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III.

METHODOLOGY

III-A. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS


Power Analyzer 2 Kit Module this is used to read and
analyze the power measurements of the load device to
be transmitted to microcontroller for monitoring and
control of electrical power usage.
Arduino Uno (MCU) this module is used for receiving
the transmitted inputs or power measurements from
the Power Analyzer Module in order to manipulate the
values of the electrical usage from the load. This also
serves as the action source for controlling and
monitoring the power measurements.
4x20 Serial LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) used for
showing the values of power measurements of the load
from time to time. This is interfaced with the MCU or
microcontroller where datas of electrical usage are
received.
Autocopler (Relays) this serves as the switches, being
also connected from the MCU, for allowing capacitors to
be activated depending on the value of the power
factor recognized by the MCU.
Capacitors these are connected to the load in order to
prevent inductive load after being activated, thus,
resulting to a resonant-circuit.
Power Supply used to supply desired input voltages to
the microcontroller or MCU and the autocopler to start
and attain functionality of the system.

III-B. HARDWARE DESIGN

Load/Device

System Flow Diagram

Capacitors (AC)

L
(Liquid Cry

III-C. SOFTWARE DESIGN (System Flow Chart)


Start
(Analyzing Load)

Read
Power
Factor

Display Value

Power Factor is less than 0.80

False

True

Relay Pins 1 & 2 are HIGH

Power Factor is greater than 0.90

False

True

Relay Pin 1 is LOW

Power Factor is less than 0.85 and is greater than 0.79

False

True

Relay Pins 1 & 2 are LOW

IV. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

After the device of this system has been tested by the


researchers, the reading of the power measurements from the
sample loads were attained well and the Power Analyzer is
consistenly working for transmitting the values of these
measurements. The microcontroller or Arduino Uno MCU were also
able to manipulate well the datas from the Analyzer and allows
the measurements to be displayed either in serial monitor or to
the LCD Serial 4x20 II Kit.
The monitoring of the power factor is made
successfully, where the process of displaying its value follows the
written codes in the MCU. Thus, it performs the desired action
perfectly.
If the sample load is a purely resistive like candle light
bulb(s), the appearing power factor is 1.00, while it reaches upto
0.35 when the used loads are balasted florescent lamps. From
time to time the power factor value is getting smaller if the load
device is inductive.
Activation of the relays as switches depending on the
value of power factor were also attained when the used load is
inductive. These switches which are connected to the AC
capcitors are being activated also by the MCU. In the conditions
made, when the power factor is less than 0.80 the relay 1 & 2
turn ON, when it is greater than 0.90 the relay 1 turns OFF, when
it is less than 0.85 and is greater than 0.79 the relay 2 also turns
OFF. While these trials were made, the researchers concluded that
the system functions very well.