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CBMDevelopment

CBMDevelopment
p

AnAlternativeEnergy
forBetterFuture
for Better Future
Yogyakarta,31th March2012
Journey towards excellence

Introduction

Energy from Nature. For Nature

CBM Potential Business in Indonesia

Source: DitJen MIGAS

KEMENTERIAN ENERGI DAN SUMBER DAYA MINERAL

PETA WILAYAH
KERJA
GAS METANA
BATUBARA
DI INDONESIA
COALBED
METHANE
PSCs ACROSS
INDONESIA
Status
: Juni
20112011
STATUS
OF
JUNE

DJ MIGAS 2011

KEMENTERIAN ENERGI DAN SUMBER DAYA MINERAL

INDONESIA
COALBED METHANECBM
DEVELOPMENT
ROAD MAP
PERKEMBANGAN
DI INDONESIA
ROADMAP

Reg: CBM - 1
Rambutan
(APBN)
Ministerial
Reg
No.1669

1998

Ministerial Regulation
No. 036/2008, revision to
g
Ministerial Regulation
No. 033/2006

CBM Prod Est of


1500 MMSCFD

CBM1.0
Prod
d fD
E
Estt off
1P
0B
BcfD
500 MMSCFD

CBM Prod Est of


1.8 BcfD
900 MMSCFD

Gov Reg of CBM


to Power

2007 2008
2003 2004 2005
2005 2006 2007
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

Signing of more CBM PSCs


Avg prod rate assumed = 250 MSCFD/ well
Ministerial
Min RegNo.033/2006

Notes:
Projects with Gov. involvement

Feasibility &
Economics
Study

1st CBM PSC

Start of CBM Contract period


CBM production
PP: Pilot Project
DJ MIGAS 2011

KEMENTERIAN ENERGI DAN SUMBER DAYA MINERAL

TYPICAL INDONESIA CBM


DEVELOPMENT SCHEME
30 YEAR CONTRACT
PERIOD

BEFORE
CONTRACT

EXPLOITATION 20
YEAR

EXPLORATION (6+4) YEAR


1. OPEN AREA
GENERAL SURVEY (SPEC.
SURVEY, RESEARCH)
JOINT STUDY
2. OVERLAPPING AREA (O/G AND
MINING)
GENERAL SURVEY (SPEC.
SURVEY, RESEARCH
JOINT EVALUATION

1st 3 (Three) year


Firm Commitment
1. G&G EVALUATION
2 CORE HOLES
2.
DRILLING
3. MARKET SURVEY
5. PILOT PROJECT 1ST
STAGE

2nd 3 (Three) year

3 Th

1. G&G EVALUATION
2. CORE HOLES DRILLING
3. MARKET SURVEY
4. PILOT PROJECT 2ND STAGE

17 Th

FULL FIELD
DEVELOPMENT

(DRILLING & DEWATERING)

(DRILLING & DEWATERING)

CONTRACT
SIGNING

POD

DJ MIGAS 2011

FLOWCHARTCBM
RESOURCES

REGIONALGEOLOGY

SURFACEGEOLOGICAL
SURFACE
GEOLOGICAL
DATA

SUBSURFACE
SUBSURFACE
GEOLOGICALDATA

SURFACEMAPPING
CROSSSECTIONS
COALSAMPLES

2D/3DSEISMIC
WELLDATA
GRAVITY
RESISTIVITY

GEOCHEMISTRYANALYSIS
COALPROPERTIES
COAL PROPERTIES
COALRANKS

3DCOALDISTRIBUTION
WELLBASED(CORRELATION)
WELL BASED (CORRELATION)
SEISMICATTRIBUTES

CBMRESOURCES
LAPI ITB, 2012

INTRODUCTION
Coal is a source, seal and reservoir rock. Gas is sorbed on the
coal surface. Typically over 90% methane with some ethane
and
d carbon
b dioxide.
d d

Slow
Sl
i i i l desorption
initial
d
i
and
d relative
l i
permeability
bili effects
ff
create a negative gas decline curve. Unique production
characteristics of CBM results in low but inclining initial gas
production, peaking around 46 years as the coal is
d
dewatered
d (depressurized).
(d
i d)

MCFD or BPD
D

CBM production requires dewatering the coal formations.


When the pressure is reduced, gases are desorbed and flow
to the
h wellbore
llb
via a naturall networkk off fractures
f
( l
(cleats).
)
After gas arrives at the wellbore, it is produced utilizing
conventional hydrocarbon gas extraction technology

Stage
1,

Stage
2,

Dewaterin
g

Mid
Life

Wat
er

Stage 3,
Decline
production
Gas

Time

There are many benefits of CBM, such as for energy sourcing


(gas), power (electricity), industry (methanol, fertilizer). CBM
can be
b used
d locally
l ll or to be
b exported
d (LNG).
(LNG) Even
E
CBM offer
ff
benefits for global climate purposes (CO2 sequestration,
Carbon Trading)
8

Sedimentation and The Formation of Coal

From DOE 2004 ALL Consulting (RyderScott Conf CBM 2006)

Cycle of Coal Development

The Natural Fracture System

RyderScott Conf CBM 2006

The Flow Path

Ryder Scott Conf CBM 2006

The Flow Path

Ryder Scott Conf CBM 2006

Regulatory Requirement for CBM Development in Indonesia

Kedalaman Sumur CBM vs. Gas Bumi

CH4

Coal Seam
(CBM)

Best >300 <1,000m

Natural Gas
(Oil Gas Reserves)

Oil

Presented to MIGAS, Jakarta 19 July 05_K.Sani

Natural Gas
(Gas Reserves)

3,000~
6,000m
,

(After Lemigas, 2005)

GAS CONTENT CALCULATION


Formula Kim (1977)
G = 32 x (1-a-m) x 0.75 x { ko x (0.096d)no 0.14 x( 1.8d/100) + 11)} Rf

(
)
G = Gas content (sct/ton)
a = ash content (%)
m = moisture content (IM)
fc = fixed carbn (%)
vm = volatile matter (%)
d = depth of coal seam (feet)
ko = 0.8 (fc/vm)+5.6
no = 0.39 0.013 ko
Rf = recoveryy ffactor (%)
range Rf : 50% 85%

Coal Cutoff
300 1500 m (depth)
1.5m (thickness)

Recovery Factor
Estimating the RF
From the sorption isotherm:
(initial gas content abandonment gas content) / (initial gas content) x 100 = % Recovery Factor

Depending on many factors,


the expected range for
Recovery factor might be
50% to 85%

Ryder Scott Conf CBM 2006

DRILLING
CBM drilling basically similar to oil and gas conventional, except keeping the drilling cost as low as possible
in order to achieve economics of the project since typical CBM development needs massive number of
wells. In order to do so safe and creative approaches in CBM drilling is strongly recommended.

COMPLETION

CBMwellscompletionobjectives:maximizing contactareaof
dewatering and minimizing damaging coalseam
dewateringandminimizingdamagingcoalseam.
SurfacetoInSeam
Drilling/Completion

FormationJetting

Diagram showing the production scheme of gas and water for a


typical coalcoal-bed methane well

From USGS Fact Sheet FS-123-00 (RyderScott Conf CBM 2006)

SURFACE FACILITIES & VARIOUS ARTIFICIAL LIFT


Productionliftdamagesisthemost
d
lf d
h
problemencounteredinCBM
ESP
SUCKER
ROD PUMP

PCP

CBMwellsiteinMarathon

CBM TRANSPORTATION

CBMcanbetransportedandshipped
similar to gas conventional
similartogasconventional
LNG

PIPELINES

CNG

Medco CBM Portfolios & updates

Energy from Nature. For Nature

23

24

25

26

Challenges

Energy from Nature. For Nature

CHALLENGES OF CBM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA


CHALLENGESOFCBMDEVELOPMENTININDONESIA

Footprint

Strategy

Environment

Reporting

Logistics

Administrasi

Perception
28

CHALLENGES OF CBM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA


CHALLENGESOFCBMDEVELOPMENTININDONESIA

Footprint
p
Obyektif: Mengurangi seminimal mungkin dispute
yyangg diakibatkan bentrokan kepentingan
p
g
antar
berbagai pemangku kepentingan
(ganti rugi,
g , sewa,,
o Pembebasan Lahan: Perda,, Skema (g
kontrak lahan), tumpang sari
o Luasan standar per sumur atau fasilitas pendukung
o Aturan mengenai densitas / kerapatan sumur CBM

29

CHALLENGES OF CBM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA


CHALLENGESOFCBMDEVELOPMENTININDONESIA

Lingkungan
g g
Obyektif: Green industry dengan tanpa
g
efisiensi
dan
efektifitas
mengorbankan
pengembangan CBM
/
, AMDAL,, Studi Lingkungan,
g g , Hydrogeology
y g
gy
o UKL/UPL,
o Aturan pemanfaatan air terproduksi ke lingkungan
sekitar
o Protokol Kyoto mengurangi efek rumah kaca
o Reklamasi lahan / bekas sumur CBM

30

CHALLENGES OF CBM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA


CHALLENGESOFCBMDEVELOPMENTININDONESIA

Logistics
g
Obyektif: Pengadaan barang dan jasa dalam
pengembangan
p
g
g CBM yyangg fleksibel,, efisien,, dan
efektif, mulai dari perencanaan, persetujuan, dan
p
eksekusi operasional
o Prosedur AFE, WP&B
o Aturan pengadaan barang dan jasa
o Kontrakting, Amandemen
o Pemanfaatan asset transfering

31

CHALLENGES OF CBM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA


CHALLENGESOFCBMDEVELOPMENTININDONESIA

Perception
p
Obyektif: Merubah mind set dalam masyarakat
g
berbeda dengan
g
oil/gas,
/g ,
bahwa CBM sangat
terutama dalam hal berikut:
p
rendah
o Keamanan tekanan dan temperatur
o Kenyamanan bisa berdiri berdampingan dengan
industri lain / masyarakat
o Kemanfaatan langsung ke masyarakat gas metana,
listrik, dan air terproduksi

32

CHALLENGES OF CBM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA


CHALLENGESOFCBMDEVELOPMENTININDONESIA

Strategy
gy
Obyektif: Skema pengembangan yang sesuai
untuk CBM
o Sangat fleksibel, disesuaikan keekonomian masing
masing blok CBM yang bisa sangat berbedabeda
o Aturan mengenai POD migas yang bisa tidak sesuai
o Komersialisasi retail
o Skema
Sk
PSC Gross
G
PSC dimana
di
costt di manage oleh
l h
kontraktor

33

CHALLENGES OF CBM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA


CHALLENGESOFCBMDEVELOPMENTININDONESIA

Reporting
p
g
Obyektif: Format report yang sesuai untuk CBM
dan bersifat real time

34

CHALLENGES OF CBM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA


CHALLENGESOFCBMDEVELOPMENTININDONESIA

Administrasi
Obyektif: Good CBM Engineering Practices
y, Health,, Environment))
o SHE ((Safety,
o Metode / Teknis Pelaksanaan
o Peralatan rig, sub surface, surface facilities
o Akreditasi laboratorium pendukung, sertifikasi
cadangan

35

Tipikal Pengembangan GMB & Tantangan


Butuh Lahan Luas untuk
mengakomodasi sumur
GMB .

Hutan disekeliling sumur

S
Salah
satu stasiun O/G Medco

T t
Tetangga
dengan
d
Kampung
K

???

Pengembangan CBM yang bersahabat dengan lingkungan

Analisa Air
sumur CBM
di blok
y
Sekayu
Chemical Oxygen Demand

Total Dissolved Solid

FUTURE CBM
WATER
MANAGEMENT
Irrigation
Households

Providing a better life


to locals

Livestock

InUS,waterproducedfromCBMfield
cancontributepositivelytocommunity
t ib t
iti l t
it

Pengembangan GMB di AS

Sumber: Unlocking Indonesias CBM Resources Learning from Global Experiences,


Lilian Fandriana, BP, 3rd IndoCBM, 29th Apr 2010

PADMA Award 2003 & 2007 :

PROPER Hijau 2009 :

Government of Indonesia Award


for Sustainable Community
Development Program

Minister of Environment Award for


consistent environment management

Thank You
PT Medco E&P Indonesia .. Proud off its achievements!
PROPER Hijau 2009 :

Zero Accident 2007 :

Minister of Environment Award for


consistent environment
management

Minister of Manpower and


Transmigration Award for zero
accident 22.927.321 hours

Social Empowerment Award 2007

ISO 14001 (2007 & 2009) :

National Welfare Coordination


Minister Award for community
development program commitment

TUV Nord Indonesia certification for


environmental quality management
system