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ROJECT :

CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Plate Girder Design Based on AISC Manual 13th Edition (AISC 360-05)
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
Fy =

STEEL YIELD STRESS


SIMPLY SUPPORTED SPAN
SUPERIMPOSED UNIFORM DEAD LOAD
UNIFORM LIVE LOAD

S=
DL =
LL =
PDL =

POINT DEAD LOAD

PLL =

POINT LIVE LOAD


DISTANCE POINT LOAD TO END
TOP FLANGE WIDTH

c=
bf,top =

TOP FLANGE THICKNESS

tf,top =

50
72
1
1

ksi
ft
kips / ft
kips / ft

60

kips

60
24

kips
ft

16

in

1.5

in

BOTTOM FLANGE WIDTH

bf,bot =

16

in

BOTTOM FLANGE THICKNESS

tf,bot =

1.5

in

tw =

0.5
53

in
in

1/4 x 7 STIFFENER, E. SIDES, AT SUPPORTS ONLY.

ft

FLANGE TO WEB WELDING USE 5/16 in - 24 in @ 41 in o.c.

WEB THICKNESS
BEAM DEPTH

d=
Lb =

UNBRACED LENGTH

THE GIRDER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
CHECK LIMITING WIDTH-THICKNESS RATIOS FOR WEB (AISC 360-05 Table B4.1)
hc / t w =
r =
<
100.00
137.27

where

p =
>
90.55
Noncompact Web
E=
29000 ksi
r = 5.7 (E / Fy)0.5 =
137.27
p = (hc / hp) (E / Fy)0.5 / (0.54 Mp / My -0.09)2 =
p = 3.76 (E / Fy)0.5 =

,for Af,top Af,bot

93.26

,for Af,top = Af,bot

90.55

hc =

50.00

in

hp =

50.00

in

Mp =

6452.1

ft-kips

My =

5824.6

ft-kips

CHECK LIMITING WIDTH-THICKNESS RATIOS FOR FLANGES (AISC 360-05 Table B4.1)
0.5 bf,top / tf,top =
r =
<
5.33
17.04

<
where

p =

9.15

Compact Flanges
r = 0.95 (kc E / FL)0.5 =
17.04
p = 0.38 (E / Fy)0.5 =
9.15
kc = Min [0.76 , Max (0.35 , 4 / (h / tw)0.5 )] =

0.39

Sxt =

1398

1398

FL =

35

Sxc =

in3

in3

ksi, (AISC 360-05 Table note B4.1 & Eq F4-6)

DETERMINE CRITERIA FOR ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH (AISC 360-05 Table F1.1)

Required Conditions
Double Symmetric
Compact Web
Noncompact Web

F2
x
x

Slender Web
Compact Flanges
Noncompact Flanges
Slender Flanges
Applicable Section

Chapter F Sections
F3
F4
F5
x
x
x
Mallowable = Mn / b = 3806.0 ft-kips
( from following analysis)

ok

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH , Mn / Wb , BASED ON AISC 360-05 Chapter F2


<== Not Applicable.
E

L p 1.76r y

L r 1.95r ts
where

Fy

E
0.7 F y

ry =
h0 =

13.23

ft

S x h0

0.7 F y S x h 0
1 1 6.76

E
Jc

3.75

in

Sx =

1398

in3

in

Iy =

1025

in4

Jc

51.50

r ts

E
0.7 F y

32.74 ft

(cont'd)
Cw = Iy h02 / 4 =

679321 , (AISC 360-05 F2.2)

J = [tw d (tw2 + d2)] / 12 =

6203.76 in4, (not applicable if taken web only, EIT Manual page 26)

(Use
rts =[( Iy Cw)0.5/ Sx)]0.5 =
c=

F cr

70.5042 in4 )

J=

4.34

in
Cb =

1.0

C b 2E

1 0.078

L b

r ts
M

, (AISC Manual 13th Table 3-1, page 3-10)

Jc L b

S x h 0 r ts

596.939 ksi

for L b L p

1.0

L b L p


M n, F 2 Min C b M p M p 0.7 F y S x

L r L p

Min F cr S x , M p , for L r L b
Mallowable, F2 =Mn / b =

, M p

3863.5 ft-kips

, for L p L b L r

where

b =

1.67

6452.1 ft-kips

, (AISC 360-05 F1)

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH , Mn / Wb , BASED ON AISC 360-05 Chapter F3


<== Not Applicable.

pf
M p M p 0.7 F y S x
, for Noncompact Flanges
rf pf


M n, F 3
0.9 E k c S x
, for Slender Flanges

where

= bf / (2 tf) =

5.33

pf = p =

9.15

rf = r =

Mallowable, F3 =Min(Mn,F2 , Mn,F3) / b =

7600.9 ft-kips

17.04

3863.5 ft-kips

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH , Mn / Wb , BASED ON AISC 360-05 Chapter F4


E

L p 1.1r t

L r 1.95r t

9.59

Fy

FL

S xc h 0

ft

S h
1 1 6.76 F L xc 0
J
E

aw =hc tw/ (bfc tfc) =

where

rt

b fc

1
12 h 0 a w h
d
6
h
0d

4.34

Myc = Sxc Fy =

5824.58 ft-kips

= hc / tw =

100.00

pw = p =

93.26

yc

R pc

C b 2E
L b

r t

38.20

ft

in

6452.08 ft-kips
Myt = Sxt Fy =

rw = r =

5824.58 ft-kips
137.27

for h c / t w pw

Min M p M p 1

M yc M yc

F cr

1.04

Mp = Min [Zx Fy , 1.6Sxc Fy ] =

1 0.078

pw

rw pw

L b

S xc h 0 r t
J

M p

M yc

1.09123

for h c / t w pw

596.784 ksi, (for Iyc / Iy =

0.50

>

0.23, AISC 360-05 F4-5 )

R pc M yc , for L b L p

L b L p

M n, F 4.2 Min C b R pc M yc R pc M yc F L S xc

L r L p

Min F cr S xc , R pc M yc , for L r L b

, R pc M yc

, for L p L b L r

6355.97 ft-kips



M n, F 4.2 Min C b R pc M yc R pc M yc F L S xc

L r L p

Min F cr S xc , R pc M yc , for L r L b

, R pc M yc

, for L p L b L r

(cont'd)

R pc M yc , for Compact Flanges

pf

R pc M yc R pc M yc F L S xc

rf pf
M n, F 5.3



0.9 E k c S xc
, for Slender Flanges

yt

R pt

, for Noncompact Flanges

6356

ft-kips

for h c / t w pw

Min M p M p 1

M yt M yt

pw

rw pw

M p

M yt

1.09123

for h c / t w pw

Mallowable, F4 = Min( Mn,F4.2 , Mn,F4.3, RptMyt) / b =

3806.0

ft-kips

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH , Mn / Wb , BASED ON AISC 360-05 Chapter F5


<== Not Applicable.

Lr r t

E
0.7 F y

32.73

for L b L p

Fy ,

ft

L b L p
, F y

Min C b F y 0.3F y

L
L
r
p

F cr ,F 5.2

C b 2E

,
, for L r L b
F
y

Min
2
Lb

r t

Fy ,

for L p Lb L r

50

ksi

50

ksi

for Compact Flanges

pf

F y 0.3F y

rf pf
F cr , F 5.3
0.9 E k c , for Slender
2

b f
2t f

for Noncompact Flanges

Flanges

hc
Min a w , 10
E
5.7

R pg Min 1

1200 300 Min a w , 10 t w


F y

, 1.0

Mallowable, F5 = Min( RpgFySxc , RpgFcr,F5.2Sxc , RpgFcr,F5.3Sxc , FySxt) / b =

3487.8 ft-kips

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRENGTH , Vn / Wv , BASED ON AISC 360-05 Chapter G2


h = d - tf,top - tf,bot =
a=

71.4

kv

a / h 2

50

h / tw =

in

Aw = 26.50 in2

100

ft

, for a / h3

1.0 , for h / t w1.10 k vE

Fy

5.00

Cv

5 , for a / h 3

Vn = 0.6 FyAwCv =

1.10 k vE
k vE
k vE
, for 1.10
h / t w1.37

Fy
Fy
h /tw F y

348.131 kips

Vallowable = Vn / v =

1.51E k v
E
, for 1.37 k v h / t w
Fy

h / t w 2 F y

v =

208.461 kips

0.438

1.67

, (AISC 360-05 G1)

TOTAL SUPERIMPOSED GRAVITY LOAD


w = DL + LL =

2.000

kips / ft

P = PDL + PLL =

120.00

kips

CHECK EACH SECTION CAPACITIES


Section
Distance
d (in)
y (in)

Left
0
53
27

0.06 S
4.00
53
27

0.11 S
8.00
53
27

0.17 S
12.00
53
27

0.22 S
16.00
53
27

0.28 S
20.00
53
27

Point
24.00
53
27

0.44 S
32.00
53
27

0.56 S
40.00
53
27

0.67 S
48.00
53
27

0.78 S
56.00
53
27

0.89 S
64.00
53
27

Right
72.00
53
27

I (in4)
Wt (plf)
V (kips)
M (ft-k)

37044
248.4
160.94
0

37044
248.4
151.95
626

37044
248.4
142.96
1216

37044 37044 37044


248.4
248.4
248.4
133.96 124.97 115.97
1769
2287
2769

37044
248.4
0.00
3215

37044
248.4
31.01
3039

37044
248.4
48.99
2719

37044
248.4
66.98
2255

37044
248.4
84.97
1647

37044
248.4
102.96
896

37044
248.4
120.94
0

Moments

(cont'd)
BENDING LOADS & CAPACITY
0
-500
-1000
-1500
-2000
-2500
-3000
-3500
-4000
Length
Mmax =

3215.08 ft-kips @
< Mallowable =

24.00 ft, from heel.


3806

ft-kips

S h e ar F o rc es

[Satisfactory]

SHEAR LOADS & CAPACITY


0.00
-50.00
-100.00
-150.00
-200.00
-250.00
Length

Vmax =

160.94 kips
@
< Vallowable =

0.00

ft, from heel.


208.461 kips

[Satisfactory]

DETERMINE DEFLECTION AT MID SPAN

DL

3/ 2
5w L 4
0.06415 Pb

L 2 b 2
384 EI
EIL

where

LL

0.72
in ( L / 1195 )
(for camber, self Wt included.)

E=

29000

ksi

w=

1.248

kips / ft

I=
b=

37044
0.6

in4
ft

P=
L=

60
72.0

kips
ft

3/ 2
5w L 4
0.06415 Pb

L 2 b 2
384 EI
EIL

where

P=

60

0.58

in ( L / 1482 )

w=

kips

1.000

kips / ft

DETERMINE FLANGE TO WEB WELDING (AISC 360-05 J2.4 )


w=
wmin =

5/16

in

3/16

in, < w

wmax =

7/16
2.0

in, > w

=
Vmax =

160.94 kips
Q = Af(d - y - 0.5 tf,top) =
vmax = Vmax Q / I =
A=

24

2.68

618

in3

kips / in

in

0.6 F EXX 0.707 w A


v max

41

in. o.c.

USE 5/16 in - 24 in @ 41 in o.c.


DESIGN STIFFENERS
1. BEARING STIFFENERS ARE REQUIRED AT EACH END SUPPORT. (AISC 360-05, J10.8)
2. CHECK LOCAL WEB YIELDING FOR THE CONCENTRATED LOAD. (AISC 360-05, J10.2)
R=P=
120.00
kips
N=
0
in, bearing length, point.
k = tf,top + w =
1.81
in

1.5

R
, for c d
t w N 5k

, for c d
t w N 2.5k

26.48

<

Fy /

[Satisfactory]

R
, for c d
t w N 5k

, for c d
t w N 2.5k

(cont'd)
3. CHECK WEB CRIPPLING FOR THE CONCENTRATED LOAD. (AISC 360-05, J10.3)

2.0

N t w
2
0.80t w 13 d t
f

1.5


0.40t 2w 13 N t w

d t f

1.5

Rn / 1 /

EF ywt f

tw

EF ywt f

tw

, for c0.5 d

208.57

>

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

, for c0.5 d

(Note : If item 2, local web yielding is Satisfactory, this item does not need to be checked.)
4. CHECK SIDESWAY WEB BUCKING FOR THE CONCENTRATED LOAD. (AISC 360-05, J10.4)
dc = d - 2k =
49.38
in
Cr =

960000
(dc / tw ) / (l / bf) =

ksi
16.46

1.76


C r t wt f 0.4 d c / t w
2

h
l /b f

C r t 3wt f

10.4 d c / t w
l /b f
h2

dc /tw
2.3
P , for l /
bf

Rn / 1 /

, for
3

dc / tw
1.7
l /b f

, for 1.7

dc / tw
2.3
l /b f

120.00

>

(Note : If item 2, local web yielding is Satisfactory, this item does not need to be checked.)
5. DETERMINE STIFFENER SIZE.
tw =

in

5/8

bst / tw =

bst =

in

< 0.56 (E / Fy)0.5 , (AISC 360-05 Table B4.1)

11.20

[Satisfactory]
Ag =

11.75

in2

R=
c =

160.9

kips

Kl/r=
Cc =
Fe

I=

159

in4

1.67
, (AISC 360-05 E1)
0.75 h / ( I / Aeff)0.5 =
10.2
4.71 (E/ Fy)0.5 =

2E

kl / r 2

2751.51

113
ksi

F y
kl
Cc
0.658 F e F y , for

r

R n / c A g / c
kl

0.877 F e , for r C c

349.1

>

kips, (AISC 360-05 E2)


R

[Satisfactory]

Technical Reference:
1. AISC: "Steel Construction Manual 13th Edition", American Institute of Steel Construction, 2005.

ROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Plate Girder Design Based on AISC-ASD 9th, Chapter G


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
Fy =

STEEL YIELD STRESS


SIMPLY SUPPORTED SPAN
SUPERIMPOSED UNIFORM DEAD LOAD
UNIFORM LIVE LOAD

50
72
1
1

ksi
ft
kips / ft
kips / ft

POINT DEAD LOAD

S=
DL =
LL =
PDL =

60

kips

POINT LIVE LOAD

PLL =

60

kips

TOP FLANGE WIDTH

bf,top =

16

in

TOP FLANGE THICKNESS

tf,top =

1.5

in

BOTTOM FLANGE WIDTH

bf,bot =

16

in

BOTTOM FLANGE THICKNESS

tf,bot =

1.5

in

tw =

0.5
70
24
8

in
in
ft
ft

WEB THICKNESS
BEAM DEPTH
DISTANCE POINT LOAD TO END
UNBRACED LENGTH

d=
c=
l=

Err:502
FLANGE TO WEB WELDING USE 5/16 in - 24 in @ 57 in o.c.

THE GIRDER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
DETERMINE Fb (AISC-ASD, F1.3, page 5-46)
2

M 1
M 1

0.3
M 2
M 2

C b 1.75 1.05

rT =

4.16

76b f

L c MIN

Fy

20000

d / A f F y

11.43

510000C b

Fy

35.42

170000C
b

l/r

1.02

ft

ft

2 F l / r T 2

y
F y , 0.6 F y
F b1 MIN
3 1530000C b

F b 2 MIN

ft

102000C b
12000C b
15.84
,
L u MAX r T

0.6 d / A f F y
Fy

L3 r T

Af = 24.00 in2

in

4 2 2
4l 2 S 2
0.3 l S
2

S
S 2

1.75 1.05

F y

3

30.0

16.7

12000C

b
, 0.6 F y
l d / Af

F b3 MIN

30.0

ksi

ksi

ksi

0.66 F y , for l L c
0.6
F y , for L c l L u

Fb

MAX F b1 , F b3 , for Lu l L 3
MAX F
b 2 , F b 3 , for l L 3

33.0

ksi

CHECK WEB SLENDERNESS (AISC-ASD, G1, page 5-51)


a=
h / tw =

71.4
134.00

ft, the max clear distance between stiffeners.

760

>

Fb

132.30

14000

<

F yf F yf 16.5

2000

F yf

[Satisfactory]

for a 1.5h

for a 1.5h

282.84
[Satisfactory]

F yf F yf 16.5

2000

F yf

for a 1.5h

(cont'd)
DETERMINE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRESS (AISC-ASD G2, pg 5-51)
Aw =

= 0.6 Fyw / Fb =

in2

33.50

A w h 760

R PG MIN 1 0.0005
A
F b
f t

A w
12

A f

R e MIN

3 3

12 2 A w
A f

'

F b F b R PG R e

32.89

, 1.0

0.91

0.999

, 1.0

0.998

ksi

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS (F4-2, pg 5-49)


h = d - tf,top - tf,bot =

5.34

a / h

4.0

kv

5.34

Fv

67

h / tw =

in

134

45000 k v

, for a / h 1.0

4.0

a / h 2

5.36

Cv

P = PDL + PLL =

120.00

, for a / h 1.0

CvF y

, 0.4 F y
2.89

MIN

F y h / t w
190
h/t
w

, for C v 0.8

k v , for
C v 0.8
Fy

0.27

4.65 ksi

TOTAL SUPERIMPOSED GRAVITY LOAD


w = DL + LL =

2.000

kips / ft

kips

CHECK EACH SECTION CAPACITIES


Left
0
70
35

0.06 S
4.00
70
35

0.11 S
8.00
70
35

0.17 S
12.00
70
35

0.28 S
20.00
70
35

Point
24.00
70
35

0.44 S
32.00
70
35

0.56 S
40.00
70
35

0.67 S
48.00
70
35

0.78 S
56.00
70
35

0.89 S
64.00
70
35

Right
72.00
70
35

I (in4)
Wt (plf)
V (kips)
M (ft-k)
fv (ksi)

68848
277.3
161.98
0

68848
277.3
152.87
630

68848
277.3
143.77
1223

68848 68848 68848


277.3
277.3
277.3
134.66 125.55 116.44
1780
2300
2784

68848
277.3
0.00
3232

68848
277.3
30.89
3057

68848
277.3
49.11
2737

68848
277.3
67.33
2272

68848
277.3
85.55
1660

68848
277.3
103.77
903

68848
277.3
121.98
0

4.63

4.37

4.11

3.85

3.59

3.33

0.00

0.88

1.40

1.92

2.44

2.96

3.49

fb (ksi)

0.00

3.84

7.46

10.86

14.03

16.98

19.71

18.65

16.70

13.86

10.13

5.51

0.00

fb (k s i) & F 'b (k s i)

Section
Distance
d (in)
y (in)

0.22 S
16.00
70
35

BENDING STRESS
0.00
-5.00
-10.00
-15.00
-20.00
-25.00
-30.00
-35.00
Length

fb,max =

19.71 ksi

<

@
F'b =

24.00 ft, from heel.


32.89 ksi

fv (k s i) & F v (k s i)

[Satisfactory]

SHEAR STRESS
0.00
-1.00
-2.00
-3.00
-4.00
-5.00
Length

(cont'd)
fv,max =

4.63 ksi

@
Fv =

<

0.00

ft, from heel.

4.65 ksi

[Satisfactory]

DETERMINE DEFLECTION AT MID SPAN

DL

3/ 2
5w L 4
0.06415 Pb

L 2 b 2
384 EI
EIL

where

LL

0.40
in ( L / 2173 )
(for camber, self Wt included.)

E=

29000

ksi

w=

1.277

kips / ft

I=
b=

68848
0.6

in4
ft

P=
L=

60
72.0

kips
ft

3/ 2
5w L 4
0.06415 Pb

L 2 b 2
384 EI
EIL

P=

where

60

0.31

in ( L / 2755 )

w=

kips

1.000

kips / ft

DETERMINE FLANGE TO WEB WELDING


w=
wmin =

5/16

in

3/16

in, < w

wmax =

7/16

in, > w

Vmax = 161.98 kips


Q = Af(d - y - 0.5 tf,top) =
vmax = Vmax Q / I =
A=

24

1.93

822

in3

kips / in

in

0.3F u 0.707w A

57

v max

in. o.c.

USE 5/16 in - 24 in @ 57 in o.c.


DESIGN STIFFENERS
1. BEARING STIFFENERS ARE REQUIRED AT EACH END SUPPORT. (AISC-ASD, K1.8, page 5-82)
2. CHECK LOCAL WEB YIELDING FOR THE CONCENTRATED LOAD. (AISC-ASD, K3, page 5-81)
R = P = 120.00 kips
N=
0
in, bearing length, point.
k = tf,top + w =
1.81
in

R
, for c d
t w N 5k

, for c d
t w N 2.5k

<

26.48

0.66Fy

[Satisfactory]

3. CHECK WEB CRIPPLING FOR THE CONCENTRATED LOAD. (AISC-ASD, K4, page 5-81)

67.5 2 1 3 N
tw

N
34t 2w 1 3

1.5

t w
t f

t w

t f

F yw t f

tw

1.5

F yw t

tw

, for c 0.5d

206.68

>

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

, for c 0.5d

(Note : If item 2, local web yielding is Satisfactory, this item does not need to be checked.)
4. CHECK SIDESWAY WEB BUCKING FOR THE CONCENTRATED LOAD. (AISC-ASD, K5, page 5-81)
dc = d - 2k =
66.38
in
(dc / tw ) / (l / bf) =

22.13

3
6800t w 0.4 d c / t w
l/b f

6800t 3w

1 0.4 d c / t w
l /b f

d c / tw
2.3
P , for l /
bf

, for
3

d c / tw
1.7
l /b f

, for 1.7

dc /tw
2.3
l /b f

120.00

>

(Note : If item 2, local web yielding is Satisfactory, this item does not need to be checked.)

(cont'd)
5. DETERMINE STIFFENER SIZE.
tw =

5/8

bst / tw =

in

bst =

in

< 95 / Fy0.5 , AISC-ASD, B5.1

11.20

[Satisfactory]
Aeff =

11.75

in2

fa =

13.8

ksi

I=

159

in4

Es =

29000 ksi
0.5
K l / r = 0.75 h / ( I / Aeff) =
Cc = (22Es/ Fy)0.5 =

13.7
107

kl / r

Fy
2C c2
kl

, for
Cc
r
5 3 kl / r kl / r 3
Fa

8C c
8C 3c
3

2
12 E
kl

, for
Cc
2

r
23
kl
/
r

28.9

ksi, (AISC-ASD, E2, page 5-42)

>

Technical Reference:
1. AISC: "Manual of Steel construction 9th", American Institute of Steel Construction, 1990.

fa

[Satisfactory]