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FACTORS AFFECTING CAREER PREFERENCES OF THE


POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITYOF THE PHILIPPINES
MARKETING MANAGEMENT STUDENTS

A research paper
Presented to the faculty of Arts and Letters
Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Sta. Mesa, Manila

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the


English 1023

by
Rick Abram V. Del Rosario
Christy M. Bunquin

Rainie An P. Gratela

Jamie Jen I. Codilan

Love Clariel L. Gonzales

Iris Princess Enguer

Cheenee D. Hung

Abbegail C. Marzan

Audrey Monique B. Silvano

Alexandra Kate Largado

Carl Kevin V. Penalosa


March 2016

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The researchers would like to thank the following whom served as a guide and
motivation for the researchers to accomplish their research and for helping them make
their research possible:
Our Lord, Jesus Christ, for giving the researchers enough knowledge and
strength every step of the way, no matter how hard the situation they were having; for
not leaving their side in times of difficulties and for always being there as a source of
hope for the researchers.
The researchers' parents for understanding them and allowing the researchers to
go home late, or latter than the usual; for not neglecting them; for being there for the
researchers in times of difficulties and for supporting the researchers to do what they
were obliged to do for their future.
The researchers' Professor, Mr. Hayrold C. Malonzo, for believing in the
researchers' ability to do the researchers as what he expected; for guiding and helping
the researchers complete their research and also for giving and sharing his knowledge
and information regarding the topic that was given to the researchers.
The researchers' friends, block mates and schoolmates for helping the
researchers with the information and data they needed to accomplish their research; for
guiding them and for sharing the knowledge they have regarding theses.

Researchers

ABSTRACT
Title:

Factors affecting Career preferences of the Polytechnic University of the


Philippines, Marketing Management Students

Researchers:
Rick Abram V. Del Rosario
Christy M. Bunquin
Jamie Jen I. Codilan

Rainie An P. Gratela

Iris Princess B. Enguerra

Love Clariel L. Gonzales


Cheenee D. Hung

Abbegail C. Marzan

Audrey Monique B. Silvano

Alexandra Kate Largado

Carl Kevin V. Penalosa

Degree:

Bachelor of Science in Business Administration Major in Marketing


Management

Institution:

Polytechnic University of the Philippines

Year:

2016

Adviser:

Prof. Hayrold C. Malonzo

The Problem
The main objective of this study is to determine the factors affecting career
preferences of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Marketing Management
students.

Research Methodology
The study utilized the descriptive method of research. The respondents of
the study are freshmen dayshift marketing management students and we used stratified
random sampling to the respondents. In determining the sample size, we used Slovin
Formula.
The instrument used to get the data needed was a 50 item questionnaire
given to the computed sample size. After tallying the questionnaire, we make use of 2
statistical tool, namely mean and standard deviation to know the average and
dispersion of their given answers.
Findings
Findings revealed the:

1. Effects of Opportunity in Career Preferences:


a) In 1-1D, the mean score is 2.92 and the standard deviation is 0.48
b) In 1-2D, the mean score is 2.879 and the standard deviation is 0.367
c) In 1-3D, the mean score is 2.887 and the standard deviation is 0.367
d) In 1-4D, the mean score is 2.995 and the standard deviation is 0.455
e) In 1-5D, the mean score is 2.537 and the standard deviation is 0.529
2. Effects of Personality in Career Preferences:
a) In 1-1D, the mean score is 2.56 and the standard deviation is 0.645
b) In 1-2D, the mean score is 2.564 and the standard deviation is 0.454
c) In 1-3D, the mean score is 2.573 and the standard deviation is 0.516
d) In 1-4D, the mean score is 2.685 and the standard deviation is 0.692
e) In 1-5D, the mean score is 2.535 and the standard deviation is 0.647

3. Effects of Environment in Career Preferences:


a) In 1-1D, the mean score is 2.643 and the standard deviation is 0.522
b) In 1-2D, , the mean score is 2.593 and the standard deviation is 0.321

c) In 1-3D, the mean score is 2.673 and the standard deviation is 0.371
d) In 1-4D, the mean score is 2.60 and the standard deviation is 0.378
e) In 1-5D, the mean score is 2.507 and the standard deviation is 0.402

4. Effects of Future Work Condition in Career Preference:

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

In 1-1D, the mean score is 3.249 and the standard deviation is 0.168
In 1-2D, the mean score is 3.089 and the standard deviation is 0.266
In 1-3D, the mean score is 3.0 and the standard deviation is 0.209
In 1-4D, the mean score is 3.182 and the standard deviation is 0.319
In 1-5D, the mean score is 3.144 and the standard deviation is 0.188

5. Effects of Practice Location in Career Preference:


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

In 1-1D, the mean score is 2.995 and the standard deviation is 0.242
In 1-2D, the mean score is 2.953 and the standard deviation is 0.471
In 1-3D, the mean score is 3.02 and the standard deviation is 0.233
In 1-4D, the mean score is 2.989 and the standard deviation is 0.242
In 1-5D, the mean score is 2.931 and the standard deviation is 0.182

Conclusions
Based on the findings, we the researchers derived the following conclusions.
Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:
1. Opportunity plays a big role in choosing the career preference. Grades, socio
economic status, training, employment and privileges are what affects the
opportunity as a dependent variable, or as a factor on which affects career
preferences. Many of the respondents answered that opportunity does really
affect their choice of career.
2. Personality is also a factor that affects the career preference in a way that it
increases a person's self-esteem knowing what path they really want to take
in life. Academic ability, career plans, NCAE result and teacher's
characteristics may lead to an effect on a person's way of thinking and

perception to the career that he's willing to take. Money, parents, teacher,
friends or peer influences also affect a person's career preference .
3. The environment can also be a reason for the people to choose their career.
The result shows that many of the respondents were greatly affected by their
family and peers in making their career path.
4. Future work condition will play a very big role in their career preference
because it is where you will work after you have finished your study. Different
aspects can affect someones decision on choosing that company to worked
for. Future working condition is also very critical because it can affect your
safety, your health and other personal experiences that you can get from the
company youve been working with.
5. Practice location is will also have a big effect in career decision making of the
respondents. It is where your companys specific location and what is inside
it. We concluded that Practice location is very important in career decision
making.
Recommendations
Based on the conclusions, the following recommendations were drawn:
PUP Administration - The Administration must conduct seminars for the
students and come up for more exciting programs and orientations that can help the
students to choose the right career preference for them. And that can also make them
excel.
PUP Faculty Members - PUP Faculty Members has a vital role in students'
career preference. That is why they should know how to motivate and encourage the

students on choosing their career preference. And give the students more information
about different careers.
PUP Marketing Management Students - The students must know the career that
suits to their passions, skills interest and other factors and they must also choose a
career that they want to be with in their future.
Future Researchers They must improve what the present researchers revealed
in this study. They must widen the range of the study and keep on striving about career
related researches for further understanding about career decision making.
The Parents - Parents has one of the big influences in the career choice of the
students. That is why parents should motivate and support their child on their career
choice. And parents should not pursue their child to choose a career that they don't
want.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE
CERTIFICATION AND APPROVAL SHEET
ACKNOWLEDGMENT ..
CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY ..
ABSTRACT .
LIST OF TABLES ..
LIST OF FIGURES
CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND .
Introduction .
Background of the Study ..
Theoretical Framework .
Conceptual Framework
Statement of the Problem .
Hypothesis ...
Scope and Limitation ..
Significance of the Study ..
Definition of Terms ..
CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
Foreign Literature .
Local Literature .
Foreign Studies
Local Studies ..

Synthesis and Relevance of the Reviewed Literature and Studies ..


.

CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


Method of Research .
Population, Sample Size and Sampling Technique
Description of Respondents ..
Research Instrument ..
Data-Gathering Procedure .
Statistical Treatment of Data ..

CHAPTER 4 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION


OF DATA .

CHAPTER 5 SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary .
Conclusions .
Recommendations .
BIBLIOGRAPHY ..

APPENDICES

Letter of Request for Permission to Conduct Survey ..


Questionnaire ....
Pictures (if any)..
Documents, memoranda, data/figures (if any)
Sample statistical computations or print-outs .
Curriculum Vitae

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.1 John Hollands Theory of Career

Figure 1.2 - Research Paradigm

LIST OF TABLES
Table 1- Frequency distribution Table of Freshmen Dayshift
Marketing Management Students
Table 2.1 Total Mean and Standard Deviation of Opportunity per Strata
Table 2.2 - Total Mean and Standard Deviation of Personality per Strata
Table 2.3 - Total Mean and Standard Deviation of Environment per Strata
Table 2.4 - Total Mean and Standard Deviation of Future Working Condition per
Strata
Table 2.5 - Total Mean and Standard Deviation of Practice Location per Strata

Introduction
The choice of the proper course starting a career is a major problem for
secondary school students throughout the world, especially here in the Philippines.
Education is one of the necessities or the strongly-recommended attainment that
everyone should possess. It is universally recognized as the answer to socio-economic
problems of the world. Illiteracy is one of the major problems of the world and only
Education is the key to lessen it and hopefully, remove it from the line. Individuals,
Community, Society and the Nation hopes for Education to grant a cure for poverty,
ignorance, drought, mental deficiency, joblessness, unjustified government systems,
bad communication strategies, inadequate problems in basic needs and especially
illiteracy. Everyone would wanted to obtain a good quality of education for an addition of
ease in coping in the society, applying for job, making some moves for the corporate
world and life class or status.
Considering that Philippines is considered as a Third-world country, our college
institutions are still capable of producing graduates that are highly competitive in global
competitions, some are lucky to be an executive or got a higher position in their own

company. This implies that Philippines can be a competitive country even poverty is
always on the side of every Filipinos. In line of this, Job Vacancy and employment is still
the worst fear of the graduates that are waiting to be employed.
Job employment is a big part of our industry, specifically in the corporate world,
where Company managers dominates the market in their own ways. Large markets like
SM group of companies give benefits to some less fortunate people who do not have a
complete educational attainment which results to unemployment. Some people spend
their entire life just finding the right career to pursue. Many dont know where to even
start looking. In the Philippines alone, there are thousands of people looking for
numerous kinds of jobs, from accountants to athletes, from dancers to dentists, from
teachers to top executives. Therefore, People tend to accept the fact that some of their
dream job will be only just a dream for them.
On the other side in the year 2015, The Philippine economy is gradually on the
rise, largely driven by its business process outsourcing, industry and construction
sectors. The average pace of growth on the Philippines in the first half of the decade
was 6.3% compared to 6% in Indonesia, 5.8% in Malaysia and Vietnam and 3.6% in
Thailand. These numbers were just evidence of how Philippine Industry increase its
growth through the years compared to other neighboring countries especially in the
South East Asia Region.
With all of these facts, Guiding every Students, especially the ones who are
entering the tertiary level is necessary because it can dictate what life he could get for
tomorrow. Career Preferences of these said students must be considered by the School

Head or administrations of different High-School institutions and ensure that they are
ready for one of the hardest decisions of their life, their career choice. This are the
reasons why our group decided to conduct this study to know the factors affecting
career preferences of freshmen marketing management students of Polytechnic
University of the Philippines.

Background of the study


Polytechnic University of the Philippines (PUP) is a public, non-sectarian, nonprofit institution and one of the State University and Colleges all around the country.
PUP system as a whole has 20 satellite campuses around the country and considered
as one of the largest Universities in Asia in terms of Population of students that is
almost 70,000, approximately 50,000 of them is on PUP Main Campus alone. It was
established in the year 1904 as the Manila Business School then later on replaced as
the Polytechnic University of the Philippines by virtue of Presidential Decree Number
1341 issued by the President of the Philippines on April 1, 1978 , being the 1st
Polytechnic U in the country. PUP Main Campus, the A. Mabini campus, named from
the late hero Apolinario Mabini is located at Sta. Mesa Manila and the largest of all
campuses of PUP at almost 10 hectares.
An article from the summitexpress.com expressed that the Polytechnic University
of the Philippines (PUP) is considered as a big game-changer in the list of top
universities in terms of 'hireability' next to considered and premiered university in the
Philippines or called by some as the big four namely University of the Philippines,

University of Sto. Thomas,De La Salle University and Ateneo De Manila University. This
means that PUP Graduates are one of the Companies Choice, still a big edge to some
Universities that are not known or has to be a little not capable of producing quality
students. But still, Companies say they will still hire applicants even if they did not come
from those choice universities as long as the candidate is trainable/willing to be
trained, and the candidate fulfills requirements needed for the job.
The college of Business Administration is one of the largest and oldest college of
PUP as it was named as Manila Business School. The College offers four different
departments

namely

Office

Administration,

Human

Resource

Development

Management, Entrepreneurship and Marketing Management. The whole college are


seen and located at the 4 th floor of the Main building and some are in the PUP open
system located at NALLRC the PUP Library.
The main mission of the College of Business Administration is to produce
graduated that are highly competitive not only inside their respective classrooms but as
they say, the true world of business, the corporate world. Being a graduate of PUP CBA
is a privilege as stated by some students and they are very proud of what PUP
Business Department have done to them and for sure for the sufficient knowledge that
were taught to them. Presently, the PUP is one of the premier university in the
Philippines that offers a high-quality education for those students who wants someday
to be professional business man and women, this were possible even when tuition fee
for a whole semester will not be as high as two-thousand pesos, exclusive of the books
and other expenses during the semester.

Theoretical Framework

John Henry Holland (1985) an American Psychologist, postulated the Hexagon


Career theory . Vocational interest is an expression of ones personality, and that
vocational interests could be conceptualized into six typologies, which are Realistic (R),
Investigative (I), Artistic (A), Social (S), Enterprising (E), and Conventional (C). If a
persons degree of resemblance to the six vocational personality and interest types
could be assessed, then it is possible to generate a three-letter code (e.g., SIA, RIA) to
denote and summarize ones career interest. The first letter of the code is a persons
primary interest type, which would likely play a major role in career choice and
satisfaction. The second and third letters are secondary interest themes, and they would
likely play a lesser but still significant role in the career choice process. Parallel to the
classification of vocational interest types, He postulated that vocational environments
could be arranged into similar typologies. In the career choice and development
process, people search for environments that would allow them to exercise their skills
and abilities, and to express their attitudes and values. In any given vocational
environment, there is a tendency to shape its composition so that its characteristics are
like the dominant persons in there, and those who are dissimilar to the dominant types
are likely to feel unfulfilled and dissatisfied. The concept of congruence is used by
Holland to denote the status of person-environment interaction. A high degree of match
between a persons personality and interest types and the dominant work environmental
types (that is, high degree of congruence) is likely to result in vocational satisfaction and
stability, and a low degree of match (that is, low congruence) is likely to result in
vocational dissatisfaction and instability.

Figure 1.1

Conceptual Framework
Polytechnic University of
the Philippines Marketing
Management Students

Environment

Opportunity

Personality

Future Work
condition

Practice location

Career Preference

Research Paradigm
Figure 1.2
As John Holland postulated his own theory about Career Choice, we the
researchers drew a research paradigm as shown above. This theory of Holland was
applied in the paradigm where some of 6 points given by him is related to our given
variables which are the environment, Opportunity, Personality, Future Work Condition
and Practice location. Therefore, this variables where tested through the given

respondents and as results were drawn, it will generate a raw answer of their effects on
career preference decision making.

Statement of the Problem:


This Study was conducted to determine the factors affecting career preference of the
Polytechnic University of The Philippines, Marketing Management Students.
Specifically, it sought the answers to the following questions:
1.)

What are the levels of agreement in terms of the following factors:


a.)
Opportunity
b.)
Personality
c.)
Environment
d.)
Future work Condition
e.)
Practice location

Assumption
Out of the five factors, Opportunity got the highest effect on Career preferences
of PUP freshmen marketing management Students.

Significance of the Study


The result of this study would benefit the following group of individuals:
PUP Administration The result and outcome of this study would enable the
school administration to put some new effective ways in enhancing and helping the
students in making the right career choice. They may come up now for more exciting
programs and orientations that can help the students to excel and finished up in the
best career decision.

PUP Faculty Members The result of this study will make them realize the
importance of their encouragement and support on the career preferred by their
sons/daughters. And they will also know the real meaning of quality education that will
assure their bright future.
PUP Marketing Management students - This study will help the students to
prepare their selves in choosing the right career that will fit to their skills, abilities and
passion. This will also guide and develop the awareness in decision making of their
career choice.
Future Researchers The result of this study might serve as their guide in
making researches or studies related to the topic. This could help them to have a
background regarding this research topic, and give them self-actualization in the
importance of knowing the factors affecting students career preferences.
The Parents In this study, teachers will gain more information about students
preferences in their career. It will also help them to enhance and pursue the students
passion.

Scope and Limitations


This study focused on determining the factors affecting career preference of
marketing management students of Polytechnic University of The Philippines.
Respondents of this study were the five block sections of freshmen year, namely 1-1D
with a total of 36 students, 1-2D, 35 students, 1-3D, 33 students, 1-4D, 36 students and

1-5D, 36 students. The researchers used Slovins Formula to get the Sample size
totaling of 176 marketing management students as the respondents of the study.
This study did not include the other colleges of PUP, the freshmen night shift
marketing management students, the second year, third year, Fourth year and Shiftee of
Marketing Management Department.

Definition of Terms
The researchers defined the following words and described them according to
how are they used in the study.
Career. It is a pursuit of progressive achievement and a life work of an individual. In this
study, a summation of an individuals learning and totality of acquired knowledge.
Preference. It is synonymous to like, favor and recommend. A term which shows the
power of deciding and choosing.
Career Preference. Its what affects an individual's way of thinking in choosing his/her
present course and ambition, and can be used interchangeably with one's career
choice. Specified in this study is the basis of a student or are the reasons why a student
prefers to pursue his/her present course.
Environment.

It is what surrounds an individual which affects his/her perception

through career and life.

Opportunity. It is a factor in which influences a person's insight on how they see the
world as an open book in which they are able to think and do work with the chances
they have.
Personality. The person's way of thinking or making a decision. It may embrace
attitudes and opinions that affect the way people deal with interaction of people, a
particular to this study, the situations of choosing a career.
Future work condition. It refers to the availability or immediate employment of a
student after finishing college.
Practice location. It is the place where people decide to practice in the future or the
place where you want to work.

CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
This chapter deals with a review of related literature and studies, which were of
great help to the researchers in carrying out this study entitled, Factors affecting career
preferences of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Marketing Management
Students.
Related Literature
The following are the foreign and local related literatures used by the researchers
are hereby represented.
Foreign Literature
Georgia Career Info. Center (2013) postulated specified that career decisions is a
lifelong process. It is all about exploring and experiencing the world of work. It is also
about understanding abilities, interests, skills and values and combining these to create
a meaningful framework for life. Your student will have many opportunities to discover
and rediscover career than match a changing lifestyle. It is important that you are an
active participant in this decision-making process. Career decision making process
begins with an awareness of the world around you and the ability to understand what is
really important. Here are some points to help you begin: (a.) Learn about your
interests, abilities, skills and values (b.) Observe individual workplace (c.) Talk with

family and friends about their work experiences (d.) Collect information about specific
careers and companies (e.) Consider your personal short-term and long-term goals
Career New Zealand group (2014) stated that making decisions about your
career doesn't always have to be complicated. If you have spent time getting to know
yourself and researching different opportunities, you should be able to make sound
decisions. Your individual situation has a bog impact on the opportunities that you can
take up. So start by taking stock all the aspects in your life that affect your decisions.
Compare your options. How well does this options fit with my skills? Will this option help
develop my skills? You must also ask for help and advices from other people. People
you can talk to is your family, friends, a school career adviser or a career consultant and
a course adviser on University and College.
Janis (2010) quantified that choosing a career path, making a career decision or
deciding on a college major is all critical decisions. They demand a high-quality decision
making. A scientific study shows that there are four essential tips you will want to follow.
First, A, stands for Alternatives. When making an important decision, look for all your
choices. Ask yourself if there are more alternatives given. Second, C, stands for
Consequences. Once you have narrowed down your choices, to those that look best,
weigh the pros and cons of it. Third, I, stands for Information. Search for new
information about each option you are considering. Lastly, P, stands for Plans. Make
detailed plan for (a) how will you carry out your decisions, and (b) what will you do if one
of the negative consequences that you thought of under "C" occurs.
Mindtools Editorial team (2014) stated that to make the right choice, you have to
decide what factors are the most important to you in a new job, and then you have to

choose the option that best addresses these factors. However, this operates in two
levels, on a rational level and on an emotional level. You'll only truly be happy with your
decision if you are aligned. First, we look at the things rationally, looking at the job offer
and also at the things that matter to you. Then, once you have understand your options
on a rational level, we look at the things on an emotional level and think about what your
emotions are telling you.
According to Beggs et.al (2008) Many students choose their major based on their
academic ability. However, some students do not have ability or the work habit to
succeed in some majors that may require more study than the other fields of studies.
These students may find a better fit in a less work intensive major than requires fewer
difficulty classes. This affects the career path of these students. Other students have the
ability to handle majors with greater workloads and choose career path that will lead a
job requiring more education. Examples in this category include veterinarians, doctors
or lawyers. For job such as these, students needs more than one degree. On the other
hand, some students have the drive to put in the work in very labor intensive fields but
do not have the intelligence to perform tasks that are needed for their chosen fields.
According to Taylor (2016) some students grow up knowing what they want to do
in life. These are the students who will go extra mile to reach their dream job. However,
students often settle on a different path due to many factors they can't control. Students
will research their chosen career path and explore everything about it. The salary and
benefits of that job do not play a role in this decision. In a research study the factor
"match with interest" rated over job characteristics, major attributes and physiological
and social benefits in importance when students choose a major.

Zody (2006) indicated that students whose parents own and operates a small
business may want or feel obligated to follow their parents' footstep. Students may
consider the ease of life that is available to them because a job would be able to them
right out of school, they could hold a high position within the business and there is a
possibility that they may own and operate the business one day. However, children of
the family business owners often have more experience with how the business would
operate. These students have worked in the family business their whole life,
experiencing all of what their parents went through in the day of the operation of the
students. This can have a positive or negative effect on the student.
According to Wildman (2002) Family and friends are considered to be an
influential part of the student's part of major. Parents with an agriculture background
most often have an impact where students go to college. Family role models have more
of an influence of the students major in. There are also many people who can influence
their career decisions. Most time, parents and friends play a large role, but coaches and
teachers can also have a huge impact on student's life. Teachers and coaches can help
students do better in school, to get into college or to get on a better path. The impact
that these adults have on young students can have a major influence on their career
path.
Mihyeon (2009) suggested that personality is another important factor in career
choice. Studies have shown that students will choose a major that they think will fit their
personality type. The confidence that a student has can determine how far a student will
go in their education. Students who believe in themselves have more confidence, and
are more likely to go to for what they want instead of setting for something that is

comfortable. Students who have more investigated personality are more likely to go for
scientific field. Students with an artistic personality are more likely to major in arts.
HACCC Group (2013) added that recruiting is another factor that plays role in a
student's decision making process. Students can be recruited by different schools
because of their academic performance. Schools and corporations both use recruiting
as a way to draw in more students or potential employees. Students are recruited by
companies to bring in new ideas and more talent to help companies grow. Recruits from
companies will show the benefits of working in the corporation to try and sway the
student's decision. Recruiters use video, brochures, coffee mugs and many other things
to promote their company. Career fairs are face-to-face meeting between job seekers
and employees and a great way for students to see what companies have offer.

Local Literature

According to De Vera (2015) the recent shifts in the educational system and in
the academic calendar, Filipino graduates are forced more tough choices now more
than ever. One of them is what career option to pursue right after finishing school. As
ASEAN Integration puts pressure on Philippine higher educational institutions to
internalize their campuses the new k-12 programs has it own share reforms in the
Philippine basic education system. Thus, to be part with ASEAN neighbors, each
Filipino college graduate will have to face the following career options after leaving
school; continue further education, seek employment, or pursue entrepreneurship.
K12 Philippines (2015) stated that apart from the core curriculum, which has 8
learning areas, the new senior high school system comes with specific career tracks

that seem like college course. They include (a) Academic (b) Arts and design (c) Sports
(d) Technical-vocational-livelihood. Each senior high school student must choose one
track to master and base his/her choice on how he/she wants to advance after
completing high school or Grade 12. Career advocacy programs will also help and
guide them in choosing the right track for their selves. The tracks aim to advance the
students specialization and help them shine in areas where they excel.
Foreign Studies
Ghuangpeng (2011) identified several factors that were perceiver to influence the
career decision-making process of Thai and Australian students; of particular
importance were gender, the feedback students received during work-placement; family
obligations and career opportunities in the industries. These factors appeared to be
interrelated and could have a positive or negative import on students decision to seek a
career in the industry. The study also highlighted the important implications of culture for
career-decision making and suggested that although Thai and Australian students
identified similar factors as influencing their career decision-making, they perceived the
importance or these factors differently. The study concluded that career-decision making
is a complicated process. Although this study provided as a structured model to
demonstrate how students make their decision, it is essential to recognize the complex
range of factors associated with students decisions.
Fizer (2013), the objectives of this research study were to determine what factors
affect agriculture students choice of career path. A questionnaire was developed and
completed by 128 students in the freshman classes of the University of Tennessee at

Martin. According to survey, students are most influenced by family when choosing as
major; 22% chose family as the most important factor influencing their choice of Major.
However, 21% of the students chose a career that is personally rewarding and 20%
chose FFA 14-N experience as the most important affecting factor in their choice. The
students who completed the questionnaire had a positive impact in the world.
Olamide (2013) they used 100 students that were randomly selected from five
secondary schools in Ogun State. The sample consists of 37 males and 63 females. A
questionnaire designed on the basis of likert-type scale on the factors determining the
choice of career based on environment. influence and opportunity of the students was
administered. Significant difference was also found on the personality (tcal at p. 05=
673.48; tcrit 1.960) and the significant difference of the opportunity of the students see
(tcal at p. 05= 148.69; tcrit 1.960). the percentage on male and female was also carried
out. 52% of male and 46% of female agreed that opportunity do affect career while 42%
disagreed for both male and female. 51% of male and 51% of female agreed that
personality do affect career choice while 42% and 45% of both and male and female
disagreed 50% of male and 54% of female agreed that environment do affect career
choice but 41% and 49% of male and female does not agree. Conclusively, all the
factors affect students in determining the career.
Obiunu (2011) in his study, he concluded that some of the factors influencing
career development of senior secondary school students in Ethiope East Local
Government Area of Delta States. The study used senior secondary school students
because they are at the critical age of career decision making process. The findings
from the study indicated that career counseling is required for appropriate career

development. Some of the factors that were observed to affect career development
include Psychological, Sociological, Educational, Hereditary, and economic factors.
These play significant role in the career-decision making process of secondary school
students.
Mugonzibwa et.al (2001), the objectives of their study was identifying factors that
influenced career choice among high school in Tanzania. The information obtained
would be used to formulate effective recruitment strategies and counseling students on
their career expectation. All 352 high school students who were studying in five
randomly high schools completed a pre-tested questionnaire containing 24 items
addressing 5 factors. Images of a profession (good experiences from the work of
professionals from the professionals who are attractive to respondents, and
professionals who command high respect in the community) was perceived as an
important factor in career choice by the majority of respondents (over 28 percent).
Work/ profession characteristics (knowledgeable about work to be done treating
patients, giving medicines to patients, helping relatives, etc.) was ranked as the 2 nd most
important factor and course characteristics (availability of post graduate studies, size of
annual intake, pass rate, geographic location, etc.) was ranked third. Direct gains and
advices from important persons were perceived as least important in career choice.
Albugamy (2014), his findings showed that wansta (networks) parental
obedience (family), religion, and extrinsic factors were significant predictors of the
career choices at Saudi MBA students, with a preference towards work in the public
sector. Saudification/Saudization (replacing foreign workers with Saudis) factors did
nnot significantly predict the career choices. Cultural Cognitive factors were found to be

one of the strongest predictors within the institutional dimension compared t the
normative factors and regulative factors. Female participants considered Wansta,
parental obedience, intrinsic motivations more important in their career choices
compared to male counterpart.
Zaidi et.al (2012), their research was conducted to know the impact of career
selection on job satisfaction in the industry of Pakistan. The findings of the study show
that the significant relationship exists between career selection and job satisfaction. The
research also identifies that the career selection based on the consideration of
personality traits and values can provide maximum satisfaction. Personality traits have a
high impact on job satisfaction. It was also concluded that work content values and
career contentment contribute highly in overall job satisfaction.
Mau (2016), their study examined the cultural relevance of two important career
constructs career decision-making style and career decision making self-efficacy. Two
distinct cultural group of college students, Americans (N-S40) and Taiwanese (IV-1026),
participated in this cross cultural study. Results suggest that career decision making
styles have differential impacts on career decision making self-efficacy, depending on
the cultural background of the individuals. Results also showed significant differences in
career-decision making style and career decision making self-efficacy as a function of
nationality and gender. Counseling implications and suggestions for future studies
discussed.
Ferry (2006) conducted a qualitative study reported the explored factors that
plays key roles in rural high school seniors and young adults career choice process.
The cultural and social context of family and community were found to be instrumental

in how youth learn about careers and influential in choices process. Extension
strategies that target parents and community to increase their involvement in youth
career selection can promote sound career decisions.
Baines (2009) conducted a study that examines the effects of culture on career
decision making for students at the London School of Economics (LSE). There is an
existing body of research which highlights the differences between individualist and
collectivist cultures. However, it has been limited for international students based in UK.
The results reveal that there are many commonalities between students from different
continents such as the importance of personal interest and parents. Whilst there are
also differences it would not be appropriate. As the study is based at a single institution
that research strategy does not allow for wider generalization, but provides an important
insight into the career decision making of international students.

Local Studies
In the study of Alba et.al (1010), they aimed to evaluate the factors that affect the
students decision in choosing their college courses of the Fourth Year High School
Students of Our Lady of Peace Antipolo City. Particularly, it sought answers to describe
the profile of the participants in terms of their sex, academic performance, family
monthly income, parents highest educational attainment and the number of family
members studying. It determined the factors that affect the participants decision making
process with respect to their personal attainment and family background. It verified the
participants decision across factors which affect them.

Espero (2010) states that majority of the children of OFWs who participated in
this study exhibited Independence wherein it comes making post-secondary career
decisions. They chose a career path that leads to white collar rather than blue collar
jobs. Many preferred college for those who decided to pursue technical-vocational
program, they preferred post-secondary occupations which are service-oriented and do
not require special skills. Furthermore, the career decisions of the children of the OFWs
are neither dependent on selected internal factors such as birth order, expressed
interest, expressed motivation and gender; nor on external factors such as the like
parents educational attainment, parents occupational status, family, relatives, friends
and media. Factor other than academic achievement like migration plans, socioeconomic status, parental attachment, and parental expectations might have accounted
for the influence on their career path.
Ignacio (2011), their study aimed at determining the occupational interest if 75
Fourth year students (53.33 5 females and 46.67 % males) students of Juan Sumulong
Campus as well as the very influence of their parents on their career decisions. Using
both quantitative and qualitative method, major findings were brought to light and these
were the ff: 97.33 % (n=73) of the students had a clear decision of pursuing college
education and 1.33 % (n=1) was clear about taking up 2-year vocational course and
likewise the same percentage was apparent with another student who opted to work
immediately after graduating high school. For those interested taking-up college
education, top degree courses were Engineering and Accountancy Courses as
evidenced by a 1.33 % and 20% respectively highly influenced by their parents and
relatives as represented by 264wm, the respondents were able to arrive at their chosen

career making use of their cognitive over and above as revealed 82.67 % to completely
reach at a certain decision.
Cruz-Espaol (2014) conducted a study that utilized content analysis and data
are presented in simple percentage and ranking. It is likewise found that: (1) Business
Administration Students graduates plan to become management trainees in Finance
and Entrepreneurship and to become new accounts personnel. (2) Graduates consider
interest, availability of the job openings and the compensation package; and the
organizations provisions for the employees career advancement. (3) Graduating
students strengths include inclination for hard work, ability to work with minimum
supervisions, trustworthiness, determination to succeed, computer literacy, commitment
to the profession, self-confidence, ability to comply with the rules, honesty and
insufficient knowledge of office routine.
Datu (2012), their paper describes the relationship at the Big Five Personality
factors and the paternal parenting style to career preferences of Selected Filipino
College Freshmen. After Subjecting Data into statistical tool analysis via SPSS 17.0
software, it was revealed that career preference is significantly associated with gender,
neuroticism, and authoritarian paternal parental style were found out to be predictive
determinants of Career Choice.
Laguador (2014) concluded that general Engineering Students get to know LPUBatangas in TV Commercials, followed by their classmates, relatives, tarpaulin and
Radio advertisements. The choice of School and Course are their own personal choice.
The mothers have much influenced to the decision of the students in choosing the

school and course compared to the fathers. General Engineering students have chosen
LPU because it is well-known for its standards. The parents have the greatest influence
in the selection of their present course.
Pascual (2014) stated that the findings revealed that the availability of work after
college is the first consideration of students in choosing a course in college. Most of the
students prefer to take scientific related field courses or the popular courses for
Filipinos. The least preferred are in the agricultural field. The results of the study served
as the basis in the construction of a career path program for laboratory school students.
The authors conclude the right course in college, suited to students personality, ability
and intellect. Helping students choose the career that suits them can be done by
integrating a career plan with a curriculum so that students can make good decisions in
what course to take in College.
Carito-Mattisor (2010) conducted a study attempted to identify factors affecting
career uncertainly as perceived by the students in a university of the Philippines. One
hundred thirteen students responded to a brief response questionnaires in which they
were asked to describe experiences that have led them being either certain or uncertain
about future careers, their feelings resulting certainly or uncertainly. Results suggested
that career uncertainly may be influenced more by outcome expectations (such as
expectation of finding high paying jobs) rather than self-efficacy or other contextual
supports and barriers (such as parental pressure). The data also suggest that
information and guidance received prior to the collegiate years may be an influential
factor in career uncertainly. Suggestions for Career guidance for College Students and
future research into the utility of SCCT in Filipino context are made.

Datu (2013) investigates the impact of the perfectionist technologies on career


decidedness. Findings revealed that organization positively correlate to occupational
knowledge and training while parental expectations positively correlate to decidedness.
A parental expectation serves as the robust prediction of decidedness. Students with
low perfectionism scored higher decidedness comfort. On the other hand, those with
high levels of Perfectionism experienced greeter self-clarity, occupational knowledge
and training, decisiveness and career choice importance. From these results, the
positive and negative contributions of perfectionism on the process of making career
decisions are illustrated.
Aguado (2015)

their findings revealed that it is the personal choice of the

students to enroll in Maritime Program in Lyceum of the Philippines University


Batangas with the support primarily from their parents wherein quality education through
being known as home of board top-notchers and its standards are considered as big
factor for their decision. They also believed that finishing Maritime Education would
bring them in employment in abroad which is basically the nature of duties and
responsibilities of seafarers; High interest towards the degree program is also
manifested among Maritime Students. Maritime students graduated from public schools
have significantly higher chance of being influenced by the people in choosing the
schools and the degree program and they also have significantly higher degree of
interest towards the Maritime Program compared to those who graduated from private
schools.

Synthesis and Relevance of the Related Literature and Studies

Related Literature
According to Georgia Career information Center, Careers New Zealand and
Janis, Making and choosing a career path is very critical in every students life. They
also stated that knowing what your interest, skill and using some scientific steps can
help you in choosing your career path. They also added that people who surround you
can help in your decision-making, however, it is still you who will choose and decide
where you are comfortable with.
Mindtools editorial team and Beggs, in the other hand stated that if you are trying
to make the right choice you must consider some factors that can help your career
decision making. This includes rational and emotional level or your psychological and
social importances of your career. Considering these some factors inside you will be a
great help in choosing and making a career decision in your life.
Taylor, Zody, Wildman and Mihyeon, added some factors that can affect your
career decision making. Academic ability,familys business, family and friends, and your
personality respectively. All of these factors are highly effective in making your career
decisions because these four are like an obligation for you to obey with no chance of
making your own decisions.
K12 Philippines and De Vera address their concerns about the career
preferences by using the new education system of the Philippines which involves Highschools students up to date and called Grade 10. The new Education System will have
a great impact on making their career decision in terms of how they are interested with it
and how will they comply after graduating in our neighboring countries in ASEAN.
Therefore, our government will have a very big role in implementing and ensuring that

this K12 system will be successful and can help students in their career decision
making.

CHAPTER III
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
This chapter shows the method of researched used, Population, Sample size and
Sampling Technique, Description of Respondents, Research instruments, DataGathering Procedure and Statistical Treatment of Data.
Methods of Research
The researchers used descriptive method which focuses at the present condition;
the purpose is to find the new truth. (Travers, 1978) stated that descriptive method is

designed for the investigator to gather information about present existing conditions.
The primary aims in employing this method are to describe the nature of a situation as it
exists at the time of the study and to explore the causes of particular phenomena.
This quantitative researched focused to the factors affecting career preferences
of PUP MM students. In turn, this study falls under the method for the researchers to be
able to determine the effects of the given variables. Thus, it was appropriate to use
descriptive method in this study since the researchers goal was to determine the factors
affecting career preferences of their respondents.
Population, Sample size and Sampling Technique
The population of freshmen of BSBA- Marketing Management at the Polytechnic
University of the Philippines is 314. The sample for this study was computed through
Slovin formula as indicated below:

n=

N
(1+ Ne)2

Where:
n

is the computed number of samples

is the total number population

is the margin of error (.05)

n= 314/ (1 + 314 {.05}2 )


n= 314/ (1 + 314 {.0025} )

n= 314/ (1+ 0.785)


n=314/ 1.785
n= 175.910
n= 176
Using the formula, the computed sample is 176. A random sample from each
stratum or section of BSBA- MM was taken in proportion to the stratums size and the
population of 314 freshmen. The subsets of strata are then pooled to form a random
sample, hence, the sampling technique is called stratified random sampling. This
sampling involves the division of a population into smaller groups known as strata.
Strata are formed based on members shared attributes or characteristics. In this study,
the strata are the five (5) sections. In the selection of each subset, the researcher used
purposive sampling because the needed respondents were students with freshman
grades for the first semester of the school year 2015- 2016.

Description of Respondents
The first five (Day-shift) sections of Bachelor of Science in Business
Administration Major in Marketing Management have three hundred fourteen (314)
freshmen students: 65 1D students, 62 2D students, 58 3D students, 65 4D students
and 64 5D students.
The sample size of freshmen students were 176. Every section was equally
divided into: 36 1D students, 35 1D students, 33 3D students, 36 4D students, and 36
5D students.

Research Instruments
The researchers have given a survey to determine the different views from the
respondents regarding the factors affecting career preferences as form of research
instrument. The test contains five parts with each part pertaining to each factor that can
affect their decisions: (1) Opportunity; (2) Personality; (3) Environment; (4) Future Work
Condition; and (5) Practice Location.
The survey items were designed to know specifically each view of the
respondents in the factors given by the researchers. Each of the questions have also
been changed from past and recent findings from other researches that were compiled
and revised to fit in with the researchers current study. The test outline was accepted by
the professor before the survey even began, with a sample size of 176 within a total
population of 314 respondents comprising that of the sample.
The survey comprises 50 items as a whole, divided in 5 parts and with each part
containing 10 items. It is parted into five portions to define in each issue the researchers
have provided to the respondents primarily the common aspects an individual must face
in making his or her decision in the matter of career preference and factors influencing
and affecting these said decisions.

Data-Gathering Procedure
The topic was proposed on January 12, 2016. With the guide and help of the
researchers' professor, Mr. John Hayrold C. Malonzo, they were able to come up with
the title, Factors affecting career preferences of the Polytechnic University of the

Philippines. Subsequently, the researchers visited Ninoy Aquino Library and learning
resource center to look for other theses and research papers related to their topic. The
researchers started to conduct their own researches individually at first from January 13
to January 16, 2016. On January 26, 2016, they've compiled their researches as a
group. On February 5, 2016, the researchers presented their proposed questionnaire to
their professor then on February 9, 2016, they've finalized their questionnaires. On
February 16 and February 18, 2016, the researchers conducted their survey on the
Polytechnic University of the Philippines Marketing Freshmen Day Shift. On February
20, 21 and 22, they've tallied and tabulated their questionnaires.

Statistical Treatment of Data


In order to treat the gathered data, the following statistical tools were used in the
study:

Percentage this is used to translate the frequency distribution of two variable


in the study of percent (%).
f
= x 100
n

Mean this is used to find out the average levels of agreement of each
respondents based on the questionnaire given to them individually.

x=

x
n

Standard Deviation - it is also called as root-mean-square deviation where it


showa how much variation or dispersion there is to form the average. Standard
deviation indicates that the data points to tend to be very close to mean, whereas high
SD data are spread out over a large range of values.
S=

(xx )2
n

CHAPTER IV
Presentation, Analysis and Interpretations of Data
Table 1
Frequency distribution Table of Freshmen Dayshift
Marketing Management Students
Stratum

Total (N)

1D
2D
3D
4D
5D
Total:

65
62
58
65
64
314

Percentage
(%)
20.7
19.74
18.47
20.7
20.38
99.99 = 100%

Sample size
(n)
36
35
33
36
36
176

Table one shows the frequency distribution of freshmen dayshift marketing


Management students. 65 of them came from the class of 1D which comprises of 20.7
percent and a total sample size of 36. 62 came from the class of 2D which comprises of
19.74 percent and a total sample size of 35. 58 came from the class of 3D which
comprises of 18.47 percent and a total sample size of 33. 65 came from the class of 4D
which comprises of 20.7 percent and a total sample size of 36. Lastly, 64 of them came
from the class of 5D which comprises of 20.38 percent and a total sample size of 36.
The total Population is 314, percentage with 99.99% rounded off to 100% and a sample
size of 176.
Table one implies that the 1D got the highest total of population over the four
different sections, but still, together with 4D and 5D, they still got the highest sample
size. It means that the higher your total population is, the higher frequency it will got in
your given sample size.

Table 2.1
The total Mean and Standard deviation of Opportunity per strata
Strata

Total:
Level :

1D

2D

3D

4D

5D

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

2.92

0.48

2.879

0.367

2.887

0.367

2.995

0.455

2.837

0.529

Agree

Agree

Agree

Agree

Agree

Table 2.1 illustrates the total mean and standard deviation of opportunity per strata. 4D
got the highest mean with 2.995 with a standard deviation of 0.455 and a level of agree.
Second is the class of 1D with a mean of 2.92 and a standard deviation of 0.48 and a
level of agree. Next is 2D with a mean of 2.879 and a standard deviation of 0.367 and a

level of agree. Then, followed by 3D, with a mean of 2.887 and a standard deviation of
0.367 and a level of agree. Lastly, the 5D got a mean of 2.837 and a standard deviation
0f 0.529 and a level of agree. This table implies that 4D got the Agree level on
opportunity as an factor of their career preference.

Table 2.2
The Total Mean and Standard deviation of Personality per strata

Stratum

Total:

1D

2D

3D

4D

5D

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

2.561

0.645

2.564

0.454

2.573

0.51

2.683

0.69

2.535

0.647

6
Level:

Agree

Agree

Agree

2
Agree

Agree

Table 2.2 illustrates the total mean and standard deviation of Personality per strata. 4D
got the highest mean with 2.683 with a standard deviation of 0.692 and a level of agree.
Second is the class of 3D with a mean of 2.573 and a standard deviation of 0.516 and a
level of agree. Next is 2D with a mean of 2.564 and a standard deviation of 0.516 and a
level of agree. Then, followed by 1D, with a mean of 2.561 and a standard deviation of
0.645 and a level of agree. Lastly, the 5D got a mean of 2.535 and a standard deviation

of 0.647 and a level of agree. This table implies that 4D got the Agree level on
Personality as an factor of their career preference.

Table 2.3
The Total Mean and Standard deviation of Environment per strata

Stratum

Total:

1D

2D

3D

4D

5D

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

2.643

0.522

2.595

0.321

2.673

0.37

2.601

0.37

2.507

0.402

1
Level:

Agree

Agree

Agree

8
Agree

Agree

Table 2.3 illustrates the total mean and standard deviation of Environment per strata. 3D
got the highest mean with 2.673 with a standard deviation of 0.371 and a level of agree.
Second is the class of 1D with a mean of 2.643 and a standard deviation of 0.522 and a
level of agree. Next is 4D with a mean of 2.601 and a standard deviation of 0.378 and a
level of agree. Then, followed by 2D, with a mean of 2.595 and a standard deviation of
0.321 and a level of agree. Lastly, the 5D got a mean of 2.507 and a standard deviation

0f 0.402 and a level of agree. This table implies that 3D got the Agree level on
Environment as a factor of their career preference.

Table 2.4
The Total Mean and Standard deviation of Future Work Condition per strata

Stratum

Total:

1D

2D

3D

4D

5D

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

3.249

0.168

3.089

0.266

3.0

0.20

3.182

0.31

3.144

0.188

9
Level:

Agree

Agree

Agree

9
Agree

Agree

Table 2.1 illustrates the total mean and standard deviation of Future work condition per
strata. 1D got the highest mean with 3.249 with a standard deviation of 0.168 and a
level of agree. Second is the class of 4D with a mean of 3.182 and a standard deviation
of 0.319 and a level of agree. Next is 5D with a mean of 3.144 and a standard deviation
of 0.188 and a level of agree. Then, followed by 2D, with a mean of 3.089 and a
standard deviation of 0.266 and a level of agree. Lastly, the 3D got a mean of 3.00 and

a standard deviation 0f 0.209 and a level of agree. This table implies that 1D got the
Agree level on Future work condition as a factor of their career preference.

Table 2.5
The Total Mean and Standard deviation of Practice Location per strata

Stratum

Total:

1D

2D

3D

4D

5D

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

2.995

0.242

2.953

0.471

3.02

0.23

2.989

0.24

2.931

0.182

3
Level

Agree

Agree

Agree

2
Agree

Agree

Table 2.5 illustrates the total mean and standard deviation of opportunity per strata. 3D
got the highest mean with 3.02 with a standard deviation of 0.233 and a level of agree.
Second is the class of 1D with a mean of 2.995 and a standard deviation of 0.242 and a
level of agree. Next is 4D with a mean of 2.989 and a standard deviation of 0.242 and a
level of agree. Then, followed by 2D, with a mean of 2.953 and a standard deviation of
0.471 and a level of agree. Lastly, the 5D got a mean of 2.931 and a standard deviation

0f 0.182 and a level of agree. This table implies that 3D got the Agree level on Practice
Location as a factor of their career preference.

CHAPTER V
Summary, Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations
This chapter presents brief summary of this study, the findings, the conclusions
and recommendations.

Summary
This Study was conducted to determine the factors affecting career preference of the
Polytechnic University of The Philippines, Marketing Management Students.
Specifically, it sought the answers to the following questions:
2.)

What are the levels of agreement in terms of the following factors:


f.)
Opportunity
g.)
Personality
h.)
Environment
i.)
Future work Condition
j.)
Practice location

The assumption of the study was: Out of the five factors, Opportunity got the
highest effect on Career preferences of PUP freshmen marketing management
Students.
The study utilized the descriptive method of research. The respondents of the
study are freshmen dayshift marketing management students and we used stratified
random sampling to the respondents. In determining the sample size, we used Slovin
Formula. The instrument used to get the data needed was a 50 item questionnaire
given to the computed sample size. After tallying the questionnaire, we make use of 2
statistical tool, namely mean and standard deviation to know the average and
dispersion of their given answers.

FINDINGS
The major findings of the study were summarized below:

6. Effects of Opportunity in Career Preferences:


f) In 1-1D, the mean score is 2.92 and the standard deviation is 0.48
g) In 1-2D, the mean score is 2.879 and the standard deviation is 0.367
h) In 1-3D, the mean score is 2.887 and the standard deviation is 0.367
i) In 1-4D, the mean score is 2.995 and the standard deviation is 0.455
j) In 1-5D, the mean score is 2.537 and the standard deviation is 0.529
7. Effects of Personality in Career Preferences:
f) In 1-1D, the mean score is 2.56 and the standard deviation is 0.645
g) In 1-2D, the mean score is 2.564 and the standard deviation is 0.454
h) In 1-3D, the mean score is 2.573 and the standard deviation is 0.516
i) In 1-4D, the mean score is 2.685 and the standard deviation is 0.692
j) In 1-5D, the mean score is 2.535 and the standard deviation is 0.647

8. Effects of Environment in Career Preferences:


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

In 1-1D, the mean score is 2.643 and the standard deviation is 0.522
In 1-2D, , the mean score is 2.593 and the standard deviation is 0.321
In 1-3D, the mean score is 2.673 and the standard deviation is 0.371
In 1-4D, the mean score is 2.60 and the standard deviation is 0.378
In 1-5D, the mean score is 2.507 and the standard deviation is 0.402

9. Effects of Future Work Condition in Career Preference:

f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
10.

In 1-1D, the mean score is 3.249 and the standard deviation is 0.168
In 1-2D, the mean score is 3.089 and the standard deviation is 0.266
In 1-3D, the mean score is 3.0 and the standard deviation is 0.209
In 1-4D, the mean score is 3.182 and the standard deviation is 0.319
In 1-5D, the mean score is 3.144 and the standard deviation is 0.188

Effects of Practice Location in Career Preference:


f)
g)
h)
i)
j)

In 1-1D, the mean score is 2.995 and the standard deviation is 0.242
In 1-2D, the mean score is 2.953 and the standard deviation is 0.471
In 1-3D, the mean score is 3.02 and the standard deviation is 0.233
In 1-4D, the mean score is 2.989 and the standard deviation is 0.242
In 1-5D, the mean score is 2.931 and the standard deviation is 0.182

Conclusion
Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:
6. Opportunity plays a big role in choosing the career preference. Grades, socio
economic status, training, employment and privileges are what affects the
opportunity as a dependent variable, or as a factor on which affects career
preferences. Many of the respondents answered that opportunity does really
affect their choice of career.
7. Personality is also a factor that affects the career preference in a way that it
increases a person's self-esteem knowing what path they really want to take
in life. Academic ability, career plans, NCAE result and teacher's

characteristics may lead to an effect on a person's way of thinking and


perception to the career that he's willing to take. Money, parents, teacher,
friends or peer influences also affect a person's career preference .
8. The environment can also be a reason for the people to choose their career.
The result shows that many of the respondents were greatly affected by their
family and peers in making their career path.
9. Future work condition will play a very big role in their career preference
because it is where you will work after you have finished your study. Different
aspects can affect someones decision on choosing that company to worked
for. Future working condition is also very critical because it can affect your
safety, your health and other personal experiences that you can get from the
company youve been working with.
10. Practice location is will also have a big effect in career decision making of the
respondents. It is where your companys specific location and what is inside
it. We concluded that Practice location is very important in career decision
making.

Recommendations
Based on the conclusions, the following recommendations were drawn:
PUP Administration - The Administration must conduct seminars for the
students and come up for more exciting programs and orientations that can help the
students to choose the right career preference for them. And that can also make them
excel.

PUP Faculty Members - PUP Faculty Members has a vital role in students'
career preference. That is why they should know how to motivate and encourage the
students on choosing their career preference. And give the students more information
about different careers.
PUP Marketing Management Students - The students must know the career that
suits to their passions, skills interest and other factors and they must also choose a
career that they want to be with in their future.
Future Researchers They must improve what the present researchers revealed
in this study. They must widen the range of the study and keep on striving about career
related researches for further understanding about career decision making.
The Parents - Parents has one of the big influences in the career choice of the
students. That is why parents should motivate and support their child on their career
choice. And parents should not pursue their child to choose a career that they don't
want.

Work Cited
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Curriculum Vitae
Name: Rick Abram V. Del Rosario
Age: 18
Address: Lot13 Blk3 St. Mathew square
Guinayang, San Mateo, Rizal
Contact no: 09753426590
E-mail Address: delrosariorick21@gmail.com
Educational background:
Elementary: Kids World Christian Academy
High-School: Roosevelt College Rodriguez

Achievements:

Top 4 (Elementary)
Best Research Paper (High-School)
Rizal Provincial meet Player (Volleyball)
Rizal Private School Meet (Volleyball & Basketball)
PUP CBA Volleyball Player

Motto:

It is not too late to always say sorry

Name: Christy M. Bunquin


Age: 17
Address: GSIS Metrohomes Bldg. 2, 3DE9
Anonas St, Sta. Mesa, Manila
Contact no: 09056143892
E-mail Address: buinquinchristy8@gmail.com
Educational background:
Elementary: Isidro Suzara Memorial High-School
High-School: Puerto Galera National High-School

Achievements:

4th honorable mention (Elementary)


Motto:

Judge me when youre perfect, just shut your mouth when youre not

Name: Jamie Jen I. Codilan


Age: 16
Address: 35 G.E. Hermosa Street, Pateros
Metro Manila
Contact no: 09192136091
E-mail Address: jhayxxsenciichi@yahoo.com
Educational background:
Elementary: Saint Genevieve School of Pateros
High-School: Saint Genevieve School of Pateros

Achievements:

7th honorable mention (Elementary)


6th honorable mention (High-School)
6th place (Journalism Contest Division)
Motto:

You are crazy, bonkers and off your head. But all of the best people are
- Alice in Wonderland

Name: Iris Princess B. Enguerra


Age: 17
Address: Blk. 5 Lot 8 Towerville 6-BH Brgy.
Gaya-Gaya, San Jose Del Monte
Bulacan
Contact no: 09481122787
E-mail Address: enguerris@gmail.com
Educational background:
Elementary: San Vicente Elementary School
High-School: Graceville National High School

Achievements:

Top 5 (Kinder)
Top 10 (Elementary)
Top 10 (High School)
School-Based Prescon (News Writing)

Motto:

Time is Gold

Name: Love Clariel L. Gonzales


Age: 16
Address: 017B Parada St. Brgy San Roque
Cainta, Rizal
Contact no: 09228463908
E-mail Address: loveclariel@gmail.com
Educational background:
Elementary: Lords Jewel Christian School
High-School: Francisco P. Felix Memorial Natl High School

Achievements:

1st Place Science Quiz bee (High School)


3rd Place Math Quiz bee (High School)
2nd Place Literary (High School)
2nd Place Interpretative Dance (High School)

Motto:

Patience is a Virtue

Name: Rainie An P. Gratela


Age: 17
Address: 24-A Estacio Subd. Brgy. Martinez
Del 96, Pateros Metro Manila
Contact no: 09357000757
E-mail Address: rainie_gratela@yahoo.com
Educational background:
Elementary: Pitogo Elementary School
High-School: Pitogo High School

Achievements:

Top 7 (Elementary)
Speech Choir Champion (High School)
1st place Markstrife (College)
JME ExeCom Officer (College)

Motto:

Its never too late to succeed

Name: Cheenee D. Hung


Age: 16
Address: 2263 Iridium Street Sta Ana,
Manila
Contact no: 09238070481
E-mail Address: hungcheenee@yahoo.com
Educational background:
Elementary: Margarita Roxas de Ayala Elementary School
High-School: Ignacio Borbon Villamor High School

Achievements:

5th honorable mention (Elementary)

Motto:

Sometimes what is real is something you cant see

Name: Alexandra Kate Largado


Age: 17
Address: 15 road 5 San Miguel Ridge
Marulas, Valenzuela City
Contact no: 09266609067
E-mail Address: alexandrakate.largado@yahoo.com
Educational background:
Elementary: San Miguel Heights Elementary School
High-School: Sto. Rosario Montessori School

Achievements:

Motto:

Keep your eyes on the stars and feet on the ground

Name: Abbegail C. Marzan


Age: 17
Address: 11 E. Hermosa St. Grem Village
Brgy. San Roque, Pateros
Metro Manila
Contact no: 09167645561
E-mail Address: glmrzn@yahoo.com
Educational background:
Elementary: P. Manalo Elementary School

High-School: Pateros National High School

Achievements:

2nd Honorable mention (Elementary)


Motto:

I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me


- Phil. 4:13

Name: Carl Kevin V. Penalosa


Age: 17
Address: 2327 Tenorio St. Sta Ana Manila
Contact no: 09054235534
E-mail Address: penalosacarlkevin@yahoo.com
Educational background:
Elementary: Sta. Ana Elementary School
High-School: Gen. Pio Del Pilar National High School

Achievements:

Best Play as Romeo and Juliet (High School)


1st runner up AMA idols (College)
Power Impact Dancers Member (College)
Champion Smart Jump-in Dance off 3 (College)

Motto:

Try and try until you succeed

Name: Audrey Monique B. Silvano


Age: 17
Address: 12-B Maayusin Street Brgy.
San Vicente, Diliman, QC
Contact no: 09066495583
E-mail Address: audreysilvano14@gmail.com
Educational background:
Elementary: San Vicente Elementary School
High-School: Ramon Magsaysay High School

Achievements:

1st Place Alay ng rotary sa araw ng kabataan (High school)


Motto:

Patience is a Virtue

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