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746

Apndice B. Propiedades tpicas de materiales seleccionados usados en ingeniera1,5


(Unidades utilizadas en Estados Unidos)
Resistencia ltima

Material

Acero
Estructural (ASTM-A36)
Alta resistencia-baja aleacin
ASTM-A709 Grado 50
ASTM-A913 Grado 65
ASTM-A992 Grado 50
Templado
ASTM-A709 Grado 100
Inoxidable AISI 302
Laminado en fro
Recocido
Acero de refuerzo
Resistencia media
Alta resistencia

Peso esComprepecfico Tensin, sin,2


lb/in.3
ksi
ksi

Cortante,
ksi

Cedencia3
Mdulo
Corde elasTensin, tante, ticidad,
ksi
ksi
106 psi

0.284

58

36

0.284
0.284
0.284

65
80
65

0.284

Ductilidad,
porcentaje
de elongacin en 2 in.

11.2

6.5

21

50
65
50

29
29
29

11.2
11.2
11.2

6.5
6.5
6.5

21
17
21

110

100

29

11.2

6.5

18

0.286
0.286

125
95

75
38

28
28

10.8
10.8

9.6
9.6

12
50

0.283
0.283

70
90

40
60

29
29

11
11

6.5
6.5

0.260

25

95

35

0.264

50

90

48

33

Aluminio
Aleacin 1100-H14
(99% Al)
Aleacin 2014-T6
Aleacin 2024-T4
Aleacin 5456-H116
Aleacin 6061-T6
Aleacin 7075-T6

0.098
0.101
0.101
0.095
0.098
0.101

16
66
68
46
38
83

10
40
41
27
24
48

14
58
47
33
35
73

0.322
0.322

32
57

22
29

10
53

0.306
0.306

74
46

43
32

60
15

0.316
0.316
0.318

85
39
45

46
31

0.302
3 Fe)
0.301

95

Cobre
Libre de oxgeno
(99.9% Cu)
Recocido
Endurecido
Latn amarillo
(65% Cu, 35% Zn)
Laminado en fro
Recocido
Latn rojo
(85% Cu, 15% Zn)
Laminado en fro
Recocido
Estao bronce
(88 Cu, 8 Sn, 4 Zn)
Manganeso bronce
(63 Cu, 25 Zn, 6 Al, 3 Mn,
Aluminio bronce
(81 Cu, 4 Ni, 4 Fe, 11 Al)

Coeficiente
de expansin,
106/F

29

Fundicin:
Fundicin gris
4.5% C, ASTM A-48
Hierro fundido
2% C, 1% Si,
ASTM A-47

90

130

21

Mdulo
de
rigidez,
106 psi

22

10

4.1

6.7

24

9.3

6.7

10

10.1
10.9
10.6
10.4
10.1
10.4

3.7
3.9

3.7
4

13.1
12.8
12.9
13.3
13.1
13.1

9
13
19
16
17
11

17
17

6.4
6.4

9.4
9.4

45
4

15
15

5.6
5.6

11.6
11.6

8
65

63
10
21

17
17
14

6.4
6.4

10.4
10.4
10

3
48
30

48

15

12

20

40

16

8
33
19
20

36
9

6.1

0.5

(La tabla contina en la pgina 748)

747

Apndice B. Propiedades tpicas de materiales seleccionados usados en ingeniera1,5


(Unidades SI)
Resistencia ltima

Material

Acero
Estructural (ASTM-A36)
Alta resistencia-aleacin baja
ASTM-A709 Grado 345
ASTM-A913 Grado 450
ASTM-A992 Grado 345
Templado
ASTM-A709 Grado 690
Inoxidable, AISI 302
Laminado en fro
Recocido
Acero de refuerzo
Resistencia media
Alta resistencia

Cedencia3

Mdulo
CorCorde elastante, Tensin, tante, ticidad,
MPa
MPa
MPa
GPa

Densidad,
kg/m3

CompreTensin, sin,2
MPa
MPa

7 860

400

250

7 860
7 860
7 860

450
550
450

7 860

145

Coeficiente
de expansin trmica, 106/C

Ductilidad,
porcentaje
de elongacin en 50 mm

200

77.2

11.7

21

345
450
345

200
200
200

77.2
77.2
77.2

11.7
11.7
11.7

21
17
21

760

690

200

77.2

11.7

18

7 920
7 920

860
655

520
260

190
190

75
75

17.3
17.3

12
50

7 860
7 860

480
620

275
415

200
200

77
77

11.7
11.7

69

28

12.1

165

65

12.1

10

70
75
73
72
70
72

26
27

26
28

23.6
23.0
23.2
23.9
23.6
23.6

9
13
19
16
17
11

120
120

44
44

16.9
16.9

45
4

105
105

39
39

20.9
20.9

8
65

44
44

18.7
18.7
18.0

3
48
30

21.6

20

16.2

150

Fundicin
Fundicin gris
4.5% C, ASTM A-48
Hierro fundido
2% C, 1% Si,
ASTM A-47

7 200

170

655

240

7 300

345

620

330

230

Aluminio
Aleacin 1100-H14
(99% Al)
Aleacin 2014-T6
Aleacin 2024-T4
Aleacin 5456-H116
Aleacin 6061-T6
Aleacin 7075-T6

2
2
2
2
2
2

710
800
800
630
710
800

110
455
470
315
260
570

70
275
280
185
165
330

95
400
325
230
240
500

8 910
8 910

220
390

150
200

70
265

8 470
8 470

510
320

300
220

410
100

8 740
8 740
8 800

585
270
310

320
210

435
70
145

120
120
95

8 360
3 Fe)
8 330

655

330

105

275

110

Cobre
Libre de oxgeno
(99.9% Cu)
Recocido
Endurecido
Latn amarillo
(65% Cu, 35% Zn)
Laminado en fro
Recocido
Latn rojo
(85% Cu, 15% Zn)
Laminado en fro
Recocido
Estao bronce
(88 Cu, 8 Sn, 4 Zn)
Manganeso bronce
(63 Cu, 25 Zn, 6 Al, 3 Mn,
Aluminio bronce
(81 Cu, 4 Ni, 4 Fe, 11 Al)

Mdulo
de
rigidez,
GPa

620

900

55
230
130
140

250
60

42

0.5

(La tabla contina en la pgina 749)

748

Apndice B. Propiedades tpicas de materiales seleccionados usados en ingeniera1,5


(Unidades utilizadas en Estados Unidos)
Continuacin de la pgina 746
Resistencia ltima

Material

Peso esComprepecfico Tensin, sin,2


lb/in.3
ksi
ksi

Cortante,
ksi

Aleaciones de magnesio
AZ80 (Forjado)
AZ31 (Extrusin)

0.065
0.064

50
37

23
19

Titanio
Aleacin (6% Al, 4% V)

0.161

Aleacin monel 400(Ni-Cu)


En fro
Recocida

Cedencia3
CorTensin, tante,
ksi
ksi

Mdulo
de elasticidad,
106 psi

Mdulo
de
rigidez,
106 psi

Coeficiente
de expansin,
106/F

2.4
2.4

14
14

Ductilidad,
porcentaje
de elongacin en 2 in.

36
29

6.5
6.5

130

120

16.5

5.3

10

0.319
0.319

98
80

85
32

26
26

7.7
7.7

22
46

Cupronquel
(90% Cu, 10% Ni)
Recocido
Trabajado en fro

0.323
0.323

53
85

16
79

9.5
9.5

35
3

Madera,4 secada al aire


Pino-Douglas
Picea, Sitka
Pino de hoja corta
Pino blanco
Pino Ponderosa
Roble blanco
Roble rojo
Abeto occidental
Nogal de corteza fibrosa
Secoya

0.017
0.015
0.018
0.014
0.015
0.025
0.024
0.016
0.026
0.015

15
8.6

Concreto
Resistencia media
Alta resistencia

0.084
0.084

Plsticos
Nylon, tipo 6/6
(moldeado)
Policarbonato
Polister, PBT
(termoplstico)
Polister elastomrico
Poliestireno
Vinilo, PVC rgido
Caucho
Granito (promedio)
Mrmol (promedio)
Arenisca (promedio)
Cristal, 98% de slice
1

0.0412

8.4

13
9.4

7.2
5.6
7.3
5.0
5.3
7.4
6.8
7.2
9.2
6.1

1.1
1.1
1.4
1.0
1.1
2.0
1.8
1.3
2.4
0.9

0.0433
0.0484

9.5
8

0.0433
0.0374
0.0520
0.033
0.100
0.100
0.083
0.079

6.5
8
6
2
3
2
1

20
20
1.9
1.5
1.7
1.5
1.3
1.8
1.8
1.6
2.2
1.3

4.0
6.0
11

50
18

7.5
7.5
.1
.07

3.6
4.5

6
12

Vara
1.7 a 2.5

5.5
5.5

14

6.5

0.4

80

50

12.5
11

9
8

0.35
0.35

68
75

110
150

8
6.5

0.03
0.45
0.45

5.5
13
10
35
18
12
7

5
4
2

10
8
6
9.6

4
3
2
4.1

70
75
90
4
6
5
44

500
2
40
600

Las propiedades de los metales varan ampliamente con la composicin, el tratamiento trmico y el trabajado mecnico.
Para materiales dctiles la resistencia a compresin se supone igual a la resistencia a tensin.
3
Offset 0.2%.
4
Las propiedades de la madera son para carga paralela a la fibra.
5
Vase tambin Marks Mechanical Engineering Handbook, 10a. ed., McGraw-Hill, Nueva York, 1996; Annual Book of ASTM, American Society for Testing
Materials, Philadelphia, Pa.; Metals Handbook, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio; y Aluminum Design Manual, The Aluminum Association,
Washington, D.C.
2

749

Apndice B. Propiedades tpicas de materiales seleccionados usados en ingeniera1,5


(Unidades SI)
Continuacin de la pgina 747
Cedencia3

Resistencia ltima

Material

Densidad,
kg/m3

CompreTensin, sin,2
MPa
MPa

Mdulo
CorCorde elastante, Tensin, tante, ticidad,
MPa
MPa
MPa
GPa

Mdulo
de
rigidez,
GPa

Aleaciones de magnesio
AZ80 (Forjado)
AZ31 (Extrusin)

1 800
1 770

345
255

160
130

16
16

Titanio
Aleacin (6% Al, 4% V)

4 730

Aleacin monel 400(Ni-Cu)


En fro
Recocida
Cupronquel
(90% Cu, 10% Ni)
Recocido
Trabajado en fro
Madera4 secada al aire
Pino-Douglas
Picea, Sitka
Pino de hoja corta
Pino blanco
Pino Ponderosa
Roble blanco
Roble rojo
Abeto occidental
Nogal de corteza fibrosa
Secoya
Concreto
Resistencia media
Alta resistencia
Plsticos
Nylon, tipo 6/6,
(moldeado)
Policarbonato
Polister PBT
(termoplstico)
Polister elastomrico
Poliestireno
Vinilo, PVC rgido
Caucho
Granito (promedio)
Mrmol (promedio)
Arenisca (promedio)
Cristal, 98% slice
1

250
200

45
45

900

830

8 830
8 830

675
550

585
220

8 940
8 940

365
585

110
545

470
415
500
390
415
690
660
440
720
415

100
60

55

90
65

2 320
2 320

50
39
50
34
36
51
47
50
63
42

7.6
7.6
9.7
7.0
7.6
13.8
12.4
10.0
16.5
6.2

345
125

Ductilidad,
porcentaje
de elongacin en 50 mm

25.2
25.2

6
12

115

9.5

10

180
180

13.9
13.9

22
46

17.1
17.1

35
3

140
140
13
10
12
10
9
12
12
11
15
9

28
40

Coeficiente
de expansin trmica, 106/C

52
52
0.7
0.5

25
30

Vara
3.0 a 4.5

9.9
9.9

1 140

75

95

45

2.8

144

50

1 200
1 340

65
55

85
75

35
55

2.4
2.4

122
135

110
150

1 200
1 030
1 440
910
2 770
2 770
2 300
2 190

45
55
40
15
20
15
7

55
45

0.2
3.1
3.1

40
90
70
240
125
85
50

35
28
14

70
55
40
65

4
3
2
4.1

125
135
162
7.2
10.8
9.0
80

500
2
40
600

Las propiedades de los metales varan ampliamente con la composicin, el tratamiento trmico y el trabajado mecnico.
Para materiales dctiles la resistencia a compresin se supone igual a la resistencia a tensin.
3
Offset 0.2%.
4
Las propiedades de la madera son para carga paralela a la fibra.
5
Vase tambin Marks Mechanical Engineering Handbook, 10a. ed., McGraw-Hill, Nueva York, 1996; Annual Book of ASTM, American Society for Testing
Materials, Philadelphia, Pa.; Metals Handbook, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio; y Aluminum Design Manual, The Aluminum Association, Washington, D.C.
2

750

tf

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades utilizadas en Estados Unidos)
Perfiles W
(Perfiles de aleta ancha)

X
tw
Y
bf

Aleta
Espesor del
alma
tw , in.

Iy, in.4

Ej e X-X

Eje Y-Y

rea
A, in.2

Altura
d, in.

Ancho
bf , in.

Espesor
tf , in.

W36 300
135

88.3
39.7

36.74
35.55

16.655
11.950

1.680
0.790

0.945
0.600

20 300
7 800

1 110
439

15.2
14.0

W33 201
118

59.1
34.7

33.68
32.86

15.745
11.480

1.150
0.740

0.715
0.550

11 500
5 900

684
359

W30 173
99

50.8
29.1

30.44
29.65

14.985
10.450

1.065
0.670

0.655
0.520

8 200
3 990

W27 146
84

42.9
24.8

27.38
26.71

13.965
9.960

0.975
0.640

0.605
0.460

W24 104
68

30.6
20.1

24.06
23.73

12.750
8.965

0.750
0.585

W21 101
62
44

29.8
18.3
13.0

21.36
20.99
20.66

12.290
8.240
6.500

W18 106
76
50
35

31.1
22.3
14.7
10.3

18.73
18.21
17.99
17.70

W16 77
57
40
31
26

22.6
16.8
11.8
9.12
7.68

W14 370
145
82
68
53
43
38
30
26
22

109
42.7
24.1
20.0
15.6
12.6
11.2
8.85
7.69
6.49

Designacin

Sy, in.3

Sy, in.3

ry , in.

1 300
225

156
37.7

3.83
2.38

14.0
13.0

749
187

95.2
32.6

3.56
2.32

539
269

12.7
11.7

598
128

79.8
24.5

3.43
2.10

5 630
2 850

411
213

11.4
10.7

443
106

63.5
21.2

3.21
2.07

0.500
0.415

3 100
1 830

258
154

10.1
9.55

259
70.4

40.7
15.7

2.91
1.87

0.800
0.615
0.450

0.500
0.400
0.350

2 420
1 330
843

227
127
81.6

9.02
8.54
8.06

248
57.5
20.7

40.3
13.9
6.36

2.89
1.77
1.26

11.200
11.035
7.495
6.000

0.940
0.680
0.570
0.425

0.590
0.425
0.355
0.300

1 910
1 330
800
510

204
146
88.9
57.6

7.84
7.73
7.38
7.04

220
152
40.1
15.3

39.4
27.6
10.7
5.12

2.66
2.61
1.65
1.22

16.52
16.43
16.01
15.88
15.69

10.295
7.120
6.995
5.525
5.500

0.760
0.715
0.505
0.440
0.345

0.455
0.430
0.305
0.275
0.250

1 110
758
518
375
301

134
92.2
64.7
47.2
38.4

7.00
6.72
6.63
6.41
6.26

138
43.1
28.9
12.4
9.59

26.9
12.1
8.25
4.49
3.49

2.47
1.60
1.57
1.17
1.12

17.92
14.78
14.31
14.04
13.92
13.66
14.10
13.84
13.91
13.74

16.475
15.500
10.130
10.035
8.060
7.995
6.770
6.730
5.025
5.000

2.660
1.090
0.855
0.720
0.660
0.530
0.515
0.385
0.420
0.335

1.655
0.680
0.510
0.415
0.370
0.305
0.310
0.270
0.255
0.230

5 440
1 710
882
723
541
428
385
291
245
199

607
232
123
103
77.8
62.7
54.6
42.0
35.3
29.0

7.07
6.33
6.05
6.01
5.89
5.82
5.87
5.73
5.65
5.54

1 990
241
677
87.3
148
29.3
121
24.2
57.7
14.3
45.2
11.3
26.7
7.88
19.6
5.82
8.91
3.54
7.00
2.80

4.27
3.98
2.48
2.46
1.92
1.89
1.55
1.49
1.08
1.04

rx , in.

Iy, in.4

Un perfil de aleta ancha se designa por la letra W seguida de la altura en in. y el peso en lb/ft.
(La tabla contina en la pgina 752)

tf

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades SI)
Perfiles W
(Perfiles de aleta ancha)

751

X
tw
Y
bf

Aleta
Espesor del
alma
tw , mm

Eje X-X

Designacin

rea
A, mm2

Altura
d, mm

Ancho
bf , mm

Espesor
tf , mm

W920 446
201

57 000
25 600

933
903

423
304

42.70
20.10

24.0
15.2

8 470
3 250

W840 299
176

38 100
22 400

855
835

400
292

29.20
18.80

18.2
14.0

W760 257
147

32 600
18 700

773
753

381
265

27.10
17.00

W690 217
125

27 700
16 000

695
678

355
253

W610 155
101

19 700
13 000

611
603

W530 150
92
66

19 200
11 800
8 370

W460 158
113
74
52

rx
mm

Iy
106 mm4

Sy
103 mm3

18 200
7 200

385
356

540
94.4

2 550
621

97.3
60.7

4 790
2 460

11 200
5 890

355
331

312
78.2

1 560
536

90.5
59.1

16.6
13.2

3 420
1 660

8 850
4 410

324
298

250
52.9

1 310
399

87.6
53.2

24.80
16.30

15.4
11.7

2 340
1 190

6 730
3 510

291
273

185
44.1

1 040
349

81.7
52.5

324
228

19.00
14.90

12.7
10.5

1 290
764

4 220
2 530

256
242

108
29.5

667
259

74.0
47.6

543
533
525

312
209
165

20.30
15.60
11.40

12.7
10.2
8.9

1 010
552
351

3 720
2 070
1 340

229
216
205

103
23.8
8.57

660
228
104

73.2
44.9
32.0

20 100
14 400
9 450
6 630

476
463
457
450

284
280
190
152

23.90
17.30
14.50
10.80

15.0
10.8
9.0
7.6

796
556
333
212

3 340
2 400
1 460
942

199
196
188
179

91.4
63.3
16.6
6.34

644
452
175
83.4

67.4
66.3
41.9
30.9

W410 114 14 600


85 10 800
60
7 580
46.1 5 890
38.8 4 990

420
417
407
403
399

261
181
178
140
140

19.30
18.20
12.80
11.20
8.80

11.6
10.9
7.7
7.0
6.4

462
315
216
156
127

2 200
1 510
1 060
774
637

178
171
169
163
160

57.2
18.0
12.1
5.14
4.04

438
199
136
73.4
57.7

62.6
40.8
40.0
29.5
28.5

W360 551
216
122
101
79
64
57.8
44
39
32.9

455
375
363
357
354
347
358
352
353
349

418
394
257
255
205
203
172
171
128
127

67.60
27.70
21.70
18.30
16.80
13.50
13.10
9.80
10.70
8.50

42.0
17.3
13.0
10.5
9.4
7.7
7.9
6.9
6.5
5.8

2 260
712
365
302
227
178
161
122
102.0
82.7

9 930
3 800
2 010
1 690
1 280
1 030
899
693
578
474

180
161
153
153
150
148
149
146
143
141

825
283
61.5
50.6
24.2
18.9
11.1
8.18
3.75
2.91

3 950
1 440
479
397
236
186
129
95.7
58.6
45.8

108
101
63.0
62.6
48.9
48.2
39.2
37.8
27.4
26.4

70 100
27 600
15 500
12 900
10 100
8 140
7 220
5 730
4 980
4 170

Ix
106 mm4

Sx
103 mm3

Eje Y-Y
ry
mm

Un perfil de aleta ancha se designa por la letra W seguida de la altura nominal en mm y la masa en kilogramo por metro.
(La tabla contina en la pgina 753)

752

tf

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades utilizadas en Estados Unidos)
(Continuacin de la pgina 750)
Perfiles W
(Perfiles de aleta ancha)

X
tw
Y
bf

Aleta
Espesor del
alma
tw , in.

Ix, in.4

Sx, in.3

rx , in.

Iy, in.4

Sy, in.3

ry , in.

Eje X-X

Eje Y-Y

rea
A, in.2

Altura
d, in.

Ancho
bf , in.

Espesor
tf , in.

28.2
21.1
14.7

12.71
12.25
12.19

12.160
12.040
8.080

0.900
0.670
0.640

0.550
0.430
0.370

833
597
394

131
97.4
64.7

5.44
5.31
5.18

270
195
56.3

44.4
32.4
13.9

3.09
3.04
1.96

40
35
30

11.8
10.3
8.79

11.94
12.50
12.34

8.005
6.560
6.520

0.515
0.520
0.440

0.295
0.300
0.260

310
285
238

51.9
45.6
38.6

5.13
5.25
5.21

44.1
24.5
20.3

11.0
7.47
6.24

1.93
1.54
1.52

26
22
16

7.65
6.48
4.71

12.22
12.31
11.99

6.490
4.030
3.990

0.380
0.425
0.265

0.230
0.260
0.220

204
156
103

33.4
25.4
17.1

5.17
4.91
4.67

17.3
4.66
2.82

5.34
2.31
1.41

1.51
0.847
0.773

32.9
20.0
15.8

11.36
10.40
10.09

10.415
10.130
10.030

1.250
0.770
0.615

0.755
0.470
0.370

716
394
303

126
75.7
60.0

4.66
4.44
4.37

45
39
33
30

13.3
11.5
9.71
8.84

10.10
9.92
9.73
10.47

8.020
7.985
7.960
5.810

0.620
0.530
0.435
0.510

0.350
0.315
0.290
0.300

248
209
170
170

49.1
42.1
35.0
32.4

4.32
4.27
4.19
4.38

22
19
15

6.49
5.62
4.41

10.17
10.24
9.99

5.750
4.020
4.000

0.360
0.395
0.270

0.240
0.250
0.230

118
96.3
68.9

23.2
18.8
13.8

W8 58
48
40
35
31
28
24
21
18
15
13

17.1
14.1
11.7
10.3
9.13
8.25
7.08
6.16
5.26
4.44
3.84

8.75
8.50
8.25
8.12
8.00
8.06
7.93
8.28
8.14
8.11
7.99

8.220
8.110
8.070
8.020
7.995
6.535
6.495
5.270
5.250
4.015
4.000

0.810
0.685
0.560
0.495
0.435
0.465
0.400
0.400
0.330
0.315
0.255

0.510
0.400
0.360
0.310
0.285
0.285
0.245
0.250
0.230
0.245
0.230

228
184
146
127
110
98.0
82.8
75.3
61.9
48.0
39.6

W6 25
20
16
12
9

7.34
5.87
4.74
3.55
2.68

6.38
6.20
6.28
6.03
5.90

6.080
6.020
4.030
4.000
3.940

0.455
0.365
0.405
0.280
0.215

0.320
0.260
0.260
0.230
0.170

W5 19
16

5.54
4.68

5.15
5.01

5.030
5.000

0.430
0.360

W4 13

3.83

4.16

4.060

0.345

Designacin

W12 96
72
50

W10 112
68
54

45.3
26.4
20.6

2.68
2.59
2.56

53.4
45.0
36.6
16.7

13.3
11.3
9.20
5.75

2.01
1.98
1.94
1.37

4.27
4.14
3.95

11.4
4.29
2.89

3.97
2.14
1.45

1.33
0.874
0.810

52.0
43.3
35.5
31.2
27.5
24.3
20.9
18.2
15.2
11.8
9.91

3.65
3.61
3.53
3.51
3.47
3.45
3.42
3.49
3.43
3.29
3.21

75.1
60.9
49.1
42.6
37.1
21.7
18.3
9.77
7.97
3.41
2.73

18.3
15.0
12.2
10.6
9.27
6.63
5.63
3.71
3.04
1.70
1.37

2.10
2.08
2.04
2.03
2.02
1.62
1.61
1.26
1.23
0.876
0.843

53.4
41.4
32.1
22.1
16.4

16.7
13.4
10.2
7.31
5.56

2.70
2.66
2.60
2.49
2.47

17.1
13.3
4.43
2.99
2.19

5.61
4.41
2.20
1.50
1.11

1.52
1.50
0.966
0.918
0.905

0.270
0.240

26.2
21.3

10.2
8.51

2.17
2.13

9.13
7.51

3.63
3.00

1.28
1.27

0.280

11.3

5.46

1.72

3.86

1.90

1.00

Un perfil de aleta ancha se designa por la letra W seguida de la altura en in. y el peso en lb/ft.

236
134
103

tf

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades SI)
Continuacin de la pgina 751
Perfiles W
(Perfiles de aleta ancha)

753

X
tw
Y
bf

Aleta
Eje X-X

Eje Y-Y

Espesor del
alma
tw , mm

Ix
106 mm4

Sx
103 mm3

rx
mm

Iy
106 mm4

Sy
103 mm3

ry
mm

348
248
165

2 150
1 590
1 060

138
135
132

113
81.2
23.4

731
531
228

78.8
77.3
49.7

180
123
103

49.1
39.3
38.8

Altura
d, mm

Ancho
bf , mm

Espesor
tf , mm

18 200
13 600
9 480

323
311
310

309
306
205

22.9
17.0
16.3

14.0
10.9
9.4

60
7 590
52
6 670
44.5 5 690

303
318
313

203
167
166

13.1
13.2
11.2

7.5
7.6
6.6

129
119
99.2

851
748
634

130
134
132

18.3
10.3
8.55

38.7 4 940
32.7 4 180
23.8 3 040

310
313
305

165
102
101

9.7
10.8
6.7

5.8
6.6
5.6

85.1
65.0
42.7

549
415
280

131
125
119

7.27
1.92
1.16

21 300
12 900
10 200

289
264
256

265
257
255

31.8
19.6
15.6

19.2
11.9
9.4

2 080
1 240
984

119
113
111

98.8
55.5
43.1

746
432
338

68.1
65.6
65.0

8 580
7 420
6 250
5 720

257
252
247
266

204
203
202
148

15.7
13.5
11.0
13.0

8.9
8.0
7.4
7.6

104
87.3
70.6
71.1

809
693
572
535

110
108
106
111

22.2
18.8
15.1
7.03

218
185
150
95.0

51.0
50.3
49.2
35.1

32.7 4 180
28.4 3 630
22.3 2 850

258
260
254

146
102
102

9.1
10.0
6.9

6.1
6.4
5.8

48.9
40.0
28.9

379
308
228

108
105
101

4.73
1.78
1.23

64.8
34.9
24.1

33.7
22.1
20.8

31.4
25.4
20.4
17.8
15.3
9.01
7.64
4.1
3.3
1.42
1.15

300
247
199
175
151
109
92.6
61.2
49.6
27.8
22.5

53.2
52.8
51.9
51.7
51.1
41.2
40.8
32.0
31.2
22.3
21.5

Designacin

W310 143
107
74

W250 167
101
80
67
58
49.1
44.8

rea
A, mm2

300
164
126

88.1
37.6
23.0

38.4
21.4
19.5

W200 86
71
59
52
46.1
41.7
35.9
31.3
26.6
22.5
19.3

11 000
9 100
7 560
6 660
5 860
5 310
4 580
4 000
3 390
2 860
2 480

222
216
210
206
203
205
201
210
207
206
203

209
206
205
204
203
166
165
134
133
102
102

20.6
17.4
14.2
12.6
11.0
11.8
10.2
10.2
8.4
8.0
6.5

13.0
10.2
9.1
7.9
7.2
7.2
6.2
6.4
5.8
6.2
5.8

94.7
76.6
61.1
52.7
45.5
40.9
34.4
31.4
25.8
20.0
16.6

853
709
582
512
448
399
342
299
249
194
164

92.4
91.7
89.9
89.0
87.9
87.8
86.7
88.6
87.2
83.6
81.8

W150 37.1
29.8
24.0
18.0
13.5

4 730
3 790
3 060
2 290
1 730

162
157
160
153
150

154
153
102
102
100

11.6
9.3
10.3
7.1
5.5

8.1
6.6
6.6
5.8
4.3

22.2
17.2
13.4
9.17
6.87

274
219
168
120
91.6

68.5
67.4
66.2
63.3
63.0

7.07
5.56
1.83
1.26
0.918

91.8
72.7
35.9
24.7
18.4

38.7
38.3
24.5
23.5
23.0

W130 28.1 3 580


23.8 3 010

131
127

128
127

10.9
9.1

6.9
6.1

10.9
8.80

166
139

55.2
54.1

3.81
3.11

59.5
49.0

32.6
32.1

W100 19.3 2 480

106

103

8.8

7.1

4.77

43.9

1.61

31.3

25.5

90.0

Un perfil de aleta ancha se designa por la letra W seguida de la altura nominal en mm y la masa en kilogramos por metro.

754

tf

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades utilizadas en Estados Unidos)
Formas S
(Formas normales estadounidenses)

X
tw
Y
bf

Aleta
Espesor del
alma
tw , in.

Ix, in.

Eje X-X

rea
A, in.2

Altura
d, in.

Ancho
bf , in.

Espesor
tf , in.

S24 121
106
100
90
80

35.6
31.2
29.3
26.5
23.5

24.50
24.50
24.00
24.00
24.00

8.050
7.870
7.245
7.125
7.000

1.090
1.090
0.870
0.870
0.870

0.800
0.620
0.745
0.625
0.500

3 160
2 940
2 390
2 250
2 100

S20 96
86
75
66

28.2
25.3
22.0
19.4

20.30
20.30
20.00
20.00

7.200
7.060
6.385
6.255

0.920
0.920
0.795
0.795

0.800
0.660
0.635
0.505

1 670
1 580
1 280
1 190

S18 70
54.7

20.6
16.1

18.00
18.00

6.251
6.001

0.691
0.691

0.711
0.461

S15 50
42.9

14.7
12.6

15.00
15.00

5.640
5.501

0.622
0.622

S12 50
40.8
35
31.8

14.7
12.0
10.3
9.35

12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00

5.477
5.252
5.078
5.000

S10 35
25.4

10.3
7.46

10.00
10.00

S8 23
18.4

6.77
5.41

S6 17.25
12.5

Eje Y-Y

Sy, in.3

ry , in.

83.3
77.1
47.7
44.9
42.2

20.7
19.6
13.2
12.6
12.1

1.53
1.57
1.27
1.30
1.34

7.71
7.89
7.62
7.83

50.2
46.8
29.8
27.7

13.9
13.3
9.32
8.85

1.33
1.36
1.16
1.19

103
89.4

6.71
7.07

24.1
20.8

7.72
6.94

1.08
1.14

486
447

64.8
59.6

5.75
5.95

15.7
14.4

5.57
5.23

1.03
1.07

0.687
0.462
0.428
0.350

305
272
229
218

50.8
45.4
38.2
36.4

4.55
4.77
4.72
4.83

15.7
13.6
9.87
9.36

5.74
5.16
3.89
3.74

1.03
1.06
0.980
1.00

0.491
0.491

0.594
0.311

147
124

29.4
24.7

3.78
4.07

8.36
6.79

3.38
2.91

0.901
0.954

4.171
4.001

0.425
0.425

0.441
0.271

64.9
57.6

16.2
14.4

3.10
3.26

4.31
3.73

2.07
1.86

0.798
0.831

6.00
6.00

3.565
3.332

0.359
0.359

0.465
0.232

26.3
22.1

8.77
7.37

2.28
2.45

2.31
1.82

1.30
1.09

0.675
0.705

2.94

5.00

3.004

0.326

0.214

12.3

4.92

2.05

1.22

0.809

0.643

2.79
2.26

4.00
4.00

2.796
2.663

0.293
0.293

0.326
0.193

6.79
6.08

3.39
3.04

1.56
1.64

0.903
0.764

0.646
0.574

0.569
0.581

2.21
1.67

3.00
3.00

2.509
2.330

0.260
0.260

0.349
0.170

2.93
2.52

1.95
1.68

1.15
1.23

0.586
0.455

0.468
0.390

0.516
0.522

rx , in.

Iy, in.

258
240
199
187
175

9.43
9.71
9.02
9.21
9.47

165
155
128
119

926
804

0.550
0.411

0.659
0.659
0.544
0.544

4.944
4.661

8.00
8.00

5.07
3.67

S5 10
S4

9.5
7.7

S3

7.5
5.7

Designacin

Sx, in.

Un perfil de aleta ancha se designa por la letra S seguida de la altura en in. y el peso en lb/ft.

tf

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades SI)
Formas S
(Formas normales estadounidenses)

755

X
tw
Y
bf

Aleta

Designacin

rea
A, mm2

Altura
d, mm

Ancho
bf , mm

Espesor
tf , mm

Espesor del
alma
tw , mm

Eje X-X
Ix
106 mm4

Eje Y-Y

Sx
103 mm3

rx
mm

Iy
106 mm4

Sy
103 mm3

ry
mm

S610 180
158
149
134
119

22 900
20 100
19 000
17 100
15 200

622
622
610
610
610

204
200
184
181
178

27.7
27.7
22.1
22.1
22.1

20.3
15.7
18.9
15.9
12.7

1 320
1 230
995
938
878

4 240
3 950
3 260
3 080
2 880

240
247
229
234
240

34.9
32.5
20.2
19.0
17.9

341
321
215
206
198

39.0
39.9
32.3
33.0
34.0

S510 143
128
112
98.3

18 200
16 400
14 200
12 500

516
516
508
508

183
179
162
159

23.4
23.4
20.2
20.2

20.3
16.8
16.1
12.8

700
658
530
495

2 710
2 550
2 090
1 950

196
200
193
199

21.3
19.7
12.6
11.8

228
216
152
145

33.9
34.4
29.5
30.4

S460 104
13 300
81.4 10 400

457
457

159
152

17.6
17.6

18.1
11.7

385
333

1 685
1 460

170
179

10.4
8.83

127
113

27.5
28.8

S380 74
64

9 500
8 150

381
381

143
140

15.6
15.8

14.0
10.4

201
185

1 060
971

145
151

6.65
6.15

90.8
85.7

26.1
27.1

S310 74
60.7
52
47.3

9 480
7 730
6 650
6 040

305
305
305
305

139
133
129
127

16.7
16.7
13.8
13.8

17.4
11.7
10.9
8.9

126
113
95.3
90.5

826
741
625
593

115
121
120
122

6.69
5.73
4.19
3.97

93.2
83.6
63.6
61.1

26.1
26.8
24.8
25.3

S250 52
37.8

6 670
4 820

254
254

126
118

12.5
12.5

15.1
7.9

61.2
51.1

482
402

95.8
103

3.59
2.86

55.7
47.5

22.9
24.1

S200 34
27.4

4 370
3 500

203
203

106
102

10.8
10.8

11.2
6.9

26.8
23.9

264
235

78.3
82.6

1.83
1.60

33.8
30.6

20.2
21.1

S150 25.7
18.6

3 270
2 370

152
152

91
85

9.1
9.1

11.8
5.8

10.8
9.11

142
120

57.5
62.0

1.00
0.782

21.3
18.0

17.2
18.0

S130 15

1 890

127

76

8.3

5.4

5.07

79.8

51.8

0.513

13.2

16.3

S100 14.1
11.5

1 800
1 460

102
102

71
68

7.4
7.4

8.3
4.9

2.82
2.53

55.3
49.6

39.6
41.6

0.383
0.328

10.5
9.41

14.4
14.8

S75 11.2
8.5

1 430
1 070

76
76

64
59

6.6
6.6

8.9
4.3

1.20
1.03

31.6
27.1

29.0
31.0

0.254
0.190

7.72
6.44

13.1
13.3

Una viga normal estadounidense se designa por la letra S seguida de la altura nominal en mm y la masa en kilogramos por metro.

756
tf

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades utilizadas en Estados Unidos)
Formas C
(Canales estadounidenses normales)

tw
X

x
Y
bf

Aleta
Espesor del
alma
tw , in.

Ix, in.4

Sx, in.3

rx , in.

Iy, in.4

Sy, in.3

ry , in.

x, in.

Eje X-X

Eje Y-Y

Designacin

rea
A, in.2

Altura
d, in.

Ancho
bf , in.

Espesor
tf , in.

C15 50
40
33.9

14.7
11.8
9.96

15.00
15.00
15.00

3.716
3.520
3.400

0.650
0.650
0.650

0.716
0.520
0.400

404
349
315

53.8
46.5
42.0

5.24
5.44
5.62

11.0
9.23
8.13

3.78
3.37
3.11

0.867
0.886
0.904

0.798
0.777
0.787

C12 30
25
20.7

8.82
7.35
6.09

12.00
12.00
12.00

3.170
3.047
2.942

0.501
0.501
0.501

0.510
0.387
0.282

162
144
129

27.0
24.1
21.5

4.29
4.43
4.61

5.14
4.47
3.88

2.06
1.88
1.73

0.763
0.780
0.799

0.674
0.674
0.698

C10 30
25
20
15.3

8.82
7.35
5.88
4.49

10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00

3.033
2.886
2.739
2.600

0.436
0.436
0.436
0.436

0.673
0.526
0.379
0.240

103
91.2
78.9
67.4

20.7
18.2
15.8
13.5

3.42
3.52
3.66
3.87

3.94
3.36
2.81
2.28

1.65
1.48
1.32
1.16

0.669
0.676
0.692
0.713

0.649
0.617
0.606
0.634

C9 20
15
13.4

5.88
4.41
3.94

9.00
9.00
9.00

2.648
2.485
2.433

0.413
0.413
0.413

0.448
0.285
0.233

60.9
51.0
47.9

13.5
11.3
10.6

3.22
3.40
3.48

2.42
1.93
1.76

1.17
1.01
0.962

0.642
0.661
0.669

0.583
0.586
0.601

C8 18.75
13.75
11.5

5.51
4.04
3.38

8.00
8.00
8.00

2.527
2.343
2.260

0.390
0.390
0.390

0.487
0.303
0.220

44.0
36.1
32.6

11.0
9.03
8.14

2.82
2.99
3.11

1.98
1.53
1.32

1.01
0.854
0.781

0.599
0.615
0.625

0.565
0.553
0.571

C7 12.25
9.8

3.60
2.87

7.00
7.00

2.194
2.090

0.366
0.366

0.314
0.210

24.2
21.3

6.93
6.08

2.60
2.72

1.17
0.968

0.703
0.625

0.571
0.581

0.525
0.540

C6 13
10.5
8.2

3.83
3.09
2.40

6.00
6.00
6.00

2.157
2.034
1.920

0.343
0.343
0.343

0.437
0.314
0.200

17.4
15.2
13.1

5.80
5.06
4.38

2.13
2.22
2.34

1.05
0.866
0.693

0.642
0.564
0.492

0.525
0.529
0.537

0.514
0.499
0.511

C5 9
6.7

2.64
1.97

5.00
5.00

1.885
1.750

0.320
0.320

0.325
0.190

8.90
7.49

3.56
3.00

1.83
1.95

0.632
0.479

0.450
0.378

0.489
0.493

0.478
0.484

C4 7.25
5.4

2.13
1.59

4.00
4.00

1.721
1.584

0.296
0.296

0.321
0.184

4.59
3.85

2.29
1.93

1.47
1.56

0.433
0.319

0.343
0.283

0.450
0.449

0.459
0.457

C3 6
5
4.1

1.76
1.47
1.21

3.00
3.00
3.00

1.596
1.498
1.410

0.273
0.273
0.273

0.356
0.258
0.170

2.07
1.85
1.66

1.38
1.24
1.10

1.08
1.12
1.17

0.305
0.247
0.197

0.268
0.233
0.202

0.416
0.410
0.404

0.455
0.438
0.436

Un canal americano normal se designa por la letra C, seguida de la altura nominal en in. y el peso en lb/ft.

757
tf

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades SI)
Formas C
(Canales americanos normales)

tw
X

x
Y
bf

Aleta
Eje X-X

Eje Y-Y

Espesor del
alma
tw , mm

Ix
106 mm4

Sx
103 mm3

rx
mm

Iy
106 mm4

Sy
103 mm3

ry
mm

167
144
134

877
756
688

133
138
143

4.54
3.79
3.34

61.5
54.7
50.5

21.9 20.2
22.4 19.7
22.8 19.9

109
112
117

2.09
1.83
1.57

33.2
30.5
27.7

19.2 17.0
19.7 17.0
20.0 17.4

Altura
d, mm

Ancho
bf , mm

Espesor
tf , mm

C380 74
9 480
60
7 570
50.4 6 430

381
381
381

94
89
86

16.5
16.5
16.5

18.2
13.2
10.2

C310 45
5 690
37
4 720
30.8 3 920

305
305
305

80
77
74

12.7
12.7
12.7

13.0
9.8
7.2

67.2
59.7
53.4

441
391
350

C250 45
37
30
22.8

5 670
4 750
3 780
2 880

254
254
254
254

76
73
69
65

11.1
11.1
11.1
11.1

17.1
13.4
9.6
6.1

42.7
37.9
32.6
27.7

336
298
257
218

86.8
89.3
92.9
98.1

1.58
1.38
1.14
0.912

26.5
24.0
21.2
18.5

16.7
17.0
17.4
17.8

C230 30
3 800
22
2 840
19.9 2 530

229
229
229

67
63
61

10.5
10.5
10.5

11.4
7.2
5.9

25.4
21.2
19.8

222
185
173

81.8
86.4
88.5

0.997
0.796
0.708

19.1
16.5
15.4

16.2 14.7
16.7 14.9
16.7 15.0

C200 27.9 3 560


20.5 2 660
17.1 2 170

203
203
203

64
59
57

9.9
9.9
9.9

12.4
7.7
5.6

18.2
14.9
13.4

179
147
132

71.5
75.7
78.6

0.817
0.620
0.538

16.4
13.7
12.6

15.1 14.3
15.4 13.9
15.7 14.4

C180 18.2 2 310


14.6 1 850

178
178

55
53

9.3
9.3

8.0
5.3

10.0
8.83

112
99.2

65.8
69.1

0.470
0.400

11.2
10.2

14.3 13.1
14.7 13.7

C150 19.3 2 450


15.6 1 980
12.2 1 540

152
152
152

54
51
48

8.7
8.7
8.7

11.1
8.0
5.1

7.11
6.21
5.35

93.6
81.7
70.4

53.9
56.0
58.9

0.420
0.347
0.276

10.2
9.01
7.82

13.1 12.9
13.2 12.5
13.4 12.7

C130 13
1 710
10.4 1 310

127
127

48
47

8.1
8.1

8.3
4.8

3.70
3.25

58.3
51.2

46.5
49.8

0.264
0.229

7.37
6.74

12.4 12.2
13.2 13.0

C100 10.8 1 370


8.0 1 020

102
102

43
40

7.5
7.5

8.2
4.7

1.90
1.61

37.3
31.6

37.2
39.7

0.172
0.130

5.44
4.56

11.2 11.4
11.3 11.5

40
37
35

6.9
6.9
6.9

9.0
6.6
4.3

0.850
0.751
0.671

22.3
19.7
17.6

27.4
28.3
29.6

0.122
0.0948
0.0765

4.25
3.62
3.16

10.4 11.3
10.1 10.8
10.0 10.8

Designacin

rea
A, mm2

C75 8.9 1 130


7.4
936
6.1
765

76.2
76.2
76.2

Un canal de viga americano se designa por la letra C seguida de la altura nominal en milmetros y la masa en kilogramos por metro.

x
mm

16.3
15.6
15.3
15.8

758
Y
x
Z

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades utilizadas en Estados Unidos)
ngulos
Piernas iguales

y
Y

Eje X-X y eje Y-Y


Peso por
pie, lb/ft

rea, in.2

I, in.4

S, in.3

r, in.

x o y, in.

Eje
Z-Z
r, in.

L8 8 1
3
4
1
2

51.0
38.9
26.4

15.0
11.4
7.75

89.0
69.7
48.6

15.8
12.2
8.36

2.44
2.47
2.50

2.37
2.28
2.19

1.56
1.58
1.59

L6 6 1
3
4
5
8
1
2
3
8

37.4
28.7
24.2
19.6
14.9

11.0
8.44
7.11
5.75
4.36

35.5
28.2
24.2
19.9
15.4

8.57
6.66
5.66
4.61
3.53

1.80
1.83
1.84
1.86
1.88

1.86
1.78
1.73
1.68
1.64

1.17
1.17
1.18
1.18
1.19

L5 5 34
5
8
1
2
3
8

23.6
20.0
16.2
12.3

6.94
5.86
4.75
3.61

15.7
13.6
11.3
8.74

4.53
3.86
3.16
2.42

1.51
1.52
1.54
1.56

1.52
1.48
1.43
1.39

0.975
0.978
0.983
0.990

L4 4 34
5
8
1
2
3
8
1
4

18.5
15.7
12.8
9.8
6.6

5.44
4.61
3.75
2.86
1.94

7.67
6.66
5.56
4.36
3.04

2.81
2.40
1.97
1.52
1.05

1.19
1.20
1.22
1.23
1.25

1.27
1.23
1.18
1.14
1.09

0.778
0.779
0.782
0.788
0.795

L312 312 12
3
8
1
4

11.1
8.5
5.8

3.25
2.48
1.69

3.64
2.87
2.01

1.49
1.15
0.794

1.06
1.07
1.09

1.06
1.01
0.968

0.683
0.687
0.694

L3 3 12
3
8
1
4

9.4
7.2
4.9

2.75
2.11
1.44

2.22
1.76
1.24

1.07
0.833
0.577

0.898
0.913
0.930

0.932
0.888
0.842

0.584
0.587
0.592

L212 212 12
3
8
1
4
3
16

7.7
5.9
4.1
3.07

2.25
1.73
1.19
0.902

1.23
0.984
0.703
0.547

0.724
0.566
0.394
0.303

0.739
0.753
0.769
0.778

0.806
0.762
0.717
0.694

0.487
0.487
0.491
0.495

L2 2 38
1
4
1
8

4.7
3.19
1.65

1.36
0.938
0.484

0.479
0.348
0.190

0.351
0.247
0.131

0.594
0.609
0.626

0.636
0.592
0.546

0.389
0.391
0.398

Tamao y espesor, in.

759

Y
x
Z

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades SI)
ngulos
Piernas iguales

y
Y

Eje X-X y eje Y-Y


Tamao y espesor, mm

Masa por
metros, kg/m

rea, mm2

I
106 mm4

S
103 mm3

r
mm

xoy
mm

Eje
Z-Z
r
mm

L203 203 25.4


19.0
12.7

75.9
57.9
39.3

9 670
7 350
4 990

36.9
28.9
20.2

258
199
137

61.8
62.7
63.6

60.0
57.8
55.5

39.7
40.0
40.4

L152 152 25.4


19.0
15.9
12.7
9.5

55.7
42.7
36.0
29.2
22.2

7 080
5 420
4 580
3 700
2 800

14.6
11.6
10.0
8.22
6.34

139
108
92.5
75.2
57.4

45.4
46.3
46.7
47.1
47.6

47.2
44.9
43.9
42.7
41.5

29.5
29.7
29.9
30.0
30.2

L127 127 19.0


15.9
12.7
9.5

35.1
29.8
24.1
18.3

4 470
3 790
3 060
2 320

6.54
5.66
4.68
3.63

74.0
63.2
51.7
39.6

38.3
38.6
39.1
39.6

38.6
37.5
36.5
35.3

24.7
24.8
25.0
25.1

L102 102 19.0


15.9
12.7
9.5
6.4

27.5
23.4
19.0
14.6
9.8

3 520
2 990
2 430
1 850
1 260

3.23
2.81
2.34
1.83
1.29

46.3
39.7
32.6
25.1
17.4

30.3
30.7
31.0
31.5
32.0

32.3
31.3
30.2
29.0
28.0

19.9
19.9
19.9
20.0
20.3

L89 89 12.7
9.5
6.4

16.5
12.6
8.6

2 100
1 600
1 100

1.52
1.19
0.845

24.5
18.8
13.1

26.9
27.3
27.7

26.9
25.8
24.6

17.4
17.4
17.6

L76 76 12.7
9.5
6.4

14.0
10.7
7.3

1 770
1 350
932

0.915
0.725
0.517

17.5
13.6
9.50

22.7
23.2
23.6

23.6
22.5
21.4

14.8
14.9
15.0

L64 64 12.7
9.5
6.4
4.8

11.4
8.7
6.1
4.6

1 460
1 130
778
591

0.524
0.419
0.302
0.235

12.1
9.40
6.62
5.09

18.9
19.3
19.7
19.9

20.6
19.4
18.4
17.8

12.5
12.5
12.6
12.7

L51 51 9.5
6.4
3.2

7.0
4.7
2.4

879
612
316

0.202
0.147
0.0806

5.80
4.09
2.17

15.2
15.5
16.0

16.2
15.1
13.9

9.95
9.94
10.1

760

Y
x
Z

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades utilizadas en Estados Unidos)
ngulos
Piernas desiguales

Eje X-X
Tamao y
espesor, in.

Peso por
ft, lb/ft.

Eje Y-Y

Eje Z-Z

rea, in.2

lx , in.4

Sx , in.3

rx , in.

y, in.

ly , in.4

Sy , in.3

ry , in.

x, in.

rz , in.

tan a

38.8
30.7
21.7

8.92
6.92
4.79

1.73
1.76
1.79

1.65
1.56
1.47

1.28
1.29
1.30

0.543
0.551
0.558

L8 6 1
3
4
1
2

44.2
33.8
23.0

13.0
9.94
6.75

80.8
63.4
44.3

15.1
11.7
8.02

2.49
2.53
2.56

2.65
2.56
2.47

L6 4 34
1
2
3
8

23.6
16.2
12.3

6.94
4.75
3.61

24.5
17.4
13.5

6.25
4.33
3.32

1.88
1.91
1.93

2.08
1.99
1.94

8.68
6.27
4.90

2.97
2.08
1.60

1.12
1.15
1.17

1.08
0.987
0.941

0.860
0.870
0.877

0.428
0.440
0.446

L5 3 12
3
8
1
4

12.8
9.8
6.6

3.75
2.86
1.94

9.45
7.37
5.11

2.91
2.24
1.53

1.59
1.61
1.62

1.75
1.70
1.66

2.58
2.04
1.44

1.15
0.888
0.614

0.829
0.845
0.861

0.750
0.704
0.657

0.648
0.654
0.663

0.357
0.364
0.371

L4 3 12
3
8
1
4

11.1
8.5
5.8

3.25
2.48
1.69

5.05
3.96
2.77

1.89
1.46
1.00

1.25
1.26
1.28

1.33
1.28
1.24

2.42
1.92
1.36

1.12
0.866
0.599

0.864
0.879
0.896

0.827
0.782
0.736

0.639
0.644
0.651

0.543
0.551
0.558

L312 212 12
3
8
1
4

9.4
7.2
4.9

2.75
2.11
1.44

3.24
2.56
1.80

1.41
1.09
0.755

1.09
1.10
1.12

1.20
1.16
1.11

1.36 0.760
1.09 0.592
0.777 0.412

0.704
0.719
0.735

0.705
0.660
0.614

0.534
0.537
0.544

0.486
0.496
0.506

L3 2 12
3
8
1
4

7.7
5.9
4.1

2.25
1.73
1.19

1.92
1.53
1.09

1.00
0.781
0.542

0.924
0.940
0.957

1.08
1.04
0.993

0.672 0.474
0.543 0.371
0.392 0.260

0.546
0.559
0.574

0.583
0.539
0.493

0.428
0.430
0.435

0.414
0.428
0.440

L212 2 38
1
4

5.3
3.62

1.55
1.06

0.912
0.654

0.547
0.381

0.768
0.784

0.831
0.787

0.514 0.363
0.372 0.254

0.577
0.592

0.581
0.537

0.420
0.424

0.614
0.626

761

Y
x
Z

Apndice C. Propiedades de perfiles laminados de acero


(Unidades SI)
ngulo
Piernas desiguales

Eje X-X
Tamao y
espesor,
mm

Masa por
metro,
kg/m

L203 152 25.4


19.0
12.7

65.5
50.1
34.1

L152 102 19.0


12.7
9.5

rea,
mm2

Eje Y-Y

y
mm

Ix
106 mm4

Sx
103 mm3

rx
mm

Iy
106 mm4

8 370
6 380
4 350

33.5
26.2
18.4

247
190
131

63.3 67.4 16.0


64.1 65.1 12.7
65.0 62.7 8.96

35.0
24.0
18.2

4 470
3 060
2 320

10.1
7.20
5.56

102
70.8
54.0

47.5 52.5
48.5 50.3
49.0 49.1

L127 76 12.7
9.5
6.4

19.0
14.5
9.8

2 420
1 840
1 260

3.93
3.06
2.14

47.6
36.6
25.2

L102 76 12.7
9.5
6.4

16.4
12.6
8.6

2 100
1 600
1 100

2.12
1.66
1.17

L89 64 12.7
9.5
6.4

13.9
10.7
7.3

1 780
1 360
938

L76 51 12.7
9.5
6.4

11.5
8.8
6.1

L64 51 9.5
6.4

7.9
5.4

Eje Z-Z

Sy
103 mm3

ry
mm

145
113
78.1

3.65
2.64
2.06

40.3 44.4
40.8 43.3
41.2 42.1

31.1
24.0
16.6

1.36
1.07
0.759

1 450
1 120
772
1 000
695

x
mm

rz
mm

tan a

43.7 41.9
44.6 39.6
45.4 37.3

32.4
32.7
33.0

0.541
0.551
0.556

49.0
34.4
26.4

28.6 27.5
29.4 25.3
29.8 24.1

21.9
22.2
22.4

0.435
0.446
0.452

1.06
0.841
0.598

18.6
14.5
10.1

20.9 19.0
21.4 17.8
21.8 16.6

16.3
16.6
16.8

0.355
0.362
0.369

31.8 33.9
32.2 32.8
32.6 31.6

1.00
0.792
0.564

18.1
14.1
9.83

21.8 20.9
22.2 19.8
22.6 18.6

16.2
16.3
16.5

0.536
0.545
0.552

23.3
18.0
12.5

27.6 30.6
28.0 29.5
28.4 28.3

0.581
0.463
0.333

12.7
9.83
6.91

18.1 18.1
18.5 16.9
18.8 15.8

13.7
13.8
13.9

0.491
0.503
0.512

0.795
0.632
0.453

16.4
12.7
8.90

23.4 27.4
23.8 26.2
24.2 25.1

0.283
0.228
0.166

7.84
6.11
4.32

14.0 14.9
14.3 13.7
14.7 12.6

10.9
10.9
11.1

0.420
0.434
0.446

0.388
0.280

9.10
6.39

19.5 21.3
20.1 20.2

0.217
0.158

5.99
4.24

14.7 14.8
15.1 13.7

10.8 0.610
10.8 0.621

Centroides de reas y lneas comunes


Figuras

rea

h
3

bh
2

4r
3p

4r
3p

pr2
4

4r
3p

pr2
2

3a
8

3h
5

2ah
3

3h
5

4ah
3

3a
4

3h
10

ah
3

2r sen a
3a

ar2

2r
p

2r
p

pr
2

2r
p

pr

r sen a
a

2ar

rea triangular

b
2

rea de un cuarto
de crculo

y
b
2

C
O

rea semicircular

y
O

x
a

rea semiparablica
C

rea parablica

a
y kx2

Enjuta parablica
C

O
x
r

Sector circular

O
x

Un cuarto de arco
circular

y
O

Arco semicircular

O
x

Arco de un crculo

O
x

Momentos de inercia de figuras geomtricas comunes


y

y'

Ix 121 bh3
Iy 121 b3h

Rectngulo

x'

x
b

Tringulo

x'

h
3

Ix 13bh3
Iy 13b3h

JC 121 bh1b2 h2 2

Ix 361 bh3
Ix 121 bh3

Ix Iy 14pr4

Crculo

JO 12pr4

Semicrculo

Ix Iy 18pr4

JO 14pr4

Cuarto de
crculo

Ix Iy 161 pr4

C
O

JO 18pr4

Elipse

b
O
a

Ix 14pab3
x

Iy 14pa3b

JO 14pab1a2 b2 2

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