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PACIFIC VALVES ACTUATORS & ACCESSORIES Subject Index Thrust, Torque, & Rimpull Calculations 2 Thrust &

PACIFIC VALVES

ACTUATORS & ACCESSORIES

Subject Index

Thrust, Torque, & Rimpull Calculations

2

Thrust & Torque Reference Data

3-8

Bevel Gear Actuators, Sizing & Dimensions

9-11

Remote Actuators

12, 13

NEMA Area Classifications

14

Chain Wheels

15

Extensions Stems & Floor Stands

15

Impact Handwheel Adapters

16

Locking Devices

16

Bypasses

17

Drain & Bleed Connections

18

Adapters 16 Locking Devices 16 Bypasses 17 Drain & Bleed Connections 18 ® PVAA-0198 Rev. 4

®

Actuators and Accessories

Actuators and Accessories Determining Thrust, Torque and Rimpull The three major forces involved in valve actuation

Determining Thrust, Torque and Rimpull

The three major forces involved in valve actuation are thrust, torque and rimpull. Below is a brief description and formula used to determine each of the three forces for a particular valve application. See pages 3 through 7 for reference data to be used with Pacific gate, globe and stop-check valves to determine thrust, torque and rimpull for a particular application. These pages also show torque for differential pressures at full and half maximum cold working pressure for carbon steel valves.

Thrust is the purely linear push-pull force involved in seating and unseating a valve. It is determined using the following valve and application criteria:

A – The valve seat diameter. If the valve seat diameter is not known, the port diameter can be assumed to be the seat diameter for estimating purposes.

B – The maximum differential pressure across the valve seat. The most common method of determining maximum differential pressure across the valve seats is to assign the maximum design or operating pressure the upstream value P1 and assume a downstream pressure P2 of 0 PSIG.

C –The valve stem diameter.

These criteria are used in the thrust calculation which is the sum of the following forces. Unit of measure is Ibs. of thrust.

of the following forces. Unit of measure is Ibs. of thrust. Torque is a rotary force.

Torque is a rotary force. For gate and globe valve applications which have acme threaded rising stems driven by a drive nut, torque is conversion of thrust from a purely linear force, utilizing the mechanical advantage of a screw to achieve linear movement. The stem factor used to convert thrust to torque is a function of the acme thread characteristics of the valve stem and drive nut (yokesleeve). Pages AA-3 thru AA-7 contain stem factors for Pacific gate, globe and stop-check valves. Once seating or unseating thrust has been calculated, the torque can be obtained by the formula:

1. Seating Force = Valve seat area x Max differential Pressure x Valve factor

 

Torque = Thrust x Stem factor *Example: 6" 150 Ib. Gate valve Thrust = 2072.2

 

Where: Valve seat area = (Seat dia) 2 x 3.14

 

Max. differential Pressure = P1- P2 Valve factor = .25 Parallel seat .3 Gate valve

4

Stem factor = .0099 Torque = 2072.2 x .0099 = 20.5 ft. Ibs.

Valve running torque can be calculated utilizing the above formula substituting running thrust for seating thrust.

 

1.1

Globe valve

2. Stem Load = Valve stem area x Max. upstream pressure

 

Where: Valve stem area = (Stem Dia) 2 x 3.14

4

Rimpull is the force which must be applied to the rim of the

handwheel during operation of the valve. Rimpull is calculated using

Max upstream Pressure = P1

 

torque. The following information is required to calculate handwheel rimpull:

Note that stem load is applicable to gate valves only as this force is included in the seating force of globe and stop-check valves.

 

A. Torque required to seat or unseat valve

 

B. Handwheel diameter

3.

Stem Packing Friction = Stem diameter x 2000 for graphite.

* Example - 6" 150 Ib. gate valve, seat diameter 6", stem diameter 1 1 8", maximum differential pressure 100 PSIG.

Rimpull = Torque Radius of the handwheel measured in feet Where: The radius of the handwheel = Handwheel Dia. in inches

 

2

1 - Seating force = 28.26 x 100 x .3 = 847.8 lbs.

The radius is converted to feet = Radius

Where: Seat area = (6) 2 x 3.14

   

12

 

4

 

2 - Stem load = .994 x 100 = 99.4 lbs. Where Stem area = (1.125) 2 x 3.14

 

*Example: 6"150 Ib. Gate Seating or unseating torque = 20.5 ft. Ibs. Handwheel diameter = 14" Rimpull = 20.5 .583 = 35.2 lbs. Where: 14 = 7 = (Radius in inches)

2

 

4

3 - Stem packing friction = 1.125 x 1000 = 1125 Thrust to seat or unseat = 847.8 + 99.4 + 1125 = 2072.2 Ibs.

7

12 = .583 (Radius in feet) = 35.2 Ibs.

Valve running thrust which represents 90% of the travel of the valve stem can be determined by adding stem load and stem packing friction.

Running rimpull can be calculated by substituting running for seating/unseating torque.

PVAA-0198 Rev. 4

-2-

3201 Walnut Avenue Long Beach, CA 90807 Tel: 562.426.2531 • Fax: 562.595.9717 www.cranevalve.com

Actuators and Accessories Thrust & Torque Data Bolted Bonnet Gate Valves

Actuators and Accessories

Thrust & Torque Data Bolted Bonnet Gate Valves

   

Valve Reference Data

Total Thrust

Torque

 

Seat Area

Stem Dia.

Stem Factor

Half ANSI cwp (lbf)

Full ANSI cwp (lbf)

Half ANSI cwp (lbf)

Full ANSI cwp (lbf)

Size

Class

(sq. in)

(in)

1.5

150

1.800

0.875

0.0078

1913

2075

15

16

2

150

3.100

0.875

0.0078

1968

2186

15

17

2.5

150

4.900

0.875

0.0078

2045

2340

16

18

3

150

7.100

0.875

0.0078

2139

2528

17

20

4

150

12.600

1.125

0.0099

2930

3611

29

36

6

150

28.300

1.125

0.0099

3601

4953

36

49

8

150

50.300

1.375

0.0115

5112

7474

59

86

10

150

78.550

1.375

0.0115

6317

9885

73

114

12

150

113.100

1.625

0.0131

8381

13511

110

177

14

150

137.900

1.625

0.0131

9441

15632

124

205

16

150

182.700

2.000

0.0155

12258

20516

190

318

18

150

233.700

2.000

0.0155

14438

24877

224

386

20

150

291.000

2.000

0.0155

16888

29776

262

462

24

150

424.500

2.500

0.0191

23847

42694

456

816

30

150

671.900

3.000

0.0223

35731

65462

798

1463

36

150

969.000

3.000

0.0223

48432

90864

1082

2030

1.5

300

1.800

0.875

0.0078

2172

2595

17

20

2

300

3.100

0.875

0.0078

2317

2883

18

22

2.5

300

4.900

0.875

0.0078

2516

3283

20

25

3

300

7.100

0.875

0.0078

2761

3771

21

29

4

300

12.600

1.125

0.0099

4016

5783

40

57

6

300

28.300

1.375

0.0115

6441

10132

74

116

8

300

50.300

1.375

0.0115

8883

15016

102

173

10

300

78.500

1.625

0.0131

12731

22212

167

291

12

300

113.100

1.625

0.0131

16572

29893

217

392

14

300

137.900

2.000

0.0155

20469

36939

318

573

16

300

182.700

2.000

0.0155

25442

46884

395

728

18

300

227.000

2.000

0.0155

30360

56719

471

880

20

300

283.500

2.500

0.0191

38285

71570

732

1368

24

300

424.500

2.500

0.0191

53936

102872

1031

1967

30

300

672.000

3.500

0.0261

85152

163305

2220

4257

36

300

942.000

3.500

0.0261

115122

223245

3001

5820

1.5

600

1.800

0.875

0.0078

2595

3439

20

27

2

600

3.100

0.875

0.0078

2883

4016

22

31

2.5

600

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

600

7.100

1.125

0.0099

4562

6874

45

68

4

600

12.600

1.125

0.0099

5783

9316

57

92

6

600

28.300

1.625

0.0131

11068

18885

145

248

8

600

48.700

1.625

0.0131

15596

27943

204

366

10

600

74.700

2.000

0.0155

22908

41817

356

649

12

600

108.400

2.000

0.0155

30390

56780

472

881

14

600

130.200

2.500

0.0191

37537

70075

718

1340

16

600

170.900

2.500

0.0191

46573

88145

890

1685

18

600

213.846

2.500

0.0191

56107

107213

1073

2050

20

600

261.597

3.000

0.0223

69306

132612

1549

2963

24

600

380.113

3.000

0.0223

95617

185233

2136

4139

30

600

590.853

3.500

0.0261

145290

283580

3787

7392

36

600

851.242

3.500

0.0261

203096

399193

5294

10406

1.5

900

1.800

0.875

0.0078

3017

4284

23

33

2

900

3.100

1.000

0.0091

3904

5808

35

53

2.5

900

4.900

1.125

0.0099

4985

7720

49

76

3

900

6.500

1.125

0.0099

5518

8786

55

87

4

900

11.800

1.375

0.0115

8328

13906

96

160

6

900

26.000

1.625

0.0131

14210

25171

186

330

8

900

44.200

1.875

0.0147

21534

39318

317

579

10

900

71.000

2.250

0.0175

32557

60614

570

1061

12

900

100.000

2.250

0.0191

43749

82499

836

1577

14

900

117.895

2.500

0.0191

49708

94417

950

1805

1.5

1500

1.500

0.875

0.0078

3698

5645

29

44

2

1500

2.800

1.000

0.0091

5011

8022

46

73

2.5

1500

4.000

1.125

0.0099

6315

10379

62

103

3

1500

6.000

1.250

0.0107

8108

13716

87

147

4

1500

10.300

1.375

0.0115

11225

19701

129

227

6

1500

22.700

1.875

0.0147

21481

39212

316

577

8

1500

38.500

2.250

0.0175

33263

62026

582

1086

10

1500

60.000

2.500

0.0191

47440

89879

907

1719

12

1500

84.500

3.000

0.0223

66057

126114

1476

2818

14

1500

101.600

3.000

0.0223

75560

145121

1688

3243

3.000 0.0223 75560 145121 1688 3243 3201 Walnut Avenue Long Beach, CA 90807 Tel: 562.426.2531

3201 Walnut Avenue Long Beach, CA 90807 Tel: 562.426.2531 • Fax: 562.595.9717 www.cranevalve.com

PVAA-0198 Rev. 4

-3-

Actuators and Accessories

Actuators and Accessories Thrust & Torque Data Bolted Bonnet Globe Valves

Thrust & Torque Data Bolted Bonnet Globe Valves

   

Valve Reference Data

Total Thrust

Torque

 

Seat Area

Stem Dia.

Stem Factor

Half ANSI cwp (lbf)

Full ANSI cwp (lbf)

Half ANSI cwp (lbf)

Full ANSI cwp (bf)

Size

Class

(sq. in)

(in.)

1.5

150

1.800

0.750

0.0066

1845

2190

12

14

2

150

3.100

0.750

0.0066

2049

2598

14

17

2.5

150

4.900

0.875

0.0074

2604

3458

19

26

3

150

7.100

1.000

0.0091

3225

4450

29

40

4

150

12.600

1.125

0.0099

4367

6483

43

64

6

150

28.300

1.250

0.0107

7111

11722

76

125

8

150

50.300

1.500

0.0123

11136

19273

137

237

10

150

78.500

1.625

0.0131

15850

28451

208

373

12

150

113.100

2.000

0.0155

22176

40352

344

626

14

150

135.229

2.000

0.0155

25645

47290

398

734

1.5

300

1.800

0.750

0.0066

2396

3292

16

22

2

300

3.100

0.750

0.0066

2925

4350

19

29

2.5

300

4.900

0.875

0.0074

3967

6184

29

46

3

300

7.100

1.000

0.0091

5180

8361

47

76

4

300

12.600

1.125

0.0099

7746

13242

77

131

6

300

28.300

1.375

0.0115

14818

26885

170

309

8

300

50.300

1.500

0.0123

24126

45252

297

557

10

300

78.500

2.000

0.0155

37112

70224

576

1090

12

300

113.100

2.500

0.0191

52848

100696

1010

1925

1.5

600

1.800

0.750

0.0066

3292

5084

22

34

2

600

3.100

1.000

0.0091

5105

8209

46

75

2.5

600

4.900

1.125

0.0099

6974

11699

69

116

3

600

7.100

1.250

0.0107

9188

15875

98

170

4

600

12.600

1.500

0.0123

14564

26129

179

321

6

600

28.300

1.875

0.0147

28830

53909

424

793

8

600

48.700

2.000

0.0155

45967

87934

713

1365

10

600

74.700

2.500

0.0191

69439

133877

1328

2560

12

900

108.400

3.250

0.0240

100877

195255

2417

4678

Actuators and Accessories Thrust & Torque Data Pressure Seal Wedge Gate Valves

Actuators and Accessories

Thrust & Torque Data Pressure Seal Wedge Gate Valves

   

Valve Reference Data

Total Thrust

Torque

 

Seat Area

Stem Dia.

Stem Factor

Half ANSI cwp

Full ANSI cwp (lbf)

Half ANSI cwp (lbf)

Full ANSI cwp (lbf)

 

Size

Class

(sq. in)

(in.)

(bf)

2.5

600

5.400

0.875

0.0078

3394

5038

26

39

3

600

5.400

0.875

0.0078

3394

5038

26

39

4

600

9.600

1.000

0.0091

4712

7425

43

68

6

600

23.200

1.375

0.0115

8999

15249

103

175

8

600

39.900

1.625

0.0131

13643

24035

179

315

10

600

61.000

1.875

0.0147

19336

34921

285

514

12

600

88.700

2.000

0.0155

26016

48033

404

746

2.5

900

5.900

0.875

0.0078

4382

7015

34

54

3

900

5.900

0.875

0.0078

4382

7015

34

54

4

900

10.300

1.000

0.0091

6302

10604

57

96

6

900

21.700

1.375

0.0115

11625

20499

134

236

8

900

37.700

1.625

0.0131

18106

32963

237

432

10

900

58.400

1.875

0.0147

26262

48775

386

718

12

900

80.500

2.000

0.0155

34294

64588

532

1003

14

900

97.200

2.250

0.0175

41282

78063

723

1367

16

900

125.200

2.500

0.0191

52141

99282

997

1898

18

900

156.700

2.500

0.0191

62631

120261

1198

2299

20

900

198.000

2.750

0.0207

78028

150556

1618

3121

24

900

287.300

3.500

0.0261

113352

219703

2955

5727

2.5

1500

3.400

0.875

0.0078

4754

7757

37

60

3

1500

4.900

1.000

0.0091

6178

10357

56

94

4

1500

8.300

1.125

0.0099

8704

15159

86

150

6

1500

18.700

1.625

0.0131

17485

31720

229

416

8

1500

31.900

1.875

0.0147

26594

49438

391

728

10

1500

48.700

2.250

0.0175

38932

73363

682

1285

12

1500

69.000

2.500

0.0191

52441

99883

1003

1910

14

1500

82.500

2.750

0.0207

62354

119208

1293

2471

16

1500

108.400

3.000

0.0223

79340

152679

1773

3411

18

1500

137.900

3.500

0.0261

101463

195927

2645

5107

20

1500

170.900

4.000

0.0293

126260

244520

3699

7163

24

1500

247.500

4.500

0.0325

176015

343029

5724

11155

2.5

2500

2.400

1.125

0.0099

7538

12826

75

127

3

2500

3.600

1.125

0.0099

8649

15047

86

149

4

2500

5.900

1.375

0.0115

12792

22834

147

263

6

2500

12.600

1.625

0.0131

21310

39370

279

516

8

2500

21.700

2.000

0.0155

33776

63553

524

986

10

2500

34.500

2.500

0.0191

52075

99150

996

1896

12

2500

47.200

2.750

0.0207

67510

129519

1400

2685

14

2500

58.200

3.000

0.0223

81674

157347

1825

3516

16

2500

76.600

3.500

0.0256

107578

208157

2751

5322

18

2500

97.200

4.000

0.0293

136731

265462

4005

7776

20

2500

117.900

4.500

0.0325

167188

325375

5437

10581

24

2500

170.900

5.000

0.0357

228750

447499

8177

15996

Actuators and Accessories

Actuators and Accessories Thrust & Torque Data Pressure Seal Parallel Seat Gate Valves

Thrust & Torque Data Pressure Seal Parallel Seat Gate Valves

   

Valve Reference Data

Total Thrust

Torque

 

Seat Area

Stem Dia.

Stem Factor

Half ANSI cwp (lbf)

Full ANSI cwp (lbf)

Half ANSI cwp (lbf)

Full ANSI cwp (bf)

Size

Class

(sq. in)

(in.)

2.5

600

5.400

0.875

0.0078

3194

4638

25

36

3

600

5.400

0.875

0.0078

3194

4638

25

36

4

600

9.600

1.000

0.0091

4357

6715

40

61

6

600

23.200

1.375

0.0115

8141

13532

94

156

8

600

39.900

1.625

0.0131

12166

21083

159

276

10

600

61.000

1.875

0.0147

17079

30407

251

447

12

600

88.700

2.000

0.0155

22735

41469

353

644

2.5

900

5.900

0.875

0.0078

4055

6360

31

49

3

900

5.900

0.875

0.0078

4055

6360

31

49

4

900

10.300

1.000

0.0091

5730

9460

52

86

6

900

21.700

1.375

0.0115

10420

18090

120

208

8

900

37.100

1.625

0.0131

15848

28445

208

373

10

900

58.400

1.875

0.0147

23021

42293

339

622

12

900

80.500

2.000

0.0155

29826

55653

463

864

14

900

97.200

2.250

0.0175

35887

67274

628

1178

16

900

125.200

2.500

0.0191

45192

85385

864

1633

18

900

156.700

2.500

0.0191

53934

102867

1031

1967

20

900

198.000

2.750

0.0207

67039

128578

1390

2666

24

900

287.300

3.500

0.0261

97407

187813

2539

4896

2.5

1500

3.400

0.875

0.0078

4439

7127

34

55

3

1500

4.900

1.000

0.0091

5724

9449

52

86

4

1500

8.300

1.125

0.0099

7936

13621

79

135

6

1500

18.700

1.625

0.0131

15753

28256

206

370

8

1500

31.900

1.875

0.0147

23639

43529

348

641

10

1500

48.700

2.250

0.0175

34421

64342

603

1127

12

1500

69.000

2.500

0.0191

46050

87100

880

1665

14

1500

82.500

2.750

0.0207

54712

103925

1134

2155

16

1500

108.400

3.000

0.0223

69299

132598

1548

2963

18

1500

137.900

3.500

0.0261

88690

170381

2312

4441

20

1500

170.900

4.000

0.0293

110430

221861

3235

6235

24

1500

247.500

4.500

0.0325

153090

297180

4978

9664

2.5

2500