmeticalseries,eachtonterms,are
toeachotheras137wto1+3n;findtheratiosoftheirfirst
terms,theirsecondterms,andtheirr"*terms.
ModeratelyDifficult
14.Ifa,bandcarethepth,qthandrthtermsofanA.P.,
thenp,qandraretheo"',W^andc^^termsofanotherA.P.;
^^
ff,bandcbeingpositiveintegers.
15.Ifthe{p+qY^and{p7)"'termsofanA.P.bemand
nrespectively,findthe^/''andq'^^terms.
16.Divideintonpartssuchthateachshallexceed
theprecedingbyafixedquantity.
17.ThesumofmtermsofanA.P.isw,andthesumofn
termsism;showthatthesumofm\ntermsis{m\n),and
/2?A
thesumofmntermsis{inn)I1H)
18.IfSndenotethesumtontermsofanA.P.,showthat
'^n+2~2*S'+i+Snisequaltothecommondifference.
19.If*S'adenotethesumofntermsofthenaturalnumbers
beginningwitha,proveSsa+_i=SaS'^.
20.IfOi,o,j,Og....adenotethetermsofanA.P.,andS
theirsumwhatisthesumoftheseries,
{Sa,)+{Sa,)+(Sa,)+....(Sa)1

21.Therearenarithmeticalseriesof7itermseach;theirfirst
termsarethenaturalnumbers,1,2,3....,andthecommon
differenceofeachisthesameasthefirsttermfindthesum
of
allthetermsoftheseriestakentogether.
22.IfaS*andS'denotethesumtontermsoftwoarithmetical
serieshavingthesamefirstterma,andcommondifferencesdand
,respectively,the.^;(!i^^.
23.IfS,idenotethesumof?itermsofanarithmeticalseries,
thenSrnSn'.>S'+=vin:m+n
andS^nSSon+^*^n=^
24.IfthesumofthefirstttermsofanA.P.equalsthesum
ofntermsbeginningwiththe(r+1)*,andalsoequalsthesum
ofptermsbeginningwiththe(s+l)"^,prove
2r+?im(mn)p
2s+pm(mp)n'
25.Ifthe]/^andq^^termsofanA.P.arePandQ
respectively,
whatisthen*''term1
26.IfaS'bethesumofntermsofanA.P.,andS'thesumof
thearithmeticalmeansbetweentheconsecutiveterms,then
S:S'=n:nl.
27.Ifi+02+3+^'n"^
~o~'
^^*^^^^**
(S'Oi)+(Sa^y+(Say=af+a+=.
28.ThesidesofarightangledtriangleareinA.P.;show
thattheyareproportionalto3,4,5.
29.Ifa,b",careinA.P.,then,,,arealso
b+cc+aa+b
inA.P.
30.Ifa,b,careinA.P.,thena(b+c),b(c+a),c{a+b)
are
inA.P.;also,a^be,bca,<?abareinA.P.Compare
the
commondifferencesintheseveralcases.
oiT*o.Vb,b\c.T.,1,1.r.
31.If_,0,aremA.P.,then,o,aremA.P.
\ab\beac
^^^^<^bc..^,
32.If^,,^aremA.P.,then
bccaab
a^+c^2b^a+b+c

a^+c'2b^2
'
33.IftwotermsofoneA.P.areproportionaltothe
corresponding
terrasofanotherA.P.,thenallthetermsoftheformer
seriesareproportionaltothecorrespondingtermsofthelatter
series.
34.IfS'denotethesumofntermsofanA.P.,then
^n+3p3'S'+2j,+^^n+r^n=^
35.FindanA.P.beginningwithunityinwhichthesumof
thefirsthalfofanyevennumberoftermsbearsaconstantratio
tothesumofthesecondhalf,andshowthatthereisbutone
suchseries.
36.Thereareanumberofseries,eachinA.P.,whosecommon
differencesare1,2,3....,andwhosesums,eachtonterms,
are
n^;showthattheirfirsttermsformadecreasingA.P.,whose
firsttermis^(it+1),andcommondifference(n1).
37.IfSi,S^...bethesumsofiarithmeticalseries,eachton
terms,thefirsttermsbeing1,2,3....,andthedifferences
1,3,5....;showthat8^+8^+.S^=mn{7nn+1).
38.IfSidenotethesumofntermsoftheseries1,5,9....
,
andS2thesumof,1terms,orofnterms,oftheseries3,
7,
11....,then^i+^2=(^i.S'2).
39.Findthefirstofnconsecutiveoddnumberswhosesumis
n^\wherepisanypositiveintegergreaterthanunity.
40.Showthatn^'mayberesolvedintothedifferenceoftwo
integralsquares,nandpbeingintegral,andj)greaterthan2.
41.liSj.denotethesumofntermsofthenaturalnumbers
,..j.i.J.I.aCYamnhn+n)
begmnmgwithr,then61+S2+..*S,=^.
42.ThesuccessivetermsofanA.P.arearrangedingroups
of1,2,3,etc.,termseach;showthatif*SVdenotether"^
group,
then'Sn='>^^+n('*"~1)^>
andSi+S,+....S,='^^''^^\
4:a+{nl){n+2)d}.
43.Withthenotationoftheprecedingexampleshowthat
(m7i){.S'^+S,S}+(m+n){S,_,,S,+S,,}=0,
andp(S,&\,)+vi{S,,S^)+n{SpS,)
={mn){n2}){p7n){m+n+2))^

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