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SIGMA

BY:
Siddharth
Roll No : 143254

SIGMA
COMPARATOR

SIGMA
COMPARATOR

Consists of a plunger mounted on


two flat steel springs
The assembly provides a frictionless
movement with a restraint from the
springs.
The cross strip hinge is formed by
pieces of flat steel springs arranged
at right angles.
The moving block carries a light Yforked arms.
A thin phosphor bronze ribbon is
fastened to the ends of the forked
arms and wrapped around a small
drum, mounted on a spindle
carrying the pointer.

SIGMA
Vertical
COMPARATOR
displacement
of the
measuring plunger
and that of the knife
edge causes the
rotation of the Y
arms.
The metallic band
attached to the arms
makes the driving
drum and hence the
pointer to rotate.

SIGMA COMPARATOR
The instrument is available with vertical capacities of 150

mm, 300 mm and 600 mm and magnifications of


500,1000,1500,3000 and 5000. The scales are graduated
in both English and Metric systems.
The least count which one division represents is of the
order of 0.25 microns.
Advantage :
It has got a bold scale and larger indicating pointer.

Disadvantages :
Due to motion of the parts, there is wear in the moving parts.
It is not as sensitive as optical or other types of comparators
due to friction being
present in the moving parts.