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5.

5.1.
250 W,
960 / 43556
:
=250 W ;
1000 /;
s=1,3%;
=94,0%;
cos=0,90
:
-
(. 5.1) :
Xm=4,0 . .;
R'S=0,021 . .;
X'S=0,11. ..;

R''r=0,015 . .;
X'' r =0,13..;
Jr=7,8/2.

5.1.
Simulink
,
.

:
X=

X U
R U
, R=
,
I
I

(5.1)

X', R' . .;
X, R , ;
I , :
I =

P
3U cos

(5.2)

L=

X
2 f

(5.3)

f , 50 Hz.

250103
=447,740 A ,
22200,940,9
0,021220
RS =
=0,01032 =10,32 m ,
447,740
0,015220
R r=
=0,0727 =7,37 m ,
447,740
0,11220
X S=
=0,05405 =54,05 m ,
447,740
0,13220
X r=
=0,06388 =63,88 m ,
447,740
4,0
X m=
447,740=1,9654 ,
220
54,05103
L s=
=0,172103 H =0,172 mH ,
250
63,88103
Lr =
=0,203103 H =0,203 mH
250
1,9654
L m=
=6,256103 H =6,256 mH.
250
I =

5.2.
5.2.

5.2.

,
IGBT VT1 VT2,
VD1 VD2.
Ud/2
0, ( ) .
LC (
I),
( )
() U1.
,
( ).
0
u, Ud/2.

5.3.

5.4.


3- ,
,
.

.

u1()=U1msin ( f
) 2.
. 5.3, ,
(. 5.4) (),
(sin), - ,
( ), , (1
2) IGBT VT1 VT2.

( ) f, U; u
sin U f=1/T .

.

Ud/2 fM ,
()=t/ (. . 5.3,) (t
, =1/fM).
, u
2/3
, - -2/3.
.
... =0,97.
d:
Pd=

3U I
,

(5.4)

:
2
I =

Pd
3

K cos

Ud
2

K , 1;
U d , 510 V.
:

(5.5)

1
I VT RSM =
2

(iVT ( )) d = 21
0
2

=I

1+ K sin
d=
2

( I sin ( ))2

K sin
1
+
8
3

(5.6)

:
1
I VT AV =
2

i VT ( )d = 21
0

[ I sin ( )]

1+ K sin
d=
2

k cos
1
=I (
+
)
2
8

(5.7)

:
1
I VD AV =
2

iVD ( ) d = 21
0

[ I sin( )]

1K sin
d =
2

K cos
1
=I (

)
2
8

(5.8)

1
I VD RSM =
2

(iVD ( )) d = 21
0
2

=I

(I sin ( ))2

1 K cos

8
3

1K sin
d=
2

(5.9)

3220447,740
=304647,835W ,
0,97
304647,835
2
3
I =
=884,961 A ,
510
10,9
2
1 10,9
I VT RSM =884,961 +
=415,5483 A ,
8 3
1
10,9
I VT AV =884,961(
+
)=240,404 A ,
2
8
1
10,9
I VD AV =884,961(

)=41,288 A ,
2
8
1
10,9
I VD RSM =884,961
=152,0152 A.
3
Pd=

.
, ,
, .
IGBT - UCES
IC. UCES

UCES=Ud MAX=540 V.
IGBT- 12 .

IC=I=884,961.

SkiiP3
SkiiP 1513 GB172-3DL V3 Semikron. 3
IGBT- ,
IGBT-. 5.1.


Tj ,
.

(, ), (,
).
5.1 SkiiP 1513 GB172-3DL V3
UCES Icnom fOUT
V
A kHz
1200 1500

UCE(stat) rCE
V
m
2.4

UEC
r m
V F

1.7 2.15

1.2

Eon+Eoff mJ
Err mJ
Rth(j-c) Rth(j-c)
IC=900A
IF=900A IGBT Diode
UCC=1200V UR=1200V K/W K/W
863
128
0.02 0.04

IGBT ,
()
.

5.5. IGBT
IGBT :

P VT st =I VT AV U CE(stat )+ I 2VT RSM r CE .

(5.10)

:
2

P VD st =I VD AV U EC + I VD RSM r F .

(5.11)

:
P ST (1)=P VT st + PVD st .

(5.12)

P VT st =204,4042,4+ 415,548321,7103=784,1263W ,
P VD st =41,2882,152152,01521,2103 =116,500W ,
P ST (1) =784,1263+ 116,500=900,6263 W.

IGBT .

Eon Eoff
Err. , ,
(
) ,
()

.


( ):
+
+
I Cm()
f
f E SW ( I C )
P SW =
E SW ( )d =
d=

2
2
IC

f E (I ) +
1 I
= SW C I sin d = f E SW (I C ) ,
2 I C
IC

(5.13)

E SW ( I C )=E on( I C )+ E off ( I C )+ E rr (I C ) , E SW ( I C )=863+ 128=991 mJ ;


f , 1z.
:
P (1)=P ST (1)+ P SW .

(5.14)

IGBT-:
P G=U G I G =U G (I G0 + k 1 f k 2 I 2VT RSM ) ,

(5.15)

UG , 24 V (
);
IG ;
IG0 , 0,3 ;
k1 42106 A/ Hz ;
k2 0,44106 A/ A2 . .
:
P UZ1=P + P G

(5.16)

P :
=6P (1) ,

(5.17)

1 884,961
P SW =1103991103
=310,174 W ,
900
P (1 )=900,6263+ 310,174=1210,8003W ,
P G =24(0,3+ 42106110 3+ 0,44106415,54832 )=10,032W ,
P =61210,8003=7264,8018 W ,
PUZ1 =7264,8018+ 10,032=7274,8338 W.

5.3.
.

, Uh , :
mod L f =

Uh
,
Ih

(5.18)

mod ( ).
I0, Ih
KI ( 0,1)

2 I h=K I I 0 ,

(5.19)

I 0 =I VT RSM =415,5483 A .
Uh
U h=

P
.
3I VT RSM

(5.20)

0,1415,5483
=29,384 A ,
2
250103
U h=
=200,54 V ,
3415,5483
200,54
L f=
=0,21724106 H =0,21724 H.
29,3842 1000
I h=

, ,
. , Ih
, :
mod C f =

Uh
,
Ih

(5.21)

Uh
.
Uh :

2 U h=K U U 0 ,

(5.22)

KU , 0,9;
U0=220V.

0,9220
=140,01V ,
2
415,5483
6
C f=
=472,3710 =472,37 F.
140,0121000
U h=

6
GP 84 Series 250 F (
) 550V (Urms=550 V, Unac=790 V,
Undc=940 V, Us=1800 V, tg =9104 ) Ducati energia.
1 ,
185 2 ( 510 ) 0,261H/m ,
,
0,0991 m.
:
P =3( P L + P C ) ,

(5.23)

PL , :
2

P L = I VT RMSr L ,

(5.24)

rL - ;
2

P C =U 2 Ctg .

(5.25)

P L=415,548320,0991103=17,113 W ,
P C =22022 10005001069104 =136,848W ,
P =3(17,133+ 136,848)=461,943 W.

5.4.
:
C=

I d
,
2 f U C

(5.26)

Id
, :
I d =

3I 1
(0,392K 2 0,08K 4 ) ,
2 2

(5.27)

I1 , 415,5483 ;
K , 1;
UC
, :
U C =

K U d
,
2

(5.28)

K ,
0,02;
Ud , 510 V.

3415,5483
(0,393120,081 4)=137,516 A ,
2 2
0,02510
U C =
=7,2125V ,
2
137,516
C=
=3,0345103=3034,5 F.
210007,2125

I C =

G 85 Series
3300 F 700 V (Ur=320 V, Up=1050 V, Us=1470 V,

rS=1,2m) Ducati energia.


:
2

P Cd = I dr S ,

(5.29)

rS .
2

P Cd =137,516 1,210 =22,693W.

5.5
( )
,
/3 :
3
U d=

2
3

6 U sin d = 3 6 U ,

(5.30)

3 6
U d = 220=514,6 V ,


(510 V)
.
( )
U ,
:
U =E am k 1 k 2 k 3 ,

(5.31)

Eam , :
E am= 2 U ;

(5.32)

k 1 , ,
1,1;
k2 , ,
1,4;
k3 , 1,1.
E am= 2380=537,4 V ,
U =537,41,11,41,1=910,4 V

10 .
:
I d=

Pd
,
U d

(5.33)

, 0,97.
:
I VD AV =

Id
.
3

(5.34)

,

, 10 % .
2

, 3 6 ,
, (
Id
3

i T:

1
I RMS (u) =
TM

TM

tu

1
[i (t)] dt= T i2 dt ,
M 0
0
2

(5.35)

tu , :
I VD RMS =

Id
3

,
2
3

(5.36)

, 1,11.
/2
3/2
/6. IVDM:
3
I VD M = I d 2,26 I d .
2 2

304647,853
=615,823 A ,
0,97510
615,823
I VDAV =
=205,274 A ,
3
615,823
3
I VD RMS =
1,11 =483,352 A
2
3
Id =

(5.37)

I VD M =2,26615,823=1361,76 A.

, SEMIPAC5 SKKD 701/16


Semikron. 2
.
5.2.
5.2. SKKD 701/16
IFAV A

IFSM A

IRD mA

UF V

rT m

701

25000

30

1.25

0.28

Rth(j-c) K/W Rth(c-s) K/W


0.04

0.01

:
P =6(

P VD on 2P VD off
+
) ,
3
3

(5.38)

PVD on , :
2

P VD on=I VD AV U F + I VD RMS r T ;

(5.39)

PVD off , :
P VD off =E am I RD .

(5.40)

P VD on =205,2741,25+ 483,35220,28103=322,01W ,
PVD 0ff =537,430103=16,122 W ,
322,01 216,122
P 6(
+
)=1030,51W.
3
3

5.6

,
.
L
kI
0,5. L
:

I
Ud S
U d (0,392 K 2M 0,08 K 4M )
k I =
=
=
=
I 1 2 I 1 L
2 I 1 L
U (0,392 K M 0,08 K 2M )
=
,
2 I 1 L

(5.41)

S
;
I ()
;
I1 ;
;
U ();
KM , 0,85.

L=

537,4(0,392 0,850,080,852)
6
=48,7310 =0,04873 mH.
2483,352210000,5


kU (
0.05) .
. 6.1, id I,
( I
0,1 ).
:
=

I
I
=
.
U U k U

C+

483,3520,05
=174,836106=174,836 F.
210002200,1

(5.42)

3
GP 84 Series 250 F ( ,
) 550V (Urms=550 V, Unac=790 V,
Undc=940V, Us=1800 V, tg =9104 ) Ducati energia.
-250 ( 580 ,
0,051 mH, 50 4% ,
475 W).
:
P C =U 22 f Ctg ,
P =P L + 3P C ,

(5.43)
(5.44)

P C =220 2 5025010 910 =3,421W ,


P =475+ 33,421=481,421W.

5.7

,

:
T =T j T am=PRth Am ,

(5.45)

Tj ;
Tam ();
;
Rth Am - .
Rth Am P
Tj.

:
Rth jAm =Rth jc + Rth cs + Rth sAm ,

(5.46)

Rth jc - ;
Rth cs -;
Rth sAm - .

:
Rth sAm =

T j (VT )P Rth jc (VT )T Am


.
P

(5.47)


:
Rth sAm =

T j (VD) P Rth jc (VD )T Am


.
P

0,02
1257264,8018
25
6
Rth sAm =
=0,010432 K /W ,
7264,8018

(5.48)

0,038+ 0,01
25
3
=0,1083 K /W.
1030,51

1501030,51
Rth sAm =

Heatsink KL-280(P16)/300 mm Semikron.



Vents 450 ( 5260 3/,
665 W).
5.8
:
=

P
,
P + PUZ1 + P + + P C d + P + P + P

(5.49)

P , 250 W;
PUZ1 IGBT-,
7274,8338 W;
P , 1030,51 W;
, 481,421 W;
d , 22,693 W;
, 461,943 W;
, 665 W;
, . .
, 300 W.

250103
=0,9607=96,07 % .
3
25010 + 7274,8338+ 1030,51+ 481,421+ 22,693+ 461,943+ 665+ 300