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4531/1
Fizik
Kertas 1
September
2004
1 1/4 jam

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MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2004

FIZIK
Kertas 1
Satu jam lima belas minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU


1.

Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam Inggeris

2.

Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman 2 dan halaman 3.

Kertas solan ini mengandungi 29 halaman bercetak.


2004 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA

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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


1.

This question paper consists of 50 questions.

2.

Answer all questions.

3.

Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.

4.

Blacken only one space for each question..

5.

If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then
blacken the space for the new answer.

6.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

7.

A list of formulae is provided on page 5.

8.

You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

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The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.
vu
a=
1.
t
2.

v 2 = u 2 + 2as

3.

1
s = ut + at 2
2

4.

Momentum = mv

5.

F = ma

6.

Kinetic energy =

7.

Potential energy = mgh

8.

9.

Pressure, P =

10.

Pressure, P = hg

11.

Heat, Q = mc

12.

pV
= constant
T

13.

E = mc 2

14.

v = f

15.

Power, P =

16.

1 1 1
= +
f u v

17.

ax
D

18.

n=

sin i
sin r

19.

n=

real depth
apparent depth

20.

Q = It

21.

V = IR

22.

Power, P = IV

23.

g = 10ms 2

24.

Atmospheric pressure at sea level = 1 x 10 5 Pa

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1 2
mv
2

m
V

F
A

energy
time

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4

Each question is followed by either three, four or five options. Choose the best option for
each question then blacken the correct space on the answer sheet.
1

Which of the following is a derived unit ?


A

joule

kelvin

kilogram

kilometer

Which instrument gives the most accurate measurement ?


A

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5

Which graph shows correctly the relationship p = q r s ?


A

p
q

q
s
s
C

A squash player hits a ball to the wall at a velocity of 20 m s 1 .


[Assume an elastic collision occurs between the ball and the wall]

15 m

What is the time taken for the ball to bounce back to him?

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0.67 s

0.75 s

1.33 s

1.50 s

2.67 s
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Which vehicle has the largest inertia ?

STAR CRUISE

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Two objects P and Q are dropped simultaneously from two different heights as shown
below.
P
Q

h
h

Which velocity-time graph represents the motion of P and Q ?

Velocity

Velocity
P

P
Q

Time

Time

Velocity
P

Velocity
P
Q

Q
Time

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Time

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The diagram shows two trolleys of the same mass before and after collision.
After collision

Before collision
Plasticine
uA

at rest
Trolley B

Trolley A

Trolley B

Trolley A

Which of the following statements is correct about momentum after collision?

Trolley A

Trolley B

Increases

Increases

Increases

Decreases

Decreases

Increases

No change

No change

A cyclist cycles his bicycle with a force of 120 N.

20 N

120 N

If the total mass of the bicycle and cyclist is 80 kg, the accelaration is
A

0.67 m s -2

0.80 m s -2

1.25 m s -2

1.50 m s -2

1.75 m s -2

[ Lihat sebelah
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A ball thrown vertically upwards reaches a maximum height, then falls to the ground.
The velocity-time graph for the ball is
A

Velocity

Velocity

Time

Velocity

Time

Velocity

Time

10

Time

A labourer rolls an object onto a lorry.

If a shorter ramp is used, what changes occur to the work done and the gravitational
potential energy of the object ?

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Work Done

Gravitational Potential Energy

Decreases

Remains unchanged

Increases

Decreases

Decreases

Increases

Remains unchanged

Remains unchanged

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10

The diagrams show the position of a steel ball bearing when the spring is compressed
and after the spring is released.

Spring
compressed

steel ball
bearing

Spring - released

x
The distance x can be increased by using

12

a softer spring

a longer spring

a spring with a larger diameter

two similar springs arranged in parallel

The diagram shows the side view of a swimming pool.

Y
Z

The correct comparison of the pressure exerted on X, Y and Z is

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PX = PY = PZ

PX = PY < PZ

PX = PY > PZ

PX > PY = PZ

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Which of the following diagrams shows the liquid with the lowest density?

A
Drinking
straw

B
Drinking
straw

Liquid P

Liquid Q

Plasticine

Plasticine

C
Drinking
straw

Drinking
straw

Liquid R

Plasticine

Plasticine

Liquid S

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10 N
8N

air

air

Based on observations of the diagrams above, calculate the volume of


[ Density of water = 1000 kg m - 3 and g = 10 m s 2 ]

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2 x 10 4 m3

8 x 10 - 4 m3

1 x 10 4 m3

2 x 10 4 m3

8 x 10 4 m3

block X.

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12

The diagram shows the reading of an aneroid barometer in an aeroplane which is


located 2 km from the sea level.

P(x105 Pa)
0.4
1.0

Aeroplane
1.0

2 km
Sea level

Aneroid Barometer

What is the reading of the aneroid barometer when the aeroplane lands in an airport at
the sea level?

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The diagram shows a force F exerted on piston S.

F
Piston S

Liquid

Piston T

Which statement is correct?

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The force at piston S is similar to the force at piston T.

The pressure at piston S is similar to the pressure at piston T.

The distance moved by piston S is equal to the distance moved by piston T.

The distance moved by piston T increases if the surface area of T increases.

The principle used in the bunsen burner is


A Pascals Principle
B Bernoullis Principle
C Archimedes Principle
D Principle of Conservation of Energy

18

19

The S.I unit for the quantity that is measured by a thermometer is


A

kelvin

celsius

fahrenheit

The table below shows the specific heat capacity for two types of plates, both of
similar mass.
Type of plate

Specific heat capacity ( J kg -1o C -1)

Silver plate

235

Aluminium plate

900

Both plates are placed in an oven for 10 minutes.


Choose the correct statement .
A

Both plates will have the same temperature rise

B The aluminium plate has a larger temperature rise


C The silver plate has a larger temperature rise
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Which of the following is an application of evaporation in our everyday life?


A

Production of distilled water

Production of liquified nitrogen

Production of public water supply

Production of salt from sea water

The graph shows the heating curve of a solid.


Temperature/ C

100

0
- 20

O
Time /minute

In which part is latent heat absorbed ?

22

MN

NO

OP

PQ

The figure shows a bicycle pump is used to pump some air into a ball.
Piston

Cylinder

Why is it more difficult to push the piston when the pressure in the ball reaches the
maximum value ?
A

The temperature of air molecules in the ball increases

The velocity of the air molecules in the ball increases

The average distance between the air molecules in the ball increases

The rate of collisions of the air molecules with the wall increases
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A dentist uses a device to examine the teeth of a patient.

The principle used in the device is

24

reflection of light

refraction of light

diffraction of light

total internal reflection

The diagram shows a ray of light KLMN passes through three non-identical mediums .

Which of the following is the critical angle?

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Which of the following instruments uses the concept total internal reflection?
A

The figure below shows a convex lens with an optical power of + 20D.

Object
Convex lens

10 cm

The image distance is

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- 20.0 cm

- 10.0 cm

+ 6.67 cm

+ 10.0 cm

+ 20.0 cm

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The figure below shows the ray diagram of an astronomy telescope in normal
adjustment..
Eyepiece
Objective lens
Observer

First image

What are the characteristics of the final image compared to the first image?

28

Virtual, upright, smaller in size

Virtual, upright, bigger in size

Real, inverted, smaller in size

Real, inverted, bigger in size

A slinky tied to a leg of a table is moved in the direction shown below.


Table
direction of motion
x

The distance x is

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displacement

amplitude

wavelength

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The diagram shows the pattern of water waves approaching a shoreline.


Which is the most suitable location for a child to swim ?

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Which of the diagrams below shows the pattern of water waves which passes through
a small gap correctly ?
A

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The diagram shows the interference pattern of water waves in a ripple tank.

Wave
source

Wave crest

Which of the following shows the wave pattern at the points P,Q,R,S and T at a
particular time ?

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In an experiment setup below, bright and dark interference fringes are formed on the
screen.
Screen

Two slits
Laser pen

Interference fringes
observed on the screen
a

Single slit

Which of the following will increase the interference fringes separation ?

Two slits

Screen

Laser pen
a
Single slit

Screen

Two slits
Laser pen
2a
D

Single slit

Screen

Two slits
Laser pen
a
Single slit

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2D

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The diagram shows a metal-coated polystyrene ball hung between two metal plates.

Metal
plate P

Metal
plate Q

Polystyrine
ball
Switch

EHT

When the switch is on, the ball will

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remain at rest

be attracted to plate P

be attracted to plate Q

oscillate between plates P and Q .

The graphs below show the relationship between the potential difference, V and the
current, I for four different electrical components.
Which graph shows the correct relationhip for a light bulb ?

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Four resistors R of 2 each are connected in a circuit shown below.

What is the reading of the ammeter when the switch is on ?

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0.30 A

0.75 A

1.50 A

3.00 A

6.00 A

A coil of wire wound around an iron rod is connected in a circuit shown below.

Iron rod

Nails

The number of nails attracted to the iron rod will increase if

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a smaller current is used

the number of coils is increased

the distance between the coils is increased

an iron rod with a larger diameter is used

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X and Y are the ends of a coil in which electric current flows.

Magnet

Magnet

Current flows out

S
X

Current flows in

What is the direction of the force exerted on X and Y ?


X

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upwards

upwards

upwards

downwards

downwards

upwards

downwards

downwards

Which graph shows an I r.m.s

supply of of 4.0 Amperes?

Current /Ampere
4
masa /s

Time / second

Current /Ampere
4
masa /s

Time / second

C.
Current /Ampere
4
/s

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Time / second

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Soft iron core

What will happen to the light bulb L if switch S is turned on and off every 2 seconds ?

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L lights up only at the moment switch S is turned on

L lights up only at the moment switch S is turned off

L lights up for an instant when switch S is turned on or off

L lights up all the time when switch S is on.

The diagram below shows a simple electrical energy transmission system.

Cable A

Cable B

Power
plant

Residence

Choose the correct statement.

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Transformer X and transformer Y are identical

Alternating current is used in cable A and cable B

The input and output voltage of transformer Y are the same

The magnitude of the current in cable A is the same as in cable B

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The diagram shows a cathode ray oscilloscope ( C.R.O.)

Which of the following shows the components in the electron gun of a CRO?

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PQ

PQR

PQRS

QRST

The symbol for a light sensitive component is

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A thermistor and a transistor are connected in a fire alarm circuit. The resistance of the
thermistor decreases as the temperature rises.
Which of the following circuits will cause the bell to ring when there is a fire?

+6 V

A
Thermistor

Bell

R
0V

+6 V
R

Bell

Thermistor
0V

0V

C
Thermistor

Bell

R
+6V

0V
Bell

Thermistor

R
+6V

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The diagram shows a diode connected in an electric circuit.

The diode acts as a

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half-wave rectifier

full-wave rectifier

current smoother

amplifier

The truth table for a logic gate is as shown below.


Input

Output

The most appropriate symbol for the logic gate is


A

Q
B

Q
C

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Q
P

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The circuit shows the combination of logic gates P, Q and R.


Input

Output

The logic gate which can represent the combination above is

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NOR

OR

X-NOR

X-OR

The figure below shows a sample safety badge as worn by a worker in a nuclear power
plant.

What is the function of Aluminium ?

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To absorb particles

To absorb particles

To detect -rays

To detect x-rays

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The figure below shows the decaying series the isotope Uranium-238

238
92

234

90

234

Th

91

234

Pa

92

230
90

Th

Calculate the number of alpha and beta particles emitted


Number of alpha particles

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Number of beta particles

A radioactive isotope R has an initial mass of 10 mg . R decays to form substance S.


Determine the ratio of the mass R to the mass S after two half-lives.

50

Mass of R
1

Mass of S
1

Why is it that -rays cannot be deflected by the magnetic field ?


A

They have no charge

They are weakly ionizing

They are strongly penetrating

They travel at a high velocity

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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