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General

1-1. Description

1-2. Specifications

A 2 0 4 1 , A2042 P o r t a b l e W a t t m e t e r i s a H a i r
S p r i n g suspensin, e l e c t r o - d y n a m o m e t e r type
wattmeter and i s used to measure DC and A C
electric pwer i n laboratories and factories.

1-2. Wattmeter
A2041, A2042
Accuracy : Conforming to KSC1303 class 0.5 rated
Accuracy : 0.5% of full scale valu.

The instrument is housed i n a bakelite case, and


the indicator is shielded w i t h double permalloy
p l a t e s to m i n i m i z e t h e i n f l u e n c e of e x t e r n a l
magnetic fields.

Dimensions : Approx. 260 x 180 x 140mm


Weight: Approx. 2.8kg(A2041), 3.2kg(A2042)
Scale Length : Approx. 135mm

The frequency of the power to be measured is


from 25 to 1000Hz for the wattmeter.

Scale Divisions : 120.


Effect of Self Heating : Less than 0.25% of full scale
value(approx.)
I n d i c a t i o n D i f f e r e n c e between DC a n d A C
Measurements: Less than 0.1% of full scale valu
(approx.)
E f f e c t of T e m p e r a t u r e : L e s s t h a n 0.3%/10C
(approx.)

Effect of External Magnetic Field : Approx. l%(less


than 400A/m).

Dielectric Strength : Withstands (1500V AC for one

Frequency Ranges : DC, 25^1000Hz.

Accessory : Instruction Manual 1 copy.

Effect of Power Factor : Less than 0.5%(for power


factor between 1 and 0.5).

Operating Temperature Range : 0 to 40C (32 to


104F)

Insulation Resistance : More than lOMe at 500V DC


between electric circuit and case. More than 5MQ at
5 0 0 V DC b e t w e e n c u r r e n t c i r c u i t and v o l t a g e
circuit.

Storage Temperature Range : -10 to 5 0 t ! (14 to


122F)

Table 1-2. Three phase Watt. (A2042)

Table 1-1. Power Rating and Volt-Ampere Loss. (A2041)


Power Rating

Range
-0/oltage Range

120V

1/5 A
5/25 A

Approx.

Infernal Impedance
7KO

Range

Volt-Ampere Loss

240V

14KQ

2.4VA

24W

48W

16.35Q

0.55VA

1A

120W

240W

0.56Q

0.56VA

1A

120W

240W

0.93Q

0.93VA

5A

600W

1.2kW

0.034Q

0.84VA

5A

600W

1.2kW

0.0640

1.72VA

25A

3kW

6kW

0.0027Q

1.69VA

Power Rating (V)

~^___Voltage Range

1.2VA

0.2A

Curren! R a g s T ^ ^
0.2/1A

Approx.

N/

minute between voltage current terminis and case.

Current Range
0.2/1A
1/5A

5/25A

* Tota! Volt-Ampere Loss ol the A2041 = Volt-Ampere loss o vottage ange + Volt-Ampere Loss ot Current Range.

120V
3phase

240V
3phase

0.2A

48W

96W

1A

240W

480W

1A

240W

480W

5A

I200W

2400W

5A

1200W

2400W

25A

6000W

12kW

Voltage '
Voltage conn
marked with(:
marked with ti
Current '
marked with(
voltage coil,
terminis are
currents.
Scale: Th
equi-spaced di
Mirror : T
errors i n read
indication val
that the poin
overlap.

Knife-edg

Zero Adju
the pointer.
attributable to
be used to zen
reading errors.

\
l

A M E S AND FUNCTIONS OF COMPONENTS


Voltage Terminis : These a r e used for t h e
Voltage connections. T h e common t e r m i n a l i s
marked with(), and the two other terminis are
marked with the respective rated voltages.
Current Terminis : One of the terminis i s
marked with() to show the polarity relation to the
v o l t a g e coil, a n d t h e two a l t e r n a t i v e c u r r e n t
terminis are marked w i t h the respective rated
currents.
Scale : The scale is virtually linear and has 120
equi-spaced divisions.
Mirror : This is provided to elimnate parallax
errors i n reading the meter indication. Read the
indication valu with your eye i n such a position
that the pointer and its reflection i n the Mirror
overlap.
Knife-edge Pointer:
Zero Adjust S c r e w : This screw is used to zero
the p o i n t e r . H o w e v e r , i f t h e p o i n t e r s h i f t i s
attributable to a bent pointer, the screw must not
be used to zero the deflection because it may cause
reading errors.

Table of Range Multiplier Constants : The table


is located on the side of the instrument case, and
the actual power valu is obtained by multplying
the constant listed in the table by the indication
valu on the scale.
Refer to.the operational procedure for more
detailed information.

OPERATION
3-1. Preparations
(1) Place the instrument on a fairly level surface.
(2) Check that the instrument pointer i s at the
zero(O) position on the scale. I f not, turn the zeroadjust screw (fefer to figure 2-1) on the front panel
using the correct screw-driver, until the pointer is
zeroed.
(3) Make sure the power source is "Off" before
m a k i n g a n y c o n n e c t i o n to t h e c i r c u i t to be
measured.
(4) Measure the approximate circuit
curent and voltage beforenand, set
the i n s t r u m e n t to a n appropriate
range before connecting i t to the
circuit whose power consumption is
to be measured.

A s shown i n figure 3 - 1 , connect the voltage


terminal() to t h e load side a n d complete the
voltage connection through the current
c i r c u i t ( c o n n e c t t h e voltage terminal() to the
current terminal A).
If the pointer deflects reversely, interchange the
two voltage terminal connections.

(2) Current e
phase power me
A s show i n
transformer(CT)
Measured Pov
= Indicator Ri
CT Ratio

Measured power(watt)
Indicator Reading x Range Multiplier

Power
Source

F o r DC p
minimize the ex
the mean v a l
ocnnection in fi
power.

Power
Source

Power
Source

3-2. Connections
(1) Measurement on single phase or
DC Circuit.

(A 2041)
Figure 3-1

(A 2042)
Figure 3 -

F o r D C power m e a s u r e m e n t , i n order to
minimize the external magnetic field influence, use
t h e m e a n valu of p o w e r s m e a s u r e d u s i n g
ocnnection in figure 3 - 2 and 3-3 as the measrued
power.
(2) Current exceeding the rated valu i n single
phase power measurement.
As show i n figure 3 - 4 , connect a current
transformer(CT) to a current circuit.

(3) Voltage exceeding the rated valu in single


phase power measurement.
A s shown i n figure 3 - 5 , connect a potential
transformer(PT) to the voltage circuit.
Measured Power(watt)
= Indicator Reading x Range Multiplier Constant x
PT Ratio.

Measured Power(watt)
= Indicator Reading x Range Multiplier Constant x
CT Ratio
Power
Source

Figure 3-2(A2041)

Power
Source

Figure 3-3(A2041)

Power
Source

Figure 3-4(A2041)

Figure 3-5(A2041)

(4) Both Voltage and current exceeding the rated


vales i n single phase power measurement.

Power
Source

(5) Three pha:


sets of wattmete
Three phases
connecting two
shown in figure
algebraical S u :
wattmeters.

As shown i n figure 3-6, connect a P T and a C T to


a voltage circuit and a current circuit respectively.
Measurement Power(watt)
= Indicator Reading x Range Multiplier x P T Ratio
x CT Ratio

(A 2041)

-u
Source

S/U

-v Load

T/I3

-u
v Load

Source

When the pe
measured is gr
connected as sht
vales, so the m
the circuit to be
of the two watt
scale reversely.
R -

Power
Source ~
s

Power consumption
when P T are used becomes
as follows '
Load power consumption
p(w)= Wattmeter reading x
Multiplying constant x
Transformation ratio

DO

O p-

3-phase Wattmeter
Connection When

(A 2042)

P T are Used

Figure 3-6

-o

1 1

Fig

(5) Three phase A C power Measurement (by two


sets of wattmeters).
Three phases power measurement is made by
connecting two sets of single phase wattmeters as
shown i n figure 3-7. The power is indicated by the
a l g e b r a i c a l S u m of t h e i n d i c a t i o n s of t h e two
wattmeters.
When t h e power f a c t o r of t h e c i r c u i t to be
measured is greater than 50%, both wattmeters
connected as shown i n figure 3-7 indicate "positive"
vales, so the measured three phase power factor of
the circuit to be measured is less than 50%, on one
of the two wattmeters the pointer will deflect off
scale reversely.

In this case, reverse the voltage connection of the


meter whose pointer deflects reversely, and the
meter will indicate a "positive" valu on the scale.
Subtract this valu from the positive valu on the
other meter.
(6) Both voltage and current exceeding the rated
vales in three phase power measurement.
Connect as shown i n figure 3-8. The measured
three phase -power is the algebraical addition of
each wattmeters (indicator reading x multiplying
constant) x PT Ratio x CT Ratio.
In Figure 3-8, L, I , V, v are terminal symbols and
denote each polarity.

Power
Source

Figure 3-7(A2041)

Figure 3-8(A2041)

3-3. Range Selection

(2) Be sure no to open the secondary circuit of a


current transformer CT when changing the
measuring ranges. I f the current transformer is
provided with a secondary winding shorting switch,
cise the winding with the switch first, and then
change the measuring range. I f such a switch is not
provided, change the range after switching off the
power source ; or connect to the new c u r r e n t
terminal before removing the connection to the od
one.

(1) For power measurement, select a voltage range


which i s likely to be cise to the voltage of the
c i r c u i t to be m e a s u r e d . I f the load c u r r e n t i s
unknown, first select the largest current terminal
for connection, and turn power switch ON.
Both voltage and current ranges are changed by
selecting terminis. The ratio of the voltage ranges
is 2. The ratio of the current ranges is 5.

3-4. How to i
Constan
(1) Single phase <
The table of i
3-1 or the label
to convert the v
to a power v a l
obtained as folio
Load Power
= Meter Indice
The range n,
however it shc
depending on th
:

Multiplying C
Voltage(V) x R
Divisions(120)
a

3-4. How to use the Table of Multiplying


Constants
' (1) Single phase wattmeter
The table of range multiplier as shown in Table
3 - 1 or the label on the side of the wattmeter is used
to convert the valu read on the 120-division scale
to a power valu. I n other words, the power i s
obtained as followsl
Load Power

Table 3-1. (Rated Voltage 120/240V/


Rated Current 1/5/25 A) COSALO
Voltage Range
Current Range
0.2A
1A
5A
25A

\
\

(A2041)

= Meter Indication x Range Multiplier


T h e range m u l t i p l i e r i s obtained a s follows
however i t should be obtained from the table,
depending on the voltage or current range setting.
Multiplying Constant = Rated Current (A) x Rated
Voltage(V)x Rated Power Factor (l.OVNumber of
Divisions(120)

Range Multiplier
120V
240V
0.4
0.2
1
2
5
10
50
25

Voltage Range
Current Range
0.2A
1A
5A
25A

\
\

Range Multiplier
120V
240V
0.4
0.8
4
2
10
20
50
100

(A2042)

Relatad Instruments

MAINTENANCE

Portable Current Transformes

W h e n s t o r i n g t h i s i n s t r u m e n t , avoid an rea
which is '

Model

Accuracy

Rated
Burden

Mximum
Circuit Voltage

P r i m a i y Rating

Secondary
Rating

A224

+0.2%

15VA

3450V

10/15/30/50/100/250
/300/500/750/1500A

5A

A2242

+0.2%

15VA

6900V

10/15/30/50/100/250
/30/500/750/1500A

5A

A2243

+0.1%

15VA

250A

O.5/0.75/1/1.5/2/3/5/7.5
/10/15/20/30/50/75/100

5A

A2244

+0,2%

1.5VA

250V

500 A (500ATI

5A

Very humid
Subject to direct sunlight
Near high temperature heat sources
Subject to storing vibration

Noie! A2242, A2242 curren! transformer for ranges of 100A or less are terminal type
transformers, and through type Iransformers are used for ranges of 250A or more.
Nofe2. A2243 is a terminal type fransformer,
Note3. For A2244 the primary and secondary ratings are 500AT and 5A, respeclively.
For 500A rating, wind a one-turn pnmary, and for 250A rating wind a two-tum primary,

10

A2261, A2262

A2261, A2262 Potential Transformers


Model Accuracy Rated Burden

2261

0.2%

2262

0.2%

Portable, Power Factor Meter A2039

Primary Rating

Secondary Rating

240/440/2200/3300 V

110V

Accuracy

15VA

Item

Specifications
Conforming to KSC 1303+3% expressed as a phase angle

15/30/50/75 V

150V

Principie

Phase angle sensing (transducer method) *

100/200/300/500 V

t50V

Rated Voltage

120V (can used between 60 and 300V)

3300/6600 V

110V

15VA

Rated Current
Scale

0.2/1 A

1/5 A

Lead 0-0.3 to 1.0 lo 0.3-0 Lag

Effective Power
Factor Measuring

Portable, Three-phase Wattmeter A2042


Item

Specifications

Accuracy

Conlorming to KSC1303 class 0.5 (0.5% of full scale valu)

Operating Principie

Electro-dynamometer type

Rated Voltage

120/240 V
0.2/1A

Rated Current
Rated Power Factor

1/5 A

'

5/25 A

1.0

Frequency Ranges

DC 25 lo 1000 Hz

Scale Length

Approx 130mm (5-1/8')

Lead 0.5 to 1.0 to 0.5 Lag

Range

Scae Divisin

120

Dimensions

Approx. 260x180x140mm (10-1/4x7-1/8x5-5/8")

Weight

Approx. 3.2kg (7.0 Ibs)

11

Scale Lenglh

Approx. 130mm

Power Consumption

Voltage Circuit (120 V) Approx. 0.14 VA


Current Circuit (5 A) Approx. 2.4 VA

Dimensions

Approx. 260X180X116

Weight

Approx. 2.9kg

5/25 A