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. .

l, EJ

l, EJ
J
l, E

( 1) :
, , ;

F.
: F = 6 ,
q = 36 /; l = 4 ,
= 25; EJ = 107 2.
.
-
( 2). :
s = 3 = 3 1 1 = 2.

=1
=1

= 1 ,
= 1 .
s = 2, .
q
q
F
F

X1

X2

X2

X1

X1


( 1)


( 2)

X2


( 3)

. ,
.
,
, , , .
( 3).
. 1 -
. , ,
X1,
X2. 2 , -. X1 X2. 3 ,

.
X1,
X2. ( X2 , . .

).

. .

mechanika.org.ru

,
. , .
.
:
W = 3 = 3 3 1 = 0,
= 3 ;
= 1 .
I
(W 0) . . I, II
, II
. ,
,
4
W = 0, .
. , , :
11 X1 + 12 X2 + 1p = 0;
(1)

21 X1 + 22 X2 + 2p = 0.
X1, X2 (
); km Xk
, Xm 1);
kp Xk (k, m = 1, 2).
11, 22 , ; 12, 21 ,
12 = 21.

M1 . X1 = 1 ( X1) ( 5, ).
: HA, VA, HB, VB.
. ,
M1 .
.
, VA:

= X1 VA l = 0 ; VA = X1 l = 1 l .

M1 . ,
.
M1(A) = X1 = 1 ( );

M1(D) = VA l X1 = 1 1 = 0 ; M1(B) = M1(C) = M1(K ) = 0 .


1)

km Xk,
Xm = 1.

mechanika.org.ru

. .

M1 (. 5, ).
, ,
X1 = 1 .
M2 . X2 = 1
( 5, ). .
.
X2 = 1 ().
, VA:

MC =

VA l X2 = 0 ; VA = X2 l = 1 l .

M2 :
M2( A) = M2() = M2(K ) = 0 ; M2() = X2 = 1 ( );

M2(D) = VA l = (1 / l)l = 1 ( ).
M2 (. 5, ).
.

VA
HA

l, EJ

X 1= 1

l, EJ

HA

0,5

VB

l, EJ

HB

0,5

l, EJ

X2 = 1

VA

VB

HA

HB

24

l/2

l/2

l
60

VA

l/2

VB

HB

l/2

mechanika.org.ru

. .

. ( 5, ).
VA.
, VA:
MC = ql2 / 2 VAl Fl = 0 ; VA = ql / 2 F = 36 4 / 2 6 = 66 .
.

Mp( A) = M p() = M p(B) = 0 ; Mp(K ) = Fl = 6 4 = 24 ;


M p(D) = ql 2 / 2 VA l = 36 42 / 2 66 4 = 24 .

L ( ):
Mp(L ) = VA l / 2 ql 2 / 8 = 66 4 / 2 36 42 / 8 = 60 .

(. 5, ).
. , ,
.
,
. :

km =

Mk M m
dz ; kp =
EJ

Mk M p
dz
EJ

(k, m = 1, 2).

, . .
11 = l 2 1 1 = l ; 12 = 21 = l 1 1 = l ;
6EJ
3EJ
6EJ
6EJ
22 = l 2 1 1 + l 2 1 1 = 2l ;
6EJ
6EJ
3EJ

20
l
l
l
; 2p =
1p =
( 4 0,5 60) =
(1 24 4 0,5 60) = 16l .
6EJ
6EJ
EJ
EJ
,
, .
. MS , M1 M2 ( 6): MS = M1 + M2 . ss, MS :
M2
ss = s dz = l (2 1 1 + 2 1 1 + 1 1 + 1 1) + l 2 1 1 = 4 .
EJ
6EJ
6EJ
3EJ
l

, ss

l + 2 l + 2l = 4l .
3EJ
6EJ 3EJ 3EJ
, , .
ss = 11 + 12 + 21 + 22 =

s
6

mechanika.org.ru

. .

sp,
MS Mp (. 5, ), 1p 2p:
Ms Mp
dz = l (1 24 4 1 60) = 36l ;
sp =
EJ
EJ
6EJ
l
20
16
36
l
l
l
sp = 1p + 2p =

=
.
EJ EJ
EJ
.
.

(1):
l X + l X 20l = 0;
3EJ 1 6EJ 2 EJ
(2)

l X1 + 2l X2 16l = 0.
6EJ
EJ
3EJ
(2) 6EJ/l
. :
2 X1 + X2 = 120 ;
(3)

X1 + 4X2 = 96 .
(3), X1, X2:

X1 = 54,86 ; X2 = 10,29 .
X1, X2, (3):
2 54,86 + 10,29 = 120 ; 54,86 + 4 10,29 = 96 .
.


:
M = M1 X1 + M2 X2 + Mp .

M1 , M2 X1, X2.
( 7):
54,86

27,43

l/2

l/2

1 X1 ,

5,14

l/2

10,29
10,29

l/2

2 X2 ,

60

l/2

24

l/2

( 8, ).

. .

mechanika.org.ru

( 8, ).
,
.
. DK
( 9)
M = 34,29 24 10,29 = 0 .
.

54,86 34,29
24

F
K

L D

34,29

10,29

l/2

l/2

24
K

10,29

z0
8

. 1 (. 3).

:
M s* M
dz = 0.
EJ
l
M s* 1 .
X1* = 1 , X2* = 1 ( 10)
M s* .
*sp =

5,32

L D

l cos

l/2

l sin
1

9,32

7,32

s* ,

10

Ms*()

Ms*( A)

= 1 (l + l sin ) + 1 l cos = 4 + 4 0,423 + 4 0,906 = 9,32 ;

Ms*(L )

= 1 (l / 2 + l sin ) + 1 l cos = 2 + 4 0,423 + 4 0,906 = 7,32


( ).

M s*(D)

= 1 l sin + 1 l cos = 4 0,423 + 4 0,906 = 5,32 ;


*sp = l ( 9,32 54,86 5,32 34,29 + 4 7,32 27,43) + l ( 2 5,32 10,29) =
6EJ
6EJ
0,0532l 0,0532 4
=
=
0.
6EJ
6 107

mechanika.org.ru

. .

*sp ,
. . , .
. Q .
, , . . ,
. ( 11, ).
, .
,
(. 8, ): , ,
D .
, . .
(. 11, ).
:
MD = ql2 2 QAl + 54,86 34,29 = 0 ;

M A = ql2

2 QD l + 54,86 34,29 = 0 ;

QA = ql 2 + (54,86 34,29) / l = 36 4 / 2 + 20,57 / 4 = 77,14 ;


QD = ql 2 + (54,86 34,29) / l = 36 4 / 2 + 20,57 / 4 = 66,86 .

Y = QA QD ql = 77,14 (66,86) 36 4 = 0 .
)
54,86

34,29
D

QD

)
54,86

q
z0

Mextr

QA, QD Q
( 12).
z0 ( 11, ).
, (Mextr). :
QA qz0 = 0 ;

z 0 = QA / q = 77,14 / 36 = 2,14 .

11


Mextr = 54,86 + QA z0 qz02 / 2 =

= 54,86 + 77,14 2,14 36 2,142 / 2 = 27,80 .


(. 8, ).
,
, Q = dM / dz .
, ,
.

mechanika.org.ru

. .

: Q ,

77,14
.
6
CB
QCB = 10,29 / l = 10,29 / 4 = 2,57 ;
z0
K
66,86
QK = 24 / h = 24 / 4 = 6 .
2,57
Q ,
QC QK ,

12

.

F
NK
( 12).
K
.
N Q.
( 13). 66,86
F
, K NK = 0.
NAD D
D C.


(. 13).
NBC
2,57
,
, (.
12). N 13
.

, .
Y = 66,86 2,57 sin F NBC cos = 0 ;
NBC = (66,86 2,57 sin F ) / cos =

= ( 66,86 2,57 0,423 6) / 0,906 = 81,59 ;

36,81

81,59

14

N ,

Z = 2,57 cos N AD + NBC sin = 0 ;


N AD = NBC sin 2,57 cos =
= 81,59 0,423 2,57 0,906 = 36,81 .

, AD . N ( 14).

= 54,86 2,57 0,906 81,59 0,423 = 0 ;

54,86
36,81

l, EJ

l, EJ
J
l, E

( 15) , M, Q, N.
Q N , . . .
.

Z = 54,86 2,57 cos 81,59 sin =

77,14

2,57

81,59

15

mechanika.org.ru

. .

Y = F ql + 77,14 + 81,59 cos 2,57 sin =


= 6 36 4 + 77,14 + 81,59 0,906 2,57 0,423 = 0 .
. , .
M = 54,86 77,14 l + ql2 / 2 Fl 2,57 l =
= 54,86 77,14 4 + 36 42 / 2 6 4 2,57 4 = 0 .
, , .
. . :
, .
, ,
. ,
, M.
(. 3).
, , ,
1, 2.
M (. 8). , .
. m = 1 ( 16) M .

m=1

l, EJ

D K
C

16

p , ,
M M:
Cp = MM dz = l ( 54,86 1 34,29 1 + 4 27,43 1) =
EJ
6EJ
l

l
3,43 103 4
=
= 1,37 10 3 .
EJ
107
, ,
m = 1.
.
F = 1 ( 17)
M . Hp , M M :
= 3,43 ( )

10

. .

mechanika.org.ru

Hp = MM dz = l (54,86 2l + 34,29 l 4 27,43 1,5l ) + l 2 24 l =


EJ
6EJ
6EJ
l
= 4,57 ( )

l 2 4,57 103 42
=
= 7,31 10 3 .
EJ
107
2l

F=1

1,5 l

l/2

l, EJ

l/2

17

, , .

18.

H
Hp

18

,
(. 8).