Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 28

PROCEEDINGS OF THE

XIV th INTERNATIONAL NUMISMATIC CONGRESS


GLASGOW 2009
Edited by
Nicholas Holmes

GLASGOW 2011

International Numismatic Council

British Academy

All rights reserved by


The International Numismatic Council
ISBN 978-1-907427-17-6
Distributed by Spink & Son Ltd, 69 Southampton Row, London WC1B 4ET
Printed and bound in Malta by Gutenberg Press Ltd.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE
XIV th INTERNATIONAL NUMISMATIC CONGRESS
GLASGOW 2009
I

CONTENTS
Preface
Editors note

18
19

Inaugural lecture
A foreigners view of the coinage of Scotland, by Nicholas MAYHEW

23

Antiquity: Greek
I Delfini (distribuzione, associazioni, valenza simbolica), by Pasquale APOLITO

35

Lessons from a (bronze) die study, by Donald T. ARIEL

42

Le monete incuse a leggenda Pal-Mol: una verifica della documentazione


disponibile, by Marta BARBATO

48

Up-to-date survey of the silver coinage of the Nabatean king Aretas IV, by Rachel
BARKAY

52

Remarks on monetary circulation in the chora of Olbia Pontica the case of


Koshary, by Jarosaw BODZEK

58

The colts of Corinth revisited: a note on Corinthian drachms from Ravels


Period V, by Lee L. BRICE

67

Not only art! The period of the signing masters and historical iconography,
by Maria CACCAMO CALTABIANO

73

Les monnaies prromaines de BBT-BAB(B)A de Mauretanie, by Laurent


CALLEGARIN & Abdelaziz EL KHAYARI

81

Mode iconografiche e determinazioni delle cronologie nelloccidente ellenistico,


by Benedetto CARROCCIO

89

La phase postarchaque du monnayage de Massalia, by Jean-Albert


CHEVILLON

97

A new thesis for Siglos and Dareikos, by Nicolas A. CORF

105

Heroic cults in northern Sicily between numismatics and archaeology, by


Antonio CRIS

114

La politica estera tolemaica e larea del Mar Nero: liconografia numismatica


come fonte storica, by Angela DARRIGO

123

CONTENTS

New light on the Larnaca hoard IGCH 1272, by Anne DESTROOPERGEORGIADES

131

The coinage of the Scythian kings in the West Pontic area: iconography, by
Dimitar DRAGANOV

140

The royal archer and Apollo in the East: Greco-Persian iconography in the
Seleukid Empire, by Kyle ERICKSON & Nicholas L. WRIGHT

163

. Retour sur les critres qui


dfinissent habituellement les imitations Athniennes, by Chr. FLAMENT

170

On the gold coinage of ancient Chersonese (46-133 AD), by N.A. FROLOVA

178

Propaganda on coins of Ptolemaic queens, by Agnieszka FULISKA

184

Osservazioni sui rinvenimenti di monete dagli scavi archeologici dellantica


Caulonia, by Giorgia GARGANO

189

La circulation montaire Argos daprs les monnaies de fouille de lFA


(cole franaise dAthnes), by Catherine GRANDJEAN

199

Silver denominations and standards of the Bosporan cities, by Jean


HOURMOUZIADIS

203

Seleucid eagles from Tyre and Sidon: preliminary results of a die-study, by


Panagiotis P. IOSSIF

213

Archaic Greek coins east of the Tigris: evidence for circulation?, by J. KAGAN

230

Parion history from coins, by Vedat KELE

237

Regional mythology: the meanings of satyrs on Greek coins, by Ann-Marie


KNOBLAUCH

246

The chronology of the Hellenistic coins of Thessaloniki, Pella and Amphipolis,


by Theodoros KOUREMPANAS

251

The coinage of Chios during the Hellenistic and early Roman periods, by
Constantine LAGOS

259

vidence numismatique de lexistence dAntioche en Troade, by Dincer Savas


LENGER

265

CONTENTS

Hallazgo de un conjunto monetal de Gadir en la necrpolis Feno-Pnica de


los cuarteles de Varela, Cdiz, Espaa, by Urbano LPEZ RUIZ & Ana Mara
RUIZ TINOCO

269

Gold and silver weight standards in fourth-century Cyprus: a resume, by


Evangeline MARKOU

280

Gttliche Herrscherin herrschende Gttin? Frauenbildnisse auf hellenistischen


Mnzen, by Katharina MARTIN

285

Melkart-Herakles y sus distintas advocaciones en la Btica costera, by Elena


MORENO PULIDO

293

Some remarks concerning the gold coins with the legend , by Lucian
MUNTEANU

304

Une monnaie grecque indite: un triobole dArgos en Argolide, by Eleni


PAPAEFTHYMIOU

310

The coinage of the Paeonian kings Leon and Dropion, by Eftimija PAVLOVSKA

319

Le trsor des monnaies perses dor trouv Argamum / Orgam (Jurilovca, dp.
de Tulcea, Roumanie), by E. PETAC, G. TALMACHI & V. IONI

331

The imitations of late Thasian tetradrachms: chronology, classification and


dating, by Ilya S. PROKOPOV

337

Moneta e discorso politico: emissioni monetarie in Cirenaica tra il 321 e il 258


a.C., by Daniela Bessa PUCCINI

350

Tesoros sertorianos en Espaa: problemas y nuevas perspectivas, by Isabel


RODRGUEZ CASANOVA

357

Ninfa eponima grande dea? Caratteri e funzioni delle personificazioni cittadine,


by Grazia SALAMONE

365

The coin finds from Hellenistic and Roman Berytas (fourth century BC third
century AD, by Ziad SAWAYA

376

Monetazione incusa magnogreca: destinazione e funzioni, by Rosa SCAVINO

382

Uso della moneta presso gli indigeni della Sicilia centro-meridionale, by Lavinia
SOLE

393

La moneta di Sibari: struttura e metrologia, by Emanuela SPAGNOLI

405

CONTENTS

Le stephanophoroi prima delle stephanophoroi, by Marianna SPINELLI

417

Weight adjustment al marco in antiquity, and the Athenian decadrachm, by Clive


STANNARD

427

The Magnesian hoard: a preliminary report, by Ouz TEKIN

436

Zur Datierung und Deutung der Beizeichen auf Stateren von Grtyn, by
Burkhard TRAEGER

441

Aspetti della circolazione monetaria in area basso adriatica, by Adriana


TRAVAGLINI & Valeria Giulia CAMILLERI

447

La polisemia di Apollo attraverso il documento monetale, by Maria Daniela


TRIFIR

461

Thraco-Macedonian coins: the evidence from the hoards, by Alexandros R.A.


TZAMALIS

473

The pattern of findspots of coins of Damastion: a clue to its location, by


Dubravka UJES MORGAN

487

The civic bronze coins of the Eleans: some preliminary remarks, by Franck
WOJAN

497

The hoard of Cyzicenes from the settlement of Patraeus (Taman peninsula), by


E.V. ZAKHAROV

500

Antiquity: Roman
The coinage of Diva Faustina I, by Martin BECKMANN

509

Coin finds from the Dutch province of North-Holland (Noord-Holland).


Chronological and geographical distribution and function of Roman coins from
the Dutch part of Barbaricum, by Paul BELIN

514

The key to the Varus defeat: the Roman coin finds from Kalkriese, by Frank
BERGER

527

Monetary circulation in the Bosporan Kingdom in the Roman period c. first fourth century AD, by Line BJERG

533

The Roman coin hoards of the second century AD found on the territory of
present-day Serbia: the reasons for their burial, by Bojana BORI-BREKOVI

538

CONTENTS

Die Mnzprgung des Thessalischen Bundes von Marcus Aurelius bis Gallienus
(161-268 n. Chr.), by Friedrich BURRER

545

The denarius in the first century, by K. BUTCHER & M. PONTING

557

Coinage and coin circulation in Nicopolis of Epirus: a preliminary report, by


Dario CALOMINO

569

La piazza porticata di Egnazia: la documentazione numismatica, by Raffaella


CASSANO, Adriana TRAVAGLINI & Alessandro CRISPINO

576

Dallo scavo al museo: un ripostiglio monetale di et antonina del IV municipio


di Roma (Italia), by Francesca CECI

580

I rinvenimenti dal Tevere: la monetazione della Diva Faustina, by Alessia


CHIAPPINI

592

Analytical evidence for the organization of the Alexandrian mint during the
Tetrarchy (III-IV centuries AD), by J.M.COMPANA, L. LEN-REINA, F.J.
FORTES, L.M. CABALN, J.J. LASERNA, & M.A.G. ARANDA

595

LOriente Ligoriano: fonti, luoghi, mirabilia, by Arianna DOTTONE

605

Le emissioni isiache: quale rapporto con il navigium Isidis?, by Sabrina DE


PACE

613

A centre of aes rude production in southern Etruria : La Castellina


(Civitavecchia, Roma), by Almudena DOMNGUEZ-ARRANZ & Jean GRANAYMERICH

621

Perseus and Andromeda in Alexandria: explaining the popularity of the myth in


the culture of the Roman Empire, by Melissa Barden DOWLING

629

Les fractions du nummus frappes Rome et Ostie sous le rgne de Maxence


(306-312 ap. J.C.), by V. DROST

635

Monuments on the move: architectural coin types and audience targeting in the
Flavian and Trajanic periods, by Nathan T. ELKINS

645

The restoration of memory: Minucius and his monument by Jane DeRose


EVANS

657

La circulation montaire Lyon de la fondation de la colonie la mort de


Septime Svre (43 av. 211 apr. J.C.): premiers rsultats, by Jonas FLUCK

662

CONTENTS

Le monnayage en orichalque romain: apport des exprimentations aux


tudes numismatiques, by Arwen GAFFIERO, Arnaud SUSPNE, Florian
TREYGEOL & Bernard GRATUZE

668

New coins of pre- and denarial system minted outside Italy, by Paz GARCABELLIDO

676

Les bronzes dOctave la proue et la tte de blier (RPC 533) attribus


Toulouse-Tolosa: nouvelles dcouvertes, by Vincent GENEVIVE

686

Crustumerium, Cisterna Grande (Rome, Italy): textile traces from a Roman


coins hoard, by Maria Rita GIULIANI, Ida Anna RAPINESI, Francesco DI
GENNARO, Daniela FERRO, Heli ARIMA, Ulla RAJANA & Francesca CECI

696

Deux mdaillons dAntonin le Pieux du territoire de Pautalia (Thrace), by


Valentina GRIGOROVA-GENCHEVA

709

Mars and Venus on Roman imperial coinage in the time of Marcus Aurelius:
iconological considerations with special reference to the emperors
correspondence with Marcus Cornelius Fronto, by Jrgen HAMER

715

The silver coins of Aegeae in the light of Hadrians eastern silver coinages, by F.
HAYMANN

720

The coin-images of the later soldier-emperors and the creation of a Roman


empire of late antiquity, by Ragnar HEDLUND

726

Coinage and currency in ancient Pompeii, by Richard HOBBS

732

Imitations in gold, by Helle W. HORSNS

742

Un geste de Caracalla sur une monnaie frappe Pergame, by Antony HOSTEIN

749

New data on monetary circulation in northern Illyricum in the fifth century, by


Vujadin IVANIEVI & Sonja STAMENKOVI

757

Die augusteischen Mnzmeisterprgungen: IIIviri monetales im Spannungsfeld


zwischen Republik und Kaiserzeit, by Alexa KTER

765

Imperial representation during the reign of Valentinian III, by Aldar KUUN

772

The Nome coins: some remarks on the state of research, by Katarzyna LACH

780

Le monnayage de Brutus et Cassius aprs la mort de Csar, by Raphalle


LAIGNOUX

785

CONTENTS

Lultima emissione di Cesare Ottaviano: alcune considerazioni sulle recenti


proposte cronologiche, by Fabiana LANNA

794

Claudiuss issue of silver drachmas in Alexandria: Serapis Anastole, by Barbara


LICHOCKA

800

La chronologie des missions montaires de Claude II: ateliers de Milan et


Siscia, by Jrme MAIRAT

809

La circulation montaire Strasbourg (France) et sur le Rhin suprieur au


premier sicle aprs J.-C., by Stphane MARTIN

816

The double solidus of Magnentius, by Alenka MIKEC

822

A hoard of bronze coins of the third century BC found at Pratica di Mare


(Rome), by Maria Cristina MOLINARI

828

Un conjunto de plomos monetiformes de procendencia hispana de la coleccin


antigua del Museo Arqueolgico Nacional (Madrid), by Bartolom MORA
SERRANO

839

Monete e ritualit funeraria in epoca romana imperiale: il sepolcreto dei Fadieni


(Ferrara Italia), by Anna Lina MORELLI

846

Il database Monete al femminile, by Anna Lina MORELLI & Erica FILIPPINI

856

La trouvaille montaire de Bex-Sous-Vent (VD, Suisse): une nouvelle analyse,


by Yves MUHLEMANN

864

Die Sammlung von Lokalmythen griechischer Stdte des Ostens: ein Projekt der
Kommission fr alte Geschichte und Epigraphik, by Johannes NOLL

872

Plomos monetiformes con leyenda ibrica Baitolo, hallados en la ciudad romana


de Baetulo (Hispania Tarraconensis), by Pepita PADRS MART, Daniel
VZQUEZ & Francesc ANTEQUERA

878

I denari serrati della repubblica romana: alcune considerazioni, by Andrea


PANCOTTI & Patrizia CALABRIA

888

Monetary circulation in late antique Rome: a fifth-century context coming from


the N.E. slope of the Palatine Hill. A preliminary report, by Giacomo PARDINI

893

Securitas e suoi attributi: lo sviluppo di una iconografia, by Rossella PERA

901

Could the unofficial mint called Atelier II be identified with the officinae of
Chteaubleau (France)?, by Fabien PILON

906

CONTENTS

Coin finds from Elaiussa Sebaste (Cilicia Tracheia), by Annalisa POLOSA

911

El poblamiento romano en el rea del Mar Menor (Ager Carthaginensis): una


aproximacin a partir de los recientes hallazgos numismticos, by Alfredo
PORRA MARTNEZ & Elvira NAVARRO SANTA-CRUZ

916

The presence of local deities on Roman Palestinian coins: reflections on


cultural and religious interaction between Romans and local elites, by Vagner
Carvalheiro PORTO

926

The male couple: iconography and semantics, by Mariangela PUGLISI

933

Countermarks on the Republican and Augustan brass coins in the south-eastern


Alps, by Andrej RANT

941

A stone thesaurus with a votive coin deposit found in the sanctuary of Campo
della Fiera, Orvieto (Volsinii), by Samuele RANUCCI

954

Limage du pouvoir impriale de Trajan et son volution idologique: tude des


frappes montaires aux types dHercule, Jupiter et Soleil, by Laurent RICCARDI

964

The inflow of Roman coins to the east-of-the-Vistula Mazovia (Mazowsze) and


Podlachia (Podlasie), by Andrzej ROMANOWSKI

973

Numismatics and archaeology in Rome: the finds from the Basilica Hilariana,
by Alessia ROVELLI

983

Communicating a consecratio: the deification coinage of Faustina I, by Clare


ROWAN

991

An alleged hoard of third-century Alexandrian tetradrachms, by Adriano SAVIO


& Alessandro CAVAGNA

999

Some notes on religious embodiments in the coinage of Roman Syria and


Mesopotamia, by Philipp SCHWINGHAMMER

1004

Roman provincial coins in the money circulation of the south-eastern Alpine


area and western Pannonia, by Andrej EMROV

1013

Recenti rinvenimenti dal Tevere (1): introduzione, by Patrizia SERAFIN

1019

Recenti rinvenimenti dal Tevere (2): la moneta di Vespasiano tra tradizione ed


innovazione, by Alessandra SERRA

1020

A hoard of denarii and early Roman Messene, by Kleanthis SIDIROPOULOS

1025

CONTENTS

La corona radiata sui ritratti dei bronzi imperiali alessandrini, by Giovanni


Maria STAFFIERI

1037

The iconography of two groups of struck lead from Central Italy and Baetica in
the second and first centuries BC, by Clive STANNARD

1045

Monete della zecca di Frentrum, Larinum e Pallanum, by Napoleone STELLUTI

1056

Personalized victory on coins: the Year of the Four Emperors Greek imperial
issues, by Yannis STOYAS

1067

Les monnaies dor dAuguste: lapport des analyses lmentaires et le problme


de latelier de Nmes, by Arnaud SUSPNE, Maryse BLET-LEMARQUAND &
Michel AMANDRY

1073

The popularity of the enthroned type of Asclepius on Peloponnesian coins of


imperial times, by Christina TSAGKALIA

1082

Gold and silver first tetrarchic issues from the mint of Alexandria, by D. Scott
VANHORN

1092

Note sulla circolazione monetaria in Etruria meridionale nel III secolo a.C., by
Daniela WILLIAMS

1103

Roman coins from the western part of West Balt territory, by Anna ZAPOLSKA

1115

Antiquity: Celtic
La moneda ibrica del nordeste de la Hispania Citerior: consideraciones sobre
su cronologa y funcin, by Marta CAMPO

1135

Les bronzes la gueule de loup du Berry: essai de typochronologie, by Philippe


CHARNOTET

1142

Les imitations de lobole de Marseille de LTD1/LTD2A (IIe s. / Ier s. av. J.C.)


entre les massifs des Alpes et du Jura, by Anne GEISER

1148

Le monnayage la lgende TOGIRIX: une nouvelle approche, by Anne GEISER


& Julia GENECHESI

1155

Trading with silver bullion during the third century BC: the hoard of Armua de
Tajua, by Manuel GOZALBES, Gonzalo CORES & Pere Pau RIPOLLS

1165

Donnes exprimentales sur la fabrication de quinaires gaulois fourrs, by


Katherine GRUEL, Dominique LACOSTE, Carole FRARESSO, Michel
PERNOT & Franois ALLIER

1173

10

CONTENTS

Pre-Roman coins from Sotin, by Mato ILKI

1182

Les monnaies gauloises trouves Paris, by Stphane MARTIN

1191

Die keltischen Mnzen vom Oberleiserberg (Niedersterreich), by Jii MILITK

1198

New coin finds from the two late Iron Age settlements of Altenburg (Germany)
and Rheinau (Switzerland) a military coin series on the German-Swiss border?,
by Michael NICK

1207

Le dpt montaire gaulois de Laniscat (Ctes-dArmor): 547 monnaies de bas


titre. tude prliminaire, by Sylvia NIETO-PELLETIER, Bernard GRATUZE &
Grard AUBIN

1218

Antiquity: general
La moneda en el mundo funerario-ritual de Gadir-Gades, by A. ARVALO
GONZLEZ

1231

Neues Licht auf eine alte Frage? Die Verwandschaft von Mnzen und Gemmen,
by Angela BERTHOLD

1240

Tipi del cane e del lupo sulle monete del Mediterraneo antico, by Alessandra
BOTTARI

1247

Not all these things are easy to read, much less to understand: new approaches to
reading images on ancient coins, by Geraldine CHIMIRRI-RUSSELL

1254

The collection of ancient coins in the Ossoliski National Institute in Lvov


(1828-1944), by Adam DEGLER

1261

Preliminary notes on Phoenician and Punic coins kept in the Pushkin Museum,
by S. KOVALENKO & L.I. MANFREDI

1266

Greek coins from the National Historical Museum of Rio de Janeiro: SNG
project, by Marici Martins MAGALHES

1278

La catalogazione delle emissioni di Commodo nel Codice Ligoriano, by Rosa


Maria NICOLAI

1292

The sacred life of coins: cult fees, sacred law and numismatic evidence, by
Isabelle A. PAFFORD

1303

Anton Prokesch-Osten and the Greek coins of the coin collection at the
Universalmuseum Joanneum in Graz, Austria, by Karl PEITLER

1310

CONTENTS

11

Monete ed anelli: cronologia, tipologie, fruitori, by Claudia PERASSI

1323

Il volume 21 delle Antichit Romane di Pirro Ligorio Libri delle Medaglie da


Cesare a Marco Aurelio Commodo, by Patrizia SERAFIN

1334

Greek and Roman coins in the collection of the orum Museum, by D. zlem
YALCIN

1344

Mediaeval and modern western (mediaeval)


The exchanges in the city of London, 1344-1358, by Martin ALLEN

1355

Fribourg en Nuithonie: facis montaire dune petite ville au centre de lEurope,


by Anne-Francine AUBERSON

1360

Die Pegauer Brakteatenprgung Abt Siegfrieds von Rekkin (1185-1223):


Kriterien zu deren chronologischer Einordnung, by Jan-Erik BECKER

1372

Die recutting in the eleventh-century Polish coinage, by Mateusz BOGUCKI

1382

Le retour lor au treizime sicle: le cas de Montpellier (...1244-1246...), by


Marc BOMPAIRE & Pierre-Joan BERNARD

1392

Le monete a leggenda AN e le emissioni arabo-bizantine. I dati dello scavo di


Antinoupolis / El Sheikh Abada, by Daniele CASTRIZIO

1401

Scavi di Privernum e Fossanova (Latina, Italia): monete tardoantiche,


medioevale e moderne, by Francesca CECI & Margherita CANCELLIERI

1408

La aportacin de los hallazgos monetarios a la crisis del siglo XIV en Catalua,


by Maria CLUA I MERCADAL

1411

Norwegian bracteates during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, by Linn EIKJE

1418

Donative pennies in Viking-age Scandinavia?, by Frdric ELFVER

1426

Carolingian capitularies as a source for the monetary history of the Frankish


empire, by Hubert EMMERIG

1431

Ulf Candidatus, by G. EMSY

1436

Mnzen des Moskauer Grossfrstentums. Das Geld von Dmitrij Ivanowitsch


Donskoj (1359-1389) (ber die Verffentlichung der ersten Ausgabe des Korpus
der russischen Mnzen des 14-15. Jhs.), by P. GAIDUKOV & I. GRISHIN

1441

12

CONTENTS

Brakteatenprgungen in Mhren in der zweiten Hlfte des dreizehnten


Jahrhunderts, by Dagmar GROSSMANNOV

1452

Monetisation in medieval Scandinavia, by Svein H. GULLBEKK

1458

A mancus apparently marked on behalf of King Offa: genuine or fake?, by


Wolfgang HAHN

1464

Among farmers and city people: coin use in early medieval Denmark, c. 10001250, by Gitte Tarnow INGVARDSON

1470

Was pseudo-Byzantine coinage primarily of municipal origin?, by Charlie


KARUKSTIS

1477

Interpreting single finds in medieval England the secondary lives of coins, by


Richard KELLEHER

1492

Byzantine coins from the area of Belarus, by Krystyna LAVYSH & Marcin
WOOSZYN

1500

Die frheste Darstellung des Richters auf einer mittelalterlicher Mnze?, by Ivar
LEIMUS

1509

Coinage and money in the years of insecurity: the case of late Byzantine
Chalkidiki (thirteenth - fourteenth century), by Vangelis MALADAKIS

1517

Nota sulla circolazione monetaria tardoantica nel Lazio meridionale: i reperti di


S. Ilario ad bivium, by Flavia MARANI

1535

The money of the First Crusade: the evidence of a new parcel and its
implications, by Michael MATZKE

1542

berlegungen zum Habsburger Urbar als Quelle fr Whrungsgeschichte, by


Samuel NUSSBAUM

1552

Schilling Kennisbergisch slages of Grand Master Louis of Ehrlichshausen, by


Borys PASZKIEWICZ

1557

Un diner de Jaime I el conquistador en el Mar Menor: evidencias de presencia


aragonesa en el Campo de Cartagena durante la Baja Edad Media, by Alfredo
PORRA MARTNEZ & Alfonso ROBLES FERNNDEZ

1564

Latelier de faux-monnayeur de Rovray (VD, Suisse), by Carine RAEMY


TOURNELLE

1570

CONTENTS

13

La ubicacin de las casas de moneda en le Europa medieval. El caso del reino de


Len, by Antonio ROMA VALDS

1580

New perspectives on Norwegian Viking-age hoards c. 1000: the Bore hoard


revisited, by Elina SCREEN

1591

The discovery of a hoard of coins dated to the fifth and sixth centuries in
Klapavice in the hinterland of ancient Salona, by Tomislav EPAROVI

1597

A model for the analysis of coins lost in Norwegian churches, by Christian J.


SIMENSEN

1605

A clippe from Femern, by Jrgen SMOD

1614

The convergence of coinages in the late medieval Low Countries, by Peter


SPUFFORD

1620

A perplexing hoard of Lusignan coins from Polis, Cyprus, by Alan M. STAHL,


Gerald POIRIER & Nan YAO

1625

OTTO / ODDO and ADELHEIDA / ATHALHET - onomatological aspects


of German coin types of the tenth and eleventh centuries, by Sebastian
STEINBACH

1633

Bulles de plomb et les monnaies en Pologne au XIIe sicle, by Stanislaw


SUCHODOLSKI

1640

Palaeologian coin findings of Kusadasi, Kadikalesi/Anaia and their reflections.


by Ceren NAL

1649

The hoard of Tetn (Czech Republic) in the light of currency conditions in


thirteenth-century Bohemia, by Roman ZAORAL & Jii MILITK

1664

The circulation of foreign coins in Poland in the fifteenth century, by Michal


ZAWADZKI

1671

Mediaeval and modern Western (modern)


Die neuzeitliche Mnzsttte im Schloss Haldenstein bei Chur Gr, Schweiz, by
Rahel C. ACKERMANN

1679

The money box system for savings in Amsterdam, 1907-1935, by G.N. BORST

1687

Four ducats coins of Franz Joseph I (1848-1916) of Austria: their use in


jewellery and some hitherto unpublished imitations, by Aleksandar N. BRZIC

1693

14

CONTENTS

A king as Hercules in the modern Polish coinage, by Witold GARBAZCEWSKI

1704

The monetary areas in Piedmont during the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries: a


starting point for new investigations, by Luca GIANAZZA

1713

Coin hoards in the United States, by John M. KLEEBERG

1719

The transfer of minting techniques to Denmark in the nineteenth century, by


Michael MRCHER

1725

Patrimonio Numismtico Iberoamericano: un proyecto del Museo Arqueolgico


Nacional, by Carmen MARCOS ALONSO & Paloma OTERO MORN

1734

Moneda local durante la guerra civil espaola: billete emitido por el


ayuntamiento de San Pedro del Pinatar, Murcia, by Federico MARTNEZ
PASTOR & Alfredo PORRA MARTNEZ

1744

Coins and monetary circulation in the Legnica-Brzeg duchy: rudimentary


problems, by Robert PIEKOWSKI

1748

Representaciones del caf en el acervo de numismtica del Museu Paulista USP, by Angela Maria Gianeze RIBEIRO

1752

Freiburg im echtland und die Mnzreformen der franzsischen Knige (16891726), by Nicole SCHACHER

1758

La aparicin de la marca de valor en la moneda valenciana, 1618 o 1640? Una


nueva hiptesis de trabajo, by Juan Antonio SENDRA IBEZ

1765

Devotion and coin-relics in early modern Italy, by Lucia TRAVAINI

1774

The political context of the origin and the exportation of thaler-coins from
Jchymov (Joachimsthal) in the first half of the sixteenth century, by Petr
VOREL

1778

The late sixteenth-century Russian forged kopecks, which were ascribed to the
English Muscovy Company, by Serguei ZVEREV

1783

Oriental and African coinages


The meaning of the character bao in the legends of Chinese cash coins, by
Vladimir A. BELYAEV & Sergey V. SIDOROVICH

1789

Three unpublished Indo-Sasanian coin hoards, Government Museum, Mathura,


by Pratipal BHATIA

1796

CONTENTS

15

Oriental coins in the Capitoline Museums (Rome): further researches on


Stanzani Collection history, by Arianna DOTTONE

1807

The king, the princes and the Raj, by Sanjay GARG

1813

The first evidence of a mint at Miknsa: two unpublished Almoravid coins, a


dirham and a dinar, of the year 494H/1100, by Tawfiq IBRAHIM

1821

Lge dor de la numismatique en Chine: lexemple du Catalogue des Monnaies


Anciennes de Li Zuoxian, by Lyce JANKOWSKI

1826

Numismatic research in Japan today: coins, paper monies and patterns of usage.
Paper money in early modern Japan: economic and folkloristic aspects, by
Keiichiro KATO

1832

The gold reform of Ghazan Khan, by Judith KOLBAS

1841

A study of medieval Chinese coins from Karur and Madurai in Tamil Nadu, by
KRISHNAMURTHY RAMASUBBAIYER

1847

Latest contributions to the numismatic history of Central Asia (late eighteenth


nineteenth century), by Vladimir NASTICH

1852

Silver fragments of unique Byid and amdnid coins and their role in the Kel
hoard (Czech Republic), by Vlastimil NOVK

1862

Numismatic evidence for the location of Saray, the capital of the Golden Horde,
by A.V. PACHKALOV

1869

Le regard des voyageurs sur les monnaies africaines du XVIe au XIXe sicles, by
Josette RIVALLAIN

1874

Les imitations des dirhems carrs almohades: apport des analyses lmentaires,
by A. TEBOULBI, M. BOMPAIRE & M. BLET-LEMARQUAND

1884

propos du monnayage de Kin Phc (1883-1884), by Franois THIERRY

1890

Glass jetons from Sicily: new find evidence from the excavations at Monte Iato,
by Christian WEISS

1897

Medals
Joseph Kowarzik (1860-1911): ein Medailleur der Jahrhundertwende, by
Kathleen ADLER

1907

16

CONTENTS

Numismatic memorials of breeding trotting horses (based on the collection of


the numismatic department of the Hermitage), by L.I. DOBROVOLSKAYA

1920

De retrato a arquetipo: anotaciones sobre la difusin de la efigie de Juan VIII


Palelogo en la peninsula Ibrica, by Albert ESTRADA-RIUS

1931

Titon du Tillet e le medaglie del Parnasse Franois, by Paola GIOVETTI

1937

Bedrohung und Schutz der Erde: Positionen zur Umweltproblematik in der


deutschen Medaillenkunst der Gegenwart, by Rainer GRUND

1945

The rediscovery of the oldest private medal collection of the Netherlands, by Jan
PELSDONK

1959

Twentieth-century British campaign medals: a continuation of the nineteenth


century?, by Phyllis STODDART and Keith SUGDEN

1965

Shines with unblemished honour: some thoughts on an early nineteenthcentury medal, by Tuukka TALVIO

1978

General numismatics
Dalliconografia delle monete antiche allideologia della nazione future.
Proiezioni della numismatica grecista di DAnnunzio sulla nuova monetazione
Sabauda, by Giuseppe ALONZO

1985

Didaktisch-methodische Aspekte der Numismatik in der Schule, by Szymon


BERESKA

1993

The Count of Caylus (1692-1765) and the study of ancient coins, by Franois de
CALLATA

1999

Le monete di Lorenzo il Magnifico in un manoscritto di Angelo Poliziano, by


Fiorenzo CATALLI

2004

Coinage and mapping, by Thomas FAUCHER

2012

Classicism and coin collections in Brazil, by Maria Beatriz Borba


FLORENZANO

2017

A prosopography of the mint officials: the Eligivs database and its evolution, by
Luca GIANAZZA

2022

Elementary statistical methods in numismatic metrology, by Dagmar


GROSSMANNOV & Jan T. STEFAN

2027

CONTENTS

17

Les collections numismatiques du Muse archologique de Dijon (France), by


Jacques MEISSONNIER

2036

Bank of Greece: the numismatic collections, by Eleni PAPAEFTHYMIOU

2044

Foundation of the Hellenic World. A new private collection open to the public,
by Eleni PAPAEFTHYMIOU

2046

Re-discovering coins: publication of the numismatic collections in Bulgarian


museums a new project, by Evgeni PAUNOV, Ilya PROKOPOV & Svetoslava
FILIPOVA

2047

Census of Ancient Coins Known in the Renaissance, by Ulrike PETER

2058

Le sel a servi de moyen dchange, by J.A. SCHOONHEYT

2072

The international numismatic library situation and the foundation of the


International Numismatic Libraries Network (INLN), by Ans TER WOERDS

2082

The Golden Fleece in Britain, by R.H. THOMPSON

2089

Das Museum August Kestner in Hannover: Neues aus der Mnzsammlung, by


Simone VOGT

2100

From the electrum to the Euro: a journey into the history of coins. A multimedia
presentation by the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation, by Eleni ZAPITI

2102

Highlights from the Museum of the George and Nefeli Giabra Pierides
Collection, donated by Clio and Solon Triantafyllides: coins and artefacts, by
Eleni ZAPITI & Evangeline MARKOU

2112

Index of Contributors

2118

DEUX MDAILLONS DANTONIN LE PIEUX DU


TERRITOIRE DE PAUTALIA (THRACE)
VALENTINA GRIGOROVA-GENCHEVA
English summary
Antoninus Pius (138-161), Pautalia, Thrace, 40 mm; 64,32 g; 7
Obv. AVT KAI T AI-API ANTNINOC. Draped bust of Antoninus Pius to r., head bare. Border
of dots.
Rv. HEM-OM-EI-OVOEI-CKOV, in exergue, AVTAITN. Heracles advancing to l.,
lions skin and club in l. hand, long torch in r.; to l. and r., two Erotes. In background to l., a column
surmounted by statue of Ceres, lighted torch in l. hand, ear of corn in r. Border of dots.
The city of Pautalia (Kyustendil in Bulgaria) is located in the Strymon valley (Strouma) on
a site occupied from the Iron Age onwards by the Thracian tribe of the Dentheletes. Its coinage
began under Antoninus Pius and ended under Caracalla. Cf. Ruzicka (1933). This remarkable
medallion is the second known example of this type, published first by Thompson (1977). This
example, part of a private collection, was published by Grigorova (1998). All the representations
on the medallion are finely engraved in high relief. The portrait of Antoninus Pius and the whole
composition are very realistic and impressive. This example seems to be the finest known example
of Greek Imperial medallions.
La ville de Pautalia (actuellement Kyustendil en Bulgarie) est situe dans la valle fertile de Strymon (Strouma), au pied de la colline boise dHissarlaka qui slve au sud. Du IIe au VIe sicle
la ville se limitait lemplacement fortifi dans la valle, alors que pendant lAntiquit tardive
elle agrandit son territoire par une seconde forteresse rige sur la colline. Grce sa superficie de
29,30 ha et la longueur de ses remparts de 2180 m, Pautalia se range parmi les plus grandes villes
de lpoque romaine en Thrace et en Moesie infrieure, aprs Augusta Traiana (48,5 ha), Odessos
(43 ha) et Diocletianopolis (30 ha).1
Lors de la phase durbanisation intense du dbut de la domination romaine, lagglomration
thrace se transforma en une cit connue sous le nom de Pautalia qui devint le centre administratif,
conomique et culturel de la rgion du Strymon suprieur. Cest lempereur Trajan (98-117) qui
donna le statut de municipe Serdica, Nicopolis ad Nestum, Topirus, Anchialus et Pautalia. La
premire mention de la ville se trouve dans une inscription de 135 ap. J.-C. faisant allusion la
basilique rcemment construite au temps de lempereur Hadrien (117-138).2
Latelier montaire de Pautalia a fonctionn presque sans interruption du temps de lempereur
Antonin le Pieux (138-161) jusquau rgne de lempereur Caracalla (198-217). Mon travail sur ce
monnayage me permet de constater non seulement le nombre impressionnant de sries montaires,
mais galement la remarquable diversit des images sur les monnaies de Pautalia. Ayant rpertori plus de deux mille monnaies de cette ville, je conteste la remarque de Margaret Thompson
disant que: During the relatively brief period of its existence, output was extensive but in no way
1
2

Russeva-Slokoska 1989, vol. I, p. 13.


Beschevliev 1952, no 105; IGBulg IV. 2057.

710

VALENTINA GRIGOROVA-GENCHEVA

noteworthy for artistic achievement or imaginative typology.3 En guise de motivation suffit de


mentionner les magnifiques portraits de Faustina Filia, les nombreuses et fort intressantes reprsentations cultuelles ou un type quon trouve uniquement sur les monnaies de Pautalia leffigie
de Septime Svre, Julia Domna et Caracalla. Au revers sont reprsents les richesses de la rgion:
lor, largent, les crales, les eaux et les vignes. Certaines images sont accompagnes par des lgendes en grec: lor-XPYCOC, largent-APYPOC, les crales-CTAXY et les vignes-BOTPV.4
Il est vrai que parfois lexcution artistique de certaines reprsentations manque de maturit et de
finesse, mais on ne peut absolument pas les classer dpourvu doriginalit et dintrt historique.
Caracalla (198-217), AE, 28/30 mm, L. Ruzicka, nr. 634, Rome, Vatican (Fig. 1).
Av. AYT K M AVPH/ANTNINOC. Buste laur dr.
Rv. La nymphe de la rivire Strymon assise g. Main dr. sur une urne dont coule de leau; g. un
gnie cueille du raisin, (BOTPV); g. en haut un gnie, APV/POC; dr. un gnie qui lave de lor,
XPY/CO(C); en bas un gnie dans un champ avec des pis, CTAXY. OVIAC/AVTAIAC.

Fig. 1

Cf. Thompson 1977, p. 29.


Pour avoir des plus amples informations concernant ce rare type
montaire consulter: Grigorova 1998, p. 9.
3
4

DEUX MDAILLONS DANTONIN LE PIEUX


DU TERRITOIRE DE PAUTALIA (THRACE)

711

Fig. 2
Le dveloppement de thermalisme transforma Pautalia dune ville thrace peu connue dans un
centre balnaire important, embelli par ses thermes (Asclpieion) de ca 3000 m2, par lrection de
plusieurs temples et de statues.5
Les fouilles archologiques systmatiques sur le territoire de Pautalia partir des annes 60 du
sicle pass ont permis la dcouverte de plusieurs btiments, de nombreux objets intacts ainsi que
des fragments de statues, dinscriptions, de cramique, de mosaques et dun nombre considrable
de monnaies. En 1991, pendant les fouilles dune villa urbana romaine situe proximit des
murailles de Pautalia, a t trouv un mdaillon dAntonin le Pieux, en trs bon tat de conservation (Fig. 3).6

Fig. 3
5
6

Cf. Ruzicka 1924, pp. 667-70.


Cf. Philippova / Meshekov.

712

VALENTINA GRIGOROVA-GENCHEVA

Av. ANTONINV[S] AVG - P[...]. Buste cuirass et laur dAntonin le Pieux dr., barbu.
Rv. Anpigraphe. Crs, voile, assise sur un panier, dans la main g. une torche allume, avec la
main dr. tenant une corbeille (cista mystica?). En face delle, Jupiter nu, debout dr., main g. avec
un sceptre.
35 mm
37, 9 g
12 h
Muse dhistoire Kjustendil, no 4835
Le type de revers est connu, mais notre exemplaire nous livre quelques dtails rajouter dans
la description.7 Il est trs intressant de signaler lobjet entre les deux personnages. A mon avis,
il sagit dune cista mystica. Des reprsentations semblables sont connues dans le monnayage
romain provincial et peuvent tre interprtes dans le contexte de culte de Dmter-Crs et de
mystres dleusis.8 La diffrence majeure est dans leffigie dAntonin le Pieux sur lavers, indite ma connaissance.9 Il me semble quon peut dire sans exagration quil sagit de la plus belle
reprsentation connue de lempereur cuirass sur les mdaillons romains. Son portrait, ainsi que
le costume militaire, parfaitement centrs sur la mdaille, sont travaills avec une grande prcision. En dpit de labsence de la partie finale de la lgende, le style diconographie, reprsentant
un homme mur, un souverain conscient de limportance de son empire et de soi-mme, soutient la
datation de Cohen, Gnecchi et Banti fixe sur les annes 155-156 ap. J.-C.
Leffigie de lempereur sur lavers et une des images reprsentes au revers de chaque de deux
mdaillons, objets de cet article, sont les maillons qui les runissent dans lensemble de lart numismatique de lpoque dAntonin le Pieux. Il sagit dune desse, Crs, dont le culte, sans doute li
lagriculture florissante dans la rgion, est parmi les plus rpandus dans le territoire de Pautalia.
Limage de Crs, trs frquente sur les monnaies pautaliennes, existe en plusieurs variants.10 Un
parmi eux, sans doute le plus lgant et le mieux excut, se trouve sur le deuxime exemplaire
connu dun mdaillon exceptionnel de Pautalia, dont jai le plaisir de prsenter ici (Fig. 4).

Fig. 4

Cohen 1882, II, pp. 379-80, no 1132; Gnecchi 1912, II, p. 16, no 65;
Banti 1984, no 558; Toynbee 1986, p. 94, note no 184, pl. XVI, 4. Cohen
et Gnecchi identifient le personnage g. au revers avec Jupiter; Banti, avec
Antoninus Pius; Toynbee, avec Neptune.
8
Le monnayage dOdessos nous livre plusieurs images de ce type, dont
la cista mystica se trouve entre Dmter et Cor. Cf. Pick 1977, no 2241,
pl. XIV, 21 ; et Mouchmoff 1912, no 1566, pl. IV, 21 et 22. On retrouve le
7

mme type au revers dune monnaie de lempereur Commode (180-192),


publie par Ruzicka 1933, p. 77, no 191.
9
Le type est relativement proche de celui sur lavers de mdaillon no 6,
pl. 50 publi par Gnecchi et se trouve galement sous no 547 chez Banti,
voir ci-dessus.
10
Cf. Ruzicka, op. cit. dans note 8, p. 23-24, pl. I, nos 19-24 et pl. II, nos
1-6.

DEUX MDAILLONS DANTONIN LE PIEUX


DU TERRITOIRE DE PAUTALIA (THRACE)

713

Av. AVT KAI T AI-AI ANTNINOC. Buste drap dAntonin le Pieux dr., barbu.
Rv. HEM-OM-EI-OVOEI-CKOV, en bas, AVTAITN. Hracls debout g., dans la
main g., une massue, dans la droite, une torche; g. et dr., deux rotes, nues, ails. En arrire
plan, une colonne surmonte par une statue de Crs, une torche allume dans la main g., des pis
dans la main droite.
40 mm

64, 32 g

7h

Collection prive

Pour ne pas alourdir inutilement mon expos, je ne vais pas analyser le mdaillon en dtail. Il
me semble quen ce qui concerne le type et ses parallles, ainsi que la datation, larticle de Margaret
Thompson sur le premier exemplaire connu de cette merveille de la numismatique romaine provinciale est parfaitement satisfaisant.11 A la base de notre exemplaire, mieux conserv que le premier,
celui de la Socit Amricaine de Numismatique, on peut rajouter quelques prcisions dans la description de mdaillon. M. Thompson hsite dattribuer la statue surmontante une colonne en arrire plan
sur le revers Athna ou Aphrodite.12 Maintenant il na pas de doute que la statue est celle de Crs.
Le type, reprsent sur les monnaies de Pautalia, a des parallles dans lart romain.13 On peut supposer
que les autorits locales ayant command aux spcialistes impriales la gravure dun mdaillon, ont
exig la reprsentation au revers, derrire la scne principale, dun des monuments rigs dans la ville.
Il est possible, galement, de faire encore un pas en avant dans linterprtation de la scne avec
Hracls et les rotes. Dans son article, M. Thompson prsente une vritable discussion scientifique
base sur lanalyse de premier exemplaire connu du mdaillon de Pautalia et des mdaillons de type
identique issue de Temenothyrae (Phrygie). En concluant, elle crit: All four reverses show traces
of a line extending from the thigh of Heracles toward the figure of Eros but there are differences. On
the British Museum piece the rope seems to stop with the column; on the Paris coin it impinges
on the column; on the Pozzi specimen it runs with clear definition straight across from leg to Eros.
That the rope is merely a die break becomes all the more probable in that the Pautalian medaillon
shows no bond between Heracles and Eros. Le nouvel exemplaire de mdaillon de Pautalia montre
de dtails bien diffrents des observations de M. Thompson. Lros gauche tire une corde qui
passe derrire la colonne, descend prs de la ligne de base, remonte entre les jambes dHracls et
derrire sa jambe gauche passe dans les mains dros droite. Les figures de deux rotes, surtout
de celui gauche, montrent incontestablement un mouvement, expriment un effort provoqu par
la difficult de tirer la fois la corde et dessayer dchapper de la colre dHracls. Aprs cette
nouvelle description de la scne sur le revers on peut facilement accepter linterprtation de Dieudonn, cite par M. Thompson: ros a profit du sommeil dHracls pour lenchaner; Hracls
se rveille, il saisit la torche que le jeune dieu a d poser, et, moiti par colre, moiti par badinage,
il le poursuit en cherchant lui brler les ailes.14 Cette scne peut tre vu comme un deuxime
mouvement dune reprsentation bien connue dans lart romain, celle drotes qui volent le vin et
la massue dHracls, endormi dans son ivresse.15 Le sujet qui a ces racines encore dans lpoque
hellnistique devient un thme favori, souvent utilis dans lart romain.16
Le mdaillon central dAntonin le Pieux appartient sans doute la longue srie dexemplaires
issues loccasion de Nouvel An.17 La reprsentation de Crs symbolise les voeux pour une anne
Cf. op. cit. dans note 3.
Cf. Thompson, op. cit., p. 34, note 18.
13
Cf. Ruzicka, op. cit. dans note 8, p. 145, no 548, pl. I, no 22; LIMC IV.
2, Zurich et Munich 1988, nos 41, 43, 46 et 83.
14
Cf. Thompson, op. cit., p. 34.
15
Cf. Herakles. Passage of the hero through 1000 years of classical
art, New York 1986, pp. 12-13, fig. 5, reprsentant un relief en marbre de
11

12

Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, (no 1906. 2). Le mme relief
ainsi que diverses interpretations de cette pisode voir dans: Scharmer
1971, p. 21, fig. 8 - fresque de la Casa del Forno di Ferro Pompei; p. 25,
fig. 10 - circle en bronze, London, British Museum no 857 etc.
16
Cf. Brommer 1984, pp. 36-37.
17
Cf. Toynbee, op. cit. dans note 7.

714

VALENTINA GRIGOROVA-GENCHEVA

fructueuse et prospre, les acquisitions matrielles souhaites. Celui de Pautalia est plus difficile
interprter. En absence des informations historiques qui pourraient donner une datation plus prcise
notre mdaillon, je soutiendrais une version proche de celle de M. Thompson.18 Il est possible que
les autorits locales ont command la fabrication dune monnaie de ce type exceptionnel pour fliciter larrive du nouveau gouverneur provincial en Thrace. Mais il existe galement la possibilit
dinterprter le mdaillon comme premire issue dun atelier montaire, commenant ses activits
avec un tel chef-doeuvre en guise de reconnaissance envers lempereur Antonin le Pieux ayant autoris la ville de Pautalia davoir son propre monnayage. Mis dans le contexte des richesses naturelles de la rgion de Pautalia, le type Hracls-Crs (la statue sur la colonne) correspondrait bien au
rle dhro grec comme patron de lagriculture. Plusieurs mdaillons de ce type ont t fabriqus
sous Antonin le Pieux dans la srie dexemplaires issues pour Nouvel An.19 Hlas, uniquement la
dcouverte des nouvelles informations pigraphiques ou numismatiques pourrait donner une rponse
dfinitive la question pour quelle occasion et quels destinateurs ont t frapps les deux mdaillons.
BIBLIOGRAPHIE
Banti, A. (1984), I grandi bronzi imperiali. Aelius Antoninus Pius, Firenze.
Beschevliev, V. (1952), Epigraphische Beitrge..., Sofia.
Brommer, F. (1984), Herakles II. Die unkanonischen Taten des Helden, Darmstadt.
Cohen, H. (1882), Description historique des monnaies frappes sous lempire romain, Paris, Londres.
Gnecchi, F. (1912), I Medaglioni romani, Milano.
Grigorova, V. (1998), Neue Beitrge zur Erforschung der Mnzprgung von Pautalia, Annotazioni Numismatiche, Suppl. XII, Milano.
Mouchmov, N. (1912), Les monnaies antiques de la pninsule Balkanique et les monnaies de tzars
bulgares (en bulg.), Sofia
Philippova, S. / Meshekov, J., Monnaies de fouilles dune villa romaine extra murus Kyustendil
(en bulg.), Bulletin de Muse dhistoire Kyustendil, vol. VII.
Pick, B. (1977), Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Moesien, Milano.
Russeva-Slokoska, L. (1989), Receuil Pautalia.
Ruzicka, L. (1924), Zwei Statuen des Praxiteles auf Mnzen von Ulpia Pautalia, Strena Buliciana, Zagreb.
Ruzicka, L. (1933), Die Mnzen von Pautalia, Sofia.
Scharmer, H. (1971), Der gelagerte Herakles, Berlin.
Thompson, M. (1977), A Greek imperial medallion from Pautalia, ANS MN 22, pp. 29-36.
Toynbee, J. (1986), Roman Medallions, New York.
18
19

Cf. Thompson, op. cit., p. 36.


Cf. Toynbee, op. cit., p. 138 et p. 90, note 149.