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I ()

11 . (27 2013 .)
1.
ABC
( . 10 ,
).
, v = 20 /?
2.
m1, m2, m3. 1
.
, 2 3.
, . 3
, v3.
m1 m2? .
3.
H.
, .
.
. .
, g.
4. , ,
, P0
T0. T,
. P ?
5.

Uo,

.

,
.

?
, !
!


10 .
10 .
.
11
1.
ABC
( . 10 ,
).
, v = 20 /?

.
( 2 ).
ABB`A` BCC`B`, AA`, BB` CC` v
(1 ).
ACC`A`, AC (
3 ). ,
AC dS/dt = |AC|v (1+1 = 2 ). |AC|
(1 ) dS/dt = 1000 2/.

, AB
BC
, AC

dS/dt
|AC|
dS/dt

v AC
dS/dt = |AC|v
|AC| = 50
dS/dt = 1000 2/

2
1

3
1
1
1
1

2.
m1, m2, m3. 1
.
, 2 3.
, . 3
, v3.
m1 m2? .

, : v1 , v2
(1 ).
1 2 3 1: v1 + v2 = v3 v1.(2 ).
2- m1 m2 m1a1 = 2T m2a2 =

T, T (2 + 2 ). m1v1 = 2m2v2 (1
). v1 = 2m2v3/(4m2 +
m1) v2 = m1v3/(4m2 + m1) (2 ).


1
v1 + v2 = v3 v1 ()
2
2- m1a1 = 2T m2a2 = T
2+2
1 2

m1v1 = 2m2v2
1

v1 = 2m2v3/(4m2 + m1);
2
v2 = m1v3/(4m2 + m1)
3.
H.
, .
.
.
. ,
g.

m M, w .
(1+1 = 2 )
: u1 = (m M)w/(M + m); u2 = 2mw/(M +
m) (1+1 = 2 ). ,
: |u1| = |u2| = u (1
). , M = 3m (1 )
, w = 2u (1).
u2 = 2gH (1 ). w2 = V2 + 2gH =
8gH; V = 6gH. (1+1=2 ).


1+1


u1 = (m M)w/(M + m);
1+1
u2 = 2mw/(M + m)

|u1| = |u2| = u
1
()
M = 3m
1

w = 2u
1
2

u = 2gH
1
2
2

V = w 2gH = 6gH
1

1
V = 6gH.
4. , ,
, P0

T0. T,
. P ?


2P0V = RT0 (2 );
PV = 1RT0(2 );; PV = 2RT (2
);; = 1 + 2 (2 );
P = 2P0T/(T + T0) (2 ).


2
2P0V = RT0
)
)
2+2
PV = 1RT0; PV = 2RT

2
= 1 + 2

P = 2P0T/(T + T0)
2
5.


Uo
.

,
.
?

5-
CUo, C (1 ),
Uo/4 (1 ),
CUo/4 (1 ).
5- (1 ) 4U1-4
= U5 (1 ), U1-4
, U5 5- .
, U5 + CU1-4 = CUo CUo/4
( 3 ). U5 = 0,6Uo, U1-4 = 0,15Uo (3
).
C/4.

U1 = Uo/4
1

qo = CUo; q1 = CUo/4
1+1

1

4U1-4 = U5
1

U5 + CU1-4 = CUo CUo/4 3

U5 = 0,6Uo, U1-4 = 0,15Uo
3

I ()
10 . (27 2013 .)
1.

V U, V > U.
,
L .
2.
. h ,
H.
?
.
3. P 6
,
. ,
, . .
.
4.
.

H .
, .

. x
?
5. R = 3
.
V = 5 /.
?
g 10 /2.

,
!
!

10
10 .
10 .
.
1.

V U, V > U.
,
L .

:
(1).
(2
). Vt
Ut (1 ) (1
).
L (1 ).
y , h ,
Ut/(h y) = L/y Vt/(h + y) = L/y (2 ). , h y,
(V U)t = 2L (1 ) t = 2L/(V U) (1 ).








h y

1
2
Vt Ut
1
1+1
Ut/(h y) = L/y;Vt/(h + y) = L/y 2

(V U)t = 2L
1
t = 2L/(V U)
1

2.
. h ,
H.
?
.

:
v, v
g, (2 ). t
.

, v gt = 0 (2 ).

H h = vt gt2/2 (2 ). y,
y h = vt (2 ). v t,
y = 2H h (2 ). ( ,
, ,
. ,
.)


2
0 v gt = 0
2

) H h = vt gt2/2 ()
1+1
)
y h = vt
1+1
v t, y
y = 2H h
1+1
3. P 6
,
. ,
, . .
.


, . x
. T3, T3 =
kx, k (1).
,
T1 = 3T3 (2 ). T1
,
3T3. y = 3x (1).
, z = 2x (1)
x 3x.
T2 = 2kx = 2T3 (1 ).
T1 + 2T2 + 3T3 = P (1) T1 = 0,3P; T2 = 0,2P; T3 =
0,1P. (3 ).


T3 = kx
1
- T1 = 3T3
1+1

y = 3x
1

z = 2x
1

T2 = 2kx = 2T3
1

T1 + 2T2 + 3T3 = P
1

T1= 0,3P; T2= 0,2P; T3 = 0,1P. 1+1+1

4.
.

H .
, .

. x
?


P = gx (2
). .
y,
, , P = ogy +
ogH ogH = ogy (1+2 = 3 ). x = oy (1 ).
o(y + H) + (x + H) = 2oH (2 ).
x = H(o )/2.

P = gx
,

P=ogy+ ogH ogH = ogy
y x
x = oy

o(y + H) + (x + H) = 2oH
x
x = H(o )/2

2
1
2
1
2
2

5. R = 3
.
V = 5 /.
?
g 10 /2.

t,
gt (1 ).
, U
U2 = V2 + (gt)2 (2 ).
Vt (1
).
2
|R gt /2| (1 ). R2 (Vt)2 = (R gt2/2)2 (1 ).
U2 = 4Rg 3V2 =45 (/)2, U 6,7 / (, , 4 ).


Uy = gt
t
U2 = V2 + (gt)2
) x = Vt
)
y = |R gt2/2|
t2 R2 = x2 + y2
R2 (Vt)2 = (R gt2/2)2
t2, U2 U
t2= 4(R/g +V2/g2); U2 = 4Rg 3V2
=45 (/)2, U 6,7 /

1
2
1
1
1
4

I ()
9 . (27 2013 .)
1. 100 9 .
102 .
1 .
, 1
.
2.

V U. ,

L .
3. 5 12
. V = 0,1 /.
S t = 2 ?
4.
,
.

, .
?

L
F

5. P = 500
. L = 10
,
F = 200 .
x
? ?

, !
!

9
10 .
10 .
.
1. 100 9 .
102 .
1 .
, 1
.


. ( 2 ) V = V1 - Vo = 2 (1 ). = m/V = 4,5
/ (1 + 1 =2 ).
V = V1 + V = 103 (1 ). m = m + m = 109
(1+1 =2 ). = m/V 106 / (1+1 =2 ).


,

(+)



V = V1 Vo = 2
= m/V = 4,5 /
V = V1 + V = 103
m = m + m = 109
= m/V 106 /

1
2
1
2
2

2.

V U. ,

L .

Ut
,
,
L
.
.
Vt
Ut Vt

, . L ,
.
, 2L = (U + V)t t = 2L/(U + V).


1

1

Ut Vt
1
( )
2
, L ()
2
L
2L = (U + V)t ()
2

t = 2L/(U + V)
1
3. 5 12
. V = 0,1 /.
S t = 2 ?

A
B

ABCD,
D
C
A`B`C`D`.
A`
B`
AA`, BB` ,
Vt.
D`
C`

ABCC`D`A`.
ADD`A` DCC`D`.
.
AC ( .),
ACC`A`
ABC A`C`D`.
.
ACC`A`.
,
, .
, AC.
Smax = |AC|Vt + |AB||BC|.
: |AC| = 13 , |AB|
= 12 |BC| = 5 . Smax = 13x10x2 + 12x5 = 320 2.

1 + 1

Vt

- 1


-
2

,
2



|AC| = 13
1
2

Smax=13x10x2+12x5 = 320 2
2
2
. S = ab + Vta + b = 320 2
, ,
. .
-
. , ab, ,
1 . Vta2 + b2 =
260 2 , 6 .
4.
,
.

, .
?

v
(1 ),
(1 ). L t = 2L/v (1
). t + t, t/t = 1/3 (1
). t + t = L/(v u) + L/(v + u)
(2 ).
(t + t)/t = 4/3 = (1/2)(v/(v u) + v/(v + u)) = v2/(v2 u2) (2 + 1 = 3 ).
v2 = 4u2 v/u = 2 (1+1 = 2 ).

1


t = 2L/v
1

1
t + t = (4/3)t ()
t + t = L/(v u) + L/(v + u)
2


3
2
2

v = 4u ; v/u = 2
1+1
L
F

5. P = 500
. L = 10
,
F = 200 .
x
? ?

P,
T,
L
F. ,
T L
. (2
F
x
). :
.
F
P
.
P
F P T
. F P
: F = P.(2 ).
P P x
L, x/L = P/P, x/L = F/P (2 ).
x F, , F
F = F, xmax = LF/P = 4 .

,
( )
F = P.

- - L x
x/L = P/P, x/L = F/P
x . F

xmax
xmax = LF/P = 4

1
1
2
2
1
1
2

I .
7-8 ,

. 10.
7
1) ( ) ,
, .
15, 20 30 ., .
, , 70 ?

!
: 15
(+1).
(+1 ), 15 (.. )
(+2 ). , 15
(+2). - (+2), 35 /
5 / (+2).
, (
), 6 .
2) , . ,
, 60 . , , ,
. , ,
42 ? , , .
: , ,
(+2 ). 2/3 , 40 (+2).
2 20, .. 20/2=10 (+3).
, 10 , (+3).
3) . ,
. - . , ,
, . , -
: 300 , 330 , 360 , 390 , 9.9 .
, , , , , ?
: ,
(+1 ). (+1),
(+1). , 4 3- , ..
( +1 ).
, 100 (+1), 30 , .. 130 (+1).
330 (+2), , , 9900/330=30 (+2).
, 330 , .
4) 200 , .

, 40 .
, ,
, . 20 . ?
, , .
: VC, V, ,
, V. , , (+1 ).

VC = (V 40) + V ( +3 ).
V/2.
, 2V ( +1 ). , ,
:
VC = (V/2 20) + 2V ( +3 ).
( - 2 -), , VC =240 (+2
).

8
1) , . ,
, 50 . ,
41 . , 10 , ?
, , .
: , ,
(+1 ). , , , ,
, 1- (+1). , 50(1-) (+2).
10 , , , .. 50/10
(+2). 50(1-)+5=41 (+2),
.. 45=9, =1/5 (+2). 20%.
2) , 60 /, 72 /.
1 .
, 1 ? .
: T L=2 , (+1).

TV2-TV1= L (+2 ), , T= L/(V2-V1) (+2). (


V2-V1), 5 .
TV2 (+1 ). TV2= LV2/(V2-V1) (+2), 12 (+2).
3) . ,
. - . , ,
, . , -
: 400 , 430 , 460 , 490 , 520 , 9.9 .
, , , , , ?
: ,
(+1 ). (+1),
(+1). , 5 4- , ..
( +1 ).
, 100 (+1), 30 , .. 130 (+1).
330 (+2), , , 9900/330=30 (+2).
4) ,
2 . , ,
. ,
3 ?

: , 2 -
(+1). , ,
, , .. .
2 , 3 (+2).
,
(+1).
, Mg=gV ( , V ) 2 ,
Fa=gV ( =1 /3 ) 5 (+1).
(+1),

, Mg T 2 (+2), =400 /3 (+2).


Fa B 5
5) , .
( ). ,
. 40 ,
50 . ? ,
. ,
.
: , 2 , 1
(+1 ). 2 ,
(+2), . , ,
, (+3), .. 40 .
,
(+2): mCT1+mCT2=2mCT, .. T= (T1+T2)/2
50 , 30 (+2).
,
, , 1 , ,
50 , 30 , 2 .