Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 48

.

III

THE FUTURE CEMETERY:


:
., ... ..

, 2015

3
1. : ,
,

7
1.1.

, ,

7
1.2.

10
1.3.

12
1.4.

18
2.
,
,

.

,
,

25
2.1.

25
2.2.

The
Future
Cemetery
32

42

44

,
/ ,
, . ,
,
, ( , ) ,
, , . ,
,
, [3] ,
, , .
, ,
, . ( , /
) , , /
,
, , ,
, ,
. , ,
,
.
,
,
, , ,
, , , ,
, / ,
,

(: ,
, , , ,
, ). , ,
, , ,
, .

5
,
, , -
. , -----

, ,
. ,
, ,
,
.

, ,
.
, ,
Vincent [33, p.265], , ,
(, , ),
, , ,
.
Death, Memory and Material Culture[25] ,
, ,
.
( ), ( ),
, , , ,

. , [22],
. ,

, ,
. , , ,
: , .

6
, ,
, ,
, , ,
, , , .

, ,
(, , ,
) , ,
, .
: ,
, ,

,
The Future Cemetery.
:
- ,

- ,

-
-


- The Future Cemetery

: The Future Cemetery.


: , , .

7
,
, ,
,
, .

: ,
,


1.1.

, ,


, , , ,
: ,
, . ,
, , ,
, , ,
, . [9]
,
,
[3], , ,
( ) ,
, , ,
, , ..
( ) ,
.
, ,
, ,
.
, .
,
,

, () ,
.
,
,

9
. , , ,
- .
, , , :
-

, ,
.
, , ,

(memento

mori,

16-17 ), , ,
, .
.
(,
, ). , ,
(, );
(, ),
()[1].

. ,
(,
()).

, ,

, ,
. [1] , , ,
,
: , , ,
. , [10],
( ( )
, , (
,
).

10
, ,
, , :
,

. ,

, ,
, / / .
,

. ,
, ,
.
Seremetakis, , ,
, .
, , , ,
,
. ,
, .
, ,
[30, p.9]. ,
,
[30, p.7].
, ,
. ,
, ,
, ( , .).
.
, ,
/ .

11
1.2.

, , , (
.
, .
, , .
, [11],
,
, .
, , .
, , ,
, .
,
( ).
, ,
.
, [31].
, , ,
, , ,
, .
,
, ,
, .

XVIII .
, ,
.
, , 2
: , , ,
/ [20, 1990 p.14].
, . ,
/, , ,

12
, , .
, , .

/ , .

XVI . 1 ,
,
,
( ,
)

. , , ,
, ,
/
, 2.
1
, ,
() (, ,
, , ,
, (
, , , ,
, ,
), 6
, )) ,
.
, , ,
( , , ).
2 : ,
( ), , ,
, , ,
, ,
, , .

13
, ,
,
, ( )
.

, , - ,

( ). ,
, (
, ).

14
1.3
,
, .
.
, , ,
( ) XVIII XIX .
, - ,
,
: (
). : ,
,
. .
, ,
, , , .
, . ?

. ,
, , , ,
, ,
, . ,
, , ,
,
.
30 ,

,
Dying, Death and Grief : ,
/ ,
650 , , , . [32].
, The Revival of Death, ,
, , ,
<> ,

15
, [35].
,
.
, , ,
, ,
. , ,
, , . ,
, , .
, , ,
. Brendan ONeill [39],
, .
,
, , , [5].

, , ,
ONeill
, [39].
,
memento mori, ,
, ,
, ( ,
) .
Brendan ONeill3 , Guardian,
,
,
,
.
, , ,
, .
, ,
,
3http://www.spiked-online.com/newsite/article/Weeping-for-Peaches-ersatz-griefgone-mad/14915#.VTZwiyHtmko

16
( ,
). ,
, , .
,
, . [42]
The Dust of Death [23] ,
, .
, ,
, , ,
,
. ,
.
,
, . ,
, ,
.
, [24] [1], ,
,
, ,
, , .

,
,
, . , ,
[24],
.
, , , , , ,

,

.
, (
, ) ,
[4].

17
Modern Death: Taboo or not Taboo [34],
, , ,
, , , ,
,
[34, p.295].
TEDxBristol 4 ,
,
, . ,
, , ,
, , , ,
,
( / - .
).
, ,
. ,
, . ,
- . ,
, ,
, [34, p.301].

, , ,
.
, , ,
,
, ,
,
, . -
, : - ,
,
, [4]

4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N_hZPu9BkWw

18
. ,
,
.
[4] ,
: , , , ,
, .. ,
, ,
, , ,
. :
( )
, (
),
, , ,
.
, .
, .
, .
, /,
,
, .[4]
: I
( ) Me ( )
, ,
, [18].
[4]. -
.
, (
) - ( ).
,
. Death, Memory and Material Culture
[25] , ,
,

19
, ,
- ,
,
, .
, ,
-,
.
. ,
.
, , ,
, .
, ,
, ,
, .

20
1.4
,
. ,
[10].
, ,
.
, (. . )
, , ..,
.
(
): .
,
,
.
, ,

, .
,
.
,
, , , . , , ,
, ,
[14],
.
, , [11],
. ,
, ,
( , ), ,
, , - .
,
,
. <>

21
, . <>
, , ,
[13].
-
, ,
, , , ,
[11].
, :
, - ,
( , ,
), ,
. ,
, , , ,
, .
.
, -
, : -,
, , . - ,
, .
, , ,
.
, ,
, , , . ,
, , ,
- ,
, , ,
, , ,
, ( ). ,
, <>
[11]. , , ,
/ .
, , , ,

22
[13, c.34].
, . ,

. , , .
, ,
,
( ).
, ,
[8].
,
, ,
( -- ) ,
, , .
,
.

.[7].

, . ,
( ) <>
, ,
[7].
(,
, ),

, (
),
( ).

, , ,
, .
,

23
, .
, , . , ,
- , ,
.
,
, , , , (
). , , , , ,
, ,
, , , ,
. [15] ,
.
, ,
, , .
, .
, - // ,
, ,
, , , .
,
, [13].
, , ,
, .
, , (,
, .)
. [2]
, .
, , - ,
, , ,
, , ,
. , , ,
( ) .

24


, .

. , , ,
, ,
. , - .
, ,

<>. (
) ,
. ,
[6]. , , ,
( ) ,
() - , ,
, , : ,
, : [6].
,
, ,
,
, , , ,
..
. .


, ,
, . [36]. Casey E. S., Remembering, Bloomington
Indiana [21, p.2] ,

, .
,
. ,

25
. ,
,

,
,
,
.
, , ,
[27].
- , ,
,
,
.
,

.)

(,

.

. ,
.
, , .
, , , .
.
, ,
[27],
( ) , ,
,
,
, , .

.

/, . ,
,

26
, ,
- [26].
,
. , [29]
, ,
, ,
.

27
, ,

.

, ,
.
2.1.


, , , ,
[37],
( ).
, ,
,
, .
, .
, 1700 .
, ,
, ,
.
3 . 18
,

, , , ,

5. 1786 [37]
6
, -,
. -,

5 2 6 ,
. [41]

28
7,

, , ,
, .
1800 , . Mount Auburn
, ,
, , ,
. XX , ,
. ,
. 1917
,

. , ,
.
[41],
, ,
. ,
, ,
. ,
. 19
, .
. ,
, .

6 780 ,
, , ,
6 . [43]
7 Highgate

29
, (, 8,
, -
, ,
,
), ,
, .
, , .
. XIX ,
, - Forest Lawn Memorial Park,

, , , .
,
, ,
.

,

.
,
, , , .
[9]
,
,

, , ,
,
. , ,
, .
, ,
/ ,
8 Highgate XIX
, ,
. 41

30
. ,
, ,
, .
, ,
, ,
.. ,
,

,
.
, , . ,
, , .
:
,
, , .
, , :
, , ,
,
, .

. , ,
, ,
. , ,
,
,
[12].
, ,
, . , 19-20
,
. /
,
, .

90 [19].

31
,
,
. ,
.
: ,
, ,
., , ,
. ( ,
),
, ,
: , , , ,
.
, , ,
.

, 1917 .
,
, , . ,
, , 9,
, , ,
, , ..

, , ,
.
, ,
. 1917 .

. ,
, ()
.
. ,
9 http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/traditsii-i-innovatsii-v-sfere-pohoronnogo-dela#_=_

32
, , ,
.
, 1919 .
, , .
,

.
, ,
,
. ,
,
, ,
, . 90 ,
,
.
.

.
. [12]
, ,
, , , ,
, ,
, , ,
, ,
, .
, , .

, ,
, ,
, , , .
,
, ,
. , ,

33
, , (
, ),
, ,
, ,
. , ,
, , , ,
.

34
2.2.
The Future Cemetery
,
, . ,
, , , ,
, ,
.
,
,
.
,
, ,
.
.

, ,
(
, ). ,


. ,
. ,
.
. ,
[16]:

(,

),

, ,
.
,

: , ,
sacredness

35
[28]. Sacredness ,
.
, sacredness
,
, , , ,
. ,
, -
, .
, , :
.
,
,
, ,
, , . ,
, ,
.
,
, [17]
. , ,
: .
. <>
, ,
[17].
, ,
: , ,
. , <>
,
, .
,
, .
, ,
, , ,
- , [38].

36
, -. ,
,
: ,
, - , , ,
. ,
, ,
. ,
. Fort Collins ,
,
.

---

()

10.
Arnos Vale, ,
,
. , , ,
, , , , -
, Arnos Vale. ,
1839 ,
2003,
, ,
,
Arnos Vale .

,
, .
,
. , Urban Death Project 11
, ,
,
, .
10 http://www.computerra.ru/15458/kladbishhe-kak-istochnik-chistoy-energii/
11 http://www.urbandeathproject.org/

37
.
, ,
,
, , .
,
.
. , ,
, :
.
,
[11], . ,
, ,
.
, ,
,
The Future Cemetery. -, ,
, , . ,

. , ,
, - ,
, . , ,
, ,
.
2012 2015, Arnos Vale
The Future Cemetery12.
The Future Cemetery ,
13, Arnos Vale Calling
12 http://www.bath.ac.uk/cdas/research/future-cemetery-project/
13 John Troyer
(University Of Bath,).

38
The Shots14( Arnos Vale ),
, ,
,
.
,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
,
, ,
,
.
, 2
.
1. , .
2. .
, -
, ( ,
, ) ,

. The Future Cemetery
, , ,
,
. , ,
, ,
, 15. ,
, [22].
14 , .

, ,

15 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ayaDlizcAI

39
, ,
,
, site specific performances, ,
,
. ,
,
.
,
,
(
, ,
, .

( ) ,
, . ,
, , . ,
, .

, .
16, 17,
, 18, ,
, ,
.
19, :
( ),

16 http://www.memoriam.ru/forum/viewtopic.php?f=61&t=15596
17 https://www.facebook.com/SurviveYourGrief
18 http://plonedemo.com/sample-content/parent/Survive-the-Death-of-Your-Child
19 http://vechnosnami.ru/

40
( ,
, , , ,
..), , , ,

, ,
, , .

, , ,
.
. ,
,
(20 , ,
..; - 21 .).
:
22, ,
.
,
, .
23, , .

20http://vechnosnami.ru/forum/24----/186-%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%BB
%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B5.htm

21http://vechnosnami.ru/forum/24----/4270-%D0%BA%D1%83%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BD
%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5-%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%86%D0%B5%D0%BF
%D1%82%D1%8B-%D0%B1%D1%83%D0%B4%D1%8C%D0%B7%D0%B0%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%B4%D0%B0-%D1%81%D1%8B
%D1%82%D1%8B%D0%BC.html

22

http://vechnosnami.ru/statya-dnevnik-blog/entry/7-%D0%BD%D0%BE

%D0%B2%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B8/892-%D0%BC
%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8B%D0%B4%D0%BB%D1%8F-%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%BD
%D1%82%D0%B0-%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B9-%D0%BA
%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8B.html

41

, ,
,
,
.
,
.
, , ,
. ,
, , ,
, .
,
. Twitter, Facebook,
,
. ,
, ,
, ,
. Twitter, Facebook
, ,
, ,
. ,
24. ,
, , ,
( , )
, , , ,
, .
23 http://vechnosnami.ru/users-news/9649-olga-shajmardanova/profile.html
24
( ) 37000

online.com/newsite/article/Weeping-for-Peaches-ersatz-grief-gonemad/14915#.VUKY_yHtmkr

http://www.spiked-

42
, , ,
. ,
,
, ,
.
, ,
,
. user generated
context [40].

, , ,
( )
.
,

,
. , ,
, (, ,
), , , ,
Infotainment.
,
,
. ,
, , ,
.
, ,
, ;
, The Future Cemetery,
, , ,
. ,
. ,
, , ,

43
. , , ,
, ,
, , ,
.
Facebook,
- , ,
, , , :

, . , The Future
Cemetery
.
, , The Future Cemetery
,
.
,
.
,
, , ,
, , ,
, , ,
,
.
,
, ,
[11].

44



.
,
, ,
.

, ,
, , ,
. ,
,
, ,
.
, , ,
, , ,
.
,
( , ,
)
, .

The Future Cemetery, ,
, ,

. ,

, , , ,
, ,
.

45
,
. ,
. Do it
your way [35] ,
, .

46

1. , . , .: , -,
1992. 520.
2. , . , .: ,
2012. 128.
3. , .; , . . 1965.
.: Academia-, , 1995. 323.
4. , . V. . :
, .: , 2000. 387 . . 232 - 324
5. , . . . . .. . :
[..], 2013. 204.
6. , . , .: , 2011. 136.
7. , .

: . . , .: , 2009, c. 56-68
8. , . . : .
. . . . / . .,
., . . . . . . . .: +, 1998. 432. .174
231
9. , .; , .
.
, 2010, 3, 1.
10. , . . : ,
: [..], 1992. . 200-202
11. , . . : -, .: . . , 1999, . 17-50.
12. , .
,

.:

, . 7, 4. 2009. . 80 96
13. , . . . .
.. . .: , 2007. 348.
14. , . 1970.
[online].

01

2015,

15:00.

http://magazines.russ.ru/nz/2011/3/al3.html
15. , .

. [online]. [ 01 2015]. :
http://www.philol.msu.ru/~forlit/Pages/Biblioteka_Benjamin.htm

47
16. , . :
? [online]. [ 01 2015, 15:00].
: http://cmb.rsuh.ru/article.html?id=66602
17. , . : . [online]. [ 01

2015,

15:00].

http://nebokakcofe.ru/

%D1%87%D0%B0%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B5-%D0%B8%D0%BF%D1%83%D0%B1%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%BE
%D0%B5-%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%82%D1%8C-%D0%B8%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BC%D1%8F%D1%82%D1%8C/
18. [..]. , . [online]. [ 01 2015, 15:00].

http://www.krugosvet.ru/enc/gumanitarnye_nauki/sociologiya/MID_DZHORDZH_G
ERBERT.html?page=0,0
19. [..], , [online]. [ 01 2015, 14:00].
: http://bigpicture.ru/?p=625413
20. CARRUTHERS, M. J. The Book of Memory: A Study in Memory in Medieval
Culture, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990
21. CASEY, E. S., Remembering, Bloomington, Indiana: UP, 1987
22. FOUCAULT. M. Of Other Spaces, Heterotopias. Architecture, Mouvement,
Continuit, October 1984, vol. 5, pp. 46-49.
23. GUINNESS, O. The Dust of Death: The Sixties Counterculture and How It Changed
America Forever. Wheaton: Crossway, 1994
24. GORER, G. The Pornography of Death. Encounter, 1955, October, p. 49-52
25. HALLAM, E.; and HOCKEY, J. Death Memory and Material Culture. Oxford: Begr,
2001
26. KANT, I. Critique of Pure Reason, Part I. In.: Transcendental Aesthetics, Cambridge,
Cambridge UP, 1997
27. MARTELLA, G. Dislocations of Memory: (post)modern narrative, Urbino:
University of Urbino
28. RUGG, J. Defining the place of burial: what makes a cemetery a cemetery?. Mortality,
2000, Vol. 5, No. 3. P. 260 275
29. SEBALD, W. G., The Emigrants, London: Vintage, 2002
30. SEREMETAKIS, C. N. The senses still: Perception and Memory as Material Culture
in Modernity, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1994
31. SKULTANS, V. The Testimony of Lives: Narrative and memory in post-Soviet Latvia,
London: Routledge, 1998
32. SIMPSON, M. Dying, death and grief; a critically annotated bibliography and source
book of thanatology and terminal care. London & New York: Plenum Press, 1979

48
33. VINCENT, G. A History of Secrets. In: PROST, A.; and VINCENT, G. A History of
Private Life. V. Riddles of Identity in Modern Times. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of
Harvsrd University Press, 1991, 640p.
34. WALTER, T. Modern Death: Taboo or not Taboo?.Sociology, 1991, Vol. 25, 2. P.
293 310
35. WALTER, T. The Revival of Death. London & New York: Routledge, 1994
36. YATES, F. The Art of Memory, London: Routledge, 1966
37. GAZIS-SAX, J. A Brief History of Cemeteries [online]. [ 01 2015,
14:00]. : http://www.alsirat.com/silence/history.html
38. HARNIK,P.; and MEROLLI, A. Cemeteries Alive. Graveyards are resurging as green
spaces for the public [online]. [ 01 2015, 14:00].
: http://cloud.tpl.org/pubs/ccpe-cemetery-parks-article-2.pdf
39. ONEILL B. Weeping For Peaches: Ersatz Grief Gone Mad. [online]. [
01

2015,

14:00].

http://www.spiked-

online.com/newsite/article/Weeping-for-Peaches-ersatz-grief-gonemad/14915#.VUIqoiHtmkp
40. LYON, D. Surveillance, Snowden, and Big Data: Capacities, consequences, critique
[online].

01

2015,

14:00].

http://bds.sagepub.com/content/spbds/1/2/2053951714541861.full.pdf
41. TAYLOR, T. Beyond the Grave (2000), [online]. [ 01 2015].
: http://www.prairieghosts.com/grave_history.html
42. [..]. The Avoidance of Death in Our Modern World. [online]. [ 01
2015, 14:00]. : http://www.christianity.co.nz/life_death3.htm
43. [..], [online]. [ 01
2015,

14:00].

http://parisweb.ru/dostoprimechatelnosti/katakomby-paris.html