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# FIRST DAY STEM REVIEWER

CALCULUS
Q2 (-,+)

Q1 (+,+)

Q3 (-,-)

Q4 (+,-)

## Distance formula (d)

d= ( x 2x 1 ) +( y 2 y 1)
Midpoint formula (M) the point of halfway between two points
X + X Y +Y
M =( 1 2 , 1 2 )
2
2
X=

X 1+ X 2
2

, Y=

Y 1 +Y 2
2

rise Y 2Y 1
m=
=
run X 2 X 1

## The third term will be the square of the second

value (ALWAYS positive)
2. Perfect Square Trinomial- reversal of Squaring a Binomial
x2 2xy + y2 = (xy)2
TAKE NOTE: a perfect square trinomial is ALWAYS a
result to a binomial
To get its binomial, you must focus on the second
term. Find two numerical factors from the first and
third term that can be multiplied to get the
numerical coefficient of the second term. Only put
a variable on the first value.
(e.g. 4x2 12x 9 from (2x 3)2)
3. Common Monomial Factor
ax + ay = a (x+y)
4. Factoring by Grouping
ax + ay bx by = a (x+y) b (x+y)
[ first step : similar to #3 ]
= (x+y) (a-b)
[ second step : since the quantities are the same (x+y), the
values a and b were grouped. When distributed, it will
still equate with the original form, ax + ay bx by]
5. Sum & Difference of Two Cubes
x3 y3 = (xy)(x2xy+y2)
TAKE NOTE : it is like #1 except we will multiply the
same amount to the squared product, thus creating a
binomial.

## Special Products reverse of factoring

1. Square of a Binomial
(xy)2 = x2 2xy + y2
TAKE NOTE: squaring a binomial will ALWAYS result to
a trinomial.
The first term will be the square of the first value
Conic Section is the intersection of a plane and a double(ALWAYS positive)
The second term will be the twice the combination napped cone
of the first and second value (DEPENDS on the
Circle locus of all points in a plane having the same
sign)
fixed positive distance (radius) from a fixed point
(center)

/dlf

## FIRST DAY STEM REVIEWER

FIRST MID QUARTER EXAMINATION

## Parabola locus of points in a plane that are equidistant

from a fixed point (focus) and a fixed line (directrix)
Ellipses locus of all points in a plane and the sum of
whose distance from two fixed points is constant.
Hyperbola locus of points in a plane for which the
absolute value of the difference of the distances from
two distinct points (foci) is constant.
Degenerate Conic the plane passes through the vertex of the
double- napped cone
Circle
(x-h)2 + (y-k)2 = r2
(h,k) is the coordinates of the center. Formula when
the center is not at the origin
x2+y2 = r2
formula for circle when the center is the origin (0,0)
GENERAL FORM
x2+y2+Dx+Ey+F = 0
D=h;E=k;F
STANDARD FORM GENERAL FORM
*apply the operations needed
*transpose the radius and equate the form with 0
( =0)
*perform operations on the values without variables
*arrange the equation to the general form
Ex.
(x 2)2 + (y- 5)2 = 16
(x2 4x + 4) + (y2 10y + 25) = 16
(x2 4x + 4) + (y2 10y + 25) 16 = 0
x2 4x + 4 + y2 10y + 25 16 = 0
x2 + y2 4x 10y + 25 + 4 16 = 0
x2 + y2 4x 10y + 29 16 = 0
/dlf

x2 + y2 4x 10y + 29 16 = 0
General:
x2 + y2 4x 10y + 13 = 0
GENERAL FORM STANDARD FORM
*identify the D and E, and divide their numerical
coefficient by 2 individually to get the value of h and
k, change the signs of h and k
*identify the F, change its sign. Square the value of h
and k. Perform the operation needed between the
squares of h and k and F.
Ex.
x2 + y2 14x 2y + 14 = 0
D = 14 , E = 2 divide by 2 D = 7 , E = 1
Change signs D =7, E = 1
F = 14 change sign F = 14
Square h and k D = 49, E = 1
D + E + F = r2
49 + 1 14
50 14 = 36
h = D = 7 , k = E = 1, r2 = (D2+E2+F) = 36
Standard:
(x 7)2 + (y 1)2 = 36
TO GRAPH A CIRCLE, DO TAKE TIME TO READ YOUR
NOTES/BOOK
Parabola
Standard Equations:
x= 4py
y = 4px
TO GET THE VALUE OF P; divide the numerical
coefficient by 4. Lowest term is advised when dealing
with a fraction
Parts:
Focus

## FIRST DAY STEM REVIEWER

FIRST MID QUARTER EXAMINATION

If x=4py (0,p)
If y=4px (p,0)
Opening
If x = 4py (Up)
If x= -4py (Down)
If y= 4px (Right)
If y= -4px (Left)
Directrix a line, parallel to the focus
If x=4py y= -p
If y =4px x= -p
Latus Rectum a set of endpoints wherein their
midpoint is the focus
4 / p /
2
(
, p)

## TO GRAPH A PARABOLA, TAKE TIME TO READ YOUR

NOTES/BOOK
Reading is a process of looking at a series of written symbols
and getting meaning from them; getting meaning from
print
Word Recognition indentifying words
Comprehension construct understanding
Fluency coordinate the first two so that reading is
automatic and accurate
Scanning covers a great deal of material in order to
locate a specific fact
Skimming rapidly moving the eyes on the text with the
intent to get only the main ideas and general view of the
content
/dlf

Previewing to get a sense of the text before reading it
Activating Prior Knowledge the knowledge the learner
has before; schema
Making Predictions trying to guess what will happen
Visualizing to make an image of something in your
mind
Understanding Sequence of Events note which events
come one after the other
Synthesizing
Identifying Main Idea and Details main idea- most
important message, details supports the main idea
Paraphrasing putting a passage into your own words
Drawing Conclusion Recognizing Mood (in Poetry)
Comparing and Contrasting exploring the likeness and
differences of the text
Putting Text in an Outline
Identifying Cause and Effect
Summarizing getting the main idea/points of a passage
and putting them into own your own words
Graphic Organizers visual displays of key content designed to
benefit learners who have difficulty organizing
information (Fisher and Schumaker, 1995)
Concept Map shows a central idea with its
corresponding characteristics
Flow Diagram or Sequence Chart shows a series of
steps/events in the order in which they take place;
includes: Exposition, Inciting Event, Rising Action,
Climax, Falling Action and Denouement

## FIRST DAY STEM REVIEWER

FIRST MID QUARTER EXAMINATION

## Compare/Contrast or Venn Diagram used to identify

similarities and differences between two or more concepts
Cause-and-Effect Diagram highlights the direct
relationship between different events or concepts
Main Idea and Details Chart shows the relationship
between the major concept/s and their subordinate
elements
Cycle describes a series of events that interact in order
to produce a set of results repeatedly
Critical Thinking making judgments; reading beyond the text
to get the message; does not take the given text at face
value but involves deeper examination
2 MODES
Reading with the author accepting the authors words
Reading the author critically questioning and
challenging the author
SKILLS
Interpreting explaining a text based on the information
given
Inferring making assumptions based from
interpretations
Drawing Conclusion summary of facts and data taken
from the text
Analysis breaking the idea into pieces to understand
better
Distinguishing Fact from Opinion separating proven
ideas from those that cannot
Evaluating structured interpretation
Synthesizing creating new idea from the combined ideas
Predicting a guess that is based on combined clues and
prior knowledge
/dlf

## Brainstorming tool used by teams to bring out the ideas of each

individual and present them in an orderly fashion
Outlining can be used to organize ideas which can be presented
through decimal or alphanumeric forms;
2 TYPES
Topic Outline uses words/phrases
Sentence Outline uses whole sentences; complicated
and requires details
Narrative Writing tells a story
FORMS:
A. Fictional Narrative- imagined people, events, and ideas
Realistic Fiction- portrays invented characters and
events in a true-to-life situation
Fantasy Stories- highly imaginative writing (Harry
Potter)
Historical Fiction- imaginary people living in real
places and times of history (The Prince and the
Pauper, Mark Twain)
Mystery Stories- strange events that characters
solve (The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes)
Myths- gods, heroes, origin of nature (The Twelve
Labors of Hercules)
Legends- feats of supernatural beings (King Arthur
and the Knights of the Round Table)
Science Fiction- imaginary events that involve sci
and tech
Tall tales- Larger-than-life characters in real life
settings (Pecos Bill)
B. Non- Fiction Narratives tells a story about real life
people, events, and ideas

## FIRST DAY STEM REVIEWER

FIRST MID QUARTER EXAMINATION

## Personal Narratives- autobiographical narratives

Biographical Narratives- account of a persons life written
by someone else
Diary and journal entries- personal experiences, thoughts,
feelings
Blogs- online journal
Eyewitness accounts- historical/important events
Memoir- accounts written by somebody about meaningful
scenes of ones life
Reflective essays- ones observations/ insights
DEFINITION WRITING AND CLASSIFICATION
-made clear through analysis and exemplification
TWO TYPES:
Informal definition-substitution of familiar words for
unfamiliar terms
Formal definition- concise, follows a logical pattern
PARTS OF FORMAL DEFINITION:
o Species- term being defined
o Genus- family or class
o Differentia- specific characteristics
*needs to be in this specific order
Ex. Semantic Satiation is a phenomenon in which repetition
causes a word/phrase to temporarily lose meaning to a person.
METHODS OF DEFINITION
Physical Description
Visual appearance
Word derivation/Etymology
Origin of the word
Negative statement/Negation
NOT
Elimination
Using questions
Concrete Examples/Instances
Cite examples
/dlf

Location
where
*Classification -technique of sorting items
o Genus- class (main set)
o Species- subdivision (subset)
Ex. Cholesterol- genus Fats and oils- species
Descriptive Writing expresses ideas and using senses to create
vivid images and figurative language
SENSORY IMAGES FOR DESCRIPTIVE TEXT
A. Visual (Sight)- colour, light, surface, etc
B. Auditory (Hearing)- volume, pitch, quality
C. Tactile/Tactual (Touch)-texture, temperature, hard/soft,
skin sensations
D. Gustatory (Taste)- sweetness etc
E. Olfactory (Smell)- offensive odor, Alliaceous odors, scents
F. Organic (w/ the help of internal organs, systems, muscles)pain, chill, fever, shiver
*writers use these to show, not tell
FIGURES OF SPEECH
Euphemism- pleasant expression for an unpleasant idea
Ex. Died= passed away
Simile- direct comparison (like, as)
Ex. Last night I slept like a log.
Metaphor- comparison of 2 unlike things
Ex. My heart is a lonely hunter that hunts on a lonely hill.
Allusion- using names of well-known figures
Ex. Dont act like a Romeo in front of her.
Metonymy- One word that has a very similar meaning can
be used for another/ use of words standing for an idea

## FIRST DAY STEM REVIEWER

FIRST MID QUARTER EXAMINATION

Ex. : The White House said it doesnt actually mean the White
House said it (a house cant speak!). What it really means is the
president said it.
Synecdoche- significant part Is used to represent the
whole.
Ex. Facial tissue is often referred to as Kleenex
Onomatopoeia- use of a word that actually sounds what it
means.
Ex. The best part about music class is that you can bang on the
drum.
Irony- Words are used in such a way that their intended
meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words
Ex. I saw a fish drowning.
Hyperbole- makes things seem much bigger than they
really are
Ex. I have a million things to do.
Personification- A way of giving an inanimate object the
qualities of a living thing.
Ex. James alarm clock woke him up
Apostrophe- speaks to an object, idea, or someone who
doesnt exist
Ex. Feet, dont fail me now.
sentence.
Ex. War is peace. Ignorance is strength. Freedom is slavery.
Oxymoron- Two words together that seem to contradict
each other.
Ex. And faith unfaithful kept him falsely true.

/dlf

## Pun- humorous use of a word

Ex. Being struck by lightning is really a shocking experience!
PDFs. THIS IS IS ALSO BASED FROM OTHER SECTIONS
REVIEWER.
Aralin 1: Ang Kahalagahan ng Pagsusulat at Ang
Pagsusulat
- Isa sa makrong kasanayan na dapat mahubog
- Ayon kay Cecilia Austera et. Al., Komunikasyon sa
o kasanayang naglulundo ng kaisipan at
damdaming nais ipahayag gamit ang
pinakaepektib na midyum ng paghahatid ng
mensahe, ang wika
- Ayon kay Edwin Mabilin et. Al., Transpormatibong
o gawaing pisikal at mental dahil naipapahayag ang
nais ipahayag sa paglilipat ng kaalaman sa papel o
kahit anong pagsusulatan
o gamit ito naisasatitik ang isipan, damdamin,
paniniwala at layunin
o isang pagpapahayag ng kaalamang kailanman
di maglalaho
- Ayon kay Royo, na nasulat sa aklat ni Dr. Eriberto
Astorga Jr. (Pagbasa, Pagsusulat at Pananaliksik 2001)

## FIRST DAY STEM REVIEWER

FIRST MID QUARTER EXAMINATION

## o Malaki ang natutulong sapagkat napapahayag ang

damdamin, mithiin, agam-agam, bungang-isip at
pagdaramdam
o Nakikilala ng tao ang kanyang sarili, kahinaan at
kalakasan, lawak at tayog ng kaisipan, at
naabot ng kamalayan

## 5. KASANAYANG PAMPAG-IISIP- dapat may

kakayahang mag-analisa ng datos, dapat lohikal at higit sa
lahat obhetibo sa pagsususri ng impormasyon
6. KAALAMAN SA WASTONG PAMAMARAAN NG
PAGSULAT- sapat na kaalaman sa wika at retorika
(wastong paggamit ng titik, bantas, at pagbaybay)
7. KASANAYAN SA PAGHABI NG BUONG SULATINkakayahang mailatag ang kaisipan at impormasyon sa
Dalawang bahagi ng Layunin sa Pagsusulat (Mabilin 2012)
isang maayos na paraan mula simula hangga wakas
- Personal o Ekspresibo
Uri ng Pagsulat
o Pansariling pananaw
o Hal. Dula, tula, sanaysay, maikling kwento
1. Malikhaing Pagsulat- maghatid aliw
2. Teknikal na Pagsulat- pag-aralan ang isang proyekto or
- Panlipunan o Sosyal
o Layunin ay makipag-ugnayan
bumuo ng pag-aaral
o Transaksiyonal (ibang tawag)
3. Propesyonal na Pagsulat- tiyak na larangan, propesyon o
o Hal. Liham, balita, tesis
bokasyon (Hal. Lesson plan sa mga guro)
4.
Dyornalistik na Pagsulat- Pamamahayag
May nakasulat sa book na benefits ng pagsususulat common sense
5. Reperensiyal na Pagsulat- bigyang pagkilala ang mga
lang bes keri mo yan basahin mo if masipag ka pa (pg. 5)
pinagkunan ng impormasyon (Hal. RRL, Bibliography)
Gamit o Pangangailangan sa Pagsulat
6.
1. WIKA- behikulo upang maisatitik ang nais ilahad
o Ayon kay Carmelita Alejo may sinusunod na
2. PAKSA- pangkalahatang iikutan ng mga ideya sa akda
particular na kumbensiyon tulad ng pagbibigay
3. LAYUNIN- magsisilbing giya sa paghabi ng nilalaman ng
supporta sa ideyang pinangngatwiranan
isususlat
o
Ayon kay Edwin Mabilin- lahat ng uri ng pagsula
4. PAMAMARAAN NG PAGSULAT- merong limang
paraan ng pagsusulat
a. Impormatibo- nagbibigay info
b. Ekspresibo- nagbibigay ng opinion
- Mahalaga sapagkat kung marunong sumulat nang maayos
c. Naratibo- nagkukwento/ nagsasalaysay
ang isang tao nakaaangat siya sa iba
d. Deskriptibo- naglalarawan
- Iba sa wikang karaniwan
- Pinahahalagahan ang alituntunin ng paggamit ng Filipino

/dlf

## FIRST DAY STEM REVIEWER

FIRST MID QUARTER EXAMINATION

## Ayon kay Vivencio Jose

- Ayon kay Philip Koopman bagamat maikli ang abstrak
o epektibong magagmit ang Filipino hindi lamang sa
ito ay naglalaman ng mahahalagang elemento ng sulatin
pagtuturo sa lahat ng uri ng komunikasyon kundi
(intro, RRL, Metho, Results and Conclusions)
pati sa kurikulum at buhay sa akademya
kailangan ang masighing hangarin na maging
Sinopsis o Buod
tagapaghatid at tagataguyod ng kaisipang
- Kadalasang ginagamit sa akdang nasa tekstong naratibo
(kwento, nobela, dula)
- Mahalagang makabuod gamit ang sariling salita
- Madaling pag kaunawa sa diwa ng binasa kaya dapat
payak ang mga salita
1. Obhetibo- katotohanan lahat
- Obhetibo sa pagsulat
2. Pormal- iwasan ang salitang kolokyal/balbal
Bionote
4. May Paninindigan
- Pagsulat ng personal profile
5. May Pananagutan
- Ayon kina Duenas at Sanz ang bionote ay isang tala ng
buhay na naglalaman ng buod ng academic career
Abstrak, sintesis, bionote, talumpati, agenda, atbp. (pg . 11)
***SA ITAAS, BOOK BASED AND GALING SA IBANG
Aralin 2: Pagsulat ng Ibat Ibang Uri ng Paglalagom
SECTION YAN, ANG SUMUSUNOD AY GALING SA
Lagom- pinasimple at pinaikling bersiyo ng isang akda
LECTURE***
Kasanayang nahuhubog sa paglalagom
5 MAKRONG KASANAYAN
a. natututuhan ang pagtitimbang-timbang ng mga kaisipang
Pagbabasa
nakapaloob sa binasa
Anderson, et al. (1985)
b. natutnan niyang magsuri ng kanyang binasa
Pagkonstrak ng kahulugan mula sa teksto (Bottom Up)
c. nahuhubog ang kasanayan ng mag-aaral sa pagsulat
Pagkonstrak ng kahulugan mula sa interaksyon (Up
Down)
Abstrak
Pagsusulat
Wixson, et al. (1987)
- Isang uri ng lagom na ginagamit sa pagsulat ng mga
Malawakang proseso na gawaing pisikal at mental
Pakikinig
- Makikita sa unahan after title page before chapter 1
Bernales, et al. (2002)
- Naglalaman ng pinakabuod ng buong akademikong akda

/dlf

## FIRST DAY STEM REVIEWER

FIRST MID QUARTER EXAMINATION

## uri ng komunuikasyon kung saan inuunawaan ng isang

tagapagkinig ang mensahe o sinasabi ng speaker
Hearing di intensyonal
Listening intensyonal
Pagsasalita
Isang uri ng komunikasyon na nagpapahayag ng
damdamin o saloobin gamit ang berbal na salita
Panunuod
Retensyon ng napanood na palabas
LAYUNIN NG PAGSUSULAT
Ekspresibo
Makapanghikayat
Impormatibo
Malikhain
Transaksyonal
Pormularing
PROSESO NG PAGSUSULAT
Bago Sumulat
o Malayang Pagsusulat Langan (2010)
o Pagtatanong
o Paglilista
o Pagkakluster
o Pagbabalangkas Pharr at Buscemi (2005)
Pormal
Impormal
Pangungusap
Habang Nagsusulat
o Pagiisip ng Paksa o Ideya
o Pansuportang Detalye
o Pagsusuri ng mga Detalye

/dlf

o Malinaw na pagsulat
Pagtapos Sumulat
o Rebisa Rozakis (2008) Revising is the Essence
of Writing
Kohirence
Kaisahan
Emphasis
Kasapatan
Kasanayang
URI NG WIKANG FILIPINO
Balbal
Kolokyal
Panlalawigan
Pambansa
Pampanitikan