Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 9

Center

Regional

Development

Strategy

for 2016 – 2020

Approved by the Decision of the Center Regional Development Council no. 01/02 as of February 11, 2016

Development Council no. 01/02 as of February 11, 2016 CRDS 2016-2020 Center RDA 33 Alexandru cel

CRDS 2016-2020

Council no. 01/02 as of February 11, 2016 CRDS 2016-2020 Center RDA 33 Alexandru cel Bun

Center RDA 33 Alexandru cel Bun St., Ialoveni town, Chisinau municipality www.adrcentru.md oficiu.adrc@gmail.com

October, 2016

1
1

CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020 General context Regional developmentis the effort made by public authorities in cooperation with

General context

Regional developmentis

the effort made by public authorities in cooperation with different actors from the privatesector (business environment) andvoluntary sector to create the necessary development conditions by supporting economic and social activities in the region.

Sustainable regional development is an imperative assumed by the government of the Republic of Moldova to fairly distribute the equal development opportunities to all localities, the ultimate goal being:

Improvement

regardlessof where they live on the territory of the Republic Moldova.

citizens,

of

the

standard

of

living

for

The Regional Development Strategy aims to contribute to:

(1) Ensuring an effective planning framework to determine the directions and pace ofdevelopment; (2) Streamlining authorities’ activity in the management of regional issues, particularly in the use of financial resources; (3) Promoting the region and attracting funds to implement the planned investment projects.

2
2
CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020

Strategic context

The Center Regional Development Strategy (CRDS) has been developed taking into account the provisions of the national legislation in force 1 . According to the law, CRDS 2016-2020 is the main planning document of balanced and sustainable medium-term development of the Center Development Region (CDR) reflecting the needs, objectives and directions of development.

Socio-economic profile of the CDR.General characteristics.

The Center Development Region is a territorial unit, which constitutes the framework for the planning, implementation and evaluation of regional development policy. CDR is the region with the largest area (about 10 . 700 sq.m.) and population (about 1 .0 57. 000 people) from those 6 development regions of the Republic of Moldova. The area of the region includes the administrative territory of 13 districts:

includes the administrative territory of 13 districts : 1 Law no. 166 as of July 11,

1 Law no. 166 as of July 11, 2012 on the approval of the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Moldova for 2012 -2020; Law no.

438-XVI as of December 28, 2006 on regional development in the Republic of Moldova; Law no. 68 as of April 5, 2012 on the approval of the National Decentralization Strategy, including the provisions of sector national strategies and of other regulatory documents.

3
3

CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020 The population of the region is concentrated in 598 localities, of which 14 towns

The population of the region is concentrated in 598 localities, of which 14 towns and 584 villages, set up in 329 Mayor’s offices (1 level Local Public Authorities). By place of residence, the share of rural population makes up 80.6% of the total population (2014).

Majority of population (about 63%) live in localities with up to 5 thousand inhabitants. The largest town in the region is Ungheni town with a population of about 33 thousand inhabitants, and the smallest town is Bucovat with a population of about 2 thousand inhabitants. Chisinau municipality is located in the center of the region. This neighborhood offers many opportunities to the population in the CDR, the main ones being access to a developed outlet and to a variety of public services. The main relevant indicators for CDR are shown in the following table:

Nr.

Indicator

Value

1.

Surface

10734 sq. km

2.

Size of current population, 2016

1.023.000

3.

Population density, 2015

99.6 people per sq. km

4.

Degree of urbanization, 2016

17 %

5.

Natural increase, 2015

0,2 %

CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020

Overall objective andspecific objectives

The objectives of development of the Center Region have been identified based on multiple needs of the region and on efforts to stimulate the region’s potential, to remove the most fundamental constraints and to carry out the most important actions with positive impact on the current situation.

The expected impact of the implementation of the Strategy

The standard of living of the population is improved;

Combination of efforts of the area of the Center Region in achieving a synergy effect isconsolidated;

Territorial cohesion is ensured.

The progress in achieving the overall objective of the Center RDS will be assessed based on the following indicators:

Regional GDP

Level of poverty in regions

Disparity

Index*

*disparity – lack of link, harmony, matching between elements

4 5
4
5
CRDS 2016-2020 7 CRDS 2016-2020 Takingintoaccounttheconditions and factors of development of the region as well
CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020 7 CRDS 2016-2020 Takingintoaccounttheconditions and factors of development of the region as well as
CRDS 2016-2020 7 CRDS 2016-2020 Takingintoaccounttheconditions and factors of development of the region as well as
CRDS 2016-2020 7 CRDS 2016-2020 Takingintoaccounttheconditions and factors of development of the region as well as
CRDS 2016-2020 7 CRDS 2016-2020 Takingintoaccounttheconditions and factors of development of the region as well as
CRDS 2016-2020 7 CRDS 2016-2020 Takingintoaccounttheconditions and factors of development of the region as well as
CRDS 2016-2020 7 CRDS 2016-2020 Takingintoaccounttheconditions and factors of development of the region as well as
7
7

CRDS 2016-2020

Takingintoaccounttheconditions and factors of development of the region as well as the priorities set at national level, CRDS defines the overall objective and specific objectives as follows:

OVERALL

OBJECTIVE

Creating conditions conductive to a balanced and sustainable territorial development of the Center Development Region

6
6
CRDS 2016-2020 8
CRDS 2016-2020
8
CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020

Reasoning

The standard of living of citizens depends largely on the quality and availability of local public services. Insufficient investment in public infrastructure in recent decades, the use of outdated technologies and substandard materials, poor quality of workforce have led to significant deterioration of road infrastructure, water supply and sewage (WSS) networks, while solid waste management (SWM) in the region hardly meets European standards. Thus, achievement of this specific objective largely depends on the implementation of Sectoral Regional Programs on physical infrastructure which basically represent strategic guides for development of these fields.

Expected results

I.

Connectivity, availability and quality of local and regional road infrastructure is improved;

II.

The population of the region use efficient and quality WSS and SWM services;

III.

Energy efficiency measures in public buildings lead to improved working conditions and to substantial savings in the budgets of LPAs;

IV.

Communities cooperate effectively in the provision of public services.

9
9
CRDS 2016-2020 10
CRDS 2016-2020
10
CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020

Reasoning

A significant progress in regional development can only be made by stimulating and developing competitive business, ensuring a sustainable economic growth, which may generate resources for investment and social development.

Intervention areas and planned measures come to unleash economic potential of the CDR and to reduce the impact of the most serious problems, among which:

small number of enterprises in the region;

low employment rate;

high unemployment rate;

mass exodus of the employed population;

underperforming agricultural sector etc.

Since the investments required to solve these problems are extremely high, the Strategy proposes a number of priority interventions and actions.

11
11

CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020 In this context, CRDS requires primarily that the Sectoral Regional Program (SRP) of economic

In this context, CRDS requires primarily that the Sectoral Regional Program (SRP) of economic development of the CDR for the period 2016-2020 be developed.

This Program will establish for LPAs directions and ways to stimulate, support and develop business initiatives as well as operational tools in the economic development. SRP in tourism will be also developed, aimed at identifying the mechanisms to unleash the regional tourist potential, which also could foster the development of the economic sector.

Expected results

I.

The attractiveness of towns to citizens and businesses is improved;

II.

The economic potential, especially in rural areas of the region, is unleashed;

III.

The region’s cultural and natural heritage is protected and exploited for tourism purposes.

12
12
CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020

13
13

CRDS 2016-2020

Reasoning

CRDS 2016-2020 Reasoning Good governance in general and regional good governance in particular is based on

Good governance in general and regional good governance in particular is based on the following dimensions:

• Participation of all – men and women – in the decision-making process;

Decision-making transparency and information availability;

Orientation towards consensus through discussions, negotiations and mediation of the different interests;

Equity and social inclusion;

• Effectiveness and efficiency meaning that processes and institutions/enterprises produce those results, which meet the needs of citizens/customers, including judicious use of natural resources and environmental protection;

Responsibility for the fate of the Region, which is a key and important dimension for both government institutions and private enterprises.

CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020

Regional governance refers to the way in which certain territories are organized and governed. Participatory governance involves making the process of regional development policy implementation more efficient.

In the light of the experience of implementing the regional development policy, it is proposed to enhance the functioning of the mechanisms such as inter-community and inter-regionalcooperation in the context of the integrated regional development planning process, taking into account the non-discrimination and gender principles.

Expected results

I.

Regional institutional structures are functional and efficient;

II.

Information and communication networks are established and work effectively at regional level;

III.

Regional development programs and projects are implemented in an efficient and transparent manner.

14 15
14
15

CRDS 2016-2020

CRDS 2016-2020 Monitoring, reportingand evaluation

Monitoring, reportingand evaluation

Monitoring, reporting and evaluation of the results of implementation of CRDS 2016-2020 is attributed to institutions responsible for regional development: Center DRC and Center RDA.

In compliance with art. 8 of the Law no. 438 on regional development, Center DRC is the institution that monitors the use of funds allocated from NFRD for CDR and assesses the impact of implementing regional projects and programs and the extent to which regional development objectives have been achieved. Center RDA coordinates the process of implementing Center RDS 2016-2020, as well as plans, programs and projects of regional development. LPAs are responsible for submitting to Center RDA the information on progress of the implementation of such regional projects. Center DRC will report on progress of the implementation of Center RDS 2016-2020 to NCCRD on an annual and half-yearly basis.

Annual and half-yearly reports will be prepared by Center RDA in coordination with MRDC, Center DRC and LPA and submitted to the Regional Council and to the implementing authority for regional development policy. Center RDA will develop and constantly update the region’s profile, will continuously assess the development trends of the region according to the established regional indicators and parameters. In addition to regular reports on progress, a detailed report on completion of the project will be presented for each project; this detailed report will assess the specific results, impact indicators and will identify long- term impact of the corresponding project.All reports on the implementation of CRDS will be placed on the website of RDA: www.adrcentru.md

16
16