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Reinforced Thermoplastic Tubing Enhanced Rehabilitation Technologies™ XIV Ecuador Oil and Power Expo Low Cost New
Reinforced Thermoplastic Tubing
Enhanced Rehabilitation Technologies™
XIV Ecuador Oil and Power Expo
Low Cost New Installation & Revitalization of
Existing Pipelines and Creating Monitored
Secondarily Contained Systems for
Environmentally Sensitive Areas
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
©2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
AGENDA !   Critical Issues !  RTP Tubing !   Direct Burial Applications/Case Studies !
AGENDA
!   Critical Issues
!  RTP Tubing
!   Direct Burial Applications/Case Studies
!   Enhanced Rehabilitation Process™ (ERT)
!   Case Studies
!   Conclusions
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
©2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
2
Critical Issues !   Older Fields with Marginal Wells are being Shut in or Sold
Critical Issues
!  
Older Fields with Marginal Wells are being Shut in or Sold
Excessive Operating Costs
Chemical Treatment
Pipeline Repairs
Leaking Pipelines
Expensive Trenching Pipe Crossings
Oversized Pipes for Today’s Production increases Maintenance
Bacterial Issues in Old Fields Increasing H2S
Can’t Justify the Capital Cost for Replacement
Excessive Trenching Costs
Expensive Right of Way Rehabilitation
!  
Protecting Environmentally Sensitive Areas
Highly Corrosive Fluids
Actively Monitoring Pipelines for Leaks
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
©2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
3
Why Use Thermoflex Pipe in Environmentally Sensitive Areas? !   Polymers Inert to the Oilfield
Why Use Thermoflex Pipe in Environmentally Sensitive
Areas?
!   Polymers Inert to the Oilfield
No Corrosion
!   Tough Reinforcement
Strength”
!   Abrasion Resistant Cover
Aramid Fibers for “Bullet Proof
Minimize Installation Issues
!   Very little Environmental Impact
–   Narrow Right of Way
–   No Heavy Equimpment
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
4

Minimal Environmental Disturbance

Minimal Environmental Disturbance
Minimal Environmental Disturbance
Minimal Environmental Disturbance
Minimal Environmental Disturbance
What are Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipes… Thermoflex ® Pipe !   Fourth Generation Flexible Continuous Composite
What are Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipes… Thermoflex ®
Pipe
!  
Fourth Generation Flexible Continuous Composite Piping
Corrosion Resistance and Minimal Maintenance
Liners Inert to the Oilfield & Temperatures to 100C
Eliminates Corrosion Pipeline Integrity Procedures
Low Permeation Eliminated Venting of Annulus
Minimizes Support Equipment for Installation
Extremely Flexible for Tight Work Spaces
Strength of Steel but Light Weight for Light Duty Equipment
Flexibility to Pass Through Risers with Light Duty Pulling Ropes
!  
Sizing to Minimize Ongoing Maintenance and Costs
Minimal Velocities to Carry Solids
Sized for the Application to Reduce Upfront Costs
Flexibility of Pressure Ratings for the Current Operating Conditions
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 Polyflow, LLC. All rights reserved.
6
Thermoflex ® Tubing !   Multi-Layer Liners –   Liners Polymers Inert to the Oilfield
Thermoflex ® Tubing
!
Multi-Layer Liners
Liners Polymers Inert
to the Oilfield
Low Permeation
!
Aramid Fibers
Superior Cyclic
Loading
Corrosion Resistance
Woven to Maintain
Pitch
!
Outer Jacket
Abrasion Resistance
Polymers Designed
for Environment
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 Polyflow, LLC. All rights reserved.
7

Nylon Chemical Compa8bility

Nylon Chemical Compa8bility
Nylon Chemical Compa8bility
Nylon Chemical Compa8bility

Fortron Chemical Compa8bility

Fortron Chemical Compa8bility
Fortron Chemical Compa8bility

Why Avoid HDPE Liners with Hydrocarbons

Why Avoid HDPE Liners with Hydrocarbons
Why Avoid HDPE Liners with Hydrocarbons
Why Avoid HDPE Liners with Hydrocarbons

CO2 Transmission Data cc/M 2 -day

HDPE at 23 and 30C, MOCON Data Source Nylon at 25C and 35C
HDPE at 23 and 30C, MOCON Data Source
Nylon at 25C and 35C

PPS H2S vs. CO2 Permea8on Data

cc/M2-day

350

317

300 250 200 171 150 100 50 0.028 0.066 0 H2S CO2 23C 40/35C H2S
300
250
200
171
150
100
50
0.028
0.066
0
H2S
CO2
23C
40/35C
H2S at 23 and 40 C and CO2 at 23 and 35C Source: Mocon

Cyclic Loading Impact on Aramid vs. Glass

 

Burst Pressure (PSI)

Sample 1

1,958PSI

Sample 2

2,016 PSI

Sample 3

1,958 PSI

Baseline Un-aged Samples

1,984PSI

Avg /SD Aged Samples

1,953 +/- 66PSI

1,984PSI Avg /SD Aged Samples 1,953 +/- 66PSI 275PSI Rated 3” Thermoflex 300PSI Min Amplitude 100,000

275PSI Rated 3” Thermoflex 300PSI Min Amplitude 100,000 Cycles 2 Seconds Per Cycle Short Term Burst (ASTM D1599) A_er Aging

Rated 3” Thermoflex 300PSI Min Amplitude 100,000 Cycles 2 Seconds Per Cycle Short Term Burst (ASTM

Glass Fibers in Contact with Water

Glass Fibers in Contact with Water
Glass Fibers in Contact with Water

Aramid Fibers In Contact with Water

Aramid Fibers In Contact with Water
Aramid Fibers In Contact with Water

Outer Jacket

UV Resistance? Not Resistant Forever

Prefer TiO2 package

White keeps pipe cooler than black

Long term Data on the addi8ves to the plas8c

Does not help in Fire

PP and Nylon Great Abrasion Resistance

term Data on the addi8ves to the plas8c •   Does not help in Fire •
term Data on the addi8ves to the plas8c •   Does not help in Fire •
term Data on the addi8ves to the plas8c •   Does not help in Fire •

Why Thermoflex RTP for Environmentally Sensi8ve Areas?

Polymers Inert to Oilfield Environments Aramid Fibers for Bullet Proof Strength and Cyclic Loading Abrasion Resistant Jacket Minimizes Installa8on Issues

Fibers for Bullet Proof Strength and Cyclic Loading •   Abrasion Resistant Jacket Minimizes Installa8on Issues
Fibers for Bullet Proof Strength and Cyclic Loading •   Abrasion Resistant Jacket Minimizes Installa8on Issues
Additional New Lines with RTP is Low Cost !   !  Rapid Low Cost Installation
Additional New Lines with RTP is Low Cost
!
! 
Rapid Low Cost Installation
Right Sizing and Type Pipe to
Minimize Issues
Minimum Velocity to Move Solids
Corrosion Resistance
!
! 
No Ongoing Maintenance
Minimal Right of Way Impact
Petrobras Peru Install 2Km/hr. Install Rate
Combined water
CO2 Injection
Pipeline in
United States
2,000PSI Pipe Installed by Hand in Rough Terrain
In Colombia
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
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Installing Thermoflex ® in New Fields ($/ft USA) ISO 9001:2008 Certified Customized Solutions Fast, Easy
Installing Thermoflex ® in New Fields ($/ft USA)
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
19

Installa8on on Surface

Oil, Brine, CO2

Severe Steel Corrosion

Marginal Field Requiring Restricted Investment

2Km/Hr. ($0.18/ _ )

Crack Resistance vs. Fiberglass

Marginal Field Requiring Restricted Investment •   2Km/Hr. ($0.18/ _ ) •   Crack Resistance vs.
Marginal Field Requiring Restricted Investment •   2Km/Hr. ($0.18/ _ ) •   Crack Resistance vs.
Marginal Field Requiring Restricted Investment •   2Km/Hr. ($0.18/ _ ) •   Crack Resistance vs.
Where are the Cost Savings for New Installations $/ft 1500PSI 2” Steel Fiberglass* Thermoflex Trenching
Where are the Cost Savings for New Installations
$/ft 1500PSI 2”
Steel
Fiberglass*
Thermoflex
Trenching
Same
Same
Same
Sand Bedding
$0.00
$1.65
$0.00
Layout/Couple
Drop in Trench
$8.70
$2.24
$0.60
Chemical Corrosion
Inhibitors
$19.09
$0.00
$0.00
Tracer Wire
$0.00
$0.15
$0.15
Materials
$3.80
$4.52
$6.24
Totals
$31.59/ft.
$8.56
$6.99
*2,,000PSI 8 round EUE to be derated for cyclic loading
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
21
What is Enhance Rehabilitation Technology (ERT) !   Utilize Existing Pipeline as a Conduit for
What is Enhance Rehabilitation Technology (ERT)
!
Utilize Existing Pipeline as a Conduit for Thermoflex ® Reinforced
Thermoplastic Piping (RTP)
!
Basic Concept: Pig Cable Through Line and Pull RTP Through Existing Line
!
Key Components of ERT
Flow Modeling to Minimize Pressure Drop Plus Carry Solids or Fluids
Pull Force Modeling to Determine Equipment Requirements
Design Project Scope
Install RTP with or without Monitoring
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
22

Cost Reductions for Existing Lines : Enhanced Rehabilitation Technologies

!   !   !   Rapid Low Cost Installation No Ongoing Maintenance Pull Through
!  
!  
!  
Rapid Low Cost Installation
No Ongoing Maintenance
Pull Through Older Fields with Many Pipe Crossings
Eliminates Trenching Costs
More Rapid Process
!  
Pulling Gas Lift through Existing Flow Lines
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
23
Insertion inside of Existing Pipelines !   2” Fiberglass Water Flood Pipe –   2,000PSI
Insertion inside of Existing Pipelines
!
2” Fiberglass Water Flood Pipe
  2,000PSI
2,500ft. (762M) Length
H2S & CO2
$48,000 to Trench a New Line
!
Pull 1.75” Thermoflex Inside of 2”
Fiberglass
No Pulling Cone on Short Run
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
24
Economic Value Analysis $80,000 $70,000 $60,000 $50,000 Savings $40,000 Install $30,000 $20,000 Pipe $10,000
Economic Value Analysis
$80,000
$70,000
$60,000
$50,000
Savings
$40,000
Install
$30,000
$20,000
Pipe
$10,000
$0
Fiberglass
ERT
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
25
High H2S & CO2 Wet Gas Line in Populated Area with a Monitored Secondary Containment
High H2S & CO2 Wet Gas Line in Populated Area with a
Monitored Secondary Containment in Populated Area
750PSI Gas Line
•  80,000PPM H2S
•  100,000PPM CO2
• 
Sealed Annulus between Steel
and RTP
•  Inject Nitrogen in Annulus
•  Monitor for Stable Pressure
•  Monitor for Methane, H2S &
CO2 in Annulus
Continuous Monitoring of
Pressure to Shut the System
Down with Excess Pressure in
Annulus
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
26
Double Walled Salt Water Disposal Line to Minimize Potential for Leaks on the Land •
Double Walled Salt Water Disposal Line to Minimize
Potential for Leaks on the Land
•   1500PSI Injecting 5,000bbl/
day
•   Piping System
•  3.5” Thermoflex Tubing
•  6” SDR 11 HDPE
Containment Pipe
•   Ends Sealed and Pressure
Sensor set at 30PSI to Shut
System Down
•   Replaced Steel Pipeline that
Leaked onto Rancher Land
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
27
Secondary Contained Pipeline in Environmentally Sensitive Area •   Flowing Oil/Brine/Gas/H2S/Sand @ 800PSI •
Secondary Contained Pipeline in Environmentally
Sensitive Area
Flowing Oil/Brine/Gas/H2S/Sand @ 800PSI
Sensitive Cyprus Field
Fill Annulus with Packer Fluid
• 
• 
Monitor Pressure with Shut off System
Liquid Annulus Less Sensitive to
Pressure Swings with Temperature
Annulus Fluid Jumper Pipe
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
28
Why ERT and Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipe !   Low Cost Solution for: –   Areas
Why ERT and Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipe
!   Low Cost Solution for:
–   Areas with Difficult Trenching
–   Difficult Right of Way Situations
!   Pipeline Solution for Environmentally Sensitive Areas
–   Continuously Monitored
–   Secondarily Contained
!   Polymers Inert to the Oilfield
–   No Ongoing Chemical Treatment
–   Low Inspection Costs
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.
29