Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 22

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION
Indonesia has experienced an increase in population growth was so fast that the
various problems that exist in society also tends to increase. One of them is the problem of
the settlement that is still not settled. There are still a lot of vacant land that has not been
utilized to the maximum by the government.
Residence requirement is one of the major needs in line with the density of population
growth. Therefore, people's desire to build homes higher. However, most people do not
understand the steps - steps in building a house, especially in calculating the manufacturing
cost of the house, the amount of materials and services needed in the construction process.
With a tropical climate that tends to damp owned Indonesia who desperately need air
circulation and light enough so that the house is not easy to damp and moldy, and not
Tempier when the rain struck, then the concept of modern minimalist house is suitable to the
tropical climate which is owned by Indonesia. Housing Kampoeng Semawis deliberately
using the concept of minimalist modern home by considering the climate to satisfy
customers.
Housing Development Prime Development has a good home design, strategic location
and free from flooding, so many invites consumers to own a home in the Housing
Development Prime Icon 3 comfortable place to live.

CHAPTER II
PROBLEM

A.
B.
C.
D.

House development goals ?


House construction functions ?
Step by step construction of houses ?
Building Specifications ?

CHAPTER III
DISCUSSION
3.1 Building Specifications
Type Of House
Type 60 (topaz)
Lt: 6x18, lb: 60m2 | 3 Bedroom, 1 k. Bathroom, 1 level
Type 60 (onyx)
Lt: 6x20, lb: 60m2 | 3 Bedroom, 1 k. Bathroom, 1 level
Type 120 (sapphire)
Lt: 6x22, lb: 120m2 | 4 k. Bedroom, 2 k. Bathroom, 2 levels
Building Foundations:
River stone
Cat Concrete
sloff reinforced concrete
Walls Of The Building :
Brick in plaster and on Cover
Interior paint finishes KIMEX / like
Resistant exterior paint finishing 3 years
Doors and windows :
The door frame
The window sills
Glass window
Electricity
Water

: Hardwood
: Hardwoods / Aluminium
: a plain glass 5 mm
: Installation of electrical wiring without meter
: Water pipe installation along with unmetered

Ceramics:
Floor 40 x 40
Kitchen
Bathroom
The bathroom wall
Sanitary:
Squat toilet
toilet seat

3.2 AIM & Function

3.2.1 Aim
Construction of houses in the project is intended as a residence for the buyer and the
buyer in a residential home providing Kampoeng Semawis types and models of houses
that diverse. This housing is permanent for long periods of time. In accordance with the
definition of the building which means a construction is done in a systematic and
permanent,
which
means
not
moveable.
Besides housing construction is also intended for business purposes the company that
manages
the
development
of
this
project.
3.2.2 Function
The building houses in this project is building 65 houses with the type which functioned
as
a
place
to
stay
that
is
ready
to
be
occupied.
It is also designed as a place of refuge or comfortable shelter, because buyers can also
choose their own homes to be bought. So that the building could correspond to that in the
desire of the buyer.
3.3. Elements - Elements Project
In carrying out the project management in Prime Housing Development was formed
organization of project implementation which is a system that involves many parties to
work together and have a sense of responsibility to the duties, obligations, and powers
that have been granted in accordance with their respective fields and expertise.
Here are the parties involved in the construction of Prime Housing Development
OWNER

PLANNING
CONSULTAN
T

Picture 3.3. The parties


involved in the
construction of Prime
Housing Development

Contractor
Implementer

Sub
Contractors

Foreman

Sub
Sub
Handyman
Contractors
Contractors
Ceiling
RoofOwner,
Work Contractor Planner
3.3.1.
and Contractor.

Implementation of Housing Projects Prime Development who doubles as the


contractors, consultants, planners, consultants, supervisors and became owner.
So the duties, powers and responsibilities as owner, contractor, consultant
planner and consultant supervisor run by Prime Development itself.
Duties, powers and responsibilities of Prime Development as follows:
a. Provide the location of land development projects.
b. Provide and seek funding for the project work.
c. Administer and resolve licenses following requirements must be met relating
to the construction of the project.
d. Creating images of the overall project planners include images of structures,
as well as mechanical and electrical architecture.
e. Creating images detail / explanation, complete with calculations construction.
f. Make a Budget Plan (RAB)
g. Carry out work in accordance with the agreed schedule.
h. Protect all equipment, materials, and work against loss and damage to the
submission of work.
i. Providing labor, materials, workplaces, equipment, and other support tools
used is based on the specification and drawings that have been determined by
taking into account the time, cost, quality and job security.
3.3.2. Foreman.
Foreman or supervisor on duty led some workers to complete a particular part of
the job, such as: job pembesian, carpentry and finishing the project.

3.3.3. Handyman.
Plumbers carry out the work in accordance with the instructions or orders from
the foreman in accordance with his expertise. Worker wages are paid by the
piece pervolume through foreman or foremen. In this project there are 6 people
who become carpenters. Artisan working hours starting from 08.00 till 16.00.
Every day the workmen came home after working hours each have been
completed.

3.3.4. Sub Contractors.


In the implementation of Prime Development's Housing Projects involving two
subcontractors, namely:
1. Sub Contractors Roofing Works
In this housing construction projects across the roof until the installation of
precarious work performed by subcontractors.
2. Sub-contractors Ceiling
In this project the ceiling work done by sub-contractors after the roof work is
completed.
3.4. Preparatory work.
Employment Preparation is a major work in preparing the supporting factors from the
beginning of the end of the construction work.

3.4.1. Employment Land Preparation and Cleaning Location.


The location will be built housing Prime Development leveled and cleared of
weeds, trees, tree roots, and the types of waste that can destabilize the soil, so the
soil does not decrease as a result of the imposition, followed by leveling the ground
in a location that will be built.

3.4.2. Work Preparation Manufacturing Warehouse


Warehouse is the storage of materials, such as cement, and the type of material that
is not resistant to natural conditions. Warehouses in Prime Development housing
project is made on land that does not interfere with the layout of the room, so that
artisans can work freely. The walls of the warehouse made of wooden boards under
a roof of corrugated iron.

3.4.3. Preparation Tools and Materials.


A. Preparation Tool.
The tools used in the construction of this housing are: mixer, and stamper belongs
to Prime Development for the construction project while the tools carried by
workers anta another: a hoe, trowel, tool bolt cutters, saws, pliers, bucket, shovel,
and tools another required-tool other.
B. Preparation Materials.
Material is a device or material - the most important building material, because of
the absence of material - material that it could not be built a building.
Material - material that exist in this project is a material commonly used in
building houses, among other things:

Picture 3.4.3 Preparation Materials

1. Water.
Water is a very important factor in a project, where the water quality will also
determine the quality of the building, especially in the concrete work. Water and the
creation and maintenance of concrete must not contain oils, acids, alkalis, salts,
organic materials or other materials that can damage the concrete or reinforcement
steel. In this case the water in use is potable water. Sources of water supply in the
process of housing construction Prime Development is through wells that purports to
assist in the construction of water supply projects.
2. Cement.
Cement is a building material that is very sensitive to the influence of water, which
created a mix with other materials in the construction of this housing. Prime
Development on development projects using cement Indosement Tiga Roda cement
which is made in the country.
8

Errors lead to wastage of cement storage costs, because if the cement to harden the
cement can not be used anymore.
To ensure that the cement is not quickly broken then the semen stored in a shed that
had been built.
3. Fine aggregate (sand).
Fine aggregate or sand is one of the ingredients in a mixing stuffing mix concrete. To
produce satisfactory results then it takes good quality sand. Therefore, the sand used
in the construction of Prime Development are Muntilan sand because Muntilan sand is
sand with excellent quality.
4. coarse aggregate (stone split).
Split or gravel used to mix concrete work, which is tailored to the construction
tulangannya with the intent to avoid the gravel hose as a result of natural disentregrasi
of broken stones obtained from rubble. In this real estate development project using
coarse aggregates derived from the result of a broken stone natural stone were broken
by heavy equipment (Crusher).
5. Wood and multiplex.
Wood and multiplex have an important role as a mold (formwork) in order to form
construction of concrete work in want. Used in this project is the use of bamboo and
wooden boards 30 mm thick sengon for formwork beams, and columns.
6. Bricks.
Brick is a common building material used as a pair, made of clay.
7. Iron Reinforcement.
Steel reinforcement with a mixture of cement, aggregate and water will be Reinforced
Concrete, for the construction of houses is often used in the manufacture of Sloof,
columns, beams, etc., as desired.
3.5. Measuring and installation jobs Bouw Plank.
The main purpose of this measurement job is to know the limits of looks, height of land
(0.00 points) and determine the position of buildings and components that include
foundations, columns and beams to fit the plan. This work was done carefully, because it
determines the smoothness next job.
After the work is finished the measurement, then the installation plank bouw
immediately implemented. Bouw plank is the basis of the size of the axes of the building.
Bouw plank was made by distance according to the drawings and as-asnya.

Picture 3.5 Bouwplank


3.6. Piling Works.
The foundations including the core structure of the building as the foundation serves to
receive and distribute the load to the surrounding soil. The type and the type of
foundation is very diverse, including continuous foundation, the foundation of the palm,
piling and pile drilling. In this housing development foundation that is used is the
foundation foot plate and the foundation stone sides.
3.6.1. The foundation Footplate
The installation process involves several stages of foundation:
1. Soil excavation
Excavation of soil as deep as 1 meter at each point mounted footplate
foundation with a width of 60 cm x 60 cm for Foundations footplate P1 and P2,
and a width of 90 cm x 90 cm for the foundation footplate P3.

2. Make the work floor


Making the working floor intended that reinforcement is not dirty, with a ratio
of 1 cement: 2 sand: 3 gravel.
3. The process of laying iron.
Dilakaukan iron placement process after working the floor dry. Floor drying
process takes one day of work. After the footplate is placed such that it is right
on bouwplank.
4. The process of casting
Casting footplate formwork bottom using ngeringannya takes one day.
Footplate upper casting process (column) using formwork. The release of the
mold is done after 2 days. At the time of casting is not done with the compaction
tool because there are a lot of split in the mix. Compaction just by banging the
mold and stabbed the inside with a stick so that there are no cavities.
10

Picture 3.6.1. Footplate Work


3.6.2. The foundation Batu Belah
1. Soil Excavation Works.
Excavation of soil based on the size and mounting thread on the straight line
bouwplank. The foundation stone sides on this residential development has a
depth of 0.75m.

Picture 3.6.2. Soil Excavation Work


11

2. The sand is
For the purposes of making a foundation stone sides, after the excavated soil,
carried out with a high sand pengurugan
5-10 cm.
The foundation stone sides serves to carry the load acting thereon, both
vertical and horizontal loads. Stone should be laid out neatly so that the motion
of small and empty cavities filled with mortar, sand in the ratio 1: 5

Picture 3.6.2. Piling Works Stone Splite

3. Couple Standing Stone (Aanstamping)


Once completed mengurug sand, stacking the pair of standing stones
(anstamping) 15-20 cm tall.
4. Couple Stone Split
Masonry sides composed of approximately 38 m3 with mortar 1pc: 8PS after a
pair of standing stones attached. In this stage of the installation of the stone
sides better accompanied by planting reinforcement columns in a stronger
foundation so the column.
3.7. Sloof job.
After completion of the foundation work with the sides continued manufacture of stone
sloof on a foundation using a mix of materials: water, cement, sand, and rocks split.

Installation of Reinforcement.

12

At work pembesiaan sloop originally installed in accordance with the principal


reinforcement plan drawings, in which reinforcement sloof associated with the
reinforcement of the column that is embedded in the foundation. tulangannya
stringing process is done on a sloofnya placement. In sloof work on this project
Sloop measuring 15x20 cm with a plain iron reinforcement 410 mm and beugel
hose 6 mm with a distance of 15 cm.

410
6-150

Picture 3.7. Detail Sloof 15x20

Dismantling Formwork
Demolition bekesting on sloof more quickly and easily than its demolition job
columns, beams. Demolition of the sloop done after the concrete dries. After
dismantling spraying and hoarding or mengurug back to the soil in the hole
between the bearing sloof.

13

Picure 3.7. Installation Sloof


3.8. Land Pengurugan job.
After pemsangan stone sides, and further work is mengurug sloof back dugouts on the
sidelines masonry divisions. Landfill soil compaction done gradually layer by layer.
3.9. Wall Works.
3.9.1 Work Column
The column is part of a building that serves to hold the load on it and distribute it to
the foundation. Columns are used in house construction project is using three
different column sizes are:
1. K1 size 30x30 cm with a plain iron reinforcement 810 mm and beugel hose 6
mm at a distance of 30 cm.
2. K2 size 20x20 cm with a plain iron reinforcement 410 mm and beugel hose 6
mm with a distance of 20 cm.
3. K3 size 15x15 cm with a plain iron reinforcement 410 mm and beugel hose 6
mm with a distance of 15 cm.

4 10
6-150
14

Picture 3.9.1 Detail Coloum Prakis 15x15 cm

The first thing to do is set the column reinforcement. After penetelan column do
bekesting manufacture or mold for the column. Replace Concrete Formwork
fitted out and then do the casting. After 3 days bekesting opened, then do the
treatment by spraying concrete so that the concrete remains saturated and more
robust.

Picture 4.6.2. Coloum Work


3.9.2 Employment brick masonry
Materials for wall work is relatively diverse, including red brick, brick,
and a partition wall (gypsum and multiplex). In this real estate development
project of red brick of choice for an affordable price and have an edge, which
makes the far wall of quality compared to other materials.

15

Picture 3.9.2. Couple Red Brick

On the wall work, before the red brick in pairs to do with intersting yarn so
that the installation can be neat red brick or straight, continue with the
installation of the first red brick roughly as high as 1-1.5 m that is not easily
collapsed.
Red brick wall serves to limit the layout of the rooms in the house and outside
the house as brusher and adhesive is between the red brick mortar and sand in
the ratio 1: 6. Pairs of red brick located above the concrete (sloop).
3.9.3 Installation frame
In the construction of this house specifically for bathroom use aluminum frame
to the room while others use wood frame. Installation of the frame and the wall
simultaneously, with the aim of lower and upper sills that there angkurnya can be
casted so strong bond.
3.9.4. Plastering and Pengacian
Before proceeding finishing work painting, wall mounted with red brick
work continued with pemelesteran and Pengacian befungsi protective
brick walls from the weather for durability. The materials included in the
mixture of cement and sand plastering is a tide in the ratio 1: 5 and acian
only made of cement material.
3.9.5. Tiling Wall
16

Ceramic 20x20 mounted on walls that are often damp or wet, the walls of
the bathroom or lavatory and the kitchen wall. This ceramic serves to
protect the wall of water.
3.10. Floor Works.
3.10.1. Ring Work Balk and Floor Beams
Balk is a kind of ring beam sloop but is above (subject) to bind columns
with one another. While Latai beam is beam that is above the sill is
pointless to hold the load that was on it in order to not be accepted by the
frame. Same way with columns or sloop that pairs tulangannya then create
bekesting and did casting. But there is mounting Staiger that serves to
sustain sloof when workmanship and drying. After the release bekesting
after sloof dry. For treatment is done by spraying them with water.

Picture 3.10.1. Ring Balk Work


3.10.2. Tiling of floors
Ceramic is a material that is often used for the floors and walls of the
house. Several kinds of sizes of ceramic used in flooring work are as
follows:
a. Installation Works 40x40 ceramic.
40x40 ceramic used almost every room, except the bathroom floor or
toilet. Ceramic floor mounted on the surface of the sand landfill solid
above ground using mortar and sand in the ratio 1: 3. The floor is ceramic
interior work that serves to take into beautiful look of the house. The units
in the calculation of pairs of ceramic floor is m.
17

Picture 3.10.2. Floor Work


Details of the work floor and tiling can be seen below:
sand is solid under the base floor of 5cm thick degan
Cor work floor, under tiles with 5cm thick
Ceramic Floor Room in
Ceramic Floor front porch and rear
Ceramic Floor Bathroom / WC
Walls Ceramic Bathroom
Desk & Wall Ceramic Kitchen

b. Pekejaan Flooring 20x20.


Ceramic 20x20 installed in bathrooms and toilets with ceramic-type rough so
that the floor is not slippery. In the installation of ceramic floor washrooms,
considering the level of flatness or slope so that water is not stagnant.
3.11. Roof Work
The construction of housing projects Kampoeng this night using concrete tile with
horses as a lightweight steel roof and a roof made of fiber nodes in the drying chamber.
Step works jobs lightweight steel roof with concrete tile:
1. Prepare the base steel easel made of concrete.
2. Installation of light steel horses ..
3. Install purlins, rafters, battens mild steel respectively.
4. Close the roof with concrete tile (tile installation is done from bottom to top).
18

5. Close relations concrete tile top on a rooftop with a mixture 1pc: 3PS so that
rainwater does not seep and leak.

Picture 3.11. Roof Work

3.12. Ceiling Work


In the construction of houses in this project which is used in pembbuatan
ceiling material is gypsum board with a hollow frame 2x4 cm and iron hanger
root. Ceiling function protect the furniture from dust entering through the roof
tiles. In addition to its main function, the ceiling also beautify the ceiling. Jobs
ceiling portion of the interior work that can be designed in accordance with the
desired pattern.
The steps in the work of the ceiling, among others:
1. Job Creation and Installation Frame Ceiling
The framework serves as a hanger ceiling gypsum board mounted using screws.
Ceiling framework used is hollow steel 2x4 cm.
2. Installation of Gypsum Ceiling
The material used to make gypsum board ceiling is 9 mm. In addition to
facilitate the work, the board gysumm can also be formed in accordance with the
desired pattern.
19

3. Installation of Gypsum Lis


Lis gypsum lies in the meeting point between the hollow brick walls with acian
3:13. Paintwork
Implementation of the painting work include painting walls, doors and
window frames, doors, and ceiling. In the process of painting the wall using wall
paint brand Dulux and the ceiling painting using paint brands Decolith. While
sills and doors made from wood using wood paint brands Avian.

CHAPTER IV
CONCLUSSION & SUGGESTION
4.1 Conclussion
Prime Residential Development uses the concept of minimalist modern home nice
home, a strategic location and is free from flood to meet the needs of consumers.
As with any building, the construction project PerumahanPrime Development also has
the scope of work as job preparation, work measurement and installation bouwplank,
foundation work, the work of reinforced concrete structures, the work of the roof
structure of the steel frame, the work of brick, frame work, job sky ceilinged / pafond,
work floor coverings and wall coverings, painting jobs.
Construction of houses in the project is intended as a residence for the buyer and the
buyer in the residential house of Prime Development that provides types and models of
houses that diverse. Besides housing construction is also intended for business purposes
the company that manages the development of this project. Construction of houses in this
project was designed as a place of refuge or comfortable shelter, because buyers can also
choose their own homes to be bought. So that the building could correspond to that in the
desire of the buyer.
20

Implementation of Housing Projects undertaken Prime Prime Development


Development which doubles as the contractors, consultants, planners, consultants,
supervisors and became owner. So the duties, powers and responsibilities as owner,
contractor, consultant planner and consultant supervisor run by Prime Development
itself. In the implementation of Prime Development's Housing Projects involve head
carpenters and builders, but it also involves subcontractors and subcontractors work
employment roof ceiling.
In the project implementation process begins with the work of the house persipan
consisting of preparation and land clearing, manufacturing warehouses, and prepare the
tools and materials needed in the construction process. Once the preparatory work is
completed, the measurement and installation work can be done plank bouw then
followed by foundation work. The foundation used in the construction of this house
using footplate foundation to a depth of 1 m and the foundation stone sides with a depth
of 0.75 m.
Installation and casting sloof made after the foundation is dry. In sloof work on this
project using sloof measuring 15x20 cm with a plain iron reinforcement 410 mm and
beugel hose 6 mm with a distance of 15 cm. After installation of the foundations and
the installation sloof completed, the next mengurug dugouts and compacting urugan.
Works such as the installation of the column wall, bricklaying, mounting frames made
after sloof foundry work is completed and dry. Columns that are used in the construction
of this house using 3 sizes of different columns, column K1 size 30x30 cm with iron
reinforcement plain 810 mm and beugel 6 mm with spacing interval of 30 cm,
column K2 size 20x20 cm with iron reinforcement plain 410 mm and beugel 6 mm
with a spacing interval of 20 cm and 15x15 cm size K3 columns with plain iron
reinforcement 410 mm and beugel hose 6 mm with a distance of 15 cm. job balk ring
and the floor beams on the work floor wall made after the work is completed. While the
installation of roof lkeramik do after work is completed.
Roof works such as the installation horses mild steel, installation of concrete tiles and
ceiling mounting on the construction of this house carried by the sub-contractor who was
appointed by Prime Development.
Or finishing a painting using paint brand Dulux to paint on the walls and ceiling painting
using paint brands Decolith. While sills and doors made from wood using wood paint
brands Avian.
4.2 Suggestion
This issue should indeed consulted with the contractor. It would be nice if you have
friends who work in that field. As a general overview, the final plan will be made twostorey building that you want. The process of construction adjust your financial
condition.

21

If the cost is minimal, can use the concept of home grown. This usually requires the
initial cost is not too great, but the future costs will be considerable because it took
unloading here and there, not to mention having to move while the house was renovated.
If you have enough charge, the safest way is to build the entire ground floor with
concrete foundations and structures that have been prepared for the two floors. If you
wear a good reinforcement, the wall thickness is not very influential because the burden
is not the wall itself, but the ring beam. If there are fees, ga not make a tile roof. Create
cast concrete roof or palace (which later became the floor is level two). Thus, when the
construction of the second floor, demolition can be minimized. You also do not need to
be moved because the ground floor can be occupied while the second floor was built.

REFERENCES
L.A.Ramadhan , 2006, Manajemen Proyek Kuningan City, Jakarta, Bumi Aksara.
A.G.Thamrin, 1995, Teknik Konstruksi Bangunan Gedung Jilid I, Yogyakarta, Media
Pressindo.
Data-data dari Prime Development.

22