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Chapter III

Technical Study
The overview of the planting process of Gabi (Taro) and its total production
process to Gabi (Taro) flour will be discussed in this chapter.
Business Process
Gabi Flour Production is a manufacturing business that produces flour made of
Gabi (Taro). The business is located along Brgy. Talim, Lucena City. The delivery of the
raw materials Gabi (Taro) from suppliers will be made once a week, every Monday. The
raw materials will be stored in the storage area. The raw materials and other
manufacturing supplies inventory will be organized and checked from Mondays to
Fridays. The machineries and equipment are expected to be prepared and conditioned
before the production. Cleaning and sanitizing the machineries and the equipments as
well as the entire area will be every after the production each day.
Transaction Process
Taro Flour Production plant site is located at Brgy. Talim, Lucena City.The
finished goods will be distributed to the different bakeries in Lucena City.
Taro Flour Production will deliver the product to the bakeries with the condition
of paying cash on delivery. Bakeries that will purchase the Gabi Flour are in a contract
basis.

Raw Materials
The raw material that will be processed in the production is taro. The taro will
come from the suppliers of the business. The taros to be used in the production are
thematured ones. The type of taro is the Piko Uli-Uli. This type of Taro has the maturity
of 12 to 15 months. Its life span is 2 to 3 weeks.

Figure 3.1
Another raw material that will be used in the production is the salt. This material
will be used in the immersing process of the production.

Price of Raw Materials


Raw Material

Cost per kilo

Gabi (Taro)

Quantity per
week
9,072 pcs

Total

8.00

Trade
Discount
1.00

Salt

12.5 kilograms

90.00

125.00

1,000.00

7.00

List of Suppliers
The Gabi Flour Production will get its raw materials from the following suppliers:
NAME

LOCATION

Edith Marlinga

IbabangTalim, Lucena City

Pia Babao

Sariaya, Quezon

Mateo Bermudo

Ibabang Talim, Lucena City

Nanding Caleja

Lucena City

Production Process

The transaction or production of Gabi (Taro) flour is more likely like any other
flour manufacturing.

Water is boiled in a pressure cooker. Cooking is accomplished by the hot vapor


which gradually penetrates the mass of taro. The time required is 1 hour.

Peeling and Washing


After the taro has been cooked, it will now be peeled and washed by the workers.

Slicing
Slicing process is process to cut the taro into pieces.

Soaking

Soaking is the process wherein the raw material is put into large basins with water
and it is soaked for 1 hour.

Immersing
It is the process wherein the Taro is dipped in a 25% of salt.

Blanching
After immersing, the Taro will be blanched in boiling water for 4 to 5 minutes.

Drying

Tray drying was obtained by the use of an insulated cabinet through which heated
air was circulated. The feed air was heated by thermostatically controlled electric feeder
strips, and the supply of relief, or fresh, air was controllable within any limits.

Milling
Milling processes in the production of taro flour involve only grinding and sifting
of the tray-dried refrigerated taro.

Sifting

It is a separation of the wanted or desired elements of flour from the unwanted


materials using a machine, known as flour sifter. This process makes the taro flour extra
fine flour. The unwanted particles separated are not harmful and are disposed off through
a garbage collector.
The Gabi Flour are sent to the last stage of the process and checked by the quality
control personnel ( operating manager) before packaging.

Packaging
The best stage is the packaging process where in the Taro Flour are packed into
sacks. The weight of the Taro flour per sack is equivalent to 25kg.
Since flour is intended for human consumption, all the equipment used in the
factory is thoroughly cleaned and sterilized by hot steam.
Indirect Raw Materials
The indirect raw material that will be used in the production is water. The water is
used in washing the taro before the process of peeling.
Production Schedule

No. of Taro in a sack

54

Multiply by: No. of sacks

28

Total no. of Taro in kilo

1,512

Multiply by: Total no. of days in a year

300

Total Annual Production (kg)

453,600
Table 3.1

To produce 1 sack of flour, 54 taros are needed. It is now then multiplied to the
number of sacks the company can produce. The total annual production (kg) is 453,600.

Machineries and Equipment

Name: Flour Mill Pulverizer


Cost: P 450000/ Set
Place

of

Origin:

Guangdong

China (Mainland)

Functions Description:
This machine is used for smashing purposes. An operator is required to feed the
dried meat into the machine during the pulverizing process.

Production Capacity:

60-1800kg/h

Model Number:

CWF-900

Weight:

4T

Voltage:

380V

Dimension(L*W*H):

2500x1280x2700

Power(W):

30kw

Name: Taro Slicing Machine


Cost:Php 24920 / Set
Place

of

Origin:

Guangdong

China (Mainland)

Functions Description:
This machine can cut root vegetables like potato, taro, carrot, onion, bamboo
shoots, eggplant into strip, slice or cube shape by changing the blades.

Cutting Size:

0~60mm

Capacity:

300-1000kg/h

Voltage:

220V or 380V

Power:

1HP + 1HP +0.5HP

Net weight:

135KG

Dimension:

1170x560x1260mm

Name: Taro Drying Machine


Cost:Php77840 / Set
Place of Origin: Henan China (Mainland)

Functions Description:
This machine is widely used for the heating and dehumidification of raw materials
and products in pharmaceutical, chemical, foodstuff, light and heavy industries.
Especially for the fruit and vegetable food processing. Such as leaf vegetables, cabbage,
onions, carrot, apples, lemons, oranges, plums, bananas, sweet potatoes etc.

Model:

HGC 192

Capacity:

400kg

Power:

45 KW

Trays:

192

Trolley:

Name: Taro Flour Processing


Machine
Cost: Php 49380
Place of Origin: Henan China
(Mainland)

Functional Description:
It is used in extracting starch from Gabi (Taro). It is suitable for the farmers
individual and small scale processing.
Model:

TZ-1000

Capacity:

1 T/H

Motor (Washing):

1.5 KW

(Cleaning and Separation):

5.5 KW

(Second Separating):

1.5 KW

Water Consumption:

8 m3/H

Name: Flour Sifter


Cost: Php100,750
Place of Origin: Henan China (Mainland)

Functional Description:
This machine separates of the wanted or desired elements of flour from the
unwanted materials.

Model: FSFJ1x10x100
Capacity: 2 to 3 Tons/hour
Power: 1.1 KW

Name:Packaging Machine with


Weighing and Sealing
Cost: Php128,000
Place of Origin:Henan China
(Mainland)

Functional Description:
This packing machine will be for the final production of the Gabi (Taro) Flour.
Model: TDBZ A
Capacity: 200 bag / hour
Power: 3.12 KW

List of Factory Equipment


Factory Equipment
Weighing scale
Bundy Clocks
Push Cart

Storage Tanks
Jeepney
Pressure Cooker
Drums

Quantity
1
1
2

Brand or Origin
National Scale / NS-29C
CDR King
Prestar Pushcart Japan.

2
2
2
3

Durabilt
Isuzu
Abenson
PS Engracia

List of Furniture and Fixture Factory


Furniture and Fixture
Table
Mono Block Chair
Locker

Quantity
2
4
1

Brand or Origin
Nestwood
Nestwood
Nestwood

Quantity
100
175
10000

Brand or Origin
ACE Hardware
ACE Hardware
Customize

Quantity
1
3
4
1
2

Brand or Origin
Carrier 1.5HP
Intel Desktop
Sunlife Book Store
Recio
Golden Castle

List of Factory Supplies


Factory Supplies
Sack Needle
Thread
Sack

List of Office Equipment


Office Equipments
Air Condition
Computer
Calculator
Water Dispenser
Fire Extinguisher

List of Furniture and Fixtures - Office


Furniture and Fixture
File Cabinet
Executive Desk w/
drawer
Executive Chair
Mono Block Chair
Couch

Quantity
2
6

Brand or Origin
Nestwood
Nestwood

6
6
1

Nestwood
Nestwood
Nestwood

List of Office Supplies


Office Supplies Brand or Origin
Ballpen
HBW

Office Supplies
Journal Book

Brand or Origin
SunlifeBookStore

Folder

SunlifeBookStore

Record Book

SunlifeBookStore

SunlifeBookStore

Time Card

Advance

Document File

Uber File

White board
White board

SunlifeBookStore

Brown
Envelope
Bond Paper
Advance
(Long & Short)
Clip board
SunlifeBookStore
Cash Receipt

SunlifeBookStore

SunlifeBookStore
marker

Columnar
Book
Paper Clips
Push pins
Staple wire
Stapler
Puncher

SunlifeBookStore

Eraser

SunlifeBookStore

SunlifeBookStore
SunlifeBookStore
SunlifeBookStore
SunlifeBookStore
SunlifeBookStore

Computer Ink
Scotch Tape
Pencil
Fastener
Scissors

InkJet
SunlifeBookStore
SunlifeBookStore
SunlifeBookStore
SunlifeBookStore

Plan Size and Layout


The overall lot area of Gabi (Taro) Flour Production site is 714 square meters
allotting 296 floor area to its factory, warehouse and offices. The following are some of
the important parts of the site:

Guard House
It will be located in front of the entrance gate where the security guard will stay to

secure the whole premises.

Parking Area
The company will provide a parking area located in front of the building for the

delivery trucks and for the employee vehicles.

Mess - Hall Area


It is an eating area provided by the company for the lunch break and snack time of

the company workers.

Storage Area
It is a room provided for the safety storage of the raw materials.

Finished Product Warehouse


It is a room provided for the finished products that is ready for delivery.

Offices
Each functional unit will have their own offices. It includes finance, human

resource, marketing and general manager's office.

Quality Control Office


There will be an office in the factory for quality assurance personnel for them to

easy monitor the whole production process.

Working Area
This is the place for Gabi (Taro) flour making; all machineries and equipment
needed in the production are set up here. The following are the areas in the

working place:
1. Peeling Area
2. Cutting / Slicing Area
3. Washing Area
4. Drying Area
5. Grinding Area
6. Sifting Area
7. Packaging Area
Comfort Rooms
It is a facility provided to allow use of a toilet by the members of the company or
other person outside organization like customers and visitors. Separate comfort
rooms for male and female can be used by factory workers, customers and

visitors. While the toilet and bath comfort room located inside the office area can
be used by the office workers.
Utilities
A facility composed of one or more pieces of equipment connected to or part of a
structure and designed to provide a service such as heat or electricity or water. Since both
the factory and administrative building is located at the city of Lucena, both of the
buildings are expected to be operating well with the use of the service of Meralco for the
electricity; Quezon Metropolitant Water District for the water supply; and Philippine
Long Distance Communication (PLDT) for communication.
Electricity and Water
The company will avail the services of Meralco for its electricity needs, and will
avail the services of Quezon Metropolitant Water District for its water needs.

Telecommunication and Internet Service Provider


The company will avail the services of PLDT for its telecommunication and
Internet Service. The company will avail a plan from the said company to suffix its need
for both the internet and the telecommunications.

Waste Disposal
It is common among manufacturing firms to think of ways in which they can
reuse other parts of their products. The waste to be produced by the business in its factory
is the unwanted particles of flour removed in the sifting process. The business shall
observe non-toxic waste in its factory operations. Regarding the office operations, the
business should implement garbage segregation system. The overall waste produced will
be disposed of through garbage collectors on a regular basis.
Health and Safety concerns
Maintenance of health and safety requires its communication and proper display
at different site areas so as to make sure the safety of worker. The workers in the work
area will wear masks and caps. The electrical wires are managed in a nice and safe
manner. No broken plugs, sockets and switches. No machines must be exposed to live
wires. Appropriate firefighting equipment is maintained at proper places.
Accidents may occur in every phase of production and therefore, training of
operators and in safe manipulation of the machines to reduce the occurrence of
unnecessary and unpleasant events during the course of the process / production.
Operators should be well trained and fully aware in using the machines. The company
will be giving high attention on these trainings. For maintenance and safety purposes,
there would be regular inspections of the machines to keep them for future unwanted
accidents.