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na~H KOMnaHII1» 111 CTparerOB 1113 Ya~TxoIlIla,

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JICHa O'lcpe)l,-

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nepBhlH CepHHHhIH .6J1eHXeH

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Ha «6J1eHXe~M.He nocTYnano ennOTb AD KOH-

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ua 1938 r., KorAa -eAHHHYKY' Ha C60pOYHblX

!WIHIMIX 'fYKe CMeHli1na «~eTB6PKa».

B KOHue 1936 r. -611eHxe~MbI- HaYallH

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MapTa 1937 r. YeTBepTbI~ cepH~HbI~ caMO-

11eT 6b111 pa36HT npH nOCaAKe H cnHcaH: y

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44-10 B YOAAHHrTOHe.

K KOHuY aBrycTa 1938 r. 17 3CKaAPH11H~

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Hlo1eM caMoneToB B yaCH1

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BblnycK 00MOapA~p08U\~K08 8 Ben~Koo­

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npOYTeH_e .6neHxe~M- y Hac npOYHO yKope-

HOCTb noneTa - 1569 KM np_ Kpe~cepcKO~

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1935 r.,

CMeH~B _eTbipe T~na MOTOpOB, XOHCTpyKTO-

pb' OCTaHOB~n~ CBO~ Bbl60p Ha 680-c~nb­

HbiX AB~raTen.x «AJ1b¢a POMeo 125RC-35- (Alta Romeo 125RC-35). An. 06ecne_eH~.

Ii1Tal1bRHCKHX

60esblx

He

CaMQneTQB

n03B0J1lo1J1a

K anpenlO

MIo1POBO&il

BOVlHbI)

B~Tb Maw~HY x cpoxy.

He06xoA~MblX xapaxTep~cT~x 1O-TOHHbI~ caMoneT np~wnocb cHa6A~Tb TpeM. AB~ra­

renflM\I1 1.1 :no n03Bonlo1no pa30rHaTb Heco- CTO.Bweroc. «pexoPAcMeHa- (S.79P) AO

410 XM/ npaBAa, cep~~Hble 60M6apA~­

neHxe~M MKj,., nO~BII1BWI.1~CSlB aH-

« rnH~CKL1X 3CKaAPlo1J1bSlX BecHo~

6 1937 r., 6b1n Aanexo He eA~HCT­ BeHHblM CXOPOCTHbiM 60M6apA~poBU\~XOM

3TOM KnaCce 60eBbiX MaW~H, HaXOA~BW~XC.

Ha BOOPYJKeH~~ BBC pa3HblX CTpaH. XPOHO-

nor~_ecx~ n~~pOBan~ 3AeCb «.HX~-. B 1930 r. aMep~xaHcxa. ¢~pMa «rneH n.MapT~H

KOMnaH~- (Glenn L. Martin Company) B ~H~­

L1~aT~BHoM nop.Axe np~cryn~nax C03AaH~1O

B

CXOpOCTb «noAnpblrHyna- cpa3y AO 430 XM/_!

Con~AHblM 6b1no ~ Boopy~eH~e: 1250 xr

60M6 ~ _eTbipe

nyneMeTa, np~_eM, TP~ ~3

H~X 6b1n~ xpynHoxan~6epHblM~.

CXOPOCTb 3aoxeaHcxora nepBeHl.\a 6b1na

eU\e cpaBH~TenbHo HeBen~xa, a ~Tanb.Hcx~~

S. 79 ~Men orHeBbie TO_X~ WXBopHeBoro T~­ na, 101 n03ToMY cTpeJ1l<y BnonHe XBaTaJ10 Clo1n

pa3Bopa_~BaTb HOCOBylO 6awHIO C neBora 60pTa Ha npaBbI~ ~ 06paTHo B npeAenax 180" rpaAycOB. XBocToBa. rypenb «5neHxe~Ma­ BpaU\anaCb Ha 360" TonbXO Ha 3eMne. Ha cxo-

pOCT.X, 6n~3X~X x Maxc~ManbHo~, pa3Bep-

HYTb ee A~e Ha 45' BneBO - BnpaBo XBaTano C~n Aanexo He xa~OMY. 1013p.AHble TPYAHOC- T~ AOCTaBn.na ~ TeCHOTa. n03TOMY 060po-

H~TenbHble B03MO~HOCT~XBOCTOBO~ rypen~

Bbl3b1Ban~ HapexaH~•. OAHaxo ~M He np~Aa­

n~ TOrAa 60nbworo 3Ha_eH~., T.X. 6b1no AO- xa3aHO npeBocxOACTBO HOBora 60M6apA~­

pOBU\~xa HaA ~cTpe6~Ten."",-6~nnaHaM~ B

CKOpOCTIo1, a Ha onpeAeneHHblx BbiCOTax 101 S

cxoponOAbeMHOCT~.

Y6e~eH~e, _TO CxopocTHbie 6oM6ap~­

POBU\~X~ MOryr BnonHe 06xOA~TbC. He TonbXO

6e3 ~cTpe6~TenbHoro np~xpblm., HO ~ 6e3 o60poH~TenbHoro BOOPYJKeH~., 6b1no BeCbMa

pacnpOCTpaHeHHblM B cepe~He 30-x rr. Tax,

Ha~60nee «MYApa.- ¢paxL1~. o¢~L1epOB-Te­

opeTIo1KOS 1013 rnaSHoro wra6a repMaHCKloiX nlO¢TBa¢¢e Bo06U\e C_~Tana BbiCOXYIO cxo-

POCTb eA~HCTBeHHO He06xoA~MblM ~ AOCTa- TO_HblM ycnoB~eM An. 3aU\~TbI_OT~cTpe6~­

Tene&il npOTIo1SHloiKa. Ha TaKOM npo6neMaT\I1l.1- HbiM YM03aKJ1lO_eH~~ 6b1na nOCTpoeHa rep-

AByxMoTOpHoro 60M60B03a, He ycrynalOU\e-

ro no CXOPOCT~ ny"W~M ~cTpe6~Ten.M Tora

BpeMeH~.

B .HBape 1932 r. «MOAenb 123. (model

123), xax Ha3Ban~ MaW~HY, cOBepw~na nep-

BbI~ noneT. np~MeH~B B ee XOHCTPYXL1~~ y6~palOU\eec. wacc~, 3axpblnx~, nponen-

nepbl ~3MeH.eMoro wara, BHYTpeHHlO1O nOABecxy 60M6 ~ APyr~e HOBweCTBa, _TO CTaHeT HOPMO~ An. caMoneTOB 3Toro KJ1ac- ca TOnbXO _epe3 5-7 neT, K5 ¢~PMbI nowno

Ha onpeAeneHHbI~ p~CX. BeAb B TO BpeM. Aa>Ke 6lo1nnaHHafi CxeMa C MHOrO\.ilo1Cn8HHbI- MH pac OTHtOAb He C"'Ilo1TanaCb apxa- ~3MOM. nnlOCbI XOHCTPYXL1~~, XOTOPblM~ 06-

naAan HOBbI~ «MapT~H-60M6ep., B rna3ax

60nbw~HcTBa cneL1~an~CTOB (cpeA~ XOTO-

pblX 6b1n~ ~ np~3HaHHble aBTop~TeTbI) C_~­ TaJ1V1Cb fJl,1Wb HOBOMOAHblMI.1 101 AoporOCTOR-

W,l·1MIo1 1013JU.1weCTsaMIoII C cOMHIilTeJ1bHOv. 3¢>-

¢exT~BHoCTblO. Ho ~cnb'TaH~. nOATBepA~­

n~ npaBory HOBaTopOB: np~ Maxc~ManbHo~

B3neTHo~ Macce 5700 xr ~ 60M60BO~ Ha-

rpy3xe 454 xr CaMOneT, 06naAa. AByM. AB~­

raTen.M~ «Pa~T-1.\~KJ10H R-1820-25-

anKa~Ut

(Wright-Cyclone R-1820-25) MOU\HOCTblO no

POBU\~X~ S.79B «CnapB~epo«(Sparviero - C

MaHcxa. Teop~. B03AYWHO~ BO~Hbl30-xrr.,B

600

n.c., pa3B~n Ha BbiCOTe 3800 M CXOpOCTb

~T.• cTpe6) neTan~ C MaXC~ManbHO~ cxopo-

KOTOPO&il rnaseHcTsylOlUaSl ponb OTSOA\I1naCb

340

XM/_, T.e. He ycrynan no 3TOMy noxa3a-

CTblO 355 XM/_, HO nocne YCTaHoBx~ Ha H~X

xpynHblM coeA~HeH~.M CXOpOCTHbiX 60M-

TenlO COBpeMeHHblM ~cTpe6~TeMM, a Aanb- Hocrb noneTa cocraB~na 1125 XM. 060POH~-

HTaJThJlHCKHH 5.79 XOTJl H HeCKOJIb- KO ycrynaJI B CKOpocTH CBOHM llJU- JIHJ\CKHM H COBerCKHM c06paTbJIM. HO 3aTO B ABa paaa npeBOCXOAHJl HX no 6oM60BoH HarpyaKe H 6b1Jl 3aMerHO JIY'lme BoopyxceH.

750-c~nbHblx

«AJ1b¢a POMeo

126RC-34. ~

HexoToporo yny"weH~. a3poA~HaM~x~, ~x

6apA~poBU\~XOB, cnoc06HblX y~T~ OT Bpa~e­ cx~x nepeXBa,"~XOB. B paMxax 3TO~ AOKTP~­

Hbi c06CTBeHHblM ~cTpe6~Ten.M HeMl.\b1 OT- BOA~n~ BTopOCTeneHHylO ponb. no cyU\eCTBY,

3TO 6b1n repMaHcx~~ Bap~aHT «Teop~~ AY3-.

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XOHCTpyXTOpbl

Werke GmbH) cnpoeKT~pOBan~ CXOPOCTHO~ 60M6apA~pOBU\~X, XOTOPbl~ nOHa_any 6b1n

nepBblM 'HaCTOIl~Hl'1tCKOPOCTHhlM 60M6ap,1J,HpOB~HKOM6b1Jl aMepHKaH- CKHH .MapTHH B-10•.

no 06~e.ryKO

W1eKCY JleTHO-TaKTH-

'1ecKHX XapaKTepHCTHlC, TYIIOJleBCKHH

C6 B Teqemte lteCKOJlbKHX JleT 6blJ1

JIY'lllIH" cpeAJi CKOPOCTltbIX 60 I\HPOBllIHKOB•

6ap-

Boo6~e

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BOOPY>KeHIM1!

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llO «Kopon8eCKoro CnaHlIleJ1R» -

Ha BHyrpeHHeC1 nOAseCKe. HQ 38 c~eT yaCTII1 ro-

r8 )Ke 500 Kr

plOyero MOlt<HO 6blno B3"Tb 750 Kr. S 0017, KaK

~ B ero

6p~TaHcKoMaHanore, 6bln~ pean~30­

saHbl npaKT~YeCK~ Bce aTp~6yrbl CKopocTHoro

AByxMOTopHora MOHonnaHa. Ha",6IOnee xapaK-

TepHblM'" oc06eHHOCT"M~ era KOHCTPYKll~'"

6b1n", Afl"'HHbl~ '" Y3K"'~<p103en"lt< C W"'poK"'M

ll,eHTpOnnaHoM I a TalOKe ABYXKII1Jleaoe XBOCTO-

aee onepeHlile, TOl1bKO BXOAlilBwee B MDAY.

OCHaLLl,eHH~C1 ASyMR ABlo1rareJlRMIIl ceVicna- Ho-CIO~3a 12Y. (Hispano-Suiza 12Y), pa3B"'- BaBW"'M~ no 860 n.c. Ha BblCOTe 4000 M, 0017 Bblwen Ha ~cnblTaH~" oceHblO 1935 r. '" nOKa3an Ma<e"'ManbHYIO CKOpOCTb 390 KM/Y. DHa OKa3anaCb Ha 20 KM/Y Bblwe, yeM Y Tonb- KO YTO np"'H"TOrO Ha BOOPYlt<eH~e 6p"'TaH- CK~X SSC ",cTpe6"'Ten"-6",nnaHa .raHT-

neT.(Gaunllel), npeAweCTBeHH~Ka .rnBA~a­

lapa ll , AreHTypHble CBeAeHIIlR 0

MellKOM 60M6apA~pOBW"'Ke.

60nee

He-

HOBOM

"K06bl

CKOpOCTHOM,

yeM

TorAaWH1018

Io1crpe611lTeJllo1,

Ylt<e 6YAOpBlt<",n", BoeHHble Kpyr", 60nbw"'H- CTBa rOCYAapCTB EBponbl. SnepBble 'Aop-

Hbe» ny6m1YHO npOAeMOHcrplo1pOaaJu,1 B 11110-

npOeKTHpyJl KH-48, TaKeo ,lI,OH nonhIT3JICJI B "aKCHM:3JIbItOH CTeneltH yqeCTb Bce nO:>KenaHHJI reHep3JIHTeTa JlnOItCKOH H,,"epaTOpCKOH apl'lHH.

reHep3JIHTeTa JlnOItCKOH H,,"epaTOpCKOH apl'lHH. ne 1937 r. Ha Melt<AYHapoAHoM aB~acanOHe B
reHep3JIHTeTa JlnOItCKOH H,,"epaTOpCKOH apl'lHH. ne 1937 r. Ha Melt<AYHapoAHoM aB~acanOHe B

ne 1937 r. Ha Melt<AYHapoAHoM aB~acanOHe B l.\lOp",xe. S xOAe B03AYWHblX rOHOK .Anbn~~­

CKIIIC1 Kpyrcc «\ltCH1HHblC1 apil1811,» ocraSII111 n03a-

AIIl He TOJlbKQ ASyXMOTopHble CaMQn8Tbl, HQ III

",cTpe6"'Ten~, pa30rHaBW~Cb Ha Mapwpyre

AO 480 KM/Y!

Mano KTO ~3 np~cyrcTBoBaBw~x Ha 3TOM

aB",awoy cnell",an"'CTOB pacnonaran AaHHbl-

Beero

MII1,

'-ITO

3TOT ceJ18TalOUJ,lo1C1 KapaHAaw»

HaBcero OA"'H ~3 npOTOT",nOB Do 17V8, cnell~­

anbHQ o6.ner48HHblC1, a3pOAvtHaMvt"ieCKlil Bbl- n1013aHHblL;1 VI C ropa3AO 60nee MOW.HOC1 ABVlra- TellbHOC1 YCTaHoBKoC1, no cpaBHeHVlIO C cepvtC1- HblM~ Bap",aHTaM~. Ho npeACTaB"'Ten", <p~p-

Mbl ·AopHbe. BblABBan", CBoero peKOPACMeHa 3a cep"'~Hbl~ 06pa3ell co CH"TblM BoopYlt<e- H"'eM. TaKa" "'H<popMall"'" 3aCTBB",na aB~a­ ll"'OHHble wTa6bl AHm",,,,, ¢>paHll~"" Yexocno-

BaKVIVI VI nOllbW&.1 nO-HoBoMy B3rnsmyrb Ha OC-

HaweH~e YaCTe~ '" He MYApeHO: OCHOBHO~ aH-

rnVlC1cKVI~ VlCTpe6V1Tellb 6V1nllaH

ccrl18,AVlaTOp»

(AanbHe~wee pa3B"'TIoIe .raHrneTa,,) 06nB,Aan MaKc~ManbHo~ CKOpOCTblO 407 KM/Y. 60nee

cOBpeM8HHblC1 .XapPlo1K8V1H» nVlWb rOTOBVInCH

K cep~~HoMY npo"'3BoACTBY. ¢>paHll"'", nonb-

wa VI LtexocnoBaKVlfI TalOKe He YlMellVi B COCTa-

Be SSC nepeXBaTY"'KOB, cnoc06HblX npOT"'.O- CTO"Tb Do 17.

CnpoeKTHpo';aHH1>lH B paMKaX rep"aHCKOH TeopHH B03,n;ymHOH BOHHbI Dol7, nO-ltaqany 6blJ1 Bo06~e JIlIllIeH o60poltHTeJIbHoro Boopy:>KeHHJI. OAJiaKO pe3JIHH Cpa:>KeHHH BCKope 3aCTaBHJIH KOHCT-

PYKTOpOB 6)'Kll3JIb1t0 yTbIKaTb

'1HCJIO KOTOPbIX Ita noCJI~ .IOAJiepHlcau;HJIX AOCTHrJlo Bocb

ero Ka6Hl1}' orueBbIMH TOqKa

H,

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P"'~ peW"1l np"MeH"Tb B 60M6apA"pOBU1"·

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CKlile cnel

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COXpaHRJlIll nQnHOe eno-

pellbHblX 7,62-MM WKACOB HaAelKHO 3aU1"-

w,an caMoneT OT aTaK, KaK cBepxy, TaK l.1 CHl.1- 3Y. He06xOA\.1MO OTMeT\.1Tb: cOBeTCKl.1a1t

WKAC Kall"6pa 7,62 MM 6bln 3¢¢eKT"BHee

repMaHcKoro

aHrJl&.1a1tCKOrO

MG 15, T.K. 061laAan n04T" BABoe 60nbwe~ CKopocTpellbHocTblO, paBHo~ 1800 BblC!M"H. BecHo~ 1936 r., KorAa C6 3anycT"Il" B Cep"~HOe npO"3BOACTBO, era xapaKTep"C-

3"MO~ 1938-1939 rr.

AelKHblM" AB"raTeIlRM" OB600. Y Cep"~HblX

Do17E \01 F, A8V1CTBOBaewlo1X B COCTae8 .nen,,·

p04Horo u,exa BblKaT\.1nVl npOTOHm \.1cTpe5\.1·

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1.13 yeTblpeX

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B He6e

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npOTOT\.1nOB CKOpOCTHoro 60M~

HaR CKOpOCTb He npeBblwalla 370 KM!" " OH"

ycnewHo c6VlsanVicb pecny6JlVlKaHCKIilMLit \IIe-

Tpe6"TeIlRM" 111-16. A BOT COBeTCK"e CKOPO- CTHble 60M6apA"pOBU1"K" C6 OKa3all"Cb,

6apA"pOBU1"Ka K"-48.

3TO 6bln LjenbHOMeTanll""eCK"~ cpeAHS-

nnaH rJlaAKOKJlenaHHOH KOHCTpyKlJ,\.1\.1 CO CBO~

60AHOHeCYU1"M KpblnOM, nOA KOTOpblM pac-

nOJlaraJlCR

Ha

400 Kr 60M6, eU1e 200 Kr nOABeW"Ban"Cb Ha nOAKpblllbeBblX 60M60AeplKaTenRx. 060po-

Tl.1K&.1

6blnl.1

nOl.1CT&.1He

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Macco~ 5730 Kr pa3B"Ball Ha B"'COTe 4000 M CKOpOCTb 423 KM!4, a BblCOTY B 5 KM Ha6"- pall 3a 8 M"H 36 c. MaKC"MallbHaR Aallb- HOCTb nOlleTa COCTaBIlRlla 1500 KM. OceHblO TOro lKe roAa C6 C ycnexoM npORB"Il" 60e- Bble B03MOlKHOCT~ HaA n"peHe.M", a 4epe3 roA HOBble 60M6apA"pOBU1"K", n"nOT"pye-

Mbl8 COBeTCKl.1Mlt1 3K\.1na)KaM&.1, yyaCTBOBan&.1

B OTpa)KeH\.1l.1 RnOHCKOalt arpeCCII1l.1 B Kl.1Tae. nORBneHlI1e 3Tl.1X caMOfleTOB B XOAe 3aTR- HyBwerocH s:lnOHO-Kl.1TaaltCKOrO KOHepnl.1KTa OKa3anOCb BeCbMa Henp\.1RTHblM ClOpnp\.1- 30M AJlH RnOHCK&.1X n\.1JlOTOS, KOTopble Tonb~

KO Ha4afl\.1 OCBa\.1SaTb HOSeHW\.1e l.1cTpe6\.1~

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B\.1R C6 np0&.13SeJlVl 3aMeTHoe Bne4aTJleHVle

VI Ha reHWTa6 HnOHCKOH VlMnepaTOpCKOalt

apMVlI.1, 3KcnepTbi KOToporo B KOHlJ,e oceHVI

1937 r. c¢opMyll"pOBall" OCHOBHble Tpe60- BaH"R K nepcneKmBHoMy 60M60B03Y AIlR

apMe~CK"X BBC. 5lnoHCK"~ reHwTa6 no-

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nQ4T\II

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BOOpy)KeHLite

paCC41.1TaHHblaIt

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V1TaflbRHCKVlX «<t>VlarOB CR.32», KOTopble Aa- )1(8 8 caMblX BbirOAHblX ycnoBII1RX 6b1m1 He B

GOCTORHIilIt1 \11M npOTIIIBOCTORTb. A~e AflR HO- eei71wlllx H8MelJ,KVlX CKOpOCTHbiX Ii1Crpe6HTe-

lle~-MOHonllaHOB .MeccepWM"TI Bll09B.

HVlTenbHoe

7, 71-MM nyJleMeTOB, 3aw,\.1w,aSW\.1X

COCTOHJlO

Tpex

CaMOJlel

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WVlHa 3a6\.1paJlaCb 3a 9 M\.1H,

a

MaKC\.1MaJlb-

HaR AanbHOCTb paBHRllaCb 21100 KM.

CpaBH\.1BaR nx 3Toro «caMypaR» C espo· nealtCK\.1M\.1 KOHKypeHTaM\.1, HeTpYAHo 3aMeT\IITb

ero Jl\.1AepCTBO nOYT\II no BceM nOKa3aTemlM, oco6eHHO no TOYHOCT\.1 60M6oMeTaHII1R. OCHa~ CTII1S 60M6apAlI1poBw,II1K TOPM03HblMH peweT ~

KaMII1 B AonOJlHeHLite K nponeJlnepaM 1I13MeHRe-

Moro wara, TaKeo ,ll,Oalt 3Ha4HTenbHO nOSblClIln

ero 3¢¢eKT"BHOCTb, T.K. 06eCne4"1l B03MO>K- HOCTb HaHeceH"R 60M6apA"pOB04HblX YAapOB

C n\.1K\.1pOaaH\.1R.

3anyw,eHHblaIt

B

Cepll1a1tHOe

npo"3BOACTBO, OH YlKe lleTOM 1940 r. CTan no- CTynaTb Ha BoopYlKeH"e. OCeHblQ Toro lKe rOAa K"-48 y"acTBoBall B 60RX Ha CeBepHoM ¢POH-

Te B KIIlTae, rAe OKa3anCR He no 3y6aM nonLit~

KapnOSCKII1M IIlcTpe6l11TemlM-6l11nJlaHaM LI1~15 Lit

111-153, Aa" AIlR 60nee COBpeMeHHblX !'1-16 OH

6b1Jl OTHIOAb He «CII1AR4ealt yrKOalt».

HA3AA»

Ka-TopneAoHocu,a He onpaBAanl.1Cb 1113-38 TPYAHOCTeall, CBR38HHblX C AOBOAKOall HOBblX

ABypRAHblX 3Be3Ao06pa3HbiX AB"raTene~ .6p"CTOllb-Taypyc. (Bristol-Taurus). nepe-

rOBopbl C aMepLo1KaHCKOall epVlPMOH «!loKXII1AIO

(Lockheed)

AenapTa-

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"

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(TaK

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B QTJH1l.lVle

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Lit

aHrJH1V1cKlIlx

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CBOIi1

60M60B03bl Ha 6a3e naCCalK"pCK"X caMO- neTOB, KOHCTpyKTopcKoe 61Opo TynoneBa, np"CTynaR B KOHLje 1933 r. K pa60Te HaA CKOpOCTHblM 60M6apA"pOBU1"KOM, 06na-

AaIlQ 3Ha4J.1T8JlbHbIM HaY4HO-TeXHI.148CKII1M l.1 onblTHO-KOHCTpyKTOpCKl.1M 3aAenOM, HaKon- net-!HblM B XOAe C03AaHl.1R MHorOMeCTHblX

Allin. 06a

TRlKellblX "cTpe6"Telle~ M"-3 "

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nepBOHayaJ1bHO

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n~ B.I MKI a 3BAHe" nonycq,epe 6blnB orpa-

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Hbl. Ha yaCHI o:6J1eHXe~MOBMKI., a 3aTeM \.1

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neMeTaM~. OAHaKo ynYYWeH~" npoaoA~­

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a

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ceHTH6pb 1939-ro co CTapblM~ xaOCToabl-

M\.1 TypeJ1~M\.1.

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B BAPlI1AHTE lI1CTPE6111TEASI Ha'-iaIlaCb >Ke 3Ta I.1CTOPI.1R C Toro, '-iTO py- KOBOACTBO It1cTpe61i1TenbHOro

B BAPlI1AHTE lI1CTPE6111TEASI

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B 4~Cne 3aAay,

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3aAaH~e Ha ~cTpe6~TenbHbl~ Bap~aHT
npeAycMaTplo1Bano TOllbKO YCl.1neHl.1e nyne-
MeTHoro Boopy>KeHVlR 3a C'-ieT CHRH1R '-iaCTIo1
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nbiTaHIIlR, 3anYCKaJ1V1Cb B ceplt'uo. Ho aHrm1ya-
(Hurricane), HO ~ "HBAe><AY HaL1~~" - HOBe~­
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a B HVIX npope3anl.1 OTBepCTVlR AJlR pyKasoB
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nOMKIo1 nlO6oil!Ii13 Bpa)l(8CKIi1X 60M6oB030B.
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7,71-MM nyneMeToB .6paYH~Hr FN. pa3Me-
6apA~pOBU\~Ka,6bln BeCbMa AaneK OT ~Aea­
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PYKL1~~ nOA06Horo T~na.
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cranVi H8AOBeAeHHble ABVIrarenl.1 "nepe-
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"eM nOnHa" 60M60Ba" Harpy3Ka. np~ He06-
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no nape 113,5-Kr. fleTHble AaHHble B OCHOB-
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8b1e AeVlcTBVlR, «6neHxeVlMbi MKIFIO 6b1nVl, no-
>KanyH, Hal.160nee HeYAa'-iHbIMVlIi13 Bcex TR)Ke-
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nep~oA 1939-1941 rr. OAHOMOTOPHbl~ .Xap-
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ro c06paTa no BoopY)l(eH~1O BABoe, ~Me" 8
nepOOH3QaJIbHO I1crpe6HTeJlbHoe H
Beperoooe KOM3H,l1;003HIDI C,lJ,eJIaJ1H
craoKy 113 AOyxMOTOpHWH Hcrpe6H-
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)l,OBe,lJ;eHHOCTb CHlIOBOH YCTaHOBKH
nO~leUlaJIa::ITOH nepcne
HBHoH
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ceH:lJJe KopOJleocKHX BBC.
PeaJIH331.\ID1 nporp3M>tW HCTpe6H-
TeJIbHOJ'O B3pHaHTa .6J1enXeHM MKJFt,
6bV13 B 3H3QHTeJIbHOH creneHH BhI-
t~eIUIOH:~lepOH,n03BOJlHBWeH B
KOpoTKHe CpOKH nOJIY'lHTb He06xo,lJ,H-
Moe KOJlH'leCI'BO naTPYJlbHblX CaMOJle-
TOB, XOT" H C HeBbJCOKH!\IH J1CTtlbIMH
,lJ;aHHhlJ\oIH. Ha CHHMKe C3MOJleTbi 601-if.
aCK~pHJlbH, 3BHa6a33 XaH,ZJ.OH lUlH
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JIyqWHl'tl TJI)KeJlblM Hcrpe6HTe.T(e~1 K HaqaJl)' BTOpon MHpoBOn BOnHM 6WJI, HCCOMHCHHO, nCMeU;KHH Bf110C,

JIyqWHl'tl TJI)KeJlblM Hcrpe6HTe.T(e~1K

HaqaJl)' BTOpon MHpoBOn BOnHM 6WJI, HCCOMHCHHO, nCMeU;KHH Bf110C, COqe·

'faBWH" ,lI,OCTaTOlJHO BblCOKHe JICTHbIe

1\3HHble H 'IOUl,Hoe BOOpY'",eHHe.

nyIleMeToB Taro )l(e KaIlLil6pa, KaK Lil HOBeallWl.1c;

.Cn~T<I>a~p•. npeBOCXOACTBO B orHeBO~ MO,

~1.1 HOBoro HeMeLl,Koro «pa3pYWLilTeIl51» «Mec-

cepWM~TTaBlllOC· (Messerschmitt Bfl10C),

CKOHCTpyl.1poBaHHoro BI.111IlVl MeccepWMVlT- TOM Lil HayaBWero nocrynaTb C 5lHBap51 1939 r. Ha BOOpy>KeHLile 3CKaAP T51)Ke11blX LilCTpe6I.1Te-

ne~JlIO<I>TBa<l><I>e, BblmOAeno ellje 60nee Bne· "aTnOlOllj~M. Macca ceKyHAHoro 3anna ·6neHxe~Ma MKIF. paBHonacb 0,7 Kr, a y Bfl10C OHa COCTaBnona 2,35 Kr np~"eM. ~3

3Toro