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Group project design: Report due December 12th

The objectives of the project

Hands-on experience with CMG and reservoir simulation


Reservoir simulation result analysis and report
Team work and leadership
Technical report for a reservoir simulation study

Base model includes the following information:

1.1. Reservoir information


Layer
sequence

Top depth
(ft)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

9000

Permeabili
ty x
direction
(md)
66
473
238
25
20
163
71
61
180
113
63
28
20
24
71

Thickness
(ft)

0.087
0.097
.111
.16
.13
.17
.17
.08
.14
.13
.12
.105
.12
.116
.157

20
15
26
15
16
14
8
8
18
12
19
18
20
50
100

Reservoir size: 7200ft * 7500 ft


The areal permeability in another direction is the same, and vertical
permeability is 0.01 of the areal permeability.
Rock compressibility is 1.0*10-6 1/psi and reference pressure is 3600
psi
Reservoir gas-oil contact is 9061 ft, and the water-oil contact is 9259 ft
Reservoir temperature is 100F

1.2. PVT data: blackoil model


** p
14.7
400
800

Porosity

rs
bo
zg viso
visg
0 1.0000 .9999 1.20 .0125
165 1.0120 .8369 1.17 .0130
335 1.0255 .8370 1.14 .0135

1200
1600
2000
2400
2800
3200
3600
4000
9000

500 1.0380
665 1.0510
828 1.0630
985 1.0750
1130 1.0870
1270 1.0985
1390 1.1100
1500 1.1200
1510 1.1210

.8341
.8341
.8370
.8341
.8341
.8398
.8299
.8300
.8301

1.11
1.08
1.06
1.03
1.00
.98
.95
.94
.93

.0140
.0145
.0150
.0155
.0160
.0165
.0170
.0175
.0176

Oil DENSITY 44.986 lb/ft3


Gas specific GRAVITY
0.92
Water DENSITY 63.021 lb/ft3
Oil compressibility 1.0E-6
1/psi
Water formation volume factor 1.0034
Water compressibility 1.0E-6
1/psi
Reference water pressure 3600 psi
Water viscosity 0.96
cp
Water compressibility dependence to pressure 0.0
Bubble point pressure 3600 psi
Reference depth: 9035 ft, and pressure @reference depth 3600 psi

1.3. Rock fluid data


Water-oil relative permeability curve
**$
Sw
krw
krow
Pcow
SWT
0.151090
0.00000
1.00000 400.000
0.154328
0.00000
0.981759 319.056
0.165330
0.00000
0.921658 146.260
0.176333
0.00000
0.864390 65.4307
0.220343
0.00000
0.661828 -0.117949
0.253350
0.00000
0.535288 -2.55181
0.254350 5.402770E-05
0.531765 -2.56713
0.265353 1.815794E-03
0.494163 -2.67519
0.276355 4.557379E-03
0.458613 -2.71989
0.342370 3.089833E-02
0.284174 -2.74991
0.353372 3.643514E-02
0.260904 -2.74997
0.408385 6.772290E-02
0.165401 -2.75000
0.452394 9.643480E-02
0.110367 -2.75000
0.507407
0.136188 6.251016E-02 -2.75000
0.551416
0.170717 3.721546E-02 -2.75000
0.606429
0.216931 1.748402E-02 -2.75000
0.650439
0.256142 8.489807E-03 -2.75000
0.705451
0.307739 2.751449E-03 -2.75000
0.749461
0.350951 8.353845E-04 -2.75000
0.804473
0.407234 8.953211E-05 -2.75000
0.859485
0.465898
0.00000 -2.75000
0.881490
0.490000
0.00000 -2.75000

Gas-liquid relative permeability curve data


**$
Sg
krg
krog
Pcog
SGT
0
0.00000
1.00000 0.00000
0.023636
0.00000
0.763636 0.161909
0.04
0.00000
0.600000 0.258383
0.056364 3.765372E-03
0.526364 0.350420
0.072727 1.015291E-02
0.452727 0.439480
0.121818 3.767508E-02
0.279818 0.694970
0.138182 4.890630E-02
0.242182 0.777318
0.203636
0.101587 9.709091E-02 1.09703
0.252727
0.147874 5.781818E-02 1.32908
0.301818
0.199039 1.963636E-02 1.55613
0.350909
0.254531 9.818182E-03 1.77908
0.416364
0.334564
0.00000 2.07103
0.465455
0.398727
0.00000 2.28661
0.514545
0.466167
0.00000 2.49966
0.563636
0.536687
0.00000 2.71045
0.612727
0.610118
0.00000 2.91920
0.661818
0.686316
0.00000 3.12610
0.710909
0.765153
0.00000 3.33128
0.76
0.846518
0.00000 3.53489
0.809091
0.930311
0.00000 3.73704
0.84891
1.00000
0.00000 3.90000

1.4. Well and production: base case


Use quick pattern option for inverted 5-spot pattern in grid construction and
locate production wells at four corners and injection well in the center of the
reservoir.
Four production wells with same oil production rate of 500 bbl/day from
1/1/1980 to 1/1/2010
There is no injection for the base case.
Initial perforation layers are 9, 10, and 11 for both production and injection
wells.
Constraints for producers:
o Operational: max surface oil rate as 2000 bbl/day
o Operational: min bottomhole pressure 1500 psi: shut in the well
o Monitoring: max wcut as 0.98--- shut in the well
o Monitoring: max gas-oil ratio as 50000 ft3/bbl --- shut in the well
Constraints for injectors if activated:
o max injection water rate is 5000 bbl/day
o min bottomhole pressure is 1000 psi
Wellbore geometry using the following parameters:
o K direction
o 0.5 ft as radius
o 0.355 as geometry factor
o 1 as wfrac

1.5. Options
1. Use production rates of 1000 bbl/day, 500 bbl/day and 100 bbl/day and
without injection to run the simulation model to compare the reservoir
performance
2. Use the production rate of 500 bbl/day and injection/production ratio of 1,
0.5, and 0.1 to compare the reservoir performance
3. Use the production rate of 1000 bbl/day and injection/production ratio of 1,
0.5, and 0.1 to compare the reservoir performance
4. Use the production rate of 100 bbl/day and injection/production ratio of 1,
0.5, and 0.1 to compare the reservoir performance
5. Use the production rate of 1000 bbl/day to optimize the perforation layers, at
least three variations are required
6. Use the production rate of 500 bbl/day to optimize the perforation layers, at
least three variations are required
7. Use the production rate of 100 bbl/day to optimize the perforation layers, at
least three variations are required
8. Combine some layers to reduce the complexity of reservoir simulation model,
recommendation such as combining layers 4&5, 7&8, calculate the average
values of resulting layers, and Use the production rate of 500 bbl/day and
injection/production ratio of 1, 0.5, and 0.1 to compare the reservoir
performance
9. Combine some layers to reduce the complexity of reservoir simulation model,
recommendation such as combining layers 4&5, 7&8, calculate the average
values of resulting layers, and Use the production rate of 1000 bbl/day and
injection/production ratio of 1, 0.5, and 0.1 to compare the reservoir
performance
10.Combine some layers to reduce the complexity of reservoir simulation model,
recommendation such as combining layers 4&5, 7&8, calculate the average
values of resulting layers, and Use the production rate of 100 bbl/day and
injection/production ratio of 1, 0.5, and 0.1 to compare the reservoir
performance

1.6. Result analysis guidelines


In reservoir simulation results analysis, here are some guidelines to extract
important results to present.

Obtain the initial distribution of gas, oil and water in reservoir


Obtain the oil saturation, gas saturation, and water saturation change during
the production duration
Find the expansion of gas in the gas cap
Find the time that gas break through the production wells
Get the field wide average oil saturation, average water saturation, average
gas saturation, average reservoir pressure change , and oil recovery during
the production;

Get the well production report: oil rate, water cut, and gas-oil ratio, and
bottomhole pressure, and oil recovery for each production well

1.7. Guidelines in grading the final project

Total 100 pts


Unfinished project -5 pts
Un-communicated project -5 pts
Missing title -5 pts
Missing abstract -5 pts
Introduction without description, just tables and figures for data -5 pts
Without problem description -5 pts
Missing conclusion -10 pts
Missing descriptive analysis in result analysis -5 pts
Other deductions with situations: wrong data, wrong model, and
unreasonable analysis from 1-20 pts
Bonus points for features for nice data presentation, result summary, and
good reservoir engineering analysis from 1-20 pts