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15

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16

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CCbiJIKH scex COCJiaHHbiX, 11 see, 'ITO ,l],OM11U11aH HepoH, npaBI1Blll11H.UO Hero,
15

16
17
18
19

20

B TeKcTe- JiaJ<YHa. BoccTaHawnmaeTcH no J1aM6ep'fY: 3oepreT, 26 JieT. 11Hcyc cocTaBHJI KHHry My.UPOCTH. <I>HJionaTep, 17 JieT. Ha'fHHaeTCH BTOpaH KHHra MaKKaoeeo.
EnH<t>aH, 24 ro.na. PHMJIHHe no.n'fHHHJIH rpeKoB. <I>HJIOMeTOp, 35 JieT. AHTHOX, o.noJieB
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Y 6e.nbt - 3952 ro.na.
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K 609 r.
B KO.UeKce D- <<MaTepeti>>.

18

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rnecroe H3JiaHHe25, H POllHJICR HecqacTHbiH CaseJIJIHH.
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21
22
23
24
25
26

HepeMUR, 26, 18.


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B TeKcTe - He6oJiblllaH naicyHa.
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19

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27

lllanyp I - uapb nepcnn B 241-272 rr.

28
29

y EeJlhi- 16-11 ron.

Hhme - AopK.

20

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I0

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30
31
32
33
34
35

HhiHe - WapTp.
KoHcTaHTHH I- pHMCKHw HMnepaTop B 306-337 rr.
CHJibBecTp I- pHMCKHw nana B 3I4-335 rr.
B opHrHHaJie: utrorumque corpora circumfundens aere cypro quinue pedes.
T. e. KoHcTaHTHHonoJib.
BepHee, a 325 r.

21

AHHanbl

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36
37

En~-tcKona MlfllaHa " Typa.


CoBp. AJoBcKoe Mope.

38

8751r.

39
40

Xno.llBHr I - KOPOJib <J>paHKOB B 481-511 rr.


En~-tcKon Pei1Mca.

22

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nocJie Hero- XHJihnepi1K46. 3aTeM- Xr!OTaph47, OTeU KOpOJIH ,[(aro6epTa48.
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BaJieHTI1HI1aHoM 6 neT.
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rr.

41

Teo.nopwx I - Koponh <lJpaHKOB (co CTonwuei1 B r. Pei1Mc) B 511-533

42

B 531 r.
B 534-548 rr.
B 548-555 rr.
XnoTaph I - KOPOJih <lJpaHKOB (co CTonwuei1 B r. CyaccoH) B 511-561 rr. B 558 r. cTan

43
44

45
46

47
48
49
50
51
52
53

54

KOpOJieM BCeX <lJpaHKOB.


XM:JibnepM:K I - KOPOJib <tJpaHKOB B 561-584 rr. npaBM:JI qeTBepTbiO <l>paHKCKoro
KoponeBCTBa. OcTaJihHhie TpM: qeTBepTM: ynpaBJIIDIM:Ch ero 6paTbHMM:, KOTopbie J.necb
He ynoMHHYThl.
XnoTaph II - Koponh <tJpaHKOB B 584-629 rr. B 613 r. cTan KoponeM o6be.nwHeHHoro
<l>paHKCKoro rocy.napcTBa.
.llaro6epT I - Koponh <lJpaHKOB B 629-639 rr.
OepBble T. H. <<JieHM:Bhie KOpOJIM:.
nwnM:H II fepM:CTaJibCKM:H- MIDKop.noM B 687-714 rr.
Kapn MapTeJIJI- MIDKop.noM B 715-741 rr.
CM. HIDKe, npwM. 108.
3axapwi1- pM:MCKM:H nana B 741-752 rr.
B asrycTe 410 r.

23

AHHanbl

BOMytieHHKa CTeQ>aHa, faMaJIHHJia, KOTOpbiH 6bUI ytiHTeJieM anOCTOJia IlaBJia,


11 ero ChiHa ABHOHa, a TaiOKe HHKO,llHMa, KOTOphiH nepBhiM npmueJI K H11cycy
H04hiO. HoaHH, enHcKon HepycaJIHMa, c 6oJihlliHMH noqecniMH nepeHec HX
B CBHTYIO uepKOBh CHoHa. CBHIUeHHHK HepOHHM YMep B BHQ>JieeMe B 12-H:
fO,ll fOHOpHH, Ha 91-M fO,lly CBOeH )J(J{3HH55.
<l>eo,llOCHH MJia,lllliHH, ChiH ApKa,lliDI, 26 JieT. YMep ABrycTHH, enHcKon
fHnnoHa H Bbl,llaiOIUHHCH HaCTaBHHK CBHTOH uepKBH56. Bo BpeMeHa 3TOfO
<l>eo,llOCHH 6paThH oJie,lla 11 ArrHJia57 uapCTBOBaJIH y ryHHOB 11 onycTOillaJIH
11JIJIHpHK H <l>paKHIO.
MapuHaH BMecTe c BaJieHTHHHaHOM, ChiHOM IlJiauH.llHH, 7 JieT. AHmhi,
OCTaBHB TY 3eMJIIO, KOTOpOH HhiHe BJia,lleiOT ,llaT4aHe, BMeCTe CO CBOHM KOpOJieM
AHmHHroM HanpaBHJIHCh B BpHTaHHIO npoTHB CKOTTOB 11 6pHTTOB no npHmaIlleHHIO 11 B conpoBO)I(,lleHHH KopoJIH BepTHrepHa.

ITpH nane JlhBe58 cocToHJicH

XaJIKe,llOHCKHH co6op 630 OTUOB59. Kor,lla YMep oJie,lla, ATTHJia, ero 6paT, onycTOiliHJI no4TH BCIO faJIJIHIO, noKa ero c comaciDI Bo.xa.ero He H3fHaJIH OTry,lla
naTPHUHH 3rH,llHH 11 TypHcMo,ll6o, roTCKHH npaBHTeJih ropo,lla Pei1Mca6I.
B 3TO BpeM.H Ha,ll BCeMH roTaMH uapcTBOBaJI 3pMaHpHx, JIOBKHH B KoBapcTBe H IUe,llpbiH B ,llapeHHH; llOCJie CMepTH CBOero e,llHHCTBeHHOfO ChiHa
<l>pH,llpHXa, OH, HCllOJIHHB CBOIO BOJIIO, llOBeCHJI CBOHX ,llBOIOpO,llHhiX 6paTheB
3M6pHKa 11 <l>pHTJia. Teo,llopHxa62, ,llpyroro cBoero ,llBOIOpO,llHoro 6paTa, OH
H3fHaJI 113 BepOHhl B pe3yJihTaTe npoHCKOB 0,lloaKpa63, erue O,llHOfO CBOero
,llBOIOpO,llHoro 6paTa, 11 BhiHY.llHJI ero YKPhiThCH y ATTHJihi. IlaTpHUHH A3UHH,
BeJIHKOe YTellleHHe 3alla,llHOfO fOCy,llapCTBa H B TO )f(e BpeMH yxac KOpOJIH
ATTHJihi, 6biJI y6HT BaJieHTHHHaHOM MJia.lllliHM64. BMecTe c HHM naJio fecnepHHCKoe uapCTBO H ,llO CHX nop He MOXeT onpaBHThCH.
JleB CTaplliHH, 17 JieT. EmneT 6ypJIHT H3-3a epecH .llHocKopa.
JleB MJia,lllliHH, 1 ro,ll.
3eHOH, 17 JieT. 0,llOaKp, KOpOJih fOTOB, OBJia,lleJI PHMOM.
AHacTacHii, 27 JieT.
CJiaBHJICH enHcKon <l>yJihreHUHH.
3pMaHpHX, KOpOJih fOTOB, 6hUI llOCThl,llHO, -

KaK TOfO H 3aCJiyxHBaJI, -

y6HT 6paTbHMH XeMH,llOM, CepHJIOH H AuaKKapOM, OTUa KOTOpbiX OH npe,llaJI


CMepTH; eMY OTpy6HJIH PYKH 11 HOrH. Teo,llopHX 3BaJICH AMaJiyHroM noTOMY, 4TO
55
56
57
58
59
60

61
62

63
64

8 420 r.
8 430 r.
6ne.ua- KopoJib ryHHOB B 434-445 rr., Arri1Jla- B 434-453 rr.
JleB I - pHMCKHH nana B 440-461 rr.
845lr.
TopHCMYH.ll- Koponb BecnoToB B 451-453 rr.
8epoHTHO, BMeCTO Pei1Mca cne.uyeT noHHMaTb TynyJy 11JIH Hap6oH.
Teo.uop11x I 8eJIHKHH- KOPOJib ocTrOTOB B 475 (493)-526 rr.
O.uoaKp- KopoJib MTaJIHH B 476-493 rr.
8 454 r.
24

Keep,m1H6yprCKLile aHHailbl
AMaJioM 3BaJICJI ero npa,ae.u, KOTOPhiH cqHTaJICJI caMhiM MorymecTBeHHhiM cpe.uH
fOTOB. 3To 6hiJI TOT Teo.uopHX H3 liepHa, 0 KOTOpoM HeKOf,lla neJIH CeJihCKHe
)I(HTeJIH. llpH noMOIUH KopoJIJI ATTHJihi Teo.uopHx 6bm B03BpameH Ha npecTOJI
roroo, a cooero ,llBOIOpo,llHoro 6paTa O.uoaKpa oca.uHJI B ropo.ue PaoeHHe H nocJie
BMeUJaTeJibCTBa ATTHJibl, KOTOpbiH npOCHJI ero He y6HBaTb, OTnpaBHJI 8 H3fHaHHe, Ha,lleJIHB HeCKOJibKHMH CeJieHHJIMH 6JIH3 CJIHJIHHJI peK 3Jib6bl H 3aaJie.
AHacTaCHH xe, noKpOBHTeJibCTBOBaowHH: epeTHKaM, 6biJI y6HT MOJIHHeH:.
IOcTHH, 9 JieT. Teo.uopHx, oBJia.ueo PHMOM, JaToqHJI B PaoeHHCKOH TeMHHue CBJITOfO l.foaHHa65, pHMCKOfO nOHTH$HKa, H ,llOBeJI ero ,llO CMepTH,
a TaKXe y6HJI cJiaBHhiX KOHcyJioB CHMMaxa H Eo3UHJI. 3ToT xe Teo.uopHx
qepe3 98 .UHeH: nocJie Toro, KaK YMeP nana 11oaHH, H caM YMeP BHeJanHoH:
cMepThiO; ero uapcTBO YHacJie.uooaJI ero BHYK ATaJiapHx66. B 3TO opeMH Ha
rope KaccHHO CJIOBHO coJIHUe CHJIJI CBJITOH EeHe.UHKT67.
11MnepaTOp IOCTHHHaH, 39 JieT. B

6- H ero fO.ll COCTOJIJICJI llHTbiH co6op68.

B 532-M fO.llY OT BOllJIOIUeHHJI focnO,llHJI HaqaJICJI nepBbiH UHKJI ,l],HOHHCHJI,


a pHMCKOMY MHpy CTaJI H3BecTeH Ko.ueKc IOcTHHHaHa o JaKoHax.
B 3TOM ro.uy KOPOJih fyro Teo.uopHX, ChiH KopoJIJI Xrro.uoHra, po)K)leHHhiH OT
HaJIO)f{HHUbl, nOCJie TOfO KaK HaCJie,llOBaJI OTuy Ha TPOHe, noqeTHbiM o6pa30M
npHrJiaCHJI Ha CBOe H36paHHe 11pMHH<f>pH,lla, KOpOJIJI TIOpHHfOB. Ero nOTOMY
3BaJIH fyro Teo.uopHX, qyo OH JIBJIJIJICJI <f>paHKOM, a oce <f>paHKH HeKor.ua 3BaJIHCh
HMeHeM fyro no HMeHH CBOero repuora. XOTb OH H 6biJI HeJaKOHHOpo)K)leHHbiM,
HO OTeU, Xrro.uoHr, JII06HJI ero 6oJibWe npoqHx CBOHX ChiHOBeH: Ja MY.llPOCTh
H xpa6pOCTb, HHCnOCJiaHHble eMY CBbiWe, TaK qTO no ero npHKaJy H C COrJiaCHJI
BCero Hapo,lla Teo.uopHX nonyqHJI paBHYIO ,llOJIIO KOpOJieBCTBa HapJI.llY CO CBOHMH
6JiaropO,llHbiMH 6paTbJIMH, TO eCTb XJIO,llOMHpoM, XHJlb,lle6epYOM H XJioTapeM.
llOCKOJibKY TIOpHHfHJI OTHOCHJiaCb K ero y,lleJIY, 11pMHH<f>pH,ll, ero 3JITb, BHJIB
yrooopaM cooeD: xeHbi AMeJib6yprH69, OTBepr KopoJieBcKoe npHmaweHHe,
3aJIBHB, qTo Teo.uopHx, MOJI, ,llOJI)f{eH 6biTh CKopee pa6oM ero xeHhi, KOTopaJI
6bma cecypoH: Teo.uopHXa, qeM KopoJieM H rocno.UHHOM eMY HJIH .upyrnM. <<llYCTh
CHaqaJia npH,lleT, -

CKa3aJI OH nOCJIY, -

H npHHeCeT C C060H MHOXeCTBO pa3-

JIHqHbiX ,lleHer, qTO no MOeMY npHKa3y KYflHTb y MOeH XeHbl, 6JiaropO,llHOH no


o6oHM po.uHTeJIJIM, CBH.lleTeJibCTBO o6 ocoo6o)K)leHHH>>. BoJMYIUeHHhiH 3THM
OTBeTOM, Bbi3BaBWHM BCe06IUYIO HpOCTb <f>paHKOB, TeO,llOpHX BeJieJI nepe,llaTb
eMy TaKHe CJIOBa:
65
66
67
68
69

npH,lly, KaK Tbl npHKa3biBaeWb. 11 eCJIH y MeHJI He XBaTHT

11oaHH 1- pHMCKHH nana e 523-526 rr.


ATanapHX- KOpORb OCTfOTOB B 526-534 rr.
6eHe.llHKT HypCHHCKHH (p. 480 r. yM. 543 r.) - CB.; OCHOBaTenb Op.lleHa 6eHe.llHKTHHUeB; OCHOBaJI TaJOKe MOHaCTblpb MOHTeKaCCHHO.
8 553 r.
AMenb6ypra - .llO'Ib TpacaMyH.lla, KoponH BaH.llaJIOB, H AManblpH.llbi, ceCTPbi Teo.uopHxa BenHKoro, KoponH ocTrOTOB. 0Ha He 6hlna cecTPQH Teo.uopHxa I, KoponH
<f>paHKOB, KaK fOBOpHTCH B TeKCTe.

25

AHHanbl

30JIOTa, TO Sl .UaM Te6e 3a MOIO CB06o.uy fOJIOBbl TlOpHHfOB H Q>paHKOB 8 HeHMOBepHOM KOJIH'IeCTBe. Tyr )l(e co6pas soiicKo, OH npmueJI s o6JiaCTb no.u Ha3saHHeM MepcTeM 70 H, no6e.UHB 11pMHHQ>pH.lla, npH6biBIIIero ry.ua eMy HaBCTPeqy,
yqHHHJI ero JIIOMM CTPaiiiHYJO pe3Hl0 H o6paTHJI ero B 6ercTso. llpecJie.uySI ero
BTIJIOTb .UO peKH 0Kep, OH BHOBb pa3rpOMHJI ero 8 KpynHOH 6HTBe B03Jle CeJieHHSI no.u Ha3BaHHeM ApxeH7I; o6paTHB eros 6ercTso, oH H3-3a noTepb cpe.uH
CBOHX JilO.UeH H paH TeX, KTO OCTaJICSI B )I(HBbiX, npeKpaTHJI .llaJibHeHIIIee ero
npecJie.uosaHHe H pa36HJI Jiarepb, ITo6hi no3a6oTHTbCSI o cTpa.llaJihUax. YcJibiIIIaB, ':ITO CaKCbl, Xpa6pOCTb KOTOpbiX 6biJia ~e H3BeCTHa nO':ITH no BCeMy MHpy,
npHCTaJIH B MecTe no.u Ha3saHHeM Xa.uanaoH 72, Teo.uopHX npH3BaJI HX K ce6e
Ha nOMOIIIb, o6emas no.u npHCSifOH CBOeH H

I2 CBOHX CaMbiX 6JiaropO.UHbiX MY-

)I(eH, ':ITO B cnyqae, eCJIH OHH no6eMT Bpa)l(.lle6Hb1X eMY TIOpHHfOB, OH OT.UaCT
HM BCIO HX 3eMJIIO BTIJIOTb .UO CJIHSIHHSI peK 3Jib6bi H 3aaJie. Te, He MeiiiKaSI,
npH6biJIH K HeMY H, npeCJie.uySIJ1pMHHcPPH.lla, cpa3HJIHCb npOTHB Hero Ha peKe
YHIIITPYT, yqHHHB TaM TIOpHHraM TaKYJO pe3HIO, ':ITO peKa, nepenoJIHHBIIIHCb
HX TPYTiaMH, o6pa30BaJia .llJ1SI HHX MOCT. 11pMHHcPPH.ll )l(e e.usa cnaCCSI BMeCTe
C )l(eHOH, .UeTbMH H O.UHHM BOHHOM no HMeHH J1pHHr73 nOCJie TOfO KaK CaKCbl
3axBaTHJIH HO':IblO KpenocTb lliH.llHHra74, r.ue oH 3aTBOPHJICSI. Tor.ua Teo.uopHX,
npHHSIB (.uo6pbiH) CO BeT, OT.UaJI no6e.UHBIIIHM CaKCaM 8 Be':IHOe BJia.lleHHe H 6e3
BCSIKOH .UaHH BCIO 3eMJIIO TIOpHHfOB 3a HCKJIIO':IeHHeM 06JiaCTH Me)l(.lly JieCaMH
JlysHSI75 H fapu. TIOpHHfOB )l(e, KOTOpbie yueJieJIH nOCJie pe3HH, OH 06SI3aJI
TIJiaTHTb KOPOJISIM .uaHb CBHHbSIMH. nocJie 3TOfO Teo.uopHX, .uas 11pMHHcPPHJlY
':leCTHOe CJIOBO, KOBapHO BeJieJI ero y6HTb 8 ropo.ue IJ,lOJibnHXe.
ArrHJia, KopoJib ryHHOB, H ~ac sceH: Esponbi, nom6, nopa)l(eHHbiH
HO)I(OM HeKOeH .UeBHUeH, KOTOPYJO OH CHJIOH OTHSIJI y y6HTOfO OTUa.
11MnepaTOp IOCTHH MJia.uiiiHH 76 uapCTBOBaJI

II JieT. ApMSIHe npHHHMalOT

sepy XpHcTosy.
TH6epHif77,

6 JieT. JlaHro6ap.ubl

MaspHKHH 78,

onycTOIIIalOT 11TaJIHlO.

II JieT. fpHropHH BeJIHKHH79 cJiaBHJICSI s PHMe. YKpaiiieHHbiH

HapSI.llOM BCSIKOH ':leCTHOCTH, OH oTnpasHJI B BpHTaHHIO enHcKona AsrycTHHa


c MoHaxaMH, ':IT06bi OHH nponose.uosanH Hapo.uy aHmos CJIOBO oO)I(be, B 596 ro-

LlY OT BOTIJIOIIIeHHSI focnO.UHSI.


70
71
72

73
74
75

76
77

78

79

0Kpyr B paifoHe faHHOBepa.


OpYM B paifoHe BonbllJeH6IOrremL
Xa.ueJibH K Jana.uy oT ycTMI 3nb6br.
CoBeTHMK 11pMMHIPPMJla.
Eypriiieitu.yHreH.
JH!tf6e, TIOpMHreHCKMif nee.
IOcTMH II (yM. 578 r. 4 OKT.)- MMnepaTop BMJaHTMM B 565-578 rr.
TM6epMif II (YM. 582 r. 14 aBr.)- MMnepaTOp BMJaHTMM B 578-582 rr.
MaBpMKMif (p. 539 r. YM 602 r.) - MMnepaTOp BMJaHTMM B 582-602 rr.
fpMropMif I - pMMCKMif nana c 3 ceHT. 590 r. no 12 MapTa 604 r.

26

ct>oKa80'

8 JieT.

AHmocaKChl npi1HI1Ma10T B opi1TaHI111 Bepy Xp11CTOBy.

HpaKJI11tf8I, 36JieT. Hy.ue11 B HcnaHI111 CTaJII1 xpi1CTI1aHaMI1.


HpaKJieoH82 BMeCTe c MaTephiO csoetl MapTI1HOH,

2 ro.ua.

n11pp8J, enl1c-

Kon uapCTBeHHOrO rpa.ua, OC}')KlleH B 6a3HJII1Ke 6JIIDKeHHOfO anOCTOJia neTpa


nanotl Teo.uopoM84.
KoHCTaHTI1H85, ChiH KoHCTaHTI1Ha,

17 JieT.

OH co3BaJI lllecTotl co6op86.

no ero npocb6e nan a AraQ>oH87 oTnpasHJI s uapcTBeHHhiH rpa.u csoHX nocJios,


cpe.u11 KOTOphiX 6hm HoaHH, Tor.ua .llhHKOH, a Manoe speWI cnycTH en11cKon
P11MCKOH uepKBI1, pa.u11 o6be.U11HeHI1H CBHThiX uepKBetl fimKhi1X. 0HI1 6hml1
BeChMa JII06e3HO npi1HHThl )lOCTOHHeHUIHM 3allii1THI1KOM KaTOJII1qecKOH Bepbl
KoHcTaHTI1HOM, nocJie qero 11M npi1Ka3aJII1 ocTaBI1Th Q>HJiocoQ>cKHe paccyxneHHH 11 B Ml1pHOH 6ece.ue TlllaTeJihHO 11CCJie)lOBaTb (Bonpoc) 06 11CTI1HHOH
Bepe; 113 KOHCTaHTI1HOllOJihCKOH 6116JII10TeKH 11M Bhl)laBaJII1Ch BCe coqi1HeH11H
.upeBHI1X OTUOB, 0 KOTOpbiX OHI1 npOCHJII1. TaM npi1CYTCTBOBaJIO

150 OTUOB BO

mase c feopmeM, naTpl1apxoM uapCTBeHHOro rpa.ua, 11 MaKapl1eM, naTpl1apxoM AHT110XIm; onposeprHYThi 6hml1 Te, KOTOphie OTCTai1BaJII1 so Xp11CTe
O.llHY BOJIIO 11 O)lHO )leHCTBI1e, 11CKa)l(aH oqeHb MHOrl1e CJIOBa KaTOJII1qeCKHX
OTUOB. no OKOHqaHI111 cnopOB feopmH 11CnpaBHJICH, a MaKapi1H BMeCTe CO
CBOI1MI1 nocJie.uosaTeJIHMI1, a paBHO 11 npe.urnecTBeHHI1KaMI1 KHpoM, Cepr11eM,
fOHOpl1eM, n11pp0M, naBJIOM 11 neTpOM 6bill npe)laH aHaQ>eMe, a eni1CKOllOM AHT110XI111 BMeCTO Hero CTaJI ct>eoQ>aHI1H, a66aT 113 C11UHJI1111. nocJIOB
KaTOJIHqecKoro MHpa conpoBO)I(llaJia TaKaH MHJIOCTh, qTo HoaHH, enl1cKon
nopTO, KOTOpbiH 6biJI 0)lHI1M 113 HI1X, B )leHb OT)laHI1H nacx11 TOp)l(eCTBeHHO
CJiyxHJI Ha JiaTbiHI1 o6e)lHIO B uepKBI1 CBHTOH C0Q>1111 nepe)l 11MnepaTOpOM
11 naTpl1apxoM. TaK 6hm npose.ueH lllecTotl KoHcTaHT11HonoJihCKHH co6op.

702 ron OT BOnJIOllleHI1H


705 r.
706 r.
707 r.
708 r. KopoJih KoHpa.u88

fOCllO)lHH.

113 fipHTaHHH oTnpaBHJICH s P11M, npi1HHJI TaM

llOCTpl1r 11, CTaB MOHaXOM, npoBeJI )1(113Hh B llOCTaX 11 MOJII1TBaX BnJIOTh )lO
nocJienHero llHH.
80

81

82
83
84
85

86
87
88
89

B 3TOM

ro.uy yMep ,ll,poro89.

<f>oKa (yM. 610 r. 4 OKT.)- HMnepaTOp 8H3aHTHH B 602-6I0 rr.


HpaKJJHH (p. 575 r. yM. 64I r. II Q>esp.)- HMnepaTOp 8H3aHTHH B 6I0-64I rr.
HpaKJJeoH - HMnepaTop BH3aHTHH B 64I r.
0Hpp I - naTpHapx KoHcTaHTHHonoJihCKHH B 638-641 rr.
Teo.uop- pHMCKHH nana c 24 HOH6pH 642 r. no 14 MaH 649 r.
KoHCTaHTHH IV noroHaT (p. 652 r. yM. 685 r. I 0 HIOJIH) - HMnepaTop 8H3aHTHH
B 668-685 rr.
8 680-68I rr.
AraQ>oH - pHMCKHH nana C 27 HIOHH 678 r. no 10 HHB. 68I r.
KeHpe.u - Koponh MepcHH B 704-709 rr.
)lporo (yM. 708 r.)- repuor lliaMnaHH; ChiH 0HnHHa II fepHCTaJihCKoro.

27

AHHanbl

709 r.
710 r.
711 r.
712 r.
713 r.
714 r.

Iln:oxoH: H He.uocTaTOqHbiH ypoxaH:.


KopoJib llHnHH oTnpaBHJICH B AnaMaHHHJO.
CHJibHOe Haoo.uHeHHe.
CMepTb XepH6epTa90, KopoJIH JiaHro6ap.uoo.

CMepTb KOpOJIH llHllHHa91, KOTOpbiH 6biJI CbiHOM AHCfH3a; llOCJie


Hero npaBHJI ero CbiH KapJI92.
715 r. BoH:Ha cpe.uH Q>paHKoo; H cMepTb KOpOJIH ,llaro6epTa93.
716 r. KapJI cpaxaJicH npoTHB KopoJIH PaT6o.ua94.
717 r. KapJI cpa:>KaJicH npoTHB Q>paHKOB B oocKpeceHbe nepe.u nacxoif:95.
718 r. KapJI CHJibHO onycTOIIIHJI CaKCOHHJO.
719 r. Y6HHCTBO Q>paHKOB y ropo.ua CyaccoHa H cMepTb KOpo.liH Paroo.ua.
720 r. KapJI cpaxaJICH npoTHB caKCOB.

721 r.
722 (721) r. CJiyqHJIOCb oeJIHKOe H306HJIHe.
723 r.
724 r.
725 (724) r. CapauHHbl onepoble BTOprJIHCb B HTaJIHJ096.
726 r.
727 r. Co. 3K6epT97 oToiiieJI Ko XpHCTY.
728 r.
729 r. llOHBHJIHCb KOMeTbl.
730 r.
731 r. KapJI onycTOIIIHJI [ 3eMJIH] 3a JiyapoH:; YMeP ParHHQ>pH.ll98.
732 r. KapJI cpaxaJicH npoTHB capaUHH B cy66oTY99.
733 r. llpOH30IIIJIO COJIHeqHoe 3aTMeHHeiOO.
734 r. KapJI OTnpaBHJICH oo <l>pH3HJO.
735 r. KapJI onycTOIIIHJI facKOHb. YMep Be.ua JOt, 6Jiaropo,UHbiH CBHIUeHHHK
H CJiaBHbiH HaCTaBHHK.
90

91

92
93
94
95
96

97
98
99

too
101

XapH6ePT II - KOPOJib naHro6ap.nos B 701-712 rr.


OH }'Mep 16 .neK. 714 r.
CM. BbiWe, npHM. 51.
)laro6epTIII- KOpOJib $paHKOB B 711-715/716 rr.
PaT6o.n (YM. 719 r.) 6biJI repuoroM $pH30B.
Pe'lb H,neT 0 6HTBe npH 8HHWH, KOTOpaR COCTORJiaCb 21 MaP'fa, TO eCTb 3a .nse He,neJIH
.no llacXH (4 anpenR).
CKopee, s Eypi)'H.nHIO.
YMep 24 anpeJIR 729 r.
Maxop.noM, conepHHK Kapna MaP'feJIJia.
BH.nHMO, pe'lb H.neT o 6HTBe npH llyaTbe s OKTR6pe 732 r.
14 asrycTa 733 r.
Ee.na )locTono'ITeHHbiH, aBTOP UepKOBHOH HCTOPHH aHrnOB H .np. npoHJBe.neHHH,
}'Mep 26 MaR 735 r.

28

KBeAflt.1H6yprcKt.1e aHHanbl

736 r.

HaqaJio XepcQ>eJib.UCKoro MOHaCTbipHI02. YMep enHcKon Ay.uo-

HHI03.

737 r.
738 r.

KapJI cpiDKaJICH npoTHB capaUHH B foTHHI04.


KapJI BHOBb BToprcH B CaKCOHHIO 11 3aCTaBHJI caKCOB nJiaTHTb

.uaHb.

739 r.
740 r.
741 r.

KapJI BToprcH B llpoBaHc 11 [.uorueJI] .uo caMoH: MaccHJIHHios.


Mllp 6e3 BCHKOH BPIDK.llbl.
YMep KapJII06, CbiH llHnHHa; nocJie Hero npaBHJIH ero CbiHOBbH
KapJioMaH I 07 11 llHnHH I os.

742 r.
743 r.
744 r.
745 r.
746 r.

HaqaJio <l>yJih.UeHcKoro MOHaCTbipH.

KapJIOMaH BTOprCH B AllaMaHHHIO. CBHTOH oypxap.ul09 nocTaBJieH


nepBbiM enHcKonoM B B10pu6ypre. B 3TOM ro.uy Ko XpHCTY oTorneJI CBHTOH
BHK6epTI 10.

747 r. KapJioMaH, OTnpaBHBlliHCb B PHM, npHHHJI nocTpHr, a KopoJieBCTBO


OCTaBHJI 6pary.
748 r. fpHQ>oH Ill 6exa.JI B CaKCOHHIO.
749 r.
750 r.

fpHQ>oH BepeyJICH H3 CaKCOHHH.


llo perueHHIO nanbl 3axapHH llHllliH, npliHHB llOMa3aHHe OT CBHTOfO apxHenHCKOna DOHHQ>aUHH 112, 6bm npOB03rJialUeH KOpOJieM, a KOpOJib
XHJih.llepHK, JIO)f(HO HMeHoBaBrnHHCH KopoJieM, 6bm nocTpll)f(eH 11 oTnpaBJieH
B MOHaCTblpbll3,

751
102
103

104
105
106
107
108
109
110

Ill
112
113
114

r. YMep JlaHTQ>pll.llll4.

8 3TOM ro.ny llil)'PM, a66aT <l>yJib,nbi B 744-779 rr., OCHOBaJI J.neCb TOJlbKO O.nHY KeJibiO;
MOHaCTbipb )l(e 6biJI OCHOBaH B 769-775 f. apxMemiCKOnOM MaWHUCKMM JlyJIJIOM.
EnMcKon KoHCTaHua B 708-736 rr.
CenTMMaHMM.
HhiHe - MapceJih.
15 11JIJ1 22 OKT. 741 f.
KapnoMaH (yM. 754 r. 17 asr.)- CTapumw ChiH Kapna MapTeJIJia; Ma)l(op.noM s 741747 rr.
nMnMH III KopOTKMW (p. 714 r. yM. 768 r. 24 ceHT.)- 2-w Cb!H KapJia MapTeJIJia;
Ma)I(Op.noM B 741-751 rr., KOpOJib Q>paHKOB B 751-768 rr.
Eypxap.n I (YM. 753 r. 2 Q>esp.)- enMcKon 810pu6ypra B 741-753 rr.
BMK6epT, nepBhiw a66aT <l>pMUJiapa, yMep B 737/738 r.
fpMQ>oH (p. 726 r. yM. 753 r.)- 3-w ChiH Kapna MapTeJIJia oT ero 2-ro 6paKa co
CsaHXI1Jlh.now.
EoHMQ>auMw (YM. 754 r. 5 MIOIDI)- apXMenMcKon MatiHUCKMH s 745-754 rr. <<AnocToJI
fepMaHMM. npMHMMaJI JIM OH yqaCTMe B noMa3aHI111- BOnpoc CnOpHbiH.
YKa3aHHoe co6biTMe MMeJio MecTo B 751 r.
fepuor AnaMaHHMM.
29

752 r. YMep fpu<t>oHII5.


753 r. Tiana CTe<t>aHII6, npu.aB K TiunHHY 80 <J>paHUHJO, npocun ero
o 3alllHTe npoTH8 KopoJIB AHczynb<t>all7.
754 r. Tiana CTe$aH ITOMa3aJI 8 KOpOJIH ,ll8yx CbiH08eH TIHITHHa - KapJia 118
u KapnoMaHa 119.
755 r. ApxuenucKon lioHu<t>auu:H 6biJI y8eHtiaH MyqeHwieCT80M pa.au
HMeHH XpucT08ai20; eMY Hacne.ao8an JlyJIJII21.
756 r.
757 r. Bo <J>paHUHJO npu8e3JIH opraH.
758 r. TIHITHH, O,llOJie8 CaKC08, HaJIO)((HJI Ha HHX ,llaHb 8 8H,lle exerO.llHOH
ynJiaTbl 300 KOHeH.

759 r.
760 r. TiunuH npumen 8 facKOHb.

761 r. 762 r. 763 r.


764 r. Cypo8aB 3HMa.

765 r.
766 r.
767 r.
768 r. KopoJib TiunuH oBJia.aen BCe:H AKBuTaHue:H, a Bu<t>apu:H 122 6bm y6HT.
B 3TOM xe ro.uy KopoJib TiunuH, 8038pamaBcb H3 AKBuTaHHH, YMeP y C8 . .lluoHHCHB 123 24 ceHTB6pB, OCTa8H8 KOpOJie8CT80 C80HM CbiH08bBM - KapJIOMaHy
H Kapny, KOTOporo np038aJIH BeJIHKHM.

769 r.

770 r. B 3TOM ro.ay liepTPa.aal24, MaTb Kapna, npu8ena H3 MTaJIHH 80


<J>paHUHIO ,llO% KOpOJIB .[le3H,llepuB125.
771 r. YMep KapnoMaH, 6paT Kapna, ocTa8H8 KopoJie8CT80 C80eMy 6pazy
Kapny BenuKoMy.
115
116

117
118

119
120
121
122
123
124
125

B 753 r.
CTePaH II (YM. 757 r. 26 anp.) - pHMCKHH nana c 26 MapTa 752 r. no 26 anp. 757 r.
Aitc'ryJibP- KOpOJib JiaHro6ap,llOB C HIOJIR 749 r. no ,lleK. 756 r.
Kapn BeJIHKHH (p. 742 r. 2 anp. YM 814 r. 28 RHB.)- Koponb.PpaHKOBB 768-814 rr.;
HMnepaTop c 800 r. Ero noMaJaHHe nanou CTePaHOM II cocTORJIOCb 28 HIOJIR
754 r.
KapJIOMaH (p. 751 r. yM. 771 r. 4.lleK.)- 2-H CbiH nunHHa Ill KopoTKoro; KOpOJib
.ppaHKOB B 768-771 rr.
5 HIOHR 754 r.
Jlynn (p. OK. 710 r. yM. 786 r. 16 OKT.)- enucKon Mai1Hua c 754 r.; apxuenucKon
c 780/782 r.
Bau.pap- repuor AKsuTaHHH s 744-768 rr. OH yMep 2 HIOHR 768 r.
T. e. s CeH-,lleHH.
EepYpa.!la (YM. 783 r. 12/13 HIOJIR) - .llO'Ib rpa.pa Xepu6epYa JlaHcKoro, xeHa ( c 744 r.)
nunHHa III KopoTKoro.
,lleJH,llepuu- KopoJib naHro6ap.llOB s 757-774 rr.

30

Keegm1H6yprcKitle aHHanbl

772 r.

KapJI Jax8aTHJI 8 JeMJie caKC08 3pec6ypr126 H paJpyliiHJI HX C8H-

THJIHWe, liTO 308eTCH 11pMHHCyJI127.

773

r. KapJI, 8CTYITH8 8 11TaJIHIO no npHmallieHHIO nanhi AupHaHa128,

OCa.LlHJI 8 fia8HH KOpOJIH )leJH,llepHH.

774 f.

KapJI 3ax8aTHJI fia8HIO, a KOpOJIH )leJH,llepHH yseJI 80 <J>paHU.HIO.

B 3TOM xe fO.llY CaKCbi, 3aiTOJIHH8 u.epK08b 80 <J>pHI..J.Jiape, KOTOpyiO ITOCTPOHJI


H OC8HTHJI C8. OOHH$aU.HH, .llP08aMH H OfHeM, XOTeJIH ee CXellh, HO TaK H He
CMOfJIH.

775 r. KapJI JaxsaTHJI 3H6ypr129 H no6e.uHJI caKC08 8 6HT8e y

EpYHc6epra 130;

IT03,llHee Te pa3rpOMHJIH $paHK08, YCTPOH8 HM CTpaliiHYIO pe3HIO 8 Jiarepe


6JIH3 Jli066eKe 131. XeccH 132 CMHpeHHO 8blllieJI CO C80HMH JIIO,llbMH Ha8CTpelly
KOpOJIIO 803Jle 0Kepa.

776 r.

CaKchl, cTa8 xpHCTHaHaMH, no.UliHHHJIHCh BJiaCTH <t>paHK08. Ho

nepe.u 3THM OHH 83HJIH 3pec6ypr, nepe6H8 80HH08 KOpOJIH, KOTOphle fibiJIH
8HyYpH.

777 r.
778 f.

Kap11 npo8eJI 8 nauep6opHe HMnepcKoe co6paHHe.


fiOKa KapJI cpaxaJICH npOTH8 capaU.HH, caKCbl OITycTOliiHJIH JlaH-

ray 133, a JaTeM )leif:u.134 H Ko6JieHU., H C08epliiHJIH MHOXeCT80 npecyYITJieHHH


8 u.epK8HX EoxhHX H npoTH8 C8HThiX .ue8.

779 f.
780 r.

KapJI cpa3HJICH npOTH8 CaKC08 803Jle OOXOJihTa135 H no6e.UHJI HX.


KapJI JacTa8HJI caKco8 KpecTHThCH 80JJie CJIHHHHH peK Ope H

3Jih6bi.

781

r. KapJI oTnpa8HJICH 8 PHM; TaM 6biJI KpeweH ero chiH KapJioMaH,

KOToporo nana AupHaH, H3MeHH8 HMH, Ha38aJI fiHITHHoM136. TaM xe .UOllh


[Kap11a] PQTPy.ua137 6bma coc8aTaHa Ja HMnepaTOpa KoHcTaHTHHa.

B 3TOM

ro.uy KapJI, 8epHy81IIHCh H3 PHMa 80 <l>paHU.HIO, paJ.UeJIHJI JeMJIIO caKC08


Me)l(.lly enHCKOITaMH H ycTaH08HJI rpaHHU.bl enapXHif:; 8 MeCTe, liTO 308eTCH

126
127

128
129

130
131

132
133
134
135
136

137

HbiHe- r. 06epMapc6epr Hap. .llHMeJib K IOry OT na.nep6opHa.


11pMHHCYJI - OJlHa H3 rJiaBHeAIIIHX CBSITbiHb CaKCOB-SI3blt:fHHKOB. HaxOJlHJICSI B paAoHe
3pec6ypra. npe.ucTaBJIHJI co6oif orpOMHYJO .uepeBHHHYIO KOJIO)ly, YCTPeMJieHHYJO B He6o, Ha KOTOpyiO, no MHeHHIO caKCOB, OnHpaJICSI HefieCHbiH CBOJl. CJIOBO J1pMHHCyJI
nepeBOJlHTCSI, KaK KOJIOHHa MHpa.
AnpuaH I - pHMCKHif nana c 9 <t>eBp. 772 r. no 25 .ueK. 795 r.
foreH-3u6ypr B ycTbe peK Pyp u JleHHe.
6nu3 r. XeKcTep.
K Jana.ny oT MHHJleHa.
Xeccu (yM. 804 r.)- rpa<t> fapuray, repuor ocT<t>anoB.
0Kpyr no p. JlaH.
.lleifu- ropo.u Ha npaBOM 6epery PeifHa. HbiHe- npHropo.u KeJibHa.
6oxOJibT- ropo.uoK Hap. Ay, K cesepy OT BeJeJIH.
llHnHH (p. 773 r. yM. 810 r. 8 HIOJIH)- KOpOJib 11TaJIHH B 781-810 rr.
POTpy.ua (p. 775 r. yM. 810 r. 6 HIOHH)- JlO'Ib Kapna BeJIHKoro; HeBecTa HMnepaTOpa
KoHcTaHTHHa VI (780-797).
31

AHHanbl

3emueHliiTa,aTI38, OH IIOCTpOHJI ca~TOMY rrepaoMytieHHKy CTeQ>aHy MOHaCTblpb, KOTOpbiH aJIOCJie,llCTaHH 6biJI rrepeHed~H a MeCTO IIO.ll Ha3aaHHeM
Xanb6epliiTa,aT, r.ae HbiHe Haxo.aHTC~ errHCKOIICKHH npecToJI. OH rropyqHJI ero
.llJI~ HcrrpaBJieHH~ H pacliiHpeH~ IIIanoHcKoMy errHcKorry XHJib.llerpHMy139,
KOTOpbiH 6biJI 6paTOM 6JIIDKeHHOro HCIIOae,llHHKa JIJ.fYTrepa 140; rpaHHUaMH ero
errapXHH OH ycTaHoaHJI: peKH 3nb6y, 3aane H YHliiTPYT, poa 6JIH3 fpoHay141,
necHCTYJO ao3abi11IeHHOCTb, KOTop~ Ha3biaaeTc~ fapu, 0Kep, IIIyHTep, )la3aHeK, )lpi06eK142, Amiep, 1'13e, 6onoTo, KOTopoe pa3.aen~eT 6ap.aeHray143
H XYTaHray144, Ope, MyJib.llY, 6H3e, IlpeueKHHy145 H aHoab 3nh6y.
782 r. BH.llYKHH.ll c caKcaMH y6HJI tieTblpex rrpeQ>eKTOa Kapna H yHHtiTO)I{HJI ace ero aOHCKO, 3a HCKJIIOtieHHeM HeMHOfHX CIIaCliiHXC~, a MeCTe, liTO
30aeTC~ 3IOHTeJib146.
783 r. YMepna Koponeaa XIDib.aerap.ua147; aMecTo Hee KOpOJib )J{eHHJIC~
Ha ci>acTpa,ae148. YMepna MaTh Kopo~ 6epTpa,aa149.
(784 r.) KapJI cpaxanc~ rrpOTHa CaKCOa a )leTMOJib,lle150 H aHOab Ha peKe
Xa3e.
784 (785) r. Kapn qepe3 TIOpHHrHIO aToprc~ a CaKCOHHIO H pa30PHJI
aOCCTaaliiHe IIpOTHa Hero (paHOHbl) aiiJIOTb ,llO ceJieHH~ IIIeHHHreH 151; ero
CbiH KapJI aTOpHliHO cpa3HJIC~ IIpOTHa aecTQ>anoa a OKpyre IIO.ll Ha3aaHHeM
)lpeH:Hray152.

785 r. Il03,llHee KOpOJib, HaxOMCb a CaKCOHHH C aOHCKOM aecb 3TOT fO.ll,


aeJieJI CaKcaM IIOCTa~Tb eMy ace He06XO.llHMOe .llJI~ aOHCKa. Orry.aa KOpOJib
aepHyJIC~ a ATTHHbH153 H aeJieJI KpeCTHTbC~ a 3TOM KOpOJieaCKOM IIOMeCTbe
BH.llYKHH.llY, aiiJIOTb .llO 3TOro apeMeHH M~Te)I{HOMY 110 OTHOllieHHIO K HeMy,
H A66o aMecTe c HX ToaapHIUaMH, nocne Toro KaK .aaHbi 3aJIO)KHHKH. Kor.aa
138
139
140
141
142

143
144

145
146

147
148

149
150
151
152

153

HbiHe - OcTepsHK.
XHJib.llerpHM I (yM. 827 r. 19 HIOHSI)- enucKon llla.rroHa B 802-827 rr., c 804 r. TaJOKe
enucKon Xa.rrb6epuna.aTa.
JIHyTrep (YM. 809 r. 26 MaPTa)- nepBbiH enHCKOn MIOHCTepa B 805-809 rr.
Bo31le Ba.n.nbxayJeHa.
)lpJO<t><l>e.n:b6eK- Eax.
0Kpyr s paifoHe JIJOHe6ypra.
O'leBH.llHO, HMeeTCSI B BH.llY BHTHHray.
Tay6ep AnaH.ll.
310HTeJib- ropHbiH Maccus no npasoMy 6epery BeJepa, npuMepHo OT feMeJibHa no
MHH.lleHa.
30 anpeJISI 783 r.
<I>acTpa.aa (p. 765 r. YM 794 r. 10 asr.) - 4-SI xeHa (783) Kapna BenuKoro.
12/13 HIOJISI 783 r. CM. BbiWe, npHM. 124.
)leTMOJib.ll- ropo.u K cesepy oT Tia,aep6opHa. )lo 1945 r.- CTOJIHua Jlunne (fepM.).
llleHimreH- ropo.u K 10ry OT XenMwTe.uTa.
)lpeifHray - oKpyr Me)I(Jly peKaMH 3Mc H Jlunne.
ATTHHbH- ropo.u Me)I(Jly PeH:McoM H Ce.uaHoM.

32

oHH KpecTHJIHCh, sc~ CaKcOHH~ no.uqHHHJiach rocno.UHHY KapJiy. 3arosop


rpacpa fap.upa.ua H SOCTOqHbiX cppaHKOS 6biJI My.UpO llO.UaBJieH.
786 r. KapJI OTnpasHJic~ s l1TaJIHIO, a orry.ua- s PHM. CoJIHeqHoe 3aTMeHHe npoH30IIIJIO 17 ceHT~6p~ c nepsoro .uo n~Toro qaca .UH~. PaccKa3bisaiOT TaiOKe, qTo MHOrHe 3HaMeHH~ ~SHJIHCh s 3TO speM~. TaK, Ha o.ue)(()lax
JIIO.UeH: no~sHJic~ 3HaK KpecTa. YMep apxHenHcKon JlyJIJI154; eMy HacJie.uosan
PHXOJibcp155.
787 r. KapJI npHH~JI nO.U CSOIO SJiaCTb noqTH SCIO Kana6p1110 H AnyJIHIO.
788 r. KapJI qepe3 AllaMaHHHIO .uo6panc~ .uo npe.ueJios Easap1111; TaccHJIOH 156, repuor EasapHH, 6biJI cseprHYT c npecToJia 3a cso10 HesepHOCTh H nocTpmKeH; TOqHO TaK )((e H ero CbiH THa.uo; H TOT, H .UpyrOH CTaJIH MOHaXaMH.
789 r. KapJI no.UqHHHJI HapO.U SHJibUeS, KOTOpbie 30SYTC~ JIIOTHqaMH,
nocTpOHs Ha peKe 3Jib6e .usa MOCTa.
790 r. ,llsopeu s BopMce cropeJI s pe3yJihTaTe no)((apa.
791 r. KapJI no.uqHHHJI Hapo.u asapos, TO ecTb ryHHOs. Y KapJia 6biJIO qeThipe ChiHa: nepsbiH- KapJI, 3aTeM- ilHnHH, KOPOJih l1TaJIHH, JliO.UOSHK157,
KopoJih AKsHTaHHH, 11 ,llporo158, enHcKon MeucKoH: uepKBH. ToT )((e OHnHH 159,
KOTOpbiH COCTaSHJI npOTHS Hero 3arosop, 6biJI ero CbiHOM OT MaTepH TeMHOfO
npoHcxo)(()leHH~. a sosce He Ha3saHHhiH KOPOJih ilHnHH.
792 r. 3arosop ilHnHHa npoTHS ero oTua KapJia 6hiJI pacKphiT <l>ap.uyJihcpoM160; 3a 3TO ilHnHH 6biJI llOCTPH)((eH H OTnpasJieH S MOHaCTblpb, a seeM
OCTaJibHbiM - O.UHHM 0Tpy6HJIH fOJIOSy, a .UPYrHX noseCHJIH. <l>ap.uyJihcpy )((e
S Harpa.uy 6biJI llO)((aJIOSaH MOHaCTblpb CS. ,llHOHHCH~.
793 r. CaKChi on~Th soccTaJIH, oTnas OT sephl.
794 r. EpeCb cpeJIHUHaH 6biJia OCy)(()leHa Ha C03SaHHOM SO <l>paHKcpypTe
co6ope. YMepJia KOpOJiesa <l>acTpa.ua 161; SMeCTO Hee KOpOJib S3~ S )((eHbl JlHYTrpa.uy162. Aero Te3Ka163 cpa)((aJIC~ npoTHs caKcos s 3eH.uQ>eJih.Ue164.
795 r. KapJI npHweJI c soH:cKoM s Eap.uosHK.

154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164

16 OKT. 786 r. CM. Bbillle, npHM. 121.


Pwxynb<P (yM. 813 r. 9 asr.)- apxwenwcKon Mai1Hua B 787-813 rr.
TaccHJIOH Ill (yM. nocne 794 r.) - repuor 6asapww B 748-788 rr.
JIJO.UOBHK I 6naro'leCTHBbii1 (p. 778 r. yM. 840 r. 20 HJOH.H) - KopoJib AKBHTaHHH
c 781 r. KopoJib <lJpaHKOB H HMnepaTOp B 814-840 rr.
)lporo (p. 80 I r. 17 HJOH.H. yM. 855 r. 8 .ueK.) - enwcKon Meua B 823-855 rr.
nwnHH fop6aTbiH (p. 769 r. yM. 811 r.) - CbiH Kapna BeJIHKOro OTero nepBOH cynpym
(HJIH HaJIO)I(HHUbl) XHMHJibTpYJlbl.
<l>ap.uynb<P- a66aT CeH-)leHH B 793-806 rr.
10 asr. 794 r. CM. Bbillle, npHM. 148.
JlwyTrap.ua (p. 776 r. yM. 800 r. 4 HJOH.H)- 5-.H )l(eHa (794) Kapna BeJIHKoro.
T. e. Kapn MnanlliHH, CbiH Kapna BenwKoro.
3eH.u<lJeJib)l - K JOry OT na.uep6opHa, Me)I(Jly pp. ArlbMe H )lHMeJib.

33

AHHanbl

796 r.
797 r.

YMep pHMCKHH nana AzlpHaHI65. Kapn onycTOrnaeT CaKCOHHIO.

798 r.

Kapn yq:HHHJI xecTOKHH paJrpoM HOP.llJIHHraMI67, y6HBlliHM ero

KapJI BHOBb BTOpraeTCH C BOHCKOM B CaKCOHHIO H BCIO 3HMY npoBO,llHT B XeprnTeJIJie166.


llOCJIOB.

799 r. nanaJiea168, KOToporo pHMJIHHe, OTpeJaB eMY HJbiK H ocnenHB, c6poCHJIH c nancKoro npecToJia, BH.llH H roaopH, npHrnen K Kapny B CaKCOHHIO
B MeCTO, qTO 30BeTCH na.aep60pH; KOpOJib C qecTbiO ero npHHHJI H npHKa3aJI
OTBeCTH B PHM H BepHYTb eMy BCe ero .ll06po.

3TOM ro.ay ryHHaMH 6bVIH

y6HTbl fepanb,ll169, cnaBHbiH MapKrpa<Pa EaaapHH, H 3pHKI70, repuor <l>pHyJIH.

800 r.

Kor.aa Kapn npHrnen K ropo.ay Typy, TaM YMepna ero cnaBHaH xeHa

JlHYTrap.aal71. BepHyBrnHcb orry.aa so <l>paHUHIO, OH oTnpaBHJICH B PHM,


qT06bi OTOMCTHTb Ja nany JlbBa.

801 r.

B .aeHb Po:>K.llecTBa focno.aHero so apeMH Meccbi Kapn, nocne Toro

KaK nana JleB B03JIO:>KHJI Ha Hero KOpOHy, 6bVI npOBOJrJiarneH pHMJIHHaMH


HMnepaTOpOM H aBryCTOM172, a THTYJI naTpHUHH 6bVI OTHHT.

802 r.

AapoH 173, uapb nepcoa, no.aqHHHJI Kapny HepycanHM H ompaBHJI

eMy O,llHOfO CJIOHa.

803 r.

KapJI, npOBe,llH CeHM B n<!>aJibUe 3aJibU 174, Ha,lleJIHJI CaKCOB CTapHH-

HOH CB060.ll0H H pa,llH COXpaHeHHH KaTOJIHqeCKOH Bepbl OCB060,llHJI HX OT


Bcex HaJIOfOB, Ja HCKJIJOqeHHeM ,lleCHTHHbl CO BCeX HX llJIO,llOB H .llOXO.llOB,
KOTOpyiO OH npHKa3aJI HM BCeM, 6oraTbiM H 6e,llHbiM, BepHO nJiaTHTb XpHCTY
H ero CBHIUeHHHKaM.

804 r.

nana Jlea BHOBb npH6bm so <l>paHUHIO. Kapn nepeceJIHJI so <l>paH-

UHIO CaKCOB-TpaHCaJIWHHroB175, a TaK:>Ke TeX, KOTOpbie 06HTaJIH B BHXMO,llHH 176,


a HX OKpyra nepe.aan o6o.apHTaM.

805 r. KapJI, CbiH KapJia, BMeCTe C <!>paHKaMH H CaKCaMH onyCTOlliHJI JeMJIIO


qeXOB H, y6HB HX KOpOJIH no HMeHH Jlexo, no6e,llHTeJieM BepHyJICH K OTUy.

806 r.

KapJI pa3,lleJIHJI KOPOJieBCTBO Me)l(,lly TpeMH CbiHOBbHMH -

nHnH-

HOM, JliO.llOBHKOM H KapJIOM.


165
166
167
168
169
170
171

172
173
174
175
176

25 JleK. 795 r. CM. Bbliiie, npi1M. 128.


Hap. 8e3ep, 611113 r. XeKcTep.
T. e. HOPJlaJib611HfaM - :lKHBYIUI1M K cesepy OT 311b6bi CaKCaM.
JleB Ill- pi1MCKI1H nana C 27 )leK. 795 r. no 12 11IOHSI 816 r.
fepOJibJl (yM. 799 r. I ceHT.)- npePeKT 6asap1111, 6paT Kopo11eBbl XHJibJlerapJlbi.
3pl1x- repuor Cl>p11y1111. OH 6biJI y611T B 799 r. )1{11Te11SIMI1 r. TpcaT, a He nan B 611TBe
c asapaMI1.
4 11IOHSI 800 r. CM. Bbliiie, npi1M. 162.
KopoHaU11SI Kap11a cocToSIJiacb 25 )leK. 800 r.
XapyH ap-Paiiii1Jl- xan114l 6arJlaaa B 786-809 rr.
3anbu- nPanbU B oKpyre PeH-fpa6Pe11bJl (611113 Ko6ypra).
T. e. HOPJlaJib611Hros.
811XM0Jli1SI- 0611aCTb Me)I(Jly HI130BbSIMI1 peK 311b6bi 11 8e3epa.

34

KBeAJIL1H6yprcKitle aHHanbl

807 r. BeJIHIGUI eMepTHOeTb eJiyqHJiaeh s C!>yJih.lle.


808 r. KapJI MJia.awHH:, o.aoJies JIHHOHOS H eMeJI.llHHros 177, no6e.aHreJieM
sepHyJieSI K OTUy.
809 r. llorpe6eHHe esSITOfO enHeKOna H HenOSe,llHHKa JlHYTrepal78.
810 r. B 3TOM ro.ay ua peKe 3Jib6e 6biJia JaJIO)J(eHa KpenoeTb Xa6oKHI79,
H llHnHH, ehiH HMnepaTopa KapJia, KOpOJib 11TaJIHH, YMep 8 HIOJISI, OeTaSHS
KopoJieseTso esoeMy ebiHY 6epurap.uyl80. YMepJia TaK)J{e .llO% KapJia POTPY.ual81.
811 r. KapJI, ebiH HMnepaTopa KapJia, eaMbiH eTapwHH: epe.aH npoliHX ero
ehiHOsetf H HaH60Jiee .aoporotf OTUY, yMep 4 ,lleKa6pSI.
812 r. lloeJie nOJIY.llHSI 6biJIO eOJIHeliHOe 3aTMeHHe182.
813 r. MoeT s Mattuue eropeJI s Mae MeeSiue s peJyJihTaTe sueJanuoro
no)J{apa. YMep apxHenHeKon PHXOJih<!>183; eMy uaeJie.aosan XatfeTyJih<t>l84.
MMnepaTop soJJIO)J(HJI Kopouy ua esoero ebiHa JliO.llOSHKa H e.aeJiaJI ero eonpasHTeJieM seeM: esoeH: HMnepHH.
814 r. KapJI BeJIHKHH, HMnepaTop H anoeToJI eaKeos, yMep 28 SIHsapSI, ua
71-M ro.uy esoeH: )J{HJHH, s 47-H: ro.a npaBJieHHSI H 14-H: ro.a HMnepaTopeKoii
BJiaeTH; eMy Ha TpOHe HaeJie.llOSaJI ero ebiH JliO.llOSHK no np03SHIUY 6JiaroqeeTHSbiH.
815 r. Ha eo6ope enHeKonos JliO.aosHK npHKaJaJI, liT06bi see MOHaxH
neJIH no yeTasy es. lieHe.llHKTa.
816 r. MMnepaTop JliO.llOSHK nposeJI s Axeue seJIHKHH eo6op H yqpe.aHJI
Ha HeM yeTaS KaHOHHKOS.
817 r. 3arosop npoTHS KopoJISI JliO.llOSHKa Bepurap.ua, ero IIJieMSIHHHKa.
818 r. MMnepaTop JliO.llOSHK npHKa3aJI oeJienHTh KOPOJISI Bepurap.aa, ebiHa
ero 6paTa llHnHHa; JaTeM, paeKaSISlUHeb, OH npHHee ny6JIHliHOe nOKaSIHHe.
3 OKTSI6pSIYMep.Tia TaK)J{e ero )J{eHa 11pMrap.aa 185. 8 HIOJUII86 npoH30lUJIO eOJIHeliHoe
JaTMeHHe. Oessnueua ci>yJih.lleHeKaSI 6aJHJIHKa 187.
JhtHOHbl (HJIH BHHYJibl) H CMeJI.llHHfH - 3all3,llHOCJiaB.RHCKHe nJieMeHa B paHOHe
coep. MeKJieH6ypra.
178 OH yMep 26 MapTa 809 r. CM. Bbiiiie, npHM. 140.
179 npe.llnoJIO)J(HTeJibHo Xe6eK K ceeepy oT r. faPTOB.
180 6epHrap.ll (p. 797 r. yM. 818 r. 17 aer.)- CbiH fiHnHHa, Kopon.RI1TaJIHH, BHYK Kapna
BeJIHKoro. KopOJib 11TaJIHH B 810-818 rr. 6biJI HH3JIO)J(eH H ocnenneH HMn. JliO.llOBHKOM ( 6JiarolJeCTHBbiM, H BCKOpe llOCJie 3TOro yMep.
181 6 HIOH.R 810 r. CM. Bbiiiie, npHM. 137.
182 15 Ma.R 812 r.
183 9 aer. 813 r. CM. Bbiiiie, npHM. 155.
184 Xauczynb<l> (yM. 826 r. 28 .RHB.)- apxuenHcKon ManHua B 813-826 rr.
185 J1pMrap.lla (yM. 818 r. 3 OKT.)- .llO'Ib rpa<J>a J1HrpaMa, BJI3,lleHH.R KOTOporo HaxO.llHJIHCb
B XaJ6aHHH (B panoHe Jlbe)J(a). )((eHa ( l-.11) JliO.llOBHKa 6naro'lecTHBoro c 794 r.
186 BepHee, 7 HIOJI.R.
187 fipaBHJibHee, B 819 r.
177

35

AHHanbl

819 r. 11MnepaTop J1IO.U08HK 83IDI 8 )((eHhi IO.umpbi88, .uolJb BeJibQ>a.


820 r. B 3TOM ro.uy Henoro.ua 8bi38aJia Mop cpe.uw mo.ueM: H cKoTa H nory6HJia noqTH 8ecb ypo)((aH.

821 r.
822 r.
823 r. 11MnepaTop J1IO.U08HK nocTa8HJI c8oero 6paTa )lporo enwcKonoM
MeucKoM: uepKBH. HaqaJio MOHaCTbiPH Ho8oi1: Kop8ewi89.
824 r. B ceJieHHH TyJih HeKaH .ue8yrnKa 8 80JpacTe OKOJIO 12 JieT, nocJie
e8xapwcTHH, KOTOPYIO oHa npHHIDia Ha nacxy, ueJibiX TpH ro.ua OTKaJbi8aJiacb
cHaqaJia OT XJie6a, a JaTeM 80o6rue OT 8CHKOH nwruw H nHThH; a 8 CaKCOHHH,
8 oKpyre Bwpce.uwl90 MOJIHHH CO)((fJia 26 ceJieHHH. B ceJieHHH 0TeH HapMy
C rpa.uOM 8binaJI orpOMHbiH KYCOK Jib.lla, HMe8liiHH, KaK f080p5IT, 15 <J>YT08
8 .llJIHHy, 7 - 8 liiHPHHY H 2 - 8 TOJIIUHHy.
825 r. YMep apXHenwcKon XaHCTYJib<J>l9I; eMy HacJie.U08aJI 0Trapl92.

826 r.
827 r. YMep enwcKon XHJib.UerpwM CTaprnwM:I93; eMy HacJie.U08aJI TwaTrpwMI94.

828 r.
829 r. )lparoueHHbie TeJia C8HTbiX BaJieHTa H CwHeCHH npH6biJIH Ha ocTpo8
PeM:xeHay 9 anpeJIH 195.
830 r. J1MnepaTOp J1IO.U08HK 6biJI C8eprHYT C npeCTOJia C80HMH CbiH08b5IMH- JloTapeMI96, JliO.U08HKoMI97 w KapJioMI98.

831 r.
832 r. 3aro8op JliO.U08HKa npoTH8 c8oero oTua.
833 r. KopoJie8CT80 <J>paHK08 nepeliiJio K HMnepaTOpy JloTapiO.
834 r. llHnHH H ero 6paT J1IO.U08HK 80CCTaH08HJIH C80ero OTUa Ha ero
npecToJie.

835 r. 836 r. 837 r.


188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198

IO.uuQ>b (p. 800 r. yM. 843 r. 19 anp.)- .uo'lb Benb<f>a. 2-H )l(eHa HMn. JIIO.UOBHKa I
6naroqecTusoro (c 819 r.).
llpaBHJibHee, B 822 r.
<<<l>upuxca3H>>- oKpyr (ray) Me)I(,Uy ycTbHMH Be3epa 11 3Jib6bi.
28 HHB. 826 r. CM. Bblwe, npHM. 184.
Ouap (YM. 847 r. 21 anp.)- apxuenucKon MawHua B 826-847 rr.
19 HIOHH 827 r. CM. BbiWe, npHM. 139.
TuaTrpHM (yM. 840 r. 8 Q>esp.)- enucKon Xanb6epwTa.uTa B 827-840 rr.
llpaBHJibHee, B 830 r.
JloTapb I (p. 795 r. yM. 855 r. 29 ceHT.)- KOPOJib 11TaJIHH B 823-855 rr.; HMnepaTOp
c 823 r.
JliO.UOBHK II HeMeUKHH (p. 804 r. yM. 876 r. 28 asr.)- KOpOJib socToqHb1X Q>paHKOB
B 840-876 rr.
BMeCTO nunHHa I (YM. 838 r. 13 .ueK.), KOpOJIH AKBHTaHHH, 3,lleCb OWI160qHO Ha3BaH
Kapn II Jlb1Cb1H (p. 823 r. YM 877 r. 6 OKT.)- KopoJib Jana.uHbiX Q>paHKOB B 843-877 rr.

36

KBeAn!-1H6yprcKI-1e aHHanbl

838 r.

8TOpOH 3arOBOp JlJO.llOBI1Ka BO <J>paHK<l:>ypTe 11 nepeXO.ll KOpOJieBCTBa

K ero OTUy.

839 r.

CI1JibHbiH seTep pa3pyumn HecMeTHOe MHO)((eCTBO cTpoeH11H,

11 MHOro spe,lla npOI130lliJIO

840 r.

2 HOH6pSI.

11MnepaTop JlJO.llOBI1K, npecne.uySI CbiHa, npmuen

HaCTbipb Xepc<t>eJih.ll.

B 3TOM

ro.uy OH 11 YMep

20 11JOHSI;

8 anpenSI

B MO-

eMy Hacne.uosan ero

CbiH JliO.llOBI1K. YMep enl1cKon Tl1aTrpi1MI99; eMy Hacne.uosan XeH:Mo200.

841

r. Y611T rpa<t> Auanh6epT20I; npoi130illJia Hey.uatiHaSI soH:Ha JloTapSI

npoTI1B ero 6paTbeB -

842 r.

JliO.llOBI1Ka 11 Kapna.

Pa6aH202, a66aT <J>yJib,lleHCKOH 0611TeJI11, 6bm 113fHaH 113 MOHaCTblpH,

a JloTapb -

113 KoponescTsa.

843 r. 8 3TOM fO.llY 3aKJIIOtieH Ml1p Me)((,lly JloTapeM 11 ero 6paTbHMI1 -

JlJO-

.llOBI1KOM 11 KapnoM203.

844 r. KopOJibJlOTapb204 BMeCTe C BOCT0'1HbiMI1 <l:>paHKaMI1 npi1IlleJI B 3eMJIJO


CJiaBSIH, y6HJI 11X KOpOJISI recTI1MyJia, a OCTaJibHbiX nO,ll'111HHJI ce6e. 0CBHIUeH11e
uepKBI1 s HosoH: Kopsee.

845 r. B 3TOM ro.uy MOHaxH 113 Xepc~ noMHpHJIHcbc enHcKonoM OrrapoM.


8 3TOM )((e ro.uy 11MnepaTOp JliO,llOBHK npl16bill 31 OKTSI6pSI205 B 3TOT MOHaCTbipb 11,
,llaB MOHaxaM npi1BHJiernl1 11 11MMYHHTeT, YTBeP.llHJ13TO (csoeH:) netiaTbJO.

846 r.

KopOJib JliO,llOBI1K, CbiH JlJO.llOBI1Ka, nO,ll'111HHJI naHHOHI110206 11,

B03BpaiUaSICb ,llOMOH, onycTOilli1JI l..JeXI1JO.

847 r. YMep apx11en11cKon 0Trap207; eMy Hacne.uosan Pa6aH, a66aT <l>yJih.ueHCKoro MOHaCTblpSI.

848

r. Koponh JlJO.llOBI1K nposen s MaH:Hue co6opHoe cosemaHI1e, Ha

KOTOpOM 6biJI YJII1'1eH 11 OCy)((,lleH epeTI1K fOTillaJIK.

849 r.
850 (849) r. 0CBSIIUeHa 6a3HJII1Ka CBSITOfO 11CllOBe,llHI1Ka 811K6epTa208.
851 r.
852 r. HatiaJIO faH,llepcreHMCKOfO MOHaCTblpSI B CTapi1HHOM MeCTe209
11 np116biT11e CBSITbiX 11cnose,llHI1KOB AHacTaCI1SI 11 11HHoKeHT11SI.

199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209

8 <Peap. 840 r. CM. Bbillle, npHM. 194.


Xai1Mo (yM. 853 r. 27/28 MapTa) - enHcKon XaJib6eplliTa.uTa B 840-853 rr.
A.naJib6epT (yM. 841 r. 13 Ma.H)- rpa<P Meua H3 pona XarroHoa.
Pa6aH Maap (yM. 856 r. 4 <Peap.)- a66aT <l>yJih.llbi B 822-842 rr.; apxHenHcKon
Mai1Hua B 847-856 rr.
BepneHCKHH MHPHhiH noroaop o paJnene HMnepHH 843 r.
BepHee, JliO.llOBHK I I HeMeUKHH.
843 r. (a He 845 r.).
He BeHrpHIO, a Mopaa1110.
21 anp. 847 r. CM. Bbillle, npHM. 192.
B Xepc<PeJib.lle. Co6biTHe OTHOCHTC.H K 850 r.
nepBOHaqaJibHO B 6pyHCXaYJeHe (K ceaepy OT faH.llepcrei1Ma).

37

AHHanbl

853 r. YMep emtcKon Xei.:t:Mo2IO; eMy HacJie.uosa.TI XnJih.UerpnM MJia.uumi.:f2II.

854 r.
855 r. UepKOBh cs. KMJinaHa s B10pu6ypre co)l()((eHa MOJIHM.SIMM. KopoJih
JlOTaph npMH.SIJI nepe.u CMepThiO nOCTPMf M MOHarueCKOe O.lle.SIHHe.
856 r. YMepJin nana Jles212 n apxnenncKon Pa6aH2I3; nocJie.UHeMy HacJie.uosa.TI KapJI214.
857 r. ApxnenncKon KapJI co6pa.TI s Mai.:t:Hue seJIMKMH co6op.
858 r. JliO.llOBMK OTnpaBMJI CBOero ChiHa JliO.llOBMKa215 C60JihlliMM BOHCKOM
npOTMB 060.llpMTOB.
859 r.JliO.llOBMKMChiHOBh.Siero6paTaJlOTap.SI KapJI216uJIOTaph217 JaKJIJOqMJIM
Me)l(.lly C060H KJI.SITBeHHhiH MMp.
860 r. 0TrneJihHMK MarnHpa.u2I8 npnH.SIJI MyqeHnqecKYIO cMepTh.

861 r.
862 r. BeJIMKMH roJIO.ll n MOP 6hiJIM s fepMaHnn n .upyrnx qacT.SIX Esponhi.
863 r. YMep apxnenncKon KapJI219; eMy HacJie.uosa.TI JlnYT6epT220.
864 r.
865 r. BHeJanHoe Haso.uHeHne n CMJihHhiH rpa.u nory6MJIH ypo)((ai.:f; YMep
enncKon AHcrapni.:f22I.
866 r. YMep nana HnKoJiai.:f222.
867 r. CMJihHhiH seTep c 6ypei.:t: pa3pyniMJI MHO)((eCTBO 3.llaHHH.
868 r. CMJihHhiH n )((eCTOKMH roJIO.ll cTparnHo nopa3MJI KaK fepMaHMIO,
TaK n npoqne nposnHUMM Esponhi.
869 r. KopoJih JloTaph223, sepHYBlliMCh M3 EeHeseHTa, KY.lla oTnpaBJI.SIJIC.SI
M3-3a CCOphl CO CBOMM 6paTOM JliO.llOBMKOM224, npnrneJI B PMM M 6hiJI npe.UaH
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219

220
221

222
223

224

27/28 MapTa 853 r. CM. Bbiwe, npHM. 200.


XI1Jlb.llerpHM II (yM. 886 r. 21neK.)- enucKon XaJib6epwTanTa B 853-886 rr.
Jles IV (yM. 855 r. 17 momi)- pHMCKHi1 nana c 10 anp. 847 r. no 17 momi 855 r.
4 !f>esp. 856 r. CM. BbiWe, npHM. 202.
KapJI (yM. 863 r. 4 HIOHSI)- Cb!H nunHHa I, KOpOJISI AKBHTaHIHt; apxuemtCKOn
Mai1Hua B 856-863 rr.
JIIO.llOBHK III Mnanwui1 (p. 835 r. yM. 882 r. 20 SIHB.) - KOpOJib BOCTO'IHbiX !f>paHKOB
B 876-882 rr.
KapJI (p. 845 r. yM. 863 r. 25 SIHB.) - KOpOJib nposaHca B 855-863 rr.
JloTapb II (p. 835 r. yM. 869 r. 8 aar.)- KopoJib JloTapuHmH B 855-869 rr.
Met!Hpan- MOHax H3 Pei1xeHay- yMep 21 SIHB. 861 r.
4 HIOHSI 863 r. CM. Bbiwe, npHM. 214.
JIHYT6epT (yM. 889 r. 17 !f>esp.) - apxuenucKon Mai1Hua B 863-889 rr.
AHcrapui1 (yM. 865 r. 3 !f>esp.) - apxuenucKon faM6ypra a 831-865 rr.
HHKOJiai1 I - pHMCIGIH nana c 24 anp. 858 r. no 13 HOSI6. 867 r.
CM. BbiiUe, npHM. 217.
JIIO.llOBHK II (p. 825 r. yM. 875 r. 12 aar.)- cTaprnui1 CbiH " HacJie.llHHK JloTapSI I;
KOpOJib HTaJIHH B 855-875 rr.; HMnepaTOp C 6 anpeJISI 850 r.
38

TaM aHa<PeMe nanoti: Aupl1aHoM225; B03sparuru~cb uoMoti, OH nom6 no'ITI1 co


BCeMI1 CB011MI1 JIIOJlbMI1.
870 r.
871 r.
872 r. BopMC cropeJI OT yuapa MOJIH1111. QqeHb )((apKOe JieTO 11 CHJibHrul
Jacyxa nory6HJII1 llO'ITI1 BeCb ypO)((ati:; MHO)((eCTBO JlOMOB C JIIOJlbMI1 11 )((11BOTHbiMI1 cropeJII1, Ja)(()((eHHbie MOJIH11HMI1. OcsHrueH11e enl1cKonoM AnbT<PPHllOM226 uepKBI1 OpecBHToti: Map1111 s XH.rrbuecxati:Me.
873 r. CHJibHbiH fOJIOJl uapHJI B fepMaH1111, 11 HBHJIOCb HesepOHTHOe MHO)((eCTBO capaH'II1.
874-909 rr.227
910 r. <l>paHKH nepe611Tbl BeHrpaMI1 11 06parueHbl B 6erCTBO.
911 r. YMep KopoJib JlK>JlOBI1K228; eMy HacJieuosan KoHpau229.
912 r. BeHrpbi onycTOlllHJII1 <l>paHKOHI110 11 T10p11HrHK>. 0oHBHJII1Cb KOMeTbi. YMep apx11en11cKon Xarro23o.
913 r. 0TTo231, CJiaBHeHUIHH 113 repuorOB, OT KOTOporo, CJIOBHO OT
nJiouopouHeti:rnero upesa npOI130lllJia Ta 11MnepaTopcKaH seTBb 0TTOHOB,
KOTopaH s 6yuyrueM npi1HecJia HeMaJIYIO noJibJY npeueJiaM sceti: Esponhi,
OCTaBI1JI 6peMH JeMHOH TH)((eCTI1. rocnO)((a Oua232, ero MaTh, yMepJia Ha
107-M fOllY CBOeH )((113HI1. P0Jli1JICH 0TTOH233, 6YJlYIU11H KOpOJib 11 11MnepaTOp.
914 r.

915 r.
916 r.
JlO caMOH
917 r.
918 r.

BeHrphi, onycTOilli1B CaKcOHI1K> 11 pa3rpa611s see soKpyr, JlOlliJII1


<l>yJibJlbl.
3pxaHrep, EepTOJibll 11 J111YT<PPI1ll nonJiaTHJII1Cb roJiosow234.
Y611T en11cKon 3ti:Hxapu235.

AupwaH II - pwMCKliti nana c 14 .LieK. 867 r. no .LieK. 872 r.


A.rlbT<I>PH.LI (yM. 874 r. 15 aBr.)- enwcKon XI1Jlb.LiecxaiiMa B 851-874 rr. OcmnueHHe
COCTOSIJIOCb I HOS16pSI 872 r.
227 TeKcT no.LI 3THMH ro.LiaMH OTCYTCTByeT.
228 liJO.LIOBHK IV .llHTSI (p. 893 r. yM. 911 r. 20/24 ceHT.)- ChiH ApHyJih<f>a, nocJie.LIHHH
KopOJih fepMaHHH H3 .LIHHaCTHH KapoJIHHroB B 900-911 rr.
229 KoHpa.LI I (yM. 918 r. 23 .LieK.)- KopoJib fepMamm B 911-918 rr.
230 Xarro I (yM. 913 r. 15 MaS!)- apxwenwcKon MaiiHua B 891-913 rr.
231 Orro CBeTJieiiumti (yM. 912 r. 30 HOSI6.)- repuor CaKCOHHH B 880-912 rr.
232 O.Lia- :>KeHa rpa<f>allwy.LIOJib<f>a (YM. 866 r.), MaTh Orro CBeTJieiirnero- )'MepJia B Mae
913 r.
233 OrroH I BeJIHKHH (p. 912 r. 23 HOSI6. yM. 973 r. 7 MaS!)- ChiH feHpwxa I llTHUeJioBa
H MaTHJih.Llhl; KOpOJih fepMaHHH B 936-973 rr., HMnepaTOp c I <l>eBp. 962 r.
23 4 fpa<f>bi 3pxaHrep H 6epTOJih.LI (6paTbSI cynpym KoHpa.Lia I KyHHryH.Lihi), a TaK:>Ke wx
nJieMSIHHHK JlHYT<f>PH.LI 6biJIH o6e3rJiaBJieHbl 2 SIHB. 917 f.
235 3tiHxap.LII- enwcKon lllnetiepa B 895-913 (918) rr.
225

226

39

AHHanbl

919 r.

KopoJih KoHpan;, YM11PaH, peiiii.fJI HaJHaqi1Th CBOI1M npeeMHI1KOM

feHpl1xa236, KOToporo eMy 6onee scero npoqero peKOMeH,llOBaJII1 He ero npasa


pO.UCTBa, HO HepYIIII1MaH Bepa 11 11CKJIJOqi1TeJibHaH .U06JieCTb, na6bi OH cqacTJII1BO OBJia,n;eJI CKJmeTpOM 11 rrpeCTOJIOM; yJian;I1B 3TO HanJie)((allli1M o6pa30M
11 BO BCeX OTHOIIIeHI1HX, OH BCTYIII.fJI Ha IIYTh BCHKOH IIJIOTI1.

920 r.

nocJie KOHqi1Hbl KOPOJIH KoHpan;a HaJBaHHbiH CbiH repuora CaK-

COHI111 11 rocynapb <l>paHKOHI111 feHpi1X 6biJI 1136paH 11 IIOMa3aH237 B KOpOJII1


np11 sceo6rueM comac1111 ceHaTa 11 Hapo.ua; o TOM )((e, KaKI1MI1 no6enaMI1 OH
OTJIJ.fql.fJICH BIIOCJie.UCTBI111 Ha CYIIIe 11 Ha MOpe, C KaKHM TpYJlOJII0611eM ynpaBJIHJI
IIOJlJlaHHbiM11 JlOMa 11 Ha BOHHe, HeB03MO)((H0 Hl1 CKaJaTb, Hl1 Haiii1CaTb.

921 r. 922 r.
923 r. YMep Cl1m3MYH.ll238, errl1cKon Xanh6epiiiTa,n;Ta.

EMy B enapx1111 Ha-

cnenosan oepHrap.u239; Torna )((e po.u11ncH 11 ero npeeMHI1K X1111h.Uesap.u240.

924 r. YMep fepMaH24t, apx11err11cKorr KeJibHa.


925 r. 926 r. 927 r. 928 r.
929 r. KopoJib OrroH rrp11sen B CaKcOHI1IO 3ni1T242, no% Kopo11H AHr111111,
qTofihi BCTYII11Tb C HeH B 6paK.

930 r.

Ha 3Jib6e, y JleHueHa243 rrpoi130IIIJia KpynHaH 611TBa rrpoTI1B cJiaBHH,

B KOTOpOH CaKCbl o.uep)((aJII1 CJiaBHYIO no6e.uy, pa3rpOMI1B


11 ysenH B IIJieH

800;

120 000 CJlaBHH

113 11x moneH: rran11 .usa rpacl>a JloTapH244 c HeKOTOphiMI1

JlPYrHMI1 HeMHOfi1MI1, 11 oqeHb MHOrl1e 6biJII1 paHeHbl.

931

f. KopOJib feHpi1X CO CBOI1M BOHCKOM OTIIpaBI111CH IlpOTI1B o6o.upi1TOB

11 rronqi1HI1JI 11x ce6e.

932 r.
933 r.
934 r.

BeHrepCKOe BOHCKO 6hiJIO rro6e)((JleHO KOpOJieM feHpi1XOM.


KopoJih feHpl1x oTnpaBI1JICH B YKepMapK, nonqi1HI1B ce6e ero

)((11TeJieH:.

935 r.
236
237
238
239
240

241
242
243

244

feHpHX I IlTHUeJioB (YM. 936 r. 2 HIOJUI) - CbiH Orro CBeTJiei1rnero; repuor CaKCOHHH
B 9I2-936 rr.; KOpOJib fepMaHHH B 9I9-936 rr.
feHpHx I OTKa3aJICH oT uepKOBHoro nocBHIUeHHH B KoponH.
CHrn3MYH.n (yM. 924 r. I4 HHB.) - enHcKon Xanb6eprnTa.n.Ta B 894-924 rr.
EepHrap.u (yM. 968 r. 3 <J>eBp.) - enHcKon Xanb6eprnTa.n.Ta B 924-968 rr.
XHJib.UeBap.u (yM. 996 r. 25 HOH6.)- enHcKon Xanb6eprnTa.UTa B 968-996 rr. HJ
COBpeMeHHbiX eMy HCTOqHHKOB .llaTY ero pmK,lleHHH .UaiOT TOJlbKO KBe,llJIHH6yprCKI1e
aHHaJibl.
fepMaH I (yM. 924 r. II anp.)- apxHenHcKon KeJibHa B 889-924 rr.
3.UHT (yM. 946 r. 26 HHB.)- .llO% 3.uyap.ua CTaprnero, KoponH Y3cceKca (899-924),
.lKeHa (1-H) OrroHa I.
JleHueH - ropo.u K ceBepy oT Banbcne6eHa, Ha npaBoM 6epery 3Jib6bl. .LlaTa 6HTBbl
npH JleHueHe - 5 ceHTH6pH 929 r.
JloTapb I <J>oH Banb6eK H JloTapb II <J>oH lliTa,ne. 06a 6biJIH .ue.uyrnKaMH THTMapa,
enHcKon Mep3e6ypra (eM. <<XpoHHKa, I, 6).

40

KseAJWIH6yprcKII1e aHHanbl

936 (935) r. 8 3p$ypTe COCTOIDICH BeJUUGfH co6op.


(937 r.) KopOJib feHpi1X yMep 2 1110JIH245; ero CbiH 0TTOH,

Ml1pOTBOpeu

11 yKpaweHI1e CaKCOHI111, 6biJI 1136paH no npasy HacJie.uosaHI1H npeeMHI1KOM


OTUOBCKOH BJiaCTI1. CJiaBHaH KopoJieBa MaTHJib.lla246 nocJie cMepTI1 csoero
cynpyra, TO eCTb Ha3BaHHOfO KOpOJIH feHpi1Xa, CO CBHTbiM 6JiaroroBeHI1eM
HaqaJia CTpOHTb Ha I<Be.llJ111H6yprcKOH rope MOHaCTblpb, KaK TOT pelllHJI eme
npe)((Jle. 0Ha xoTeJia, qTo6bi 3TO uapcTBO 6biJIO .llJIH MI1PHH, a TOMY noKpoBHTeJibCTBOBaJia BCeMH CHJiaMI1. nocKOJibKY OHa 3HaJia, qTo JIIO.lll1 6JiarOpO.llHOfO po.ua nepepo)((JlaiOTCH pe.uKo 11 c 6oJibllli1M TPY.llOM, TO co6paJia TaM He
npOCTbiX JIHU, HO nocJiylllHHU BbiCWero 6JiaropO,llCTBa, qT06bi OHI1 CJI}')KHJII1
peJIHrHH Ha.llJle)((alUHM o6pa30M, 11 .llO nOCJie,llHero B3.llOXa CBOeH )((J.f3HI1 He
nepeCTaBaJia no MaTepi1HCKOMY 06biKHOBeH1110 nO.ll.llep)((J.fBaTb J.fX .llyxOBHbiMI1
H MaTepHaJibHbiMH Cpe,llCTBaMI1.
937 r. 36epxap.u247, repuorcl>paHKOB, 8mrnaH248 CaKCOHCKHH 11 Hero.UHbiH
TaHKMap249 B TUieTHOM corJiac1111 crosopHJII1Cb npOTI1B KopoJIH; HO 6Jiaro.uapH
nO)((beti: MHJIOCTH o6 3TOM 6biCTpo CTaJIO 113BeCTHO KOPOJIIO 11 HeqecTI1BbiH
Jarosop 6biJI MY.llPO no.uaBJieH. TaK, TaHKMap 6biJI .uocTOHHbiM CO)((aJieHI1H
o6pa3oM y611T, a .upyme KaJHeHbi 11 noseweHbi. 36epxap.u 6biJI JII1WeH noqecTeti: H paJ)((aJIOBaH; a 8wxMaH, naB K HoraM KopoJIH, npi1MI1PHJICH c HI1M.
8 3TY nopy npHlllJIH BeHrpbl 11 onyCTOllli1JII1 TIOpi1HfHIO; JaTeM OHI1 npo6paJIHCb B CaKCOHHIO 11 nor116JI11 TaM B 6oJioTax H npoq11x Henpoxo.ui1MbiX
MecTax. Ho .upyraH qacTb 6eJ60)((HOro soti:cKa, 6e)((aB, sepHyJiacb B cso10
JeMJIIO. 8 3TOM ro.uy yMep XHJib.Ue6epT250, apx11en11cKon Mati:HUCKHti:; eMy
HaCJie.llOBaJI <l>pH.llp11X251.

938 r.

fpa$ 36epxap.u, cxsaTHB feHpHxa252, CbiHa KopoJIH feHp11xa, 6pocHJI

ero B OKOBbl.
939 r. 8 3TOM ro.uy, Kor.ua KopoJib 6biJI B sepxH11X pati:oHax peKH Peti:Ha,
feHpHx, 6paT KopoJISI, 36epxap.u, repuor cl>paHKOB, 11 fi1JeJib6epT253, rpa$
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253

936 r. feHpwx I 6biJI norpe6eH B Kse.li)IwH6ypre.


ManWb.lla (p. 896 r. yM. 968 r. 14 MapTa) - .llO% LJ.wTpwxa lt>oH PwHrenbxei.:tMa, BTOPruJ
cynpyra (c 909 r.) feHpwxa I.
36epxap.u (yM. 939 r. 2 OKT.)- 6paT Kopoml KoHpa.ua I; repuor <l>paHKOHHH B 918939 rr.
BwxMaH I CTapwwi.:t (yM. 944 r. 23 anp.)- cTapwwi.:t 6paT fepMaHa I 6HJIJiyHra; )l(eHaT
Ha cecTpe KoponeBbi MaTHJib.llbi; rpaq, B 6ap.ueHray 11 BHXMO.llHH.
TaHKMap (p. OK. 907 r. yM. 938 r. 28 HJOJIH) -CT. CbiH feHpwxa I OTero nepsoro 6paKa
c faTe6yproi1; CBO.llHbiH 6paT OrroHa I.
XHJib.Ue6epT (yM. 937 r. 31 MruJ)- apXHenwcKon Mai.:tHua B 927-937 rr.
<l>pH.llpHx (yM. 954 r. 25 OKT.)- apxwenwcKon Mai.:tHUa B 937-954 rr.
feHpwx I (p. OK. 922 r. yM. 955 r. I HOH6.)- 2-i.:t CbiH feHpwxa I flTwuenosa; repuor
6asapww B 947-955 rr.
fw3eJib6epT (yM. 939 r. 2 OKT.) - repuor JIOTapwHrww B 925-939 rr. CbiH PeHbe I
LI.JiwHHaSI WeH, rpalt>a feHHeray; c 928 r. )l(eHaT Ha fep6epre, cecTpe OrroHa I.

41

AHHanbl

JloTapi1HfiHf, co6pas HeqecTI1Boe soiicKo, rrepeu.um qepe3 PeiiH 11 orrycTOllli1JII1 6oJihlllYIO qacTh KopoJieBCTBa. Kor)la )l(e OHI1 JlOBOJibHhie B03BpaUiaJI11Cb,
o6 3TOM CTaJIO 113BeCTHO Y.llo254, .llPYfY KOPOJIH; BHeJarrHo Hanas Ha HI1X co
CBOI1MI1 JIIO)lbMI1, OH HeiTpi1H3HeHHO, KaK 11 CJie)lOBaJIO, y611JI 36epxapna Ha
CaMOM 6epery peK11; fl13eJib6epT )l(e B CKOpOM BpeMeHI1 YTOHYJI B rryq11He
peKI1, 11 Te, KTO C HI1M 6biJI, IT0fi16JII1 BMeCTe C HI1M. A feHpi1X, 6paT KOpOJIH, BJHB c co6oi1 rrocpe.llHI1KOB, yHI1)1(eHHO sepHyJI ce6e KoponescKylO
MI1JIOCTb.
940 f. 0CBHllleHI1e faH)lepcreHMCKOH uepKBI1.
941 r. KopoJih OrroH, 1136e)l(aB Jacanbi co cTopOHbi JarosopUII1KOB, TYT
)l(e BO BpeMH 0aCXI1 B ropo)le Kse)lJII1H6ypre HeKOTOpbiX H3 HI1X, qbl1 11MeHa
6biJII1 3pi1K255, PeHHBapn, Bapi1H, Alllepi1K, oaKKO, fepMOH, rrpi1Ka3aJI Ka3H11Tb, a LlPYfl.fX OTITpaBI1Tb B CCbiJIKY.

942 r.
943 r.
944 r.
945 r.
946 r.

fpeqecKHii uaph256 rrp11cnan rronapKI1 KOPOJIIO OrroHy.

Koponesa 3Jli1T, cyrrpyra KopoJIH OrroHa BeJII1Koro, 11CITHJia qallJy


rOpbKOH CMepTI1257, OCTaBI1B ITOCJie ce6SI JlByx )leTeH- Jll1y)lOJibQ>a258 11 Jli1YTfap)ly259.

947 r. KBeJlJI11H6yprcKoi1 o6m11He cs. Cepsau11H rrarroii Ararri1ToM260 6biJia


naposaHa rrpi1BHJiemH.
948 r. B HHreJibXaHMe COCTOHJICSI co6op, KOTOpbiM pyKOBO)li1JI rrarrCKI1H
neraT Mapi1H.
949 r. fepu.or KoHpan26t BJHJI ce6e B )l(eHbi Jll.fYTrapny, no% KOPOJIH OrroHa
11 3Jli1T. B 3TOM rony K KOPOJIIO OrroHy so BTopoii pa3 rrpl1lllJII1 rpeqecKI1e
rrocJibi c rronapKaMI1.
950 r. oOJiblllaH BOHHa rrpoi130ll1Jla Me)I(Jly 6asapaMI1 11 BeHrpaMH.
951 r. KopOJib 0TTOH oTrrpaBI1JICH B 11TaJII1IO, a BMecTe c HI1M ero 6JiaroqecTI1BbiH CbiH Jll1y.llOJibQ>, OTBa)I(HeHllli1H KoHpan, JHTb 3Toro KopoJIH,
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261

Y.uo - rpa<f> Berrepay, repuor B 3Jib3ace 113 po.ua KoHpa.ll11HoB; 6paT fepMaHa, repuora
lllBa61111.
3pi1K- oTeu XHJib.UeBap.ua, enl1cKon XaJib6eprnTa.uTa. CM. TI1TMap, XpoHHKa, II,
21. 0 .upyr11x 3aroBOPllli1Kax no.upo6Hee Hl1qero He 113BecTHO.
PoMaH I JlaKani1H - 11MnepaTop Bl13aHTI111 B 920-944 rr.
26 HHBapH 946 r. CM. Bbirne, npi1M. 242.
J111Y.llOJib<f> (p. 930 r. yM. 957 r. 6 ceHT.) - cTapw11H: CbiH OrroHa I 11 3.UHT; repuor
lllBa61111 B 950-954 rr.
JlwyTrap.ua (p. 931 r. yM. 953 r. I8 HOH6.)- no% OrroHa I 11 3.U11T. C 947 r.- )J(eHa
KoHpa.ua PbDKero.
Aran11T II- pHMCKI1H nana c IO MaH 946 r. no .ueK. 955 r.
KoHpa.u Pb1)1(11H (yM. 955 r. 10 aBr.)- repuor JlOTapHHrHH B 944-954 rr.

42

KBeAJllt1H6yprcKV1e aHHanbl
<l>p11np11x, apx11en11cKon Mai1HUCKOH uepKBI1 11 HecMerHoe MHO)I(ecrso
npo<111X [BeJihMO)I(] co scero ero Koponescrsa. TaM 3TOT KopOJih, no6enoHOCHei1umi1 0TTOH, CBSI3aJI ce6H 6pa'IHbiMI1 y3aMI1 C KOpOJieBOH AlleJibfeH)lOH262, KpaCI1BOH 1111UOM, My)lpOH B COBeTe, BeCbMa CJiaBHOH BCH'IeCKI1M
)lOCTOI1HCTBOM HpaBOB, np011CXO)li1BIIIyiO 113 po)la uapCTBeHHbiX )le)lOB
11 npa)le)lOB 11 y)l(e JI11III11BIIIYIOCH TOf)la CI1SITeJibHOfO cynpyra, TO eCTb
KOpOJISI JlorapSI; CJie)lySI TaK)I(e ee COBeTy, OH TIO)l'I11HI1JI CBOeH BJiaCTI1 KOpoJieBCTBO JlaHr06ap)ll110, KOTOpOe npi1'111TaJIOCb eMy TIO HaCJie)lCTBeHHOMy
npasy, BMecre c r11paHOM EepeHrapoM263. B 3TOM rony po)li1JICH feHpl1x264,
CbiH repuora feHpl1xa.

952 r.
953 f.

LlOBOJibHO pe3KaH 11 qpe3Bbi'IaHHO KpOBaBaH CCOpa B03HI1KJia

Me)l()ly Jll1y)lOJibQlOM, CbiHOM KOpOJIH, 11 ero )lH)leH feHp11XOM; np11'1eM caM


KOpOJib BCTaJI Ha CTOpOHy CBOero 6para; 11 )lJII1JiaCb OHa UeJibiX )lBa fO)la
B Bl1)le TIO)I(apOB, pe3HI1 11 OTiyCTOIIIeH11H, 11 MHOfl1e TIOfi16JII1 He TOJibKO
113 Hapona, HO )la)l(e 113 3HaTI1. B 3TOM )l(e rony 6hiJII1 oca)l()leHhi Mai1HU
11 KpenoCTb non Ha3BaHI1eM Poccranh265, 11 KpynHaSI 611rsa npoi130IIIJia
B 3TOM Mecre.

954 r.

YMep <l>pi1JlPI1X, apx11en11cKon Mai1HUCKOH uepKBI1, M~ seJII1-

qai1IIIero B03)lep)l(aHI1SI, 11CTibiTaHHbiH B CBHTOH peJII1fl111 11 yqeHI111266; ero


Mecro 3aHSIJI BI1JibreJibM267, CbiH KOPOJIH. YMepna Jll1yrrapna268, KoponescKaH
)lO'Ib.

955

r. KopOJib 0TTOH C 60Jibllli1M pi1CKOM )lJIH ce6SI 11 CB011X JIIO)leH

pa3rpOMI111 BeHrpoB B BeJII1KOH 11 KpOBaBOH 611TBe269; O)lHaKO, B 3TOH 611TBe


HapSIJlY co MHOrHMI1 JlPYrHMI1 6biJI y611r repuor KoHpa)l. YMep feHpl1x270,
repuor Easap1111, 6par KopoJIH OTToHa. KoHo27t, xpa6pbiH repuor, npi1HHJI
cMepTb or BeHrpos. Ho 11 KOPOJib 0TTOH c BeJII1<Iai1IIIei1 )lJIH ce6H onacHocTbiO cpa)l(aJICSI npOTI1B 060)lpi1TOB, KOTOpbiX C06paJI npOTI1B Hero CbiH ero

262

263

264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271

A.uellbretl.na (p. 932 r. yM. 999 r. 17 .neK.)- .llO% Py.nollb<l>a II, KopollH BepxHetl 6ypryH.llHH, )l(eHa: I. (c 947 r.) JloTapH (yM. 950 r.), KopollH 11TaJIHH; 2. (c 951 r.) OrroHa I
BellHKoro.
6epeHrap II (yM. 966 r. 6 aBr.)- MapKrpa<J> 11BpeH; Kopollb 11TaJIHH B 950-961 rr.
feHpHx II CBapJIHBbiM (p. 951 r. yM. 995 r. 28 aBr.)- CbiH feHpHxa I; repuor 6aBapHH
B 955-976 11 985-995 rr.; repuor KapHHTHH B 989-995 rr.
K IOro-Jana.ny oT HIOpH6epra.
25 OKT. 954 r. CM. BbiWe, npHM. 251.
BHJibrellbM (yM. 968 r. 2 MapTa)- HeJaKOHHbiM CbiH OrroHa I; apXMenHcKon Mat!Hua
B 954-968 rr.
18 HOSI6. 953 r. CM. Bbirne, npHM. 259.
Hap. Jlex 10 aBrycTa 955 r.
I HoS16pSI 955 r. CM. Bbirne, npHM. 252.
KoHpa.n Pbi)I(HM. BbiWe y)l(e roBOPHJIOCb o ero CMepTH.

43

AHHanbl

TeTKI1 3K6epT272. Manrnh.ua273, CI1HIOIUaH xeMq}')KI1Ha 113 caMotf cepe.U11Hbi


11MnepaTOpCKOH KOpOHbl, PO.U11BIIII1Cb, 3aCI1HJia K yKpaiiieHI110 CBOI1X JIIO.UeH
11 Ha Pa.llOCTb BCeM. nocTaBJieH eni1CKOll 0TBI1H274.

956 r.

J111Y.UOJibQl, CbiH KOpOJIH, OTnpaBHJICH B l1TaJII110 11 no.Uq11HI1JI ee

csoeH: BJiaCTI1.

957 r.

J111y.UOJibQl, CbiH KOpOJIH OrroHa, yMep B l1TaJII111275; orry.ua ero

nepeHeCJII1 B MaHHU 11 TIOXOpOHHJII1 y CB. AJib6aHa.

958 f.

3HaK KpecTa llOHBHJICH Ha O.Ue)l(.llaX JliO.UeH, npi1HeCH CMepTb TeM,

KTO BOCTipi1HHJI ero C HaCMeiiiKOH; TeM xe, KTO npi1HHJI ero C 6JlaroqeCTI1eM
11 Bepotf:, OH He npM:qi1HHJI HI1KaKOf0 3Jia.

959 r.
960 r. K KopoJIIO OrroHy np116hiJII1 nocJihi OT pyccKoro Hapo.ua, YMOJIHH ero
OTnpaBI1Tb K HI1M KOfO-HI16Y.Ub 113 ero eni1CKOTIOB, KOTOpbiH llOKa3aJI 6bi 11M
TIYTb 11CTI1Hbi; OHI1 Tip113HaJII1Cb, qTo XOTHT OTOHT11 OT H3bJqecTBa 11 npi1HHTb
Xpi1CT11aHCKOe 11MH 11 peJII1rHIO. TOT COfJlaCHJICH C 11X npOCb60H 11 OTnpaBI1JI
(K H11M) AuaJib6epTa276, eni1CKOna KaTOJII1qecKOH Bepbl. 0.uHaKO, OHI1 COJifaJII1
BO BCeM, KaK .UOKa3aJI BllOCJie.UCTBI111 11CXO.ll .ue11a, 1160 Ha3BaHHbiH eni1CKOTI
e.usa 1136exaJI CMepTeJibHOH onaCHOCTI1 OT 11X KOBapCTBa.

961 r. K KOpOJIIO OrroHy np116biJII1 nocJibi oT nan hi l1oaHHa277, np11r11awaH


ero B P11M.

964-983 rr.278
984 r. CbiHOK 11MnepaTopa,

TO eCTb 0TTOH IIJ279, B .ueHb Po)l(.lleCTBa roc-

no.uHero 6biJI noMa3aH B AxeHe B KOPOJII1 noMa3aHI1eM l1oaHHa280, apxl1enl1cKona PaseHHbi. O.uHaKo TI03.UHee, KaK TOJibKO CTaJIO 113BeCTHO o CMepTI1
11MnepaTOpa, 6biBIIII1H repuor feHpl1x281 B03BpaTHJICH 113 CCbiJIKI1 11 BMeCTe
CO CBOI1MI1 CTOpOHHI1KaMI1 BOpBaJICH B ropO.U KeJibH; llOHaqaJiy .UeJlaH Bl1.ll,
6y.uTo HaMepeH no npasy po.ucTBa caMbiM sepHbiM o6pa30M 3ammuaTb .ueno
MaJIOJieTHero KOpOJIH, OH 3aBJia.lleJI KOpOJieBCKOH OC06otf; 3aTeM, llO.llfOHH-

272
273
274
275
276

277
278
279
280
281

3K6epT O.nHomaJbiH (yM. 994 r. 5 anp.) - CbiH B11XMaHa I CTapwero; rpa<t> BAM6epray
11 ,llepJII1Hray.
MaTHJib.lla (p. 955 r. yM. 999 r. 8 <t>esp.) - .llO% OrroHa I 11 A.neJibreiillhi; a66aTHca
KBe.ll1111H6ypra B 966-999 rr.
0TBI1H (yM. 984 r. I .neK.) - en11cKon XHJib.llecxaiiMa B 954-984 rr.
J111Y.llOJib<tJ yMep 6 CeHT. 957 r. B flbOM6e K JOry OT 03. Jlaro- MamKope. 0 HeM CM. Bblwe, npi1M. 258.
MaJib6epT (yM. 981 r. 20 11JOHH)- B 961 f. nOCBHIUeH B eni1CKOnbi-MI1CCI10Hepbl;
B 962 f. nOCJie npOBaJia MI1CCI111 BepHyJICH Ha PO.llHHy; B 968-981 rr. - nepBbiH apXI1eni1CKOn Mar.ne6ypra.
HoaHH XII (OKTaBHaH) - pi1MCKI1H nana c 16 .neK. 955 r. no 4 .neK. 963 r.
TeKcT non 3THMH ro.naMI1 OTCYTCTByeT.
OrroH II I - KopoJib fepMaHI111 11 HMnepaTop B 983-1002 rr.
HoaHH - apx11en11cKon PaseHHbi B 983-997 rr.
CM. Bhiwe, npi1M. 264.

44

KBeAJ1111H6yprcKII1e aHHanbl
eMbiH )l(aJIOM yCHJUiBaJO!lleHCH )l(a,llHOCTH H B TO )l(e BpeMH npeJibllleHHbiH
.llYPHbiMH COBeTaMH HeKOTOpbiX JIIO.UeH, OH THpaHH'leCKHM o6pa30M 3aXBaTHJI
TpOH H .UO TOfO 3apBaJICH B 3TOM nopb!Be, 'ITO nO)I(eJiaJI HMeHOBaTbCH KOpOJieM
H 6biTb nOCBH!lleHHbiM B KOpOJIH. Ho JIHIIIb HeMHOfHe HMeHOBaJIH ero KOpoJieM, a noCBHIIIeHHH B KOpOJIH eMy .U06HTbCH TaK H He Y.llaJIOCb, 1160 3TOMy
nOMeiiiaJIH 6or H ynopHaH 60pb6a BepHbiX, KOTOpbie He COrJiaCHJIHCb C HHM,
HO no npasy no.u.uep)l(aJIH H36paHHoro H noMa3aHHoro KOPOJIH. Me)l(.lly TeM
Te, KOTOpbie no.unep)I(HBaJIH napTHJO KOpOJIH, CBH3aJIH ce6H yJaMH KJIHTBhl
B TOM, 'ITO 6y.UYT TBep.uo ynopCTBOBaTb B 3TOM .UeJie, H, OTnpaBHB HCnbiTaHHbiX
nOCJIOB B JlaHro6ap.UHIO K 6a6yiiiKe KOpOJIH, TO eCTb K HMnepaTpHUe-aBryCTe
Auenbreii.ue, no nopH.llKY nose.uan:w eii o6 3TOM nepesopoTe H HaCTOH'lHBO
npOCHJIH ee, eCJIH OHa HaMepeHa no3a60THTbCH 0 KOpOJieBCTBe H BHyKe,
nOCKOpee npHHTH K HHM Ha nOMOillh CHJIOH CBOero npHCYTCTBHH H COBeTa.

Ta, .U06HBWHCb cnepsa 60)I(beH no.unep)I(KH, BMeCTe CO CBOeH HeBeCTKOH,

HMnepaTpwuew <l>eoQ>aHo282, MaTepbiO KopoJIH, a TaK)I(e CHHTeJihHOH a66aTHco:H MaTHJib.UOH, csoeii .uoqepbiO " TeTKOH 3Toro Man:oJieTHero KOPOJIH,
B conpOBO)I(.lleHHH CBOero 6paTa, KOPOJIH 6ypryH.llHH KoHpa,ua283, H O.UHOHMeHHOfO C HHM repuora Q>paHKos284, C nepBbiMH JIHUaMH BCeH J1TaJIHH, faJIJIHH,
illsa6HH, <J>paHKOHHH H JlOTapHHfHH .UOBOJibHO cneiiiHO OTnpaBHJiaCb B fiYTh;
nOBCTpeqaBWHCb TaK)I(e C CaKCaMH, TIOpHHfaMH, CJiaBHHaMH H CO BCeMH HX
seJibMO)I(aMH, OHH co6pan:wcb B P03e285, peiiiHB B e.uHHOM .uyiiieBHOM nopbise JIH60 npe.UaHHO yMepeTb 3a KOpOJIH, JIH60 no6e.UHTb, 'ITO H npOH30IIIJIO
no MHJIOCTH 60)I(bei1:.

B TO

speMH KaK TaM npoxo.uHJio 6oJibiiiOe co6paHHe,

B MOMeHT 6opb6hi napTHH, K Y.UHBJieHHIO BCeX, KOTOphie TaM 6hiJIH H BH.lleJIH


3TO, B CaM OM UeHTpe He6a H, BOnpeKH 06bi'laiO, nocpe.UH .UHH BOCCIDIJla HpKaH
3Be3.Ua, CJIOBHO C06HpaHCb OKa3aTb 60)I(be noKpOBHTeJibCTBO ITJieHeHHOMy
KopoJIIO, .uocTOHHOe y.UHBJieHHH H naMHTH noTOMKOB 3HaMeHHe. YBH.lleB 3TO,
Henpase.uHaH cTopoHa ycTpaiiiHJiacb H

TYT )l(e ycryrrHJia;

Ha3BaHHhiH feHpwx,

no npasy JIHIIIeHHbiH Jaxsa'!eHHoro THTyJia H npecTOJia, BbiHy)l(.lleH 6biJI


npe.UCTaBHTb KOpOJIH [ero] 6a6yiiiKe, MaTepH H TeTKe; 6Jiaro.uapH 3aCTYfiHHqeCTBY KOPOJIH KoHpa,ua, ero TeCTH, H KJUI3ei1: eMy 6bma .uaposaHa KOe-KaKaH
MHJIOCTb, H OH B ne'laJIH BepHyJICH Ha pO.UHHy. J1TaK, nOJiyqHB .uparoueHHbiH
Jan:or, Ha3BaHHbie rocy.uapbiHH-HMnepaTpHUhi npH6biJIH B CaKCOHHJO; cnepsa
OHH HBHJIHCb B y)l(e '!aCTO Ha3biBaeMbiH ropO.U, pacnOJIO)I(eHHbiH Ha BepiiiHHe
KseMHH6yprCKOH ropbi; TaM OHH CaMbiM .UOCTOHHbiM o6pa30M, C npWITHhiMH
noxsan:bHbiMH necHHMH 6biJIH npHHHThi .UBOHHhiM PH.llOM .uyxoseHCTBa, Hapo.ua

<J>eo<tJaHO (}'M. 991 r. 15 HIOHH)- IlJieMHHHHUa BH3aHTHi1cKOro HMnepaTOpa 11oaHHa I


UHMHCXHH, .lKeHa OrroHa II (c 14 anpeJIH 972 r.) 11 MaTh OrroHa Ill.
283 KoHpa.n. I MHpOJII06HBhiH (yM. 993 r. 19 oKT.)- ChiH Py.nonb<tJa II; KopoJib 6ypryH.UHH
B 937-993 rr.
28 4 KoHpa.n.a (yM. 997 r. 20 asr.)- repuora lllsa6HH (B 982-997), a He <l>paHKOHHH.
285 B Pope 611113 MeliHHHreHa. 0HH co6paJIHCh TaM 29 HIOHH 984 r.
282

45

AHHanbl

11 CJI)')KHBIIIHX TaM XpHCTY JleB, H3bHBJIHBIIIHX Pa.llOCTb no noBO.llY )l(eJiaHHoro


npH6biTHH JlyxOBHOM MaTepH H 6JiaroqecTHBO n03)lpaBJIHBWHX HX C no6eJlHbiM
HCXOJlOM C06biTHM BOKPYT KOpOJIH, H C BeJIHqa:i1IIIHMH noqeCTHMH MHHOBaJIH
OCTaTOK nYTH.

985 r.

CaKCbi BTopmHcb s JeMJIIO cJiaBHH, Ha noMOIIIb KOTOpbiM c 6oJib-

IIIHM BOMCKOM npHIIIeJI MeiiiKo286; OHH OrHeM H MeqOM onycTOIIIHJIH BCIO 3'fY
JeMJIIO. Me)I(Jly TeM ynoMHHYThiM feHpHx, 6naro.llapH oO)I(beMy no6y)I(JleHHIO
npHJlH B ce6H, B CTpaxe pa3MbllliJIHJI npo ce6H Ha)l TeM, qTO OH CJleJiaJI, KaK
BbiCOKO OH nO)lHHJICH BOnpeKH qecTH H cnpaBeJlJIHBOCTH H KaK my60KO nan,
H YBH.lleJI, COrJiaCHO macy esaHreJibCKOM HCTHHbl, qTO yHH)I(eH Ja CBOe BbiCOKOMepHe, H 6biJI nOpa)l(eH OC03HaHHeM 6ecqecTbH, H MyqHJICH pacKaHHHeM Ja
cso10 BHHy. Kor)la so <l>paHKcpypT npHIIIeJI MaJIOJieTHHM KOpOJib OrroH

III, TO

oH TaK)I(e npHIIIeJI TY.lla 11 no npasy CMHpHJicH287, qTo6bi HJ6erHYTh Kapbi Ja


HeJaKOHHOe B03BbiiiieHHe; B CMHpeHHOM O)leHHHH, CO CMHpeHHbiMH )l(eCTaMH
OH, CJIO)I(HB BOe.llHHO o6e pyKH, He nocTeCHHJICH Ha maJax y scero Hapo.lla
H B npHCYTCTBHH fOCyJlapbiHb HMnepaTpHIJ;, KOTOpbie OCYJUeCTBJIHJIH Ja60Tbl
0 KOpOJieBCTBe, 6a6KH, MaTepH H TeTKH MaJIOJieTHero KOpOJIH, 06bHBHTb ce6H
BaCCaJIOM 3T0f0 HeCOBepiiieHHOJieTHero KOpOJIH, KOTOporo nJieHHJI, KOfJla TOT
OCHpOTeJI, H qbe KOpOJieBCTBO JaXBaTHJI THpaHHqecKHM 06pa30M, H nOKJIHJICH
Bnpe)lb BepHO eMy CJiy)I(HTb, He o6yCJIOBJIHBaH 3TO HHqeM, KpOMe )I(HJHH,
11 He YMOJIHH HH o qeM, KpoMe MHJIOCTH.

rocy.llaphiHH, qbHMH Ja6oTaMH,

KaK Mbl CKa3aJIH, ynpaBJIHJIOCb KOpOJieBCTBO H BOCnHTbiBaJICH MaJIOJieTHHM


KOpOJib, BeCbMa JlOBOJibHbie nOJIHOM C)laqe:i1 CTOJib BH.llHOfO My)l(a, npHHHJIH ero
C JlOJI)I(HbiMH noqeCTHMH, -

1160 6JiaroqeCTHBbiM He TOJibKO CBOMCTBeHHO He

B03)laBaTb 3JIOM Ja Jl06po, HO npHcyme TaK)I(e Ja 3JIO B03)laBaTb Jl06poM, -

H,

O)lapHB MHJIOCTbiO, B03BeJIH B 3BaHHe repuora, a JaTeM C Jl0Jl)I(HOM JII060Bbl0


noqHTaJIH ero He npOCTO cpeJlH Jlpy3eH, HO cpe)lH caMbiX JiyqiiiHX Jlpy3eH, KaK
TOfO Tpe60BaJIO npaso pOJlCTBa.
YMepJIH cJiaBHbie MapKrpacpbi )],HTpHx288 11 PHK.llar289.

986 r.

KopOJib OrroH, see eme pe6eHOK, c 60JibWHM BOHCKOM caKCOB

OTnpaBHJICH B JeMJIIO CJiaBHH; TaM K HeMy C qpe3BbJqaHHO MHOroqHcJieHHOM


apMHeM npH6biJI MeiiiKO H, no)lapHB eMy OJlHOfO sep6JIIOJla H MHOrHe .llPYTHe
no)lapKH, no.llqHHHJI ero BJiaCTH TaK)I(e ce6H caMoro. )],aJibiiie oTnpasHBWHCh
BMeCTe, OHH onyCTOIIIHJIH BCIO 3'fY JeMJIIO nO)I(apaMH H MHOroqHcJieHHbiMH
pa3opeHHHMH.
286
287
288
289

MelllKO I (yM. 992 r. 25 MaH) - nepBbiH .llOCTOBepHO J13BeCTHbiH KHH3b nollblllJf


B 960-992 rr.
YKa3aHHaH BCTpeqa BO <f>paHK!l>ypTe HMeJia MeCTO 24/26 HIOHH 985 r.
)lHTpHX (YM. 985 r. 25 aBr.) - MapKrpa<t> Hop.nMapKa B 965-985 rr. H3 po.na rpa<t>oB
XaJib.lleHcJie6eH.
PwK.llar II (yM. 985 r.)- MapKrpa<t> MeM:ceHa B 978-985 rr., a TaK:>Ke Mep3e6ypra
w UeM:ua B 982-985 rr.

46

KBeAJllt1H6yprcKV1e aHHanbl
B 3TOM ro.uy MaTHJib.UOti:, )l(eMq}')KHHOti: H .uoqepbiO HMrrepaTopa, 6biJI
CaMbiM CTapaTeJibHbiM o6pa30M ITOCTpOeH Ha JaiTa,llHOH I<Be.LlJIHH6yprCKOH
rope MOHaCTblpb B qeCTb ooropO.UHUbl npeCBHTOH MapHH H B KaqecTBe rraMHTHHKa e.UHHCTBeHHOMy H JII06HMOMy 6paTY MaTHJib.Llbl290, Ha OCHOBaHHH
C06JIIO,lleHHSI ycTaBa CBSITOfO oeHe.UHKTa.
YMep11a TaK)I(e J1.ua291, uapCTBeHHaSI fOCfiO)I(a, cyrrpYTa JlHy.UOJib<!>a, Cb!Ha
HMrrepaTopa OTToHa BeJIHKOro.

987

r. CaKCbi BHOBb BTopmwcb B JeMJIIO cJiaBHH. HaKoHeu, 3TH cJiaBHHe

ITO.LlqHHHJlHCb BJlaCTH KOpOJIH, H JaMKH Ha peKe 3Jib6e BHOBb 6biJIH BOCCTaHOBJleHbl. B cJie.UYJOlllYIO JHMY peKH BbiiilJIH HJ 6eperoa, H CHJibHbiH BeTep
pa3pylllHJI MHO)I(eCTBO 3,llaHHH.

988

r. CTpalllHaH 11eTHHH )l(apa rrory6wJia rroqTw secb ypo)l(ati:. BcKope

ITOCJle.UOBaJla CHJibHaH CMepTHOCTb cpe.UH JIIO,lleH.

989

f. noSIBHJIHCb KOMeTbl, Ja KOTOpb!MH ITOCJie,llOBaJl CTpalllHbiH MOp

cpe.uw 1110.Uetl: H CKOTa, oco6eHHO cpe.uw Kopos. YMep TaK)I(e errwcKorr Oc.uar292;
eMy HaCJle.UOBaJl fep.uar293.

990 f.
991 f.

COJIHeqHOe JaTMeHHe rrpOH30IIlJIO

21

OKTH6pH B ITHTOM qacy .UHH.

J1MrrepaTpHUa <J>eo<t>aHO C HMITepaTOpCKHM 6JieCKOM rrpOBeJia rrpa3-

.LlHHK nacXH B ropo.ue KBe.LlJIHH6ypre BMeCTe CO CBOHM CbiHOM, HMITepaTOpOM


0TTOHOM

III; TaM

rrpHCYTCTBOBaJlH TaK)I(e MapKrpa<t> TocKaHbi fYTo294 H cJia-

BHHCKHti: repuor MelllKO BMecTe c rrpoqHMH co6paBlllHMHCH TaM rrepBbiMH


JIHUaMH Esporrbl; )l(eJiaH YTO.UHTb HMrrepaTopcKOMY BeJIJiqeCTBy, OHH rrpHHeCJIH
eMy B KaqecTBe rro.uapKOB see caMoe .uoporoe, KTO qeM BJla,lleJI; H3 HHX MelllKO
H oqeHb MHOrHe .Upyme 6biJIH .UOCTOHHO O,llapeHbl H BepHYJIHCb Ha pO.UHHy.

fyro ycJI~HBO CJie.UOBaJl Ja HaJBaHHOH HMITepaTpHUeti: H ee CbiHOM,

KY-

.ua 6bi OHH HH HarrpaB11HJ1HCb B KOpOJieBCTBe, ITOBeJieBaH H yrrpaBJlSISI, ITOKa


He .uo6panHCb .uo HHMBereHa295. TaM, rrocJie Toro KaK OHa csoetl: BJlaCTbiO,
CJIOBHO UeiTbiO, 06be,llHHHJia BCIO HMrrepHIO, HMITepaTpHUa <J>eo<t>aHO, JaBepllJHB B .U06pe ITYTb CBOeti: )I(HJHH,
H fOBOpHTb, -

15 HIOHH,-

0 }')KaC!- 06 3TOM rreqaJlbHO

6b!Jla yHeCeHa BHeJaiTHOH CMepTbiO. 0Try.Ua OHa B CKOp6HOM

COITpOBO)I(,lleHHH HMrrepaTopa, TO eCTb ee CbiHa, H rrpoqHX ee BepHbiX 6biJia


rrepeHeceHa B KeJibH " co cJieJaMH " rrocJie.UHHMH rroqecTHMH rrorpe6eHa
B uepKBH CBSITOfO MyqeHHKa naHTaJleOHa, KaK CaMa pacrrOpH,llHJiaCb, B OKpy)l(eHHH TOJIITbl eiTHCKOITOB, MOHaXOB H CBHTbiX ,lleB H B rrpHCYTCTBHH TaK)I(e
scero .uyxoseHCTBa H Hapo.ua.

290
291
292
293
294
295

T. e. OrroHy I I.
J.1na (yM. 986 r. 17 MaJ~) - JlO'Ib fepMaHa I, repuora lllsa6HH, 11 PerHHIIHH.llbi; )l(eHa
(947) JlHyJlOJlb<j>a, CbJHa 0rroHa I.
Ocnar (yM. 989 r. 8 HOJ~6.)- enwcKon XHJlb)lecxaM:Ma B 985-989 rr.
fepnar (yM. 992 r. 7 neK.) - enwcKon XHJlb)lecxaM:Ma B 990-992 rr.
fyro (yM. 100 I r. 21 neK.) - MapKrpa<J> TocKaHbi B 970-I 00 I rr.
HHMBereH - ropon Hap. Baan K 10ry oT ApHeMa (HHJlepn.).

47

AHHanbl

B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy YMepmf em-t:cKOITbi 3pKaH6a.Tib.ll296 H TIH.11brpHM297, a TaK)I(e


<l>pH,llpHx298, apXHerrHcKorr 3a.TibU6ypra, H 3MHHJib.lla299, .llO% EpyHo. TaK)I(e
MaHeroJih.llJOO, He rrocJie.llHHH CbiH MaTepH lllBa6HH, yMep B CaKCOHHH H Ja
BepHylO CJiy)l(6y, OKa3aHHylO HM HMrrepaTpHUe AlleJibreH.ue, 6biJI .llOCTaBJieH
s ee corrposo)I(JleHHH s ropo.u Kse.llJIHH6ypr H TaM c rroqecTHMH rrorpe6eH.
992 f. oJieCTHUlee H CJiaBHeiirnee OCBHilleHHe CBHTOH Xa.Tib6eplliTa,llTCKOH
uepKBH 6biJIO OCyllleCTBJieHO I6 OKTHfipH ee .llOCTOfiOqTeHHbiM HaCTOHTeJieM,
eiTHCKOITOM XHJib,lleBap,llOM, B 24-H fO.ll ero rrpe6biBaHHH B,llOJI)I(HOCTH; BMeCTe
C HHM ee, ITO o6pa3y arrOCTOJibCKOH .llOJI)I(HOCTH, CO,llep)l(amei1: qHCJIO ,llBeHa,lluaTb, OCBHillaJIH ewe II errHCKOITOB301, a HMeHHO: BHJIJIHfH3302, apxHeiTHCKOIT
Mai1Hua, fHJHJiep303, apxHenHcKon Mar.ue6ypra, JlHaBHuo304, apxHenHcKorr
faM6ypra, J1Hy.llOJibcp305, errHcKorr Ayrc6ypra, XHJih.lle6oJih.ll306, errHCKorr
Bop Mea, PeTapHM:307, enHcKorr Tia.uep6opHa, 3prr308, enHcKon Bep.ueHa,
Ypc309, errHcKorr Tia.uyH, fyro3IO, errHcKorr l..l,eM:ua, PemH6epT3II, enHcKorr
MeK1leH6ypra. KpoMe Toro, OCBHIUeHHe HaJBaHHOH uepKBH ITO.ll.llep)l(aJIH
[ csoeM:] MOJIHTBOH Amo3I2, apXHerrHcKon KarrYM:, Pei1Hsap.u313, errHcKon TpHeHTa, MaHco3I4, a66aT MoHTeKaccHHO, THTMap315, a66aT KopseH, J1Hyuo3I6,
a66aT Jll0He6ypra, Orpa.u317, a66aT Mep3e6ypra, JlaHT6pexT, a66aT JloHrxe11a,
296
297
298
299

300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317

3pKaH6aJibJl - enwcKon Crpac6ypra B 965-991 rr. - yMep 12 HIOJHI l1JIH I 0 OKTJ~6pJ~


991 r.
nHJibrpHM- enHCKOn naccay B 971-991 rr.- yMep 20 HJIH 21 MaJ~ 991 r.
<l>pH.LJ.pwx- apxwenwcKon 3aJihU6ypra B 958-991 rr.- yMep I MaJ~ 991 r.
npe.unoJIO.lKHTeJibHO TO)K,lleCTBeHHa ynOMJ~HYTOH THTMapoM (XpoHHKa, IV, 16) TeTKe
(cecTpe ero MaTepH), no.u noKpOBHTeJibCTBO KOTOpOH OH 6biJI OT.UaH Ha BOCnHTaHHe
B KBe.llJIHH6ypr.
MaHeroJib.ll- rpa<f> B U10p11xray- yMep 12 HIOHJ~ 991 r.
O.uHaKO, 3.lleCb ynoMJ~HYTbi TOJibKO I0 enHCKOnOB. nponymeH Xl1Jib.UepHK (YM. I 008 r.
30 oKT.)- enwcKon faBeJib6epra.
BHJIJIHrH3 (yM. I Oil r. 23 <f>eBp.) - apxwenwcKon MaiiHua B 975-1 Oil rr.
fH3HJiep (yM. 1004 r. 25 J~HB.)- enwcKon Mep3e6ypra B 970-981 rr.; apxwenHCKon
Mar.ue6ypra B 981-1004 rr.
JlwaBHUO I (yM. 1013 r. 4 J~HB.)- apXHenwcKon faM6ypra 11 EpeMeHa B 988-1013 rr.
Jlwy.uoJib<f> (yM. 996 r. 25 111111 27 HIOJIJ~) - enwcKon Ayrc6ypra B 988-996 rr.
XHJib.Ue6oJib.ll (yM. 998 r. 3 aBr.)- enHCKon BopMca B 978-998 rr.
PeTapHH (yM. 1009 r. 6 MapTa)- enHCKOn na.uep6opHa B 983-1009 rr.
3pn (yM. 994 r. 19 <f>eBp.)- enHcKon Bep.neHa B 976-994 rr.
Ypc - enHCKOn na.uyw B 992-1027 rr.
fyro II- enHCKon Ueiiua B 991-1002/03 rr.
PerHH6epT- enwcKon 0Jih.lleH6ypra (a He MeKJieH6ypra) B 991/992-1013/14 rr.
ArHo- apxHenHCKon KanyH B 990-993 rr.
PeiiHBap.u- enwcKon TpweHTa B 992-1004/07 rr.
MaHco- a66aT MoHTeKaccwHo B 985-996 rr.
THTMap- a66aT KopBeH B 983-1001 rr.
Jlwyuo- a66aT cB. MwxaHJia B J110He6ypre B 973-992 rr.
0Tpa.u- a66aT cB. JlaBpeHTHJ~ B Mep3e6ypre B 981-992 rr.

48

KBeAm1H6yprCKIIIe aHHaJlbl

B npwcyrcTBHH cseTJieifrnero KOpOJIH, OrroHa III, ero 6a6m, CJiaBHeifrneif


asryCTbl AlleJibreH,llbl, ee .LlO'IepH, xeMti}')KHHbl KOPOJieBCKOro po.aa, CHHTeJibHOH MaTHJib,llbl, H ee nJieMHHHHUbl, .LlOCTOnOtiTeHHOH a66aTHCbl re.aswrw318,
a TaKXe repuora 6epHrap.aa3I9, JieH.aynhij>a320, rpaij>a Kanyw, H otieHb MHorwx
npeij>eKTOB H BeJibMOX, a TaKXe HeCMeTHOH H HH C tieM He cpaBHHMOH TOJinbl
.ayxoseHcTsa H npocTbiX mo.aeif, KPHtiasrnwx so cnasy limKhiO.
21 OKTHfipSI JIIO.LlH BH,lleJIH, KaK BCe He6o TpH)I{,llbl 3a HO'Ib 6bill0 KpacHbiM.
8 3TOM xe ro.ay fep.aar, enHcKon XHJih,llecxaifMa, OTnpaBHJICH pa.aw MOJIHTBbi s PwM, HO Ha o6paTHOM nyrw orry.aa YMeP s JlaHro6ap.aww32I, a BMecTe
c HHM TaKXe ero npecswTep CsH,lle60Jib.Ll, ero .LlhHKOH Bo.ao, ero 6paT XponpexT
Hero KaMepapwif. EMy Hacne.aosan enwcKon 6epHsap.a322.
993 f. 8 HOl.fb Ha pO)I{,lleCTBO CBSITOfO nepBOMyqeHHKa Creij>aHa, TO eCTb Ha
26 .aeKa6pS1, Mbl BH,lleJIH HeCJibixaHHOe 8 BeKaX liY.LlO, a HMeHHO OKOJIO nepsoro
KPHKa neyyxos Ha cesepe BHeJanHo soccHHJI TaKoH: HpKHif cseT, 'ITO otieHh
MHOrHe fOBOpHJIH, 'ITO HaCTaJI ,lleHb. 3TO npO,llOJI)I(aJIOCb ueJibiH 'laC. 3aTeM
He6o HeMHOfO noKpacHeJIO H OnHTb npHHHJIO CBOH 06bi'IHbiH UBeT.
YMep enHCKOn ,llo.ao323; eMy HaCJie,llOBaJI CBHTrep324, CHHTeJibHbiH M}')K,
MOHaX CBHTOH Xanb6eplllTa,llTCKOH uepKBH.
YMep 3K6epy325, apxwenwcKon Tpwpcmif.
994 r. Jlwy.aonbij>326 nocTaBJieH enwcKonoM TpwpcKoif uepKBH.
YMep 3pn327, enHcKon Bep.aeHcmH:; eMy Hacne.aosan BepHxapwif328.
OtieHb cyposaH 3HMa, HatiaBrnHcb 3 HOH6pH, npo.aoJI)I(anacb.ao 5 MaH c nepepbiBaMH 8 O'leHb pe,llKHe ,llHH. 3aTeM .LlYJIH MOpOBbie H XOJIO,llHble BeYpbi, H 8
O'leHb MHOfHe HO'IH BMeCTO pOCbl Bbina,llaJI 3HMHHH HHeif. HaKOHeU, 7 HIOJIH
y.aapHJI CHJibHbiH MOp03, H CJiyqHJIOCb TaKOe BbiCbiXaHHe peK H OTCYfCTBHe
.LlO)I{,lleif, 'ITO B 60JiblllHHCTBe npy.aos nom6na pbi6a, a Ha 3eMJie coseprneHHO
3aCOXJIH O'leHb MHOrHe .aepeBbH, nom6JIH <I>PYKTbl H JieH. 3a 3THM nocJie,llOBaJI TaKXe XeCTOKHH MOp cpe,llH JIIO.LleH, CBHHeH, KOpOB H oseu; Jiyra xe TaK
318

319

320
321

322
323
324

325
326

327
328

fe.llBHra (yM. 1014 r. 4 HJOnR)- .llO'Ib BHxMaHa I CTapwero, xeHa (952) 3HrcppJil.lla,
CbiHa fepo BenHKoro; a66aTHca fepHpo,lle, <l>po3e H, HasepHo, TaKXe Bpe,lleHa
B 959/961-1014 rr.
6epHrap,ll I (yM. 1011 r. 9 <J>esp.)- CbiH fepMaHa I; repuor CaKCOHHH B 9731011 rr.
JlaH.lleHynb<j> - KHR3b KanyH a 982-993 rr.
OH yMep 7 .lleKa6pR 992 r. s KoMo. 0 HeM eM. Bbiwe, npHM. 293.
6epHsap,ll (yM. 1022 r. 20 HOH6.)- enHcKon XHnb,llecxai1Ma B 992-1022 rr.
)lO.llO (yM. 993 r. 14 MaR)- enHcKon MJOHCTepa B 969-993 rr.
CsHTrep (yM. lOll r. 16/19 HOR6.)- enHcKon MJOHCTepa B 993-1011 rr.
3K6epT (yM. 993 r. 8 ,lleK.)- apxHenHCKon TpHpa B 977-993 rr.
JlHy.llonb<j> (yM. 1008 r. 8 anp.) - apxHenHcKon TpHpa B 994-1008 rr.
19 <J>espanR 994 r. CM. BbiWe, npHM. 308.
6epHxapHi1 (yM. 1014 r. 25 HJOnR)- enHcKon Bep.lleHa B 994-1014 rr.

49

AHHanbl

BbiropeJII1 BO MHOfi1X MeCTaX, CJIOBHO 6biJII1 CO)I()I(eHhl OfHeM. KpoMe TOfO,


OT CaKCOB OTnaJII1 BCe CJiaBSIHe, 3a 11CKJIIO'IeHI1eM cop60B.

ropo.ue B10pu6ypre, B CBOeH KOMHaTe 6hiJI BHe3anHO paHeH CTpeJIOH

113 OKHa 11 YMep

10 1110JI51 Jll1yrnOJib.U329,

3HaMeHI1TbiH MapKrpa<J> oaBapCKOH

MapKH.
fpa<J> 3K6epT330, MY.UpeH:nmH: cpe.u11 MY.UPhiX 11 xpa6peH:w11H: cpe.u11 xpa6pbiX, ywen 113 ::noro Ml1pa

5 anpeM.

npaTbSI feHpHX, 311rQ>pH,U 11 Y.uo331, cpa311BWI1Cb CO CBOI1M11 JIIO.UbMI1 B MOpCKOH 611TBe npoTI1B HOpMaHHOB, 6biJII1 no6e)((JleHbi 11 3axaa<JeHbi B TIJieH; 113
HI1X Y.uo nan B 6010 Hap51,Uy C O'IeHb MHOfHMI1, a OCTaJibHbie 6biJII1 BbiKYTIJieHbl
3a

7000 TaJiaHTOB.
B 3TOM ro.uy ao MHOrHX MecTax CaKCOHI111 cJiyqi1JICSI TaiOKe CI1JihHhiH

fOJIO.U.

995 r.

Y caKcoa HacrynHJI ro.u eme xyxe npe.Uhi.uYIJiero. 116o cpe.u11 Tex,

KOTOpbie 30BYfC51 OCTQ>aJiaMI1332, HatiaJiaCb TaKaSI lJ}'Ma, 'ITO He TOJibKO 11X .UOMa, HO 11 O'IeHb MHOrHe CeJieHHSI o6e3JIIO.UeJII1 nocJie BbiMI1paHHSI 11X :>KHTeJieH.
llo.uaBJieHHbie, CBepx TOfO, CHJibHbiM fOJIO.UOM, OHI1 CTPMaJI11 OT CTOJib <JaCTbiX
BTOp)l(eHHH CJiaBSIH, 'ITO nO-BH,UI1MOMY 0 HHX, B HaKa3aHI1e 3a 11X rpex11, 6biJIO
no npaay cKa3aHo npopoqecTao:

fl3By, Mert u c?OA00333.

<<J! nouvuo Ha HUX mpu xyowue Kapbl - MopoBy/0

TaK)I(e KopoJih OrroH

Ill

c 6oJibWI1M BOHCKOM Hanan Ha

060.Up11TOB 11 HeKOTOpble 3eMJII1 BJIOTafiOB 11 pa30pHJI 11X MHOfO'II1CJieHHbiMI1


no)l(apaMI1 11 rpa6e)l(aMI1, HO TaK 11 He o6y3.UaJI 11X nopbiB.

B .UaJibHeHWeM,

B03BpaiJia51Cb 113 3TOfO noxo.ua, OH 6biJI .UOCTOHHO, C KOpOJieBCKOH CJiaBOH


npi1HSIT B ropo.ue Kae,UJII1H6ypre CBOeH ynoMSIHYfOH 11 .UOCTOHHOH Be'IHOfO
noMI1HOBeHHSI TeTKOH, a66aTI1coi1: MaTHJih.UOH. TaM A.ueJibreH.ua334, ero po.uHaSI CeCTPa, O.UHOI1MeHHa51 CO CBOeH 6a6KOH, 11MnepaTpi1UeH A.ueJibreH.uoH:,
OTBeprHYB pa.u11 JII06BI1 Xp11CTOBOH KOpOHOBaHHbiX )l(eHI1XOB 11 11X nocJiaHUeB,
o6emaBWI1X [eM:) He TOJibKO 6oraTCTBa, HO ,Ua)l(e CBbiWe [BCSIK11X) CHJI 30JIOThie
ropbi 11 ropo.ua, B np11cyrcTBI1I1 caoero po.uHoro 6paTa, 11MnepaTopa OrroHa

I I I,

Ha BH,Uy y BCero CeHaTa 11 Hapo.ua nOCBSITI1Jia ce6SI BO 11M51 OTe<JeCTBa CJIY)I(eHI110


CBSIThiM ,11.110HI1CI1IO 11 Cepaau1110, 'IT06bi :>KHTh KaHOHI1<JeCKI1 11 no ycTaBy.

329
330
331

332
333
334

B TOT

1I11yrnonh.n I Ea6eH6epr (yM. 994 r. 10 1110JIH)- MapKrpa> 6asapcKoro OcTMapKa


B 976-994 rr., ocHoBaTeJih MJia.nrneil: JII1HI111 Ea6eH6epros.
CM. Bhirne, npi1M. 272.
fpalhl JoH lllTa,ne: feHpi1X II )lo6pblll (p. 946 r. yM. 1016 r. 2 OKT.), 311rlpl111
(yM. 1037 r. 6 HHB.) 11 Y.no (yM. 994 r. 23 1110HH)- 6paTbH KyHI1ryH,nbl, MaTepl1 TI1TMapa, en11cKona Mep3e6ypra (XpoHI1Ka, IV, 16).
B op11mHane- <<Osterludi>>.
HepeMUR, 24, I0 11 29, 17.
A.neJibreH.na (p. 977 r. YM 1043 r. 14 HHB.)- ,nollb OrroHa II 11 <l>eo>aHo; a66aT11ca
KBe.liJII1H6ypra (c 999 r.), fepHpo.ne, <l>p03e, Bpe,neHa (c 1014 r.) 11 faH1lepcrei1Ma (c

1039 r.).
50

KBeAfllt1H6yprcKit1e aHHaJlbl
)l(e qac CHM80JIOM C8SITOfO llOKp08a OHa 6biJia llOC8SIIUeHa XpHCTy, (C80eM}')
He6eCHOMY )l(eHJ.lxy, enHCKOllOM 3TOH uepKBH XHJib,lleBap,llOM, a TaK)I(e npo'IHMH
CTOSI8IIIHMH pSI,llOM apmenHCKOnaMH H enHCKOnaMH.

3TOM )l(e ro.uy 8HeJanHoH cMepTbiO yMep repuor Ea8apcKoro KpaSI

feHpHX JJ335. nocJie CMepTH HMnepaTOpa 0TTOHa

II

OH ,llO TOfO C06Jia3HHJI-

CSI 803MO)I(HOCTbiO 3aX8aTHTb npeCTOJI,- llO.ll,lla8IIIHCb CKOpee lJ~OH 80Jie,


He)l(eJIH C06CT8eHHOH, -

'ITO, 3ax8aTH8 CbiHa HMnepaTopa, CaM 6biJI H36paH

KOpOJieM; O,llHaKO, eme .llO llOC8SIIUeHHSI ero OXBaTHJIO pacKaSIHHe, H OH OTKa3aJICSI OT npeCTOJia; CMHpeHHO llO,lllJHHH8IIIHCb KOpOJIIO, OH C llOlJTeHHeM 6biJI
no)l(aJI08aH HM 6a8apcKHM KopoJieBCT80M. OH HacTOJibKO npe830IIIeJI [c8oHx]
npe,lliiieCT8eHHHK08 8 ,lleJie ycTaHOBJieHHSI MHpa, 'ITO 6biJI Ha38aH )I(HTeJISIMH
3TOfO KOpOJie8CT8a feHpHXOM MHpOT80pUeM H OTUOM OTelJeCT8a. Kor,lla OH
YMep, ero CbiH feHpHx336, 6Y.llYIUHH KopoJib, noJiyqHJI oa8apcKoe repuorcT80
8 .nap oT KopoJISI OrroHa

III.

YMep fe6xap.u337, .uocTonolJTeHHbiH enHcKon KoHcTaHUCKOH uepKBH; eMY


HaCJie,ll08aJI JlaM6epy338.

21

HIOJIH .uocTonoqTeHHbiH enHcKon XHJib.lle8ap.u nocTpOHJI 8 ropo.ue

lliTeTepJIHHre6ypre339 )l(eHCKYJO o6HTeJib.

B o6JiaCTH Xanb6epiiiTa,llTCKOH uepKBH, Ha3bl8aeMoH Xop.uop<P340, po.nHJicSI


pe6eHOK, He HMe8IIIHH HHlJefO HH)I(e ce,llaJIHIUa, HH HOf, HH opraH08 M~
CKHX, JIH60 )l(eHCKHX; OH 6biJI TOJibKO HanOJI08HHY lJeJI08eK, C Ce,llaJIHIUeM
KaK y nTHUbi, HO 6e3 nyxa; npa8oe yxo H npa8biH flla3 y Hero 6biJIH MeHbiiie
Jie8biX, ~acHbie Jy6bi -

IIIa<PpaHHoro U8eTa, Ha Jie8oH PYKe HMeJicH TOJibKO

O,llHH 60JiblliOH naneu, a OCTaJibHbiX lJeTblpex He XBaTaJIO. nepe,ll KpeiUeHHeM


OH Y.llHBJieHHO TapaiUHJICSI, a llOCJie KpeiUeHHSI He OTKpbl8aJI 6oJiee rJia3; Ha
qeTBepYbiH .ueHb nocJie C8oero po)l(.lleHHSI 3TOT ~KHH ypo.u YMep. 06IUHH
ymep6 nOTpSIC 8CIO fepMaHHIO 8 8H,lle MOpa cpe,llH C8HHeH H KOp08.
YMepJIH n<Panburpa<P )lHTpHx34I Hero 6paT 3Hr6epT, cJia8Hble caKcbl.

996 f. 25 HIOJISI H3 3TOfO MHpa 6biJI YHeCeH SlpKHH C8eT C8SITOH Ayrc6yprCKOH uepKBH, enHCKOll Jley,llOJIL<!>, H npH'IHCJieH K He6eCHOH <!>aMHJIHH; 8MeCTO Hero enHCKOllOM 6biJI llOCTaBJieH fe6xap.u342, CaMbiH 8bl,lla10IUHHCSI cpe,llH

335
336

337
338
339
340
341
342

28 asrycTa 995 r. feHpHx CsapJIHBbi~ }'Mep B faH,llepcre~Me H TaM )l{e norpe6eH.


feHpHx II CB.RTOH (p. 973 r. 6 Ma.R. YM 1024 r. 13 HIOJI.R)- CbiH feHpHxa II Csapnwsoro, repuora 6asapHH, H fHJeJibi 6ypryH.llcKo1; repuor 6asapHH c 995 r.; KopoJib
B 1002-1024rr.; HMnepaTOpc 14<J>esp.l014r.
fe6xap.ll II <j>oH 6pereHu (yM. 995 r. 26 asr.)- enwcKon KoHcTaHua B 979-995 rr.
JlaM6ePT (YM. 1018 r. 16 Ma.R)- enHcKon KoHcTaHua B 995-1018 rr.
Me)l(Jly pp. 0Kep H HJibJe, B oKpyre Xanh6eprriTa,llTa.
CeneHHe Ha p. 6o.lle. HbiHe - 'laCTb r. Omepcne6eH.
.llHTpHx, n<j>anburpa<J> CaKCOHHH B 982-995 rr., yMep 6 MapTa 995 r., 3wr6epT- ero
6paT- 14 OKT. 995 r.
fe6xap.ll (yM. 1000 r. 8/9 HIOJI.R) - enHcKon Ayrc6ypra B 996-1000 rr.

51

AHHanbl

cna8HbiX a66aT08. B Te'leHHe cne.uyiOiuero 8peMeHH, Kor.ua 6oxecT8eHHbiH


CY.ll MHOrHX nOXHTHJI H3 C8HTHJIHIUa focnO,llHero, enHCKOn ,llOCTOnO'ITeHHOH
Xanb6epwTa.uTcKoH: uepKBH XHJib.lle8ap.u, xeM'IyxHHa C8HIUeHCT8a H JonoToe yKpaweHHe enHCKOnCKOH ,llOJIXHOCTH, TaKXe OC8060,llHJICH

25 HOH6pH

OT cyeTbl 3TOrO MHpa H, npe,llCTa8 npe,ll 830paMH HCTHHHOH JII068H, KOTOpaH


eCTb XpHCTOC, CTaJI 6JiaroqecTH8biM no.upaxaTeJieM ee CMHpeHHH H JII068H,
KaKOH e,ll8a MOXHO 8epHTb. EMy HaCJie,ll08aJI ApHyJib<!>343, npOHCXO,llH8WHH
H3 O'leHb 6JiaropO,llHOfO po,lla, HO eme 6oJiee 6JiaropO,llHbiH (C80HMH) Hpa8aMH
H JHaMeHHTbiH HCKpeHHeH IUe,llpOCTbiO.
BeceHHeH: nopoH: 3Toro xe ro.ua HaJ8aHHbiH 8biWe KOPOJib OrroH, JaKJIIO'IH8 Me)J{,lly CaKCaMH H CJia8HHaMH MHp, OTnpa8HJICH 8 11TaJIHIO H no
naCXaJibHOMY o6biKH08eHHIO OTnpaJ,llH08aJI BocKpeceHHe rocno.uHe344 8 na8HH. B .llaJibHeH:weM CHJIOH oBJia.ue8 8CeM 11TaJibHHCKHM Kopone8CT80M, OH,
npH.llH 8 PHM, JacTan 6naxeHHOH naMHTH nany M.oaHHa345 [yxe) yMepwHM.
OH 6naroqecTH80 comacHJICH nocTa8HTb 8MecTo Hero C8oero nneMHHHHKa
6pyHo346, 8eCbMa CJia8HOrO Myxa, H36paHHOrO nOHTH<!>HKOM no e,llHHO.llYlliHOMY XeJiaHHIO He TOJibKO ,llyX08eHCT8a, HO H 8CeX pHMCKHX rpax,llaH,
a pHMJIHHe, OT8eprHy8 HMH 6pyHO, Ha38aJIH ero fpHrOpHeM. B038e,lleHHbiH
Ha anocTOJibCKHH npecTon, oH

21

MaH, 8 .uocTono'ITeHHbiH npaJ.UHHK BoJHe-

ceHHH XpHcTo8a, 9-ro HH.llHKTa, no.u KPHKH He TOJibKO pHMCKoro Hapo.ua, HO


H Hapo,ll08 no'ITH 8ceH: E8ponbl, noc8HTHJI rocno,llHHa OrroHa, .uo CHX nop
38a8werOCH KOpOJieM, 8 HMnepaTOpbi-a8ryCTbl. flOCJie 3TOfO, npH8e,llH no
o6hiKH08eHHIO 8 nopH,lloK 11TaJibHHCKoe Kopone8CT80, OrroH 8038pamaeTcH
80 <l>paHUHIO H 8 KeJibHe c no.uo6aiOIUHMH 8epxo8HOMY HMnepaTOpy noqecTHMH npaJ.uHyeT Po)J{,lleCT80.
A.llanb6epy347, enHcKon HJ ropo.ua llparH, 6biJI yseH'IaH y npycco8 cna8HbiM MyqeHH'IeCTBOM

23 anpeJIH.

6epH8ap.u348, enHCKOn BIOpU6yprCKOH uepK8H, OTnpaBJieHHbiH C HMnepaTOpCKHM nopyqeHHeM 8 KoHcTaHTHHonoJib, yMep 8 npo8HHUHH AxaH:e.
BMecTo Hero enHcKonoM 6biJI nocTaBJieH feHpHx349, 6paT c8eTneH:wero KaHurrepa XepH6epYa350, H caM c8eTJieH:wHH:.

343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350

ApHyJib1 (yM. 1023 r. 7 ceHT.)- enucKon XaJib6epmTa.nTa B 996-1023 rr.


12 anpem1 996 r.
J.1oaHH XV - puMcKHi1 nana c asrycTa 985 r. no MapT 996 r.
6pyHo (fpuropuu V)- CbiH Orro, repuora KapuHTHH B 978-985 u 1002-1004 rr.;
pHMCKHH nana c 3 MlUI 996 r. no 18 <t>esp. 999 r.
A,uaJib6epT (80i1Tex) (yM. 997 r. 23 anp.)- enHCKOn llpiDKCKHH B 983-997 rr., CBSITOH.
6epHsap.n (yM. 995 r. 20 ceHT.)- enucKon 810pu6ypra B 990-995 rr.
feHpux I (yM. 1018 r. 14 HOSI6.)- enucKon B10pu6ypra B 995-1018 rr.
Xepu6ePT (yM. 1021 r. 16 MapTa)- apxuenucKon KenbHa B 999-1021 rr.; KaHUJiep
J.1TaJIHH B 994-1002 rr.; B 999-1002 rr. pyKOBO.llHJI TaiOKe HeMeUKOH KaHUeJISipueu.

52

KBeAJllt1H6yprcKit1e aHHanbi

997 r.

CJia8sme, .U8HXHMLie 8pox.ueHHhiM 8epoJIOMCT80M, HapyiiiHJIH

MHpHbiH .UOf080p H CTaJIH Tpe80)1(1{Tb CaKCOHCKHe rpaHHUhl 80p08CKHMH Ha6eraMH. Pa3.upaxeHHbiH npOTH8 HHX HMnepaTop C 60JiblliHM 80HCKOM 8TOpfCSI
8 CTo.uopaHHIO, KoTopyiO 8 Hapo.ue Ha3hi8aiOT fe8eJIL.UyH35I, caMyiO cJia8HYJO
cpe.uH cJia8SIHCKHX 3eMeJib, o.uepxan no6e.uy, 83SIJI .uo6LJqy H no6e.UHTeJieM
c 6JieCKOM 8CyYnHJI 8 Mar.ue6ypr, HaH6oJiee 3HaqHTeJibHhiH ropo.u CaKCOHHH.
Me)I(Jly TeM 8 TO 8peMSI KaK HMnepaTop-a8rycT, TO ecTL OrroH

III,

o6xo.uHJI,

pa30pSISI, fe8eJib.JlYH, BJIOTa6bl, 8He3anHO C06pa8IIIHCb, HanaJIH Ha np08HHUHIO


6ap.ueHray, [HanoJIHH8] ee MHoroqHcJieHHhiMH rpa6exaMH H noxapaMH. BecTQ>aJILI, KOTOpbiX Ha38aHHbiH HMnepaTOp, OTnpaBJISISICb 8 nOXO.U, OCTa8HJI.llJISI
oxpaHbi 3TOH npo8HHUHH, 8H.llSI 3To, cneiiiHO H xpa6po BCTPeTHJIH JIIOTHqei1
H, XOTSI HX CaMHX 6biJIO oqeHb HeMHOfO, ycTpOHJIH HecMeTHOMY MHOXeCT8Y
SI3bJqHHK08 TaKYIO pe3HIO, 83SIJIH y HHX TaKYIO .U06biqy, qTo HH KOJIHqeCT8a
y6HTbiX, HH qHCJieHHOCTH .U06bJqH He803MO)I(H0 HCqHCJIHTb qeJI08eqeCKHM
Sl3biKOM.
B 3TOM ro.uy no npHKaJy .uoqepH HMnepaTopa, a66aTHChl MaTHJib.Ubi,
6biJIO CO 8CeM CTapaHHeM 3a8epiiieHO 80CCTaHOBJieHHe C8SITOH KaQ>e.upaJibHOH
uepKBH 8 KBe.llJIHH6ypre. nocKOJILKY oHa 3HaJia, qTo [ uepK08h], nocTPoeHHaSI
ee .Ue.UOM H 6a6KOH, TO eCTb KOpOJieM feHpHXOM H KOpOJie80H MaTHJib.llOH,
6oJiee y3KaSI, qeM TO, COfJiaCHO npa8HJiaM, Tpe608aJIOCb .llJISI TaKOH 8biCOTbl,
OHa H3-3a MHOXeCT8a CTeKa8IIIefOCSI yY.Ua Hapo.ua C 8pO)I(JleHHOH H npHcyIUeH eM OT po)I(JleHHSI 6JiaroxeJiaTeJibHOCTbiO n03a60THJiaCb paCIIIHpHTb ee 3a
cqeT npHCTPOHKH 3.UaHHSI 6oJiee IIIHpOKOH H 8biCOKOH KOHCTPYKUHH 8 qecTb
C8SITOfO apxHenHCKOna H HCn08e.UHHKa Cep8aUHSI H 8eJieJia ApHyJILQ>y, He.Ua8HO nocTaBJieHHOMY enHcKony XanL6epiiiTa.uTcKoMy, 8MecTe c .upyrHMH
apXHenHCKOnaMH H enHCKOnaMH, KOTOpbiX CJIHIIIKOM .UOJifO nepeqHCJISITb noHMeHHO, OC8SITHTb ee no.uo6aiOIUHM o6pa30M pa.uH YKPaiiieHHSI.UOMa DO)I(bero

I0 MapTa npH cTeqeHHH 8cero .uyxo8eHCT8a H Hapo.ua. Manoe 8peMSI cnycTSI,


7 MaSI, B .ueHb ro.uo8IUHHhi c8oero oTua, asrycTa OrroHa,

B TOM xe ro.uy,

OHa nocpe.ucT80M Toro xe enHcKona ApHyJILQ>a npH 8eJIHKOM JIHKOBaHHH


.uyxo8eHCT8a H Hapo.ua C qecTbiO OC8SITHJ1a nOCTPOeHHYJO 3a KOpOTKOe 8peMSI
Banb6eKcKyiO uepKOBb.
B 3TOM xe ro.uy HeKHH KpecueHuHi1352, o6MaHyYhiH .UbSI80JibCKHM Ko8apcT80M, B OTCYTCT8HH nanbi fpHropHSI 3axBaTHJI PHM, a HeKoero l1oaHHa
KaJia6pHHCKOro353, KOTOporo rocnO.UHH HMnepaTOp 0rrOH 8MeCTe C enHCKOnoM 6epH8ap.uoM OTnpa8HJI B KoHCTaHTHHOnOJib, qTo6bi .uo6biTb ce6e B xeHbl

351
352
353

CTOnopaHH.R (feBeJib.llYH)- o6nacTb npmKHBaHH.R cnaB.RHCKoro nneMeHH rasoJI.RH


(reseJIJiepos) c ueHTpoM B 6paHH6ope (6paHlleH6ypre).
KpecueHUHH (II)- PHMCKHH ceHaTOp H KOHcyn, rpa<J> Teppa'IHHbi- yMep
29 anp. 998 r.
HoaHH <I>HnaraToc (yM. 1001 r. 26 asr.)- rpeK HJ PoccaHo; enHcKon llb.R'IeHUbi
B 988-997 rr.; aHTHnana (HoaHH XVI) c <J>esp. 997 r. no Mali 998 r.

53

AHHanbi

.llOl.fb rpel.feCKOfO HMnepaTopa, BCTpeTIUI C HenO.ll06aiOUlHMH nol.feCTSIMH, KOf.lla


TOT B03BpaUla.JICSI BMeCTe C rpel.feCKHMH nOCJiaMH, H, nOCTa8H8 ero He CTOJibKO
nanoii, CKOJibKO OTCTYJIHHKOM, 3a.llep)l(a.JI B PHMe nO.ll apeCTOM HMnepaTOpcKHX
nocnoa. HTaK, 3TOT HoaHH, rpeK no HaUHOHa.JibHOCTH, pa6 no o6mecT8eHHOMY
nOJIOXeHHIO, He8epoSITHO XHTpbiH, npH.llSI K 6JiaxeHHOH naMSITH HMnepaTopyaaryczy Orroey

II 8 6e.llHOM O.lleSIHHH, 6naro.llapSI nocpe.llHHl.feCT8Y ero 803JI106-

JieHHOH cynpyrn, HMnepaTpHUbi-a8ryCThl <l>eo<!>aHO, cnep8a KOpMHJICSI3a Cl.feT


KOpOJieBCKOH MHJIOCTbiHH, a 3aTeM, no nporneCTBHH 8peMeHH, C npHcymeH
eM}' JIHCbeH H3BOpOTJIHBOCTbiO 06MaeyJI Ha3BaHHOfO aBfYCTa HaCTOJibKO, l.fTO,
nOJib3YSICb ero .ll080JibHO MHJIOCTH8biM C006pa3HO MeCyY H 8peMeHH pacnOJIOXeHHeM, BnJIOTb .llO ero KOHl.fHHbl Cl.fHTa.JICSI CYTh JIH He CaMbiM CJia8HbiM Cpe.llH
BeJibMOX. nocJie ynoKoeHHSI a8ryCTa OrroHa
Jie.llHero OrroH

III,

II,

KOf.lla npaBHJI yxe CbiH noc-

KOToporo OTeu OT caMoii MaTepHHCKOH YTP06bi nocTa8HJI

6Jiaro.llapSI no)l{beH MHJIOCTH so maae PHMCKOH HMnepHH, Ha38aHHbiH HoaHH


nOJib30Ba.JICSI BpO)K)leHHbiM .rryKaBCTBOM C TeM 60JibllieH 6e3onaCHOCTbiO, l.fTO
3TO no380JISIJIH Ma.JIOJieTCTBO KopoJISI H Hepa.lleHHe BeJibMOX. TaK, KOr.lla YMep
enHCKOn llb.Sil.feHUCKOH uepKBH354 H Ha CMeey eM}' 6biJI H36paH Myx .ll06poro
Hpaaa, Ha3BaHHbiH HoaHH, He nacTbipb, HO BOJIK, He.llOCTOHHO HH3JIO)I(HJI ero
H npHHSill 3yY uepK08b He .llJISI TOI'O, l.fT06bl eiO npa8HTb, HO JlJISI TOI'O, l.fT06bi ee
pa3opSITb. Kor.lla oH npaaHJI e10 HecKOJibKO neT, TO onbSIHeHHbiH .llbSI80JibCKHM
Sl.llOM a.Jil.fHOCTH, HaCTOJibKO B03HeCCSI Ha.ll CaMHM C060H, l.fTO .lla)l{e npeCTOJI
6JiaxeHHOfO anOCTOJia lleTpa B PHMe, KaK 6biJIO CKa3aHO 8billie, OH, CTa8lliHH
l.flleHoM aHTHXpHcTa, cKopee 3afa.llHJI pa38paToM, l.feM 3aHSIJI Pa.llH noLJ:TeHHSI.

998 r. YCJibillia8 06 3TOM, rocnO.llHH HMnepaTOp npe.llnpHHSIJI 8TOpoH nOXO.ll


a HTa.JIHIO . .[locTonoLJ:TeHHbiH nana fpHropHi1 Bbirnen eMy Ha8cTpeqy 8 na8HH H, 8 TO apeMSI KaK oH paccKa3biBa.JI HMnepaTopy o 3JIO.lleSIHHSIX HoaHHa
H KpecueHUHSI, TOT, .ll8H)I{HMbiH paeHHeM K Bory, KaK MO)I{HO cKopee nocnernHJI
8 PHM BMecTe c nanoi1. Kor.lla o6 3TOM ycJibillia.JIH Ha3BaHHbie cnyrH CaTaHbi,
HoaHH o6paTHJICSI 8 6ercTao, a KpecueHUHH BMecTe co C80HMH JIIO.llbMH 3aTBopHllcSI B KPenOCTH, KOTOpaSI CBSI3bi8aeT .llpe8HHH PHM H JleOHHHy355. Tor.lla
HeKHe JIIO.llH, .llPY3bSI He CTOJibKO HMnepaTopa, CKOJibKO XpHCTa, nOfHa.JIHCb 3a
HoaHHOM, cx8aTHJIH ero H, 6oSicb, KaK 6bi OH, 8 cnyqae, ecmt ero npH8e.llYT
K aaryczy, He yrneJI 6e3HaKa3aHHbiM, 0Tpe3a.JIH eMy Sl3biK H H03.llPH H 8blp8a.JIH
ma3a. Kor.lla OH 6biJI TaKHM o6pa30M HaKa3aH C8billie, rocno.llHH nana fpHroPHH c qecTbiO aepeyn ce6e anocTOJibCKHH npecToJI H c8o6o.llHO 3aHHMa.JI ero .llO
caMOH CBOeH CMepTH. HTaK, npH.llSI 8 PHM, HMnepaTop-a8ryCT OTnpa3.llH08a.JI
TaM C8SITei1rnee BocKPeceHHe XpHcTo8o356; cpa3y xe nocne 6eJibiX .llHeJ1357 oH
354
355
356
357

CHryJib<jl- enHCKOn nMJqeHUbl B 952-988 rr.


YKpenJieHHaH JlbBOM IV (847-855) qacTh ropo,lla Ha npasoM 6epery TH6pa.
17 anpeJIH 998 r.
6eJibJe ,llHH - He,lleJI.II nocJie nacXH. T. H. 6eJIOe BOCKpeceHhe (Quasimodogeniti)
npHXO,llHJIOCb B 998 r. Ha 24 anpeJI.II.

54

C nOMOWbiO JieCTHHU H OC8,llHbiX MalliHH xpa6po aTaKOBaJI KpenOCTb, KOTOpYfO


JaHHMaJI KpecueHUHH H .llO cHx nop 6biBlliYfO HenpHCTYJIHOH, H, cxaaTHB ero,
BeJieJI o6eJrJiaBHTb H Ja HOfH noBeCHTb Ha.Ll KpenOCTbiO.

HIOJie MecHue no aceif CaKcoHHH npoHJOlliJIO yxacHoe JeMJieTPHCe-

HHe, H .llBa OrHeHHbiX KaMHH ynaJIH C He6a: O.llHH- B fOPO.lle Mar.lle6ypre,


a BTopoH:- no TY cTopoHy peKH 3Jib6bi. Hx Heo6hiliHoe na,ueHHe npe.llaewa-

no

aceMy HapO.llY cTparnHyiO norH6eJib, liTO, KaK Mbi yaH.lleJIH, npoHBHJIOCb

B nocJie.llyiOWeM caMbiM OlleBH.llHbiM o6pa30M; a HMeHHO KOf.lla MHp, TpH)KJlbl

nopa)ld~HHbiH HeHCUeJIHMbiMH Y.llapaMH358 B CaMyiO fOJIOBy, noTepHJI, TaK


CKaJaTb, BCe )I(HJHeHHbie CHJlbl.

999 r.

116o JaMellaTeJibHeifrnaH )l(eMli)')KHHa HMnepaTOpcKoro po.lla Ma-

THJib.lla, .llOllb aarycTa OrroHa BeJIHKoro, npoHCXO.llHBlliaH, KaK Mbi llacTo


YJIOMHHaJIH, OT BeHUeHOCHbiX PO.llHTeJieH, KOTOpaH Ha.llJle)l(aWHM o6pa30M
npoBeJia nO.ll .llOCTOHHbiM npHCMOTpOM KOpMHJIHU nepBbie fO.llbl paHHero
.lleTCTBa, KaK (pe6eHOK) .ll06pbiX 38,llaTKOB H .llOllb CaMOH KOpOHbl, JaTeM,
B UBeTYWHe BpeMeHa HeH8,lle)I(HOH IOHOCTH, COJpeB paHbiiie npOliHX CBOHX
CBepCTHHU H TeJIOM, H paJyMOM, He OCTaBHJia B CTOpOHe HHllero HJ COMHHTeJibHOfO nopH.llKa BBepeHHOfO eif ynpaBJieHHH H )I(HJia npHBeTJIHBOH, o6xo.llHTeJibHOH, 6JiarolleCTHBOH H 6oJiee We.llpOH K .llPYfHM, lleM K CaMOH ce6e;
B BOJpacTe

II

JieT OHa, XOTb H He COOTBeTCTBOBaJia TaKOMY TH)I(KOMY 6peMeHH,

HO no coBeTY po.llHTeneH-HMnepaTopoa, a TaK)I(e 6naro.llapH aceo6weMy HJ6paHHIO H BeliHOMY 6JiafOCJIOBeHHIO enHCKOnOB 6b1Jla nOCTaBJieHa BO rJiaBe
.llOCTaarneifcH eif no HacJie.llCTBY KaQ>e.llpaJibHOH uepKBH. Kor.lla oHa.llo6panacb
.llO paJBHJIKH nHQ>aropeHCKOH 6YKBbl 359, TO nonbiTaJiaCb 6e3 npoMe.llJleHIDI HOTspaWeHHH, ynoBaH Ha H8,lle)KJly, KOTOpaH He nOJBOJIHeT C6HTbCH C nyrH, CO
BCeM .llYllieBHbiM pBeHHeM nepeHeCTH ce6H H CBOHX Ha 6oJiee YJKYfO TPOny OT
He6biTHH K HCTHHe. Kor.lla CbiH ee 6paTa, TO eCTb 0rroH ll.J,e.llpbiH, ornpaBHJICH
B PHM360, OHa, ynpaBJIHH OT HMeHH HMnepaTopa BBepeHHbiM eif KOpOJieBCTBOM
OTHIO.llb He C )l(eHCKHM JiefKOMbiCJIHeM, C MaCTepCKHM TaJiaHTOM .lle.lla H OTUa
.lla)l(e TBep.llble fOJIOBbl BapsapCKHX KOpOJieH C.lleJiaJia TaKHMH MHpOJII06HBbiMH
H nOCJIYlliHbiMH, liTO nOCJie onyCTOIIIeHHH CTOJlb CJiaBHbiX IlpOBHHUHH, nOCJie
He06YJ.llaHHOf0 BapsapCKOfO MHTe)l(a He MeliOM, He Op)')KHeM H He KaKHMH-JIH60 OPY.llHHMH BOHHCKOfO CHap.SI)I(eHHH, -

XOTb BnOJIHe MOrJia OT.llaTb

COOTBeTCTBYIOWHe npHKaJaHHH,- HO nOCTOHHHbiM ycep.llHeM B 6.lleHHHX,


MOJIHTBax H nocTax, npe.llaHHaH O.llHOMY Bory, HacTaBJieHHaH H YKPeiiJieHHaH
358

11MeJOTCR B BH.LJ;y TpH noCJie.LJ;OBaBUIHe B


MantJih.nhi, nanhi fpwropHR

359

T.

e. 6yKBhl

Y.

VH

999 r.

,npyr Ja ,npyroM CMepTH: a66aTHCbl

HMnepaTpHUbi An.enhrefulhi. CM. HIDKe.

Ee HHXHRR nano'IKa o6oJHa'laeT .neTCKHH BOJpacT, a c paJBHJIKH

Ha'IHHaeTCR IOHOCTb: ee npaBaR ,nopora KpYTa, HO npHBO,LJ;HT K C'laCTJIHBOH )({}IJHH,


a neBaR- nerKa, HO .noBO.LJ;HT .no na.neHHR H rw6eJIH (11cH.LJ;op,
CoJ.LJ;aTeJieM ee OUIH60'IHO C'IHTaeTCR nw<t>arop.

360

OceHbJO

997 r.

55

3mUMoAozuu, I, 3, 7).

AHHanbl

C Ero nOMOIUbiO, cnepaa 3aJIO)I(HJia OCHOBaHIUI TaKOfO po.ua Ml1pa, KOTOpbiM


CBHTaH EmKhH uepKOBb OT'IaCTI1 Hacna)l()laeTcH 11 noHhiHe, a 3aTeM, 3aJIO)J(Ji!B, CTpOHJia 11 He npeKparuaJia CTp011Tb AO TeX nop, noKa CMeHI1BUII1e ee
B nocJieA)'JOIUeM KOPOJII1, He TPYMCb, HO npo611paHCb ee Tpy.uaMI1, TeM nerLJ:e
.uo6HJII1Cb noJIHOTbi 3Toro Ml1pa, LJ:eM 6onee HeYTOM11MO oHa TPYAHJiach HaA
nOCTpOeHI1eM ero HalJaJI. DOIOCb, lJTO Hl1 Ha fiYMare, Hl1 CJIOBaMI1 H He CMOfY
Bblpa311Tb, KaKOH OHa 6hiJia B nocJieAH11e CBOI1 fOAbl, KOf)la B flapTeHonone361
COCTOHJICH CeHM 11 ee CO BCeX CTOpOH OKp}')KaJII1 co6paHI1e eni1CKOnOB BMeCTe
c repuoroM EepHrap.uoM, Tonna rpa<t>oa, acero ceHaTa 11 Hapo.ua, a TaiOKe co6pasumecH TaM noCJibl OT BCeX HapOAOB, KaKOH 6e3ynpe4HOH OHa ce6H (TaM)
noKa3aJia, C KaKOH YA11BI1TeJibHOH paCCYA11TeJibHOCTbiO OHa Ka)l()lOMY B03AaBaJia CBOe, C KaKI1M nOLJ:TeH11eM, OCTaJibHbiM, -

60Jibllli1M, 4eM no OTHOUieHI1JO KO BCeM

OHa o6paruaJiaCb C OC06aMI1 eni1CKOnOB, C KaKOH JIOBKOCTbiO

yserueBaJia BeJibMO)I(, cy.ueJI 11 APYfHX, 4bi1M 3a6oTaM 3TO 6hiJIO nOpYLJ:eHO, pa.u11
yKpenneHI1H rocy.uapCTBa 11 ynp04eHI1H LJ:aCTHbiX npaB, C KaKOH MHfKOCTbiO
YTeUiaJia 6Jiaf04eCTI1BbiX, C KaKOH CTpOfOCTbJO ycTpaUiaJia BI1HOBHbiX, C KaKHM
TPYAOJII0611eM coxpaHHJia, noAAep)J(Ji!BaJia 11 paCUII1pHJia OTeLJ:eCTBO. nocJie
TOfO KaK BCe 3TO 6biJIO HaHJIYLfllli1M o6pa30M yJiaxeHO, OHa C MaTepi1HCKOH
JII060BhJO noceTHJia oseLJ:eK, KOTOpbiM11 ynpaBJUUia c oco6on 3a6oTon, o6ecnoKOeHHhiX B 0)1(H)laHI111 ee npi1XOAa; npi1HHTaH 11MI1 C AOCTOHHbiMI1 noLJ:eCTHMI1,
OHa LJ:epe3 HeCKOJibKO AHeH 6biJia nopaxeHa yMepeHHOH JII1XOpa,llKOH, a 3aTeM
11 BHe3anHOH AJIH BCeX, HO 3a)l0Jlf0 AO TOfO npeABHAeHHOH e10 caMOIO CMepTbJO, -

1160 B MOJII1TBaX nOCTOHHHO CTpeMHJiaCb npi16JII1311Tb 3TOT )leHb 11 LJ:ac;

7 <t>eBpaJIH TeJIO, CJIO)I(eHHOe 113 3TOH

(3eMJI11) 11 no He06XOAI1MOCTI1 no)lJle)l(a-

IUee pacna.uy, pa3pylllHJIOCb, 11 OHa C pa,llOCTbiO B03)laJia TOMy, KOTOpbiH eCTb


TO, lJTO eCTb, TO, lJTO TOJlbKO eMy 11 npi1Ha)lJle)J(Ji!T 11 LJ:eM OHa CTOJib AOCTOHHO
nOJib30BaJiaCb np11 ero COYl:faCTI111. flOA fOpbKHH nnaq 11 pbl)laHI1H CBOI1X JIIOAeH
OHa 6hiJia norpe6eHa nocpe.u11 6a3HJII1KH CBHTbiX OeTpa 11 CTe<t>aHa, PHAOM
C MOf11JiaMI1 KOpOJieH, CBOI1X )le)la 11 6a6KI1, feHpi1Xa 11 MaTHJib)lbl, 4T06bi
ClJaCTJII1BO O)J(Ji!)laTb TaM AHH 6y.uyruero BOCKpeceHI1H. 11TaK, KTO MOf, fiYAb ero
cep.uue )la)l(e TBep)l(e KaMHH, C Cyxi1MI1 fJia3aM11 Yl:faCTBOBaTb B 3TOM AOCTOHHOM )l(aJIOCTI1 3peJI11IUe, KOf)la OCI1pOTeBlllaH TOJina (113 MOHaCTblpH) CBHTbiX
enl1cKonos )li10HI1CHH 11 CepaauHH, a TaiOKe, B oco6eHHOCTI1, cn~TeJibHI1Uhi
OpecBHTOH MaTepl1 oo)l(beH c 3ana.uHon ropbi 11 ca. AH.upe 113 8aJib6eKCKOH
0611TeJII1, OCHOBaTeJibH11UeH KOTOpbiX OHa, KaK Mbl fOBOpHJII1 BbiUie, 6biJia
c caMoro HaLJ:aJia, BMecTe c npo411MI1 CJI}')KI1TeJibH11UaMI1 113 ca. Oyc11HHhi
B BeHAXay3eHe362 11 ca. BI1K6epTa Ha paBHI1He, B03Jle KoponescKoro .usopa,
OCHOBaTeJibH11UeH KOTOpbiX OHa, npaBAa, HI1KOf)la He fihiJia, HO B nocJieAyIOIUeM YHacne.uosaJia 11x no npasy po.ucTBa oT csoen 6a6KI1 MaTHJihAhi 11 no

361

362

T. e. a Marne6ypre.
HbiHe - r. Ta.ne.
56

KseAfllt1H6yprcKit1e aHHanbl
MaTepMHCKOMY 06biKHOBeHMIO CO BCeM MCKYCCTBOM oneKaJia .UO CaMOfO nocJie.UHero BpeMeHM, -

KOf,Ua, fOBOpiO H, MaTh, KOTOpyiO OHM 3HaJIM 3.UOpOBOH,

)J(MBOH M noBeJieBaiOWeti HapO.UOM, 6biJia BHe3anHO OTHHTa y HMX M HMKOf.Ua

~e He npe.UCTaHeT B30paM ee JIIO.Ueti, KpOMe KaK B Be'IHOM BM.UeHMM, M KOf.Ua


OHM, nOJIO)J(MB ee B rpo6 M onycTMB B MOfMJiy, 3apbi.UaJIM M C fOpbKMM KpMKOM
BOCKJIMKHYJIM, 'ITO npe.uno<JMTaiOT YMepeTb BMeCTe C Heti, He)J(eJIM )J(HTb .UaJibrne? liTo )J(e .UaJiee? Kor.ua see 3TO, HaKoHel.l, 6biJIO co cJie3aMM JaaeprneHo,
Ha3BaHHbie CBHThie .ueBhi, co6paBWMCb BMecTe c enMcKonaMM ApHyJih<l>oM
M oepHBap.UOM, 0 Henpe.UBM.UeHHOM npMCYTCTBMH KOTOpbiX Ha noxopoHaX
nOJa60THJiaCb DO)J(bH MMJIOCTb, a TaK)J(e repuoroM oepHrap.uoM, e.UMHO.UyniHO
M36paJIM ce6e B rocno)J(M M MaTepM A.ueJibreti.uy363, nJieMHHHMllY rocno)J(M
MaTMJib.Ubi, KOTopyiO Ta y.uoqepMJia, qpeJMepHo JII06MJia M aocnMTaJia KaK
C06CTBeHHyiO .UO'Ib, BH,UH B 3TOM e.UMHCTBeHHOe cpe.UCTBO OT npM'IHHeHHbiX
paH; OHM CO BCeti 6biCTpOTOH OTnpaBHJIM fOHI.lOB, KOTOpbie .UOJI)J(Hbl 6biJIM C006WMTb 06 3TOM cnepBa BO <l>paHUMM MMnepaTpMI.le A.ueJibreti.ue, MaTepM 3TOH
MaTHJib.Ubl, a 3aTeM PMMCKOMY MMnepaTopy OrroHy, TO eCTb ee nJieMHHHMKY,
B PMMe. OocnelliHO OTnpaBMBlliMCb B nYTh, OHM B CKOpOM BpeMeHM npM6biJIM
K aBryCTe M, XOTSI Ta 3apaHee npe.U'IYBCTBOBaJia BeWMM pa3yMOM, 'ITO CJIY<JMTCSI
'ITO-TO Hexopornee, nopa3HJIM ee 3TOH .UYPHOH BeCTbiO B CaMoe cep.uue. 83SIB
C co6oti TaK)J(e .UPYrHX fOHI.lOB- CaMOH MMnepaTpMI.lbl, OHM npM6biJIM B PMM,
r.ue 3acTaJIM MMnepaTopa-asrycTa B my6oKoM rope M3-3a He.uasHeti cMepTM ero
nJieMSIHHMKa, nanhi npYJIO, KOToporo Ha H3biKe pMMJIHH 3BaJIM fpMropMeM;
nocJie TOfO, KaK OHM npM6aBHJIM K npe)J(Heti ero CKOp6M HOBYIO M ewe 60Jiee
TH)J(KYIO, OH ewe 6oJiee one<JaJIHJICH M3-3a CMepTM CBOeti CMHTeJibHOH TeTKM.
J-haK, He TOJibKO MMnepaTop-aBryCT M ero CBMTa OnJiaKHBaJIM TeJieCHYIO KOH'IMHY CJiaBHOH MaTHJib,Ubl, HO BCIO.UY no ceJiaM, nJIOWa,UHM, nepeKpeCTKaM
M nycTbiHHbiM MeCTaM, KY.Ua .uoxo.uHJia BeCTb 0 ee CMepTM, JIIO.UM 6MJIM ce6SI
B fPY.Ub, pBaJIM BOJIOCbl M, JII06SI ne'IaJib 60Jibllie pa,UOCTM, OfJialliaJIM BOJ.Uyx
.uyrnepa3.UMpa10WMMM KpMKaMM. HaKoHeu, Kor.ua K Ha3BaHHOMY MMnepaTopy
BHOBb BepHyJIMCb CHJibl nocJie TaKOfO .UynieBHOfO BOJIHeHMSI, OH Bblpa3MJI CBHToti o6wMHe 6ecKoHe<JHyiO 6Jiaro.uapHOCTb 3a oKa3aHHbie ero .uocTono<JTeHHoti
TeTKe ycJiyrM M 3a M36paHMe cecTpbl M peiliHJI, 'ITO Ta .UOJI)J(Ha CTaTb npeeMHMueti <JeCTM M 06SI3aHHOCTeti (CBOeti] .UyxOBHOH MaTepM, npM'leM He npMKa3aJI,
KaK MOf 6bi, HO npOCHJI 06 3TOM, KaK no.uo6aJIO 6JiafO<JeCTMBbiM JIIO.UHM. liTO
M coseprnHJiocb 6e3 npoMeMeHMSI no BOJie nO)J(beti MMJIOCTM. l16o B npa3.UHMK
apxaHreJia MMxaHJia364 nocJie noBTOpHoro M36paHMH ApHyJih<l>, enMcKon 3Toti
uepKBM, B npMCYTCTBMM .upyrMx enMcKonos, a TaK)J(e KopoJieBHbi Co<PbM365,

363
364
365

CM. Bbtllle, np11M. 334.


29 ceHT. 999 r.
Co<J>Mt (p. 975 r. yM. 1039 r. 28 HHB.)- .no% OrroHa II 11 Cl>eo<J>aHo; a66aT11ca faH.nepcreil:Ma B 1001-1039 rr. 11 3cceHa B 1012-1039 rr.

57

AHHanbl

ee CTaprneH CeCTpbl, CIUITenbHOH a66an1Cbl fe.UBHfH366, ee nneMHHHHUbl,


H BCeX BenbMO)l( KOponeBCTBa o6oero nona, C COOTBeTCTBYIOIUHMH nol.JeCTHMH nOCBHTHJI ee nepe.u aJITapeM CBHTOfO KHH3H anOCTOnOB 0eTpa H CBHTOfO
nepBoMyqeHHKa CTe<l>aHa, nocne qero ee BOJBenH Ha TPOH rocno)l(H MaTepH
H B HeMaJIOH Mepe o6peMeHHJIH npHHHTHeM ycTaBa, B KOTOpOM OHa, CnOBHO
B JepKaJie, ,llOJI)l(Ha 6hiJia BH.lleTb ce6H H )l(H3Hb CBOHX nO.ll.llaHHblX H Yl.JHTbCH
C nOBKOCTbiO ynpaBJIHTb HMH, .uafibl BpeMH, KOTOpoe OTnycTHT eH MHnocep.uHe
BceMorymero, oHa npoBena c HCKJIJOl.JHTenhHbiM .uocTOHHCTBOM " pa.uocTbK>,
HO H He 6e3 HeyCbinHblX Ja60T.
11 BOT, qepeJ MaJihiH npoMexyToK BpeMeHH [yMepna TaK)l(e] AuenhreH.na367,
MaTh HaJBaHHOH MaTHJih.Ilhi, cnaBHaH pMMCKaH HMnepaTPHUa-aBrycTa, KOTOpaH
COCTOHHHe HMnepHH, nO.Ul.JHHeHHOH Ha cyme H Ha MOpe eH H ee cynpyry, TO eCTb
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17 .UeKafipH CO cnaBOH OTOlliJia K TOMY, KOfO TaK

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366
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374
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nposecTH TaM Bep6Hoe BocKpeceHbe386. Orry.ua oH no o6b1qa10 npe)I(HHX
KopoJieH:, .ue.uos H npa.ue.uos BeChMa cnelliHO npH6hm B KBe.llliHH6yprcKYIO
MHTPOOOJIHIO H BMeCTe CO CBOHMH BeJibMO)I(aMH H MaCCOH Hapo.ua npOBeJI TaM
npa3,UHHK DacXH387. qepe3 HeCKOJibKO ,UHeH, C,UaBlliHCb Ha npOCb6bi fOCOO)I(H
H MaTepH A.lleJibfeH,Ubl, OH BHOBb npH6biJI BMeCTe C KOpOJieBOH H, pa,ayHCb
380
381

382
383
384
385
386
387

KymtryH.Ua (p. 975 r. yM. 1033 r. 3 MapTa) - .llO'Ih 3wnppH.lla I, rpaQ>a J110KCeM6ypra,
)l(eHa feHpwxa II (oK. 1000 r.).
no THTMapy (XpoHHKa, V, 18), B CXBaTKe Me)l(.lly 6asapaMH "caKCaMH nom6 TOJibKO
O.llHH 3HaTHhiH seJihMO)I(a- feHpwx Q>oH Mooc6ypr, 6paT 3mnh6epTa, enwcKon
<I>pel13HHra.
10 asrycTa I 002 r.
fepMaH II (yM. 1003 r. 4 MaH)- ChiH repuora KoHpana I; repuor Wsa6ww B 9971003 rr.
fepMaH I I noKopwncH feHpwxy I I I OKT. I 002 r. B Epyx3ane.
MHJib'laHe (MHJihUeHhi) - cnaBHHcKoe nneMH, )I(HBrnee s 3ananHoM 06ep-J1ay3wue
B paH:oHe EayUeHa.
21 MapTa I 003 r.
28 MapTa I 003 r.

62

Ksegm1H6yprcKL-1e aHHanbl
To My, 'ITO yqacTsyeT s npaJ,UHHKe cs. Cepsau,Jm388, HaMepesaJicR nocne 3Toro
npaJ.UHosaTb s XaJib6eplliTa,UTe csRTYJO TpoHu,y389. fepu,or fepMaH OTOllleJI
s MHP HHoii390 11 HecomacHe y lllsa6os npeKpaTHJIOCb.

1004 r.

KopoJib feHpHx npHllleJI HJ <l>paHKOHHH s l1TaJIHIO, co6HpaRcb

npoBeCTH TaM CSRTYJO IJacxy391, Ho, OOCKOJibKY eroJIHlliHJIH pa,UOCTH392, OH seJieJI


nepe6HTb Me'IOM MHOfO TblCRl.f SOCCTaSllJHX; npH 3TOM cropeJIH see J,llaHHR
IlasHH, KOTOPbie 6biJIH nocTpoeHhi 6naro.uapR HCKJIIO'IHTeJihHOMY TPY.UOJII06mo .upesHHX. MoJIHHH 11 rpoMhi RSHJIHCb s 3TOM ro.uy sMecTe c CHJihHbiM
11 CTPalliHbiM yparaHoM, ycTpalliHS Hapo,Ubi scex CTPaH. KopoJib )J(e, sepHyslliHCb H3l1TaJIHH393, COYCTR MaJIOe speMll SCTYJIHJI C HaMepeHHeM cpa3HTbCR
s qeXHIO, KOTopoii HeJaKOHHO BJia,UeJI Eonecnas IloJihCKHH. O.uHaKo 6naro.uapR
OO)J(beH OOMOIIJ,H SeCb 3TOT Hapo,U C,llaJICR KOpOJIIO S MHpe H CO seeM CSOHM
,U06pOM, THpaH DOJieCJiaS OOCTbl,llHO 6e)J(aJI, a KOpOJib- XSaJia oory! -

YllJeJI

no6e,UHTeJieM CO CSOHMH JIIO,llbMH. Xepc<t>eJib,llCKHH MOHaCTblpb, y KOTOporo


KOpOJib OTHRJI CTapHHHOe npaso OTIJ,OS, npeTepneJI SeJIHKHH ymep6, 6biJI
JIHllleH C06CTSeHHOCTH H CSOHX CblHOSeH; TeX, KOfO OH C06Hpa.TI H S3paiiJ,HSaJI
co [speMeHH] npasJieHHR Kapna394, CbiHa IlHnHHa, Ha npoTR)J(eHHH

179 neT,

oH s HaKaJaHHe Ja rpexH noTepRJI s 3TH speMeHa.

1005 r. Me)J(,lly TeM KOpoJib, npo.uoJI)J(aR rnesaTbCR Ha Eonecnasa, SHOSb co6pan BOHCKO H, nocnelliHS S IJOJiblliY, OOfHaJICR 3a 6emeiJ,OM, Ha,UeRCb JallJ,HTHTbCR
OT OOH,ll C ero CTOpoHbl, HO [s pea.TibHOCTH)- 0 ~C! -l.fT06bi nory6HTb Ol.feHb
MHOfHX. Eepmap,U H l13H, TH,U6epH H 6epHrap,ll395 6biJIH y611Tbi HapR,Uy C ,UpyrnMH.

A KOpoJib, XOTb H CKOp6R, JaKJIIO'IHJI HeSblfO,llHbiH MHp396 H S03SpaTHJICR ,UOMOH


c OJial.fymHM soiicKoM, HecR c co6oi1: TeJia y6HTbiX. YMepna PHKcYT397.

1006 r.

naJI,llyHH398 S faJIJIHH SMeCTe C JlaM6epTOM OO,UHRJICR npOTHS KO-

pOJIR s BaneHIJ,HH399, He npHHa,UJie)J(asllleM eMY ropo.ue. C Hero.uosaHHeM socnpHHRS 3TO, KopoJib cnelliHO .USHHYJICR TY.Ua s noxo.u, HO, HanpacHo npo6biS
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398

399

13 MaH I 003 r.
16 MaH 1003 r.
4 MaH 1003 r. CM. Bhtwe, np.HM. 383.
16 anpenH 1004 r.
14 MaH I 004 r. feHp.Hx II 6biJI KopoHoBaH B TiaB.H.H .HTaJihHHCKoif KopoHoif, o YeM
3)leCb He ynOMHHYfO H.H CJIOBa.
B HJOHe I 004 r.
T. e. Kapna BeJIHKoro.
no THTMapy (XpoHHKa, VI, 22), OHI1 6biJII1 y611Tbl 6 ceHTH6pH 1005 r.
22 CeHT. 1005 r. B TI03HaHI1.
HaBepHo, KaHOHHcca B KBe)lJIHH6ypre.
6anny11H IV 6oponaThiH- rpacf> <l>naH)lpl111 B 988-1035 rr. Tiocne CMepTH Orro,
repuora Hmtmeit JloTap11Hfl111, oH BbiCTYn.HJI npoT.HB HMnepl11111113rHan ApHyJihcf>a,
MapKrpacf>a BanaHCbeHa. Ero MHTe)f( no)l)lep)f(anl1 6paTbH - PeHbe IV, rpacf> feHHeray,
11 JlaM6epT, rpacf> JlyBeHa.
BanaHcbeHe.

63

AHHanbl

TaM JlOJifOe BpeMH, HeCMOTpH Ha ynopHbLH TPY.Il CBOHX JIIO]leH, C <l>HKTHBHbiM


MHpOM BepHyJICH JlOMOH.

1007 r.

[KopoJih] npH6hiJI B ropo.Il PereHc6ypr 11 ompa3.IlHOBaJI TaM Boc-

KpeceHHe focnO]lHe400; B TO )l(e BpeMH, JlO my6HHbl .IlYlllH YH3BJieHHbiH He]laBHHM


nOpa)l(eHHeM CBOHX JIIO]leH, OH OTnpaBHJI K DOJieCJiaBy nOCJIOB, nepe]laB, ':ITO
)l(a)I(JleT BOHHbl H ':IT06bi TOT CaM fOTOBHJICH K BOHHe npOTHB Hero; O]lHaKO,
BHOBh pacnpocTpaHHBII..laHCH no noBO.IlY naJIJlYJfHa .IlypHaH MOJIBa He JlaJia
eMy ocymecTBHTh Ja]lyMaHHoe. OH cneiUHO sepHyJicH 11, no.Il.Ilep)l(aHHhiH
MOJIHTBaMH CBHTOH uepKBH, 6biJI pa]l, ':ITO Haii..leJI Jlpyra B TOM, KOfO OCTaBHJI
BparOM, nocJie TOro KaK npOTHBHHKH npHMHpHJIHCb Me)I(Jly co6oi1. Me)I(Jly
TeM KHH3h noJiecJiaB, BOJMYllleHHhiH [cJiyqHBII..lHMCH] no nopyqeHHIO KOpoJIH BTOp)l(eHHeM CaKCOB, YBJie':leHHbiH BOHHCKOH OTBaroif, Jl06paJICH JlO
Mar]le6ypra, onycTOII..lHJI BCIO cJiaBHHCKYJO npoBHHUHIO B 3TOH MeCTHOCT~OI,
a )I(HTeJieH JIH60 rrpe]laBaJI CMepTH, JIH60 npHKa3biBaJI 6paTh B nJieH, noKa He
JlOCTHf 6epera peKH 3Jib6hi; TaM, XBaCTJIHBO npOH3HeCH nperop.Ilble CJIOBa, OH,
nOCKOJibKY eMy npOTHBO]leHCTBOBaJI BOHH BbiCII..lero uapH, CBHTOH MaBpHKHH,
BOnpeKH CBOeH BOlle BepHyJICH BOCBOHCH, YBe.IlH C C060H B OKOBaX xpa6pbiX
caKCOHCKHX ~eii -

JlHY.IlOJih<t>a, TMHJiaHa 11 TMH402. KopoJih, ycJibiii..laB no-

.Il06Hoe, 6hiJI nOpa)l(eH B CaMOe cep]lUe H y6e)I(JlaJI CBOHX JIIO]leH, ':IT06hi OHH
He ocTaBHJIH 3TO 6e3HaKa3aHHhiM. Ho TaKoro po]la ]leiicTBHe, ~ He 3Hal0,
no KaKOH npH':IHHe, He noBJieKJIO 3a C060H HHKaKHX nocJie]lCTBHH.

1 HIOHH

yMep rpa<t> fepMaH, 6paT enHcKona ApHyJih<t>a.

1008 r.

EePTaJIHC, CMHpeHHaH pa6a pa6biHh CBHToro CepsauHH, peiUHJia

pa.IlH ce6H, a TaK)I(e PMH oTnymeHHH rpexos .IlYillH rocno)I(H MaTHJih.Ilhi


H CIIaCHTeJibHOfO 6JiafOIIOJI}"'HH CBOHX JIIO]leH noceTHTb MOfHJibl anOCTOJIOB
neTPa H fiaBJia. HTaK,

6 HHBapH, npe3peB BCe rrpenHTCTBHH, OHa [oTnpaBHJiaCb

B nYTh] qepe3 ropHbie KpyqH, qepe3 JeMHhie .IlOJIHHhi, HeMaJIO CTpMaH npH
nepenpaBaX ':lepe3 peKH, TOJibKO ':IT06bi ]lOBeJIOCb eif YBH.IleTb TO, K ':leMy OHa
cTpeMHJiacb. HaKoHeu, PMYHCh, aHa .Il06panacb .IlO PHMa. 11TaK, npH.IlH, aHa
06HHJia rpo6HHUY CB. neTpa, pacueJIOBaJia ee H, CO CJie3aMH nOMOJIHBII..lHCb
TaM 0 TOM, PMH ':lero npHI..liJia, a TaK)I(e 0 cnaCHTeJibHOM noKpOBHTeJibCTBe
.IlPYrHX CBHTbiX, B03HeCJia 6JiafO]lapHOCTb nary H B UeJIOCTH BepHyJiaCb Ha
PO.IlHHY CO CBOHMH JIIO]lbMH.
B noHe]leJihHHK403 Ha nacXaJibHOH He]leJie nocpe.IlH 6eJia JlHH 6hiJia BH]lHa
3Be3]la.

8 anpeJIH

yMep JlHy.IlOJih<l>, apxHenHcKon TpHpCKHii; eMy HacJie.IlOBaJI

MemHrou404.
400
401
402
403
404

6 anpem1 1007 r.
B oKpyre (ray) MopaUI-taHJ.f.
0 HHX 6onee HH'Iero He H3BeCTHO.
29 MapTa I 008 r.
Mei1Hrayn (yM. 1015 r. 24neK.)- apxwenwcKon Tpwpa s 1008-1015 rr.

64

Kse,WU.1H6yprCKlt1e aHHaJlbi
YMep HoTrep405, enHCKon Jlbe)I(CKH:H; eMy HacJie.llOBaJI naJI.llPHK406,
CJiaBHbiH HpaBaMH.
B 3TOM ro.uy KJIHPHK AuaJih6epoH407, 6paT KopoJieBbi 11 spar KopoJIH,
B036Y.llHJI MHO)I(eCTBO .llYPHbiX ,lleJI, BOnpeKH BCHKOMY npasy H 06bJqaiO BMeCTe
co csoHMH JIIO.llhMH np11o6pe11 .llJIH ce6H Tp11p 11 Y.llaJIHJICH. Kor.ua o6 3TOM
CTaJIO H3BeCTHO KOpOJIIO, OH, C06paB CBOH CHJibl,

TYT )l(e

npH6bill H, OCa,llHB

so .usopue conpoTHBJIHBlliHXCH eMy JIOTapHHrues, .uep)l(aJI HX TaM I6 He.aeJib.


HaKoHeu, Bbi~eHHbie roJIO.llOM, OHH JDKHBO .llaJIH npaBbie PYKH 11 .uo6HJIHCh,
qTofibi KOpOJib Hero JIIO.llH BepHyJIHCb .llOMOH, a CaMH TeM He MeHee OCTaJIHCb
8 CBOeM BepOJIOMCTBe.
YMep XHJib.llepHK408, enHcKon faseJib6epra; eMy HacJie.llOBaJI 3pHx409.
I009

r. II HHBapH, B noHe,lleJibHHK, B I0-10 JI)'Hy, npOH30lliJIO BHeJanHoe

H He06bJqHOe 8 HalliH BpeMeHa HaBO.llHeHHe; npHqJiiHHB MHOfHM Ylllep6, OHO


npO,llOJI)I(aJIOCb 8 CBOeM HeHCTOBCTBe CeMb ,llHeM.
YMep PeTapH:H4IO, enHcKon na.uep6opHa; eMy HacJie.uosaJI MemHsepK4II.
CBHTOH np)'Ho412, KOTOpbiH 3BaJICH DOHH<t>auHeM, apmenHCKOn H MOHax,
6biJI o6eJmaBJieH HJbJqHHKaMH Ha rpaHHUe PycH 11 JlHTBbi B II-:H ron csoero
llO.llBH)I(HHqecTBa BMeCTe C I8 CllYTHHKaMH H 9 MapTa BOJHeCCH Ha He6o.
YMep BHK6epT413, enHCKon MepJe6yprcKH:H; eMy HacJie.uosaJI THTMap414.
B Bep6Hoe BocKpeceHbe415 s HeKoTopbiX MecTax Ha o.ue)l(.llax JIIO.lle:H
BbiCTynHJIH KanJIH KpOBH. 29 anpeJIH, B nHTHHUY, B HOBOJIYHHe COJIHUe,
o6paTHBlliHCb B ~aCaiOIUyiO MfJIY H Bbl3biBaiOIUHH OTOponb UBeT, HBHJIOCb
HJyMJieHHbiM rJiaJaM JPHTeJie:H KaK 6hi KposaBhiM 11 YMeHblliHBlliHMCH, BHylliHB [CHJibHbiH) CTpax; HBJIHH TaKHe yrp03bl 8 TeqeHHe .llByx .llHeH, Ha TpeTHH
.lleHb OHO e.usa 6biJIO yKpallleHO C06CTBeHHbiM CBeTOM. 3a 3THM llOCJie,llOBaJIH
'IYMa H CHJibHaH CMepTHOCTb.
KopOJib, BHOBb oxsaqeHHbiH BeJIHKOH CKOp6biO H rHeBOM, o6paTHO
OTnpaBHJICH 80 <J>paHKOHHIO, H 8 oqeHb MHOrHX MeCTaX 6biJIO COBepllleHO

HoTKep (yM. 1008 r. 10 anp.)- apxwenwcKon Tpwpa B 972-1008 rr.


6aJI.llpHK II (yM. 1018 r. 29 HJOJIH)- apxwenwcKon Tpwpa B 1008-1018 rr.
Auanb6epoH (yM. 1037 r.)- npwop MOHaCTbipH CB. OaBJIHHa B Tpwpe; H36paHHbiH
(Ho He nocBHIUeHHbiH) enwcKon Tpwpa; CbiH 3wrQ>pw.na I, rpaQ>a J1JOKCeM6ypra.
408 30 oKT. I 008 r.
409 3pwx- enwcKon faBeJib6epra B 1008 r.- nocne 1028 r.
410 6 MapTa 1009 r. CM. BbiWe, npwM. 307.
411 MeHHBepK (yM. 1036 r. 5 HIOHH) - enHCKOn na.nep6opHa B 1009-1036 rr.
412 6pyHo Q>oH KBepQ>ypT (yM. 1009 r. 9 MapTa) - enwcKon-MwccwoHep, M)"'eHHK.
413 BwK6epT (yM. 1009 r. 24 MapTa)- enwcKon Mep3e6ypra B 1004-1009 rr.
414 THTMap (YM. 1018 r. l.neK.)- enwcKon Mep3e6ypra B 1009-1018 rr. AllTop H3BecTHoH
<<XpoHHKH>> B 8 KHHrax.
415 10 anpeJIH 1009 r.
405
406
407

65

AHHanbl

MHOfO 3Jia416; npoBe.UH TaM JieTO, OH 6e3 [BCHKOfO) MHpa BepHyJICH B CaKCOHHIO.
fpaQ:> LJ:e,aw417, HaXO.UHCb B nYTH, 6hiJI HeO)I(H,UaHHO H KOBapHO y6HT BepHHIJ,O H <l>pH,UpHXOM418, CBOHM .UBOIOpO.UHbiM 6paTOM.
MHoro'IHCJieHHhie no)l(aphi npoHJOlllJIH no [oT.ueJihHhiM] MecTaM, TaK
'ITO .uaxe JIIO.UH norH6JIH, cropeB B O.UHOM CeJieHHH.
OH c.ueJiaJI rpaQ:>a <l>pwxepa419.
LJ:oqh420 cecTphi KopoJIH MaTHJih.Uhi noqHJia B focno.ue.

29 asrycTa, B noHe.UeJihHHK, B 6-10 JIYHY, B MaH:Hue .uocTOHHhiM CO)I(aJieHHH


o6pa30M cropeJia B OfHe HOBaH 6a3HJIHKa BMeCTe CO BCeMH npHJieraBlllHMH
K HeH CTpOeHHHMH, TaK 'ITO OCTaJiaCb TOJibKO O.UHa CTapaH IJ,epKOBb. fpOMbl
M MOJIHMM '!aCTO CJiyqaJIHCb B 3HMHee BpeMR.

1010 r.

EnMcKon AHcQ:>pH.u42I, cJiaBHhiH [csoHMM] JacJiyraMH- cnepsa

npe,UaHHbiM CJIY)I(eHHeM BO rJiaBe BOOpyxeHHOfO BOHCKa 3eMHOMy HMnepaTOpY,


a 3aTeM CMMpeHHbiM nOCJIYlllaHHeM TBOpiJ,y, -

nOCBHTHJI ce6H 60)I(eCTBeHHbiM

JanOBe.UHM. fi03TOMY OH 6JIMCTaJI Bhi.UaiOIUMMMCH .UOCTOHHCTBaMH; nonpaB


JeMHhie [6Jiara], oH, seceJIHCh yxe nocpe.uM aHreJibCKoro xopa, HaCJia)l(.llaJICSI
6JiaraMH Be'IHbiMM.
B 3TOM ro.uy KopoJih, co6pas csoM CHJihi B noxon, HaMepesaJICH npwo6pecTM B JeMJIHX cJiaBHH fioJihllly, o.uHaKo .uo6paJicH He ry.ua, KY.Ua seJIM ero
nOMbiCJihl, HO, nopa)l(eHHbiH TH)I(KHM He.UyrOM, BMeCTe C HeMHOfHMH Ha
noJinYTH BepHyJICH Ha3a,U, TOf,Ua KaK OCTaJibHbie, 6y,ayqM fOTOBbl K BOHHe,
onycTOlllHJIM MHome MeCTHOCTH H YHeCJIH c co6oH: 6oraTyiO .uo6bi'Iy.
naJHJIMKa B ByHcTopQ:>e422 yxacHhiM o6pa3oM nom6Jia oT y.uapa MOJIHMM.
BH.llHhi 6biJIM TaKXe KOMeThi.

1011 r.

fepuor nepHrap.u, BTOpOH nocJie KOpOJIH, B M306HJIHM Ha,UeJieHHbiH

MHOf006pa3HbiMM ,aapaMM MY.UPOCTM, yqeHOCTH H 6JiafO'IeCTMH, B03HeCCH Ha


Hefio423, H CBHTOH IJ,epKBM CJie.UyeT .UOJifOe BpeMH OnJiaKMBaTb ero. 3a HMM,
416

417
418

11MeeTCH B BH.LlY 6eJycnelllHbiH nOXO.ll feHpHXa II npOTHB BOCCTaBlllHX 6paTbeB CBOeH


.lKeHbi KyHIHYH.llbi )lHTpHxa II, enHCKona Meua, H feHpHxa V, HH3JIO.lKeHHoro repuora
oaBapHH, JieTOM 1009 r.
)lenH (YM. 1109 r. 13 HOH6.)- MapKrpa<f> Mep3e6ypra; ocHoBaTeJib .llHHacmH BeTTHHOB.
BepHepoM " <l>pH.llpHxoM, rpa<f>aMH Banb6eKa, 6paThHMH THTMapa, enHcKona
MepJe6ypra, o YeM nocJie.llHHH .llOBOJibHO nonpo6Ho paccKaJan B cBoeii <<XpoHHKe>>

(VI, 49).
419

420

421

422
423

CMbiCJI 3Totf <f>pa3bt HeHceH.


11MeeTcH B BH.LlY A.lleJibreH.lla, a66aTHca MOHaCTbtpH cB. fepTpy.llhi B HHBeJie, .llOYb MaTHJib.llbi, KOTopaH 6hma noYepbto OrroHa II" Cl>eo<t>aHo" .lKeHotf 3uuo (yM. 1034 r.),
n<f>anhurpa<f>a JlompHHrHH.
AHc<f>pH.Ll (yM. 1010 r. 3 MaH)- enHCKon YTpexm B 995-1010 rr.
ByHcTop<f> - roponoK K Janany oT faHHoBepa.
9 <t>eBp. 10 II r. CM. Bbtllle, npHM. 319.

66

Keewn.1H6yprcKll1e aHHallbl
.llOCTOHHbiM pbl.llaHHH, Ha 18-H .UeHb OOCJie.UOBa.TI, CKOH'IaBIIIHCb, rpaQ> J1Hyrrep424, ero 6paT.
lfYMa H CMepTHOCTb CBHpenCTBOBa.TIH C HeCJibiXaHHOH HpOCTbiO cpe.UH BCeX
HapO.llOB, onyCTOIIIaH MOHaCTblpH, KpeOOCTH H ropo.ua. 3HMa 6biJia HenpHHTHO
.llOJifOH HJ-Ja He06bii.JaHHOH cypOBOCTH XOJIO.llOB, TaK 'ITO, HeCMOTPH Ha COJIHelJHbiH .>Kap, Jie.ll.UOJirOe BpeMH He TaHJI, a TeJia MHOfHX JIIO.lleH OCJia6eJIH.
YMep apXHenHcKon BHJIJIHrH3425; Ha ero MeCTO 6biJI nocTaBJieH 3pKeH6anb.ll426, a66aT <l>yJib.llbi, no npaay pa.uyHcb orroro, 'ITO coxpaHHJI HMH oTua
H OOJIYlfHJI lJeCTb BbiCOI.JaHIIIero naCTblpCKOfO JBaHHH.
YMep CBHIUeHHHK 3JHKO, JaTBopHHK.
B 3TOM ro.uy,

30 HIOJIH,

a noHe.ueJibHHK, a 26-IO JIYHY, Bbina.TI orpoMHbiH

H ycTpaiiiaiOUlHH Jie.llHHOH rpa.u.


A66aT THT.UHB H MOHaX, a TaK.>Ke pHMCKaH JaTBOpHHUa A.lleJia BOJHeCJIHCb B TaHHHKH He6a.
B 3TOM .>Ke ro.uy .>KecTOKaH cMepTb BbiJBa.Tia .>Ka.TI06HbiH nJiaq HJ-Ja KOHlJHHbi repuorHHH XHJib.Uerap.Ubi427, H6o ocTaBHJia TO, 'ITO npH'IHHHJIO 6oJib. 0Ha
OOXHTHJia TaK.>Ke .>KeMlJY.>KifHY H3 KOpOJieBCKOfO BeHUa, a66aTHCY MaTHJib.ll028,
.llOI.Jb JlHy.llOJibQ>a.
EnHcKon CaHTrep429 oToiiieJI Ko XpHczy; Ha ero MecTo 6biJI nocTaBJieH
)lHTpHx430.
CHJibHbiH aeTep BHeJanHbiM nopbiBOM paJpyiiiHJI MHO.>KeCTBO J.UaHHH
H npH'IHHHJI MHoro .upyroro ape.ua.
B 3TOM ro.uy KopoJib npHIIIeJI a TpH6yp43I H no npaay ne'la.TIHJICH HJ-Ja
HOBOfO nopa.>KeHHH CBOHX JIIO.lleH, H60 cpe.UH HHX, -

KOf.lla npOTHBHHKH KOpO-

JIH, feHpHx432 H npO'IHe, Ha6pOCHJIHCb (Ha HHX) HK06bi pa.uH MHpa,- repuor
)lHTpHx433, ero .llBOIOPO.llHbiH 6paT, 6blll B3HT B OJieH, O.llHH norH6JIH OT Melfa,
a .upyrHe e.uaa CMOrJIH cnacTHCb.

424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431

432
433

26 Q>eep. 1011 r.
23 Q>esp. lOll r. CM. Bbillle, npHM. 302.
3pKeH6aJJb.ll (yM. 1021 r. 17 aer.)- a66aT Cl>yJib.llbi e 997-1011 rr., apxHenHcKon
MaliHua- B 1011-1021 rr.
XHJib.llerap.na (yM. 1011 r. 3 OKT.)- .llO'Ib rpaQ>a feHpHxa I Q>oH lllTa.ne; )l{eHa 6epHrap.na I 6HJIJiyHra, repuora CaKCOHHH.
MaTHJib.lla (yM. 1011 r. 5 HOB6.)- .no'lbJ1ey.nonJ4>a, CbiHa OrroHa I; a66aTHca 3cceHa
e 965-1011 rr.
16 HJIH 19 HOS16pSI 1011 r. CM. Bbillle, npHM. 324.
.llHTpHx I (yM. 1022 r. 23 BHB.) - enHCKon MIOHCTepa B 1011-1022 rr.
Tp116yp- ropo.n Ha npaBOM 6epery PeliHa, B 10 KM K IOro-BOCTOKY oT MaliHua.
feHpHx V (yM. 1026 r. 27 Q>eep.)- rpaQ>J1IOKCeM6ypra; repuor 6aeapHH e 1004-1009 H
I017-1026 rr.; 6paT KoponeBhi KyHHfYH.llbi.
.llHTPHX I (p. 965 r. yM. 1026 r. II anp.)- repuor BepXHeH JloTapHHrHH B 978-1026 rr.
Ero MaTh, 6eaTpHca, 6biJia cecTPoli feHpHxa
HMn. feHpHxa II).

67

II CsapnHeoro, repuora 6asapHH (oTua

AHHanbl

1012 r. YMep 3pJIYJfH434, emicKon KaM6pe; Ha ero MecTo 6hiJI nocTaBJieH


fepxap,a435. YMep repuor fepMaH )lHTH436, .usoiOpO.UHhiH 6paT KopoJIH.
B 3TOM fO.UY BO BpeMH 40-.UHeBHOfO OOCTa O.UHOMY MOHaxy, BOaBllieMy
B COCTOHHHe 3KCTa3a, HBHJIOCb Y.UHBHTeJibHOe BH,UeHHe, KOTOpOe 6hiJIO 06bHBJieHO CTOJib )l(e

~aCHbiM

,UJIH HeqeCTHBUeB, CKOJib .UOCTOXBaJibHbiM ,UJIH

6naroqecTHBhiX.
B 10-H fO.U npaBJieHHH KOpOJIH feHpHXa,

6 MaH,

COCTOHJIOCb OCBHIUeHHe

uepKBH B EaM6eprcKotf KpenocTH so <l>paHKOHHH, H .llliH 3Toro .uena 6hiJIH


HaJHaqeHbi

36 enHcKonos.

B KoponeBCKOH pa.uocTH npHHHJIH TaK)I(e yqacTHe

fOCOO)I(H cecTpbi-a66aTHCbl, COQlbH H AuenhreH.ua, H 3TO 6hiJIO CJiaBHbiM YKparneHHeM HMnepaTopcKoro .usopua. obiJIO TaM H HesepoHTHOe MHO)I(eCTBO
,ayxoBeHCTBa H npOCTbiX JIIO,UeH, cpe,UH KOTOpbiX MHOfHM BHHOBHbiM KOpOJieM
6hiJia .uaposaHa MHJIOCTh, a .upyrHM o6eruaHo nporueHHe.
YMep TamHo437, apxHenHcKon Mar.ue6ypra, cnaBHhiH [ CBOHMH] JacnyraMH; eMy Hacne.uosan BanhTap,a438, CHHBlliHH cseToM My.upocTH H yqeHOCTH
H HHKOMY He yczynasumM: B 6naroqecTHH. YMep enHcKon BYHrep439. YMep
CBHIUeHHHK H MOHaX THTMap.
B O.UHOH .uepesHe caKCOHCKOH Illsa6HH440 non HaJBaHHeM KoKcTe.ue44I
pO,UHJIHCb .UBa 6paTa C Jy6aMH H pTOM, CJIOBHO y OTHUhi; y O.UHOfO H3 HHX
nonoBHHa npasoM: pyKH 6biJia KaK nTWibe KpbiJIO. Ha TpeTHH .ueHb nocne
pO)I(.lleHHH OHH, KaK fOBOpHT, yJihi6aJIHCb .apyr .apyry. C COrJiaCHH rpa)l(.llaH HX
pelliHJIH YMepTBHTb, H60 BCeM 6biJIO CTpalliHO, eCJIH 6bi OHH )I(HJIH .UOJibllie.
B 3TOM ro.uy so <l>paHKOHHH, Heno.uaneKY oT KeJihHa, HeKHH M~ noHec

~acHyiO Kapy, npHHHB )I(YTKYIO CMepTb, H60 6biJI HeBepOHTHbiM o6pa30M


H He3pHMO (.llliH BCeX) 3arpbi3eH MbilliaMH H OKOHqHJI )I(H3Hb, HeCMOTpH Ha
MHOroqHcJieHHbie Ja60Tbl CBOHX JIIO,Uetf442.
B cesepHbiX KpaHx HJ-Ja nHpaTcKHx onycTorneHHH B O.UHOH npoBHHUHH
npOH30lliJIO BeJIHKOe HecqaCTbe, TaK qTO MHOfHe 6hiJIH y6HTbl, a ,apyrHe
.UOCTOHHbiM CO)I(aJieHHH o6pa30M B3HTbl B nJieH; KpOMe TOfO, J,UaHHH 60JiblliHHCTBa JIIO,UeH 6biJIH CO)I()I(eHbl BMeCTe C 6hiBlliHM TaM .U06pOM, H JIHllib
HeMHOfHe COaCJIHCb qYTb JIH He fOJibllliOM. Oo (OT.UeJibHbiM) MeCTaM npoH30lliJIH JeMJieTpHCeHHH.

434
435
436
437
438
439

440
441
442

3pJIYJfH - enwcKon KaM6pe B 996-1012 rr.


fepxap.n (yM. 1051 r. 14 MapTa)- enwcKon KaM6pe B 1012-1051 rr.
fepMaH III)lwTH (p. 1003 r. YM 1012 r. I anp.)- repuor illBa6ww B 1003-1012 rr.
TarwHo (yM. 1012 r. 9 HJOHH)- apxwenwcKon Marne6ypra B 1004-1012 rr.
BanhTap.n (yM. 1012 r. 12 aBr.)- apxwenwcKon Mar.ne6ypra c 12 HJOHH no 12 aBryCTa
1012r.
YHrep (yM. 1012 r. 9 HJOHH)- enHCKOn no3HaHH B 1000-1012 rr.
T. e. B lllBa6eHray.
Koxune.nT Heno.naneKY oT Amepcne6eHa.
Cp. paccKa3 y THTMapa, VI, 82.
68

KBeAfli!IH6yprcKIIIe aHHanbl
8 3TOM ro.ny,

10 aBryCTa,

npOH30IIIJia TaKaSI 6ypsr C rpOMOM, MOJIHHSIMH

H npOJIHBHbiMH JIHBHSIMH, liTO, CBHpenCTBYSI B Tel:leHHe .UByx .UHeH, npHl:IHHHJia


HeHCl:IHCJIHMbiH ymep6, yHHl:ITO)I(HB MHO)I{eCTBO .UOMOB C HX YTBapbJO, a TaK)I{e
MHO)I{eCTBO nJIO.UOB; JllO.UH TaK)I{e OO.UBeprJIHCb onaCHOCTH.
ApXHemt:cKon BanbTap.n, npHHSIB cMePTh443, l:IT06hi c~:~acTJIHBO )I{HTb BMecTe
c XpHCTOM, npo)I(HJI nocne cMepTH enHcKona TarnHo TpH)I{,Ubi TpH He.neJIH
H O.UHY HOl:lb. 0H npo6biJI B .UOJI)I{HOCTH enHCKOna CeMb He,UeJib H .UBe HOl:IH,
nponoBe.nysr ycTaMH TPHe.UHHOro BoraH, noMa3aHHbiH CBSITbiM )lyxoM, npHroTOBJISISI B JII06BH K fiory H 6JIH.>I<:HeMy MHp cpe.nH JIIO.UeH H BO BCeX uepKBSIX
fiO)I{bHX. llocJie ero CMepTH fioJieCJiaB, co6paB MHO)I{eCTBO TbiCSil:l CBOHX JllO.neH:, 3aHSIJI npe.neJibl )laJIMaHUHH444, KOBapHO 3axBaTHJI He.UaBHO OTCTPQeHHbiH
ropo.n KonouH445 H, nocne Toro KaK o6e CTOPOHbi noHeCJIH 6oJiblliHe noTepH,
BepHyJICSI .UOMOH C HalliHMH nJieHHbiMH.
fepuor KoHpa,n446 H3 KoponeBcKoro po.na ynnaTHJI ~:~enoBe~:~ecKHH: .nom:
KopoJih feHpHx, npH.nSI Ha npa3.UHHK CBSIToro MapTHHa447 B Ko6neHU,
npoBeJI BHYlliHTeJihHbiH co6op, pacctiHTbiBasr ocy.nHTb )lHTpHxa448, enHcKona Meua, H npOl:IHX BOCCTaBlliHX npOTHB Hero, eCJIH Te He HCnpaBSITCSI,
H COBeplliHTb TaM MHoroe .npyroe. Te, B onpe.neJieHHOH Mepe 60SICb pellleHHSI
KOpOJISI, OTnpaBHJIH OOCJIOB pa,UH MHpa H C npOCb60H 0 npomeHHH. KopOJib,
nopa)l{eHHbiH He,UaBHeH paHOH, He y.noBJieTBOpHJI HX )l{eJiaHHe, HO no COBeTY
CBOHX BepHbiX .UaJI HM BCe-TaKH pa3pellleHHe YBH.UeTbCSI C HHM B MaHHUe.
HeKOTOpbie H3 HHX OTKa3aJIHCb npHHTH, a .npyrHe, KaK H noJIO)I{eHo, no.n~:~H
HHJIHCb npHKa3aHHIO KOpOJISI; orry.na OHH BepHYJIHCb BOCBOSICH, yHOCSI C C060H
He pa,UOCTb OOJIHOUeHHOrO MHpa, HO JIHlllb O)I{H,UaHHe ero YTBep)I{,UeHHSI.
KoponeM 6biJIO ocymecTBJieHo H3rHaHHe eBpeeB H3 MaH:Hua; 6b1Jlo onpoBeprHYTO TaK)I{e 6e3yMHe HeKOTOpbiX epeTHKOB.

1013 r.

)lBa ropSIIIlHX CBeTHJibHHKa 6hiJIH yHeCeHbl H3 MHpa H npH6paHbl

He60M- JlHaBHUo449, apxHenHCKOn faM6yprCKHH, H 8oHJie$, CBSIIIleHHHK


H MoHax-OTllleJibHHK. Kor.na enHcKon, nopa)l{eHHhiH cHJioH: JIHXopa.nKH, 0)1(1{.nan OT Bora Harpa,nbi 3a CBOH TPY.Uhi, -

H6o cMePTb 6bma ~e 6JIH3Ka, -

oH,

6y.UyqH l:leJIOBeKOM HCKJilOl:IHTeJibHOH JIJ06BH, n03a60THJICSI 0 raBaHH cnaceHHSI


,UJISI CBOHX JIIO.UeH. fihiJI y Hero HeKHH BHKapHH O.n,na, OC06eHHO 6JIH3KHH K HeMy cpe.UH KJIHpHKOB, H60 6hiJI eMY BeCbMa BepeH, KOToporo OH, KaK l:leJIOBeKa
BeCbMa CBe.llYIIlefO B 3HaHHH l:leJIOBel:leCKOrO H 60)I{eCTBeHHOrO 3aKOHa, 06DSIBHJI
443

444
445
446
447
448
449

12 aerycTa 1012 r. CM. Bhillle, npHM. 438.


06JiaCTh pacceneHHJI JlOJieH'IaH Me)J()ly pp. 3nh6a H XeMHHU.
CKopee, cJie)lyeT 'IHTaTb eo loci - B 3TOM Mecre (T. e. He)laBHo OTCTPOeHHhiH
e 3TOM MecTe ropO.ll ). Pe'lh H.lleT o ropo.lle Jle6yc.
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11 HOJI6pJI 1012 r.
EnHcKon Meua B 1006-1047 rr., KOTopbiH 6biJI 6paToM KoponeBbi KyHHryH.llhi.
OH yMep 4 JIHBapJI 1013 r. CM. Bbillle, npHM. 304.

69

AHHanbl

HaH60Jiee .UOeTOHHbiM enHeKOTieTBa H enepsa H36paJI ero B eBHTOH MOJIHTBe Ha


31)' noJDKHoeTh, a JaTeM YBHLleJI TO )Ke eaMoe )KeJiaHHe enHHO.UyruHo KPH'IaBWHX
.uyxoseHeTBa H Hapona H panoeTHhiH no'IHJI so XpHeTe. Ho )KeeTOKM .uywa KOpoAA H )KaJIKaH )Ka)I(Jla eTH)KaTeJibeTBa OTBepma MOJib6bi YMOAABWHX, npeJpeJia
ronoea TIJia'lyiUHX. 3Ty noJDKHoeTb yHaenenosan apXHenHeKon YHsaH450, a TOT
no MHJIOeTH oo)Kbei:f eoxpaHeH LlAA nyqwHx 11 MeeT, 11 speMeH.
KopOJih feHpHx, eHHJOHLlH K MHOfO'IHeJieHHbiM MOJib6aM Eoneenasa,
npH6hm B Marne6ypr, KY.Ua HaJBaHHhiH Eoneenas e no'leToM oTnpaBHJI HaBeTpeqy Kopomo esoero ebiHa e paJJIH'IHbiMH .uapaMH; noene Toro KaK o6eHMH eTOpOHaMH 6hill JaKJIIO'IeH MHp, OH e panoeTblO BepHyJI ebiHa, TIOJIYI.J:HB
TipHKaJ KaK MO)KHO eKOpee YBHJleTbeH e KOpOJieM. Orryna KOpOJib TIOBepHyJI
B Bepny451 11, HaxonHeb TaM KaKoe-To speMH, MHoroe npHBeJI B nopH.UOK,
eomaeHO 06bii.J:aiO. CBH'I)'IO flaexy452 OH peWHJI nposeeTH B Axe He; HO 3TO He
oeymeeTBHJIOeb, 1160 ero OXBaTHJia BHeJanHaH H TH)KeJiaH 6oJieJHb, KOTOpaH
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o6aHHHH ero MHJIOeTH.

A BbiJ.Uoposes, oH, BhiHy)I(JleHHbiH Heo6xonHMOeTbiO,

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eHX nop 6bill0 HeeBOHeTBeHHO KOpOJIHM.
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15 MaH, Ha

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paJJIH'IHhiX nonapKoB HBHJieH Eoneenas 11 panH MHpa nepenan eMy ee6H 11 see
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HeeKOJibKO .UHeH, eJiaBHbie TIOI.J:eeTH, KaK TO H TIO.U06aJIO KOpOJieBeKOMY JlOeTOHHeTBy, (KOpOJib) paJpernHJI eMy BepHYTbeH JlOMOH, XOTH H He 6eJ yruep6a
LlJIH KOpOJieBeTBa454.

J1J JeMJIH eJiaBHH npH6billO MHO)KeeTBO TIOeJIOB, B TOM

'IHeJie YJibpHx455 113 lJeXHH, KOTOpbiH TaK)Ke TIO'ITHJI oeo6y KOpOJIH nonapKaMH;
eMy, XOTH Me)I(Jly HHM, ero 6paTOM 5JpOMHpOM456 H HaJBaHHbiM DOJieeJiaBOM
eoxpaHHJiaeb Bpa)I(Jla, eOTIYTeTBOBaJI yenex, 1160 eMy 6biJia .UaHa BJiaeTb HaLl
OTel.J:eeTBOM, a ero 6paT OTnpaBJieH B HJfHaHHe.
YMep 3rsapn, eBHIUeHHHK H MOHaX-JaTBOpHHK.
450
451
452
453
454
455
456

YHBaH (yM. 1029 r. 27 HHB.)- apXHeni1CKon faM6ypra 11 6peMeHa B 1013-1029 rr.


Bepna - KpenocTh Ha p. 0Kep K ceBepy oT rocnapa.
5 an penH I 013 r.
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~pOMI1p (yM. 1038 r. 4 HOH6.)- KHH3b lJ:ex1111 B 1004-)012 11 1033-1034 rr.

70

KseAJ1L-1H6yprcKL-1e aHHanbt
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BOJMO)I(HOCTh ucnpaBJieHHH, ycHJIHJiach cTpacTh K paJpyllleHHIO. Te, KOTOPbie
)I(HJIH B :noii o6HTeJIH, HecH uro XpucTOBO, pacceHJIHCh, 6JI~aH TaM H CHM.
270 JieT co apeMeHH Kap11a
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0 y)l(aC! -

I OHH cJI~H

Eory B 3TOM MecTe, a Tenepb B Ha-

C,lleJiaJIHCb nOJOpHIUeM .llJlH MHpa457 H OCTaiOTCH HM

Ha rope ce6e H Ha cTpax .upyruM.


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nopa)l(eHHbie MOJIHHeii. A Ha JliOHe6yprcKoi1 rope458 paJBepJJiacb ~acHaH
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BCTYnHJI B 11TaJIHIO.

8 3TOM ro.uy, BO BTOpHHK, 15 ,lleKa6pH, B 9-10 liYHY, npo-

HJOWJIO CHJibHOe HaBO,llHeHHe, npHt.IHHHBillee BeJIHKHH ymep6; HO KOpOJib,


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B npHCYTCTBHH a66aTHCbl fe.UBHfH.

l 014

r. BHOBh npHillJIO Haao.uHeHHe. KopoJib, cnellla noKHHYTh PaaeHHy,

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caoero 6paTa ApHyJih$a462, Ha.ueJieHHOro paHee enucKoncKoii .llOJI)I(HOCThiO,
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HaBCTpeqy eMy BbiilleJI BeCb ropo.u; XOTb H C paJHbiMH )l(eJiaHHHMH, OHH Bee
)l(e, KaK noJiafaJIOCb, BOJ.llaJIH CBOeMy rocy.uapiO nOXBaJIY H npeBOJHeCJIH ero
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457
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459
460
461
462
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I Kop., 4, 9.
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16 MapTa.
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14 <f>espaJISI I014 r.
71

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peWHJIH pa3BH3aTb BOHHy.
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cMePTHOCTb. TaKXe MewKo464, chiH lionecnaaa, 6biJI cxaatteH YnhpHXOM '-lewcKHM nocJie TOfO KaK 6biJIH KOBapHO 3ape3aHbl ero CnyTHHKH; nepe,llaHHblH HMneparopy, OH 6biJI OT,llaH nO,ll CTpiDKy; TaK B0306HOBHJiaCb CKOp6b ( ero) OTUa.
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enHcKon Bep,lleHcmu; eM)' HacJie.llOBa.TI BHrrep467, npHop H3 KeJibHa.
B 3TOM fOllY HMneparop npHwen B Kopae10, ttT06bi noceTHTb 6paTbeB, tthH
)I{H3Hb 6biJia eMy He no Hpaay, H XOTeJI HCnpaBHTb ee HMnepaTOpCKOH BJiaCTbiO.
flo3TOM)' 01.feHb MHOfHe H3 HHX, 3aiUHIUaH ycTaHOBJieHHH OTUOB H CBHpenCTBYH
npoTHB HMnepaTopcKoH: BJiacTH 6onee, tteM cnpaae,ll.JIHBO, nHJIH Hepa3YMHO H, KOf,lla HX yiJapUJlU 6

YBhi! -

noczy-

npaByiO UJ,i!Ky, He o6pamUJlU iJpyzyro468,

KaK MOHaXH, HO, 6e3paCCY.llHO BOCCTaB, HanpaCHO npHfOTOBHJIHCb K fiHTBe.


3aTeM npOH30lliJIO TO, liTO B HaWH BpeMeHa .llOCTOHHO CKOpee Y.llHBJieHHH, tteM
TOfO, lJT06bi nepe,llaBaTb 3TO nepOM.

17 H3 HHX TeM He MeHee 6hiJIH CXBatteHbi

H OT,llaHbl UO,ll CTpiDKy, a OCTa.TibHbie UO,ll1.fHHHJIHCb npHKa3aM HMnepaTOpa.


B 3TOM xe fOllY mo6oah HMnepaTopa nepe,lla.Tia rocnoxe Auenbreu.lle469
,llByx CeCTep470 BMeCTe C ,llOttepbMH H OTHOCHBWHMCH K HHM .llOfipOM, a HMeHHO
B noHe,lleJibHHK,

1 HOH6pH,

MOHaCTblpb MapKrpa<f>a fepo, KOTOpbiH TOT noc-

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06IUHHbl CBHTbiX ,lleB CBOIO HeBeCTKY, fe.llBHry, OTJIHttaBWYIOCH peJIHrH03HblM
o6pa30M )I{H3HH, H BO BTOpHHK,

2 HOH6pH, Bpe,lleHCKYIO 6naropO.llHYIO 06IUH-

Hy. flOJiyttHB HX, OHa, KaK H nO,ll06aeT CTOJib CJiaBHOMY HMeHH, MacTepCKH
BCKapMJIHBa.Tia HX, 06HHMa.Tia, JiaCKa.Tia; HaytteHHaH MY.llPOCTbiO Bbl,llaiOIUeHCH
MaTepH H TeTKH, KOTOpaH yttHJia ee, lJTOfibi OHa HH 3aCJiyraMH, HH npHMepoM
HHKOf,lla He Ka3a.TiaCb HH)I{e KOfO-JIH60 B 3TOM yttpe)l{,lleHHH, OHa ycep,llHO
06ytta.Tia HX CO BCeM 6JiarotteCTHBbiM paeHHeM.
11Mneparop, CHH30HllH K npOCb6aM HeKOTOpbiX JIIO,lleH, OTnyCTHJI K DOJieCJiaBy ero ChiHa471 a uenocTH [H coxpaHHOCTH]. B '-lexHH no npHKa3y YnhpHxa
MHOfHe JIIO,llH 6hiJIH HeBHHHO y6HTbl.

MernKO II JlaM6epT (p. 990 r. yM. 1034 r.)- KH~Jb noJiblliH B 1025-1034 rr.
4 HIOJI~ 1014 r. CM. Bbirne, npHM. 318.
25 HIOJIH 1014 r. CM. Bbirne, npHM. 328.
467 Bwrrep (yM. 1031 r. 16 aar.)- enwcKon Bep.lleHa B 1014-1031 rr.
468 Mameii, 5, 39.
469 CM. Bbirne, npHM. 334.
464
465
466

470
471

T. e. .llBa xeHCKHX MoHaCTblpH - B fepHpO.lle H Bpe.lleHe.


T. e. MernKo II.
72

KseAfli11H6yprcKII1e aHHanbl
)locToiiHoe CO)I(aJieHIUI 11 qpe3Bhi ..IallHO Y.UI1BI1TeJibHoe co6hiTI1e npo1130lllJIO

29 OKTH6pH,

B cpe.uy, Ha Tepp11TOp1111 3ana,UHhiX 3eMeJib, a 11MeHHO

B Barraxp11472 11 <J>JiaH.UP1111. lloHBHJII1Ch ~acalOIU11e TYlJI1, KOTOpbie, Y.U11BI1TeJihHhiM o6pa30M OCTaBaHCb HenO.llBH)I(HbiMI1 B Te'IeHI1e TpeX HO'Iell, yrp0)1(a.JII1 TeM, KTO Ha HI1X B311parr; a Ha TpeTI1ll ,UeHb pa3.Ua.JICH HeCJibiXaHHblll
y.uap rpoMa, B3.Ubi6HJI MOpH, TaK 'ITO OHI1 CTpalllHO B3.UYJII1Cb 11, HeBepOHTHO
no.uHHBllli1Ch, cOMKHYJII1Ch c TyqaMI1. Kor.ua B3.UhiXalOIU11e )1(11TeJII1 noHHJII1 no
CI1Jie CTpalllHOfO HaBO.UHeHHH BCIO THfOCTb BHe3anHOfO HeC'IaCTbH 11 KOf.Ua,
KaK nocJie cMepT11 IOJI11aHa 0TczynHI1Ka, Kopa6JII1 HOCHJII1Ch y ropHhiX Kpyq
11 Bee o6paTHJIOCb B .upeBHI1ll xaoc, OHI1, nOpa)l(eHHhie CTpaXOM CMepTI1, CTaJII1 o6pamaTbCH B 6ercTBO; O.UHaKO, no np11'II1He rpeXOB MHOfO TbiCH'I JIIO,Uell
BHe3anHO nori16JIO B BOJIHaX, 1160 OHI1 He CMOfJII1 1136e)l(aTb fHeBHOfO JII1Ka
focno.ua.

1015 r.

llpoae.uH TaK)I(e B Barrh6eKe Bep6Hoe BocKpeceHhe473, oH CBH3a.JI

KJIHTBOll (npl16biBlll11X] K HeMy 113 11Ta.JII111 nOCJIOB; yll.uH OTzy.Ua, npa3.UH11K


nacxl1474 11MnepaTOp feHpl1x npoaeJI a Mep3e6ypre. TaM ooJiecJiaB JII1lllHJICH
BCeX .uapOB, KOTOpbie eMy nOCbillaJI, a paBHO 11 ero MHJIOCTI1, 1160 Bbi3Ba.JI ero
Bpa)l(.lle6HOCTb BhiCOKOMepHbiM nOCOJibCTBOM475. fepu;or 3pHc~76 6hill HeOCTOpO)I(HO y611T Ha OXOTe CB011MI1 JIIO.UhMI1. CHJibHaH 6ypH 11 y.uapbl MOJIHI1ll
TaK)I(e npi1'II1HHJII1 B 3TOM fO.UY 60JiblllOll ymep6 HeKOTOpbiM 'IaCTHM MOHaCTblpH OpecBHTOll Map1111 Ha 3ana.uHoil rope.
11TaK, BTOpHliHO noceTI1B KOpBeifu;eB, 11MnepaTOp (CBOeif] BJiaCTbiO 113MeHHJI HeKOTOpble npi1BHJiefl111 11 06hi'Ial1 npe,UKOB, KOTOpbiMI1 Te 06Jia,UaJII1
B Te'IeHI1e

239 JieT

6Jiaro.uapH nO)I(aJIOBaHI1lO J110.UOBI1Ka OJiafO'IeCTI1BOfO,

11, Y.UaJI11B OTU:a MOHaCTblpH477, npi1BeJI K H11M Hei13BeCTHOfO 11, B03MO)I(H0,


xopolllero qeJioBeKa478, KOTOphill KaK 6oJiee yqeHhill .uoJI)I(eH 6hm 11cnpaa11Th
3a6Jiy)I(,UeHI1H 11 Hayqi1Tb C611Bllli1XCH C nYTI1 (MOHaXOB] CTynaTh no Tpone
CBHTOfO ycTaBa 60Jiee OCTOpO)I(HO.

B3.UhiXaJII1, I.JTO 11X )1(113Hh, KOTOpaH

Te, CHJibHO netiaJI.HCb no 3TOMY nOBO.UY,

CJI~HJia

npi1MepOM nO'ITI1 BCeM MOHa-

xaM, o6ecu;eHHJiach, 11 np113hiBaJII1 .upyr .upyra Jiyqllle yiiTI1, '!eM nO.U'I11H.HThCH


6e33aKOHI110. TaK BhilllJIO, 'ITO ocTaJII1Ch JII1lllh O'IeHh HeMHOfl1e, Tor.ua KaK
OCTaJibHbie, 6Jiy)I(,UaH .UOCTOllHbiM C0)1(aJieHI1H o6pa30M, 6hilll1 3aHHTbl M11pC-

472

BaJibxepH - paiioH BnaneHH.SI llieJibllbi B Mope, <JaCTb 3enaHJlHH.

473

3 anpeJI.SI 1015 r.
10 anpen.SI 1015 r. B opHrHHaJie a6Jau <<npa3JlHHK Oacx11 ... BbiCOKOMepHbiM noCOJibCTBOM no Ollii16Ke CTOHT nepen I 015 r. TeKCT BOCCTaHaBJIHBaeTC.SI no AHHaJiaM
Marne6ypra, I0 15 r.

474

475
476

477
478

l16o OTKaJaJIC.SI npH6biTb B Mep3e6ypr no npHmarneHHIO HMnepaTopa.


3pHcT I Ea6eH6epr (p. 970 r. yM. 1015 r. 31 Ma.SI)- repuor lliBa61111 B 10121015 rr.
T. e. BaJia, KOTOpbtH 6btJI a66aToM KopBeH B I 0 Il-l 015 rr.
llPYTMapa (yM. 1046 r. 15 cpeBp.), KOTOpbtH 6biJI a66aTOM KopBeH B 1015-1046 rr.

73

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KMMH .uenaMH. Ho, nocKOJibKY MHOrHe BHOBb o6paTHJIHCb MHJIOCTbJO nO)I(beH,


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HMnepaTop pernHJI TaK)I(e B 3TOM ro.uy OTnpaBHTh K nonecnaay nocoJibCTBO
pa,UH B03BpaiUeHHH 06JiaCTeH, KOTOpbie TOT OTHHJI. Ho TOT, KaK 06blt.IHO, nan
BbiCOKOMepHbiH OTBeT, "'TO OH, MOJI, He TOJibKO )l(eJiaeT y.uep)l(aTb CBOe, HO
HaMepeH .ua)l(e pa3rpa6HTh q~oe. HMnepaTop, no npaay Hero.uyH no 3TOMY
nOBO.UY, C06HpaeTCH Ha BOHHY H npH3biBaeT K Op~HIO TbiCH"'H xpa6pbiX M~etf,
c KOTOpbiMH, He Me,UJIH, .UOCTHraeT npe.ueJIOB noJiblllH.

B nepBOH CXBaTKe eMy

conYTCTBoaano nO)I(be YTerneHHe, apam o6paTHJIHCb B 6ercTBO, a B .upyroM


MecTe

900 qenoaeK nanH

OT Met.Ia H .Ua)l(e caM nonecnaa .uaneKo 6e)l(an oT ero

JIHUa. TaK HMnepaTop pa.uoaancH B .uyrne, H6o ero aaccanbi ocTanHcb )I(HBbi, Ja
HCKJIJOt.IeHHeM Xo.uo, CJiaBHOfO IOHOlllH, KOTOpbiH, 6y.UyqH He BOHHCTBeH no
[CBOHM) CHJiaM, .UOCTOXBanbHO nan 6eCCTpalllHOH CMepTbiO BMeCTe C HeMHOrHMH, HO xpa6phiMH M~aMH. MernKo, ChiH nonecnaaa, KaK roaopHT, co cJieJaMH
nO.UHHJI ero TeJIO H, Ja60TJIHBO npHJIO)I(HB BCe He06XO.UHMOe, B03BpaTHJI ero
JIIO.UHM, t.IT06bi Te .UOCTaBHJIH ero .UOMOH. 11MnepaTOp )l(e ropeBan, "'TO HJ-Ja
Hero norH6an Ka)I(,UbiH, KOMY npe)I(,Ue CJI)"'anOCb no6e)l(.llaTb, a nOTOMy, BHHB
COBeTY CBOHX JIJO,Uetf, OH C06pan CBOH CHJibl H npHKaJan BOHCKY B03BpamaTbCH.
Te )l(e, He JHaH MeCTHOCTH, HanpaBHJIHCh qepeJ neca K o.uHoMy Meczy, KOTopoe
e.uaa BMeCTHJIO TaKOe orpOMHYIO TOJiny, H60 ero CO BCeX CTOpOH OMbiBanO
60JIOTO H OKp~anO KOJibUO JIHCTBbl, HO npe.UOCTaBHJIO YCTaBlllHM KpaTKHH
OT.UbiX. 3.uecb C06panaCb JHaTb H npOt.IaH MOJIO,Ue)l(b; OHH XBanHJIHCb, "'TO, MOJI,
.U06biJIH no6e.uy C06CTBeHHbiMH CHJiaMH H TIUecJiaBHO yrpo)l(anH OTCYTCTBOBaBlllHM HOBbiM nopa)l(eHHeM. HH O.UHH He CTapanCH npeBOJHeCTH B nOXBanax
nora He6ec H uapH uapetf, KaK CJie.UOBanO 6hi, H BOJ.UaTb eMy .UOCTOHHYIO
6Jiaro.uapHOCTb Ja OKaJaHHbie 6Jiaro,UeHHHH HJIH HJJIHTb MOJib6bi 0 6y.uyiUHX;
Ja 3TO HaM npHillJIOCh o6JIHBaThCH cJieJaMH. Me)l(.lly TeM co6paarneecH aoM:cKo
6hiJIO BHeJanHO OXBat.IeHO BOHHCKMM CTJ)aXOM, a H3 Jaca.u H y6e)I(HlU nOHBHJIHCb
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ecJIH 6bi 3TOMY He noMernanH HarnH rpexH.

B onacHOCTH OKaJanacb noKJia)l(a

HeKoero <l>pH,UpHXa, H OH, B TO BpeMH KaK XOTeJI nOMO"'b CBOHM JIIO.UHM, nan
Ha rJiaJaX y BCeX. Tor.ua C BOJ06HOBHBllleHCH 60JibiO rpaQ> fepo479, CKOp6H
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cMepTH.

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JaCTOHaB, CTanH npOCHTb nora CMHJIOCTHBHTbCH K HHM, H60 YBH.UeJIH Ero

479

CM. Bblrne, npHM.

460.
74

KBeAJ1L-1H6yprcKL-1e aHHanbl
BO rHeBe. Ho npMroBOp He MOf 6biTb OTMeHeH, M60 6biJIO TBep.UO perneHO,
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HM Ha.lle)l()lbl Ha COXpaHeHMe )I(MJHM, HO OHM 6e3 COMHeHM~ OOCB~TMJIM CBOe
CMepTHOe ecTeCTBO TO My, KTO O.UMH TOJibKO M MO)I(eT YMepTBJI~Tb M O)I(MBJI~Tb.
B .UaJibHei1weM 6oJibillMHCTBO cpa)l(aJIMCh Ja po.uMHY M 6paTheB M xpa6po
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nocJiyrnHhie eMy, KaK M o6eiUaJIM c TBep.uoi1 .uywoi1. nycTh AueJihxeH.u, Hpa,
TMTMap, fepa, LJ:o.ua M <l>oJibKMap BMecTe co MHOfMMM .upyrMMM cqacTJIMBO
)I(MBYT Ha He6ecax.
3t:f.u480, enMcKon MeticeHCKMH, npe.uaHHO ynJiaTMJI .uoJir He6y; eMy HacJie.uosaJI 3HJ1bsap.u48I.
YMep MemHrou482, apxMenMcKon TpMpCKMi1; eMy HacJie.uosaJI non00483.

I 016 r. II

Q:>eBpaJI~, B 30-IO JIYHY, B cy66ozy, TYlfM CTOJIKHYJIMCh c omyrnM-

TeJibHhiM rpOXOTOM M BMeCTe C 'laCTbiMM MOJIHM~MM M npOJIMBHbiM .UO)I()leM


pa3pyWMJIM MHO)I(eCTBO 3.UaHMH.
0pa3.UHMK llaCXM MMnepaTOp Ha,llJie)l(aiUMM o6pa30M OTnpa3,UHOBaJI
B na.uep6opHe484. YMep .uo6poi1 naM~TM rpa> feHpMx485, BMXMaH486, rpa>
Jana.uHOH CaKCOHMM, nocJie TOfO KaK Me)l()ly HMM M rpaQ:>oM oaJI,UpMKOM487
6biJI BOCCTaHOBJieH MMp, 6biJI B peJyJihTaTe BHyrneHMH XMTpOH, BepOJIOMHOH
M )l(a.LlHOH cynpyrM488 nOCJie,llHero KOBapHO y6MT B OYTM 3JIO.Ue~MM, (HanaBIllMMM Ha Hero] M3 Jaca.uhi, M YMep.

I0 17 r.

B 3TOM ro.uy MMnepaTOp feHpMx c pa.uocTblO yqacTBOBaJI B npaJ.UHOBaHMM 0acxM489 B 11HreJibXaHMe.


B 3TOM fO.UY 22 Q:>eBpaJI~ B MOHailleCKOH o6MTeJIM 6biJia OCB~IUeHa uepKOBb
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aHHa KpecTMTeJI~ BMecTe c MOHaCTbipeM M O.UHMM MoHaxoM.


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HO eMy noMeillaJIM CTparnHa~ 'lyMa M CMepTHOCTb B Hapo.ue, M OH 6e3 BC~
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fepxap.u490 BO <l>paHKOHMM, OOCJie TOfO KaK MHOfMe 6biJIM y6MTbl B rpa)l(-

480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490

3H.a (yM. 1015 r. 20 neK.) - emtcKon MewceHa B 992-1015 rr.


3H.rlbBapn (yM. 1023 r. 24 HOH6.)- enHcKon MewceHa B 1016-1023 rr.
24neK. 1015 r. CM. Bbtrne, npHM. 404.
nonno (yM. 1047 r. 16HtoHH)- apxHenHCKon Tp11pa B 1016-1047 rr.
nacxy (I anpeJIH) 1016 r. feHpHX II npa3.llHOBaJI He B nanep6opHe, a B EaM6epre.
fpa> lliTane. OH yMep 2 OKT. I 016 r. CM. Bbtrne, npHM. 331.
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fpa>oM B )lpeHTeray (K ceBepy OT )leBeHTepa).
A.neJibt >oH XaManaHn.
21 an penH 1017 r.
fepxapn I - rpa> Meua B I 000-1020 rr.
75

AHHanbi

llaHCKOH BOHHe, B036y)l{llaeT MHOfO 3Jia. Bo3MYllleHHbiH 3THM, KOpOJib


C06paJICH HllTH Tylla.
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HHeH6ypra.
1018 r. llpa3llHHK Po)l{lleCTBa focnollHero HMnepaTOp feHpHx nposeJI ao
<l>paHKQ>ypTe, a CBHT)'IO llacxy493 - B HHMBereHe.
B 3TOM fOllY EoJiecJiaB, nocJie Toro KaK MHP 6hm ooccTaHoBJieH qepe3 nocJioa494, aepHyJI ce6e MHJIOCTb HMnepaTOpa. B 3TOM fOllY TaiOKe llOJiroe apeMH
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H co6paallleHcH 'leJIHl!bJO Eo)Kbeif o6oero noJia, cTapaTeJibHO H nooqepellHO
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[TaM) npa3llHHK llacXH503; OTKpbiBilleeCH TaM He'leCTHe MHOfHX JIIOlleH 6biJIO
HaKa3aHo llOCTOHHOH KapoH:. B 3TOM fOllY yMep <l>pHllpHx504, 6paT HMnepaT491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499

500
50!
502
503

504

THT.llar (YM. 1017 r. 10 HIOHSI)- enHCKOn np!UKCKHH B 998-1017 rr.


3KXaP.ll (yM. 1023 r. 8 asr.)- a66aT HueH6ypra B 995-1017 rr.; enucKon npiDKCKHH
B 1017-1023 rr.
6 anpeJIH I 0 18 r.
30 HHB. I 018 r. B 6ayueHe.
Co cTopoHbl ,lluTpuxa III (yM. 1039 r. 27 MaS!)- rpa<fla 3anMHOH <l>pucnaH.llHH (c
993 r.) H fOJIJlaH.llHH (C 10]8 r.).
6an.llpHK II (yM. 1018 r. 29 HIOJISI) - enucKon Jlbe.>Ka B 1008-1018 rr.
8anb60.ll (yM. 1021 r. 21 anp.)- enucKon Jlhe.>Ka B 1018-1021 rr.
YMep 14 HOH6pH 1018 r. CM. Bhirne, npuM. 349.
YMep l.lleKa6pSI 1018 r. CM. Bbillle, npHM. 414.
YMep 17 HOS16pH I 019 r. CM. Bhirne, npuM. 462.
TuaT6ypra <floH Xanh.lleHcne6eH, .llO'Ih 6epHrap.lla, MapKrpa<fla Hop.llMapKa.
22 MapTa 1019 r.
29 MapTa 10 19 r.
<l>pH.llPHX (yM. 1019 r.)- rpa<fl JliOKCeM6ypra u MoJeJihray.

76

pHUbi KyHHfYH.llbi.

Ha3BaHHbiM Eonecnas c noMOIUbiO caKcos no.u':IHHHJI

ce6e Pycbsos.

B 3TOM

ro.uy .usoJOpO.llHbie 6paTbH HMnepaTopa, CbiHOBbH rpa<f>a fepMa-

Ha506, no.uHHJIH MHTex BMecTe c THTMapoMS07, CbiHOM repuora EepHrap.ua,


HO 6biJIH CXBa':leHbl H OT,llaHbl no,ll CTpaxy. Me)K,lly TeM THTMap, cnaCWHMCH
6erCTBOM, OnHTb BepHyJICH Ha pO,llHHy; O,llHaKO fiYKBaJibHO qepe3 HeCKOJibKO
.UHeM OHH Bee pa30M 6biJIH O,llapeHbl MHJIOCTblO HMnepaTopa. J-fTaK, 3Ta CMYTa
Ha speMH ynernach.

8 1020 r.

repuor EepHrap.u MJia.uwHiisos, 6paT THTMapa, co6pan Ha Jana.ue

BOMCKO, ':IT06bl BOCCTaTb npOTHB HMnepaTOpa, H BCzynHJI 8 lliaJibKC6epr509;


a Ha3BaHHbiM HMnepaTOp OCa,llHJI ero BMeCTe CO CBOHMH JIIO,llbMH. Ho oepHrap.u, yczynaH cnpase.llJIHBOCTH, npH nocpe.uHH':IecTBe HMnepaTpHUbi o6pen
MHJIOCTb HMnepaTOpa BMeCTe C OTUOBCKHM JieHOM.

3TOM fO.llY 3HMa 6biJia XOJIO,llHee H .llOJibWe 06bi':IHOfO H HaCTOJibKO

cyposaH, ':ITO O':leHb MHOfHe yMepJIH, y6HTbie CHJIOM XOJIO.Ua; 3a HeM nOCJie,llOBaJia HeCJibiXaHHaH npe)K,lle nary6a H CMepTHOCTb, KOTOpaH onyCTOWHJia
nO':ITH BeCb Kpyr 3eMHOM BHe3anHOM norH6eJiblO H 60 M2H06eHUe OKaSIO HeO:>KH,llaHHO YHOCHJia 3,llOpOBbiX H BnOJIHe ysepeHHbiX B CBOeM 6JiafOnOJIY':IHH
JIJO,lleM, BeceJIHBlliHXCH 80 BpeMH nHpOB. llocpe,llH 3THX BCe06IUHX H BHywaIOIUHX yxac noTepb Hallla MeTpOnOJIHH no DO)l(beMy npHfOBOpy, KOTOpbiM
HHKOf.lla He 6biBaeT HecnpaBe.llJIHBbiM, 6biJia nopa:>KeHa TH)l(KOM H3BOM ,llO
caM oro cep.uua, Kor.ua H3 3Toro MHpa s Te':leHHe qaca 6biJIH yHeceHbi ':leTbipe
cecTpbi: o.uHa -

oTweJibHHUa, KOTopaH B cnyxeHHH XpHCTOBOM 3BaJiacb

CHcy, .use .upyrHe- 0TeJIJiyJib.lla511, .llO':Ib MapKrpa<f>a .UHTpHxa, H TH.uaH,


npesocxo.UHBWHe .uocTOHHCTBO po.ua ':IHCTOTOM Hpasos, H, HaKoHeu, XeHHHKHH, KOTOpaH, XOTb H 6biJia MaJia B03paCTOM H 3BaHHeM, HO OTJIH':IaJiaCb
npeKpaCHbiMH npHpO.llHbiMH 3a,llaTKaMH.

nepe,ll HHMH, C BOCXO,llOM 3apH

CBHTOM nHTHHUbi, B rasaHb 6Jia)l(eHHoro noKOH 6LIJia npHse.ueHa EoxLeii


MHJIOCTblO JlyUHH, CMHpeHHaH CJIY:>KHTeJibHHUa 6e.UHbiX, nOCJie TOfO KaK
6biJIO npOM,lleHO MOpe 3TOfO MHpa.
J-fTaK, 8 3TO :>Ke BpeMH, KaK fOBOpHT, nana512 BMeCTe C HMnepaTOpOMaBryCTOM feHpHXOM no':ITHJI B EaM6epre no.uo6aiOmeii CJIY:>K60M seqepiO foe-

505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512

noxo,ll B KueBCf<YIO Pycb (B llO.ll.llep}l(f<Y CBHTOllOJIKa) COCTOHJICH JieTOM 1018 r.


repMaH II, Py,llOJib<l> H 6epHrap,ll- CbiHOBbH fepMaHa I, rpa<f>a<f>oH BepJI, H rep6epru,
cecTpbl fuJeJibl, MaTepu HMn. feHpuxa II.
THTMap (yM. 1048 r. 3 OKT.)- rpa<f>; 2-H CbiH 6epHrap.lla I, repuora CaKCOHHH.
6epHrap.ll II (yM. 1059 r. 29 HIOHH)- repuor CaKCOHHH B 1011-1059 rr.; CT. CbiH
6epHrap.lla I.
HbiHe- r. Xayc6epre 6nu3 MuH.lleHa Hap. BeJep.
I Kop., 15, 52.
)lo'lb JluTpuxa <f>oH XaJib.lleHcne6eHa.
6eHe.llHKT VIII- pHMCKHH nana c 17 MaH 1012 r. no 9 anp. 1024 r.
77

AHHanbl

nO,llHlO H npa3,llHHK llacxH513, 0 '!eM, KaK Mbl 3HaeM, HHKOf.lla He CJiblXHBa.TIH


B npe)l(HHe BeKa; nocJie TOfO KaK HMnepaTOp H BeJibMO)l(H KaKOe-TO BpeMH
npHHHMa.TIH ero TaM C no'ieTOM H .llOJI)I(HblM nOCJiyniaHHeM, OH, o.uapeHHbiH
pa3H006pa3HbiM MHO)l(eCTBOM 6oraTCTB, BeCeJibiH, 6oraTbiH H 3.1lOPOBbiH
BHOBb YBH.lleJI rocno)l(}' MHpa, TO ecTb PHM5I4, .uosepeHHbiti eMy anocTOJibCKHM )l(pe6HeM.
llocJie :noro

18 HlOJIH,

B noHe,lleJibHHK, B 23-10 JIYHY, B Ha'la.Tie 3-ro 'laca

.llHH H .llO 6-ro qaca BOKpyr COJIHUa nOHBHJICH 60JiblliOM Kpyr UBeTa pa.uym,
KOTOpbiM B .llByx MeCTaX OXBaTbiBa.TIH HanO.ll06He KpecTa 'leTbipe .llPYrHX 6oJiee
CBeTJiblX Kpyra. O.uHaKO, KOf,lla TpH (H3 HHX) pacceHJIHCb, ,llBa, TO eCTb UeHTpa.TlbHbiM H ceBepHbiM, OCTaBa.TIHCb O'leHb .llOJifO.
Me)l(.lly TeM HeKHM 0TTo5I5, po.uoM H3 JHaTHhiX <JlpaHKOB, HeocTopo)I(Ho BCTYnHJI B Hen03BOJIHTeJibHbiM .llJIH Hero 6paK516 H, B TO BpeMH KaK
3pKeH6a.Tih.ll, apxHenHcKon MaMHUCKoro npecTOJia, '!acTo no uepKOBHOMy
o6hiKHOBeHHIO yx:opHJI ero Ja 3TO KposocMeiiieHHe, oH B cJienoi1 mo6BH paccTaBHJI nOBCIO.llY 3aCa,llbl H co6pa.TICH nO.llHHTb He'leCTHBYIO PYKY Ha CaMoro
noMa3aHHHKa rocnO.llHH. Ho OO)l(bH MHJIOCTb He .lla.Tia CBepiiiHTbCH 3TOMY
npecTynJieHHlO H (Orro), nOCKOJibKY enHCKOn Y.llPa.TI, B OT'laHHHH Hana.TI,
CXBaTHJI H OT.lla.TI nO.ll

CTp~

ero CnYTHHKOB, KOTOpbie CJie.llOBa.TIH 3a HHM no

peKe, nO.llBepr HX 6ec'leJIOBe'iHOMY o6palli,eHHIO H MHOfO'lHCJieHHbiM 6e33aKOHHHM; npH'leM (.lleMCTBOBa.TI) TeM 6oJiee .uep3KO, 'leM ropiiie eMy 6biJIO OTTOfO,
'ITO ero JIHIIIHJIH KpOBH enHCKOna, KOTOpOM OH )l(a)l(.lla.TI BOnpeKH 60)l(eCTBeHHbiM H qeJioBe'leCKHM JaKoHaM. Kor.ua o6 3TOM B cneiiiHOM nocoJibCTBe
C006IUHJIH HMnepaTopy-aBrycTy, TOT, npOBe,llH COBeiUaHHe C enHCKOnaMH
H 3HaTblO BCero KOpOJieBCTBa, cnepBa 'lepe3 nOCJIOB, a 3aTeM qepe3 .llpy3eti
H JIH'IHO nonbiTa.TICH OTfOBOpHTb (OTTO) OT 3TOfO nycTOfO cyMac6pO,llCTBa;
HO, nOCKOJibKY TOT npOHBHJI HenOKOpCTBO H OTBepr BCe HX .llOBO.llbl, OHH CO
sceo6mero corJiacHH npe.lla.TIH ero aHa<PeMe, 'lT06bi OH no Kpai1Hei1 Mepe
TaKHM o6pa30M, .llBH)l(HMblM CTpaXOM HaKa3aHHH, nocTapa.TICH nocpe.UCTBOM
noKaHHHH H C .llOCTOMHbiMH pbl.llaHHHMH BepHYTbCH B 'IHCJIO rpa)l(.llaH MaTepHuepKBH. Ho TOT, nHTaH npe3peHHe KO BCeMy 3TOMy, CTHHYJI CBOH CHJibl BMeCTe
C cynpyrOM B HeKHM 3aMOK no.u Ha3BaHHeM XaMMepiiiTeMH517, KOTOpblM CHJIOM
npHpO.llbl, a He HCKYCCTBOM JIIO.lleM 6biJI CO BCeX CTOpOH 06Be,lleH CKa.TIHCTbiMH
rpoMa.uaMH H HaCTOJibKO yKpeTIJieH npoTeKaBIIIHM BOKpyr Pei1HOM, 'ITO K HeMY 6hmo o'leHb TH)l(eJio no.uo6paThCH H .llJIH se.ueHHH oca.ubi, H .llJIH IIITYPMa.
l1TaK, HMnepaTOp-aBryCT, noJiaraHCb Ha cnpaBe.llJIHBOCTb, 06JIO)l(HJI 3TO MeCTO
BCHKOfO po.ua OCa,llHbiMH npHcnOC06JieHHHMH; nepeKpblB MHTe)l(HHKaM BCe
513
514
515
516
517

17 anpem1 1020 r.
B Mae- HJOHe 1020 r.
Orro (yM. 1036 r. 5 HJOHH)- rpa<f> XaMMepunei1Ha.
C 11pMrap.uoi1 (yM. 1042 r.)- .uoqepb!O foT<f>pl1.lla, rpa<f>a Bep.ueHa.
3aMOK K ceBepo-Jana.uy OT r. Hei1BI1.ll Hap. Pei1H.
78

KBeAfiL1H6yprcKVIe aHHanbl
BXOllbl H BblXOllbi, OH, npose,WI TaM lleHb Po)K,llecTBa focnol!Hero, HaCTOJibKO
OCJia6HJI caMOfO (Orro), 'ITO Te, KOTOpbie ll}'MaJIH, 'ITO He yczymlT HH OpyxHIO,
HH TbiCH'IaM BOOpy)l(eHHbiX JIIOlleH, nOllaBJieHHbie, HaKOHeU, MYKaMH fOJIOlla,
Korlla HaczynHJI npa3llHyeMblH no sceMy MHPY lleHb nepsoMyqeHHKa CTe<t>aHa518, OTllaJIHCb nOllBJiaCTb HMnepaTopa CO BCeM CBOHM ll06pOM, BblfOBOpHB
ce6e JIHIIIb llbiXaHHe caMOH )I(H3HH. 1160 6biJIO llOCTOHHO H cnpaBellJIHBO,
'IT06bl TOT519, KTO 8 3TOT lleHb 6JiafO'IeCTHBO MOJIHJICH 3a BparOB nocpellH
KpOBaBblX YllapoB KaMHeH, CBOHM 3aCyYnHH'IeCTBOM BepHyJI MHp llPY3bHM,
TO eCTb CbiHOBbHM MaTepH-UepKBH.
YllHBHTeJibHoe H HeCJibiXaHHOe so see seKa co6hiTHe cJiyqHJIOCb, KaK
rosopHT, c )I(HTeJIHMH cesepHoro KpaH. 116o peKH 3Jih6a H Be3ep, He TOJibKO
BbiiiielliiiHe H3 CBOHX 6eperOB 6JiafOl!apH He06bi'IaHHOH MOlllH HaBOllHeHHH,
HO, Jiytiiiie CKa3aTb, BblpBaHHbie C caMOfO llHa 'IYllOBHlllHOH CHJIOH BeTpa,
3aTOnHJIH ropOlla, llepeBHH H BCe npeJleJibliiiHpOKO paCKHHYBIIIHXCH BOKpyr
3eMeJib, nOllHHBIIIHCb Bbiiiie, 'leM Jla)l(e XOJIMbl H fOpbl, KOTOpbie npHpOlla
yKpenHJia BblCOTOH 6oJiee npO'IHX, H, 'ITO ne'laJibHee H HeBepOHTHee BCero
YCJibiiiiaHHOfO, UeJible ceJieHHH, He HapyiiiHB CBH3H nOCTpOeK, nepeHeCJIH
C OllHOfO 6epera Ha llPYfOH BMecTe C )I(HBIIIHMH TaM JIIOllbMH H nOCTaBHJIH
8 TOM )l(e nOJIO)I(eHHH, 'ITO H npe)K,lle. llocpellH 3TOfO OHH TeM )l(e nopbiBOM,
'ITO H npO'IHe, COpBaJIH C npe)I(Hero MeCTa H, nepeHeCH, yKpenHJIH Ha llPYfOM
MeCTe OllHY uepKOBb, nocTpOeHHYIO HeKOflla 6JiafO'IeCTHBbiM CTapaHHeM
npel!KOB H o6orameHHYJO HallJie)l(alllHM o6pa30M 3a c'leT 6oraTbiX no)l(epTBOBaHHH CTeKaBIIIHXCH Tylla BepyiOlllHX. BHlleJIH TaK)I(e, 'ITO Ha3BaHHbie
Bbiiiie peKH, Be3ep H 3Jib6a, B Te'leHHe Tpex llHeii H HO'Ieii sonpeKH npHpOlle
nblJiaJIH Ha nosepXHOCTH OfHellbiiiialllHMH HCnapeHHHMH. qTO fOBOpHTb
o TeJiax yMepiiiHx? OrpoMHoe Hx KOJIH'IeCTBO, c TPYllOM noMaiOmeecH HC'IHCJieHHJO, 6biJIH C06paHO 8 OfpOMHbie, nOll06Hbie HaCbinHM, KyqH; nOCJie
TOfO KaK HaBOllHeHHe CTaJIO y6biBaTb H 6JiaroqecTHBOe pBeHHe HeKOTOpbiX
JIIOlleH nocTapaJIOCb npellaTb HX llOJI)I(HOMY norpe6eHHIO, 06Hap~HJIOCb,
'ITO OHH 6biJIH TaK cuenJieHbl CTOJibKHMH H CTOJib TYfHMH noKpOBaMH H3
3MeH, qepseit H npO'IHX TaKOfO POlla fal!OB, "'TO 60H3JIHBble JIIOllH He MOfJIH
HaHTH HHKaKOH 803MOXHOCTH HX pacnyYaTb HH )l(eJie30M, HH KaKHM-JIH60
opyl!HeM HHoro polla. Ho o TOM, 'ITO 6biJIO, ecTb H 6ylleT, Mbi ocTaBJIHeM
CYllHTb XpHCTy, KOTOpbiH npellCKa3aJI 3TO 6yllylllee YHbiHUe HOpOOOB U3-3a

mozo, 'tmo Mope BoctuyMum u Bo3MymumcR52o.

1021

f. llo CBepiiieHHH :noro521 HMnepaTOp-aBryCT, 803llaB 6JiafOl!ap-

HOCTb 60)I(beH JII06BH 3a llapoBaHHYIO eMy no6elly H ycnex, C Pal!OCTHblM

518

26aeKa6pH 1020 r.

519

T. e. co. CTe<f>aH.

520

JlyKa, 21, 25.


To ecTb noCJie JaooeoamtH XaMMepuneifHa B aeKa6pe 1020 r.

521

79

AHHanbl

JIHKOBaHHeM BC'fYTIHJI B 3eMJIH CaKCOHHH. Me)l()ly TeM B TO BpeMSI, Kor.ua oH


crreiiiHJI BHOBh YBH.UeTb CaKCOHHIO, 1.JT06bi BTOpHl.JHO HMJie)l(aiUHM o6pa30M
rrpoBeCTH B BaJib6eKe Bep6Hoe BocKpeceHhe522, a 3aTeM c .UOJI)I(HhiM nol.JTeHHeM oTrrpa3.UHOBaTh B Mep3e6ypre rrpa3.UHHK nacxH523, rrocpe.uH caMoro
IIYTH .UO HMIIepaTOpCKOfO CJiyxa .UOIIIJIO, l.JTO 113 )1(113HH yiiieJI .UOCTOIIOl.JTeHHbiH
apXHeiiHCKOII XepH6epT524.

TOM, CKOJib ycep.ueH 6biJI 3TOT 60)I(eCTBeHHOH

IIaMSITH eiiHCKOII B MOJIHTBe, CKOJib 3HeprH1.JeH B 6.ueHHSIX, aKTHBeH B 3a60Te


0 6e.UHbiX H CTapaTeJieH BO BCSIKOH uepKOBHOH CJI~6e, CBH.lleTeJibCTBYIOT l.Jy.ueca, COTBOpeHHhie DOfOM Ha ero MOrHJie, 1160 l.JeJIOBel.JeCKOfO KpaCHOpel.JHSI
He .UOCTaTOl.JHO, 1.JT06bi 3TO H306pa3HTb. l1TaK, KOf.lla HMIIepaTOp 3aBepiiiHJI
IIYTh, KOTOpbiH OH Hal.JaJI, H TaM co6paJIHCb BCe, TaK CKa3aTh, nepBbie JIHUa
EBpOIIbl, a IIOCJibl pa3JIH1.JHbiX HapO.UOB OTOBCIO.UY CIIeiiiHJIH K ycJiyraM HMIIepaTopa, IIOCJie.UHHH C HCKJIIOl.JHTeJibHbiM 6JieCKOM, KaK TO H IIOJiafaJIOCb CTOJib
CJiaBHOMy (M~), OTrrpa3.UHOBaJI CBSITyiO pa,llOCTb BocKpeceHHSI fOCIIO.UHero
H BeCb MHp pa,llOBaJICSI BMeCTe C HHM. flOCJie TOfO KaK rrpa3.UHHK flaCXH 6biJI
IIpOBe,lleH C BeJIHKHM JIHKOBaHHeM, OH OTIIpaBHJICSI OTTy.Ua .UaJibiiie H IIpH6biJI
B Mar.ue6ypr, r.ue " rrpoBeJI cBSJ:Thie .UHH TpoHUhi525 y fepo526, 3HaMeHHToro
apxHeiiHCKOIIa 3TOfO ropo.ua, C He MeHblliHM CTpeMJieHHeM K pa,llOCTSIM H .UOCTOHHbiM IIOl.JTeHHeM, HO TaK 6JieCniiUe, KaK TOJibKO MOf. 3aTeM, IIOCeTHB
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CTel.JeHHH Bcero ceHaTa H Hapo.ua ceM:M H cqacTJIHBO npoBeJI cpe.uH ropo.uoB
3TOH rrpOBHHUHH BeCb fO.U, C qapyiOIUeH KpOTOCTbiO JiaCKaSI 6JiaroqecTHBbiX,
C rryraiOIUeH cypOBOCTbiO ycTpaiiiaSI BHHOBHbiX H CO BCeM CTapaHHeM yKpeiiJISISI OTel.JeCTBO. nocJie 3TOfO, IIpH.llSI B XaJih6epiiiTa,llTCKYIO uepKOBb, OH
C .UOCTOHHeHIIIHMH IIOl.JeCTSIMH OTIIpa3.UHOBaJI CBHTOH npa3.UHHK <l>HBaHCKHX
MyqeHHKOB528, B TO BpeMSI KaK eiiHCKOII ApHyJih<f>529 CJIY)I(HJI Meccy. 3aTeM,
IIOCJie BHe3aiiHOfO H HeO)I(H.llaHHO KOpOTKOfO pa3MbiiiiJieHHSI OH, peiiiHB IIO-

.up~eCKH IIOCeTHTb CBOIO IIJieMSIHHHUy, fOCIIO~ A.ueJihreif.uy H OCBSIIUeHHe


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TOM, KaK Be-

JIHKa 6hiJia ITO IIpH6hiTHH HMIIepaTopa-aBryCTa CBHTa 6JiaropO.UHbiX M~eif,


KaK rpaQ>OB, TaK H eiiHCKOIIOB H a66aTOB, KaK rrpe.uynpe.UHTeJibHa 6biJia rrpH
BCTpeqe HMIIepaTOpa KOpOJieBCKaSI .UOl.Jb, CKOJibKO .uyxoBeHCTBa H JIHKYIQIUefO
Hapo.ua BbllliJIO eMy HaBCTpeqy, KaK fOp,lleJIHBO BbiiiiarHBaJia TOJIIIa CBSIIUeHHHKOB, yKpaiiieHHaSI MHCTHl.JeCKHMH H aHreJibCKHMH HapMaMH, KaK MHOfO
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529

26 MapTa 1021 r.
2 anpemi 1021 r.
OH yMep 16 MapTa 1021 r. CM. Bblllle, npHM. 350.
21 MaH 1021 r.
fepo (yM. 1022 r. 22 OKT.) - apxHenHcKon Marne6ypra B I 012-1022 rr.
A.rlblliTe.ll.T- ropon K IOro-socToKy oT 3aHrepxayJeHa.
22 ceHT. 1021 r.
EnHcKon XaJib6eplliTa.ll.Ta. CM. Bhlllle, npHM. 343.

80

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HX neHHe, CKOJib e,llHH006pa3HbiM HX C06paHHe, KaKOBO O,lleSIHHe H KaKOBa
nocrynb, HHKTO He CMO.>KeT nepe,llaTb HH nepOM, HH .>KHBbiM CJIOBOM. t{To MHe
CKa3aTb 0 npHBeTCTBHH no6e,llOHOCHei1:IIIero HMnepaTopa? EMy, CKJIOHHB llleH,
npHCJiyxHBaJOT BCe nOBCa MHpa, H OH no npaBy pa.uyeTCB YMHO.>KeHHOH CJiaBe
B TeM 60JibllleH CTeneHH, lJeM Bblllle npOlJHX H npeBOCXO,llHee BCeX 6Jiaro.uapB
lioxheMy .uapy ero pa.uocTh. Ho, lJT06bi He YTOMJIBTb YIIIH CJIYIIIaTeneH: .llliHTeJihHhiM MHOfOCJIOBHeM, B B HeMHOfHX CJIOBax paCCKaxy, KaK no ero npHKa3y
6biJIO OCyiUeCTBJieHO 3TO CBBTOe OCBBIUeHHe. B 1021 fO.llY OT BOnJIOIUeHHB
focnO,llHB, 4-fO HH,llHKTa, 24 CeHTB6pB, B BOCKpeceHbe, B
ro.u npaBJieHHB rocno.uwHa feHpwxa

II H

13-10 JiyHy,

B 20-H

8-H: ro.u ero HMnepaTopcKoH: onacTH,

B npHCYTCTBHH ero BMeCTe C cynpyroi1:, TO eCTb HMnepaTpHUeH KyHHfYH,llOH,


B co6paHHH enwcKonoo H 3HaTH co ocero KoponeocTBa, ApHyJih<poM, enHCKOnoM Xanb6eplliTa,llTCKOH uepKBH, 6biJI OCBBIUeH 3TOT xpaM H BepXHHH aJITapb
B qecTb CBBTOH H He.uenHMOH TpoHUhi, llpecBBTOH lioropo.uHUhl MapHH,
co. HoaHHa KpecTHTeJIB, co. lleTpa, KHB3B anocTOJIOB, CBBTOro nepBoMytJeHHKa CTeQJaHa, CB .[lHOHHCHB H ero CnYTHHKOB H CBBTOfO HCnOBe,llHHKa
CepBaUHB. B HeM co.uepxanHcb MOIUH CBBToro wcnoBe.UHHKa CepBaUHB,
co. AHacTacHB, co. BHTaJIHB, co. llaHTaneoHa, CBBThiX AKBHJihl H llpHCUHJIJibl, co. HHKOJiaB, naneu CBBToro eoaHrenHcTa MapKa, MOIUH co. llaHKpaTHB, MaopHKHB H ero cnYTHHKOB, co. KnwMeHTa, KopHeJIHB H KHnpHaHa,
co. KaH.llH.lla, CBBToro nanhi H MyqeHHKa CTeQ>aHa, CBBTOro MyqeHHKa BHTa,
CBBToH: .ueBbi IOcTbi, co. BaneHTHHa, CBBToro MyqeHHKa HoaHHa, CBBToro
nanbl H MYlJeHHKa AJieKCaH,llpa H MHOfHX ,llpYfHX CBBTbiX.
AJITapb B cepe.UHHe uepKBH 6biJI OCBBIUeH fepo, apXHenHCKOnOM Mar.ue6yprCKHM, B lJeCTb CBBTOfO H no6e,llOHOCHeHIIIero KpecTa, a TaK.>Ke CBBTbiX
MyqeHHKOB, 6paTbeB JlaBpeHTHB H flepreHTHHa, CBBTbiX JlaopeHTHB H BHHueHTHB, co. linaJHB, co. XpwcToQ>opa, CBBToro MyqeHHKa 3pa3Ma, CBBTbiX
Ko3hMbi H .[laMHaHa, co. KliHMeHTa, co. MaopHKHB H ero cnYTHHKOB. B 3TOM
aJITape CO,llep.>KHTCB ,llpeBO CBBTOfO KpecTa H TepHOBbiH BeHeU. B HeM .>Ke CO.uep.>KaTCB MOIUH CBBTbiX MyqeHHKOB JlaBpeHTHB H llepreHTHHa, CB. MaBpHKHB
H ero CnYTHHKOB, CB. BHTaJIHB, CB. feoprHB, CB. BHHUeHTHB, CB. oJia3HB,
co. <I>a6HaHa H Ce6acTbBHa, co. XpwcToQ>opa, CBBTbiX Ko3bMbi H .[laMHaHa,
CB. EBCTaXHB, CB. KBHHTHHa, CBBTOfO HCnOBe,llHHKa JIH60pHB.
IO.>KHhiH aJITaph 6biJI ocBBIUeH Mei1HBepKoM, enHcKonoM lla.uep6opHa,
B lJeCTb CBSITOfO JIH60pHB, BCeX CBBTbiX H H36paHHHKOB DO.>KbHX, BHKTOpa,
KaH.uw.ua, 3KcynepHSI H .upyrwx cnYTHHKOB co. MaopHKHB, co. HnnonwTa, CB. llaHTaJieOHa, CB. KHpHaKa, CB. A,llpHaHa H OlJeHb MHOfHX .llPYfHX
CBBTbiX.
CeoepHbiH anTapb 6biJI ocBBIUeH 3HllbBap.uoM, enHcKonoM MeH:ceHCKHM,
B lJeCTb CBBTOfO anOCTOJia BapQJOJIOMeB, a TaK.>Ke BCeX anOCTOJIOB, eBaHreJIHC-

81

AHHanbl

TOB H yqeHHKOB fOCIIO.UHHX. 8 3TOM a.riTape CO.Uep)l(aTC.H MOIUH CB.HTOfO KHSI3.H


aiiOCTOJIOB fleTpa, CB. flaBJia, CB. AH.llpe.H, CB. 5J.KOBa, CB. <l>OMbl, CB. Bap<f>oJIOMe.H, cs. <l>HJiwrrrra, ca. MaT<f>e, CB.HTbiX CwMoHa H Hy.uhl, cs. BapHaBbi,
CB. BwTa, CBToro esaHreJIHCTa MapKa.
B Jarra.uHoti qacTH IO)I(HOro aJITap B qecTh CBToro PeMHrH, CBSIToro
MyqeHHKa KHpwaKa H ero CIIYTHHKOB, CBToro rrarrhi H MyqeHHKa CHKCTa,
cBThiX HoaHHa H flaBJia, tieTblpex KopoHoBaHHbiX cBThiX, cs. ooHw<f>auw
H ero CIIYTHHKOB, CB. KHJIHaHa H ero CIIYTHHKOB, CB.HTOfO My<IeHHKa )loHaTa,
CBToro MyqeHHKa BeHuecJiaBa, CBToro rrarrbi AHacTacw, cs. 11HHOKeHTH,
CB.HTOfO My<IeHHKa MarHa, CB.HTOfO MyqeHHKa JlaM6epTa, CB.HTOfO HCIIOBe.UHHKa MarHa, cs. YJibpwxa, cs. CwKcTa, ca. ApHyJibQ>a, cs. Meti:HyJib<f>a,
CB. fYH.llYJib<f>a, CB. JlHYTrepa, CB.HTOfO MyqeHHKa 8HK6epTa, CB. MaKCHMHHa,
cs. BaJiepH.H, CB. EsxapH.H, CB. JliO.UOBHKa, CB. flaBJIHHa TpwpcKoro, CB. flaBJIHHa, errwcKorra ropo.ua HoJibi, KOTOpbiH rrpe.uaJI ce6 B pa6cTBO Ja CbiHa B.llOBbi,
ca. 3TeJib6epTa, CBToro wcrrose.uHHKa MapTHHa, CB. MeTpoHa, CB. 3eHoHa.
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Az:lyJih<f>a, CBToro wcrroBe.UHHKa fepMaHa, cBThiX .ues H3 KeJihHa.
B Jarra.uHoti qacTH cesepHoro aJITap B qecTh CB.HTbiX .ues, CBToti CTe<f>aHbi, JiaspeHTHH, IOcTbi, fly3HHHbi, CBToti UeUHJIHH, CBToti fleTpoHeJIJibi,
CB. fepTpy.Uhi, CB. 8aJib6yprw, CB. ArHeCCbi, CB. AraQ>bH, CB. TeKJibl, CB. Bapsapbl, cs. A<f>pbi, cBThix .uea KeJibHCKHx, cBToti Mapww Mar.uaJIHHhi, cBToti
MapHH 30CHMbl, CB. <l>eJIHUHTbl H CeMH ee CbiHOBeti, CB.HTOH 0.UHJIJIHH, CB.HTOH
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CB.HTOH Ara<f>bH, CB.HTOH BaJih6yprw, CB.HTOH MaprapHTbl, CB.HTOH JlyUHH,
cBToti IOJIHaHbi, CBToti KoJI)'M6aHbi, CBToti UeuHJIHH, CBSIToti Co<f>hw,
CB.HTOH <l>eJIHUHTbl, CB.HTOH AQ>pbl, CB.HTOH flpaKCe.Ubi, CB.HTOH fepTpy.Ubl.
3aTeM, IIOCJie TOfO KaK KOpOJieBCKHH .llBOpeu 6biJI IIOtiTHTeJibHO IIO.ll.llep)l(aH .uparoueHHbiMH MOIUaMH, Bbl.llaiOIUHHC.H pHMCKHH HMIIepaTop B rrpHCYTCTBHH csoeti cyrrpyrw, HMrrepaTpHUbi KYHHfYH.llbi, H KopoJieBcKoro qa.ua,
TO ecTb rocrro)I(H Az:leJihreti.ubi, KOTopa CtiHTaeTc YKParneHHeM CB.HTbiX .ues,
a TaK)I(e ee ceCTpbl CoQ>bH H BCeti 3HaTH KOPOJieBCTBa, c o6mero comaCHSI
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530

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Ha cepau,e lle/loBeKy, HO 11mo npuzomoBwz Eoz AJ06RUJ,UM Ezo532.


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S '-laeTO ynOMHHaeMOe Sblllie MeeTO KOpOJieSeTSa nO.ll. Ha3SaHHeM ArrblliTe.ll.T
H, noeJie TOfO KaK TaM eo6paJIHeb nepSbie JIHUa fepMaHHH, KaK TOfO Tpe6oSaJI HMnepaTopeKH:H npHKa3, nposeJI sHyrnHTeJihHhi:H ee:HM. MY.ll.PO yJianHs
roey.ll.apeTBeHHbie .ll.eJia, KaK yqHJio yeep.ll.He ero npoHHUaTeJihHoro YMa, OH
ssepHJI ee6SI H see esoe 30JIOTOH sepHOeTH eaKeOS H HX TSep.ll.biM, KaK eKaJibl
eep.ll.UaM, S KOTOpbiX OTUhl, TO eeTb seHUeHOeHbie HMnepaTOpbl, npaSHSlliHe,
no6e)l(.lJ.aH, H noseJieSaSlliHe, nJIO.ll.OTSOpHO ynpaBJIH.H, 3aJIO)I(HJilf npO'-IHeHIIIHH HKOpb Ha.ll.e)l(.lJ.hi; Ha3biSaH ero onopo:H roey.ll.apeTsa, n03.lJ.pasJIHH KaK
Sbi.ll.aJOIUeeeSI yKpenJieHHe, npHSeTeTSY.H KaK eJiaSHOrO nOTOMKa HeeyiUHX
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HHKOMY He OT.ll.asaTb npe.ll.nO'-ITeHHe, KPOMe .Dora Hero YBeH'-IaHHoro .ll.Ha.ll.eMo:H
po.ll.eTseHHHKa. C.ll.eJias :no, OH, noeKOJihKY Toro Tpe6osaJIH o6eTO.HTeJibeTsa
H TOfO )l(e eTpaeTHO .ll.06HSaJIHeb SeJibMO)I(lf, Ha'-laJI eso:H nYTh '-1epe3 HenpoXO.ll.HMbie Arrhnhi. Koma HX TPY.ll.HOeTH 6hiJIH npeO.ll.OJieHhi, OH, no6e)l(.lJ.a.H,
ynpaBJIHH H noseJiesaH, nporneJI qepe3 see nposHHUHH :no:H eTpaHbi H no
HMnepaTopeKoMy o6hi'-IaJO nbilliHO H BJiaeTHo nposeJI Po)l(.lJ.eeTso foenO.ll.He
B HTaJibHHeKHX npe.ll.eJiax533.

I 022 r. noeJie :noro, nepexo.ll.H e MeeTa Ha MeeTo, oH npHseJI 6oesbie


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soeeTaJIH npOTHB KOpOJieBeKOH SJiaeTH; nyeTh B pe3yJihTaTe .ll.JlHTeJibHOH
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no o6bi'-IaJO .ll.e.ll.OS H npa.ll.e.ll.OS, KopoJie:H, O.ll.OJies ero, oH seJieJI TaKoro
po.ll.a )l(lfTeJie:H JIH6o npe.ll.asaTb eMepTH, JIH6o 6paTb s nJieH H panosaJie.H,
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MeHee He S03fOP.ll.HSlliHeb OT 3THX yenexos, H60 6biJI O.ll.apeH yqeHOeThiO
H My.ll.pOeThiO DO)I(be:H, OH npHnHeaJI 3Ty no6e.ll.y He ee6e, HO DO)I(be:H JII06SH
H 3aeJiyraM nanhi H noenernHJI K SbieOTaM pHMeKoro npeeTOJia, eMHpeHHbiH
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532
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83

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He Cl.JI1TaH Tex, Koro eMy nocTaBJIHJia no nYT11 MaTh Espana, .LJ.06pa.rrcH .LJ.O
repMaHCK11X npe.LJ.eJIOB; B CKOpOM BpeMeH11 OH npOBeJI B 3ana.LJ.HhiX 3eMJIHX
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540

7 ceHT. 1023 r. CM. BbiUie, npHM. 343.

O'leBH.U.HO, TO)I{)leCTBeH fepMaHy, npwopy XaJib6epUITaLITa 11 6y.uYUJeMy apxwenHcKony


faM6ypra-6peMeHa (a 1032-1035).
542 QqeaH.U.HO, TO)I{)leCTBeH KaMepapHJO <l>pH.U.pHxy, KOToporo ynoMHHaeT THTMap (XpoHHKa, VIII, l) npw JaKJIJO'IeHHH MHpa a 6ayueue a HHBape 1018 r.
543 JlaKyHa npHMepHO B 18 6)'KB.
544 JlaKYHa npHMepHO B 24 6)'KBbl.
545 JlaKyHa npHMepHo a II 6yKB.
546 22 oKT. I 022 r. CM. BbiUie, npHM. 526.
547 24 HOH6pH 1023 r. CM. BbiUie, npHM. 481.
548 6epHrap.u (yM. 1023 r. 13 aarycTa)- enHcKon 0Jib.UeH6ypra (a ue MeKJieH6ypra)
B 1014-1023 rr.
549 8 aarycTa 1023 r. CM. BbiUie, npHM. 492.
541

85

AHHanbl

)I(Jf3HM yniJIO eTOJibKO BM)lHbiX HaeTaBHMKOB eBHTOH uepKBM 11 HMnepaTOpaBryeT feHpMx yJHaJI o eTOJih TIDKKOH YTPaTe, oH, eTpa,uaH He yMepeHHO, HO
ropbKO 11 TIDKKO, KaKoe-To BpeMH xo.uHJI B nel.JaJIH no 3TMM JeMJIHM. Me)I(Jly
TeM OH, KaK 11 nOJIO:>KeHO, e KOpOJieBeKOH eBHTOH OTnpaBHJieH B oaM6epr,
1.JT06hi e .uoeTOHHhiM nol.JTeHMeM OTnpa3.LJ.HOBaTb TaM npa3.LJ.HHK Po)I(JleeTBa
foeno.uHero; TaM K HeM}' MaeeaMH npH6hiBaJIH ToJinhi mo.uew, JIHUieHHhiX Toro
HJIM HHOfO enHeKOTia, Ka)I(JlaH .Ll.O rny6MHbl .LJ.YlliH nopa:>KeHHaH eMepTbiO eBoero
naeTbipH. Bee B 6oH3JIHBOM eoMHeHHH 11 TpeBore O)I(M)laJIM, l.JheMy nonel.JeHHJO
OHM 6y.LJ.YT nepe.LJ.aHbl HMnepaTopeKOH BJiaeTbiO. 0.uHaKO, HMnepaTOp, o6ey.LJ.HB
peUieHHe 0 Ha3Hal.JeHMHX e TeMH, l.JbM eoBeThl el.JHTaJI HaH60Jiee .LJ.eJibHbiMH,
peUIHJieH HaJHal.JHTh npeeMHMKOM apxMenHeKona fepo XyH<J>pM.uasso. B TOT
:>Ke .LJ.eHb opaHTar551, Ha,LJ,eJieHHbiH paHee <l>yJib.LJ.eHeKHM a66aTeTBOM, eTaJI
npeeMHHKOM enMeKOTia ApHyJih<J>a 11, KaK nOJIO:>KeHO, B03Be.LJ.eH B eBHlUeHHblH
eaH. Xy6epT552, MY:>K BeJIMl.JaHUiero Tpy.uonJ06HH, nonyqHJI npaBa enHeKona
BMeeTo enMeKona 3HJibBap.ua. XH3a553, PYKOnono:>KeHHhiH B eBHlUeHHhiH eaH,
JaHHJI MeeTO 3KXap.ua, enMeKona fipa:>KeKOH uepKBH. 01.JeHh MHOfHe .upyme
TaK:>Ke 6biJIM pyKOnOJIO:>KeHhl B 3TO 3BaHMe, H eBHTaH uepKOBb .Ll.O eHX nop
OnHpaeTeH Ha HHX e Y.Ll.HBHTeJibHOH TBep.uoeTbJO; HO nOHMeHHO nepel.JHeJIHTb
HX 6y.ueT, Ka:>KeTeH, eJIMlliKOM .LJ.OJifO.

1024 f.

fioeJie 3TOfO MMnepaTOp, Myl.JaHeb pa3HbiMH 60JIHMH, H3-3a

qaeTOfO He.LJ.OMOfaHHH Ha.LJ.OJifO Ja.uep:>KaJieH B 3TOM MeeTe554, H, TOJibKO


BOeeTaHOBMB .Ll.YllleBHbie eMJibl noeJie rpy3a eTOJib TH:>KKOH 6oJie3HH, peUIHJI
eneUIHbiM MapUieM, Ja,LJ,YMaJI, -

Ha,LJ,eHeb, l.JTO, MO:>KeT 6biTb, HenOJIHHTeH TO, l.JTO OH

M.LJ.TM B Mar.ue6ypr. HaKoHeu, noene .Ll.JIHTeJihHhiX pa3MhiUIJieHHH

oH, npeo.uoneB Tpy.uHoeTM TH:>Kenoro nYTM, Top:>KeeTBeHHO npoBen Bep6Hoe


BoeKpeeeHbe555 B MeeTe no.u HaJBaHHeM AnhlliTe.LJ.T; .ueHb npHMHpeHHH,
a TaK:>Ke Beqep!O foenO.LJ.H10556 H eBHTOH fiHTOK557 OH e 6JieeKOM OTnpa3.LJ.HOBaJI B HMeH6ypre B OKpY:>KeHHH JIHlllb He60JiblliOH eBHTbl, Y.Ll.aJIHB OT ee6H
HBHBUiyJOeH K HeMy Tonny, 1160 eMy HeJ.uopoBHJIOeb. B CBHTYJO Cy66oTy OH
BMeeTe e eOJBaHHbiM eoeTaBOM eeHaTa 11 B eonpOBO)I(JleHHH eBOeH eynpyrH
KyHHryH.LJ.hi npH6biJI B Mar.ue6ypr. PaeeKaJbiBaTb no nopH.LJ.Ky, KaKHM o6pa3oM Bee 6biJIO yeTpOeHO npH BeTpeqe HMnepaTopeKOfO BeJIHl.JeeTBa, 6hiJIO
6hi eJIMlliKOM .LJ.OJifO. O.uHaKO, BepHeMeH K TeMe. noene TOro KaK pa,uoeTb

550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557

XyH<f>PH.U (yM. 1051 r. 28 <f>esp.)- apxHenHcKon Mame6ypra B 1023-1051 rr.


6paHTar II (yM. I 036 r. 27 asr.) - a66aT <l>yllhllhl s I 0 Il-l 013 rr.; enHcKon Xanb6eplllTallTa B 1023-1036 rr.
Xy6epT (yM. 1024 r. 27 Mapm)- enHcKon Mei1ceHa B 1023-1024 rr.
XH3a (l1uuo) (yM. 1030 r. 30 HHB.)- enHcKon OpiDKCKHH B 1023-1030 rr.
T. e. s 6aM6epre.
29 MapTa I024 r.
2 anpenH.
3 anpenH.

86

BocKpeceHHSI focno.uHero558 6hiJia oTnpa3.LJ.HOBaHa c TOp)f(eCTBeHHhiMH noqecTSIMH, enwcKon 3Toro ropo.ua me.upo o.uapHJI HMnepaTopa-asrycTa pa3JIH'IHhiMH
TIO.LJ.apKaMH B 30JIOTe H IUeJIKaX, TIOCJie qero TOT peiUHJI H.LJ.TM B XaJib6epiUTa.LJ.TCicylO MHTpOTIOJIHlO. 0 TOM, KaKHe CJiaBHbie H MeJIO.LJ.H'IHbie neCHM neJIH
BOHHbl CBSITOfO CTecf>aHa, BO.Ll.HBIUHe XOpOBO.Ll., COfJiaCHO npe.LJ.TIHCaHHSIM
csoero ycTasa, c KaKHM JIHKOBaHHeM BhiiiiJIH OHH HascTpe'ly ue3ap10-asrycry
H npH6biBllleMy KOpOJieBCKOMY .LJ.BOpy, .LJ.aJiee, C KaKHM ycep.uHeM CJiaBHbie
seJibMO)f(H, cJI~HBlllHe nepsoMyqeHHKY CTect>aHy s KaqecTse pbiUapeif, 6biJIH fOTOBbl yCJI~HTb no6e.LJ.OHOCHeifllleMy HMnepaTopy feHpHxy B H306HJIHH
pa3Hoo6pa3HhiX 6oraTCTB, H KaKaSI Y.LJ.HBHTeJibHaSI npeJieCTh 3aKJIIO'IaJiacb
B .uapax H3 30JIOTa H .uparoueHHbiX KaMHeH, KOTOpbie 6biJIH no.uapeHbl TaM
CaMHM HMTiepaTOpCKMM BeJIH'IeCTBOM, HeJib3SI HH npe.LJ.CTaBHTb 'leJIOBe'leCKMM
pa3yMOM, HH H306pa3HTb Ha 6yMare. l..JTO )f(e .LJ.aJiee? flo.uaBHB yrplOMOCTb,
HMTiepaTOp TipH6biJI B fOCJiap H, npOBe.LJ.SI TaM .LJ.eCSITb .LJ.HeH, TOp)f(eCTBeHHO
nocnelllHJI s HeKoe MecTo no.u Ha3BaHHeM fpoHe, r.ue .uoJiroe spe~ cTpa.uaJI OT
.LJ.JIHTeJihHOfO He.uyra. HaKOHeU, HCTIHB 'lalllY ropbKOH CMepTH, npHHSITYIQ MM
B Ka'leCTBe BeJIH'IaHlUero .uapa AnoJIJIOHa, OH pa3pelllHJICSI OT TIJIOTH H BOllleJI
B He6eCHbie qepTom559, 3aTeM, TIO.LJ. )f(aJI06Hbie CTeHaHHSI, B COTipOBO)!(.LJ.eHHH
HeBepmiTHO 60JiblllOH TOJITibl, OH 6biJI nepeHeCeH B oaM6eprCKHH 3aMOK
COfJiaCHO CBOeMy C06CTBeHHOMY pellleHMlO, H, .LJ.OCTOHHbiH Be'IHOH Tie'laJIH,
C BeJIHKHMH TIO'IeCTSIMH, TIO.LJ. TIJiaq H CJie3bl 6biJI npe.uaH 3eMJie TOT, KTO TipH
)f(H3HH 6hiJI seJIH'IaHlllHM YTellleHHeM CBSITOH uepKBH. Kor.ua )f(e B cKopoM
speMeHH cocTOSIJIOCh 3ace.uaHHe scero ceHaTa, KoHpa.u560, npowcxo.LJ.MBlliHH
H3 CJiaBHOfO KOpOJieBCKOfO po.ua, 6biJI H36paH Ha UapCTBO, TIOMa3aH apXMeTIHCKOTIOM MaifHUCKOH uepKBH Apw6o56I M KopoHosaH. CnycTSI HecKOJihKO
.LJ.Heif fH3eJia562, ~e .uasHo H36paHHaSI He6oM, no npHKa3y M npwmallleHHIO
KOPOJISI, KOTOphiH ocTaBaJICSI TaM, npw6hma s MaifHU M B npwcyTCTBMM
HMnepaTpHUhi KyHHfYH.LJ.hi, KOTopaSI, KaK 6biJIO cKa3aHo, .uocTOHHO pyKoso.LJ.HJia BCeM, 'ITO KaCaJIOCb 3TOfO .LJ.eJia, TipH 60JiblllOM C06paHMH .LJ.YXOBeHCTBa
H CeHaTa 6biJia C KOpOJieBCKHMH TIO'IeCTSIMH TIOCBSIIUeHa H KOpOHOBaHa
Ha3BaHHbiM eTIHCKOTIOM. 0TnpaBHBlllHCb OTry.LJ.a .LJ.aJibllle, KOpOJib B COTipOBO)!(.LJ.eHHH KOpOJieBbl TipH6biJI B HHMBereH H, np06biB TaM KaKoe-TO BpeMSI,
a BTIOCJie.LJ.CTBHH 060H.Ll.SI 3aTia.LJ.Hbie 3eMJIH, BCTynHJI B 3HaMeHHTbiH Bpe.LJ.eH;
TaM HaBCTpeqy eMy, Pa.LJ.YSICb, BbllliJIH MMTiepaTOpCKHe .LJ.O'IepH H CeCTpbl, TO

558
559
560

561
562

5 an penS! I024 r.
feHpHx I I yMep 13 HJOJTSI I024 r. s fpoHe.
KoHpan II (p. 990 r. yM. 1039 r. 4 HJOHSI) - ChiH feHpHxa, rpa1a lllnewepa, npasHyK
KoHpana PhDKero H JlHyrrap.nhi, .noqepH OrroHa I; Koponh c 4 ceHT. 1024 r.; HMnepaTop c 26 MapTa 1027 r.
ApH6o (yM. 1031 r. 6 anp.)- apxHenHcKon MaiiHua B 1021-1031 rr.
fHJena (yM. 1043 r. 14 HJTH 15 Q>esp.)- .no'lb fepMaHa II, repuora lllsa6HH, H fep6epm
oypryH.llCKOH. c 1016 r.- 33M}')KeM 33 KoHpa,nOM II (:no 6b!Jl ee TpeTHH 6paK).
87

AHHanbl

ecTb Co<f>bH 11 A.nenhreH.ua, 11, pa,uyHch eme 6oJihllle, npHHHJIH o6owx, KaK
TOfO Tpe60BaJIH Y3bl pO,UCT8a. Orry,na npH,UH 8 .[lOPTMYHJl, OHH, nocJie TOfO
KaK TaM C06paJIHCb 3ana,rr,Hble enHCKOnbi H 8eJibMO)I{H, npo8eJIH TaM KaKoe-TO
8peMH. 3aTeM OHH npH6biJIH 8 ropo,ne MHH,UeH, qT06bi OTnpa3,UH08aTb TaM
npa3.UHHK Po)l()leCT8a focno.uHero.

1025 r.

EorOHBJieHHe563 OHH TopxecTBeHHO npo8eJIH 8 nauep6opHe; [KO-

pOJib] npHHHJI TaM MHOXeCTBO pellleHHit 11TaK, npeHe6peraH 8CHKOH 3a,uepxKOH, OH OTnpa8HJICH .UaJibllle H cnelliHO npH6biJI 8 cJia8HOe YKPallleHHe C8HTbiX
.ue8 Kse,UJIHH6yprcKYJO MHTpononmo. YH.uH orry.ua, a 3aTeM c 8eJiwqaiilliHM
ycep.uweM npo8e,UH 8 cTeHax Mar.ue6yprcKoro rpaua oqwmeHHe llpec8HTOH
Mapww564, OH c pa,uocTbiO 8CTynHJI 8 Mep3e6ypr. 0Tnpa8HBlliHCb orry.ua
.UaJibllle no ropo,UaM H MeCTaM pa3HbiX np08HHUHH, OH no,nqHHHJI no8eJieHHHM
C8oeii BJiaCTH nJieMeHHbie 3eMJIH.
Y.UH8HTeJibHoe H 8eChMa cTpaHHoe llJlH HalliHX 8peMeH co6biTHe npoH30lllJIO 4 <f>e8paJIH; TaK, COJIHI..J;e, BJieKOMOe qeTblpbMH KBa,upHraMH, 3anOJIHHJIO
Y.UH8HTeJibHOH HpKOCTbiO CBOero CHHHHH u;eHTpaJibHyiO qacTb He6a, a 3aTeM,
Ka3aJIOCb, 8He3anHO 3aCHHJIO no.u TpOHHOH <f>Hrypoii; n03,UHee 3TO Y.UH8HTeJibHOe 3HaMeHHe 6biJIO .UOKa3aHO nocJie.UyiOIUHM XO.UOM C06biTHH.
llpa3.UHHK BocKpeceHHH focno.uHero565 KopoJib co6pancH TopxecTseHHO,
c nacXaJibHOH pa,rr,OCTbiO OTnpa3,UH08aTb 8 ropo.ue Ayrc6ypre.
B 3TOM ro.uy 6biJI rono.u, H MHorwe MecTa nom6JIH s pe3yJibTaTe noxapa.
EonecJia8, KIDI3b llOJiblliH, Y3HaB o cMepTH HMnepaTopa-a8rycTa feHpwxa,
o6pa,rr,08aJICH ,UO fJiy6HHbl .UYlliH H npeHCnOJIHHJICH H,UOM rop,UbiHH HaCTOJibKO,
qTo 6e3paccy,nHo npHHHJI noMa3aHHe H B03JIOXHJI Ha ce6H KopoHy. Ho Ja 3TY
HamocTb H .uep30CTb ero .UYlliH 8CKope nocne,no8ana DO)KbH Kapa. 116o 8 cKopoM 8peMeHH ero TaKXe nOCTHf neqaJibHbiH CMePTHbiH npHro8op566. lloCJie Hero
MeiiiKO, ero cTapiiiHH no po)l()leHHIO CbiH, oxsaqeHHbiH He MeHbllleii rop.UbiHeii, pa3JIHJI HU 8biCOKOMepHH 8lliHpb H 8.UaJib. A KopoJib, yna,rr,H8 8 CaKCOHHH
HeOTJIOXHbie ,neJia, 8CTynHJI 80 <J>paHKOHHIO H no KOpOJie8CKOMY 06bJqaJO
oTnpa3.UH08aJI llacxy s Ayrc6ypre, a Manoe speMH cnycTH npH6biJI 8 Tpw6yp,
C06HpaHCb H,UTH 8 11TaJIHIO pa,rr,H o6peTeHHH HMnepaTOpCKOfO ,UOCTOHHCT8a
H u;apCKOH BJiaCTH Ha,u pHMJIHHaMH; TaM npH 60JiblliOM CTeqeHHH Hapo,na OH
CaMbiM MY.UPbiM o6pa30M yJia,rr,HJI .UeJia H 8 conp080)I()leHHH KOpOJie8bl OTnpaBHJICH B HaMeqeHHhiH noxo.u. C8oJO e.uHHCT8eHHyiO H 8eCbMa JIJ06HMYJO .uoqb567
OH nepe,naJI Ha 80CnHTaHHe 803JII06JieHHOH H YCbiHOBJieHHOH HM cecTpbi, TO
ecTh a66aTHCbi A.nenhreii.uhi. BcKope, y6e.UH8lliHCh 8 npH6hiTHH rocnoxw
EeaTpHcbl, Ha3BaHHaH a66aTwca HMnepaTopcKoro po.ua 8MecTe co C80HMH
563
564
565
566
567

6 SIHBapSI I025 r. O.nHaKO, B 3TOT .neHb KoHpa.n II 6biJI He B na.nep6opHe, a B Kopsee.


2 <J>eBpaJISI I025 r.
18 anpenSI I025 r.
17 JiiiOHSI I025 r.
EeaTPHcy.

88

KseAfllt1H6yprcKit1e aHHanbl
JIIO)lbMI1 BbilliJia eJi HaBCTpeqy B )lp106eK 11, pa.ay.HCb, IIpi1BeJia ee C C060H
s KBeJJ.JII1H6yprcKYJO MI1TpOIIOJII1JO. PaccKa3aTb o TOM, c KaKHMI1 rroqecT.HMI1,
KaK TO 11 IIOJIO.>KeHO KOpOJieBCKOMY l.Ja)ly, C KaKOH JII060Bbl0 11 3a60TOH OHa
6biJia IIpi1H.HTa 11 BIIOCJie)lCTBI111 BOCIII1TaHa e10, a TaK.>Ke CB.HTbiMI1 )leBaMI1,
0611TaBllli1MI1 B yrrOM.HHYTOM Bblllle MeCTe, 11 BCeMI1 ee IIO.ll.llaHHbiMI1, a TaK.>Ke
0 TOM, C KaKI1M ycrreXOM OHa C Ka.>K)lbiM fO)lOM COBepllleHCTBOBaJiaCh B Hpasax,
CJIOBaX 11 IIOCTyiiKaX, He XBaTI1T H11 YMeHI151, H11 KpaCHOpel.JI151. 1160 C KaKOH
IIOXBaJIOH 5I )lOJI.>KeH yrroM.HHYTh 0 TOM, l.JTO OHa, rrepsa.H cpe.a11 .

AnbTaMXCKMe aHHanbl

4aCTb nepaaR,
HanMcaHHaR Bonb~xepMeM M3 XMnbAecxaMMa.
A. AHHanbl, Bbl6paHHble AaeHTMHOM.

708 r. llpaBHT llHnHHI. KeHpe.n2, KopoJih BpHTaHHH, H.neT B PHM "cTaHOBHTCH TaM MOHaXOM.
709 r. [fo.n) cypOBbiH H CKY.UHbiH nno.naMH.
710 f. flHnHH (OTnpaBHJICH) B A.JiaMaHHHIO.
711 f. lJpe3MepHOe pa3JIHTHe BOll.
712 r. CMepTb XepH6epTa3, KopoJIH JiaHro6ap.nos.
715 r. YMep KopoJib ,llaro6ep-r4.
718 r. Kapn onycTOrnaeT CaKcOHHIO seJIHKHM paJopeHHeM.
719 r. YMep KopoJib PaT6o,n5. <l>paHKH no6e)KJleHbi y CyaccoHa.
720 f. KapJI cpiDKaJICH npOTHB CaKCOB.
722 r. BeJIHKOe H306HJIHe Ha npoTH)I(eHHH ro.na.
723 r. ,llBa CbiHa ,llporo6 CBH3aHhl, O,UHH7 (H3 HHX) YMep; KapJI8 3a6oJieJI.
727 r. YMep cBHTOH 3K6epT9.
732 r. KapJI cpa)l(aJICH npoTHB capauHH B cy66oTHHH .neHbiO.
733 r. ConHeqHoe JaTMeHHe II.
734 r. KapJI OTnpasHJicH so <l>pH3HJO.
735 r. OH onycTOrnaeT facKOHh. YMep 6e.nal2.
736 r. Haqano Xepcct>enh.ncKoro MOHaCTbipHIJ.
737 r. Kapn cpiDKaJICH npoTHB capaUHH B foTHHI4.
2
3
4
5
6

7
8
9
10
II
12
13
14

TiunHH II fepHCTaJibCKHH- MIDKop.uoM B 687-714 rr.


KeHpe.u - KopoJib Mepcuu B 704-709 rr.
Xapu6epT II - KopoJib naHro6ap.uos B 701-712 rr.
)larofiePT Ill- KOpOJib <J>paHKOB B 7ll-715/716 rr.
PaT6o.u (yM. 719 r.) 6biJI repuoroM <J>puJos.
)lporo (YM. 708 r.) - repuor lllaMnaHH; CbiH TiunuHa II fepHCTaJibCKOro.
ApHyJib<l> (ApHOJibJl).
Kapn MaPTeJIJI- HeJaKoHHbiH CbiH TiunHHa II fepHCTaJibCKoro; MIDKop.uoM B 715741 rr.
YMep 24 anpem1 729 r.
Pe'lb HJlth o 6HTBe npu TiyaTbe B OKTH6pe 732 r.
14 asrycTa 733 r.
Ee.ua)locTono'ITeHHbiH, asTop l.l,epKOBHOH HCTOPHH aHrJIOB 11 .up. npouJse.ueHHH,
)'Mep 26 MaH 735 r.
B 3TOM ro.uy lllTYPM, a66aT <l>yJib.llbl B 744-779 rr., OCHOBaJI 3JleCb TOJibKO OJlHY KeJibiO;
MOHaCTblpb )({e fibiJI OCHOBaH B 769/775 f. apxuenHCKOllOM MauHUCKHM JlyJIJIOM.
CenTHMaHHH.

90

AnbTaiiiXCKI!Ie aHHaJlbl

738 r.
739 r.
740 r.
741 r.

KapJI onycTOrnaeT CaKcOHHIO.


KapJI BTOprcH 8 nposaHC .no caMOH MaccHJIHHI5,
[fo.n) 6e3 BCHKOH BpiDK,llbi.
Po.nHJicH TaccHJioHI6. MoHaCThlpb B AIIbTaifxe nocTpoeH 6o)l(ecTseHHhiM MaspHKHeM.
742 r. Po.nHJicH KapJI BeJIHKHifl7.
743 r. KapJIOMaHI8 H nHnHHI9 cpa)l(aJOTCH c 0.nHJio20 Ha Jlexe.
746 r. 6ypxap,n21 cTaHOBHTCH enHcKonoM BIOpu6yprcKHM.
747 r. KapJioMaH, OTnpaBHBIIIHCb B PHM, ocTaBHJI KopoJiescTBO 6paTy22.
AHcnepT H3 po,na ceHaTOpOB )l(eHHJICH Ha ,UO'IepH XrroTapH no HMeHH
fiJIHTXHJib,Ua H pO,UHJI OT Hee:
a) ApHOJiblla; TOT po.nHJI ApHyJih<!>a, ApHyJihlP po.nHJI enHcKona <I>Jio.noJih<t>a H AHXH3a, a TOT - nHnHHa;
6) <l>epHoJia; <l>epHOJI, enHCKon B ropo.ne 10Jec23, 6biJI JaMyqeH TaM
H norpe6eH;
s) Mo.nepHKa; 3TOT enHcKon norpe6eH s XapH3HH24;
r) <l>apCHilHIO; OHa 6biJia CBHTOH .neBOH B ropo,ne Po.ne3e25,
748 r. fpHlPOH26 6e)I(HT B CaKCOHHIO; c6e)l((l8 (TaK)I(e H) orry,na, OH OTnpaBHJICH K 6asapaM H .U06biJI XHJibTPY.UY, ceCTPY nHnHHa, BMecTe C ee MaJIOJieTHHM ChiHOM TaccHJIOHOM.
749 r. fpH<!>oH sepHyJicH HJ CaKcOHHH.
750 r. nHnHH CTaHOBHTCH KOPOJieM. npHXO,Ubl BasapHH paJ.neJieHbl c corJiaCHH O.nHJio H no npHKaJy 3axapHH27: BHBHJIO CTaJI enHcKonoM naccay,
.HoaHH - 3aJibll6ypra, raH:6aJibT - PereHc6ypra, 3pM6epT - <l>peH3HHra,
15

16
17
18

19

20
21

22
23
24
25
26

27

Hb!He- Mapcerrb.
TaccHJioH III (yM. nocne 794 r.)- repuor EasapHH s 748-788 rr.
Kapn BenHKHi.f (p. 742 r. 2 anp. YM 814 r. 28 .IIHB.)- Koponh <lJpaHKOB s 768-814 rr.;
HMnepaTOp c 800 r.
KapnoMaH (yM. 754 r. 17 asr.)- cTapwHi.f ChiH Kapna MapTeJIJia; MWKOP.llOM B 741747 rr.
OHnHH III KopoTKHi.f (p. 714 r. yM. 768 r. 24 ceHT.)- 2-i.f ChiH Kapna MapTeJIJia;
M!l)I(Op,llOM B 741-751 rr., KOpOJib <lJpaHKOB B 751-768 rr.
O.llHJIO- repuor EasapHH s 736-748 rr.
6ypxap.11 I (yM. 753 r. 2 <tJesp.)- enHcKon 810pu6ypra s 741-753 rr.
TaK KaK caM noCTPHfC.II s MOHaxH.
IOJec - ropo.11 Ha 10re <l>paHUHH, Me)l(,.lly ABHHbOHOM H AJiecoM.
8 reHeanorHH .llOMa KapOJIHHroo, OTKY.lla BJ.IIT 3TOT oTphiBOK, J.lleCb YKaJaH ApHJH.llHi.f, cosp. ApcaT Ha 10re <l>paHUHH.
Po.11eJ- ropo.11, CTOJIHUa .11enaPTaMeHTa AsepoH.
rpH<lJOH (p. 726 r. yM. 753 r.)- 3-i.f CbiH Kapna MapTeJIJia OT ero 2-ro 6paKa co
CsaHXHJib.llOi.f.
3axapHH (yM. 752 r. 22 MaPTa)- pHMCKHH nana C 10 ,lleK. 741 r. .110 22 MapTa 752 r.
91

AHHanbl

a Brum6a.n:b.ll - 3H:XIllTerra28. [lloaepx 110CTJ>OHKH a AIIbTati:xe 110 pacl1opiDKeHHIO OnHJio CTOHT cJio)l(eHHoe H3 o6o)l()l(eHHoro KHPI1H'Ia HJBaHHHe: repuor
OnHJio, ocHoaaTeJib. BeprHJIHH H CH.llOHHH 1111wyr 11a11e 11pOTHB .6oHH<PauHH29
110 110BO.llY KJIHpHKa, KpeiUeHHOro BO HMH PO.llHHbl, .llOqepH H CBHTOfO ,llyxa30.
3axapHH Hai1HCa.JI B fepMaHHIO 110 110BO.llY .60HH<PaUHH]31.
751 r. YMep repuor JlaHT<PpH.ll32. YMep 11a11a 3axapHH. CTe<PaH 6biJI H36paH
H y6HT, [11ocJie qero] H36pa.n:H BToporo CTe<PaHaJJ.
752 r. YMep fpH<PoH.
753 r. lla11a CTe<PaH, 11PH.llH K llHI1HHy, 11pOCHJI ero 0 3aiUHTe 11POTHB
A:HczyJih<Pa34.
754 f. lla11a 110Ma3a.JI B KOpOJIH .llByx CbiHOBeH llHI1HHa35,
755 r. YMep .6oHH<PauHH:.
756 r. YMep 11a11a CTe<PaH.
757 r. Bo <l>paHUHIO 11pHBe3JIH opraH.
758 r. llHI1HH Ha.JIO)I(HJI Ha caKCOB .llaHb B 300 KOHeH.
760 r. YMep cBHTOH 0TMap36, 11onaBJieHHhiH HacHJIHeM BapHHa H PyoTxapna.
764 r. llHI1HH [11poaeJI] a KbepcH KPYJIHhiH cDe3.ll3HaTH. CypoaaH JHMa.
765 r. E11HCKOI1 PyoTraHr37 11PHB03HT cBHTbiX foproHHH, Ha6opa H HaJapHH.
766 r. CJiaBHHe 1106e)l(.lleHbi <PpaHKaMH a Beti:Taxa6ypre38.
767 r. YMep 11a11a naaeJI39.
768 r. llHI1HH 110.llqHHHJI AKBHTaHHIO. BaH:<PapHH:40 y6HT. llHI1HH yMep
24 CeHTH6pH y CB. ,llHOHHCHH41.
28

29
30
31

32

33
34

35
36
37
38

39

40
41

3.uecb 80Jib!J>xepuu, HecoMHeHHO, cne.uyeT rn. 7 )i(HJHH EoHu!J>aumi, HanucaHHou


8 HJIJIH6aJib.ll0 M.
EoHn!J>auuu (YM. 754 r. 5 HIOIDI) - apxuenucKon MauHucmu o 745-754 rr. AnocTOJI
fepMaHHH.
To ecTb in nomine patria et filia et spiritus sancti BMecTo in nomine patris et filii et
spiritus sancti ( Bo HMH 0Tua u CbiHa u CnHToro ,llyxa ).
8JHToe B KBa.upaTHble cKo6Kn ABeHTHH Janucan TeM )[(e noqepKoM, 'ITO u npe.ubl.llYIUee. Ho BeCbMa COMHHTeJibHO, ,lleUCTBHTeJibHO JIH OH BbinHCaJI 3TO HJ .llpeBHHX
AnbTauxcmx aHHaJIOB. 06 HJBaHHHH O.uHJio HaM 6onee HH'Iero He HJBeCTHO.
fepuor AnaMaHHHH.
CTe!J>aH II (YM. 757 r. 26 anp.)- pnMcmu nana c 26 MapTa 752 r. no 26 anp. 757 r.
Aucrynb!J>- KopOJib naHro6ap.uoo c HIOJIH 749 r. no .ueK. 756 r.
Kapna BennKoro u KapnoMaHa. 3ro noMaJaHue cocTOHJIOCb 28 HIOJIH 754 r.
0TMap (yM. 759 r. 16 HOH6.)- OCHOBaTeJib H nepBbiU a66aT MOHaCTblpH B CaHKTfaJIJieHe; CBHTOH.
XpyoTraHr- enncKon Meua B 742-766 rr.
MecTonoJIO)[(eHne HeHJBeCTHo.
Tiaoen I - pnMcmu nana c 29 MaH 757 r. no 28 HIOHH 767 r.
Bau<J>ap (Bau<J>apuu)- repuor AKBHTaHnn o 744-768 rr. OH 6bm y6uT 2 HIOHH 768 r.
T. e. o CeH-,lleHu.

92

Anbrali1xcKLI1e aHHanbl
CB~ITOH 0TMap rrepeHeceH B CaHKT-fa.JI.JieH.
YMep KapJioMaH42, 6paT Kapna.
CBHTI1JIHIUe MpMHHcyn43 H 3pec6ypr44.
KapJI, BCTYJIHB B MTaJIHIO, oca,ui1JI B IlaBHH )],eJH.UepHH45.
)],eJH.UepHH yseJeH BO <l>paHUHIO.
Kapn rrposen B CaKcOHHH, B Ila.uep6opHe c'beJ.u JHaTH.
Kapn cpaJKaJICH rrpoTHB capauHH, a caKChi onycToiiiaiOT JlaHray46.
YMep illTYpM47, a66aT <l>yJib,lleHCKOfO MOHaCTblpH.
Kor.ua Kapn [Haxo.ui1JicH] B PHMe, 6bm KpemeH [ero] ChiH KapnoMaH, KOTOpOro A,upHaH48, H3MeHHB HMH, Ha3BaJI I1HJIHHOM49; TaM )l(e ero .llOqb
PoTPyna50 6bma o6pyqeHa c KoHcTaHTHHOM.
782 r. fpa<Phl Kapna 6biJIH y6HThi caKcaMH B 3IOHTene51.
783 r. YMepna KOpOJieBa Xwlb.Uerap.ua52; ee rrpeeMHHUeH CTaJia <l>acTPa,ua53.
Kapn [cpruKaJICH] rrpoTHB caKcOB B )],eTMOJib.Ue.
785 f. Ilo.uasJieH JafOBOp fap.upa.ua54 H BOCTOqHbiX <PpaHKOB. CaKCbl
no.uqHHeHhi; BH.UYKHH.ll rrpHIIIeJI B ceneHHe ArrHHhH H TaM KpecTI1JicH; BMecTe
c HHM <PpaHKaM rro.uqHHI1Jiacb BCH CaKCOHHH.
786 r. YMep apxHerrHcKorr Jlynn55; eMy Hacne.uosan PHXOJih<P56. Kapn
[npHIIIen] B MTaJIHIO. MHorHe JHaMeHHH. 3HaK KpecTa Ha o.ue)l(.llax JIIO.ueM:,
H KpOBb TeKJia C He6a H H3 JeMJIH.

770 r.
771 r.
772 r.
773 r.
774 f.
777 r.
778 r.
779 f.
781 r.

42
43

44
45

46
47
48
49
50
51

52
53
54
55
56

KapnoMaH (p. 751 r. yM. 771 r. 4neK.)- 2-H: ChiH TI11mma III KopoTKoro; KopoJib
lf>paHKOB B 768-771 rr.
11pMI1HCYJI - onHa 113 rnaBHeH:umx CBHTbiHb caKCOB-H3bi'IHI1KOB. Haxoni1JICH
B paH:oHe 3pec6ypra. TipencTaBJIHJI co6oH: orpoMHyiO nepeBHHHYIO Konony, ycTpeMJieHHyJO B He6o, Ha KOTOpyiO, no MHeHI110 CaKCOB, Onl1paJICH He6eCHhiH CBO)l.
CnoBo 11pMI1HCYJI nepeBOJli1TCH, KaK KOJIOHHa Ml1pa. 8 772 r. 11pM11HCYJI 6biJI
paJpyrneH !f>paHKaMI1.
HbiHe - r. 06epMapc6epr Ha p. )li1MeJib K 10ry OT Tianep6opHa.
)le311)lepi1H- KOpOJib JiaHro6ap)lOB B 757-774 rr.
0Kpyr no p. JlaH.
lliTypM- nepBbiH a66aT <l>yJihJlbi B 744-779 rr.
Au.p11aH I (yM. 795 r. 25 neK.)- p11MCKI1H nana c 9 !f>eBp. 772 r. no 25 neK. 795 r.
TI11n11H (p. 773 r. yM. 810 r. 8 11IOJIH)- KopoJib 11Tanl111 B 781-810 rr.
PoTPyna (p. 775 r. YM 810 r. 6 11IOHH) - JlO'Ih Kapna BeJII1Koro; HeBecTa 11MnepaTOpa
KoHCTaHmHa VI (780-797).
3IOHTeJib- ropHbiH MaCCI1B no npaBOMY 6epery 8e3epa, npi1MepHO OT feMeJibHa JlO
MI1HJleHa.
XI1Jib)lerapna (yM. 783 r. 26 anp.)- 3-H )l(eHa (771) Kapna 8eJII1Koro.
<l>acTPana (p. 765 r. YM 794 r. 10 aBr.)- 4-H )l(eHa (783) Kapna BeJII1Koro.
XpyoTrayn (fapnpan) - rpa!f>, ponoM 113 TIOpi1Hfl111. 8o3maBI1JI MHTe)l( npoTI1B Kapna
B 786 r. Ho He B 11Tanl111, a B fepMaHI111.
Jlynn (p. OK. 710 r. yM. 786 r. 16 OKT.)- enl1cKon MaH:Hua c 754 r.; apx11en11cKon
c 780/782 r.
P11xoJiblP (yM. 813 r. 9 aBr.) - apx11en11cKon MaH:Hua B 787-813 rr.

93

AHHanbl

787 f. KapJI OTIIpaBHJICH B fieHeBeHT H IIpH6biJI B MOHaCTblpb CBHTOfO


fieHe.llHKTa. Korna yMep ApHXH357, OH rrocTaBHJI so maae 6eHeBeHTUeB ero
cbiHa fpHMOaJib.lla58. CoJIHeqHoe JaTMeHHe 16 ceHTH6pH, so BTOPOM qacy.
788 r. TaccHJIOH HHJJioxeH, H ToqHo TaK xe ero CbiH THano.
789 r. KapJI rronqHHHJI BHJihUeB.
790 r. KapJI OTrrpaaHJicH B IlaHHOHHIO.
791 r. KapJI rronqHHHJI aaapoa. 3anoxeH xpaM CBHToro 6oHHct>auHH.
792 r. 3aroBOp flHIIHHa59 IIpOTHB OTUa, pacKpbiTbiH <l>apnyJibcPOM; flHIIHH
IIOCTPH)I{eH B MOHaXH, a OCTaJibHbie O.llHH o6e3rJiaBJieHbi, llPYfHe pacrrHTbl.
<l>apnyJILcPY IIO)I(aJIOBaH MOHaCTblpb CB. ,llHOHHCHH.

794 r.

Epecb ct>eJIHUHaH ocyxneHa so <l>paHKcPYPTe. YMepJia KopoJieBa

<l>acTPana.
795 r. Ilarra A.llpHaH yMep Ha Po)l()lecTBO rocrronHe; eMy HacJienoaan
Jlea6o.

796 r. BaH.llaJibi6t rrepenaiOT KopoJIIO IlHIIHHy cao10 PO.llHHy.


798 r. YMep 6aJibTaPT, a66aT Xepccl>eJib.llCKHti.
799 r. flarra JleB, JIHIIIeHHbiH H3biKa H OCJieiiJieHHbiH, BH.WI H pa3roBapHBaH,
rrpHIIIeJI K KapJiy a CaKcoHHIO B fepHcTaJib. Y6HT fepoJib.ll62.

800 r. KapJI rrpHIIIeJI B PHM H rroxepTBOBaJI Ha Po)l()lecTBO 500 cPYTOB qHcTe:tiiiiero 30JIOTa B 30JIOTbiX cocynax H 60JiblliOH KpYfllbiH cepe6pHHbiH .llHCK; Ha
06pe3aHHe KapJI rroxePTBOBaJI JOJIOTYIO KopoHy B 50 cPYHToa; nonaeiiieHHaH
Ha He60JiblliHX UeiiHX Hall aJITapeM fleTpa, OHa OCTaeTCSI [TaM], YKPaiiieHHaH
paJJIHqHbiMH .llparoueHHeHIIIHMH KaMHHMH; B .lleHb fiOfOHBJieHHH OH (110)l{epTBOBaJI) Ha MOfHJIY fleTpa TpH qaiiiH, .llBe - Ja .lleTeti H O.llHY- Ja ce6H,
B 42 cPYHTa qHcTe:tiiiiero 30JIOTa, 30JIOTYIO MHCKY B 22 cPYHTa, H .llJIH 6e.llHbiX
3000 cPYHTOB cepe6pa. J1J J1epycaJIHMa IIpHIIIJIH IIOCJibl BMeCTe C IIOCJIOM caMOfO KapJia 3axapHeH H IIpHBe3JIH 3HaMH, KOII~, .llBa.llOKYMeHTa, JanHcaHHbiX
qepHHJiaMH .llByx UBeTOB, KJIJOqH OT fpo6a XpHCTOBa, OT MeCTa KaJibBapHH, OT
MaCJIHqHQH ropbl, OT rrpeKpaCHbiX BOpOT, KOTOpbie CaMH co6oti OTKpbiJIHCb
rrepe.ll fleTpOM. floJiafaJIH, qTQ Bee OHM OTKpOIOTCSI H nepen KapJIOM .llJISI
OCB060)I()leHHH XpHCTHaHCKOfO Hapona.
80 I r. AMapMYJiyc63, rrepcH.llCKH:ti uapb, rrpHCJiaJI CJIOHa.
802 f. KapJI IIpHIIIeJI B fiaBapHIO, H aaapCKHe IIOCJibl IIO.llqHHHJIH (eMy)
TaM (CBOIO) JeMJIIO.
57
58
59
60

61
62
63

Xapannll (ApHXHJ)- repuor lieHeBeHTa B 758-787 rr.


fpHMOaJib.lllll- repuor lieHeBeHTa B 787-806 rr.
TIHnHH fop6aTblj;t (p. 769 r. YM 811 r.)- CbiH Kap.11a BeJIHKoro oTero nepBoi1 cynpyrH
(HJIH HaJIO)I{HHUbl) XHMHJlbTPYJlbl.
JleB III - pHMCKHi1 nana c 27 .ueK. 795 r. no 12 HIOHH 816 r.
BepHee, aBapbi.
fepoJibJl (yM. 799 r. 1 ceHT.)- npe<J>eKT liaBapHH, 6paT KoponeBbi XHJib,llerap.ubl.
XapyH ap- PawH.u - Xa.JIH<I> liar.ua.ua B 786-809 rr.

94

AnbralilxcKIAe aHHaJlbl

803 r. nana JleB [npH6biJI] 80 <l>paHUHIO. CaKCbl TpaHCa.Jib6HaHbl64 6bmH


nepeceJieHbi so <l>paHUHIO.
805 r. KapJI MJiarUIIHH:65 onycTOrnaeT qexHIO.
806 r. KapJI neJIHT KopoJieBcTBO.
807 r. CMePTHOCTb B <l>yJiblle.
810 r. Ha 3Jib6e 3a.JIO)I(eH Xox6ypr66. CMepTHOCTb cpenH Kopos. YMep
nana Jles.
811 r. florpe6eHHe CBHTOfO JlHYTrepa67.
813 r. YMep apxHenHcKon PHXOJiblP. MocT B MaH:Hue norH6 B pe3yJihTaTe
no)l(apa.
815 r. KopoJib JlOTapb68 oTnpaBJieH a EasapHIO. YMep a66aT EayryJihlP69.
IibiJio npennHcaHo, lJT06bi ace MOHaXH neJIH no ycTasy cBHToro EeHe.llHKTa.
816 r. 3arosop EepHrapna70 npoTHB KopoJIH.
817 r. Co6op B AxeHe, yqpe.llHBiliHH npasHJia llJIH KaHoHHKOB.
818 r. JliO.llOBHK71 B3M a )l(eHbi IOnH<!>h72, .llOllh BeJib<l>a. B <l>yJih.lle ocsHweHa [uepKOBb].
819 r. JlHYllBHT73 no.llbiMaeT MHTe)l(. norH6 EepHrapn. CHJibHbiH Mop
cpe.llH KOpOB 8 3TOM fOllY. 3anHCaHa KHHfa miSS.
822 f. MMnepaTOp JliO.llOBHK pa3.lleJIHJI KOpOJieBCTBO Me)l(.lly CbiHOBbHMH.
824 r. JliO.llOBHK cpaxaeTCH npoTHB BopMaKa, KopoJIH EpeTaHH.
825 r. BopMaK y6HT B co6cTBeHHOM noMe JIIO.llbMH JlaM6epTa74. YMep
apxHenHcKon XaH:czyJihlP75.
826 r. XHJibllYHH 76 npHB03HT B faJIJIHIO KOCTH Ce6acTbHHa.
827 r. llpeneJibi EapceJIOHbi H XepoHhi onycTOrneHbi capaUHHaMH.
830 r. Haqa.rro 6a3HJIHKH cBHToro faJIJia. HH3JIO)I(eH HMnepaTOp.
64

T. e. CaKCbl, )JUIBIIII1e no Ty CTOpOHY 3Jib6bi.

65
66

Crapiiini1 CbiH Kapna BennKoro.


Ope,llnOJIOX<HTellbHO Xe6eK K cesepy OT r. rapTOB.
J111yrrep (yM. 809 r. 26 Mapra) - nepBbiH enucKon MIOHCTepa B 805-809 rr.
Jlorapb I (p. 795 r. yM. 855 r. 29 ceHT.) - crapumi1 CbiH JliO.llOBHKa I 6naroqecrusoro;
KOpOllb 11TaJIHH B 823-855 rr.; HMnepaTop C 823 r.
6ayryJib!J> (yM. 815 r. 8 HIOJIH)- a66aT <J>yJib,llbl B 779-802 rr.
6epHrap.11 (p. 797 r. YM 818 r. 17 asr.)- CbiH nunuHa, KopoJIH 11ranuu, BHYK Kapna
BeJIHKoro. KopoJib 11ranuu B 810-818 rr. 6biJI HH3JioxceH u oCJienneH nMn. JliO.llOBHKOM I 6Jiaro<JeCTHBbiM, H BCKOpe nocJie :nora YMep.
JliO.llOBHK I 6naro<JeCTHBbii1 (p. 778 r. yM. 840 r. 20 HIOHH) - Kopollb AKsuraHnn
c 781 r. KopoJib <J>paHKOB u nMneparop B 814-840 rr.
IO.llH!J>b (p. 800 r. yM. 843 r. 19 anp.)- .llO'Ih Benb<J>a. 2-H xceHa uMneparopa JliO.llOBHKa I 6Jiaroqecmsoro (c 819 r.).
fepuor HnxcHei1 llaHHOHHH.
fpa<J>a HaHTa.
Xai1czynb<J> - apxuenucKon Mai1Hua B 813-825 rr.
XHllb.llYHH (yM. 841 r.)- a66ar CeH-)leHn.

67
68

69
70

71

72
73
74
75

76

95

AHHanbl

831 r. A66aT EYH77 11 Pa6aH78 3a.TIO:>KH.rm ocHOBhi [uepKBH] cBHToro BHK6epTa.

832 r. 3aroaop JliO.UOBHKa79 npoTHB oTua a JlaHro6ap.uoHxai1Meso.


833 r. KoponeacTBO <t>paHKOB nepelillio K HMnepaTOpy Jiomp10.
834 f. npaThH llHllHH81 11 J1IO.UOBI1K BOCCTaHaBJIHBaiOT [ CBOero) OTUa J110.llOBI1Ka Ha npecTone.
835 r. 36o82, apmenl1cKon Pei1MCCKHH, HI13JIO:>KeH, BbiCJiaH BXlmh.uecxaitM
11 CTa.TI TaM eni1CKOllOM.
836 r. lfMnepaTOp JliO.UOBHK C BOHCKOM Ha Jlexe npOTHB CbiHa J1IO.UOBI1Ka.
838 f. 3arOBOp JliO.UOBHKa BO <l>paHK<l>ypTe, 11 KOpOJieBCTBO nepeUIJIO
K ero OTUy.
839 f. CHJibHbiH BeTep 4 HOH6pH llOBa.TIHJI CTpOeHHH.
840 r. 11MnepaTop, .ueitcTBYH npoTHB ChiHa, npHrnen B Xepc<t>eJib.ll 8 anpenH. YMep a66aT DYlf.
841 r. Y611T rpa<t> A.ua.Tih6epT83. HecqacTJIHBaH 611Taa84 JloTapH nponm
6paTbeB Kapnass 11 JliO.UOBHKa.
842 r. A66aT Pa6aH 113rHaH H3 MOHaCTbipH, a Jlomph - 113 KoponeacTaa.
844 f. KopOJib JlOTapb BMecTe CBOCTOqHhiMH <t>paHKaMH [ npi1IlleJI) B 3eMJIIO
CJiaBHH, y6HJI 11X KOpOJIH feCT11MYJia 11 llO.llqi1HHJI OCTa.TibHbiX.
845 r. MoHaxH Xepc<t>enh.ua npHMHpHJIHCh c enl1cKonoM 0TrepoM86. JliO.llOBHK npHXO.llHJI TY.lla 31 OKTH6pH H .lla.TI npHBHJierHIO.
846 f. JliO.llOBHK, CbiH [J1IO.UOBI1Ka), llO,llqHHHeT llaHHOHI110, aHa o6paTHOM
llYT11 onycTornaeT qeXHIO.
847 r. YMep apmenHcKon Orrep; eMY Hacne.uoaa.TI Pa6aH, a66aT <l>yJih.llhi.
848 f. fOTilla.TIK epeTI1K.
850 f. 28 OKTH6pH apXHelli1CKOllOM Pa6aHOM OCBHllleH xpaM CBHTOfO
BI1K6epTa. 3eMJieTpHceH11e.
852 r. nepeHeceHI1e cBHToro JlyJIJia a .ueHb aeqepl1 focno.uHeit 26 MapTa.
77
78

79

so
81

82
83

84
85

86

6yH - a66aT Xepccl>eJibJla B 820-840 rr.


Pa6aH MaBp (p. 780 r. YM 856 r. 4 ct>eBp.)- a66aT <l>yJihJlbi B 822-842 rr.; apXHenHCKon
Mat~Hua B 847-856 rr.
JliOJlOBHK II HeMeumtt (p. 804 r. YM 876 r. 28 aBr.) - 2-H CbiH JliOJlOBHKa I 6JiaroqecTHBoro; KOpOJib BOCTOqHbiX cl>paHKOB B 840-876 rr.
HhiHe- JlaMnepTXaHM.
nl1ni1H I (yM. 838 r. 13 neK.)- 3-H CbiH J1IO)lOBI1Ka I 6JiaroqecTI1BOro; KOPOJib AKBI1TaHI111.
366o (yM. 851 r. 20 MapTa)- apx11en11cKon PeHMCKHH B 816-835 rr. 11 840-841 rr.;
enHcKon XHJib)lecxatfMa B 835-847 rr.
Ananb6epT (yM. 841 r. 13 Mrui)- rpact> Meua 113 pona XarroHoB.
oHTBa np11 <l>oHTeHe 25 HIOHH 841 r.
Kapn II JlhiCbiH (p. 823 r. yM. 877 r. 6 oKT.)- MJianumtf CbiH JliOJlOBHKa I 6naroqecTI1Boro oT IOnHcPH; Koponh JananHhiX cl>paHKOB B 843-877 rr.
0Trep (yM. 847 r. 21 anp.)- apXHenHcKon MatfHua B 826-847 rr.

96

AnbTali1XCKLI1e aHHafibl

855 r. KopoJib JliOJlOBHK c 6oJibiiiHM BOii:cKOM OTnpaBHJICH rrpoTHB PocTHcJiaBa87, Kopoml MopaBHH. Kopoiih JloTapb, roTOBHCb YMepeTh, rrpHHHJI
JIOCTpHr H MOHaiiieCKOe O)leHHHe.

857 r. YMepJia XHJib)lerapna88, JlO'Ih JlJOJlOBHKa. B TpHpe B uepKBH Ha


rrpecToJie errHcKorra BHJleJIH co6aK)'.

858 r. JliOJlOBHK, KapJI H JloTapb89 JaKJIIOqaJOT KJIHTBeHHhiH MHp.


859 f. JliOJlOBHK, CbiH (JllO)lOBHKa], (OTJipaBJIHeTCH] rrpOTHB 060)lpHTOB.
860 r. CMepTHOCTb cpenH )I(HBOTHhiX.
861 r. CHJibHeiiiiiHH roJIOJl. fpa<l>hi Yno, 3pHcT, EepeHrap H a66aT BaJibno90
HH3JIO)I(eHbl.

862 f. fOJIOJl H CHJibHbie 60Jie3HH B fepMaHHH.


863 r. 0riiieJibHHK MetiHpan91 rrpHIDIJI MyqeHHqeCK)'lO KOHqHHy.
865 r. BHeJarrHbiH rroTorr, H rpan rro6HJI ITJIOJlbi. Hapon ryHHOB cTaHoBHTCH xpHCTHaHaMH.

866 r.
867 r.
868 f.
869 r.

YMepJia cecTpa KOPOJIH KapJia HpMrapna92.


CHJibHbiH BeTep rroBaJIHJI JJlaHHH.
KoMeTa; Ja HeH CJie)lyJOT fOJIOJl H CMepTHOCTb.
JloTapb, B03BpaTHBIIIHCb H3 EeHeBeHTa, K)'Jla oTnpaBJIHJICH HJ-Ja

pa3JlOpa C 6paTOM J110)l0BHKOM93, rrpHIIIeJI B PHM H, rrpe)laHHbiH TaM aHa<t>eMe


nanoti AupHaHoM94, rrom6 rroqTH co BCeMH CBOHMH JIIOJlbMH. THono95, a66aT
<l>yJihJlbi, HHJJIO)I(eH; eMy HacJieJlOBaJI CHmxapn96.

870 r. KopoJieBCTBo97 paJneJieHo Me)I(Jly JlJOJlOBHKOM H KapJIOM.


871 r. YMep THono, a66aT <l>yJihJlbi.
872 r. CTpaiiiHbiH JieTHHH JHoti; Jacyxa rrory6HJia ITJIOJlhi; [MHO)I(eCTBO]
JlOMOB C JIIO)lbMH H CKOTOM CO)I()I(eHbl MOJIHHeH.

873 r. CHJibHbiH roJIOJl B fepMaHHH; capaHqa.


87

88

89

90

91
92
93
94
95
96

97

Pocmcnas (yM. 870 r.)- CbiH KHHJH MoHMI1pa; KHH3b 8eJII1KO-MopascKoro rocy.LiapcTBa B 846-870 rr.
XI1Jlb.Lierap.Lia (p. 828 r. yM. 856 r. 23 .LieK.) - .LIO% JliO.LIOBI1Ka II HeMeUKoro. A66amca
Wsapu6axa 11 U10p11xa.
Jlorapb II (p. 835 r. YM 869 r. 8 asr.)- CbiH JlorapH I; KOpollb Jlorapi1Hrnl1 B 855-869 rr.
EepeHrap (rpa> B recceHe), Y.LIO (rpa> BJlaHray) 11 8aJihUO (a66aT Wsapuaxa 11CB. MaKCI1MI1Ha BTp11pe) 6biJII1 CbiHOBbHMI1 rpa>a fe6xap.Lia 113 po.Lia KoHpa.LI11HOB, a 3pHCT- ero
6paroM. 0HI1 6biJII1 OC}')K.lleHbi B anp. 861 r. Ha petfxcTare B PereHc6ypre Ja HeBepHOCTb
no oTHollleHI1IO K JliO.LIOBI1KY II HeMeUKOMY 11 nOTepHJ111 see cso11 neHbi.
MeHHPa.LI- MOHax 113 PettxeHay- YMep 21 HHB. 861 r.
11pMrap.Lia (yM. 866 r. 16 11IOJIH)- .Lioqb JliO.LIOBI1Ka II HeMeuKoro; a66aT11ca Eyxay.
JliO.LIOBI1K II (p. 825 r. yM. 875 r. 12 asr.)- cTapllli1H CbiH 11 HacJie.LIH11K JloTapH I;
Koponb 11TaJII111 B 855-875 rr.; 11MnepaTop c 6 anpeJIH 850 r.
A.Lip11aH II - pi1MCKI1H nan a c 14 .LieK. 86 7 r. no .LieK. 872 r.
T11o.Lio (yM. 871 r.)- a66aT <l>ynb.llbi B 856-869 rr.
C11mxap.LI - a66aT <l>yJlb.llbi B 869-891 rr.
JloTapi1Hfi1H (nocne CMepTI1 JloTapH II), cornacHo MepceHCKOMY .Liorosopy.

97

AHHanbl

875 r. YMep HMnepaTop JliO.UOBHK. YMep An:hT!f>pH.ll98, enHcKon XHJih.uecxati:McKHti:. EpYJisapzy99, a66aTy Xepc<f>eJib.UCKOMy, HacJie.UOBaJI .LJ.poroiOO.
876 r. oHTBa y AH.llepHaxa 101. YMepiiH 3MMa 102 H KapJioMaH, ChiH JloTapH.
878 r. CoJIHeliHOe JaTMeHHe 29 OKTH6pH.
879 r. YMep Jl10.UOBHK103, chiH KapJia, H KapJioMaH104, oTeu ApHyJih!f>a,
nom6 OT napaJIHlla. Y6HT MapKBap.u105, enHcKon XHIIb.Uecxati:McKHti:, H eMy
HacJie.uosaJI BHK6epTI06.
885 r. EnHcKon BoJih<f>xep107 BMecTe co MHOrHMH y6HT cJiaBHHaMH.
887 r. KapJI 108 npOBeJI C'be3.ll3HaTH B TpH6ype; BOCTOlJHbie <f>paHKH COCTaBJIHIOT Jarosop.
888 r. KapJI yMep.
889 r. BeHrpbr BhiiiiJIH H3 CKH!f>HH.
890 r. YMep enHcKon JlHYT6epTI09; eMy HacJie.uosaJI CyH.uepoJihT110.
891 r. ApxHenHcKon CyH.uepoJihT y6HT; eMy HacJie.uosaJI HesepHbiti:
XaTTo111.
892 r. Xap.uepaT112, a66aT Xepc<f>eJib.llcKHti:, HJ PHMa. Y6HT enHcKon ApH113.
893 r. KpynHaH 6HTBa Me)l(]ly 6asapaMH H seHrpaMH.
896 r. ApHyJih!f>114 npHXO.llHT B PHM H CTaHOBHTCH HMnepaTOpOM.
AnhT<l>PH.ll (yM. 874 r. 15 aBr.)- emtcKon Xwnh.uecxai1Ma B 847-874 rr.
6pyHBapT II - a66aT Xepc<t>enb,Ua B 840-875 rr.
IOO )lporo- a66aT Xepc<t>enh.ua B 875-892 rr.
101 AH.uepHax- ropo.u Hap. Pei1H K ceBepo-Jana.uy oT Ko6neHua.
102 3MMa (p. 808 r. yM. 876 r. 31 SIHB.) - .uo% rpa<t>a Benh<t>a. C 827 r. - )l(eHa JlJO.uoswKa II HeMeuKoro. Po.uHJia eMy 7-x .ueTei1.
103 JlJO.UOBHK II 3awKa (p. 846 r. I HOSI6. yM. 879 r. 10 anp.)- ChiH Kapna II Jlbicoro.
KopoJih <l>paHUHH B 877-879 rr.
104 KapnoMaH, ChiH JlJO.UOBHKa II HeMeuKoro w oTeu wMnepaTopa ApHynh<t>a, yMep
20 SIHBapSI 882 r. A B 880 r. yMep .upyroi1 KapnoMaH- 6paT JlJO.uoBHKa II 3awKH w ChiH
Kapna II Jlbicoro.
105 MapKBap.u (yM. 880 r. 2 <t>esp.)- enwcKon XHJihUecxai1Ma B 874-880 rr.
106 BwK6epT (yM. 908 r. I HOSI6.)- enwcKon XHJih.Uecxai1Ma B 880-908 rr.
107 Bonh<t>xep (yM. 886 r. 15 ceHT.) - enwcKon MwH.ueHa B 880-886 rr.
108 Kapn III ToncThiH (p. 839 r. yM. 888 r. 13 SIHB.) - 3-11 ChiH JlJO.UOBHKa II HeMeuKoro;
HMnepaTOp C 12 <tJeBp. 881 r., KOpOJib fepMaHHH B 876-887 rr., 11TaJIHH B 879-887 rr.
H <J>paHUHH B 884-887 rr.
109 JlHYT6epT (yM. 889 r. 17 <t>esp.)- apxwenwcKon Mai1Hua B 863-889 rr.
IIO CyH,UepoJihT- apxwenwcKon Mai1Hua B 889-891 rr. 6biJI y6wT HopMaHHaMH.
III
Xarro I (yM. 913 r. 15 MaSI) - apxwenwcKon Mai1Hua B 891-913 rr.
112 Xap.uepaT- a66aT Xepc<t>enb,Ua B 892-90 I rr. 3.uecb, BH.llHMO, .UOJI)I(Ha H.llTH pe% o ero
scrylllleHHH B .UOJDKHOCTh a66aTa. O.uHaKo, CMhiCJI npe.llJIO)I(eHHSI HeHceH. OpwieM
J.uech PHM, TaK)I(e He noHSITHO.
113 ApH (yM. 892 r. 13 HJOJI.SI)- enwcKon B10pu6ypra B 855-892 rr. nom6 B 6HTBe c cop6aMH.
114 ApHynh<t> (p. 850 r. yM. 899 r. 8 .ueK.) - He3aKoHHhii1 ChiH KapnoMaHa; repuor KaPHHTHH; KOPOJlb fepMaHHH B 887-899 rr. C 896 r.- HMnepaTOp.

98
99

98

B. AHHanbl a nonHoM BHAe.


899 r. YMep HMnepaTop ApHyJih<t>; eMy HacJie.uosan ero ChiH JlJO.llOBHKII5.
BeHrpbl BTOprJIHCb B 11TaJIHIO H O,llep)l(aJIH no6e.uy B 6HTBe.
90 I r. YMep a66aT Xap.uepaT, w 6biJI H36paH )lwTxap.uii6.
902 r. CJiaBHHe onycTOWHJIH CaKcOHHJO.
903 r. Y6HThi Auanbxap.u, 36epxap.u w feHpwxii7.
904 r.
905 f. fpa<t> KoHpa,ull8 6biJI y6HT A,uaJib6epTOM HapH,lly CO MHOrHMH .llPYrHMH B oKpyre Xaccww.
906 r. BeHrphi onycTOWHJIH CaKCOHHJO.
907 f. fpa<t> A,uaJib6epT 119 o6eJrJiaBJieH KOpOJieM JliO.llOBHKOM, KOTOpbiM 6biJI
CbiHOM ApHyJih<t>a. I136HeHwe 6asapos MeqoM H3hiqHHKOB.
908 f. fepuor Jl HYTnOJib.lll20 y6HT BeHrpaMH HapH,lly CO MHOrHMH .llPYfMMH.
Y6wT rpa<t> Auanb6epT 121.
909 r. 6ypxap.ul22, repuor TIOpHHrHH, 6biJI y6wT seHrpaMH HapH.uy c oqeHb
MHOfHMH.
910 r. KopoJib JlJO.llOBHK cpa)l(aJICH npoTHB BeHrpos.
911 r. BeHrphi onycTOWHJIH <l>paHKOHHIO MTIOpMHrHIO. E>MTBa c seHrpaMM
y JlOHXHHra123.
912 r. YMep KOpOJih JlJO.llOBHK MJia.urnwJ1:124, ocTaBHB uapcTBOBaTh KoHpa,ual25.
913 r. YMep apxwenwcKon Xarro; eMy HacJie.uosan Xepwrepl26.
914 r. YMep Orro, rpa<t> CaKCOHCKMH:l27.
915 r. BeHrphi, onycTornaH see [Ha csoeM nyTH], npmnJIH no caMoii
<l>yJih.llhl.
JlJOLlOBI1K IV Ll11TSI (p. 893 r. yM. 911 r. 20/24 ceHT.)- CbiH ApHyJibcPa, nocJieLlHI1H
KopoJib fepMaHI111 113 Ll11HacmH KapoJIHHroB B 900-911 rr.
116 ,[l11Txapnl CTapumli (yM. 930 r.)- a66aT Xepccl>eJihLla a 912-927 rr. B 927 r. no6poBOJibHO OTKaJaJICSI OT L{OJI)KHOCTH.
11 7 36epxapn - 6paT KoHpa.na CTapwero, oTua KopoJISI KoHpa,na I; Ananbxapn 11 feHp11x - 6paThSI ALlaJib6epTa cl>oH Ea6eH6epra.
118 KoHpa.n CTapiiii1H (YM. 906 r.)- MapKrpacP Cop6cKoli MapKH, meu KOpoJISI KoHpa.na I.
119 ALlaJib6epT (p. 854 r. yM. 906 r. 9 ceHT.)- rpacl> TeepcKHH, 113 pona Ea6eH6epros.
EopoJICSI c KoHpa.ni1HaMI1 (K KOTOpbiM npHHa.nJie)l(aJI KoHpa,n CTapw111f) 3a BJiaCTb
Ha,n <l>paHKOHI1eH. noTepneJI OOpa)l(eHHe 11 6biJI Ka3HeH.
120 J111YTOOJibLl 6biJI He repuoroM, a MapKrpacl>oM Easap1111. Y6HJ111 ero s 907 r.
121
noBTOpeHI1e y)l(e CKa3aHHOro Bbiiiie.
122 Eypxapn- repuor 113 pona Berr11Hos. YMep a 908 r.
123 JlOI1XI1Hf- KOpOJieBCKOe 11MeHI1e Ha p. J-1Jap, Bbiiiie .[li1HfOJibcPI1Hra.
124 20 11JII1 24 ceHT. 911 r.
125 KoHpa.n I (yM. 918 r. 23 neK.)- KopoJib fepMaHI1H s 911-918 rr.
126 Xep11rep (yM. 927 r. I neK.)- apx11enHcKon MaliHua B 913-927 rr.
127 Orro CseTJieHIIII1H (yM. 912 r. 30 HOSI6.)- repuor CaKCOHHH B 880-912 rr.
115

99

AHHanbl

916 r.
917 r.
918 r. KopoJih KoHpa,a: 6hiJI B Xepc<t>eJih.lle.
919 r. YMep KopoJib KoHpa,a:, 11 Ha npecToJI BJOIIIeJI feHpHx CaKCOHCKHH 128.
06e3rJiaBJieHbl oepTOJib.ll H 3pxaHrepl29.
920 r.

921 r.
922 r.
923 r.
924 r.
925 r.
926 r.
927 r.

YMep a66aT Xa11Kol30, 11 H36paH XHJib.Ue6epTI31.


YMep apXHenHcKon XepHrep.

Y6HT repu;or .6ypxap.ul32.


)lHTxap.u MJia,a:IIIHH 133 H36paH a66aToM c comacm1 [)lHTxap.ua)
CTapiiiero.
928 r. ToT )l(e L(HTxap.u MJiaJJ:IIIHH PYKOnoJIO)I(eH B enHCKOllbi, a a66aTOM
H36paH .6ypxap.ul34.

929 r.
930 r.
931 r.
932 r.

YMep a66aT )lHTxap.u CTapiiiHH.


KopoJib feHpHx no.uqHHHJI o6o.upHTOB.
KopoJib feHpHx 6biJI B JloH3HU:HHel35. YMep enHcKon THo.uol36;
eMy HaCJie,llOBaJI oypxap,ll.
933 r. A66aTOM H36paH MemHrou;l37.
934 r. KopoJib feHpHx 6biJI c BOHCKOM B YKepMapKe.
935 r. BeJIHKHH co6op B 3p<l:>ypTe. YMep KopoJib feHpHx138; eMy HacJie.uosan
ero CbiH 0TToHI39. A66aTOM Xepc<t>eJib.llCKHM H36paH XaraHol40.
936 r. KopoJib 0TTOH 6biJI B Xepc<t>eJih.lle. CropeJia u:epKOBh cs.snoro
ooHH<t>au:mL
128
129

130
131
132

133
134
135

136
137

138
139

140

feHpwx I 0TwuenoB (yM. 936 r. 2 mom1)- CbiH Orro CBeTJieH'wero; repuor CaKCOHHH
B 912-936 rr.; KOpOJib fepMaHHH B 919-936 rr.
fpalbl 3pxaHrep w EepTOJib.ll (6paTb51 cynpym KoHpana I KyHHfYH.llbl), a TaK)I(e 11x
nJieM51HHHK JlHYTlPH.ll 6biJIH o6e3rJiaBJieHbl 2 51HB. 917 r.
Xawxo- a66aT <l>yJih.llhl B 917-923 rr.
XHJib.lle6epT- a66aT <l>yJih.llbi B 923-927 rr.; apxwenwcKon MaH'Hua B 927-937 rr.
Eypxapn II- repuor lliBa6ww B 917-926 rr.
)lwTXapn II Mnanwww (yM. 954 r. 13 ceHT.)- a66aT XepcleJib.lla B 927-928 rr.; enHcKon XHJib.llecxaH'Ma B 928-954 rr.
Eypxapn II - a66aT XepcleJib.lla B 928-932 rr.; enwcKon B10pu6ypra B 931-941 rr.
T e. B 3eMJie JIJOTH'Iew.
Twono- enwcKon B10pu6ypra B 908-931 rr.
MemHrou- a66aT XepcleJib.lla B 932-935 rr.
2 HIOJI51 936 r.
0TTOH I (p. 912 r. 23 H0516. yM. 973 r. 7 Ma51)- KOpOJib fepMaHHI1 B 936-973 rr.; HMnepaTOp c 962 r.
XaraHo- a66aT XepcleJib.lla B 935-959 rr.

100

AnbralllxcKV1e aHHa!lbl

937 r. fpa<t> 36epxap.ul41, nJieHI1B feHpl1xa142, 6paTa OrroHa, 6pocHJI ero


B OKOBbl.
938 r. 36epxap.UI1 fl13eJib6epTI43 6biJII1 y611Tbl.
939 r. KopoJih OrroH oca.u11JI .6pei1:3ax. 36epxap.u y611T, a fl13eJib6epT
YTOHyJI.
940 r.
941 r:
942 r.
943 r. ni1TBa c seHrpaMI1 rrp11 BeJibcel44, 11 OHI16biJII1 rrepe611Tbi 6asapaMI1.
Co6op B oOHHe.
944 r. CmuueHHI1K 11 MoHax AJih6YHH, 6Jiaro'IeCTHBhiM M}')K, YMeP 20 Maprn.
945 r. fpeqecKI1e rrocJihi rrpmnJII1 B CaKCOHI110 K Kopomo c seJII1KI1MI1
.uapaMI1 B KaHyH ,llH.H BCeX CB.HTbiX.
946 r.
947 r. 26 .HHBap.H YMepJia KOpoJieBa 3.U11TI45.
948 r. YMep repuor .6epTOJih.lll46. Co6op B MmeJibxa'HMe, KOTOpbiM PYKOBO.UHJI arrocTOJibCKI1M JieraT Map11H.
949 r. oi1TBa c seHrpaMI1 rrp11 Jlol47. fepuor KoHpa,u 148 )l(eHHJIC.H Ha .uo'Iep11149 0TTOHa. fpe'IeCKI1e ITOCJibl BHOBb rrpi1IliJII1 K KOpOJIIO CO'IeHb ,llOpOrHMI1
rro.uapKaMI1 B .ueHb scex CB.HThiX.
950 r. KpyrrHa.H 611TBa Me)l(.lly 6asapaMI1 11 seHrpaMI1. Jli1Y.llOJihQ>y150 rrepe.uaHa AlleMaHHI1.H.
951 f. KopOJib 0TTOH (OTITpaBHJIC.H] B J1TaJII1JO, a BMeCTe C HI1M (ero] CbiH
JlHY.UOJihQ>, repuor KoHpa.u 11 <l>pH.llpHX 151, apXHerrl1cKorr Ma'HHUCKHM, 11 )l(eHHJIc.H Ha KopoJieBe AlleJihreM.uel52, 11 ITO.ll'II1HHJI .6epeHrapal53, KopoM 11TaJII111.
141
142
143
144

145
146

147
148
149
150
151
152

153

36epxapn (p. 885 r. yM. 939 r. 2 oKT.)- 6paT KoHpana I, repuor <l>paHKOHI111 c 918 r.
feHpl1x I (p. OK. 922 r. yM. 955 r. I H0516.) - 2-11: CbiH feHpl1xa I llT11UeJioBa; repuor
oaBapl111 B 947-955 ff.
fl13eJib6epT (yM. 939 r. 2 OKT.)- repuor JloTapi1HrMI1 B 915-939 rr. CTapumli ChiH
PemHapa I, rpala feHHeray. Cynpyr fep6epm, cecTphi OTioHa I.
BeJibc- ropon Hap. TpayH, K 10ro-3anany oT Jl11Hua.
3.llln (yM. 946 r. 26 HHB.) - no'lh 3nyapna CTaprnero, KopoJIH Y3cceKca (899-924),
)l(eHa (1-51) 0TTOHa J.
OepTOJib.ll (YM. 947 r. 23 H0516.)- 6paT ApHYJihla 3Jioro, repuor oaBapl111 B 938-947 rr.
Jlo- CeJieHI1e Ha p. ,llyHaH, K IOfO-BOCTOKY OT llirpay611Hra.
KoHpan Phi)I(I1H (yM. 955 r. 10 aBr.)- repuor JloTapi1Hfl111 B 944-954 rr.
Ha Jl11yrrapne (p. 931 r. yM. 953 r. 18 H0516.).
Jll1y.llOJihl (p. 930 r. yM. 957 r. 6 ceHT.)- cTaprnl111: ChiH OTioHa I 11 3.ll11T; repuor
lliBa61111 B 950-954 rr.
<l>pM.llp11X (yM. 954 r. 25 OKT.)- apx11en11cKon MaliHua B 937-954 rr.
AueJibrel1:na (p. 932 r. YM 999 r. 17 neK.) 6biJiano'lepbiO PynoJibla II, KopoJIH BepXHeli
6ypryH.ll1111, 11 )l(eHoli: I. (c 947 r.) JloTapH (YM. 950 r.), KopoJIHl1TaJI1111; 2. (c 951 r.)
OTioHa I 8eJII1Koro.
EepeHrap II (yM. 966 r. 6 aBr.) - MapKrpa1 l1Bpe11; KopoJib l1TaJII111 B 950-961 rr.

101

AHHanbl

952 r.
953 r.

JIHy,llOJibQl BTOprcH B JiTaJIHIO.


Ccopa Me)l{)ly JIHY.llOJibQlOM 11 [ero] ,llH.lleH feHpHXOM, B TO apeMH

KaK CaM KOpOJib CTOHJI Ha CTOpOHe 6paTa, ,llJIHJiaCb UeJibiX ,llBa ro.n:a B BH,lle
IIO,ll)I(OfOB, y6HHCTB 11 rpa6e)l{eH. MHOfHe IIOfi16JIH He TOJibKO 113 Hapo,lla, HO
,ll3)1{e 113 3HaTH .6hmH oca)l{)leHbi MaiiHU 11 ropo.u PocCTaJibi54, r.ue rrpoH3oiiiJia
KpyrrHaH 6HTBa.

954 r. YMep <l>pH,llpHx, apxHeiiHCKorr MaiiHUCKOH uepKBH, Myx aeJiwtaH:rnero BOJ,llep)l{aHHH, HCIIbiTaHHbiH B CBHTOH peJIHfHH 11 yqeHHH; ero MeCTO
3aHHJI BHJibreJibMI55, CbiH KopoJIH.

955 r. KopoJib OrroH c 6oJiblliHM pHCKOM .llJIH caMoro ce6H 11 orpoMHbiMH


11 KpOBaBbiMH IIOTepHMH cpe,llH CBOHX JIIO,lleH pa3rpOMHJI BeHrpoai56; B 3TOH
6HTBe HapH,lly co MHOrHMH .upyrHMH 6bm y6HT repuor KoHpa.u; yMep TaKXe
feHpHx, repuor .6aaap1111, 6paT KopoJIH OrroHa. Ho 11 KOPOJib OrroH c aeJIHqaH:rneH: ,llJIH ce6H OIIaCHOCTbiO Cp3)1{aJICH IIpOTHB 060,llpi1TOB, KOTOpbiX co6paJI
IIpOTHB Hero 3K6epTI57, CbiH ero TeTKH IIO MaTepH.

956 r.

YMepJIH Pyo.u6epTI58, errHCKorr TpHpcKoii uepKBH, 11 Xa.uaMapi59,

a66aT <l>yJib,lleHCKOfO MOHaCTblpH; 11M HaCJie,llOBaJIH eiiHCKOII feHpHX 160


11 a66aT Xarrol6I. B 3TOM )l{e ro.uy JIHY.llOJibQl, CbiH KopoJIH, oTrrpaaHJICH
B HTaJIHIO, IIO,lll!HHHJI ee CBOeH BJiaCTH 11, o6paTHB B 6erCTBO EepeHrapa,
BCTYIIHJI B llaBHIO.

957 r.

JIHY.llOJibQl YMeP a HTaJIHHI62, 6hm rrepeHeceH orry.ua a MaHHU

11 IIOXOpOHeH y CBHTOfO Anb6aHa.

958 r.

3HaK KpecTa IIOHBHJICSI Ha O,lle)l{,llaX JIIO,lleH, IIpHHeCSI CMepTb TeM,

KTO BOCIIpHHHJI ero C HaCMelliKOH; TeM )l{e, KTO rrpHHHJI ero C 6JiaroqeCTHeM
11 aepoH:, oH He rrpHllHHHJI HHKaKoro JJia.

959 r. A66aT XaraHO OCTaBHJI CBOIO ,llOJDKHOCTb 113-3a HeMOIUH CBOero TeJia;
IIpH ero )1{113HH Ha ero MeCTO C COfJiaCHH 6paTbeB 6bill H36paH fyHTepi63; 11 B
XepcQ>eJih.lle 6hm rraTpHapxi64.

960 r.

K KOPOJIIO OrroHy rrpHIIIJIH rrocJibi OT pyccKoro Hapo.ua 11 yMOJIHJIH

ero OTIIpaBHTb (K HHM) KOfO-HH6Y.llb 113 ero eiiHCKOIIOB, KOTOpbiH OTKpbill 6bi
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164

K 10ro-3anauy OT HIOpH6epra.
BMbreJibM (YM. 968 r. 2 MapTa)- He3aKOHHbiH CbiH OrroHa I; apxHenHcKon MaiiHua
B 954-968 rr.
Hap. Jiex 10 asrycTa 955 r.
3K6epr 0llHOfJla3biH (YM. 994 r. 5 anp.)- CbiH BHXMaHa I CTaprnero; rpa<J> sAM6epray
11 ,llepmmray.
Pyon6epT (YM. 956 r. 19 MaSI)- apmenHcKon TpHpCKHH B 931-956 rr.
XauaMap- a66aT <l>yJibllbi B 927-956 rr.
feHpMx I (yM. 964 r. 3 HIOJISI) - apxMenMcKon TpMpCKHH B 956-964 rr.
Xarro II- a66aT <l>yJibllbi B 956-968 rr.; apxMenMcKon MaH:Hua B 968-970 rr.
J1Mynonb<l> yMep 6 ceHT. 957 r. B llbOM6e K 10ry OT 03. Jiaro- Ma.IVKope.
fYHTep- a66aT Xepc<J>eJiblla B 959-963 rr.
AKBI1Jieii:cKHH.

102

.ArlbralilxcKllle aHHaJlbt

HM n}'Tb HCTHHbi; OHH 3aSIBHJIH, liTO XOT.SIT OTOHTH OT .SI3bilJeCKHX o6p.SI,Ll;OB


H npHHSITb XpHCTHaHCK}'IO peJIHrHIO. TOT COrJiaCHJIC.SI C HX npOCb60H H OTnpaBHJI K HHM 6narosepHoro enHcKona Allanb6epTa165. Ho OHH conranH so
BCeM, KaK ,llOKa3aJI BnOCJie,llCTBHH HCXO,ll,lleJia, 1160 Ha3BaHHbiH enHCKOn e.asa
H36e)J(aJI CMepTeJibHOH onaCHOCTH OT HX KOBapCTBa.
961 r. KopoJib OrroH 6biJI npH3BaH nanoU: 11oaHHOM166 B PHM .llJI.SI ycMHpeHH.SI Ha.aMeHHOCTH Auanh6epTa167, 11 s 3TOM )J(e ro.uy [ero CbiH] OrroH168
cTaTJ KoponeM no npHKa3y [ csoero] oTua OrroHa.
962 r. OrroH CTapumU:, no.at.IHHHB 11TaJIHIO, oca.uws EepeHrapa, o6paTHB
B 6ercTso Allanb6epTa, 6hiJI nocBSillleH nanoU: 11oaHHOM s HMnepaTOpbi npH
BeJIHlJaHilleM JIHKOBaHHH CO CTOpOHbl pHMJI.SIH169.
963 r. 11oaHH, OTnas OT HMnepaTopa, npHH.SIJI Allanb6epTa, H HMnepaTOp,
BePHYBillHCb B PHM, nposen c enHcKonaMH co6op H, nocKOJibKY 11oaHH cnacc.SI
6erCTBOM, noca.aHJI Ha anOCTOJibCKHH npecroJI Jlhsa 170. B 3TOM )J(e ro.uy )J(eCTOKa.SI
CMePTHOCTb nopaJHJia BOHCKO HMnepaTOpa; H3-3a Hee paCCTaJIHCb C)J(H3Hbl0 feHpHX, apxwenwcKon ropo.aa Tpwpa, " repuor fonl>pH.ll171, a TaKXe HeMano .upyrnx.
964 r. B TO speMSI KaK HMnepaTOp nposo.aHJI B PHMe Po)J(JleCTBO focno.aHe,
6biJI cxsat.IeH EepHxapwU: 172. PHMJI.SIHe noKYillaiOTC.SI Ha )J(H3Hb HMnepaTopa,
HO 3TOT 3arosop 6biJI .llOCTOHHbiM ysaxeHHSI o6pa30M JIHKBH.llHPOBaH no ero
BOJie. 11MnepaTOp nOKH,llaeT PHM. nana JleB HH3JIO)J(eH pHMJI.SIHaMH H BHOBb
soJse.aeH Ha npecToJI 11oaHH, a nocne ero cMePTH H36paH .6eHe.llHKT173. Kor.ua
HMnepaTOp sepHyJicSI B PHM, pHMCKHH Hapo.a6biJI no6e)J(JleH, a nana EeHe.llHKT
nepe.aaH Allanb.llary 174, enHcKony faM6yprcKOMy, H cnycT.SI Manoe speM.SI YMep.
11TaK, s 3TOM )J(e ro.uy EepeHrap, KopoJih JiaHro6ap.aos, 6hiJI oca)J(JleH Ha rope
CB. JlhBa 175, CXBalJeH TaM H BMeCTe CO CBOeH KOpOJieBOH H CO)J(HTeJibHHUeH
BHJIJIOH CHJIOH .llOCTaBJieH B .6asapHIO, B KpenOCTb .6aM6epr; TaM OH H OKOHlJHJI
nocJie,llHHe .llHH 3eMHOH )J(H3HH.
165

166
167
168
169
170
171

172
173
174
175

AnaJib6epT (yM. 981 r. 20 11IOHSI) - B 961 r. nOCBS!llleH B eni1CKOnbi-MI1CCI10Hepbi;


B 962 r. nOCJie npOBaJia MI1CCI111 BepHyJICSI Ha p0Jli1Hy; B 968-98I rr. - nepBbiH apXHenHCKOn Marne6ypra.
HoaHH XII (OKTaBHaH)- pi1MCK11H nana c I6 neK. 955 r. no 4 neK. 963 r.
CbiHa 6epeHrapa II.
OrroH II (p. 955 r. yM. 983 r. 7 neK.)- CbiH OrroHa I; Koponb fepMaHI1111111MnepaTOp
B 973-983 rr.
I !J>eBpaJISI 962 r.
JleB VI I I - pi1MCKI1H nan a c 6 neK. 963 r. no I MapTa 965 r.
foT!J>PHJl I (yM. 964 r.) - repuor HH:lKHeH JloTapi1Hr1111 B 953-964 rr., BaccaJI apXI1enHcKona KeJibHCKoro 6pyHo.
HMeeTCSI B BHJlY 6epeHrap II, KopoJib HTaJII111. 0 ero nJieHeHI111 onHTb, HO }')ICe 6onee
ll0Jlp06HO roBOPI1TCSI HH:lKe.
6eHeJlHKT V- pHMCKHH nana c 22 MaS! 964 r. no 23 neK. 964 r.
Ananb,llar (p. OK. 900 r. yM. 988 r. 28 anp.)- apXI1eni1CKOn 6peMeHCKI1H B 936-988 IT.
fopa cB. JlbBa- CaH-Jleo 1111 MoHTe!J>eJibTpo B AneHHHHax, roponoK K Janany oT
CaH-MapHHO.

103

AHHanbl

965 r. 11Mneparop OrroH 113 JlaHro6ap.u1111 npl1llleJI 80 <l>paHKQ>ypT; 8ecb


3TOT fO,ll OH OCTa8aJICH 8 3TOM KOpOJie8CT8e 11 8CeX C8011X JIIO,lleH Me)((,lly TeM
npl13bi8aJI K MI1PY H comac mo . .6pYHol76, apx11en11cKon ropo.ua KenbHa, 6paT
11MnepaTopa, 8 MHpe OKOHlJHJI [ C8010) :>KH3Hb.
966 r. 11MnepaTop OrroH 8H08b, yxe 8 TpeTI1H pa3, OT6biJI 8 HTaJII1JO
11 TIOCJie 3TOfO npl1llleJI K MOrHJie C8HTOfO KHH3H anOCTOJI08 0eTpa 11 CMI1peHHO
803HeC TaM 6Jiaro.uapHOCTb .6ory 11 C8HTOMY 0eTpy, DOTOMY liTO 80 8CeX ,lleJiaX
eMy COTIYTCT808aJI ycnex.
967 r. B 3TOM ro.uy 11Mneparop OrroH OTTipa8HJI C80HX DOCJI08 K BHJibreJibMy,
apXHeOI1CKOny MaHHI.J;a, TIOCJiaJI 11 K,llpyrHM C8011M KHSI3bHM, lJT06bi OHI1 CO BCeM
Kopone8CKHM .uocT011HCTBOM .uocTaBHJII1 8 HTaJII1JO ero ChiHa OrroHa. TaM OrroH
CTapllli1H ero 8CTpeTHJI 11 npl18en c co6oH: 8 P11M, 11 nopyqHJI ero nane HoaHHY
MJia.ullleMYI77, lJT06bi OH npi1HHJI OT Hero a8ryCTeHlllee DOMa3aHI1e 11 8eJIHlJaJICSI
8CeMI1, KTO ero Op113Ha8aJI, 11MTieparopOM-a8rycTOM, KaK 11 ero OTeU.
968 r. Apx11en11cKon BHJibreJibM YllleJI 113 3Toro Ml1pa. 3rHJionbQ>178, a66aT
XepcQ>eJib.llCKI1H, 6bm Hanpa8JieH OT JIHu;a 11Mneparopa 113 HTanl111, tJT06bi
no6y.lli1Tb Q>yJib.lleHCKI1X 6paTbe8 1136paTb a66aToM BepHepa 179; a 3aTeM OH
np116hm 8 MaH:Hu;, tJT06bi no6y.U11Tb TaMOlliHI1H KJI11p, a pa8HO 11 8ech Hapo.u
nocTa811Tb ce6e 8 en11cKOTibi Xarro180, .uocTonotJTeHHoro Myxa. Auanb6epT
nocTaBJieH nep8biM eni1CKOTIOM 8 Mar.ue6ypre.
969 r. YMep apx11en11cKon Xarro, 11 PyoT6epTI81 1136paH Ha ero MeCTO.
970 r. B 3TOM ro.uy a66aT 3mnonb<l> 3a8eplliHJI nocne,UHI1H .ueHb c8oeH:
3eMHOH :>KH3HI1 H - YBbi! 0 rope! - 8CKOpe DOCJie 3TOfO OKOHlJI1JII1 )J(I13Hb eme
.ue8HTb MOHaxo8; 8 3TOM )J(e ro.uy no 8Ceo6meMy pellleHI1IO 6oro6ost3HeHHbiX
6paTbe8 6hm 1136paH fou;6epTI82.
971 r. Cropen 3HaMeHI1TbiH xpaM 8J1.opH6ypre183 co 8CeMI1 Kopone8CKI1MI1
COKp0811lllaMI1 27 ,lleKa6pst.
972 r. B nep8oe 80CKpeceHbe nocne BocKpeceHHH focno.uHero, 14 anpeliSI,
8 P11M cJia8HeH:llleMY 11Mneparopy OrroHy 6hma np11cnaHa .ll0%184 rpeqecKoro
11MnepaTopa ,llJIH 8CTYTIJieHI1SI 8 6paK C ero CbiHOM, TaK)J(e 11MOepaTOpOM, 11 ,llJISI
po)((,lleHI1SI eMy Hacne.UH11Ka; 8 3TOT )J(e .ueHb oHa TOTlJac )J(e 6hiJia y.uocToeHa
6pyHo (p. oK. 925 r. yM. 965 r. II OKT.)- 3-H: CbiH feHpnxa I H MaTI1Jib.llbl; apx11enl1cKon KeJibHCKHH: B 954-965 rr. u repuor JloTapHHrnu.
177 MoaHH XIII- pHMCKHH nana c I OKT. 965 r. no 6 ceHT. 972 r.
178 3rHJIOJibtP- a66aT Xepc$eJib.Ua B 963-970 rr.
179 BepHep- a66aT <l>ynh.Ubi B 968-982 rr.
180 A66aTa <l>yJib.Ubi. CM. npHM. 161.
181 PyoT6epT (yM. 975 r. 13 HHB.)- apxuenucKon MaH:Hua B 970-975 rr.
182 rou6epT - a66aT Xepc$enb.ua B 970-984/985 rr.
183 ,llopH6ypr- ropo.uoK HH)((e fleHbi, 6JIH3 Kupx6epra, Ha p. 3aane.
184 <I>eo$aHo (YM. 991 r. 15 HJOHH)- nneMHHHHUa BHJaHTHHCKoro HMnepaTOpa MoaHHa I
UnMHCXHH, )((eHa OrroHa II (c 14 anpeJIH 972 r.) u MaTh OrroHa III.
176

104

AnbTaliiXCKV1e aHHaJlbl

anocTOJibCKoro 6JiarocJioBeHHH H nocJie TpeTbetl: HO'IH co cTpaxoM oO)I(bHM


co'leTanacb c HHM ecTeCTBeHHbiM o6paJoM. B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy HMrrepaTop-asrycT
0rroH rrpHllieJI H3 JlaHro6ap.UHH BO <l>paHKOHHJO, a BMeCTe C HHM H ero CbiH.
973 r. HMnepaTop OrroH CTaprnwM: H ero CbiH OrroH, TaiOKe HMnepaTop,
BMeCTe C HMrrepaTpHUaMwl85 rrpHlliJIH 19 MapTa B I<Be.llJIHH6ypr H OTrrpa3.llHOBaJIH TaM llacxy, 'ITO CJIYlJHJIOCb 23 MapTa. Ty.ua rrpHlliJIH JlOCJibl OT rpeKOB,
6eHeBeHTUeB, c no.uapKaMH, 12 seHrepcKHX BeJibMO)I( H.usoe 6oJirapcKHX; TaiOKe
nocJibi repuora Xapanb.ua 186, o KOTopoM JlYMMH, 'ITO oH rrpoTHBHTCH HMrrepaTopy, JlO.ll'IHHHJIH BJiaCTH 0rroHa BCe CBOH (3eMJIH] JlOCpe.UCTBOM ycTaHOBJieHHOH
.uaHH. ooJiecJiasi87, [cJiaBHHCKHH repuor], npwrneJI zy.ua, o.uapws ero uapcKHMH
.uapaMH B HecMeTHOM KOJIH'IeCTBe. TaiOKe MernKotss, cJiaBHHCKHH repuor, BbiH~eHHbiH cTpaxoM, npwcJiaJI B JaJIO)I(HHKH CbiHa. TaiOKe repuor fepMaHI89,
KOTOpOrO (0TIOH] OH O'leHb JIJ06HJI, IlPH.llH BMeCTe C HHM, JlO'ITHJI ero cepe6pOM, 30JIOTOM H .llPYrHMH uapCKHMH .uapaMH 6oJiee IlpOt:IHX. OTiy.ua (0rroH]
yrneJI B TJOpHHrHJO, yMep B MeMJie6eHe 7 MaH, w TeJio ero 6brno .uocTaBJieHo
B Mar.ue6ypr. BepHHUO Hero 6paT PemHuo HJ JloTapHHrHH 6biJIH y6HTbi PeHhe
w JlaM6epToMI90 HapH.lly co MHOrHMH .upyrHMH. YMep CBHTOH YJibpwxi9I.
974 r. CbiHOBbH PeHbe Ha'laJIH YKPeJ1JIHTb KpenocTb .6yccJOI92. Me)I(Jl}' TeM
Halli HMrrepaTOp yCJibllliaJI 0 pa3.UOpe H orraCHOCTH B CBOeM KOpoJieBCTBe, Co6paJI
CBOe BOHCKO, OTrrpaBHJICH B JloTapHHfHJO, C)l(ef 3TY KperrOCTb H, B3HB B JlJieH
rapHHJOH, yseJI c co6otl: B CaKCOHmo; o.uHaKo, caMH rocno.ua PeHbe w JlaM6ePT
c6e)l(aJIH. B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy feHpwxi93, repuor oasapww, w enwcKon A6paxaMI94
cocTaBHJIH c ooJiecJiaBoM H MernKo J1JiaH, KaKHM o6paJoM JIHlliHTb HMnepaTopa
ero BJiaCTH; rrpH'IeM 3TO 6biJIO rrpH.uyMaHO CTOJib 3JIOC'IaCTHbiM o6pa30M, 'ITO, eCJIH
6hi o TOM He rrOJa60THJIOCb Jaro.llH oo)l(be MHJiocep.uwe H He noMernana, csepx
Toro, MY.llPOCTb .6ePTOJib.llal95, no'ITH BCH Espona 6brna 6bi orrycTorneHa H yHWI<J>eomHo 11 AueJibretinoti.
Xaparrb.ll I CI1HeJy6biH- CbiH fopMa CTaporo; KopoJib )laHI111 B 958-986 rr.
187 ooJiecJiaB II (p. 920 r. yM. 999 r. 7 <l>eBp.)- CbiH ooJiecJiaBa I fpo3Horo; KHSI3b 1.JeXHI1
B 967-999 rr.
188 MelliKO I (yM. 992 r. 25 MaSI)- KHSI3b floJibllll1 B 960-992 rr.
189 fepMaH I oHJIJiyHr (yM. 973 r.) - repu.or CaKCOHI111 B 936-973 rr., MapKrpa<l> BeH.llCKOH
MapKI1 (B HI1)1(HeM Te'leHI111 p. 3Jib6bi).
190 PeHbe IV (yM. I 0 13 r.) 11 JlaM6epT (YM. I 0 15 r. 12 ceHT.) - Chi HOBbS! PeHbe III 11 AueJibi
JlyBeHcKoti. PeHbe IV 6biJI rpa<l>oM feHHeray B 977-1013 rr., a JlaM6epT- rpa<l>oM
JlyBeHa B 973-1015 rr.
191 YJibpl1x (p. 890 r. yM. 973 r. 4 11JOJISI) - eo11cKon Ayrc6ypra B 923-973 rr. B 993 r. - KaHOHI1311poBaH.
192 6ycc10- ropon B feHHeray, K Janany OT MoHca.
193 feHpi1X II CBapJII1BbiH (p. 951 r. yM. 995 r. 28 aBr.)- Cb!H feHpl1xa I; repu.or oaBapl111
B 955-976 11 985-995 rr.; repu.or Kapi1HTI111 B 989-995 rr.
194 A6paxaM - enl1cKon <l>peti311Hra B 957-993 rr.
195 EepTOJib.ll (yM. 980 r. 15 SIHB.)- rpa<l> lliBetiH<l>ypTa.
185

186

105

AHHanbi

TO)I(eHa. 11TaK, 11MnepaTOp, YJHaB 0 CTOJih fHYCHOM JaMbiCJie, co6paJI BCeX CBOI1X
KIDIJeW 11 cnpoCHJI y HHX, 'ITO eMY BCJie,UCTBI1e 3TOfO CJie,UyeT .UeJiaTb. 11 OHI1 CO'IJII1
He06XO.U11MhiM OTnpaBHTh K HaJBaHHOMY repuory eni1CKOna 0onno196 11 rpaq>a
fe6xap.ua 11 YKaJOM BhiJBaTb ero 11 BCeX, KOTOphie 6biJII1 BMeCTe C HI1M B 3TOM
JaroBope, Ha CBOW cetfM; a eCJII1 OHI1 He JaxOT.SIT np11WTI1 11 peruaT ynopCTBOBaTb
B TaKOM HenOBI1HOBeHI111, TO nyCTh, BHe BCHKOfO COMHeHI1H, JHaiOT, qTo 6Y.UYT
YHHlffO)I(eHhi .uyxoBHhiM MeqoM . .UeiicTBHTeJihHO, repuor feHpHX, Kor.ua ycJihiWaJI
HX nocJiaHI1e, 6Jiaro.uapH oo)l(betf noMOIU11 6eJ BCHKoro npoMe,UJieHI1H npe.ucTaJI
nepe.u rocnO.LI.HHOM 11MnepaTOpOM BMeCTe CO BCeMI1, KOTOpbie yqaCTBOBaJII1 B 3TOM
JaroBope, 'IT06bi TOT nOCTynHJI C HI1MI1 TaK, KaK eMY YfO.UHO. (11MnepaTOp)

TYT

)l(e cocJiaJI repuora B 11HreJihxai1:M 11 eni1CKona A6paxaMa B Kopse10, a TaK)I(e


.UPYfHX -

zy.ua 11 c10.ua. Ho npe)l(.lle qeM Bee 3TO JaBeprnHJioch, XapaJih.U, KopoJih

.[laHI111, Jaq11HIU11K JJihiX .ueJI, C)l(er 11 onycTornHJI BCIO npoBI1HUI110 no TY CTOPOHY


peKH 3Jib6bi. Kor.ua 06 3TOM C006IUHJI11 11Mnepampy 0rroHY, OH co6paJI CBOe
BoiicKo 11, npH.llH K Xapanh.uy, xoTeJI Bczyni1Th c HI1M B perui1TeJihHYIO 611TBy.
O.uHaKO XapaJih.U ornpaBHJI K 11MnepaTopy CBOHX nOCJIOB 11 OT.UaJI eMY BCe (CBOI1)
6oraTCTBa, 'IT06bl TOT OTnycTHJI ero C Ml1pOM. J1TaK, 11MnepaTOp, paJrHeBaHHhiW
nocJiaMI1, BepHYJICH B CBOIO JeMJIIO, 'IT06bi co6paTb TaKOe BOWCKO, On11paHCh Ha
KOTOpoe OH MOr 6hi BhiCTynHTh npoTHB JII060ro. 11 TOJihKO nOCJie TOfO KaK KOpOJih
XapaJih.U OTOCJiaJI rocy.uap10 B JaJIO)I(HI1KH CBoero ChiHa 11 see 6oraTCTBa, KaKHe
11MeJI, 11, CBepx Toro, o6eruan eMY .uaBaTh .uaHh, KaKYIO .uaBaJI npe)l(.lle, 11MnepaTop
npeKpaTHJI cBoii rneB 11 OTnycTHJI Xapanh.lla c Ml1pOM.

975 r.

OrroH npoBeJI 6oJihrnotl CbeJ.u JHam B BetiMape. B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy

11MnepaTOp 0TTOH onyCTOllii1JI 11 npe,UaJI OrHIO l..JeXI110. l..Jex11 y6HJII1 JIIO.UeH


CBHToro MaBpi1KHHI97. ohma cypoBaH 11.UOJiraH JI1Ma.

976 f.

11MnepaTOp 0TTOH C06paJI CBOe BOHCKO 11, np11.UH B oaBapl110, npe-

CJie,UOBaJI repuora feHpi1Xa, nOTOMY qTO TOT HeJaKOHHO JaXBaTI1JI BJia,UeHI1e


cBoero rocno.u11Ha 11MnepaTopa. Kor.ua 11MnepaTop np11rneJI TY.Ua, K HeMy
nocnernHo np116hiJII1 en11CKOnhi 11 rpa<J>hi oaBap1111, a caM repuor 6e)l(aJI.
11MnepaTOp 0TTOH BO BTOpOW pa3 OTnpaBI1JICH B oaBap1110, 113fHaJI repuora
feHp11xa 11 nepe.uan 3TY JeMJIIO Orroi98, repuory illBa61111.

977 r. 11Mnepamp OTToH MJia.urn11tl .UB11HYJI BotlcKo B l..Jex1110 11 onycTOWHJI


no,ll)l(oraMI1 6oJihlliYIO qacTh 3TOi1: CTpaHhi. CaM 11MnepaTop TaK)I(e noTepHJI
TaM B peJyJihTaTe KOBapCTBa 11 JaCa,U MeCTHhiX )1(11TeJieH HeMaJIYIO qaCTh pbiUapetf (CBOero) BOWCKa. Ho 11 .U113eHTepi1H CI1JihHO onyCTOllii1Jia BOHCKO. 11TaK,
ooJiecJiaB np11rneJI K 11MnepaTopy Ml1pHo BMeCTe c HeMHOrHMI1, yMoJIHH ero
qepe3 CBOI1X .upyJetf 11 JII1qHO, qTo6bi OH BepHyJICH .UOMOH, 11 npe.uaHHO o6e-

196 flonno II- enwcKon B10pu6ypra B 961-984 rr.


197 T. e. JIJO.Ueti AllbTatixa.
198 Orro (p. 954 r. yM. 982 r. 31 OKT.) - e.uHHCTBeHHb1H CbiH J1wy.uoJibla, CbiHa OrroHa I,
H l1.Ubt. fepuor illBa6ww B 973-982 rr. 11 EaBapwH B 976-982 rr.
106

IUaH BCKOpe nOCJie,llOBaTb 3a HHM C no.uo6aJOIUHMH eMy no.uapKaMH H ,UapaMH,


a TaiOKe C.llaTbCH CaM H nepe,UaTb H no,UqHHHTb eMy BeCb CBOH HapO.ll, H .U06HJICH
::noro. B TO BpeMH KaK HMnepaTOp HaXO.llHJICH B 3THX 3eMJIHX, feHpHX H .llPYTOH
[repuor] Toro )l(e HMeHHI99, ero nJieMHHHHK, JaxsaTHJIH Ilaccay. YcJihiiiiaB o6
3TOM, (HMnepaTOpj nocneiiiHO.llBHHyJI (ry.uaj BOHCKO H OCa,UHJI ropo.u; C,lleJiaB
KOpa6eJibHbiH MOCT, OH nocpe,UCTBOM ,llJIHTeJibHOH OCa,llbl H no npH3biBY CBOHX
.upy3eH BbiHY.llHJI repuora feHpHxa K C.llaqe H npHHHJI ero B CBOIO MHJIOCTb, H,
pacnycTHB TaKHM o6pa30M BOHCKO, OTnpaBHJICH B CaKCOHHIO.

978 r.

EoJiecJiaB npHIIIeJI K HMnepaTOpy Ha CBHTYJO nacxy, KaK H o6eman,

H 6biJI noqTHTeJibHO npHHHT KHH3bHMH KOpOJieBCTBa; OH CO,llep)l(aJICH C noqeTOM


H 6hiJI BeJIHKOJienHo o.uapeH uapCKHMH no.uapKaMH, nocJie qero npHHec KJIHTBY sepHOCTH H, oTnyiUeHHbiH c MHpoM, sepHyJicH .uoMotl:. nhiJI TaM H feHpHx,
H .llPYTOH (KHH3b] 3TOro HMeHH; OHH 6biJIH CXBaqeHbl H OTnpaBJieHbl B CCbiJIKy.
[B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy KopoJib JloTapb200 no YTOBopy H cosery CbiHOBetl: PeHbe20I,
KOTOpbiH 6biJI KHH3eM H repuoroM B KOpOJieBCTBe JloTapH, C OT60pHbiM qHCJIOM
pbiUapetl: BHeJanHO 3aXBaTHJI AxeHCKHH .llBOpeu H OCTaBaJICH TaM B TeqeHHe
Tpex ,llHeH, OT,llaBaH pacnopSJ)I(eHHH H npHKa3bl, KaKHe Ka3aJIHCb eMy no.uXO.llHIUHMH. Kor.ua HMnepaTop ycJihiiiiaJI o6 3TOM, TO CTpaiiiHO paJrHeBaJICH,
C nocneiiiHOCTbiO C06paJI BCe CHJibl CBOero KOpOJieBCTBa H fHaJICH 3a HHM .llO
caMotl: peKH CeHbi H MOHaCThiPH CeH-.[leHH, HO TaK H He cxsaTHJI, 1160 TOT
cnacCH 6erCTBOM. Kor.ua )l(e Ha o6paTHOM nyTH BOHCKO npHIIIJIO K peKe 3Ha H,
nepetl:.uH peKY s6po.u, pa36HJio TaM Jiarepb, TO npHnacbi BMeCTe c nosoJKaMH
H TeJieraMH H noqTH BCeH YTBapblO, KaKaH 6biJia ~a BOHCKy, 6biJIH OCTaBJieHbl
Ha .llPYTOM 6epery peKH; H BOT BHe3anHO CbiHOBbH PeHhe C BOHCKOM KOpOJIH
JloTapH HanaJIH (Ha HHXj, y6HJIH MHOfHX KapayJibHbiX H pa3rpa6HJIH BCe, qTQ
MOrJIH yHeCTH C co6otl:, npHqHHHB BOHCKY 60JiblllOH ymep6].

979 r. 0

HesepHOCTH rpacl>a fepo202 6biJIO ny6JIHqHo JaHBJieHo Banb.uo;

no 3TOH npHqHHe OHH, BCTynHB B Mar.ue6ypre B O)l(eCTOqeHHYJO CXBaTKY,


nopa3HJIH .llPYT .upyra.

980 r. HMnepaTop OrroH MJia.uiiiHH ompaBHJICH B JlaHro6ap.UHJO. KopoJih


JloTapb npHIIIeJI K HMnepaTopy C 6oraTbiMH no.uapKaMH H BMeCTe CO CBOHM
CbiHOM no,UqHHHJICH HMnepaTopy.

981

r. YMep A.uanh6epT, apxHenHcKon Mar.ue6yprcKHM:; eMy HacJie.uosan

fH3HJiep203. PmK.uecTBO XpHCTOBO HMnepaTOp npa3.llHOBaJI B PHMe.

feHpHx Mnauumli (yM. 989 r. 5 oKT.)- CbiH EepTOJibJla; repuor KapHHTHH s 976-978 l1
983-989 rr. l1 repuor Easapl111 s 983-985 rr.
2oo JlOTapb I I I (yM. 986 r.) - KopoJib <l>paHUHH s 954-986 rr. CbiH JliO!lOBHKa IV 3aMopcKoro 11 fep6epm, cecTpbi OTioHa I.
201 T. e. PeHbe IV l1 JlaM6epTa.
202 fepo ltJoH AIIbcJie6eH (yM. 979 r. II asr.)- rpaltJ s HopnTIOPHHrray l1 MeKepHray.
203 fl1311Jlep- enHcKon Mep3e6ypra s 971-981 rr.; apxl1enl1cKon Marne6ypra s 9811004 rr.
199

107

AHHanbi

982 r. nhiJIO ynpaJ.uHeHo emtcKoncTBO B Mep3e6ypre, H B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy


Y.llHBHTeJibHOH seJiwqHHbi J.UaHHe pyxHyJio B Mar.ue6ypre.
B 3TOM ro.uy HMnepaTop cpa)l(aJICH Ha 6epery CwuHJIHHCKoro MopH
C capaUHHaMH H MaBpaMH; B 3TOH 6HTBe204 OH - 0 ~ac! - llOTepHJI KOBqer C MOIUaMH CBHTbiX, 1160 y6HTbl 6biJIH enHCKOllbl, KaneJIJiaHhl, TpH6yHbl
H noqTw see rpaQlbi, KOTOpbie TaM 6biJIH. Kor.ua )l(e HMnepaTop ysw.ueJI 6ercTBO CBOHX H OTBary CapaUHH, TO 6pOCHJI Op~He, CHHJI O,lle)l(,lly H 6pOCHJICH
B HaXO.llHBllieeCH no6JIH30CTH MOpe; llOKa OH CTpa,llaJI, ,llOJifO nJiaBaH B HeM
B HeHJBeCTHOCTH Ja CBOJO cy.uh6y, 6Jiaro.uapH npoMbiCJIY DO)I(beMy Ha cy.uax
npH6biJIH HeKOTOpbie H3 npOTHBHHKOB H llO.llHHJIH ero Ha 6opT, KOf,lla OH
~e TOHyJI. TaM, KaK fOBOpHT, OH C,lleJiaJI BH,ll, 6y.UTO OH He TOT, KeM 6biJI Ha
caMOM .ueJie, JaHBHB, qTo OH HK06hi O.llHH H3 pbiUapeM: HMnepaTopa. Kor.ua
OH BeJI TaKHM o6pa30M B3aHMHbie 6ece,llbl C npOTHBHHKaMH, TO BHe3allHO
6pocHJICH B Mope w nepenJihiJI K pacnoJIO)I(eHHOMY Heno.uaneKy 6epery,
ocso6o.UHBlliHCb 6Jiaro.uapH Y.llHBHTeJibHOH noMOIUH nO)I(beM:. BoHHhi )l(e,
KOTOpbie H36e)l(aJIH onaCHOCTeH 6HTBbl, norH6JIH O,llHH OT fOJIO.Ua, a .upyme
oT HeCTepnwMoro JieTHero JHOH. B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy Orro, nJieMHHHHK HMnepaTopa H repuor Easapww, H BepHep, a66aT <l>yJih.UeHCKHH, B03BpamaHcb
c pa3perneHHH ueJapH .uoMoM:, CKoHqaJIHCb B 11TaJIHH. OTTo HacJie.uosan
feHpwx205, a BepHepy- EpaHTor206.
983 r. Me)l(.lly cJiaBHHaMH H caKcaMH [scnhixHyJia] pacnpH, nocJie qero
CJiaBHHe npeCJie,llOBaJIH CaKCOB, pa3pylliHB uepKBH, MOHaCTb!pH H MHO)I(eCTBO
ropo.uos. YMep Tionno, enwcKon B10pu6yprcKwM:; eMy HacJie.uosan fyro207.
11MnepaTop OrroH yMep B PwMe OT .uwJeHTepww 8 .ueKa6pH w 6hiJI norpe6eH
B xpaMe CBHTOfO TieTpa.
984 r. OrroH2os, MaJioJieTHHH CbiH OrroHa, cTaHOBHTCH KopoJieM B .ueHh
Po)l(.lleCTBa focno.uHero. A66aT fou6epT HHJJIO)I(eH, eMy nocpe.ucTBOM H36paHHH HacJie.uosan EepHxapwtf209.
985 r. fpa<P KoHpa.u2tO npwcsoHJI ce6e AJieMaHHHJO. CaKChi onycTornaiOT
3eMJIJO CJiaBHH.
986 r. 0TTOH, KOpOJib-pe6eHOK, C 60JiblliHM BOHCKOM onyCTOrnaeT JeMJIIO
cJiaBHH, H TaM eMy HascTpeqy c BOHCKOM H no.uapKaMH BhirneJI MernKo.
987 r. CaKCbi BHOBb BhiHY.UHJIH 3THx cJiaBHH c.uaTbCH.
988 r. qpeJMepHaH JieTHHH )l(apa.
204
20s
206
207
208
209
21o

llpH KoTpoHe.
feHpHx Mnauumw. CM. Bbirne, npHM. 199.
EpaHTor I - a66aT <l>yJib!lbl B 982-991 rr.
fyro - enHcKon 810pu6ypra B 983-990 rr.
OrroH Ill (p. 980 r. yM. 1002 r. 24 SIHB.)- CbiH OrroHa II 11 <l>eoltJaHo; KopOJib fepMaHHH l1 HMnepaTOp B 983-1002 rr.
EepHxapHH - a66aT XepcltJeJib!la B 984/985-1005 rr.
KoHpa,u (yM. 997 r. 20 aBr.) - repuor lliBa61111 B 983-997 rr. 113 pona KoHpa,uHHOB.

108

989 r. YMep feHpl1x, repuor Kapi1HTI111. 11MnepaTpl1ua <l>eo<PaHo oTnpa811Jlach 8 P11M 11 no.uqi1HI1Jla 11MnepaTopy 8ech 3TOT Kpatt
990 r. A66aTOM CTaH0811TCH 3pxaH6epT2II. B ArlhTatl:xcKoM MOHaCThlpe
80CCTaHoBJieHa )J(Jf3Hh no ycTa8y. COJmeqHoe 3aTMeHI1e.
991 r. ,llbHKOH fo.uexap.u CTaH0811TCH MOHaxoM. OroHh no.uHH.JicH 113 Peti:Ha
11 YHWITO)I(Jf)l CeJieHI1H Ha 6epery.
992 r. YMepJia 11MnepaTp11ua <l>eo<PaHo2I2. KopoJih OrroH oca.uiUI .6paH.ueH6ypr.
993 r.
994 r. YMep C8HTOH enl1cKon BoJih<l>raHr2I3; eMy HacJie.U08aJI fe6xap.u214.
ChiH08hH rpa<l>a feHpl1xa2I5- feHpl1x, Y.uo 11311r<l>P11.ll- cpruteaJII1Ch 8 MopcKOM cpa)l(eHI111 npoTI18 n11paT08. 11.3 Hl1x Y.uo 6hiJI y611T, a .ll80e .upymx 83HThi
8 nneH. feHp11x )l(e, .ua8 8 3aJIO)I(HI1KH ChiHa 11 8accano8, 6biJI OTnYI.UeH pa.u11
c6opa .UeHer ,llJIH 8hiKYna. Ho 311r<l>p11,ll TaHHO HOqhiO c6e)l(aJI, 8CJie,llCT811e
qero Te 8 me8e 113y8eqi1JII1 3aJIO)I(HI1K08 11 8hi6poci1JII1 11x 3a 6opT.
995 r. YMep repuor feHp11x, 11 repuorCT80 nonyqiUI ero Chm2I6. YMep a66aT
Matl:oJI2I7. KopoJih OrroH onycmwaeT 3eMJIIO o6o.upi1T08.
996 r. KopOJih OrroH npl138aH 8 P11M MH YKPOIUeHI1H C811penoCTI1 KpecueHU11H218. Kor.ua yMep nana2I9, oH c.ueJiaJI nanotl: .6pYHo220, ChiHa repuora
OTTo, OT KOTOporo 11 CaM noJiyqiUI 11MnepaTOPCKYIO KOPOHy; a KpecueHU1110,
811H08HOMY 8 ocKop6JieHI111 8eJII1qecT8a, no npocb6e nanhi no.uapiUI )1(113Hh.
997 r. A66aTOM CTaH0811TCH ro.uexap.u221. En11CKOn A.uaJih6epT222 npi1HI1MaeT MyqeHwrecKyiO KoHqi1Hy. HoaHH223, enl1cKon flhHqeHUhi, 3ax8aTI1JI
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220

221
222
223

3pxaH6epT- a66aT AnbTawxa B 990-997 rr.


15 HIOHSI 991 r.
BoJiblt>raHr CBSITOH (yM. 994 r. 31 OKT.)- en11cKon PereHc6ypra B 972-994 rr.
fe6xapn I (yM. 1023 r. 27 MapTa)- enl1cKon PereHc6ypra B 994-1023 rr.
CbiHOBhSI feHpl1xa I Jlbicoro (yM. 975 r.)- rpaltJa ltJoH lllTane B 929-976 rr.
feHpl1x II CBSITOH (p. 973 r. 6 MaR. YM 1024 r. 13 mom~)- ChiH feHpl1xa II CBapJII1Boro;
repuor 6aBapl111 c 995 r.; KopoJib B I 002-1024 rr.; 11MnepaTop c 1411JeBp. 1014 r.
B 994 r. Mawon 6bm a66aToM I<JIIOHI1.
KpecueHU11H (II)- pi1MCKI1H ceHaTOp 11 KOHcyJI, rpaltJ Teppa'-!11Hhi- yMep
29 anp. 998 r.
11oaHH XV (yM. 996 r. MapT)- pi1MCKMH nana c aBrycTa 985 r. no MapT 996 r.
fp11rop11w V (6pyHo; yM. 999 r. 1811JeBp.)- p11MCKI1H nana c 3 MaS! 996 r. no
1811JeBp. 999 r. CbiH Orro, repuora Kapi1HTI111, KoTophiH, B cBoiO o'-lepenh, 6biJI
ChiHOM KoHpana PhDKero 11 l111YTraP!lhi, no'-!epl1 11MnepaTopa OrroHa I BeJII1Koro.
fonexapn (yM. 1038 r. 5 MaS!) - CBS!Tow; a66aT XepcltJeJiblla B I 005-1012 rr.; enl1cKon
XMJib)lecxaiiMa B I 022-1038 rr. B 997 r. CTaJI a66aToM AnbTaiixa.
Auanb6epT (BoiiTex) (yM. 997 r. 23 anp.) - CBSITOH, enl1cKon ITpruKCKMH B 982-997 rr.
Y611T H3hi'-IHI1KaMI1-npyccaMI1.
11oaHH <l>I1JiaraTOc (yM. 1001 r. 26 aBr.)- rpeK 113 PoccaHo; enl1cKon flbH'-IeHUhi
B 988-997 rr.; aHTI1nana (11oaHH XVI) c ltJeBp. 997 r. no Maw 998 r.

109

AHHanbl

aiiOCTOJibCKHH rrpeCTOJI 110 C08eTy KpecueHUHSI H 80IIpeKH HMneparopy


OrroHy.
998 r. )l(eHIUHHa H3 moJJ;eli AllbTalixcKoro MOHaCTbiPH pa3pOJJ;HJiacb pa30M
rrHTblO CbiH08bHMH. Ha38aHHbiH y3ypnaTOp HoaHH 6biJI ocJieiiJieH HMneparopoM OrroHoM H, rroCJie roro KaK eMY OTPe3aJIH Hoc, HH3JIO)I(eH, a KpecueHUHH
o6e3rJiaBJieH 8Mecre c 12 ero JIIOJJ;bMH H no8erneH nepeJJ; ropoJJ;OM PHMOM.
999 r. YMepJia HMrreparpHua AueJibreliJJ;a. YMep rrarra 6pyHo; eMy HacJieJJ;08aJI fep6epr224.
1000 r. YMep a66ar PaMyOJibJJ;225. HMrrepaTOp 8CTyrraer 8 3eMJIIO cJia8SIH,
qTQ6bi IIOMOJIHTbCSI y C8. AziaJib6epTa, eiiHCKOIIa H MyqeHHKa; IIp08eJJ;H TaM
C06op, OH yqpeJJ;HJI CeMb errapXHH H IlpHKa3aJI PYKOIIOJIO)I(HTb 8 apXHeiiHCKOIIbl
fayJJ;eHUHSI226, 6paTa 6Jia)l(eHHOfO AziaJih6epra H MOHaXa. BepHysiliHCb OTTyJJ;a,
oH rrpo8eJI Bep6Hoe 80CKpeceHbe 8 MarJJ;e6ypre, a nacxy - 8 K8e.lUIHH6ypre.
B AxeHe oH OTbiCKaJI KOCTH HMrreparopa KapJia BeJIHKoro, %e [MecrorroJio)l(eHHe] 6b1Jlo HeH38ecrHo 6oJibiliHHCT8Y JIIOJJ;eli. OrryJJ;a OH npHrneJI 8 PHM.
1001 r. Po)I(JJ;eCT80 focrroJJ;He HMrreparop OrroH III rrpa3JJ;Hyer 8 PHMe.
1002 r. 11Mrreparop OrroH III YMeP 23 HH8apH; eMy cqacTJIH80 HacJieJJ;o8aJI
feHpHx227, repuor 6a8apcKHH:.
1003 r. no)l(ap lla8HH. Cre<t>aH228, KOPOJib BeHrpHH, 8biCTyiiHJI c 80HCKOM
rrpoTH8 c8oero JJ;SIJJ;H, KopoAA IOJia; cxsaTH8 ero 8Mecre c )l(eHoli H JJ;8YMH ero
CbiH08bSIMH, OH CHJIOH IIPHHYJJ;HJI KOpOJie8CT80 K XpHCTHaHCT8y. 11 6biJia pa3pyrneHa KperrocTb KpoH:ceH229. feHpHx230, CbiH rpa<t>a 6epTOJibJJ;a, 6pyHom, 6par
KOpOAA, H o6a 6oJieCJia8a232, llOJibCKHH H qeiliCKHH, OTIIaJJ;aiOT OT KOpOJISI. Ho
feHpHX, IlpH6e)l(a8 K KOpOJIIO, 6biJI OTJJ;aH 110,11; CTp~ 8 fH6HXeHiliTeHH233.
1004 f. flO)I(ap fla8HH.
1005 r. YMep a66ar 6epHxapHH:; eMy HacJieJJ;08aJI a66ar foJJ;exapJJ;234.
1006 r. CHJibHbiH roJIOJJ;. fyHTep craJI MoHaxoM.
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233

234

CHJibBeCTp II (fep6epT .u'OpHJibSIK) (yM. I 003 r. 12 MaSI) - pHMCKHH nan a co


2 anp. 999 r. no 12 MaSI 1003 r.
A66aT CBSIToro 3MMepaMa.
fay,aeHUHH (Pa,UHM) 6bm apxHenHCKOnOM fHe3HO B 1000-J 006? rr.
feHpHx II CBSITOH. CM. Bbillle, npHM. 216.
CTe<t>aH I CBSITOH (yM. 1038 r. 15 aBr.)- KopoJib BeHrpHH B 997-1038 rr.
Hap. KpacHbiH MawH, K 10ry oT liawpewTa. KpowceH npHHa.uJie:lKan feHpwxy WBewH<!JypTcKoMy.
feHpHX (}'M. 1017 r. 18 ceHT.) - MapKrpa<!J illBeHH<!JypTa, CbiH liepTOJib.Ua, MapKrpa<!Ja
Hop.uray.
EpYHO (yM. 1029 r. 24 anp.)- 2-w CbiH feHpHxa II CBapJIHBoro, 6paT HMnepaTopa
feHpHxa II; enHcKon Ayrc6ypra B 1006-1029 rr.
T. e. EonecJiaB I Xpa6pbiH (p. 967 r. yM. 1025 r. 17 HIOHSI) - KHSI3b noJibllll'l B 9921025 rr., H EoneCJiaB III Pbi:lKHH (yM. 1037 r.)- KHSI3b 4exHH B 999-1002 H 1003 rr.
3aMoK 6JIH3 r. fanne, Ha p. 3aane.
CM. Bbillle, npHM. 221.
110

AnbralilxcKLile aHHaJlbl

1007 r. 6epH8ap.ll235, enHcKon XHJib.llecxai1McKHH, oc8.snuaeT faH.llepcxai1MCKHH MOHaCTbipb, H TaM apXHenHcKon BHJI.JIHrH:l236 8 npHcyrcT8HH HMnepaTOpa, enHCKOn08 H llPYrHX KHRJeH npeKpaTHJI cnop, KOTOpbiH .llO CHX nop
HepaJYMHO paJ)I(Hfa.JI npOTH8 XHJib.lleCXaHMUe8, H nepe.lla.JI HarneMy enHCKOny
8 JHaK C80ero OTKaJa237 enHCKOnCKHH nOCOX, KOTOpbiH .llO CHX nop CO.llep)I(HTCR
y HaC. flOXO.ll npOTH8 feHTa. fepuor fia.JillYHH238 nOKOpHJICR BJiaCTH KOpOJIR
feHpHxa.
1008 f. fYHTep Haqa.n 8eCTH )I(HJHb OTllieJibHHKa.
1009 r. Meu oca)l(.lleH feHpHXOM, H Jax8aqeH Caap6ypr.
1010 r. noxo.ll npoTH8 CJia8.siH, HJ KOTOporo KOPOJih 8MecTe c HeKOTOPbiMH
JIIO.llbMH 8epHyJIC.si 60JibHbiM.
lOll r. YMep apxHenHcKon BHJIJIHrHJ; eMy Hacne.ll08a.JI a66aT 3pKeH6a.nbJl239. Ho8biH noxo.ll npoTH8 JIOTapHHrue8.
1012 r. YMep fepMaH24o, repuor AJieMaHHHH. fopo.ll Meu 8H08b oca)l(.lleH.
A66aT fo.llexap.ll, ocTa8H8 Xepc<f>enbll, 80J8pamaeTcR 8 AllhTaH:x. C8RTOH KoJieMaH JaMyqeH 8 CToKepay24I 8 npaBJieHHe feHpHxa242, MapKrpa<f>aABCTPHH,
oTua MapKrpa<f>a A.lla.nb6epTa.
1013 r. CHJibHOe Ha80.llHeHHe. YMep KpHCTHaH243, enHcKon naccay; eMY
HaCJie.ll08a.JI 6epeHrap244. flO)I(ap XHJib.lleCXaHMCKOH uepKBH, 8 XO.lle KOTOporo
nOrH6JIO OfpOMHOe KOJIHqeCT80 KHHf 8MeCTe C npeKpaCHbiM uepK08HbiM
o6naqeHHeM.
1014 r. feHpHX CTaH08HTC.si HMnepaTOpOM 8 PHMe 24 <f>e8pa.JI.si.
l 015 f. 3pHcT245, repuor a.neMaHH08, nom6 Ha OXOTe, Heqa.sJHHO paHeHbiH
CTPeJIOH, H JlaM6epT246, )l(eCToqaH:lliHH 80HH, norH6, noHeC.si .llOCTOHHeHrnee
803Me3.l1He Ja Kp08a8YJO peJHIO. flOXO.ll rocnO,llHHa HMnepaTOpa npOTH8 6oJieCJia8a.
1016 r. Bbma.n He8epo.siTHO KpynHhiH rpan, H oqeHb MHome norH6JIH,
CO)I()I(eHHbie MOJIHHeH.
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244

245
246

6epHBaPJl (yM. 1022 r. 20 HOH6.)- emicKon XWib,!l,ecxai1Ma B 993-1022 rr.


8HJL11HrH3 (yM. 1011 r. 23 <j>eBp.)- apxnenncKon ManHua B 975-1011 rr.
0TKa3a OT BepXOBHbiX npaB Ha faH)lepcxaHM.
liaJUiynH IV 6oponaTbiH - rpa<J> <l>naHJlpnn B 988-1035 rr.
3pKeH6aJib.ll (yM.I021 r. 17aBr.)- a66aT <l>yJibJlbi B 997-1011 rr., apxnenncKon
ManHua- B 1011-1021 rr.
fepMaH III (yM. 1012 r.)- cbiH fepMaHa II; repuor ll1Ba6nn B 1003-1012 rr.
Ha neBoM 6epery .llyHaH, KceBepo-3anMy oT KopHHen6ypra.
feHpnx I CWibHbiH- MapKrpa<J> ABcTP"" B994-1018 rr. OH 6hm 6paToM, a He OTUOM
A.llaJib6epTa, KOTOpbiH CMeHKJI ero B,llOJDKHOCTH MapKrpa<J>a B 1018 f.
KpncTnaH - enncKon naccay B 991-1013 rr.
liepeHrap - enncKon naccay B I013-1045 rr.
3pHcT I 6a6eH6epr (p. 970 r. yM. 1015 r. 31 MaH)- repuor ll1Ba6nn B 10121015 rr.
fpa<J> JlyBeHa. CM. Bbiille, npnM. 190.
111

AHHanbl

1017r.
1018 r. BHeJarmo nom6 feHpMx, MapKrpacf> ABcTpHH; eMy Hacne.uosan
CblH247 A,uanb6epT.
1019 r.
1020 r. nana neHe.UHKT VIII248 npM6hiJI no npMrnarneHHIO HMnepaTOpa
B naM6epr. Bo MHOfHX JeMHbiX MecTax MHOromcJieHHbie " KpynHbie no)l(apbl.
1021 r. CHJibHOe JeMJieTPHCeHwe 12 MaH, B 10-M qacy .UHH, B nHTHHuynocne
BoJHeceHHSI rocno.uHero, " 6y.uTO 6bi BH,UHbl 6biJIH .usa COJIHUa 22 HIOHSI.
1022 r. YMep enHcKon EepHsap.u; eMy Hacne.uosan fo.uexap.u, a66aT A.rlhTaiixcKHM:, MOHaX CBHTOH )I(HJHH.
1023 f. JlyHHOe JaTMeHHe TpM)I(,Ubl Ja O.UHH ro.u; COJIHe':IHOe JaTMeHHe
nocne Po)I(,UeCTBa rocno.uHero, B 10-M qacy .UHSI. BoJib$paM249 CTaHOBHTCSI
a66aTOM AJihTaHXCKHM.
1024 r. YMep HMnepaTop feHpwx25o. YMep nana neHe.UHKT; eMy Hacne.uosan
ero 6paT25I. KoponeM cTan KoHpa,a252.
1025 r.
1026 r. ChiH KopoJIH KoHpa.ua feHpwx253 cTan KoponeM. A66aT Bonhcf>paM
BHeJanHo YMep. Co6op B 3enwreHrnTa.uTe no noso.uy cnopa Me)l(.lly enHCKOnaMH ApM6o MaHHUCKHM254 " ro.uexap.uoM XH.rrb.uecxaHMCKHM.
1027 f. KopOJib KoHpa.u CTaJI HMnepaTOpOM, aero ChiH, KOpOJib, HaJHaqeH
repuoroM EasapMM. PaTMYH.ll255 cTaHOBHTCSI a66aTOM A.rlbTaiixcKHM.
1028 r.
1029 r. YMep EpYHO, enHcKon ropo.ua Ayrc6ypra; eMY Hacne.uosan 3nno256.
Co6op s nenb,Ue Me)I(,Uy HaJBaHHhiMH enHCKonaMH s npMCYTCTBHH HMnepaTopa
no noso.uy faH,UepcxaiiMCKoro np11xo.ua.
1030 r. 11MnepaTop KoHpa.u, enema c BOHCKOM B BeHrpMIO, Ha po)I(,UecTBO CBSITOfO AJ1b6aHa, B BOCKpeceHbe, HOqesan B AJibTaHXCKOM MOHaCTbipe.
Ho 113 BeHrpMM OH BepHyJICSI 6e3 BOHCKa 11 6e3 BCSIKHX ycneXOB, nOTOMY qTO

247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256

6paT. CM. Bblllle, npHM. 242.


lieHe.UHKT VIII (.U:JKoBaHHH, rpa<t> TycK)'naHCKHii)- pM:MCKHii nana c 18 MaH 1012 r.
no 7 anp. I 024 r.
Bonb<lJpaM I - a66aT AnbTaiixa B 1022-1027 rr.
feHpM:x II yMep 13 M:IOJIH I 024 r. B fpoHe.
HoaHH XIX- pM:MCKHii nana B 1024-1032 rr.
KoHpa.u II (p. 990 r. yM. 1039 r. 4 M:IOHH)- Koponb c 4 ceHT. 1024 r.; HMnepaTop
c 26 MapTa I 027 r.
feHpM:x III (p. I 017 r. 28 OKT. yM. I 056 r. 5 OKT.) - cT. CbiH KoHpa.ua II H fHJeJihi;
Koponb fepMaHM:H, HTanM:M: H 6ypryH.uHH B 1039-1056 rr.; HMnepaTop c 1046 r.
ApM:6o (yM. 1031 r. 6anp.)- apxM:enM:cKon MaiiHua B 1021-1031 rr.
PaTMYH.u - a66aT AnhTaiixa B I 027 -I 049 rr.
3nno (36epxap.u I) (yM. 1047 r. 26 MaH)- enM:cKon Ayrc6ypra B 1029-1047 rr.

112

AnbralilxcKL-~e

aHHanbl

soiicKo oKaJaJIOCb B onacHOCTH HJ-Ja roJio,LJ;a, H BeHa257 6bma BJSITa seHrpaMH.


ApHyJihij>258, a66aT Xepcij>eJib,LJ;CKHH, HHJJIO)I(eH H JaMeHeH 6ap,LJ;o259.

1031

r. YMep apxHenHcKon ApH6o; eMy HacJie,LJ;OBaJI a66aT Eap,LJ;O. MM-

nepaTop C He60JiblliHM OTpSI,li;OM CaKCOB BTOpfCSI B OCeHHee BpeMSI B JeMJIIO


cnaBSIH H JacTaBHJI MeiiiKo26o, paHee ,LJ;onro eMy MSITe)I(HOro, sepHYTh eMy
06JiaCTb JlayJHU BMeCTe C HeCKOJibKHMH ropo,LJ;aMH H ,LJ;06bil:leH, KOTOpaSI 6biJia BJSITa B npoiiiJIOM ro,LJ;y, H JaKJIIOl:IHTb KJISITBeHHbiH MHp. B 3TOM )l(e ro,LJ;y
3Toro MeiiiKO HJrHaJI HJ lloJibiiiH EecnpHM26I, ero 6paT, H JacTaBHJI 6e)l(aTb
B lJexHIO K repuory YnbpHxy262. B 3TOM ro,LJ;y B EpeMeHe nocpe,LJ;H 6enoro ,LJ;HSI
BO BpeMSI CJiyxeHHSI MeCCbl HaczynHJia TeMHaSI MrJia H peKa paCKOJIOJiaCb ,LJ;O
CaMOfO,LJ;Ha.

1032 r.

oecnpHM 6biJI y6HT CBOHMH JIIO,LJ;bMH, a MeiiiKO BOCCTaHOBJieH HM-

nepaTOpOM Ha (CBOeM] MeCTe. YJibpHX, repuor lJeXHH, 6bm npHJHaH BHHOBHbiM


B OCKOp6JieHHH BeJIHl:leCTBa H npHfOBOpeH K H3fHaHHIO. Ero CbiH no HMeHH
op)l(eTHCJiaB263, nOJIYlJHB repuorCTBO OTUa, BOCCTaJI npOTHB HMnepaTOpa, HO
6bm nO,LJ;l:IHHeH B XO,LJ;e npe,ll;npHHSITOfO npOTHB Hero nOXO,LJ;a KOpOJISI feHpHXa.
HeKaSI ropa B 3aJibU6yprcKOM OKpyre, pyxHys Ha npOCTpaHCTBe 6onee nSITH
CTa,LJ;HH, CBOHM na,LJ;eHHeM npeKpaTHJia cnopbl no nOBO,LJ;y rpaHHU.

4aCTb BTOpaR,
HanMCaHHaR anbTaMXCKMM MOHaXOM.

1033 r.
BeTep BMeCTe C CHJibHOH 6ypeii paJpyiiiHJI J,LJ;aHHSI, YTOHYJIH MHOrHe KOpa6JIH, H HeKOTOpbie JIIO,LJ;H nOrH6JIH OT MOJIHHH. AJlbTaHXCKHH MOHaCTblpb
cropen

4 MapTa, qepeJ 302 ro,LJ;a nocne csoero ocHOBaHHSI,

BMecTe c npol:IHMH

cTpoeHHSIMH. Po)l(,ll;eCTBO rocno,LJ;He HMnepaTOp nposen a lla,LJ;ep6opHe. B 3TOM


)l(e ro,LJ;y feHpHx, Koponb H repuor EasapHH, npH,li;SI B BeHrpHIO H JaKJIIOl:IHB
MHp C BeHrepCKHM KOpOJieM, BepHyJICSI BOCBOSICH. CnyCTSI MaJIOe BpeMSI yMep

257
258
259
260
261
262
263

nepaoe ynoMHHaHHe 0 BeHe.


ApHynh<!J- a66aT Xepc<flenWJ.a B 1012-1031 rr.
6ap.u.o (yM. 1051 r.)- a66aT Xepc<fleJIWJ.a B 1031 r.; apxHenHcKon MattHua B 10311051 rr.
MeWKO II JlaM6epT (p. 990 r. yM. 1034 r. 10 MaS!)- KHSI3b/KOpOllb noJiblliH B 10251034 rr. CbiH 6onecnaaa I Xpa6poro.
6ecnpHM (Orro) (yM. 1032 r.)- KHH3b OoJibWH B 1031-1032 rr. 0.U.HH H3 ChiHoBetl
6onecnaaa I Xpa6poro.
YnhpHx (yM. 1034 r. 9 HOH6.)- KHH3b lJexHH B 1012-1033 H 1034 rr. CbiH 6onecnaBa II.
Dp)f(eTHCJiaB I (yM. 1055 r. 10 SIHB.)- KHSI3b lJeXHH B 1037-1055 rr.

113

AHHanbi

CbiH CTe$aHa, KOpOJUI BeHrpHH, KOTOporo 3Ba.JIH feHpHx264 H KOTOpbiH 6biJI


KaHOHH3HpOBaH.

1034 r.
YJibpHX, BOJBpaiUeHHbiH HJ CCbiJIKH no npOCb6e fOCnO.llHHa OTIIIeJibHHKa
fYHTepa H rpa<t>oa npoBHHUHH, npH6biJI a PereHc6ypr, r.lle HMnepaTOp KoHpan
npoBO.llHJI c'beJ.ll JHaTH, H, nonyq:HB o6paTHO caoe repuorcTao, coaeprnHJI
MHOfO JJia, eme 60Jiblliero H XY.lllliero, lfeM npe)K,Lle. 0H, CBepx TOfO, OCJienHJI
caoero 6paTa .HpoMHpa265; TaKHM o6paJOM, qepeJ aoceMb Mecsruea acne.ll Ja
llYPHOH XHJHblO nocJie.llOBa.Jia .llYPHasr cMepTb. YMep MernKo266.

1035 r.
11MnepaTOp KoHpan npoaen a EaM6epre caoH: ceH:M, Ha KOTopoM Aua.Jih6epoH267, repuor KapHHTHH, 6biJI HHJJioxeH, a KoHpan268 HaCJie.llOBa.JI eMy
a repuorcTae. Ty.lla npHrnen EpxeTHCJiaa269, CbiH YnhpHxa, H 6hiJI MHpHo
npHHHT HMnepaTOpoM; nocne Toro KaK [oT Hero] 6biJIH nonyqeHhi Ja.JIO)I(HHKH, OH 6biJI nOXa.JIOBaH KOpOJieBCKHMH .llapaMH H C MHpOM BepHyJICSI.llOMOH;
TYT xe npe.llnpHHHB noXO.ll npoTHB JilOTHlfeH:270, oH nocne aenHKHX no.llBHroa
npH06peJI ce6e CJiaBHOe HMSI. HeCJibiXaHHM CMepTHOCTb cpe.llH )I{HBOTHbiX
H rH6eJib nlfeJI HaHecnH 6onbrnoH: spell seeM: EaaapHH.

1036 r.
Cypoaasr H llpeJBbilJ:aHHO .llOJirasr JHMa, BO apeMH KOTOpOH norH6JIO
TaK)I{e MHoro .llepeabeB, a a HeKOTOpbiX MecTax npona.JI ypoxaH:. CnyqHJIOCb
xe, liTO no HaYIUeHHlO .llhHBOJibCKOH JJI06bi a PereHc6ypre noccopHJIHCb .llBa
lOHOillH, H O.llHH HJ HHX, CXBaTHB HOX, nopaJHJI TOfO, KTO ero OCKOp6HJI;
JaTeM, C06paBillHCb C CHJiaMH, H60 OH H CaM 6biJI nopaxeH B OTBeT, OH C TeM
xe HOXOM Hana.JI Ha TpeTbero, KOTOpbiH 6pOCHJICSI HX paJHHMaTb; H Bee
OHH a TOT )l{e .lleHh HcnycTHJIH .llyx. 11MnepaTOp npoaen npaJ.llHHK nacxH
264

265
266
267
268
269
270

3MMepux (11Mpe, feHpux), CbiH Cre<t>aHa I CBHToro" fn3eJibi 6aBapcKoi1, yMep 2 ceHT.
1031 r., a He B 1033 r. 0H 6biJI KaHOHH3HpoBaH TOJibKO B 1083 r., TaK qTo nocJie.UHHH
CTPOKa 6bma .uo6aBJieHa no3.11Hee, yx<:e noCJie HanncaHHH 3THX aHHaJIOB.
.HpoMnp (yM. 1035 r. 4 HOH6.)- 2-i1: CbiH 6onecnaBa II; KHH3b 4exnn B 1003, 10041012 H 1033-1034 rr.
10 MaH 1034 r.
A.nanb6epoH <t>oH 3nneHwTei1H (yM. 1039 r. 29 HOH6.)- repuor KapnHTHH B 10121035 rr.
KoHpa.u II Mna.uwni1: (YM. 1039 r. 20 HJOJIH)- cTapwni1: CbiH KoHpa.ua I; rpa<t> B Ha3ray, 11Inei1:epray H BopMcray; repuor KapHHTHH B 1036-1039 rr.
6pxeTnCJiaB I (yM. 1055 r. 10 HHB.)- cbiH KHH3H Ynbpnxa I; KHH3b 4exnn B 10371055 rr.
BeH.UOB, )((I'IBWHX no 6eperaM peK YKpb! " neeHbl.
114

B 3eJIHreHIIITa,uTe271. YMep fe6xapn272, enHcKon PereHc6yprcKHi1:, KOTOPOMY


HacJienosan 6paT HMnepaTOpa273. CocTOHJICH noxon npoTHB JIIOTHqei1:. YMepJIH
enHcKonbi: Mei1:HsepK nauep6opHcKHw274, KOTOPOMY HacJienosan PynoJibQ>275,
a66aT XepcQ>eJihncKHH, EpYHO MepJe6yprcKHw276,- eMy HacJienoBaJI XyHOJibn277,- H opaHTOf XaJib6epiiiTa.IlTCKHH278, KOTOpOMy HaCJienoBaJI oypxapn279, a TaiOKe OHJibrpHM KeJibHCKHw28o,- BMecTo Hero 6bm nocTaBJieH
fepMaH281,- H CHuuo MHHneHCKHw282, scJien Ja KOTOpbiM B enHCKOnbi 6hm
soJseneH EpYHo283. 11MnepaTop nposeJI B 3eJIHreHIIITa,uTe284 reHepaJibHbiH co6op 35 enHCKOnOB H oqeHb MHOfHX a66aTOB. flocJie ::noro KOpOJib feHpHX, CbiH
HMnepaTopa, )l(eHHJICH Ha KyHHfYHJle285, noqepH KHyra, aHmocaKcoHcKoro
KOpOJI51, H OTnpa3nHOBaJI CBa.Ilb6y B HHMBereHe. 11MnepaTOp, BepHysiiiHCb H3
JeMJIH JIIOTHqei1:, HaCTYnaiOW:eH OCeHbiO nocneiiiHO OTnpaBHJIC51 C BOHCKOM
B 11TaJIHIO H OTnpa3nHOBaJI Po)I(JleCTBO rocnonHe B BepoHe.

1037 r.
11MnepaTOp OTnpa3nHOBaJI npaJnHHK flaCXH286 B flbHqeHue; nOCJie ::noro
apXHenHcKon MHJiaHCKHw287, KosapHbiM o6pa30M npHrJiaCHB ero HK06bi Ha
nHp, XOTeJI TaHHO y6HTb; onHaKO, nOCKOJibKY 3JI06a ero 6biJia IIIHpOKO H3BeCTHa, TO H C npeCTYOHeHIIIHM HaqHHaHHeM y Hero, COOTBeTCTBeHHO, H~ero He
BbiiiiJio, a caM OH 6biJI cxsaqeH HMnepaTopoM; KaKoe-To speMH ero nep)l(aJIH non
18 anpem1 1036 r. O.uHaKo, cornacHo XIDibllecxat!McKHM aHHaJlaM, OH npaJ.UHOBaJl
Oacxy B l1HreJlbXaHMe.
272 fe6xapn II (yM. 1036 r. 17 MapTa)- enwcKon PereHc6ypra B 1023-1036 rr.
273 fe6xap.u III <J>oH roreHJI03 (yM. 1060 r. 2 .ueK.)- apxwenHCKOn PereHc6ypra B 10361060 rr.; CBO.UHhiH 6paT HMnepaTOpa KoHpa.ua I I. l1x o6ruetl MaTepbJO 6biJia AlleJibreHlla <J>oH Meu.
274 MeHHBepK (yM. I 036 r. 5 HIOHH)- enHCKOn na.uep6opHa B 1009-1036 rr.
275 Py.uonb<J> (yM. 1051 r. 7 HOH6.)- enHCKOn na.uep6opHa B 1036-1051 rr.; a66aT Xepc<j>eJlblla B I 031-1036 rr.
276 6pyHo (yM. aar. 1036 r.)- enwcKon MepJe6ypra B 1018-1036 rr.
277 XyHOJlhll (yM. 1050 r. 5 <J>eap.)- enwcKon MepJe6ypra B 1036-1050 rr.
278 6paHTor (yM. 1036 r. 27 aar.)- enwcKon Xanb6eprnTa.uTa B I 023-1036 rr.
279 6ypxap.u I (yM. 1059 r. 18 oKT.) - enwcKon Xanb6eprnTa.uTa B I 036-1059 rr.
280 DIDihrpwM (yM. 1036 r. 25 HJOHH) - apxwenwcKon KeJibHCKHH B 1021-1036 rr.
281 fepMaH II (YM. 1056 r. II <J>eap.)- apxwenwcKon KeJibHCKHH B 1036-1056 rr.; MJia.urnwtl ChiH 3uuo, n<j>anburpa<J>a JloTapHHrHH, H MaTHJih.Uhi, .uoqepw HMnepaTopa
OrroHa II.
282 Cwuuo (3wr6epT) (yM. 1036 r. 10 OKT.)- enwcKon MHH.UeHa B 1022-1036 rr.
283 6pyHo <J>oH foJeK (yM. 1055 r. 10 <J>eap.)- enwcKon MwHlleHCKHH B 1037-1055 rr.
284 CKopee, B Tpw6ype.
285 fyHXHJlb,Ue ( KYHHryHlle) (p. 1019 r. yM. 1038 r. 18 HJOJIH) - .uoqepw KHYTa II, KopoJIH
)laHHH H AHrnww.
286 10 anpeJlH 1037 r. OH npaJ.UHOBaJl nacxy B PaBeHHe.
287 Xapw6epT II- apxwenwcKon MwnaHa B 1018-1045 rr.
271

115

AHHanbi

CTpiDKeH:, a 3aTeM OH OH )lep)l(a.JI COBeT C

}'Bhi! -

cnaccH 6ercTBOM OT oxpaHHHKOB. BnoCJiencTBHH

12 enHCKOnaMH,

KOTOpbie 6e3 BC5IKHX nO)l03peHHH qaCTO

6biBaJIH npH KOpOJieBCKOM )lBOpe, KaK 6bi HM 06MaHyrh H KaKHM-TO o6pa30M


y6HTb KOpOAA; O)lHaKO, H 06 3TOM nJiaHe CTaJIO H3BeCTHO, H OHM BCe pa30M 6biJIH
cxsaqeHhi " oTnpaBJieHhi B cchmKY no pa3HhiM MecTaM. Ho " nonno288, naTpMapx AlamJieHCKHH, KOTOpbiH B35IJIC51 CTOpO)I(HTb apxMenHCKOna MHJiaHCKOH
uepKBM, nOCJie TOfO KaK TOT 6e)l(a.JI, 6hiJI 06BHHeH B rocynapCTBeHHOH H3MeHe
" caM B cTpaxe 6e)l(an. BnocJiencTBHH )l(e, npHLl51 6ocHKOM " BO BJiaCHHHUe Ha
roJioe TeJio, OH no6HJIC51 MHJIOCTH HMnepaTopa.

BhillleHa3BaHHhiH enHcKon

MHJiaHCKHH, erue TBep)l(e ynopCTBY51 B CBOeH HeBepHOCTH, OTnpaBHJI nOCJIOB


K Orro289, KOpOJIIO oypryH)lHH, H C)leJiaJI ero coyqaCTHHKOM BbillleOnHCaHHOfO
3aroBopa. Manoe BpeMH cnycTH 6biJI cxsaqeH HeKHH: Ananh6epT no npo3BHIUY
Xpa6phiH c nHChMaMH qacTo Ha3biBaeMoro apXHenHcKona, H3 KOTOphiX cTano
H3BeCTHO o 3arosope enHcKonoB " Bcex KHH3eH: JloM6apnMH: B neHh po)I(JleCTBa
CBHToro MapTMHa rocnonHHa HMnepaTopa BMecTe c BOHCKOM npennoJiaranocb
y6HTh, a 3Toro Orro nocTaBHTh BO maBe HMnepHH. 11TaK, KOf)la o6 3TOM cTaJIO H3BeCTHO, nocpe)lHHK H 3aqHHIUHK :3TOfO 3JIO)leHCTBa A)laJib6epT 6biJI no
npaBy H nono6aiOIUHM 06pa30M 6pOllleH B OKOBbl H npMfOBOpeH K CCbiJIKe.
11MnepaTop, cnaceHHhiH TaKHM o6pa30M, OTnpaBHJIC51 B ropO)l flapMy C HaMepeHHeM npoBeCTH TaM Po)I(JleCTBO rocnO)lHe. Ho B CB5ITOH )leHb napMUhi,
nO)lH5IB CTpalliHhiH M51Te)l(, pelliHJIH YHJilqTO)I(HTb BCeX HalliHX BMeCTe C CaMHM
HMnepaTopoM. Kof)la o6e cTopOHhi xpa6po cpiDKanHch " HalliH 6biJIH noqTH

~e no6e)I(JleHhi, HMnepaTopy no oo)l(beMy no3BOJieHHIO npMlliJia MhiCJih OT)laTh


npHKa3 no)l)l(eqh ropon. BcJie)lCTBHe 3Toro 6hiJIO BhiJBaHo soH:cKo, pacceHHHOe
no OKpeCTHbiM MeCTaM, H JIIO)lH, npH6biB CIO)la OTOBCIOJlY, onyCTOlliHJIH ropo)l
om eM " MeqoM. B 3TOM )l(e rony B nepesHe XaJIJih290 cpenH KpenocTHhiX CBHToro
MaBpHKH51291 cJiyqHJIOCh nocToH:Hoe CO)I(aJieHHH co6biTHe. TaK, )lBa pO.llHhiX
6paTa BMeCTe C HaH5ITOH HMH TOJinOH M51Te)I(HO Hana.JIH Ha CBOero Ll51Lll0, y6HJIH ero H CO)I(fJIH llleCTepbiX ero CbiHOBeH BMeCTe C HX MaJIOJieTHHMH )leTbMH
H OCTaJibHbiM MHO)I(eCTBOM JIIO)leH pa3JIJilqHOfO nOJia H B03pacTa, He MeHee

50 qeJIOBeK,

B O)lHOM )lOMe.

1038 r.
Po)I(JleCTBO rocnonHe HMnepaTOp npoBeJI B OapMe, KaK 6biJIO YKa3aHO Bblllle. Ha3BaHHhiH Orro, He3aKOHHO cTaBlliHH npaBHTeJieM BypryH.llHH, no)l(eJian
no KoHua ynopcTBOBaTh B csoeM O)l(eCToqeHHH npoTHB Hero. CKop651 H3-3a

288
289
290
291

Tionno (yM. 1045 r.)- naTpwapx AKBHJJeH B 1019-1045 rr.


O.uo II (yM. 1037 r. 15 HOH6.)- rpa<J> Enya w illaMnaHw; CbiH Quo I w EepTbl EypryH.UCKOM, cecTpbl KOpOJJH Py,UOJJb<j>a Ill.
PeM:xeHXaJJJJb, r.ue y ArlbTaiixcKoro MOHaCTbipH 6biJIH noMeCTbH.
TioKpoBHTeJJb A.rlbTawxa.
116

AnbraiilxcKLile aHHaJlbl
3TOfO, foueno292, repuor JlOTapHHfHH, Hanan Ha Hero CO CBOHMH JeMJIHKaMH
H, no6e.LJ;HB, y6HJI293, a ronosy ero oTocnan HMnepaTOpy. Ilacxy294 ueJaph nposen 8 CYTPH295' HenO,LJ;aJieKY OT PHMa. YH.rr.sl orry.LJ;a, OH HanpaBHJICH K Tpoe296;
zy.LJ;a npHllJJla )l(eHa repuora IlaH.LJ;yJih<f>a297 sMecTe c ero ChiHOM H .LJ;oqephiO,
npHBeJH 60JihiiiHe 6oraTCTBa H OCTaBHB CBOHX ,LJ;eTeH HMnepaTopy 8 KaqecTBe
Janora; nocne Toro KaK OHa .LJ;06HJiach MHJIOCTH )J)UI ce6H H csoero MYXa, oHa
soJspaTHJiach .LJ;OMOH.

A caM repuor He npHIIIeJI noToMy, qTQ YTBep)I(.LJ;an, 6y.LJ;TO

HHKOf.LJ;a He OCMeJIHTCH YBH.LJ;eTb JIHUO TOfO HJIH HHOfO HMnepaTOpa. IJOJ)I(e ero
ChiH, KOTOpOro OH OTnpaBHJI 8 JaJIO)I(HHKH, HCnyraBIIIHCh, yx He JHaiO, qero
HMeHHO, 6e)l(aJI, HO cecTPa ero ocTanach. UeJaph, noHHB Ha ocHOBaHHH 3Toro,
qTO TOT JaTeBaeT KOBapHbie nJiaHbl, nOCKOJibKY He MOf BbiJBaTb ero TeM HJIH
HHhiM cnoco6oM, nepe.LJ;an repuorcTso ero nneMHHHHKY BeH:Mapy, a caM HanpaBHJICH Orry.LJ;a Ha ropy KaCCHHO; KOf.LJ;a OH npHIIIM zy.LJ;a, TO 06HapyxHJI, qTQ BCe
paJopeHo HaJsaHHbiM IlaH.LJ;ynb<f>oM, qTo HMYIIIeCTBO MOHaCTbiPH pacXHI.UeHo,
a MOHaXH paJ6e)l(aJIHCh.

11, nOCKOJibKY TaM He 6biJIO npaBHTeJIH, OH CaM HaJHa-

qHJI a66aTa, a HMeHHO PHXepa298, a66aTa JieoHcKoro, MOHaxa )l(e AllhTaHxcKoro,


H c.LJ;eJiaJI ero BMeCTe c BeH:MapoM roHHTeJieM MH JJioro IlaH.LJ;yJIL<f>a. MTaK,
yJia.LJ;HB 3TH .LJ;eJia, OH peiiiHJI sepHYTbCH Ha pO.LJ;HHy 80 speMH asrycTa MeCHUa,
BCJie.LJ;CTBHe qero noTepHJI 60JibiiiYIO qacTb BOHCKa, 1160 JIIO,LJ;eH ,LJ;OCTOHHbiM CO)I(aJieHHH o6paJOM nory6HJI naJIHI.UHH neTHHH JHOH. OT 3TOH HanacTH norH6JIH
TaKXe K.yHHryH.LJ;a, KOpOJieBCKaH cynpyra, H fepMaH299, CbiH HMnepaTpHUhl,
repUOf lllsa6HH, BMeCTe C HeHcqHCJIHMbiM MHO)I(eCTBOM JIIO.LJ;eH.
Tor.LJ;a )l(e .LJ;yiiia JacnyxeHHoro enHcKona fo.LJ;exap.LJ;a
Ocso6o.LJ;HJiacb OT nJIOTH H ycTpeMHJiacb s uapcTBHe He6ecHoe.
Ha ero MecTO s XHllh.LJ;ecxaHMCKOH enapXHH 6LIJI nocTaBJieH THMo3oo, KoponescKHH KaneJIJiaH. YMep MapKrpa<f> fepMaH30I. B .LJ;eHb BOJHeceHHH IlpecsHTOH
MapHH302 CTe<f>aH, Koponh BeHrpHH, oKoHqHJI cso10 JeMHYIO )I(HJHb. nOJibIIIOH HeypO)I(aH CJiyqHJICH no BCeMy fepMaHCKOMy KOpOJieBCTBy, TaK qTQ 80
MHOfHX MeCTaX JIIO,LJ;H rH6JIH OT fOJIO.LJ;a, H MHOfHe .LJ;epeBHH CTOHJIH nyCTbiMH
HJ-Ja 6e)l(aBIIIHX Orry.LJ;a KOJIOHOB.

292
293
294
295
296

297
298

299
300
301
302

roueno I (yM. 1044 r. 19 anp.)- repuor HHxHen JloTapHHrHH B 1033-44 rr.


B 6HTBe npH 6ape 15 HOH6pH 1037 r.
26 MapTa I038 r.
l1MnepaTop npa3,llHOBaJJ nacxy He B CYTPHH, a B 3aMKe Cnenna. CM. XHJ!b.Uecx.
aHHaJJbl.
B opHrHHane no oum6Ke: B Tycumo.
0aH.UyJJb(j:IIII- repuor 6eHeBeHTa B 1012-1053 rr.
PHxep (yM. I055 r. II .ueK.) - a66aT MoHTeKaccHHO B 1038-1055 rr.
fepMaH IV (p. I014 r. yM. I038 r. 28 HJOJJH) - repuor lllBa6HH B I030-1038 rr.
THMO- enHcKon XHJJb.llecxai1Ma B 1038-1044 rr.
6paT 3KKexap.ua II.
15 aBryCTa I038 r.

117

AHHanbl

1039 r.
Po)K,LleCT80 focrro.uHe HMrrepaTOp rrpo8eJI 8 focnape. YMepna Co$MI303,
a66aTHca faH,llepcxaH:McKaSI. B 3TOM )l{e ro.uy CKOHl:laJICSI CKe6Hc, MapKrpa<t>
BeHrpHH. IlpaJ.llHHK IlacxH304 ueJapb rrpo8eJI 8 HHM8ereHe, a TpoHuy305 8 ropo,lle YTpeXTe; TaM )l(e OH H yMep Ha 8TOpOH ,lleHb 3TOf0 rrpaJ,llHHKa,

4 HIOHSI,

ocTa8H8 HacJie,llHHKOM KopoJie8cTBa C8oero ChiHa feHpHxa. B 3TO

)l(e 8peMSI Ha IIYTb 8CSIKOH IIJIOTH 8CTYIIHJI H ero ,ll8010pO,llHbiH 6paT H Te3Ka306. YMep PHxap.u307, a66aT <l>yJib.lleHcKHH:; eMy Hacne.uo8an CHrH8ap.u308,
TaMOIIIHHH MOHax. libmo Ol:leHh )l{apKoe neTo H 8eJIHKoe HJ06HJIHe IIJIO.ll08.
ConHel:IHoe JaTMeHHe cnyqHJIOCb

22 a8rycTa.

YMep PerHH60Jih.ll309, errHcKorr

IllrreH:epcKHH:; eMy Hacne.uo8an CH6Hxo3IO. CKOHl:laJICSI TaK)I{e 3rHJih6epT311,


eiiHCKOII <l>peHJHHra, H 8MeCTO Hero Ha ,llOJI)I(HOCTb eiiHCKOIIa 6biJI HaJHal:leH
HHTuo312. Ananb6epoH, repuor KapHHTHH, crraciiiHHCSI 6ercT80M HJ ccbmKH,
OKOHl:IHJI C8010 )I(HJHb313.

1040 r.
Po)K,LleCT80 focrro.uHe KopoJib feHpHx rrpo8eJI 8 PereHc6ypre H, oTrrpa8H8IIIHCh OTTY.lla .llaJihiiie, rrpH6hiJI 8 Ayrc6ypr. Ty.ua rrpH6hmH HTaJibSIHCKHe
IIOCJibl, ,ll06H8a8IIIHeCSI KOpOJie8CKOfO rrpa80CY.llHSI. IJpaJ,llHHK IJacxH314
OH rrpa3,llH08aJI 8 HHreJibXaHMe H rrpo8eJI TaM C06paHHe C KHSIJbSIMH. IlpH
3TOM apxHerrHcKorr MHJiaHCKHH, o6 ocy)K,LleHHH KoToporo Mbl ro8opHJIH
8blllle, 8epHyJI ce6e KOpOJie8CKYIO MHJIOCTb H C80e errHCKOIICT80. OceHbiO
3TOf0 )l(e fO,lla KOpOJib 06'bSI8HJI qeiiiCKOMy rocy.uapCT8y 80HHy, 8 XO,lle
KOTOpOH OH IIOTepSIJI Ol:leHb MHOfHX HJ C80ero 80HCKa315 H 8epHyJICSI
6eJ 8CSIKOfO ycrreiiiHOfO peJyJibTaTa. Tor,lla )l{e CJiyl:IHJiaCb OCTpeH:IIIaSI
Hex8aTKa 8HHa.

303
304
305
306
307
308
309

310
311
312
313
314
315

ColJMI (p. 975 r. yM. 1039 r. 28 SIHB.)- .UO'Ih OrroHa II H <l>eolJaHo; a66aTuca faH.uepcxanMa B I 001-1039 rr. u 3cceHa.
15 anpeJISI I 039 r.
3 HIOHSI I 039 r.
CM. Bbiille, npHM. 268.
Puxap.u- a66aT <l>ynb,Uhi B 1018-1039 rr.
Curusap.u II - a66aT <l>yJib,Uhi B I 039-1043 rr.
PeruH60Jih.u II lJoH .lbt.1IJIHHreH (yM. I 039 r. 13 mcr.) - enwcKon Ill nenepa B I 0321039 rr.
Cu6uxo (YM. 1051 r. 16 tJesp.)- enucKon lllnenepa B 1039-1051 rr.
3rHJih6epT lJoH Mooc6ypr (yM. 1039 r. 4 HOSI6.)- enucKon <l>pei-i3HHra B 10051039 rr.
HHTLI;O (yM. 1052 r. 6 anp.)- enHCKOn <J>peH3HHra B 1039-1052 rr.
29 HOS16pS1 1039 r.
6 anpenSI 1040 r.
22-23 asrycTa 1040 r. s panoHe HonMapKep nacc.
118

1041 r.
3TOT fO.ll KOpOJlb HaliaJI S MIOHCTepe, f,lle seJieJl OTnyCTHTb K lieiiiCKOMY
KHSI310 ero CbiHa, KOTOporo .uep)l(aJI S KalieCTSe 3aJIOra, liT06bi TOT, S CSOIO
Oliepe.llb, sepHyJl nJieHHbiX, KOTOpbiX JaxsaTHJl S yKa3aHHOH Sbiiiie SOHHe.
nacxy316 OH nposen s ropo.ue YTPeXTe. 8 .UHH npoiiieHHi13I7 OH coJsan s 3enHreHIIITa.uTe C06paHHe KHSI3eH, liT06bi nOCOSeTOSaTbCSI, KaK eMy CJle,llyeT
HcnpasHTb 3TO 6eclieCTbe. Ty.ua )l(e npH6bmH lieiiicKHe nocJibi H o6em;anH,
liTO H OHH, H CaM repuor npe,llCTaHYT nepe.u KOpOJieM. 0HH sepHyJIHCb,llOMOH,
HHliero He ,ll06HSIIIHCb, H60 YCJlbllllaJIH, KaK KHSI3bSI, S TO speMSI KaK OHH HeO.llHOKpaTHO ,ll06HSaJIHCb S 3TOM fO.llY MHpa, ,llaJIH COSeT: nyCTb repuor 3HaeT,
liTO, eCJIH OH He SISHTCSI JlHliHO, liT06bi C,llaTbCSI SMeCTe C rocy.uapCTSOM, TO
KOpOJlb SHOSb nOH,lleT Ha Hero C SOHCKOM.
8 noM ro.uy lleTP3Is, Koponb 8eHrpHH, 6bm nHIIIeHTPOHa, H6o ero KHSIJbSI
crosopHJIHCh npoTHS Hero. OTllero 3TO cnyqHJiocb, nycTb ycnbiiiiHT, KTO 3TOro
XOlieT. CTe$aH, .uo6pOH naMSITH KOpOJib, ero .llSI.llSI, KOf,lla CbiH ero YMep npH
)I(H3HH OTUa, a .upyroro CbiHa OH He HMeJl, YCbiHOSHJl 3T0f0 [lleTPa) H Ha3HaliHJ1
Hacne.uHHKOM KoponescTsa; CbiHa csoero 6paTa, HMesiiiero 6oJibiiie npas Ha
npeCTOJl, OH, nOCKOJlbKY TOT C 3THM He COfJlaCHJICSI, OCJienHJI, aero MaJIOJleTHHX
,lleTeH OTnpasHJI S CCbiDKY. 11TaK, 3aKpenHSIIIHCb npH ero )I(H3HH Ha TPOHe,
(lleTP) nOKJlSIJlCSI, KaK SeJieJl eMY .llSI,llSI, S TOM, liTO OH scer.ua 6y.ueT nOliHTaTb
CSOIO rocnoxy, KOpOJiesy319, H He OTHHMeT HHliero H3 TOro, liTO nO)I(aJIOSaJI eH
Koponh, ecnH focno.ub no.uapHT ei1 )I(HJHb nocne ero cMepTH. qT06bi c.uenaTb
3TO em;e npOliHee, OH KJlSITSeHHO npH6asHJI, liTO no Mepe CHJl H YMeHHH 6y.ueT
ei1 onopoi1 npoTHS scex, KTO JaxolieT ee o6H,UeTb, H see, KOTOpbie 6bmH KHSI3bSIMH noi1 cTpaHbi, .uanH KJISITsy s Tex )l(e cnosax. Ho, KaK TOJlbKO CTe<t>aH
paCCTaJICSI C )I(H3Hbl0 H lleTP S30IIIM no ero MHJIOCTH Ha npeCTOJl, npas.ua 0 ero
sepHOCTH, KOTOpaSI paHee no He3HaHHIO CliHTaJiaCb HepYIIIHMOH, SbilllJla Ha
CSeT. J16o S TelieHHe O,llHOfO fO,lla OH nOliTHTeJibHO o6paiiJ;aJICSI C (KOpOJieSOH),
a no npoiiiecTSHH 3Toro cpoKa JIHIIIHJI ee scero HMYIIIecTsa. Cnepsa OH CHJIOH
Ja6pan y Hee HMeHHSI, KOTOpbie oHa nonyqHJia oT cynpyra npH ero )I(HJHH,
H ,lleHbfH, KOTOpbie OHa HMeJla OT,lleJlbHO, a ee 3aCTaSHJ1 nOKJlSICTbCSI S TOM, liTO
H3 ocTasiiierocSI oHa HHKOMY HH~Jero He .uacT 6e3 ero paJpeiiieHHSI. OH TaKXe
noceJIHJI ee S O,llHOM ropo.ue H noMeCTHJl nO,ll TaKOH CTPOfHH apeCT, liTO HH y Hee
He 6biDO S03MOXHOCTH nOHTH Ky,lla-JIH60, HH y KOro-JIH60 H3 npH6biBIIIHX
npasa scTPeliaTbCSI c Hei1. Kor.ua OHa Tepnena 3TO ueJibiX TPH ro.ua, a OH TaK
H He CMSiflJHJl HHliero H3 3THX 6e33aKOHHH, OHa C03SaJia KHSI3eH KOpOJieSCTBa

316

22 MapTa 1041 r.

317

Dies rogationum- He.UeJI$1 (27-30 MapTa) nocne npocuTeJibHoro socKpeceHb$1 (Rogate) (26 MapTa).
neTP I Opceono- KOpOJib BeHrpHH B 1038-1041 rr. H 1044-1046 rr.
fn3eJiy liasapCKYJO, KOTop~ 6biJia cecTPOH HMnepaTopa feHpuxa II CB$1TOro.

318
319

119

AHHanbl

H HanoMHHJia HM 0 naHHOH eu KJUITBe. Te, nBIDKHMhie MHJIOCepnHeM, CTaJIH


y6e)l()laTh KOpOJUI npeKpaTHTh 3TO 6eJ06pa3He, na6hi BCe OHH BMeCTe C HHM
He BnaJIH B nocTOHHoe cmKaJiemrn KJUITBonpecT)'IlJieHHe. Ho, xoTH ero qacTo
yselll,eBaJIH, ero 3JIOH pa3yM H JJiaH nyrna ynopCTBOBaJIH B HeyCTYJ1qHBOCTH no
KoHua. HaKoHeu, OHH JaHBHJIH, qTo He xoTHT 6hiTh KJIHTBonpecTYnHHKaMH
H, ec;m OH He YCTYJ1HT naMe ee HMyniecTBo, To OHH noKHHYT ero. Korna )l(e
OH npeHe6per H 3THM H HH Ha qTO H3 TOfO, 0 qeM eMy fOBOpHJIH, He o6palll,aJI
BHHMaHHH, HaCTaJIO no DO)I(beH MHJIOCTH BpeMH, Korna noJI)I(eH 6biJI 6biTh
noJIO)I(eH KOHeu ero JJio6e, KaK nmneT HeKHu MYnpeurnHu: <<Ilepen naneHHeM
B03HOCHTCH cepnue er0>>320, 1160 OH HHKOHM o6pa30M He XOTeJI HJlTH K COrJiaCHIO
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KHH3hH 3TOH CTpaHhl enHHOJlyniHO COCTaBHJIH nJiaH y6HTh onHOrO BepHOrO eMY

M~a no HMeHH fiyno, JaqHHili,HKa BCeX 3THX JJioneHHHH, no COBeTY KOTOporo


TOT BCe 3TO H neJiaJI, 1160 OH nOJIHOCThiO COOTBeTCTBOBaJI ero o6pa3y MhiCJieH.
J-fTaK, npH)lH K KOpOJIIO, OHH CTaJIH ynopHO no6HBaThCH CMepTHOH Ka3HH JlJIH
fiyno, KaK o6mero Bpara HX BCeX, KOTOphiH rOTOBHJI nom6eJih HX CTpaHe H ee
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nOMOill,h, KaK rOBOpHT, OTBeTHJI: <<IlOCKOJihKY H He MOry ero cnaCTH H He XOqy
npenaBaTh ero CMepTH, TO He OTK~ BaM B HeM>>. Korna OHH 3TO YCJihllllaJIH, TO

TYT )l(e

cxsaTHJIH ero H y6HJIH, paJopBaB Ha KYCKH, a nBYM ero neTHM BhiPBaJIH

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Mhi rosopHJIH, HeMaJiyiO noMOill,h. TaK no oo)l(heMy npHrosopy c~HJIOCh, qTo
OH B

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Me no6pa, HO KOTOpOMY OH, KaK JJioneu, BOJnaBaJI 3JlhiM Ja no6poe. 0nHaKO,


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6JiaroneHHHH, coqyscTBYH ero HecqacThiO H panH nora Ja6hiB o npHqHHeHHhiX
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KOpOJIH no HMeHH 06o321, KOTOphiH

TYT )l(e npHHIDI nOCBHill,eHHe no KOpOJieBC-

KOMY o6hNaiO. fJiaBHYIO poJih B 3THX co6hiTHHX HrpaJIH nsa KHHJH KopoJieBCTBa,
HJ KOTOphiX onHH HOCHJI HMH CToncJia, a BTopou JBaJICH IleJHJIH322. MTaK, 3TOT
KOpOJih, npoBe)lH C060pHOe COBelll,aHHe, no o6meMY COBeTY enHCKOnOB H KHH3eH
nOCTaHOBHJI OTMeHHTh BCe YKaJhl, KOTOpbie IleTp HeJaKOHHO HJnaJI no CBOeMy

320
321
322

TipHT'IH, 18, 12.


A6a (06o), CaMyiUl- KopoJih BeHrpHH B 1041-1044 rr.
TolicJiaH " Tiewm.
120

npOH3BOny, H XOTen BepHYTb CHJIOH OT06paHHOe enHCKOnCKOe 3BaHHe LlBYM


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OCTaBHTb 3TO Ha CY.ll pHMCKOfO nanbl.
THTMap323, apxHenHcKon 3anbu6yprcKHH, pa36HTbiH napanHlJOM, CKOHlJaJICH JlOCTOHHbiM CO)!(aJieHH51 o6pa30M, H Ha ero MeCTO 6biJI nOCTaBneH
DeJI.llHHr324.
OpoTHB qexoB 6biJI npennpHHHT noxon, -

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c nyqiiiHMH, lJeM

npe)!(HHH, peJynhTaTaMH. 3TH cnaBHHe He XOTenH nO)llJHH51TbC51 KOponeBCKOH


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npOIIIJIOfO)lHero nOXO)la. Ho KOpOnb feHpHX BMeCTe CO BCeMH CBOHMH KH513b51MH cMHpHnCH nepen EoroM, roBopH BMecTe c npopoKoM yCTaMH" cepnueM:
<<nnaro MHe, focnO)lH, lJTO 5I nOCTpa)laJI>>325, -

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H HCnbiTaTb DO)((biO MHJIOCTb, KOTOpaH HHKOMY He nO)I(eJiaeT OTKa3aTb B cnpaBeJlJIHBOM Cy)le Ha)l TeMH, KOTOpbie 6e3 npe)lbHBJieHHH KaKOH-JIH60 npHlJHHbl
C TaKHM OCTepBeHeHHeM CBHpenCTBOBaJIH B fepMaHCKOM KOpOJieBCTBe. IlOCJie
3Toro OH nposeJI TpoHuy337 s B10pu6ypre " oTnpasHJI enHcKona EpYHo338

332

T. e. 3peHWSI.

333

CbiH ApHOJlb.lla Q:>oH J1aM6axa, MapKrpaQ:> KapwHTwM:cKoM: MapKw.

334

T. e. quinquagesima = 2I Q:>espanSI I 042 r.


feHpwxy (yM. 1047 r. 14 OKT.)- CbiHY <l>pwnpwxa, rpaQ:>a J1JOKceM6ypra. OH 6biJ1
repuoroM Iiasapww (KaK feHpwx VII) B 1042-1047 rr. w rpaQ:>oM J1JOKceM6ypra (KaK
feHpwx II) B 1025-1047 rr.
II an penH I 042 r.
30 MaS! 1042 r.
IipyHo (yM. 1045 r. 27 MaS!)- enwcKon B10pu6ypra B 1034-1045 rr.

335

336
337
338

125

AHHanbl

c M~aMH " .uaMaMM npocHTh .LI.JHI Hero pyKM .uoqepH BHJihreJihMa, rpa>a
llpOBaHca339, llOXO.ll )((e 6hm npe.unpHHHT B CJie.UylOIUeM MeCHUe340, nocJie
Toro KaK 6hmo co6paHo orpoMHoe sotl:cKo, M nO)((he MHJiocep.uHe naposaJio
HM y.uaqHhlH MapllipYT BO BpeMH nYTH H BeJIMKYIQ qecTh no npH6hiTHH. 0HH
npOlliJIH B :ny JeMJilO C cesepHOH qaCTH peKH ,llyHaH no yrosopy H COBeTy
qelliCKOfO repuora, KOTOphiH TOf.Ua TaM 6hm C BOHCKOM, KaKOe no.uo6aJIO
KOpOJilO. A MeCTHhie )((HTeJIH, OTnpaBHB nOCOJihCTBO, o6eiUaJIH BhiiiOJIHHTh
BCe, qTo KOpOJih npHKa)((eT, TOJihKO 6hi He npHHMMaTh CBOero KOpOJIH lleTpa,
XOTH KOpOJih CTpaCTHO :noro )((eJiaJI H pa.uH 3TOfO npHBeJI ero C C060H. J16o
nOCJie TOfO KaK OH o6eiUaJI eMY CBOIO nOMOIUh, OH )((eJiaJI npO.lleMOHCTpHpOBaTh
3TO, BOCCTaHOBHB ero Ha npeCTOJie, HO ero JIIO.li.H TaK ero HeHaBH.lleJIH, qTO
qecTHO JaHBHJIH, qTo HHKor.ua ero He npHMYT. Kopo1110 TaM C.llaJIOCh .ueBHTh
ropO.li.OB, KOTOphie OH no npOCh6e np)((eTHCJiaBa H C COfJiaCHH MeCTHhiX )((HTeJieH nepe.UaJI IIJieMHHHHKY KOpOJUI CTe>aHa, KOTOphlH npH6hiJI BMeCTe C 3THM
repuoroM; HO .li.BOe H3 3THX ropo.uos, 6JIM)((aHlliHX K EasapCKOH MapKe, eme
.UO npMXO.Ua HalliHX 6hillH CO)(()((eHhl CaMHMH ropO)((aHaMH. 11TaK, COBeplliHB
3TO c no)((hetl: noMOIUhiO, KopoJih H ero JIIO.li.H sepHyJIHCh .uoMotl:, BOJ.llaB Eory
XBaJIY Ja cqacTJIHBhie ycnexH. [9 asrycTa KopoJih feHpHx 6hm B A1IhTatl:xe]341.
YMep XepH6epT342, enHcKon 3tl:xrnTeTTcKMtl:; eMy HacJie.uosaJI ero po.uHotl:
6paT feuMaH343, KOTOphiH yMep MaJioe speMH cnycTH. YMep YJihpMx, a66aT
PereHc6yprcKHn344, H eMy HacJienosaJI 3pxaH6epT, a66aT MoHJee. A66aTcTBO TerepH3ee345, KOTOphlM OH TaK)((e BJia.lleJI, noJiyqHJI BMeCTO Hero MOHaX
XeppaH.ll. YMep HHuuo346, enHcKorr Jlhe)((CKHtl:; eMy HacJie.uosaJI Bauuo347,
npHOp 3TOfO MeCTa.

1043 r.
Po)((.llecTBo focno.uHe KOpOJih nposeJI s foc11ape. TaM OH nepenaJI errHcKorrcTso 3ttxn.ITeTTCKOe fe6xap.li.Y348. Cpe.uH npoqHX KHH3etl: 6hiJI H np)((eTHCJiaB,
repuor qeXMH, KOTOphiH npeiiO.li.HeC KOpOJIIO rrpHJIHqHhie naphl H CaM, C 6JieC339
340
341
342
343

344
345
346
347
348

TipocHTh pyKH Amechi, no'-lepH BIUlhrenhMa V BenHKoro, rpa<t>a TiyaThe (a He TiposaHca) " repu:ora AKBHTaHHH B 993-1030 rr.
CornacHo fepMaHy H3 PetfxeHay, oceHhiO 1042 r.
3Ta BCTaBKa OTHOCHTCH, CKOpee, K asrycry 1043 r., KOr.lla feHpHX III KaK pa3 H HaXO.lliUlCH B patfoHe AnhTatfxa. A B aBryCTe 1042 r. OH HaXO.llHflCH B fecceHe.
Xep~o~6epT (yM. 1042 r. 24 HIOnH)- enHcKon 311xunerra s 1022-1042 rr.
feu:MaH (yM. 1042 f. 17 OKT.) - enHCKOn 3tfXUITeTTa B 1042 r. (Bcero .llBa MeCHU:a).
A66aT cs. 3MMepaMa.
TerepH3ee- MOHaCThiph s 6asapHH, Ha 6epery 03. TerepH3ee K 10ry oT MIOHXeHa.
H~o~u:u:o (PHTxapn) (yM. 1042 r. 16 asr.)- enHcKon Jlbe)l(a s 1039-1042 rr.
Bau:u:o (Au:u:o) (YM. 1048 r. 8 HIOnH)- enHcKon Jlbe)l(a B 1042-1048 rr.
fe6xapn I (yM. 1057 r. 28 HIOnH) - enHcKon 311xrmerra B 1048-1057 rr. B 10551057 rr. - pHMCKHH nana (BHKTop II).

126

AnbralilxcKiile aHHaflbl
KOM npHIDIThiM, no npoiiieCTBHH 3THX .llHeM BepHyJICH .llOMOM, Y.llOCTOeHHhlM
KOpOJieBCKHX.llapoB. PyccKHe nOCJihl TaiOKe npHHeCJIH 60JihiiiHe .llaphl, HO YIIIJIH,
nonyqHB eme 6onhiiiHe.

A nocJihi repuora

lloJihiiiH349 6hmH oTaepmyThi c HX

.llapaMH H He 6hiDH Y.llOCTOeHbl HH ay.llHeHUHH, HH 6eCe.llhl C KOpOJieM, H60 (HX


repuor] He no)KeJian npHMTH, KaK eMY 6hmo npHKaJaHo. O.n;HaKo TOT, BHOBh
ompaBHB nOCOJihCTBO, HJBHHHJICH H, nO.llTBep.llHB KJIHTBeHHhlM o6eiUaHHeM TO,
qro He MOf npHMTH, TaKHM o6paJOM o6peJI MHJIOCTh KOpOJIH.

B 3TO )Ke

BpeMH

cKo~anach HMnepaTPHUa fHJena350, MaTh ueJapH, H 6hma norpe6eHa HM, enHcKonaMH H KIDIJhHMH aoJJie [ caoero] M}')Ka, HMneparopa KoHpaaa a Illnei1epe35I.
llacxy352 KOpOJih OTnpaJ.llHOBaJI B Jlhe)Ke, OTK}'.lla BhiiiieJI HaBCTPeqy KOpOJIIO
KapOJIHHroa353 .llJIH neperoaopoa. Ha TpoHey354 OH 6bm B naaep6opHe; TY.lla
npHIIIJIH BeHrepCKHe nOCJihl, )KeJiaH BOCCTaHOBHTh C HaiiiHMH MHp; BBH.llY
3TOfO OHH o6eiUaJIH KOpOJIIO 60JihiiiHe BhlfO.llhl, a HMeHHO: OTnyCK Ha BOJIIO
nJieHHhiX, KOTOpbie y HHX 6biJIH, aepreJih.ll Ja TeX, KOfO OHH He MOrJIH BepHYTh,
H, caepx Toro, MHoro JOJioTa no ycMOTPeHHIO KopoJIH355. KopoJih )Ke, noiDIB
HX HaMepeHHe, a HMeHHO

~0

OHH XOTHT noMeiiiaTh ero nOXO.llY, OTBeTHJI,

~0

He )KeJiaeT JaKJIJOqaTh .llOroaop, noKa He npH.lleT a PereHc6ypr, H, paJae TOJihKO B TOM CJiyqae, eCJIH OHH .ll06aBHT CBepX npe.llJIO)KeHHOfO HeqTO TaKOe, qTo
O.ll06pHT B OTHOIIIeHHH Hapo.lla 3TOM CTPaHhi ero caTPanhi. MTaK, BCKope nocne
TOfO KaK KOpOJih H ero fOTOBhie K nOXO.llY JIIO.llH npHIIIJIH TY.lla, Te, KaK H 6biJIO
npHKaJaHo, 6hmH TaM, ao BTOP~HOM o6emaHHH YMHO)KHB ace, qTo o6emanH,
HO CaMH )Ke HapyrnHJIH JaKJIIOqeHHhiM ~e 6biDO MHp O.llHHM 06CTOHTeJihCTBOM,
TeM, qro nOTPe60BaJIH OT KOpOJIH npHCHfHYTh Pa.llH MHpa, a nOTOMY HH C qeM
aepHyJIHCh .llOMOM. 11TaK, KOpOJih, npH.llH K rpaHHUe KOpOJieBCTBa, f.lle .llOJI)KeH
6hiJI npoaeCTH CMOTp BOMCKa, peiiiHJI, BHe BCHKOfO COMHeHHH, BTOPfHYThCH BO
Bpa)KeCKYJO JeMJIIO; ycTaHOBHB ocaaHhie MaiiiHHhi npoTHB YKPenneHHH, nocpe.llCTBOM KOTOporo ( Bparn) nepeKphiJIH peKY PanHHHuy, OHH peiiiHJIH aTaKOBaTb
ero Ha CJie.llYJOIUHM .lleHh. HaKOHeU, npHIIIJIH CMHpeHHhie nOCJihl H, CKphiBaH
B .llYIIIe 60Jih, B O~aHHHH YMOJIHJIH 0 MHpe H 0 npomeHHH Ja rpeXH H o6eiUaJIH
C.lleJiaTb BCe, qro 6y.lleT YfO.llHO KOpOJIIO H BeJihMO)KaM. TOf.lla OHH .llOfOBOpHJIHCh
OTnyCTHTh, KaK 6biJIO CKaJaHO, nJieHHhiM JIIO.ll, HJIH nO.ll npHCHfOM ynJiaTHTh
BepreJih.ll, H BOJBpaTHTh TY qacTh KOpOJieBCTBa356, KOTOpaH 6bma HeKOf.lla

349
350

351

352
353

354
355
356

Ka3HMHpa I, KOTOpbiH 6hiJI KHH3eM OoJibUIH B 1034-1058 rr.


fHJena (p. 989 r. 11 HOH6. YM 1043 r. 15 4>esp.)- ,no% fepMaHa II, repuora lllsa6HH,
H fep6epm 6ypryH,ncKoil:; )KeHa: 1) 6p}'Ho 6paYJiUIBeil:rcKoro; 2) 3pHcTa I 6a6eH6epra, repuora lllsa6HH; 3) HMnepaTOpa KoHpa.na II.
8 TeKcTe lllneuep noqTH sciO.ny Ha3BaH HeMH.nOHOM.
3 anpeJIH 1043 r.
feHpHxy I, KopoJIIO <l>paHUHH B 1031-1060 rr.
22 MaH 1043 r.
no JlaM6epTy, BeHrepCKHe llOCJibl npHlllJIH K feHpHxy III ~e B focnap.
"'aCTb KOpoJieBCTBa ,no peKH JleHTbl.

127

AHHanbi

nepe.llaHa CTe$aHy Pa.!IH .llp}')K6bi; KpoMe Toro, Pa.!IH CWirtieHHSI HaHeceHHOH


KOpOJIIO 06H.llbl OHM .llOJDKHbl 6biJIH .llaTb

400 TaJiaHTOB

30JIOTa H CTOJibKO )((e

naJIJIHeB, H BepHYTb KOpOJieBe fH3eJie BCe, liTO nO.llapHJI eii ee cynpyr, Ha3BaHHbiH
CTe$aH, "liTo [06o], KaK" lleTp, y Hee paHee OTo6paJI. Bee 3To BeHrepcKHii
KOpOJib KJISITBeHHO o6elllaJI H, CBepX TOfO, nO.llTBep.llHJI, .!laB CeMb 3aJIO)((HHKOB
no Hallie My Bbi60pY, C TeM yCJIOBHeM, liTO HX B03BpaTSIT Ha npa3.llHHK ( CBSITOro) AH.llpeSI357, eCJIH Bee 6y.lleT BbiTIOJIHeHO, HJIH y6biOT, eCJIH HHliero He 6y.lleT
C.lleJiaHo. BBH.!IY 3Toro B03.llaB Eory .llOCTOHHYJO noXBaJIY, Ka)((.llbiH BepHyJicSI
K ce6e .llOMOH. B cKopoM BpeMeHH, co6paB He MeHbmee KOJIHlieCTBO JIJO.lleii,
KopoJih oTnpaBHJICSI B Ee3aHCOH, ropo.ll B EypryH.!IHH; npHHSIB TaM HeBecTy358,
0 KOTOPOH Mbl fOBOPHJIH Bbiille, OH npHBeJI ee B MaHHU, BeJieJI nOMa3aTb ee TaM
B KOpOJieBbl H no npOilleCTBHH nOCBSIIlleHHbiX 3TOMY o6pSI.!IY .!IHeH OTnpa3.llHOBaJI
B 11Hrenbxai1Me CBa.llb6y c KoponeBCKOH, KaK H nO.ll06aJio, nbiiliHOCTbJO. TaM
6biJIH noliTH Bee BeJihMO)I(H co BCex o6nacTeii PHMCKOH HMnepHH, enHCKOnhi,
repuorH, MapKrpacPbi, rpa$hi, HO H HeCMeTHOe MHO)((eCTBO KHSI3eH pa3JIHliHbiX
3BaHHH. MaJioe BpeWI cnycTSI YMeP11HYTnOJib.ll359, CbiH MapKrpa$aAuaJib6ePTa,
IOHOilla Bbl.llaJOillefOCSI TaJiaHTa, KOTOpbiH C KpaHHeH CKOp6biO 6biJI OTIJiaKaH
MHOrHMH JIJO.llbMH H norpe6eH ero .llSI.lleii, apXHenHcKonoM360, B TpHpe.

1044 r.
Po)((.lleCTBO XpHCTOBO KopoJih BMecTe c HOBOH )((eHOH npa3.llHOBaJI B TpHpe,
a nacxy36I -

B HHMBereHe. YMep foueno362, repuor JloTapHHrHH, H Me)((.lly

ero CbiHOBbSIMH B03HHK cnop H3-3a ero HMYilleCTBa. 1160 y Hero 6biJIO .llBa
repuorCTBa363 H CTOJibKO )((e CbiHOBeii; O.!IHOMY H3 HHX, fOTcPPH.llY364, OH, noKa
6biJI )((HB, n03BOJIHJI nepe.llaTb O.!IHO repuorCTBO, a BTOpoe .!10 KOHUa CBOeH
)1(1{3HH y.llep)I(HBaJI 3a co6oii; ero, KOr.lla oTeu yMep, KopoJih no)((eJiaJI nepe.llaTb
BTOpOMY CbiHY- foueno365. Ho 6paT He XOTeJI C 3THM cornamaTbCSI . .LI,OiliJIO
.!10 TaKOfO pa3pbiBa, liTO HH KOpOJib He XOTeJI nepe.llaBaTb eMy KHjl)((eCTBO, HH
OH .ll06poBOJibHO ycTynaTb KoponJO. TaK)((e B BeHrpHH BCnbiXHyna BHYTPeHHSISI
CMYTa, KOTOpaSI yxe .llaBHO 6biJia BTaHHe pa3.llYTa, a HMeHHO cnpaBe.llJIHBbiH
3arOBOp npOTHB HenpaBe.llHOfO KOpOJISI, liT06bi ero, B03BbiCHBillerocSI He
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364

365

30 HOS16pSI.
ArHeccy nyaTy. CM. BbiUie, npHM. 339.
9 .neKa6pH I 043 r.
nonno, KOTOpbiH 6biJI apxwenHCKonoM TpHpCKHM B 1016-1047 rr.
22 anpenH 1044 r.
19 anpeJIH 1044 r.
HH)KHSIH H BepxHHH JloTapHHrHH.
foT!fJpw.n III 6opo.naTbiH (yM. 1069 r. 24.neK.)- cTapUIHH CbiH roueno I; repuor
HH)I(HeH JloTapHHrHH B I 065-69 rr. H BepxHeH JloTapHHrHH B I 044-47 rr.; MapKrpaq,
TocKaHbi B I 054-69 rr.
roueno II- 2-u CbiH roueno I; repuor HH)I(HeH JloTapHHrHH B 1044-1046 rr.
128

noJio)!(eHHbiM o6pa3oM, HH3JIO)!(HJIO .uocToti:Hoe yHH)!(eHHe. TaK, B Jarosop


BCryTIHJIO fiOJiblliHHCTBO KH513eti:; OHH KaHJIHCb nepe.u fOCTIO.UOM, 'ITO norpelliHJIH B OTHOllleHHH CBOero KOpOJIH, H, '-ITOfibi npHMHpHTbCH C HHM, HCKaJIH,
KaK 6bi TOro, KOro OHH He3aKOHHO TIOCTaBHJIH, HJIH B OKOBaX, HJIH yfiHTOfO
Bbl,UaTb Ue3ap10. Ho eme H TO ycyry6HJIO ero HeC'-IaCTbe, 'ITO OH BHOBb OCKOp6HJI Halllero KOpOJIH, He HCTIOJIHHB Te o6eiUaHH51, KOTOpbie .UaJI npOlliJIOH
oceHbJO H KOTophie, KaK Mbi rosopHJIH, no.uKpenHJI TaK)!(e KJIHTBoti:. HTaK,
HeKTO, KOTOpbiH 6biJI TIOCBHIUeH B 3TOT JarOBOp, o6ecne'-IHB C06CTBeHHOe
6JiaronoJiyqHe, Bbl,UaJI KOpOJIIO BCeX JarOBOpiUHKOB; 06 3TOM CTaJIO H3BeCTHO,
H OH HeKOTOpblX H3 HHX npHKa3aJI Ka3HHTb, a HeKOTOpbie TIO MHJIOCTH DO)!(beti: cnacJIHCb H H36e)!(aJIH ero

PYK

no 3Toti: npmHHe see, KoTopbie cMorJIH

cnaCTHCb, 6biJIH eme 6oJiee B036~eHbl H npOCHJIH Ue3ap51 0 TIOMOIUH; OHH


nepeCKa3aJIH eMy XHTpOCTH THpaHa, KOTOpbie TOT npHMeHHJI B OTHOllleHHH
.uorosopa, H npH3BaJIH ero K JaxBaTY csoeti: cTpaHbi. HaKoHeu, ueJapb, y6e)!(.ueHHbiti: HMH, HO eme 60Jiee, KaK BbiHCHHJIOCb BTIOCJie.UCTBHH, TI06~eHHbiH
TipHKa30M CBbillle, pelliHJI OTnpaBHTbCH B Te MeCTa, KaK MO)!(HO 60Jiee Tati:HO.
TaM )!(e CTaJIO HCHO, 'ITO Eor, cnpase,UJIHBbiti: cy.UhH, no)!(eJiaJI ycTpaHHTb HecnpaBe,UJIHBOCTb, 'ITO HHKTO H3 CMepTHbiX He .uep3HYJI fibl TIO)!(eJiaTb TaKOH
MHJIOCTH, KaKYJO OH caM snocJie.ucTBHH JaxoTeJI noKaJaTh qepe3 caMoro ce6H. H6o KopoJib oTnpaBHJICH HK06bi c HaMepeHHeM Tpe6osaTb BbiTIOJIHeHHH
.UOrDBOpa H, BeM [c co6oti:] TOJibKO .UBa BOHCKa- HOpHKCKoe366 H '-lelliCKOe,
C06HpaJIC51 6y.UTO 6bi BepHYTbCH H3 naBapCKOH MapKH. 113 OCTaJibHblX '-laCTeti:
CBOero KOpOJieBCTBa OH He HMeJI HHKOro, KpOMe CBOHX npH,UBOpHbiX, HfiO
He,UOCTaTOK TIJIO.UOB OTKa3blBaJI HM B )!(aJIOBaHbe. Ho H 3TO OH C.UeJiaJI BOTIpeKH COBeTY TIO'-ITH BCeX CBOHX TIO,U,UaHHbiX, Ha,UO TIOJiaraTb TIOTOMY, 'ITO nor
BHYlliHJI ero pa3YMY TO, 'ITO CaM npe.uonpe,UeJIHJI 3a,UOJiro .UO 3THX BeKOB. floKa
OH COBeprnaJI 3TOT TIYTb, TipHlliJIH MHOfO'-IHCJieHHbie TIOCJibl 060 H CTaJIH Tpe6oBaTb CBOHX 6erJieUOB, KOTOpbie 6biJIH BMeCTe C KOpOJieM, )!(aJIYHCb H ysep5151,
'ITO Te, MOJI, 6biJIH pa360ti:HHKaMH B HX KOpOJieBCTBe H nepBbiMH TIO.UCTpeKaTeJIHMH npOTHB HaC. 0HH TibiTaJIHCb TaK)!(e OTfOBOpHTb Halllero npaBHTeJIH
OT TOfO TIOXO.Ua, KOTOpblH OH Ha'-laJI, o6eiUa51 He'-ITO fiOJibWee, '-leM OHH ~e
ofieiUaJIH; O,UHaKO, rJiaBHbiM o6pa30M OHH CTapaJIHCb pa3Be,UaTb KOJIH'-IeCTBO
soti:cKa. Hx .uep)!(aJIH no'-ITHTeJibHO H My.upo, noKa o6a soti:cKa He COlliJIHCb
Ha paCCTOHHHe O,UHO.UHeBHOfO nepexo.ua, HfiO TOT, KTO npHTBOpHO .U06HBaJIC51 MHpa, C06paJI, TeM BpeMeHeM, orpOMHbie CHJibl BOOp~eHHbiX JIJO,Ueti:.
Kor.ua )!(e OHH, TIOCJie TOfO KaK BbiCKa3aJIHCb TIOCJibl TO:ti: H ,Upyroti: CTOpOHbl,
He CMOfJIH H He 3aXOTeJIH .UOfOBapHBaTbCH, TO peWHJIH Cpa)!(aTbCH

op~eM

H Ha3Ha'-IHJIH (MH 3TOfO] TpeTHti: ,UeHb, B KOTOpblH H np051BHTC51 CY.U DO)f(HH.


Kor.ua )!(e Halll repoti: npHllleJI B 3TOT .ueHb B ycJioBJieHHoe MecTo H He JaCTaJI
TaM [spara], To, )!(eJiaH npecJie.uosaTb ero Ja peKoti: PanHHHUeti:, o6Hap~HJI,

366

T. e. 6asapcKoe.
129

AHHanbl

qTo nyrh no HX 06biKHOBeHJHO nperpiDK,lleH CTOSJqHMH BO.llaMH H yKpeiUieHHSIMH. Ho, nOCKOJihKY BeHrpbl, KOTOpbiX OH HMeJI npH ce6e, npe.llJIO)I(HJIH 6biTb
npOBO.llHHKaMH, OH, npOCKaKaB BCIO HOqb B,llOJih 6epera BBepX [no TeqeHHIO),
B npe.upaccBeTHhiX CYMepKax JierKo neperneJI peKY B6po.u. BH.llSJ HX npH6hiTHe,
Te, KoTophie cTopo)I(HJIH YKPeiUieHHSJ, 6pocHB Bee, qTo HMeJIH, 6e)l(aJIH. TaK
HalilHM OTKpbiJICSI Tiyrh H 6hiJia OCTaBJieHa 60JiblilaSJ .U06bJqa B BH.lle npO.llYKTOB
nHTaHHSJ. ToJihKO Ha TpeTHH .ueHh nocJie ycJioBJieHHoti: 6HTBhi, Kor.ua nepBbie
H3 HalilHX nepelilJIH peKY Paa6e, B.llaJIH B,llpyr nOSJBHJIHCb HeHCqHCJIHMbie
TOJinhi BOOp~eHHhiX JIIO.Ueti:, KOTOpbie noKpbiJIH 06lilHpHeti:rnee noJie, CJIOBHO
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390

9 OKTH6pH I 045 r.
feHpHX I (YM. 1060 r. 29 HJOJUI)- CbiH feueJIM:Ha, rpam B UJOJibnHxray, 6pam mpaJibU-

391
392

rpam 3uuo; nQ:Ianburpa1 JloTapHHrHH B I045-1060 rr.


AueJihreif,lla (p. 977 r. yM. 1043 r. 14 HHB.)- .llO'Ib HMnepaTOpa OrroHa II; a66aTM:ca
KBe.llJIHH6ypra (c 999 r.), fepHpo.ue, <J>po3e, BpeneHa (c 1014 r.) H faH.llepcxai1Ma (c
I 039 r.).

134

1046 r.
Po)l()leCTBO focno.uHe KopoJib rrposeJI B focJiape. Cnycnr MaJioe speMH
MapKrpaQ> 3KKexap.u393 yMep BHe3aiTHOH CMepTbiO H 6biJI norpe6eH B HaYM6ypre B npHCYTCTBHH KopoJIH. B Bep6Hoe socKpeceHbe394 cJiaBHbiH xpaM
B XHJib,llecxaHMe H 60Jibllla51 "'aCTb ropo.ua cropeJIH B ome. BpeMH nacxH395
KopoJih npa3.UHOBaJI B ropo.ue YTpeXTe. 3THM )l(e JieToM omeM 6hmH co)l()l(eHhi
MaHHU H PereHc6ypr. npa3,llHHK HHCXO)I()leHH51 CBHTOro ,[(yxa396 OH rrpoBeJI
B AxeHe BMecTe c 6oJiblllHM co6paHHeM KHH3eH, 11 TaM rrepe.uaJI repuory foT<PPH.llY MHJIOCTb CBOero npmueHH51 H O.llHO repuorCTBO, KOTOpbiM TOT rrpaBHJI
npH )l(lf3HH OTUa. BJia.ueTb )l(e BTOpbiM He 6bmO IT03BOJieHO HH eMy, HH 6paTY,
HO OHO 6bmo oTo6paHo y foueJio 11 nepe.uaHo <l>PH.llPHXY, 6paTY repuora EasaPHH397. CoseplllHB see 3TO, KOpOJib YllleJI OTTY.lla H OTnpaBHJIC51 B Mep3e6ypr
c HaMepeHHeM oTnpa3.llHOBaTb TaM po)l()leCTBO CBHToro MoaHHa398. Ty.ua npH6biJIH TaK)I(e repuom Ep)l(eTHCJiaB qelllCKHH, Ka3HMHP noJibCKHH, 3eMY3HJI
floMepaHcKHtf399 11 no"'THJIH KopoJIH rrpHCTOHHbiMH .uapaMH. B 3TOT )l(e .ueHb
KOpOJib BeJieJI ITOKpbiTb CB51TblM ITOKpOBOM CBOIO .ll0"1b400 H O,llHOBpeMeHHO
nocBHTHTb ee s a66aTHChi KBe.llJIHH6ypra. YH.uH OTTY.Ua, rrpa3.UHHK arrocTOJIOB
fleTpa H flaBJia401 OH OTnpa3,llHOBaJI B MeHCeHe, r.ue BTOpH"'HO npoBeJI co6paHHe 11 npHMHPHJI Me)l()ly co6oH Ha3BaHHbiX repuoros. TaM )l(e ,[(e.uH402, CbiH
rpaQ>a,[(HTpHXa, noJiyq:HJI OT KopoAA.use MapKH403 3KKexap.ua, a TpeTbiO, MetlceHCKYIO, KopoJih noKa 'ITO y.uep)l(aJI. Po)l()leCTBO )l(e Eoropo.uHUbi404 KOpOJib
npa3.UHOBaJI B Ayrc6ypre. MTaK, Kor.ua TaM co6paJIHCb pbiuapH, OH BbiCTYITHJI
B ITYTh, ycnelllHbiM MapllleM .UBHHYJICH B MTaJIHIO 11, nplf.ll5l B ropo.u BepoHy, Ha393
394
395
396
39?

398
399
400
401
402
403
404

3KKexapa II (yM. 1046 r. 24 HHB.)- CbiH 3KKexapaa I; MapKrpa<t> JlayJHua B 10341046 rr. H MeticeHa B 1038-1046 rr.
23 MapTa I 046 r.
30 MapTa 1046 r.
18 MaH 1046 r.
3aecb HBHaH OWH6Ka. foueJIO II yMep erne JlO TpOHUbl 1046 r., TaK 'ITO repuorCTBO
HI-DKHHH JloTapHHrHH He 6biJIO y Hero OTo6paHo, HO 6biJIO nepeaaHo <l>pHJlpHxy
cpaJy nocJie ero cMepm.- <l>pHJlPHX II (yM. 1065 r. 28 aBr.) 6biJI CbiHOM <l>pH.Ilpxa,
rpa<t>a JliOKCeM6ypra, H 6paToM feHpxa VII, repuora EaBap. fepuoroM HIDKHeti
JlompHHrHH oH 6biJI B I 046-1065 rr.
24 HIOHH I046 r.
3eMy3HJI, HJIH 3eMOMbiCJI, HBJIHeTCH nepBbiM JlOCTOBepHO ynOMHHYTbiM repuoroM
(KHHJeM) OoMepaHHH.
EeaTpHc (p. 1037 r. yM. 1061 r. 13 HIOJIH). 0Ha 6biJia a66aTcoi1 KBeJlJIH6ypra (
faHaepcxatiMa) B I046-1061 rr.
29 HIOHH 1046 r.
.Lle.IlH II (yM. 1075 r. OKT.)- CbiH .LlTpxa I BeTTHa; rpa<t> ARIIeH6ypra; MapKrpa<t>
OcTMapKa B I 034-1075 rr.
UetiucKyiO H MepJe6yprcKyiO MapKM.
8 ceHTH6pH I046 r.
135

AHHanbl

6mo.uaJI TaM 3a e6opaMH esoero soH.eKa. OrnpasHSlllHeh .UaJiee, OH paenpe.uemm


Maplllpyr TaKHM o6pa3oM, qTo eme .uo npa3.UHHKa anoeToJios CwMoHa" 11Y.Uhi
sezynHJI s npe.ueJihi ropo.ua nasww405, r.ue nposeJI no OT.UeJihHOeTH eo6opHoe
eosemaHHe 11 o6meeTseHHhiH ey.u, TaK see :no opraHH3osas, qTo npa3.UHOsaJI
TaM Ha3SaHHbiH npa3.UHH~06 S HHeHfHIDIX H KOpOHe. Kor.ua )l(e OH OTnpasHJie.H
,llaJibllle H, OeTaHaBJIHSa.Heh S pa3HbiX MeeTax, seplllHJI enpaSeMHSeHlllHH ey.u,
eMY HaSeTpeqy eTaJIH nona.uaTbe.H PHMJI.HHe, e Ka)l(.llbiM .UHeM so see 60JibllleM
KOJIHqeeTse, noKa OH He npH6hm s ropo.u no.u Ha3saHHeM CYTPH, HaMepesa.Heb
nposeeTH sTopoH. eo6op407. flpwqwHoH. )l(e :noro eo6pamrn 6hiJIO e.uwHospeMeHHOe eYIUeeTsosaHHe epa3y Tpex nan. M6o nepsbiH.408 H3 HHX, oemsws 3TOT
npeeTOJI H3-3a He.uonyeTHMOH JII060SHOH eS.H3H, S KOTOPYJO sezynHJI, OTKa3aJie.H
OT esoero [eaHa) eKopee .U06pOSOJibHO, He)l(eJIH SbiHy)l(.lleHHbiH KaKHM-JIH60
HaeHJIHeM. fl03TOMY pHMJI.HHe, erosopHSlllHeh, noeTaSHJIH Ha ero MeeTO .upyroro409' XOT.H TOT 6hiJI eme )l(lfS. Ho nepSbiH 3a .ueHhfH npo.uaJI 3TY .UOJI)I(HOeTb
TpeTbeMy410, 1160 S rHeSe He XOTeJI, qTo6bi e10 BJia,lleJI noeTaBJieHHbiH SMeeTO
Hero. l.JTo )l(e .UaJiee? Bee OHH 6biJIH oey)l(.lleHbi Ha 3TOM eo6ope H HH3JIO)I(eHbi,
a CsHTrep411, enHeKon .6aM6epreKHH., .uoeTOHHhiH TaKoro npeeTOJia, yrsep)l(.lleH
Ha eo6paHHH seero .uyxoseHeTsa H Hapo.ua.
lloKa see 3TO npoHeXO.UHJIO, s BeHrepeKOM KOpOJieseTse npOTHS KOpOJI.H
lleTpa so3HHK nosTopHhiH 3arosop. 116o ero KH.H3h.H H .uosepeHHbie JIHUa,
)l(lfSlllHe SMeeTe e HHM .UHeM H HOqbiO, TaK ,llaJieKO 3alllJIH S eSOHX HHTpHrax,
qTo, KosapHo noeosemaslllHeb, npH3SaJIH 6e3 ero se.uoMa HeKoero AH.upe.H412,
ero eonepHHKa, KaK npowexo.uHslllero oT Toro )l(e eeMeHH, o6emas eMy qepe3
noeJIOS, qTo OH no 06IUeH SOJie KH.H3eH 6y.ueT noea)l(eH Ha TpOH, a TOT HH3JIO)I(eH. Kor.ua OH, nosepHS HM, e SeJIHqaH.llleH fOTOSHOeTbiO nOSHHOSaJie.H
H npHSeJI e eo60H HeeMeTHOe MHO)I(eeTSO HaeMHOfO SOHeKa, SbillleOnHeaHHbie
SeJibMO)I(lf KOpOJieSeTSa, nO.UTSep)l(.lla.H eSOH o6eiUaHH.H, SbllllJIH eMy HaSeTpeqy
e 60JiblllHM KOJIJfqeeTSOM SOOp~eHHbiX JIIO.UeH. 0HH TaK)I(e nepeKpbiJIH nyrh
esoeMy KOpOJIIO TaKHM o6pa30M, qTo6bi OH He MOf HaHTH yKpbiTH.H HH S O.UHOM MeeTe, noKa 513blqHJfKH H 6eeeTbl)l(lfe JIIO.UH, KOTOpbiM 6biJIO pa3perneHO
.ueH.eTSOSaTb no eo6eTSeHHOH SOJie, He JIHlllHJIH ero 3peHH.H, qero no eJiyxaM
HHKOf.Ua He eJiyqaJIOeb S OTHOllleHHH KOpOJieSeKOfO HMeHH, .ua6bi S eJiyqae,
eeJIH 6hi OH Hespe,llHMbiM e6e)l(aJI S fepMaHeKOe KOpOJieSeTSO, OTTy.ua He
405
406
407
408
409

410
411
412

25 oKTH6pH I046 r.
28 OKTH6pH I046 r.
20 aeKa6pH I 046 r.
6eHeJlHKT IX.
CIDihBecTpa II I.
fpHropmo VI.
CBHTrep- ermcKon 6aM6epra B 1040-1047 rr.; pHMCKHti nana (lvmMeHT
1046 r. flO 9 OKT. 1047 r.
AHapeti I - Koponh BeHrpHH B 1046-1060 rr.

136

II) c 24 aeK.

noJIHIDiach nponm HI1X HOBaH soti:Ha 11 soeHHbie HecqacTbH. TaiOKe no'ITI1 see
eni1CKOnbi :not!: CTpaHbl 6hiJII1 nosep)l(eHbl 8 3TO BpeMH, a HapHJIY C KJII1pi1KaMI1
11 HeKOTOpbie MOHax11; BCeX ynopCTBOBaBlll11X 8 Bepe y611BaJII1 C JIOCTOHHOH
C0)1(aJieHI1H )l(eCTOKOCTbiO. ,ll.a)l(e O)li1H 113 KHH3eH no 11MeHI1 3aYHI1K, MYl.J:I1MbiH
BCeMI1 CnOC06aMI1, OTOllleJI 113 3TOfO Ml1pa, 1160, nOMHH 0 npe)I(HeH Bepe,
XOTeJI HbiHe COXpaH11Tb BepHOCTb lleTpy. q~e3eMUhl )l(e 6biJII1 no 60JibllleH
qacTI1 y611Thi, a HeKoTopbie 6e)l(aJII1 nellll1e, 6ocbie 11 pa3opeHHhie. OT Tpex
eni1CKOnOB, KOTOpbie yueJieJII1, TOT npi1HIDI KOpOJieBCKOe noCBHIUeHI1e, XOTH
paHee )l(eCTOKO CBI1pencTBOBaJI npoTI1B nacTBhi CBHTOH uepKBI1. YMep BHIIhreJibM413, enl1cKon CTpac6ypra; eMy HacnenosaJI XeuHJII1H414; yMep 366o
KoHcTaHUCKI1M:415; eMy HacnenosaJI ,ll.I1Tpl1x416 113 3Totl: )l(e o6IUI1Hhl.

1047 r.
Po)I(JleCTBO focnonHe Koponh nposen B P11Me, roTOBHCh npi1HHTh 11MnepaTopcKoe nocsHmeHI1e. B neHb npa3JIHI1Ka nana, BHal.J:aJie caM nocTaBJieHHhiH
caMbiM 3aKOHHbiM o6pa30M, nOCBHTI1JI 11MnepaTOpa BMeCTe C 11MnepaTp11ueJ1, a TaK)I(e apx11en11cKona PaseHHhi417 11 en11cKona llhH'IeHUhi418 BMecTe
c a66aToM <l>yiihJieHCKI1M419. Korna )l(e npa3JIH11K 3aseplllHIICH 11 11MnepaTop
HanpaBI1JICH B AnyJII110, 11MnepaTpi1Ua, 6epeMeHHaH 11 8 0)1(11)laHI111 6JII13KI1X
ponos, oTnpasi1Jiach B MaHTYJO 11 ponHJia TaM JIO'Ih420. l.J,e3aph )l(e, o6oti:JIH
BCIO 3TY CTpaHy, npl16biJI B ropon EeHeBeHT. Bo3spamaHCh orryna JIOMotl:,
OH BOllleJI 8 Ha3BaHHYIO MaHTYIO C HaMepeHI1eM OTnpa3)lHOBaTb (TaM)
BocKpeceHI1e focnonHe42I. A nocne nacx11, Korna oH oTnpaBHJICH JiaJihllle
11 Ha po)I(JleCTBO CBHToro HoaHHa KpeCTI1TeJIH422 BCTYfiHJI s Ayrc6ypr, 366o,
eni1CKOn 3TOfO ropo)la, YMep 11 6biJI norpe6eH 8 npi1CYTCTBI111 11MnepaTOpa.
Korna )l(e OH nocTaBI1JI BMecTo Hero feHpl1xa423 11 HanpaBHJI csotl: nYTh Ha
Jana)l KOpOJieBCTBa, TO 06Hap~HJI TaM 113fOTOBI1BlllerOCH Bpara, a 11MeHHO
BbillleynOMHHYTOfO repuora foT<pp11)la. 1160 TOT nOBTOpHO 3aTeHJI MHTe)l(,

413
414
415
416
417
418
419

420
421

422
423

BHJihreJihM I (yM. 1047 r. 7 HOR6.)- ermcKon CTpac6ypra B 1028-1047 rr.


XeueJIHH (yM. 1065 r. 15 RHB.)- enHcKon CTpac6ypra B I047-I065 rr.
36epxapn I (366o) <PoH KH6ypr-)lHJIJIHHreH- enHcKon KoHcTaHua B 10341046 rr.
JlHTPHX- enHCKOn KOHCTaHUa B 1046-1051 rr.
XyHlp1111a (apxHenHcKona PaseHHhi B 1046-1051).
fBI1.ll0 II (enHCKOn nbR'IeHUbl B I046-1048).
Pox11Hra.
fHJeJiy (yM. 1053 r. 6 MaR). fepMaH 113 PetixeHay rosopHT, 'ITO HMnepaTpHua ponHJia
llO'Ih B PaseHHe.
I4anpeJIR 1047 r.
HMnepaTOp np11weJI B Ayrc6ypr He B neHb cs. HoaHHa KpecTHTeJIR (24 moHR), a B
neHb CBRTOH HoaHHhi (24 MaR).
feHpHx II (yM. 1063 r. 3 ceHT.)- enHcKon Ayrc6ypra B 1047-1063 rr.

137

AHHanbl

ITOCKOJibicy ~e C08eprneHHO o-rqaHJICH 8 803MO)I{HOCTH 8epHyrh ce6e 8 6y,uyIlleM MHJIOCTh HMITepaTopa, 8H.llH, 'ITO eMy 8 HeH OTKa3aHO, 8 TO 8peMH KaK
IlpO'IHe .UOJI)I(HHKH IIpOilleHbl y MOrHJihl C8HTOrO lleTpa. ll03TOMY OH 83HJI
,ll.HTpHxa424, Ean.u}'HHa425 11 8cex, Koro eM or rrpHBJielJh 8 T08apwmw c8oero
6e33aKOHHH, H C)l{er OrHeM OKpeCTHhiX CeJieHHH HaiTOJIHeHHhiH CTpOeHHHMH
KopoJie8CKHH .uoM 8 HHM8ereHe; 3aXBaTH8 TaK)I{e HeKoTopbie ropo.ucKHe yKpeiTJieHHH, .UO CHX rrop OTHOCH8lllHeCH K IOpHC.UHKUHH Ue3ap51, OH, rrepeMaHH8
K Ce6e, rrepe6H8 HJIH H3rHa8 80HH08 HMIIepaTopa, 3aiTOJIHHJI HX MHO)I{eCT80M
C80HX JIIO.UeH, lJT06bi HHKTO 113 HalllHX He MOr ry.ua 80HTH. Ho Ue3apb, OT 8CeH
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Ha MHOrHX cy.uax H C 60JiblllHM Tpy.UOM, a HMeHHO crrep8a OHH 6biJIH nernHe,
a 3aTeM KOHHhie. O.uHaKo, -

Y8hi! -

oH He co8epumn TaM HHlJero TaKoro,

'ITO Momo 6hi .uocTa8HTh ero BJiaCTH qecTh HJIH cJia8y. B 3TOM noxo.ue yMep
feHpHX, repuor Ea8apHH, 8 TO 8peMH KaK xoTeJI 8CTpeTHTh C80IO He8ecry. YMep
TaK)I{e OTTo, repuor III8a6HH, 11 eMy Hacne.uo8aJI OTTo III8eH:H>ypTCKHH:426.
nana C8HTrep yMep, 6biJI .uocTaBJieH 8 EaM6epr 11 norpe6eH. YMep nonno,
apmenHcKon TpwpcKHH, 11 eMy Hacne.uo8aJI 36epxap.u427.

1048 r.
Po)I(JleCT8o Xpwcm8o HMrrepamp rrpa3.UH08aJI 8 nenh.ue. Ty.ua npH6hiJIH
pHMCKHe rrocJihi 11 rrpocHJIH ce6e 8 nanhi errwcKorra EpHKCeHcKoro428, KOTOphtH
Tyr )l{e 6biJI H36paH no HX npocb6e H c comacHH 8cero co6paHHH KHH3eH:. BMecTe

C 3THMH ITOCJiaMH 8 PHM 6biJIH OTITYilleHbl HeKOTOpbte enHCKOIThl, KOTOpbte


.UOJI)I{Hhi 6biJIH conpo8o)I(JlaTh rrany. ToT qepe3 MaJioe 8peMH yMep, 11 8MecTo
Hero 6hiJI H36paH EpYHo429. TaM [KopoJih] .uaeT C80eMy KaHimepy fapT8Hry430
EaM6eprcKoe errHCKOITCT8o 11, oTrrpa8H8WHCh .UaJihwe, )l(aJiyeT 366o43I <l>ynh.ueHCKoe a66aTCT80. OH TaK pacnpe.uenHJI Maprnpyr, 'ITO nacxy432 npa3.UH08aJI
8 PereHc6ypre. YMep rraTpHapx 366o433. ,ll.o80JihHO MaJIO 8HHa. )l(ecToKaH
6e.ua C8HpeiTCT808aJia IlpOTH8 JIIO,lleH; 1160 MbllllH YHH'ITO)I{HJIH ypo)l{aH. 3eM-

424
425
426
427
428

MapKrpa<t>a Cl>pi1CJiaHJUm:.
DaJUlYJ1Ha V, rpa<t>a <l>JiaH.Upl111. CM. npi1M. 380.
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repuor Wsa61111 B I048-I057 rr.
36epxapn (YM. I066 r. I5 anp.)- apx11en11cKon Tp11pa B 1047-1066 rr.
nonno. CTaB nanoti, OH np11HRJI 11MR )laMac II 11 npaBI1JI c 17 11JOJIR no 9 asr.

I048 r.
429
430
431
432
433

Jles IX (6pyHo)- CbiH fyro IV <t>oH 3mcxatiMa; pi1MCKI1H nana c 12 <t>esp. I049 r.
no I9 anp. I054 r.
fapTBI1r- en11cKon 6aM6epra B I047-I053 rr.
BepHee, 3K6epry, a66ary TerepHJee. A66aToM <l>yJibLlbi oH 6biJI B I047-1058 r.
3 anpeJIR I 048 r.
36epxapn - naTP11apx AKBI1Jiel1 B I 043-I 048 rr. OH yMep I3 HOR6pH I048 r.

138

AnbralilxcKVle aHHanbl

neTpHCeHHe 12 OKTH6pH. OceHhiO rpa<l> THTMap CaKc434, o6BHHeHHbiH a rocy.napcTBeHHoit H3MeHe H 06'bHBJieHHbiH BHe 3aKOHa, 6biJI no6e)KJleH B noe,llHHKe
ApHOJib,llOM, HeKor.na CBOHM BaCCaJIOM, H }'Mep OT noJiyqeHHbiX paH.

1049 r.
Po)f(JleCTBO XpHCToao HMnepaTOp npa3.nHoaan so <l>peit3HHre H nepe.nan
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repuorcTBO EaaapcKoe. TaK)J(e 6e360)J(HbiH ,UHTpHx, yqacTHHK Jaroaopa
foT<I>PH.lla H liaJI.llYHHa npOTHB HX fOCnO,llHHa, HMnepaTopa, 6biJI y6HT438,
noHeCH JacnyxeHHYIO Eo)J(biO Kapy. YMep PaTMYH.ll, a66aT AnbTaitxa, H eMy
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oTnpaBHJICH TaKXe nana. OH BhiroaopHJI MH Ha3BaHHbiX repuoroa )J(H3Hb
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npHBJielleHHbiH 3TOH Ha,lle)KJlOH, repuor foT<I>PH.ll npHilieJI TY.lla H C.llaJICH
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scTpeTHJICH c nanoH: .llJIH coaemaHHH44I.

1050 r.
Po)KJleCTBO HMnepaTOp npa3,llHOBaJI B Tienb,lle, H nepe.nan TaM enHCKOnCTBO
KOMO ... 442 Tor.na MapKrpa<l> foT<I>pH.ll443 6biJI OKpyxeH :lJIO,lleHMH H, HeBHHHbiH,
THTMap (yM. 1048 r. 3 mcr.)- 2-H: CbiH 6epHrap.ua I, repuora CaKcoHHH, rpa<J> B CaKCOHI111.
435 fOTe6anb.U- naTpHapx AKBHJieH B 1049-1063 rr.
436 2 <j>eBpa.Jij~ 1049 r.
437 KoHpa.n. I (KyHo) (yM. 1055 r. 5 .ueK.)- CbiH JlHy.UOJib<j>a <j>oH 6payBaHJiepa, cTaprnero CbiHa 3uuo, n<j>anburpa<J>a JloTapHHmH; rpa<J> UIOT<j>eHa; repuor 6aBapHH
B 1049-1053 rr.
438 19 jiHBapj~ I049 r.
439 THTMap I - a66aT ArlbTaiixa B I049-1055 rr.
440 26 Mapra 1049 r.
441 19 OKTjifipji 1049 f.
44 2 6eHHO.
443 MapKrpa<J> Kapi1HTHHCKOH MapKH. CM. Bblrne npHM. 333.
434

139

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nocJie 3TOfO, ropiOH H3-3a TOfO, 'ITO HeKHe 3JIO.UeH OTHHJIH y Hero BeHrpHIO,
KOTOpaH paHee 6Jiaro.uapH CTOJib HBHOMY cy.uy DO)I(beMy nepelllJia no.u ero
BJiaCTh, OH C03biBaeT B HIOpH6epre, CBOeM noMeCTbe, KHH3eM BCeM fiasapHH,
'IT06bi nOCOBeTOBaTbCH C HHMH, 'ITO no 3TOMY nOBO.UY CJie.uyeT .UeJiaTb. l1. 6biJIO
perneHo nocTpOHTh ropo.u Xai1H6ypr445, a cTpOHTeJiei1 Me)l(.lly TeM oxpaHHTh

BOOp~eHHhiMH JIIO.UbMH. Ho nOCKOJihKy OHH .UaJIH 3TOT CO BeT no BHyllieHHIO


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BepHOCTb Ha .UeJie. l1.6o, nOCKOJibKY 3Ta pa6oTa 6biJia nopy'leHa TOJibKO 6aBapCKHM )I(HTeJIHM, OHH npHlllJIH ry.ua C BeCbMa HeMHOfO'IHCJieHHblM OTpH.ll.OM

aoop~eHHhiX JIIO.uei-1. Kor.ua o6 3TOM ycJihilliaJIH apam, To, no.uOJpeaaH,


'ITO HM 3TO rp03HT KaKHM-JIH60 ymep60M, B HO'Ib qmBaHues446 HanaJIH Ha
Jiarepb HalliHX. l1., XOTH B O.UHY nanaTKY BOTKHYJIOCb 6oJiee

200 CTpeJI,

HHK-

TO 113 JIIO.UeM He 6biJI paHeH. Kor.ua OHH Bbl.llep)l(aJIH 3TOT Ha6er TpH, a TO
H 'leTbipe pa3a B O.UHY H TY )l(e He.UeJIIO, TO, HaKOHeU, C06paJIHCb BOe.UHHO
H BbllllJIH HM HaBCTpe'ly. l1. BOT HBHJiaCb DO)I(bH MHJIOCTb, KOTOpaH HHKOf.lla
He OCTaBJIHeT ynoBaiOli.lHX Ha Hee. l1.6o KaK TOJibKO OHH BCTynHJIH B 6HTBy,
TO, BeCbMa HeMHOfHe, no6e.UHJIH OfpOMHOe BOHCKO, o6paTHJIH B 6erCTBO
H noseprJIH BCeX, KOfO MOfJIH npecJie.UOBaTb. fl03TOMy, B03.UaB XBaJIY CBOeMy
nOKpOBHTeJIIO fiory, OHH, TOp)l(eCTByH, BepHyJIHCb .UOMOH, nocTaBHB B ropo.Ue HeMHoro'IHCJieHHhiM rapHH30H. Ho 'IT06hi .uypHOM yM HH'ITO He ocTaBHJI
HeHcnpo6oaaHHhiM, seHrphi nonhiTaJIHCh coKpyrnHTh ero, BHOBh co6paa
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5J

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piO, orpOMHOe, HO Ha .ueJie OHO OKa3aJIOCb eme 6oJiee 3Ha'IHTeJibHbiM. H6o,


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B BOCKpeceHbe, noHe.UeJibHHK H BTOpHHK, OHH B03.UaJIH fiory XBaJIY 3a TO, 'ITO
y HHX, KpOMe O.UHOfO 'leJIOBeKa, He 6biJIO naBlliHX; CaMH )l(e OHH noaepmH
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3HaKaX, a HMeHHO KOf.Ua OHH cpa)l(aJIHCh, BOKpyr fOPO.UCKHX CTeH npoJieTeJia
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oroHh, KOTOpbiM apam pa3BO.UHJIH MH

C BOCTOKa H Jana.ua, C IOfa H ceaepa, -

OTKJIOHHJI

BCTpe'IHbiH BeTep. flOCJie TOfO KaK BparH nOHHJIH no 3TOMY CBOIO BHHy, OHH
B cMymeHHH oTcrynHJIH. Tor.ua Ka3HMHp, repuor lloJihlliH, 6biJI o6BHHeH
B TOM, 'ITO CHJIOH npHCBOHJI ce6e npOBHHUHI0447, .UaHHYIO HMnepaTOpOM
repuory qexHH. OH npHrneJI K HMnepaTOpy B KopoJieBcKoe ceJieHHe rocJiap
H O'IHCTHJICH OT 06BHHeHHH nocpe.UCTBOM KJIHTBhi; TO, B '!eM OH 6biJI BHHOBeH,

444
445
446
447

15 anpem1 I050 r.
XawH6ypr- ropoJJ, B HmKHew AscTpl111, Ha ,llyHae, B I 0 KM K JanaJJ,y oT 6paTHCJiaBbl
(npec6ypra).
22 ceHTSI6pSI I050 r.
C1111e31110.
140

Anbrali!xcKI'Ie aHHallbl

OH .HenpaBHJI no perneH.HIO .HMnepaTOpa .H, o6peTSI MHJIOeTb, BepHyJieSI.llOMOit


OeeHbiO .HMnepaTP.HUa - XBana Eory! - po.aHJia ebiHa448.

1051 r.
Po)l()leeTBo Xp.HeToBo ueJapb-aBryeT npaJ.aHyeT B Ilenb.ae449, a Ilaexy450
npOBO.ll.HT B KeJibHe; TaM OH no3a60THJieSI OKpeeT.HTb ebiHa. fibiJI npe.anp.HHSIT Hey.aa'IHbiH .H .llOBOJibHO .H3Hyp.HTeJibHbiH nOXO.ll npOT.HB BeHrpOB. J.16o
Bee JieTHee BpeMSI, 6oraTOe .llO)I()lSIM.H, 3aeTaBJISIJ10 .H3BepraTbeSI TOHHbl BO.llbl.
flo 3TOH np.H'I.HHe YTOHYJIO MHOfO .H JIIO.lleM, .H KOHeii. HMnepaTop )l{e TaK
paenpe.aenHJI eBoii MaprnpYT, 'ITO, enyeT.HBlli.Heb Ha ey.aHe BH.H3 no )l.yHaJO,
npaJ.llHOBaJI BoJHeeeH.He EoropaBHoii )l,eBbi45I B ropo.ae Ilaeeay. TaM oH np.HKaJan BePHYTb BbirneynoMSIHYTOMY repuory fOT<PP.H.llY ero JieH, KOTOpbiM TOT
.aep)l(aJI oT en.HeKona KenbHeKoro, .11 npoeHJI ero 6hiTb JaiU.HTH.HKOM npoB.HHU.HH npoTHB He.aaBHO BoeeTaBrnero Ean.ay.HHa Mna.arnero. CaM )l{e e eHJibHbiM
OTPH.llOM 6aBapoB, naHro6ap.aoB, eaKeoB, rnBa6oB, <l>paHKOB .11 enaBHH .ao6paneSI.ao BeHrp.HH H, noeKOJibKY nYTb TY.lla 6biJI 3aKpbiT, npoBe.llSI eoBeiUaH.He,
eoBeplliHJI .llJI.HHHbiH 06XO.llHbiH MaHeBp H 6e3 KOpa6JieH .H nOB030K BezynHJI
B eTpaHy e O.llHOH TOJibKO KOHHHUeH. He Me.llJISI, OH Bee MeeTa, B KOTOpbie
Bezynan, 3a HeKJIJO'IeH.HeM uepKBeH, pa30pSIJ1 OrHeM .H Me'IOM. Ho, noeKOJibKY
Bpar He p.HeKHYJI BeTpeT.HTbeSI e H.HM OTKpbiTO IIP.H eBeTe .llHSI, a BOHeKO BB.H.llY
.llJI.HTeJibHOfO BpeMeH.H Ha'laJIO eTpa.aaTb OT fOJIO.lla, OH B03BpaTHJieSI JlOMOH,
HaMepeBaSieb B eJie.llyJOIUeM ro.ay eHOBa BepHYTbeSI. YMep fiap.ao, apx.Hen.HeKOn MaiiHUeK.Hii; eMy Haene.aoBan Jl.HYTIIOJib.ll452, np.Hop EaM6epreK.Hii. YMep
XYH<I>P.H.ll45J, apmen.HeKon Mar.ae6ypreK.Hii; eMY Haene.aoBan 3HrHJibxapJl454.
YMep XYH<I>P.H.ll, enHeKon PaBeHHbi; eMY Haene.aoBan feHp.HX455. YMep )l,.HTP.HX,
en.HeKon KoHeTaHueK.Hii; eMy Haene.aoBan PyMonb.ll456.

1052 r.
Po)l()leeTBO HMnepaTOp npOBeJI B foenape, a flaexy457 - B llineiiepe.
HOBbiH nOXO.ll npoT.HB BeHrpOB, HO .llJISI roey.aapeTBa He 6biJIO .llOeTHfHYTO
HH 'IeeTH, HH nOJib3bl. J.16o, KOr.aa OH.H TeeHHJI.H JlOJifOBpeMeHHOH oea.aoii
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457

6y,uywero feHpHxa IV (p. 1050 r. 11 HOSI6. YM 1106 r. 7 asr.), KOTOPhiA 6biJI KOpOJieM
fepMaHHH B 1056-1106 rr. H HMnepaTOpOM C 31 MapTa 1084 r.
CornacHo fepMaHy HJ PeAxeHay, B focnape.
31 MapTa 1051 r.
15 asrycTa 1051 r.
JlHyrnoJib.ll I (yM. 1059 r.)- apxHenHcKon MaAHua B 1051-1059 rr.
XyH<PPH.ll (yM. 1051 r. 28 Q>esp.) - apxHenHcKon Mar.ue6ypra B 1023-1051 rr.
3HrHJihxap.u (yM. 1063 r. 1 ceHT.)- apxHenHcKon Mar.ue6ypra B 1051-1063 rr.
feHpHx- apxHenHcKon PaseHHbi B 1051-1072 rr.
PyMOJib.ll - enHcKon KoHcTaHua B 1051-1069 rr.
19 anpeJISI 1052 r.

141

AHHanbi

ropoJJ, npec6ypr458, pacnoJIO)!(eHHbiH Ha rpaHMUe o6oMx KoponescTs, TO yuum


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npMKa)!(eT nana, ecJIM s pe3yJibTaTe ero sMelllaTeJibCTsa MMnepaTop CHMMeT
ocaJJ,y c ero JIIOJJ,ei1:. KorJJ,a )!(e soiicKo nepenpasmi.Jiocb qepe3 ,llyHaii, see,
t.ITO oH o6eman, oKaJanocb JIO)!(biO. Ho, nocKOJibKY y soiicKa He 6biJIO Jla)!(e
)!(aJIOSaHbH, Ka)!(JJ,biH sepHyJICH K ce6e C HaMepeHMeM SHOSb npMHTM CIOJJ,a
S CJieJlYIQilleM fOJly. npHJJ,H )!(e S PereHc6ypr, nana SMeCTe C MMnepaTOpOM,
KaK nOJiafaJIOCb, OTnpa3JJ,HOSaJIM nOJJ,HHTMe CSHTbiX MOllleH, TO eCTb MOIUeii
enMcKonos HaJsaHHoro ropoJJ,a 8onb>raHra M 3pxapJJ,a. 8 3To speMH MMnepaTpMua poJJ,HJia sToporo CbiHa no MMeHM KoHpaJJ,459. HeMaJibiH HeJlOCTaToK
nJioJJ,os, M ocTpeiilllaH HeXBaTKa SMHa. YMep HMuuo, enMcKon <l>pei1:311Hra;
eMy HacJieJJ,osan 3JIJIMHxapJl460. noHI1<PauMH:461, MapKrpa<P 113 HTaJII111, 6bi.JI
y6MT s pe3yJibTaTe npoMcKos OJlHOro csoero saccana.

1053 r.
Po)!(JlecTso MMnepamp npa3JlHOBaJI s 8opMce. 8 3TO speMH KyHo, repuor
EasapMM, M fe6xapJl, enMcKon PereHc6yprcKMi1, scrynHJII1 Me)!(Jly co6oi1: s )!(eCTOt.IaiilliYIO Spa)!(Jly. Ho KOfJJ,a MMnepaTOp npa3JJ,HOBaJI S MepJe6ypre nacxy462, OH
npM3BaJI TYJla Ha reHepaJibHblH CeHM HX 060HX M OJlHOSpeMeHHO Ot.IeHb MHOfHX
KHH3ei1: co scero KoponescTsa, M no npMrosopy nocJieJJ,HMX Ha3saHHbii1: repuor
6bi.JI JIMllleH repUOfCTSa. 1160 6bi.JIM npeJJ,aHbl fJiaCHOCTM He3aKOHHble npl1fOSOpbl, KOTOpbie OH JJ,aSHO ~e SblHOCHJI S OTHOllleHM11 HapoJJ,a, 11 TO, t.ITO OH C)!(ef
OfHeM HeKHH ropOJl enMCKona no)l Ha3SaHMeM napKlliTeiiH463. XOTH secbMa
cepbe3HbiM Ct.IHTaeTCH, eCJII1 KTO-JII100 S KOpOJieSCTSe OCMeJII1BaeTCH COSeplllaTb
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pa3SSI3aTb Me)!(Jloyco6HYIQ SOHHy. no 3TOH npHt.IMHe OH SCKOpe np1106peJI MHO)!(eCTSO TOBapMilleH csoero Het.IeCTMSI M KJIHTSOH 06H3aJI HX 6b!Tb eMy sepHbiMI1
M npeJJ,aHHbiMM. YnauMs see 3TO no CSOeMY )!(eJiaHI110, OH c CHJibHbiM OTpHJJ,OM
6e)!(aJI t.Iepe3 KapMHTMIO K SeHrpaM, a 60JiblliMHCTSO yqaCTHMKOS 3TOfO 3arosopa
OCTaSHJI JJ,OMa, HaueHCb Ha HX noMOillb SnOCJieJJ,CTSMM, KOf)la OH pa38SI)!(eT SOHHY 11TaK, OHM nerKo 6biJIM cxsat.IeHbi 11 yJJ,ep)!(aHbi oT 3Toi1 mynocTI1. CaM )!(e
OH, CDeJJ,MHMSlliMCb C seHrpaMM, Hanan Ha KpaiiHY 11, onycTOlliMS MHO)!(eCTSO
MeeT, JaXBaTHJI HeKHH: ropoJl noJJ, HaJsaHMeM XeHrcT6ypr464; pa3MeCTI1S TaM
458
459

460
461
462
463
464

Hhme 6pantcJiaBa, cTonwua CnoBaKww.


KoHpa.u (p. 1052 r. ceHT./ oKT. YM 1055 r. 10 anp.)- repuor 6aBapiHI B 1054-1055 rr.
3JIJiwHxap.n (yM. 1078 r. 11 MapTa)- enwcKon <l>pewJwHra B 1052-1078 rr.
6oHw<t>auww I (yM. 1052 r. 6 MaS!)- MapKrpa<t> TocKaHbi B 1027-1052 rr.
II anpeJIH 1053 r.
napKUITeHH - ceJieHwe B BepxHeM D<t>anbue, Me)J()ly ropo.naMH Bew.neH H OpeccaT.
XeHrc6ypr- cHJihHO yKpenneHHhiH JaMoK B WTHPHH Heno.naneKy oT CaHKT-<l>JiopwaHa.

142

Anbrali!xcKI'Ie aHHallbl
rapHHJOH, OH BepHyJicH B BeHrpHio. B 3To BpeMH nana cpa3HJICH c HOpMaHHaMH H -

YBbi! -

llOTepHJI B 3TOH 6HTBe465 noqTH BCeX, KTO npHIIIeJI eMy Ha

llOMOIUb H3 fepMaHCKOfO KOpOJieBCTBa. CaM )l(e OH npOTHB CBOeH BOJIH, KaK


rooopHT, y,aep)I(HBaJICH KaKoe-ro BpeMH B ropo,lle EeHeBeHTe. 3HaqHTeJibHaH
HeXBaTKa BHHa H nJIO,llOB uapHJia noqTH BO BCeH .6aBapHH. Il03TOMy, KOfJla
6e)l(aJI KpecTbHHHH, MHO.>KeCTBO ,llepeBeHb onycTeJIH. YMep CH6Hxo, enHcKon lllneiiepcKHii466, H Ha ero MecTo nocTaBJieH ApHOJibJl467. YMep faPTBHr,
enHcKon EaM6eprcKHii.

1054 r.
Po)I(JleCTBO XpHCTOBO HMneparop npa3JlHOBaJI B 3TIHHreHe, KoponeBCKOM llOMeCTbe; TaM OH nepe,llaJI .6aBapCKOe repUOfCTBO CBOeMY CTapiiieMy
CbiHy468, a Azlanb6epoHy469, CBOeMy JlBOIOPOJlHOMy 6paTY, OTJlaJI .6aM6eprcKoe
enHCKOllCTBO. 0Tzy,lla OH OTnpaBHJICH B PereHc6ypr Ha reHepaJibHbiH CeHM.
B 3TH JlHH Te, KOTOphie 6bmH ocTaBJieHbi KoHpa,uoM B ropo,lle XeHrcT6ypre
B KaqecTBe rapHH30Ha, ycTaB OT qacTbiX Hana,ueHHH MeCTHbiX )I(HTeJieH, caMH no CBOeH BOJie pa3pyiiiHJIH ropOJl H TaHHO 6e)l(aJIH OTzy,lla B BeHrpHIO.
Ilacxy470 HMneparop npoBeJI B Mep3e6ypre471. YMep JleB472, CBHTOH MY.>K;
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npHMHpHB HX Me)I(Jly C060H llOCJie BeCbMa JlJIHTeJibHOfO pa3,llOpa, OTllYCTHJI
JlOMOH Y.>Ke noMHPHBIIIHMHCH. CaM .>Ke oH npe,llnpHHHJI cBoii noXOJl npoTHB
liaJIJlYHHa. BHe3anHO BCTYflHB B 3TY npOBHHUHIO, OH 06HapY.>KHJI TaM 60JibiiiOe
H306HJIHe nJIOJlOB H cKoTa. Ho, nocKOJibKY BparH He ocMeJIHBaJIHCh oTKPhiTO
BbiCTYllHTb npOTHB Hero, OH, OrHeM H MeqoM onyCTOIIIHB MHO.>KeCTBO MeCT,
peiiiHJI BepHYTbCH JlOMOH. Kor,lla )l(e BparH 3aMeTHJIH, qTO BOHHbl BeJlYT ce6H
6onee paccna6JieHHO, OHH BHe3anHO HallaJIH Ha OJlHY qacTb BOHCKa H, yqHHHB HeMaJIYIO pe3HIO, KaK 06biqHo, HCKaJIH cnaceHHH B 6erCTBe. 11Mneparop,
npecJie,llyH HX, HafHaJI 6erJieUOB H noKapan HX TaKHM KpOBOnpOJIHTHeM, qTo
caM repuor eJlBa cnaccH BMecTe c oqeHb HeMHOrHMH. BeHrpbi BHOBb HananH
Ha KpaHHY H, B3HB Jl06biqy, pa,uOCTHbie BepHyJIHCb B OTeqecTBO. flOCKOJibKY
KoHpa,u H ero JIIOJlH noKa3biBaJIH JlOpory, OHH qacTO BTOpraJIHCb B BOCTOqHYIO
qacTb EaBapHH, pa3opHJIH MHO)I(eCTBO MeeT H orpoMHoe KOJIHqecTBo JIIOJleii

8 6HTBe npH lJHBHTaTe 18 HIOHH 1053 r.


12 anpenH I054 r.
467 ApHOJib,ll, I <f>oH <l>anbKeH6epr - enHcKon Illneiiepa B I 054-1056 rr.
468 8epHee, MJianrneMy CbiHY KoHpany.
469 A.nanb6epoH <f>oH 3nneHrnTeHH - enHcKon 6aM6epra B l 053-1057 rr.
470 3 anpenH I 054 r.
471 8 MaiiHue, cornacHo fepMaHy HJ PeiixeHay.
472 19 anpenH I054 r.
473 22 MaH I 054 r.
465
466

143

AHHanbi

YBeJUi s nJieH. HaKoHeu, Kor.ua )I(HTeJIH 6poeHJIHeh K opyxmo, HeKOTOphie


H3 Tex H H3 3THX 6biJill y6HThl, H OtieHb MHOfHe paHeHbl. 8eHrphl see )l(e
y.uep)l(aJIH LlOfihilly, KOTOpYJO OTOeJiaJIH snepe.u, HO noeJie 3T0f0 npeKpaTHJIH
STOp)l(eHHSI S 3TY npOSHHUHIO. 8 3TO )l(e speMSI HOShiM sparOM eTaJI fonppM.ll.
J16o OH, serynHS S J1TaJIHIO, S3SIJI S )l(eHhl SLlOSy MapKrpacpa DOHHcpaUHSI neaTpHey474, KOTOpYJO, npas.ua, S eKOpOM speMeHH nOKHHyJI, H3fHaHHhiH orry.ua
s pe3yJihTaTe seeo6mero Hapo.uHoro 3arosopa, H SHOSh eoe.UHHHJI opyxwe
e DaJILlYHHOM. 8 3TOM )l(e ro.uy yMep AueJIHH, enweKon XHJih.Ueexa:HMeKwi1:;
eMy Haene.uosan Xeuwnh475. YMep Ynhpwx476, enweKon Epeumw.

1055 r.
Po)I(LleeTSO roeno.uHe HMnepaTop npa3.UHOSaJI s KoponeseKOM noMeeTbe
roenape. B 3TH .UHH YMeP np)l(eTwenas477, repuor qexww. noene 3Toro HMnepamp npwwen s PereHe6ypr w nposen TaM reHepanhHhiH eei1:M478. 11TaK,
oH noeTaswn TaM so mase anoeTOJiheKoro npeeToJia fe6xap.ua, enweKona
3i1:xwTaTTeKoro479, w seKope oTnpasHJI ero snepe.uw ee6H s J1TaJIHIO. TaK)I(e
CnHTHrHesa4BO, empwero ehiHa repuora qexww, oH noeTasHJI Ha MeeTo oTua
H, yna.uws see oeTaJihHOe, liTO XOTeJI, OTnpasHJieSI s 11TaJIHIO. 11TaK, 8oeKpeeeHHe foeno.uHe48I oH ompa3.uHosan s MaHTYe. Ha npeeToJI ropo.ua Epewww oH
noeTasHJI 3KKexap.ua482. Kor.ua nana SbiWeJI eMY HaseTpeqy, oH nposen reHePaJihHhiH eo6op483, Ha KOTOpOM seJieJI HH3JI0)1(}1Th OtieHb MHOfHX enweKonos.
HeKoTophiX saeeanos noHwcpawrn, no.uHHswwx MHTe)l( noene Toro, KaK YMep
TaK)I(e ero ebm484, oH JierKo no.uasHJI, a EeaTpwey sen en eo.uep)l(aTh no.u CTpa)l(eH.
B 3TO )l(e speMH Pwxepwi1:, a66aT KaeeHHeKH:H, KOTOphiH ynpaBJISIJI H JleoHeKHM
a66aTeTSOM, .U06pOSOJihHO OTKa3aJieSI OT OLlHOfO [H3 HHX], TO eeTb JleoHeKOfO
[a66aTeTsa], KOTopoe HMnepamp seKope no npoeb6e 3Toro PwxepwH nepe.uan
SO <J>nopeHUHH 8eHUJiasy, MOHaxy H3 MbTaHXa, ~ LlOSOJihHO yMepeHHOMY
H MYLlPOMY. 8 3TO speMSI YMep a66aT AJihTaHxa THTMap485, M}')(( HenhiTaHHbiH
474

475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485

6eaTpwca (yM. 1076 r. 18 anp.) - .uo'lh <l>pM:.llpwxa II, repuora BepxHei1 JlOTapwHmw,
w ManUib.llhi lliBa6cKoi1. 6bJJia :lKeHoi1: I) 6oHw<t>auwH 1, MapKrpa<t>a TocKaHhi; 2)
fOT<f>pw.ua III, repuora JlompwHmw.
Xeuwnb (YM. 1079 r. 5 aBr.)- enwcKon XwJib.Uecxai1Ma B 1054-1079 rr.
Ynbpwx I - enwcKon 6peumw B 1031-1054 rr.
I 0 SJHBapSI I 055 r.
B MapTe I 055 r.
no.u M:MeHeM BHKTOpa II. CM. BbJllle, npwM. 348.
CnwTwrHeB II (YM. 1061 r.) - cTaplllwi1 CbiH 6p:lKeTwcnaBa I; KHSJ3b lJexww B 10551061 rr.
16 anpeJISJ 1055 r.
3KKexap.u- enwcKon 6pelllww B 1055-1057 rr.
Bo <l>nopeHuww Ha Tpowuy (4 M:JOHSI) 1055 r.
<J>pM:.llpM:X.
3 ceHTSI6pSI I055 r.

144

AnbTali1XCKL-1e aHHaJlbl

BO BCSIKoro po.aa 6naroqecnut, H BMecTe Hero c o6mero comacHSI 6paTbeB 6hlJI


H36paH MaJibXap.a486, MOHax 3TOH 06IUHHhl, no npaBy paBHhiH .ao6pbiM JIIO.llSIM.
nocKOJihKY He.aaBHO yMep BanbTep, enHcKon BepoHhi, HMnepaTop, HaxO.llSICh
TaM, nocTaBHJI Ha ero MecTo )l,HoTnOJih.lla487. A TO, qro Bo)l(be npoBH.aeHHe
BCer.aa JaiUHIUaeT H o6eperaeT yro.aHoro Bory npaBHTeJISI, KIDK.llhiH, KTO xo':leT,
Mo.>KeT llOHSITh H3 CJie.llyiOIUero. 11TaK, llOKa OH HaxO.llHJICSI B 11TaJIHH, HeKOTOpbie H3 KHSIJeH KOpOJieBCTBa, KOTOpbie, Ka3aJIOCh, 6biJIH HaH60Jiee 6JIH3KH
K HeMy, To ecTh fe6xap.a, ero .llSI.llSI, enHcKon PereHc6yprcKHH:, BenhQ>488, repuor
KapHHTHH, H o':leHh MHOrHe .apyrHe BCTYJIHJIH B Tai1Hoe cornarneHHe c TeMH,
KoTophie yxe .aaBHO 6biJIH BparaMH rocy.aapcTBa. HTaK, OHH nonhiTaJIHCh
JIHiliHTh H )I(HJHH, H BJiacTH .aocroH:Horo Bora npaBHTeJISI, a KYHo, KOTOphiH
6exan K BeHrpaM, llOCTaBHTh Ha ero MeCTO; H, llOCKOJihKY B 3TOM JaroBope,
KaK Sl CKaJaJI, 6biJIH JaMeillaHbl CaMbie 6JIH3KHe HMnepaTopy JIIO.llH, BllOJIHe
MOfJIO COBepiliHTCSI .llOCTOHHOe COXaJieHHSI npeCTYfiJleHHe, a HMeHHO eCJIH 6bl
fior He paJOpBaJI nayqbH TeHeTa, 1160 HeT HH COBeTa, HH CHJihl npOTHB Bora.
11TaK, cnepBa OT .llOCTOHHOH CO)l(aJieHHSI 3apa3bl B M}'Kax CKOH':laJICSI KyHo489,
KOTOporo H36paJIH npaBHTeJieM, CMePThiO llOJIO)I(HB KOHeU KOBapCTBY H HeqecTHIO. A BCKope TaKXe BenhQ>, nopaxeHHhiH He.ayroM H yxe B nocne.aHHe qachi
.llBH)I(HMbiH paCKaSIHHeM, OTKphiTO npHJHaJICSI, ':ITO norpeiliHJI, H CMHpeHHO

YMOJISIJI, ':IT06hi JacnyxHTh npomeHHe y aBrycTa. OH TaKXe Benen nepe.aaTh eMy


CBoe llOMeCTbe llO.ll HaJBaHHeM YTTHHr490, OTKphlJI coyqaCTHHKOB JafOBOpa H TYT
xe OKOH':IHJI CBOH .llHH491. llOCKOJihKY HMneparop yxe BepHyJICSI H3 11TaJIHH,
K BOHCKY 6biJI BhiJBaH enHcKon. HTaK, cnepBa oH Bee oTpHuan, HOB KoHue
KOHUOB 6hiJI no6e)l{.lleH O':leBH.llHhiMH YJIHKaMH H BJSIT llO.ll CTPaxy. YMep fepMaH492, apXHenHcKon KenhHCKHH:; eMy HaCJie.aoBan AHHo49J. YMep ApHOJih.ll
lllneH:epcKHH:, KOTOPDMY Hacne.aoBaJI KoHpa.a494, H AuenHH MepJe6yprcKHtf495,
BMecro KOToporo 6hm nocTaBJieH BoQ>Q>o496. YMep TaKXe YnbpHx497, enHCKon
ropo.aa TpH.aeHTa, H ero cMeHHJI B .llOJI)l{HOCTH enHcKona XaTT0498.
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498

NtaJibxap.n - a66aT AnbTaAxa B I055-I 062 rr.


.ll110TllOJJb.ll (Te6aJib.ll) I - enl1cKon BepoHbi B I 055-I 063 rr.
8eJJb<l> Ill (yM. 1055 r. 13 HOSI6.)- repuor Kapi1HTI111 B 1047-1055 rr.
5 .neKa6pSI I 055 r.
Ha 03. AMMep3ee. 3To noMeCTbe Benb<l> nonyq11JJ 113 Hacne.ncTBa NtaJib6epoHa,
nOCJJe.nHero 113 rpa<f>os 36epc6eprcKI1X.
I3 HOSI6pSI 1055 r. T. e. OH yMep sce-TaKH paHbllle, 'IeM KyHo.
II <f>espaJISI 1056 r.
AHHo II (yM. 1075 r. 4.neK.)- apx11en11cKon KenbHCKI1H B 1056-1075 rr. B 1062I065 rr. 6biJJ pereHTOM KoponescTBa np11 MaJIOJJeTHeM feHpl1xe IV.
KoHpa.n I - enl1cKon lllneuepa B 1056-1060 rr.
AueJJI1H I (yM. 1055 r. 26 oKT.)- enl1cKon Mep3e6ypra B 1053-1055 rr.
Bo<f><l>o (yM. 1058 r. I5 anp.)- enl1cKon Mep3e6ypra B 1055-1058 rr.
Ynbpl1x II - eni1CKon TpH.lleHTa B I 022-1055 rr.
Xarro (Auuo)- eni1CKon TpH.lleHTa B 1055-1065 rr.
145

AHHanbi

1056 r.
Po)l(,llecTBo focrro.uHe 11Mrrepamp rrpa3.UHOBa.JI B U10p11xe, a nacxa.JihHOro
amua499 rrpi1Hec a )!(epTBY s na.uep6opHe; cBHTYJO Tpo11uysoo oH nposeJI s ... so1
11 BCKOpe IIOCJie :3Toro OTIIpaBHJIC51 Ha BCTpeqy C KOpOJieM KapOJII1HfOB Ha
rpaHI1Ue 060HX KOpOJieBCTB502. TaM KOpOJih Ha'Ia.JI OTKa3biBaTbC51 OT HeKoero
.llOfOBOpa, 'ITO 6biJI HeKor.ua 3aKJIIO'IeH Me)!(Jly HI1M 11 11MrrepaTOpOM. Ho 11MIIepaTOp Bhlpa3HJI rOTOBHOCTh CKOpee Cpa)!(aThC51 B IIOJie, tieM OCTaBI1Th O.llHa)l(,llhl
Ilpi1H5ITYIO 11CTI1HY, 11, HaKOHeU, rrpe.llJIO)!(HJI ,lla)!(e pelliHTh .UeJIO noe.U11HKOM
Me)l(,lly HI1MI1. Kor.ua KOpOJih IIOH51JI Ha OCHOBaHI111 ::nora, 'ITO no6e)l(,lleH, TO
BMeCTe CO CBOI1MI1 JIIO.llhMI1 TaHHO 6e)!(a.JI HO'Ihl0503. J1MrrepaTOp )!(e BepHyJIC51
B BopMc, r.ue c HI1M BCTpeTHJICH He.uasHo rroKHHYBWI1H 11Ta.JII110 rrana504; oH
rrpi1H51JI TaM MHOrO KaCaiOIUI1XC51 IIOJIO)!(eH1151 rocy.uapCTBa perneHI1H, BepHyJI
CBOIO MHJIOCTh eiii1CKOrry fe6xap.uy, ~e paHee OCB060)I(,lleHHOMY 113-IIO.ll CTpa)!(H,
rrpi1H51JI csoero IIJieMHHHI1Ka KYHosos, 113'hHBI1BWero pacKaHHI1e 113-3a MHTe)!(a,
11 TaK11M o6pa3oM pa3pewHJI 11M sceM sepHYThCH .llOMOH. B 3TO )!(e speMH caKcoHcKHe KH513h51 cpa3HJII1Cb npOTI1B JIIOTH'IeH, HO- YBhi! -

6hiJII1 IIOCThl.llHO

pa3611Thl 11 6e)!(a.JII1 OTry.lla, IIOHeCH KpynHhie IIOTepl1 B CBOI1X JIIO.llHX; y611T


6biJI TaK)!(e MapKrpa<P BHJihreJibM506. 3TOT fO.ll 6biJI OTBpaTI1TeJieH 11 MHOfHM
rrp11Hec 6e3YTernHoe rope. 116o, Kor.ua B P11MCKOH 11Mrrep1111 uapHJI Ml1p, nor,
OCKOp6JieHHhiH Hallii1MI1 rpexaM11, nopa3HJI T51)!(eJIOH 6oJie3HhiO YfO.llHOrO eMy
11MrrepaTopa. Kor.ua HaCTyni1JI KOHeU ero )!(113HI1, OH B Ilpi1CYTCTBI111 rraiibl
11 MHOfHX .llPYrHX ~eH BCHKOro 'II1Ha C,lleJia.JI rry6JIH'IHOe 11CIIOBe.UaH11e rpeXOB
11, OCTaBI1B HaCJie,llHI1KOM KOpOJieBCTBa CBOero ChiHa feHpi1Xa, IIOpYl.fi1JI ero 11M
BCeM, a CaM, Ilpi1H51B CBHTOe IlpH'laCTI1e TeJia 11 KpOBI1 fOCIIO.llH11X, OCB060.ll11JIC51
OT BCero tieJIOBetieCKOro 11, 06JiatieHHhiH B CTOJIY 6eccMepTI151, BOWeJI, KaK Mhl
sepi1M, so .usopeu uapcTBI1H He6ecHoro507. Ero TeJio 6hiJIO c .uocTOHHhiMI1 noqecTHMI1 rrepeHeCeHO B lllrretl:ep 11 Ha rrpa3.1lH11K CI1MOHa 11 J1y.Uh1508, KaK OH

499
5oo

7 anpeJIH I056 r.
26 MaH I 056 r.

501

B focJiape.
B Hsya, ceJiemnt s lllaMnaHH, 6JIH3 My3oHa.
B Ha'laJie HJOJIH I 056 r.
ABTOp OUIH6aeTCSI. nana BCTpeTHJICSI C HMnepaTOpOM TOJlbKO B CeHTS16pe 1056 r.
B focJiape.
KyHo HJIH KoHpan III (yM. 1061 r.)- 6hiJI CbiHOM reueJIHHa, rpa<t>a B UJOJibnHxray,
H ceCTPbi HMnepaTopa KoHpana II H, cooTBeTCTBeHHO, 6paToM feHpHxa I, n<f>aJibUrpa<f>a JIOTapHHmH (eM. npHM. 128 K 'l. 2); B 1057-1061 rr. HBJISIJICH repuoroM KaPHHTHH.
BHJibreJibM (yM. 1056 r. 10 ceHT.)- ChiH fiepHrapJJ,a II <t>oH XaJibJJ,eHcJie6eHa; MapKrpa<t> HopJJ,MapKa B 1044-1056 rr.
5 OKTS16pS! I056 r.
28 oKTH6pH I056 r.

502
503
504
505

506
507
508

146

Anbrali!xcKL-le aHHanbl

caM npHKaJa.JI npH )I(HJHH, norpe6eHo TaM. A KopoJih feHpHx 6hiJI npHBeJJ,eH
rocnoJJ.HHOM nanoi1: B AxeH H BOJBeJJ,eH Ha KopoJieBcKHH npecToJI. llocJie ::noro
oH npmueJI B KeJihH, rJJ.e npHHHJI cJJ,aqy rpa<Pa Da.JIJlYJ1Ha, KoTOphiH JlOJiroe
BpeMH UOJlHHMa.JI MHTe)I(H npOTHB ero OTUa, H JacTaBHJI ero )laTh KJIHTBY Bnpe)lh
fihiTh eMy BepHhiM H npeJJ,aHHhiM509.

1057 r.
Po)l(l],eCTBO focnOJJ,He KOpOJih feHpHX, eme MaJIOJieTHHH pe6eHOK, npa3JlHOBa.JI B PereHc6ypre H npoBeJI TaM C KHH3hHMH KOpOJieBCTBa reHepa.JihHhiH
ceHM. fepUOfCTBO, KOTOphlM BJia,ueJI BeJih<P, OH nepe)la.JI CBOeMY pOJlCTBeHHHKY
KyHo5IO. Ho, nocKOJihKY ero MaTh, HMnepaTpHua, JaHBHJia, qTo oHa 6epeMeHHa, OH paJpernHJI ei1: yJJ.ep)l(aTh I>asapcKoe repuorcTBo, qTo6hi B cJiyqae, ecJIH
y Hee poJJ.HTCH ChiH, oH H BJia,ueJI 3THM repuorcTBOM. MTaK, yJia,uHB TaKHM
o6pa30M 3TH JJ.eJia, OH yrneJI B CaKCOHHJO. A rocnoJJ,HH nana TaK)I(e BCKope
sepHyJicH B l1Ta.JIHJO. B cJieJlyJOIIlHH JaTeM 40-JJ.HeBHhiH nocT HJ )I(HJHH yrneJI
Ma.Jih6epoH, enHCKOn oaM6eprCKHi1511, H BO BpeMH npa3JJ,HHKa nacxH512
B BopMce KopoJih nepeJla.JI 3TOT npecToJI JlOCTonoqTeHHOMY fYHTepy513, KaHoHHKY 3TOH 061IlHHhl, a B TO BpeMH KaHUJiepy l1Ta.JIHH, KOTOphiH, KaK TOJihKO
npHHHJI BJiaCTh, cpaJy )l(e JaCJI~HJI npaBO npHHHTh B CBHTOH JJ,eHh llaCXH
nocBHIIleHHe c seJIHKOH cJiasoi1:. 3THM JieToM yMep nana BHKTop514, H Ha
ero Mecm pHMJIHHaMH 6hiJI nocTaBJieH 6paT repuora foT<PPHJla Cl>pHJJ.pHx515,
npHHHBIIlHH HMH CTe<PaHa, 6e3 BeJJ,OMa KOpOJIH, KOTOphlH BUOCJieJlCTBHH,
npaBJJ.a, see )l(e oJJ,o6pHJI 3TOT Bhi6op. A 3:HxrnTarrcKoe enHcKoncTBo, KOTOphiM
BJia,ueJI nana, KopOJih nepeJJ.aJI csoeMy KaneJIJiaHy fyHuo516.

1058 r.
Po)l(l],eCTBO focnoJJ,He KOpOJih npa3JJ,HOBa.JI B focJiape517, a nacXa.JihHOfO
arHua518 [JaKoJioJI] B MepJe6ypre. B 3TH JlHH B na.uep6opHe B orHe cropeJia
Ka<PeJJ.pa.JihHaH uepKOBh BMeCTe C JlBYMH JlPYrHMH MOHaCThlpHMH. A CBHTyJO
509

510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517

518

5-6 lleKa6pH I 056 r.


CM. Bhillle, npHM. 505.
14 <t>eBpaJJ.H 1057 r.
30 MapTa 1057 r.
fyHTep (yM. !065 r. 23 HIOHS!)- enHCKOll fiaM6epra B 1057-1065 rr.
28 HIOJISI 1057 f.
CTe<t>aH IX (<I>PHllPHX) - pHMCKHH nana c 3 aBr. 1057 r. no 29 MapTa 1058 r.
fYHUO II (yM. 1075 r. 2 aBr.)- enHcKon 3i1xlliTeTTa B 1057-1075 rr.

Y JlaM6epTa- B Mep3e6ypre. OllHaKo, coo6llJeHHIO aJJ.bTatlxcKoro MoHaxa cJiellyeT


OTllaTb npellllOl.JTeHHe, llOCKOJibicy 113BeCTHO, '-ITO 27 lleKa6pS! KOpOJib HaXOllHJICSI
B 0eJiblle.
19 anpeJIH 1058 r. ComacHo coo6llJeHHIO AHHaJJ.HcTa CaKCOHcKoro, KopoJih npoBeJI
nacxy B Mame6ypre.
147

AHHanbl

TpoHuy5I9 Koponb npoBeJI B Ayrc6ypre, r.u.e npoBeJI H reHepanbHhiH ceiiM


KHH3eii Bcero KoponeBcTBa. HTaK, Kor.u.a YMeP 6naroqecTHBOH naMHTH nana
Cre<PaH520, BMecTO Hero 6bm TaiiHo nocTaBJieH H nocBHWeH .u.pyroii [nana]52I.
Ho, TaK KaK 3TO 6bill0 He YfO.U.HO KHH3bHM, OHH, HH3JIO)I(HB ero, OTnpaBHJIH
B Ayrc6ypr K Kopomo nocna c npocb6oii nocTaBHTb BO rnaBe anocTOJibCKoro
npecTona enHcKona <l>nopeHUHH522. nocne mro KaK HX npocb6a 6biJia y.u.oBneTBopeHa H yJia)l(eHbl .u.pyrHe .u.ena KOpOJieBCTBa, Ka)l(.llbiH BepHyJICH K ce6e
.U.OMOH. B 3TH .U.HH o':leHb qacTo npHXO.U.HJIH BeHrepcKHe nocJibi H npocHJIH
3aKJIJO':IHTb MHp, a ':IT06bi oH B nocne.u.YJOweM 6bm TBep)l(e H npo':IHee, Tpe6oBaJIH OT.U.aTb B)l(eHbi ChiHY HX rocy.u.apH ConoMoHa523 cecTpy KoponH. HaKoHeu,
KOf.U.a 3TO 6bill0 O.U.06peHO KHH3bHMH KOpOJieBCTBa, KOpOJib BMeCTe C MaTepbiO npH6biJI B npe.u.eJibl BeHrpHH, BeJieJI 3HaTH 060HX KOpOJieBCTB CKpenHTb
MHp [COOTBeTCTBYIOWeH] KJIHTBOH, nepe.u.an cecTpy524 H TYT )l(e BepHyJICH BO
<l>paHKOHHIO. 11TaK, B oceHHee BpeMH KyHo, repuor KapHHTHH, c CHJibHbiM
OTpH.llOM BCTYnHJI BJIOM6ap.U.HIO, HO, nOCKOJibKY MeCTHbie )I(HTeJIH OKa3aJIH eMy
conpOTHBJieHHe, nOCTbl.llHO OTCTYflHJI. 366o, a66aT <l>ym~aeHCKHH, CKOH':IaJICH,
H Ha ero MeCTO 6bm H36paH 3Hr<!>pH.ll525, MOHaX 3TOH 06WHHbl.

1059 r.
Po)l(.llecTBO focno.u.He Koponh npoBen B CTpac6ypre. B 3TOM ro.u.y B 6asapHH
6bill0 H3PH.llHOe H306HJIHe xne6a H BHHa, HO CTpalliHaH ':IYMa CBHpenCTBOBaJia
cpe.u.H JIIO.U.eii H )I(HBOTHhiX no Bceii npoBHHUHH. YMep a66aT Xepc<t>enb.ll.CKHH
MerHHxep. EnHcKon Xanb6eprnTa.u.TCKHH no HMeHH 6ypxap.u. H apxHenHcKon
MaHHUCKHH JIHYTnOJib.ll TaK)I(e BCTYnHJIH Ha nYTh BCHKOH nJIOTH.

1060 r.
BonnoweHHe focno.u.He Koponh npoBen Bo <l>peii3HHre H oT.u.an Xanb6eprnTa.u.TcKoe enHCKOnCTBO 6ypxap.u.y526. CBHTOe fiOfOHBJieHHe OH OTnpa3.llHOBaJI B 3TTHHreHe H nepe.u.an apxHenHcKoncTBO MaiiHUCKoe 3Hr<PPH.ll.Y,
519
520
521

7 HIOHSI 1058 r.
29 MapTa I 058 r.
6eHeJJ.HKT X (.ll:xmsaHHH, rpa<fl TycK}'JiaHCKHH)- pHMCKHH nana c 5 anp. 1058 r. no

24 SIHB. 1059 r.
522
523

524
525
526

KoTOpbiH cTan nanou no.n HMeHeM HHKonau II (JaHHMaJI 3TY .nomKHOCTb c 6 .neK.
1058 r. no 27 HIOJISI 1061 r.).
ConoMoH (p. 1052 r. yM. 1087 r.)- CbiH AH.npeSI I; Koponb BeHrpHH B 10631074 rr.
IO.nH<flb.
3Hr<flpHJJ. I <floH 3nneHIIITeHH (yM. 1084 r. 16 <flesp.)- a66aT <l>yJib.ll.bi B 1058-1059 rr.;
JaTeM - apxHenHcKon ManHua B I 059-1084 rr.
6ypxap.n (6yKKO) II <floH BenbTXaHM (YM. 1088 r. 7 anp.)- enHcKon Xanb6eprnTa.nTa
B I059-1088 rr.

148

AilbralilxcKI.1e aHHanbl
a66azy <l>ynh.ueHcKoMy. BepHYBIIIHCh BO <l>paHKOHHIO, oH nocTaBHJI a66aToM
<l>ynb,lleHCKHM BH.uepa.ua527, MOHaxa 3TOH o6I.I.lHHbi. 3HMa B fepMaHcKoM
KOpOJieBCTBe 6biJia CTOJib cypOBOH, liTO H3-3a CHJibl H ,lUIHTeJibHOCTH CHera
11 Mop03a MHOrHe cMepTHbie JIHIIIHJIHCb :>KH3HH. BcKope nocne 3Toro noc-

ne.uoBano TaKOe paJJIHTHe peK, KaKOfO, KaK nepe.uaiOT, HHKor.ua eme He CJiyllaJIOCb B noM KoponeBCTBe. Koponh )l(e npoBeJI B Xanb6epiiiTa.uTe CBBTYJO
llacxy528, a BCKOpe nOCJie TOfO KaK OH yiiieJI, 3Ta uepKOBb BMeCTe C .upyrHMH
cTpoeHHBMH cropena B ome. 3THM neTOM yMep KoHpa.u, enHcKon lllneitepCKHif529, 11 eMy Hacne.uoBan 3itHxap.u530. EnarolleCTHBOH naMTH EaJI.llYHH,
apxHenHCKOn 3aJibU6yprCKHif531, CKOHllaJICB, H BMeCTO Hero 6biJI H36paH
KaHunep fe6xap.u532.
11TaK, B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy YMep nana HHKOJiaif533, H BMeCTO Hero HeKOTOpbiMH pHMJIBHaMH 6biJI nocTaBJieH enHCKOn JlYKKCKHif534, KOTOpbiH TYT )l(e
6biJI llOCBBI.I.leH nO.ll HMeHeM AJieKCaH.llpa535, XOTB OH H He 6biJI H36paH no
o6meMy )l(eJiaHHIO HX Bcex, KaK BbiBCHHJIOCb B nocne.uyiOI.I.leM. A enHcKon
napMCKHH no HMeHH Ka.uano536, ycnbiiiiaB o cMepTH [HHKona], c.uenan
BH.ll, 6y.UTO OH HHllero He 3HaeT 06 H36paHHH .upyroro, H, B3BB C C060H, KaK
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OH HeycTaHHO BeJI TaM CBOH .UeJia C MaTepbiO KOpOJIB H enHCKOnOM Ayrc6yprCKHM537, KOTOpbiH BCe eme JaHHMaJI nepBOe MeCTO npH .llBOpe, noKa He
.uo6HJic, liTO KopoJib YTBep.uHJI ero Ha anocTOJibCKOM npecTone 11, KaK 6bmo
B 06billae, HHBeCTHpOBaJI ero enHCKOnCKOH HHQ>yJioif538. 0H TYT )l(e BepHyJICB
B 11TaJIHIO H, JaCTaB [conepHHKa) yxe nOCBBI.I.leHHbiM H OTKpbiTO 3aHHMaiOI.I.lHM anOCTOJibCKHH npeCTOJI, XOTb B 3TOM fO.llY H CH.lleJI B CBOeM enHCKOnCTBe
coBepiiieHHO cnoKOHHO, HO Bnocne.ucTBHH Hallan npOTHB pHMCKOH uepKBH
BeJIHKYIO epeCb H onacHeHIIIYIO BOHHy, KaK TO 6y.ueT CKa3aHO B CBOeM MeCTe.
llOCKOJibKY AJieKCaH.Up, KaK Mbl yxe fOBOpHJIH, He 6biJI H36paH no o6meMy
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538

Bn.nepa.Ll - a66aT <l>yJib.ll.bi B 1060-1075 rr.


26 MapTa I060 r.
18 anpem1 I 060 r.
3i1Hxap.n II <l>oH KaTueHeJibH6oreH (yM. 1067 r. 23 <l>eap.)- enncKon Illneiiepa
B I 060-1067 rr.
8 anpenH 1060 r. 6an.nyHH 6bm apxnenncKonoM 3anbu6ypra B 1041-1060 rr.
fe6xap.n (yM. 1088 r. 15 HIOHH)- apXHenHCKOn 3aJibU6ypra B 1060-1088 rr.
HHKonaA II yMep 27 HIOJIH 1061 r. (a He 1060 r.). TaK 'ITO noCJie.nyiOWHe co6bJTHH
OTHOCHTCH yxe K I061 r.
AHceJibM l.na 6a.IVKHO- enncKon JlYKKH B 1057-1073 rr. (cTaB nanoH, He OTKaJancH
OT JlyKKCKOro enHCKOnCTBa).
OH 6biJI pHMCKHM nanoA (AneKcaH.np II) c I OKT. 1061 r. no 21 anp. 1073 r.
neTP Ka.Jlan (yM. 1071 r.)- enHCKOn napMbl B 1046-1071 rr. 28 OKT. 1061 r. npOB03rJiaCHJI ce6H nanoA foHopneM II.
feHpnxoM II. 0 HeM eM. Bbime, npnM. 423.
Ka.Llan npHHHJI nancKHe HHCHrHHH He B Ayrc6ypre, a B 6a3eJie.

149

AHHanbl

)l{eJiaHHIO BCeX pHMJHIH, HeKOTOpbie H3 HHX, TaHHO llOXHTHB, JlOCTaBHJIH


[Ka,uano) 30JIOTOH KpecT, KOTOpbiH 06bi'IHO HeCJIH snepeJlH nanbi, H HeKOTOpble JlpyrHe nancKHe yKparneHH.H.

A TOT,

cnernHo o6Jia'IHBIIIHCb s HHX,

BbiCT)'IlaJI TaKHM 06pa30M ny6JIH'IHO H TPe60BaJI, 'IT06bi BCe OKa3biBaJIH eMy


anOCTOJibCKHe llO'IeCTH, H, ,/laB ,lleHbfH, no6yJlHJI K 3TOMY TaK)I{e HeKOTOpbiX
MorymecTBeHHbiX M~eM:. TaKoso Ha'laJIO ropecTHbiX co6biTHH. Be.llb KOpOJib
6b1JI eme Mall, MaTh Xe, KaK )l{eHIUHHa, JierKO yczynana TO 0,/lHHM, TO JlPYfHM
COBeTHHKaM, a BCe OCTaJibHbie npH,IlBOpHbie 'IHHbl 6biJIH aJI'IHbl, H 6e3 JleHer
TaM HHKTO He MOf HaHTH cnpaBeJlJIHBOCTH 8 CBOHX ,lleJiaX, a nOTOMY He 6biJIO
HHKaKOH pa3HHUbl Me)I(Jly Jl03BOJieHHbiM H HeJl03BOJieHHbiM.

3TOM )l{e fOJlY MHp, He,llaBHO JaKJIIO'IeHHbiH C BeHrpaMH, 6biJI HapyrneH.

BLIIIIe paccKa3hiBaJIOch539, KaK cecTPa KopoAA 6Lma Bbl.llaHa JaM~ Ja CbiHa


KOpOAA BeHrpHH; HO 8 3TOM JlOfOBOpe He yqaCTBOBaJI 6paT KOpoAA no HMeHH
6eJia540 c CbiHOM, a noTOMY OHH scer,lla 6biJIH nOJl03pHTeJibHbi HaiiiHM. HTaK, no
3TOH npH'IHHe B BeHrpHIO CO CTOpOHbl KOpOAA 6biJIH OTJipaRTieHbl enHCKOn 3nno
H3 ropo.lla UeM:u, MapKrpa<t> CaKCOHCKHM:54t, MapKrpa<t> 6asapcKHM:542 H oqeHh
MHome Jlpyme. HTaK, qepe3 HeCKOJibKO JlHeM: nocJie HX npH6biTH.H s BeHrpHIO
KOpOJib AH,apeH, ~e XOpOIIIO 3HaBIIIHH 0 JaroBOpe, COCTaRTieHHOM npoTHB Hero
6paTOM, 83.HB KOpOJieBY, CbiHa H HeBeCTKY H C06pa8 HeMa.Jioe KOJIH'IeCTBO KH.HJeH
csoero Hapo.lla, xoreJI BMecTe c HaiiiHMH yHTH s 6asapHIO, noJiara.H, 'ITO 6yJleT
s qyxoM: CTPaHe s 6oJibiiiei1: 6e30nacHOCTH. 6paT nomanc.H Ja HHM c 6oJibiiiHM
BOHCKOM H BHeJanHO Hanan Ha HHX C TbiJia B Y3KOM npoXOJle ,llOpor, KOTOpbiH
Ha3b1BaiOT <(BopoTaMH KOpoJieBCTBa543, noCJie qero HaiiiH 1)'T xe CXBaTHJIHCb
3a OpyxHe H 3aB.H3aJiaCb CTPaiiiHa.H 6HTBa, B KOTOpOH

o6e

CTOpoHbl cpaxa.JIHCb

c BeJIH'IaHIIIHM Hanp.H)I{eHHeM cHJI. Ho seHrpbi, KOTOpbie 6biJIH c KOpoJieM, TOJibKO


8 6ercTBe HCKaJIH JlJI.H ce6.H cnaceHH.H, HaiiiH xe, KOTOpbiX 6biJIO HeMHOfO npoTHB
TaKOH MaCChi JIIO,IleH, CB.H3aHHble Y30CTblO H Hey,llOOCTBOM MeCTHOCTH H 0,/lHOBpeMeHHO no,llaRTieHHbie npeBOCXO,Il.HIUHMH CHJiaMH, noHeC.H O'leHb 60JibiiiHe
nOTepH, HaKOHei.J,, H caMH Bbl~eHbl 6biJIH OTCTYfiHTb; TaM KOpOJib )I{H8biM
6biJI B3.HT B nJieH, HO 8 TOT xe MOMeHT YMep, paJ,IlaRTieHHbiH KOH.HMH H nOB03KaMH. KopoJiesa xe BMecTe c CbiHOM, HesecTKOH H KH.H3b.HMH csoero Hapo.lla
yrnJia 8 fiasapHIO COBMeCTHO C HaiiiHMH. J.13 HaiiiHX TaK)I{e 8 nJieH 6biJIH 83.HTbl
enHcKon 3nno, BHJILreJibM, MapKrpa<t> CaKCOHCKHH, rpa<t> 6oro544 11 O'leHh

539
540
541

542
543

544

no.a I 058 r.
6ena I (yM. 1063 r.)- 6paT AH.apeSI I; KOPOJib BeHrpHH B 1061-1063 rr.
8HJibreJibM IV (yM. 1062 r.)- cnpwHH: CbiH BHJibreJibMa Ill; rpa<l> BeH:Mapa
B 1039-1062 rr., MapKrpa<l> MeH:ceHa B 1046-1062 rr., n<l>anhurpa<l> CaKCOHHH
B 1042-1044 rr.
3pHcT Xpa6pbiH (yM. 1075 r. 10 HIOHSI)- CbiH A.llanb6epTa; MapKrpa<l> AocTpHH
B 1055-1075 rr.
oJIHJ 8HJeJib6ypra.
DOTO (yM. 1104 r. I MapTa) - rpa<l> norreHWTei1Ha.

150

MHOrMe )lpyrne. Ho epe)ll1 MHOrMX, KOTOpble TaM xpa6po epiDKa.JIHeb, oeo6eHHO


6poel1Jiaeb B fJia3a )l06JieeTb )lByx, a HMeHHO MapKrpa<f>a BHJihfeJibMa l1 rpa<f>a
DOTO. J160 B TO BpeM.H KaK Hallll1 OTe1)'11a.Jil1, OHM OeTaHOBl1Jll1eh Ha KaKOH-TO
B03BbillleHHOeTl1 l1 ytll1Hl1Jll1 TaKYlO pe3HIO, 'ITO Te )le.HHH.H, KOTOpbie paHbllle
e'IHTarrHeh y xpa6peuoB LlOeTOHHhiMH YLlHBJieHH.H, HhiHe B epaBHeHHH e HHMH
KIDKYTe.H Hl11JTO)I(Hb!Ml1. J160 OHM epa)l(a.JIJ1eb e BelJepa l1 )lO BOeXO)la eOJIHUa,
l1 Hl1KTO 113 TaKOfO MHO)I(eeTBa BOHHOB He MOf 3aXBaTl1Tb l1X B nJieH, nOKa OHM
eaMH He e)larrHeh, noJiyqHB rapaHTHH 6e3onaeHOeTH. YMep fe6xapLl, enHeKon
PereHe6ypreKHH:545; eMy HaeJie)loBarr 0TTo546, KaHOHHK 113 6aM6epra.

1061 r.
Po)l()leeTBO ue3apb npa3LlHOBa.JI B MaH:Hue, a BeKope noeJie eB.HToro 6oro.HBJieHH.H BMeeTe e MaTepbiO npHrneJI B PereHe6ypr. 11TaK, TYLla HM HaBeTpeqy
BbilliJia BLlOBa BeHrepeKOfO KOpOJI.H e ehiHOM l1 HeBeeTKOH, HO KOpOJib epa3y
)l(e OTnyeTl1JI ee B BOeTOlJHYlO 6aBapeKYIO MapKY, npl1Ka3aB oxpaH.HTb ee TaM
OLlHOMY 113 eBOHX JIIO)leH, a ee ebiHa l1 eo6eTBeHHYlO eeeTpy YBeJI e eo6oH: BO
<l>paHKOHHIO (Ha BpeM.H), nOKa He o6ey)ll1T e MYLlPhiM eoBeTOM eBOHX KH.H3eH,
KaK 6bi BepHYTh 11M KOpOJieBeTBO, KOTOpoe OHM noTep.HJil1. oeJia )l(e, KOTOpbiH
6b!JI fJiaBOH l1 npl1'Il1HOH 3Tl1X HeeqaeTHH, qpe3BbilJaHHO pa,llOBa.Jie.H, Ha)le.Heb BblfOBOpl1Tb y KOpOJI.H Bee, 'ITO no)l(eJiaeT, 6JiafO)lap.H TeM, KOfO OH B3.HJI
B ruieH. Ho, KOf)la OH YBl1LleJI, 'ITO Bb1XO)ll1T He TaK, KaK OH XOTeJI, noeKOJihKY
repMaHeKHe KOpOJil1 He HMelOT 06biKHOBeHl151 nyraTbe.H l1Jll1 yeTynaTb lJbl1MJil160 yrp03aM, TO no eBOeH BOJie OeB060Lll1JI 113 nJieHa enHeKOna, a LlPYfl1X
no-npe)I(HeMy )lep)l(a.JI y ee6.H. 0)lHaKO KOf)la OH YLlOeTOBepl1lle.H B l1X 6JiaropOLlHOM npOl1eXO)I()leHl1l1, TO Ha'Ia.JI npe)lJlaraTh MapKrpa<f>y547 B351Tb B )l(eHhl
eBOIO )l01Jb548. lloeJie TOfO KaK TOT o6eiUa.JI 3TO e)leJiaTb, OH 6hiJI OTnyiUeH
l1 BepHyJie.H Ha p0)ll1Hy, HO BeKope noeJie 3TOf0 eKOH'Ia.Jie.H. TaKHM o6pa30M
B eJie)lylOIUeM fOLlY 113 nJieHa 6biJil1 OTnYIUeHbl l1 Bee OeTa.JibHbie.
B 3TH )l(e LlHH PHM eTpa)larr oT Me)l()loyeo6HoH: BOHHhi, 1160 HeKOTOpbie
113 HHX, KaK Mbl ~e fOBOpl1lll1, 113 paenOJIO)I(eHH.H K enHeKOny llapMeKOMy
He BerynarrH B 06IUeHHe e AJieKeaH)lpOM l1 BMeeTe e Hl1M .HK06bi eoxpaH.HJil1
BepHOeTh KOpOJilO, TaK KaK eJiblllla.JIH, 'ITO TOT ero YTBep)ll1JI. J1TaK, no 3TOH
npH'IHHe pHMeKHe noeJibi npHlliJIH B Ayre6ypr, KOr)la KopOJih OTMe'Iarr TaM
B03HeeeHHe ooropaBHOH )l,eBbl549 l1 npOBOLll1JI reHepa.JibHbiH eeHM. 113 HHX
545
546
547
548

549

2 neKa6pSI I 060 r.
OTTo Q>oH PHneH6ypr (yM. I 089 r. 6 HJOJISI) - enHcKon PereHc6ypra B I 06II 089 rr.
BHJibreJibMy.
CocpbJO (yM. I095 r. I8 HJOHSI). TiocJie cMepTH BHJibreJibMa B 1062 r. Ha Heii :lKeHHJICSJ
ero poncTBeHHHK YJibpHx (yM. 1070 r. 6 MapTa) - MapKrpaQ> KpaiiHbi (I 050- 1070)
11 J1cTPHH (1060-I070), rpaQ> BeiiMapa (1067-1070).
I5 aBrycTa I06I r.
1 51

AHHanbl

)l(e 6biJI H O]lHH enHCKOn, KOTOpblH nOCBHIIUlJI AJieKCaH]lpa. BJHB CJIOBO, OH


npOHJHeC peqb TaKHM 06pa30M: <<llOMOfHTe, 0 MOryi.UeCTBeHHhie KHH3bH, MaTepH uepKBeif, noMOrHTe anocTOJibCKOMY npecTOJIY!

M6o CMOTpHTe, B TO speMH

KaK BCe 6Jiaro]lapH BaM COBeprnaeTCH 8 MHpe, OJlHY TOJlbKO pHMCKYJO uepKOBb
nOTpHCaiOT BHYTpeHHHe BOHHbl H3-3a AJieKCaH]lpa, KOTOpbiH Ha3hiBaeT ce6H
nanoif, HO He HBJIHeTCH H He 6y]leT TaKOBbiM, eCJIH 8 ero OTHOllleHHH 6y]leT
npHHHTO npaBHJibHoe perneHHe. BeJlh OH 6eJ comacHH KoponH, TO ecTb Harnero
naTpHUHH, BOllleJI 8 OBHH He KaK naCTblpb, HO, ]laB ]leHbfH HOpMaHHaM, TO
eCTb BalliHM BparaM, B30llleJI HH]le KaK BOp H pa360HHHK. BOT, 3JleCh CTOIO H,
KOTOpbiH nOCBHTHJI ero, HO fior CBH]leTeJib, qTO H 6hiJI BbiH~eH 3TO C]leJiaTb,
no]lsepraHCh HaCHJIHIO. ll03TOMy, o cnpaBeJlJIHBeitrnHe CYJlhH, H nporny sac:
BCTaHbTe Ha nYTH Y 3TOH 3apa3bl, noKa eme eCTb BpeMH, qT06bl BCKOpe nocJie TOfO KaK CfHHeT 60JihHaH fOJIOBa, He HaqaJIH YBHJlaTb H npoqHe qJieHbl.
MTaK, KOrJla s co6paHHH 6biJIH ycJibilllaHbi 3TH peqH, CTaJIH JlOJiro cnopHTb,
qTo CJie]lyeT npe]lnpHHHTb no 3TOMY nOBOJlY, H60 enHCKOnaM Ka3aJIOCb HecnpaBe]lJlHBbiM H HeJierKHM, qTo6bi yqeHHKH cyJlHJIH yqHTeJIHsso. HaKoHeu,
nOCJie JlOJlfHX pa3MbllliJieHHH C nHChMaMH KOpOJIH H HeKOTOpbiX enHCKOnOB
6biJI OTnpaBJieH enHCKOn XaJib6eplliTa]lTCKHif551, KOTOpbiH JlOJI)I{eH 6biJI BbiCJiyrnaTb onpaB]laHHH o6eHX CTOpOH H OT HMeHH Ue3apH H KHHJeH BbiHeCTH no
3TOMY noBOJlY cnpase]lJlHBoe perneHHe. MTaK, npHJlH B PHM H ocHOBaTeJibHO
H3yqHB OT]leJibHbie Q>aKTbl, KaK OHH HMeJIH MeCTO, OH npH3HaJI HCTHHHbiM
H36paHHe AJieKCaH]lpa, 8 TO BpeMH KaK O]lHH 0]l06pHJIH 3TO, a JlpyrHe nonpe)I(HeMy BOJpa)l(aJIH, H TaKHM o6paJoM sepHyJicH JlOMOH. B 3TO speMH MaTh
ueJapH no csoeif soJie OTKaJaJiach OT 6asapcKoro repuorcTBa, KOTopoe JlaBHO
yJlep)I(HBaJia, H nOJa6oTHJiacb nepe]laTh ero Orro552, MYJlPOMY M~. YMep
AuaJibMaH, enHcKon 6pernHH, H eMy HacJieJlOBaJI YJibpHx553.

1062 r.
Po)I(JlecTso XpHcToso ueJapb npa3,lleyeT s rocJiape, a nacxy554 -

s Illneife-

pe. MTaK, KopOJih HaqaJI ~e BJpocJieTb, HO JIIOJlH, HrpasrnHe nepsyiO pOJih


npH JlBOpe, Ja60THJIHCb TOJlbKO 0 ce6e, H HHKTO He yqHJI KOpOJIH, qTO XOpOlliO
H cnpaBe]lJlHBO, a nOTOMY MHOfO 8 KOpOJieBCTBe CJiyqaJIOCb 6e3 BCHKOfO noPMKa. B CBHJH c 3THM AHHo, apxHenHcKon KeJihHCKHH, repuorH H seJibMO)I{H
KOpOJieBCTBa, ycTpaHBaH qacThie CXOJlKH, C BeJIHqaifrneif TPeBOfOH BOnpOlllaJIH
Jlpyr Jlpyra, qTo c 3THM cJie]lyeT ]leJiaTb. HaKoHeu, npHHHB perneHHe, OHH,
550
551
552
553
554

Cp. Manl>eH, 10, 24.


6ypxapall, enHcKon XaJib6epwTaaTCKHH, 6biJI ompaBJieH o P11M noCJie npooeaeHHoro
B Ayrc6ypre co6opa, KOTOpbiH COCTOIDICSI B OKTS16pe 1062 r., a He B aBryCTe 1061 r.
11MeeTcSI B BH.llY Orro II <l>oH HopTXeHM (yM. 1083 r. 11 SIHB.)- repuor 6aoap1111
B 1061-1070 rr. 3JieHWI1H opar HMnepaTOpa feHpHxa IV.
YnbpHx II - enHcKon 6pew1111 B 1061-1073 rr.
31 MapTa 1062 r.

152

B TO BpeMSI KaK KopoJih 6hiJI Ha Pei1He B MecTe, 'ITO JOBCTCSI BepH,llasss, BHeJanHo SIBHJIMCb KO LlBOpy C OlJeHh 60JihiiiMM OTpSIL{OM, BbiHeCJIM M3 'IaCOBHM
KpeCT M KOpOJieBCKOe KOnhe, a CaMOfO KOpOJISI nOCaL{HJIM Ha KOpa6Jib M, He
BCTpeqaSJ conpoTnBJieHnSI, .uocTaBHJin B KeJihH. MaTh KOPOJISI B neqann yrnJia
orry.ua, HO, no.uYMaB, CKOJih T.IDKeJio BeCTM rocy.uapcTBeHHhie .ue11a, c.ueJiana
M3 He06XO.LlMMOCTM L{06pOL{eTeJib M nOTpe60BaJia B03JIO:>KMTb Ha ce6SI CBSITOH
nOKpOB. 11TaK, OHa COXpaHMJia TOJibKO Te nOMeCThSI, KOTOpbie 6biJIM L{aHbl ei1
B Ltap, nOJIHOCTblO OTKaJaJiaCh OT BCeX OCTaJihHbiX >YHKUMH, CBSIJaHHhiX C ynpaBJieHneM rocy.uapcTBOM, n ueJIMKOM nocBSITMJia ce6SI CJIY:>KeHMlO Eory. 116o
BCSIKMH, KTO BML{eJI ee ynopCTBO B 6.ueHMSIX M MOJIMTBaX, 06MJIMe MHJIOCThiHM,
CKYLlOCTh e.Uhi n nnThSI, 6e.uHoCTh o.ue:>K.Ll n o6pa3a :>KMJHM n npoqne TPYLlhi
ee CMMpeHMSI M 6JiafOlJeCTMSI, TOT C rOTOBHOCTblO MOf JaCBH,lleTeJihCTBOBaTb,
'ITO 3Ta nepeMeHa nponJolliJia no.u BJIMSIHMeM .uecHMUhi BceBhiiiiHero556. 11,
nocKOJihKY enncKon, nrpaBrnni1 Tor.ua nepBYIQ poJih npn .UBope, cTpeMnJICSI
K cnpaBe.LlJIMBOCTM, rocy.uapCTBO HalJaJIO npouBeTaTb.
11TaK, B 3TO :>Ke BpeMSI ennCKOn llapMCKMH, 0 KOTOpOM lliJia pe'Ih Bhiiiie,
nonhiTaJICSI .uo6biTh anocTOJihCKMH npecTOJI npn noMOIUM OPY:>KMSI, paJ He Mor
c.ueJiaTh 3TO KaHOHMlJecKM. Ha.ue:>K.Lly Ha 3TO eMY .uaBaJIO TO o6cTOSITeJihCTBO,
'ITO OH 6hiJI YTBep)I(L{CH KOpOJICM. Ero, CBepx TOro, nOLl.Llep:>KMBaJIM TaK:>Ke
HeKOTOpbie M3 pMMJISIH. ll03TOMy, C06paB HeMaJihiH OTPSILl JiaHro6ap.UOB, OH
co6pancSI H.llTM Ha PnM n, JaH.uSIJa CYTPMH, KOTOphiH Harnn HaJbiBalOT Cy.upYH,
pa36HJI nanaTKM B MecTe no.u HaJBaHneM ToJicToe noJie557; pernnB .uaTh BOHCKY
OT.LlOXHYTh TaM HeCKOJibKO L{HeH, OH HaL{eSIJICSI, 'ITO pMMJISIHe 6y.UYT ycTparneHhl Y:>Ke OLlHMM ero npnxo.uoM, TaK 'ITO HJIM AIIeKcaHLtp .uo6poBOJihHO yi1.ueT
OTry.Lla, MJIM OH nOIIYlJMT M3 fopo.ua 3HalJMTeJibHYlO nOMOIUh. Ero, CBepx TOfO,
B.LlOXHOBJISIJIO TaK:>Ke TO 06CTOSITeJihCTBO, 'ITO ero npMBep:>KeHUhl y.uep:>KHBaJIM
BHYTP" fopo.ua 6arnHJo KpecueHUMSisss, a TaK:>Ke n LlPYfYIO cnJihHO yKpenJieHHYIO 6arnHlO, KOTOpaSI pacnoJiaranacb Ha 6epery Tn6pa BOJJie 0JihBMHCKoro
MOCTa. Ho AIIeKcaHLtp nero cTopoHHMKM Y:>Ke .uaBHO JHaJIM o6 nx npn6hiTnn,
a noToMy n OHM npnroTOBHJIMCh JamnmaThCSI c OPY:>KMeM B pyKax. YJHaB o6
3TOM, enMCKOn napMCKMH,

TYT :>Ke nOL{HSIB 6oeBbie 3HaMeHa, CHSIJICSI c JiarepSI

n TaKMM o6pa30M B 6oeBOM nopSIL{Ke ycTpeMHJICSI Ha PnM. B CBOIO oqepe.uh


cTopoHHMKM AIIeKcaHLtpa, caMn OTJIM'IHO BOOPY:>KCHHhie, BhiCTynniin Bnepe.u;
B MX pSI.Llhl JaTeCaJIMCb TaK:>Ke MHOrne M3 Hapo.ua KaK M3-3a HenOCTOSIHCTBa
HpaBa, TaK M M3-3a rHeBa M HefOL{OBaHMSI, M60 MM Ka3aJIOCb BeJIMKMM nOJOpOM, 'ITO KTO-TO .uep3HYJI C BOOPY:>KCHHhiM OTPSILlOM, KaK Bpar, npn6JIM3MTbCSI
K PnMy. He Me.LlJISI, no6e)I(L{eHHhie B nepBoi1 :>Ke cxBaTKe, pnMIISIHe o6paTHJIM

555
556
557
558

KaihepcsepT.
Cp. ncaJI., 77, II.
25 MapTa I 062 r.
3aMoK cs. AHreJia (CaHT-AH.LJ)KeJio).

153

AHHanbl

Tbm559 H, TaKHM o6pa30M, 6e:xcas, sepHyJIHCb s fopo.u, npH'IeM MHOrHe naJIH


y6HTbiMH H paHeHbiMH. HeKOTOpbie :xce, nocnelliHB K TH6py, ceJIH Ha Kopa6Jih;
HO, KOf,lla Te nocJie,llOBaJIH 3a HHM H JIHlllb O,llHH MeTHYJI KOnbe, BCe OHH,
nOCKOJibKY Ka:xc,llbiH 60HJIC$1 3a caMOfO ce6$1, CTOJinHJIHCb Ha O,llHOH CTOpOHe
CY.llHa, KOpa6Jib nepesepHyJIC$1 H nO'ITH BCe OHH 3aXJie6HyJIHCb 8 BO,lle. 00
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CMepTH, OH, C.UeJiaB HCnOBe.Ub TeM rpeM enMCKOnaM M oqeHb MHOrHM .UPYfMM
M)')KaM CBHIUeHHOrO qHHa, 6biJI nOMa3aH CBHTbiM eJieeM H, npMHHB npe.ucMepTHOe npwqacrwe rena H KpOBH focno.UHHX, YMep 23 MIOJIH. Ero reno BepHble
eMy rpa<f>bl H coenHCKOnbi, OIIJiaKaB, nO.UHHJIM orry.ua M npH BeJIMKOM pbi.uaHHH BCeH fiaBapHH H <l>paHKOHHH, 1160 exe.uHeBHO MM HaBCTpeqy nona,uaJIOCb
60JiblllOe KOJIHqecTBO ero BepHbiX, Ha,ueiOIUHXCH B OTHOllleHMM Hero Ha MHOe,
.uocraBHJIH B 6aM6epr H c no.uo6aiOIUMMH noqecTHMM noxopoHMJIM nepe.u
aJITapeM CBHTOH feprpy.Ubl, KaK OH CaM pacnOpH.UMJICH npH )I(H3HM. 11, ~OTH
OH, KaK Mbi BepHM, ycrpeMMJICH K nyqrneMy, OH Bee xe ocraBMJI no ce6e 6e3yrernHyiO neqaJib. J16o, KaK Mbl CKaxeM B COrJiaCMH CO BCeMH, B HalllM BpeMeHa pe.UKO KTO MJIH B006rne HHKTO He nO.UbiMaJICH B .U06po.uereJIHX 60Jibllle
Hero, H e.uBa JIH MOXHO BepHTb, qro nOCJie Hero nO.UHHMeTCH eme O.UHH TaKOM.
B enwcKoncrBe eMy Hacne.uoBan fepMaH588, MaiiHUCKMH KaHOHMK. YMep
3rMJih6epr, enwcKon naccay, H eMy Hacne.uoBaJI A1IhrMaH589. YMep Pyrep11,
enHcKon TpeBH30, H eMy Hacne.uoBaJI Bonh<f>paM590, ror.ua a66ar OcercKMH,
a paHee MOHax H3 A1Ihra:Mxa. B 3TOM ro.uy A1lbra:MxcKoe a66arcrBo 6bmo nepe.uaHo BJieH Orro, repuory fiaBapCKOMy, 0 qeM MHOfHe BCKOpe HaqaJIH .uYMaTb
H rOBOpHTb, qro 3TO nOXaJIOBaHHe He nOlllJIO eMY Ha nOJib3y.

1066 r.
Pox.uecrBo XpwcroBo KopoJib npa3.UHyer B Mai1Hue59I, a nacxy592B lllneiiepe593. 3a rpH .UHH .UO llacXM no BCeH 11TaJIMM HBMJiaCb 3Be3.Ua Y.UMBHTeJibHOH BeJIHqHHbl, KOTOpaH HCnyCKaJia no HanpaBJieHMIO K BOCTOKY Jiyq
Hano.uo6He KOnbH. A nocJie llaCXH, B .UHH nporneHMH, )')Ke He TOJibKO no
J1TaJIHH, HO H no BCeMy KOpOJieBCTBY HBMJiaCb 3Be3.Ua KOMera, H 3TO B reqeHHe
14 .UHeii 6biJIO BeJIHKHM qy.uoM .uJIH oqeBM.uUeB. B 3TH .UHM KopoJib )')Ke raK
CMJlbHO HaqaJI 60JieTb, qro BpaqH COBeprneHHO OtqaHJIMCb B HeM M HeKOTOpble
H3 KHH3e:M c Ha.uex.uo:M H crpacrblO 3aHHJIM KoponeBCKMH rpoH. Ho 6naro.uaPH .UeHCTBHIO fiOXbeH MMJIOCTH KOpOJib, KOTOpbiH nocpe.UCTBOM HaKa3aHMH
6biJI wcnpaBJieH ce6e Ha 6naro, BCKope Bb13.UOPOBeJI, 11 HeqecrHBaH Ha.uex.ua
pa3eBaiOrnHx nacrb sopoHOB 6biJia raKMM o6pa30M o6MaHyra. Kor.ua xe ero
587
588
589
590
591
592
593

Deserta civitas.
fepMaH I (yM. 1084 r. 26t1IOWI)- emtcKon 6aM6epra B 1065-1075 rr.
AlibTMaH (yM. 1091 f. 8 aBr.)- enHCKOn naccay B 1065-1091 rr.; CBHTOH.
BoJib<l>paM - enwcKon TpeBH30 B I 065-1 070? rr.
JlaM6epT roBopHT o focJiape. Ho, cyJUI no BCeMy, npaB cKopee HMeHHo aJibTaHXCKHH
MOHaX, 1160 KOpOllb B HHBape npOBOllHJI Co6paHHe B Tpe6ype.
16 anpeJIH I 066 r.
B YTpexTe, comacHo JlaM6epry.

163

AHHanbi

HeBeCTa594, KOTOPYJO ero OTeU BO BpeMH UOCJie,llHero B03BpaiiJ,eHHH H311TaJIHH


npHBeJI C C060ti, UOB3pOCJieJia, ,lla H CaM OH 6biJI ~e B CaMOM UBeTe IOHOCTH
H npa3,llHOBaJI B B10pu6ypre pO)I(JleCTBO aUOCTOJIOB lleTpa H 0aBJia595, OH
BeJieJI KOpOHOBaTb ee nocpe,llCTBOM KOpOJieBCKOfO UOCBHWeHHH, a B CKOpOM
BpeMeHH, C KOpOJieBCKOH UhiWHOCThiO OTnpa3.UHOBaB B J1HreJibXati:Me596
CBa,llh6y, KaK H UO.U06aJIO, paJ,lleJIHJI C Heti KOpOJieBCKYIO BJiaCTh. 3THM JieTOM
aKBHTaHUhi597 cpa3HJIHCh B MopcKoti 6HTBe598 c aHrJiocaKcaMH w, no6e.uwB
HX, UO,llqHHHJIH CBOeti BJiaCTH. l'fTaK, Te, KOTOpblH yqaCTBOBaJIH B :noti 6HTBe,
paCCKa3blBaJIH HaM, qTO CO CTOpOHhl no6e.UHTeJieti UaJIO

12 000 qeJIOBeK599.

A CKOJihKO norw611o co cTopoHhi no6e)I(JleHHhiX, HenerKo 6hiJIO w cocqwTaTh.


HeKOTopbie TaJOKe o6oHCHHJIH, qTo CTOJih ycTpawaiOIIJ,aH KOMeTa noToMy
H UhiJiaJia He,llaBHO, qTo B 3TOM fO.LlY .UOJDKHO 6biJIO IIOfHfiHYTh CTOJihKO ThiCSJ:q
mo.ueti.

1067 r.
Po)I(JleCTBO XpHCTOBO KOpOJih npoBeJI B PereHc6ypre600, a nacxy601 -

B ro-

CJiape. liTaK, repuor fonppH,ll, KOTOphiH B3HJI B )!(eHbl B.UOBY fiOHHcpaUHH,


C paJpeweHHH KOpOAA, KaK Mhl

~e

fOBOpHJIH, ynpaBJIHJI KHSJ:)!(eCTBOM B JeMJIHX

11TaJIHH. HopMaHHhi )!(e, KOTOphie ~e .uaBHO JaxBaTHJIH AnyJIHIO, Ja MHoro


JieT ~e CHJihHO YKPenHJIHCh, a noToMy qacTo nochiJiaJIH ocKop6wTeJihHhie
UOCJiaHHH H OTBeThl KOpOJIIO H KHH3hHM KOpOJieBCTBa. Ho, UOCKOJihKY KOpOJih
6biJI JaHHT B .UPYfHX qaCTHX KOpOJieBCTBa H UOTOMY He HMeJI BOJMO)!(HOCTH
npOTHBOCTOHTh HX fOp,llhiHe, HaJBaHHhiH repuor foTcppH.Ll C06pan 60JihWOe
KOJIHqecTBO HeMUeB H HTaJihHHUeB H CaM OTUpaBHJICH YKPOIIJ,aTh HX BhiCOKOMepHe.

HeMy TaJOKe npwcoe.uHHHJIHCh rocno.uwH nana w pHMJIHHe, w6o

OHH y)!(e ,llaBHO CHJihHO 60HJIHCh MOryiiJ,eCTBa HOpMaHHOB, HO He Ha,lleHJIHCh


COUpOTHBJIHThCH HM C06CTBeHHhiMH CHJiaMH. J1TaK, OHH Cpa3y )!(e JiefKO BJHJIH
HeCKOJihKO KpenOCTeti H B03BpaTHJIH HX TeM, B qheti C06CTBeHHOCTH OHH fihiJIH

594
595
596
597
598
599
600

601

6epTa CaBoticKaH (p. 1051 r. YM 1087 r. 27 .ueK.)- .UO'Ih Orro, rpa<Pa CaBoikKoro,
nepBaH )l(eHa 11MnepaTopa feHp11xa IV.
29 1110HH I066 r.
AllTop oum6aeTCH. CBa.uh6a 6hiJJa ompa3.UHOBaHa 13 HIOJJH I 066 r. B Tpe6ype, o 'I eM
HaM 113BeCTHO 113 rpaMOTbl KOpOJJH.
HopMaHHhi.
B cyxonYTHOH 611TBe np11 facTI1Hrce 14 OKTH6pH I066 r.
)lpyme aBTOpbl Ha3biBaiOT 15 000 'leJIOBeK.
B Wnetiepe, cornacHo 6epTOJJh.UY, 11JJI1 B 6aM6epre, cornacHo <<TpwyM<PY CB. PeMaKJJa>> (l, c. 18). B Ha'lane .ueKa6pH 1066 r. KopoJJb Haxo.ai1JJCH B focnape, a nepe.u
O'IHIUeHI1eM npeCBHTOH Mapl111 (2 <PeBpaJJH) npH6biJI B Ayrc6ypr, TaK 'ITO PmK.lleCTBO
Xp11CTOBO oH, cKopee Bcero, npoBeJJ B 6aM6epre. A 113 Ayrc6ypra oH oTnpaBI1JJCH
B PereHc6ypr.
8 anpenH 1067 r.

164

AJlbTaVtXCKI!Ie aHHaJlbl

paHee H y KOro HX CHJIOM OT06pa.TIH HOpMaHHbl. Kor.ua OHH BJIDIH B IIJIOTHYJO


OCa,lly ropO,ll AKBHH H BOT-BOT .llOIDKHbl 6hiJIH BJHTh fOPO.ll, Pwmp.u602 CTaJI
qepeJ rrocJIOB YMOJIHTh repuora o BCTpeqe, H TOT, .uaB comacwe Ha ero rrpocb6y, BCKOpe BbiiiieJI eMy HaBCTpeqy K KapHJiaHCKOMY Moczy603; TaM, rrocpe,llH
3TOfO MOCTa, OHH BTaMHe rreperoBOpHJIH Me)l{,lly C060M, H repuor B CKOpOM
BpeMeHH CHIDI oca.uy. TaKHM o6pa30M, Ka)l{,llbiM HJ HHX BepHYJICH K ce6e ,llOMOM.

3TH BpeMeHa Me)l{,lly KHHJbHMH BaBapHH BOJHHKJia orracHeH:IIIaH Bpa)l{,lla,

HJ-Ja KOTopoH: rrpoHJOlliJIH HewcqwcJIHMbie cMepTH mo.ueH:, BbipbiBaHHH rJiaJ


H qpeJBbiqaH:Ho rreqaJibHbie yae%H .upymx tUieHOB. A repuor Orro, rrpHHHMaH
,lleHbfH OT o6eHX CTOpOH, He HMeJI 0 HHX HHKaKOM Ja60Thl, H IIOTOMY 60JibIIIaH qaCTb IlpOBHHUHH CTpa,llaJia, COTpHcaeMaH IIO,llXOfaMH H rpa6exaMH.
nocpe.uw 3Toro YMeP TaKXe errwcKorr TpwpcKwH:604, %e errHcKorrcTBO KopoJih
BorrpeKH BOJie TPHPUeB rrepe.uaJI KoHpa.uy605, rrpwopy HJ KeJihHa. Kor.ua xe
H .llyxOBeHCTBO, H HapO.ll C HefO.llOBaHHeM BOCIIpHHIDIH 3TO 06CTOHTeJibCTBO,
HeKOTOpbie BaCCaJibl errapXHH CXBaTHJIH 3TOfO eiiHCKOIIa, KOf,lla OH IIpHIIIeJI,
)I(HBbiM H BeJieJIH c6pOCHTb ero C O,llHOM oqeHb BbiCOKOM CKaJihl. Ho TOT Hl{qYTb
He IIOCTPa,llaJI OT 3TOro IIa,lleHHH H 6pOCHJICH 6exaTb; O,llHaKO, ero BCKOpe CHOBa
CXBaTHJIH H BTOpHqHo c6pOCHJIH CO CKaJibl. TaKHM o6pa30M, B03Bpaw;eHHbiM
H c6poiiieHHbiM B TpeTHM paJ, OH, CKOHqaBIIIHCb, ycTpeMHJICH K JiyqiiieMy,
KaK Mbl HCTHHHO BepHM, H60 BeJIHKHe qy.ueca BOCCHIDIH y ero MOfHJibl. Aero
y6HMUbl BIIOCJie,llCTBHH, JaKOBaHHbie B XeJieJHbie KaH,llaJibl, IIOHeCJIH, KaK Mbl
BH.lleJIH, HaKaJaHHe. HaKoHeu, TPHPUhi, rroJiyqHB rrpaBo Bbi6opa, HJ6paJIH
Y.uo606, 6naropo.uHoro H rroqTeHHoro Myxa, KaHOHHKa 3TOM o6w;HHhi.

1068 r.
Po)l{,lleCTBO rocrro.uHe KOPOJib rrpoBeJI B focJiape, H IIOCJie 3TOro, Ha oqww;eHHe Mapww, rrpwiiieJI B Ayrc6ypr, roTOBHCb rrepei1TH OTTy.lla B 11TaJIHI0607. Ho,
IIOCKOJibKY KHHJbHM KOpOJieBCTBa KaJaJIOCb THfOCTHbiM H.llTH BMeCTe C HHM,
OHH JiefKO y6e,llHJIH KOPOJIH, KOTOpbiM MHOroe ew;e 06.llYMbiBaJI KaK pe6eHOK,
BePHYTbCH B CaKCOHHIO H oTrrpaBHTb B HTaJIHIO BMeCTO ce6H rrocJIOB. HTaK,
6biJIH oTrrpaBJieHbi AHHo, apxHerrHcKorr KeJibHCKHM, feHpHx TpH.lleHTCKHM
H Orro, repuor BaBapcKHM. HTaK, Kor.ua OHH rrpH6biJIH B PaBeHHy, TO BOC602
603
604
605
606
607

PH'Iap.u - KH.R3b KanyH.


MocT qepe3 peKy fapHIIb.RHo (JIHpHc) Heno.uaJieKY oT MOHaCTbip.R MoHTeKaccHHO.
36epxap.u, apxHenHCKOn TpHpCKHH, YMeP eme 15 anpeJI.R 1066 r.
KoHpa.u I <f>oH ll<f>yJIJIHHreH (YM. 1066 r. I HIOH.R)- ap>rn:enHcKon TpHpCKHH B 1066 r.
nneM.RHHHK AHHO II.
Y.uo <f>oH HeJIJieH6ypr (YM. 1078 r.) - apxHenHcKon TpHpCKHH B 1066-1078 rr. CbiH
rpa<f>a 36epxap.ua <f>oH HeJIJieH6ypra.
3TH CBe.UeHH.R OTHOC.RTC.R K 1067 r., KOr.Ua KOpOJib Ha O'IHIUeHHe llpeCB.RTOH MapHH
(2 <f>eap.) roTOBHIIC.R B Ayrc6ypre K noxo.uy B PHM. 8 1068 r. oH npa3.UHOBaJI B Ayrc6ypre po)K.lleCTBO llpecB.RToi1 MapHH (8 ceHT.).

165

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nOJib30BaJIHCb 6eCeLJ.OH H YfOIUeHHeM enHCKOna 3TOfO ropOLJ.a608, H He H36efaJIH TaiOKe llapMCKOfO enHCKOna, HBHBIIIerOCH K HHM B .llPYfOM MeCTe, XOTH
nana AJieKCaHLJ.p CBH3aJI y3aMH aHaQ>eMbl HX 060HX. 11TaK, no 3TOH npW:IHHe
OH H He XOTeJI HX BHLJ.eTb, KOf.lla OHH npH6biJIH B PHM, a HMeHHO TaK KaK OHH
BCTYIIaJIH B 06IUeHHe C OT.rrytieHHbiMH OT uepKBH. Ho, nOCKOJibKY 3anHCaHO:
ECJIH Tbl 06JIHlJHIIIb pa3YMHOfO, OH nOHMeT HaCTaBJieHHe609, OHH BCKOpe
LJ.06HJIHCb npHMHpeHHH nocpeLJ.CTBOM CMHpeHHeHIIIHX H3BHHeHHH; HaKOHeU,
BbiCJiyiiiaB HX nocJiaHHe, OH lJepe3 HeCKOJibKO LJ.HeH HX OTnyCTHJI, nepeLJ.aB
KOpOJIIO TO, lJTO TOT XOTeJI. CaM )l(e OH no CBOeMy 06biKHOBeHHIO nposeJI
nOCJie 6eJibiX LJ.Hetf610 C060p enHCKOnos; Ha 3TOM C06ope npHCyTCTBOBaJI
enHcKon H3 ropoLJ.a TopToHa, KOTOpbiH so speMeHa 6narolJeCTHBOH naMHTH
nanbl JlhBa B XOLJ.e 6opb6bi npoTHB pa30PHTeneH: csoero enHCKOnCTBa cosepIIIHJI y6HHCTBO H H3-3a 3T0f0 BOT ~e CTOJibKO JieT 6biJI JIHIIIeH CBHIUeHHHlJeCKOH LJ.OJI)I(HOCTH. llOCKOJibKY OH LI.O CHX nop ynopCTBOBaJI B nOKaHHHbiX
CTeHaHHHX, TO 6JiafOLJ.apH 3aCTYIIHHlJeCTBY BCefO C06opa 3aCJI~HJI, lJT06bi
ero npOCTHJIH H sepHyJIH eMy .lJ.OJI)I(HOCTb, H60 OH, KaK Mbl CKa3aJIH, CLJ.eJiaJI
3TO npH JaiUHTe csoeH: uepKBH.

A enHcKon

<l>nopeHUHH6II, TaK KaK OH BCTY-

nHJI B .llOJI)I(HOCTb enHCKOna nocpeLJ.CTBOM epecH CHMOHHH, 6biJI HH3JIO)I(eH,


06BHHeHHbiH H YJIHlJeHHbiH Ha OCHOBaHHH HBHbiX yJIHK. llpHCYTCTBOBaJI
TaM TaiOKe YLJ.o, LJ.OCTonolJTeHHbiH enHcKon TpHpCKHH, KOTOpbiH H caM 6biJI
06BHHeH B TOH )l(e epecH, HO BCKOpe, OlJHCTHBIIIHCb nocpeLJ.CTBOM KJIHTBbl,
6biJI npH3HaH HeBHHOBHbiM H nOCJie 3TOfO nOJib30BaJICH y nanbl H pHMJIHH
6oJibiiiHM yaa)l(eHHeM. EnHCKOnhi )l(e, KoponescKHe nocJiaHHHKH, yH:LJ.H H3
PHMa, TyT )l(e B03BpaTHJIHCb LI.OMOH. 11 TOJibKO repuor OTTO OCTaJICH B 11TaJIHH, HK06bi LI.JIH TOfO, lJT06bl 06CyLJ.HTb C MeCTHblMH KHH3bHMH LJ.eJia 3TOfO
KOpOJieBCTBa. PaLJ.H 3TOfO LJ.eJia Ha BCTpeqy C HHM B OTKpbiTbiX IIOJIHX ropoLJ.a
llbHlJeHUbl BbiiiieJI repuor foTQ>pHLJ. C 60JiblliHM KOJIHlJeCTBOM HTaJlbHHUeB.
KorLJ.a OHH pacnoJIO)I(HJIHCb H CTaJIH o6cy)l(.llaTb KaKoe-To LJ.eJio, HTaJibHHUhi,
B03HeCIIIHCb B CBOeH fOP.llbiHe H CJIOBHO H3 BpO)I(LJ.eHHOH HeHaBHCTH K HeMUaM
He ClJHTaH .llOCTOHHblM CJIYIIIaTb repuora, HalJaJIH C LJ.HKHM KpHKOM npHBO.llHTb
BCe B paccTpOHCTBO H BbiHY.llHJIH repuora YHTH, He OKOHlJHB LJ.eJIO. DbiJIH,
npaBLJ.a, JIJOLJ.H, KOTOpble

~e

TOf.lla HalJaJIH nOLJ.03peBaTb ero H fOBOpHTb, lJTO

3TOT M~ He BnOJIHe sepeH KOpOJIIO H OCTaJICH B 11TaJIHH LI.JIH TOfO, lJT06bi,


eCJIH yLJ.aCTCH, npHBJielJb Ha CBOJO CTOpOHy repuora foTQ>pHLJ.a HJIH KaKOfOJIH60 HHOfO COYlJaCTHHKa CBOHX IIJiaHOB.
llocpeLJ.H 3TOfO Te TH)I(KHe pacnpH, KOTOpble nhiJiaJIH Me)I(LJ.y 6asapCKHMH
KHH3bHMH, 6hiJIH 6naroLJ.apH MHJIOCTH oo)l(beH nerKo noraiiieHbi. 116o, KOrLJ.a

608
609
610
611

feHpJ.txa, KOTopbiH no.ll.llep)I(J.tBaJI foHopJ.tSI II (Ka.naJia).


flpJ.tT'IJ.f, 19, 25.
Eenbie .UHJ.f - :no He.ueJISI, npe.uwecTBYIOIUaSI nacxe. nacxa a 3TOM ro.uy npJ.twnacb
Ha 23 MapTa.
neTp.

166

OHH .llOlllJIH .UO TaKOfO 6e3yMH.R, liTO C CHJihHblMH OTp.R,llaMH BOOp}')KeHHblX


JIIO.UeH co6paJIHCh .apyr npOTHB .upyra B BOCTOliHbiX 3eMIDIX, HX .UYIIIH O.llHIDK.llbl
OXBaTHJia TaKa.R .RpOCTh, liTO pO.UHTeJIH, PO.UH'IH H CBO.RKH, CJIOBHO BOT-BOT
C06Hpa.RCb BCTynHTb B 60H, BhiBeJIH .upyr npOTHB .upyra BOOp}')KeHHhiX JIIO,lleH
H nOCTpOWIH OTP.R.llhl B 6oeBOM nop.R,llKe, TaK liTO O)KH.llaJIOCh }')KaCHeHrnee
KPOBonpoJIHTHe. Ho liTO TOJihKO He .uaernh Tbl TBOHM BepHhiM, o 6naroi1
l1Hcyce? l16o BOT, Kor.ua }')Ke ma3a HaMeTHJIH MecTa .llJI.R paH B Tenax .upyr
.apyra, a pyKH HX y)l(e nO.UH.RJIHCb .llJI.R 6pocaHH.R H HaHeCeHH.R y.uapOB, B pelllaiOIUHH llaC 6HTBhl H, TaK CKa3aTb, 6blCTpee, lleM B MfHOBeHHe, HX 6Jiaro.uap.R nonelleHHJO DO)I(beMy BHe3anHo oxBaTHJia TaKa.R nepeMeHa MhiCJieii,
liTO OHH, CJIO)I(HB opy)I(He, C nJialleM H CJie3aMH npOCTHJIH .upyr .upyry TO, liTO
paHee COBepWHJIH, H, 06MeH.RBlllHCb noueJiy.RMH MHpa, BCe B03BpaTHJIHCb
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aJihTaiixueB H neoHHHUeB, H6o rocno.aHH BeHUJiaB, .uocTonotiTeHHblH oTeu
060HX MOHaCThlpeH,

24 CeHT.R6p.R

BCTynHJI Ha nyTh BC.RKOH nJIOTH .

.SI

ClleJI

HlJlHlllHHM fOBOpHTh liTO-JIH60 0 ero .llOCTOHHCTBaX, lJT06bi .R, CKa3aB MHO fOe,
He 6hiJI 06BHHeH B TOM, liTO CKa3aJI CJIHlllKOM MaJIO .[I;OCTaTOlJHO 3HaTb 06
3TOM M}')Ke JIHlllh TO, liTO MHOrHe H3 TeX, BO rJiaBe KOTOpbiX OH CTO.RJI B OfiOHX
MOHaCTblp.RX, .UO CHX nop OfihlliHO 3a.RBJI.RIOT B O,llHH fOJIOC: OHH HHKOf,lla He
HMeJIH OTUa, paBHOfO eMy no 6JiafOlleCTHJO, H COBeprneHHO He Ha,UeJOTC.R,
liTO 6y.UYT HMeTh TaKoro B nocne.ayJOIUeM. B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy yMep naTpHapx
Pa6Hur612, H eMy Hacne.uoBaJI KaHUJiep CHrHxap.u613.

1069 r.
Po)l(.lleCTBO rocno.uHe KopoJih npoBeJI B Mai1Hue614 H BcKope nocne 3Toro
npHKa3aJI fOTOBHThC.R K nOXO.llY npOTHB JIJOTHtieH, HeCMOTp.R Ha 3HMHee BpeM.R.
B 3TO BpeM.R repuor Orro, KOTOphlii .uep)l(aJI B KatiecTBe JieHa AJI:hTaiixcKoe
a66aTCTBO, .UaJI ero 6paTh.RM pa3perneHHe H36paTh Me)l( co6oi1 a66aTa.

TYT

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06 3nmo eM. JlaM6epTa, no.u 1070 r., 11 6pyHo, 19.


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168

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621
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169

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657
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ycTyrraTb HX yrpoJaM; HO, 60HCb H3-3a MaJI04MCJieHHOCTM CBOMX BOMHOB,
KaK 6bi LJ;eJIO He pellilUIOCb KpOBbiO, OH pellilUI Bblfa.LJ;aTb BpeMH M YHTM BO
<l>paHKOHHIO. Kor.LJ;a oH yxo.LJ;MJI666, qacTo HaJhiBaeMbiH OTTo ycTpolUI eMy
Ha ITYTH JaCa.LJ;y, HO, paCJIOJiaraH ropaJLJ;O 60JiblliHM KOJIH4eCTBOM BOMHOB, He
LJ;ep3HYJI BCTYfiHTb C HHM B 6HTBY, KOr.LJ;a TOT rreperrpaBJIHJICH M JaMeTlUI ero.
TaKHM o6pa30M, KopoJih rrepe6paJIC so <l>paHKOHHIO, a orry.LJ;a B EasapHI0667.
nocJie yxo.LJ;a KopoJI caKChi oca.LJ;MJIH ero ropo.LJ; rro.LJ; HaJBaHHeM Xei1M6ypr668
H, LJ;06HBlliHCb CLJ;alJH, pa3pyrnlUIH ero; OHH TaK)I(e CO)I(rJIH HeKOTOpbie CeJieHHH,
JlOCJie 4ero B 3TOM Kpae BblpOCJIO MHOfO JJia.

663

31

664

19 MaS! 107 3 r.

665
667

29 HIOHSI 1073 f.
8 aBrycTa 1073 r.
B HOS16pe 1073 r.

668

Xei1M6ypr- KpenocTh B03Jle 6naHKeH6ypra.

666

MapTa

1073 r.

Ayrc6yprcKMe

aHHanbl

fO.llbl focnO.UHH.

973 f.

YMep HMnepaTOp-aBryCT 0TTOH I, H Ha npeCTOJI BC'fYnHJI ero CbiH

0TTOH2.

974 r. YMep CBHTOH enHcKon YJibpHx3; eMy HacJie.UOBaJI feHpHx4.


975 r. Me)J(.lly KHH3bHMH B03HHKJia pacnpH5. J.1 nbiJiaJia KOMeTa.
976 r. JlyHa noKpbiJiaCb MpaKOM.
978 f. J.1MnepaTOp CO CBOHMH JIIO,llbMH o6paTHJICH B 6erCTBO B faJIJibCKOM
noxo.ue6.

982 r.

Bo Bceo6mei1 6HTBe B KaJia6pHH 7 -

yBbi! -

6hiJI y6HT enHcKon

feHpHX, nepe.uaB nepe.u CBOHM OTnpaBJieHHeM B nyTb CBOe HMeHHe fei13eHxay3eH8 B .uap KaHOHHKaM. EnHcKonoM nocTaBJieH 3THxo9.

983 r. 11MnepaTOp 0TTOH yMep B PHMeiO, H Ha npeCTOJI BCTynHJI ero CbiH


0rroHII.
986 r.

0rrOH, IOHbiH KOpOJib, CXBatieH repuoroM feHpHXOMI2, HO OCB0-

6o)J(.lleH Hapo.uoM tJ.

988 r.
989 r.

4
5

7
8
9
IO

II
12
13

14

YMep enHcKon 3THxo.


EnHcKonoM nocTaBJieH JlHYTOJib.llt4.

OrroH I BeJII1KI1M (p. 912 r. 23 H0~6. yM. 973 r. 7 M!UI)- CbiH feHpi1Xa I nTHueJIOBa
11 MaTI11lbllbl; KopOJib fepMaHHH B 936-973 rr., HMnepaTOp c I <t>eBp. 962 r.
OrroH II (p. 955 r. yM. 983 r. 7 .lleK.)- CbiH OrroHa I; KopoJib fepMaHHHHHMnepaTOp
B 973-983 rr.
YnbpHx CB~TOH (p. 890 r. yM. 973 r. 4 HIOJI~) - enHcKon Ayrc6ypra B 923-973 rr.
KaHOHI1311pOBaH B 993 r.
feHpHx I (yM. 982 r. 13 HIOJI~)- enHcKon Ayrc6ypra B 973-982 rr.
HMeeTc~ B Bl1llY C03.llaHHe HanpaBJieHHOH npoTHB HMnepaTopa KOaJI11U1111 feHpHxa I I
liaBapcKoro c EOJieCJiaBOM lJelllCK11M 11 MellJKO noJibCK11M. 0Ha 6biJia c<j>opMI1POBaHa
eme B 974 r. 11 OKOH'IaTeJibHO JII1KBI1ll11POBaHa B 976 r. nOCJie HI13JIO)({eHI1~ 11 6erCTBa
feHpHxa I I.
3.lleCb, o'IeBHllHO, HMeeTc~ B Bl1llY 111ll1 6ercTBO OrroHa II 113 AxeHa BO BpeM~ ero
3axBaTa JloTapeM, 11Jll1 CJIHlllKOM nocnelllHoe ero OTCTYnJieHHe 113-no.ll napl1)({a oceHbiO 3TOfO )({e fO.lla. 8 06011X CJIY"!UIX C0061UeHHe He MO)({eT C'IHTaTbC~ TO'IHbiM.
npl1 KoTpOHe (111l11 npl1 Kan KoJIOHHe) 13 1110JI~ 982 r.
feM3eHxay3eH -.llepeBH~ K IOfO-BOCTOKy OT JlaH.llCryTa B fiaBapl111.
3THxo (yM. 988 r. 24 HIOH~) - en11cKon Ayrc6ypra B 982-988 rr.
7 .lleKa6p~ 983 r.
OrroH III (p. 980 r. yM. 1002 r. 24 ~HB.)- CbiH OrroHa II 11 Cl>eo<t>aHo; KOPOJib fepMaHHH 11 11MnepaTOp B 983-J 002 rr.
feHpHx II CBapJIHBbiM (p. 951 r. yM. 995 r. 28 aBr.)- CbiH feHp11xa I; repuor EaBap1111
B 955-976 11 985-995 rr.; repuor KapHHTHH B 989-995 rr.
3TH C06biTI1~ 11MeJII1 MeCTO B 984 r.
JIHYTOJibll (JIHYllOJib<j>) (yM. 996 r. 27 HIOJI~)- enHCKon Ayrc6ypra B 988-996 rr.

177

AHHanbl

990 r. MMrrepaTOp rrpHwen Ha EormiBJieHHei5 B PHM H OTMeTHJI ro.LIOBIUHHY CBOero OTUal6.


991 r. BeJIHKoe 6ecJIJIO.LIHe rrol.fBhi HJ-Ja rrpoJIHBHbiX .LIO)K.llei1:.
992 r. CHJibHhiH rono.LI B Tel.feHHe Tpex JieT.
993 r. CypoBaH JHMa, TaK l.fTO MHOrHe .LiepeBbH JacoXJIH. ErrHcKorr JhtYTOJih.ll OTJipaBHJICH B PHM, H JiaJIOH MoaHHOM 6biJia JIO.LITBep)K.lleHa CBHTOCTb
6JIIDKeHHoro YnhpHxa. IlpaJ.LIHeCTBo 6biJio O.Lio6peHo H ocBHIUeHo.
994 r. XpaM B Ayrc6ypre o6pywHJicH caM co6oi1:.
995 r. ErrHcKorr JIHYTOJih.ll BbiCTPOHJI xpaM OT caMoro <t>YH.LiaMeHTa rrpH co.LieiicTBHH HMJiepaTpHUbl A.lleJibreH.llbi 17. JlyHa IlpHHHJia KpOBaByiO OKpaCKY.
996 r. oJIIDKeHHOH rraMHTH errwcKorr JIHYTOJih.ll yMep 27 HIOJIHI8; errwcKOIIOM JIOCTaBJieH fe6xap.LII9.
1000 r. B PwMe YMep rrarra fpHropwH: V, OH xe EpYHo20; eMy HacJie.LIOBaJI
CHJILBeCTP II, oH xe fep6epT21, 143-H: rrarra.
1001 r. MMrrepaTOp 0TTOH o6oJpeBaeT 11TaJIHI022. ErrHcKorr fe6xap.LI yMep
9 HIOJIH.
1002 r. MMrrepaTOp 0TTOH YMep B MTaJIHH B 19-i1: ro.LI cBoero rrpaBJieHHH23
H rrorpe6eH B AxeHe. BMeCTO Hero KOpOJieM CTaHOBHTCH feHpwx24, repuor
EaBapww. ErrwcKorroM rrocTaBJieH 3Hr$pH.LI25.
1003 r. KopoJib feHpwx pa3rpOMHJI BoccTaBWHX rrpoTHB Hero. Pa3rpa6JieH
CTpac6ypr26.
15
16

17

18

19
20

21
22

23

24
25
26

6 SIHBapSI.
)l,pyme HCToqHHKH HHqero He roaopSIT o noxo.lle OrroHa III B PHM B 990 r. KpoMe
Toro, ro.llOBIUHHa HMnepaTopa OrroHa II npHXOllHTCSI Ha .lleKa6ph, a He Ha SIHBapb.
AllenbreH.na (p. 932 r. YM 999 r. 17 .lleK.) 6biJia.lloqepbJO Py.llonb<l>a II, KoponSI 8epxHeu
6ypryH.llHH, H XeHOU: I. (c 947 r.) JloTapSI (yM. 950 r.), KOpOJJSI 1-iTaJIHH; 2. (c 951 r.)
OTToHa I 8eJJHKoro.
KBellJI. aHHaJibl H THTMap MepJe6yprcKHi1 roaopSIT o 25 HJOJJSI.
fe6xap.ll (YM. 1000 r. 9 HIOJJSI)- enHCKOn Ayrc6ypra B 996-1000 rr.
fpHropHu V (6PYHO)- pHMCKHH nana c 3 MaSI 996 r. no 18 <J>eap. 999 r., CblH OTTo,
repuora KapHHTHH B 978-983 H 995-1004 rr.
CHJibBeCTP II (fep6epT .ll'OpHJibSIK)- apxHenHcKon Pei1MCKHi1 a 991-999 rr.; pHMCKHH nana co 2 anp. 999 r. no 12 MaSI 1003 r.
0TTOH Ill BnepBbie OTnpaBHJICSI B J.1TaJIHIO B 996 r. H 6hiJI TOr.lla KOpOHOBaH HMnepaTOpCKOU KOpOHOU B PHMe; BTOpOU nOXOll OH npe.llnpHHSIJI B KOHUe 997 r., a TPeTHU
(H noCJiellHHU) nOXOll B J.1TaJIHIO COBeplliHJI JJeTOM 1000 r.
24 SIHBapSI I002 r.
feHpHX II CBSITOU (p. 973 r. 6 MaSI. YM I024 r. 13 HJOJISI) - CbiH feHpHxa II Caapnuaoro;
repuor 6aaapHH c 995 r.; Koponh B 1002-1024 rr.; HMnepaTOp c 14 <J>eap. 1014 r.
3ur<J>pH.ll I - enucKon Ayrc6ypra B 1001-1006 rr.
8 1002 r. fepMaHOM II, repuoroM lliBa6HH, KOTOpbiU BOCCTaJI npOTHB KOpOJJSI H 6biJI
HM nOKOpeH B OKTSI6pe 1002 r. 8 1003 r. npOTHB KOpOJJSI BOCCTaJI feHpHX <j>OH lliaeuH<j>ypT, MapKrpa<J> Hop.llray, HO 6biJI BbiHyxDeH 6exaTb B l.Jexu10, OTKY.lla aepHyJJcSI
B I004 r. H C.llaJICSI KOPOJJIO.
178

Ayrc6yprcKit1e

aHHaJlbl

1004 r. KopOJib feHpHX Hanan Ha 11TaJIHIO, tJeXOB H nomiKOB H nO)llJHHHJI HX.


1005 r. B PHMe yMep nana fep6epT27. nocTaBJieH nana HoaHH XVI28,
144-ii nana. CnyqHJicH CHJibHbiH roJIO.ll.
1006 r. YMep nana HoaHH, H 6hm nocTaBJieH Jlpyroii HoaHH- XVII-ii,
oH )((e <l>aJaH29, 145-ii nana.
1007 r. Koponb feHpHx, yqpe.llHB naM6eprcKoe enHcKoncTBO, nepBbiM
enHcKonoM nocTaBHJI 36epxap)la30. 3HrQ>pH.ll, enHcKon Ayrc6ypra, HcnonHHH )((eJiaHHH MHomx, yMep. EnHcKonoM noCTasneH EpYHo3 1.
1008 r. YMep JlHY.llOJibQ>32, apxHenHcKon TpHpCKHii; eMy Hacne)lOBaJI
MemHray.ll33.
1009 r. B PHMe yMep nana <l>aJaH. 146-M nanoii cTaHOBHTCH Cepmii IIJ34.
1011 r. YMep BHJIJIHrH335, apxHenHcKon MaiiHUCKHii; eMy Hacne)lOBaJI
3pKeH6aJib)l36.
1012 r. YMHpaeT fepMaH37, repuor AnaMaHHHH, H repuoroM BMecTo
Hero CTaHOBHTCH 3pHCT38.
1013 r. B PHMe yMep nana Cepmii; nocTasneH neHe.llHKT VIIP9, 147-ii
nan a.
I 014 r. Koponb feHpHx KopoHoBaH B PH Me nanoii neHe.llHKTOM qepe3
nOCBHIUeHHe B HMnepaTOpb140.
1015 r. YMep MemHray.ll, enHcKon TpHpcKHii; eMY Hacne)lOBaJI nonno4I.
27
28
29

30
31

32
33
34
35
36
37

38

39
40

41

12 MaR I 00 3 r.
11oaHH XVII (CeKKo)- pHMCKHH nana c HIOHSI no .neKa6pb 1003 r.
11oaHH XVIII (<l>a3aHo)- pHMCKHH nana c SIHBapSI 1004 r. no HIOJib 1009 r.
36epxap.n I cpoH A6eH6epr (yM. I 040 r. 13 aBr.)- nepBbiii enHcKon 6aM6epra
B 1007-1040 rr.
6pyHo (yM. 1029 r. 24 anp.)- 2-ii CbiH feHpHxa II CBapJIHBoro, 6paT HMnepaTopa
feHpHxa II; enHcKon Ayrc6ypra B I006-1029 rr.
JIHy.nonbQ> (YM. I 008 r. 7 anp.)- apxHenHCKon Tp11pa B 994-1008 rr.
MemHrayn (yM. 1015 r. 24neK.)- apxHenHCKon Tp11pa B 1008-1015 rr.
Cepmii IV (TibeTpo CBHHOe Pbmo) - pHMCKHii nana c 31 HIOJISI 1009 r. no 12 MaR
1012 r.
Bwumm3 (YM. 1011 r. 23 cpeBp.)- apxHenHcKon MaiiHua B 975-1011 rr.
3pKeH6aiib.ll (yM. 1021 r. 17 aBr.)- a66aT <l>yiib.llbi B 997-1011 rr., apxHenHcKon
MaiiHua B 1011-1021 rr.
fepMaH II (yM. 1003 r. 4 MaS!)- CbiH repuora KoHpana I; repuor lliBa6HH B 9971003 rr.
3pHcT I 6a6eH6epr (p. 970 r. yM. I 015 r. 31 MaS!)- 2-ii CbiH JleonOJib.lla I, MapKrpacpa
ABcTpHiicKoro; repuor lliBa6HH B 1012-1015 rr.
6eHe.llHKT VIII (.[I,)J(OBaHHH, rpacp TyCKYJiaHcKHii) - pHMCKHii nana c 18 MaS! 1012 r.
no 7 anp. I 024 r.
14 cpeBpaJISI 1014 f.
Tionno cpoH 6a6eH6epr (yM. 1047 r. 16 HIOHSI)- apxHenHcKon Tp11pa B 10161047 rr.
179

AHHanbl

1018 r. Kor.ua yMep enHcKon KoHCTaHua JlaM6epT42, eMy HacJie.uosarr


Pyrxap.u43.
1019 r. oHTBa npH YJihMe44.
1020 f. flana oeHe.UHKT, npH.UH B oaM6epr, OCBHTHJI uepKOBb CBHTOfO
CTe$aHa. BepHep45, enHcKon CTpac6ypra, BMecTe c rpa$oM BeJib$oM46
no6e.UHJI 6ypryH,Uues.
1021 r. 3eMJieTpHceHHe cJiyqHJIOCh 12 MaH. YMep Xepw6ep~7, enHcKon
KeJihHCKHii; eMy HacJie.uosarr llHJihrpwM48. Kor.ua yMep 3pKeH6aJih.U, apXHenHcKon MaiiHUCKHH, eMy HacJie.uosarr ApH6o49.
1022 f. 11MnepaTOp feHpHX, OTnpaBHBIIIHCb B 11TaJIHI050, JaXBaTHJI
Tpmo51 " no.u<IHHHJI .upyme ropo.ua. qyMa B so:HcKe y6HJia MHomx. YMep
Pyrxap.u, enHCKon KoHcTaHUCKH:H; eMy HacJie.uosarr Xei1Mo52.
1023 r. fe6xap.u53, enwcKon PereHc6yprcKH:H, YMep .uocTOHHhiM CO)I(aJieHHH
o6paJoM; eMy TaKXe HacJie.uosarr fe6xap.u54.
1024 r. B PwMe yMep nana oeHe.UHKT, " ero 6paT, 11oaHH :XVIIJ55, HJ
MHpHH CTaHOBHTCH 148-M nano:H. YMep HMnepaTOp feHpHx56 H norpe6eH
B 6aM6epre. KopoJieM H36paH KoHpa,a57.
1025 r. fepuor 3pHcT58 H rpa<t> BeJih$ BMeCTe co MHOrHMH no.UbiMaiOT
MHTe)l( npoTHB KopoJIH KoHpa.ua.
42
43

44

45
46

47
48

49
50

51

52
53
54

55
56

57
58

JlaM6epT (yM. 1018 r. 16 Ma.H)- emtcKon KoHCTaHua B 995-1018 rr.


Pyrxap.u - enl1cKon KoHcTaHua B I 018-1022 rr.
E11TBa Me)l()ly KoHpa.uoM II Mna.ullli1M, ChiHOM yMeplllero B 1011 r. repuora Kapi1HTI111 KoHpa.ua I, 11 A.nanh6epoHOM <t>oH 3nneHlllTei1HoM, KOTOphiH nony'll1n
Kapi1HTI1HCKOe repuorCTBO B o6xo.u KoHpa.ua II. no6e.uy B 611TBe o.uep)l(an KoHpa.u II
Mna.ullli1H.
BepHep I (yM. 1028 r. 28 OKT.)- en11cKon CTpac6ypra B 1001-1028 rr.
Benh<l> II (yM. I 030 r. 10 MapTa) - ChiH Py.uonb<l>a II <t>oH ArlhT.Uop<f>a 11 11.Uhi illBa6CKOi.f, .uo'lepl1 KoHpa.ua I, repuora illBa61111.
Xep116epT (YM. 1021 r. 16 MapTa)- apXMenl1cKon KenhHCKMi.f B 999-1021 rr.; KaHunep
11Tanl111 B 994-1002 rr.
flMnhfP11M (yM. I 036 r. 25 11IOH.H) - apx11en11cKon KenhHCKMi.f B I 021-1036 rr.
Ap116o (yM. 1031 r. 6anp.)- apx11en11cKon Mai.fHua B 1021-1031 rr.
OH oTnpaBI1RC.SI Ty.ua ~e B 1021 r., no6hi noMelllaTh ycnexaM rpeKOB B fO)I(HOi.f
11Tanl111.
fopO)l B Anyn1111, K 10f0-3ana.uy OT <l>OJl)KI1.
Xei.fMo - eni1CKon KoHCTaHua B I 022-1026 rr.
fe6xap.u I (YM. 1023 r. 27 MapTa) - en11cKon PereHc6ypra B 994-1023 rr.
fe6xap.ull (yM. I 036 r. 17 MapTa) - en11cKon PereHc6ypra B I 023-1036 rr.
11oaHH XIX- pi1MCKI1i.f nana c anp. 1024 r. no 6 HO.H6. 1032 r.
13 11IOR.SI I 024 r.
KoHpa.u II (p. 990 r. yM. 1039 r. 4 11IOH.SI)- Koponh c 4 ceHT. 1024 r.; 11MnepaTop
c 26 MapTa I 027 r.
3pHCT II (yM. I 030 r.) - ChiH 3pHCTa I 11 11MnepaTp11Uhi fl13enhl; repuor illBa61111
B I 0 15-1030 rr.
180

Ayrc6yprcKVJe

aHHanbl

I 026 r. KopoJib KoHpa,u oTnpaBIUICH B 1-iTamuo. YMep XeH:Mo, enHCKon


KoHCTaHUCKHif; eMy HacJie.uoaaJI BapMaHH59. EpyHo, enHcKon Ayrc6ypra,
H rpa<t> BeJib$ coaeprnaiOT B3aHMHhie rpa6e)I<.H H TIOLOKOrH.
1027 r. KopoJib KoHpa,u KopoHoBaH nanoM: HoaHHOM B HMnepaTopbi B .ueHb
OacxH60; Kor.ua oH aepHyJicH, rpa<t> BeJib$ H .upyrHe61 npHlliJIH K HeMy,
'-IT06bi C,UaTbCH, H 6biJIH TIOMelll,eHbl TIO.U CTpa)l(}'.
I 028 r. MaJioJieTHHH feHpHx62' CbiH HMnepaTopa KoHpa.ua, B .ueHb nacxH
B Axe He 6biJI noMa3aH B KopoJIH apxHenHCKonoM OIUibrpHMOM. YMep BepHep,
enHcKon CTpac6ypra, nocJiaHHHK B KoHCTaHTHHonoJie.
1029 r. nJia)l(eHHoH: naMHTH EpyHo, enHcKon Ayrc6yprcKHH, KOTOpbiH
6oraTo yMHO)I(HJI aJia,ueHHH uepKBH H KaHoHHKoa63, yMep 24 anpeJIH. EMy
HaCJie.UOBaJI 36epxap,a64, KOTOpbiH TIOCTaHOBHJI, 4T06bl paUHOH yMeprnero
6paTa .UaBaJICH Ha TIOMHH ero .UYlliH BTIJIOTb .UO .UHH fO.UOBill,HHbl.
1030 r. HMnepaTop KoHpa,u oTnpaBHJICH B TiaHHOHHI065. YMep rpa<t>
BeJib$.
I 031 r. 3aKJII04eH MHP co CTe<t>aHoM66, KopoJieM BeHrpHH. YMep ApH6o,
enHCKon MaifHUCKHH:; eMy HacJie.uoaaJI Eap.uo67.
1032 r. HMnepaTop KoHpa,u ompaBIUICH npoTHB noJIHKoa68. YMep Py.UOJih$69, KopoJib EypryH,UHH; ero KopoJieBCTBO JaXBaTIUI O.uo70.
1033 r. HMnepaTop ompaBIUICH 3HMOH B EypryH)lHIO. OH TaK)I(e JieToM
onycTOlliaJI npoBHHUHIO O.uo, noKa TOT caM He JanpociUI [MHpa]. B PHMe
yMep nana HoaHH, H BMeCTO Hero 6biJI TIOCTaBJieH neHe.UHKT JX 71, OH )l(e
<I>eo<t>HJiaKT, 149-H: nana. CoJIHe4Hoe JaTMeHHe 29 HIOHH.
59
60
61

62
63

64
65
66

67
68
69
70

71

BapMaHH - em1CKon KoHcTaHI.(a B I 026-1034 rr.


26 MapTa I 027 r.
3pHCT II.
feHpl1x III (p. I 017 r. 28 oKT. yM. I 056 r. 5 oKT.) - CT. CbiH KoHpa.ua II 11 fi1JeJibi;
KopoJib fepMaH1111, HTaJII11111 EypryH.ll1111 B 1039-1056 rr.; 11MnepaTop c 1046 r.
B <JaCTHOCTI1, BKJIIO'II1JI B cocTaB uepKOBHbiX BJia,ueHidl ll1Tpay611Hr.
36epxap.u I (yM. 1047 r. 26 Ma.SI)- en11cKon Ayrc6ypra B 1029-1047 rr.
noXO.ll fibiJI Hey.ua<JeH.
CTe<PaH I CB.SITOH (yM. 1038 r. 15 asr.)- KOpOJib BeHrpl111 B 997-1038 rr.- M11p
fibiJI JaKJIIO'IeH KH.SI3b.SIMI1 KOpOJieBCTBa OT 11MeHI1 HeCOBeprneHHOJieTHero KOpOJI.SI
feHpl1xa III 11 6e3 se.uoMa 11MnepaTopa.
oap.uo (yM. 1051 r.)- a66aT Xepc<lJeJib.lla B 1031 r., apxl1eni1CKOn MaliHua B 10311051 rr.
BoliHa c noJJbllieH Ha'IaJiaCb B I 028 r. 11 3aBeprni1JlaCb B 1031 r. TaK 'ITO 3.lleCb pe'lb 11.lleT,
CKopee, o soeHHbiX .uel1CTBI1.SIX KoHpa,ua II B 1032 r. y Bep6eHa B palioHe 3Jib6bi.
Py.uonb<P Ill (yM. 1032 r. 6 ceHT.)- CbiH KopoJI.SI KoHpa,ua I Ml1pOJII0611Boro; .ll.SI.ll.SI 11Mnepampa feHpl1xa II (6paT ero MaTepl1 fi1JeJibi). KopoJib EypryH.ll1111 B 993-1032 rr.
O.uo II (yM. 1037 r. 15 HO.SI6.)- rpa<P Enya 11 WaMnaH11; CbiH O.uo I 11 oepTbl EypfYH.llCKOH, cecTpbi KopoJI.SI Py.uonb<Pa II I.
oeHe.lli1KT IX (<l>eo<PI1JlaKT Ill, rpa<P TyCKYJiaHCK11H; yM. 1055 r.)- Tpl1)1(.llbl 3aHI1MaJI
nanCKI1H npeCTOJI B 1032-1044, 104511 1047-1048 rr.
181

AHHanbl

I 034 r. HMnepaTop, BHOBb HanaB Ha 6ypryH,llHIO, nO,/l'IHHHJI ee. YMep


BapMaHH, enHcKon KoHCTaHUCKHH, H eMy HaCJie.IlOBaJI 36epxap.Il72. MerHHxap.Ily73, enHcKony B10pu6ypra, HacJie.IlOBaJI 6pYHo74.
1035 r. B HTaJIHH HH3WHe aaccaJibi cocTaBmiiOT Jaroaop npoTHB CI03epeHOB. HMnepaTop Hanan Ha H3bi'IHHKOB, KOTOpbie JOBYTCH JIIOTH'IaMH. Co6op
a TpH6ype.
1036 r. YMep llHJibrpHM, enHcKon KeJibHCKHH, H eMy HacJie.IloBaJI fepMaH75. Kor,/la YMeP fe6xap.Il, enHcKon PereHc6yprcKHH:, eMY HacJie.IlOBaJI TaiOKe
fe6xap.Il76. KopoJib feHpHx B3HJI a :>KeHbi .IlO'Ih KopoJIH .llaHHH 77. HMnepaTOp
oTnpaBHJICH B HTaJIHIO.
1037 r. HMnepaTop a HTaJIHH OT.IlaJI no.Il cTpaxy XepH6epTa78, enHcKona
MHJiaHCKOro; OH TaiOKe OTnpaBHJI B CCbiJIKY ,llpyrHX enHCKOnOB H o6y3,/laJI
OTpH,ll3afOBOPIUHKOB. Y6HT 0.Ilo79.
1038 r. fopO,ll llapMa CO)I()I(eH BOHCKOM. Kor,/la HMnepaTOp B03BpaiUaJICH
H3 3eMeJib no TY CTOpOHY PHMa, Ha BOHCKO HanaJia 'IYMa, OT KOTopoH: HapH,lly
CO MHOrHMH norH6Jia :>KeHa KOpOJIH feHpHXa. llOCJie TOfO KaK yMep CTeQ>aH,
KOpOJib BeHrpHH, BMeCTO Hero BOUapHJICH lleTP80.
1039 r. HMnepaTop KoHpa,ll aHeJanHo YMeP a YTpeXTe 3 HIOHH&I H 6biJI
norpe6eH a IllneH:epe. feHpHx, ero CbiH, aouapHJICH BMecTo Hero. YMep PerHH6aJib.Il82, enHCKOn IllneH:epCKHH.
1040 r. KopOJib feHpHX, HanaB Ha qeXHIO, aepHyJICH, noTepHB B Jiecy
O'IeHb MHOrO CBOHX JIIO,/leH. YMep 36epxap.Il, enHCKOn 6aM6eprCKHH; eMy
HacJie.IlOBaJI CaHTrep83.
72
73

74

75

76

77

78
79

80
81
82
83

36epxap.u I <l>oH KH6ypr-LI,I1JIJII1HreH - en11cKon KoHcTaHua B 1034-1046 rr.


Meri1Hxap.u I (yM. I034 r. 22 MapTa)- en11cKon 810pu6ypra o IOI8- 1034 rr.
6pyHo Kapi1HTI1~tcKI1H (yM. I045 r. 27 MaH)- en11cKon 810pu6ypra B I034I045 rr.
fepMaH II (yM. I056 r. II <t>eop.)- apx11en11cKon KeJibHCK11H o 1036-1056 rr. Mna.ullli1H CbiH 3uuo, n<t>anburpa<t>a JloTapi1Hfl111, 11 MaTI1llb.llbi, .uo"'epl1 11MnepaTOpa
OrroHa II.
fe6xap.u III <t>oH foreHJI03 (YM. I060 r. 2 .ueK.)- apx11en11cKon PereHc6ypra B 1036I060 rr.; CBO.UHbiH 6paT 11MnepaTopa KoHpa.ua II. Hx o6meiif MaTepbiO 6biJia A.neJibreH.ua <l>oH Meu.
fyHxi1Jib.UY (KyHI1fYH.llY) (p. IOI9 r. yM. I038 r. I8 1110JIH)- .UO"'b KHYTa II, KopoJIH
Ll,aHI111 11 AHmHH.
XapH6epT II - apxHenHcKon Ml1llaHa B I 0 I8-I 045 rr.
Y6HT repuoroM JloTapi1HrHH B 611TBe np11 6ape.
neTp I Opceono - KOPOllb BeHrpHH B I 038-I 04I rr. 11 I044-I 046 rr.
3 HIOHSI OH Ja6oJieJI, a yMep Ha CJie.UYIOillHH .UeHb 4 HIOHSI.
Peri1H6aJib.ll II <t>oH LI,HJIJIHHreH (yM. I039 r. I3 oKT.)- en11cKon lllneuepa B 1033I039 rr.
Co11Trep- enHcKon 6aM6epra o 1040-1047 rr.; pHMCKHiif nana (KliHMeHT II) c 24 .ueK.
1046 r. no 9 OKT. 1047 r.

182

Ayrc6yprcKI1e

aHHanbl

1041 r. KopOJJb feHpHX, orrycTOWH8 qeXHIO, 3aCTaBHJJ C)laTbCH ee repuora84.


BeHrpbi, npomao fleTpa, )leJJaiOT KopoJJeM 06oss. fleTp, 6emeu, npHXO.llHT
K KOpOJJIO feHpHXy. flpH ero llO.ll.llep)I(J(e H CO.lleHCTBHH OlJeHb MHOrHe 8 3TO
8peMH 6biJJH CHJJbHbl B HCKYCCT8aX, CTpOHTeJJbCT8e, JJHTepaTYPe H 80 BCHKOfO
po)la yqeHOCTH. flOBCIO.llY (uapHJJO) CJJa8Heifwee CTpeMJJeHHe K 3HaHHIO.
1042 r. 06o BTOpfCH 8 npe)leJJbl lia8apHH, HO 6e:>KaJJ, llOCKOJlbKY 60JJbrnaH t.IaCTb ero BOHCKa 6biJJa yHHt.ITO:>KeHa MapKrpa$OM A,uaJJb6epTOM86.
KopoJJb feHpHx, oTnpaBH8WHCb 8 flaHHOHHIO, pa3opHeT 3eMJJH K ce8epy
OT )],yHaH. YMep naTpHapX flonno87; eMy HaCJJe)l08aJJ 36epxap.ll88, KaHOHHK
H3 Ayrc6ypra.
I043 r. YMepJJa HMnepaTPHUa fH3eJJa89. KopoJJb feHpHx, 8TOPHt.IHO oczynH8
B flaHHOHHIO, BepHyJJCH, 3aKJJIOlJH8 C 060 .ll0f080p; OH 80)l80pHJJ 8 C80eM
KOpOJJeBCTBe 8eJJHKOe YMHpOTBOpeHHe H 83HJ1 ce6e B :>KeHbl ArHecy90. YMep
MapKrpa$ J1HYTllOJ1b.ll91.
I044 r. KopoJJh feHpHx, cTa8 no6e.llHTeJJeM 8 3aBH3aoweifcH 8 flaHHOHHH
fiHTBe, nporHaJJ 060 H BOCCTaHOBHJJ Ha npeCTOJJe fleTpa. 06o 6biJJ 3aXBalJeH
fleTpoM H o6e3rJJaBJJeH92. B PHMe nana lieHe.llHKT H3-3a npecTYllJleHHH 6biJJ
H3rHaH pHMJJHHaMH. YMep XepH6epT, apxHenHcKon MHJJaHCKHif93; eMy HacJJe.ll08aJJ fBH.llo94. YMep fe6xap.ll, enHCKon Pa8eHHbi95.
1045 r. KopoJJh feHpHx 6biJJ npHrJJaweH fleTpoM, KopoJJeM BeHrpHH,
H o.llapeH no.llapKaMH. B 3TOM nYTewecTBHH liPYHO, enHcKon B10pu6yprcKHif,
84
85

86
87

88
89

90

91
92

93

94
95

6pxentcnaoa I, CbiHa YnbpHxa I.


A6a (06o), CaMyHJI- Koponb 8eHrpHH B 1041-1044 rr. 8o3oe.neH Ha npecTon Hapo.nHbiM ooccTaHHeM npoTHB Kopon.ll neTpa. HH3JloxeH nocne.nHHM npH noMOIUH
HMnepaTOpa reHpHxa Ill, cxJiaqeH H Ka3HeH.
Ananb6epTOM I no6e.noHOCHbiM, MapKrpa$OM ABCTPHH B 1018-1055 rr.
nonno (yM. 1043 r.)- naTPHapx AKoHJieH B 1019-1043 rr.
36epxap.n- naTpHapx AKoHJieH B 1043-1048 rr. OH yMep 13 H0.116p.ll 1048 r.
rH3eJia (p. 989 r. II HO.II6. yM. I 043 r. 15 $eop.) -.no% repMaHa II, repu;ora llloa6HH,
H rep6eprH EypryH.nCKOH; xeHa: I) 6pyHo 6payHwBeHrCKoro; 2) 3pHCTa I Ea6eH6epra, repuora lllsa6HH; 3) HMnepaTOpa KoHpa.na II.
Amecy OyaTY (p. I020 r. YM I077 r. 14 .neK.). 0Ha 6bma ,noqepbiO 8HJibreJibMa V, rpa$a
nyaTy H repuora AKBHTaHHH, H BTOPOH xeHOH (c 1043 r.) HMnepaTopa reHpHxa Ill.
8 I 056-1062 rr. Ameca 6biJia pereHTWa KoponeocToa npH cooeM ManoneTHeM CbiHe
reHpHxe IV.
JIHYTnOJib.lll CHJibHbiH (YM. 1043 r. 9 .neK.)- CbiH Ananb6epTa I, MapKrpa$aABCTPHH;
MapKrpa$ BeHrepcKOH MapKH.
8 ) 043 f. 6bUI 3aKJIJOqeH ,norooop C 06o, no KOTOpOMY OH OTKa3biBaJICSI OT 3eMeJib
K 3ana,ny OT JleHTbl. 0.nHaKO, 060 OTKa3aJIC.II BbinOJIH.IITb 3TOT .norOBOp, B pe3yJibTaTe
qero 6bUI npe.nnpHH.IIT TpeTHH noxo.n npOTHB BeHrpOB, OKOHqHBWHHC.II BOCCTaHOBJieHHeM Ha TPOHe 0eTpa H Ka3Hbl0 06o.
OH yMep 16 HHBap.ll 1045 r.
roH.nO .na 8enaTe - apxHenHCKOn MHJiaHCKHH B I 045-1071 rr.
re6xap.n - apxHenHCKOn PaoeHHbl B I 027 -I 044 rr.
183

AHHanbl

YMep 8 pe3yJibTaTe CMePTeJibHOfO na,ueHIDI96, H eMY HaCJie,li;08aJI AzlaJib6epoH97.


fepuor fOT<f>pH,ll;98, npH,li;H K KOpOJIIO, t.IT06bi C,ll;aTbCH, 6biJI B3HT llO,ll; CTpiDKy.
BoccTa8UIHe JIIOTHt.IH 6biJIH no)J;t.IHHeHbi. YMep onueJibHHK fyHTep H 6biJI
norpe6eH 8 fipare.
1046 r. nana EeHe,li;HKT, 8038paTH81IIHCb 8 PHM, H3-3a X8,llHOCTH )1;06po80JibHO OTpeKCH OT ,li;OJIXHOCTH H H36paJI 8MeCTO Ce6H nanOH fpauHaHa99.
KopoJib feHpHx ompa8HJICH so BJI3p,li;HHreHIOo. Y BH,~J;repaiOI oTo6paHo Pa8eHHCKoe enHCKOllCT80. BeHrpbl, OCJiellH8 neTPa, CTa8HT KOpoJieM AlmpeH 102.
KopoJib, oTnpa8H81IIHCb 8 11TaJIHIO, HH3JIO)I(HJI nany fpauHaHai03.
1047 r. Ha Po)I()J;eCT80 focno)J;He C8HTrepi04, enHCKon 6aM6eprCKHH,
llOCTaBJieH 151-M nanOH H Ha38aH KJIHMeHTOM; OH KOpOH08aJI KOpOJIH feHpHXa 8MeCTe C KOpOJie80H nocpe,li;CT80M HMnepaTOpCKOfO llOMa3aHHH. 36epxap,ll;, enHCKon KoHcTaHUCKHH, YMeP 8 PHMe, H eMy HacJie,li;08aJI)lHTpHxi05.
nocTaBJieHbl enHCKOllbl XyH<f>pH,ll; 106 8 Pa8eHHe, XeppaH,ll; 8 CTpac6ypre,
)lHTpHxi07 8 Bep,ll;eHe. 11MnepaTop, Y803H c co6oit TeJio C8HToro f8H)J;O,
npHllleJI 8 Ayrc6ypr H JaCTaJI TaM enHCKona 36epxap,ll;a npH cMepTH; Kor)J;a
TOT CKOHt.IaJICH, OH, ycTpOH8 eMy llbllliHbie llOXOpOHbl 8 KaHyH B03HeCeHHH focno)J;Hero, Ha cJie,ll;yiOIUHH )J;eHb, TO ecTb Ha Bo3HeceHHe focno)J;He,
nocTa8HJI enHcKonoM Ayrc6yprcKoit uepK8H feHpHxaiOs. YMep nonno,
enHcKon TpHpCKHH; eMy HacJie,li;08aJI 36epxap,li;I09. nana KJIHMeHT yMep
96

97

98

99

1oo

101
102
103

104
105
106
107
108
109

6pyHO }'Mep 27 MIDI I 045 r. B 0epJeH6oAre, ropo)le Ha LJ.yHae, B peJyJibTaTe o6pyrneHIHI 6ece)li<H, B KOTOpOH OHH o6e.ll.aJIH C KOpOJieM. KopOJib He llOCTPa)laJI, HO 6pyHO
H eme HeCKOJibKO qeJIOBeK yMepJIH OT nonyqeHHbiX paH. CM. 60JibWHe ArrbTaHXCKHe
aHHaJibl.
A.nanb6epOH (yM. 1090 r. 6 OKT.)- enHCKOll 8IOpU6ypra B 1045-1090 rr.; CBSITOH.
fonppH.ll III 6opo.n.aTbiH (yM. 1069 r. 24 .lleK.) - cTaprnHH CbiH foueno I; repuor
HH:JKHeu JloTapHHrHH o 1065-69 rr. H BepxHei1 JlOTapHHrHH B 1044-47 rr.; MapKrpa<f>
TocKaHbl B 1054-69 rr.
6eHe.llHKT IX, oepuyornHcb B PHM, npo.n.an coo10 .llOJI:JKHOCTb HaJBaHHOMY fpauHaHy,
KOTOpbiH cTan nanou no.ll HMeHeM CHJiboecTPa III.
60JIOTHCTaH MecTHOCTb Me:JK.ll.y PenHoM, MaacoM H CeoepHbiM MopeM, HH:JKe POTTep.llaMa. 00XO.ll BbiJBaH TeM, qTo LJ.HTpHX, MapKrpa<f> foJIJiaH)lHH, CaMoynpaBHO
npHCBOHJI ce6e 3TY o6nacTb.
BHuep - apxHenHCKon PaoeHHbi B I 044-1046 rr.
AH.n.peu I - Koponb BeHrpHH o 1046-1060 rr.
He TOJibKO fpauHaHa (CHJibBecTpa III), HO H fpHropHH VI, H caMoro 6eHe.li.HKTa IX,
BHOBb npHCBOHBWero nanCKOe .llOCTOHHCTBO.
KnHMeHT II (CBHTrep)- 2-u enHcKon 6aM6epra o 1040-1047 rr.; pHMCKHH nana
c 24.n.eK. 1046 r. no 9 OKT. 1047 r.
LI.HTPHX- enHcKon KoHCTaHUa B 1047-1051 rr.
XyH<f>PH.ll. (yM. 1051 r. 24 aor.)- apxHenHcKon PaoeHHbi B 1046-1051 rr.
LI.HTpHx (yM. 1089 r. 28 anp.)- enHcKon Bep.n.eHa o 1047-1089 rr.
feHpHx II (yM. 1063 r. 3 ceHT.)- enHCKon Ayrc6ypra B 1047-1063 rr.
36epxap.ll (yM. 1066 r. 15 anp.)- apxHenHcKon TpHpa B 1047-1066 rr.
184

Ayrc6yprcKL-1e

aHHanbl

11 norpe6eH B oaM6epre. HMnepaTop oTnpaBHJICH so BJI3PJlHHreH, noHeCH


OOTepH B CBOHX JilOJlHX II 0.
1048 r. KpoBb focnOJlHH, KaK fOBOPHT, 6biJia HattueHa B MaHzye. nonnoll I, enHCKOO opHKCeHCKHH, OOCTaBJieH 152-M nanotf l1 HaJBaH )laMaCOM,
HO '!epeJ HeCKOJibKO .UHeti YMep. HMnepaTop feHpux 11 feHpHx 112, Koponb
faJIJIHH, BCTpeTHBIIIHCb, JaKJIIO'-IaiOT Me)J(Jly C060H MHp. B HO'-Ib Ha 13 OKTH6pH
npOHJOlliJIO JeMJieTpHCeHHe.
I 049 r. Kor.ua YMeP naTpuapx 36epxap.u, eMY Hacne.uosan fOTe6anb.ull3.
6pYHoll4, enucKon TyJihCKHti:, nocTaBJieH 153-M nanoti 11 HaJBaH JlbBOM IX.
HMnepaTop, oTnpaBHBIIIHCb npoTHB 6an.uyuHall5, onycTOIIIHJI <l>naHJlpHIO.
focno.uuH nana coJbiBaeT co6op s PetiMce, a JaTeM eme OJlHH s MatiHuel16.
1050 r. BeHrpbi sTopraiOTCH B npe.uenhi I>asapuu. focno.uuH nana OT'-IaCTH
no.U'-IHHHeT Jie)J(amue no TY cTopoHy PuMa JeMJIH. Po.uuncH ChiH HMnepaTopa,
KOTOporo BOOCJieJlCTBHH HaJBaJIH feHpHXOM, TOfJla KaK paHee OH HaJbiBaJICH
KoHpa.uoM 11 7.
1051 r. YMep oap.uo, CBHTOH apxuenHCKOn MaHHUCKHH, "eMy Hacne.uyeT
JluyTnOJibJlll8. HMnepaTop BTOpraeTCH "onyCTOIIIaeT naHHOHHIO, HO, noCKOJibKY soticKo cTpa.uano oT rono.ua, c Tpy.uoM BOJBpamaeTCH HaJa.u.
1052 r. B HTanHH yMupaeT MapKrpa<t> noHu<t>auuH:119, nopaxeHHhiH cTpenoti 113 JaCa.llbl. 11MnepaTop 6e3 BCHKOfO peJyJibTaTa Hana.uaeT C BOHCKOM Ha
rpaHHUbl BeHrpHH. npec6ypr120 TIUeTHO OCa)J(JlaiOT, HO TaK l1 He JaXBaTbiBaiOT.
Y HMnepaTopa po)J(JlaeTCH ChiH 121.
IIO

III
112
IIJ
114
115

116
117
118
119
120
121

8TOpoi1 noxo.u nponm)l,HTJmxa, rpact>a foJIJiaH.UHH, OKOH'IIUIC51 Hey.uaqetl. Bnpo'leM,


B Ha'la.rre 1049 r. )l,HTpHX norH6 B fiHTBe C COCe)lHHMH enHCKOnaMH, H YKaJaHHbie
JeMJIH BHOBb nepeuum K HMnepaTopy.
nonno ()l,aMac I I) 6b1Jl pHMCKHM nanoi1 c 17 HIOnH no 9 asr. I048 r.
feHpHx I - Koponb <l>paHIJ;HH B I031-1060 rr.
foTe6a.rrb)l - naTpHapx AKBIUieH B I049-1063 rr.
Jles IX (6PYHO)- CbiH fyro IV ct>oH 3mcxei1Ma; pHMCKHi1 nana c 12 ct>esp. 1049 r.
no 19 anp. 1054 r.
6a.rr.uyHHa V, rpaq,a <l>naH.upHH B 1036-1067 rr. 6a.rr.uyHH BCTynHn B co103 c foT4>PI1.IlOM III. no3TOMY HMnepaTop BbiCTymw npoTHB M51Te)J(HHKOB neTOM 1049 r.
foTct>PI1.Il He CTa.JI )l0)J(H)laTbC51 npH6biTH51 HMnepaTOpa H nO)l'lHHIUIC51 eMy B AxeHe,
a 6aJIJlyHHa y.ua.rrocb npHBeCTH K noKopHOCTH TORbKO B Ha'la.rre I050 r. B peJynhTaTe
BToporo noxo.ua.
06a co6opa OCY.Ili1RH CHMOHHIO, TO eCTb KYnRIO H npO.UIDKY uepKOBHbiX )l0fl)J(HOCTei1.
06 3TOM HJMeHeHHH HMeHH 6y.uymero HMnepaTopa feHpHxa IV .upyr11e HCTO'IHHKH
HH'Iero He coo6maiOT.
JlHYTnORb.ll I (YM. 1059 r.) - apxHenHcKon Mai1Hua B I051-1059 rr.
6oHHct>auHi1 I (yM. 1052 r. 6 MaH)- MapKrpaq, TocKaHbi B 1027-1052 rr.
HbiHe 6paTHcnasa, cToJmua CnoBaKHH.
KoHpa.u (p. 1052 r. ceHT./ OKT. yM. 1055 r. 10 anp.)- repuor 6asapHH B 10541055 rr.

185

AHHanbl

1053 r. HMnepaTOp 8MeCTe c nanotf npo80,LUIT Po)l(,lleCT80 focno,llHe


8 BopMce, a OliHWeHHe npec8HTOH MapHHI22 nana [npo80.llHT] 8 Ayrc6ypre.
BOHCKO, KOTOpoe nana 80,llHJI npOTH8 HOpMaHH08, 6biJIO no6e)l(,lleHO HMH
H HCTpe6neHol23. A caM nana JMepxH8aeTCH 8 lieHe8eHTe. HMnepaTop HaJHaliHJI CbiHa feHpHXa, H36paHHOfO KOpOJieM, repUOfOM lia8apHHI24.
1054 r. focno.llHH nana Jle8, 8epHyoiiiHCb 80 8peMH nacXH 8 PHM, }'Mepl25
TaM H nOCJie cMePTif, KaK ro80pHT, cna8HJICH tzy.llecaMH. HMneparop BCTYJIHJI 80
<I>JiaH,llpHIO H onyCTOIIIHJI ee. fepMaH KOHTPaKTI26, paccna6JieHHbiH 8 OT,lleJibHbiX
liJieHax, tzy.llO HaiiiefO BeKa, llpeBOCXO,llHJI BCeX TOHKOCTblO }'Ma H COCTa8HJI MHOxeCTBO neceH Y.llH8HTeJibHOH MeJIO.llHH H oqapooaHHH, noliTH JIHIIIeHHbiH TaK)I(e
CllOCOOHOCTH peliH. fe6xap,ll, enHCKOll 3IDrnrreTTcKHH, H36paH 154-M nanotf127.
1055 r. B TO 8peMH KaK HMnepaTop nocewan HTanHIO, yMep ero CbiH12s.
HaJ8aHHhiH fe6xap,ll nocTaBJieH nanotf H HaJ8aH BHKTopoM. B Ayrc6ypre
6HT8a C 6aM6epruaMH. nocJie TOfO KaK HMnepaTop 8epHyJICH H3 11TaJIHH,
fe6xap.ll, enHcKon PereHc6yprcKHH, 6biJI o68HHeH 8 rocy.llapcT8eHHOH HJMeHe
H llOMeWeH llO,ll CTpaxy.
1056 r. QqeHb MHrKaH JHMa. YMHpaeT uapb Ba8HJIOHa 129. fpo6 focno,lleHb
8 HepycanHMe JaKpbiT H, nocne Toro KaK 6biJI HJrHaH naTPHapx, y6HTbi MHOrHe
xpHCTHaHe. focnO.llHH nana }'MHpaeT 8 JaanbnHHCKHX JeMJIHX. CaKCOHCKoe
80HCKO nepe6HTO 8aH,llanaMH!3o. Kor,lla yMep fepMaH, enHcKon KeJibHa, eMy
HaCJie,llyeT AHHo131. nocJie TOfO KaK yMep rpeqeCKHH uapb, Ha TpOH 8CTYllaeT
HeKaH ,llaMa 132, llOCJibl KOTOpOH npOCHT HMnepaTopa feHpHXa 0 COIOJe. 3TOT xe
HMnepaTop }'Mep 5 OKTHfipH, Ha 41-M fO.llY C80eH XH3HHI33, H 8 ,lleHb C80ero
po)l(,lleHHH, TO ecTb 28 OKTH6p, 6biJI norpe6eH nanotf 8 Illnetfepe, nocne qero
Ha npecToJI 8CTY"HJI ero CbiHI34.
1057 f. MHTeXH MHOrHX JIIO,lleH, 803HHKIIIHe npOTH8 CbiHa HMnepaTopa,
6biJIH yKpoweHbl no lio)l(beH 80Jie. B HepycanHMe 80CCTaHOBJieH MHp. nana,
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134

2 $eBpaJISI I 053 r.
8 6UTBe npu qHBHTaTe 18 HIOH.II 1053 r.
8epHee, He feHpuxa, a KoHpaaa, cBoero Mllaillllero CbiHa.
19 anpen.11 1054 r.
fepMaH H3 PeuxeHay, aBTop H3BeCTHOH xpoHHIGI.
fe6xap.ll I (yM. 1057 r. 28 HIOJI.II)- enucKon 3i1:xlllTerra B 1048-1057 rr. 8 10551057 rr.- pHMCKHH nana (8HKTOp II).
KoHpaa. CM. Bblllle, npuM. 121.
J.1MeeTC.II B BH.li.Y uapb EmnTa.
JIIOTUqaMH (BeH,llaMH). 8 6UTBe CJIIOTHqaMH (I 0 ceHT. 1056 f.) noru6 8HJibfeJibM lPOH
Xanb,lleHcne6eH, MapKrpa$ Hop.llMapKa.
AHHo II (yM. 1075 r. 4.lleK.)- apxuenucKon KeJibHCKHH B 1056-1075 rr. 8 10621065 rr. 6biJI pereHTOM KoponeBCTBa npu MaJIOJieTHeM feHpnxe IV.
<J>eo,llopa, HeBeCTKa yMeplllero B 1055 r. nMnepaTopa KoHcTaHTnHa IX MoHoMaxa.
CKopee, Ha 39-M fO.llY )l{lf3HH.
feHpnx IV.
186

Ayrc6yprcKL-1e

aHHanbl

BepHyBlliHCb B 3aaJibnHHCKHe JeMJIH, ycnoKaHBaeT HOpMaHHOB H npoqHX


Mf!Te)I(HHKOB. flOCJie :noro, no nporneCTBHH MaJIOfO BpeMeHH, OH OKOHqHJI
)I(H3Hb B Apeuuo; ero TeJIO, yBe3eHHOe ero JIIO.UbMH, 6biJIO CHJIOH OTHSITO
paseHHUaMH H norpe6eHo B PaseHHe. <l>pH.upHx, KaHunep rocno.UHHa nanhi
Jlbsa, KOTOpbiH BeJI MOHallleCKYIQ )I(HJHb B KaCCHHO, 6hiJI npH3BaH pHMJif!HaMH
H, H36paHHhiH 155-M nanoH:, HaJBaH CTe<t>aHoMI35.
1058 r. YMep nana CTe<t>aH. HeKHH: EoHH<t>auHH:136, H36paHHhiH 6e3 o6mero Ha To pellleHHH, 6biJI oTseprHYT. EnHCKon )l(e EeHe.UHKT 6biJI nocTasJieH 156-M nanoH:, npHHHB HMH HHKonaH:I37. IlocTaBJieH fyHuo138, enHCKon
3HXlliTeTTCKHH. HMnepaTpHua BMeCTe C MaJIOJieTHHM KOpOJieM npOBO.UHJia
TpoHUY B Ayrc6ypre. YMep repuor Orro139.
1059 r. Py.uonb<f>140 nocTaBJieH repuoroM AJiaMaHHHH. PacnpH Me)I(.Qy feHPHXOM, enHcKonoM Ayrc6ypra, "rpa<l>oM ,[lHnOJib.llOMI41 H3-3a rpa<t>cTsa, nepe.uaHHoro nocpe.ucTBOM rpaMOThi aJITapiO IlpecBHTOH MapHH. PanoTo, ChiH :noro
rpa<f>a, JaXBaThiBaeT MaHTHXHHry142; Ho6asapUbi, KOTOpbiefiBJifiJIHCberocropoHHHKaMH, 6biJIH no 6oJibllleH: qacTH nepe6HTbi ayrc6ypruaMH, H MHome nonyqHJIH
TaK)I(e paHeHHH. Ilocne :noro MaHTHXHHra H .upyrHe ceneHHH 6biJIH CO)I()I(eHbi
rpa<f>oM. Koponesa BMeCTe c MaJioJieTHHM KoponeM, npHllf! Ha npaJ.LI.HHK scex
CBHThiXI43 s Ayrc6ypr, npHHY.UHJia HanaslliHX Ha Ayrc6ypr K cornaweHHIOI44.
1060 r. YMHpaeT KoHpa.u, enHCKon lllneH:epa; eMy Hacne.uosaJI 3H:Hxap.ul45, HaCTOHTeJib H3 Ayrc6ypra. YMep JlHYTnOJih.U, enHCKon MaiiHUCKHH:;
eMy Hacne.uosaJI 3Hr<t>pH.ul46. BHJihreJibM EasapcKHH:I47 ".upyme MHoro
135
136
137
138
139
140

141
142

143
144
145
146

147

CTect>aH IX (<l>pH.llp11x)- pi1MCKI1H nana c 3 aBI: 1057 r. no 29 MapTa 1058 r. 6paT


foTct>pH.lla III, repuora JloTapi1HrHI1.
He 6oH11ct>au1111, a 11oaHH M11HU11H, enl1cKon BeJIJieTpl1. OH 6biJI pi1MCKHM nanoli
(non 11MeHeM 6eHeni1KTa X) c 5 anp. 1058 r. no 24 .HHB. 1059 r.
He 6eHeni1KT, a fepxapn, enl1cKon <l>JiopeHU1111. CTaJI nanoli non 11MeHeM H11KOJial1 II
11 JaH11MaJI 3'fY nomKHOCTb C 6 neK. 1058 f. no 27 11IOJI.SI 1061 f.
fyHuo II (yM. 1075 r. 2 aBr.)- enl1cKon 311xwTerra B 1057-1075 rr.
OTTo III 6eJibiH (p. 995 r. YM 1057 r. 28 ceHT.)- MapKrpaq, lllBeliHct>YPTa 11 Hopnray;
repuor lllBa61111 B 1048-1057 rr.
PynoJibct> ct>oH PeliHct>eJibneH (yM. 1080 r. 16 oKT.) - repuor lllBa61111 B 1059-1080 rr.
Ha celiMe B <l>opxxaliMe 6biJI 11J6paH 15 MapTa 1077 r. KopoJieM B npOTI1BOBec feHP11XY IV 11 26 MapTa noMaJaH Ha uapcTBo.
L1,11nOJibn II ct>oH <l>o6ypr (yM. 1078 r. 7 aBr.)- MapKrpaq, 6aBapcKoro Hopnray.
HbiHe- lllBa6MIOHXeH, B 24 KM K 10ry oT Ayrc6ypra.
1 HO.S16p.SI.
Ha KaKHx ycJIOBI1.SIX OHI1 npi1MI1pHJII1Cb, Hei1JBeCTHo.
311Hxapn II ct>oH KaTueHeJibH6oreH (yM. 1067 r. 23 ct>eBp.)- en11cKon lllneliepa
B 1060-1 06 7 rr.
311rct>pH.ll I ct>oH 3nneHWTeHH (YM. 1084 r. 16 ct>eBp.) - a66aT <l>yJibJlbi B 1058-1059 rr.;
JaTeM - apx11en11cKon MaliHua B 1059-1084 rr.
BHJibreJibM 6biJI MOHaxoM B MOHaCTbipe CB. 3MMepaMa B PereHc6ypre. B 1068 r. oH
CTaJI a66aToM MOHaCTbip.H CB. ABpeJII1.SI B X11pway 11 YMeP B 1091 r.
187

AHHanbl

nopa6onum Ha,u HcnpaBJieHHeM neceH aHTH<poHapHeB H rpa.uyrumes, xoTH


H HMeJIH MaJihiM ycnex y HenosopOTJIHBhiX H TynbiX. fOJIOJl H CHJibHaH CMepTHOCTb. nocTaBJieH BaJibTOJih<t>l48, enHCKOn na.uyaHCKHM, paHee KaHOHHK
ayrc6yprCKHM. YMep re6xapJJ,, enHCKOn PereHc6yprCKHM.

1061

r. Orro149 cTaHOBHTCH enHCKonoM PereHc6yprcKHM. YMHpaeT nana

HHKOJia'H. JIYKKCKHM enHCKon 150, H36paHHhiM H nocTaBJieHHhiM HeKoTophiMH


pHMJIHHaMH H HOpMaHHaMH, OTBeprHYT HaiiiHMH. )lpyrHMH )l(e nanotf llOCTaBJieH enHCKOn ilapMCKHtf151, XOTH apxHenHCKOn H npome enHCKOllhl C 3THM
He comaiiiaJIHCh. 0JlHaKo noJ)I(e enHCKon JIYKKCKHH, HeJJ,aBHO HH3JIO)I(eHHhiH
6e3 peiiieHHH co6opa, 6biJI BOCCTaHOBJieH enHCKOnaMH H, llOCTaBJieHHhiH

157-

M nano'H, Ha3BaH A.TieKcaHJJ,poM.

1062 r.

PHMJIHHe JlaJIH OTnop enHCKOny napMCKOMy, )l(eJiaBIIIeMY BCryllHTb

s PHM; conpooo)I(JlaBIIIHe )l(e ero enHCKOnhi 6biJIH no 6oJibiiietf '!aCTH nepe6HTbi,


a OT'IaCTH YMepJIH, YTOHYB B peKe; CaM OH He 6biJI npHHHT H 6e3 BCHKOro pe3yJibTaTa sepeyJICH B ilapMy. MaJIOJieTHHH KOpoJib feHpHX 6biJI OTHHT y HMnepaTpHUbl
Amecbi AHHo, enHcKonoM KeJibHa, H Orrol52, repuoroM 6asapHH. ilpH.llH s noM
roJJ,y s Ayrc6ypr, oHI53 npH3BaJI K comaiiieHHIO feHpHxa154, enHcKona 3Toro
ropOJJ,a; HO TOT, OTKa3aBIIIHCb HBHThCH B Ayrc6ypr, npH6biJI B PereHC6ypr.

1063 r.

iloCJie BeCeHHero paBHOJJ,eHCTBHH, TO eCTb

21

MapTa, CHJihHbiH

Mopo3 H o6HJibHhiM cHerona,u. YMep naTpHapx foTe6aJibJl; eMy HacJieJlOBaJI


Pa6eHrepl55. KorJJ,a yMep 6eJial56, KopoJib BeHrpHH, feHpHx, MaJIOJieTHHH
KOpOJih, BCTYOHB C BOHCKOM B ilaHHOHHIO, BOCCTaHOBHJI Ha TpOHe H3fHaHHY10 paHee KOpOJieBy C Cb!HOM 157 H, no6eJJ,HB HeMHOfHX conpOTHBJIHBIIIHXCH,
noJJ,'IHHHJI ce6e 3TY nposHHUHIO. feHpHx, enHCKon Ayrc6ypra, YTecHeHHbiH
MHOfHMH 06HJJ,aMH CO CTOpOHhl npH6JIH)I(eHHbiX KOpOJIH H, HCTOIUeHHbiH,
HaKOHeU, JJ,JIHTeJibHOM 6oJie3HbiO, yMep

148

l49
150

151

152
153

154
155

156
157

3 CeHTH6pH;

eMy HaCJieJJ,OBaJI 3M6-

BaJibTOnb<P - enHCKOn na.uyH B I 060-1064 rr.


OTTo <PoH PH.lleH6ypr (YM. 1089 r. 6 HIORH) - enHCKon PereHc6ypra B 1061-1089 rr.
AHcenbM I .ua 6a)l)KHO - enHcKon JlyKKH B 1057-1073 rr. CTaJI nan ow no.u HMeHeM
AneKcaH)lpa II (npH 3TOM coxpaHHB 3a co6ow JlyKKCKoe enHcKonCTBo) H 3aHHMaJI
3TY .uomKHOCTb c I OKT. 1061 r. no 21 anp. 1073 r.
neTp Ka.uaJI (yM. 1071 r.)- enHCKOn napMbl B 1046-1071 rr. 28 OKT. 1061 r. npoB03rnacHn ce6H nanow foHopHeM II.
OTTo II <PoH HopTxawM (yM. I 083 r. II HHB.) - repuor 6aBapHH B I 061-1070 rr.
Bnocne.ucTBHH Jnewumw Bpar HMnepaTopa feHpHxa IV.
AHHO.
feHpHX, enHCKOn Ayrc6ypra, 6bV1 )lOBepeHHbiM RHUOM HMnepaTPHUbl ArHeCbl H TSDKenee
Bcero noCTPa.LlaJI H3-3a nmrnmeHHH MaJIOneTHero feHpHxa IV enHcKonoM AHHo.
Pa6eHrep (PaBeHrep)- naTpHapx AKBHneH B 1063-1068 rr.
6ena I (yM. I 063 r.) - 6paT AH.IlpeH I; Koponb BeHrpHH B I 061-1063 rr.
AHacTaCHIO 51pocnaBHy, .UO'Ib BenHKoro KHH3H KHeBCKoro 51pocnaBa My.uporo
11 B.UOBY AH.IlpeH I, BMecTe c CbiHOM ConoMOHOM, KOTOPbiH 6bw KoponeM BeHrpHH
B 1063-1074 rr.
188

Ayrc6yprcKt.1e

aHHanbl

pHKol58, paHee HaCTOHTeJib HJ MafiHUa, BIUIOTb .uo :noro speMeHH snoJIHe


6Jiaro'leCTHBbiH H .LlOCTOXBaJibHbiH M~.

1064 r. 0'1HIUeHHe npeCBHTOH MapHH159 KOpOJib feHpHxnpa3.UHOBaJI sAyrc6ypre. UepKOBb CBSIToro YJibpHxa H CBSIToti Acppbr 6biJia Ha'laTa OT caMoro
cl>YH.UaMeHTa. DbiJIH Hati.ueHbi MHoro'IHCJieHHbie TeJia CBHTbiX. TeJio CBSIToti
My<IeHHUbi Acppbi, .UO CHX nop xpaHHIUee CJie,llbi C)l(errnero ee OfHH, TaK)I(e
6biJIO Hati.ueHO B Ha,llJie)l(aiUHM o6pa30M C,lleJiaHHOM HJ KaMHH CapKocpare.
Ho H .upyroe TeJIO 6biJIO Hati.UeHO B CBHHUOBOM rpo6y. TaK)I(e KaMeHb, Jie)l(aBlliHH Ha MOfHJie CBHTOH EBHOMHH, B TO BpeMH KaK ero CJiy<IaHHO pa3py6HJIH
KaMeHIUHKH, pacnpocTpaHHJI apoMaT Y.UHBHTeJibHoro 6JiaroyxaHHH. YMHpaeT
BaJibTOJibcp, enHCKOn na.uyaHCKHH.

l 065 r. 8 HTaJIHH
27 Maprn. Ha TpoHuy

CHJibHOe JeMJieTpHCeHHe B BocKpeceHbe focno.uHe


KopoJib feHpHx npe6biBaeT B Ayrc6ypre. oJIHJ He-

pycaJIHMa capaUHHaMH 6biJIO y6HTO MHO)I(eCTBO XpHCTHaH, a .upyme BJHTbl


B IUieH160, f}'HTepl61, enHCKOn oaM6eprCKHH, YMHpaeT Ha o6paTHOM nyTH orry.ua. Kacpe.upaJibHaH uepKOBb B Ayrc6ypre ocBHIUeHa 3M6pHKO, enHcKonoM
3TOfO npeCTOJia, a TaK)I(e f}'HUO, enHCKOllOM 3HXlliTeTTCKHM, H PyTap,llOM,
enHcKonoM TpeBHJo; nocJie.UHHti B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy YMHpaeT. OT .uHeti 6Jia)l(eHHoti naMHTH enHCKOna opyHol62 .UO OTBpaTHTeJibHOfO nepHO,lla rpa)l(.[laHCKOfO
paJ.uopa B ayrc6yprcKoti o6IUHHe 6biJIH CHHTeJibHbie oco6br, nocJie.uosaTeJIH
KaHOHH'IecKoro ycTaBa, mo6HTeJIH 6paTbeB, rop.uocTb oTe'leCTBa, YKPaCHBlliHe
[CBOe) BpeMSI; .UOCTOHHetilliaH naMHTb 06 HX CJiaBe CJI~HT .LlJIH HX nOTOMKOB
no6y.UHTeJibHbiM MOTHBOM K Bbi,llaiOIUHMCH .U06po,lleTeJIHM.

1066 r. O'leHb MHrKaH JHMa. B [coJBeJ.LlHH]

oJIHJHeuos 6biJia BH.LlHa Bpa)l(.[le6-

HaH 3Be3,lla KOMeTa, KOTOpaH, C Y.UHBHTeJibHOH CKOpOCTbiO .UBHraHCb B o6paTHOM


HanpaRTieHHH Ha llpOTSI)I(eHHH HeCKOJibKHX HO'Ieti, CTaJia npe.useCTHHUeti H36HeHHH aHrJIOB163 H 6e.UCTBHH, KOTOpbie BOJHHKJIH qepe3 BOCeMbJieT Cpe.UH HeMUeB
HJ-Ja Py.uoJihQ>a H fepMaHal64, Cnepsa OHa HpKO llOCbiJiaJia CBOH Jly<IH Ha BOCTOK
BOT TaKHM o6paJOM 165, a JaTeM HaCTOJibKO noMepKJia, 'ITO ee 6biJIO ~e He BH,llHO.

B cy660Ty nacXH YMHpaeT 36epxap.u, enHCKon TpHpcKHti. KYHol66, HaCTOHTeJib HJ


158
159
160

l61
162
163
164

165
166

3M6pi1KO <PoH Jlei1HI1HreH (YM. 1077 r. 30 mom1)- enl1cKon Ayrc6ypra B 1063-1077 rr.
2 <t>eBpruui I064 r.
3TO 6biJII1 ni1JII1rpi1Mbl, KOTOpbie erne B 1064 f. OTnpaBI1JIHCb B 60JiblllOM KOJII1'IeCTBe
B naneCTI1HY Bo maBe c HeCKOJibKI1MI1 eni1CKonaMI1. Eonee no.apo6Ho o6 11x nYTernecTBHH coo6maiOT JlaM6epT Xepc<f>eJib.IlCKI1H 11 Eonbrnl1e AllbTai1xCKI1e aHHaJibi.
fyHTep (yM. 1065 r. 23 HIOHH)- eni1CKon EaM6epra B 1057-1065 rr.
CM. npi1M. 31.
B 611TBe np11 faCTI1Hrce 14 OKT516p51 I066 r.
T. e. 113-Ja aHTI1KOpOJieH, Bbi.IlBI1HYTbiX nanCKOH napTI1eH BO BpeM51 60pb6bl Me)J(.Ily
nanoii 11 11MnepaTOpoM Ja HHBeCTI1Typy.
3.aecb Ha nOJI5IX KO.IleKCa Hapi1COBaHO 11306pa)l(eHHe KOMeTbl.
KoHpa.a I <t>oH n<t>yJIJIHHreH ()'M. 1066 r. I 11IOH51) - apxl1eni1CKOn Tpl1pCKI1H B 1066 r.
nneM5IHHI1K AHHO II.

189

AHHanbl

KeJibHa, IIOJIY'IHB OT KopoJUI em-IcKorrcroo, 6bm OTBeprnyr ropo)IG}Ha.MH, cxaaqeH,


c6porneH co CKaJibi H y6HT. CrrpaBJIHerc5~ cBa,llb6a KOpollil feHpHXal67.
1067 r. KopoJih feHpHx rrpe6biBaeT B Ayrc6ypre rrepe.u oqmueHHeM OpeCB51TOH MapHH. fepuor fonppH.ll, OTIIpaBJieHHbiH rrpOTHB HOpMaHHosl68,
B03BpamaeTC51 6e3 BC51K0f0 pe3yJibTaTa H CHe60JiblliHMH IIOTep51MH. 3HHXap,ll,
errHCKorr IllrretfepcKHH, yMep no IIYTH B PHM.
1068 r. Haso.uHeHHe H3-3a.llO)I(,lleH. Ha po)l(,lleCTBO OpecB5~TOH MapHH 169 KOpoJih feHpHX rrpe6biBaer BAyrc6ypre. oypxap.ul70' errHCKOII XaJib6eprnTMTCKHH,
BTOprHyslliHCb B 3eMJIIO JIIOTHqe}i, )Kef, OIIYCTOlliaJI H, yseM KOH51, KOTOpOfO
B PeTpe rroqHTaJIH BMecTo Bora, sepxoM Ha HeM sepHyJic5~ B CaKcOHHIO.
1069 r. CHJibHbiH roJio.u. ErrHcKorroM 3M6pHKO 6bmH .uocTaBJieHhi MOIUH
cs5~Toro PeMHrH51. MoHacTbipb CB51Toro CTe<t>aHa 6bm JaseprneH H ocs5~IUeH.
0o6e)l(,lleHbl BOCCTaBlliHe TIOpHHfH.
1070 r. Orro, repuor EasapHH, o6BHHeH B Jarosope rrpoTHB KopoJI5~. Ha
oqHIUeHHe OpeCB51TOH MapHH KOpOJib rrpe6biBaeT B Ayrc6ypre. nocJie TOfO
KaK yMep PyMOJib.ll, errHcKorr KoHcTaHua, KopoJih rrocTaBHJI errHcKorroM
KapJia 171, HO ero He rrpHH51JIH. YMHpaeT A.uanb6epoH 172, errHcKorr BopMCCKHH,
H eMy HacJie.UOBaJI A.uanb6epTI73. B HJOpH6epre CB51TOH Ce6aJih.ll srrepBbie
CTaJI H3BeCTeH qy.aecaMH.
1071 r. nocKOJibKY Orro, repuor EasapcKHH, yrueJI K JIJOTHqaMI74, repuorcTBO IIOJIY'IHJI ero 351Tb BeJib<t>l75. B 50-e BOCKpeceHbel76 KOpOJib rrpe6biBaeT
B Ayrc6ypre. ErrHcKorr KapJI 6bm HH3JIO)I(eH, rrocJie Toro KaK caM OTKa3aJIC51
OT .UOJI)I(HOCTH. UepKOBb CB51TOH A<l>pbi H CB5~Toro YJibpHxa 6bma JaseprneHa
eiiHCKOIIOM 3M6pHKO H OCB51IUeHa fyHUO 3HXlliTeTTCKHM H 3JIJieHxap,llOM
<J>peH3HHfCKHM 177. 0CB51IUeHa uepKOBb CB51TOH fepTPY.llbl.
1072 r. BHK6epTI78 rrocTaBJieH errHcKorroM PaseHHbi.
167
168
169
170
171

172
173
174
175

176
177
178

C EepToii CasoiicKoii (p. 1051 r. yM. 1087 r. 27 neK.)- noqepbiO Orro, rpacl>a CaBOHCKOfO.
0pH3BaHHbiH nanoii Ha noMOW.b.
8 CeHTH6pH 1068 r.
Eypxapn (EyKKO) II ct>oH BeJibTxaiiM (yM. 1088 r. 7 anp.)- enwcKon Xanb6epunama
B 1059-1088 rr.
Kapn (KapnoMaH)- enwcKon KoHcTaHua B 1069-1071 rr. HHJJIO)J(eH.
Auanb6epT I (Auanb6epoH) ct>oH Pei1H$eJih.lleH (yM. 1070 r. 8 asr.)- enwcKon BopMca
B 1065-1070 rr.
Auanb6epT II CaKcoHcKHii- enwcKon BopMca B 1070-1107 rr.
)l,pyrwe HCTO'IHHKH HH'Iero o6 3TOM He JHaiOT. Oepenaqa Benhcl>y Easapww cocToHJiacb
Ha Po)J()leCTBO 1070 r.
BeJibcP IV (I) (yM. 1101 r. 9 HOH6.) - repuor Easapww B 1070-1101 rr.
6 MapTa.
3JIJieHxapn (yM. 1078 r. 11 MapTa) - enwcKon <I>pei13HHra B 1052-1078 rr.
BwK6epT (yM. 1100 r. 8 ceHT.)- apxwenwcKon PaseHHbi B 1073-1100 rr. Eynyw.wii
aHTHnana (KnwMeHT III) B 1080-1100 rr.

190

Ayrc6yprcK~e aHHanbl

1073 r.

YMMpaeT nana ATieKcaH,llp, 11 [Ha ero MecTo] nocTaBJieH fpMro-

pMH VIP79. flpoTMB KopoJUI B03HMKaeT Jarosop caKcos 11 MHOrMX .upymx.

1074 r. no MMJIOCTM DO)I(heH, 6Jiaro.uapSI3M6pMKO, enMCKOny Ayrc6ypra,


CaKCbl M MHOrMe BMHOBHMKM 3TOfO 3afOBOpa npMMMpSIIOTCSI C KOpOJieM Ha
O'IMIUeHMe npecBSITOH MapMM. KopOJib BcrynaeT B BeHrpMIO, onycTOUiaeT
M M3fOHSJ:eT MHOrMX JaqJi!HIUMKOB 6ecnOKOHCTBa; no.uqMHSJ:eT CBOeH BJiaCTM
CoJioMoHa180. JlyHHoe JaTMeHMe.

1075 r.

Ha oqMrueHMe flpecBSITOH MapMM KOpOJih npe6biBaeT B Ayrc6yp-

re. HesepHbiH M MSJ:Te)I(Hb!H caKCOHCKMH Hapo.u 6biJI pa3rpOMJieH M o6parueH


B 6erCTBO KOpOJieM M repUOfOM Py.uom><t>OM, XOTSI y6MTbl 6hiJIM M oqeHb MHOrMe
113 HaUIMX 181. opOMrM, pa36e:>KaBUIMCb [no CBeTY) no.u npe.llJIOfOM peJIMrMM, CeiOT
nOBCIO.llY BeJIJilqatfUIMH pa3,ll0p. HenoMepHbiH .ueKpeT nanhi 0 B03.Uep)l(aHMM
KJIMPMKOB pacnpocTpaHSJ:eTCSI cpe.uM MMPSIH. EnMcKon 3M6pMKO B3SIT B TIJieH
JiaHro6ap.uaMM. YMep fyHuo, enMCKon 3i1:XUITerrcKMH, 11 eMy HacJie.uosan
YJibpMX 182. fepMaH 183, enMcKon EaM6eprcKMi1:, HM3JIO)I(eH M3-3a epecM CMMOHMM;
Ha ero MecTo nocTaBJieH Po6epT184. CaKChi YKPOIUeHbi 11 npMHSITa MX c.uaqa.
QqeHh MHOrMx )l(eHIUMH M3 qeJIMM repuora BeJib<l>a Tep3aiOT 3Jlbie .UyxM.

1076 r. OTBpaTMTeJibHeHUIM ccopa Me)l(.lly nan oM: 11 KopoJieM, Me)l(.lly enMcKonaMM M repuoraMM, Me)l(.lly KJIMpMKaMM M MMpSIHaMM. flana OTBeprHYT M3-3a
peBHOCTM K .uoMy oo)l(heMy. B PMMe nocJibi KOpOJISI no.usepraiOTCSI .uypHoMy
o6parueHMIO co cTopoHbi cTopoHHMKOB nanhi. CBSIIUeHHMKM .uocTOHHhiM co)l(aJieHMSI o6pa30M M3fOHSIIOTCSI MMpSIHaMM M3-3a 6paKOB M nOKYflKM uepKBeH,
.ll03BOJieHHOe M He,ll03BOJieHHOe, BCe CMeUiaJIOCb M npMlliJIO B paCCTpOHCTBO.
nana, 6y.uyqM OTBeprHYT, Y.UaJISieTCSI B 6e3onaCHbie MeCTa M CMJibHO YKPenJieHHbie KpenocTM. neperosopbi KOpOJISI M repuoroB B OnneHreH:Me. HenpepbiBHaSI cypOBOCTb 311Mb! M CMJibHbie CHerona,llbl C

1 HOSI6pSI .llO 1 anpeJISI, TaK qTo

3aCOXJIM ,llepeBbSI; nOCJie 3T0f0 TaKOe 6eCTIJIO,llMe 3eMHbiX TIJIO.llOB, qTO He 6hiJIO
,lla)l(e ceMeHM. ComaUieHMe nanhi 11 repuoros npoTMB MMnepaTopa185.

1077 f. KopOJib feHpMX, BCTYflMB B J1 TaJIMIO, 6hiJI CO BCeMM noqecTSIMM npMHSIT nanoH: B KaHocce186, xoTSI cnepsa ero no coBeTY repuoros He npMHMMaJIM.
flOJ)I(e C Hero CHMMaiOT OTJiyqeHMe M o6paiUaiOTCSI noqTJi!TeJibHO. floKa KOpOJib
HaXO.llMJICSI B 'HTaJIMM, KOpOJieM BO <l>Jiapxxai1:Me187 6hiJI nOCTaBJieH B Hecqac-

179
180
l81
182
183
184
185
186
l87

fp11rop11M: VII (fi.VIhlle6paH.n)- pi1MCKI1i1 nana c 22 anp. 1073 r. no 25 MIDI 1085 r.


3aecb, nO-BJ.illJ.iMOMy, C06biTI1SI CMelliaHbl C C06biTI1SIMI1, J.iMeBlliJ.iMJ.i MeCTO B 1063 f.
Hap. YHWTPYT, Henoaa.TieKY oT J1aHreH3a.Tihllhi 9 11IOHH 1075 r.
Ynhpl1x I (yM. I 099 r. 17 HOH6.) - enl1cKon 3M:xwTeTTa B 107 5-l 099 rr.
fepMaH I - enJ.icKon 6aM6epra B 1065-1075 rr.
Po6epT- enl1cKon 6aM6epra B 1075-1102 rr.
BepHee, KopoJIH.
KaHocca- JaMOK B TocKaHe BO BJiaaeHJ.iHX MapKrpamHI1 MaTJ.iJibllbi. Co6biTI1H
J.iMeJIJ.i MeCTO 25-28 SIHBapSI 1077 f.
<I>opxxati:M- ropoa B 6aBapl111 Hap. PerH11ll Me)I(Jly 6aM6eproM 11 3pnaHreHoM.
191

AHHanbl

TJIHBOM MeCTe, a HMeHHO B HMeHHH fiOHTIDI fiHJiaTa, Py,n;OJibQl H B cepe,ll;HHe


40-.n;HeBHOfO llOCTa, CKOpee npOKmiT npOKmiTbiMH, HeXeJIH llOCB$1WeH eJieeM,
oCB$1WeHHbiM a 3TOT .n;eHh oonpeKH uepKOBHhiM ycTaHoBJieHH$1Mtss. B TOT xe
.n;eHb H B TOM xe MeCTe, TO eCTb B MaHHUe, BO YMHOXeHHe ero BHHbl 6biJIH
y6HThi olJeHbMHOrHeiS9. Koponh feHpHX, aepHYBIIIHCh, 6bm co acetf aepHOCTbiO
npMH$1T 6aaapuaMH. Py.n;onhQ> 6bm H3rHaH a CaKCOHHJO; ero oKa3biBaJOWHe
COllpOTHBJieHHe CTOpoHHHKH llO,ll;aBJieHhl rpa6exaMH, llOA)I(OfaMH H pa3TIHliHbiMH nopaxeHH$1MH; ero nocne.n;oaaTene:H pa30p$1JOT, HecqacTHhiX H CB$1TOTaTuea
y6HBaiOT. flpH 3TOM H3 MHp$1H, paCXHWaiOWHX BJia,ll;eHH$1 KJIHpHKOB H uepKBeH
H COBepiiiaiOWHX Me)K)ly C060H rpa6e)I(H H B3aHMHbie llOA)I(OfH, OlJeHb MHOrHe
6biJIH JIHIIIeHbl HaCJie,ll;CTBeHHbiX BJia.n;eHHH H JieHOB, a MHOrHe TaKXe H )I(H3HHI90.- 3M6pHKO, 6JiaxeHHOH naM$1TH enHCKOll, HCllOJIHeHHbiH .n;o6pbiX
TPYAOB H MHJIOCThiHH, nocne Toro KaK noCTPOHJI c caMoro Haqana uepKBH C8$1Toro YnhpHXa H C8$1TOH AQ>phi, C8$1TOro CTeQ>aHa, CB$1TOro MaPTHHa H C8$1TOH
fePTPYAhl, BOCCTaH08HJI ,n;pyrHe 3.n;aHIDI H MOHaCTblpH H A06a8HJI K HHM TPH
HOBbiX, no 6JiaxeHHOMY npH3biBY OTOIIIM K focno,n;y 30 HIOJI$1. KopOJib feHpHX
Ha po)K,lleCT80 flpeC8$1TOH MapHH Haxo.n;HTC$1 8Ayrc6ypre. 3HrQ>pHAI9t, H36paHHhiH 8 CXH3Me, nocTaBJieH enHcKonoM Ayrc6ypra. feHpHxt92, paHee KaHOHHK
a Ayrc6ypre, [Ha3HalJeH naTPHapxoM] AKBHJieH, a BHronbJII93 H3 uepKOBHOH
qen~H nocTaBJieH enHcKonoM [Ayrc6ypra].

B 3TOM xe ro.n;y, nocne Toro KaK a XepoHy oTnpaBHJIH nHcbMa, 6biJIH


npHo6peTeHbi MOWH 6naxeHHoro enHcKona H MYIJeHHKa HapuHcca, nep8oro
npono8eAHHKa 8 Ayrc6ypre, H BMecTe c nHChMOM liepeHrapM$1, enHCKona
XepoHhi, co 8CeMH noqeCT$1MH .n;ocTaBJieHbl 8 Ayrc6ypr; ero C8$1TOe Teno,
HaH,n;eHHOe, KaK f080p$1T, HeCKOJibKO JieT Ha3a,ll; UeJibiM H Hen08pe)I(AeHHbiM,
6biJIO o6JialJeHO BO BJiaC$1HHUY H xpaHHJIO OlleBHAHeHIIIHe CJie,ll;bl MyqeHHqecTBa. 116o nocJie o6paweHH$1 C8$1TOH AQ>pbl OH, PYKOUOJIOXH8 AJI$1 3TOH
uepK8H 194 npeCBHTepa, BePHYJIC$1 B 11cnaHHIO H, KOr,n;a MHOfHX o6paTHJI K 8epe

188
189

190
191
192
193
194

EJieA, COrJiaCHO uepKOBHbiM ycTaHOBJieHHHM, BapSIT TOJibKO O.llHH pa3 B fOllY, a HMeHHO
B lJeTBepr nepe.ll fiaCXOH.
15 MapTa 1077 f. Py.llOJibQ> 6biJI H36paH KOpOJieM B <J>opxxaHMe Ha .llBOpe nnnaTa,
nocne tJero oTnpaBHJICH 'lepeJ 6aM6epr H B10pu6ypr B MawHU, r.lle 26 MapTa 6biJI
llOMaJaH Ha uapCTBO H KOpoHOBaH apxnenHCKOllOM MaHHUCKHM 3~-trQ>pH.llOM. 8 TOT
xe .lleHb Me)l{.lly xnTeJIHMH MawHua n cBHTOH Py.llonbQ>a acnbiXHyna KpoaaaaH pacnpH,
BCJie.llCTBHe KOTOPOH Py.llOJibQ> 27 MapTa llOKHHYJI ropO.ll.
6biJIH npnroaopeHbl K cMepTn Ha npoae.lleHHOM feHpnxoM IV a YJibMe pewxcTare.
3nrQ>pH.ll II (yM. 1096 r. II MaH)- enncKon Ayrc6ypra B 1077-1096 rr., cTopoHHHK
HMnepaTopa.
feHpnx (yM. 1084 r. 28 MaPTa)- naTpnapxAKBHJieH B 1077-1084 rr. PaHee KanennaH
KOpOJISI. 6biJI Bbl.llBHHYT HM B npOTHBOBec KaHOHHlJeCKH H36paHHOMY naTpnapxy.
BnroJib.ll- enncKon Ayrc6ypra B 1077-1088 rr., cTopoHHHK nanbl . .llo :noro 6biJI
HaCTOHTeJieM MOHaCTbiPH ca. MaapHKHH B Ayrc6ypre.
T. e. Ayrc6yprcKOH.

192

Ayrc6yprCKL-1e

aHHanbl

Xp11CTOBOH, O.UHIDK.llbi, KaK rosopSIT, 6biJI y611T rOHI1TeJISIMI1 npSIMO nocpe.u11


6orocn}')KeHI1SI, nony'-1118 so 11cnose.uaH11e Tpo11Ubi Tp11 paHbi -

B ropno,

B nJielJO 11 B HOry, 11 6biJI TaKHM o6pa30M norpe6eH. Ho qepe3 MHO)I(eCTBO JieT


OH, fOBOpSIT, 6biJI HaH,lleH nOCJie OTKpbiTI1SI MOfi1Jlbl HeTJieHHbiM, C )1(11BbiM
UBeTOM J111l(a, .UOCTOnOlJTeHHbiMI1 Ce,lli1HaMI1 11 C npOTSIHYTOH no 06bii.JaJO
6narocJIOBJISIJOlllero npasoH: pyKOH. Ha3BaHHbiH enl1cKon TaK)I(e paccKa3an,
'-ITO, KOf,lla O.lli1H a66aT XOTeJI nOTI1XOHbKY OTpe3aTb nanel( C ero HOfH pa,u11
MOllleH, TO OH Ha fJia3aX y OlJeHb MHOfHX OTHSIJI y Hero CBOJO HOry.

1078 r.

Py.uom><f> 113 611TBbi 195

7 asrycTa

KaK 6emeu sepHyncSI B CaKCOHI1JO.

KopoJib )l(e, no6e.u11s 11 nepe611s caKCOB, BToprcSI B AlleMaHH1110, onycToman


11 C)I(HraJI; 11 pa3pymHJI .llOBOJibHO YJ<penneHHbie KPenOCTI1. Te, KOTOpbie paHee
pa3rpa6HJII1 nO)I(epTBOBaHHSI 11 .upyrne uepKOBHbie BJia,ueHHSI, CaMI1 renepb, CBI1penCTBYSI Me)l(.lly co6oi1: so BJai1MHbiX pacnpSIX, JII1lllHJII1Cb nocpe.uCTBoM nO)I(beH
Kapbl 11MeHI1H 11 JieHOB. B BbillleHa3BaHHOH 611TBe BMeCre CO CBOI1M11 Klll1pi1KaMI1
6biJI y6HT apXHenl1cKon Mar.ue6yprcKHi1: 196. A,uaJib6epT, enl1cKon BopMCCKHH, 6biJI
cxsa'-leH 11 OTnpaBJieH no.u crpiDKy. B Oomrnre197 6biJIH y611Tbi olJeHb MHorne.

1079 r.

KopoJib BToprcSI s npe.uenbi BeHrpl111198. OocJibi nanbi BMecTe

c naTpl1apxoM feHpi1XOM npi1XOMT B PereHc6ypr, lJT06bi secTI1 neperosopbi


o M11pe, HO MaJIO qero .uo611saJOTCSI. Kor.ua Koponb BMecTe c neraTaMI1 npl1llleJI
C BOHCKOM BO <l>p11UJiap, sepOJIOMHbie caKCbl, KOBapHO 06MaHbiBaSI KOpOAA
11 nOCJIOB, 3aKJIIOlJHJII1 KAATBeHHbiH ,llOfOBOp, 11 BOHHa TaKI1M 06pa30M 3aBeplliHJiaCbl99.- <l>pi1.Up11x200 nocTaBJieH repuoroM AlleMaHH1111. Hop6epT201,
HaCTOSJ:TeJib 113 Ayrc6ypra, nocTaBJieH enl1cKonoM KypcKoH: uepKBI1.

.uocToi1:-

HbiH CO)I(aJieH11SI BHelliHI1H BH.ll KoponescTsa! KaK MO)I(HO npoqecTb y o.uHoro


KOMI1Ka: Bee Mbi y.usoHJII1Cb>>, TaK 11 nanbi y.usoHJII1Cb, eni1CKOnbi Y.UBOHJII1Cb,
Koponl1 y.usoHJII1Cb 11 repuorn y.usoHJII1Cb! no noso.uy nocTa lJeTblpex speMeH
B03HI1K HOBbiH paCKOJI BOnpeKH ,lleKpeTaM nOHT11cPI1KOB 11 BOnpeKH uepKOBHOMY
06biKHOBeHI110, HO OH 6biJI OC~eH 11 OTBeprHYT MY.llPbiMI1 JIJO,llbMI1.

1080 r.

Koponb, npe.unpi1HSIB noxo.u B CaKCOHI1JO,

26 SIHBapSI

pa3611BaeT,

o6pamaeT B 6erCTBO 11 rpOMI1T 3TOT llpe3Bbii.JaHHO rpy6biH 11 BepOJIOMHbiH Hapo.u.


195
196
197
198
199

2oo

201

npl1 MeJibPI1XWTa.IITe Ha Wrpoe.


BepHep (apx11en11cKon Mar.ne6ypra B 1063-1078 rr., 6paT AHHO II, apx11en11cKona
KeJibHa) 6biJI y611r so apeMH 6ercrsa nopi1HrcKHMI1 KpecTbHHaMI1.
3'fo, BepOHTHO, HbiHeWH11H D0611HreH B 10 KM K lOry OT Ayrc6ypra.
,llpyme 11CTO"'HI1KI1 06 3TOM Hl1"1ef0 He C006IUaiOT.
,llo 3aKJIIO"'eHI1H Ml1pHOfO .llOfOBOpa He ,llOIUJIO Hl1 .llO, Hl1 llOCJie nacXH ) 079 r. Ha
COCTOHBWeMCH BO <J>p11L1,Jiape peHXCTare.
<l>pH.llpHx I Wray<t>eH (yM. 1105 r. 6 anp.)- repuor Waa61111 a 1079-1105 rr. )l(eHaT
(c 1086 r.) Ha .llO"'epH feHpHxa IV Amece (yM. 1143 r. 24 ceHT.). no)l(aJIOBaHHe Wsa61111 <l>pH,llpi1XY I COCTOHJIOCb Ha nacxy (24 Mapra) 1079 r. B PereHc6ypre. BonpeKH
eMy napTHH aHTI1KopoJIH nocTaBHJia B YJibMe repuoroM Wsa6HH CbiHa Py.noJib<l>a
oepTOJib,lla (yM. 1090 r. )8 MaH).
Hop6epT <t>oH foreHBapT (yM. 1088 r. 26 HHB.)- enHcKon Kypa a 1079-1088 rr.

193

AHHanbl

Me)l(,ll)' TeM B TO BpeWI KaK KOpOJib H repuor <J>pH,llpHX OTC}'TCTBYJOT, npOTHBHHKH H HX nOCJie.UOBaTeJIH, BTOpfHYBlliHCb B PeUHJO, COBeplllaiOT rpa6e)I(H
H nO,ll)KOfH. Ho K BelJHOH CBOeH norn6eJIH OHH OnyCTOUiaiOT H C)I(HfaiOT

11

HIOIDI

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npHMepy focno.ua, KOTOpbiM, nOCJie TOfO KaK He 6bill npHHHT CaMapHTHHaMH
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<<51

npHUieJI He ryfiHTb .uyUIH, HO cnacaTb!>>203, B KalJeCTBe Hen03BOJIHTeJibHOfO H .UO


CHX nop eme HeCJibiXaHHOfO OCKOp6JieHHH uepKBH o6pameHHbie H nOCBHIUeHHbie 6ory )l(eHIUHHbl 6billH BbiH~eHbl BbiMTH 3aM~204. fleperOBOpbl KOpOJIH
B 6pHKCeHe. fpHropHii

VII caMoHa.ueHHHO omeprnyr enHcKonaMH no TY H no 3TY

cTopoHy Anbn H OTJiyqeH oT uepKBH. BHK6epT, enHcKon PaBeHHbi, c comacHH


He.uaneKHx JIIO.Ueii nocTaBJieH BMeCTO fpHropHH

VI I. Py.uonb<l> H BenbQ>, BO)I(llH

3a6~eHHH, BMeCTe CO BCeMH HX CTOpOHHHKaMH, OTJiyqeHbl OT uepKBH205,


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3alJHHIUHK MHTe)l(a, nOKaJielJeH H y6HT 6e3 YIUep6a llJlH BOMCKa206; fiHTBa no
I>O)I(heH BOJie npeKpaiUeHa o6eHMH CTOpOHaMH.

1081

f. KopOJib feHpHX, OTnpaBHBlliHCb B J1TaJIHIO, 6bill TaM C nOI.JeTOM

npHIDIT; HaXOllSICb TaM BCe JieTHee BpeMH, OH YCMHpHJI MHTe)I(HHKOB H sepHyJI


uepKBHM He3aKOHHO oTo6paHHoe. Me)l(lly TeM noKa KOpOJib oTcyrcTBOBaJI,
repuor BenbQ> H .upyrne npOTHBHHKH KOpOJIH nocTaBHJIH ce6e KOpoJieM HeKoero
fepMaHa207, I>HTBa Me)l(,ll)' repUOfOM <J>pH,llpHXOM C O.UHOH CTOpOHbl H BeJibQ>OM,
fepMaHOM H HX CTOpOHHHKaMH C .Upyroif CTOpOHbl npH XexrnTe.UTe208. fepMaH,
nocTaBJieHHbiH UIBa6aMH KoponeM, BMecTe c MapKrpa<f>oM JleonoJib.UOM209
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npoTSI)I(eHHH TJ)ex He.uenb, C)I(HraeT npe.uMeCTbH, onycToUiaeT H npe.uaeT orHIO
COCe.UHHe MeCTa, HO, HHI.JefO He .UOfiHBUIHCb, OH, nOCKOJibKY MHOrHe co6paJIHCb
MH OTJ)a)l(eHHH ero cmpoHHHKOB, yxo.uHT, JaKJIIOlJHB JI)I(HBbiH .uorooop. CropeJIH
uepKOBb B 6aM6epre H MOHaCTbipb CBHTOfO MaBpHKHH B Ayrc6ypre.

202
203
204
205
206

207

208
209

AnhTMaH- emicKon naccay a 1065-1091 rr.


JI}'Ka, 9, 56.
Jlpynte HCTO'IHHKH 06 3TOM HH'Iero He C006IUaiOT.
8HK6epTOM.
B 6HTBe npH roreHMeJib3eHe Ha 6epery 3JibCTepa 15 OKTS16pSI I080 r. B XOlle Hee
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OCTaJIHCb no6ellHTeJISIMH.
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JIIOKCeM6ypra. 6 aBr. I 081 r. B 0KCeHlypTe H36paH KOpOJieM BOCCTaBWHMH npon'IB
feHpHxa IV caKcOHCKHMH H waa6cKHMH KHSI3hHMH.
II aaryCTa I 081 r. - XexwTellT- ropoll Ha llyHae Me)I(Jly llHJIJIHHreHoM H lloHayaepToM.
JieonoJibll II KpacHBhiH (yM. 1095 r. 12 OKT.)- MapKrpa1 AaCTpHH B 1075-1095 rr.

194

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1082 r.

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3aCa,llbl HeKOTOpbiX H3 qeJIH.llH

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1083 f.

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MH COSepwaiOTCH nO.li)KOrH, y6HHCTBa H rpa6e)I{H; MHO)I{eCTBO CeJieHHH 6biJIO


co)l{)l{eHo sMecTe c uepKSHMH. KopoJib, a TelleHHe .usyx neT y.uep)I{HBaeMbiH
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3Hr<PPH.llOM, repuoroM <l>pH.UPHXOM H rpaQ>oM PanoT0216 6e3 noTepb cpe.uH


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y6HTbi, a HeKoTopbie 6poweHbi no.u CTPIDKY H s OKOBbi. HacTaBHHK feHpHx,
KaHOHHK H3 Ayrc6ypra, H3rHaHHbiH BMecTe c enHcKonoM BHrOJib.llOM, YMep
H 6biJI norpe6eH S MOHaCTbipe CBHTOrO MarHyca217.

1084 r.

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6ypr, s TO speMH KaK ropo)l{aHe HHllero He onacaJIHCb, 6biJI OTKpbiT sparaM


npH noMOIIlH no.u.ueJibHbiX KJIIOlleH B O.llHOM Y3KOM npoxo.ue. flo6e.UHTeJIH,
SOH.uSi, He OCTaBHJIH no6e)K.lleHHbiM HHlJero, KpoMe )l(aJIKOH )I{H3HH; see 6biJIO
pa3opeHO H pa3rpa6JieHO C Bpa)l{eCKOH aJiliHOCTbiO. 0HH TaK)I{e SOpBaJIHCb
H pa3rpa6HJIH MOHaCTblpb KaHOHHKOS H, pa36HS Jiarepb B Tpane3HbiX H npo-

JleononbJl6biJI pa36HT B 6HTBe npH MaH.rrb6epre (12 MaH 1082 r.) qelllcKHM KHH3eM
8paTHCJiaBoM, KoropoMy feHpHx IV nepe.llan OTo6paHHYJO y JleonoJib,lla ABcTPHikKYJO
Map KY. - 8 I084 r. JleonOJih.ll no.llqHHHJICH feHpHxy IV H MapKa 6bma eMy B03BpallleHa.
211 T. e. JIIO.lletl: H3 Ka<j>e.llpaJibHOro co6opa B Ayrc6ypre.
212 Teo6aJib.ll- enHcKon CTPac6ypra B 1079-1084 rr.
213 TonhKO B JleoHHHy.
21 4 28 HIOHSI.
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217 8 <I>IOcceHe, Ky.lla YllaJIHJICH KaHoHHqecKH H36paHHbiH enHcKon Ayrc6ypra 8HfOJibJl.

210

195

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enHCKOna 6biJIH CO)I()I(eHbl TpH uepKBH CBSITOfO JlaapeHTIDI -

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)l(e, npHASI, coKpaTHJI [KOJIHllecTBo] uepK08HbiX YKPallleHHH, llarn, KaAHJihHHU,


nepCTHeH, CHSI.II AOCKy C aJITapg OpeCBSITOH MapHH, pa3,1laJI COKp08HIUa, KOTOpbie 6Jia)l(eHHOH naMSITH enHCKOn 3M6pHKO OCTaBHJI 6paTbSIM nOA YfP030H
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VII

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Opo8eASI 8 MTaJIHH TPH roAa, KOPOJih, o6y3)la8

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VII,

npHHruiH H PYKOnoJIO)I(HJIH noA HMeHeM KliHMeHTa [~e paHee] nocTaRJieHHoro


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218
219
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31 MapTa 1084 r.
7 asrycTa I 084 r.
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B I 082-1084 rr.
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196

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1085 r.

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VII,

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223
224
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Ope6biBaHHe feHpHxa IV B Meue nOJlTBep)KJlaeTCH rpaMOTOH OT 16 OKTH6pH 1084 r.


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nanOH KaK CTOpOHHHK HMnepaTOpa.
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4-11 MaH 1085 r.
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.llo 3Toro- a66aT CaHKT-faJIJieHa (c 1077 r.) If PeilxeHay (c 1079 r.).

197

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233
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5 an penH I086 r.
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238

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.llo acrynneHHR B .llOJI)J(HOCTb nanbi 6bJJI enucKonoM OcTHH.
1 aBrycTa 1087 r.

199

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BpeMH, eCJIM OH rrpeKpaTHT y611HCTBa 11 OllYCTOIIIeHHH 11X 3eMeJib 11 yitueT 113
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MMilepaTOp, OT"'aHBIIIMCh, pacnycKaeT BOHCKO 11 B03BpamaeTCH B oasap1110.
nepeHeceHHe CBHTOro HMKOJiaH B :OapM. YMep Hop6epT, enHCKOil KypcKHH,
paHee HaCTOHTeJih Ayrc6yprcKOH uepKBH; BMeCTO Hero IlOCTaBJieH YJihpl1x245.

1088 r. YMepJia 11MrrepaTpMUa oepTa" 6biJia norpe6eHa B illneH:epe. 12 anpeJIH .llOBOJihHO CBeTJIOH HO"'hiO spam, BOi1.llH npu IlOMOlllM JieCTH11U B Ayrc6ypr,
secbMa xopoiiio YKPellJieHHhiH, Ho 11Jloxo oxpaHHeMhiH u npeaaHHhiH HesepHhiMH " BeCbMa Bp~e6HhiMM JIIO.llhMM, onyCTOIIIaiOT see. En11CKOI1 3Hr<ppl1.ll
C.llaJICH 11 noMemeH rroa CTpiDK)'; BuroJih.ll6hiJI aonymeH K ocBHllleHMIO eJieH. Ha
fiaCXaJihHOH He.lleJie246 Bparu pa3pYlllaiOT CTeHhl ropO.lla.llO CaMOrO OCHOBaHMH 11,
yxo.llH, yso.llHT c co6oi1: enMcKona. BuroJih.ll, ocTaBMB ropoa pa3pYIIIeHHhiM, a OTeqecTBO pa3opeHHhiM, B03BpamaeTCH B <I>IOCCeH; TaM BCKOpe OH, 110pa)l(eHHhiH
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11 MCilyCTMJI .llyx. B TO BpeMH KaK enMCKOil 3ur<ppM.ll Bee eme HaXO.lli1JICH IlO.ll
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3aJibU6yprCKMH, ynopCTByH B MHTe)I(HOH HenpeKJIOHHOCTI1, OKOH"'MJI )1(113Hh
M3-3a MYK TH)I(eJiei1:IIIei1 6oJie3HM; Koraa oH 11 ero eaHHOMhiiiiJieHHMKM rosopuJIH, "'TO He .llOJI)I(Hhl BCTyrraTb B 06llleHMe CO CBOMM OTJiyqeHHhiM rOCilO.llMHOM
KOpOJieM 6e3 ypOHa .lliDI CBOero CaHa, TO KaKMM o6pa30M OHM MOrJIM 6e3 ypoHa
.llJIH CBOero CBHllleHHOfO CaHa CrOBapMBaThCH IlpOTMB Hero C IlpOTMBHMKaMH
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B03JIO)I(MJI KopoHy, u YMep249.- 3KKexapa250, a66aT PeH:xeHay, Bhiexas paau
Ayrc6yprcKoro enucKoncTBa, noqyscTBOBaJI ce6H 11Jloxo, sepHyJICH u yMep. 244
245
246
247

248
249
250

3K6epT II <PoH EpayHiuseHr (p. 1062 r. yM. 1090 r. 10 HIOJHI)- CbiH 3K6ePTa I; MapKrpa<P MeHceHa B 1067-1090 rr.
YJibpwx II (yM. 1095 r. 23 asr.)- enwcKon Kypa B 1089-1095 rr.
16-23 anpeJIH 1088 r.
CM. Bbillle, npwM. 170.
KoxeM.
28 ceHTH6pH I 088 r.
3KKexap.ull <\loH HeJIJieH6ypr (yM. 1088 r. 24 HOH6.)- a66aT PeHxeHay B 1071-1088 rr.

200

Ayrc6yprcKit1e aHHanbl

3K6epT, Tai1Ho co6pas B CaKCOHHH HeMaJioe soi1cKo, B KaHyH Po)l{)leCTBa


focnO.LIHero BHeJanHO HanaaaeT Ha Jiarepb HMnepaTOpa251. Te )l(e, KOTOpbie
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nO.LI03peBaSI KOBapCTBO 06bi'lHOfO JafOBOpa, BMeCTe C HeKOTOpbiMH JIIO.LibMH
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1089 r. HMnepaTop BJSIJI ce6e s )l(eHbi llpaKceay253, .LIO'lh pyccKoro KopoJISI.
Ha paJHhiX co6paHHSIX seayrcSI neperosophi o MHpe, HO see OHM copsaHhi sparaMH MMpa; KaK MO)I(HO npo'!eCTb B nCaJIMax: <<llJiaMeHb nonaJIHJI He'!eCTJ.1BbiX>>254.
B HHBeJie pa36oi1HHKH, paJopSIBIIme BJia.LieHHSI 6Jia)l(eHHOH fepTpy.Llhi, 6hiJIH
OXBa'!eHbl nJiaMeHeM BMeCTe CO 3HaMeHaMH, Op~MeM J.1 KOHSIMH, nOCJie 'lero
cropeJIH Hx .LIOMarnHHe cJiym BMecTe c aeTbMH" CKOToM255. Koma YMep Orro,
enHcKon PereHc6yprcKHH, Ha ero MecTo 6hiJI nocTaBJieH fe6xapa256.
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Py.LIOJibQ>a, YMMpaeT BHeJanHOH CMepTbl0257. 3K6epT, ynopCTBYSI B MSITe)l(e, 6biJI
y6HT HJ-Ja Jacaahl258. YMep JlHyrOJib.LI259, repuor KapHHTHH. B CaKCOHHH HeKHH KJIHPHK, KOTOpbiH, KaK noJiaraJIH, YMep " nonaJI B npeMcnO.LIHIOIO, qepe3
TpH .LIHSI BepHyJICSI J.1 npe.LICKaJaHHeM CBOeH CMepTH J.1 noKaJaHHSIMH no nOBO.LlY
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He 6hiJI JaKJIIO'leH J.1 npOTHBHHKH npe.LiaBaJIHCb rpa6e)l(aM uepKBeH J.1 rpa)l{)laH,
HMnepaTOp C BOHCKOM OTnpaBJISieTC.SI B J.1Ta.TIHIO, KHSI3bSI :3TOH CTpaHbl paaylliHO
ero npMHHMaiOT, " OH JaxsaTbiBaeT H C)I(J.1raeT ropoaa, )'KpenneHHSI " KpenocTH
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1091 r. MaHTyaHUbl, BbiHy)l{)leHHbie .LIOJifOH OCa.LIOH, BbinYCTHB CbiHa
repuora BeJib<f>a, nepeaaiOT ropoa HMnepaTopy. HMnepaTop nposeJI B BepoHe
251
252
253

254
255

256
257
258
259

PaJ611TbiH BOJJJe r. fnellxeH B TIOpi1HrHI1, npi1Ha.uJie)((amero MapKrpa<Py 3K6epry.


6ypxap.n- enl1cKon J103aHHbi B 1056-1089 rr.
EsnpaKCI1IO Bcesono.nosHy (AlleJJbrell.ny) (yM. 1109 r. 20 11IOJJH)- .no'lb seJJI1Koro
KHHJH K11eBcKoro Bcesono.na I 5I pocnaswm, KOTopaH 6biJJa s.nosoll feHpl1xa Ill
Jl;II1HHoro, rpa<Pa <PoH lliTa.ne 11 MapKrpa<Pa Hop.nMapKa B I 082-1087 rr.
ncan., I 05, 18.
0lJeBI1.[lHO, 11MeeTCH B B11.UY 60JJe3Hb, HaJbiBaeMaH OfOHb CBbillle HJJI1 <<CBHIUeHHbiH
OfOHb, 0 KOTOpOH coo6maeT 11 3KKexap.n 113 Aypbl no.n 1099 r,. KaK 06 11MeBllleH
MecTo nepe.n nepsbiM KpecTOBbiM noxo.noM s oKpecTHOCTHX H11senH.
fe6xap.n IV <PoH rocxaM (YM. 1105 r. 14 1110JJH)- eni1CKOn PereHc6ypra B 1089-1105 IT.
18 MaH I 090 r.
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BepoHbi B 1076-1090 rr.

201

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COBeiUaHI1e C BeJibMO)I(aMI1 KOpOJieBCTBa no nOBO.llY Ml1pHbJX yCJIOBI1H, HO OHO


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HecqaCTHbiM, eCJII1 OHI1 np1106peryT BeCb Ml1p, a .llyWaM Ca011M noBpe.ll51T?260
B 6ecnopfl.llKe 3TI1X apeMeH 6biJII1 yHI1t.JTO)I(eHbi Bee not.JeTHbie .llOJI)I(HOCTI1,
ace .llOJl)I(HOCTHbie paHrl1, BC51KI1H 6JieCK o6pa30BaH1151.

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naccay. B npoa11HU1111 BeHrpoa B O.lli1H .lleHb,

26 1110Hfl,

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1093 r.

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YCHJIHJICfl, t.JTO HeKOTOpbie 3JlbJe 3at.J11HIU11KH B03MymeH1151 BMeCTe C MHJiaHUaMI1,


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npyr11e paHeHbi, a TPeThl1 HaXOMT cnaceH11e B nocThl.llHewweM 6ercTBe . .Uo))(.llJII1aaH oceHb.

24 ceHT516p51 a noJllleHb coJIHet.JHoe 3aTMeH11e B co3Be3.lll111 BecoB.

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1094 f.

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qpe3MepHa51 CMepTHOCTh yCHJIHJiaCb HaCTOJlbKO, t.JTO MHOrHe CeJieHI151 6bJJII1
260
261
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repuor HH)I(Hel1 JloTapwHrww B 1076-1087 rr., KopoJib 11TaJIHH B 1087-1098 rr.
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202

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265

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271

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203

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tJeM 06bilJHO. XOTH eCJIH 6bi OHO npOH30lllJIO OKOJIO 14-H: JIYHbl, TO ero COlJJIH
6bi ecTeCTBeHHbiM, a Tenepb ero pacueHHJIH KaK tJyJJ.o. H6o BeHrpbi, BhiHJlH
H3 npOBHHUHH, HanaJIH Ha 3THX nYTHHKOB, onyCTOlllaiOUlHX npHJieraiOUlHe
MeCTHOCTH H TBOPHlllHX npOTHBHOe (HX) HaMepeHHIO, H, Cpa:>Ka.HCb BeCb,lleHb,
nepe6HJIH HeHClJHCJIHMOe (HX) MHO:>KeCTBO; O,llep:>KaB BeCbMa KpOBaBYJO no6eJJ.Y,
OHH oepHyJIHCb .llOMoH:. Te :>Ke, pacce.srHHbie, oTtJaCTH B03BpaTHJIHCb Ha poJJ.HHy,
OTtJaCTH B JJ.pyrHe MecTa. 3Hr$pHJJ.

II,

enHcKon Ayrc6ypra, yMep 4 JJ.eKa6p.sr.

I 097 r. llOCJie MHOfHX COBepllleHHbiX B KOpo.lleBCTBe fHYCHOCTeH HMneparop,


B03BpaTHBlllHCb H3 HTaJIHH, BCTYIIHJI Ha TpoHuy273 B PereHc6ypr H 6biJI npHHHT
co oceM JIHKOBaHHeM JJ.yxoBeHCTBa H HapoJJ.a. KorJJ.a yMep enHcKon AJ1hTBHH274,
enHCKOnOM 6pHKCeHCKOH uepKBH 6biJI nOCTaBJieH AHro275; IIJieHeHHbiH CbiHOM
repuora BenbQ>a, oH 6biJI ompaBJieH noJJ. CTPa:>KY OceHh notJTH noJIHOCTbiO 6bma
JlO)IQI)IHBOH; HaBO,llHeHHe H3-3a JlO)KlleH H (paJJIHBlllHXCH) peK pa3pYllJHJIO 3aMKH
H ,llepeBHH no COCe,llCTBY C AJibnaMH. Ha HOBOJIYHHe nOHBHJiaCb He CJIHlllKOM
.HpKa.H 3Be3,lla, HCrryCKaBllla.H H3 ce6.sr CJia6o OCBeUleHHbiH Jiyq.
1098 r. HHKaKoro yoa:>KeHHH K 6naroqecTHIO. HeKOTOpble npoBHHUHH
JIHllleHbl He TOJibKO enHCKOnCKOfO yrrpaBJieHHH, HO ,lla:>Ke CB.HUleHHHtJeCKOro;
Ka)KllbiH HCKaJI CBOero, He CTPeMHCb K TOMY, liTO 60:>Kbe. I-1TaK, YTQMJieHHbie MHOfOlJHCJieHHbiMH TPY.llaMH, HeKoTopbre rryTHHKH B HepycanHM, npH.ll.H B fpeUHIO
c 60JiblllHM ooH:cKoM, no MHJIOCTH 6o:>KbeH: B03BpamaiOT KoHcTaHTHHonOJibCKoH:
HMnepHH OTHHTbie (06JiaCTH); OHH TaK:>Ke, O,llOJieB, y6HB H H3fHaB npOTHBHHKOB, nO,lllJHHHIOT XpHCTHaHCKOH HMnepHH ropo,lla HHKel0276, AATHOXHI0277

272

Pe'lb H,lleT 0 pacnyiUeHHbiX OTpSI,llaX KpeCTOHOCUeB, KOTOpble OTnpaBHJIHCb B llYTb


llO,ll pyKOBO.llCTBOM CBSIIUeHHHKOB <J>OJibKMapa, fOTIIlaJIKa H peHHCKOro rpa<J>a 3MHKO,
HO He .llOlllJIH .llaJibllle BeHrpHH.

273

24 MaSI 1097 f.

274

AJlbTBHH (yM.

275

AHTO (AHuo)- enHcKon 6pHKceHa B

276

19 HIOHSI I 097 r.
8 HO'Ib C 3 Ha 4 HIOJISI 1098 f.

277

1097 f. 7 MapTa)

enHCKOll 6pHKCeHa B

1097-1100 rr.

204

1049-1097 ff.

Ayrc6yprcKV1e

aHHanbl

H .upyme, KOTOpbiMH JaBJia,ueJIH TYPKH H .Upyme BapBaphl, B TO BpeMSI KaK


CBSITbie <l>eo.uop, feoprHH H )leMeTpHH OTKphiBaiOT HM .UPOTHK, TO eCTh KOJibe,
KOTOphiM 6biJI paHeH Ha KpecTe focrro.uh Haw HHcyc XpHcToc, .uocTaBJieHHoe
HeKOf.Ua CBSIThiM neTpOM B AHTHOXHIO. HeKTO }')KaCHhiH qmrypoii, CTpalllHhiH
JIHUOM BhillleJI H3 AHTHOXHH Ha JIOe.UHHOK, HO 6biJI C bO)KbeH JlOMOIUhiO JlOBep:>KeH O.UHHM phiUapeM. YacoBHSI B IJeCTh CBSIToro 3m.UHSI, CBSITOH MapHH
Mar.uaJIHHhi H .upymx CBSIThiX 6biJia rrocTpoeHa H ocBSIIUeHa 22 HIOJISI. B O.UHY
HO'Ih KpOBaBOfO UBeTa 06JiaKa JlOSIBHJIHCh B CeBepHOH CTOpOHe 21 CeHTSI6pSI.
CoJIHeiJHoe JaTMeHHe 25 .ueKa6pSI rrocJie rroJiy.UHSI, OKOJIO 28-ii HJIH, sepHee,
29-H JIYHhi; H60 MeCSIIJHaSI JiyHa B 3TOM fO.UY y6hiBaJia 6biCTpee 06bi'IHOfO,
BOrrpeKH 06bi'IHOMy pacqery.
1099 r. HepycaJIHM BJSIT repuoroM fonppH,UOM Hero rrocJie.uoBaTeJISIMH278;
XpHCTHaHCKaSI peJIHfHSI pacrrpOCTpaHSieTCSI JIO rrpOBHHUIDIM; BCe BapBapbi HJIH
HCTpe6JieHbl, HJIH H3fHaHbl. KoHpa.ua279' errHCKOJl YTpeXTa, y6HBaiOT Ha nacxy.
YMep mpanhurpa<t> ParroTo280, KOTOphiH rro.uapHJI ayrc6yprcKHM KaHOHHKaM
orpoMHoe rroMeCThe B fpeMxai1Me28t. PYTxap.u282, apxHerrHcKorr MaiiHUCKHH,
JlOTepSIB MHJIOCTh HMrrepaTopa, KaK 6emeu Y.UaJIHJICSI B CaKCOHHIO. npo.uoJI)I(HTeJihHaSI 3HMa, 6eCJIJIO.UHe JlO'IBhl, CHJihHhiH fOJIO.U. 00CJie TOfO KaK yMep
Yp6aH283, Ha ero MeCTO 6biJI JlOCTaBJieH nacxaJIHif284.
1100 r. YMHpaeT rrocTaBJieHHhiH so maBe [uepKBH] BHK6epT285. KoHpa.u,
ChiH HMrrepaTopa, JaxBaTHBWHH B HTaJIHH KopoJieBcKwe rrpeporaTHBhi, yMHpaeT286.
1101 r. Ha Po)l(.lleCTBO focrro.uHe HMrrepaTop HaXO.UHTCSI B Mai1Hue. nepeMeHIJHBaSI JHMa. CHJihHhiH roJio.u. B Ayrc6ypre paJ.uop Me)l(.lly errHcKorroM287
H KaHOHHKaMH, m6eJib KaHOHHIJeCKOfO o6pa3a :>KH3HH, B03BpaiUeHHe JlOMeCTHH KaHOHHKOB fei1JeHxayJeHa, lliTpay6HHra H .upyrwx288. fepuor BeJih>289
BMecTe co MHOrHMH oTrrpaBJISieTcSI B HepycanwM. OH MHHOBaJI KoHcTaHTHHOJIOJih H, B TO BpeMSI KaK BMeCTe CO CBOHMH JlOJIYT'IHKaMH, co6paB HeMaJIOe

15 J1H)JISI I099 r. ronppi1.LIOM 6yJibOHCKJ1M HllPYrHMH BO)((JlSIMH nepsoro KpeCTOBOro


noxona.
279 KoHpan (yM. 1099 r. 13 anp.)- enHcKon YrpeXTa B 1076-1099 rr.
280 CM. Bbillle, npHM. 216.
281 fpeMxaHM - ropon Ha JieBOM 6epery ,llyHaSI, Me)((Jly rr. ,llHJIJIHHreH H ,lloHaysepT.
282 Pyrxapn - apxHenHcKon MatiHua B 1089-1109 rr.
283 29 HHlJISI I 099 r.
284 nacxaJIHH II (PaHbepo llH 6bena)- pHMCKHH nana c 13 asr. 1099 r. no 21 SIHB. 1118 r.
285 8 ceHTSI6pSI II 00 r.
286 27 HHlJISI II 0 I r.
287 fepMaHOM.
288 3'fo J13BeCTHe, KOTOpOe eme pa3 OOBTOpSieTCSI noll 1104 r., 3lleCb, oqeBHllHO, CTOHT
He Ha CBOeM MeCTe.
289 C 1096 f. OH npHMHpHJICSI C HMnepaTOpOM J1 6b1Jl BOCCTaHOBJieH B 6asapcKOM repUOrCTBe.
278

205

aoitcKo, npH6biJI B PoMaHmo290, Ha Hero BHeJanHo HanaJIH aapaapbi; H OH,


H ero cnyrHHKH noTepne;m HeCJibiXaHHoe .ao cHx nop nopiDKeHHe, 6y.ayqH
OTlJaCTH nepe6HTbl OTpaBJieHHbiMH CTpeJiaMH BapaapoB, OTlJaCTH norH6H)'B
OT fOJIO.lla H )I(IDK.llbl, OTlJaCTH no.aaeprHyBlllHCb pa3JIHlJHblM HeClJaCTbHM; CaM
OH, noTepHB BCHKYIO Ha.lle)l(.lly, CeJI Ha KOpa6Jib H noJiy)I(HBOH OTnpaBHJICH
B HepycaJIHM; nocnernHB orry.aa Ha ocTpoa KHnp, OH npH6biBaeT B Oa<f>oc,
YMHpaeT TaM H ero XOpOHHT.
1102 r. Mpal!HaH 3HMa. OliHWeHHe OpecBHTOH MapHH npHlllJIOCb Ha 70.aHeBHbiH nocT. BcH aecHa cyxaH H BeTpeHaH. Ope.aMeCTbH Ayrc6ypra BMecTe
C u:epKOBbiO CBHTOfO lleTpa cropeJIH 21 <f>eBpa.TlH. 11MnepaTop feHpHX, BTOpflllHCb C HeMa.TlbiM BOHCKOM BO <I>JiaH.llpHIO, o6paTHJI B 6erCTBO Po6epTa291,
a .apyrHx, oKa3aBrnHx conpoTHBJieHHe, aTaKOBaJI, yKpOTHJI, nneHHJI. B03apaWaHCb orry.aa, oH oTnpa3.llHOBaJI Po)l(.lleCTBO focno.aHe B MaitHu:e.
1103 r. 11Mneparop feHpHX, HaxO.llHCb B MaitHu:e, nocTaHOBHJI Ha EoroHBJieHHe, lJT06bl KOpoJieBCTBy 6biJI o6ecnelleH KJUITBeHHbiH MHp Ha lJeTblpe ro.aa, npHMHpHJI C C060H MHTe)I(HbiX CaKCOB H npoCTHJI nperpellleHHH BCeM nOTepHBlllHM
ero MHJIOCTb. fe6xap.a, enHcKon KoHcTaHU:CKHH, H3rHaH co caoero npecTOJia.
1104 r. Ha EoroHBJieHHe ayrc6yprcKHe KaHOHHKH, .aonroe apeMH JIHrneHHhie npHHa,u,Jie)l(aBllJHX HM noMeCTHH, JII06e3HO noJiyqaiOT B PereHc6ypre OT
HMnepaTopa, enHCKOnOB H KHH3eH KOpOJieBCTBa feti3eHxay3eH, 111Tpay6HHf,
fpeMXaHM, PerHH60Jib.lleHxay3eH292 BMeCTe C npOlJHM, OTHOCHWHMCH KaK
K nO)I(epTBOBaHHIO, TaK H K nO.ll.llep)l(aHHIO HX )I(H3HH, H npH HX BCe06WeH
nO.ll.llep)I(Ke enHCKOnOM fepMaHOM HM BHOBb B03BpawaeTCH BCe OT06paHHOe. HeKHH 3Hrxap.a293, B TO BpeMH KaK XOTeJI npe3peTb H OTHHTb npaBO,
H3.llaBHa no)l(aJIOBaHHoe ceHbopaMH cnyraM, 6hiJI HMH y6HT. - HMnepaTop,
BepH)'BlllHCb BO <l>paHU:HIO, BO BpeMH 40-.aHeBHOfO nOCTa, Ha 0acxy294, Ha
Bo3HeceHHe295, Ha TpoHu:y296 Haxo.aHJicH B MaitHu:e. YMep HoaHH297, enHcKon illnetiepCKHH. feHpHx298, CbiH HMnepaTopa, COBpaweHHbiH HeKOTOpbiMH
JIIO.llbMH, OT.lleJIHJICH OT OTU:a.
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298

MaiiyJO A3HIO.
Po6epT II (p. 1065 r. yM. IIII r. 5 oKT.)- rpa<t> <l>JiaH.llpHH B 1093-IIII rr.
HbiHe - PaMMeJibCTxo<t>eH, K socTOKY OT YJibMa.
3Hrxap.u, IX (yM. II04 r. 5 <t>esp.)- rpa<t> TeHrJIHHra H 6yprxayJeHa. CbiH <l>pH.u.pHxa I
H MaTHJib.lJ.bl <t>oH XaM-<l>o6ypr.
I7 anpenst II04 r.
26 Mast I104 r.
5 HIOHH II 04 r.
HoaHH I <t>oH Kpauxray (yM. II04 r. 26 OKT.)- enHcKon Wneuepa s 1090-1104 rr.
feHpHx V (p. 1086 r. 8 stHB. yM. II25 r. 23 Mast)- CbiH feHpHxa IV; KOpOJib B 1106II25 rr., HMnepaTOp c I3 anp. IIII r. OH OT.lJ,eJIHJICH OT oTua, Kor.u.a o6a OHH npH6bJJIH
Ha nYTH s CaKCOHHJO so <l>pHunap, s HO'Ib Ha I2 .u.eKa6pH 1104 r., H ompaBHJICH
B 6asapHJO . .LlHnOJib.!J., rpa<t> <l>o6ypra, po.u.cTBeHHHK y6HTOro rpa<t>a 3Hrxap.u.a, BbillleJI
eMy HaBcTPe<Jy H nposo.U,HJI ero .u.o PereHc6ypra.

206

4acrb nepaaR
B3f!Ta v13 VlCV1AOpa, ManbiX nopwCKV1X V1 XepccpenbACKV1X aHHanoB
HalfnuaeTCJI KHnra o nopJI,lU{e apeMen
KpaTKMH o63op speMeH no noKoJieHM.RM " uapcTBaM nepBbiM M3 Hanmx
M3JIO)I(MJI npocTbiM nepoM MCTOpMM IOJIMH AQ>pMKaH I npM MMnepaTope
MapKe AspeJIMM AHTOHMHe2. 3aTeM MHoroo6pa3HYIO MCTOPMJO uepKOBHbiX
xpoHMK, ynopsurotJeHHyiO no speMeHaM " uapcTBaM [nepenanH] EsceBMH
KecapMHCKMH3 " CB.RTOH naM.RTM 11epoHMM4. ITocJie HMX [3a 3TO 6paJIMCb]
TO O.llMH, TO .llPYfOH J.1 cpe.llM HMX, oco6eHHO, BMKTOp AQ>pMKaH5, enMCKOn
TyHHYHCKOH uepKBM, KOTOpbiH, nOBTOpMB MCTOpMM Ha3BaHHbiX Bblllle (aBTOpoB), .llOnOJIHMJI MX .lleSIHMSIMM nOCJie.llyiOlllMX BeKOB BnJIOTb .llO KOHCYJibCTBa
IOcTMHa MJianwero6. Mbi, HaCKOJibKO MOrJIM C)l(aTo, JanMcaJIM cyMMY 3TMX
speMeH OT ocHoBaHMSI MMpa no npaBJieHM.R asrycTa HpaKJIMSI, npM6aBMB c6oKY
qepeny JieT, lJT06bi Ha OCHOBaHMM MX MO)I(HO 6biJIO 03HaKOMJ.1TbC.R C COBOKYnHOCTbiO npe.llbl.llYlliMX BpeMeH.
B TetJeHMe wecTM .llHeH 6or COTBOpMJI see cymee7:

nepBbiH .lleHb 0H COTBOpMJI CBeT. Bo BTOpOH - TBep.llb He6ecHy10.


B TpeTMH - o6pa3 MOpSI " cyrnM. B tJeTsepTbiH - cseTMJia. B nSITbiH - pbi6
" nTMU. B wecToH - .llMKMX " .llOMaWHMX ))(J.1BOTHbiX.
11, HaKoHeu, OH [coTsopMJI] no csoeMy nono61110 nepsoro qeJioseKa - A.llaMa.
f0mti1 Act>pwKaH (yM. 237 r.)- yqeHhii1-xpwcmaHwH. Po.zumcH B CesepHoi1 Act>pwKe,
B naJieCTHHe. ABTOp ,llByx 60JihlllHX CO'IHHeHHH: PentabibiOS ( 5 KHHf BCeMHpHOH XpOHHKH OT COTBOpeHHH MHpa) H CestUS (CBOeo6pa3HOH 3HIJ,HKJIOne,llHH 6hiTa),
KOTOpbte coxpaHHJIHCb TOJihKO B OTpbiBKax B co'IHHeHHHX EsceBHH Kecapwi1cKoro
(CM. HH)f(e).
MapK ABpenwi1 AHTOHHH (p. 121 r. yM. 180 r. 17 MapTa)- wMnepamp B 161-180 rr.
Esceswi1 Kecapwi1cKHH (p. OK. 260 r. yM. 339 r.) - pwMCKHH uepKOBHhiH nwcaTeJib,
wcTopwK. HanwcaJI Mwposyro xpoHHKY, KOTOPYIO J1epoHHM JaTeM pacrnwpHJI w nepesen
Ha JiaTbiHb, a TaJOKe nepBbiH TpY.ll no HCTOpHH uepKBH, OXBaTbtBatoiiJ,HH nepHO,ll OT
OCHOBaHHH uepKBH ,llO 324 f. 3To npwHeCJIO eMy THTYJI OTIJ,a HCTOpHH uepKBH.
J1epOHHM (p. 34 7 f. yM. 419 f. 30 CeHT.) - 3HaMeHHTbiH uepKOBHbiH nHCaTeJih. no
nopyqeHHIO nanbl )l.aMaCHH BHOBb nepeBeJI EH6JIHIO Ha JiaTHHCKHH H3b!K no TeKCTY
OpHrHHaJia. HanHCaJI nepByto XpHCTHaHCKYIO HCTOpHIO JIHTepaTypbl, B KOTOpyto
BKJIIO'IHJI npOH3Be,lleHHH 135 XpHCTHaHCKHX nwcaTeJieH. JlaTHHCKHH nepeBO,ll H npo,llOJI)f(eHHe xpoHHKH EsceBHH npeB30lllJIH opwrwHaJI.
BHKTOP Act>pwKaH (VI B.)- enHCKOn r. TyHHYHbl B Act>pwKe. npo,llOJI)f(HJI JieTonwch
npocnepa AKBHTaHCKOfO, ,llOBe,llH ee c 444 r. .no 566 r.
fOcTHH II - wMnepamp B 565-572 rr.
nepBaH lJaCTb xpOHHKH nO'ITH ueJIHKOM B3HTa H3 Xepcct>eJib,llCKHX aHHaJIOB.
)f<JUI

5
6

207

AHHanbl

230 r.8 AuaM Ha 130-M ro.ny po.nHJI Cw<t>a, KOTOpbiH 6biJI po)({,lleH noCJie
ABem1 HOT KOTOporo (npOHJOIIIJIH) CbiHbl 6mKHH.
435 r. Cw<f> Ha 105-M fO.LlY pO,llHJI EHoca, KOTOpbiH HatiaJI npH3biBaTb HMH
rocno.na.
625 r. EHoc Ha 190-M ro.ny po.nHJI KawHaHa, llbe HMH nepeBO.LlHTCH, KaK
<<npwpo.na 6mKhH.
795 r. KawHaH Ha 170-M ro.ny po.nwn ManeJieHJia, llbe HMH JHatiHT ca.n
focno.neHb.
960 r. ManeJieHJI Ha 165-M ro.ny po.nHJI Hape.na, liTO JHatiHT <<HHCXOMIUHH
H yKpenJIHIOIUHH.
1120 r. Hape.n Ha 162-M ro.ny po.LlHJI EHoxa, KOTOpbiH 6biJI yro.neH 6ory
H BJHT HM (Ha He6o).
1287 r. EHox Ha 165-M ro.ny po.nwn Ma<t>ycana, 14JieT [:>KHJHH] KOToporo
HaCtiHThiBaiOTCH nocne noTona.
1454 r. Ma<f>ycan Ha 187-M ro.ny pO.LlHJI JlaMexa, BO opeMeHa KOToporo
6hiJIH po)({,lleHbi rwraHThi; Hyoan TaK:>Ke HJo6peJI MYJhiKY, a Tyoan[KaHH] 6biJI
HJo6peTaTeJieM Me.nw H :>KeJieJa.
1642 f. JlaMeX Ha 182-M fO.LlY pO,llHJI Ho.st, KOTOpOMy BHyiiieHHeM 60:>KbHM
6biJIO BeJieHO nOCTPOHTb KOBtier.
2242 r. Ha 600-M ro.ny :>KHJHH Ho.st npowJorneJI noTon.
2244 r. CHM Ha BTopoH: ro.n nocne noTona po.nHJI Ap<f>aKca.na, OT KOToporo
npowJorneJI Hapo.n xan.neeo.
2378 r. Ap<f>aKCa,ll Ha 35-M fO.LlY pO,llHJI Cany, OT KOTOporo 6hiJIH po)({,lleHhl
,llpeBHHe CaMapHT.HHe H HH.LlHHUbl.
2509 r. Cana Ha 30-M ro.ny po.nwn Eoepa, oT KOToporo nonytiHJIH cooe
HMH eBpeH.
2643 r. Eoep Ha 34-M fO.LlY pO,llHJI <l>anexa, BO BpeMeHa KOTOporo CTPOHJiaCb
6aiiiHH H npOHJOIIIJIO paJ,lleJieHHe HJbiKOB.
2773 r. <l>anex Ha 30-M ro.ny po.nHJI Paraoa; Tor.na onepBble 6hiJIH nocTpoeHhi xpaMbl, H npaBHTeJIH HapO,llOB nOtiHTaJIHCb, KaK 6orH.
2905 r. ParaB Ha 32-M ro.ny po.nHJI Cepyxa. HatiHHaeTc.st uapcTBO cKw<f>oo.
3035 r. Cepyx Ha 30-M ro.ny po.nHJI Haxopa. BoJHHKaeT uapcTBo emm.stH.
3114 r. Haxop Ha 29-M ro.ny po.nHJI <l>appy. BoJHHKaeT uapcTBO accwpwtiueo H CHKHOHUeB.
3184 r. <l>appa Ha 70-M ro.ny po.nwn ABpaaMa. 3opoacTp npHJHaeTCH HJo6peTaTeJieM Marww; CeMwpaMH.LlOH nocTpoeH BaBHJioH9.
3184 r. AopaaM Ha 100-M ro.ny po.nHJI OT Capbi HcaaKa, a OT pa6biHH- J1JMaHJia, OT KOTOpOrO (npOHJOlliJIH) HJMaHJibT.HHe, HbiHe HaJbiBaeMble
capauwHaMH.
8
9

3.necb 11 ,lla.Jiee yKaJaHbl fO.llbl OT COTBOpeHHH MUpa.


Ha nonHx HanucaHo: 3TOT seK BKJIK>'IaeT s ce6H 1542 ro.na.

208

3344 r. HcaaK Ha 60-M ro.ay po;:um 11aKo8a. HanmaeTcst u;apcT80 rpeKo8.


3434 r. 11aK08 Ha 110-M ro.n;y po.n;HJI HocH<f>a. Ceparmc, YMepe8, rrepeHed~H K 6oraM; SI8HJiacb MHHep8a; u;apb <I>opoHeH' rrep8biM 8 fpeu;HH yqpe.n;HJI
JaKOHbl.
3544 r. HocH$, II 0 neT. B fpeu;HH Ha'laJIH cestTb XJie6; 8 ErHrrTe ocHo8aH
MeM$Hc.
3689 r. 144 ro.n;a pa6cT8a e8pee8. ATJiaHT HJo6peJI acTponorHIO H rrep8biM
paCCMOTpeJI .LJ;8H:>KeHHe He6a H IIpH'IHHbl 3TOro; 8 fpeu;HH OCH08aH KopHH$;
TaM :>Ke l<JieaH$oM 6biJIO HJo6peTeHo HCKYCCT80 :>KH80IIHCH. KypeTbi H KopH6aHTbi rrep8biMH rrpH.n;yMaJIH Tor.n;a IIJISICKH. Tor.n;a :>Ke rrpH )1.e8KaJIHOHe
rrpOHJOilleJI IIOTOII, a IIpH CeTOHTeiO- IIO:>Kap.
3728 r. MOHCeH, 40 JieT. Y e8pee8 IIOSI8HJiaCb IIHCbMeHHOCTb, a y rpeK08 - 8HHOrpa.n;.
3755 r. 11Hcyc Ha8HH, 27 neT. 3pHXTOHHH, a$HHCKHH u;apb, rrep8biM
8 fpeUHH Jarrpstr K8a.LJ;pHry.
fo$oHHHJI, 40 neT. Ka.n;M HJo6peTaeT rpeqecKHH an<f>a8HT 8 fpeu;HH, a JlHH
<l>H8aHCKHH - MyJbiKy.
3875 r. Ao.n;, 80JieT. Tor.n;a 6biJIH 8bi.n;yMaHbi 6acHH o MHHOTa8pell, KeHTa8pax, Uep6epe, foproHe, 6eJIJiepo<f>oHTe, AM<f>HoHe H .D:e.n;ane.
[Ca.Mzap, 10].
3915 r. .ll:e80pa, 40 JieT. ArrOJIJIOH CMaCTepHJI KH$apy H OTKpbiJI HCKYCCT80
8pa'le8aHHSI.
3955 r. fe.n;eoH, 40 neT. B 3TOT 8eK MepKYPHH HJo6pen JIHPY H rrepe.n;an ee
Op<f>eiO. <l>HJIHMOH TaK:>Ke rrep8biM yqpe.n;HJI xop 8 llH$ee.
3958 r. ABHMenex, 3 ro.n;a. fepKYJiec orrycToruaeT 11JIHOH H y6H8aeT AHTepa,
IIPH.n;YMa8rnero HCKYCCT80 6opb6bi.
3981 r. <I>ona, 23 ro.n;a. llpHaM u;apcTByeT 8 Tpoe.
4003 r. 11aHp, 22 ro.n;a. fepKYJiec yqpe.n;HJI 0JIHMIIHHCKHe Hrpbi. HHM$a
KapMeHTa HJo6pena naTHHCKHe 6yK8bi. AMaJOHKH 8JIDIHCb Ja opyxHel2.
4009 r. J.1e<l><l>alf, 6 JieT. fepKYJiec HJ-Ja CTpalliHOH 60JIH 6poCHJICSI 8 IIJiaMSI.
4016 r. Ece80H 13, 7 JieT. AJieKCaH.n;p IIOXHTHJI EJieHy, H IIO.LJ;HIDiaCb ,n;ecSITHJieTHSISI TpostHCKast 80HHa.
[Aiill.llOH, /0].
[4024 r.] A8,n;OH, 8 neT. BJstTa Tpost. JlaTHHaMH rrpa8HT 3HeH.
[4044 r.] CaMCOH, 20 neT. AcKaHHH, CbiH 3HeH, ocH08bi8aeT Anb6y.
[4084 r.] 11JIHH, 40 neT. Ko8'1er 3a8eTa.
[4124 r.] CaMYHJI, 40 neT. UapcT80 JiaKe.n;eMOHSIH.
10
II
12
13

T. e. npw <l>a3TOHe.
MwHoTaspa 11cH.llOP ynoMwHaeT npw uape <l>one, a )],e.nana npw Ao.ne.
11cH.llOP noMemaeT 3TO npw ABeccaHe. TaK Ham asmp see 'lame oTCzynaeT OT Hero.
Y 11cH.llopa- AseccaH, 2 ro.na.

209

AHHanbl

[4164 r.] ,ll,aBH.U, 40 JieT. Kap<PareH [nocTpoeH] ,ll,H.UoHo:HI4.


4203 r. CoJioMoH, 40 JieT, KOTOphi:H nocTpmm XpaM rocno.ua.
4221 r. PosoaM, 17 JieT. UapcTBO lbpaHJih OT.UeJIHJIOCh oT Hy.ue11. Bhi.UaJOllle:HcH cJiasoii noJih3yeTcH CI1BHJIJia 3pi1TpeiicKaH.
4224 f. ABI1H, 3 fO,lla, np11 KOTOpOM CJiaBHJICH nepBOCBHllleHH11K ABI1MeJieX.
4265 r. Aca, 41 ro.u. I1popoqecTBOBaJII1 AMoc, H11yi1, HoHJih.
4290 r. Hoca<PaT, 25 JieT. I1popoqecTBOBaJII1 HJI11H, AB.u11i111 M11xei1.
4298 r. HopaM, 7 JieT. I1popoqecTBOBaJII1 HJI11H 11 E.Jmceii.
4299 r. Oxo3HH, I ro.u. nhm YHed~H HJIHH, qy.uec KOToporo HaC'II1ThiBaeTcH
ceMh.
4306 r. fo$oJIHH, 7 JieT. HJsecTHOCThJO noJih3yeTcH CBHllleHHI1K HoHa.uas,
ChiH Pexasa.
4346 r. Hoac, 40 JieT. Y611T npopoK 3axapi1H. YMep EJI11cei1, 14 qy.uec
KOToporo o6bHBJieHhi so sceycJihiiiiaHI1e.
4375 r. AMacHH, 29 JieT. HeKoTophie ysepHJOT, 'ITO 11MeHHO B 3TO speMH 6hm
OCHOBaH Kap$areH, a .upyme (Cli11Ta10T) TaK, KaK (6bill0 CKa3aHO) Bhiiiie.
4427 r. OcHH, 52 ro.ua. fpeKaMI1 yqpe)I(JleHa nepBaH OJI11Mn11a.ua. 3arosopHJI
ameu B EmnTei5, 11 OKOHliHJIOCh uapcTBO acc11p11iicKoe.
4443 r. Hoa<PaM, I6 JieT. Po.UHJI11Ch PoMyJI 11 PeM.
4459 f. Axa3, 16 JieT. P11M 6bill OCHOBaH nacTYXaMI1, 11 JaXBalleHO uapCTBO
CaMap1111.
4468 r. E3eKHH, 28 JieT. PoMyJI Bhi6pan 1000 JOHOIIIeHI13 Hapo.ua, KOTOphiX
Ha3BaJI BOI1HaM11, 11 I00 CTapueB, KOTOphiX Ha3BaJI CeHaTOpaMI116.
4543 r. MaHacc11H, 55 JieT. CJiasHJiach C11BHJIJia CaMoccKaH.
4555 r. AMMOH, 2 ro.ua 17.
4587 r. Hoci1H, 32 ro.ua. I1pi13HaTeJihHOCThJO noJihJyeTCH <l>anec MHJieTcKH:H, nepBhiH $11311K 11 $HJioco<P; npopoqecTBOBaJII1 HepeMI1H, Co$OHI1H
11 )!(eH11111Ha OJib,lla.
4598 r. HoaXHM, II JieT. B 3-:H ero ro.u Hasyxo.uoHocop JaxsaTHJI Hy.ueJO
11 JaCTaBHJI ee nJiaTI1Th ,llaHh.
4609 r. Ce.ueKHH, II JieT. Hasyxo.uoHocop C)!(er XpaM B Hepycan11Me.
4679 r.Is 70 JieT 11y.ueiicKoro nJieHa. Han11caHa 11CTOPI1H IO.u11$11. 113secTHOCThJO llOJih3YJOTCH I111$arop, nepBhiH $11JIOCO$, <l>epeKI1.ll, nepBhiH
11CTOP11K, 11 KceHo$aH, 113o6peTaTeJih Tpare.u11ii. Ceps11:H 19 TyJIJI11:H nposeJI
14
15

Ha nOJHI:X: <<(lleTBepThiH BeK) MHpa 6biJI OT )laBIUla (JlO) nneHeHHR Hy}leeB>>.

16

y HciUlopa - a fpeumt.
T. e. miles (naT.)- <<BOHH OT mille- <<TLicRqa,>, a <<Senator>- oT <<seneX- <<CTa-

17
18
19

PHK>>.
y l1c1Ulopa- 12 neT.
Ha nonRx: TIRTLIH aeK OT nneHeHHR Hy}leea JlO XpHcTa>.
B opHmHane- CepBMHit

210

Tor.ua B PHMe nepBbiH ueHJ, qTo .uo cHx nop 6bmo HeHJBeCTHO no Bee My Kpyry
JeMHOMY [H .LIIDKe] B nepcH.LICKOM BaBHJIOHe20.
4704 r. ,llapHii, 6 JieT. 3aKoHqHJiocb TIJieHeHHe Hy.ueeB. PHMJIHHe, HJrHaB
uapeii, HaqaJIH HMeTb KOHCYJIOB.
4733 r. KcepKc, 20 JieT. CTaBHJIHCh Tpare.LIHH Co<t>oKJia H EBpHnH.Lia; 6hiJI
TipH3HaH Xy.UmKHHK 3eOCHC.
4773 r. ApTaKcepKc ,lloJiropyKHii, 40 JieT. EJ.upa BoJo6HoBHJI co)l()l(eHHhiH
HJhiqHHKaMH JaKOH. CJiaBHJIHCh nepBhiH KOMHK KpaTHH, <t>HJioco<t> CoKpaT
H Bpaq fHTITIOKpaT.
4792 r. ,llapHii, oH )l(e Ho<t>, 19 JieT. B 3TOM BeKe )I(HJIH IlJiaToH H fopmii,
nepBbiH pHTOp.
4832 r. ApTaKcepKc, 40 JieT. obma, KaK roBopHT, JanHcaHa HCTOPHH 3cTep.
4858 r. ApTaKcepKc, OH )l(e Ox, 26 JieT. C noXBanoii ynoMHHaiOTCH nepBhiH
opaTop ,lleMoc<t>eH H nepBhiH .LIHaJieKTHK ApHcToTeJib.
4862 r. KcepKc, ChiH Oxa, 4 ro.ua. Bhi.UaJOmeiicH cJiaBoii noJihJyeTcH <t>HJioco<t> KceHoKpaT.
4868 r. ,llapHii, 6 JieT. AlieKcaH.Lip BJHJI HepycanHM.
4873 r. A.n:eKcaH.Lip MaKe.uoHcKHii, 5 JieT. IT pH JieToHcqHcJieHHH cqHTaiOTCH
(TOJibKO) TIHTb TIOCJie.LIHHX ero JieT, B TeqeHHe KOTOpbiX OH npaBHJI CaMOBJiaCTHO,
TOf.Lla KaK CeMb npe.Ubi.LlYIUHX npHqHCJIHJOT K nepCH.LICKHM uapHM. AJieKCaH.Lip
EmneTCKHH. 3aTeM HaqHHaJOTCH uapH AlieKcaH.LipHH.
4913 r. ITToJieMeii, ChiH Jlara, 40 JieT. B 3TO BpeMH HaqHHaeTcH nepBaH
KHHra MaKKaBeeB.
4951 r. <I>HJia.ueJih<t>, 38 JieT. ITocpe.ucTBOM 70 TOJIKOBHHKoB2I oH nepeBeJI
Ha rpeqecKHii HJhiK CBHIUeHHoe ITHcaHHe.
4977 r. 3BepreT, 26 JieT. 11Hcyc, ChiH CHpaKa, cocTaBHJI <<KHHI)' MY.LlpocTH>>.
4994 r. <I>HJIOTiaTOp, 17 JieT. f1pH 3TOM npaBHTeJie22 npOH30IIIJIH C06biTHH,
KOTOpbie onHcaHbi BO BTopoii KHHre MaKKaBeeB, Kor.ua H caMH MaKKaBeH
6biJIH YBeHqaHbi MyqeHHqecTBOM BO HMH JaKoHa DO)I(bero.
5018 r. EnH<t>aH, 24 ro.ua. PHMJIHHe, no6e.LIHTeJIH rpeKoB, npHKaJaJIH,
qTo6hi OHH 6hiJIH cBo6o.LIHhiMH. B 3TOT BeK umpoKo HJBeCTeH 6biJI no3T
3HHHH.
5053 r. <I>HJioMeTop, 35 JieT. CuHTIHOH no6e.uHJI A<l>PHKY. CJiaBHJICH KOMHK
TepeHUHH.
5082 r. 3BepreT, 29 JieT. I>PYT no.uqHHHJI HcnaHHIO.
5099 r. CoTep, 18 JieT. Po.LIHJIHCh BappoH H llHuepoH. <l>paKHHUhi no.uqHHeHbi pHMJIHHaMH.
20
21
22

11cHllOP noMemaeT 3TO npH HyJleikKOM uape AMMoHe. Cnosa B nepCHllCKOM BaBHJioHe>> JJlecb HBHO scTaBJieHbi no oum6Ke.
TaK HaJ. CemyarHHTa.
Y 11cHl!opa - npH EnmpaHe.

211

AHHanbi

5109 r. .AJieKcaH.llp, 10 JieT. CHpHH nepelliJia no.ll BJiacTb pHMJIHH. Oo3T


JIYJ(peUHH UOKOHqHJI C co6oH.
5117 r. flToJieMeM:, CbiH K.TieonaTpbi, 8 JieT. Po.llHJICH CaJIJIJOCTHH. OJioT,
JiaTHHCKHH pHTOp, OTKpbiJI B PHMe nepBYJO IIIKOJiy.
5147 r. flToJieMeH LI,HOHHC, 30 JieT. floMneM: BJHJI Hy.llelO. B MaHTYe po.llHJICH BeprHJIHH, B BeHyJHH - fopauHM:.
5149 r. K.TieonaTpa, 2 ro,lla. B 3-M: ee ro.ll ErHneT nepeiiieJI no.ll BJiaCTb
PHMJIHH.
5154 r. IOJIHH UeJapb, 5 JieT. OH nepBbiM HJ pHMJIHH noJiyqHJI BJiaCTb HM
KpyrOM JeMHbiM.
5210 r.23 OKTaBHaH, 55 JieT. B 42-M: ro.ll ero HMnepaTOpcKoM: BJiaCTH rocUO.llb Haiii HHcyc XpHcToc pO.llHJICH a BH<tmeeMe oT ,lleBbi.
5233 r. TH6epHM:, 23 ro,lla. B 18-M: ero ro.ll rocno.llb 6biJI pacnHT. [flo3m
08uduu].
5237 (33)24 r. raM: KarmryJia, 4 ro,lla. B 3TO apeMH anocToJI ManpeM: HanHcaJI EaaHreJIHe.
5251 (37) r. I<.TiaB,llHH, 14 JieT. AnOCTOJI fleTp BbiCTYfiaeT UpOTHB CHMOHa.
EaaHreJIHe nHIIIeT MapK.
5264 (68) r. HepoH, 13 JieT. fleTp pacnHT. naaeJI y6HT MeqoM. [CAa8UilCJl
CeneKa].
5274 (78) r. BecnacHaH, 10 JieT. HepycaJIHM, aoccTaBIIIHH npoTHB pHMJIHH,
6biJI pa3pYIIIeH THTOM.
5277 (80) r. THT, 2 ro,lla. HJaecTHO 6biJIO ero BbiCKaJbiBaHHe, qTO, MOJI,
nponaJI ,lleHb, KOr.lla OH He c,lleJiaJI HHqero xopoiiiero. [flana Ktzem].
5292 (96) r. LI,OMHUHaH, 16 JieT. AnOCTOJI HoaHH, COCJiaHHbiH Ha OCTpOB
flaTMOC, UHIIIeT AnOKaJIHUCHC.
5293 (97) r. Hepaa, 1 ro,ll. AnocToJI HoaHH, ocao60.llHBIIIHCb HJ CCbiJIKH,
Y.llaJIHJICH a 3<f>ec.
5312 ( 116) r. TpaHH, 19 JieT. CHMOH Kneo<f>a pacnHT, H ynoKOHJICH anocToJI
HoaHH. [flocmpadaA Hznamuu].
5333 (122) r. A,upHaH, 21 fO,ll. 0H UO,llqHHHeT BOCCTaBIIIHX Hy,lleeB, BOCCTaHaBJIHBaeT HepycaJIHM H HaJbiBaeT ero no caoeMy HMeHH 3JIHeH. Po.llHJICH AJ<BHJia flOHTHK, BTOpOH nepeBO.llqHK25 UOCJie CeMH,lleCHTH. (Cmpaumoe
3eMAemp.Rcenue].
5355 ( 159) r. AHTOHHH OHM:, 22 ro,lla. HJBeCTHOCTbiO B PHMe noJibJOBaJICH
apaq faJIJIHeH. EpecHapxaMH npHJHaHbi BaneHTHH H MapKHOH. [EAucmaA
f/>Uilocod> /Ocmun].
23
24
25

Ha non.Hx: [lllecToi1) BeK [oT XpucTa] .no [KoHua] Mupa.


HatiuHaJOTCH rO.llbi oT PmK.necTBa XpucToBa.
To ecTb BTopoi1 nepeBO.ll'IHK Eu6nuu c .npeBHeeBpei1cKoro nocne
(CemyaruHTbi).

212

70 TOJIKOBHHKOB

5374 ( 179) r. AHTOHHH Mna,uumii, 19 neT. BoJHHKaiOT epecH KaTaQ>pHmes


3HKpaTHeB. [ CeRmou AHmoHuu].
5387 ( 191) r. KoMMO.Ll, 13 JieT. PoJJ.HJICH <l>eoJJ.OTHOH 3<t>eccKHi1:, TpeTHii nepeBOJJ.l!HK, l!he HJJJ.aHHe He pacxo.uHTCH c 70-10 TOJIKOBHHKaMH. [PooUJlCR OpuzeH].
5388 (192) r. 3JIHH OepTHHaKc, 1 ro.u. Kor.ua ceHaT npocHJI ero cnenaTb
:>KeHy aBryCTOH, a CbiHa Ue3apeM, OH OTKaJaJICH, fOBOpH, 'ITO eMY .LlOCTaTO'IHO
H Toro, 'ITO oH caM Jacny:>KHJI npaso nosenesaTh.
5406 (209) r. Cesep nepTHHaKc, 18 JieT. CHMMaX Cl!HTaeTCH l!eTBepTbiM
nepeBO.Ll'IHKOM. [llana 3ecjJepuH].
5413 (217) r. AHTOHHH KapaKaJIJia, 7 neT. B HepHxoHe Haii.ueHo nHToe
H3JJ.aHHe26. [OcHOBaH HeanoAb].
5414 (217) r. MaKpHH, 1 ro.u. MaKpHH 6hm y6HT.
5418 (221) r. AspeJIHH AHTOHHH, 4 ro.ua. Po.LIHJICH epecHapx CaseJIHii.
5431 (224) r. AJieKcaH.up, 14neT. B AneKcaH)lpHH HJBeCTHOCTbiO noJibJyeTcH OpHreH.
5434 (237) r. MaKCHMHH, 3 ro.ua. OH c.uenancH HMnepaTopoM caM, c noMOIUbJO BOHCKa H 6e3 llOCTaHOBJieHHH CeHaTa.
5440 (243) r. fop.uHaH, 6 neT. OH no6e.uHJI napQ>HH, pa36HJI nepcos. [CAaBWlCR cjJUJlococjJ fopouaH AcjJpuKaHcKuu].
5447 (250) r. <l>HJIHnn, 7 neT. OH c.uenancH nepBbiM xpHCTHaHCKHM HMnepaTopoM. (/000-u ZOO).
5448 (253) r. .lleuHii, 1 ro.u. B Emme, KaK yqaT, po.uHJicH MoHaxAHTOHHH,
TOT, KeM 6billH OCHOBaHbl nepBbie MOHaCTblpH.
5450 (255) r. faJIJI BMeCTe C CbiHOM BoJiyJHaHOM, 2 ro.ua. HoBaT OCHOBaJI
B PH Me HOBaTHaHCKYIO epecb. [ CAaBUJlCR KunpuaH].
5465 (259) r. BanepHii BMecTe c faJIJIHeHoM, 15 neT. KHnpHaH, nepBbiH
pHTop, a JaTeM enHcKon, yseHl!aH MyqeHHl!eCTBOM. J1JsecTHOCTbiO noJibJyJOTCH BacHJIHH, enHcKon KecapHiicKHii, H ero 6paT fpHropHii.
5467 (262) r. KnaBJJ.HH, 2 rona. OH no6e.LIHJI H HJrHan onycTOwasumx
11JIJIHPHK H MaKe.LIOHHIO roToB.
5472 (272) r. AspeJIHaH, 5 neT. OH npecnenosan xpHCTHaH H 6biJI y6HT
MOJIHHeH.
5473 r. TaUHT, 1 fOJJ.. 0H He OCTaBHJI HCTOpHH HH'Iero 0 CBOeH :>KH3HH.
5478 (284) r. Opo6, 6 neT. BoJHHKJia MaHHXeiicKaH epech.
5481 (286) r. Kap BMecTe c ChiHOBhHMH, 2 ro.ua. nocne TPHYM<t>a Ha.u
nepcaMH OH 6hm y6HT y.uapoM MOJIHHH. [3eMAempRceHue B Tupe].
550 I ( 305) r. )lHoKJieTHaH H MaKCHMHaH, 20 neT. )lHoKJieTHaH c:>Ker CBHIUeHHhie KHHrH H npecJie.LIOBaJI XpHCTHaH no BCeMy Kpyry JeMHOMy.
5504 (309) r. ranepHii, 3 ro.ua. B ero npasneHHe pHMCKHii KOHcyn27.
11

26
27

To ecTh 5-e H3JlaHI-te (nepeso!l) 6116JI1111.


CMbiCll :noti <f>pa3bi HeHceH.
213

AHHanbl

5534 (339) r. KoHcTaHT11H, 30 JieT. 06peTeH KpecT focnoaeHb2&. Co3BaH


H11KeiicKH:H co6op npoTI1B Api1H29.
5558 (363) r. KoHcTaHTI1H 11 KoHcTaHT, [24]. Bo3HI1KJII1 epec11 aHTponoMopqmToB 11 MaKe.U.OHI1eB.
5560 (365) r. IOJI11aH, 2 ro.u.a. CTaB 113 KJII1pi1Ka 11MnepaTOpoM 11 H3hi'lHI1KOM, OH Tipl1'li1HHJI Xpi1CTI1aHaM MyqeHI1H 11 3anpeTHJI Xpi1CTI1aHaM 113yqaTb
CB060.U.Hbie Ha)'KH 11 o6yqaTb 11M.
5561 (366) f. J10BI1aH, 1 fO.Ll. BMeCTe C pi1MCKHM BOHCKOM OH BHOBb CTaJI
xpi1CT11aH11HOM. [EAucmaJl nana ,.aaMac].
5575 (376) r. BaneHT11H11aH 11 BaneHT, 14 JieT. foTbi caeJiaJII1Cb epeTI1KaMI1
no y6e)l()leH11IO BaneHTa.
5581 (380) r. fpau11aH BMecTe c 6paToM BaneHT11HI1aHoM 11 <l>eoaoc11eM
CTapllii1M, 6 JieT. En11CKOTI AMBpOCI1H CJiaBHJICH B l1TaJII111, a MapTI1H -BranJII111. Ilpi13HaHI1eM noJih3yeTcH TaiOKe Ilpi1CU11JIJII1aH. nhiJI nposeaeH KoHcTaHT11HOTIOJibCKH:H C06op30.
5590 (390) r. BaneHTI1H11aH BMecTe c <l>eoaoc11eM CTaprui1M, 9 JieT. B BmpJieeMe 113BeCTHOCTbiO noJib3yeTcH CBHIUeHH11K l1epoHI1M.
5593 (393) f. <l>eO.U.OCI1H BMeCTe C CbiHOBbHMI1 ApKM11eM 11 fOHOpl1eM,
3 ro.u.a. B 3TO :>Ke speMH 6Jiaro.u.apH cso11M 'lyaecaM 113BeCTHOCTbiO noJih3yeTCH
oTrneJibHI1K HoaHH. [ CJlaBUJlCR AezycmuH be ... PI.
5606 (406) r. ApKM11H BMecTe c 6paToM foHopl1eM, 13 JieT. B KoHcTaHTI1HonoJie C TIOXBaJIOH OT3biBaiOTCH 0 eTII1CKOTie J10aHHe32.
5621 (421) r. foHop11:H BMecTe c <l>eoaoc11eM, CbiHOM csoero 6paTa, 15 JieT.
AliaHbi, saH.UaJihi, cseBbi BTopraiOTCH B l1cnaHI1IO, roTbi - B P11M. Ha'laJI .u.eHTeJibHOCTb epeTI1K fleJiarHH. l13BeCTHOCTb TIOJiyqaeT AsryCTI1H33, eTII1CKOTI
f11nnoHa PemH.
5647 (444) r. <l>eoaoc11:H MJiaarn11:H caMOCTOHTeJibHO uapcTByeT 22 ro.u.a.
BaH.UaJihi 113 l1cnaHI111 nepexoMT B A<l>p11Ky. Ilpi13HaTeJibHOCTbiO noJih3yeTcH
epec11apx HecTOpi1:H.
5655 (451) r. MapKHaH, 7 JieT. B XanKeaoHe co3BaH sceJieHCKI1H co6op.
Teoaop11x, KopoJib roToB, BCTYflaeT s l1cnaHI1IO.
5672 (468) r. Jles CTaprn11:H BMecTe co JlbBOM MJIMlli11M, 17 JieT. EmneT
11 AlieKcaH.UpHH, OTBepmys XanKe.U.OHCKHH co6op, oxsa'leHHbie He'leCTI1BbiM
.u.yxoM, JiaiOT c co6a'lbe:H HpocTbiO.
5689 (485) r. 3eHoH, 17 JieT. Bo3HI1KlliaH [TOraa] aKe<f>aJibHaH epecb 6hiJia
11M orpa)l()leHa, a nocTaHoBJieH11H XanKeaoHcKoro co6opa OTBeprHYThi. B 3TO
28

MaTepbiO KoHcTaHnma E.rleHoit

29

B 325 r.

30

B 381 r. (2-ii BceneHCKHH co6op).


DpOnYJ.UeHHOe CJIOBO, oqeBH.llHO, <<beatUS, T. e. 6JilUKeHHbiH>>.
J1oaHH 3JiaTOYCT.
ABrycTHH 6nlUKeHHbiH.

31
32
33

214

BpeMH 6biJIO HaiiJJ.eHo Teno BapHaBbi H o6Hap)')KeHo EBaHrenHe MaT<peH,


HanHcaHHOe ero co6cTBeHHOH pyx:oH:.
5716 (512) r. AHacTacHH:, 27 neT. 3aummaH aKe$anbHOe Ja6JI)')K.lleHHe,
oH ocyJJ.HJI Ha H3rHaHHe enHcKonoB, 3aiUHTHHKOB XanKeJJ.OHCKoro co6opa;
OH nO,llBepraeT TaiOKe nopHUaHHIO EBaHreJIHH, KaK COCTaBJieHHble HK06bi
HeBe)KeCTBeHHbiMH eBaHrenHcTaMH, H HcnpaBJIHeT HX. B 3TO BpeMH TpaH3HMYHJl CBHpenCTByeT npOTHB KaTOJIHKOB, a <l>yJibreHUHH CJiaBHJICH BepOH
H yqeHOCTbiO. (CJzaBUJlC.R KOHCYJlJlP b03~UU).
5724 (520) r.IOcTHH CTapumH:, 8 neT. OH, KaK cTopoHHHK XanKeJJ.OHCKoro
co6opa, OTBepraeT aKe$aJibHYJO epecb.
5764 (559) r. IOcTHHHaH, 40 neT. OH npHHHJI aKe$anbHYJO epecb H B npoTHBOBec XanKe,llOHCKOMy C06opy 3aCTaBHJI BCeX enHCKOnOB B CBOeM uapCTBe
ocyJJ.HTb TPH ero rnaBbi. B A.JieKcaHJJ.pHH B03HHKJIH <t>eoJJ.OCHaHcKaH H raHHCKaH
epecH. B A$pHKe BaHJJ.aJibi YHJiliTO:>KeHbi BeJIH3apHeM. BnaroJJ.apH ATaHafH.llbJlY
pHMCKHH BOHH BczynaeT B npe,lleJibl McnaHHH.
5775 (570) r. IOcTHH Mna.runHH:34, II neT. Bee, qTO 6biJIO npHHHTO npoTHB
XanKeJJ.OHCKOro co6opa, OH OTMeHHJI H Benen, qTo6bi BO BpeMH 6orocJI)')KeHHH
HapO,llOM B03rJiaiiiaJICH CHMBOJI 150 OTUOB. TaiOKe apMHHe, H6epbl H MaKcypHTbl npHHHMaiOT Bepy XpHcToBy, a renHJJ.bi HCTpe6JIHIOTCH naHro6ap,llaMH.
5781 (577) r. TH6epHH:35, 6neT. JlaHro6apJJ.bi, H3rHaB pHMJIHH, npHIIIJIH
B 11TaJIHIO. fOTbi B McnaHHH, paJJJ.eJIHBIIIHCb Ha JJ.Be napTHH, pa3opHIOT JJ.pyr
JJ.pyra Bo B3aHMHOH peJHe. [Ocnoean .5ennanoAb, zopoiJ XUAbiJecxaiiM].
583 r. MaBpHKHH:36, 21 roJJ.. B 9-H: roJJ. ero BJiaCTH, B 4-H: roJJ. noHTH$HKaTa
nanbl fpHropHH37 HaCzynHJI600-H fO,ll OT BOnJIOIUeHHH focnOJJ.HH; (fpHropHH:]38
6JIHCTaJI B PHMe 13 neT. B nepBbiH roJJ.39 cBoero enHcKonaTa oH oTnpaBHJI
B BpHTaHHIO ABrycTHHa c HeKoTopbiMH MoHaxaMH, qTo6hi OHH nponoBeJJ.OBaJIH
Hapo,lly aHfJIOB CJIOBO .fiO)Kbe; 3TO 6biJIO B 596 r. OT BOnJIOIUeHHH focnO,llHH.
606 r. [YMep fpHropHH).
<l>oKa40, 8 neT. AHmocaKCbi B BpHTaHHH cJJ.eJiaJIHCb xpHcTHaHaMH. B 8-H:
roJJ. ero BJiaCTH 6JIHCTaJI nana Ca6HHHaH4I, 1 roJJ., 5 MecHueB, 11 JJ.Heii. [CB.
KpecT yBeJeH nepcaMH42].
34

35
36
37

38
39
40
41

42

CM. npnM. 6.
Tn6epnti: II- HMnepaTop B 578-582 rr.
MaspnKnti: - nMnepaTOp B 582-602 rr.
600-ti: ro.u npnwenc~ Ha 18-ti: ro.u npaBJieH~ Maspnm~ 11 Ha lO-ti ro.u noHTH<j>HKaTa
fpnropn~ I.
fpnropnti: I Bennmti: - pHMCKHA nana c 3 ceHT. 590 r. no 12 MapTa 604 r.
CKopee, B 6-A ro.u csoero noHTH<j>nKaTa.
<loKa (yM. 6JQ r. 6 OKT.)- HMnepaTOp B 602-610 rr.
Ca6nHHaH - pnMCKHA nana c 13 oKT. 604 r. no 22 <J>esp. 606 r. T. e. oH HatJan npaBHTb
B 3-ti: ro.u Cl>oKH "yMep B ero 5-ti: ro.u.
nepCbl B3~JIH HepycaJIHM "yseJJIH CB. KpecT focno.ueHb B 614 r.
215

AHHanbl

l1paKJIHtf43, 31 ro.u. Hy.ueH B HcnaHHH c.uenarrHch xpHcrnaHaMH. B nepBhiH


ro.u ero BJiacrn 6JIHCTarr nana EoHH<t>auHH44, 8 MecHues, 22 .LIHH. EoHH<t>auHH II45
npe6biBaJI B.LIOJDKHOCTH 6 JieT, 8 MeCHUeB, 13 .LIHeH . .[leyc.ue~ npe6biBaJI B.LlOJDKHOCTH 3 ro.ua, 20 .LIHeH. [YMep FoHopuu J47]. EoHH<t>auHH III48 npe6hiBa.JI s .LIOJI)I(HOCTH 5 JieT, 10 MeCHUeB, 11 .LIHeH. fOHOpHw49 npe6b!Ba.JI B .LIOJDKHOCTH 12 JieT,
11 MecHues, I7 .uHew, CesepHHso_2 MecHua H 4 .LIHH, l1oaHH5L l ro.u, 8 MecHues,
I8 .LIHew. nana Teo.uop52 npe6hiBarr s .uoJDKHocrn 6 neT, I MecHu, 18 .LIHew, H Tex
JieT 6biJIO OT BOnJIOIUeHHH focnO.LIHH 647. (PoOU!lCR CB. 3JlUZUU).
l1paKJieoH53 BMeCTe CO CBOeH MaTepbiO MaPTHHOH Ha4a.JI npaBHTh B 6-H
ro.u noHTH<l>HKaTa BhillleHaJsaHHoro nanhi Teo.uopa H uapcTsosarr 2 ro.ua. nana
MaprnH54 6JIHCTa.JI co 2-ro ro.ua npaBJieHHH HpaKJieoHa H npe6hiBa.JI B .uoJDKHOCTH 6 JieT, I MeCHU, 26 .LIHeH. (nhiJI OCHOBaH <J>nopHaKCKHH MOHaCThlpb).
KoHcTaHTHH, ChiH HpaKJIHH, uapcTsosarr 6 MecHues55.
KoHCTaHTHH56' ChiH KoHCTaHTHHa, uapCTBOBa.JI 27 neT. nana EsreHHH57
Haqarr 6JIHCTaTh B I4-w ro.u KoHcTaHTHHa H npe6hiBarr B .LIOJI)I(HOCTH 2 ro.ua,
9 MeCHUeB, 24 .LlHH. BHTa.JIHaH58 npe6b!Ba.JI B .LIOJDKHOCTH I4 JieT H 6 MeCHUeB;
oH Haqarr npaBHTh pHMCKOH uepKOBhiO B 8-11 ro.u BhillleHaJBaHHoro KoHcTaHTHHa. A.lleo.uaT59 npe6b!Ba.JI B .LlOJI)I(HOCTH 4 fO.Lla, 2 MeCHUa, 6 .LlHeH, .[lOHYC.Ue.L1HT60 - I ro.u, 5 MecHues, I 0 .LIHew. nana Ara<t>oH6I 6JIHcTarr s PHMe c 679 ro.ua
OT BOnJIOIUeHHH fOCllO.LlHH H npe6b!Ba.JI B .LlOJI)I(HOCTH 2 ro.ua, 6 MeCHUeB, 4 .LlHH.
43
44
45
46

47
48
49
50

51
52
53

54
55
56

57
58
59
60
61

J1paKJIM:i1: (yM. 641 r. II <t>eBp.)- M:MnepaTOp B 610-641 rr.


EoHM:<t>auM:i1: III (no X. aHH.- I)- pM:MCKM:i1: nana c 19 <t>eBp. no 12 HO.H6. 607 r. Ero
nOHTM:<l>M:KaT, TaKM:M 06pa30M, npM:XO.llJ.iTC.H Ha BpeM.H npaBJieHM:.H <l>OKJ.i.
EoHM:<t>auHi1: IV (no X. aHH.- II)- pM:MCKM:i1: nana c 25 aBr. 608 r. no 8 Ma.H 615 r.
Lleycae.LIM:T (AaeoaaT I) - pM:MCKM:i1: nana c 19 OKT. 615 r. no 8 HO.H6. 618 r.
CM . .LiaJiee npM:M. 31.
EoHM:<t>auM:ti V (no X. aHH.- III)- pM:MCKM:i1: nana c 23 aeK. 619 r. no 25 OKT. 625 r:
foHopM:ti I - pM:MCKM:i1: nana c 27 OKT. 625 r. no 12 oKT. 638 r.
CeBepM:H - pM:MCKM:H nana c 28 Ma.H no 2 aBr. 640 r.
J1oaHH IV- pM:MCKM:i1: nana c 24 aeK. 640 r. no 12 OKT. 642 r.
Teoaop I - pM:MCKM:H nana c 24 HO.H6p.H 642 r. no 14 Ma.H 649 r.
fepaKJieOH - MJiaaumi1: CbiH M:MnepaTOpa J1paKJIM:.H OT 2-ti: ero cynpym MapTM:Hbi.
Kecapb C 632 r., aBryCT C 638 r. nocJie CMepTM: 25 Ma.H 641 r. CBOero CTapwero 6paTa
KoHcTaHTM:Ha III CTaJI e.LIM:HCTBeHHbiM M:MnepaTOpoM. B HO.H6pe 641 r. 6biJI cBeprHYT
c npeCToJia. To ecTb OH npaBM:JI caMOCTO.HTeJibHO He 2, a OT CM:Jibi nonroaa. nanoi1
Bo BpeMH ero npaBJieHH.H 6biJI J1oaHH IV, a He Teoaop I.
MapTM:H I - pM:MCKM:i1: nana c M:IOJI.H 649 r. no 17 M:IOH.H 653 r.
MeHee 6 MeCHUeB. npaBM:JI c II <t>eBpaJI.H no 25 Ma.H 641 r.
npaBM:JibHee- KoHCTaHT II. CbiH KoHCTaHTM:Ha III. 11MnepaTOp B 641-668 rr.
EBreHM:i1: I - pM:MCKM:H nana c 10 aBr. 654 r. no 2 M:IOH.H 657 r.
BHTaJIM:aH - pM:MCKM:i1: nana c 30 M:IOJI.H 657 r. no 27 .HHB. 672 r.
AaeoaaT II - pM:MCKM:i1: nana c II anp. 672 r. no 17 M:IOH.H 676 r.
LloHycae.LIM:T M:JIM: LloMH - pM:MCKM:H nana co 2 HOH6p.H 676 r. no II anp. 678 r.
Ara<t>oH- pM:MCKM:i1: nana c 27 M:IOH.H 678 r. no 10 .HHB. 681 r.

216

Jles62 npe6biBaJI B JlOJDKHOCTH 10 MeC~IUeB, 17 )lHeH, neHe)lHI<T63_1 0 MeC~IUeB,


12 .UHeM:, 11oaHH64_1 ro.u, 9 .uHeM:, KoHoH65_11 MecSiues, Cepmtf66_13 JieT,
8 MeCSIUeB, 14 )lHeH. ,llo CHX nop Mbl H3JiafaJIH )leSIHHH pMMCKHX HMnepaTOpOB
H nOHTHQlHKOB pHMCKOH uepKBH.
fepuor nwnHH67, CbiH AHcXH3a, Ha4aJI npaBHTb nocJie CMepTH repuora
ByJihQlOaJih.Ua so 2-H: ro.u noHTHQlHKaTa nanbi CepmSI, TO ecTb B 688 ro.uy oT
sonJioiUeHHSI focno.UHSI, H o6Jia.uaJI KopoJieBCTBOM Q>paHKOB 27 JieT. YMep
OH BO 2-tf fO)l HMnepaTopa AHacTaCHSI, TO eCTb B 714 fOllY OT BOnJIOIUeHHH
rocnO)lHSI. CbiHOM :noro nwnHHa OT AAhQlaH)lbl [6biJI] KapJI68.
KapJI npasHJI 28 JieT. C noMOIUhiO limKbeM: oH ocso6mK,llaeTcSI H3-no.u
apecTa, no)l KOTOpb!M ero .uep)((aJia rocno)((a nJieKTpy.ua, B)lOBa nwnHHa;
CHa4aJia OH sczynaeT B fiHTBY C PaT60.UOM, KOpoJieM QlPH30B; B TO BpeMH KaK
oH xpa6po cpa)((aeTcSI B HeM:, cJie.uyeT TH)((eJieM:rnee nopa)((eHHe ero soM:cKa.
2. Ma)((op.uoM PamHQlPHJl H KopoJib XH.rrbnepwK69 npH6biBaiOT c soM:cKOM
K KeJihHy, onycTornaiOT npHJieraiOIUHe K PeM:Hy 3eMJIH H, npHHHB .uapbi oT
llieKTpy.Uhi, B03BpaiUaiOTCSI JlOMOH; KOr)la OHM yxo.UHJIH OTzy.Ua, KapJI BMeCTe
C BOHCKOM BbiCzynHJI HM HaBCTpeqy B MeCTe, liTO 30BeTCSI AM6Jies70.
3. B cJie.UYIOIUeM ro.uy ParHHQlPHJl H KopoJih XHJihnepHK npwroTOBHJIHCh
.uaTb KapJiy 6HTBY B MecTe no.u Ha3BaHHeM BHH4H7I, B socKpeceHbe nepe.u
nacxoM:. B :noM: 6wTBe naJIH Q>paHKcKHe M~. KopoJih XHJihnepHK H ParHHQlPHJl o6paTHJIHCb B 6erCTBO. KapJI npecJie)lOBaJI HX .uo caMoro nap}l)((a.
Bo3spaTHBlliHCh oTzy.ua no6e.UHTeJieM, oH HanpaBHJICSI s KeJihH.
4. noJiyqHB y nJieKTPYJlbl 6oraTCTBa CBOero OTUa, OH noCTaBHJI XJIOTapS172 KopoJieM Ha.u co6oM: HMeHeM, Ho He BJiaCTbiO. XHJihnepwK H PamHQ>pw.u
npocSIT o noMOIUH 3s.ua73, repuora AKBHTaHHH, Ho KapJI, oTnpaBHBlliHCb
npOTHB HHX, o6paTHJI BparoB B 6erCTBO.
62
63
64
65
66
67

68

69
70

71

72
73

Jles II - pHMCKHH nana c 17 asr. 682 r. no 3 mom1 683 r.


6eHeJlHKT II - pHMCKHH nana c 26 moHR 684 r. no 8 MaR 685 r.
11oaHH V- pHMCKHH nana c 23 HIOJIR 685 r. no 2 asr. 686 r.
KoHOH - pHMCKHH nana c 21 OKT. 686 r. no 21 ceHT. 687 r.
Cepmw I - pHMCKHH nana c 15 neK. 687 r. no 8 ceHT. 70 I r.
TI11n11H II fepHCTaJibCKHH (yM. 714 r.)- BHYK (no MaTepH) TIHnHHa I JlaHneHCKoro.
Ma)J(opnoM <l>paHKCKoro rocynapcTBa B 684-714 rr. OnHH 113 ponoHa'laJibHHKOB
JlHHaCTHH KapoJIHHros. OTcJOna aHHaJIHCT cnenyeT a ocHOBHOM MaJihiM aHHaJiaM
Jloprna.
Kapn MapTeJIJI (p. 686 r. 23 asr. YM 741 r. 22 OKT.)- ChiH TIHnHHa II, <f>p. Ma)J(OpJlOM
B 715-741 rr.
XHJihnepHK II - KopoJih <f>paHKOB B 715-721 rr.
AM6nes- ropon Ha onHOHMeHHOH peKe a cosp. npoBHHUHH Jlhe)J( (oKpyr Bepsbe,
KOMMyHa CeH-BHT).
BHH'IH-cJOp-n'3cKOT- ceJieHHe B 9 KM K 10ry OT KaM6p3 (nen. Hop, OKPyr KaM6p3).
XJioTaph IV (yM. 719 r.)- KOpOJib <f>paHKOB B 717-719 rr. CbiH )laro6epTa III.
3sn - repuor AKBHTaHHH B 688-735 rr.

217

AHHanbi

5. Kor.u.a YMep KopoJib XJioTapb, KapJI oTnpaBJUieT K 3s.u.y nocJioB H qepe3


HHX B03BpamaeT KOpOJISI XHJibnepHKa; KOf.U.a :>Ke TOT cnyCTH MaJIOe BpeMH
YMep, Ha KopoJiescmii npecToJI B03BO.U.HT KopoJIH Teo.u.opHxa74.
6. KapJI npecJie.u.yeT PamHQ>pH.Lla H JaXBaThiBaeT ropo.u. AIDKep.
7. KapJI, onycTOlllHB CaKCOHHIO, no6e.U.HTeJieM B03BpamaeTcH aoMoii.
8. KapJI c noMOIUhiO OPY:>KJiH no.U.tiHHHeT anaMaHHOB H 6asapos.
9. B 3TO speMH 3s.u. nhiTaeTcH HapylllHTh MHpHhiii .u.orosop.
I 0. KapJI, nepeii.U.H Jlyapy, o6pamaeT 3s.u.a B 6ercTBO H onycTolllaeT
CTpaHy.
11. 3B.U. npH3biBaeT K ce6e Ha llOMOIUh capaUHH. flpH.LI.H BMeCTe CO CBOHM
KOpOJieM A6ayppaxMaHOM 75, OHH nepeXO.U.HT fapOHHY H .U.OXO.LI.HT .U.O CaMOfO
Eop.u.o, onycTOlllaH see KpyroM H c)I(HraH orHeM uepKBH. B nyaTbe oHH co)l(fJIH 6a3HJIHKy CB. J1JiapHH.
12. KapJI, noJiaraHCh npoTHB HHX Ha noMOIUh Eo:>KhJO, pa3rpoMHJI HecMeTHoe MHO:>KeCTBO capaUHH BMeCTe C HX KOpOJieM H, no6e.U.HB BparoB,
c TPHYMQlOM B03BpamaeTcH aoMow76.
13. 0TnpaBHBlllHCh B Eypi)'H.llHIO, KapJI noatiHHHeT csoeii BJiacTH JlHOH H npotiHe ropo.u.a. CsHmeHHHK Ee.u.a77 YMeP B 730 ro.u.y oT sonJioiUeHHH
focno.U.HH.
14. B 3TY nopy yMep repuor 3s.u.. nocJie ero cMepTH KapJI 6e3 6oH so3spamaeT AKBHTaHHIO.
15. KapJI MOPCKHM nYTeM npoHHK B 3eMJIIO QlPH30B. nepe6HB QlPH30B,
OH y6HJI repuora flonno, YHHlJTO:>KHJI POIUH H CBHTHJIHIUa H C orpOMHOH
.U.06bitiei1 no6e.U.HTeJieM B03BpaTHJICH .U.OMOH.
CapauHHhi, co6pas CHJibHoe soiicKo, JaxsaTbiBaiOT ropo.u. ABHHhOH
H pa3opHIOT oKpecTHhie 3eMJIH. KapJI, no.u.HHB npoTHB HHX OPY:>KHe, no.u.ollleJI K Ha3BaHHOMY ropo.u.y. fopo.u. 6hiJI JaxsatieH nocJie Toro, KaK ero B3HJIH
B ocaay H paccTaBHJIH oca.u.HyJO TeXHHKy, a sparaM 6biJia ycTpoeHa cTpalllHaH
pe3HH.
KapJI npoHHK B 3eMJIIO roTOB H oca.u.HJI Hap6oHH, BHYTPH KOToporo 3anepcH KopoJib capauHH AQ>HMa.
CapauHHhi B J1cnaHHH, npO)I(HBaBlllHe no coceacTsy, ycJihilllaB o6 3TOM,
BOOpY:>KeHHbie BbiCTYllHJIH eMy HaBCTpeqy BMeCTe CO CBOHM KOpOJieM.
KapJI, cpa:>KaHcb npoTHB HHX, y6HJI KopoJIH BMecTe c ero JIJO.LlhMH; Te :>Ke,
KOTOpb!e CMOrJIH H36e:>KaTb Mella, CeB Ha cy.u.a, YTOHYJIH B MOpe, 1160 Q>paHKH
74
75

76

77

Teo.uopwx IV (yM. 737 r.)- KOpOJib <f>paHKOB B 721-737 rr. CbiH )laro6epTa III.
A6.U-3Jib-PaxMaH- apa6cKwli noJIKOBo.ueu, CbiH A6.uanaxa. HaMecTHHK J.1cnaHHH
B 722-732 rr.
Pe% H.lleT 0 3HaMeHHTOH 6HTBe npw nyaTbe 7 OKTS16pSI 732 r., OCTaHOBHBIIIeH .llaJibHeHIIIee npo.uBH:>KeHwe apa6oB Ha Jana.ue.
6e.ua )lOCTOnO<JTeHHbiH - aBTOp <<UepKOBHOH 11CT0pl111 aHrJIOB>> 11 .upymx npOI13Be.UeHHH uepKOBHOro xapaKTepa. OH po.uHJicH B 673 r., yMep 27 MaS! 735 r.

218

npecJie,llOBaJIH HX C KOpa6JIHMH H llPOTHKaMH; TaK Q>paHKH, O,llep)l(aB no6e.uy


HM BparaMH, B3HJIH 60JiblliYJO .U06bi'IY H MHO)I(eCTBO IUieHHblX.
0HH JaxsaTHJIH o6JiaCTb foTHI078 H cJiaBHeMIIIHe ropo.ua- HHM, Ar.u
H npO'IHe, pa3pyiiiHB llO OCHOBaHHH ropO,llCKHe CTeHbl.
KapJI c.ueJiaJI caKcos CBOHMH .uaHHHKaMH.
KapJI scrynaeT s o6JiaCTb llposaHca H, o6paTHB s 6ercTso repuora MaspoHTa, KOTOpblM ~e ,llaBHO KOBapHO TipHrJiaCHJI capaUHH, TIO.ll'IHHHeT CBOeM
BJiaCTH secb OposaHc, npHMopcKHe 3eMJIH H <l>peKcoHbl.
KapJI, nocJie Toro KaK no6e.uHJI roToB, TIO.ll'IHHHJI caKcos, H3rHaJI capauwH
H B03BpaTHJI OposaHc, c'IaCTJIHBO BJIMeJI KopoJieBCTBOM Q>paHKOB H YMeP
B CeJieHHH BpeM6pHH 79 B 741 fOllY OT BOTIJIOIUeHHH fOCTIO.UHH; TIOCJie Hero ,llBa
ero CbiHaBO npaBHT

27 JieT.

KapJioMaH BMecTe c 6paToM llHnHHOM npasHJI

7 JieT.

KapJioMaH H llHnHH HaHOCHT nopa)l(eHHe fyHOJihllYBI, JaMhiCJIHBIIIeMy


nepeBOpOT, H BO BpeMH TIOXO.Ua ,lleJIHT Me)l(.lly C060M KOpOJieBCTBO -

KTO H 'I eM

llOJI)I(eH BJIMeTb.
B 3TO )l(e speMH soccTaJI TeoT6aJibll82 H KapJioMaH onycTOIIIHJI ArlaMaHHHIO.
KapJioMaH H llHnHH se.uYT so:HcKo B Easapmo npoTHB O.uHJio83.
KapJioMaH cpa)l(aeTCH npoTHB caKcos H JaxsaTbiBaeT JaMoK 0Hce6ypr.
DOHHQlaUHif84, CBHTOM M~ H3 po.ua aHfJIOB, JieraT pHMCKOM uepKBH
B fepMaHHH, 6bm pyKonoJIO)I(eH B enHCKOTibi ropo.ua Ma:HHua. Csoe:H nponose.ubiO OH o6paTHJI MHome Hapo.Ubi TIOpHHrHH, fecceHa, a TaK)I(e AscTpa3HH
K HCTHHHOM Bepe H XpHCTHaHCKOM peJIHrHH, OT KOTOpOM Te ,llOJifO YKJIOHHliHCb.
0H )l(e nepBbiM OCHOBaJI B npe,lleJiaX AscTpa3HH MOHaCTblpH MOHaXOB H CBHTblX .ues. C corJiaCHH KapJioMaHa oH anocTOJibCKOM BJiaCTbiO nanbi yqpe.uHJI
B 3aMKe B10pu6ypre enHcKoncKH:H npecTOJI.
6ypxap.u85, KOJIJiera noHHQlaUHH, 6bm pyKonoJio)l(eH B enHCKOTibl BIOpu6ypra; 8HJIJIH6aJibll86 6bm TIOCTaBJieH eTIHCKOTIOM B 3MXIIITeTTe.
KapJioMaH, npe3pes uapcTBO 3eMHoe pa.uw uapcTBa Be'IHoro, ocTaBHJI
6pary KopolleBCTBO H 6Jiarorose:HHo oTnpaBHJICH B PHM K MorHJiaM 6Jia)l(eHHbiX
anOCTOJIOB; TaM OH npHHHJI TIOCTpHr H O,lleHHHe MOHaXa, TIOCTpOHJI Ha rope
78
79
80
81

82
83
84
85
86

11Ha<Je Cenn-tMamuo.
KapJJ MapTeJJJJ yMep B n<Panbue KbepcM:.
KapJJOMaH (yM. 754 r. 17 mom!) J.1 nM:nM:H III Koponrn:i1: (yM. 768 r. 24 ceHT.).
fyHOJJbJl- CbiH 3sna; repuor AKBM:TaHM:M: B 735-744 rr.
TeoT6aJJbJl 6biJJ repuoroM AIIaMaHHM:M: (lllsa6M:M:).
OnMo- repuor 6asap1111 B 737-749 rr.
6oHM:<t>auM:i1: (yM. 754 r. 5 M:JOHSI) - anocTOJJ fepMaHM:M:; apxM:ermcKon MatiHua
B 745-754 rr. Cs. OcTaHKM: ero noKOSITCSI B <l>yJJbJle.
6ypxapn I (yM. 753 r. 2 <t>esp.)- nepBbiH enM:cKon Bropu6ypra B 741-753 rr.
8J.1JJJJM:6aJJbJl (p. 700 r. yM. 787 r.)- nepBbii1: enM:cKon 3i1:xniTerra B 741-787 rr.
219

AHHanbi

CepanTe87 MOHaCTblpb H cnyCTH Ma.TIOe BpeMH CTaJI MOHaXOM 8 MOHaCTbipe


CB. fieHe.llHKTa.
fpu<J>oH88, 6paT fiHnHHa, 6exa.rr B CaKCOHHIO.
fiHllHH, llOCJie TOfO KaK yxe npaBHJI

7 JieT,

npaBHT JaTeM eme

20 JieT.

nunHH oczynaeT 8 CaKCOHHIO qepeJ TIOpHHfHIO. CaKChl, COe.llHHHBWHCh


C fpH$OHOM, CTapaiOTCH llOMHpHTb ero C fiHllHHOM Ha peKe 0Kep, 8 MeCTe,
qTO JoBeTcH XopoxeH:M.
ToT xe fpu<J>oH, He oepH HH caKcaM, HH <J>paHKaM, oTnpaBJIHeTCH HJ
CaKCOHHH B 6aoapu10. OH JanonyqHJI 6aoapoo H XHJihTPY.llY, cecTpy nunuHa,
BMeCTe c ee MaJIOJieTHHM CbiHOM TaccHJIOHOM89.
fiHllHH, OTnpaBHBIIIHCh 8 fiaBapHIO, HJfHaJI QTTY.lla fpH$OHa H JlaHT$pH.lla
H nocTaBHJI TaM repuoroM TaccHJioHa.
OH .lla.TI fpu<l>oHy

12 rpa<l>cTB B npe.lleJiax HeH:cTpHH.

fpu<J>oH xe, He oepH

eMy, oTnpaBHJICH K BeH:<J>epy90, repuory AKBHTaHHH.


B

750 r.

OT BOllJIOllleHHH rocnO.llHH fiHllHH OTnpaBJIHeT llOCJIOB 8 PHM

K nane 3axapH1091, qT06bi BOllpOCHTh ero 0 <J>paHKCKHX KOpOJISIX, KOTOpbie


6hiJIH HJ KOpOJieBCKOfO PO.lla, HaJbiBa.TIHCh KOpOJIHMH, HO HHKaKOH BJiaCTbiO
8 KOpOJieBCTBe He pacnoJiafa.TIH, KpOMe paJBe TOfO, qTo Ha HX HMH llHCa.TIHCb
XaPTHH H npHBHJiefHH; BJiaCTH xe KOpOJieBCKOH OHH COBepiiieHHO He HMeJIH, HO .lleJia.rrH TO, qero xena.rr <J>paHKCKHH MaxOp.llOM. B .lleHh MaPTOBCKHX
noneH: Hapo.ll, comacHo .llpeBHeMy o6biqaJO, npHHOCHJI 3THM KopoJIHM .llaphi,
H CaM KOpOJih CH.lleJI Ha KOpOJieBCKOM npeCTOJie 8 OKpyxeHHH BOHCKa H 8
npHCYTCTBHH MaXOP.llOMa.

J1 npe.llllHChiBa.TI 8

3TOT .lleHh TO, qTo 6hiJIO peiiieHO

<J>paHKaMH, a Ha .llpyroH: .lleHh H B nocJie.llYJOIUeM CH.lleJI .llOMa. TaK BOT, nana


3axapHH, comacHo anocTOJihCKOH BJiaCTH, OTBeTHJI Ha HX oonpoc cJie.llyiOIUee: eMy KaxeTCH nyqiiiHM H 6onee noJieJHhiM, qTo6hi KoponeM HaJhiBa.TICH
H 6hlll HM TOT, KTO 06Jia.llaeT 8 KOpOJieBCTBe BJiaCTbiO, HeXeJIH TOT, KOfO JIO)I(HO
HMeHYJOT KOpOJieM. 11TaK, HaJBaHHbiH llOHTH$HK nopyqHJI KOpOJIIO H Hapo.llY <J>paHKOB, qT06hi fiHllHH, KOTOpbiH 06Jia.lla.TI KOpOJieBCKOH BJiaCThiO, 6hiJI
npOBOJfJiaiiieH KOpOJieM H BOJBe.lleH Ha KOpOJieBCKHH npeCTOJI. TaK H 6biJIO
C.lleJiaHo nocpe.llCTBOM noMaJaHHH co. 6oHH$aUHH, apxuenucKona ropo.lla
CyaccoHa. nunHH 6biJI npoooJmaiiieH KoponeM, a XHJih.llepuK92, KoTophiH
JIO)I(HO HMeHOBa.TICH KOpOJieM, 6biJI llOCTpHXeH H OTnpaBJieH 8 MOHaCTblpb.

87
88

89

90
91

92

CopaKTe.
fpu$oH (yM. 753 r. oKT.)- 3-u CbiH Kapna MaJ)Tenna.
XHJibTPY.lla (yM. 754 r.)- e,llHHCTBeHHaR .llO% Kapna MaJ)TeJIJia oTero nepaou )l(eHbl
XpOTJ>Y.llbi. )l(eHa 6aaapcKoro repuora O.llHJio; MaTh TaccunoHa. TaccunoH - repuor
6aaapuu B 749-788 rr.
Beu$ep- CbiH fyHOJib.lla; repuor AKBHTaHHH B 745-768 rr.
3axapuu- pHMCKHH nana c 10 .lleK. 741 r. no 22 MaJ)Ta 752 r.
XHJib,llepHK III (yM. 752/3 r.)- KOPOJib $paHKOB B 743-751 rr. nocJie,llHHH HJ T. H.
JieHHBbiX KOpOJieH.

220

KopOJih llHrrHH oTnpasHJICH s CaKCOHHJO. XHJih.uerapHw93, enHcKon


KeJihHCKHH, fihm y6HT caKcaMH.
fpHQ>oH, )l(eJiaH npoHHKHYTh B l1TaJIHJO, fihiJI HaCTHfHYT B ceJieHHH MopbeHH94 rpaQ>oM Teo.uoHHoM; HO H caM Teo.uoHH nom6 B 3TOM cpa)l(eHHH.
B 3TO )l(e apeMH pHMCKHH nana CTeQ>aH95 rrpmneJI K Kopomo llHIIHHY
C IIpOChfiOH 0 IIOMOillH H 3alllHTe IlpOTHB KOpOJIH Ai1CTYJih$a96, HfiO TOT
OTOfipaJI 3eMJIH CB. lleTpa H JiaHrofiap.Uhl COBeplllaJIH MHOroqHCJieHHhie rpafie)I(H.
nana CTeQ>aH IIOMa3aJI B KOpOJIH .UBYX ChiHOBeH llHIIHHa -

KapJia97

H KapJioMaHa98.
ApXHenHcKon noHHQ>auHi1, nponoae.uyH Q>pH3CKOMY Hapo.uy cJioBo no)l(be,
fihiJI yae~aH MyqeHHqecTBOM B 755 ro.uy; OH npefihiBaJI B.UOJI)I(HOCTH eJIHCKOIIa

13 JieT.

llOCJie Hero eiiHCKOIIOM B TeqeHHe

32- X JieT fihiJI JlyJIJI99.

llHIIHH scTynaeT s l1TaJIHIO .uJIH B3hiCKaHHH BJia,UeHHH cs. lleTpa. OH


nofie)l(.llaeT B fiHTBe BhlCTYIIHBillero eMy HaBCTpeqy Ai1CTYJihQ>a. Ai1:CTYJihcP
CJiaCCH fierCTBOM H 3anepCH B llaBHH, IIOCJie qero fihiJIH .UaHbl 40 3aJIO)I(HHKOB;
CBH3aHHhiH KJIHTBOH, OH BepHyJI HMyllleCTBO CB. lleTpa.
nana CTeQ>aH B03BpaTHJICH B PHM. MoHax KapJIOMaH, npH,UH BO <l>paHIJ,HJO
HasecTHTh 6paTa, yMep so BheHHe.
llHnHH oTnpaBHJICH B l1TaJIHIO. OH oca.uHJI 3aneplllerocH B llaBHH AH:cTYJihQ>a H CBH3aJI KJIHTBOH, 06H3hiBaJOilleH ero BepHYTh HMYilleCTBO CB. lleTpa.
PaseHHY BMecTe c lleHTarroJIHCOM OH nepe.uaJI cs. lleTpyiOO.
Ai1:CTYJihcP, ynaB Ha OXOTe C KOHH, JIHiliHJICH H KOpOJieBCTBa, H )I(H3HH.
llHIIHH IIOfie)l(.llaeT CaKCOB B Cpa)l(eHHH; OHH ofiemaiOT eMy ,UaTb B BH.Ue
.UaHH

300 KOHeH

H BepHYTh TO, qTQ He3aKOHHO 3a6paJIH.

llHnHH 3acTaBHJI BewQ>epa, repuora B AKBHTaHHH, He )i(eJiaBillero npe.uocTaBHTh IJ,epKBHM HX BJia,UeHHH, ofiemaTh HCIIpaBJieHHe.
BewQ>ep, HapylliHB KJIHTBy, .uoxo.uHT, onycTolllaH H rpa6H, .uo caMoro lllaJioHa. llHIIHH BMecTe c ChiHOM KapJioM BhiBO.UHT aoi1cKo co caoew cTopoHhi
H IliTYPMOM 3axaaThiBaeT KpenocTH H ropo.ua. Eyp6oH, lllaHTeJih, KJiepMoH
H oqeHb MHOfHe .upyrHe IIO.UqHHHIOTCH ero BJiaCTH. 3aTeM OH 3aXBaThiBaeT
ABapHK.

93
94
95

96
97
98
99

IOO

XHJibJlerapHif- enHcKon KeJibHCKI1H oK. 753 - oK. 763 rr.


MopbeHH (CeH-)I(aH-ne-MopwH)- ropon B CaBoife Hap. ,ll10paHc.
CTe<t>aH II - pi1MCKI1H nana c 26 MapTa 752 r. no 26 anp. 757 r.
Alkrynb<l> (yM. 756 r.) - KopoJib JiaHro6apnoB B 749-756 rr.
KapJI BeJII1KHH (p. 742 r. yM. 814 r.)- CTapumil: Cb!H nuni1Ha KopoTKoro; KOpOJib
<l>paHKOB B 768-814 rr. J.1MnepaTOp (c 25 neK. 800 r.).
KapJIOMaH (yM. 774 r.)- 2-H Cb!H nunHHa KopOTKOro; KOPOJib <l>paHKOB B 768774 rr.
JlyJIJI- apx11enucKon Mail:Hua B 755-786 rr.
B 756 r.

221

AHHanbl

TaccMJIOH, yfulH M3 KopoJieBcKoro soiicKa, oTnpaBJIHeTCSI B EasapMIO.


JIIOTaSI 3MMa 6hiJia B

764 fO,lly.

XpyoTraHrlOI, apxMenMCKOn ropo.ua Meua, npOCMJI y nasJia TeJia CBSIThiX


MyqeHMKOB foproHMSI, Ha6opa M Ha3apMH, .uo6hm Mx M c 4eCThiO npMBe3 M3
ropo.ua PMMa. 11 OOJIO)I(MJI CB. foprOHMH B CBOeM MOHaCTbipe, KOTOpbiH OH
3aHOBO llOCTpOMJI, M MMH KOTOpOMY 6biJIO fop3102; CB. Ha6opa OH (nOJIO)I(MJI)
B .upyroM MOHaCThipe, 'ITO 30BeTcH CeHT-ABOJih.lll03, a ca. Ha3apMSI- B HarneM JloplllCKOM MOHaCThlpe 104; OHM CJiaBHTCSI B Ha3BaHHhlX MeCTaX MHOfMMM
4y.lleCaMM.
llMnMH, 060H.llSI BCIO AKBMTaHMIO, llO.ll4MHSieT ee CBOeH BJiaCTM, HO TaK
M He 3axsaThiBaeT, KaK xoTeJI, Beticpepa; a TOT nocTOHHHO 6biJI 3aHSIT onycTorneHMeM M 6ercTBOM, noKa He 6hiJI y6MT KOBapcTBOM Baparro M He noJIO)I(MJI
KOHeiJ, M 6erCTBy, M HaCMJIMHM.
llMnMH, B03BpamaHch M3 AKBMTaHMM, YMep
B B03pacTe

24 ceHTSI6pSII05 B CeH-.lleHM

54 JieT.

1. Kap11 BMecTe c 6paToM KapJioMaHoM npaBMT 3 ro.ua.

2.

Kap11 BMecTe c KapJioMaHoM, ero 6paToM, 3axsaThiBaiOT fyHOJih.lla,

no.uHHsrnero MHTe)l( B AKBMTaHMM.

3.

KopoJih KapJioMaH yMep B ceJieHMM CaMyccM M norpe6eH B Pei1Mcel06.

4. Kap11 3axsaTbiBaeT B CaKCOHMM 3aMOK 3pec6ypr, pa3pyrnaeT MX CBSITMJIMIUe M npeCJIOByryiO pOIUY 11pMMHCyJII07.

5. Me)l(.lly TeM Kor.ua soiicKo CTPa.llaJIO OT )l(a)l(.llhi M3-3a 3acyxM, o.uHa)l(.llhi


nocpe.uM )l(apKoro .llHSI c He6a BHe3anHo npoJIMJIMCh noTOKM BO.llhl. CaKChi,
npM.llH K KopoJIIO Ha Be3ep M .uas 3aJIO)I(HMKOB, npocHT o MMpe.

6.

KapJI scrynaeT no npMmarneHMIO pMMCKoro noHTMcpMKa A.upMaHa 108

B 11TaJIMIO. KopoJih .[le3M.llepMtfi09, nhiTaHCh oKa3aTh conpoTMBJieHMe, 3aKphisaeT AJibnMHCKMe KJIY3hl M BhiCTynaeT eMy HaBCTpeqy. <l>paHKM OTBOpSIIOT
KJIY3hi; .[le3M,llepMH 3anMpaeTCSI B llaBMM.

7. Kap11 oca)l(.llaeT ropo.u llaBMIO M HMKOMY He no3BOJISieT HM BOHTM, HM


BhiHTM. Me)l(.lly TeM KapJI OTnpaBJIHeTCSI pa,llM MOJIMTBhl K MOfMJie CB. neT101
102
103
104
105
106
107

108

109

XpyouaHr- emtcKon Meua B 742-766 rr.


fopJ - ropo.uoK K 10ro-Jana.uy OT Meua.
CeHT-ABoJib.ll - ropo.u Ha p. PoceJib, Me)l(.lly MeuoM 11 CapreMI1HOM.
Jloprn - ropo.a B 6a.ueHe- 810pTeM6epre K BOCTOKY OT BopMCa.

B 768 r.
B 774 r.
11pMI1HCYJI- 6biJI o.uHoii 113 maBHeiirnl1x CB.HTbiHb caKCOB-.H3bi'-IHI1KOB. Haxo.uHJic.H
Ha MecTe noJ.UHeiirnero 3pec6ypra. Ope.ucTaBJI.HJI co6oi1 orpoMHYIO .uepeB.HHHYIO
KOJIO.lly, ycTpeMJieHHYIO B He6o, Ha KOTOpYIQ, no MHeHI110 caKCOB, Onl1paJIC.H He6ecHbiH CBO.ll. CJioBo 11pMI1HCYJI nepeBO.lli1TC.H KaK <<KOJIOHHa Ml1pa>. DbiJI yHI1'-ITO:lKeH
KapJIOM BeJII1KHM B 772 r.
A.upl1aH I (yM. 795 r. 25 .ueK.) - pi1MCKI1i1 nana c 9 <f>eBp. 772 r. no 25 .ueK. 795 r.
,lleJH.llepl1i1- KOPOJib JiaHro6ap.uoB B 757-774 rr.

222

pa. Dana A.upHaH, pa,ayHCb, C BeJIHKOH CJiaBOH BCTpeqaeT npHfihiBlllero


KOpOJIH; OHH TOp.lKeCTBeHHO npa3.UHYIOT CBHTOH ,UeHb flacxwllO, H nana
c JIHKOBaHHeM npoBo.lKaeT KopoJIH. Kor.ua KopoJib KapJI B03BpamaeTCH H3
PHMa, JiaHro6ap.Ubi, yToMJieHHbie oca.uoi1:, BbiXO.UHT K Kopomo H3 ropo.ua
BMeCTe C KOpOJieM )le3H,UepHeM. A KOpOJib, BCTynHB (Ty,aa) Ha CJie,UyiOlllHH .UeHb C fHMHaMH H XBaJie6HbiMM neCHHMM, OT,UaJI CBOeMy BOHCKY
Hai1:.UeHHhie TaM KOpOJieBCKMe COKpOBMIUa H, npHHHB BCe 11TaJibHHCKOe
KOpOJieBCTBO, B03BpaTHJICH BO <l>paHUMIO, npMBe,UH C COfiOH )le3H,UepHH,
ero .lKeHy H .uoMoqa.uues. A.uaJihfM3, ero CbiH, cnaccH 6ercTBOM M no MopiO
npH6hiJI B KoHcTaHTMHonoJih.

8.

KapJI, sepHyBlllMCh M3 HTaJIHH, npaJ,aHyeT ocBHIUeHHe uepKBM ca. Ha-

JapHH H nepeHeCeHMe ero TeJia B JloplllCKOM MOHaCTbipe

1 CeHTHfipH 774 f.

OT BOnJIOIUeHHH rocnO.UHH. KapJI, pa30pHB caKCOB, 3aXBaTbiBaeT KpenoCTb


3pec6ypr H, OCTaBHB TaM rapHH30H, B03BpamaeTCH BO <l>paHUHIO.

9. KapJI y6wsaeT B HTaJIHM JaMhiCJIHBlllero THpaHMIO XpyoTray.ua Ill.


10. CaKChi, ocJia6es nocJie MHomx nopa.lKeHHH H pa3JIHqHhiX soi1:H,
He HMeH fioJiee CHJI conpOTHBJIHTbCH, CTaHOBHTCH, HaKOHeU, XpMCTMaHaMH
H no,aqHHHIOTCH BJiaCTH Q>paHKOB.

11.

KapJI JaxsaTbmaeT y capauHH ropo.u llaMnJioHy. A6HTaBp, KopoJib

capauMH, .uaeT B 3aJIO)J(HMKM csoero 6paTa H CbiHa M B03BpamaeT ropo.ua, KoTOpbie y.uep)J(MBaJI. Orry.ua oHII2 oTnpaBJIHeTcH K Ue3aph-ABrycTell3 H npHBO.UHT c co6oi1: H6HHHJiap6a, KopoJIH capaUMH.

12. CaKcoHeu BH.uYKMH.ll JaMbilllJIHeT HaCHJIMe. CaKCbi no.UbiMaiOT MHTe.lK,


coseplllaiOT y6wi1:cTsa H no,U)J(OrH so <l>paHUHH .uo caM oro Pei1:Ha. KapJI, sepHYBlllHCh H3 HCnaHCKOfO noxo.ua, OTnpaBJIHeT npOTHB HHX BOHCKO H ofipamaeT
CaKCOB B fierCTBO.

13.

KapJI no.uaBJIHeT caKcos H c nO.lKhei1: noMOIUhiO no6e)J(,UaeT npoTH-

BHBlllHXCH eMy.

14. Kor.ua KapJI OnHTh npHllleJI B PMM, nanaA.upMaH KpecTHJI llMnMHall4,


CbiHa KOpOJIH H, BOCnpMHHB ero M3 CBHTOH KY"eJIH, nOMa3aJI B KOpOJIM Ha,U
VJ.TaJIHei1:; JIIO.UOBHKall5, ero fipaTa, OH TQqHo TaK .lKe (noMa3aJI B KOpOJIH) Ha,U
AKBHTaHHei1:. 0HH C BeJIMKOH CJiaBOH npa3,UHYJOT flacxy focnO,UHIOII6.

15.
110

III
112
113
11 4
115
116

KopoJib KapJI npH3BaJI K ce6e B BopMc repuora TaccHJIOHa.

3 anpeJI.H 774 r. naBI1SI C.UaJiaCb B 11JOHe 774 r.


Xpyonay.u (fap.upa.u) - rpa<f>, po.uoM 113 T10pi1Hrl111. Bo3maBI1JI M.HTe.lK npoTHB Kapna
B 786 r. Ho He B 11TaJII111, a B fepMaHI111.
T. e. Kapn BeJII1KI1H.
Caparocy.
n11n11H (p. 773 r. yM. 810 r. 811JOJI.H)- KOpOJib 11TaJII111 B 781-810 rr.
J1JO.UOBI1K I Einaro'leCTI1BbiH (yM. 840 r. 20 11JOHH)- 3-ii CbiH Kapna BeJIHKoro. 11MnepaTOp B 814-840 rr.
Ha nacxy 781 r.

223

AHHanbl

16. TaCCHJIOH IIO.ll IlpHCHfOH o6emaeT KOpoJIJO COXpaHHTb BepHOCTh; KOpOJib


C lleCTbiO ero OTrryCKaeT, BeJieB IlpHCJiaTh eMy 3aJIO)J(}{HKOB; liTO TOT H C,lleJiaJI.
17. CaKCOHeU BH.ll)'KHH.ll IlpHXO,llHT B ce6H IIOCJie MHOfHX COBepllleHHblX
HM HaCHJIHH, IlpHXO,llHT K KOpOJIIO H, CTaB BepHbiM, rrpHHHMaeT KpeiUeHHe.
18.

B 3TO

Xe BpeMH HBHJIHCb MHOfHe 3HaMeHHH; cpe,llH HHX llaiUe Bcero

Ha O,lle)l(,llax JIIO,lleH IIOHBJIHJICH 3HaK KpeCTa; KpOBb, KaK fOBOpSIT, TeKJia H HJ


JeMJI:u, :u c He6a.
19. Kor.ua KapJI rrp:uweJI B P:uM, Xapar:u3117, repuor 6eHeBeHTa, rrocJiaJI
K KOpOJIIO CBOero CbiHa PyMaJih,lla H IIO,llapKH H ( o6eiUaJI) C,lleJiaTb BCe, liTO TOT
IlpHKaXeT, JIHlllb 6hi TOT He BC'fYIIaJI B ero 3eMJIIO. narra, yCJibllllaB 06 3TOM,
He IIOBepHJI (repuory) H cppaHKOB rrpH3BaJI He BepHTb eMy. Ho y6e,llHJI KOpOJIH oTrrpaBHThCH B JeMJIIO 6eHeBeHTCKYIO. Xapar:uJ, ocTaBHB ropo.u Karry10,
Jarr:upaeTCH B CanepHo. OH OTrrpaBJIHeT KOPOJIIO .uapbi, cooero ChiHa fp:uMoaJibJlall8 H 12 3aJIO)J(}{HKOB; H ,ll06HJICH, liTO 3eMJIH ero He 6hma OIIyCTOilleHa.
Kor.ua KapJI oepHyJicH B P:uM, rrocJibi TaccHJioHa rrpocHJI:u Arr.p:uaHa JaKJIIOliHTh
MHp Me)l(.lly HHM H KOpOJieM. KopOJib OXOTHO ,llaJI Ha 3TO CBOe COfJiaCHe IlpH
yCJIOBHH, liTO TOT C,lleJiaeT TO, liTO IIO.ll IIpHCHfOH o6eiUaJI ero OTUy, KOpOJIIO
n:urrHHY H OIIHTb IIO.ll IlpHCHfOH IIO,llTBep,llHT eMy H ero CblHOBbHM. Kor.ua
rrocJihi TaccHJioHa He comacHJIHCh c 3THM, rrarra Aup:uaH o6y3.llaJI ero yJaMH
aHacpeMhi, pa3 oH xeJiaeT rroczyrrHTh HHalle. Tor.ua TaccHJIOH .uaeT o6emaH:ue,
HO II03,llHee HapywaeT ero H OTKa3hiBaeTCH IlpHHTH K KOpOJIIO.
(20.) KapJI OTIIpaBJIHeTCH B 6aoapHIO H 3aiiHpaeT TaCCHJIOHa C BOHCKOM
CO BCeX CTOpOH. fiy.llYI.JH BbiHyx,UeH, TOT IlpHXO,llHT K KOpOJIIO, B0306HOBJIHeT
KJIHTBy, .uaeT 3aJIOXHHKOB :u cooero ChiHa Teo.uo. EMy pa3pewaiOT BJia,UeTb
repuorcTBOM. Ho II03.UHee oH BHOBh 6hm yJIHlleH B HeoepHOCTH, coeprHYT
C TpOHa H IIOCTpH)I(eH B MOHaCThlpe.
21. KapJI IIO.llliHHHeT CBOeH BJiaCTH CJiaBHHCKHH HapO.ll, liTO 30BeTCH
BHJibUaMH, ITO

TY CTOpOHY

peKH 3Jib6bi.

22. KapJI C IIOMOIUbiO Opyx:HH IIO,llliHHHeT aoapCKHH Hapo,ll.


23. CaKCbl OIIHTb B03BpaiUaiOTCH K H,llOJIOIIOKJIOHCTBy.
24.

3TY rropy n:urr:uH119, CbiH KOpOJIH OT HaJIOXHHUbl XHMHJihTPY.llhl,

CfOBOpHJICH C HeKOTOpblMH cppaHKCKHMH rpacpaMH, liT06hi y6HTb KOpOJIH


:u caMoMy rrpaBHTh BMecTo Hero. Kor.ua o6 3TOM CTaJIO H3BeCTHO, KOpOJih
IlpHKa3aJI n:urrHHa IIOCTpHllb, a OCTaJibHblX ero C006IUHHKOB Ka3HHTb pa3JIHliHblMH CMepTHMH.
25. KapJI OTIIpaBJIHeT CBOHX CbiHOBeH n:urrHHa H JliO,llOBHKa C BOHCKOM
B fieHeBeHT.

117
liS
119

11

CJIYI.JHJICH CHJibHblH fOJIO,ll, TaK liTO H B 40-,llHeBHblH IIOCT

Xapannll (ApHXH3)- repuor 6eHeBeHTa B 758-787 rr.


fpHMOaJibJllll- repuor 6eHeBeHTa B 787-806 rr.
nwnHH fop6aTbiH (p. 769 r. yM. 811 r.)- nepBeHeU Kapna BeJIHKOrO OT HaJIO)I(HHUb1
XHMHJlbTPYJlbl.

224

HeJib3H 6biJIO B03,llep)l(aTbCH OT (ynoTpe6JieHiiH) MHCa. B 3TO )l(e BpeMH BO


<l>paHKQ:>ypTe 6biJI coJsaH co6op no .ueJiy <I>emtKca 120.

26.

KapJI, OTnpaBHBlllHCb B CaKCOHHIO, oBJia.ueJI caKcaMH H, yse.llH OT HHX

(Ka)l(,llOfO) TPeTbefO 'IeJIOBeKa, pacceJIHJI HX BO <J>paHUHH. B 3TH BpeMeHa CBOeH


CBHTOCTbiO H yqeHOCTbiO CJiaBHTCH ArlbKYJIH 121, 6pHTaHCKHH pHTOp, ,llbHKOH
H a66aT MOHaCTbipH ca. MapTHHa. YMep nana AupHaH; eMy HacJie.uosan Jlesl22.

27.

K KopoJIIO npH6biBaeT nocoJibCTBO fYHHOB H npHB03HT eMy coKpo-

smua; KOpOJib pa3,lleJIHJI HX cpe,llH CBOHX BeJibMO)l( H pa3pelllHJI nocJiaM


Y.llaJIHTbCH.

28. flHnHH, KOPOJib 11TaJIHH, OTnpaBJIHeTCH B naHHOHHIO.


29. KapJI pacceAAeT B CaKCOHHH Q:>paHKOB, a caKcos yso.uHT orry.ua BMecTe
C )l(fHaMH H ,lleTbMH, TO eCTb TpeTb JIIO,lleH.

30.
31.

KapJI onHTb oTnpaBJIHeTcH B CaKCOHHIO.


B 3TO speMH pHMJIHHe csepraiOT c npecToJia nany Jlbsa, JaMbilllJIHIOT

JIHlllHTb ero ma3, oTpe3aiOT H3biK H noMemaiOT no.u CTP~ Ho TOT 6Jiaro.uapH cnaJibHHKY AJibfiHHY HO'IbiO [fie)l(JIT) orry.ua, cnyCTHBlllHCb CO CTeHbl Ha
BepesKe, H npH6biBaeT K BHHHfH3y123, repuory CnoJieTO, KOTOpbiH C BOHCKOM pacnOJIO)l(HJICH BOKpyr fopo.ua. TOT no3a60THJICH 0 HfM H OTnpaBHJI
B CaKCOHHIO K KOpOJIIO. (flana) 6biJI C 'IeCTbiO HM npHHHT H BOCCTaHOBJieH Ha
anOCTOJibCKOM npeCTOJie; a pHMJIHH, KOTOpble YlfHHHJIH no.uo6Hoe HaCHJIHe,
(KapJI) OTnpaBHJI B H3fHaHHe.

32.

KapJI ompaBJIHeTcH B PHM. nana Jles nepe.u .uHeM Po)l(,lleCTBa foc-

no.uHH, TpH)l(,llbl ,llaB KJIHTBY B npHCYTCTBHH KOpOJIH H Q:>paHKCKOfO Hapo.ua,


O'IHCTHJICH OT scero, 'ITO BMeHHJIOCb eMy B BHHY pHMCKHM Hapo.uoM. B .ueHb
Po)l(,lleCTBa focno.uHH nepe.u 6orocJiy)l(eHHeM B uepKBH ca. fleTpa, B npHcyTCTBHH ero CBHTeHlllefO TeJia, nana JleB B03JIO)l(HJI Ha fOJIOBY KOpOJIH
HMnepaTOPCKYIO KOpOHY H TOT 6biJI npOB03fJiallieH asryCTOM B

800 fO.llY

OT

BOnJIOIUeHHH focnO,llHHI24 KaK CaMHM nanOH, TaK H BCeM pHMCKHM HapO,llOM,


a TaK)l(e [Hapo.uoM] Q:>paHKOB.

33.
34.

flOCOJibCTBO rpeKOB, npH,llH K aBryCTy, npOCHT ero 0 MHpe.


AMypMyJII25 CapauHHCKHM: nocbiJiaeT HaPH.llY c .upyrHMH .uparoueH-

HbiMH no.uapKaMH o.uHoro cJioHa. YMep flaBJIHHI26, naTpHapx <l>pHyJihCKHH.

35.

To )l(e nocoJihCTBO rpeKOB BMecTe c nocJiaMH HMnepaTopa KapJia,

KOTOpblX OH OTnpaBHJI B fpeUHIO, npH6biBaeT B KOpOJieBCKOe noMeCTbe nO.ll

<l>eJII1KC- enl1cKon YpxeJibCKI1H, OJII1H 113 11)leoJioroB a.uom.111aHCKOH epec11.


AJlbK}'l1H (p. 735 f. yM. 804 r. 19 M<UI)- 3HaMeHI1TbiH Y'leHbiH, 6orOCJIOB 11 nenaror.
0JII1H 113 ne~neJieti T. H. KapoJII1HrcKoro Bo3po:>t<.LieHI1.H>>.
122 JleB III- PI1MCKI1H nana c 27 neK. 795 r. no 12 11JOH.H 816 r.
123 BI1HI1r113- repuor CnoJieTo B 789-822 rr.
124 25 neKa6p.H 800 r.
125 Pe'lb 11JieT o xan11<t>e XapyH-ap-Paumne.
126 nayJII1H II (yM. 802 r.)- naTpl1apx AKBI1Jlel1 B 776-802 rr.

120
121

225

AHHanbl

HaJBaHHeM 3a.nhu. HMnepaTop xe oTnparuuieTc.H a 6aaapHJO. TaM [K HeMY]


npHXO.llHT nOCOJlbCTBO aaapOB H OHH nepe.llalOT nO.ll BJiaCTb HMnepaTOpa KapJia
BClO TeppHTOpHlO CBOeH HMnepHH.

[36.]

HMnepaTop KapJI, 6e3 6o.H H3rHaB caKcoa H3 HX co6cTBeHHhiX Je-

MeJih, pacceJI.HeT HX BO <l>paHUHH.

18 anpeJI.H

YMep AlihK}'HH; H PHK60T yMep

B 3TOM xe fO.lly.

37.

flana Jlea BHOBb npH6biBaeT BO <l>paHUHlO.

HMnepaTOp KapJI pa3.lleJIHJI KOpOJieBCTBO Me)l(.lly CBOHMH ChiHOBh.HMH, TO


ecTh KapJioM, IlHnHHOM H JIIO.llOBHKoMt27.

38. YMep fpHMOa.Jlh.ll, repuor fieHeBeHTa; CHJlbHa.H CMePTHOCTb B MOHaCTblpe CB. 60HH<l>aUH.H128, TaK qTQ YMepJIH oqeHb MHOrHe H3 MJla.lllllHX 6paTbeB.

40.

KapJI, CbiH HMnepaTopa KapJia, OTnpaBHJIC.H C <l>paHKCKHM BOHCKOM

npOTHB aeHe.llOB Ja peKY 3Jih6y. O.llHaKo, ero nepenpaaa qepe3 Hee B 3TO apeM.H
6hiJia Hey.llaqHa, H oqeHb MHOfHe <l>paHKH 6hiJIH y6HTbl.

41. HMrrepaTOp aecb fO.ll HaxO.llHJIC.H a Axe He, H PHxoJib<l> 129 6hiJI ompaBJieH
B HaUl MOHaCTblpb B <l>yJih.lle, TO eCTb B MOHaCTblpb CB. fiOHH<l>aUH.H, no .lleJiy
a66aTa H 6paTHH; OCB.HI.UeHa uepKOBb CB. MapHH Ha rope.

42.

CHJihHa.H cMePTHOCTh Kopoa noqTH no aceH: Eapone, a TaKXe oqeHh

MHOfHX JIJO.lleH:; YMepJia PoTpy.llat30, .llOqh HMnepaTopa, H IlHnHH, ChiH ero.


HMnepaTOp npH6hiBaeT B CaKCOHHJO.

43.

30 HO.H6p.H -

coJIHeqHoe JaTMeHHe.

fihma oqeHb CypOBa.H 3HMa, npO.llOJI)I(aBUla.HC.H BIIJIOTh.llO KOHUa MeC.H-

ua MapTa, H YMePJIH .llBa ChiHa HMnepaTopa, To ecTh MOHax IlHnHH H KapJit3t.

44.

CJiyqHJiaCb HeMa.Jia.H CMYTa B MOHaCTblpe CB. 60HH<l>aUH.H, H

12 6pa-

TbeB H3 3TOH qeJIMH OTnpaBHJIHCh BMeCTe C a66aTOM PaTrapoM132 Ha CY.ll HMnepaTopa KapJia. Ho He TaK 6b1Jla npeKpameHa 3Ta CMYTa; JIHillh noJ.llHee,
PHXOJih<l>, apxHenHcKon MaH:HUCKHH, 6epHxapi33, enHcKon ropo.lla BopMca,
Xarroi34, enHcKon Ayrc6ypra, H BoJihrapt35, enHcKon BJOpu6yprcKoH: uepKBH,
BMeCTe C npoqHMH BepHbiMH, KOTOpbie no npHKa3y HMnepaTOpa .HBHJIHCb Ha
3TOT ceH:M, YJia.llHJIH 3TY CMYTY B MOHaCTblpe CB. 60HH<l>aUH.H.

45.

B aBryCTe MeC.HUe136 B AxeHe COCTO.HJIC.H BeJIHKHH ceifM; HMnepaTOp

KapJI Ha3HaqHJI CBOero CbiHa JllO.llOBHKa CBOHM conpaBHTeJieM, B03JIOXHB eMy


Ha fOJIOBY KOpOHY nocJie npoBe.lleHHOfO B Mae MeC.HUe B MaHHUe co6opa, Ha

127

8 806 r.

128

8 <I>ynb.lle.

129

PHxon~- apxHenHcKon Mai1Hua B 787-813 rr.


P<rrpy.na (p. 775 r. yM. 810 r.)- .no% Kapna 8enHKoro.
Kapn yMep 4.neKa6pH 811 r.
PaTrap - a66aT <l>yJib.llbi B 802-817 rr.
6epHxap (yM. 826 r. 21 MapTa)- enHcKon 8opMca B 793-826 rr.
Xarro- enHcKon Ayrc6ypra B 807-815 rr.
8onb<j>rep (8onbrap) (yM. 832 r. 4 HOH6.)- enHcKon 810pu6ypra B 810-832 rr.
8 813 r.

130

131
132

133
134

135
136

226

XltlflbAecxali!McKitle aHHaJlbl

KOTopoM npe.uce.uaTeJibCTBOBaJIH apxHenHcKon PHXOJih$ H XHJib.Ue6a.Tib.ll137,


apxHenHcKon KeJibHCKHH.

46.

J1MnepaTOp KapJI yMep B AxeHe

BOITJIOIUeHHSI fOCITO,llHSI,
cbiH.

28

SIHBapSI, B cy66oTy, B

8I4 r.

OT

6 HH,llHKTa, H BOUapHJICSI BMeCTO Hero JlJO,llOBHK, ero

B 3TOM ro.uy, I asrycTa, HMnepaTop JlJO.UOBHK nposeJI c <PpaHKaMH CbeJ.u

3HaTH, H rpeqeCKHe ITOCJibl npOCHJIH y Hero ITOMOlllH npOTHB fioJirap H npoqlfX sapsapcKHx Hapo.uos.

B 3TO

speMH Hepyca.TIHM 6hm pa3opeH rrepcaMH,

H BeJIHKOMY fOHeHHIO ITO,llBeprJIHCb XpHCTHaHe B BOCTOqHbiX 3eMJISIX.


47. HMnepaTOp JlJO,llOBHK npoBeJI c $paHKaMH ceHM B CaKCOHHH, B na.uep6opHe; Ty.ua npHrneJI ero ChiH JloTaph138, KopoJih nasapHH, H .upyroH ero
CbiH, TO eCTb llHITHH139, KOpOJib AKBHTaHHH, a TaiOKe nepHrap.u140, CbiH 0HI1HHa, KopoJib JiaHro6ap.uos; 3TOT ceHM npoxo.uHJI

B 3-H

HJOJUI141.

rO.ll JlJO.llOBHKa B AxeHe B aBryCTe MeCSIUe142 COCTOSIJICSI BeJIHKHH

co6op, H 6hiJIO perneHo, qTofibi see MOHaxH neJIH [ncaJIMbi] comacHo ycTasy
CB. neHe.llHKTa; TaM fihillH 3aiTHCaHbl ,llBe KHHfH: O.llHa .upyraSI -

o )I(H3HH MOHaXHHb.

0 )l(lf3HH KJIHpHKOB,

B 3TOM ro.uy yMep nana Jles143,

H BMecTo Hero

B enHcKonbi pHMCKHe 6biJI pyKonoJIO)J(eH CTe$aH 144; B OKTSI6pe MecSiue oH


npHllieJI K HMnepaTopy JlJO.llOBHKY B ropO,ll PeHMC H B MHpe BepHyJICSI .llOMOH.

B 3TO BpeMSI YMep nerro, O.llHH 113 .upy3eH KOpOJISI, KOTOpbiH B3SIJI B )l(eHbl
.uoqb HMnepaTOpa AlibnaH.lly145.
B 4-H ro.u.

HMnepaTop JliO.llOBHK nposeJI c <PpaHKaMH ceHM B AxeHCKOM

n$aJibUe B HIOHe MecSiue146, H, Kor.ua 6bm o6bSIBJieH nocT, ero ChiH JloTapb
fihiJI ITOCTaBJieH HMnepaTOpOM, qTOfibi CTaTb conpaBHTeJieM KOpOJieBCTBa
BMecTe c OTUOM. B 3TOM ro.uy cKoHqaJicSI nana CTe$aH; eMY B enHcKoncTBe
HaCJie,llOBaJI llaCXaJIHH 147.

137

XIUibne6aJib.ll (yM. 818 r.)- emtcKon KeJibHCKHH B 787-818 rr. (c 795 r. - apXHemtcKon).
138 JloTapb I (p. 795 r. yM. 855 r. 29 ceHT.)- cTapumi1: CbiH JlJOJlOBHKa I 6naroqecTHBoro;
KOpOJib 11TaJII111 B 823-855 rr.; 11MnepaTop C 823 r.
l39 nl1ni1H I (p. 797 r. yM. 838 r. 13 neK.)- 2-11: Cb!H JlJOJlOBI1Ka I 6JiaroqecTI1BOro; KOpOJib
AKBI1TaHI111 B 817-838 rr.
140 6epHrapn (p. 797 r. yM. 818 r. 17 asr.) - CbiH nl1nHHa I 11TaJibRHCKOrO, BHYK KapJia
Be1111Koro. KopoJib 11TaJII111 B 810-818 rr. 6b1Jl HI13JIO)[(eH 11 ocJieruieH 11MnepaTOpOM
JlJOJlOBI1KOM I 6JiaroqecTI1BbiM 11 BCKope nocJie 3Toro yMep.
14 1 B815r.
142 B816r.
143 Jles III yMep 8 11JOHH 816 r.
144 CTe<f>aH IV (yM. 817 r. 24 HHB.) - pi1MCKHi1: nana c 22 11JOHH 816 r. no 24 HHB. 817 r.
145 AJibna11na (p. 794 r. yM. 852 r.). 6b1Jla JaM~eM Ja 6erro (YM. 816 r.), rpa<f>oM napJ.UKCKI1M.
146 B 817 r.
147 nacxaJII1H I - pi1MCKHi1 nan a B 817-824 rr. )J,o 817 r. - a66aT MOHaCTbiPR cs. CTe<t>aHa.

227

AHHanbl

TaiOKe EepHrapn, KOPOJih 11TaJIHH, nonHHJI MHTe)J( npoTHB HMnepaTopa,


H aBryCT JIIO)lOBHK OTnpaBHJICH C BOHCKOM B 11TaJIHIOI48.
(818 r.) B 6-H ron HMnepaTopaJIIO)lOBHKa, TO eCTh B 818 f. OT BOnJIOIUeHHH
rocnO)lHH, OH no6e)lHJI B EpeTaHH KOpOJIH MopMaHa.
(819 r.) B 7-H ron csoero npaBJieHHH HMnepaTop B3HJI B )J(eHhi IOnmphi49,
)lO'Ih BeJib<f>a; H 6biJia OCBHIUeHa 6a3HJIHKa <l>yJih)leHCKOro MOHaCTblpH. nocJie
3TOrO OH 4 rona OT.llhiXaJI, H He CJiy'iHJIOCh HH'Iero, (LlOCTOHHOrO) HCTOpHH.
(824 r.) B 12-H )J(e rOLl npaBJieHHH HMnepaTOpa, TO eCTh 824 r. OT BOnJIOIUeHHH focnonHH, 6hiJI npennpHHHT BTopoH noxon npoTHB KopoM BHoMapKa,
H OH onycTOlllaeT EpeTaHh.
(825 r.) BHoMapK B 13-H ron HMnepaTOpa 6biJI y6HT B co6cTBeHHOM noMe
JIIO.llhMH JlaM6epTa; H YMep apXHenHcKon XaHCTYJih<f>150.
(826 r.) B 14-H ro)lJIIO)lOBHKa a66aT XHJlbJlYHHI51 nepeHeC B faJIJIHIO KOCTH
cs. Ce6acThHHa.
(827 r.) B 15-H ron HMnepaTopa, TO eCTh B 827 r. OT BOnJIOIUeHHH focnO)lHH,
capauHHhi onycTOlllaiOT npeneJihi EapceJIOHhi H fepYHJlHHI52.
(830 r.) 19. B 831 r. OT BOnJIOIUeHHH focnO)lHH, TO eCTh B 19-H ron npaBJieHHH JIIO.llOBHKa, a66aT Xepc<f>eJih.lla EYH 153 H a66aT <l>yJih.llhi Pa6aH 154 Ha'IaJIH
pbiTh <f>YHJlaMeHT uepKBH CB. BHK6epTa B llOHe)leJihHHK 10 HIOJIH.
(832 r.) 20. JIIO.llOBHK, ChiH HMnepaTopa, B 20-H ron ero npaBJieHHH cocTaBHJI Jarosop npoTHB csoero oTua B JlaMnepTXeHMei55.
(833 r.) 21. KopoJieBCTBO <f>paHKOB nepelllJ1o K HMnepaTopy JloTapiO.
22. B 834 r. OT BOnJIOIUeHHH focnO)lHH, B 22-H ron npaBJieHHH JIIO.llOBHKa,
flHnHH H JIIO.llOBHK, ero 6paT, BOCCTaHOBHJIH CBOero OTUa Ha ero TpOHe.
26. B 838 f. OT BOnJIOIUeHHH focnO)lHH, B 26-H rOLl npaBJieHHH JIIO)lOBHKa, BTOpOH JarOBOp JIIO.llOBHKa MJia)llllero BO <l>paHK<f>ypTe; H KOpOJieBCTBO
nepelllJ1o K ero oTuy.
(839 r.) 27. B 27-H ron HMnepaTopa CHJihHhiH BeTep pa3pylllHJI MHO)J(eCTBO
3)laHHH, H MHOrO 3Jia CJiy'iHJIOCh 30 OKTH6pH.

148
149

150
151
152
153
154

155

3.uecb JaKaH'lHBaiOTCSI JloprncKHe aHHaJihl 11 onSITh Ha'lHHaiOTCSI Xepc<t>eJib.llCKHe


aHHaJibl.
IO.aH<l>h (p. 800 r. yM. 843 r. 19 anp.) - .UO'lh Benh<t>a. 2-SI )l(eHa HMn. JliO.UOBHKa I
6naro'leCTHBoro. MaTh ero MJia.urnero ChiHa- Kapna II Jlbicoro.
B 825 r. JlaM6epT- rpa<t> HaHTa; XaiicTyJih<l>- apxHenHcKon MaiiHua B 813825 rr.
B 826 r. XHJih.llYHH- a66aT CeH-)J,eHH.
XepoHbi.
6yH - a66aT Xepc<t>enh.aa B 820-840 rr.
Pa6aH Maap (p. 780 r. YM 856 r. 4 <t>eBp.)- a66aT<I>yJih.llhl B 822-842 rr.; apX11enHcKon
MaiiHua B 84 7-856 rr.
B 832 r. JliO.UOBHK HeMeUKHH (p. 804 r. yM. 876 r. 28 aar.)- 3-ii CbiH HMnepaTOpa
JliO.llOBHKa I 6naro'leCTHBoro.

228

XVIIlbAecxaliiMcKV!e aHHailbl

28. 840 r. 11MnepaTop JliO.ll08HK, npecJie.llyH ChiHa, npHIIIeJI 8 anpeJIH


B Xepc$eJih.llCKHH MOHaCThlph, H B CKOpOM 8peMeHH, B 3TOM Xe fO.llY 20 HlOHH
OH yMep 8 28-H fO.ll C80ero npaBJieHHH; eMy HaCJie.ll08aJI ero ChiH JllO.ll08HK.
8 841 r. OT 80nJIOWeHHH focnO.llHH, 80 2-H fO.ll npaBJieHHH JllO.ll08HKa
MJia.lliiiero y6HT rpa<t> Arr.anh6ePT 156; H [ npoHJOIIIJia] Hey.llaliHaH 6HT8a JloTapH
npOTHB ero 6paTbeB JllO.llOBHKa H KapJia.
8 842

r. OT BOnJIOWeHHH focno.llHH Pa6aH, a66aT Cl>yJih,lleHCKOH o6HTeJIH,

6hiJI H3fHaH H3 MOHaCThlpH, a JlOTaph- H3 KOpOJie8CT8a, B ... 157 fO.ll (npaBJieHHH) JllO.ll08HKa.
843 r. 8 3TOM fO.llY fihiJI 3aKJIIOlleH MHp Me)J(.lly JlOTapeM H ero 6paTbHMH- JliO.llOBHKOM H KapJIOMI58.
844 r. KopOJih JloTapbl59 BMeCTe C BOCTOliHhiMH $paHKaMH npHIIIeJI 8 3eMJIIO CJiaBHH, y6HJI HX KOpOJIH feCTHMyJia H UO.llliHHHJI ce6e OCTaJihHbiX.
845 r. 8 3TOM fO.llY MOHaxH H3 Xepc<t>eJih.lla npHMHPHJIHCh c enHCKonoM
OrrapoM 160; B 3TOM Xe fO.llY HMnepaTOp 161 JllO.ll08HK npHIIIeJI 31 OKTHfipH 8 3TOT
MOHaCThlph, O.llapHJI MOHax08 npHBHJiefHHMH H HMMyHHTeTaMH H YT8ep.llHJI
3TO nellaThiO.
846 r. JllO.llOBHK, ChiH JllO.ll08HKa, UO.llliHHHJI flaHHOHHlO H, 8038paWaHCh
.llOMOH, onyCTOIIIHJI lJeXHIO.
847 r. YMep apxHenHcKon 0Trap; eMy HacJie.ll08aJI Cl>yJih.lleHCKHH a66aT
Pa6aH.
848 r. JliO.llOBHK nposeJI B MaH:Hue co6opHoe co8eWaHHe, Ha KOTopoM
6hiJI YJIHlleH H OCy)J(.lleH epeTHK fOTlllaJIK.
850 r. 8 3TOM ro.lly, 28 OKTH6pH, apxHenHcKonoM MaiiHUCKOH uepK8H
Pa6aHOM 6hJJia OC8HWeHa uepK08h C8. 8HK6epTal62,
855 r. KopoJih JlJO.llOBHK c 6oJihiiiHM 80HCKOM oTnpa8HJICH npoTH8 PocTHCJiaBa 163, KopoJIH MopaBHH; 8 3TOM xe ro.lly uepK08h c8. KHJIHaHa 8 8JOpu6ypre fihiJia CO)J()J(eHa MOJIHHHMH. KopOJihl64 JloTapb npHHHJI nepe.ll CMepThlO
UOCTpHr H MOHaiiieCKOe O.lleHHHel65,

156
157
158

159
160
161
162
163
164
165

A.u.anb6ePT (yM. 841 r.)- rpa<J> Meua H3 po.ua XarroHoB.


8 3-H fO.ll JliO.llOBJiiKa (B TeKCTe- nponycK).
11MeeTCH B BH.llY 8ep.ueHCKHH pa3.uen HMnepHH KaponHHroB B 843 r. Ha 3 qacTH,
CTaBWJile n03)1(e UeHTPaMJil <j>opMHPOBaHJiiH HaUHOHaJlbHbiX rocy.uapCTB - <J>paHUJiiH,
fepMaHJiiJil Jil 11TaJIJiiJil.
3.uecb cKopee cne.uyeT BH.lleTb He JloTapH, a JlJO.UOBHKa II HeMeuKoro.
Orrap (yM. 847 r.)- apXHenHcKon MaHHUa B 826-847 rr. Cnop no noBO.uy .uecHTHHbi
c TIOpHHrHJil.
CKopee KopoJib.
8 Xepc<J>enb,!le.
PocTHCJiaB- KHH3b 8eJIHKo-MopaBcKoro KHH)I(eCTBa B 846-870 rr.
CKopee HMnepaTOp.
JloTapb I yMep 29 ceHT. 855 r.

229

AHHanbl

856 r. YMep apXHerrHCKorr Pa6aH; eMy HaCJie.IlOBaJI Kapn166.


857 r. Kapn co6pa.TI a Ma:HHu;e aeJIHKHH co6opl67.
858 r. JliO,llOBHK OTIIpaBHJI CBOero CbiHa JliO,llOBHKa 168 C 60JiblllHM BOHCKOM
rrpOTHB o6o,llpHTOB.

859 r. JliO.IlOBHK, Kapn H JloTapb IIO.Il rrpHc.s~ro:H JaKJIJOqHJIH Me)l(,lly co6oH:


MHp.

861

r. obiJIH HH3JIOXeHhl rpa<!>bi Y.Ilo, 3pHcT, BepeHrap H a66aT <l>yJib-

.IleHcKH:H BaJib.Ilo169;

862 r.
863 r.
864 r.

BeJIHKHH roJIO.Il H MOP B fepMaHHH H .IlPYfHX qacTHX Eaporrbi.


YMep apXHerrHCKorr Kapn; eMy HaCJie.IlOBaJI J1HyroepTI70.
JliO,llOBHK, KOpOJib <!>paHKOB, IIO,llqHHHJI ce6e POCTHCJiaBa, KOpOJIH

MopaaHH.

865 r.
867 r.
868 r.

BHeJarrHoe HaBO.IlHeHHe H CHJibHbiH rpa.u rrory6HJIH ypo)l{atf.


CHJibHbiH aeTep c 6ypeH: pa3PYlllHJI MHO)I{eCTBO 3.1laHHH.
CHJibHbiH H XeCTOKHH fOJIO,ll CTpalllHO rropa3HJI KaK fepMaHHIO,

TaK H rrpoqHe rrpoBHHUHH Eaporrbi.

869 r. KopoJib JlOTapbi7I, aepHYBlllHCb H3 BeHeBeHTa, KY.Ila OTrrpaaHJicH H33a CCOpbl CO CBOHM 6paTOM JliO.IlOBHKOM 172, rrpHlllen B PHM H 6biJI IlpOKJIHT TaM
IIaiiOH A,apHaHOM 173; B03BpaiUaHCb ,llOMOH, OH IIOfH6 rroqTH CO BCeMH CBOHMH
JIIO,llbMH; B TOM xe fO.IlY 6biJI HH3JIOXeH THO,llol74, a66aT <l>yJib,lleHCKOfO MOHaCTblpH, H H36paH CHrHxap,lll75, ,llOCTOIIOqTeHHhlH H 6JiaroqecTHBbiH M~.

871 r.
872 r.

YMep BbillleHaJBaHHhlH a66aT THO.IlO.


QqeHb xapKoe JieTo H CHJibHaH Jacyxa rrory6HJIH rroqTH ace IIJIO.Ilbi;

MHOXeCTBO ,llOMOB C JIIO,llbMH H CKOTOM 6biJIH Ja)I()KeHbl MOJIHHHMH H cropeJIH.


[YMep rrarra A,apHaH; Hacne,llOBaJI HoaHH 176]. B 3TOM )l{e ro.Ily,

1 HOH6pH B XHJib,llecxa:HMe ,llOCTOIIOqTeHHbiMH eiiHCKOIIaMH 166


167
168
169
170
171

172
173
174
175
176
177

5- ro HH.IlHKTa,

AJlbT<!>PH.IlOM 177,

KapJJ (YM. 863 r. 4 HIOHSI)- 2-A CbiH nunuHa I, KOPOJJSI AKBHTaHHH; apxuenHCKOn
MaAHua B 856-863 rr.
AnbTauxcKHe aHHaJJbi .uo6aBJJSIJOT: B Tpupe, B uepKBH, BH.lleJJH co6aK)' Ha npecTOJJe
apxuenucKona.
JIJO.llOBHK III Mna.uwuA (p. 830 r. YM 882 r. 20 SIHB.)- KOpoJJb CaKCOHHH, TJOpHHruu
u Cl>paHKOHHH B 876-882 rr. CTapwuA CbiH JIJO.llOBHKa II HeMeuKoro.
CKopee, Banb)lo 6biJJ a66aTOM lliBapuaxa B CTPac6yprcKoM .uuoueJe.
Jluyr6epT (yM. 889 r. 17 <t>eBp.)- apxuenucKon MaAHua B 863-889 rr.
JloTapb II (p. 830 r. yM. 869 r. 8 aBr.)- 2-A CblH HMnepaTopa JloTapSI I. Koponb JloTapuHrHH.
JIJO.UOBHK II (p. 822 r. yM. 875 r. 12 aBr.)- KOPOJJb J.1Tanuu; HMnepaTop. CTapwuw
CbiH HMn. JIOTapSI I.
A.upuaH II (yM. 872 r. 14.ueK.)- PHMCKHA nana c 14.ueK. 867 r. no 14.ueK. 872 r.
Tuo.uo (yM. 871 r.)- a66aT Cl>yJJb.llbi B 856-869 rr.
Curuxap.u - a66aT Cl>yJJb.llbl B 869-891 rr.
MoaHH VIII (yM. 882 r. 16 .ueK.)- pHMCKHA ~ana c 14 .ueK. 872 r. no 16 .ueK. 882 r.
AnbT<I>PH.ll (yM. 874 r. 15 aBr.)- enucKon Xunb)lecxaAMa B 847-874 rr.
230

X1-1flbAecxaLi1McKI-1e aHHaflbl

errHcKorroM 3Toi1: uepKBH, PHM6epTOM, )lHTPHXOM "J1Hyrap.uoM178- rrpH


yqaCTHH 6Jiaroi.JeCTHBOfO a66aTa A,uanhrapa 179, a TaiOKe MOHaxOB H KaHOHHKOB
6biJia OCB$1IUeHa uepKOBh CB. MapHH.
873 r. CHJihHhiH rono.u uapHJI B fepMaHHH, H $1BHJIOCh Hesep0$1THoe MHO)l(eCTBO capaHI.JH.
875 r. KopoJih J1IO.UOBHK180 yMep B 35-H: ro.u csoero rrpaBJieHH$1. YMep
eJIHCKOIT AJihT<f>pH.U. [nocJie AJihT<f>PH.Ua 6biJI H36paH KopBeHCKHH MOHaX
J1Hy.UOJih<f>181, HO OH [TaiOKe) 6biJI YHeci!H BHe3aiTHOH CMepThiO. EMY HaCJie.LlOBaJI MapKBap.u182; qepe3 4 ro.ua OH YMep, 6y.uyqH y6HT cnaB$1HaMH.]
876 r. BoJJie AH.uepHaxa rrpoHJOIIIJia 6HTBa Me)l(.lly KapJioM H JliO.UOBHKOM 183, ChiHOM ero 6paTa JI IO.UOBHKa, HaCJie.UHHKa KOpOJieBCTBa.
878 r. B 3TOM ro.uy rrpoHJOIIIJio coJIHei.JHoe JaTMeHHe.
879 f. JliO.UOBHK, ChiH JliO.UOBHKa, yMep B 5-H fO.ll CBOefO rrpaBJieHHH;
eMy Hacne.uosan KapJI 184; B TOM )l(e ro.uy oT rrapaJIH'la CKOH'laJICH KapnoMaH185.
880 r. [1136paH errHCKorr BHK6epT186].
885 r. B 3TOM ro.uy errHcKorr Byn<f>ep187 BMecTe co MHOr:HMH .upyrHMH 6hiJI
y6HT CJiaB$1HaMH.
887 r. Kapn rrpH6hiJI B TpH6yp; Kor.ua rrocne rrpa3.UHHKa cs. MapTHHa
OH rrpOBO.UHJI TaM CeHM, rrpOTHB Hero 6biJI COCTaBJieH 3afOBOp, BOCTOI.JHbie
<f>paHKH ocTaBHJIH ero" H36panH KoponeM Apeynh<f>a188; Kapn rro.UI.JHHHJIC$1
ApHyJih<f>y.
888 r. Kapn yMep, " KoponeM H36paH ApHynh<f>.
890 r. YMep apxHerrHCKorr J1Hyr6epT; eMy Hacne.uosan CYH.llepOJihT189.
178
179
180
181
182
183
184

185
186
187
188
189

PHM6epT- enHcKon 6peMeHa, )lHTpHX- enHCKOn MHH.lleHa, JlHyrap.a- enHcKon


na.aep60pHa.
A.llaJihrap- a66aT KopaeH B 856-877 rr.
JlJO.LlOBHK HeMeUKHH yMep 28 aar. 876 r.
JlHy.aonh<t>- enHcKon XHJ1h.Llecxai1Ma B 874 r.
MapKaap.a (yM. 880 r. 2 <t>eap.)- enHcKon XHJ1h.Llecxai1Ma B 874-880 rr.
Me)K.Lly KapnoM II JlbtChiM H JlJO.LlOBHKOM III Mna.alllHM, ChiHOM JlJO.LlOBHKa HeMeuKoro. no6e.ay o.aep)J(aJI JlJO.LlOBHK.
Kapn III ToncThtil (p. 839 r. YM 888 r. 13 HHB.)- 3-ii ChiH JlJO.LlOBHKa II HeMeuKoro.
J.1MnepaTop (c 12 <t>eap. 881 r.). Koponh fepMaHHH (876-887), J.1TaJIHH (879-887),
<l>paHUHH (884-887). B 879 r. YMep JlJO.LlOBHK II 3aHKa, ChiH Kapna II Jlbtcoro (a He
JlJO.LlOBHKa).
KapnoMaH (p. 828 r. yM. 880 r. ceHT.)- 2-ii ChiH JlJO.LlOBHKa II HeMeuKoro; Koponh
fiaBapHH H J.1TaJIHH.
BHK6epT (yM. 908 r. I HOH6.) - enHCKOn XHJ1h.Llecxai1Ma B 880-908 rr. no .apyrHM
.LlaHHbiM (CM. HIUI<e) 6biJI y6HT B 885 r.
EnHCKOn MHH.LleHa.
Kapn III ToncThti16hiJI HH3JIO)J(eH a.aeK. 887 r. ApHynb<f> (p. 850 r. YM 899 r. 8 .aeK.)ChiH KapnoMaHa. Koponh fepMaHHH B 887-899 rr. C 896 r.- HMnepaTop.
CyH.aeponhT- apxHenHcKon Mai1Hua B 889-891 rr. 6biJI y6HT HOpMaHHaMH.
231

AHHanbl

891 r. Y6HT apxuenucKon CyH.LlepoJibT; eMy Hacne.uoBan XaTTo190.


892 r. Y6HT enHCKon ApHI91.
893 f. flpOH30lliJia BeJIHKrul 6HTBa Me)K,lly 6aBapaMH H BeHrpaMH.
896 r. KopoJib ApHyJib<!>, npH.llH B PHM, cTan HMnepaTOpOM.
899 r. YMep HMnepaTOp ApHyJih<!>; eMy Hacne.uoBan ero CbiH JlJO.UOBHKI92.
901 r. YMep a66aT Xap.uepaT; eMy Hacne.uoBan .llHTxap.ul93.
902 r. CJiaBHHe onycTOIIIHJIH CaKCOHHJO.
903 r. obmH y6HTbi 36epxap.u, A.uanbxap.u H feHpux194.
905 r. fpa<!> KoHpa.ul95 y6HT BMeCTe CO MHOfHMH .llPYfHMH.
906 r. BeHrpbi onycTOIIIHJIH CaKCOHHJO.
907 f. A.uanb6epTI96 o6e3fJiaBJieH KOpOJieM JliO,llOBHKOM.
908 f. fepuor JlHyTnOJib.lll97 BMeCTe CO MHOfHMH .UPYfHMH 6biJI y6HT
BeHrpaMH.
909 r. .6ypxap.ul98, repuor TlOpHHrHH, y6HT BeHrpaMH.
910 r. KopoJib JlJO.UOBHK cpiDKancH npoTHB BeHrpoB.
911 r. BeHrpbi onycTOIIIHJIH <I>paHKOHHJO H TJOpHHfHIO.
912 f. [YMep KOpOJib JlJO.UOBHK; eMy Ha npeCTOJie HaCJie,llOBaJI KoHpa,ll 199,
repuor <I>paHKOHHH].
914 r. YMep 0TTo200, rpa<t> CaKCOHHH.
915 r. BeHrpbi, onycToiiiaH Bee, .UOlliJIH .uo caMoit <I>yJib.Ubi.
919 r. YMep KOPOJib KoHpa.u; eMy Ha npecTOJie Hacne.uoBan feHpux201
CaKCOHCKHH.
190
191
192
193
194
195
196

197
198
199
20o
201

Xarro I (p. 850 r. YM 913 r. 15 MaR)- apXHenHcKon Mai1Hua B 891-913 rr. 6blJITaiOKe
a66aroM Pei1xeHay (c 888 r.). BHHOBHHK KaJHH A.nanb6epTa 6a6eH6epra.
ApH (yM. 892 r. 13 HIOmi)- enHcKon 810pu6ypra a 855-892 rr. TiorH6 B 6HTBe c cop6aMH.
JliO.llOBHK IV L{HTSI (p. 893 r. yM. 911 r. 24 cem.)- CbiH ApHynb<j>a. TioCJie.llHHH KOpollb
fepMaHHH H3 .llHHaCTHH KaponHHroB B 900-911 rr.
L{HTXap,ll I CTapwwi1 (yM. 930 r.)- a66aT Xepc!Penb.lla B 912-927 rr. B 927 r. .ll06poBOJibHO OTK33aJICSI OT ,llOJDKHOCTH.
36epxap,ll- 6paT KoHpMa CTapwero, oTua KoponH KoHpMa I; A.nanbxap.ll H feHPHX- 6paTbSI A.nanb6epTa lPoH 6a6eH6epra (eM. HH)I(e). Bee OHH nom6JIH OK. 902 r.
KoHpa.ll CTapWHH (YM. 906 r.)- MapKrpalP Cop6cKOH MapKH, oreu KOpoliSI KOHp3,llal.
A.nanb6epT (p. 854 r. yM. 906 r. 9 ceHT.)- rpa!P TeepcKHH, H3 po.lla 6a6eH6eproB.
EoponcH c KoHpMHHaMH (K KOTOpbiM npHH3.llJie)l(aJI KoHpM CTapwwi1) Ja BJiaCTb
HM <l>paHKOHHeH. floTepneJI nOp3)1(eHHe H 6blJI K33HeH.
Jiwymonb,ll6blJI He repuoroM, a MapKrpa!PoM EaaapHH. Y6HJIH ero B 907 r.
Eypxap.ll- repuor HJ po.lla BeTIHHOB. YMep B 908 r.
KoHpM I (p. 881 r. YM 918 r. 19 .lleK.)- KOPOJib fepMaHHH B 911-918 rr. CbiH KoHpMa
CTapwero H fnHCMYTbi (yM. 924 r.), .llOqepH ApHynb<j>a, KopoJISI fepMaHHH.
Orro CaeTneAwwA (p. 830/840 r. yM. 912 r. 30 HOSI6.)- CbiH JlHY.llOJiblPa; repuor
CaKCOHHH B 880-912 rr. HJ po.lla JliO.llOJiblPHHroa.
feHpHx I TITHUeJioB (p. 876 r. yM. 936 r. 2 HIOJISI)- KopoJib fepMaHHH B 919-936 rr.
Cb!H Orro CaeTneAwero.

232

923 r.
924 r.
926 f.
927 r.

YMep a66aT Xaiixo202; 6biJI H36paH XHJih.lle6epT203.


[ CKOH'HUICH apxHerrHcKorr XepHrep204; HacJie.nosa.rr XHJih.lle6epT].
( oailiHH faH,llepcxaifMa 6biJia OCBHIUeHa eiiHCKOIIOM CHxap.noM205].
A66aT )lHTxap.n MJia.nrnHif206 6biJI H36paH c corJiaCHH [.llHTxap.na]
CTaprnero; [)'MepJia PoTCBHHTa207, a66aTHCa raH,llepcxaiiMa. Eii, IIPH rrocpe.nHHqecTBe enHcKona CHxap.na, HacJie.nosa.rra 8HJih.llHrpaTa208].
928 r. ToT caMhiM )lHTxap.n MJia.nrnHM 6biJI rrocTaBJieH errHcKonoM nocJie
CHxap.na, a a66aToM H36paH 6ypxap.n209.
930 r. YMep a66aT )lHTxap.n CTaprnHii.
931 r. KopoJih feHpHx no.nqHHHJI o6o.npHTOB.
932 r. KopoJih feHpHx 6biJI B JlayJHue. YMep THo.no210; eMy HacJie.nosa.rr
6ypxap.n.
933 r. A66aTOM 6biJI H36paH M amHrou 211.
934 r. KopOJih feHpHx 6biJI c BOMCKOM B YKepMapKe.
935 r. BeJIHKHM co6op 6biJI B 3pQ>ypTe. B 3TOM )l(e ro.ny yMep KOPOJih
feHpHx; eMy Ha npecTOJie HacJie.nosa.rr ero ChiH OrroH212.
936 r. KopoJih OrroH 6hiJI B XepcQ>eJih.lle. CropeJia uepKOBh cs. ooHHQ>auHH.
937 f. fpaQ> 36epxap.n213 CXBaTHJI feHpHxa, CbiHa KOpOJIH feHpHxa, H 6poCHJI ero B OKOBbl.
938 r. Y6HThi 36epxap.n H fH3eJib6epT2I4.
942 r. B TpHpe apxHerrHCKOIIOM PyoT6epToM215 6bma ocBHIUeHa 6a3HJIHKa
cs. MaKCHMHHa.
943 r. B oOHHe 6biJI coJBaH co6op.

202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215

Xalixo- a66aT <l>yJJb.Llbi B 917-923 rr.


XHJJb.Lle6epT- a66aT <l>yJJb.Llbi B 923-927 rr.; apxwenwcKon MaliHua B 927-937 rr.
Xepwrep (yM. 927 r. I .ueK.)- apxwenwcKon MaliHua B 913-927 rr.
Cwxap.u (yM. 928 r. lO OKT.)- enwcKon XI1Jlb.Llecxai1Ma B 919-928 rr.
)lwTxap.u II Mna.uwwli (yM. 954 r. 13 ceHT.) - a66aT Xepc<f>eJJb.Lla B 927-928 rr.; enwcKOn XHJJb.LlecxaliMa B 928-954 rr.
POTCBHHTa (yM. 927 r. 23 MaR)- a66amca faH.uepcxaHMa B 919-927 rr.
811Jlb.LlHrpaTa (yM. 949 r. 16 HIOJJR)- a66aTwca faH.LlepcxaliMa B 927-949 rr.
6ypxap.u - a66aT Xepc<f>eJJb.Lla B 928-932 rr.
Two.uo- enwcKon B10pu6ypra B 908-931 rr. 6ypxap.u II (HaJBaHHbiH BbiWe a66aT
Xepc<f>eJJb.Lla) 6bm enwcKon B10pu6ypra B 931-941 rr.
MemHrou- a66aT Xepc<f>eJJb.Lla B 932-935 rr.
OTioH I (p. 912 r. 23 HOR6. yM. 973 r. 7 MaR)- KopoJJb fepMaHHH B 936-973 rr.; HMnepaTop c 962 r.
36epxap.u (p. 885 r. yM. 939 r. 2 OKT.)- 6paT KoHpa.ua I, repuor <l>paHKOHHH
c918r.
fwJeJJb6epT (yM. 939 r. 2 OKT.) - repuor JloTapwHmH B 915-939 rr. CTapwwli CbiH
PemHapa I, rpa<f>a feHHeray. Cynpyr fep6epm, cecTpbi OTioHa I.
PyoT6epT (yM. 956 r.)- apxwenwcKon Tpwpa B 930-956 rr.

233

945 r. fpeqecme rrocJihi rrpHIIIJIH K Kopomo OrroHy c rro.aapKaMH.


947 f. 26 JIHSapR YMepJia KOpOJiesa 3.llHTa216.
948 r. B HHreJihXaHMe 6hiJI C03SaH co6op, Ha KOTOpOM rrpe.ace.aaTeJibCTSOSaJI rrarrcmH: JieraT MapHH.
949 r. fepuor KoHpa.a2t7 S3JIJI ce6e s :>I<i~Hhl .llO% KOpoJIJI OrroHa; rpeqecme
rrocJihi so sTOpoH: pa3 rrpHIIIJIH K Kopomo OrroHy c rro.aapKaMH.
950 f. flpOH301IIJIO KpyrrHOe Cpa:>KeHHe Me:>K,lly 6asapaMH H SeHrpaMH.
951 r. KopOJih OrroH oTrrpasHJICR s HTaJIHIO, a sMecTe c HHM TaiOKe Jl:uy.llOJih$218, ero ChiH, repuor KoHpa.a H <I>pH,llp:ux219, apx:uerr:ucKorr MaH:HUCKOH
uepKSH. TaM KOpOJib OrroH S3JIJI ce6e s xeHbl KOPOJiesy AaeJibreM:.ay220.
H rro.aq:uHHJI ce6e .6epeHrapa22t, KopoJIR Ha.a JiaHro6ap.aaMH.
953 f. ,llOSOJihHO pe3KaJI H qpe3SbiqatfHO KpOsasaJI CCOpa S03HHKJia
Me:>K,lly JIHy,llOJih<!>OM, ChiHOM KOpOJIJI, H ero ,llR,lleH feHpHXOM222; rrp:uqeM
caM KOpOJih SCTaJI Ha CTOpOHY csoero 6paTa; H ,llJIHJiaCb OHa UeJihiX ,llsa fO,lla
S SH,lle IIO:>Kapos, pe3HH H OIIyCTOIIIeHHH; H MHOfHe IIOfH6JIH He TOJibKO
H3 Hapo.aa, HO .aaxe H3 3HaTH. B 3TOM xe ro.ay 6biJIH oca:>K.lleHhi Mati:Hu
H KperrocTh rro.a Ha3saHHeM PoccTaJih223, H KpyrrHaR 6HTsa rrpoH30IIIJia
S 3TOM MeCTe.
954 r. YMep <l>pH,llpHx, apx:uerrHcKorr Mati:HUCKOH uepKsH, MY:>K seJI:uqatfIIIero S03,llepxaHHJI, HCIIbiTaHHhiH S CSJITOH peJIHfHH H yqeHHH; ero MeCTO
3aHJIJI BHJihreJihM224, ChiH KOPOJIR. YMep 6JiaroqecTHSOH rraMRTH errHcKorr
.LJ.HTXap.a; eMy HaCJie,llOSaJI 0TSHH225.
955 f. KopOJib OrroH C 60JihiiiHM pHCKOM ,llJIJI ce6JI H CSOHX JIIO,lleH pa3rpOMHJI seHrpos S seJIHKOH H KposasoH: 6HTse226; see :>Ke S 3TOH 6HTBe HapJI,lly
co MHOrnMH .apyrHMH 6biJI y6HT repuor KoHpa.a, 3RTh KopoJIR. YMep TaiOKe
feHpHx, repuor Easap:u:u, 6paT KopoJIJI OrroHa. B 3TOM xe ro.ay KOPOJih OrroH
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226

3.LU1Ta (3.!IrHTa) (yM. 946 r. 26 SIHB.)- .!IO"'b KopoJISI AHrJIHH 3.llyap.lla CTaprnero.
)l(eHa OrroHa I c 927/929 r.
KoHpa.n Pbi)I{HH (YM. 955 r. 10 aBr.)- repuor JloTapuHrHH B 944-954 rr. 6blJI xeHaT
Ha .!IO'Iepu OrroHa I - JluyTrap.11e.
JlHY.!IOJib<j} (p. 930 r. YM 957 r. 6 CeHT.)- CTaplliHH CbiH OrroHa I. fepuor lliBa6HH.
<l>pH.!IpHX (p. OK. 905 r. yM. 954 r. 25 Oicr.)- apxuenHCKOn MaHHUa B 937-954 rr.
AlleJibreH.!Ia (p. 932 r. YM 999 r. 17 .lleK.)- .!IO'Ib Py.!IOJiblPa II, KOpOJISI 6ypryH.!IHH.
)l(eHa (c 947 r.) JloTapSI, Kopon.SI l1Tanuu, a JaTeM (c 951 r.)- OTToHa I BenuKoro.
6epeHrap II (p. 900 r. YM 966 r. 4 aBr.)- CbiH MapKrpa!Pa l1BpeiicKoro Allanb6ePTa;
KOPOJib l1TaJIHH B 950-966 rr.
feHpHX I (p. OK. 922 r. YM 955 r. I HO.SI6.)- 2-H CbiH feHpuxa I nTuueJIOBa; repuor
6aBapuu.
PoccTaJib- ropo.11 K IOro-Jana.ny OT HIOpH6epra.
BunbreJibM (p. 929 r. yM. 968 r. 2 MapTa) - apxHenHcKon MaAHua B 954-968 rr.
HeJaKOHHblH CbiH OrroHa I OT HeKoeii cnaBSIHCKOH KH.SI:lKHbl.
0TBHH (YM. 984 r.)- enucKon XHJib.llecxaiiMa B 954-984 rr.
fiHTBa Ha p. Jlex 10 aBryCTa 955 r.

234

C BeJIH'IaHliieH )J.JUI ce6H onaCHOCTblO cpiDKaJICH npOTHB 060,llpHTOB, KOTOpbiX


co6pan npoTHB Hero CbiH ero TeTKH 3K6epT227.

956 r.

YMepJIH Pyo.u6epT, apxuenHCKOn TpHpCKHH, H Xa.uaMap, a66aT

<J>yJib,lleHCKOfO MOHaCTblpH; HM HaCJie,llOBaJIH enHCKOn feHpHx228 H a66aT


Xarro229.

3TOM xe ro.uy Jluy.uonb$, CbiH KoponH, oTnpaBHJICH s HTanHJO

H nO,lllJHHHJI ee CBOeH BJiaCTH.

957 r.

JIHy.UOJib$ yMep B HTanuu; orry.ua ero nepeHeCJIH B MaifHU H no-

xopOHHJIH y CB. AJ1b6aHa.

958 r.

3HaK KpecTa nOHBHJICH Ha O,lle)l{,llaX JilO,lleH, npHHeCH CMepTb TeM,

KTO BOCnpHHHJI ero C HaCMeliiKOH; TeM xe, KTO npHHHJI ero C 6JiarolJeCTHeM
H BepOH, OH He npHlJHHHJI HHKaKOfO 3Jla.

959 r.
960 f.

A66aT XaraHo230 ocTaBHJI cso10 .llOJI)((HOCTb.

fiOCJibl OT pyCCKOfO Hapo.ua npHliiJIH K KOpoJilO 0TTOHy H YMOJIHJIH

ero OTnpaBHTb K HHM KOfO-HH6Y.llb H3 ero enHCKOnOB, KOTOpbiH noKa3aJI 6bi


HM nYTb HCTHHbi; OHH 3a.SIBHJIH, lJTO XOTHT OTOHTH OT H3bilJeCKHX 06bilJaeB
H npHHHTb XpHCTHaHCKYJO peJIHfHJO; OH COfJiaCHJICH C HX npOCbOOH H ompaBHJI
(K HHM) A.llanb6epTa, enHCKOna KaTOJIHlJeCKOH sepbl; O,llHaKO, OHH COJifaJIH
80 BCeM, KaK ,llOKa3aJI BnOCJie,llCTBHH HCXO,ll,lleJia.

961

f.

3TOM fO.llY K KOpOJilO 0TTOHY npHliiJIH nOCJibl H npH3BaJIH ero

B PHM Ha nOMOIUb nane MoaHHy231, lJT06bl YKPOTHJI OH HpOCTb KOpOJIH


Azlanb6epTa232, KOTOpaH He ,llaBana nOKOH MOHapXHH. HaJBaHHbiH nana 6JiafOCKJIOHHO ero npHHHJI, C lJeCTblO yCa,llHJI Ha npeCTOJI aBryCTeifrneif BJiaCTH
H coseprnHJI Ha,ll HHM asrycTeifrnee noMa3aHue, .ua6bi H 3BaJICH, H 6biJI OH
HMnepaTOpOM -aBryCTOM.

962 r. YMep a66aT fYHTep; eMy Hacne.uosan 3rHJIOJib<f>233.


963 f. 8 3TOM fO.llY 8 PHMe, B uepKBH CB. fleTpa COCTOHJIOCb 60JibliiOe C060pHOe COBeiUaHHe; npe,llCe,llaTeJibCTBOBaJI Ha HeM HMnepaTOp-aBryCT 0TTOH
BMeCTe C 60JibliiHM KOJIHlJeCTBOM enHCKOnOB, a66aTOB, MOHaxOB H KJIHpHKOB;
npH 3TOM nana lieHe.uuKT234 6biJI cseprHYT c anocTOJibCKoro npecTona, u6o
He3aKOHHO npHTH3aJI Ha BbiCliiYJO BJiaCTb B PHMCKOH HMnepuu, nopyqeH ap-

3K6epT O.nHornaJblH (yM. 994 r.)- CbiH BuxMaHa I CTapwero u Cl>pH.nePYHbi, cecTpbi KoponeBbi MaTHnb.llbi, a JHaquT .nBoiOpo,nHblH 6paT OrroHa I. fpa!P B AM6epray
H )lepnuHray.
228 feHpux I (yM. 964 r.)- apxuenucKon Tpupa B 956-964 rr.
229 Xarro II - a66aT <l>ynb.nbi B 956-968 rr.; apxuenucKon MaitHua B 968-970 rr.
230 XaraHo- a66aT Xepc!Penb.na B 935-959 rr.
231 11oaHH XII (OKTaBHaH, rpa!P TycKYnaHCKHH)- pHMCKHH nana c 16 .neK. 955 r. no
4 .neK. 963 r.
232 Ananb6epT (YM. 975 r. 20 anp.)- CT. CblH 6epeHrapa II u Bunnbi. fpa!P AocTbi, Koponb
J.1TanHH.
233 fyHTep - a66aT Xepc<Penb.lla B 959-963 rr. 3runonb!P - a66aT B 963-970 rr.
234 6eHe.nHKT V - puMCKHH nana c 22 Masi no 23 .neK. 964 r. CocnaH B faM6ypr, r.ne u YMep
B 965 r.
227

235

AHHanbl

XHeiiHCKOny A,aaJib,llary235, YBellCH 8 CaKCOHHlO H OKOHqHJI TaM CBOlO )I{H3Hb.


B 3TOM )l{e fOllY )l{eCTOKaH CMepTHOCTb IIOpa3HJia BOHCKO HMrrepaTOpa; H3-3a
Hee paccTaJIHCb c XH3Hbl0 feHpHx, apxHeiiHCKOII fOPOlla Tpupa, H fepuof
foT<!>pHll236, a TaK)I{e HeMaJIO llPYfHX.

964 f. B 3TOM fOllY EepeHfap, Koponb naHfo6apllOB, 6biJI oca)l{.lleH Ha


rope cs. Jlbsa237, cxsaqeH TaM H cHJioH: ysellCH BMecTe co csoeH: cyrrpyroH:,
KoponesoH: BHJIJioH:, s EasapHIO, s JaMOK EaM6epf, flle scTpeTHJI rroCJiellHHH
lleHb 3eMHOH )I{H3HH.

965 f. MMrrepaTOp OrroH rrpurnen H3 JlaHro6apllHH so <l>paHK<I>YPT H secb


3TOT fOll OCTaBaJICH 8 KOpOJieBCTBe CaKCOB, COellHHHH Me)l{.lly TeM BCeX CBOHX
JIJOlleH llJIH MHpa H cornacHH. EpYHo238, apxuerrHcKorr fOPOlla KeJibHa, 6paT
HMIIepaTOpa, 8 MHpe OKOHqHJI CBOlO XH3Hb.
966 f. 11MrrepaTOp 0TTOH BHOBb, y)l{e 8 TpeTHH pa3, OT6biJI 8 11TaJIHIO,
a OTyYlla rrpHliiCJI K MOfHJie CB. neTPa H CMHpeHHO B03HCC TaM 6JiafOllapHOCTb
DOry H CB. neTPy, IIOTOMy qTo BO BCeX lleJiaX eMy COIIyYCTBOBaJI ycrrex.
967 f.

B 3TOM fOllY HMIIepaTOp OTIIpaBHJI CBOHX IIOCJIOB K apxHeiiHCKOIIY


BHJibfeJibMy H llPYfHM CBOHM KHH3bHM, qTo6bl OHH CO BCeM KOpOJieBCKHM llOCTOHHCTBOM llOCTaBHJIH B 11TaJIHlO ero TC3KY, CbiHa 0rroHa239; 0ITOH CTapliiHH
JIHqHo BCTPeTHJI ero TaM H rrpusen c co6oi1: B PuM; H rropyqHJI ero rrarre HoaHHY
MnanrneMy240, lla6bi, rronyqus oT Hero asrycTeH:rnee rroMa3aHHe, [OrroH], rroll06Ho OTUY, BeJIHqaJICH BCeMH, KTO efO IlpH3HaCT, HMIIepaTOpOM-aBryCTOM.
968 f. ApxHerrucKorr BHJibfeJibM yrnen H3 3TOfO MHpa. 3fHJIOJib<l>, a66aT Xepc<Penb,lla, 6biJI HarrpaBJieH OT nuua HMrrepaTOpa H3 11TaJIHH, qTo6bi
rro6yllHTb <I>YJiblleHCKYlO 6paTHlO H36paTb a66aTOM BepHepa241; OTTylla OH
rrpH6biJI B MaH:Hu, qTo6bi rro6yllHTb TaMOliiHHH KJIHp, a pasHo H secb Hapoll
rrocTaBHTb ce6e s errHCKOIIbi XaTTo242, llOCTorroqTeHHoro My)Ka; B 3TOM )l{e
fOllY A,aaJib6epT243 6biJI IIOCTaBJieH apxHeiiHCKOIIOM B Maflle6ypre.
969 f. YMep apxHerrucKorr XaTTo; eMy HacJiellOBaJI PyrrepT244.
235
236
237
238
239

240
241
242
243

244

A.!lanb.llar (yM. 988 r. 28 anp.)- apxHenHcKon 6peMeHa H faM6ypra B 936-988 rr.


fonppH.u (yM. 964 r.)- repuor HIOKHeH JloTapHHrHH B 953-964 rr., Baccan apx.
KenbHcKoro 6pyHo.
fopa CB. JlbBa- CaH-Jleo .llH MoHTe<f>enbTpo B AneHHHHax, ropo.uoK K Jana.ny OT
CaH-MapHHO.
6pyHo (yM. 965 r.)- apxHenHcKon KenbHCKHH B 953-965 rr. 3-ii CbiH Kopon.R feHpHxa I 0THuenoBa, 6paT OrroHa I BenHKoro.
0TTOH II PbDKHH (p. 955 r. yM. 983 r. 7 .ueK.)- CbiH OrroHa I H A.!lenbreii.Ubi, HMnepaTOp B 967-983 rr.
11oaHH XIII (yM. 972 r. 6 ceHT.)- pHMCKHH nana c I OKT. 965 r. no 6 ceHT. 972 r.
BepHep - a66aT <l>ynb.llbl B 968-982 rr.
CM. npHM. 229.
A.!lanb6epT (yM. 981 r. 20 HIOH.R) - nepBbiH apxHenHcKon Mar.ue6ypra B 968981 rr.
PynpexT (PynepT)- apxHenHCKon MaiiHua B 970-975 rr.

236

970 r. YMep a66aT 3rHJIOJih$; eMy HacJie.UOBaJI fou6epT245.


971 r. B 3TOM ro.uy cropeJI .usopeu B .[lopH6ypre246.
972 r. 14 anpeml, B .ueHb OT.UaHMSI nacxM K MMrrepaTopy OrroHy MJia.urneMy B PMM 113 KoHcTaHTI1HOIIOJIH rrpl16hma 11MrrepaTpl1ua247. B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy
Ha3BaHHhiH OrroH MJia.urnMn rrpl16hiJI 113 11TaJII111 BMecTe co CTaprnMM.
973 r. 11MnepaTOp OrroH CTaprn11n BMecTe c MJia.llliii1M rrp11rneJI B KBe.uJI11H6ypr, 11 OHI1 OTIIpa3.UHOBaJII1 TaM 23 MapTa llacxy; TY.Ua K HI1M C KOpOJieBCKI1MM .uapaMM IIpl16hiJII1 IIOCJihl rpeKOB, fieHeBeHTUeB, BeHrpOB, 6oJirap,
.ua'NaH 11 cJiaBHH; a BCKope rrocJie 3Toro OrroH CTaprn11n, 6JiaroqecTMBhiH
11MnepaTop, YMeP 7 MaH; eMy HacJie.UOBaJI rocno.u11H OrroH.
974 r. feHpMx248, repuor EasapMM, 6bUI CXBal.feH M oTnpasJieH B 11HreJihxanM.
975 r. 311Ma 6hUia .uoJiraH, cyposaH M cyxaH, a 15 MapTa BhiiiaJI o6HJihHhiH
cHer; B 3TOM )l(e ro.uy YMep apx11errMCKOII PyrrepT; eMy HacJie.UOBaJI BMJIJIMm3249.
976 f. feHp11X, repuor oaBapMI1, JII1liieHHhiH CBOeH BJiaCTM 11 OTJiyqeHHhiH
OT uepKBI1, IlpO)I(MBaJI y CJiaBHH.
977 r. 3ToT feHpl1x, cJie.uyH cosery feHpMxa MJia.urnero250, 3aXBaTHJI ropo.u
llaccay, HO 6hUI OCa)l(.lleH TaM 11MIIepaTOpOM M BhiHyx.lleH eMY IIO.lll.JMHI1ThCSI.
978 r. nhiBlii11H repuor feHp11x BMecTe c feHpi1XOM MJia.llliii1M M rpaQ>oM
3K6epTOM 6hiJII1 IIO IlpMKa3y MMIIepaTopa CXBal.JeHbl 11 OTIIpaBJieHbl B CChUIKY.
B 3TOM )l(e fOllY MMIIepaTOp C 60JihliiMM BOHCKOM BCTYIIHJI B faJIJIMIO 11 orrycTOliiHJI ee.
979 r. BaJih.UO ny6JII1'1HO o6'hHBMJI o HesepHOCTI1 rpaQ>a fepo25I; no 3TOH
npi1'111He OHM cpa3HJIMCh 3a ropo.uoM Mar.ue6yproM, B rroJie y [peKM] 3Jih6hi,
11 IIOpa311JIM .upyr .upyra; B KOHUe KOHUOB, rpaQ> fepo fihiJI o6e3fJiaBJieH, KaK
BI1HOBHhiH B HeBepHOCTM.
980 r. KopoJih JloTaph252, IIPM.llH K MMrrepaTopy c 6oraThiMM rro.uapKaMM,
BMeCTe CO CBOI1M Ch!HOM IIO.U'IMH11JICSI BOJie 11MIIepaTOpa; B 3TOM )l(e fO,lly,
3aKJIIO'IMB M11p, MMIIepaTOp IIpM6hUI B 11TaJIMIO.

245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252

rou6epT - a66aT XepcQ>eJib.lla B 970-984/5 rr.


llopH6ypr- roponoK moKe HeHhi, 6mB Knpx6epra, Ha p. 3aane.
<l>eoQ>aHO (yM. 99I r. I5 MIOHH)- .llO'Ib BM3. KecapH CTeQ>aHa JlaKanMHa H aBryCTbl
AHHht. C I4 anpeJIH 972 r.- )l(eHa MMn. OrroHa II.
feHpHx II CaapJIMBhtit (yM. 995 r.) - repuor 6aaapMM B 955-976" 985-995 rr. ChiH
feHpnxa I 6aaapcKoro, BHYK KopoJIH feHpnxa I 0Tnuenoaa.
BMJIJIMrM3- apxnenncKon MaitHua B 975-10 II rr.
feHpMx Mnanumw (yM. 989 r.)- repuor KapMHTMM, a JaTeM (B 982-985) TaK)I(e
M 6aaapnn; ChiH repuora 6aaapMM 6epTOJih.lla.
repo (yM. 979 r. II aar.)- rpaQ> AllbCJie6eHa.
JloTapb III (yM. 986 r.)- ChiH Jlto.llOBMKa IV 3aMopcKoro, KopoJib <l>paHUMM B 954986 rr.

237

AHHanbl

981 f.
982 r.

fiacxy253 HMnepaTOp npa3,llHOBaJ1 B PHMe.


11MnepaTop OrroH c 6oJihlllHM .llliH ce6SI pHCKOM cpa3HJICH B npe-

.neJiax KaJia6pHH npoTHB capauHH; TaM nom6Jio HeMaJIO 3HaTH254; B 3TOM :>Ke
ro.ny YMep Orro255, repuor EasapHH.

983 r. B

BepoHe HMnepaTop nposeJI ceti:M; TaM feHpHx Mna.nlllHti: 6hiJI B03-

spameH H3 cchiJIKH H nocTaBJieH repuoroM EasapHH; B 3TOM :>Ke ro.ny no.nHHJIH


MHTe:>K cJiaBSIHe.

A BCKope nocJie 3Toro, 8 .neKa6pH, OrroH, 6JiarocKJIOHHeti:IllHH

HMnepaTOp, yMep, OCTaBHB KOpOJieBCTBa CBOeMy O,llHOHMeHHOMy ChiHy256.

984 r.

MaJioJieTHHH ChiH HMnepaTopa, TO ecTh OrroH

III,

B .neHh Po:>K-

.necTBa focno.nHero 6hiJI noMaJaH B AxeHe B KOPOJIH noMaJaHHeM HoaHHa,


apmenHcKona PaseHHhi. O.nHaKo noJ.nHee, Kor.na CTaJIO H3BeCTHO o cMepTH
HMnepaTOpa, 6biBII1HH repuor feHpHX, B03BpaTHBII1HCh H3 CChiJIKH, BMeCTe
CO CBOHMH CTOpOHHHKaMH BCTynHJI B fOPO.ll KeJihH H Ja.nep:>KaJI KOpOJIH;
3aXBaTHB ero KOpOJieBCKHe nOJIHOMOI.JHH, OH npHBJieK K ce6e O'leHb MHOfHX
CaKCOB, KOTOphie Ha 6JIH:>KaHII1YIO fiacxy257 H36paJIH ero B KBe.llliHH6ypre KOpOJieM. fi03TOMY HeKOTOphie H3 BeJihMO:>K, He COfJiaCHBillHCh C 3THM Bhi60pOM
H, 60Jiee TOfO, CKOp6SI 06 yqaCTH KOpOJISI, HeMaJIO 6opOJIHCh npOTHB 3T0f0
H BOCCTaHOBHJIH KOpOJISI Ha ero TpOHe, a feHpHXa OnHTh C,lleJiaJIH repUOfOM
EasapHH. B 3TOM :>Ke ro.ny .nocTOXBaJihHOti: naMHTH 0TBHH, 6JiaroqecTHBhiH
enHCKOn, OKOHI.JHJI (CBOIO) :>KH3Hh.

985 r. 0c.nar258, MY:>K BeJIHI.Jati:Illero MHJIOCep,llHSI H UeJIOMY.llPHH, HCnhiTaHHhiH B CBSITOH peJIHfHH, npH nOJIHOM COfJiaCHH .nyxoBeHCTBa H Hapo.na 6biJI
soJse.neH B .noJDKHOCTh enHcKona. B 3TOM :>Ke ro.ny caKChi BToprJIHCh B JeMJIIO
CJiaBSIH, Ha nOMOIUh KOTOphiM npHilleJI C 60JihlllHM BOHCKOM Mell1Ko259; OHH
BCIO 3TY 3eMJIIO onycTOillHJIH nO:>KapaMH H MHOfOI.JHCJieHHhiMH y6HHCTBaMH.

986 f.

KopOJih 0TTOH, Bee eme pe6eHOK, C 60JihlllHM BOHCKOM CaKCOB

npH6hiJI B 3eMJIIO CJiaBHH; TaM K HeMy C OfPOMHhiM MHO:>KeCTBOM JIIO,lleH BhiilleJI


MelllKO H, no.napHB (0TTOHy) O,llHOfO sep6JIIO,lla H MHO:>KeCTBO .llPYrHX no.napKOB, nO,lli.JHHHJI ero BJiaCTH TaK:>Ke ce6H CaMoro; COBMeCTHO OTnpaBHBlliHCb
,llaJlhllle, OHH BCIO TY 3eMJIIO onyCTOlliHJIH no:>KapaMH H MHOfOI.JHCJieHHbiMH
pa3opeHHSIMH.

987 r.

Me)l()ly TeM caKChi onycTolllaiOT JeMJIIO cJiaBHH. Ilo3TOMY Te Bhi-

Hy)l()leHHO nO,lli.JHHSIIOTCSI BJiaCTH KOpOJISI, H Ha 3Jib6e BOCCTaHaBJIHBaiOTCSI

253

27 MapTa 981 r.

254

6HTBa npH KoTpoHe B 982 r.


Orro (p. 954 r. YM 982 r. 31 oKT.)- ChiH JlHy.aonbla; BHYK OrroHa I Bem1KOro. fepuor
lllaa6HH B 973-982 rr. " 6aaapHH B 976-982 rr.
0TTOH III (p. 980 r. HIOJib- 1002 r. 23 RHB.)- HMnepaTOp B 983-1002 rr.
23 MapTa 984 r.
Oc.aar (yM. 989 r. 8 HOR6.) - enHCKon XHJih.UecxaJ.IMa B 985-989 rr.
MelllKO I (yM. 992 r. 25 MaR) - KHR3b OoJiblllli B 960-992 rr. nepBbiH .LlOCTOBepHO
HJBeCTHbiH nOJibCKHH KHR3b.

255
256
257
258
259

238

X1-1nbAecxati!McKt.1e aHHaJlbl
KpenOCTJL 113 6eperOB TaiOKe BbiiiiJI11 peK11; BeTep pa3pyiii11JI MHOXeCTBO
3)laH11ii.

988 r. C11JibHaH 11 BHe3anHaH JieTHIDI xapa, xecTOKO naJI11BIIIaH c 15 11IOJIH


no

13 asrycTa,

nory6HJia ypoxan. KopoJib npa3JlHOBaJI nacxy260 s HHreJib-

xanMe.

989 f.

11MnepaTp11Ua <l>eo<t>aHO, MaTh KOpOJIH, OTnpaBHJiaCb B P11M, OT-

npa3,UHOBaJia TaM Po)I(JleCTBO focnO,UHe 11 nO,U'-111HHJia KOpOJIIO BCIO 3TY CTpaHy.

B 3TOM ro.uy yMep en11cKon Oc.uar.


990 r. fep.uar26I nocTaBJieH s en11CKOnhi 19 HHBapSI262. B 3TOM ro.uy caKChl
B XO,Ue MaCIIITa6HOfO BTOpXeH11SI ,UBa)I(Jlbl onyCTOIIIaJI11 3eMJIIO 060,Up11TOB;
MHOfHe 113 HHX TaiOKe, npH'-IeM Ha1160Jiee 11MeH11Tbie, 6hiJI11 y611Tbl, a JlPYf11e
norH6JIH B peKe; CaKCbl no MHJIOCT11 DO)I(beH C M11pOM 11 no6e,UOH BepHyJI11Cb
.uoMon. MeiiiKo " EoJiecJias263, cJiaBHHCKHe KHH3hH, 6HJI11Ch Me)I(Jly co6on
s oxecTo'!eHHOH spa)I(Jle.

B 3TOM xe

ro.uy npoH30IIIJio coJIHe'-IHOe 3aTMeH11e;

3a HHM nOCJie)lOBaJia HeMaJiaH CMepTHOCTb JIIO,UeH 11 CKOTa

991

21

OKTSI6pH.

r. YMepJia HMnepaTp11ua <l>eo<t>aHo. OroHb, no.uHHBIII11Ch 113 Pen-

Ha, cxer 6JI113JieXaiU11e CeJieH11SI. fl11paTbl TaiOKe, pa3rpa611B, onyCTOIIIHJI11


CTasepeH264 11 pa3opHJI11 .upyr11e MecTa Ha 6epery. KopoJib OrroH c 60Jihiii11M
BOHCKOM CaKCOB H nO,UMOfOH OT MeiiiKO OCa,UHJI 11 B3SIJI npaH,UeH6ypr. 0,UHaKO,
Kor.ua OH yiiieJI oTry.ua, HeKHn caKe KHuo .uosoJibHO .uep3KO 11 sonpeKM BJiaCT11
KOPOJIH sopsancSI B 3TOT ropo.u c noMOIUhiO JIIOT11'-Ien 11 6Jiaro.uapSI cTOHKOcTH BbiiiieHa3BaHHbiX CJiaBSIH COBepiiieHHO He3aKOHHO, BOnpeKM 60XeCKOMy
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K npaH)leH6ypry; Ty,Ua xe Ha nOMOIUb K KOpOJIIO C orpOMHbiM MHOXeCTBOM JIIO,Uen npHIIIJIH feHpHx, repuor Easap1111, 11 noJiecJias, KHH3h llex1111.
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260
261
262
263
264
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8 anpem1 988 r.
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266
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270
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EepHBap.u (yM. 1022 r. 20 HOSI6.) - enHcKon X11JJb.Uecxai1Ma B 993-1022 rr.


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AHc<f>pH)l (yM. I 010 r. 3 MaH)- enHcKon YTpexm B 995-1010 rr.


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6paT KopoJISI, npu no,ll,llepXKe MaTepu, rocno)I{H fuJeJibiJ09, o6pen ero MHJIOCTb.
,lJ;OCTOHHbiH COXaJieHHSI noxap ropo.ua lla8HH.
4-H: ro.u:noro CJia8ueH:IIIero KOpoJISI, 3 HH.ll., I 005 r. Po)l{,lleCTBO focno,UHe KopoJib nposen 8 .LJ.opu6ypre H.uo caM oro 40-.uue8uoro nocTa )I{HJI 8 npe.uenax CaKcoHHH, a 80 speMSI40-.uue8Horo nocra- 8 <I>HJiax. nacxy3IO xe ou oonpaJ.UHOBa.JI
8Axeue. YMep liepuxapuw3II, a66aT Xepc<J>enw:la; eMY uaCJie.UOBa.JI fo.uexap.u312,
MYX MOHaiiieCKOH )I{H3HH, HCllbiTaHHeHIIIHH 8 C8SITOM o6pa3e )I{H3HH.
3To H no)lo6Hoe B noCJie)lyKnueM HanncaHo 3arnaBHbiMH 6yKBaMH.
28 MapTa 1003 r. fepMaH II (YM. 1003 r. 4 MaS!)- repuor lllsa6HH s997-1003 rr. CbiH
KoHpaaa I, BHYK YJlo I.
303 fepMaH II (yM. 1003 r. 4 MaS!) - repuor lllsa6HH s 997 - 1003 rr. CbiH KoHpaaa I,
BHYK YJlo I.
304 feHpHx (p. OK. 960 r. yM. 1017 r. 18 ceHT.)- MapKrpa!l> lllse1H!l>YPTa H Hop)lray. CbiH
MapKrpa!l>a 6epTOJib)la.
305 6pyHo 6asapcKH1 (YM. 1029 r. 24 anp.)- enncKon Ayrc6ypra B 1006-1029 rr. 6paT
HMnepaTOpa feHpnxa II.
306 fn6nxeHllJTe1H - KpenoCTb apxnenHCKOna Mame6yprCKOfO 6JIH3 ranne.
307 KopoJih BeHrpHH CTe!l>aH I CBSIT01, npHHS!BlllH1 s I 000 r. KpemeHHe. 6biJI )J{eHaT Ha
cecTPe HMnepaTOpa feHpnxa II- fn3eJie. OrroH III B03BeJI eros Koponn (15/17 asrycTa 1001 r.) H yqpe)lHJI B BeHrpHH apxnenncKoncTBO 13 anpenS! 1001 r., BKJIIO'IHB
TeM CaMbiM 8eHrpHIO B CBOIO PHMCKYIO HMnepHIO.
308 B XHJib)lecxa1Me.
309 fn3ena (YM. 1007 r. 21 HIOJIS!)- )lO'Ib KoHpaaa I, KopoJISI 6ypryHJlHH; )J{eHa (c 972 r.)
feHpHxa II Csapnnsoro, MaTh HMn. feHpnxa II.
310 I anpenSI I 005 r.
311 EepHxapn1- a66aT Xepc!l>eJih)la B 984/5-1005 rr.
312 fo)lexap)l (p. 960/61 r. YM 1038 r. 5 MaS!) - a66aT HH)lep-AnbTaHxa, TerepH3ee, KpeMCMIOHcTepa H Xepc!l>enb)la B 1005-1012 rr., enncKon XHJib)lecxa1Ma B 1022-1038 rr.
CBSIT01.
301

302

244

XL-~nb,D,ecxaLIIMcKL-~e

aHHanbl

5-H: ro.u npaBJiemrn feHpHxa, 4 HH.ll., 1006 r. PmK.uecTBO focno.uHe KopoJib


npoBeJI B neJih.lle; Ha npa3,llHHK )l{e nacm313 OH CtiaCTJIHBO BeceJIHJICSI B HHMBereHe. fyHTep, no6~aeMbiH 60)I{eCTBeHHbiM 6JiarotieCTHeM, OTKa3aBIIIHCb OT
MHpa H ero pocKOIIIH, CTaJI MOHaxoM. CHJibHbiH roJIO.ll notiTH no BceH: JeMJie.
6-H fO.ll npaBJieHHSI feHpHXa, 5 HH,ll., 1007 r. Po)!(JleCTBO KOpOJib OnSITb
npa3,llHOBaJI B OeJib,lle. Ha D0fOSIBJieHHe314 OH npHIIIeJI B raH,llepcxaH:M H YMHO,
C My.llpOH H306peTaTeJibHOCTbiO npeKpaTHJI HeHaBHCTHYIO ccopy Me)!(Jly apxHenHCKOnOM BHJIJIHrHJOM H enHcKonoM EepHBap.uoM no noBo.uy :noM: uepKBH.
focnO,llHH )l{e oepHBap,ll B npHCYTCTBHH KOpOJISI, apXHenHCKOna H npOtiHX
KHSI3eH KOpOJieBCTBa OCBSITHJI 3TY uepKOBb H nOJIHOBJiaCTHO, 6e3 KaKOfO-JIH60
npOTHBO,lleHCTBHSI ocyrueCTBJISIJI TaM BCe enHCKOnCKHe nOJIHOMOtiHSI.
7-H: ro.u npaBJieHHSI feHpHxa, 6 HH.ll., 1008 r. Po)!(JleCTBO focno.uHe KOpOJib npoBeJI B neJib,lle, nacxy315 B Mep3e6ypre, a TpoHuy316 B KeJibHe. YMep
JlHy.llOJib>317, apxHenHcKon TpHpCKHii; eMy HacJie.uoBaJI MemHrou3I8,
KaHUJiep319 KOPOJISI. HoTKep320, HaCTOSITeJib MOHaCTblpSI 6Jia)!(eHHOfO rma,
enHCKOn Jlbe)l{a, OTOIIIeJI KO XpHCTy; nOCJie Hero (B ,llOJI)I{HOCTb) BCTynHJI
oaJI.llPHK321, BHKapHH: PereHc6ypra. MoHax fyHTep, HCnhiTaHHbiH CBSITbiM
o6pa30M )I{H3HH B MOHaCTbipe, CTaJI OTIIIeJibHHKOM.
8 8-H fO.ll, KOf.lla OH erue He fibiJI HMnepaTOpOM, 7 HH,ll., 1009 f. KOpOJib
npoBeJI Po)!(JlecTBo XpHcToBo B 3anhu6ypre, a nacxy322- B Ayrc6ypre.
PeTapHH:323, enHCKOn na.uep6opHa, YMep 6 MapTa; eMy HacJie,llOBaJI MeH:HBepK324, KopoJieBcKHH: KaneJIJiaH. TaK)I{e Maii:HUCKHH MOHaCTbipb, KOTOpbiH
B xo.ue 6y.uyruero ocBSIIUeHHSI .llOJI)!(eH 6hiJI 6hiTb HaJBaH no qecTH oO)I{heH:
H MoruaM 6Jia)!(. MapTHHa, nocTPoeHHbiH apxHenHcKonoM BHJIJIHrHJOM c BeJIHKHM CTpeMJieHHeM K KpaCOTe, nom6 30 aBryCTa B ,llOCTOHHOM CO)!(aJieHHH
no)l{ape.
B 9-H: ro.u cBoero npaBJieHHSI, 8 HH.ll., 1010 r. KopoJib npa3.llHOBaJI Po)!(JlecTBO rocno.uHe B neJib,lle, nacxy325 - B Perec6ypre. YMep AHcQ:>pH.ll, enHCKOn
YTpexTcKoii uepKBH; ero MecTo JaHSIJI A.ueJib60Jih.ll326.
21 anpem1 1006 r.
6 SIHBapSI 1007 r.
28 Mapm 1008 r.
3l6 16 MaS! 1008 r.
317 JlHy)loJJb1 (yM. 1008 r.)- apxHenHcKon TpHpa B 994-1008 rr.
318 MemHrou (yM. 1015 r.)- apxHenHcKon TpHpa B 1008-1015 rr.
313
314
315

319
320
321
322
323

324
325
326

B opHrHHane- npHMHCKPHHHH.
HoTKep (yM. I 008 r. 8 anp.) - enHcKon Jlbe)f(a B 972-1008 rr.
6anapHK II (yM. 1018 r. 30 HIOJJSI)- enHcKon Jlbe)f(a B 1008-1018 rr.
17 anpeJJSI I 009 r.
PeTapHH (yM. 1009 r. 6 MapTa)- enHCKOn naaep6opHa B 981-1009 rr.
MeHHBepK (yM. I 036 r. 5 HIOHSI) - enHCKOn naaep6opHa B I 009-1036 rr.
9 anpeJJSI 10 10 r.
A.neJJh60JJh)l II (yM. 1026 r. 27 HOSI6.) - enHcKon YTPeXTa B I 0 I 0- 1026 rr.
245

AHHanbl

B IO-H: ro.u cBoero npaBJieHHH, 9 HHJl., IOII r. KOpOJib npa3.UHOBaJI Po)l{.uecTBO focno.uHe BO <l>paHKQ>ypTe, a B maBHbiH nocT327 npH6biJI B KopBe10;
9 Q>eBpaJIH TaM yMep 6JiaroqecnmhiH repuor EepHrap.u328 H rrpH BeJIHKOM
IIJiaqe BO BpeMH TPaypHOH uepeMOHHH norpe6eH B Jli0He6ypre, B MOHaCTblpe 6Jia)l(eHHoro MHxaHJia, KOTOpbiH OH caM nocTpoHJI c caMoro HatiaJia H B
KOTOpOM C06paJI 06IUHHY MOHaxOB. fepUOfCTBO IIOCJie Hero noJiyqHJI ero CbiH
EepHrap.u329. B 3TH )l{e BpeMeHa KO XpHCTY oTorueJI apmenHcKon MaH:HucKHH:
8HJIJIHflf3; Ha ero MeCTO BCTYJIHJI <J>yJih)leHCKHH a66aT 3pKaH6aJibJl330, KOTOporo Haw errHCKOII EepHBap.u rrocBHTHJI I anpeJIH.
II-H: ro.u rrpaBJieHHH feHpHxa, I 0 HHJl., I 0 I2 r. Po)I(JleCTBO XpHCTOBO KOpoJib rrpa3)lHOBaJI B .Ll.opH6ypre, llacxy331 )l{e- B Jlbe)l{e. 0TTy)la OH CO BCeM
KopoJieBCKHM BeJIHtiHeM oTnpaBHJICH B EaM6epr; .uocTOtiTHMbiH MOHaCTbipb,
6JiaropO)lHOe H OC060e npHCTPaCTHe fOCIIOJlHHa KOpOJIH, C COfJiaCHH H npH
yqaCTHH BCeX JaaJibiiHHCKHX errHCKOIIOB 6biJI OCBHIUeH TaM 6 MaH 36epxapJl0M332, rrepBbiM enHCKOnOM 3TOfO npeCTOJia, BO CJiaBy H B tieCTb fOCIIO)la
Harnero 11Hcyca XpHcTa H .uparoueHHeH:wero MyqeHHKa ero feopra, a TaK)I{e
pa.uH rroKpOBHTeJibCTBa Bcex CBHTbiX nO)I{bHX. YMep TamHo333, apxHenHcKon
ropo.ua Mar.ue6ypra. EMY HacJie.uoBaJI BaJibTap.u334, HacToHTeJib 3TOH uepKBH; KOf)la )l{e H OH YMep no HCTetieHHH BCero CeMH He)leJib, eMy HaCJie)lOBaJI
fepo335, M~ COBeprneHHbiH BO BCHKOM uepKOBHOM CTpeMJieHHH. fo.uexap.u,
ocTaBHB XepcQ>eJibJlCKoe a66aTCTBO, onHTb BepHyJicH B ArlbTaHx.
I2-H: ro.u rrpaBJieHHH feHpHXa, II HHJl., 1013 r. BoiiJioiUeHHe focno.uHe KOpoJib
IlpoBeJI B lleJIWle. ll03)1{e, 2I HHBapH, HOtibiO, 3a rpeXH JafOpeJICH no JlbHBOJibCKOMY HaymeHH10 KaQ>eJlpaJibHbiH co6op XHJlWleCxaHMCKOH uepKBH, HO 6Jiaro.uapH
O.UHOMY JIHllib co.ueH:cTBHIO no)l{bero MHJiocep.uHH oroHb - XBaJia Eory! - 6biJI
6biCTPQ IIOTYllieH. Ho - ax! ax! - HaM BCe paBHO OCTaeTCH ropeBaTb no nOBOJlY
TOfO, liTO B 3TOM IIO)I{ape BMeCTe C.uparoueHHeHlliHM uepKOBHbiM 06JiatieHHeM
IIOrH6JIO HeBepoHTHOe H HeBOCIIOJIHHMOe MHO)I{eCTBO KHHf. 0tiHIUelme CB. MapHH336 KopoJib rrposeJI B Mar.ue6ypre; rrpH.LlH orry.ua B Bepny337, oH 6biJI nopa)l{eH
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337

7 Q>espaJUI 1011 r.
EepHrapn I EHJIJIYHf (p. OK. 950 r. YM lOll r. 9 leap.)- CTapwHH CbiH repMaHa I.
repuor CaKCOHHH B 973-1011 rr.
EepHrapn II (yM. 1059 r. 29 HJOHH)- repuor CaKCOHHH B I 011-1059 rr. CTapWHH
CbiH EepHrapna I EHJIJI}'Hra.
3pKaH6aJib!l (YM. 1021 r.)- apxHenHCKon MatiHua B 1011-1021 rr.
13 anpeJIH 1012 r.
36epxapn I Q>oH A6eH6epr (yM. 1040 r. 13 asr.)- nepBbiH enHcKon EaM6epra
B 1007-1040rr.
TarHHO (YM. 1012 r.)- apxHenHcKon Marne6ypra B 1004-1012 rr.
8aJibTapn (yM. I 012 r.) - apXHenHcKon Marne6ypra B 1012 r.
repo (YM. 1023 r. 22 OKT.)- apxHenHCKOn Marne6ypra B 1012-1023 rr.
2 Q>espaJIH I 013 r.
BepJia - KpenoCTb Ha p. 0Kep, K cesepy OT rocJiapa.
246

TIDKKoii 6oneJHbiO H ueJibiX nf!Tb He.ueJibJie)l(aJI nnacTOM. YMep KpHCTHaH338,


enHcKon naccay. EMy Hacne.uoBaJI EepeHrap339, .ueKaH :noro MecTa. 16 HIOJifl
YMep CBf!IUeHHHK roniiaJIK, HaCTOf!TeJib HarneH: o6IUHHbi.
13-H fO.ll npaBJieHHfl feHpHXa, KaK KOpOJifl, H nepBbiH -

~e KaK HMne-

paTopa, 12 HH.ll., 1014 r. Po)I(JleCTBo rocno.uHe KopoJib npaJ.UHOBaJI B llaBHH.


OTnpaBHBlliHCb oTTy.ua c KoponeBcKoii CBHTOH B PHM, oH co Bceo6ruero
COrJiaCHfl no.rryqHJI 24 Q:>eBpa.Tifl OT HaMeCTHHKa CB. lleTpa oeHe,llHKTa340 HMnepaTOpCKYIQ KopoHy. Ero )l(eHa, rocno)l(a KYHHfYH.lla, JacJI~Jia c oO)I(bero
COHJBOJieHHfl TO )l(e caMoe. TaK, cTaB no MHJIOCTH oO)I(beH: HMnepaTopoM,
oH BepHyJicfl B llaBHIO, r.ue 11 npoBeJI cBfiTYJO nacxy34I. BoJBparuaflcb orry.ua,
OH TOp)l(eCTBeHHO cnpaBHJI B oaM6epre TpOHUy342; TaM OH npHKa3aJI JanHcaTb npHBHJiefHH, KaCaiOIUHeCfl,lleJI 3TOfO MeCTa, CKpenHB HX ne'-laTbiO CBOeH
BJiaCTH H YTBep,llHB anOCTOJibCKHM npaBOM pHMCKOfO nOHTHQ:>HKa, .ua6bi OHH
6biJIH CKpeiTJieHbl HX BJiaCTbiO .llO TeX nop, noKa XpHCTOC, uapb uapeii, 6y.UeT
npaBHTb B BelJHOCTH H npoqee.
14-H fO.ll ero npaBJieHHfl, 2-H ero HMnepaTOpCKOH BJiaCTH,
1015 r. Po)I(JlecTBo XpHcToBo HMnepaTop npoBeJI B lleJib.lle.

J3

HH.ll.,

nocTaHoBHJI,

lJT06bi KHfl3bfl YJibpHx343 l.JelliCKHH H ooJiecJiaB 00JibCKHH npHlliliH K HeMy Ha


nacxy344 B Mep3e6ypr. YJibpHX fiBHJICfl B Ha3Ha'leHHbiH .ueHb, .ua6bi BCJie,llCTBHe
(CBOeH) HeBHHOBHOCTH OlJHCTHTbCfl OT TeX npecTyiTJieHHH, B KOTOpbiX ero
o6BHHflliH.

nocKOJibKY EonecJiaB oT 3Toro OTKaJaJICfl, HMnepaTop 3THM )l(e

JieTOM C CHJibHbiM OTpfl.llOM CBOHX JIIO,lleH BTOpfCfl B 00Jiblliy. fepuor 3pHCT345


6biJI HeO)I(H,llaHHO nOpa)l(eH Ha OXOTe CTpeJIOH CBOHM BaCCaJIOM A,uaJib6epTOM
H nom6 ,llOCTOHHOH )l(aJIOCTH CMepTbiO. 0om6 BOHHCTBeHHbiH JlaM6epT346.
B 3TOM ro.uy, TO eCTb B 1015-M OT BOITJIOIUeHHfl focno.ua Harnero l1Hcyca
[XpHcTa], B 12-H: ro.u npaBJieHHfl feHpHxa, 2-H: ero ~e no MHJIOCTH oO)I(beH:
HMnepaTOpCKOH BJiaCTH, ( 13 HH,llHKTa), 29 CeHTfl6pfl, KpHnTa Haruero MOHaCTblpfl347 6biJia ocBf!IUeHa EepHBap.uoM, .uocTonolJTeHHeiirnHM enHCKonoM 3TOH:
uepKBH, a TaK)I(e .LJ:HTpHxoM348, .uocToiiHeiirnHM enHcKonoM MIOHcTepcKoii
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348

KpHCTHaH (yM. 1013 r. 20 ceHT.)- enHcKon Daccay B 99I-1013 rr.


EepeHrap (yM. I045 r. I4 HJOJIH)- enHcKon Daccay B I013-1045 rr.
EeHenHKT VI II (L{:>KoBaHHH, rpa1 TYCKYJiaHCKHH) (yM. I 024 r. 7 anp.) - pnMCKHH
nana c I8 MaH IOI2 r. no 7 anp. 1024 r.
25 an penH I0 I4 r.
I3 HJOHH I0I4 f.
I0 anpeJIH 10 I5 r.
YnbpHx (YM. I 034 r. 9 HOH6.) - KHHJb llexHH B I 0 12-I 033 H I 034 rr. CbiH Eonecnaaa II.
3pHCT I (p. 970 r. YM I0 I5 r. 3I MaR) - 2-i1 CbiH JleonoJib.Ua I, MapKrpa<j:la ABcTpHH,
HJ .UHHaCTHH Ea6eH6eproa. fepuor lllaa6HH B I 0 I2-I 0 I5 rr.
JlaM6epT <j:loH JlyaeH.
MoHaCTbiPH ca. MHxaHJia.
LlHTPHX (YM. 1022 r. 23 HHB.)- enHcKon MJOHCTepa B IOII-I022 rr.

247

AHHanbi

u;epKBH, H 3KKexap)lOM349, JlOCTOOOtiTeHHbiM enHCKOOOM ropona illJie3BHfa,


s qecTh CnacHTeJIH, focnona Harnero 11Hcyca XpHcTa H Ero MaTepH, llpHCHOJleBbi (MapHH), a TaiOKe panH OC060f0 OOKpOBHTeJibCTBa 6Jia)l(eHHOfO
apXaHreJia MHXaHJia H BCero He6eCHOfO BOHHCTBa.
B 15-:H ron ero npaBJieHHH H 3-:H HMnepaTopcKo:H BJiaCTH, 14 HHJl., 1016 r.
HMnepaTOp npa3)lHOBaJI Po)I(JleCTBO XpHCTOBO 8 nanep6opHe. BbmaJI orpOMHOH BeJIHtiHHbl rpan, H OtieHb MHOrHe nom6JIH, CO)I()I(eHHbie MOJIHHe:tf. fpaQ>
8HXMaH350 6biJI y6HT 6 OKTHfipH.
15 HHJl., 1017 r. Po)I(JlecTso focnonHe HMnepaTop nposeJI s lleJibJle. B 3TOM
rony OH BHOBb BToprcH c so:HcKoM B lloJibrny. YMep MemHrou:, enHcKon
TpHpcKH:H. EMyHacJienosan nonno35I. 0otiHJI3:tfn352, enHcKon Me:HceHcKH:H.
nocJie Hero [s JlOJI)I(HOCTh] sczynHJI XHJib)lesapn353. 2 asrycTa YMep csHmeHHHK JlHyJlOJibQ>, a 23 CeHTH6pH - CBHllleHHHK H )leKaH fOTlliaJIK.
B 5- :H ron csoe:H HMnepaTopcKo:H sJiacTH, 1 HHJl., 10 18 r. HMnepaTop
nposeJI Po)I(JleCTBO XpHCTOBO 8 nanep6opHe, a nacxy354 - 8 oaM6epre.
feHpHx355, MapKrpaQ> oasapHH, yMep, JaCTHfHYTbiH BHeJanHOH CMepTbiO.
B 3TOM rony so speMH 40-nHeBHoro nocTa rocnonHH enHcKon liepHsapn,
npoBe)l51 8 focJiape 8 npHCYTCTBHH HMnepaTopa, enHCKOOOB H npOtiHX BeJibMO)I( KopoJiescTsa co6op, paJJiyqHJI foTlliaJIKa356, CbiHa npeJH)la 3KKexapna,
H fepTpyny357, JlOtih rpaQ>a 3K6epTa. 26 anpeJIH YMep csHmeHHHK MaKKo.
6-:H ron HMnepaTopcKo:H BJiacTH feHpHxa, 2 HHJl., 1019 r. Po)I(JleCTBO
focnonHe HMnepaTop npa3JlHOBaJI s B10pu;6ypre. llOJ)I(e OH oTnpaBHJICH
c so:HcKoM npoTHB repu:ora liepHrapna K JaMKY IllaJibKec6ypr358 H TaM - xsaJia oory! - s MHpe yJianHJI see neJia. B 3TOM rony Ha nacxy359 oH npHHM
8 oaM6epre 8 fOCTH nany360 113 PHMa.

349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357

358
359
360

3KXap.u (yM. 1026 r.) - eriHCKOO lliJieJBHra B 999-1026 rr. DY.UY'IH HJfHaH HJ CBOeH
enapxHH, OH :>KHJI B Ka'leCTBe npHopa B XHJib.Uecxai1Me.
BHXMaH III (yM. 1016 r. 6 OKT.)- rpa1 B na.n:epray H BeJHray. CbiH rpala 3K6ePTa
OnHomaJoro.
nonno Q>oH Ea6eH6epr (yM. 1047 r.)- apxHenHcKon TpHpa B 1016-1047 rr.
3H.u I (yM. 1015 r. 20neK.)- enHcKon Mei1ceHa B 992-1015 rr.
XHJib.lleBapn (3i1JibBapn) (yM. 1023 r. 23 anp.)- enHcKon Mei1ceHa B 1016-1023 rr.
6 anpeJIR I 018 r.
feHpHX cPOH lliBeHHQ>ypT.
foTwaJIK - CbiH MapKrpaQ>a Mei1ceHcKoro 3KXapna. 0 HeM 6oJiee HH'Iero HeHJBecTHo.
fepTPyna (YM. 1077 r. 21 HIOJIR)- ,llO'Ib rpala 3K6epTa DHJIJiyHra. nocJie TOfO KaK
6biJI paCTOprHyT ee 6paK C fOTWaJIKOM, OHa BbiWJia JaMy:>K (1020) Ja JIHy.UOJibcPa,
rpala EpayHwBei1ra.
lliaJibKec6ypr - npennoJIO:>KHTeJibHO cosp. Xayc6epre Ha p. BeJep, K BOCTOKY oT
MHH.lleHa.
29 MapTa 1019 r.
EeHe.UHKTa VIII.

248

XL11IlbAecxaLi1McKLI1e aHHaJlbl

3 HH.Ll., I 020 r. Po)l{)lecrso rocno.aHe HMnepaTOp nposen s XaMMeprnreH'He361. XepH6epr362, apXHenHCKon KenbHCKHH, 16 Mapra cMeHHn JeMHYJO
XH3Hb Ha aHrenbcKYJO; ero Mecro JaHIDI llHnbrpHM363. 18 asrycra notiHn 3pKeH6anb.Ll, apxHenHcKon MaifHUCKHH'; nocne Hero 6bm nocrasneH ApH6o364,
M}')K HCITbiTaHHeHlliHH B CBSITOH uepKBH.
8-if ro.a HMneparopcKoif snacrH feHpHxa, 4 HH.Ll., 1021 r. BonnmueHHe
rocno.aHe HMneparop nposen s PereHc6ypre. 12 MaSI, s 10-M qacy .LlHH, s nHrHHUY nocne BoJHeceHHH rocno.aHH B npe.aenax EasapHH npoHJornno CHnbHoe
JeMneTpHceHHe.
9-H' ro.a HMneparopcKoif snacrH, 5 HH.Ll., 1022 r. Ha Po)l{)lecrso rocno.aHe
HMnepaTOp OT,LlbiXan 8 .LJ:opH6ypre. 23 SIHBapH YMep .lJ:HrpHX, enHCKOIT MJOHcrepa; eMy Hacne.aosan 3Hr<f>pH.a365, a66ar H3 Mar.ae6ypra. ,ll,HrpHx366,
enHCKOIT MHH,LleHa, CKOHllaRCSI 19 <f>espanSI. flocne Hero 6bin H36paH Anb6epHK367, HaCTOSITeflb 3TOfO MeCTa, HO, 3aCTHfHYTbiH CMepTbiO, He ycnen HH
npHHSITb ITOCBSIIUeHHe, HH 3aHSITb Ka<f>e.apy. B .LlOIDKHOCTb enHCKOna BCryiTHn
3Hr6epr368. 20 HOSI6pH KO XpHcry orornen rocno.aHH EepHsap.a, .aocronoqreHHbiH enHcKon XHnb.aecxaH'Ma.
llycTb Eor .aapyer eMy coyqacrHe B uapcTBHH setiHoM;
)I(HBSI B KpenocrH He6ecHoif, nycrh 6y.aer OH rosapHIUeM JlaJapSI!
AMHHb.
Ha ero MeCTO CBSITaSI uepKOBb H36pana Ha ITOflb3Y ce6e H CBOHM flJO.LlSIM
ro.aexap.aa, paHee a66ara Xepc<f>enb,Lla H AnbTaHxa.
B 3TOM ro.ay, ro ecrb B 1022-M or sonnomeHHSI Cnosa, B 21-if npasneHHSI HMnepaTopa feHpHXa, npe6biBaHHSI )l(e 8 ,LlOfl)I(HOCTH fOCITO,LlHHa
EepHsap.aa, .aocronoqreHHoro enHcKona 3TOH uepKBH, 31-H', 5-ro HH.LlHKTa,
29 CeHTS16pSI, 6bina OCBSIIUeHa tiaCOBHSI 3TOfO MOHaCTblpSI, paCITOflO)I(eHHaSI
Ja creHaMH ropo.aa XHnh.aecxaH'Ma H nocrpoeHHaSI HaJBaHHbiM enHcKonoM H3 senHtiaifrnero crpeMneHHSI K Kpacore H .anSI nonb3bi MOHarnecKoH
)I(HJHH; ee, csepx roro, co seeM 6naroroseHHeM uepKOBHoro 6naroqecrHH
nOCBSITHflH 8 qeCTb CnacHTenSI, rocno.aa Harnero 11Hcyca XpHCTa, Ero
MarepH, llpHcHo.aeBbi MapHH, H cnacHrenhHoro .apesa notiHraeMoro
361
362
363
364
365

366
367
368

XaMMepuneuH - ropo.n K cesepo-Jana.ny oT HeHBH.lla, Ha p. PenH.


XepH6ePT (p. OK. 965 r. yM. 1021 r. 16 MapTa)- apxHenHcKon KeJibHCKHH s 9991021 rr. YMep He B 1020, a B 1021 r.
nHJlbfPHM (yM. 1036 r. 25 HIOH~)- apxHenHCKOll KenbHCKHH B 1021-1036 rr. nneM~HHHK ApH6o, apxHenHcKona ManHua.
ApH6o (p. 990 r. yM. I 031 r. 6 anp.) - apxHenHcKon ManHua B I 021-1031 rr.
3Hr!l>pH.ll !l>oH 8anb6eK (yM. 1032 r. 27 Ho~6.)- enHcKon MJOHCTepa B 1022-1032 rr.
CbiH 3Hr!l>pH.lla I !l>oH 8anb6eKa, 6paT THTMapa, enHcKon MepJe6ypra.
.llHTPHX II (yM. 1022 r. 8 oKT.)- enHcKon MHH.lleHa s 1002-1022 rr.
AnL6epHK - enHcKon MHH.lleHa s I 022 r.
3Hr6ePT (yM. 1036 r. 10 OKT.)- enHcKon MHH.lleHa s 1022-1036 rr.

249

AHHanbl

11 lKHBOTBopsuuero KpecTa, a TaKlKe pa;::m oco6oro noKpOBHTeJihCTBa

CB. apxaHreJia MHXaHJia H BCero He6eCHOf0 BOHHCTBa H BO CJiaBy TIOtiHTaHHH Bcex CBHThiX nOlKhHX .llOCTonottTeHHhiH 6mocTHTeJih 3TOH uepKBH
EepHBap,ll, yBalKaeMhiH YHBaH369, apxHenHcKon faM6yprcKo:H uepKBH,
a TaKlKe 3KKexap.ll, enHcKon IJJJie3BHra, 11 EepHrap,ll370, nottTeHHe:Hum:H
enHCKOTI 0Jib,lleH6yprCKOH uepKBH, pa,llH yKpenJieHHH uepKOBHOfO MHpa
H ,llJIH 6Jiara H 3alllHThl XpHCTHaHCTBa; a 3eMJIH H ,llOXO,llhl, OTHOCHillHeCH
K 3TOMY MeCTy, HaCTOJihKO fihiJIH o6ecnetteHhl HX aBTOpHTeTOM, tiTO eCJIH
fihl KTO-HHfiY.llh HaCHJihCTBeHHO HJIH ,ll06pOBOJihHO tiTO-HHfiY.llh OTTy,lla TIOXHTHJI, OH TIO,llBeprCH 6hi BettHOMy npOKJIHTHIO, H npe,llaH BetiHOH aHa<f>eMe
H CTepT C 3eMJIH lKHBhiX TOT, KTO CTaJI fihl Bpe,llHTh HJIH tiHHHTh BpalK,lly
3TOMY MeCTy. .[J,a 6y,lleT TaK! .[J,a 6y,lleT TaK! .[J,a 6y,lleT TaK!
.[J,a 6y,lleT TaK, TIOKa XpHCTOC npaBHT B BeKax!
O.llHaKo, BCKope o6HTaJIHille 3Toro MOHaCThiPH 6hmo BBepeHo fo,llepaMHY,
HaCTOHTeJIIO MOHaCThlpH CB. flaHTaJieOHa, ,lla6hi OH ynpaBJIHJI HM B ,llOJI)I(HOCTH
a66aTa.
11 6JiarotteCTHBO OH npaBHJI HM, TIOKa 6bUI lKHB B 3TOM MHpe.

6 HH,ll., 1023

f. 11MnepaTOp TOplKeCTBeHHO npa3,llHOBaJI BOTIJIOilleHHe

XpHcToBo B Mep3e6ypre. YMep fepo, apxHenHcKon Mar,lle6ypra. EMy HacJie.llOBaJI XyH>PH.l13 71 , MYlK HCTihiTaHHe:Hum:H .llJIH noJih3hi uepKBH BO Bcex
OTHoli.IeHHHX. YMep ApHyJih>372, enHcKon XaJih6epli.ITa,llTa. EMy HacJie.llOBaJI
EpaHTor373, HeKor,lla <l>yJih.lleHcKH:H a66aT. YMep EepHrap.ll, enHcKon OJih.lleH6ypra; nocJie Hero B .llOJilKHOCTh BCTYTIHJI Pe:HHOJih.l1374. focno,llHH fo,llexap.ll
B nepBoe JieTo nocJie cBoero pyKonoJiolKeHHH c ttecThiO HattaJI cTpOHTeJihCTBO
npeKpacHOfO MOHaCThlpH B IOlKHOH ttaCTH HallieM Ka<f>e,llpaJihHOH uepKBH.
BoJih<f>paM, H36paHHhiH H3 TOM lKe caMo:H o6mHHhi, HacJie.llOBaJI rocno,llHHY
fo,llexap,lly375. YMep rpa<f> JlHy.llOJih<f>.

7 HH.ll., 1024 r.

PolK.lleCTBO XpHCTOBO HMnepaTOp feHpHx c ttecThiO npa3-

.llHOBaJI B naM6epre, nacxy376 B Mar,lle6ypre, a TpoHuy377 B focJiape. 003lKe


OH npHli.IeJI B fpoHe H TaM CJier, TIOpalKeHHhiH He,llyroM;
Bcero KopoJieBCTBa H

1 ,lleHh.

YBhi! YBhi! -

13 HIOJIH OH K CKOp6H

CKOHttaJicH; npaBHJI lKe oH

22 ro.lla, 5 He.lleJih

flyCTh .llYllla ero TIOKOHTCH B MHpe!

flycTh TIO,llapHT BetiHhlH TIOKOH ,llyllle, TOT, KTO npaBHT BCeM TIOBCIO,lly!

369
370
371

372
373
374
375
376
377

YHBaH (yM. 1029 r. 26 SIHB.)- apxMemfcKon 6peMeHa 11 faM6ypra B 1013-1029 rr.


6epHrapn - enHCKon 0Jib.LieH6ypra B 1013/14-1023 rr.
XyH$PI1.!1 (yM. 1051 r.)- apxMenHcKon Marne6ypra B 1023-1051 rr.
ApHyJih$ (yM. 1023 r. 7 ceHT.)- enHcKon Xanb6epuiTanTa B 996-1023 rr.
6paHTOr (yM. 1036 r. 27 asr.)- enHcKon Xanb6eplliTa.LITa B 1023-1036 rr.
PeiiHroJib.Ll - enHCKon 0Jih.LleH6ypra B 1023-1029 rr.
B a66aTCTBe HH.Liep-AJibTaHx.
5 anpeJISI 1024 r.
24 MaH 1024 r.

250

Ero MecTo Ha npecToJie JaHIDI 8 ceHTH6pH KoHpa,a378. CeHhop Harn fo.uexap.u nocTpmUI CBOH ,llBOp B BOCTOqHOH qacTH Harnero ropo,lla B MeCTe, qTo
JOBeTCH 3yJibUa.
8 MH.ll., l 025 r. Po)l(,llecTBO XpwcToBo KOPOJih KoHpau c orpoMHo:H cJiaBo:H
H BeceJiheM npoBeJI B MMH.lleHe; TaM eMy HaBCTPeqy BhilliJio TaiOKe 6oJiblliHHcTBO TeX, KTO He yqaCTBOBaJI B ero H36paHHH, If OH npMHIDI B CBOIO MHJIOCTb
Bcex, KTO Jf3bHBHJI eMy noKOpHOCTb. nacxy379 )l(e OH npa3,llHOBaJI B PereHc6ypre. focno.UHH fo.uexap.u HaqaJI JaceJIHTh npeKpacHYIO ropy B Jana,uHo:H qacTH
Harnero ropo.ua; nOJ,llHee OH nocBHTHJI ee THTYJIY If HMeHH CB. MaBpMKMH,
CBOero BepXOBHOfO noKpOBHTeJIH.
9 HH.ll., l 026 r. Po)l(,lleCTBO XpwcToBo KopoJib KoHpa,u TOp)l(eCTBeHHO
npoBeJI B JlwM6ypre380. YMep BoJih<ppaM, a66aT AllbTawxa. Ha ero MecTo
6hiJI H36paH If MHJIOCTbiO DO)I(be:H nocBHllleH PaTMYH.ll. 0Teu ro.uexap.u
B 3TOM fO.llY, 16 aBrycTa, TOp)l(eCTBeHHO OCBHTHJI B qecTb CTpa,llaHHH, BOCKpeceHHH If BOJHeCeHHH XpMCTa Halli HOBbiM, HaJBaHHbiM Bbillie MOHaCTblpb
B IO)I(HOH qacTw381 Harne:H Ka<f>e.upaJihHOH uepKBH. YMep 3KKexap.u, enwcKon illJieJBHra. EMy HacJie.llOBaJI Py.uoJih<f>382, H36paHHhiH HJ KeJihHcKoro
.llYXOBeHCTBa.
l 0 HH,ll.' 1027 r. Ha nacxy383 B PH Me KOpOJib KoHpa,u CTaJI HMnepaTOpOM.
Aero ChiH, KOPOJih feHpwx384, cTaJI repuoroM naBapMM. Bo <l>paHK<f>ypTe
B npMCYTCTBHH HMnepaTOpa KoHpa,ua [cocTOIDICH] reHepaJihHhiH co6op 22x enHCKOnOB. Ha HeM rocnO,llHH ro.uexap.u Ha OCHOBaHHH CBH,lleTeJihCTBa
7 enHCKOnOB- DPYHO Jf3 Ayrc6ypra385' 36epxap.ua Jf3 naM6epra, MeHHBepKa
HJ nauep6opHa386' Me:HHxap.ua Jf3 BIOpu6ypra387' XHJib,lleBap.ua Jf3 Ue:Hua388'
3wr6epTa HJ MMH.lleHa, DPYHO HJ MepJe6ypra389 - KaHoHwqecKH y.uep)l(aJI
CBOIO naCTblpCKYIO BJiaCTb Ha,Jl TeppMTOpMeH faH,llepcxa:HMa. Ha 3TOM co6ope
378

379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389

KoHpa.u II (p. 990 r. yM. 1039 r. 4 HIOHH)- ChiH feHpHxa, rpa<f>a lllneiiepcKoro,
npaBHYK KoHpa.ua Pbl)l{ero H JIHyrrap,Ubl, .uoqepH OrroHa I. nepBbiH HMnepaTOp H3
<l>paHKOHCKOH (Ca.rmqecKOH) .UHHaCTHH B 1024-1039 rr.
18 anpeJIH 1025 r. Ho Ha nacxy OH 6biJI B Ayrc6ypre. 8 PereHc6ypr OH npHilleJI HeCKOJibKO nOJ)I{e.
CKopee B AxeHe.
Oo H3.UaHHIO nepTUa B Jana.uHOH qaCTH, HO no 8ai1TUY B IO)I{HOH, qTO 6oJiee BepHO
H OTpa)l{eHO TaK)I{e B <<::KHTHH fo.uexap.ua.
Py.uoJib<f> - enHCKon lllJieJBHra B 1026-1034 rr.
26 MapTa I027 r.
feHpHx III (p. 1017 r. 28 oKT. yM. 1056 r. 5 oKT.) - ChiH KoHpa.ua II H fHJeJibi. KopOJih
fepM., J1T. H 6ypryH.UHH, a TaK)I{e HMnepaTOp B 1039-1056 rr.
CM. npHM. 305.
MeiiHBepK (yM. 1036 r. 5 HIOHH)- enHCKOn na.uep6opHa B 1009-1036 rr.
Mei1Hxap.u (yM. I 034 r. 22 MapTa) - enHCKon 810pu6ypra B I 018-1034 rr.
XHJib.neBap.u (yM. 1030 r. 25 HHB.)- enHcKon Ueiiua B 1003-1030 rr.
6pyHo (YM. 1036 r. 13 aBr.)- enHCKon Mep3e6ypra B 1019-1036 rr.
251

AHHanbl

IOHbiH fe6xapJI390, 6paT HMnepaTopa, BbiH}')K.lleH 6biJI CJIO.>KHTb Op}')KHe H npHHHTb nocTpHr. YMep BHrrep, CBHIUeHHHK Hame:H 06IUHHbl.
11 HHJI., 1028 r. BonJioiUeHHe rocnoJIHe HMnepaTop npaJJIHOBaJI B PereHc6ypre39t. Ma:HHUCKHH apxHenHcKon ApH6o BMecTe c noJiqHHeHHbiMH
eMy enHcKonaMH npooon a fe:HcJieJieHe392 reHepaJibHbi:H co6op. Ha HeM cpeJIH
npoqHx uepKOBHbiX JieJI HeKHH 6JiaropOJIHbiH M}')K, 06BHHeHHbiH B y6HHCTBe
rpa<l>a 3Hr$pHJia, oqHcTHJICH nocpeJICTBOM pacKaJieHHoro xeJieJa; qepeJ
JIBe HOqH ero no pellleHHIO co6opa OCMOTpeJIH, H OH OKa3aJICH HeBpeJIHM.
MemKo393, KOTOpbiH BOT }')Ke HeCKOJibKO JieT KaK BOnpeKH BJiaCTH HMnepaTopa
THpaHHqecKHM nYTeM JaXBaTHJI BJiaCTb HaJI CJiaBHHaMH, C CHJibHbiM BOHCKOM
H3 CBOHX JIIOJieH HaCHJibCTBeHHO BTOpfCH B 80CTOqHbie JeMJIH CaKCOHHH;
COBeplllHB nOJl)((OfH H rpa6e.>KH, OH nepe6HJI 8CeX M}')KqHH, 3ax8aTHJI B nJieH
MHOXeCT80 XeHIUHH, a HeCMeTHOe MHOXeCT80 JieTeH JaMyqHJI )KaJIOCTHbiM
H HeCJibiXaHHbiM yMepiUBJieHHeM; KaK JIHqHo, TaK H qepe3 C80HX JIIOJieH,
8epHee, nOJipyqHbiX JlbHBOJia, OH COBeplllaJI 8 XpHCTHaHCKHX JeMJIHX Ha rJiaJaX
y Eora cTpamHbie xecTOKOCTH.
12 HHJI., 1029 r. Po)I(JlecTBO XpHcToBo HMnepaTop npo8eJI 8 11HreJibxa:HMe394. YMep EpyHo, enHcKon ropoJia Ayrc6ypra, 6paT HMnepaTOpa feHpHxa.
EMy HacneJI08aJI 3nno395, KopoJie8cKHH KaneJIJiaH. B OeJibJie noJI npeJiceJiaTeJibCT80M HMnepaTOpa H npH yqaCTHH 11 enHCKOn08 (COCTOHJICH) BCe06IUHH
co6op; Ha HeM apXHenHCKOn MaHHUCKHH 8HOBb HaqaJI 6ecnOKOHTb rocnOJIHHa
foJiexapJia no noBOJIY faHJiepcxa:HMa. BepHep396, enHcKon CTpac6ypra, ymeJI
HJ :noro MHpa; nocne Hero B JIOJI)((HOCTb BCTYnHJI BHJihreJibM397, apxHKaneJIJiaH
KopoJie8bi. nocJibi JIIOTHqe:H, npHJIH a OeJibJie K HMnepaTOpy, npocHJIH ero
o noMOIUH npoTHB THpaHa MemKo H o6eiUaJIH oepHo eMy cJI}')KHTb. H o6MaHyna HX HX HeBepHOCTb398.

l3 HHJI., 1030 r. HMnepaTOp KoHpaJI 6biJI c 80HCKOM 8 BeHrpHH. 30 HIOHH


yMep foJiepaMH, nep8biH a66aT XHJibJiecxa:HMa. EMy HacJieJI08aJI AuaJib6epT,
HaCTOHTeJib <<fopbi co. HoaHHa KpecTHTeJIH>> B Xepc<l>eJibJie, MOHax npaBeJIHoro
390
391

392
393

394
395
396
397
398

fe6xap.n III cPOH roreH1I03 (yM. 1060 r. 2 .neK.)- CBO.UHblH 6paT KoHpa.na II (IIIX MaTepbiO 6biJia A.nenhreH.na PoH Meu). ApxHenHcKon PereHc6ypra B 1036-1060 rr.
B Jlbe)l{e, o 'leM rosopsn AHH. CaKe. 111 Mar.ne6. aHHaJibl.
fei1CJie.neH - ropo,noK B 3i1xcPenh.ne.
MelllKO II JlaM6epT (p. 990 r. yM. 1034 r. 10 Mrul)- KHH3b/KOpOJib noJiblllH B 10251034 rr. CbiH Iionecnasa I Xpa6poro. ,llaHHhiH 3ll11130,n, cKopee scero, HBJIHeTCH
nepecKa30M C06biTIIIH 1030 r., O'IYTIIIBllliiiHCH He Ha CBOeM MeCTe.
CKopee B Ayrc6ypre. HllleH6yprcKIIIe aHHaJibl Ha3biBaiOT nenb,Ue.
3nno (36epxap.n) (YM. 1047 r. 26 Mrui)- enHcKon Ayrc6ypra B 1029-1047 rr.
BepHep I fa6c6ypr (yM. 1028 r. 28 OKT.)- enHcKon CTpac6ypra B 1001-1028 rr. .lla
Ill CaM yKa3aHHbiH C060p COCTOHJICH B 1028, a He 1029 f.
BHJihreJibM KapHHTHi1CKHi1 (yM. 1047 r. 7 HOH6)- enHcKon CTpac6ypra B 10291047 rr.
CM. nc., 26, 12: mentita est iniquitas sibi.

252

o6pa3a )I(H3HH. B 6JIH)I(aHruee

25 JleKafipH

OH fihiJI nOCBHIUeH rocnOJlHHOM

fo.llexapJlOM y KaQ>eJlpaJihHoro aJITapH cB. XHJihJlecxai1MCKOH uepKBH. B 3TOM


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TaHHO npHllleJI K OTUY fOJlexapJly H, npH3HaBaH CBOIO BHHy, C006IUHJI, qTo
OlllHfiaJICH OTHOCHTeJibHO :noro npHXOJla; npH3BaB B CBHJleTeJIH XpHCTa H uepKOBb, oH o6emaJI mo6oe 6paTcKoe B03MeiUeHHe, a TaKXe seqHoe 6e3MOJIBHe
no nOBOJlY npOlllJIOH CCOpbl H CMHpeHHO npOCHJI ero BO HMH nora npOCTHTb
eMy npe)I(HHe OlllH6KH. To, qTo 3JleCb 3anHCaHO, HCTHHHO nOTOMy, qTo CaM
rocnOJlHH foJleXapJl B CBOHX nponOBe.llHX qacTO OTKpbiTO CBHJleTeJibCTBOBaJI
TO )l(e caMoe, H TaKHM o6pa30M 6bmo JlOKa3aHo, qTo 3TO npas.lla. YMep YHBaH, apXHenHCKOn faM6ypra; eMy HaCJieJlOBaJI ero HaCTOHTeJib JlHaBHU0399.
0H OCHOBaJI TaKXe B qecTb CBHTOfO a66aTa neHeJlHKTa npeKpaCHyiO uepKOBb
B 0cTepXOJibUe400, npHfOJlHYIO JlJIH MOHallleCKOfO o6pa3a )1Qf3HH.

14 HHJl. 1031 r.

Po)I(JleCTBO focnOJlHe HMnepaTop KoHpa.ll npoBeJI B na-

Jlep6opHe, a nacxy401 -

B HHMBereHe. B 3TOM fOJlY CbiH HMnepaTOpa, KOPOJib

feHpHx, oH )l(e repuor EasapHH, H CTeQ>aH, KopoJih BeHrpHH, 3aKmoqMJIH


Me)I(Jly co6oi1 KJIHTBeHHhiH MHp. feHpMX, chiH KopoAA CTeQ>aHa, repuor pYJf30B,
6bm pa30pBaH Ha OXOTe KafiaHOM H norH6 JlOCTOHHOH CO)I(aJieHMH CMepTblO.
11MnepaTOp C MaJibiM BOHCKOM CaKCOB OCeHHeH nopOH BTOprcH B 3eMJilO
cJiaBHH H 3acTaBHJI MernKo, KOTOphiH JlOJiro eMy conpoTHBJIHJICH, BePHYTh
06JiaCTb Jlay3HU C HeCKOJibKHMH ropOJlaMH H Jl06hiqy, KOTOpaH 6hma co6paHa
B npolllllbie rOJlhi B CaKcOHHH, H 3aKJIJOqHTh KJIHTBeHHhiH MHp. Bcero qepe3
MeCHU nOCJie 3TOfO MelllKO nOJlBeprCH BHe3anHOMY Hana.lleHHlO CO CTOpOHbl
csoero 6paTa EecnpHMa402 H 6bm BhiHy)I(JleH 6e)l(aTb K YJihpHxy B qeXHIO.
0JlHaKO TOT )l(e necnpHM OTOCJiaJI HMnepaTopy KOpOHY BMeCTe C JlPYrHMH
peraJIHHMH, KOTOpbie He3aKOHHO npHCBOHJI ce6e ero 6paT, a CaM B CMHpeHHOM
nOCOJibCTBe qepe3 CBOHX nOCJIOB o6eiUaJI nOJlqMHHTbCH HMnepaTopy.
ApHyJihQ>403, oTeu XepcQ>eJib.llCKoro MOHaCThipH, Bhl.llalOIUHHCH B JlyxOBHhiX H CBeTCKHX JleJiaX, 6hill 06BHHeH HeKOTOpbiMH 6paTbHMH 3T0f0 MeCTa
B HeKoeM npecryTIJieHHH H, K CO)I(aJieHHJO, JIHWHJICH csoew JlOJI)I(HOCTH. Ha
CMeHy eMy Ha 3TO MeCTO no BHyllleHHlO HMnepaTpHUbl fH3eJibl 6bm H36paH
Eap.llo404, HacTOHTeJib <l>epJleHcKoro MOHaCThipH. 3TOro Eap.llo [BcKope] cMe399
400
401
402

403
404

YHBaH, KaK }')lee rosopHJIOCh BbiWe, YMeP 27 HHBapH 1027 r. JhmBHUO II (yM. 1032 r.
25 asr.)- apxHenHcKon EpeMeHa H faM6ypra B 1029-1032 rr.
OcTepxOJihu-lllapM6eK- ropo.n K cesepy oT EpeMeHa.
II anpeJIH 1031 r.
EecnpHM (OTTo) (yM. 1032 r.)- KHHJb noJibWH B 1031-1032 rr. O.nHH HJ CbiHOBeA
6oJiecJiasa I Xpa6poro.
ApHOJih.ll- a66aT XepcleJib.lla B 1012-1031 rr.
Eap.no (yM. 1051 r.)- a66aT XepcleJib.lla B 1031 r.; 20-A apxHenHcKon MaAHua
B 1031-1051 rr.

253

AHHanbl

HHJI fepoJibJl, Q>yJibJieHcKHH: MOHax. YMep BHrrep405, enHcKon <l>epJieHCKHii;


nocne Hero [B JIOJDKHOCTb] aczynHJI THTMap406. B 3TOM xe roJiy B PHM PaJIH
MOJIHTBbi npH6biJI 6narolleCTHBOH H noliTeHHOH naMHTH ApH6o, apXHenHcKon
MaH:HucKHH:; Ha o6paTHOM nyTH orryJia, a KoMo, oH 3TOH :>KHJHH

6 anpeJIH.

yabi! yabl! -

ywen HJ

llepaeHCTBO ero JIOJDKHOCTH noJIYtfHJI EapJio, TOJibKO

HeJiaBHO cTaBIIIHH a66aToM XepcQ>eJibJlcKoro MOHacTbipH. B JIOJI:>KHOCTH xe


a66aTa ero BCKOpe CMeHHJI PyJIOJibQl407, CTaBiliHH MOHaXOM npH flonno,
HaCTOHTeJib MOHaCTblpH CTawm; no YKaJaHHIO HMnepaTopa OH HJMeHHJI TaM
MOHarnecKHe o6billaH.

15 HHJI., 1032 r.

Po:>KJieCTBO focnoJIHe HMnepaTop KoHpaJI npa3JIHOBaJI


B focnape, a nacxy408 - B 3eJIHreHI11TaJITe. B 3TOM fOJIY EecnpHM H3-3a lfYJIOBHlllHOH XeCTOKOCTH CBOeH THpaHHH 6biJI y6HT CBOHMH JIIO.IlbMH, npHtieM He 6e3
yqacTHH TaKXe caoHx co6cTBeHHbiX 6paTbeB. MeiiiKO TYT xe aepHyJicH JIOMoH:;
nOHHB, liTO BCe, liTO OH npeTepneJI, JaCJIY)KeHHO npHKJIIOliHJIOCb C HHM H3-3a
ero llpe3MepHOfO BbiCOKOMepHH, KOTOpOe OH npOHBJIHJI B npOiliJible fO.Ilbl, OH
OTnpaBHJI K HMnepaTOpy CBOHX nOCJIOB H npOCHJI ero 0 BpeMeHH, KOrJia OH MOf
6bl HBHTbCH H JiaTb JlOCTOHHOe YJIOBJieTBOpeHHe. flocJie TOro KaK HMnepaTOp
COrJiaCHJICH, OH npHIIIeJI B Mep3e6ypr H CMHpeHHO OTJlaJI ce6H BO BJiaCTb HMnepaTopa, Ja6biB 0 KOpOHe H BCeM KOpOJieBCKOM y6paHCTBe. 11MnepaTOp npHHHJI
ero MHJIOCTHBee, lleM OH TOro O:>KHJiaJI, H paJJieJIHJI KOpOJieBCTBO, KOTOpbiM TOT
npe)I(Jle BJiaJieJI CaMOBJiaCTHO, Me)I(Jly HHM H ero JIBOIOpOJIHbiM 6paTOM, HeKHM
,llHTpHXOM; anpolleM, no3JIHee OH OnHTb CTaJI npaBHTb OJIHH. YnbpHx xe, BbiJBaHHbiH TYJia TeM :>Ke KOpOJieBCKHM npHKaJOM, OTKa3aJICH HBHTbCH; n03JIHee
HMnepaTop OTnpaBHJI ero B CCbiJIKY, KOrJia OH npHiliM K He MY B Bep6eH409,
rJie TOT CTOHJI npOTHB JIIOTHlleH PaJIH MHpa B KOpOJieBCTBe, H60 6biJI YJIHlleH
Ha JieJie H Jiaxe caM npH3HaJICH B TeX KOJHHX, KOTOpbie npHliHHHJI 3TOMY HMnepaTopy JIBa roJia HaJaJI. 27 HOH6pH YMep 3HrQlPHJI, enHcKon MIOHCTepcKoH:
uepKBH. EMY HacJieJIOBaJI fepMaH4IO, HacTOHTeJib KeJibHCKHH. 25 aarycTa YMeP
JIHaBHUO, apxHenHCKon faM6ypra. EMy HacJieJIOBaJI fepMaH4II, HacTOHTeJib
Xanb6eprnTaJITCKoro MOHacTbipH. ApuynbQ>, a66aT XepcQ>eJibJia, YMeP 28 JieKa6pH H norpe6eH a 1eJIJIHHreHe4I2, rJie nocTOHHHO :>KHJI nocJieJIHee apeMH;
OJIHaKO, llepe3

3 JIHH

H CTOJibKO :>Ke HOlleH OH 6biJI BblpbiT H3 JeMJIH, yueceH

OTTYJia H no npHKaJY caoero npeeMHHKa PyJioJILQ>a norpe6eH B XepcQ>eJibJle,


a uepKBH ca. MHxaHJia. 28 MapTa YMep BHrrep, ca.s~meHHHK H HaCTOHTeJib.

405
406
407

408
409

410
411
412

B11rrep (YM. 1031 r. 16 asr.)- en11cKon Bep.ueHa B 1014-1031 rr.


TI1TMap I (yM. I034 r. 26 11IOHH) - en11cKon Bep.ueHa B I 031-1034 rr.
Py.uonb<t> - a66aT Xepc<t>enb.lla B I031-1036 rr.
2 anpenH I032 r.
Bep6eH - ropo.u Ha nesoM 6epery p. 3nb6bi, K Jana.uy OT fasenb6epra.
fepMaH I (yM. I042 r. 22 11IOJIH) - en11cKon MIOHCTepa B 1032-1042 rr.
fepMaH - apx11en11cKon 6peMeHa 11 faM6ypra B I032-1035 rr.
reJIJII1HreH- ropo.u Hap. Bl1nnep.

254

1 HH.ll., 1033 r. Po)K)leCTBO focnO,llHe HMnepaTOp npoBeJI B lla.uep6opHe,


a nacxy413- B HHMBereHe. Kor.ua B JieTHee BpeMH OH nocneiiiHJI c BOHCKOM
B fiypryH,llHIO, TO HaBCTpetty eMy BbiiiieJI 0.uo4I4, KOTOpbiH HaCI".JibCTBeHHbiM
nYTeM 3aXBaTHJI :ny CTpaHy BOnpeKH BOlle HMnepaTopa H OKa3hiBaJI eMy .llJIHTeJibHOe conpoTHBJieHHe; npHHHB OT Hero KJIHTBY co6mo.aaTb MHP H 3aJIOlKHHKOB, (HMnepaTOp) C MHpOM BepHyJICH .llOMOH. B 3TOM lKe fO.llY y KpenOCTH
Bep6eH 6biJIH y6HThi rpa<t> JlHYTrep, TH.llo<P H BoJibBepa.u BMecTe c 40 .apyrHMH.
3 MapTa yMepJia 6JiarottecTHBo:H naMHTH HMnepaTpHUa KYHHfYH.lla. CoJIHettHoe
3aTMeHHe CJiyttHJIOCb 29 HIOHH, B nHTHHUY, Ha po)K)leCTBO CBHTOfO anOCTOJia
lleTpa, B 6-M ttacy .llHH, B TO BpeMH, KOf.lla HMnepaTOp BMeCTe C nepBbiMH
JIHUaMH KopoJieBcTBa npoBO.llHJI ce:HM B ropo.ue Mep3e6ypre. OcBHIUeHHe
MOHaCThiPH CBHToro apxaHreJia MHxaHJia B XHJib.Uecxa:HMe [6biJIO npose.aeHo]
29 CeHTH6pH fo.aexap,llOM, enHCKOnOM 3TOfO MeCTa, npH 60JiblliOM CTetteHHH
Hapo.aa. 24 Q>eBpaJIH - nolKap AllbTaHXCKOfO MOHaCTblpH.
2 HH.ll., 1034 r. Po)K)leCTBO XpHcToso HMnepaTop nposeJI s MHH.lleHe,
a nacxy415- B PereHc6ypre. Ha Po)K)leCTBO focno.aHe K HeMy npH6biJIH
nOCJibl OT paJJIHtiHbiX HapO,llOB C npeBOCXO.llHbiMH H MHOroo6pa3HbiMH ,llapaMH;
TaM 6Jiaro.uapH JaCTyriHHttecTsy HMnepaTpHUhi H enHcKona Xanh6epiiiTa,llTcKoro XHJib,llepHKY, KOTOpbiH y6HJI AllbTMaHa, 6biJia coxpaHeHa lKH3Hb H pa3peweHO sepHYTbCH Ha PO.llHHy. AHa npa3,llHHK nacxH YllbpHX, KHH3b qeXHH,
npH nO.ll.lleplKKe HMnepaTpHUbl H BeJibMOlK 3aCJIYlKHJI pa3peweHHe B MHJIOCTH BepHYTbCH .llOMOH 113 CCbiJIKH H nOJiyttHJI nOJIOBHHy CBOero KHHlKeCTBa,
B TO BpeMH KaK (BTOpyiO) noJIOBHHY y.ueplKaJI ero 6paT 51pOMHp. YMep IOHbiH
Y.uo4I6, ChiH rpaQ>a Orro Q>oH XaMMepwTe:HHa. 11MnepaTop so BTopo:H pa3
B 3TOM fO.llY BCTyriHJI C CHJibHbiM BOHCKOM B fiypryH.llHIO, o6paTHJI B 6erCTBO
O.uo, BHOBb OKa3aBIIIero eMY conpOTHBJieHHe, H nepe,llaJI 3TY 3eMJIIO CBOHM
sepHbiM, KOTOpbie KJIHTBOH no.aTBep.aHJIH eMy [cso10] sepHOCTh. Ko XpHCTY
oToweJI MemHxap.u, enHcKon B10pu6ypra; BMecTo Heros .llOJI)I(HOCTh BCTYfiHJI
fipyHo417, .llBOIOPO.llHbiH 6paT HMnepaTopa, aaHHbiU EocOM. YMep BapMYHJl418,
enHcKon KoHcTaHua. EMy HacJie.aosan ero 6paT 3nno4I9, KopoJieBCKHH KaneJIJiaH. MHorottHcJieHHhie H Heo6hittaHHhie 6oH HattaJIHCh Me)K)ly JIIOTHttaMH

413
414
415
41 6
417

418
419

22 anpeJIH 1033 r.
O.no II (yM. 1037 r. 15 HOSI6.)- CbiH O.no I 11 6e{ITbi 6ypryH.llCKOH, rpa<f> lllaMnaHH.
14 anpeJIH 1034 r.
Yao <f>oH XaMMepuneiiH (YM. 1034 r.)- CbiH rpa<f>a Orro (YM. 1036 r.), BHYK XepH6epTa. 113 poaa KoHpa.nHHOB.
6pyHo KapHHTHHCKHH (yM. 1045 r. 27 MaH)- enHcKon B10pu6ypra B 1034-1045 rr.;
CbiH KoHpa.na I, repuora KapHHTHH, a 3Ha'-IHT asoJOpO,llHbiH 6paT KoHpa.na II. BH,llHMO, HMeJI np03BHIUe A.neO,llaT>> ( <<,llaHHbiH 6orOM ).
BapMyHa- enwcKon KoHCTaHua B 1026-1034 rr.
3nno (36epxapa I) <f>oH KH6ypr-L(HJIJIHHreH- enHCKon KoHCTaHua B 10341046 rr.

255

AHHanbl

11 Hallli1MI1 y KpenocTI1 Bep6eH, B KOTOpbiX HeKoTopbie 113 Hallli1X 6hiJII1 y611Tbi


11 OlJeHb MHOfl1e paHeHhl. llOCKOJibKY Hallll1 rpex11 -

ax! ax! -

3aCJI}')KHJ111

3To nepe.u Eo roM, .uocTo:HHoe XBaJihi 11 ysiDKeHI1H TBopeHI1e .uocTonoiJTeHHoro


M}')Ka, enl1cKona EepHsap.ua, a 11MeHHO MOHacThiph cBHToro apxaHreJia Ml1xaHJia, 6biJI CO)I()I(eH MOJIHI1eM 11 ,llOCTOMHbiM COlKaJieHI1H o6pa30M 11CllOpiJeH
seqepoM

1 HIOHH, B KaHyH Tpo11Uhi. MelllKO, KHH3h lloJihllll1, nor116 BHe3an-

HOH CMepTbiO, 11 Xpi1CTI1aHCTBO, CJiaBHO HalJaTOe TaM ero npe,llKaMI1 11 eme


6oJiee YKPenJieHHoe 11M caMI1M, -

o }')Kac! -

K HecqacTbiO, nom6Jio. TaKlKe

Ha3BaHHbiM YJibpi1X, KHH3h qem11, ocJienHJI nocJie B03BpameHI1H 6paTa, 113rHaJI CbiHa 11, BHOBb HapylliHB KJIHTBbl, ynopCTBOBaJI B HeBepHOCT11; HaKOHeU,
CH,llH 3a CTOJIOM, OH llO,llaBHJICH e,llOH 11 lli1TbeM 11 CKOHlJaJICH. llOCKOJibKY OH
npe311paJI 11 JIIO,llCKHe, 11 60lKeCKHe 3aKOHbl 11 llOCJie CTOJlb MHOf01JI1CJieHHbiX
KJIHTB BHOBb BepHyJICH K CTapoMy HeiJeCTI110, BepyiOIU11M BO Xp11CTa 6biJIO
yrOTOBJieHO cnaCI1TeJihHOe 1136aBJieH11e; ll03TOMY K HeMy 3a ero HeiJeCTI1Bbie
.ueHHI1H np11ll1Jla cnpase,llJ111BaH cMepTb. B TOM lKe ro.uy,

25 11IOHH,

KO Xp11cry

oTollleJI TI1TMap, enl1cKon Bep.ueHcKH:H.


llocJie Hero B .llOJ])I(HOCTh scrynHJI EpYHo420, 6paT rpa<f>a <l>pH.llpHXa, a66aT
H11eH6ypra 11 Mar.ue6ypra. B H11eH6ypre noro EpYHO cMeHHJI Anh6yi1H, secbMa
CBe.llYllli1M B <f>HJioco<f>CKOH npeMY.llPOCTH HaCTOHTeJib Xepc<f>eJib,lla, KOTOpbiM
npe)l(.lle 6biJI TaM 113BecTHeHrni1M yqHTeJieM lliKOJihi. A B Mar.ue6ypre nocTaBJieH
6biJI CH.lleK, 1136paHHhiH 113 TOM lKe uepKBI1. B noM lKe ro.uy,

19 HOH6pH, )li1T-

pHX421, rpa> OcTMapKa, 6biJI o6MaHYT pbiUapHMI1 MapKrpa<f>a 3KKexap.ua422,


[ npl16biBiilliMI1) K HeMY HKOObl pa,rm npHIJeTCTBHH, 11 KOBapHO y6HT B co6cTBeHHOH
llOCTeJII1. )lOCTOI1HCTBO ero ,ll0J])I(HOCTI1 llOJiyqHJI )le,lll1423, ero CbiH, KOTOpbiM
snocJie.ucTBI111 B3HJI s lKeHhi O.uy424, s.uosy BHJihreJibMa, rpa<f>a425 T10p11Hm11.
ll<f>aJihnrpa> 3uuo426 6biJI, KaK rosopHT, OTpaBJieH csoe:H HaJIOlKH11Ueii TI1T6yproii 11, K HecqacTbiO, norn6; nocJie cMepTI1 ero nepeHeCJII1 B Ayrc6ypr H
noxopoHHJI11 B uepKBI1 cs. YJihpHXa.
420
421

422

423
424
425
426

17 MaR

28 MapTa YMeP rpa> 3K6epT.

6pyHo II <t>oH 8aJih6eK (yM. 1049 r. 20 asr.) - enHcKon BepneHa B 1034-1049 rr.
)lHTpHx II (yM. 1034 r. 19 HOH6.)- rpa<t>AillleH6ypra, MapKrpa<t> OcTMapKa (HHnepJiayJHUa) B 1031-1034 rr. 113 pona BeTIHHOB. CbiH ,llen11 I, MapKrpa<t>a MepJe6ypra,
11 T11T6ypm, .LIO'-IepH MapKrpa<t>a HopnMapKa )lHTpHxa. ,llHTpHx 6biJJ )l(eHaT Ha MaTHJJb.Lie, cecTpe csoero y6HHUbi 3Kxapna II.
3KXapn II (p. OK. 985 r. yM. 1046 r. 24 HHB.)- CbiH 3KXapna I. MapKrpa<t> MewceHa
(1038-1046). )le.LIH II (yM. 1075 r. OKT.)- CT. CbiH )lHTpHXa 11, rpa<t> NiJJeH6ypra
11 MapKrpa<t> JiayJHUa B 1034-1075 rr.
.Lle.LIH II (yM. 107 5 r. OKT.) - CT. CbiH )lHTpHxa II, rpa<t> AillleH6ypra 11 MapKrpa<t>
JiayJHUa B 1034-1075 rr.
Ona (yM. 1068 r.)- .!10'-lh THTMapa II, MapKrpa<t>a OcTMapKa, )l(eHa BHJJbreJJbMa II,
rpa<t>a Bet:iMapa, nOJ.LIHee- MapKrpa<t>a ,lle.LIH (ero 1-H )l(eHa).
8 TeKcTe 811JlbreJJbM JoBeTcH npeTOpoM TIOpHHrHH. 6biJJ rpa<t>oM BeiiMapa.
3uuo (yM. 1034 r.) - CbiH fepMaHa I; n<t>aJibUrpa<t> JloTapHHrHH B 1020-1034 rr. 6biJJ
)l(eHaT Ha MaTHJJb.Lie, .LIO'-IepH HMn. OrroHa II. fpa<t> B Ay3JJbray 11 6oHHray.

256

3 HHJI., 1035 r. 11MnepaTop KoHpaJI BMecTe C JIOCTOHHeHIIIeH H MHOfO'IHCJieHHOH CBHTOH CBOHX JIIOJieH npa3JIHOBaJI Po)KJleCTBO XpHCTOBO B rocnape. TaM K HeMy npH6hiJIH c JiapaMH nocJihi oT pa3HhiX HapoJioB; H yiiiJIH
orryJia, OJiapeHHhie, KaK TO noJio6ano HMnepaTopcKOMY BeJIH'IeCTBy. TaM
)J{e, 1 HHBapH, OH nO)J(aJIOBaJI Ha3BaHHOMY rocnOJIHHY AJib6yHHY JIOJI:>KHOCTb
a66aTa. J1 OTnpaBHJI B H3fHaHHe KoHpaJia, CbiHa AJih6epHKa, BHHOBHOfO
8 rocyJiapcT8eHHOH H3MeHe. Bo opeMH 40-JIHeBHoro nocTa ropoJI Bep6eH 6hiJI
83HT JIIOTH'IaMH, a rapHHJOH rpa<Pa .li.eJIH yoeJieH 8 nneH. 25 <PeopanH- noxap MOHacThiPH 8 TerepHJee427. nacxy428 HMnepamp npo8eJI 8 flaJiep6opHe,
Bo3HeceHHe rocnOJIHe429 - B 3eJIHreHIIITaJITe, a TpoHuy430 - B EaM6epre;
OrryJia OH 8eJieJI CTpOrO 06'bHBHTb 0 C80eM nOXOJie npOTHB JIIOTH'IeH. TaM
)J{e JIO'Ib43I KHYTa, KOPOJIH ,l],aHHH, 6biJia TopxecTBeHHO o6pyqeHa c KOponeM feHpHXOM, CbiHOM HMnepaTopa. OTTO <PoH Jll8eHH<PypT432 TaK:>Ke
6biJI o6pyqeH TaM c MaTHJib.IIOH, JIO'IepbiO Eonecna8a, noJibCKoro KHH3H.
11MnepaTOp C CHJibHeHIIIHM BOHCKOM 8TOprcH B 3eMJIIO JIIOTH'IeH H onycTOIIIHJI ee BJIOJib H nonepeK noxapaMH H pa3opeHHHMH. B TOM :>Ke fO.IIY H3
:non :>KH3HH ymen fepMaH, apxHenHcKon faM6yprcKHH. Ero MecTo JaHHJI
Allenb6paHJI433, Kopone8CKHH KanennaH. B cy660Ty nepeJI Po)KJlecT80M
XpHCTOBbiM, 8 KaHyH .IIHH CB. anOCTOJia <l>OMbl434 OH npH 8eJIH'IaHIIIeH pa.IIOCTH C80HX JIIOJieH H :>KHTeJieH 3TOH npOBHHUHH npHHHJI OT nOJI'IHHeHHhiX
eMy enHCKOn08 C8HllleHHH'IeCKOe .IIOCTOHHCTBO, a Ha CJieJIYIOlllHH JieHb
6biJI c qecTbiO 8038eJieH B caH enHcKona. YMep OnnepT, a66aT 3Jib8aHreHCKHH. EMy HacJieJI08aJI PHxapJI, <PYJib.lleHCKHH MOHaX. 31 OKTH6pH yMepJia
MepKc8HTa, a66aTHca ByHcTop<Pa435. nocne Hee 3TY JIOJI:>KHOCTb nonyqHna
Arrb6epaJia, paHee a66aTHca MenneH6eKa436, 6naroJiapH xHTpocTH MHHJieHcKoro enHCKOna 3Hr6epTa, HO npH O:>KeCTO'IeHHOM conpOTH8JieHHH
ocett o6mHHbi. B JHMHee opeMH YMep, JacTHrHYThiH 8HeJanHoH cMepTbiO,
KHYT, KopoJib ,l],aHHH H AHmHH, H xpHCTHaHCKaH penHrHH, npeJiaHHO HM
no'IHTaeMaH, Ha'lana noJIBepraTbCH onacHOCTH. Ho ero MJiaJIIIIHH CbiH no
427
428

429
430
431
432

433
434
435
436

TerepHJee - MOHaCTblpb B 6asapin'l, Ha 6epery OJ. TerepHJee K 10ry OT MIOHXeHa.


30 MapTa I035 r.
8 MaSI 1035 r.
18 MaSI 1035 r.
C fyHXHJib.llOH (p. I 019 r. yM. I038 r. 18 HIOJISI) - .ll.O'IepbiO KOpOJISI ,llaHHH KHYTa
BeJIHKOro (yM. 1135 r.).
Orro III 6eJibiH (p. 995 r. YM 1057 r. 28 ceHT.)- MapKrpa<t> lllseuH<t>YPTa H Hop.11.ray;
repuor lllsa6ww B 1048-1057 rr. CTapumu CbiH feHpwxa <t>oH lllseuH<t>ypTa H fep6epm <t>oH feHHe6epr.
npaBHJibHee 6eueJIHH (apxHellHCKOll B 1035-1043). A.!leJib6paH.ll. (MaJib6epT) 6bm
apxwenHcKonoM. 6peMeHa H faM6ypra B 1043-1072 rr.
20 .ll.eKa6pSI 1035 r.
ByHcTop<t> - ropo.11. K Jana.ny oT faHHOBepa.
MeJIJieH6eK - HbiHe B qepTe ropo.11.a PHHTeJibH B oKpyre lllayM6ypr.

257

AHHanbl

HMeHH XapJlaKHyr437 c corJiacHH MecTHbiX )I(HTeJieH noJiytJHJI nocJie Hero

18 CeHTH6pH yMepJia 0Jla438, CBHTOH naMHTH a66aTHCa


19 MaH YMeP rpa<t> EpyHo.
1036 r. Po)I(JlecTBO XpHCTOBo HMnepaTop BMecTe c orpoMHhiM

ero KOpOJieBCTBO.
Kay<t>yHreHa.

4 HHJl.,

MHO)I(eCTBOM CBOHX KHH3eH npa3JlHOBaJI B CTpac6ypre. 0IJHIUeHHe )l(e


CB. MapHH439 OH npoBeJI B Ayrc6ypre; TaM )l(e OH HMeJI CO BCeMH BeJibMO)I(aMH OKpeCTHbiX 3eMeJib o<t>HUHaJibHYIO BCTpeqy440, BO BpeMH KOTOpOH
BPYIJHJI cBoeMy JlBOIOpOJlHOMY 6paTY KoHpa.lly441 repuorcTBO KapHHTHIO.
A,uaJih6epoHa442, 06BHHeHHOfO B fOCyJlapcTBeHHOH H3MeHe B npOIIIJIOM fOJly,
oH H3rHaJI. B 3TH )l(e JlHH Ha3BaHHhiH Auanh6epoH y6HJI rpa<t>a BHJihreJihMa,
nocJie qero 6e)l(aJI B noHcKaX y6e)I(Hma B 3aMOK 3pec6ypr. nacxy443 HMnepaTop npoBeJI B 11HreJibxaiiMe. 0TnpaBHBIIIHCh 3aTeM B Tp116yp, oH npoBeJI
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.ll06po,lleTeneit, yxe pauee KopouoaaHHbiH npH o6weM npe.llaapuTeJibHOM
H36paHHH ,llyxOBeHCTBa H Hapo,lla B OC06oe npaBJieHHe KOpOJieBCTBOM, 6biJI
472
473
474
475
476

2 <Pespa.JUI I039 r.
15 anpem1 1039 r.
24 Mrul 1039 r.
3 HIOHSI 1039 f.
T. e. B noJI,!J,eHb.
262

Terrepb - XBaJia 6ory! - B03Be,lleH Ha OTUOBCKHH TpOH 6e3 KaKOfO-JIH60


rrpOTHBO,lleHCTBHH H npH e,llHHO.llYIIIHOM COrJiaCHH BCeX XpHCTHaH.
llycTh 6or no o6b1qa10 xpaHHT ero .llO my6oKoi1: cTapocTH,
M .lla 6y.lleT MHJIOCTHB OH K HeMy, yro.llHHKY caoeMy!
KoHpa,ll, repuor KapHHTHH, .llBOIOpO.llHhiH 6paT HMnepaTopa KoHpa,lla,
,llOJiroe BpeMH CTPa,llaBIIIHH KOpOJieBCKOH 6oJie3Hbl0477, YMep 20 HIOJIH npe)({)leBpeMeHHOH CMepTbiO. 8 TOT :>Ke ,lleHb yMep ,llOCTOnoqTeHHOH naMHTH
PHxap.ll478, a66aT <l>yJih.lleHCKHH. Ha ero MecTo aoccen IOHhiH CHrexap.ll479, HM
CaMHM My,llpO H no ycTaBy BOCIIHTaHHbiH B 3TOM MeCTe B CJiyxeHHH 6ory. 8 Te
xe .llHH noqHJI Pa.L~YJih<!>, a66aT H3 )leyua480. 27 HHBapH YMepna 6naroqecTHBaH
so XpHCTe, .llOCTOnoqTeHHOH naMHTH rocnoxa Co<!>hH. B faH,llepcxa:HMe ell
Hacne.llOBaJia ee cecTPa A.aenbreH.lla48I, roc noxa Kae.llJIHH6ypra. A66aTCTBO
:>Ke 3cceH noJiyqHJia <l>eo<!>aHo482, HX IIJieMHHHHUa.
Ham rocnO.llHH, enHcKon THTMap, aenen nocne cMepTH BhiiiieHa3BaHHOH
rocno:>KH Co<!>hH aepHYTh B CBOIO C06CTBeHHOCTb ,lleCHTHHbl C faH,llepcxai1:Ma
H OKpeCTHbiX ,llepeBeHb, KOTOpbie Ta ,llep:>Ka.Tia B KaqecTBe JieHa OT HaiiiHX
BJia,llhiK; IIYTeM B3.llOPHhiX YXHIUpeHHH HaCTOHTeJibHHUa lieUOKa OKa3aJia
eMY COIIpOTHBJieHHe BMeCTe CO CBOHMH CTOpOHHHUaMH. Kof,lla :>Ke npHIIIJia
a66aTHCa, OH JIHqHo CBOeH errHCKOnCKOH BJiaCTbiO OnHTb noTpe60BaJI 3TH
.lleCHTHHhi H PYKOH <Porra, rpa<Pa KpHCTHaHa, 6e3 KaKoro-JIH6o conpoTHBJieHHH, C,llOCTOHHbiM B03MeiUeHHeM BepHyJI HX B ceaepHOH XOpe B CBOIO C06CTBeHHOCTb 27 CeHTH6pH; n03,llHee OH OnHTb npe,llOCTaBHJI HX B KaqecTBe JieHa
3TOMY aJITapiO H a66aTHCe Ha BpeMH CBOeH :>KH3HH pa,llH TOro UeH3a, KOTOpbiH
ycTaHOBHJI TaM CBHTOH naMHTH enHCKon 6epHaap,ll. CBH.lleTenH: fepMaH, apXHerrHcKon KenhHCKHH, c 4 caoHMH KJIHpHKaMH, lio.llo, Ham ,lleKaH, 3JIJIHo,
Bonh<!>ep, <I>onhKaaap.ll, Pei1:H6epT, Bonh<!>ep, liHYTrep, MepKXap.ll, BepHH,
PHK.llar, THTMap, MMeUH, A.llaJih.llar, liHYTrep, BapMYHJl, Bonh<!>ep, BMecTe co
MHorHMH .llpyrHMn MHPHHaMH, rpa<P THTMap, rpa<P Y.uo, rpa<P )lHTPHX.
8 HH.ll., 1040 r. BonnomeHHe focno.uHe Ham HOBhiH Koponh HaMexaIIIHM o6pa3oM npoaen a PereHc6ypre; HaxO.llHCh Ha oqHIUeHHe ca. MapHH483
B Ayrc6ypre, OH npoBeJI TaM C 3aaJibnHHCKHMH BeJibMO:>KaMH CeHM no nOBO.llY
YKPeiiJieHHH rocy,llapcTaa.
477

T. e. OT )l{eJIT}'XH.

PHxapJI - a66aT <l>ynh.llhi B 1018-1039 rr.


CHrexapJI - a66aT <l>yJib.llhi B 1039-1043 rr.
480 ,lleyu- ropoJI Hap. PeHH. C 1888 r.- qacTb KenbHa.
481 AnenbreHJ1a (p. 977 r. MaH- 1043 r. 14 HHB.)- JIO'Ib HMnepaTOpa 0rroHa II. A66aTHCa
KBeJIHH6ypra (c 999 r.), fepHpoJie, <l>p03e, BpeJieHa (c 1014 r.) H faHJiepcxaHMa (c
1039 r.).
482 Cl>eo$aHo (yM. 1058 r.)- JIO'Ib nQ>anburpaQ>a 3uuo H MaTHJib.llhl, JIO'IepH OrroHa II;
a66aTHca 3cceHa B 1039-1058 rr.
483 2 Q>espanH 1040 r.
478

479

263

AHHanbl

4acrb

~eraepraH

no 6onbwel71 ~acrltl B3snas:~ lt13 aHHanos cs. Anb6aHa.


9 HH,LJ,.' 1041 r. KopOJib feHpHX norneJI SOHHOH Ha qerneKOfO KHH3H 6p:>KeTHeJiasa484; HO, noeKOJihKy MHOfHe SeJibMO:>KH H pbiUapH 6biJIH y6HTbl
H S3HTbl S IIJieH S JieeHOH 3aeeKe KaK no 3TY, TaK H no TY ee eTopoHy, OH He
eM or eoseprnHTh HH4ero .uoeTotl.Horo. TaK:>Ke lleTp485, Koponb BeHrpHH,
noeJiaJI 3TOMY KHH310 nOMOIUb npOTHS KOpOJIH feHpHXa.
10 HH.Ll., 1042 r. BeHrphi, H36pas ee6e KoponeM HeKoero A6o486, H3fOHHIOT
esoero KopoAA lleTpa. OH, 6emeu" H3rHaHHHK, HIUeT y KopoJIH feHpHxa, npoTHS KOTOporo SbieTYIIaJI s npe.Ubi.LlYIUeM ro.uy, MHJIOeTH " o6peTaeT ee. KopOJib
feHpHX, SeTYIIHS S tieXHIO, onyeTOlllaeT see OfHeM H rpa6e:>KOM H 3aeTaBJIHeT
MHTe:>KHOfO KHH3H .UaTb 3aJIO:>KHHKOS, a eaMOMy eMHpeHHO H.llTH eJie.UOM 3a HHM
s PereHe6ypr, 4T06hi e.uaTbeH " no.u npHeHrotl. o6eruaTh sepHoeTh " eJIY:>K6y.
A6o, KopoJih BeHrpHH, H3-3a Toro, 'ITO KopoJih feHpHx npHHHJI H3rHaHHoro
HM lleTpa, OfHeM H rpa6e:>KOM onyeTOlllaeT npe.aeJibl nasapHH; HO 60JiblllaH
qaeTb ero sotl.eKa 6biJia YHH4TO:>KeHa MapKrpacpoM AJlanb6epOHOM487.
11 HH,LJ,., 1043 f. KopOJib feHpHX, SeTynHS S llaHHOHHIO, pa3pyrnaeT .USa
MHoroJIID.UHetl.rnHx ropo.ua488 "o4eHh MHOrHe JaeTasJIHeT e.uaTheH. Ho, Kor.ua
MeeTHbie )J(HTeJIH He 3aXOTeJIH rrpHHHTb KOpOJIH lleTpa, OH Ha3Ha4HJI HM LlPYfOfO repuora, KOToporo OHM npoeHJIH; noene yxo.ua [KopoJIH], A6o npoman
eros tiem10. 14 cpespaAA YMepna HMnepaTpHua fHJeJia, MaTh KoponH feHpHxa,
" 6bma norpe6eHa s lllnetl.epe.
12 HH,LJ,., 1044 f. KopOJib feHpHX SO STOpOH pa3 serynHJI S llaHHOHHIO H,
nonyqHs y.uosneTsopeHHe, 3aJIO:>KHHKos, .uapbi " KJIHTseHHOe no.uTsep)J(LleHHe
MHpa, y.uanHJieH. BepHysrnHeh oTry.ua, OH npHeYTeTsosan Ha KoHeTaHueKoM
eo6ope, r.ue npoeTHJI seeM Hx SHHhi H, y.uanHs seHKYIO spa)J(Lly, YTSep.uHJI KOponeseKotl. ey.ue6HOH BJiaeTblO noepe.aeTSOM 3.UHKTa HeeJibiXaHHbiH LlO eHX nop
MHp KaK SO seeti: lllsa6HH, TaK H S LlPYrHX npOSHHUHHX esoero KOpOJieseTSa.
3aTeM, senes noMa3aTh s Mati:Hue s Koponesbi ArHeey489, .UOYh BHnbreJihMa,
rpacpa llyaTbe, OH enpasHJI e HeH KOpOJieSeKYIO esaah6y S 11HfeJibXai1:Me; OTTY.Ua OH SeJieJI 6e3 nHIUH H no.uapKOS YLlaJIHTbeH HeeMeTHOH TOJine cpHmHpOS
484
485
486

487
488
489

op:lKemcnaB I (yM. 1055 r. 10 51HB.)- KH513h lJ.exHH B 1037-1055 rr.- KH513h lJ.eXHH.
ne-rp- Ch!H CTe<t>aHa I CBSITOro, KOponh BeHrpHH B 1038-1041 rr. H 1044-1046 rr
A6a, CaMYJ.ifl - Koponh BeHrpHH B I 041-1044 rr. BoJaeneH Ha npecTOn HapoJlHhiM
BOCCTaHHeM npOTHB KOpOn51 neTpa. HHJnO:lKeH nocneJlHHM npH nOMOUlH HMn. feHpHXa III, cxaa'leH 11 KaJHeH.
Ananb6epT I (yM. 1055 r. 26 Ma51)- MapKrpa<t> ABcTpHH B 1018-1055 rr. CbiH MapKrpa<t>a JlHYTnOnhna.
Xai1M6ypr H npec6ypr (6pamcnaaa).
Ameca nyaTY (p. 1020 r. yM. 1077 r. 14neK.)- JlO'Ih BHnhrenbMa V, rpa<f>a nyaTY
11 repuoraAKBHTaHHH. C 1043 r.- :lKeHa (2-51) feHpHxa III. 8 1056-1062 rr.- 6blna
pereHTwei1 KoponeBCTBa npH ManoneTHeM ChiHe feHpHxe IV

264

H aKTepOB, C nyCTbiMH pyKaMH H B llYPHOM HaCTpOeHHH. llpe)l()leBpeMeHHO


yMep MapKrpacl> J1HYTnOJib,ll490, CbiH A.liaJib6epTa, BeJIHKHM }')KaC BeHrpoB.
[YMep enHcKon THTMap; H36paH AueJIJIHH491.]
13 HH,ll., 1045 f. KopOJib feHpHX, B TpeTHM pa3 BCzyTIHB B rHeBe B llaHHOHHIO " eTas 6Jiaro.uapSI noKpOBHTeJihCTBY oo)l(beti: MHJIOCTH " JaczynHwieCTBY
6JIIDKeHHoro enHcKona YJibpHxa no6e,UHTeJieM, H3rHaJI A6o BMecTe c :>KeHoti:,
.ueTbMH "po.uHqaMH, y KOTOpbiX 6bma BOJMO:>KHOCTb 6e:>KaTb. OH soccTaHOBHJI
Ha npecToJie lleTpa H, no.uqHHHB ce6e BeHrepcKoe KopoJiescTso, c seJIHqati:lliHM noqeTOM BepHyJICSI ,UOMOM.
14 HH,ll., 1046 f. KopOJib feHpHX, BCzyTIHB B J1TaJIH10, 6biJI C MHpOM npHHSIT pMMJISIHaMH; OH HH3JIO)J(HJI C060pHbiM peUieHHeM Tpex HeHa,UJie:>KalUHM
o6pa3oM nocTaBJieHHbiX nan" nocTaBHJI nanoti: CsHTrepa492, enHcKona fiaM6eprcKoro; s TOT :>Ke .ueHb" oH, " ero :>KeHa, KopoJiesa ArHeca, BOJBeJIHqeHbi
nocpe,UCTBOM nOCBSilUeHHSI B HMnepaTOpbl493.
15 HH,ll., 1047 r. lleTp, KOpOJib BeHrpHH, 6biJI cxsaqeH H OCJieTIJieH HeKHM naHHOHCKHM THpaHOM494, a TOT, KTO ero HH3JIO)J(HJI, CTaJI npaBHTb495.
llana CBHTrep yMep B TOM :>Ke fOllY, B KaKOM fibiJI nocTaBJieH; BMeCTO Hero
6bm nocTaWieH llonno496. YMep Orro497, repuor Illsa6HH; BMecTo Hero 6biJI
HaJHaqeH Orro cl>oH Illseti:Hcl>ypT.
1 HH,ll., 1048 f. llana llonno yMep B TOM :>Ke ro.uy, B KaKOM 6biJI nocTaBJieH; BMecTo Hero s nan hi 6biJI pyKonoJio:>KeH fipYHO, OH :>Ke Jles498, enHcKon
TyJibCKHM. Po.uHJicSI HMnepaTOp feHpHx499.
3 HH,ll., 1050 r.SOO YMep apxHenHCKOn fiapTO; BMeCTO Hero 6biJI nocTaBJieH
J1 HYTn OJib,llSO I.

490

491

492

493
494
495
496
49 7

498

499

5oo
501

JlHyrnoJih.ll I C11JihHbii1 (yM. 1043 r. 9 neK.)- MapKrpa<t> BeHrepcKoi1 MapKI1. CbiH


Ananb6epTa I.
AueJIJII1H (yM. 1054 r. 8 MapTa) - enHcKon X1111b,necxai1Ma B 1044-1054 rr.
feHpl1x I II HI13JIO:>KI1JI 3-x nan- CHJibBecTpa III, fp11rop11H VI 11 6eHe.lli1KTa IX,
nocTaBHB nanoi1 CBHTrepa, enHcKona 6aM6eprcKoro (c 1040 r.). Opi1HHB 11MH KnHMeHTa II, oH 6biJI nanoi1 c .neK. 1046 r. no 9 OKT. 1047 r.
25 .neKa6pH 1046 r.
B 1046 r.
AH.npei1 I - KopoJib BeHrpl111 B 1046-1060 rr.
nonno (yM. 1048 r. 9 aBr.)- enHcKon 6pi1KCeHa; pi1MCKHi1 nana (,LlaMac II) c 17 11JOJIH
no 9 aBr. 1048 r.
Orro II - repuor lliBa61111 B 1045-1047 rr. n<t>anburpa<t> JloTapi1Hrl111 B 1035-1045 rr.
Cbm 3uuo.
JleB IX (6pyHo, rpa<t> 3rHcxai1M-.Llarc6ypr; yM. 1054 r. 19 anp.)- pi1MCKI1i1 nana
c 12 <t>eBp. 1049 r. no 19 anp. 1054 r.
feHpl1x IV po.ll11JICH 11 HOH6pH 1050 r. KopoJieM 6biJI B 1056-1106 rr. 11Mnepamp
c 31 MapTa 1084 r.
B 1051 r.
J111yrnoJib.ll I (yM. 1059 r.)- apx11en11cKon Mai1Hua B 1051-1059 rr.

265

AHHanbl

6 HH)l., 1053 r.

flarra Jle8 80.UHJI 80HCKO qepe3 Arrymno rrpOTH8 HOpMaH-

H08 H, JIOCJie TOro KaK o6e CTOpOHhl JIOHeCJIH OrpOMHbie JIOTepH, 6e3 JI06e.Ubl

30 HIOHH 3TOfO) xe ro.ua yMep502.


7 HH.U., 1054 r.so3 narre Jlb8y Hacne.uo8an fe6xap.u504,

8epHyJICH .UOMOH (H

OH xe BHKTop.

YMep MapKrpa<!> A.uanb6epT. obiJI 8eJIHKH:it rono.u. YMep Benh<!>sos, repuor


KapHHTHH. KoHpa,u506, paHee repuor HopHKa, HJrHaHHhiH HMrrepaTopoM,
YMep 8 HJrHaHHH H Hyx.ue 8 llaHHOHHH.

27 HHBapH YMep

feUHJih, rpa<!> <t>oH

06epecTeH<t>enh.u. [YMep errHcKorr AueJIJIHH; H36paH Xeueno507.]

8 HHJl., 1055 r.508

YMep fepMaH, apxHerrHcKorr KeJibHCKH:it; 8MecTo Hero

rrocTaBJieH rocrro.UHH AHHo509.

9 HH)l., 1056 r.

flpoH30IWIO BeJIHKoe H36HeHHe xpHCTHaH BapBapaMH, KOTO-

pble 308YTCH JIJOTHqaMH; O.UHH H3 HHX JIOrH6JIH OT Meqa, .Upyme - 6exa8 8 oo.uy;
Cpe.UH HHX 6biJI y6HT MapKrpa<!> BHJibreJihMSIO. B Te xe 8peMeHa rrom6JIH MHOme
KHH3bH pa3JJ.~HbiX o6JiacTeH. fOJIO.ll JIOpa3HJI MHOfHe Jipo8HHUHH. fie.UHOCTh
H H}')K.Ila uapHJIH JI08CIO.ziY. MHoro 3Jla CJiyqHJIOCb 8 3TO 8peMH. 11MrrepaTOp
feHpHX, rropaxeHHhiH 3THMH 6e.ucT8HHMH 8 caMoe cep.uue, Haqan 6oneTh; qyocTBYH JipH6JIH)I(eHHe CMepTH, OH, CJie.uyH MY.UPOMY C08eTY, JipoCHJI 8CeX, Koro
MOf, 0 JipoiUeHHH, 8038paTHJI JeMJIH TeM, y KOro HX OTHHJI, rrpocTHJI BCeX, KTO
COBeplllHJI JipOTH8 Hero JaCJIY)KHBaiOIUHe Kaphl rrpeCTYJIIIeHHH H ITO H36paHHIO
pHMCKOro JIOHTH<!>HKa, rrpoqHX eJIHCKOJI08 H KHHJeH JIOCTa8HJI KOpo.JieM CBoero
ChiHa feHpHXa. Xopoiiio yna,uH8 3TO H rrpoqee, HacKOJihKO To rroJBOJIHJIH )I(HJ-

5 OKTH6pH OKO~HJI 8 fiore 3TY JeMHYfO )I(H3Hb.


9 HH)l., 1057 r. feHpHX, CbiH HMJiepaTopa feHpHXa, erue C08CeM pe6eHOK,

HeHHhie CHJlhl, OH

Haqan uapCT808aTb. 11MrrepaTpHUa ArHeCa, MaTh 3TOfO feHpHXa, JIOJiyqHJia


oa8apCKOe repUOfCT8o5II. flarra BHKTOp, XOpOIIIO YJI3.UH8 MHOfHe .uena 8 fep-

502
503
504
505
506

507
508
509
510

511

BepHee, 19 anpem1 I 054 r.


B 1055 r.
fe6xap,ll (BHKTOP II; yM. 1057 r. 28 HIOJHI)- pHMCKHA nana c 16 anp. 1055 r. no
28 HIOJHI I 057 r.
Be.nbCJ> III (YM. 1055 r. 13 HOH6.)- CbiH BenbCJ>a II $lH AnhT.!lOp$a; repuor KapHHTHH
H MapKrpaq, BepOHbl B 1047-1055 rr.
KoHpa,n I (YM. 1055 r. 5 .!leK.)- repuor 6aaapuu a 1049-1053 rr. CbiH Jluy.!lonbCJ>a,
rpa<Pa lPOH UIOT<PeH. B 1053 r. 6bm nuweH .!lOn:lKHOCTH, 6e:lKan B BeHrpHIO H TaM
yMep.
Xeueno (yM. 1079 r. 5 aar.)- enucKon Xunb.!lecxaAMa a 1054-1079 rr.
B 1056r.
AHHo II (p. OK. 1010 r. YM 1075 r. 4 .!leK.)- apxuenucKon KenhHCKHA a 1056-1075 rr.
B 1062-1065 rr.- pereHT KoponeacTaa (npu ManoneTHeM feHpuxe IV).
BHnhrenbM (yM. 1056 r. 10 ceHT.)- MapKrpa<P Hop,llMapKa a 1044-1056 rr. fpa<P
Xanb.!leHcne6eH. CbiH rpa<Pa 6epHrap,lla II. 6HTBa c niOTH'IaMH npouJowna B ycTbe
peKH faaeJUI.
Eme a 1055 r. nocne cMepTH caoero ManoneTHero CbiHa KoHpa,na, repuora 6aaapuu.

266

Xli111bAecxali!McKI!1e aHHaJlbl

MaHHH, sepHyJICH B PHM H B 3TOM :>Ke ro,lly OKOHqHJI :>KH3Hb; BMeCTO Hero
pHMJIHHaMH 6biJI nocTaBJieH noHTHq>HKOM <l>pH,llpHx, OH xe CTe$aH512, 6paT
repuora foT<l>PH.lla, cTasumH: yxe MOHaxoM s MoHTeKaccHHO. OH TaK:>Ke YMeP
s 3TOM ro,lly. YMepJIH TaK:>Ke Auanb6epoH513, enHcKon 6aM6eprcKHH, H repuor
OTTo <t>oH lllseH:H$ypT.
11 HH.ll., 1059 r. YMep JlHYTnOJib.ll, apxHenHcKon MaH:HUCKHH:; BMecTo
Hero 6biJI nocTaRlleH 3Hr$pH.ll <l>yJib,lleHcKHH:514. CsHTOH KoHo515, enHcKon
TpHpcKHH:, npHHHJI ~eH~ecKYK> KO~Hey; s ye.llHHeHHOM MecTe oH TPH:>K.llbi
6biJI c6porneH CO CKaJIHCTOH ropbl rpa$oM .lJ:HTPHXOM516, nOCKOJibKY 6biJI nocTaRlleH 6e3 H36paHHH, H norpe6eH s Tonee5I7; focno.llb coseprnHJI TaM Tor.lla
qepe3 Hero MHO:>KeCTBO 3HaMeHHH. no3,llHee CaM rpa$, COBeplliaH nOKaHHHe,
OTnpaBHJICH B 11epyCaJIHM H OKOHqHJI TaM :>KH3Hb; a BCe ero coyqaCTHHKH
nom6JIH :>KaJIKOH cMepTbiO; BMecTo Hero518 6biJI nocTaBJieH Y.llo519.
2 HH,ll., 1065 r. YMep fyHTep520, enHCKOn 6aM6eprCKHH; BMeCTO Hero
6biJI nocTasneH fepMaH521. fpa<t> fousHH522 H3-3a coseprneHHoro s Bropu6yprcKoM enHCKOnCTBe npeCTYnJieHHH 6biJI y6HT pbiUapHMH enHCKOna
Auanb6epoHa.
3 HH.ll., 1066 r. BH.lleJIH KOMeTY, H AHmHH 6biJia no~HHeHa HOpMaHHaMH.
7 HH.ll., 1070 r. MapKrpa<l> .Ue.llH523 no.llbiMaeT MHTex npoTHB KopoJIH
feHpHxa.
8 HH,ll., 1071 r. 0rro524, repuor 6asapHH, nO,llbiMaeT MHTe:>K npOTHB KOpOJIH feHpHXa.
9 HH,ll., 1072 f. KHH3bH KOpOJieBCTBa BCTYnaiOT B Jarosop npOTHB KOpOJIH
feHpHxa.

512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524

CTe<j>aH IX (X) (<l>pH.llpHx) (yM. 1058 r. 29 MapTa)- pHMCKHH nana c 3 aBr. I057 r.
no 29 MapTa I 058 r.
A.Llanb6epoH KapHHTHikKHH (yM. 1057 r. 14 <j>eBp.)- enucKon 6aM6epra B 10531057 rr.
3ur<J>pl1.ll I <j>oH 3nneHIIJTeHH (yM. 1084 r.)- apxuenucKon MawHua B 1059-1084 rr.
,llo 3Toro - B I 058-1059 rr. a66aT <l>yJih.llbi.
KyHo I <j>OH n<J>yJIJIHHreH (yM. 1066 r. IHIOHR)- apxuenHCKOn Tpupa B 1066 r.
nneMRHHI1K AHHO II.
n~npux- rpa<J>; <J>orr TpupCKOH uepKBI1.
Tonew- ropo.n Ha ceBepe Caapa, K 3ana.ny oT CaHKT-BeH.lleJIR.
T. e. BMecTO KoHo.
Y.no <j>oH HeJIJieH6ypr (yM. 1078 r.)- apxuenucKon Tpupa B 1066-1078 rr. CbiH rpa<J>a
36epxap.na <j>oH HeJIJieH6ypra.
fyHTep (yM. )065 f. 23 11IOHR)- enHCKOn oaMfiepra B )057-1065 rr.
repMaH I (YM. 1075 r. 20 11IOHR)- enHCKOn 6aM6epra B 1065-1075 rr.
rouBHH II (YM. 1065 r.)- rpa<J> B fpa6<j>eJib,lle 113 po.na rpa<j>oB <j>oH IIITaneK.
CM. Bbiiile, npuM. 423.
OTTo II <j>oH HopTxewM (p. OK. I 020 r. yM. I 083 r. II RHB.) - repuor 6aBapuu
B 1061-1070 rr. CbiH rpa<J>a 6eHHO <j>oH HopTxeitMa. Bpar HMn. feHpuxa IV.

267

AHHanbl

10 HH.Ll., 107 3 r. CaKe hi paJpymaiOT fapu6ypr525, r.ue paJopHIOT rpo6mtuy


CbiHa KOpOJIH H pa36paCbiBaiOT ero KOCTH.
11 HH.Ll., 1074 r. Tiane AJieKcaH,Upy526 Hacne.uosan fHJih.Ue6paH,ll527.
12 HH,ll., 1075 r. 5 HIOHH Ha peKe YHIIITPYT TipOTHB KOpOJIH feHpHXa npoH30lllJia 6HTBa, B KOTOpOH C o6eHX CTOpOH TiaJIH MHOfHe MarHaTbl, a CaKCbl
06paTHJIHCb B 6erCTBO.
13 HH,ll., 1076 r. B BopMCe 6biJI C03BaH co6op, Ha KOTOpOM HH3JIO)I(eH
6biJI nana fHJib.Ue6paH,ll.
14 HH.U., 1077 r. 4 .ueKa6pH yMep rocno.uHH AHHo, apXHenHcKon KenhHCKHit 0H OCHOBaJI 5 06IUHH: .UBe B CaMOM KeJibHe - O.UHY B lJeCTb CB. MapHH,
a .UpyryiO B 'leCTb CB. MyqeHHKa feoprHH; H Ja ropO.UOM: O.UHY- B MeCTe, 'ITO
JosercH fpa<t>lllaq>T528, LlPYfYIO - s MecTe no.u HaJBaHHeM 3aanb<l>enh.ll529, a TpeThiO- Ha rope, 'ITO 30BeTCH 3Hr6ypr530, rae H caM OH ClJaCTJIHBO TIOKOHTCH;
BMecTo Hero 6hm pyKonoJio)l(eH enHcKon XHrrb.UOJih<t>531. YMepna HMnepaTpHua ArHeca. B MeCTe, 'ITO 30BeTCH <J>opxxeH:M532, KOpOJieM 6biJI TIOCTaBJieH
Py.UOJih<t>533; B cepe.UHHe 40-.UHeBHOfO TIOCTa OH 6biJI TIOMaJaH B MaHHUe
B KOpOJIH apXHeTIHCKOTIOM 3Hr<t>pH.UOM.
15 HH.Ll., 1078 r. nHTBa soJJie IllTpoH npoHJOlllJia 7 asrycTa. YMep XHJih.uonh<t>, enHcKon KenhHCKHH:; BMecTo Hero 6hrn nocTaBJieH CHreBHH534.
1 HH.ll., 1079 r. DHTBa BOJJie <J>napxxai1Ma535 npOH30lllJia 27 HHBapH.
YMep XeuHno, enHcKon XHJih.UecxaH:Ma. [B .UOJI)I(HOCTH enHcKona oH
npe6biBaJI 25 neT, ... , 11 .uHeH:]; eMy Hacne.uosan Y.uo536, ero 6naropo.UHhiH
KaHOHHK.
2 HH.Ll., 1080 r. B EpHKceHe HopHKCKoM537 cocTOHJIOCh co6paHHe 30 enHcKonos H 6oJihllleH: qacTH JHaTH KoponescTsa npoTHB fHJih.Ue6paH.ua. nHTBa
525
526
527
528
529

530
531
532

533

534
535
536

537

fapu6ypr - ropo.n K socToKy oT rocnapa.


ArleKcaH.np II (AHcenbM .ne oa.IJ)Ko; yM. 1073 r. 21 anp.)- pHMCKHi1 nana c 1 OKT.
1061 r. no 21 anp. 1073 r.
fHJib.lle6paH.ll HJIH fpwropwi1 VII (yM. 1085 r. 25 MIDI)- pHMCKHi1 nanac 22 anp. 1073 r.
no 25 Ma51 1085 r.
fpaqnna<f>T (fpacKa<f>)- MOHaCTbipb B BecT<f>aJJHH, B oKpyre Mecxe.ne.
3aanb<f>enb.ll- ropo.n B TIOpHHrHH, Hap. 3aane K 10ry oT Py.nonblllTa.nTa.
3Hr6ypr- ropo.n K cesepO-BOCTOKY OT DOHHa, Ha p. 3Hr.
XHJib.llOJJb<f> (yM. 1078 r. 21 HIOJJ51)- apxwenwcKon KeJJbHCKHi1 B 1076-1078 rr.
Cl>opxxei1M - ropo.n B 6asap1111 Ha p. Pemwu, Me)K)ly 6aM6eproM 11 3pnaHreHoM.
Py.nonb<f> (p. OK. 1025 r. yM. 1080 r. 15 OKT.) - CbiH rpa<f>a KyHo. fepuor Wsa61111
B 1059-1080 rr. Ha cei1Me B Cl>opxxei1Me 15 MapTa 1077 r. 6biJJ HJ6paH KoponeM
B npomsoaec feHpwxy IV.
CwreBHH <f>oH Ape (YM. 1089 r. 31 MIDI) - apXHenwcKon KeJJbHCKHi1 a 1078-1089 rr.
Cl>napxxai1M - ropo.noK K 10ry OT MIOJJbxayJeHa, K ceaepo-Jana.ny oT J1aHreH3aJJbUbi.
Y.no (yM. 1114 r. 19 oKT.) - enwcKon XHJib.llecxai1Ma B 1079-1114 rr.
6pHKCeH- coap. 6peccaHoHe Hap. J.hopKo B IO:lKHOM Twpone. UeHTP enapx1111.

268

Ha 3JibCTepe Tip01130lliJia 15 OKUI6p~; B HeM 6bill y611T KOpOJib, OH )l(e repuor,


Pyaonb$.
3 11HJI., 1081 r. KopoJib feHpl1x ocaaHJI P11M. oi1TBa Me)I(Jly MapKfPa<PoM
Jli1YTTIOJihJIOM 11 KoHpaaoM538, 6paToM KH~3~ qex1111, 12 Ma~. TaK)I(e 611TBa
Me)I(Jly IIIBa6aMI1 11 6asapaMI1 Ha .ll.yHae, B MecTe, 'ITO 30BeTc~ XeXlllTeJIT539,
11 aBryCTa. POJII1JIC~ KOpOJib feHpHX540, MJ1aJ].IIII1H CblH.
4 11HJI., 1082 f. fepMaH541 npi1CBOHJI KOpOJieBCKI1e TIOJIHOMOlJI1~.
5 11HJl., 1083 f. P11M 3aXBalJeH KOpOJieM feHpi1XOM, 11 npi1KJIIOlJI1JiaCb
CTpaiiiHa~ 'lyMa. fepMaH, KOTOpblH npi1CBOHJI KOpOJieBCKI1e TIOJIHOMOlJI1~,
HaCI1JihCTBeHHO BToprc~ B BocTO'IHYIO <l>paHKOHI110.
6 11HJI., 1084 r. HMnepaTOp feHpl1x B03BpamaeTc~ 113 HTan1111; Ayrc6ypr
6bm 11M oca)I(JleH 11 3axsalJeH. YMep fepMaH, enl1cKon EaM6eprcKHti:, KOTOpbiH 6biJI 113rHaH 113 enl1cKoncTBa. Apx11en11cKon 311r$pi1JI yMep B TIOpi1HrHI1
11 norpe6eH s XacYHreHe; BMecTo Hero 6hm nocTaBJieH Beueni1H542.
7 11HJI., 1085 f. B Mati:Hue, B (uepKB11) CB. AJib6aHa COCTO~JIC~ co6op.
YMep nana fp11rop11ti:, OH )l(e fi1JihJie6paHJI, a TaK)I(e TI1TMap, enl1cKon
BopMCCKI1H, 11 n<t>anhurpa<t> fepMaH543. KopoJib feHpl1x onycToiiiaeT CaKCOHI110.
8 11HJI., 1086 r. oi1TBa B03Jie nneti:x$eJibJia544 npoi130IIIJia 11 asrycTa.
fepMaH CJiaraeT C ce6~ KOpOJieBCKHH T11TYJI 11 BCKOpe TIOrH6aeT. BIOpu6ypr
6biJI B3~T CaKCaMI1, HO BCKOpe np1106peTeH 11MTiepaTOpOM.
9 11HJI., 1087 r. YMepna 11MnepaTpl1ua EepTa545; npi1KJIIOlJHJiacb 'lyMa.
10 11HJI., 1088 r. YMep BeueJII1H, apmenl1cKon Mati:Hua. EYKKo546, enl1cKon
Xanh6epiiiTaaTa, 6biJI y611T B focnape.
11 11HJI., 1089 f. Y KpenOCTI1 fneti:xeH547, paCTIOJIO)I(eHHOH B TIOpi1HrHI1 6JII13 3p$ypTa, B BOCKpeceHbe, B KaHyH JlH~ fOCTIOJIH~, Me)I(Jly 11M538
539
540

541

542

543
544
545

546
547

KoHpaa I Orro (yM. 1092 r. 6 ceHT.)- cbtH 6p)J(entcnaaa I. KHH3h MopaBIHf B 10541092 rr. 11 lJex1111 B 1092 r.
Xexrme.nT- ropo.n Ha ,LlyHae Me)J(.lly .LlHnn11HreHoM 11 .LloHayaepToM.
feHpl1x V (p. 1086 r. 8 HHB. yM. 1125 r. 23 MaH) - CbiH HMnepaTOpa feHp11xa IV; Koponb
B 1106-1125 rr., 11MnepaTOp ( c 13 anp. 1111 r. ).
fepMaH I <f>oH CanbM (p. OK. 1040 r. YM 1088 r. 28 ceHT.)- Mna,auml1 CbiH fl13enb6epTa,
rpa<f>a JltoKCeM6ypra. 6 aar. 1081 r. B 0KCeH<f>ypTe H36paH KOponeM BOCCTaBlllHMI1
npoTI1B feHpl1xa IV caKCOHCKI1MI1 11 rnaa6cKHMI1 KHH3hHMH.
BeuenHH ( Beuuno) (yM. 1088 r.) - apx11enncKon Mal1Hua B 1084-1088 rr.
fepMaH II (yM. 1085 r.)- n<f>anhurpa<f> JloTapHHrHI1 a 1061-1085 rr. fpa<f> a Pypray
11 Utonhnl1xray. fpa<f> 6pa6aHTa. CbiH n<f>anhurpa<f>a feHpl1xa I H3 po.na 3uuo.
nnelix<f>enb,ll- ceneHHe K ceaepo-aocTOKY OT Btopu6ypra.
6epTa CaaolicKaH (p. 1051 r. yM. 1087 r. 27 .neK.)- .llO'Ib OTTo, rpa<f>a CaaolicKoro,
1-H )J(eHa ( c 13 1110nH 1066 r.) feHpl1xa IV.
6ypxap.n II (6YKKO) <f>oH BenhTxaliM (yM. 1088 r. 6 anp.)- enncKon Xanb6eprnTaaTa
B 1059-1088 rr.
rnelixeH- 3aMOK 6nl13 BaH.nepcne6eHa, K toro-BOCTOKY OT fOTbl.

269

AHHanbl

rrepaTOpOM feHpHXOM H MapKrpa<f>oM 3K6epTOM548 IlpOH30IIIJia 6HTBa,


B KOTopoii y6HT 6hiJI Eypxap.u549, errHcKorr JloJaHHhi. YMepJIH errHCKOIIhi
CHreBHH KeJibHCKHH H Orrosso PereHc6yprcKHH. 25 HIOJISI rrocTaBJieHbi
6hiJIH errHcKOIIhi: fepMaH KeJibHCKHJ.i551, PYTap.u MaiiHUCKHJ.i552 H 3Mexap.u
BIOpu6yprcKHJ.i553.
I2 HH.Ll., I090 r. MMrrepaTop ompaBHJICSI a MTanHIO. YMepJIH: fepMaH554,
errHcKorr Meua, JlHy.uonh<f> H repuor EepTOJih.Ll, ChiH Py.uonb<f>a555. Y6HT
MapKrpa<f> 3K6epT. focrro.UHH Aaanh6epoH, 20-11 rrocne 6Jia)((eHHoro Eypxap.ua eiiHCKOII CBSIIIleHHeHIIIeH BIOpu6yprCKOH uepKBH, 6h!JI IIOCTaBJieH
29 HIOHSI H )((HJI B eiiHCKOIICKOM 3BaHHH 45 JieT, 3 MeCSIUa, 7 .UHeH; yMep OH
6 OKTS16pS1556,
13 HH.[l., l09I f. MaTHJib.[la557 H3 JloM6ap.UHH IIO.LlbiMaeT MSITe)(( IlpOTHB
KOpOJrn feHpHxa.
I4 HH.[l., I092 r. fpa<f> KoHpan558 6biJI y6HT <f>pH3aMH BMeCTe CO MHOfHMH
.LlPYfHMH 2I HIOJISI; H BeJIHKHH MOp CJiytiHJICSI cpe.UH JIIO.UeH H CKOTa.
I5 HH.Ll., I093 r. MarHyc559, repuor CaKCOHHH, B3SIB I4 ropo.uoa, rro.aqHHHJI MSITe)((HbiX cnaBSIH. ConHeqHoe JaTMeHHe rrpoHJOIIIJIO B 3-M qacy .UHSI,
H 6hiJI BH.[leH .apaKOH. BpaTHCJiaa560, KHSI3b lJeXHH, yrraB Ha OXOTe C KOHSI,
YMep BHeJarrHoii cMepTbiO.
I HH.Ll., I 094 r. CnyqHJicSI aeJIHKHH Mop.
548
549

550
551
552

553

554
555
556

557
558

559
560

3K6epT II (yM. 1090 r. 3 11JOJUI)- MapKrpa<J> Mei1ceHCKHH B 1068-1090 rr. fpa<J>


6payHIIIBei1ra. CbiH 3K6epTa I, BHYK J111y.llOJlb<j>a.
6ypxap.n III (yM. 1089 r.)- enHcKon JloJaHHbi B 1057?- 1089 rr. 611TBa npoi130IIIJla
24 .neKa6pH 1089 r.
OTTO <j>oH P11.neH6ypr (yM. I 089 r. 6 11JOJ1H) - enHcKon PereHc6ypra B I 0611089 rr.
fepMaH III <J>oH foxiiiTa.neH (yM. 1099 r. 21 HOH6.)- apxHenHcKon KenbHCKHH
B I 089-1099 rr. CTOpOHHI1K 11MnepaTOpa.
PyTap.n (YM. 1109 r.)- apx11en11cKon Mai1Hua B 1088-1109 rr.
3Mexap.n (3mHxap.n; 3pnonb<J>) (yM. 1105 r. 27 <J>eBp.)- enHcKon B10pu6ypra
B 1089-1105 rr. KaHunep feHpl1xa IV.
fepMaH (yM. 1090 r. 4 MaH)- enl1cKon Meua B 1073-1090 rr.
6epTOJlb.ll I (YM. 1090 r.)- repuor lllaa61111 B 1079-1090 rr., CbiH aHTHKoponH Py.llOJlh<j>a lllaa6cKoro.
A,uanb6epoH <J>oH JlaM6ax (yM. 1090 r. 6 oKT.)- enl1cKon B10pu6ypra B 1045-1088
(1090) rr.
MaTHJlb.lla (p. 1046 r. YM 1115 r.)- MapKrpa<j>I1HH TocKaHbt. CTopOHHHUa nancTBa
H apar 11MnepaTOpa feHpl1xa IV.
KoHpa.n II (YM. 1092 r.)- rpa<J> Bepna 11 ApHc6epra, <J>orr na.nep6opHa. CbtH rpa<J>a
6epHrap.na I II <J>oH Bepna. CTopoHHI1K 11MnepaTOpa feHpl1xa IV.
Mamyc 611nnyHr (yM. 1106 r. 23 aar.) - repuor CaKCOHI1H B I 071-1106 rr. CbtH
repuora Op.nynb<J>a 11 .nol!epl1 HopBe)I(CKoro KoponH Ona<J>a II Bynb<j>HJlb.llbt.
B 1092 r. BpaTI1CJlaB II (yM. I 092 r. 14 HHB.) - KHH3b 4exHI1 B 1061-1085 rr., KOPOJlb
B I 085-1092 rr. CbtH 6p)l(eTI1CJlaBa I.

270

X111Ilb,IJ,ecxaliiMcKI!1e aHHa!lbl

2 HH.ll., 1095 r. YMep Bna.uHcnao561, KopoJih llaHHOHHH, 6Jia)l(eHHOH


naMHTH M}')K; yMepJIH TaK)I(e MapKrpa<l> JIHYTnOJib.ll562 H n<l>aJibUfpa<l> feHpHx563.
3 HH.ll., 1096 r. HecMeTHbie ronnhl ooop}')KeHHhlxmo.ueH: H3 CTPaH paJJIIfliHbiX Hapo.uoo, HanpaBJIHHCb 8 HepycaJIHM, JacTaBJIHJIH KpecTHTbCH eopee8,
a OTKa3bi8a811IHXCH H36H8aJIH 8 cTpalliHOH peJHe. B MaH:Hue 6biJIH nepe6HTbi e8peH liHCJieHHOCTbiO 1014 qeJI08eK- M~HHbl, )l(eHIUHHbl H .lleTH,
H 6oJiblllaH qacTb ropo.aa 6hma co)l()l(eHa. E8peH no pa3JIHliHbiM JeMmiM cTaJIH
XpHCTHaHaMH, a 3aTeM OnHTb OTpeKJIHCb OT XpHCTHaHCTBa.
4 HH.ll., 1097 r. HMneparop 803BpaTHJICH H3 HTaJIHH. KoHpa.u564 no.UhiMaeT MHTe)l( npoTH8 c8oero oTua feHpHxa; Ja 3TO 6e33aKoHHe TOT nepe.aaeT
KOpOJie8CT80 C80eMy MJia,llllleMy CbiHy.
5 HH.ll., 1098 r. KoHpa.u, rpa<l> <l>oH foreH6ypr565, no.UhiMaeT MHTe)l( npoTH8
KOpOJIH; no 3TOH npHliHHe OH H 6bVI H3fHaH.
6 HH.ll., 1099 r. HMneparop npa3.UH08aJI nacxy566 B PereHc6ypre; TaM
8 3TH xe .llHH CJiyqHJiaCb 8eJIHKaH CMepTHOCTb; 8 XO.lle Hee YMep n<l>aJibUrpa<l>
Pa.u6o.u567 8MecTe c HeHCliHCJIHMbiM MHoxecTBoM .upymx. KoHpa.u568, enHcKon
YTPeXTcKHH:, 6hVI xecToKo y6HT <I>PH3CKHM KYfiUOM 8 cpe.uy nocne nacXH569.
YMepJIH enHcKonbi YnbpHX570 3tiXIIITeTTcKHti H fepMaH KeJihHCKHti; BMecro
nocne.aHero 6bm nocTaBJieH <l>pH.apHx571. YMep nana Yp6aH572, OH )l(e OTTo.
HepycaJIHM 6biJI 83HT xpHCTHaHaMH573, 8 TO BpeMH KaK 80HCKOM ynpaBJIHJI
repuor fOT<I>PH.ll574.

561
562
563
564

565
566
567
568
569
570
571

572
573
574

Bna.LU1CJiaB I (Jlacno I) CBJ~TOA- Koponb BeHrpHH B I077-I095 rr.


Jlnyrnonb.ll II (yM. 1095 r. I2 orcr.)- MapKrpa<t> ABCTPHH B I075-I095 rr.
feHpHx II <t>oH Jlaax (yM. 1095 r.) - n<t>anhurpa<t> PeAHCKHA B I 085-I 095 rr.
KoHpa.n (p. 1074 r. I2 <t>esp. YM IIOI r. 27 HJOJIJ~)- CT. CbiH HMn. feHpnxa IV. fepuor
HH)I<:HeA JlOTapnHrHH B I076-I087 rr. KopoJib 11TaJIHH B I087-I098 rr. Tio.nHM
MJ~TeX npOTHB OTUa.
foreH6ypr- ropo.n Hap. Jlayrpax B Hop.nray.
I 0 anpenJ~ 1099 r.
Pa.n6o.n I (yM. I099 r.)- n<t>anhurpa<t> Basapnn c 1082 r.
KoHpa.n (YM. I099 r. I3 anp.)- enncKon Yl'peXTa B 1076-I099 rr.
I3 an peJIJ~ 1099 r.
YnbpHx I (yM. 1099 r. I7 HOJ~6.)- enHcKon 3AxmTeTTa B I075-1099 rr.
<l>pn.npnx I <t>oH lllsapueH6ypr (yM. II3I r. 25 OKT.)- apxnenncKon KeJibHCKHA
B II OO-II3I rr. Mna.nmnA CbiH BepTOJib.lla I <t>oH lllsapueH6ypra H Pnxap.llbi HcTPHHCKOH.
Yp6aH II (O.no .ne lllaTHHOH) (yM. 1099 r. 29 HJOJIJ~)- pHMCKHA nana c I2 MapTa
I 088 r. no 29 HIOJIJ~ I 099 r.
I5 HIOJIJ! 1099 r.
fOT<l>pn.nJV 6yJibOHCKHA (p. I060 r. YM IIOO r.)- MJia.LlWHA CbiH EBCTa<t>~ II 6yJibOHCKOro. O.nnH H3 BO)I{.lleH I-ro KpecTosoro noxo.na. CTan I-M KoponeM HepycanHMa,
XOTJ! o<t>HUHaJibHO KOpOJieBCKHA THTYJI TaK H He npHHM.

271

AHHanbl

7 HH.Ll., 1100 r. CyposaH 3HMa H CHJihHhiH rono.u. MapKfPacl> Y.uo575 H otJeHh


MHOrHe CaKCbl HaTiaJIH Ha BapsapOB, lJTO 308YfCH JIIOTHlJaMH, H C IJeCTblO
no6e.uHJIH HX. MapKrpaci>HHH Auena576, oTnpaBHBIIIHCh s PHM, CKOHIJanacb.
fepu,or foTci>PH.Il, KOTOpbiH ynpaBJIHJI BOHCKOM XpHCTHaH, YMep B J1epycaJIHMe;
BMeCTO Hero fihiJI TIOCTaBJieH ero 6paT577.
8 HH.U., 1101 r. Po)I(,IleCTBO focno.uHe HMnepaTop npa3.UHOBaJI B Maii:Hu.e; TaM CofipaJIHCb MHOrHe KHH3bH H .UaJIH HMnepaTopy COBeT OTnpaBHTb
nocnos B PHM pa.uH [o6peTeHHH] e.uHHCTBa u,epKBH H nocTaBHTh nany
cornacHo Bhi6opy pHMJIHH H scex u,epKseU:. fpacl> feHpHx578 npHo6pen MHJIOCTh HMnepaTopa, H HMnepaTOp nepe.uan eMy <l>pH3CKYIO MapKy. TOTlJaC
)((e OTnpaBHBIIIHCb Ty.Ua BMeCTe CO CBOeif )((eHOH, OH 6hiJI y6HT, a )((eHa
e.usa cnacnacb ....
9 HH.Ll., 1102 r. Po)((.IleCTBO focno.uHe HMnepaTop npa3.UHOBaJI s Mati:Hu,e;
TaM feHpHx, rpacl> JlHM6ypra579, cTan repu,oroM.
10 HH.U., 1103 r. Po)((.IleCTBO focno.uHe HMnepaTop npaJ.uHosan B Mati:Hu,e;
TaM co6panHCh KHH3hH; Ha ooroHBJieHHe580 3Mexap.u, enHcKon B10pu,6yprcKHti:,
CJI~HJI Meccy y CB. MapTHHa; H nocpe.UH TOp)((eCTBeHHOH MeCChl, KOf.Ila
enHcKon ysemesan Hapo.u, HMnepaTop, cnosHo nopa)((eHHhiH B caMoe cep.uu.e, ofieman oory OTTipaBHTbCH 3a rpeXH CBOH 8 J1epycaJIHM H TaK 06MaHyJI
BeJibMO)(( KOpoJieBCTBa.
XoTH KHH3hH qacTo co6HpaJIHCh npH ero .usope, OHH HHIJero He .uenanH
.IlJIH rocy.uapCTBa, HO COBeplllaJIH TaM TOJibKO CBOH COfiCTBeHHbie .uena; TI03TOMY
OHH o6palllaJIHCb C HHM C npHTBOpHOH BepHOCThlO, a CaMH CfOBapHBaJIHCb
npOTHB Hero; OH TaK OfiMaHbiBaJI BCeX KHH3eH KOpOJieBCTBa, lJTO HHIJero He
.uenan B rocy.uapcTse no npas.ue, pa3Be IJTO TOJihKO see o6ecu.eHHJIOCh s ero
speMeHa. MHorHe ropo.ua H KpenocTH ero fihiJIH pa3pYIIIeHhi soti:Hoti:, 11 6hiJI
OH pa30pHTeJieM u,epKBeif DO)((bHX, HfiO pa.uH npHBJielJeHHH Ha CBOlO CTOpOHY KHH3eti: pa3.UaBaJI HM u,epKOBHbie 3eMJIH. '-ITO )((e eme? HHKTO He Hati:.ueT
8 .upeBHHX cl>oJIHaHTaX TaKHX 3aTIHCeif, KaKHe HeCJibiXaHHbie 3JIO.UeHHHH OH
575
576

577
578

579
580

Y.no (JloTapb-Y.no III) (yM. 1106 r. 2 11JOHH)- rpact> ct>oH lllTa.ne, MapKrpact> Hop.nMapKa
B 1087-1106 rr. CbiH JloTapH-Y.no II 11 O.nbi ct>oH Bepn.
A,uena (p. OK. 1055 r. yM. 1100 r. 28 MapTa)- n$anburpa$11HH (no 2-My 11 3-My M}')KY),
Hacne.nHI1Ua OpnaMJOH.lle. ,llo'-!b OTTo I (yM. 1067 r.), rpact>a Bel1Mapa 11 OpnaMJOH.lle,
11 A.neJibi. MapKrpa$11Hel1 6bma MaTh A.neJibi, a He OHa caMa.
6an.ny11H I (yM. 1118 r. 2 anp.)- rpact> 3.neccbi; Koponb Hepycani1Ma s 1100-1118 rr.
6paT foT$pl1.1la IV 6yJibOHCKoro.
feHp11xToncTbiH (p. OK. 1055 r. YM 1101 r.)- cbiH OTTo II ct>oH HopTxel1Ma; MapKrpa$
<l>pi1311H ( 1101). 6biJI )l(eHaT Ha fepTpy.ne 6paYHlllBel1rcKOH (yM. 1117 r. 9 .neK.), .llO'-IepH
MapKrpact>a 3K6epTa I. Ero .no'-lb- PHxeHua (yM. 1141 r. 10 HJOHH) Bbirnna JaMy)l( Ja
JloTapH III, npHHecH eMy s Ka'-leCTBe npl1.1laHoro 6payHrnBel1r H HopTxel1M.
feHpl1x I (YM. 1119 r.) - rpact> J111M6ypra, repuor HIDKHel1 JloTapHHfHH B 1101-1106 rr.
CbiH BanbpaMa II 11 IOTTbi J1JOKceM6yprcKol1.
6 HHBapH II 03 f.

272

coBeprna.rr; 11 ecn11 6bi Y.UI1BI1TeJibHaH MHJIOCTb nO)I(hH He Tepnena ero 11 He


npi1HY.ll11Jla K noKaHHI110, TO 3eMJIH )1(11BbiM nofJIOTI1Jia fihl ero, nO.UOfiHO
.LlaQ>aHy58I.

11

11H.U.,

1104 r.

Ha Po)l(.lleCTBO focno.uHe 11MnepaTOpCKI1H .uBop 6biJI

B PereHc6ypre, r.ue rpaQ> 311rxap.u582 BbiHec HecnpaBe.llJ111BbiH npl1roBop Ha.u


KJII1eHTaM11; no 3TOH npWIHHe OH fihm 11MI1 y611T. J13-3a 3TOfO CO CTOpOHbl
ero pO.UW:IeH 11 BCeX KHH3eH KOpOJieBCTBa B03HI1KJIO CHJibHOe He.UOBOJibCTBO
11MnepaTOpOM; Be.Ub eCJII1 fihl OH 3aXOTeJI npi1HTI1 [rpaQ>y) Ha nOMOIUb, TOT
6bi He 6bm y611T. Kor.ua )l(e 11MnepaTop noqyscTBOBa.rr, ':ITO 11MeeT 113-3a 3Toro
.UeJia HeMa.JIO npOTI1BHI1KOB 11 OKp~eH OTOBCIO.UY 11X K03HHMI1, OH CTa.JI 11CKaTb no.uxo.uHIUI1H cnyqati, l:IT06bi yit:TI1. HaKoHeu, oH y.ua.rrHJicH 11 npl16bm
B Mait:HU, l:ITOfibi OTnpa3.UHOBaTb TaM CO CBOI1MI1 JIIO.llbMI1 CBHTYIO llacxy583.
J1TaK, TOp)l(eCTBeHHO npoBe.UH TaM CBHTYIO nacxy, OH npl16bm B Jlbe)l(. Ty.ua
.llOJI)I(Hbi 6bmH np11H:T11 rpaQ> fepMaH584 11 HaCTOHTeJib Mar.ue6yprcKoti uepKBI1
no 11MeHI1 fapTBI1r, CbiH rpaQ>a 3HrHJib6epTa; nocne.uHero co611pa.rr11cb PYKOnoJIO)I(I1Tb TaM B enl1cKonbi. Kor.ua OHI1 Bee BMecTe 6hiJII1 B nYT11, TO 11 OHI1
CaMI1, 11 BCe 11X JIIO.UI1 6billl1 3a.uep)l(aHbl B TIJieHy .Ll11Tpi1XOM585, rpaQ>OM 113
CaKCOH1111; TeM caMbiM 11M noMerna.rrl1 HBI1TbCH KO .UBopy. 11MnepaTop, y3HaB
06 3TOM, CTpalliHO pa3rHeBa.JICH 11, cofipaB He3a.ll0Jlf0 .UO npa3.UH11Ka CB. AH,upeH586 BOHCKO, B conpOBO)I(.lleHI111 CBOero CbiHa .UOfipa.JICH .UO <l>pi1UJiapa; Be.Ub
11MeHHO OTTY.Ua oH .UOJI)I(eH 6bm oTnpaBI1TbCH B CaKCOHI1IO. TaM, B HOl:lb Ha

12 .UeKafipH, ero CbiH,

B3HB C COfiOH KOe-KOfO 113 .upy3eH CBOefO OTUa, a 11MeHHO

fepMaHa 11 .upyr11x, Tait:Ho y.ua.rri1JICH 11 oTnpaBHJICH B EaBap1110. MapKrpaQ>


.Ll11nOJib.U58 7, nneMHHHI1K Ha3BaHHoro Bhirne rpaQ>a 311rxap.ua, y3HaB, ':ITO
CbiH nOK11HYJI OTUa, C Pa.llOCTbiO BblllieJI eMy HaBCTpeqy BMeCTe CO BCeMI1
BeJibMO)I(aMI1 3TOH 06JiaCTI1, nOl:ITI1TeJibHO BCTpeTHJI 11 Hai1JIYl:lllii1M o6pa30M
conpoBO.UHJI B PereHc6ypr, l:IT06bi npa3.UHOBaTb TaM Po)l(.lleCTBO rocno.uHe.

A nocne Po)l(.lleCTBa focno.uHero

[feHpl1x Mna.urn11H:] oTnpaBHJI nocnoB B P11M,

npOCH y nanbl COBeTa OTHOCI1TeJibHO KJIHTBbl, .UaHHOH 11M OTUy, B TOM, ':ITO OH
HI1KOf.Ua He npi1MeT KOpOJieBCKI1H TI1TYJI 6e3 ero pa3perneHI1H 11 COfJiaCI1H.

581

582
583
584
585

586
587

lla<f>aH - OJJ,I1H 113 BO)I(JleH BOCCTaBllli1X npOTI1B M011ceH 11 AapoHa 250 My)l(eH.
CornacHo E116JJI111 (411cJJa, 16, 32), <<JeMJJH pa3Bep3Jia yCTa CBOI1 11 nornoTI1JJa 11x
11 JlOMbl 11X... >>.
311rxapn IX (yM. 1104 r. 5 <t>eBp.)- rpa<t> EyprxayJeHa 11 Wanhi. CbiH rpa<t>a <l>pi1Jlpl1xa I <t>oH TeHrJJI1Hra 11 MaTI1JihJlhi <t>oH XaM-<l>o6ypr.
17 anpenH 1104 r.
fepMaH I <t>oH CnoHxeiiM (yM. 1118 r.)- 6yprrpa<t> Marne6ypra.
ll11Tp11x III (yM. 1106 r. 12 aBr.)- rpa<t> KaTJJeH6ypra; ChiH ll11Tp11xa II 11 fepTpynhi
EpayHlllBeiircKOH, JJ,O'lepl1 MapKrpa<t>a 3K6epTa I. nocJJeJJ,HI1H B pone rpa<f>oB KaTJleH6ypr.
30 HOH6pH 1104 f.
ll11noJJbJJ. III <t>oH <l>o6ypr (yM. 1146 r.)- MapKrpa<t> XaMa B 1199-1146 rr.

273

AHHanbl

llana )((e, KaK TOJibKO YCJibllllaJI 0 pa3MOJIBKe Me)((Jly OTUOM H CbiHOM, Ha,ueHCb,
qTo 3TO CJiyqHJIOCb OT nora, OTnpaBHJI eMy qepe3 KOHCTaHUCKOro enHCKona
fe6xapna588 anocTOJihCKoe 6narocnoaeHHe, o6emaH eMy npomeHHe Ja TaKoe
neHHHe Ha 6yllYilleM cyne, ecJIH oH no)((eJiaeT 6biTh cnpaBellJIHBhiM KoponeM
H npaBHTeJieM uepKBH, KOTOpaH H3-3a He6pe)((eHHH ero OTUa noJiroe BpeMH
Jie)I(HT B pyuHax. KaK TOJihKO OH nonyqHJI cnoaa anocTOJihCKoro yrellleHHH
H CHHTHe OTJiyqeHHH OT Ha3BaHHOfO enHCKOna, TaK cpa3y )((e OCa,uHJI H nonqJiHHJI caoeH: BJiaCTH KpenocTb non Ha3BaHHeM HIOpH6epr.

A oTeu, yJHaB

YTPOM 0 TOM, qTo noTepHJI CbiHa, 6biJI nonaBJieH TH)((KOH 60JibiO H BepHyJICH
npaJnHoBaTh Po)(()leCTBo rocnonHe B MaH:Hu. YMep lllneH:epcKHii enHcKon
11oaHH589.

12 HHn., 1105 r. Cpa3y nocne EoroHBJieHHH OH HanpaBHJI B EaaapHIO


nocnoa, a HMeHHO KeJibHCKoro H TpupcKoro apxuenucKonoa, repuora
<l>pHl{pHxa590 H KaHUJiepa 3pJIOJib<l>a, qTo6bi Te nonbiTaJIHCb KaKHM-JIH60
o6pa30M nOMHpHTb ero [c CbiHOM). CbiH )((e, OTBeqaH, 3aHBHJI, qTO HHKOHM
o6pa30M He MO)((eT BCTynHTb C HHM B 06IUeHHe, eCJIH TOT npe)(()le He oqucTHTCH OT CKBepHbl OTJiyqeHHH, B KOTOpOH nonro ~e npe6biBaeT no npHroBOpy anOCTOJibCKOfO npeCTOJia. llOCJie TOfO KaK nOCJibl B03BpaTHJIHCb, OH591
B conpoao)((l{eHHH MHoroqucneHHoro oTpHna HanpaaHJICH B TIOpHHrHIO,
B MeCTO non Ha3BaHHeM 3p<!>ypT; TaM OH 6biJI nocTOHHO npHHHT PyrapnoM,
apxuenHcKonoM MaiiHUCKoro npecToJia, H TaM )((e oTnpa3nHoBaJI Bep6Hoe
BocKpeceHbe592, a CBHTYIO nacxy593- a KaeMHH6ypre. KaK pa3 a 3TO caMoe apeMH npH6hiJI naTpHapx H3 AKBHJieu594, qTo6bi, ecmt 3To B03MO)((HO,
npHMHpHTb HX npyr C npyroM, roBOpH, onHaKO, qTo He OCMeJIHTCH BCTynHTb
C HHM595 B 06IUeHHe, eCJIH OH He nO)((eJiaeT npH3HaTh ce6H BHHOBHbiM nepen norOM, CMHpHTbCH nepen BCeM KOpOJieBCTBOM H, CBepx TOro, 80 BCeM
nonqHHHTbCH pHMCKOMy npeCTOJiy. J16o OH 60HJICH, qT06bi TOT He 06MaHyJI
ero CBOHMH JiyKaBbiMH peqaMH, KaK npe)((l{e HeonHOKpaTHO 06MaHbiBaJI
OCTaJibHbiX. 3TOT naTpHapx OTnpa3nHOBaJI B MaHHUe CBHTYIO llacxy, H nocJie llacxH, npHHHB oT Hero nonapKH, B03BpaTHJICH noMoii.

ChiH nocne

llacxH npH6biJI B focJiap H npoBeJI TaM C KHH3bHMH CaKCOHHH BCe06IUHH


cbe3n no noaony Toro, KaK c noMOIUhiO nO)((beH: H no coaeTy ux acex eMy
CJienyeT ycTpOHTb CBOH nena, oqHCTHTb OCKBepHeHHYIO BCeMH cnoco6aMH
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595

fe6xap.ll III <t>oH UepHHreH (yM. IIIO r. I2 OKT.)- enHcKon KoHcTaHua B 1082IIIOrr.
11oaHH <t>oH KpaH:xray (yM. II04 r.)- enHcKon WneH:epa B I090-II04 rr.
<l>pl1.1lpl1x I lllTay<f>eH (YM. II05 r.)- repuor Wsa61111 B I079-II05 rr.
T. e. feHpi1X MnanumH:.
2 anpeJIH II 05 r.
9 anpeJIH II 05 r.
Ynbpi1X I <t>oH 3nneHimeH:H - naTpHapx AKBI1Jiel1 s I 086-112I rr.
T. e. c feHpi1XOM IV.
274

X11111b,IJ,ecxali!McKI!1e aHHaJlbl

uepKOBb H BepHYfb ee OT paCKOJia K e,llHHCTBy. fipHCYfCTBOBaJI TaM TaiOKe


BbiWeHaJBaHHbiH enHcKon KoHcTaHUCKHH, oepHetiwHH: copaTHHK rocno.uHHa nanbi, KOTOpbiH OCB060.UHJI KOpOmi H BCeX ero JIIO,lleH OT Y3 OTJiyqeHHH,
a HeKoero enHcKona BH.ueno, KOTOpbiH 6hiJI rHycHeHWHM JaLJHHIUHKOM
ocex npecTynneHHti H MepJocTeti, cooepweHHbiX OTUOM, HHJJIO)J(HJI anocTOJibCKOH BJiaCTbiO H nOCTaBHJI Ha ero MeCTO ,llpyroro, KOTOporo H36paJIH
KopoJib H .uyxooeHCTBO 3Toro MecTa. Me)J{,lly TeM 3TOMY fe6xap.uy, neraTy
anocTOJibCKoro npecToJia, H Pyrap.uy, enHcKony MatiHUCKOMy, noKa3aJIOCb
yMecTHbiM npooecTH Ja He.ueJIIO .uo TpoHUbi co6op B TIOpHHfHH, B MecTe no.u
Ha3BaHHeM Hop.uxayJeH, H, HaCKOJibKO 803MO)J{HO, oepHyrb uepKOBb 8 ee
npe)J{Hee COCTOHHHe H BOCCTaHOBHTb TaM ,llpeBHHH ycTaB OTUOB, a HMeHHO:
enHCKOnOB-y3ypnaTOpOB, a TaiOKe TeX, KTO 8 3TO BpeMH nyreM CHMOHHH
BCTYnHJI 8 ,llOJI)J{HOCTb, )J{HBbiX -

HH3JIO)J(HTb, a norpe6eHHbiX -

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(H3 3eMJIH); TeX )J{e, KTO 6biJI HMH pyKOnOJIO)J{eH, ,llOJI)J{Hbl nOBTOpHO pyx:onOJIO)J{HTb 8 CaH HCTHHHbie (npeJiaTbi), a )J{eHaTbiM CBHIUeHHHKaM CJie,llyeT
JanpeTHTb COBepwaTb CJiyx6hi. fiOCJie TOfO, KaK 3TO 6biJIO Ha,llJie)J{aiUHM
o6pa3oM ycTpoeHo no BHyweHHIO Eo)J{beti MHJIOCTH, KopoJih B3HJI caKcoo
H Pyrap.ua, apxHenHCKOna MaHHUCKOfO, KOTOpbiH ,llaBHO yxe 6biJI H3fHaH
ero OTUOM, H OHH nOCJie po)J{,lleCTBa CBHTOfO J1oaHHa KpeCTHTeJIH596 ,ll06paJIHCb .llO 6epera peKH PetiH. B CBOIO O'lepe,llb OTeU, KOTOpbiH TOf,lla HaXO,llHJICH CO CBOHMH JIIO,llbMH 8 MaHHUe, nepeKpbiJI nepenpaoy H, nO,llKYJIHB
.ueHhraMH ocex, oco6eHHO, n<l>anhurpa<l>a, KOTOpbiH o6eman c&IHY cpe.ucTBa
.llJIH nepenpaBhi, nepeoen B MatiHUCKYIO raoaHh oce Kopa6JIH H c OTPH.llOM
pbluapeti H ropo)J{aH He .uaoan eMy nepenpaBHTbCH. Kor.ua CbiH YBH.lleJI, 'ITO
OTeU npe830WeJI ero CHJIOH H OH He MO)J{eT nepenpaBHTbCH, MatiHUCKHH
enHcKon oepHyJicH B TIOpHHfHIO; caM )J{e oH npH6biJI B B10pu6ypr, HH3Jlo)J{HJI enHCKOna 3pJIOJib<l>a, KOTOpOro TaM nOCTaBHJI ero OTeU, H Ha3Hal.JHJI
enHCKOnOM PynepTa597, HaCTOHTeJIH TaMOWHefO MOHaCTblpH. fipo6biB TaM
HeCKOJibKO ,llHeH, OH BHOBb BepHyJICH 8 PereHc6ypr. B ,lleHb OKOB CB. fieTpa598 ero OTeU, co6pa8 BOHCKO, nocJie,llOBaJI 3a HHM; OH HanpaBHJI CBOH nyrb
'lepe3 EaoapHIO H Bcex, KTO npHCTaJI K ero CbiHy, KOfO TOJibKO MOf, OH nopa)J(aJI, pa30pHH H npe,llaBaH OfHIO (HX 3eMJIH); TaKHM o6pa30M OH C06HpaJICH
npHtiTH B PereHc6ypr, r.ue, KaK oH yJHaJI, Haxo.uHTCH ero CbiH. Kor.ua )J{e CbiH
YCJibiWaJI, 'ITO OTeU HeO)J{H,llaHHO npH6JIH)J{aeTCH K ropo.uy, TO e.uoa ycneJI
Y.llaJIHTbCH H nepenpaBHTbCH CO CBOHMH JIIO,llbMH LJepe3 peKY, 'ITO 30BeTCH
PereH. Kor.ua )J{e Ka)J{,llbiH H3 HHX C06HpaJI nocTeneHHO CBOHX JIIO,lleH, H KIUI3b
qeXHH npHWeJI Ha nOMOIUb OTUY, OHH OTnpaBHJIH .upyr K .upyry nOCJIOB,
LJT06hi nonhiTaThCH KaKHM-JIH6o o6pa30M .uo6HTbCH MHpa. Ho, nocKOJibKY

596
597
598

8 HIOHe 1105 r.
Pynepr (yM. 1106 r. 11 OKT.)- enHCKOfl 8IOpU6ypra B 1105-1107 rr.
1 aarycTa 11 05 r.

275

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8CeX C8HThix599 cpe.UCTBa (.LlJIH nepenpa8bl) H y.uep)((H8aJI HX C TIOMOlllbiO OTPH.Lla pbiUapeH, "'T06bi HHKTO He CMOf TIOMelllaTb eMy 80 8peMH nepenpa8bl.
B .ueHb 8cex C8HThix600 oH 8038eJI 8 enHCKOTihi WneH:epa a66aTa XHplllay60I.
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OH

TYT )((e

nocnelliHJI ry.ua H3 MaH:Hua, Ha.ueHcb noMelllaTb ero nepenpa8e,

H 6hiJI .LlO KpaHHOCTH Y.LlH8JieH, Y3Ha8, "'TO TOT 8MeCTe CO C80HMH JIIO.LlbMH
~e nepenpa8HJICH; 8 TOT )((e .[leHb, nopa)((eHHblH CHJibHeHlliHM CTpaXOM,

oH nocneumo 8epHyJicH Ha3a,u H, roJIO.LlHhiH H ycTaJihiH, npH6biJI 8 MaH:Hu.


Ha .upyroH: .ueHb oH oTnpa8HJI K [cbiHY] 8 WneH:ep a66aTa H3 c8. Anb6aHa
no HMeHH .l1,HTpHX, 3aKJIHHaH ero 8CTIOMHHTb 80 HMH nora, "'TO OH -

ero

OTeU, H He CTpeMHTbCH CTOJib ynopHO JIHlliHTb ero BJiaCTH. 0.UHaKO, TOT He


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CKOpee TIOKHHY8 ropo.u, npHilleJI 8 3aMOK XaMMeplliTeHH H HaXO.LlHJICH TaM
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naTICKHe TIOCJibl, TIOHHJI, "'TO CbiH )((eJiaeT np08eCTH TaM reHepaJibHbiH ceiiM;
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TO 3aCTaJIH CbiHa Ha .LlPYfOH ero CTOpOHe C 60JiblliHM 80HCKOM; TIOCKOJihKY OHH
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TOT, npecne.uyH HX, npH6biJI K Ko6neHUY H JacTan TaM oTua Ha .upyroM

6epery peKH. Kor.ua OHH o6a 8CTpeTHJIHCb, TO OTeU OTTipa8HJI K CbiHY TIOCJI08
599
600
601
602
603

31 OKT.H6p.H II 05 r.
I HO.H6p.H II 05 r.
34-M em1cKonoM WneHepa CTa.JI fe6xapa II <t>oH Ypax (1105-1106).
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276

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8 CBOIO Ollepe,llb, nan 8 HOfH OTUY H npOCHll ero nO,lll{HHHTbCSI nane H BCeMy
KOpOlleBCTBy; eCliH )l(e TOT He XOlleT Cl{HTaTb nora He6eCHbiM OTUOM, TO OH
npH HaCTOSilUeM nOliO)I(eHHH ,llell COBeprneHHO OTpelleTCSI OT OTUa 3eMHOfO, o6elUaJI, HO He HCnOliHHll. flOClle TOfO KaK OH UellbiH ,lleHb Bell TaKHe
H no.uo6Hbie HM paJrosophl o noliO)I(eHHH uepKBH H o cnaceHHH ero .uyrnH,
8 BellepHee BpeMSI Ka)l(,llbiH H3 HHX BepHyliCSI K ce6e; C HaCTynlleHHeM MpaKa
HOliH OTeU nonhiTaJICSI 6e)l(aTb, HO, OKp~eHHbiH CO BCeX CTOpOH BparaMH,
He CMOf 3TO C,llellaTh.

A yTpOM,

83SIB C C060H OTUa, OHH npH6blliH 8 KpenOCTb

fiHHreH604 H HOlleBaJIH TaM 3TOH HOl{biO; Ha Clle.UyiOIUHH ,lleHh [CbiH) npHBell


ero, BH.llHMO, BOnpeKH ero BOlle, 8 KpenOCTb fiHKKellhXaHM605 H 8 KaHyH
Po)I(JlecTBa focno.uHero606 nopyqHJI enHcKony IllnenepcKoMy TIUaTellbHO ero
CTOpO)I(HTb. HeMbiTbiH H He6pHTbiH, liHilieHHbiH BCSIKOH Cll~6bl fiO)I(beH,
OH OCTaBaJICSI TaM 8 TelleHHe BCeX npa3,llHHliHbiX ,llHetf; TaKHM o6pa30M, CbiH
sepHyllcSI s MaHHU, liT06bl npa3.UHOBaTb TaM Po)I(JleCTBO focno.uHe.
s

13 HH.ll.,
1106 ro.uy.

feHpHX,

96- H KOpOllb pHMCKHH, H3fHaB OTUa, HaqaJI uapCTBOBaTb

11MnepaTop )l(e cTaJI ropbKO nJiaKaTb H nellaJIHTbCSI, [rosopSI],

liTO no.uo6Hoe CliYliHliOCh c HHM Ja ero rpexH; 6oSich .llliSI ce6SI s 6y.uymeM
eme 6ollee xy.urnero OT KHSIJett, oH npocHT enHcKona IllnenepcKoro o pa3perneHHH npHHTH K HeMy H o6emaeT C,llellaTb BCe no COBeTy ero H MarHaTOB
KopolleBcTBa: peraJIHH H JaMKH, caMbie liYlJiliHe H YKPenJieHHhie, KOTOphiMH
OH pacnollafaJI, OH nepe,llaCT CbiHy, liHilib 6hl TOT OCTaBHJI eMy XOTb KaKHe-TO
JeMJIH .llliSI nponHTaHHSI. EnHcKon )l(e Ha po)I(JleCTBO CBSIToro esaHreliHCTa
11oaHHa607 npHrnell s ManHu; oH H enHcKon B10pu6yprcKHH npHHSiliH oT
apxHenHCKOna PyTap.ua o6pSI,ll CBSITOfO noMa3aHHSI, a nOClle TOp)l(eCTBeHHOH
MeCCbl OH paCCKa3aJI CbiHY H BCeM KHSI3bSIM BCe, liTO CllbllliaJI OT OTUa. Kor.ua
KHSI3bSI KOpolleBCTBa YCllbllliaJIH 3TO, TO YCliOBHJIHCb co6paTbCSI

31

,lleKa6pSI

8 11HrellbXaHMe; TaM [nepe.u HHMH) npe,llCTaJI HMnepaTOp; OH nepe,llaJI CbiHY


KOpOlleBCKYIO BJiaCTb H, naB HM BCeM 8 HOrn, OC06eHHO Kap,llHHaJiy-lleraTy
anOCTOllbCKOfO npeCTOlla608, YMOliSIJI 0 npOIUeHHH H CHSITHH OTllyqeHHSI, npH3HaBaSI, liTO .llOllroe BpeMSI HaxO,llHTCSI no.u OTllyqeHHeM nanbl fHJib.Ue6paH,lla,
liTO HeJaKOHHo nocTasHJI npoTHB Hero nanon BHK6epTa H liTO s ero speMeHa
rocy.uapCTBO npHiliJIO 8 COBeprneHHOe paCCTPOHCTBO; OH npH3HaJI BCe, 8 lleM
ero o6BHHSIJIH, Ja HCKJIIOlleHHeM paJse liTO H.llOllonoKJIOHCTBa. Kap.uHHaJI )l(e,
KOTOpbiH HeO)I(H,llaHHO npH6blll Ha 3TOT C'he3.ll, CKa3aJI, liTO HH 8 KOeM Cllyqae
He npHMeT CTOllb Ba)I(HYIO oco6y, H3-3a KOTOpOH 80 BCeM KOpOlleBCTBe 6biJIO
604
605
606
607
608

6HHreH - ropo.n Ha Pei1He K Jana.ny oT Mai1Hua.


6HKKeJibXeHM - ropO,llOK K IOro-BOCTOKY OT 6HHreHa, K IOro-Jana.ny OT MaJiHua.
24 .neKa6pR II 05 r.
27 .ueKa6pH II 05 r.
P11xap.uy, enHcKony Anb6aHo.

277

AHHanbl

COSepiiieHO CTOJibKO 3Jla, pa3Se qTo ( CIO,lla) npH,lleT CaM nan a. HH3JIO)((HS OTUa,
ChiH sMecTe c KIDI3hHMH KoponescTsa sepHyJicH s Mati:Hu, a rpa<f>a BepHepa
SMeCTe C HeqecTHSeHIIIHM <I>OJihKMapOM, KOTOpbiH 6hm COSeTHHKOM OTUa
H coyqacTHHKOM scex npeCTYIIJieHHti:, oTnpasHJI s XaMMeprnTeti:H Ja peraJIIDIMH; KOf,lla TOT ,llOCTaSHJI HX S KaHYH DOfOHSJieHHH609, OHH 6hiJIH C qecTbiO npHHHTbl apXHenHCKOnOM Pyrap.UOM, SCeM .uyxoseHCTBOM H HapO,llOM;
S npHCYTCTBHH scex KHH3eti: OH nepe,llaJI HX ChiHy, CKa3aB CJie.UYIQIUee: eCJIH He
6y.ueT OH cnpaSe.LlliHSbiM npaSHTeJieM KOpOJieBCTBa H 3aiUHTHHKOM uepKSeti:
nO)((bHX, TO nycTb c HHM cnyqHTCH TO )((e, qTo H c OTUOM ero. HMnepaTop
)((e, KOf,lla ysH,lleJI, qTo B npoiUeHHH eMy OTKa3aHO, 3a.LlYMaJICH, KaK 6bi eMy
COBepiiiHTb MeCTb Ha,ll rocy.uapCTBOM, H BMeCTe C HeMHOfHMH, KOTOpbie eme
c HHM OCTaJIHCb, npH6hm B KeJihH, r.ue co CJie3aMH paccKa3aJI ropo)((aHaM see,
qTo C HHM npHKJIJOqHJIOCb. 3aTeM OH npHIIIeJI S Jlbe)(( H 6bm TaM C qecTbiO
npHHHT 11 YTeiiieH enHcKonoM6JO 11 ropo)((aHaMH; oH npH3BaJI K ce6e repuora
feHpHxa611 H oqeHh MHOfHX .LlPYfHX SeJihMO)((; naB HM S HOfH, OH npOCHJI HX
0 noMOIUH H no nOPMKY paccKa3aJI o6o seeM, qTo c HHM npOH30IIIJIO. Te )((e,
KOf,lla BbiCJIYIIIaJIH ero )((aJI06bi, npeHCnOJIHeHHble no OTHOIIIeHHIO K HeMy
coqyscTBIDI, o6eiUaJIH eMy BepHYJO nOMOIUb H COqJIH HaHJiyqiiiHM, qTo6bi OH
BMecTe c HHMH OTnpa3,llHOBaJI TaM nacxy focnO,llHIO. Cb!H )((e, YCJibiiiiaB o6
3TOM, C006IUHJI KHH3bHM KOpOJieBCTBa, qTo HaMepeH co6paTbCH TaM H npoBeCTH ceti:M SMeCTe C OTUOM, H .USHHYJI OrpOMHOe SOHCKO; OH npH6bm B AxeH
11 BhiCJiaJI snepe.u HeKoTopbiX H3 soti:cKa K peKe, qTo JoseTcH Maac, qTo6bi
OBJia,lleTb MOCTOM qepe3 Hee. YCJibiiiiaS 06 3TOM, Te, KOTOpb!e o6eiUaJIH noMOIUb OTUY, a HMeHHO CbiH repuora612, co6paJIHCb C .Upyroti: CTOpOHbl peKH;
no ,llbHSOJibCKOMY HaYIUeHHIO S ,lleHb seqepH focnO.UHeti:613 Me)((.Lly HHMH npoH30IIIJIO CTpaiiiHOe KposonpoJIHTHe; MHOfHe TaK)((e norH6JIH, YTOHYS S peKe.
Koponh )((e, yJHas o cnyqHsrneMcH, HcnyrancH, KaK 6bi spam He HananH Ha
Hero CaMoro; OH OTCTYIIHJI OTzy,lla H npH6bm S KpenOCTb DOHH, r.ue, KaK MOf,
OTnpa3,llHOBaJI CBHTYIO llacxy614. 3aTeM OH peiiiHJI nposeCTH Ha TpOHUY ceti:M
s ropo.ue BopMce; TaM )((e oH JIHIIIHJI repuora feHpHxa ero neHos.

A oTeu c

se-

JIHKoti:: pa,llOCTbiO OTnpa3,llHOBaJI B Jlbe)((e BMeCTe CO CBOHMH JIIO.LlbMH nacxy


rocnO.UHIO H nocne CBHTOH nacxH onHTb B03BpaTHJICH s KeJibH; ropo)((aHe
KJIHTBeHHO o6eiUaJIH eMy 3aiUHIUaTb pa.uH Hero fOPO.Ll, a 3aTeM, KaK OH HX
yqHJI, HaqaJIH CTPOHTb OTJIHqHbie YKPeiiJieHHH SHYTPH H CHap~H. KopOJib
)((e, KOf,lla ysH,lleJI H3BOpOTJIHSOCTb OTUa H TO, KaK OH npOHSJIHeT npOTHS rocy.uapCTBa CTapHHHYJO 3JI06y, co6pan 60JibiiiOe SOHCKO CO scero KOpOJieBCTBa
609

5 HHBapH I 106 r.

610

Or6epTOM- em1CKOnOM J]be)l(a B


CM. npi1M. 95.

611
612
613
614

1092-1119 rr.

8aJibpaM III 51Jbi'IHI1K (yM. 1139 r.).


22 MapTa II 06 r.
25 MapTa 1106 r.

278

XV1nb,D,ecxai-1MCKV1e aHHanbl
11 nocne npa3.UHI1Ka CBHThiX IleTpa 11 IlaBJia615 npl16biJI B npe.ueJibi Ko6neHua;
co6paB TaM BOHCKO, OH npi1IIIeJI K KeJibHY 11 OCaLlHJI ero. KeJihHUbl )Ke CTOIDII1
HeyCTPaiiii1MO, KaK .U06pble BOI1Hbl, xpa6po COTipOTI1BJIHSICb eMy 11 cpa)KaHCb
BeCbMa ,lleHTeJibHO, KaK HI1KOf,lla He 6biJIO 3aMeTHO npe)K,lle; ( C HI1MI1 CTOIDI
TaK)Ke) HeKHH pO.LlJIIO,lleH, qTo 30ByTCH feJib.uyHaMI1616, KOTOpb!X repuor feHpHX
npi1CJiaJI 11M B TIOMOIUb,

BOI1HCTBeHHhie 11 npOBOpHbie, BeCbMa CBe.LlYilll1e

B BOeHHOM .UeJie; TI03TOMY MHOfl1e TiaJII1 paHeHhie, 11 KOpOJieBCKOe BOHCKO He


Morno 11x o.uoneTb. Kor.ua oH617 npocTOIDI TaM TPI1 He.uenl1 11 He 6biJIO y Hero
HI1KaKOH Ha,ue)K,llbl OBJia,ueTb (ropO,llOM), OH yseJI BOHCKO B AxeH; 1160 6biJia
CTPaiiiHaSI )Kapa 11 113-Ja CHJibHOfO CMpa,ua BOHCKO He MOfJIO 6oJiee TepneTb
TPY.Llhl.

Me)K.Lly TeM cnyqHJiocb, qTQ 11MnepaTOp B Jlbe)Ke Ja6onen; 6oJie3Hh

OKa3aJiaCb CMepTeJibHOH 11

1 aBrycTa OH

YMep; Meq 11 KOpOHy, KOTOpbie OH .LlO

CI1X nop 11MeJI np11 ce6e, OH OTOCJiaJI CbiHY BMeCTe C 3pKeH6aJib,llOM, BepHeHIIII1M CBOI1M KaMepapl1eM, 11 oypxap,llOM618, eni1CKOTIOM MIOHCTepCKHM,
KOToporo Tor.ua .uep)KaJI B TIJieHy; 11 nopyqHJI eMy .uaposaTb sceM npomeHI1e
11 TIOMHJIOBaTh TeX, KTO OCTaBaJICSI C HI1M B ero TSifOTax; OH npOCHJI TaK)Ke
noxopoHI1Th ero B lllneM:epe, pH.UOM co CBOI1MI1 po.U11TeJIHMI1.

KopoJih

TyT )Ke npi13BaJI K ce6e KHH3eH KOpOJieBCTBa 11 npOCI1JI y HI1X COBeTa, qTo
eMy CJie,llyeT npe.unpi1HSITb OTHOCI1TeJibHO TIOXOpOH OTUa. Be.Ub TOT C qecTblO, KaK To 11 no.uo6ano KopoJilO, ecn11 6bi oH JaCJIY)KHJI 3TO nepe.u fioroM,
6biJI norpe6eH eni1CKOTIOM, KOTOpb!H BCer.ua OCTaBaJICSI eMy BepeH BO BCeM,
B J]be)Ke, y CB. JlaM6epTa. Tor.ua KHSI3b.H KOpOJieBCTBa .LlaJII1 eMy COBeT, qTo6bi
OH npi1Ka3aJI Bblpb!Tb TeJIO, .ua6bi He HaBJieqb Ha ce6H TOT )Ke np11fOBOp, qTO
11 ero OTeU, eCJII1 OH ycTp011T eMy KaKOe-JII160 norpe6eHI1e, 11 TIOMeCTI1Tb ero
B HeOCBHIUeHHOM xpaMe; a TaK)Ke OTnpaBI1Tb TIOCJIOB B P11M 11, eCJII1 y,llaCTCH,
.U0611TbCSI y nanbl CHHTI1SI C Hero anOCTOJibCKOfO OTJiyqeHI1SI. TaK 11 6biJIO C,lleJiaHO, KaK Mhi cKa3aJII1 Bhiiiie; TeJio noMecTHJII1 Ha HeKoeM OCTPOBe Maaca,
11 He COBeplllaJIOCb HaLl HI1M 6oJiee HI1KaKOfO 60fOCJI~eH11H, pa3Be qTo HeKHH 11epycan11MCKI1H MOHax cnyqaM:Ho npi1IIIeJI TY.Ua 11, noKa TaM Haxo.uHJicH,
HeycTaHHO, .ueHb 11 Hoqh, nen Ha.u HI1M ncanMhi.

~ac! KaKoe o6pameH11e

CO CTOpOHbl CbiHa 11 KHH3eH KOpOJieBCTBa 3aCJIY)KHJia TaKa.H BbiCOKaSI oco6a!


Ho HI1KOf.Lla 6bl C HI1M He CJiyqHJIOCb Hl1qero TIO.U06HOfO np11 ero K0}{1{11He,
He 6y.Uh 3TO KapoM: DO)KbeH. flocJie 3TOfO KOpOJib peiiii1JI nepeBe3TI1 CBOero
OTUa B lllneM:ep 11 BeJieJI HeKOTOpbiM 113 ero .upy3eH, oco6eHHO, 3pKeH6aJib,lly,
KOTOpbiH Bcer.ua 6biJI C HI1M B TPY.LlHbiX o6CTOSITeJibCTBaX, OKa3aTb eMY 3TY
ycnyry. Kor.ua TeJio .uocTaBHJII1 TY.Ua

3 ceHTH6pH,

oHo, cornacHo noxopoHHO-

MY o6p.H.Lly, 6biJIO C qecTblO BCTpeqeHO .uyxoBeHCTBOM 11 HapO,llOM 11 OTHeCeHO


615

29 1110HH II 06 r.

616

BI1Jl11MO, HMeJOTCH s BI1JlY HaeMHHKH. BbipiDKeHHe <reJibJJSHbi scTpe'laeTcH TOJibKO

617

J.llecb.
T. e. feHpliX Mna.numi1.

618

Eypxap.n <t>oH XoJibTe

(YM. 1118 r. 19 MapTa)


279

enHcKon MJOHCTepa s

1097-1118 rr.

AHHanbl

B 6a3HJIMKY CB. MapiHf, KOTOpyJO [MMnepaTOp) nocTpOMJI C BeJIJiliaHlllMM


cTapaHMeM; no :non npMqMHe enMcKon JanpeTMJI npoao.aMTh TaM KaKoe-JIM6o
60fOCJI}')KeHMe, noKa OHM He oqMCTHTCH OT 3TOfO ,lleHHMH; OH BeJieJI noMeCTMTb
TeJIO 3a npe,lleJiaMM MOHaCTblpH, B eme He OCBHIUeHHOH qacOBHe; M3-3a 3TOfO
B Hapo.ue nO,llHIDIOCb BOJIHeHMe M BeJIMKMH nJiaq, M60 (feHpMX) 60Jihllle BCero
JIJ06MJI 3TO MeCTO M ero )I(J.fTeJieH. flocJie 3TOfO Henorpe6eHHOe TeJIO .llOJifOe
apeMH qacTo noceiUaJIOCh TaM MeCTHhiMM )I(J.fTeJIHMM.

J]be)I(CKMH enMcKon

BMeCTe C .llPYfMMM BOCCTaBllJMMM npOTMB KOpOJIH, yBH,lleB, qTO OHM OKa3aJIMCb


6porneHbl M3-3a CMepTM MMnepaTopa, npM6hiJIM B AxeH, qT06hi C,llaTbCH, 3a
MCKJIJOqeHMeM repu:ora feHpMxa, KOTOpbiM npo,llOJI)I(aJI MHTe)l(. CoaeplllMB 3TO,
KOPOJih a aeJIMKOM meae aepHyJicH K KeJihHY M aeJieJI co6MpaTh aoncKa no
aceM npMJieraJOIUMM K Pei1Hy ropo.uaM, qTo6hi OHM npMlliJIM eMy Ha noMOIUh
no BO,lle M OH MOf OTOMCTMTh KeJibHU:aM.

KeJibHU:hi, YCJihilllaB 06 3TOM,

6biJIM KpaMHe nOpa)l(eHbl M HanyraHbl 3TOH (BeCTbJO); OKp}')KeHHbie CO BCeX


CTOpOH BparaMM M He MMeH HMKaKOH Ha,lle)l(,llbl, OHM o6eiUaJIM ,llaTb KOpOJIIO

6000 TaJiaHTOB cepe6pOM. A KOpOJih,

CKOp6H 0 TOM, qTO MHOrHe norM6JIM BO

BpeMH OCa,llhl, ,llOJiroe BpeMH OTKa3biBaJICH, HO, B KOHU:e KOHU:OB, no BHYllJeHMIO


oo)l(beMy comacMJicH; TaK aoncKo 6biJIO pacnymeHo, M Ka)l(,llhiH c pa.uocThiO
BepHyJICH ,llOMOH.

I4 MH.ll., II 07

r. KopoJih feHpMx BhillleJI HaacTpeqy nane a PereHc6ypr, Ho

nana He npMllleJI M OH OTnpa3,llHOBaJI TaM Po)l(,lleCTBO rocno.uHe. nacxy619


)l(e oH npa3.UHOBaJI a Mai1Hu:e M }')lee orry.ua oTnpaBMJICH HaBcTpeqy nane Ha
rpaHMU:Y JloTapMHfMM M <l>paHU:MM; OHM TPM .UHH o6MeHMBaJIMCh nocoJihCTBaMM, HO, TaK M He pernMB ,lleJia, pa,llM KOTOporo npM6biJIM, pa3beXaJIMCb.
Ha TpoMu:y620 KOPOJih 6biJI a Meu:e. flpH.llH orry.ua a CaKCOHMIO, OH 3acTaJI
TaM M3fHaHHOf0 M3 OTeqecTBa qellJCKOfO KHH3H M BeJieJI rpa<t>y 8MK6epTy
BOCCTaHOBMTb ero Ha npeCTOJie. 8 Te ,llHM, KOf,lla KOpOJib 6biJI B focJiape, Ha,ll
HMM BO BpeMH CHa nporpeMeJI OfJIYlllMTeJihHhiH rpOM M, pa36Y.llMB ero cpe,llM
HOqM, CTpalliHO nepenyraJI, a nocJie,llOBaBlllaH 3a HMM MOJIHMH pacnJiaBMJia
Ha6aJI.uarnHMK IUMTa, cToHarnero y ero roJIOBhi, M qacTh Meqa, Jie)l(aarnero
B03Jle ero TeJia, XOTH CaM OH OCTaJICH HeBpe,llMM. 3aTeM, OKOJIO npa3,llHMKa BCeX
CBHThix621 OH OTnpaBMJICH C BOHCKOM BO <I>JiaH,llpMIO M, 3aKJIJOqMB ,llOfOBOp
c rpa<t>oM 3TOH npoBMHU:MM Po6epToM622, npM6hiJI aAxeH, r.ue

I5

MH.ll.,

Il08

r.

npa3.UHOBaJI Po)l(.lleCTBO rocno.uHe. KopoJih BeHrpMM623 HaqaJI 3JIOYMhilliJIHTh


npoTMB KOPOJIH. Kor.ua o6 3TOM ycJihilllaJI KopoJih, TO co6paJI BOHCKO M OKOJio

619
620
621
622
623

14 anpem1 1107 r.
2 1110WI 1107 r.
1 HOR6pR 1107 r.
Po6epT II (yM. 1111 r. 5 <>KT.)- ChiH Po6epTa I H fepTpy.Uhi EiHnnyHrcKow, rpa>
Cl>naH.upHH s 1093-1111 rr.
KanbMaH KHIDKHHK - Koponh BeHrpHH s 1095-1106 rr.
280

npa3,llHHKa CB. MHXaHJia noweJI Ha Hero BOHHOit 8 3TOM xe ro.uy KOpOJib


OT.llaJI no.u cTpaxy nct>anLurpact>a 3Hrcl>pH.lla.
I HH.ll., I109 r. Po)K.lleCTBO focno.uue KopoJib feHpHx npa3.llHOBaJI B Maifuue, a noCJie TpoHUbi624 nomen soifuoif ua Kopomi nonLwH625 H qpe3Mepuo
ero CTeCHHJI. B 3TOM xe ro.uy OH o6pyqHJICH c .uoqepblO KopoJIH AHmHH626.
YMep apxHenHcKon PyTap.u.

4acTb mnaR
83SlTaS1 ~3 naAep6opHCK~X aHHanOB

I077 r. BoJo6HOBHJiacb pacnpH Me)K.lly nanoif H KoponeM feHpHXOM HJ-Ja


uenocnywaHHH KopoJIH.
1082 r. (fepMaH npHCBOHJI KOpOJieBCKHe nOJIHOMOlJHH) H 6biJI nOCTaBJieH
3HrcPPH.llOM MaifHUCKHM.
I 083 r. l13ruau nana fHJIL.lle6paH,ll.
I086 r. CaKCbi BMecTe co wBa6aMH oca.uHJIH 810pu6ypr; .llJIH ero ocso6o)K.lleHHH C 60JibWHM BOHCKOM npHWeJI HMnepaTOp. Ho CaKCbl, o6paTHB
KopoJIH B 6ercTBO, B3HJIH ropo.u.
I087 r. llpH6biTHe B liapH cs. HHKOJiaH.
I089 r. MapKrpacl> 3K6epT oca.uHJI Xwlb.llecxaifM, r.ue nocne .uonroif oca.ubl
JaxsaTHJI s nneu enHcKona Y.uo.
109I f. EnHCKOn 3pno H rpacl> liO.llO BMeCTe CO MHOrHMH (.upyrHMH) OTnpaBHJIHCb B MepycaJIHM.
I093 r. BH.llHO 6b1Jlo, KaK orHeHHaH JBeJ.ua nponerena no sceMY ue6y c 10ra
ua cesep. 28 HlOJIH no.u seqep [6Lmo] [conuequoe JaTMeHHe].
I096 r. [HecMeTHbie TOJinbi JIJO.Ueif], nolfTH I2 000 qenoseK, so mase
C HeKHM MOHaXOM no HMeHH lleTp627 (oTnpaBHJIHCb B MepycaJIHM).
I097 r. [ MMnepaTOp] B03BpaTHJICH [H3 MTaJIHH], r.ue uaxo,llHJICH yxe ceMb JieT.
8 3TOM ro.uy [KHH3bH] seeif [ Esponbi] c ... [ompaBHJIHCb B CBHTYJO 3eMJIJO].
I098 r. Kor.ua no B3HTHH ropo.ua HHKeH ooifcKo xpHCTHaH, s KOTopoM 6b1Jlo
6onee 300 000 ooopyxeHHbiX JilO.lleH, ywno orry.ua, lior npe.uocTaBHJI HM see
He06XO,llHMOe .llml XH3HH CTaKOH IUe,llpOCTblO, liTO 3a 6apaHa nJiaTHJIH I MOHeTY, a 3a 6biKa - e,llBa I2. TaKHM o6pa30M OHH npHWJIH .llml OCa,llbl AHTHOXHH.
Ee OCa)K,llaJIH ,lleBHTb MeCHUeB H OHa 6biJia, (HaKOHeU,) B3HTa (li03MYH.llOM]628
13 HIOH$1 1109 r.
Ha 6onecnasa III KpusoycToro- KOPOJIH OoJiblllH B 1102-1138 rr.
626 C MaTHJib.Uot;t (p. 1102 r. yM. 1167 r. 10 ceHT.), .uoqepbJO feHpuxa I, KOPOJIH AHmuu.
Csa.ub6a COCTOHJiaCb 7 HHBapH 1114 r. (CM. HIDKe).
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628 6o3MYH.ll TapeHTCKHH (yM. II II r.)- cTaplllHH CbiH Po6ePTa fsucKapa OT ero 1-H
)J(eHbi Anb6epa.ubi. O.uuH HJ JIH.llepos 1-ro KpecTOsoro noxo.ua. 8 1098 r. JaxBaTHJI
624
625

281

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H .llPYfHMH ero copaTHHKaMH629. Ho llepe3 KaKoe-TO ape WI OHH caMH 6biJIH


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HaCTOJibKO, liTO MHOfHe H3 3THX KpeCTOHOCUeB eJIH KOHeH H OCJIOB, e.uaa
B03,llep)I(HBaSICb OT lleJIOBelleCKOfO MSICa, OHH B033BaJIH K focno.uy, .ua6bi He
npe.uan On xpHCTHaH a pyKH SI3biliHHKOB ...

1099 r.

Hacne.uoaan nacxanuif630. [Kor.ua repuor foTQ>pH.ll pyKoBO.llHJI

BOHCKOM) H B ... OHH y6HJIH TbiCSiliY MaBpOB H 3axBaTHJIH COKpOBHIUa uapSI


BaBHJIOHHH. CbiH HMnepaTOpa fenpux 6biJI aoJae.uen a Axene a Koponu63I,
nocJie TOfO KaK KOpOJib Konpa.u632 pacnOJIO)I(HJICSI B 11TaJIHH H BCTynHJI B croBOp c aparaMH caoero oTua.

1100 r.

[fepuor foTQ>pH.ll yMep] H Jie)I(HT, norpe6eHHbiH neno.uaneKy oT

CBSITOfO fpo6a; (BMeCTO Hero 6biJI nocTaB.JieH ero 6paT) DaJI.llYHH633,

1104 r.

.. . no o6meMy coaeTy o6emanu Kopomo aepnocTh H cJiy)l{6y,

H npHrJiaiiiaJIH ero npHHTH K HHM Ha 6JIH)I(aHIIIyK> llacxy.

1105 r. KopOJib npHIIIeJI B Xanb6epiiiTa,llT H BOCCTaHOBHJI KaHOHHKOB, KOTOpbiX He3aKOHHO H3fHaJI enHCKOn <l>pH,llpHX634, B HX,llOJDKHOCTSIX H B.Jia,lleHHSIX;
C npOliHX KaHOHHKOB 6biJIO CHSITO OTJiylleHHe, (KOTOpOMY OHH OO,llBeprJIHCb)
H3-3a TOro, liTO )I(HJIH B COrJiaCHH C OTJiyqeHHbiM enHCKOOOM KOpOJISI feHpHXa.
Orry.ua KopoJih npHIIIeJI a XHJib,llecxaH:M. Kor.ua on npu6JIH3HJICSI K ropo.uy,
enHcKon Y.uo BMecTe c neMHOrHMH y.uanHJicSI. C KaHOHHKOB 6hiJIO CHSITO oTnyqenue; PYKOnonoxeHHbie, paano KaK H TOT, KTO ux pyKonoJIO)I(HJI, 6biJIH
OTCTPaHeHbi oT [caoux] ,llOJI)I(HocreH:. Bnocne.ucTBHH xe enucKon, npH3BaHHbiH
Ha3a,ll no COBery KaHOHHKOB, BepHyJICSI H, OCB060,llHBIIIHCb OT OTJiyqeHHSI,
o6pen MHJIOCTb KopoJISI. B 3TOM xe ro.uy a Hop.uxayJeHe cocTOSIJIOCb co6panue
KHSI3eH BO rJiaBe C MOJIO,llbiM KOpOJieM; PyTap,ll, apxuenHCKOU MaHHUCKHH,
H fe6xap.u, enHcKon KoncTaHUCKHH, neraTbi anocTOJibCKoro npecTona, nocne
npOliTeHHSI MHOfHX rJiaB, nOCTaHOBHJIH, liTO BHHOBHbie B CHMOHHH ,llOJIXHbl
6biTb Bbl,llBOpeHbl H3 CBSITOH uepKBH. llOCT <(lleTbipex BpeMeH.

1106 r.

11MnepaTop feHpHX, HaXO,llSICb B Jlbexe, BH,lleJI ,llOCTOHHbiH yno-

MHHaHHSI COH. TaK, eMy npHBH,lleJIOCb, 6y,llTO OH fYJISieT no Ca,lly, JacaxeHHOMY


BbiCOKHMH ,llepeBbSIMH; O,llHO H3 HHX, Ka3aBIIIeeCSI Bbiiiie npOliHX, na,llaSI Ha
JeMJIIO, npu.uaaHJio .upyroe .uepeao H noaanuno Ha JeMJIIO BMecTe c co6oH:.

629
630
631
632
633
634

AliTHOXHIO H OCHOBa.JI AliTHOXHi.fcKoe KHIDKeCTBO, KOTopoe npocymeCTBOBa.JIO 170 JJeT.


Bpar BuJaHTHH.
KpecTOHOCUbl BJRJJH AHTHOXHIO 3 HIOHR 1098 r. CapaUHHbl oca)l{,llaJJH ee c 8 no
28 HIOHR 1098 r.
nacxanuii II (PaHbepo JlH libe.lla) - pHMCKHii nana c 13 asr. 1099 r. no 21 RHB. 1118 r.
feHpux V6bUI uJ6paH KopOJJeM 10 MaR 1098 r. Ha MaiiHUCKoM peiixcTare u KOpoHosaH
6 RHBapR 1099 r. B AxeHe.
CM. Bbiiiie, npuM. 564.
CM. Bbiiiie, npuM. 577.
Cl>pH.llpHx - enucKon Xanb6epiiiT3.llTa B 1090-1105 rr. CTOpOHHHK feHpuxa IV.

282

A 3aTeM nocTeneHHO yna.JIH H ocTa.JihHhie .uepeBhH. Bee 3TO B nocne.uyiOIUeM


nO.UTBep.UHJI HCXO.U C06hiTHH. Be.Uh HMnepaTOp BCKOpe nOCJie 3TOfO npo6oJieJI
BOCeMb .UHeH, aHa .UeBHThiH .UeHb yMep H 6biJI norpe6eH B uepKBH CB. JlaM6epTa nepe.u a.JITapeM CB. MapHH. qepe3 nHTh .UHeH nocne Hero B Axe He YMep
rpa<f> )lHTpHx Q>oH 3M6HKe635. YMep TaiOKe MarHyc, repuor CaKCOHHH,
H repuorcTBo 6hiJIO nepe.uaHo JlHYTrepy636 Q>oH CyrrnJIHH6ypry.
II 07 r. nan a no npHroBopy co6opa B Tpya OTCTpaHHJI OT .uomKHOCTH
Pyrap.ua, enHcKona MaHHUCKoro, noToMy qTo OH 6e3 uepKOBHoro comacHH
BoccTaHOBHJI B .uomKHOCTH Y.uo XHJih.uecxaHMCKoro, a TaiOKe BonpeKH KaHoHHqecKOMY npaBy nocTaBHJI BO maBe Xa.Jih6eplliTa,UTCKOH uepKBH Pei1Hxap.ua637. TaKOH )l(e npHroBop 6hm BhiHeceH H Ha.u fe6xap.uoM KoHcTaHUCKHM,
nOCKOJihKY OH 6hiJI COrJiaCeH C TeMH, KTO HaBH3a.JI MHH,UeHCKOH uepKBH
B KaqecTBe enHcKona foTllla.JIKa638 H nocTaBHJI feHpHxa639 Mar.ue6yprcKoro.
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npe.UnHCaHHIO KaHOHOB TeX npeJiaTOB, KOTOpbie K~CH HM .UOCTOHHhiMH.
II 09 r. ConHeqHoe JaTMeHHe npoH30IIIJIO 31 MaH. MHome nom6JIH OT
MOJIHHH.
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o6emaeT npHHHTh ero CO BCeH OTUOBCKOH JII060Bhl0, CO BCeH KpOTOCThiO,
eCJIH TOT npe.UCTaHeT nepe.U CBHTbiM pHMCKHM npeCTOJIOM KaK KaTOJIHqecKHH
KOpOJih, KaK CbiH H 3aiUHTHHK UepKBH, KaK JII06HTeJib cnpaBellJIHBOCTH.
2 HH,U., 1110 r. 7 MapTa B JlaTepaHCKOH uepKBH COCTOHJICH CJiaBHhiH co6op
no.u npe.uce.uaTeJihCTBOM rocno.uHHa nanhi nacxa.JIHH. Ha3BaHHhie nocJihi npH635
636

637
638
639
640
641
642

643

Pe% H.lleT o Lbnp11xe III cpoH KaTneH6ypre. CM. q. 4, np11M. 101.


JlOTaph III (J111yrrep) cpoH Cynnn11H6ypr (p. 1075 r. YM 1137 r. 4neK.)- ChiH rpacpa
fe6xapna (yM. 1075 r. 9 1110H51) 11 fens11m cpoH <l>opM6ax. fepuor CaKCOHI111 s 11061137 rr. Koponh fepMaHI111 B 1125-1137 rr. 11Mnepamp c 4 Ma51 1133 r.
Pei1Hxapn cpoH EnaHKeH6ypr (yM. 1123 r. 2 MapTa)- en11cKon Xanb6epuiTallTa
B 1106-1123 rr.
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feHpl1x I cpoH Accenh (yM. 1107 r.) - apx11en11cKon Marne6ypra B 1105-1107 rr.
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EpyHo cpoH JlaycpcpeH (yM. 1124 r. 25 anp.)- apmen11cKon Tp11pa s 1102-1124 rr.
Mnanllli1H ChiH rpacpa ApHOJlhlla cpoH JlaycpcpeH.
Allanh6epT I cpoH Caap6p!OKKeH (yM. 1137 r. 23 1110H51)- KaHunep; apx11en11cKon
MaHHUa B 1109-1137 rr. BHaqane 6h1Jl CTOpOHHI1KOM feHpi1Xa V. 3aTeM llOCCOpi1JlC51
c HI1M 11 3 rona npe6biBan B JaKJIJOqeHI111. CTan 3JleHlll11M sparoM 11MnepaTopa.
fepMaH I cpoH B11HUeH6ypr (yM. 1122 r.)- rpacp PeiiHxayJeHa, Panenb6epra, cporr
<l>opM6axa.
283

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lliJIH K KOpOJIJO B JJbe)l( H eoo6IUHJIH OTBeT llallbl. TaM KOpOJib rrpHHHJI (eBOIO)
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o6bi'IaiO, Ha,lleJIHJI ee rrpH,llaHbiM B YTPeXTe. B YTpexTe )l(e BeeMH 3alla,llHbiMH
KH.SI3bHMH 6hiJI o.uo6peH rroxo.u B I1Ta.rrHJO. 0KoJio

2 HJOH.SI, HO'IbiO, noHBHJiaeb

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.llJIHHHhie nyqH.

6 MaH

npoH30lliJIO JIYHHOe 3aTMeHHe. CJiaBHHe Harra.uaiOT Ha

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3 HH,ll., 1111 f. Po)l(.lleeTBO foeiTO,llHe KOpOJib npa3.UHyeT BO <l>JiopeHUHH.


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Ha .upyroi1: 6eper TH6pa. B 3TY HO'Ib BeH JlaTepaHeKaH qaeTb ropo.ua eOTpHea.rraeb oT 6oesoro rpoxoTa. Kor.ua )l(e HaeTa.rro YTPO, JiaTepaHUbi, no.uHHB
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KaeaeTeH MHpa H eorJiaeH.SI. CaM KOpOJib, eMHpeHHO naB K ero HOfaM, npoeHT

644
645
646

MaTHJih)ly. CM. Bhillle, npHM.


10 anpem1 1110 r.
15 asrycTa 1110 r.

626.

284

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nonyqHB TaKHM o6pa30M pa3perneHHe C qecThiO BepHYThC.sJ B PHM. 11 BOT OH
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eCTb 13 anpeJI.sJ, B uepKBH 6Jia)l(eHHOfO lleTPa OH nOCB.sJIUaeT KOpOJI.sJ B HMnepaTOpbi. Kor.ua Mecca 6hma oTcn~eHa, H .ueno .UOlliJIO .uo npHqacTH.sJ, nana
B HaCTYUHBllieH THlliHHe o6paTHJIC.sJ K KOpOJIIO C TaKHMH CJIOBaMH: <(llyCTb
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XOpOHHT B Illnei.fepe CBOero OTUa.
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647
648
649

650

651
652
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21 MaR1111 r.
15 asrycTa 1111 r.
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285

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06CTOHTeJibCTBO JlOCTaBHJIO HMnepaTopy HeMaJiyiO pa)lOCTb. llacxy656
HMnepaTop npa3JlHyeT B BopMce. Ty.lla 6biJI .llOCTaBJieH enHcKon Ma:HHUCKH:H; OH B03BpaTHJI HMnepaTOpy TpHQleJibc657 H BHOBh 6biJI noMellleH
no)l CTpa)l(y. llocJie llaCXH HMnepaTOp B03BpamaeTCH B fOCJiap. EnHCKOn
Pe:HHxap.ll 6JiafO)lapH 3aCTYnHH'IeCTBY KHH3eH o6peJI MHJIOCTh HMnepaTopa.
XopH6ypr 6hm co)l()l(eH.
1114 r. Po)I(JleCTBO focno)lHe HMnepaTop npa3JlHyeT B fiaM6epre. Ha cJieJlYIOlliHH )leHh nocJie fioroHBJieHHH658, co6pas KHH3e:H co scero KopoJieBCTBa,
oH cnpaBJIHeT cBa)lh6y c JlO':IepbiO KopoJIH AHmHH c TaKHM 6JiecKOM, KaKoro
HHKTO 113 KOpOJieH JlO Hero He BhiKa3biBa.Jl C )laBHHX nop. TaM JliOJlBHf, KOTOpbiH noJiafa.JI, 'ITO nOJih3yeTCH MHJIOCTbiO HMnepaTopa, 6hiJI CXBa':leH no ero
npHKa3y H noMellleH no)l CTpa)l(y. 3TO 06CTOHTeJihCTBO HaCTpOHJIO npOTHB
KopoJIH MHOrHx KHH3e:H. YMep Y.llo, enHcKon XHJih)lecxa:HMa.
1115 r. Po)I(JleCTBO focno)lHe HMnepaTOp npa3JlHyeT B foc11ape. OH npHKa3hiBaeT repuory JlHyrrepy, enHcKony Xa.Jib6epiUTa.llTCKOMy, nQla.JihUrpa<Py
<l>pHJlpHxy659 H MapKrpa$y Py.llOJihQlY, lJTOfihi OHH npHCYfCTBOBa.JIH y Hero
npH .llBope. Te He npHXO.llHT, " pacnoJiaraiOTCH TeM speMeHeM B KpenocTH
Ba.Jih6eK660. 11MnepaTOp JaxsaThiBaeT fipayHIUBe:Hr, onycTOIUaeT Xa.Jib6eplllTa)lT. 0pJiaMIOHJle661 B3HT B OCa)ly ero .llPY3hHMH. fepuor JlHyrrep H Ha3BaHHbie KHH3hH, nocJie TOfO KaK K HHM npHCOe)lHHHJIHCb <l>pHJlpHX662,
rpa<P BecTQla.JIHH, ero 6paT feHpHx, feHpHx QlOH J1HM6ypr " fepMaH QlOH
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662

XopH6ypr- ropon Ha p. Hnb3e K cesepo-3anany oT OcTepBHKa.


JlK>.UBHr II OpblfYH (yM. 1123 r.)- naHnrpa<f> TK>pHHrHH.
6 anpem1 1113 r.
TpH<f>enbC- 3aMoK 6nH3 r. AtmseH.rrep B 3eMne PeiiHnaHn-O<f>anbu.
7 .HHBap.H 1114 r.
Cl>pH.UPHX IV (yM. 1125 r. 26 Ma.H) - n<f>anburpa<f> CaKCOHHH. CbiH n<f>anburpa<f>a
<l>pHJlpHxa III <t>oH f03eK.
Banb6eK- ropon K 3anany OT XerrunenTa. He nyTaTb c Banb6eKoM, pacnono.>KeHHbiM
cesepHee XenMIIITenTa.
OpnaMK>HJle - ropon Ha p. 3aane Me.>KJly PynonbiiiTaJlTOM " MeHoii.
<l>pHnpHx I (yM. 1124 r.)- rpa<f> Bepna "ApHc6epra B 1092-1124 rr.; feHpHx I
(yM. 1115 r. 11 <f>esp., naB B Ha3BaHHOH 6HTBe)- ero 6paT, rpa<f> <f>oH PHT6epr. 06a
6bUIH CbiHOBb.HMH rpa<f>a KoHpana II <f>oH Bepn H MaTHnb.Ubi <f>oH HopTXeiiM.

286

KaJibBeHnare663, HanpaBJIHIOTCH npoTMB HMX. 11MnepaTop )l(e BhiCTynaeT


MM HaBcTpeqy B MecTe, qTo JOBeTCH BenL<t>ecxoJibU664; TaM

II

<t>espaJIH OHM

BCTynaiOT C HMM B O)l(eCToqeHHOe cpa)l(eHMe M o.uep)I(MBaiOT OOJIHyiO no6e.uy.


Ha po)I(,UeCTBO cs. MapMM665 ,llMTpMx, Kap.UMHaJI-npecBMTep CBHTOH PMMCKOH
uepKBM, npM6biJI B focJiap BMeCTe C MHOfOqMcJieHHOH TOJIOOH CaKCOHCKMX
KHH3eH M 06Cy.UMJI HeKOTOpbie noJie3Hbie Mepbl OTHOCMTeJibHO uepKOBHbiX
.UeJI. Oo nporueCTBMM HeCKOJibKMX .UHeH, nepe.u npa3.UHMKOM BCeX CBHTbiX666,
OHM )l(e C06paJIMCb BO <J>pMUJiape, qT06hi npoBeCTM neperoBOpbl OTHOCMTeJibHO
Mep, KOTOpbie KacaiOTCH qecTM M BhifO.Uhi rocy.uapcTBa. OpMMepHo B 3TO )l(e
speMH MMnepaTop npM6biJI B Mai1HU, KaK s.upyr HaceneHMe 3Toro ropo.ua,
KaK 3HaTHbie JIIO.UM, TaK M MMHMCTepMaJibi, npMXO,UHT K HeMy, YMOJIHIOT M o6eIUaiOT CJI~MTb eMy Bepoi1: M npaB.UOH, TOJibKO 6bi OH BepHyJI MM enMCKOna,
KOToporo ~e TPM ro.ua .uep)I(MT B nneHy. HaKoHeu, c.uaswMcb Ha MX npocb6hi,
a TOf.Ua TaK)I(e qYTb JIM He CMJIOH BbiHy)I(,UeHHbiH K 3TOMY M3-3a KpMTMqecKOfO
MOMeHTa, OH BepHyJI MM enMCKOna.

III6 r.

Kap.uMHaJI ,llMTpMx yMep M norpe6eH s KenhHe B npMCYTCTBMM

I4 enMcKonoB,

a TaK)I(e repuora JlMYTrepa M MHOrMx .upyrMx KHH3ei1. Ha

po)I(,UeCTBo cs. CTe$aHa667 M36paHHhiH enMcKon Mai1Hua 6hm pyKonoJIO)I(eH


Orro, .uocTonoqTeHHhiM enMcKonoM fiaM6epra. CnyqMJiacb CMJihHaH Henoro.ua.
0KoJio Po)I(,UeCTBa focno.uHero, Kor.ua [ Ha He6e] pKo CMHJia JIYHa, Ha Jana.ue
OOHBMJiaCb eme O.UHa (JiyHa). OocJie TOfO KaK OHa .UOJifO 6MJiaCb C HaCTOHIUeH
JiyHOH, M o6e M306pa)l(aJIM TO HaCTyTIJieHMe, TO 6erCTBO, OHM, HaKOHeU, 6biJIH
3aKpbiTbl TeMHei1:ruei1: Tyqei1:; KOf.Ua Ta OTCTynHJia, (Ha He6e) OOHTb CMHJia
TOJibKO O.UHa, HaCTOHIUaSI JiyHa. 0o.uo6HhiH KOH$JIHKT Ha6JIIO.UaJICH TaK)I(e
H B OTHOWeHHH 3Be3.U.

III7 r.

8-H:

.ueHb nocne npa3.UHHKa CBHToro esaHreJIHCTa 11oaHHa668

3eMJIH Ha WHpOKOM npOCTPaHCTBe COTPHCaJiaCb OT CTPaWHOfO H .UO CMX nop


HeCJihiXaHHoro JeMJieTPHCeHHH. Oco6eHHO )l(e B 11TaJIHH 3Ta rpoJHaH onacHOCTh
HeHCTOBCTBOBaJia HenpepbiBHO Ha npOTH)I(eHHH MHOfHX .UHeH, TaK qTO H3-3a
COTPHCeHHH H o6pyrneHHH rop Ha HeCKOJibKO .UHeH 6hiJIO nepeKpbiTO TeqeHMe
peKM 3.uHcCbi669. nom6na BepoHa, 3HaTHei1:wHi1 ropo.u 11TaJIHH, nocne Toro
KaK o6pyrnMJIHCh 3.llaHHH " MHome JIIO.UH 6biJIH Ja,UaBJieHbi HMH. ToqHo TaK )l(e
HeMaJIO TbiCSiq JIIO.Uei1: nom6JIO B napMe, BeHeUHH " .upymx ropo.uax, 3aMKax,

663
664
665
666
667
668
669

fepMaH II cpoH KaJibBeHnare (yM. 1134 r.)- CbiH fepMaHa I 11 3TeJJ11H.llbi, .n:oqep11
Orro II cpoH HopTxeiiMa.
BenbcpecxoJJbU- ropo.n: Me)J(,lly Xerrune.n:ToM 11 fep6une.n:ToM.
8 CeHTS16pSI 1115 r.
B oKTSI6pe 1115 r.
26 .n:eKa6pSI 1115 r. OTTo I (yM. 1139 r. 30 11IOHSI) - en11cKon 6aM6epra B 11021139 rr.
4 SIHBapSI 1117 r.
3.n:l1cca- cosp. peKa 3q.
287

AHHanbl

KpenocTSIX. PeKa YHIIITpyr, qbe pycno pa:mep31Iocb a my6MHe, 6bma ueJIHKOM


nornomeHa JeMJieTpSiceHMeM. Kor.ua )l(e 3Ta 6eJ.aHa BHOBh HanoJIHHJiacb, xoTb
H qepe3 60JiblliOH npOMe)I(YfOK BpeMeHH, (peKa) llOTeKJia 06biqHbiM XO,llOM.
Kopaei1cKMi1 a66aT 3pKeH6ep-r670 " oqeHb MHome H3 CaKCOHHH oTnpaBHJIHCh
a HepycaJIHM. 3a HeCKOJihKO .aHeM: .uo Po)l(,lleCTBa focno.UHSI He6o nocne Jaxo.ua
COJIHUa IIIHpOKO 3aCHSIJIO OfHeHHbiM CBeTOM, a BCKOpe llOCJie 3TOfO CJIOBHO Jiyq
COJIHUa SlpKO CBepKHYJI. JlYHa TaK)I(e SIBHJia Y.llMBHTeJibHOe 3HaMeHHe TeM, KTO
ero Ha6mo.uan.
1118 r. focno.aHH nana nacxanMH: cqacTJIHBO oToiiieJI K focno.uy. Ero
npeeMHMKOM 6biJI M36paH HoaHH, paHee ero KaHunep, KOTOpbiH 6biJI
HaJBaH fenacMeM67I. 11MnepaTop )l(e M36pan .upyroro [nany], a HMeHHO
enMcKona fipaKapcKoro, KOToporo HaJBaJIM fpHropHeM672. Kor.ua 3To
npoHJOIIIJIO, HoaHH, H36paHHhii1 nana, y.uaJIHJICSI B fieHeBeHT, a HMnepaTopa BMeCTe C ero M,llOJIOM, - Be,llb 3THM HMeHeM Ha3biBaJIH TOfO,
KOfO OH llOCTaBHJI, - H BCeMH, KTO coqyBCTBOBaJI ero napTHH, OTJiyqHJI
oT uepKBH. PhiUapH apxMenHcKona Mai1HUCKoro " rpact> fepMaH pa3pyIIIaiOT M C)I(HraiOT JaMoK repuora <l>pH.apMxa673 B OnneHreH:Me, " MHome
nom6JIM a orHe. fian.uyMH, KopoJib HepycaJIHMa, nocne MHomx TPY.llOB
pa,llM XpMCTHaHCKOH peJIHfMM yMep M 6biJI norpe6eH B03Jie CBOefO 6paTa
foTcPPH.lla. Ha ero MecTo )I(HTeJIH HepycanHMa nocTaBHJIH .upyroro fian.llYHHa674, nJieMSIHHHKa nepaoro.
1119 r. focno.aMH nana fenacHH:, co6HpaSICh npoaecTH BO <l>paHUHH
co6op, yMep B KJIIOHM " 6hm TaM norpe6eH. EMy Hacne.uoBan apxHenHcKon
BbeHHhi, 6naroqecTHBhiH M~ no HMeHH KanHKcT675. 11MnepaTop" KHSI3hSI KoponeBCTBa cbeXaJIHCh Ha npaJ.UHMK CBSIToro HoaHHa KpecTHTeml676
H npHIIIJIH K COfJiaCMIO npH YCJIOBMH, qTo BCSIKaSI npHqJiHa, KOTOpaSI .llO
CHX nop npHBO,llHJia uepKOBb B paCCTpOHCTBO M CJIY)I(HJia SI6JIOKOM pa3.llOpa Me)l(,lly HHMH, 6y.ueT OTJIO)I(eHa .llO JIHqHOfO npHCYfCTBHSI fOCllO.llHHa nanhi KaJIHKCTa. MHorHe H3 cMepTHhiX 6hiJIM Jarph13eHhi BOJIKaMH.
0Kono npa3.UHHKa ca. JlyKH677 nana KanMKCT npoBO.llHJI B PeH:Mce co6op,
B KOTopoM npHHHMaJIH yqacTMe A.uanb6epT, apxHenHcKon Mai1:HUCKHi1,

670
67I

672
673
674
675
676
677

3pKeH6epT <f>oH XoM6ypr- a66aT Kopse11 B 1106-1128 rr.


renacHH: II (ll)l(oBaHHH Ka3TaHH) - pHMCKHH nana c 24 HHB. 1118 r. no 28 HHB.
1119r.
fpHropHH: VIII (Mop11c 6ypneH ne 6para)- aHmnana c MapTa 1118 r. no 1121 r.
<l>PHJlPHX II 0nHorJJa3biH (yM. 1147 r.)- CbiH <l>pH.[lpHxa I. repuor Wsa6HH B 11051147 rr.
6annyHH II (yM. 1131 r.)- KOPOJ!b l1epyCaJJHMa B 1118-1131 rr. nneMHHHHK 6an.UYHHa I.
KanHKCT II (f11 113 6ypryHJlHH)- pHMCKHH nana co 2 <t>esp. 1119 r. no 13 neK. 1124 r.
24 HIOHH 1119 r.
18 OKT516p51 1119 r.

288

Xl.1flb,D,ecxaV!McKI.1e aHHaflbl

H 60JihlllHHCTBO enHCKOnOB fepMaHHH. 11MnepaTOp CO CBOHMH JIIOJlhMH


HaXOJlHJICSI Heno.naneKy, liT06hi yJHaTh o pernemmx co6opa; HO HHllero,
liTO KaCaJIOCh 6bi npHMHpeHI1SI, npi1HSITO He 6biJIO; 6oJiee TOfO, 11MnepaTOp
6hiJI npe.llaH aHaQ>eMe.

1120 r.

fepuor

J1 HyTrep,

n<f>anhurpa<f> <l>pl1.llPHX, Py.llOJih<f> H MHo me

Jlpyme npHMI1PSIJOTCSI c 11MnepaTOpoM B focJiape. CHJibHhiH roJIOJl. Mo.lli1H


p)J(H CTOI1T )lBa COJIHJla.

1121

r. fepuor Jl11YTrep, rpa<f> fepMaH Q>oH BHHUeH6ypr C MHOfOlii1CJieH-

HbiM H CHJihHhiM OTPSI.llOM HanpaBJISIIOTCSI K MIOHCTepy Pa.lll1 soccTaHoBJieHHSI


enHCKOna )li1Tpl1xa678. B XO)le BOCCTaHOBJieHI1SI OHI1 HeOCTOpmKHO CO)J(fJII1
npeBOCXOJlHO nOCTpOeHHbiH xpaM CBSITOfO llaBJia, a BMeCTe C HI1M 11 nOliTI1 BeCh
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Ha3BaHHhiH repuor yseJI B nne H. C.lleJiaB 3TO, OH npi1HSIJI C.llally YKPenJieHHoro
ropo)la )liOJibMeHa679. He3a)lOJiro .llO npa3JlHI1Ka cs. M11xaHJia680 11MnepaTop
H KHSI3bSI BCero KOpOJieBCTBa co6paJII1Cb B eni1CKOnCKOH CTOJII1Ue B10pu6ypre
11 npl1lllJII1 K comacHJO, ocTaBI1B Tpe6yJOmee perneHI1SI )leJio 11MnepaTopa Ha
CY.ll 11 perneHHe rocnO.lli1Ha nanhi.

1122 r.

Ha npa3JlHI1K Po)J(JleCTBa focno)lHero HesepoSITHott CHJihi yparaH

pa3pyrnHJI MHO)J(eCTBO 3)laHHH 11 BblpBaJI C KOpHSIMI1 MHOfO )lepeBbeB; 113-3a


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noKa3aTbCSI HesepoSITHhiM JII060MY 113 CMepTHhix; nocKOJihKY YTOHYJIO OlleHb
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yUeJieJI. 0KOJIO npa3)lHI1Ka CB. Map111168l B llinettepe COCTOSIJIOCb C06paHHe
KHSI3e:H. TaM enl1cKon 0cTHI1682, 6JiarolleCTHBhiH M~, JieraT CBSITott pi1MCKOH
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B Ha3HalleHH11 eni1CKOnOB, a66aTOB 11 a66aTI1C, nocJie TOfO KaK COCTOI1TCSI
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Ha3HalleHHH HX Ha )lOJI)J(HOCTb B03HI1KHeT, KaK TO llaCTO CJiyqaeTCSI, pacnpSI,
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JIIOJleH.

1123 r. A.llaJib6epoH683,

KaHOHI1lleCKH 1136paHHhiH apXI1eni1CKOn opeMeH-

CKHH, oTnpaBJISieTcSI B PHM, liT06bi noTpe6osaTh o6paTHO naJIJI11H. TaM OH


678
679
680
681
682
683

JhnpHx II <t>oH UJOT<t>eH (yM. 1127 r. 28 <t>esp.)- enHcKon M!OHCTepa s 11181127rr.


.[lJOJJbMeH - ropoll K 10ro-3anaay oT M!OHCTepa.
B ceHTSI6pe 1121 r.
8 ceHTSI6pSI 1122 r. OllHaKo cewM cocToSIJJCSI s BopMce.
JlaM6epT.
A.!laJJb6epoH (A.!laJJb6epT II)- apxHenHcKon 6peMeHa 11 faM6ypra s 1123-1148 rr.

289

AHHanbl

6hiJI rroqnneJihHO rrpHHHT rocrro.nHHOM rrarroit KanHKCTOM, rrocsHIUeH HM


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1125 r. 11MrrepaTop YMeP s YTPeXTe Ha TpoHUhiHOH He.nene685; Teno ero
6biJIO .uocTaBJieHo s I.Urreitep. Ha rrpaJ.llHHK cs. Bap$onoMeH686 see KHH3hH co
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a JaTeM soJspawaeTcH Ha po.nHHy. YMep PoTrep687, errHcKorr Mar.ue6ypra;
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rrpOSHHUHH; qTQ 6biJIO SeChMa HeOCTOpO:>I<:HO. 116o OH S3HJI C C060H He 6oJiee
3000 qenoseK, a sparos 6bmo 20 000 HJIH ewe 6onhrne. 200 nerKosoop~eHHhiX
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KOTOpbie OT,lleJIHIOT qeXHIO OT CaKCOHHH. Kor.na OHH pa60TaJIH, qYTb JIH He
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KpecTHTeJIH 6biJIO Hait.ueHo Teno cs. arrocTona MaT$eH. 0Ho 6biJIO HMJie)KaIUHM 06pa30M pa3Mell(eHO H CTeX IIOp C SeJIHKHM 6JiaroroseHHeM rroqHTaeTCSI
SCeM HeMeUKHM HapO,llOM.
1127 r. KopoJib TeCHHT oca.uoit CHJihHO YKPeiiJieHHhiH ropo.n HIOpH6epr;
HO HHqero ,llOCTOHHOfO yrrOMHHaHHH TaM COSeprneHO He 6biJIO, H OH S03Spa684
685
686
687
688
689

foHopnif IV (JiaM6epTo .llH <l>b.RHb.RHO) - pHMCKHif nan a c 15 .ueK. 1124 r. no


13 ~e8p. 1130 r.
feHpnx V yMep 8 YTpexTe 23 Ma.R 1125 r.
24 a8rycTa 1125 r.
PoTrep ~OH Ben&TxeifM (yM. 1125 r. 20.ueK.)- apxnenHcKon Marae6ypra 8 11191125 rr.
HoproepT (p. 1082 r. YM 1134 r. 6 HIOH.R)- apxnenncKon Marae6ypra 8 1125-1134 rr.
0cH08aTeJib op.ueHa npeMoHcTpaTo8.
OTTo II (yM. 1126 r. 18 ~e8p.)- CblH OTTo I Mopa8cKoro" E~HMHH BeHrepcKoif,
aoqepn Kopon.R 6eJibl I; KH.R3b Mopa8HH (On&MIOU) 8 1107-1126 rr.

290

WaeTCH OTI)',lla llOMOH 6e3 pe3yJibTaTa H CnoTepHMH cpe,llH CBOHX JIIO,lleH. YMep
feupHx690, enHcKon na.uep6opua; eMy uacne.uosan Bepuxap.u69I.
1128 r. nepe,ll npa3,llHHKOM CBHTOfO J1oaHHa KpeCTHTeJIH692 KOpOJib
npe.unpHHHJI noxo.u npoTHB Koupa.ua693, 6paTa repuora <DpH.llpHxa, H oca.uHJI
ropO,ll lllnei:t:ep; B3HB 3aJIO)({HHKOB, OH He3a,ll0Jif0 llO npa3,llHHKa CBHTOfO
MapTHua694 YllaJIHJICH.
1129 r. nocne TpoHUbi695 KopoJib suosb 6epeT s oca.uy ropo.Il lllneH:ep,
1160 (ero )KHTeJIH] HapyniHJIH (KJIHTBY] BepHOCTH, KOTOpYJO llaJIH eMY B npolllJIOM ro.uy.
1130 r. Po)({lleCTBO focnO,llHe KOpOJib CMHOroqHCJieHHOH TOJinOH KHH3eH
npa3.uuyeT BoKpyr ropo.ua lllneH:epa s nanaTKax. HaKoueu, )({HTeJIH lllneH:epa, BHllH ynopcTBO KopoJIH, BbiHy)({lleHHbie rono.uoM, npe.uanH ce6H KopoJIJO
BMeCTe C ropO.llOM B ,lleHb CBHTbiX HeBHHHbiX (MJia,lleHues]696. YMep nana
fouopHH:; eMy uacne.uosan l1HHOKeHTHH:697. Y6HT Bypxap.u698 <f>ou JloKKYM;
KOpOJib, oropqeHHbiH H pa3rHeBaHHbiH BCJie,llCTBHe 3TOfO, OKpyxaeT OCa,llOH
BHHUeH6ypr699, 3aMOK rpa<f>a fepMaua700, KOTOpOMY npHnHCbiBaJIH opraHH3aUHIO 3TOfO y6HHCTBa H OT.llaqy COOTBeTCTBYJOlllefO npHKa3a.
1131 r. Po)({llecTso focno.uue KopoJib npa3.uuyeT s faH,llepcxaH:Me. fepMaH no COBeTY KHH3eH OT,llaeT ce6JI BMeCTe C Ha3BaHHbiM 3aMKOM 80 BJiaCTb
KopoJIH. KopoJib noMewaeT ero no.u CTPaxy, a 3aMOK npHKa3biBaeT cpoBHHTb
c JeMJieH:.
1132 r. HesepOHTHOH CHJibl BeTep pa3pyiiiHJI MHO)({eCTBO 3,llaHHH.
Jlyuuoe 3aTMeHHe npoH30IIIJIO 3 MapTa. CocTOHJIOCb nepeueceuHe CBHToro
fo.uexap.ua. OKoJio Bo3ueceHHH cs. MapHH70I noxo.u KopoJIH s 11TaJIHJO
pa.uH npHHHTHH oT nanbi s PHMe nocBHllleHH s ue3apH. Kor.ua ou npHIIIeJI no llYTH B ropo,ll Ayrc6ypr, TO MHpHO BCTynHJI B Hero; HO ,lleHCTBHeM
690

691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699

700
701

feHpHX II $>H Banb6eK (YM. 1127 r. 15 mer.) - enHcKon Tiauep6opHa a I084-1127 rr.
6epHxapa I <J>oH 3ceae (yM. II60 r. 16 HIOJUI)- enucKon Tiauep6opHa a II271160 rr.
24 HIOHR 1128 f.
KoHpa,u - 6Y.1IYIUHH KOpo.llb (a II38-II52) KoHpa,u III IIITay<J>eH (p. I093 r. YM 1152 r.
15 <J>eap.).
II HOR6pR Il28 r.
2 HIOHR 1129 f.
28 aeKa6pR II30 r.
liHHOKeHTHH II (fperopuo TianapecKH)- pHMCKHH nana c 14 <J>eap. Il30 r. no
24 ceHT. II43 r.
6ypxap.11 (}'M. 1130 r.)- rpa<J> $>H JIOKK}'M, <J>oiT faH.llepcxaAMa. ,llpyr H CTOpOHHHK
HMn. JIOTapR III.
BHHUeH6ypr - ropoaoK K ceaepy OT faH.llepcxaHMa, a oKpyre XHJib.llecxaHMa.
fepMaH II <J>oH 8HHUeH6ypr (YM. I152 r. 29/30 RHB.)- CbiH fepMaHa I H reaaurH <J>oH
Accenh- BonhTHHrepoae.
15 aarycTa 1I32 r.

291

AHHanbl

HeKOTOpbiX ropoxau npoTH8 mo.aeH: Kopoml 803HHKJIO 803MYWeHHe; no


3TOH npHqHHe H3-3a 8He3anHOfO OfHH, KaK TO 06blqHo 6bi8aeT 8 TaKOH
CMYTe, cropeJI noqTH 8eCb ropO.ll, H MHOfHe norH6JIH KaK OT Meqeii, TaK
H OT nJiaMeHH.
1133

r. Po)I(JleCT8o focno.aue KopoJib npaJ.auyeT 8 JloM6ap.aHn 8 ceJieHHH

no.a uaJ8aHHeM Me.aHqHua702. Ou Jax8aTbi8aeT no HTaJIHH 6oJihlllHHCT8o


conpoTH8JIH8IIIHXCH eMy yKpenJieHHbiX MeeT. HaKoueu, 30 anpeJIH, ou
c 8eJIHqaH:llleH: 6JiarocKJIOHHOCTbiO 8CTYnaeT 8 PHM; TaM 4 HIOHH, KOTopoe
Tor.aa npHXO.llHJIOCb ua 80CKpeceube, 8 JlaTepaue, 8 6a3HJIHKe C8. Hoauua
KpecTHTeJIH ou 6hm noC8HllleH 8 HMnepaTopbi rocno.aHHOM nanoH: HuuoKeHTHeM. liepurap.a, enHCKOn Tia.aep6opHa, KOTOpbiH TOf.lla 6biJI 8MeCTe
C KOpOJieM, JaCJIY:>KHJI OT Ha38aHHOfO nanbl 11HHOKeHTHH llJIH ce6H H C80HX
npeeMHHK08 oco6oe o6JiaqeuHe703 80 8peMH 6orocJiyxeHHH 8 ycTaHoBJieHHbie qacbi, npH OC8HllleHHH uepKBeii H npH pyKonoJio:>KeHHHX 8 uepK08HbiH
CaH, HO TOJibKO 8 C80eM enHCKOnCT8e. flocJie 3TOfO, KOf.lla HMnepaTop Ha
o6paTHOM nYTH npH6biJI CO C80HMH JIIO.llbMH 8 HeKOe MeCTO, KOTOpoe H3-3a
yJKoro MecTonoJio:>KeHHH 308eTcH KJiyJ, TO ecTb nperpa.aa704,- 8e.llh
C O.llHOH CTOpOHbl K HeMy npHMbiKaeT 8b1CoqaiilllaH ropa, C llPYfOH CTOpOHbl
TeqeT oqeHb my6oKaH peKa, a 8 cepe.llHHe OTKpbi8aeTCH nYTb, no KOTOpOMY
MOfYT npOHTH 8MeCTe JIHIIIb qeTblpe HJIH nHTb nyTHHK08, -

H MeCTHbie

:>KHTeJIH OTKa3aJIHCb ero TaM nponyCTHTb, OH C Y.llH8HTeJibHbiM 8e3eHHeM


H H8HOH noMOlllbiO lioxheH CTpeMHTeJibHbiM HaTHCKOM o6paTHJI 8 6ercT80
8paro8, nepellleJI CO C80HMH JIIO.llbMH 3TO MeCTO H 8He3anHbiM HaCKOKOM
83HJI pacnoJio:>KeHHhlH ua 8epiiiHHe TOH 8hlcoqaiilllei1 ropbi ropo.a; npa8nTeJIH 3TOfO ropo.aa OH, 3ax8aTH8 8 nJieH, y8eJI C C060H.

29 HIOHH OKOJIO 3-ro

qaca 80Kpyr COJIHUa nOH8HJIHCb .ll8a Kpyra- 60JiblllOH H MaJibiH; MaJibiH


Kpyr o6ollleJI Ka<Pe.apaJibHbiH co6op Tia.aep6opucKoro npecToJia, a 6oJiblllOH
Kpyr o6ollleJI 8eCb ropo.a, KaK noKaJaJIOCb TaM ua6JIIO.lla8lllHM 3TO HBJieune.

B TOT

:>Ke .aeHb, 8

9 qac08

3TOT co6op, a 8MeCTe C HHM H noqTH 8eCb ro-

pO.ll- o yxac!- cropeJIH 8 peJyJihTaTe noxapa.

2 a8rycTa, OKOJIO 6-ro qaca,

npOH30IIIJIO COJIHequoe JaTMeHHe, TaKoe, qTo Ha He6e 6billH 8H.llHbl 38e3.llbl.


CHJibHaH uenoro.aa H npoJIH8Hbie .llO:>KllH cJie.ll08aJIH ua npoTH:>Keunn 8Cero
8peMeHH xaT8bi. KopoJib )laHHH705 uauec y8eqbJI MHornM npnllle.lllllHM
8 ero 3eMJIIO H noceJIH8lllHMCH TaM HeMUaM. Tio 3TOH npnqnue HMnepaTOp
pelllHJI npe.anpHHHTb npoTH8 Hero noxo.a.
702
703

704
705

Me.UWHIH3 - ropO,llOK K BOCTOJ<Y OT 6oJIOHbH.


Usum rationalis- oco6oe ofutaqeHHe enHcKona so apeMSI 6orocn}')KeHHSI, BH.ll Harpy.uHHKa.
flepeaan 6JIH3 6peUIHH, a pauoHe Jlo.upoHe.
HHJibC CaeHCOH - KopoJih .[laHHH a 1104-1134 rr. AHH. CaKe. oum60'IHO HaJbiBaeT
Mamyca. KaK Kax<:eTCSI, OH noKaJie'IHJI HeMeUKHX Icynuoa Ja HX CBSIJH c A.uonb<j>oM,
rpa<lJoM foJibWTeHHa. libUI y6HT B 1134 r. CBOHMH BparaMH.

292

1134 r. nacxy706 HMnepaTop npoBO.llHT a Xa.n:h6epiiiTa.aTe. TaM KopOJih


)laHHH, npH,WI, nepe.aa(h ce6H BO BJiaCTb HMneparopa, .aaeT 3a.IIO)I{HHKOB H npHHOCHT KJIHTBY B TOM, qro OH H ero npeeMHHKH fiY.llYT noJiyqaTh KOpOJieBCKYJO
BJiaCTb He HHaqe, KaK Cpa3perneHHH HMneparopa Hero npeeMHHKOB; B CBHTOH
.lleHh nacXH TOT xe KOpOJib )laHHH, B KOpOHe, COrJiaCHO KOpOJieBCKOMY OfihiqaiO, HeCeT nepe.a HMnepaTOpOM, KOTOpbiH TaiOKe no 06biqaJO 6hm B KOpOHe,
ero Meq, - npeKpacHoe 3peJIHIUe, HeCJihixaHHoe B npexHHe apeMeHa; TaK
OH BHOBb BepHyJI ce6e MHJIOCTb HMnepaTopa. YMep HopT6epT, apXHenHCKOn
Mar.ae6ypra; eMy Hacne.aoaa.n: KoHpa.a707.
1135 r. B BOCKpeceHbe nepe.a cepe.llHHOH 40-.aHeBHOfO nocTa, a HMeHHO
17 MapTa, B oaM6epre B npHCYTCTBHH HMnepaTopa COCTOHJIOCb MHOroqHCJieHHOe co6paHHe KHH3eH noqTH co acero KoponeacTaa. TaMno BHyiiieHHIO
MHJIOCTH Do:>KbeH <J>pH.llPHX, repuor 1Jlaa6HH, B conpoBo:>K,lleHHH KHH3eH
npHXO.llHT K comacHIO c HMnepaTopoM. Ha npa3.llHHK TpoHUhi708 B Mar.ae6ypre KHH3bJI KOpoJieBCTBa BnepBble nOKJIHJIHCb B npHCYTCTBHH HMnepaTopa
C06JIIO.llaTh npoqHeHUlHH MHp .llOMa H BHe ero B TeqeHHe 10 JieT. Ha npa3.llHHK
ca. MHxaHJia709 a MecTe, qTo JoBeTCH MIOJihxayJeH, KoHpa.a, 6paT repuora
<J>pH.llpHXa, npHMHpHeTCH C HMnepaTOpOM.
1136 r. BropxeHHe cnaBHH B npe.aeJibi CaKCOHHH; MapKrpaq, Aaa.n:h6epT7IO, .llBHHYB npOTHB HHX BOHCKO, He pa3 HaCHJibCTBeHHO BTOpra.IICH B HX
JeMJIIO H onycTOUla.II ee. 0KOJIO BOJHeCeHHH CB. MapHH711 nOXO.ll HMnepaTopa
B 11Ta.IIHIO.
1137 r. Po)l{.lleCTBO rocno.aHe, a paBHo H nacxy712 HMnepaTop npaJ.aHyeT
a 11Ta.n:HH, a TpoHuy713- a EapH BMecTe c reHepa.n:hHhiM [co6paHHeM] HTa.IIhHHCKHX KHH3eli. TaM yMep EpYHo714, apxHenHcKon KeJibHCKHii; eMy Hacne.aoaa.n: fyro715, .aeKaH CB. neTpa; O.llHaKO, H OH TaM qepe3 HeCKOJibKO .llHeH yMep;
OHH o6anexaTTaM norpe6eHHbie. KHH3hAnyJIHH no HMeHH Poxep716, H3-Ja
706
707
708

709
710

711
712
713
714
715
716

15 anpem1 1134 r.
KoHpa,n <j>oH KBep<J>yP'f (p. I 100 r. yM. 1142 r.)- apxHenHcKon Mar.lle6ypra B 11341142 rr. CbiH fe6xap.lla II, rpa<J>a KBep<J>ypTa, H O.llbt <j>oH AMMeHcne6eH.
26 MaSI 1135 r.
29 CeHTS16pSI 1135 r.
Anb6pexT I Me.llBe.llb (yM. 1170 r. 18 HOH6.)- CbiH OTTo 6oraToro; MapKrpa<J>
Hop.llMapKa B 1134-1157 rr. H 6paH.lleH6ypra B 1157-1170 rr. fepuor CaKcOHHH
B 1138-1142 rr.
15 aBryCTa 1136 f.
II anpenH 1137 r.
30 MaSI 1137 r.
6pyHo II <J>oH 6epr (yM. 1137 r.) - apxHenHcKon KeJibHCKHH B 1131-1137 rr.
fyro <J>oH CnoHxeitM (yM. 1137 r.)- apxHenHcKon KeJibHCKHH B 1137 r.
Po)J{ep II (yM. 1154 r. 26 <J>eBp.)- rpa<J> CHUHJIHH c I 105 r., repuor AnyJIHH c 1127 r.,
KOpOJib B 1130-1154 rr. B CTOJIKHOBeHHH c JIOTapeM III no.ll.llep)J{HBaJI nany AHaKJieTa II (JIOTapb III no.ll.llep)J{HBaJI MHHOKeHTHH II).
293

AHHanbl

8hiCOKOMepJHI KOToporo HMnepaTop rJia8HhiM o6pa30M H 8Toprc~ 8 VITaJIHIO,


nOCTPOHJI .ll080JibHO YJ<peiiJieHHhiH 3aMOK 803Jie CaMOfO ropona apH; OH pa3MeCTHJI 8 3TOM JaMKe 60JibiiiOe KOJIJilleCT80 pa360HHHK08, KOTOpbie Ha cyiiie
H Ha MOpe, KY.lla TOJibKO MOfJIH .ll06paTbC~, yrHeTaJIH 3TH 3eMJIH HeCJibiXaHHbiMH

6e.llCT8H~MH H T~fOTaMH. Tiono6HbiM o6pa30M OH nOCTYnaJI nO'iTH no 8CeH


11TaJIHH. Ornpa3.llH08a8 TpoHuy, HMnepaTop 8MecTe c 80HCKOM OKp)l)KaeT 3TOT
JaMoK; 83~8 ero c He8epo~THhiM TPY.llOM, oH npenaeT [JaMoK] omJO H pa8H~
eT c JeMJieif. CXBa'leHHhie pa36oifHHKH, 'IHCJIOM

500 HJIH

6oJiee Toro, 6biJIH

no8eiiieHbl 803Jie CO)IQI(eHHOH 6aiiiHH. YcTpaiiieHHble 3THM, 8C~KHH ropO.ll


H 8C~KHH 3aMOK OT.llaiOT Ce6~ non BJiaCTb KOpOAA. (}rryna HMnepaTOp nepeiiieJI
8 Kana6pHIO. TaM K HeMy 8 8eJIHKOJienHH npHXOMT rpeqecKHe nocJibi, KOTOpbiX OH npH~ H OTIJYCTHJI C eiUe 60JiblliHM 8eJIHKOJienHeM. YMep A,uaJib6epT,
apXHenHCKon MaifHUCKHif; nocJie ero CMepTH ropon cropeJI 8 ome 8MecTe
c KaQ>enpaJibHbiM co6opoM. MapKrpaQ> Auanh6epT, co6pa8 CHJibHoe 80HCKo,
8 JHMHee 8peM~ o6xonHT, pa3opAA, JeMJIJO cJia8~H. 11MnepaTop, YJIMH8 neJia
8 11TaJIHH, YMep

4 neKa6p~

no nyTH .llOMOH; TellO ero .llOCTa8HJIH Ha PO.llHHY

H noxopOHHJIH no KOpOJie8CKOMY 06bi'iaJO 8 OTU08CKOM HaCJie.llCT8eHHOM


HMeHHH, 8 MeCTe, 'ITO 308eTC~ JIIOTepoH717.

717

KeHMTCJIIOITep - ropo.u

Jana.uy oT XeJIMIIJTe.uTa H CynnJIHH6ypra.

XPOHV1KV1

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6peMeHCKV1~

AeRHMR apxMenMcKonos
raM6yprCKOM ~epKBM
Cs~nei1rneMy OTUY " H36paHHOMY He6oM apmenHcKony faM6yprcKoMy
JlHeMapyl- AllaM, CMHpeHHbiM KaHOHHK CBHTOM 6peMeHCKOM uepKBH,CKpOMHbiM .uap HepyWHMOM npe.uaHHOCTH.
C Tex nop KaK s cpe.uy cTa.ua Bawero, nacTbipb esaHreJibCKHM, 6biJI H He.uasHo npHHHT npe.uwecTBeHHHKOM BarnHM2, peBHOCTHO npHJiaran H cTapaHHH, 4T06bi He OKaJaThCH MHe- npo3eJIHTY H npMWeJibUY3, Y.llOCTOeHHOMY
CTOJib BeJIHKOM MHJIOCTH,- He6JiafO.llapHbiM. Kor.ua )l{e B CKOpOM BpeMeHH
H soo4HIO y6e.UHJICH, 4TO uepKOBb Barna so MHoroM YTPaTHJia 6biJIYIO BJiaCTb
" cnasy, 4TO oHa H~aeTCH s MHoro4HCJieHHbiX PYKax CTpOHTenei1, -

.uonro

pa3MbllliJIHJI H, KaKHM BM.llOM Tpy.ua MOf 6bi H nOM04hJIHllieHHOM CHJI MaTepM.

J.1

BOT: npHnOMHHJIHCb MHe MHOfHe ,lleJia npe.urneCTBeHHHKOB BaiiiHX, 0 KO-

TOpbiX H KOf.lla 4HTaJI, KOf.lla CJibiiiiaJI, H KOTOpble 6JiafO.llapH CBOeM 3Ha4HTeJibHOCTH HJIH noJie3HOCTH llJIH 3TOM uepKBM npe.llCTaBJIHIOTCH .llOCTOMHbiMH
paccKaJa. Ho nocKOJibKY naMHTb o .lleHHHHX yracaeT, a HCTOPHH J.lleiiiHHX
apxHenHCKOnOB He JanHCaHa, 6biTb MO)I{eT, CKa)l{eT KTO- HHfiY.llb, 4TO JIH60
OHM He COBepiiiHJIH HH4ero, .llOCTOMHOfO ynOMHHaHHH, BO BCe llHH CBOH,
JIH60, eCJIH 4TO H COBeplliHJIH, TO y nHCaTeJieM He .llOCTaJIO npHJie)l{aHHH,
4T06bi noBe.llaTb o6 3TOM noTOMKaM. Y6e.llMBWHCb B Heo6xO.llHMOCTH 3Toro,
H pelliHJI HanHCaTb 0 4epe.lle 6peMeHCKHX, HJIH )l{e raM6yprCKHX, npe.llCTOHTeJieM, noJiaraH, 4TO H .llOJlf MOeM npe.llaHHOCTH, H ,lleJIO Barnei1 MHCCHH4
npH06peTYT- eCJIH H, KaK CbiH uepKBH, H3JIO~ .lleHHHH CBHTeMIIIHX OTUOB,
TPY.llaMH KoTopbiX soJseJIH4HBanacb uepKOBb H pacnpocTpaHHJiacb cpe.llM
H3bi4HHKOB sepa xpHCTHaHCKaH. TeM 6oJibiiiero CHHCXO)I(JleHHH nporny H K
3TOMy, 6e3 COMHeHHH, BeCbMa TH)I{eJIOMY H npeBbiiiiaiOIUeMY MOM CHJibl TPYllY,
4TO, He HMeH npe.lliiieCTBeHHHKOB, no 4bHM CTOnaM H MOf 6bl nOCJie.llOBaTb,
H He no60HJICH, nO.ll06HO XO.llHIUeMy OIUYnbiO BO TbMe5, OTnpaBHThCH no
HenpOTOpeHHOMY nYTH, npe.lln04TH B BHHOfpa,llHHKe focno.ua nepeHOCHTb
THfOCTb llHH H 3HOM, He)l(eJIH CTOHTb BHe BHHOfpa,llHHKa npa3.llH06. J.1TaK,

JlHeMap - raM6ypr-6peMeHCKHH apxHenHCKOn ( 1072-1101 ).


To ecTh raM6ypr-6peMeHCKHM apxHenHcKonoM AllaJib6epTOM (1047-1072).
3-ro 6H6JieH3Mht. Cp.: 11e3. 14: 7. B BynhraTe CTOHT: de prose1ytis quicumque advena.
MHCCHH raM6ypr-6peMeHCKoro apxHenHcKoncTBa JaKmo'ianach B nponoseJJ,H
xpHCTHaHCTBa H3hi'iHHKaM, o6HTaBUJHM B CesepHoi1 11 BocTO'iHOi1: Espone, TO ecTb
CKaHJJ,HHaBCKHM H CJiaBHHCKHM HapOJJ,aM.

Mos. 12: 25.

M<f>. 20: 1-12.

297

XpOHMKM
BBepJIIO 3TO eMeJIOe Ha':IHHaHHe TBOeMy ey.uy, eBBTei;fliiHH npe,lleTOBTeJib:
ynoBaiO Ha Te6B, ey.UhiO H JalllHTHHKa, 3HaB, ':ITO no My.upoeTH TBoeif HeB03MOXHO npenO,llHeeTH Te6e HH':Iero ,llOeTOHHOfO Te6B, KOTOpbli;f, nOKHHYB
nonpHme MHpeKoro 3HaHHB, HhiHe e eme 6oJihliiHM yenexoM o6paTHJieB
K 3aHJITHJIM 6oxeeTBeHHOH QJHJIOeoqJHeH, npe3peB 3eMHOe H nOMblliiJIJIJI
JIHIIIb 0 He6eeHOM. 11 XOTJI Tbl, 6e3yeJIOBHO, npeBOeXO,llHIIIb MHOfHX yqeHOeTbiO H enpaBe,llJIHBOeTbiO, TO eeTb eJIOBOM H npHMepOM naeTbipeKHM,
rJiaBHOH epe,llH TBOHX ,ll06pO,lleTeJieH JIBJIJieTeB eMHpeHHe, KOTOpoe, ,lleJiaB
Te6JI JiaeKOBbiM KO BeeM, ,llaJIO TaKXe H MHe Ha,lle)l(,lly- BOT no':leMy Jl,
JaHKa, OTBaXHBaiOeb 6eee.uoBaTh e Q>HnoeoQ>oM H oKa3aTheB CaynoM Bo
npopOKax7

.sJ:,

pa3yMeeTeJI, nOHHMaiO, ':ITO, KaK 3TO 06bi':IHO 6biBaeT B noe-

Jie,llHee BpeMB, HaH,llYTeB JIIO,llH, MHe BpaX,lle6Hbie. nyeTb OHH Ha30BYT 3TO
Bbl.llYMKaMH H JIOXbiO Bpo.ue eHoB CuHnHoHa, BbiMbiiiiJieHHbiX TynnHeMB;
nyeTh .uaxe, eeJIH xoTBT, Ha30BYT eHaMH, BbmeTeBIIIHMH qepe3 MapoHOBbi
BOpOTa H3 eJIOHOBOH KOeTH9. Hallie HaMepeHHe- yro,llHTb He BeeM, a Te6e,
OTeU, H uepKBH TBOeH, H60 BeebMa HeJierKO yrO,llHTb He,llo6po:>KeJiaTeJIJIM.
11 noeKOJibKY K 3TOMy BbiHy)l(,llaiOT Hana,llKH 3aBHeTHHKOB, nepe':IHeJIJIIO
Te6e, e KaKHX JIYfOB eo6pan Jl UBeTbl ,llJIJI 3TOfO BeHKa, ':IT06bi He eKa3aJIH,
':ITO Jl HarpOM03,llHJI JIO:>Kb nO,ll BH,llOM HeTHHbl. 11TaK, H3 TOfO, ':ITO OnHebiBaiO, Koe-':ITO B eo6pan, paeebmaHHoe J.ueeb H TaM no JIHeTKaM, MHoroe
xe no3aHMeTBOBaJI H3 HeTOpH':IeeKHX eO':IHHeHHH H npHBHJierHH pHMeKHX
nan, a 60Jibliie Beero Y3HaJI H3 paeeKa3a eTapliiHX, KOTOpbie oeBe,llOMJieHbl
0 eo6biTHJIX .sJ: 6epy B eBH,lleTeJIH HeTHHy, ':ITO Jl HH B ':leM He npopoqeeTBYIO
OT eo6eTBeHHOfO eep.uualO, HH':ITO He npHBOxy He06.llyMaHHO, HO Bee, ':ITO
Jl HaMepeBaiOeb H3JIOXHTb, Jl nO,llTBepxy Ha,lle:>KHbiMH eBH,lleTeJibeTBaMH, ':IT0-

6bl, eeJIH He noBepBT MHe, B03,llaJIH 6bi, no KpaifHei;f Mepe, Bepy aBTOpHTeTy.
)l.a 3HaiOT Bee, ':ITO 3THM TPY.llOM H no.uo6HbiM eMeJihiM Ha':IHHaHHeM B He
XaX.llY eTBXaTb nOXBaJIY KaK HeTOpHK, HO H He onaeaiOeb HaBJie':lb nOpHUa-

IO

I Uap. 10: 12; 19: 24.


Pe'lb H,lleT o He6oJibWOM co'IHHeHHH UnuepoHa COH CunnnoHa. 0Ho npe.llcTasJI.ReT co6oj;f onncaHne CHOBH,lleHH.R, noceTnswero lly6JIH.R KopHeJIH.R CunnnoHa
Mnanwero (3MHJIHaHa). CunnnoHy MnanweMy .RBHJIC.R .lle.ll, CunnnoH A!j>pHI<aHcKHj;f, npe.llCKa3aswnj;f BHYKY ero 6Y.llYUlYJO CY.llb6y " OTKPbiBWHH eMy YCTPOHCTBO
MHp03.llaHH.R.
BeprHJIHH B csoeH: 3HeH,lle (BCJie.llJa 0.llHCceej;f,. foMepa: XIX, 562-567), onHCbiBa.R
uapCTBO TeHeH, rOBOpHT 0 .llByx BOpOTaX, 1'13 KOTOpbiX BbiJieTaJOT CHbl JIJO.lleH:
}lsoe BOpOT OTKpbiTbl .llJI.R CHOB: O.llHH - porOBbie,
B HHX BbiJieTaJOT JierKO npaB.llHBbie TOJibKO BH,lleHb.R;
6eJibie CTBOpbl .llpyrHX H3YKpaweHbl KOCTbJO CJIOHOBOj;f,
MaHbl, O.llHaKO, 1'13 HHX TOJibKO JDKJIBbie CHbl BbiCbiJiaJOT.
(3HeH,lla. VI, 893-896; nepeso.ll C. Oweposa.)
Cp.: He3. 13: