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# SULIT

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4531/1
Fizik
Kertas 1
September
2004
1 1/4 jam

4531/1

## PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2004

FIZIK
Kertas 1
Satu jam lima belas minit

1.

2.

## Kertas solan ini mengandungi 29 halaman bercetak.

2004 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA

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1.

## This question paper consists of 50 questions.

2.

3.

Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.

4.

## Blacken only one space for each question..

5.

blacken the space for the new answer.

6.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

7.

8.

## You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

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The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.
vu
a=
1.
t
2.

v 2 = u 2 + 2as

3.

1
s = ut + at 2
2

4.

Momentum = mv

5.

F = ma

6.

Kinetic energy =

7.

8.

9.

Pressure, P =

10.

Pressure, P = hg

11.

Heat, Q = mc

12.

pV
= constant
T

13.

E = mc 2

14.

v = f

15.

Power, P =

16.

1 1 1
= +
f u v

17.

ax
D

18.

n=

sin i
sin r

19.

n=

real depth
apparent depth

20.

Q = It

21.

V = IR

22.

Power, P = IV

23.

g = 10ms 2

24.

## Atmospheric pressure at sea level = 1 x 10 5 Pa

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1 2
mv
2

m
V

F
A

energy
time

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4

Each question is followed by either three, four or five options. Choose the best option for
each question then blacken the correct space on the answer sheet.
1

A

joule

kelvin

kilogram

kilometer

A

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5

A

p
q

q
s
s
C

## A squash player hits a ball to the wall at a velocity of 20 m s 1 .

[Assume an elastic collision occurs between the ball and the wall]

15 m

What is the time taken for the ball to bounce back to him?

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0.67 s

0.75 s

1.33 s

1.50 s

2.67 s
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## Which vehicle has the largest inertia ?

STAR CRUISE

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Two objects P and Q are dropped simultaneously from two different heights as shown
below.
P
Q

h
h

## Which velocity-time graph represents the motion of P and Q ?

Velocity

Velocity
P

P
Q

Time

Time

Velocity
P

Velocity
P
Q

Q
Time

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Time

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The diagram shows two trolleys of the same mass before and after collision.
After collision

Before collision
Plasticine
uA

at rest
Trolley B

Trolley A

Trolley B

Trolley A

Trolley A

Trolley B

Increases

Increases

Increases

Decreases

Decreases

Increases

No change

No change

## A cyclist cycles his bicycle with a force of 120 N.

20 N

120 N

If the total mass of the bicycle and cyclist is 80 kg, the accelaration is
A

0.67 m s -2

0.80 m s -2

1.25 m s -2

1.50 m s -2

1.75 m s -2

[ Lihat sebelah
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A ball thrown vertically upwards reaches a maximum height, then falls to the ground.
The velocity-time graph for the ball is
A

Velocity

Velocity

Time

Velocity

Time

Velocity

Time

10

Time

## A labourer rolls an object onto a lorry.

If a shorter ramp is used, what changes occur to the work done and the gravitational
potential energy of the object ?

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Work Done

## Gravitational Potential Energy

Decreases

Remains unchanged

Increases

Decreases

Decreases

Increases

Remains unchanged

Remains unchanged

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10

The diagrams show the position of a steel ball bearing when the spring is compressed
and after the spring is released.

Spring
compressed

steel ball
bearing

Spring - released

x
The distance x can be increased by using

12

a softer spring

a longer spring

Y
Z

## The correct comparison of the pressure exerted on X, Y and Z is

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PX = PY = PZ

PX = PY < PZ

PX = PY > PZ

PX > PY = PZ

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11
Which of the following diagrams shows the liquid with the lowest density?

A
Drinking
straw

B
Drinking
straw

Liquid P

Liquid Q

Plasticine

Plasticine

C
Drinking
straw

Drinking
straw

Liquid R

Plasticine

Plasticine

Liquid S

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10 N
8N

air

air

## Based on observations of the diagrams above, calculate the volume of

[ Density of water = 1000 kg m - 3 and g = 10 m s 2 ]

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2 x 10 4 m3

8 x 10 - 4 m3

1 x 10 4 m3

2 x 10 4 m3

8 x 10 4 m3

block X.

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## The diagram shows the reading of an aneroid barometer in an aeroplane which is

located 2 km from the sea level.

P(x105 Pa)
0.4
1.0

Aeroplane
1.0

2 km
Sea level

Aneroid Barometer

What is the reading of the aneroid barometer when the aeroplane lands in an airport at
the sea level?

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F
Piston S

Liquid

Piston T

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## The principle used in the bunsen burner is

A Pascals Principle
B Bernoullis Principle
C Archimedes Principle
D Principle of Conservation of Energy

18

19

## The S.I unit for the quantity that is measured by a thermometer is

A

kelvin

celsius

fahrenheit

The table below shows the specific heat capacity for two types of plates, both of
similar mass.
Type of plate

Silver plate

235

Aluminium plate

900

## Both plates are placed in an oven for 10 minutes.

Choose the correct statement .
A

## B The aluminium plate has a larger temperature rise

C The silver plate has a larger temperature rise
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A

Temperature/ C

100

0
- 20

O
Time /minute

## In which part is latent heat absorbed ?

22

MN

NO

OP

PQ

The figure shows a bicycle pump is used to pump some air into a ball.
Piston

Cylinder

Why is it more difficult to push the piston when the pressure in the ball reaches the
maximum value ?
A

## The velocity of the air molecules in the ball increases

The average distance between the air molecules in the ball increases

The rate of collisions of the air molecules with the wall increases
Lihat sebelah

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## The principle used in the device is

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reflection of light

refraction of light

diffraction of light

## total internal reflection

The diagram shows a ray of light KLMN passes through three non-identical mediums .

## Which of the following is the critical angle?

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Which of the following instruments uses the concept total internal reflection?
A

The figure below shows a convex lens with an optical power of + 20D.

Object
Convex lens

10 cm

## The image distance is

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- 20.0 cm

- 10.0 cm

+ 6.67 cm

+ 10.0 cm

+ 20.0 cm

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The figure below shows the ray diagram of an astronomy telescope in normal
Eyepiece
Objective lens
Observer

First image

What are the characteristics of the final image compared to the first image?

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## A slinky tied to a leg of a table is moved in the direction shown below.

Table
direction of motion
x

The distance x is

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displacement

amplitude

wavelength

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## The diagram shows the pattern of water waves approaching a shoreline.

Which is the most suitable location for a child to swim ?

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Which of the diagrams below shows the pattern of water waves which passes through
a small gap correctly ?
A

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The diagram shows the interference pattern of water waves in a ripple tank.

Wave
source

Wave crest

Which of the following shows the wave pattern at the points P,Q,R,S and T at a
particular time ?

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In an experiment setup below, bright and dark interference fringes are formed on the
screen.
Screen

Two slits
Laser pen

Interference fringes
observed on the screen
a

Single slit

## Which of the following will increase the interference fringes separation ?

Two slits

Screen

Laser pen
a
Single slit

Screen

Two slits
Laser pen
2a
D

Single slit

Screen

Two slits
Laser pen
a
Single slit

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2D

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The diagram shows a metal-coated polystyrene ball hung between two metal plates.

Metal
plate P

Metal
plate Q

Polystyrine
ball
Switch

EHT

## When the switch is on, the ball will

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remain at rest

be attracted to plate P

be attracted to plate Q

## oscillate between plates P and Q .

The graphs below show the relationship between the potential difference, V and the
current, I for four different electrical components.
Which graph shows the correct relationhip for a light bulb ?

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## What is the reading of the ammeter when the switch is on ?

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0.30 A

0.75 A

1.50 A

3.00 A

6.00 A

A coil of wire wound around an iron rod is connected in a circuit shown below.

Iron rod

Nails

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Magnet

Magnet

S
X

Current flows in

X

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upwards

upwards

upwards

downwards

downwards

upwards

downwards

downwards

## supply of of 4.0 Amperes?

Current /Ampere
4
masa /s

Time / second

Current /Ampere
4
masa /s

Time / second

C.
Current /Ampere
4
/s

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Time / second

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Soft iron core

What will happen to the light bulb L if switch S is turned on and off every 2 seconds ?

40

Cable A

Cable B

Power
plant

Residence

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## The diagram shows a cathode ray oscilloscope ( C.R.O.)

Which of the following shows the components in the electron gun of a CRO?

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PQ

PQR

PQRS

QRST

## The symbol for a light sensitive component is

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A thermistor and a transistor are connected in a fire alarm circuit. The resistance of the
thermistor decreases as the temperature rises.
Which of the following circuits will cause the bell to ring when there is a fire?

+6 V

A
Thermistor

Bell

R
0V

+6 V
R

Bell

Thermistor
0V

0V

C
Thermistor

Bell

R
+6V

0V
Bell

Thermistor

R
+6V

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## The diode acts as a

45

half-wave rectifier

full-wave rectifier

current smoother

amplifier

Input

Output

A

Q
B

Q
C

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Q
P

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Input

Output

## The logic gate which can represent the combination above is

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NOR

OR

X-NOR

X-OR

The figure below shows a sample safety badge as worn by a worker in a nuclear power
plant.

## What is the function of Aluminium ?

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To absorb particles

To absorb particles

To detect -rays

To detect x-rays

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The figure below shows the decaying series the isotope Uranium-238

238
92

234

90

234

Th

91

234

Pa

92

230
90

Th

## Calculate the number of alpha and beta particles emitted

Number of alpha particles

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## A radioactive isotope R has an initial mass of 10 mg . R decays to form substance S.

Determine the ratio of the mass R to the mass S after two half-lives.

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Mass of R
1

Mass of S
1

A

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