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# 1

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9
1. ,
,
.
t1 = 100 t2 = 10,
t = 0. t3 = 9. , , ,
, ? .

1. . <2 >.
2. : Ct2 = (C + Co)t3 C = Cot3/(t2 t3) = 9Co, ( , t = 0). <3 >.
3. ,
( ) <1 >)
4. (2 + Co)t = t1 + t2 <2 >)
5.
t = (t1 + t2)/(2 + Co) = t3(t1 + t2)/(t3 + t2) = 990/19 52 <2 >.

2

C = Cot3/(t2 t3) = 9Co
3

1

(2 + Co)t = t1 + t2
2
t
t = (t1 + t2)/(2 + Co) =
2

990/19 52
: . ,
23-4 . 1 . 1 2 6 . - , 45 55
1 2 7 . Co
4 5 1 .
55 .

9
2. L = 13 .
. t1 =
12 15 L1 = 13,5
, t2 = 12 25 L2 = 8,5 . .

V.
1.
, L1
L2 Vt,
t = t2 t1. <2 >
2. :
) L ) . <1 >
3. , L1 + L2 < L.
. <1 >
4. L Vt, (L1 L2) <2 >
5. L2 = (Vt)2 + (L1 L2)2, (Vt)2 = L2 (L1 L2)2 =
144 2, Vt = 12 . <2 >.
6. t = t2 t1 = 1/6 , V = 72 / <2 >.

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6

2

1

1
L, Vt L1 2
L2
Vt ,
(Vt)2=L2 (L1L2)2, Vt = 12
2

V
V = 72 /
2

9
3. a = 2 /2 t = 10 ,
, L = 150 .
.

1. V = at,
V 0.
V = V/2 = at/2. . <2 >.
2. ,
T = t + <1 >.
3. L :
L = VT = at(t + )/2 <1 >.
4. = 2L/at t <2 >.
5. A A
at , A = at <1 >.
6.
A = at/ = a2t2/(2L at2) = 4 /2. <3 >.

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V = V/2 = at/2
,

T=t+
V
L = VT = at(t + )/2

= 2L/at t

A = at
,
A = at/ = a2t2/(2L at2) = 4 /2

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1
1
2
1
3

9
4. .
, .
,
. , = 1 /3.

1. . V = V, V
, V .<2 >.
2.
V/V = S/S <2 >.
3. S = 3a2. S, , S = 15a2/8 <3 >.
4. = V/V = S/S = 5/8 = 0,625 /3 <3 >.

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2
3
4

V = V
V/V = S/S

S/S = 5/8

= S/S = 5/8 = 0,625 /3

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2
3
3

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5. , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 6 ? . .
1R
2
3
4

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2
3
4

1/2
2/3

3/2

1/3

3/4
5/3
2/5
5/2
3/5
4/3
1/4

.
3 .
7 . . r = 3
, 1 , 2 , 3 , 6
, 4 5 .
r = 2 ,
1, 2, 3, 4 6, 5. r ,
7 6
. 4 . ,
8 .
. .
r = 2 5 !

4 R R. , R.

3
2

2
, 6
2
1:2:3:4:5:6
4- 6 4

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2
3
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5

10
1. v = 72 /.
L = 240 . , ?
a = 1 /2.

L = 240 ,
. t,
.
1. a = v = 20 /, = v/a.
<2 >.
2. vt <1 >,
3. a2/2 = v2/2a ( ) <3 >.
4. vt + v2/2a = L<1 >,
5. t = L/v v/2a = 2 c <3 >.

2
a = v; = v/a

L1 = vt
1
2
2
L2 = a /2 = v /2a
3
2

vt + v /2a = L
1
t
t = L/v v/2a = 2 c
3

10
2. h = 21 .
, L1 = 50 . ,
, L2 = 55 .
?

1. . <1 >.
2. Vx , , <1 >.
3. , t2/t1 = L2/L1 <1 >.
4. ( )
, h H <1 + 1 = 2 >.
5.
H = gt12/8; H + h = gt22/8 <2 >.
6. (H + h)/H = t22/t12 = L22/L12 <2>.
7. H H = 100 <1 >.

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7

x
t2/t1 = L2/L1

H1 = H + h

H = gt12/8; H + h = gt22/8

(H + h)/H = t22/t12 = L22/L12

H = 100

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2
1

10

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8

3. .
M, .
=
0,8. m ? .

1. ,
, f =
mg <1 >.
2. ma = mg; a =
g, a <1 >.
3. mg
,
F = 2mg <1 >.
4. , , . T = 2mg <1 >.
5.
, a = g <1 >.
6. M a <1 >.
7. Ma = Mg T
<2 >,
8. M = M 2m
m = (1 )M/2 = 0,125M <2 >.

1
f = mg

1
ma = mg; a = g,

1
F = 2mg

1
T = 2mg

1

1
2-
Ma = Mg T
2
m
2
M = M 2m;
m = (1 )M/2 = 0,125M
:
, 5 6 1 . 0,5 ,
( ) .

10
4. . .
V H (H , V 3). , A. ,
) 1 = 0,6 /3,
) 2 =10 /3.

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10

1. ,
dV dH dV = (S s)dH, S , s
. - s
<1 >.
2. , = 1 /3, -
<1 >.
3. V,
. <1 >.
4.
dV = SdH dV/dH <1
>.
5. , . S = dV/dH = 40 2. <1 >.
6. h, , : h = 4,5 . <1 >.
7. V = Sh VA = 120 3, VA = 60 3 . <1 >.
8. ( )) m = V = 120 . <1 >.
9. ) h = 4,5 , ,
, V = Sh VA = 120 3
. <1 >.
10. m = V = 1200 . <1 >.

A
dV = (S s)dH
1
3
)
< = 1 /
1

1

dV = SdH
1

S = dV/dH = 40 2
1

h = 4,5
1
3

V = Sh VA = 120
1
)
m = V = 120
1
h V = Sh VA )
1
)
m = V = 1200
1
: ) , 2, 3, 8 7.
) 8. , H H = 3 , V = S H
= 120 3.
V 2 .

10

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7

5. x,
x. .
x = 1,5 , x = 2,5 , x = 3,5 .

1. 2 3
0. <1 >.
2. 0 2
V = x. <1 >.
3. a = dV/dt, a = dx/dt = V
= x. <2 >.
4. 3 5 x
V = 5 x <1 >.
5. a = dx/dt = V = x 5. <2 >.
6. a x <1 >.
7. :
a1 = 1,5; a2 = 0 a2 = 1,5 /2.<2 , 1 >.

2-
1
V x 1-
V=x
1
a x 1- a =dV/dt, a=dx/dt=V = x
2
V x 3-
V=5x
1
a x 3- a = dx/dt = V = x 5
2

1
2
a
a1=1,5; a2= 0; a2= 1,5/
2

11
1.
R H.
. h
?

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8

1.
, ,
cos = H/R<1 >.
2. :
Vx = Vcos Vy = Vsin, V <1 >.
3. ,
<1 >.
4. Vxt = Vcost = Rsin, t
<1 >.
5. , Vsin = gt <1 >.
6. ( ) h = gt2/2 <1 >.
7. Vcost = Rsin; Vsin = gt h = gt2/2
, h = Rsin2/2cos <3 >.
8. cos = H/R h = (R2 H2)/2H <1 >.

1
cos = H/R

1
Vx = Vcos Vy = Vsin,
,
1

1
Vxt = Vcost = Rsin
0
1
Vsin = gt
2
t
h = gt /2
1
2
3
h ( )
h = Rsin /2cos
2
2

h = (R H )/2H
1
:
, , .
,
.
3 7. ,
.

11
2.
. ,
O. A B
90, C 120
B. C,
M,
. .

1. , . : PA + PB + PC = 0 <2 >.
2. .
, ,
mgL = mv2/2, L = v2/2g <2 >.
3.
vA = vB = vC = v <1 >.
4. OB
mAv = mCvcos30o; mBv = mCvsins30o <2 >.
5. mA + mC + mB = M <1 >.
6. , mA mB mC = 2M/(3 + 3) <2 >.

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PA + PB + PC = 0
2
2
2

2
mgL = mv /2; L = v /2g

vA = vB = vC = v
1
o
o

mAv=mCvcos30 ; mBv=mCvsins30
2

mA + mC + mB = M
1
mC
2
mC = 2M/(3 + 3) ()
: ,
mC = M(3 3)/3.

11

3. ,
m 2m. ,
, . M.
g.

1. , . Mg = T1 T2, T1
, T2 <1 >.
2. , ,
, <1 >.
3. ,
T1, T2.
2- :
ma = T1 mg; 2ma = 2mg T2 <1 + 1 = 2 >.
4. Mg = T1 T2
a = (M +m)g/3m <2 >.
5. , a g M 2m
<1 >.
6. (M> 2m) T2 = 0 Mg = T1 2-
ma = Mg mg a = (M m)g/m, g <3 >.

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Mg = T1 T2
1

1
2-
ma = T1 mg; 2ma = 2mg T2
2
( )
a = (M +m)g/3m
2

1
a g; M 2m

(M>2m)T2= 0 Mg = T1; ma =
3
Mg mg; a = (M m)g/m
: T2 = 0
, 3, M>2m 4 .

11

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4. t = 27 Vo = 10
. , , . ,
:
DV = aDT, a = 3,110-2 /. , . , .

1. P <1 >.
2. (!) T:
PVo = RTo; PV = RT, , V
, R . <1 + 1 = 2 >.
3. , > 0. <1 >.
4. = PVo/RTo PV/RT, <2 >.
5. T = To + DT, V = Vo + aDT
= [DTPVo/RTo(To + DT](1 aTo/Vo),
. <2 >.
6. To = 273 + 27 = 300 a Vo ,
(1 aTo/Vo) = 1 3,110-2300/10 = 1 0,93 > 0! . <2 >.

1

2
PVo = RTo; PV = RT

1
> 0 ()
2

= PVo/RTo PV/RT
2
DT
DT(1aTo/Vo)/(To + DT)
2
> 0
(1 aTo/Vo) = 0,07 > 0
: V T,
,
.
5 . , , , DV/DT = Vo/To, , .

11
5. 2q q
L . , L q,
q m. V , ?

1. , x
, <1 >.
2. , ,
, <1 >.
3. :
k2q2/(x + 2L)2 = kq2/(x + L2) <1 >.
4. x = 2L <1 >.
5. :
mV2/2 = q((x) (0)), (x) (0) <2 >.
6. 0,
(x) = k2q/(x + 2L) kq/(x + L) <1+1 =2 >.
7. V2 = 2kq2(2 1)/(2 + 1)mL) = (2kq2/mL)(3 22) (k = 1/4o
). <2 >.

1
1
2
1
2
2
2
2)
3
k2q /(x+2L) =kq /(x + L
1
4 x ()
1
x = 2L)
5
2
mV2/2 = q((x) (0))
6
1+1
(0)=0
(x)=k2q/(x+2L)kq/(x+L)
2
7 V V ( V2 = (2kq2/mL)(3 22)
2
k = 1/4o)
: . (0)=0 U(0) = 0.