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. . .

LC-
-

, 010800 , 010400 010801
, 010802 ,
090106 .


2010

534.015
236.351+841-017
73
73 LC- : . . .
- . : , 2010. 23 .
: . .-. ., . . .
, LC-. , - - . .


.
:

,
..-.., . .

534.015
236.351+841-017

1.

. (). , , () . , , , .

2.
, ,
, . , ,
,
, .
,
, : , .
, , LC . . 2.1, : Z ( p ) , G ( p )
, Z ( p) Z ( p )
, , p i , .
-, - . , .
3

. 2.1
, - (.
. 2.2), .
V0

Z/2

I0
Z0

Z/2

Vn

Z/2

u0

Vn+1

Z/2

In+1

In
G

Z/2

Z/2

VN

IN
G

ZN

. 2.2
Vn I n , n , :
Z
In ,
2
Z
u0 Vn 1 I n 1,
2
Gu0 I n I n 1.

Vn u0

(2.1)

u0 Vn 1 I n 1 , :
Vn 1 a11 ( p)Vn a12 ( p ) I n ,
(2.2)
I n 1 a21Vn a22 ( p ) I n ,

a11 1 12 GZ , a12 Z (1 14 GZ ),
a21 G, a22 1

1 GZ .
2

(2.3)

. ,
2
a11 a22 , a11
a12 a21 1 ,
(2.4)
. , ,
. , - . - (2.2)
a11 1 12 GZ ,

a12 Z ,

1
a21 G (1 GZ ), a22 1 12 GZ .
4

(2.5)

, - .
(2.2)

V0 I 0 Z 0 , VN Z N I N .

(2.6)

, (2.2) (2.6),
:
)

) .
,
(2.2) , N .

3.
,
N . (2.1) () n n
n n m ,

m . (2.1)

Vn Ae in , I n B e in ,

(3.1)

n 0, 1, 2, ... , , .

( A 0, B 0 )

A(e i a11 ) Ba12 0,


Aa21 B(e

a22 ) 0,

(3.2)

(3.1) (2.2).
(3.2), , (2.4),
2
(e i a11 ) 2 a11
1 0

cos a11 .

(3.3)
(3.4)

, (3.4), ( i ).
( ) ,
.

2 / ,

min n1 n2 ,

(3.5)
(3.6)

n1 n2 , . a11 , (3.4)

. . , ( Im Im 0 ), ( V ) ( V ) :


d
, V
.

d
( )

(3.7)

(3.4)
( ) ( ) . :

(3.8)

(3.2),

B Gx A , B Gx A ,

(3.9)

1/ 2

a
Gx 21
a12

(3.10)

. Gx ,

1/ 2

a
Z x 12
a21

(3.11)

.
2, ( (3.4)) . ,
, 0 ( ).
.
,

sin ch sin ish cos ,


sin sin .

(3.12)
(3.13)

, (3.3), ,

, (2.3),

2
1 a11
0,

(3.14)

1
GZ (1 GZ ) 0 .
(3.15)
4
. , ,
(3.11) .
sin 0 , , sin i sh .
(3.4),
2
sh a11
1 .

(3.16)

4.
, N
- , (2.2) (2.6).

Vn A1 e i A2 ei ,

(4.1)

I n B1 e i B2 ei .

, (3.9),
Vn A1 e i A2 ei ,
I n Gx ( A1 e

(4.2)

A2 e ).

(2.6),
A1 A2 :
(1 Z 0Gx ) A1 (1 Z 0Gx ) A2 0,
(1 Z N Gx ) e

iN

A1 (1 Z N Gx ) e

iN

A2 0.

(4.3)

, A1 A2 ,

1 0N e 2iN 0 ,

(4.4)

A1
1 Z 0Gx

,
A2
1 Z 0Gx
A2 eiN

1 Z N Gx

iN
1

Z
G
A1 e
N x
.
(3.4)
(4.4), ()
. ,
, . , .
.
( Z Lp, G Cp ), ( Z 0 0 , 0 1) ( Z N ,
0 1 ).
, ,
1
cos 1 p 2 LC ,
(4.5)
2
e 2iN 1.
(4.6)
N

(4.6)
(2m 1)
.
2N
(m 1, 2, ...N )

(4.7)

(4.5), m ,
()

2
sin m .
2
LC

(4.8)


. ,
, .
,
, . .
n. , (4.3), A2 A1 , (4.2)

(4.7) m- ()
:

Vn( m) A2 m

i ( 2 m 1) n
(e 2 N

i ( 2 m 1) n
2N
e

) Cm sin

(2m 1)n
,
2N

(4.9)

Cm 2iA2m ,

Cm m ei m . eimt
,
-
Un

m sin

m 1

(2m 1)n
cos(mt m ).
2N

(4.10)

m m .
(4.10), m .
m , .

5.
, , ,
E E0 cos t r0 (.
. 5.1).
.
(2.2), :

V0 E0 r0 Z 0 , VN Z N I N .

10

(5.1)

V0

Z/2

Z/2

Vn

Z/2

I0
r0

u0

In
G

Z/2

Vn+1

Z/2

Z/2

In+1

VN

IN

ZN

E0 cos t

. 5.1
(4.2) (5.1),
(1 r0Gx ) A1 (1 r0Gx ) A2 E0 ,
(1 Z N Gx ) e

iN

A1 (1 Z N Gx ) e

iN

(5.2)

A2 0.

1 2
A1

1 0
E0
,

2 1 0N e 2iN

(5.3)

1 0 E0N e 2iN
A2
.

2 1 0N e 2iN

(5.3) (4.2),
Vn In - :

Vn
In

1 0
E0 e in

1 N e 2i N n ,
iN

2 1 0N e
in

E0 e
1 0

Gx 1 N e 2i N n .

2
iN

2 1 0N e

(5.4)

(5.4) ,
,
( ). , , . .
Im m 0 .
im
) (5.4) .
( m m
11

, . ,
/ m
1 , m
,

/ m
.
Qm m
(5.5)
,
, ,
.
: - () - ().
,
, ..
VN 1 0 1 N e iN
W
.

E0
2 1 0N e 2iN

(5.6)

A( ) W ( ) ,

(5.7)

( ) argW ( ) .

(5.8)

, .
A( ) ( ) , ,
(. . 0 N ).
A( )

1 0
1 N
.

2 2
2
1 0N cos 2 N 0 N

(5.9)

,
( 0 N 0 ), A( ) 1 / 2 , . . .
( 0 0 ), 12

( N 0 ), A( ) (1 N ) / 2 A( ) (1 0 ) / 2 , .
.
,
, ( ) :
( ) N ( ) .

(5.10)

. . N .


.
,
, - .
u N ( ) A1 ( ) ei[( )t N ( )] .

(5.11)

, , ,
,
( ) ,
:
d
( ) ()
.
(5.12)
d

(5.11)
u N ( ) A1 ( ) ei[t N ()]e

i (t N

d
)
d .

(5.13)

, Nd
N N
. . . d / d d
, .

13

6.
6.1. ()

. 6.1.
0 (
).
Z iL, G iC .
(6.1.1)
L/2

L/2

L
C/2

C/2

. 6.1
(. . 6.2)

2
1 cos .
LC

(6.1.2)

,
|u |
,
2
u =
. . .
LC

. 2 / ,
max min 2 .
w ,
-p
-2p
p
2p
. 0

. 6.2

.
, (3.15),
14

4

LC
2

2
( 2 1).

(6.1.3)

, -

Z xT 1 2 ,

Z x

1 2

.
(6.1.4)

( L / C )
Z x

Z x

. 6.3
. 6.3.

, C

(6.1.5)


/ 0

(6.1.6)


. 6.4.

1,15
1
0

0,5
. 6.4

15

6.2. ()

. 6.5.
.
Z 1 / iC, G 1 / iL .

2C

2C

(6.2.1)

2L

L
-

2L

. 6.5
.

1
.
2 LC 1 cos

(6.2.2)

( ) . 6.6.
|u |

u =
-2p

-p

2 LC

2p

. 6.6

16

1
2

4 LC

0 ( 2 1).

(6.2.3)

, -

Z xT 1

1
,
2

Z x

2 1

(6.2.4)

( L / C )
. 6.7.
Z x

Z x

. 6.7

1
, C
.
2
2

(6.2.5)

1
2

(6.2.6)


. 6.8.
1

. 6.8

17

6.3.

. 6.9.
1 2 .
L1/2 2C1 2C1 L1/2

C1

C2

L2

L1

C2
2 2L2

2L2

C2
2

. 6.9

Z iL1 1 / iC1, G iC2 1 / iL2 .

(6.3.1)

:
f ( 2 ) sin 2

f ( )

(6.3.2)

( L1C1 2 1)( L2C2 2 1)

(6.3.3)

4 2 L2C1
(.

f ( 2 )

0 sin 2

6.10).

1 ,

1
1 / L1C1

22

1
L1C1

1
2 . L2C2

L1 C1
1
1

0 ,

L2 C2
L1C1
L2C2

1 / L2C2

12

. 6.10

18

.
2
0

1
sin

.
2
2
2
0

(6.3.4)

. 6.11.

( 1 1), 2 0 ( 1 1) .

(6.3.5)

0
1

0
. 6.11

0
4 .

(6.3.6)

, -

Z x

0
, Z x
1

4 0

19

4 0

(6.3.7)

L2 / C1 .
. 6.12.
Z x

Z x

. 6.12
:

L (2 1)
, L2 1
,

0
2 1

202
1
2
1
, C2 C1
C1 2 2
(2 1)
0 L1 2 12
L1

(6.3.7)

L2
L1

.
C1
C1

,
, ,
.
,
, . ,
.

. ,
. -

20


.
-
, .
.
.

1. L, C N, ,
- - .
.
2.
, , .
, .
3.
. , .
.

1. ?
2. ? .
3. ? ?
4. ?
5. , ,
? ?
6. ? ?
7. ? ?
8.
? ?
9. , - , - ?
10. , , ?
11. ? ?
21

1. . . . .: , 1955.
2. . . . .: , 1972,
30-32.
3. . . . .-.: , 1951.
4. . . .: , 1974.
5. . . .: , 1979.

22

.
1. .

2.

3. ..

4. ..

5 . 10
6. 14
6.1. () 14
6.2. ().

16

6.3 .

18

...

20

21

21
...

23

22

LC-


. .. .
603950, , . , 23.

. 6084 1/16.
. . .
. .
. -. .

. 100 .

. ..
603600, . , . , 37
18-0099 14.05.01