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Thursday,10July2014

IDIOMSANDIDIOMATICEXPRESSIONSTHEIR
MEANINGS&USAGE1(5)

EnglishGrammarTutorials

LatestChapterAdded

AnIdiomoridiomaticexpressionisaformofexpressionofwordsintheirpeculiarformas
prevalentinalanguage.Thewordsusedhavedifferentmeaningstotheirliteralmeanings.
Anidiomhasitsmetaphoricalratherthanliteralmeaning.Theuseofwordsinanidiomis
fixed.Theseidiomsundergochangeswiththepassageoftime.
The usage of idioms enhance the beauty of a language and give richness to it. Idioms
usually comprise of a few words but these words have their own meanings different from
their literal meanings. Just as the meaning of put is different from when some words are
addedtoitasPutup,Putout,PutofforToputupforarainydayetc.Thesewordsare
to be used as they are and these cannot be changed at all. The grammatical use of these
words is fixed.For example He has his own axe to grind cannot be changed to ground
hisaxeorsomeotherform.Idiomshavetheirmeaningsinmetaphoricalsenseratherthan
literalone.
Idiomsaddrichnesstoalanguagebuttheircorrectandappropriateuseisnecessary.Here
is a list of idioms with their meanings and usage though it is illustrative and not
exhaustive.

'A,B,C'
Allagog:(Tobeinthestateofexcitement):
Alltheplayerwereallagogwithjoyfortheirvictoryinthematch.

AboveBoard:(Somethinginitsproperandappropriateform,withoutany
doubt):
Thedealfinalisedbetweenthetwomerchantsisaboveboard.
His character is vouched above board by his all seniors. Nobody can doubt about his
honestyandintegrity.

AcrosstheBoard:(Somethingapplicabletoall):

HOMONYMS,HOMOGRAPHS&
HOMOPHONES

ChaptersandExercisesIndex

Lessons:
Chapter1:SentenceFormationin
EnglishTenses
Chapter2:TypeofTenses
Chapter3:PresentTense

1. PRESENTINDEFINITETENSE
2. PRESENTCONTINUOUSTENSE
3. PRESENTPERFECTTENSE
4. PRESENTPERFECT
CONTINUOUSTENSE

Theeducationsystemofourcountryneedsanoverallchangeacrosstheboard.

Atalowebb:(DecreasingorDiminishingorder)

Chapter4:PastTense

Hisreputationisatalowebbthesedays.
1. PASTINDEFINITETENSE

Adampsquib:(Anunsatisfactoryordiscouragingresult):
He started preparations for his competition examination with a great pomp and show but
endedwithadampsquib.

AnAcidTest:(Anactiontocheckgoodnessoreffectivenessofathing):
Theacidtestofagoodleaderishowmuchhewinsthepublicfaithwhenhegoesamong
thepeople.

2. PASTCONTINUOUSTENSE
3. PASTPERFECTTENSE
4. PASTPERFECTCONTINUOUS
TENSE

Addaninsulttoinjury:(Toworsenasituation):

Chapter5:FutureTense

Shewasveryannoyedwithherhusbandandhersister'sremarksonlyaddedaninsultto
injury.

1. FUTUREINDEFINITETENSE

Addfueltothefire:(Tomakeasituationworse):

2. FUTURECONTINUOUSTENSE

Hewasfeelingverysadduetohisbadresultandyourspeechaddedfueltofire.
3. FUTUREPERFECTTENSE

Availoneselfof:(Togetbenefitorachance):
Thecandidatesmustavailthemselvesofthisextrachanceofappearingintheexamination.

4. FUTUREPERFECTCONTINUOUS
TENSE

Actthegoat:(Toactdeliberatelyinasillyway):
Theinspectoractedthegoattobringoutthetruthfromthepeoplepresentthere.

Afteryourownheart:(Tothinkinthesamewayasyoudo):

Chapter5A:SentenceFormationUse
oftensesinsentencesCaseof
Conditionalsentenceswithexamples.

Yourwifeisafteryourownheart.Whydon'tyouhaveyourconfidenceinheractions?

Albatross around your neck : ( A problem due to one's own action that
impedesone'ssuccess):

Chapter5B:SentenceFormation
SequenceofTenses
Sequenceoftenses(1)

Theirresponsiblebehaviourofhissontowardshisfamilyisanalbatrossaroundhisneck.

SequenceoftensesErrorscorrection
(2)

AllandSundry:(Alloreachandeverybody):

SequenceoftensesFillinBlanks(3)

Herparentsinvitedallandsundrytoattendthemarriagepartyoftheirdaughter.

Attheeleventhhour:(Atthelastmoment):

Chapter6:ListofWordsMisusedin
English

Thechairmanannouncedattheeleventhhourachangeinthevenueofthemeeting.

AllGreek:(Somethingthatisbeyondone'sunderstanding):
The mechanic explained working of the new machine to us but it was all Greek for all of
us.

AtSea(tobenotintheknowof):
Theyoungmanisatseawiththeworkingofthisnewmachine.

AtOdds:(Nottoagreewithsomeone):

1. ListofWordsMisusedinEnglishfor
AlphabetA
2. ListofWordsMisusedinEnglishfor
AlphabetAContinued
3. ListofWordsMisusedinEnglishfor
AlphabetB

Bothbrothersarealwaysatoddsabouteducationoftheirchildren.

4. ListofWordsMisusedinEnglishfor
AlphabetC

AtLoggerheads:(Tohavedifferenceordisputewithsomeone):

5. ListofWordsMisusedinEnglish
ForAlphabetD

Boththebrothersareatloggerheadswitheachotheroverpossessionofthispieceofland.

Atthedropofthehat:(Toanactionimmediately):
Atthedropofthehatthebidderwillhavetopaythewholeoftheamounttotheseller.

Chapter7:IdiomandPhrases
Idioms&Idiomaticexpressions(1)
Idioms&Idiomaticexpressions(2)

Appleofeye:(Alovedone):

Idioms&Idiomaticexpressions(3)

Theyoungboyisaanappleofeyeofhisparents.

Idioms&Idiomaticexpressions(4)
Idioms&Idiomaticexpressions(5)

AppleofDiscord:(Acauseofadispute):

Exerciseswithsolutions

Thispieceoflandisanappleofdiscordbetweenthetwobrothers.

Atallcosts:(inallcasesorunderallcircumstances):
Themerchanthasmadeuphismindtopurchasethishouseatallcosts.

Aptto:(Liableto):

1. ListofWordsofComparisons

Chapter8:SentenceCorrectionRules

Thestudentsresidinginahostelareapttofallinbadcompany.

Axetogrind:(tohaveone'sinterestinanaction):

1. UseofSingular&Pluralnumbers

Themanagerhadhisownaxetogrindinthedealbeingfinalisedwiththemerchant.

2. UseofNouns,UseofApostrophes

Attheendoftheday:(attheconclusionofanaction):

3. DifferenttypesofPronounsand
RulestousePronouns

At the end of the day all the visitors were very satisfied with the hospitality extended to
them.

4. CommonlyusedAdverbialPhrases

Atarm'slength:(Tokeeponeselfawayfrom):
Hisfatheradvisedhimtokeephisgreedyfriendsatanarm'slength.
Chapter9:ListofDifficultWordswith
Meanings

1. WordMeaningsListofwords
AlphabetsAtoC

BagandBaggage:(Forever):
MyfriendleftIndiaforCanadabagandbaggage.

BadBlood:(illwillduepastillbehaviour):

Chapter10:Samewordusedas
differentpartsofSpeechNew

The differences between the two brothers were ironed out and there is no bad blood
betweenthemnow.

1. AtoCAlphabet

Backfoot:(tobedefensiveoratareceivingend):

2. DtoLAlphabet

Thisactiononthepartoftheleaderputhispartyonthebackfoot.
3. MtoPAlphabet

Babeinarms:(Anoviceoraninexperiencedperson):
HisfatherisababeinarmsinthefieldofbusinessandIamsurehewillbeabigloser.

Beataboutthebush:(totalkinirrelevantway):
Donotbeataboutthebush,Letuscometothepointandstartourwork.

Beatadeadhorse:(anattempttoreviveanactionwhichisnomorecurrent
now):

4. QtoZAlphabet
Chapter11:Rearrangementof
sentencesinaparagraphtomakeit
meaningful.
Rearrangementofsentencesina
paragraphtomakeitmeaningfulMore
Examples.

If you think that his father will forgive him and accept him back in his family you are
beatingadeadhorse.

Bearfruit:(tobringforthresult):
Atlasthiseffortsborefruitandhewasabletoconvincehisparentsabouthismarriage.

ByandBy:(Slowlyoneaftertheother):

Chapter12:UseofModalsDifferent
typesofverbsandtheirusagewith
examples

Alltheemployeeslefttheofficebyandbyandsoontheofficewasclosed.

Chapter13:PhrasalVerbsMeaning&
theirusagewithexamplessentences
usingphrasalverbs.

Bearthebrunt:(beartheloss):

ExercisesUsageofPhrasalVerbs
basedonquestionsfromexaminationQ.
Papers.

Thechildrenwhodonotobeytheirparentsaresuretobearthebrunt.

Belowthebelt:(anactionthatisunfair):
Itwasnotexpectedfromapersonlikehimtohitbelowthebeltbyofferingbribetothe
witness.

Chapter14:
Idioms&IdiomaticPhrases
Meanings&theirusage

BigBucks:(toearnalotofmoney):

Part1

Thehoardersaremakingbigbucksthesedays.

Part2
Part3.

Betweenthelines:(tounderstandtheactualmeaning):

Part4.

Ifyoureadbetweenthelinesofthemessageyouwillseehimthroughhistrick.

Part5

Besidethepoint:(irrelevanttothemainissue):
Allthememberspresentinthemeetingfoundhissuggestionbesidethepointandturnedit
down.

Exerciseofidioms&idiomaticPhrases.

Chapter15:
Narration

BesideOneself:(foronetobeoverinone'sfeelings):
Hewasbesidehimselfwithangerwhenheheardthis.

ChangeSentencesfromDirectto
Indirectform
Simplesentences

Blackandwhite(toputinwriting):
Theagreementbetweenthetwopartieswasbroughtinblackandwhite.

Sentencesofdifferenttenses
InterrogativeSentences1
Interrogativesentences2

BlackSheep:(onewhodoesnotfitinthesystem,someoneodd):

Interrogative(combined)sentences

Nobodywantstobecomeablacksheepamonghisfriendsandrelatives.

Imperativesentences
Exclamatory&Optativesentences

BreadandButter:(Somethingrelatingtolivelihoodofsomeone):
Thechildwhengrownuparrangedbreadandbutterforhisfamily.

Breaktheice:(Tostartathingforthefirsttime):

Assortedsentencesexerciseswith
solutions
SentenceswithExamplesOptative
sentences

Theleaderbroketheiceandstarteddialoguewiththeoppositionpartyleaders.

SentenceswithexamplesIndirectto
Directspeech

Breaktheduck:(Todosomethingforthefirsttime):

Chapter16:

Theyoungboysbroketheduckandstartedanewbusinesswiththeirfriendssuccessfully.

ChangetheVoiceActiveVoice&
Passivevoice.

Boltfromtheblue:(Somethinghappeningsuddenlyandunexpectedly):

SimpleSentences

Aprizeforhiminthefunctioncametohimasaboltfromtheblue.

SentencesofPerfectContinuousTense
SentencesofFutureTense

BlueBlood:(Someonebelongingtoaroyalfamily):
Apersonwithbluebloodhasenoughwithhimtospendandspare.

Imperative&Interrogativesentences,
sentenceswithtwoobjects.
SentenceswithModals

Burythehatchet:(toforgetaboutolddifferencesandhavepeacewith
someone):

Assortedsentenceswithsolution1.

Thetwofriendsburiedtheirhatchetandstartedanewlife.
Burnthecandleatbothends:(Toleadalifestylethathasabadeffectonhealth):
Heisburningthecandleatbothendstomakebothend'smeet.Heisnottakingcareofhis
ownself.

Assortedsentenceswithsolution3

Assortedsentenceswithsolution2.
Assortedsentenceswithsolution4
Chapter17:

Bydintof:(asaresultof,bymeansoforwithhelpof):
Hebydintofhardworkpassedhisexaminationbysecuringgoodmarks.

TensesFormationofsentences
Conditionalsentences
Errorsduetotensessentenceformation

ByLeapsandbounds:(Somethinghappeninginlargequantity):
Themerchantisincreasinghisbusinessbyleapsandbounds.

Buildcastlesintheair:(tothinkaboutinanimaginaryway):

Chapter18:

Thosewhobuildcastlesinthearesuretocometogrief.

Antonyms&Synonyms

BeastofBurden:(ananimalusedforcarryinggoods,averylaboriousperson
):

MeaningswithExplanations
withExamplesForPractice

Itappearsthathisbossconsidershimabeastofburdenashealwaysburdenshimwith
extrawork.

Beastofprey:(animalforhunting):
Lionisabeastofprey.

Chapter19:
Gerunds,Infinitives&Participles
Usewithexplanation&Examples

PRACTICEEXERCISES

Topic1:SentenceCorrection

Cutnoice:(Tohavenoeffectonsomething):
Hisobjectionstoourproposalinthemeetingcouldcutnoiceandourproposalwas
acceptedbythehouse.

Cookedandfried:(Inreadymadeform,readytouseform):
Heneedsnottomakeanybigpreparationsforthefunctionbecauseeverythingisavailable
incookedandfriedformthesedays.

Cutanddried:(Somethingalreadydecided):
Allthemembersparticipatedinthemeetingbutitappearedthateverythingwascutand
dried.

Cuttothequick:(tohurtsomeone'sfeelings):
Theharshremarksofherfatheraboutherbehaviourinthefunctioncuthertothequick.

Callaspadeaspade:(tosaythingsinastraightforwardway):
Nobodylikeshimintheofficebecauseofhishabitofcallingaspadeaspade.

Cloudnine:(tobeveryhappy):
Sheisatcloudninethesedaysasshehaswonthefirstprizeinthecompetition.

1. Exercise1.1
2. Exercise1.2
3. Exercise1.3
4. Exercise1.4:MultipleChoicesmall
Exercise
5. Exercise1.5:3Questions
SentenceCorrectionExercisewith
usefulCorrectiontips
6. Exercise1.6:VocabularyBuilding
Exercise:Sentence/Paragraph
Completion
7. Exercise1.7:Substitutethe
sentencemarkedinItalic,with
optionequivalenttomeaning.
8. Exercise1.8:SentenceFormation
ExercisesforPracticewith
answers.New

Cleanslate:(untarnishedimageorrecordofsomeone):
Nobodycanraiseafingertowardshimashehasacleanslatecareerofhisservice.

Cleanhands:(withoutanyillegalorimmoralactonone'spart):
Theauthoritiestriedhardtomakeasearchaboutheractivitiesbutshecameoutwithclean
hands.

Cleanbreak:(tobreakcompletelyfromsomeoneorsomething):
Sheleftthecitybagandbaggageasshewantedtomakeacleanbreakwithherpast.

Topic2:MisusedWordsinEnglish

1. Exercise2.1
2. Exercise2.2
3. Exercise2.3
4. Exercise2.4

Chewthecud:(toremembersomethingnostalgically):
Boththefriendschewedthecudforlonghoursastheymeteachotherafteraverylong
time.

Chipofftheoldblock:(tobeidenticalinappearanceorcharacter):
Bothmotherandherdaughterarechipsoftheoldblock.Theybehavealike.

Topic3:IdiomandPhrases

1. Exercise3.1:Usethemin
sentencesandsubmitincomments
onthatpage.

Crywolf:(afalsewarning):
Weshouldnotdependuponthatfellowforfeedbackofourprojectasheisacrywolf.

Cryhoarse:(tocryloudlyforlong):
Thebabyhadtocryhoarsebeforehismothergavehimmilk.

Chasearainbow:(tothinkofachievingthatisnotachievable):

Topic4:RearrangementofSentences

1. Exercise4.1:Rearrangementof
Sentencestomakeitmeaningful
New

HissonischasingarainbowifhethinksthathewillpassIASexamination.

Cryinwilderness:(totrysomethingwithoutanyresponse):
Hisrepeatedrequeststotheprincipaltoreadmithissonintheschoolprovedacryin
wildernessashewasfinallyrusticatedfromhisschool.

Topic5:Samewordusedasdifferent
partsofSpeech

1. Exercise5.1New

Coginthemachine:(somethingoflittleimportanceforthewholesystem):
Healwaysboastedofhishighpositionintheofficebutheturnedouttobeacoginthe
machine.

2. Exercise5.2:ListofWordsSame
WordUsedAsDifferentPartsof
Speech
3. Exercise5.3:Chapter2

Cryoverspiltmilk:(torepentafteranactionisover):
Itisofnousetocryoverspiltmilkashisresultisalreadyoutandhehasfailedinthe
examination.

4. Exercise5.4:Chapter3
5. Exercise5.5:Chapter4

Closefisted:(amiserperson):
Heisaclosefistedpersonandweshouldnotexpectthathewillfootthebilloftheparty.

Catchatastraw:(togetsomehelpatthetimeofneed):
Theprincipal'sstatementinourfavourprovedforuslikeadrowningmancatchingata
straw.

Topic6:Useofasentenceinalltypesof
tenseswithaffirmative,negative&
interrogativeforms.

1. Exerciseofuseoftensesin
sentences.

Catchoneunaware:(tocatchholdofsomeoneunprepared):
Thestudentswerebusyintalkingwitheachotherbuttheteachercaughtthemunaware.

Chickenhearted:(acowardoraweekperson):
Weshouldnotexpectthistypeofactofbraveryfromachickenheartedpersonlikehim.

Catchsomeone'sfancy:(toappearappealingtosomeone):
Theproposalforwardedbythemanagercaughtboss'sfancyandhegavehisapprovaltoit.

Cavein(tosliporfallintotheground):
Duringtherecentrainstheroadcavedinatmanyplacesandtherouteremainedclosedfor
manydays.

Catchsightof:(tohaveaglimpseof):

Topic7:UseofPhrasalVerbstheir
usage

1. ExerciseUseofphrasalverbsin
sentences.
Topic8:UseofAntonyms&Synonyms
theirusage

1. ExerciseMeaningsofAntonyms
&Synonyms

Suddenlyachildplayinginthemiddleoftheroadcaughtsightofthedriverofthemoving
busandheappliedbrakesofthebusimmediately.
AboutMe

Chalkout:(tomakeaplan):
Beforestartingthisprojectweallmustsittogetherandchalkoutourplanhowtoexecute
it.

Comeupon:(tomeetbychance):
WhilemovinginthemarketplaceyesterdayIcameupononeofmyoldfriendsofschool
days.

Comeoff:(totakeplace):

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EducationalQualifications:PostGraduation
inEnglish(PunjabUniversity,Chandigarh)
1978
CarrerProfile:Served
withNationalizedBankinOfficerCapacityfor
about40years(India)

Hismarriageceremonycomesoffontenthofthenextmonth.

Hecomesofaverynoblefamily.

AreaofInterest:StudyinEnglishLiterature,
ArticleWriting,InterestedinWritingfora
NationalisedNewspapers,WebsiteContent
Management,ContentCorrection

Comeoutwith:(toputforth):

ContactDetails:snmahna@gmail.com

Comesof:(tobelongto):

Thechairmanrejectedallthepreviousproposalsandhecameoutwithanewproposalin
themeeting.

Comeacross:(tomeetsomeonebychance):

FacebookPage:https://www.facebook.com/
EnglishGrammarLesson
Viewmycompleteprofile

YesterdayIcameacrossmyschoolteacherinthemarket.
LikeusonFacebook

Comeabout:(tohappenortocomeintoexistence):
Theoldmanwasunabletoexplainhowtheincidentcameabout.

Comeoutwithflyingcolours:(tobevictorious):
Ourfootballteamplayedthematchverywellandfinallycameoutwithflyingcolours.
(Continuedinnextpost)
Yourviews/suggestionsw.r.tstyle/subjectmatterofblogaresolicited.Dopost/email.

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USE
& MEANINGS OF IDIOMS AND IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS
An Idiom and idiomatic expression is a form of expression of words in their
peculiar form as prevalent in a language.The words used have different
meanings to their literal meanings.an idiom has metaphorical rather than
its literal meaning.The use of words...

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