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PACIFIC VALVES

ACTUATORS & ACCESSORIES

Subject Index

 Thrust, Torque, & Rimpull Calculations 2 Thrust & Torque Reference Data 3-8 Bevel Gear Actuators, Sizing & Dimensions 9-11 Remote Actuators 12, 13 NEMA Area Classifications 14 Chain Wheels 15 Extensions Stems & Floor Stands 15 Impact Handwheel Adapters 16 Locking Devices 16 Bypasses 17 Drain & Bleed Connections 18

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Actuators and Accessories

Determining Thrust, Torque and Rimpull

The three major forces involved in valve actuation are thrust, torque and rimpull. Below is a brief description and formula used to determine each of the three forces for a particular valve application. See pages 3 through 7 for reference data to be used with Pacific gate, globe and stop-check valves to determine thrust, torque and rimpull for a particular application. These pages also show torque for differential pressures at full and half maximum cold working pressure for carbon steel valves.

Thrust is the purely linear push-pull force involved in seating and unseating a valve. It is determined using the following valve and application criteria:

A – The valve seat diameter. If the valve seat diameter is not known, the port diameter can be assumed to be the seat diameter for estimating purposes.

B – The maximum differential pressure across the valve seat. The most common method of determining maximum differential pressure across the valve seats is to assign the maximum design or operating pressure the upstream value P1 and assume a downstream pressure P2 of 0 PSIG.

C –The valve stem diameter.

These criteria are used in the thrust calculation which is the sum of the following forces. Unit of measure is Ibs. of thrust.

Torque is a rotary force. For gate and globe valve applications which have acme threaded rising stems driven by a drive nut, torque is conversion of thrust from a purely linear force, utilizing the mechanical advantage of a screw to achieve linear movement. The stem factor used to convert thrust to torque is a function of the acme thread characteristics of the valve stem and drive nut (yokesleeve). Pages AA-3 thru AA-7 contain stem factors for Pacific gate, globe and stop-check valves. Once seating or unseating thrust has been calculated, the torque can be obtained by the formula:

PVAA-0198 Rev. 4

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3201 Walnut Avenue Long Beach, CA 90807 Tel: 562.426.2531 • Fax: 562.595.9717 www.cranevalve.com

Actuators and Accessories

Thrust & Torque Data Bolted Bonnet Gate Valves

 Valve Reference Data Total Thrust Torque Seat Area Stem Dia. Stem Factor Half ANSI cwp (lbf) Full ANSI cwp (lbf) Half ANSI cwp (lbf) Full ANSI cwp (lbf) Size Class (sq. in) (in) 1.5 150 1.800 0.875 0.0078 1913 2075 15 16 2 150 3.100 0.875 0.0078 1968 2186 15 17 2.5 150 4.900 0.875 0.0078 2045 2340 16 18 3 150 7.100 0.875 0.0078 2139 2528 17 20 4 150 12.600 1.125 0.0099 2930 3611 29 36 6 150 28.300 1.125 0.0099 3601 4953 36 49 8 150 50.300 1.375 0.0115 5112 7474 59 86 10 150 78.550 1.375 0.0115 6317 9885 73 114 12 150 113.100 1.625 0.0131 8381 13511 110 177 14 150 137.900 1.625 0.0131 9441 15632 124 205 16 150 182.700 2.000 0.0155 12258 20516 190 318 18 150 233.700 2.000 0.0155 14438 24877 224 386 20 150 291.000 2.000 0.0155 16888 29776 262 462 24 150 424.500 2.500 0.0191 23847 42694 456 816 30 150 671.900 3.000 0.0223 35731 65462 798 1463 36 150 969.000 3.000 0.0223 48432 90864 1082 2030 1.5 300 1.800 0.875 0.0078 2172 2595 17 20 2 300 3.100 0.875 0.0078 2317 2883 18 22 2.5 300 4.900 0.875 0.0078 2516 3283 20 25 3 300 7.100 0.875 0.0078 2761 3771 21 29 4 300 12.600 1.125 0.0099 4016 5783 40 57 6 300 28.300 1.375 0.0115 6441 10132 74 116 8 300 50.300 1.375 0.0115 8883 15016 102 173 10 300 78.500 1.625 0.0131 12731 22212 167 291 12 300 113.100 1.625 0.0131 16572 29893 217 392 14 300 137.900 2.000 0.0155 20469 36939 318 573 16 300 182.700 2.000 0.0155 25442 46884 395 728 18 300 227.000 2.000 0.0155 30360 56719 471 880 20 300 283.500 2.500 0.0191 38285 71570 732 1368 24 300 424.500 2.500 0.0191 53936 102872 1031 1967 30 300 672.000 3.500 0.0261 85152 163305 2220 4257 36 300 942.000 3.500 0.0261 115122 223245 3001 5820 1.5 600 1.800 0.875 0.0078 2595 3439 20 27 2 600 3.100 0.875 0.0078 2883 4016 22 31 2.5 600 - - - - - - - 3 600 7.100 1.125 0.0099 4562 6874 45 68 4 600 12.600 1.125 0.0099 5783 9316 57 92 6 600 28.300 1.625 0.0131 11068 18885 145 248 8 600 48.700 1.625 0.0131 15596 27943 204 366 10 600 74.700 2.000 0.0155 22908 41817 356 649 12 600 108.400 2.000 0.0155 30390 56780 472 881 14 600 130.200 2.500 0.0191 37537 70075 718 1340 16 600 170.900 2.500 0.0191 46573 88145 890 1685 18 600 213.846 2.500 0.0191 56107 107213 1073 2050 20 600 261.597 3.000 0.0223 69306 132612 1549 2963 24 600 380.113 3.000 0.0223 95617 185233 2136 4139 30 600 590.853 3.500 0.0261 145290 283580 3787 7392 36 600 851.242 3.500 0.0261 203096 399193 5294 10406 1.5 900 1.800 0.875 0.0078 3017 4284 23 33 2 900 3.100 1.000 0.0091 3904 5808 35 53 2.5 900 4.900 1.125 0.0099 4985 7720 49 76 3 900 6.500 1.125 0.0099 5518 8786 55 87 4 900 11.800 1.375 0.0115 8328 13906 96 160 6 900 26.000 1.625 0.0131 14210 25171 186 330 8 900 44.200 1.875 0.0147 21534 39318 317 579 10 900 71.000 2.250 0.0175 32557 60614 570 1061 12 900 100.000 2.250 0.0191 43749 82499 836 1577 14 900 117.895 2.500 0.0191 49708 94417 950 1805 1.5 1500 1.500 0.875 0.0078 3698 5645 29 44 2 1500 2.800 1.000 0.0091 5011 8022 46 73 2.5 1500 4.000 1.125 0.0099 6315 10379 62 103 3 1500 6.000 1.250 0.0107 8108 13716 87 147 4 1500 10.300 1.375 0.0115 11225 19701 129 227 6 1500 22.700 1.875 0.0147 21481 39212 316 577 8 1500 38.500 2.250 0.0175 33263 62026 582 1086 10 1500 60.000 2.500 0.0191 47440 89879 907 1719 12 1500 84.500 3.000 0.0223 66057 126114 1476 2818 14 1500 101.600 3.000 0.0223 75560 145121 1688 3243

3201 Walnut Avenue Long Beach, CA 90807 Tel: 562.426.2531 • Fax: 562.595.9717 www.cranevalve.com

PVAA-0198 Rev. 4

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Actuators and Accessories

Thrust & Torque Data Bolted Bonnet Globe Valves

 Valve Reference Data Total Thrust Torque Seat Area Stem Dia. Stem Factor Half ANSI cwp (lbf) Full ANSI cwp (lbf) Half ANSI cwp (lbf) Full ANSI cwp (bf) Size Class (sq. in) (in.) 1.5 150 1.800 0.750 0.0066 1845 2190 12 14 2 150 3.100 0.750 0.0066 2049 2598 14 17 2.5 150 4.900 0.875 0.0074 2604 3458 19 26 3 150 7.100 1.000 0.0091 3225 4450 29 40 4 150 12.600 1.125 0.0099 4367 6483 43 64 6 150 28.300 1.250 0.0107 7111 11722 76 125 8 150 50.300 1.500 0.0123 11136 19273 137 237 10 150 78.500 1.625 0.0131 15850 28451 208 373 12 150 113.100 2.000 0.0155 22176 40352 344 626 14 150 135.229 2.000 0.0155 25645 47290 398 734 1.5 300 1.800 0.750 0.0066 2396 3292 16 22 2 300 3.100 0.750 0.0066 2925 4350 19 29 2.5 300 4.900 0.875 0.0074 3967 6184 29 46 3 300 7.100 1.000 0.0091 5180 8361 47 76 4 300 12.600 1.125 0.0099 7746 13242 77 131 6 300 28.300 1.375 0.0115 14818 26885 170 309 8 300 50.300 1.500 0.0123 24126 45252 297 557 10 300 78.500 2.000 0.0155 37112 70224 576 1090 12 300 113.100 2.500 0.0191 52848 100696 1010 1925 1.5 600 1.800 0.750 0.0066 3292 5084 22 34 2 600 3.100 1.000 0.0091 5105 8209 46 75 2.5 600 4.900 1.125 0.0099 6974 11699 69 116 3 600 7.100 1.250 0.0107 9188 15875 98 170 4 600 12.600 1.500 0.0123 14564 26129 179 321 6 600 28.300 1.875 0.0147 28830 53909 424 793 8 600 48.700 2.000 0.0155 45967 87934 713 1365 10 600 74.700 2.500 0.0191 69439 133877 1328 2560 12 900 108.400 3.250 0.0240 100877 195255 2417 4678

Actuators and Accessories

Thrust & Torque Data Pressure Seal Wedge Gate Valves

 Valve Reference Data Total Thrust Torque Seat Area Stem Dia. Stem Factor Half ANSI cwp Full ANSI cwp (lbf) Half ANSI cwp (lbf) Full ANSI cwp (lbf) Size Class (sq. in) (in.) (bf) 2.5 600 5.400 0.875 0.0078 3394 5038 26 39 3 600 5.400 0.875 0.0078 3394 5038 26 39 4 600 9.600 1.000 0.0091 4712 7425 43 68 6 600 23.200 1.375 0.0115 8999 15249 103 175 8 600 39.900 1.625 0.0131 13643 24035 179 315 10 600 61.000 1.875 0.0147 19336 34921 285 514 12 600 88.700 2.000 0.0155 26016 48033 404 746 2.5 900 5.900 0.875 0.0078 4382 7015 34 54 3 900 5.900 0.875 0.0078 4382 7015 34 54 4 900 10.300 1.000 0.0091 6302 10604 57 96 6 900 21.700 1.375 0.0115 11625 20499 134 236 8 900 37.700 1.625 0.0131 18106 32963 237 432 10 900 58.400 1.875 0.0147 26262 48775 386 718 12 900 80.500 2.000 0.0155 34294 64588 532 1003 14 900 97.200 2.250 0.0175 41282 78063 723 1367 16 900 125.200 2.500 0.0191 52141 99282 997 1898 18 900 156.700 2.500 0.0191 62631 120261 1198 2299 20 900 198.000 2.750 0.0207 78028 150556 1618 3121 24 900 287.300 3.500 0.0261 113352 219703 2955 5727 2.5 1500 3.400 0.875 0.0078 4754 7757 37 60 3 1500 4.900 1.000 0.0091 6178 10357 56 94 4 1500 8.300 1.125 0.0099 8704 15159 86 150 6 1500 18.700 1.625 0.0131 17485 31720 229 416 8 1500 31.900 1.875 0.0147 26594 49438 391 728 10 1500 48.700 2.250 0.0175 38932 73363 682 1285 12 1500 69.000 2.500 0.0191 52441 99883 1003 1910 14 1500 82.500 2.750 0.0207 62354 119208 1293 2471 16 1500 108.400 3.000 0.0223 79340 152679 1773 3411 18 1500 137.900 3.500 0.0261 101463 195927 2645 5107 20 1500 170.900 4.000 0.0293 126260 244520 3699 7163 24 1500 247.500 4.500 0.0325 176015 343029 5724 11155 2.5 2500 2.400 1.125 0.0099 7538 12826 75 127 3 2500 3.600 1.125 0.0099 8649 15047 86 149 4 2500 5.900 1.375 0.0115 12792 22834 147 263 6 2500 12.600 1.625 0.0131 21310 39370 279 516 8 2500 21.700 2.000 0.0155 33776 63553 524 986 10 2500 34.500 2.500 0.0191 52075 99150 996 1896 12 2500 47.200 2.750 0.0207 67510 129519 1400 2685 14 2500 58.200 3.000 0.0223 81674 157347 1825 3516 16 2500 76.600 3.500 0.0256 107578 208157 2751 5322 18 2500 97.200 4.000 0.0293 136731 265462 4005 7776 20 2500 117.900 4.500 0.0325 167188 325375 5437 10581 24 2500 170.900 5.000 0.0357 228750 447499 8177 15996

Actuators and Accessories

Thrust & Torque Data Pressure Seal Parallel Seat Gate Valves

 Valve Reference Data Total Thrust Torque Seat Area Stem Dia. Stem Factor Half ANSI cwp (lbf) Full ANSI cwp (lbf) Half ANSI cwp (lbf) Full ANSI cwp (bf) Size Class (sq. in) (in.) 2.5 600 5.400 0.875 0.0078 3194 4638 25 36 3 600 5.400 0.875 0.0078 3194 4638 25 36 4 600 9.600 1.000 0.0091 4357 6715 40 61 6 600 23.200 1.375 0.0115 8141 13532 94 156 8 600 39.900 1.625 0.0131 12166 21083 159 276 10 600 61.000 1.875 0.0147 17079 30407 251 447 12 600 88.700 2.000 0.0155 22735 41469 353 644 2.5 900 5.900 0.875 0.0078 4055 6360 31 49 3 900 5.900 0.875 0.0078 4055 6360 31 49 4 900 10.300 1.000 0.0091 5730 9460 52 86 6 900 21.700 1.375 0.0115 10420 18090 120 208 8 900 37.100 1.625 0.0131 15848 28445 208 373 10 900 58.400 1.875 0.0147 23021 42293 339 622 12 900 80.500 2.000 0.0155 29826 55653 463 864 14 900 97.200 2.250 0.0175 35887 67274 628 1178 16 900 125.200 2.500 0.0191 45192 85385 864 1633 18 900 156.700 2.500 0.0191 53934 102867 1031 1967 20 900 198.000 2.750 0.0207 67039 128578 1390 2666 24 900 287.300 3.500 0.0261 97407 187813 2539 4896 2.5 1500 3.400 0.875 0.0078 4439 7127 34 55 3 1500 4.900 1.000 0.0091 5724 9449 52 86 4 1500 8.300 1.125 0.0099 7936 13621 79 135 6 1500 18.700 1.625 0.0131 15753 28256 206 370 8 1500 31.900 1.875 0.0147 23639 43529 348 641 10 1500 48.700 2.250 0.0175 34421 64342 603 1127 12 1500 69.000 2.500 0.0191 46050 87100 880 1665 14 1500 82.500 2.750 0.0207 54712 103925 1134 2155 16 1500 108.400 3.000 0.0223 69299 132598 1548 2963 18 1500 137.900 3.500 0.0261 88690 170381 2312 4441 20 1500 170.900 4.000 0.0293 110430 221861 3235 6235 24 1500 247.500 4.500 0.0325 153090 297180 4978 9664 2.5 2500