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XI Chemistry

SECTION A (MCQs Multiple Choice Questions)


NOTE: Attempt all questions from this Section.
Q.1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options. (17 Marks)
i. When gaseous anions and cations are brought closer, the energy involved is
Electron affinity
Lattice Energy
Ionization Energy
Electro Negativity
ii. The molecules which 64gm SO contains are
1.02 x 10(23)
2.04 x 10(23)
3.06 x 10(23)
6.02 x 10(23)
iii. Faradays experiment indicates, the existence of
Electron
Proton
X-rays
Positron
iv. The value of Kc is independent of
Initial Concentration of reactants
Volume
Catalyst
Pressure
v. Cabon dioxide (CO?) molecule has zero dipole moment because its structure is
Linear
Tetrahedron
Angular
Triangular
vi. The Molecular Mass of Na?CO? is
100 a.m.u
102 a.m.u
104 a.m.u
106 a.m.u
vii. Bohrs model of atom is contradicted by
Rutherfords Atomic Model
Heisenbergs Uncertainty Principle
Paulis exclusion Principle
Planks quantum Theory
viii. The bond distance between Carbon-Carbon Single bond (C-C) is
1.54 A
1.24 A
1.34 A
1.20 A
ix. The integar part of logarithm is called
Power
Characteristic
Mantissa
Base
x. The bonds present in one molecule of ethane (C?H?) are
Four Sigma two pi
Two Sigma four pi
Five Sigma one pi
Five pi one Sigma
xi. If pH of a Solution is zero, the nature of solution will be
Acidic

Neutral
Basic
Amphoteric
xii. Which of the compound has Sp(2) hybridization
NH?
C?H?
C?H?
H?O
xiii. In hydrogen halides, which of the following possess the largest ionic character?
HF
HI
HCl
HBr
xiv. Which atomic orbital is always involved in sigma bonding?
s-Orbital
p-Orbital
d-Orbital
t-Orbital
xv. The colour of light depends upon its
Wave length
Velocity
Source
None
xvi. The rate of diffusion of C?H? and CO? are the same because
They are gases
Both Contain Carbon
Their Molecular Mass are same
C?H? is an Organic Compound
xvii. The molecular formula of Vitamin C is C?H?O?. Its empirical formula is
C?H?O?
C?H?O?
CH?O
CHO?
SECTION B (Short Answer Questions)
Q.2. Answer any TEN questions from this Section. All questions carry equal marks. The answer to each questions
should not exceed 6-8 lines. (40 Marks)
i. Define the following terms
Atomic Number
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
Atomic Mass
Significant Figures
Mole
Extensive Properties
Intensive Properties
Avogadros Number
Limiting Reactant
Molar Volume
ii. Describe Rutherfords Atomic Model and state its defects.
OR
Write the postulates of Bohrs Atomic Theory.
OR
Derive an expression for the energy of an electron in nth orbit.
OR
Bohrs radius is 0.529A. Find the radius of 2nd orbit of hydrogen atom.
iii. Define Ionic bond. Explain the formation of ionic bond with the example of Sodium Chloride and give its properties.
OR

What do you understand by the ionic character of a covalent bond with one example?
OR
Define Coordinate Covalent bond and explain it with the formation of (NH??)
iv. An organic compound producing air pollution contains 8.73% carbon 77.45% chlorine and 13.82% fluorine; find the
molecular formula of the compound if its molecular mass is 137.5. (Atomic Masses: C = 12, Cl = 35.5, F = 19)
OR
A 500cm(3) vessel contains 2gm of He and 8gm of CH?. What is the total pressure of the mixture of these gases at
-3C. (Atomic Masses: He = 4, C = 12, H = 1)
v. Give the main postulates of Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases.
OR
State the following Gas Laws.
Boyles Law
Charles Law
Grahams Law
Daltons Law of Partial Pressure
Avogadros Law
vi. Write the electronic configuration for the ground state Na (Za = 11) and Mg?(2) (Z = 12).
OR
Calculate the wave number of radiation emitted in Lyman series when electron jumps from 2nd to 1st orbit.
vii. Give scientific reasons for the following
a. The rates of diffusion of CO? and C?H? gases are the same.
b. FeSO?.7H?O and ZnSO?. 7H?O are isomorphous.
c. Graphite is very soft where as diamond is very hard.
d. The boiling point of a liquid remains constant although heat is continuously supplied to the liquid.
e. A negative catalyst decreases the rate of reaction.
f. A falling drop of a liquid is always spherical.
g. Ionization potential of oxygen is smaller than that of Nitrogen.
h. Evaporation is a cooling process.
i. Honey is more viscous than water.
j. Zinc dust when reacted with HCl produces hydrogen at a faster rate than a big piece of Zinc.
viii. The equilibrium constant for the reaction N?(g) + O?(g) ? 2NO(g) at 2000C is the initial concentration of N? and
O? are 10 moles/dm(3).
OR
Find the molarity of 0.5gm of NaOH in 250cm(3) of aqueous solution.
OR
The solubility of AgCl at 25C is 1.4 x 10(-3) gm/dm(3). What is its solubility product?
OR
600J of heat was given to a gas at 1.01 x 10? N/m(2) pressure. The initial energy was increased by 300 J; find the
increase in volume.
ix. A 100 cm(3) gas cylinder filled with chlorine under 160 torr pressure is connected by stop-cock with another
cylinder of 400 cm(3) filled with nitrogen under pressure of 200 torr. What will be the total pressure when stop cock is
opened?
OR
Calculate the mass of ZnSO?, the volume of H? and the number of molecules of H? which will be produced by
reacting 163.5gm of Zn with H?SO?, at S.T.P. (Atomic Masses: Zn = 65.4, S = 32, O = 16, H = 1).
x. Explain Evaporation in liquids and Deformity in solids in terms of the Kinetic Molecular Theory.
OR
Differentiate between Crytalline solids and amorphous Solids.
OR
Differentiate between Isomorphism and polymorphism.
OR
What is an Ideal gas? What are the cause of deviation of the real gases from the ideal behaviour?
OR
Determine the General Gas Equation from the gas laws.
xi. What are Cathode Rays? How are they produced? Write down five properties of Cathode Rays along with their
experimental proofs.
OR
What is the relationship between X-Rays and Atomic Number
OR
What is Radioactivity? Describe the experiment to distinguish the three types of radio active radiations.
OR

Write down five properties of each Alpha (?), Beta (?), Gamma (?) rays.
xii. In a reaction A + B ? 2C, 7 moles/dm(3) of B were mixed and allowed to attain equilibrium. If Kc = 2.25; find out
the concentration of A, B and C at equilibrium.
OR
Will PbCrO? precipitate from a solution mixing 200cm(3) of 2.5 x 10?? M Pb(NO?) and 600cm(3) of 1.5 x 10?? M K?
CrO??
xiii. State the First Law of Thermodynamics and Derive the Equations:
a. ?H = ?E = P?V
b. Qp = ?H
c. ?E = Qv
OR
State and explain Hesss Law of Constant Heat Summation.
OR
Give unit cell of a cubic or orthorhombic system.
xiv. What do you understand the term Hybridization? Discuss Sp(3), Sp(2) and Sp hybridization with examples.
OR
Draw the S-orbital and p-orbital.
OR
Write down the names of the spectral lines of hydrogen atom.
OR
Write down the values of all the four quantum numbers for each of the two electrons of helium atom.
xv. Write short notes on following
Viscosity
Electron Affinity
Common Ion Effect
Neutralization
Ionization Potential
Hydrolysis
Electronegativity
Surface Tension
Hydration
Buffer Solution
Vapour Pressure
SECTION C (Detailed Answer Questions)
(28 Marks)
Q.3. (a) Write short notes on the following.
Hydrogen Bonding
pH
Concentration of Solution and its Various Units
Common Ion Effect
Planks Quantum Theory
Molarity
Arrhenius Theory of Ionization
Heat of Formation
Q.3. (b) Define Rate of Reaction, describe the methods to dormine the rate of reaction and also describe the factors
on which the rate of reaction depends?
OR
Differentiate between the following.
Neutral Radioactivity and Artificial Radioactivity
Principal Quantum Number and Azimuthal Quantum Number
Orbit and Orbital
Line Spectrum and Continuous Spectrum
Activation Energy and Threshold Energy
Rate of Reaction and Rate Constant
Positive Catalyst and Negative Catalyst
Q.3. (c) Describe the following rules of electronic configuration.
i. Paulis Exclusion Principle
ii. Aufbau Principle

iii. (n + 1) Rule
iv. Hunds Rule of Maximum Multiplicity
Q.4. (a) For the Chemical reaction F? + 2CIO? ? 2FCIO?, Calculate the rate constant when initial concentration of F?
is 0.1 mol/dm(3), of ClO? is 0.01 mol/dm(3) and the rate of reaction is 1.2 x 10(-3) mol/dm(3) sec.
Q.4. (b) What do you understand by the term Electrode Potential? How is the Electrode Potential of Zinc and Copper
discovered?
OR
Define solubility product and give its examples and applications.
Q.4. (c) Write down the points of Electron Pair Repulsion Theory and Hybrid Orbital anode. Describe the shapes and
structures of CH?, BeCl?, H?O and NH? on the basis of Electron Pair Repulsion Theory.
Q.5. (a) What is Dipole Moment? Explain the shapes of CO? and H?O with the help of Dipole Moment.
OR
State Le-Chatliers Principles. Apply the Principle on Habers Process in terms of pressure and temperature for the
maximum yield of NH?.
N?(g) + 3H?(g) ? 2NH?(g) + Heat
Q.5. (b) State the Law of Mass Action. Derive the equilibrium. Constant Kc for reaction nA + nB ? nC = yD. Apply the
Law of Mass Action on Contact Process to derive its equilibrium expression.
2SO?(g) + O?(g) ? 2SO?(g)
Q.5. (c) Differentiate between the following.
Sp(3) Hybridization and Sp(2) Hybridization
Atomic Orbital and Molecular Orbital
Valence Bond Theory and Molecular Orbital Theory
Polar Covalent Bond and Non-Polar Covalent Bond
Sigma Bond and Pi Bond
Exothermic Reactions and Endothermic Reactions.

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IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH DIFFERENT


VARIATIONS
Question # 1
Give postulates of Bohrs atomic model
Or
Drive the expression for the radius of revolving electrom in nth orbit of hydrogen atom using Bohrs Model
Or
Write down the defects in Bohrs atomic model1
Or
Derive the formula for calculating the energy of an electron in nth orbit using Bohrs Model
Or

Derive an expression for the radius of nth Bohrs orbit of H. atom


Question # 2
Give graphical explanation for elevation of boiling point of solution. How molar mass of a non volatile and
non electrolyte solute can be determined with the help of it?
Or
Describe elevation of boiling point and drive the equation
M2=Kh / Th X W2/W1 X 1000
Or
What is boiling point? What is the effect of external pressure on boiling point? Why the temperature of a
liquid remains constant at boiling point although heat is continuously supplied?
Or
How can you measure elevation of boiling point by Landsbergers methods?
Question # 3
What are enzymes? Explain how they act as catalysts
Or
Distinguish between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis with suitable example
Or
What do you mean by poisoning of catalyst?
Or
How catalyst does affect the rate of reaction? Also describe by means of graph
Or
What are liquid crystals? Give their three uses
Or
Write a note on catalysis. Give its types
Or
Write any four characteristics of enzyme catalysis
Question # 4
Describe the measurement of vapour pressure by manometric method

Question # 5
Give the basis of the molecular orbital theory and explain the paramagnetic character of O 2
Or
Define orbital. Discuss shape of its two types.
Or
Differentiate between orbit and orbital
Or
What is Atomic Orbital Hybridization? Explain bonding and structure of ethane (C 2H4) on the basis of
hybridization
Or
What is metallic bond? Explain its formation by both electron gas theory and molecular orbital theory
Or
Explain the molecular orbital structures of following molecular on the basis of the MOT
Or
What is hybridization? Discuss sp2 hybridization with example
Question # 6
Prove that i) q = E ii) q = H
Or
Explain enthalpy and prove that H = qP
Or
State first law of thermodynamics. Prove that E = q v
Or
What is enthalpy system and how to measured
Question # 7
The solubility of CaF2 in water at 25 C is 2.0510 mol dm-3. What is the value of Ksp at 25C?
Or
Ca(OH)2 is a sparingly soluble compound. Its solubility product is 6.510 -6. Calculate the solubility of
Ca(OH)2
Or
What is a solubility product? The solubility of CaF 2 in water at 25C is found to be 2.05 x 10 -4 mol dm-3.
What is the value of Ksp at this temperature? (Atomic Mass of Ca = 40, F = 19)
Or

The solubility of PbF2 at 25C is 0.64 g dm-3. Calculate Ksp of PbF2. (Molecular Mass of PbF2 is 245.2)
Question # 8
Describe the electrolysis of concentrated solution of sodium chloride?
Or
What is electrochemical series? Give its any three applications.
Or
Discuss electrolysis processes of industrial importance
Or
Describe the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride and a concentrated solution of sodium chloride
Question # 9
Describe Daltons law of partial pressure. Write its three applications
Question # 10
Explain hydrogen bonding in NH3, H2O and HF. How it is helpful in explaining the structure of ice
Or
Which of the hydrogen halides has the highest percentage of ionic character?
Or
How does hydrogen bonding explain the formation of ice and its lesser density than liquid water?
Or
How does hydrogen bonding explain the formation of ice and its lesser density than liquid water?
Or
Describe the construction and working standard hydrogen electrode (SHE)
Question # 11
How will you describe the paramagnetic character of oxygen on the basis of M.O.T.?
Question # 12
State and explain Grahams Law of diffusion of gases?
Or
Derive Boyles Law and Grahams Law of diffusion of gases on the basis of kinetic molecular theory of
gases

Or
Derive van der Waals equation for real gases with reference to volume correction and pressure correction
in ideal gas equation
Or
How do you differentiate between diffusion and effusion of gases?
Or
Why the volume of gas is generally expressed in g dm -3 rather than g cm-3?
Question # 13
Stat different forms of Raoults law
Or
Give three statements of Raoults law and also mention how Raoults law helps in determining the ideality
of a solution
Question # 14
The unit of rate constant is the same as that of the rate of reaction is:
1.

First order reaction

2.

Second order reaction

3.

Zero order reaction

4.

Third order reaction

Question # 15
What is neutron? How was it discovered? Give its two properties.
Question # 16
Define the following giving one example in each:
1.

Enthalpy of solution

2.

Enthalpy of atomization

3.

System

4.

Surrounding

Question # 17
Name various methods for finding order of reaction. Explain half life method for determining order of
reaction
Or
What is order of reaction? Describe two methods for finding order or reaction.
Question # 18
Describe Millikans oil drop method for determination of charge of electron
Or

Describe Millikans oil drop method for measurement of charge of electron


Question # 19
Define enthalpy of reaction. How is measured by glass calorimeter?
Or
Define enthalpy of neutralization. Also discuss glass calorimeter in details
Question # 20
What is mass spectrometer? How is it used to determine the relative atomic masses of isotopes?
Or
Define stoichiometry. What assumptions are modes while performing stoichiometry calculations?
Or
What are isotopes, relative abundance of isotopes and how their relative atomics masses are
determined?
Question # 21
Define covalent bond. Discuss its types with suitable examples
Question # 22
Define common ion effect. Give its two applications.
Question # 23
Write and three use of plasma
Question # 24
What is (n+I) rule of distribution of electrons in sub-shells of an atom? Give examples
Question # 25
Differentiate between zeotropic and azeotropic mixtures with the help of example
Or
Define azeotropic mixture. Why does HCN H2O system exhibit negative deviation?
Question # 26
Write redox reaction taking place at anode and cathode during discharging and recharging of lead
accumulator (car battery)
Question # 27
How will you distinguish between ideal and no-deal solutions?
Or
What are ideal solutions? Explain the fractional distillation of ideal mixture of two liquids

Question # 28
Differentiate between exothermic reaction and endothermic reaction
Question # 29
Define crystallization and its process
Question # 30
Describe Nickel cadmium cell (rechargeable)
Question # 31
What is the percentage ionization of acetic acid in a solution in which 0.1 moles of it has been dissolved
per dm3 of the solution?
Question # 32
State Le-Chateliers Principle. Describe the effect of change in temperature of a system in equilibrium by
this principle
Question # 33
Define limiting reactant. How it is helpful to control the chemical reaction?
Question # 34
Classify solids on the basis of boning. How ironic solids are formed?
Or
Differentiate between solids gases and liquids gases
State and explain with an example, the Hesss law of constant summation
Or
Write a note on synthesis of ammonia gas by Habers process keeping in mind the applications of
chemical equilibrium in industry
Question # 35
Define buffer solutions. Derive hendersens equation for calculation of pHof an acidic buffer?
Question # 36
Give the main postulates of VSEPR theory
Or
Explain the structure and geometry of BeCL2 and SnCL2 on the basis of VSEPR theory
Or
VSEPR theory demands that lone pair occupies more space than bond pair. Explain with reasons. Also
write the limitations of VSEPR theory?
Question # 37
How does the Arrhenius equation help to determine the energy of activation?
Question # 38

Describe kinetic interpretation of absolute temperature by applying kinetic gas equation.


Or
Explain tge Kinetic molecular theory of gases
Question # 39
Moseley studies X-rays spectrum of various elements

What are the conclusions drawn by Moseley from a detailed analysis of the spectra

What is the origin of X-rays?

What is lattice energy? Explain the factors affecting lattice energy

Draw fully labeled born-haber cycle for the formation of KBr


Question # 40
Derive an expression for the calculations of energy frequency and wave number of photon emitted when
electron jumps from n=1 to n=2 orbit.
Question # 41
What is Plancks quantum theory?
Question # 42
Derive hendersons equation
Question # 43
What is different between actual yield and theoretical yield? Why actual yield is less than theoretical
yield?
Note on following:
Properties Of Molecules, Sublimation, Intermolecular Forces, Spectrum, Types Of Solutions, Hydrolysis,
Rate Of Reaction, Evaporation, Avogadro Law, Chromatography, Homogeneous Catalysis And
Heterogeneous Catalysis, Anisotropy, Polymorphism, Absolute Zero

Chemistry Short Questions Guess Paper 11th Class 2016


Note: (Chemistry Short Questions Guess Paper 11th Class 2016) All published material contains an
informatory data which is only gathered for educational purpose. These guesses are prepared after
detailed analysis of past five years exams. Our entire team and/or publishers are not responsible in case
of variation in assumed results and outcomes. However the purposes of attempted efforts are to provide
accurate and effective knowledge to the readers, in any case our entire team and/or publishers will not be
responsible for the accuracy or misusage of all published material.

.( ) .

Guess Paper of Chemistry 1st Year Important Short Questions


Law of conservation of mass has to be obeyed during stoichiometric calculation, give reason. OR Write
down stoichiometric assumptions.2
One mg of K2CrO4 has thrice the number of ions than the number of formula units when ionized in water,
justify. OR Water and ethanol can mix in all proportions, give reason. OR What is water of crystallization?
Give two examples. OR What is ionic product of water? Define pH. OR One molal solution of urea in
water is dilute as compared to one molar solution of urea but the number of particles bf solute is same.
Justify it. OR The vapour pressure of diethyl ether is higher than that of water at same temperature. Give
reason. OR Gasoline evaporates much faster than water. Give reason. OR Water vapours do not behave
ideally at 273 K. Justify. OR What is meant by water of crystallization? Give an example. OR Water
vapours do not behave ideally at 273 K. Explain. OR How many molecules of water are there in lOg of
ice? OR Ice occupies more space than water, give reason.
Differentiate between adsorption chromatography and partition chromatography. OR Define
chromatography. Give, its two uses. OR Differentiate between stationary and mobile phase used in
chromatography. OR What do you know about Rf value of a component in paper chromatography?
Give the importance of sublimation. OR Define sublimation and partition law. OR Define sublimation.
What type of a substance can be purified by this technique? OR What is sublimation? Give one example
of sublime solid. OR Heat of sublimation of iodine is very high although it is a molecular solid. Give
reason.
State Boyles law of gases.
Give two applications of plasma. OR What is plasma state? How is plasma formed at high temperature?
Ionic solids do not conduct electricity in solid state. Give reason. OR How the percentage ionic character
of a covalent bond is determined by dipole moment? OR No bond in chemistry is 100% ionic. Justify it.
OR Why ionic crystals are highly brittle? OR How the electronegativity difference of two bonded atom can
be used to predict the ionic/covalent nature of the bond? OR Ionic crystals are highly brittle. Explain with
reason. OR Why the ionic radius of Cf- ion increases from 99 pm to 181 pm?
Differentiate between ideal and non-ideal solutions. OR Many solutions do not behave ideally. Give
reason.

One molal solution of glucose is dilute as compared to one molar solution of glucose. Justify it. OR What
is molarity? Calculate the molarity of a solution containing 9 grams of glucose (C61-11206) in 250 cm3 of
solution. OR Define molal boiling constant with an example.
Salt bridge is not required in lead storage call. Why? OR What is the function of salt bridge in galvanic
cell?
Write down reactions taking place at the electrodes on the discharging of Nickle-Cadmium Cell.
Calculate the oxidation number of Cr in K2CrO4 and Cr202-2. OR Find out the oxidation state of Mn in (a)
KMnO4 (ii) K2MnO4. OR Calculate oxidation number of chromium in CrCt3. OR Calculate the oxidation
number of `Mn in KMnO4.
Define and give an example of the process of activation of a catalyst. OR What is poisoning of a catalyst?
Give an example. OR How a catalyst is specific in its action?
N2 and CO have same number of electrons, protons and neutrons. Justify. OR Why N2 and CO have the
same number of protons, electrons and neutrons?
Define the term molecule. Give two examples also. OR Separate the following molecules as polar or nonpolar: (i) CO2 (ii) CH3OH (iii) CC Q4 (iv) HF
What is vapour pressure? OR What is Daltons law of partial pressure? OR Write down the values of
atmospheric pressure in four different units. OR Lowering of vapour pressure is colligative property.
Explain. OR What will be the effect of change of pressure on the synthesis of NH3? OR Derive the units
for gas constant R in general gas equation when pressure is in Nm-2 and volume in m3.
What is the size of atom? OR Why cationic radius radius is smaller than parent atom? OR What are
defects in Rutherfords atomic model? OR Why the radius of an atom cannot be determined precisely?
OR Mg atom is twice heavier than that of carbon atom. Justify. OR Why is the -radius of a cation smaller
than its parent atom? OR The radius of first orbit of hydrogen atom is 0.529 A. Calculate the radius of 31
orbit of hydrogen atom.
What are the defects in Rutherfords atomic model?
Write the electronic configuration of Cr for which atomic number is 24.
Give the chemistry of electrolysis of aqueous solution of sodium chloride. OR Write electrode reactions of
electrolysis of fused sodium chloride.
Define autocatalysis with an example.
Give assumption of stoichiometry.
Why is there a need to crystallize the crude product?
What are isotherms?
Define Avogadros law.

Explain why evaporation takes place at all temperatures


Define transition temperature with an example. OR Transition temperature is the term used for elements
as well as compounds. Explain.
Write down the electronic configuration of Fe (26) and Br (35).
Give any two properties of neutrons. OR How neutrons were discovered by Chadwick? Give the equation
of nuclear reaction involved.
State Hunds rule and give an example.
What do you know about internal energy of a system? OR Define activation energy and activated
complex. OR What is lattice energy? Give an example.
What is electrolytic cell? OR What is the difference between metallic conduction and electrolytic
conduction? OR Differentiate between electrolytic and voltaic cell. OR Impure copper can be purified by
electrolytic process. Explain.
Define standard electrode potential.
Give chemical reactions taking place at anode and cathode in a fuel cell. OR How fuel cells produce
electricity?
Write down any two characteristics of enzyme catalysis.
Define order of reaction. Give one example. OR What is half life method for the determination of order of
a reaction? OR Differentiate between Enothermic and Endothermic Reaction. OR Define half life period.
How is it used to determine the order of reaction? OR How the values of equilibrium constant helps to
predict the direction of a reversible reaction? OR Differentiate between endothermic and exothermic
reactions. OR The sum of the coefficients of a balanced chemical equation is not necessarily important to
give the order of reaction justify. OR How the direction of a reversible reaction at any instant can be
determined by Kc value? OR Radioactive decay is first order reaction. Justify. OR How the value of K, of
a reaction helps to predict the direction of a reversible reaction? OR Define a spontaneous reaction. OR
Define order of reaction with the help of an example. OR Write a nuclear reaction for the decay of free
neutron. OR Write down nuclear reactions involved in the conversion of Cu into Zn.
Why oxygen cannot be determined directly in combuStion analysis? OR Write function of Mg (C CO-4)2
and KOH in combustion analysis.
Define molecular ion, write its uses. OR Differentiate B/W intermolecular forces. OR Differentiate between
ion and molecular ion.
What iS Boiling point? OR Why boiling point of H2O is greater than HF? OR Boiling needs a constant
supply of heat, why? OR Why the boiling points of noble gases increase down the group?
State Moseleys law. OR Write two importances of Moseley law.
Define Paulis Exclusion Principle with an example. OR State Auf-bau principle and Paulis exclusion
principle. OR State Pauli Exclusion Principle and Hunts rule.

What is common ion effect? Give an example. OR Differentiate between Zeeman effect and stark effect.
OR State Joule Thomson effect. Write its application.
Give statement of Distribution Law.
The electrical condUctivity of metals decrease with the increase in temperature. Why? OR Define upper
consulate temperature with example.
Mention two defects of Bohrs model. OR According to Bohrs model in which orbit electron can move?
How the wave nature of electron was verified experimentally? OR Explain electron gas theory.
Differentiate between homogeneous catalysis and heterogeneous catalysis.
What is difference between qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis?
A weak acid has strong conjugate base. Justify.
Define hydrolysis with example. OR Differentiate between hydration and hydrolysis.
Voltaic cell is reversible cell, State.
What are isotopes? Why they have same chemical but different physical properties?
What is mole? OR Why the sum of mole fractions of all components of a solution is always equal to unity?
What is the basic principle of crystallization?
Define amorphous solids.
Define the octet rule.
Define state of Equilibrium.
Define optimum pH?
What is Lyman series?
Define Balmer series.
What is vaccum distillation?
Define polarizability.
Define unit cell.
Define vander walls equation.
Why is HF a weaker acid than HC1?

Justify that heat of formation of compound is sum of all the other enthalpies.
Calculate the density of methane at STP.
Why regular air cannot be used in divers tank?
What is the first law of thermodynamics?
What are London dispersion forces?
What do you mean by chemical equilibrium?
Give two statements of Raoults law.
Diamond is insulator and hard. Give reason. OR Diamond is hard and an electrical insulator. Give
reason..
State spin quantum number (s) briefly. OR What is Plancks quantum theory?
Cathode rays are material particles. Explain with reason. OR Why of cathode rays is equal to that of
electrons? OR Why the nature of cathode rays is independent of the nature of the gas used in discharge
tube? OR Whichever gas is used in the discharge tube, the nature of the cathode rays remains the same.
Why? OR How the K-series, L-series and M-series of x-rays spectrum are produced? OR Give reason for
the production of positive rays. OR Why value for the cathode rays is just equal to that of electron?
Define ionization energy and write its variation in the periodic table. OR Name the factors which affect the
ionization energy of an element. OR How does ionization energy vary in a group of periodic table? OR
Why ionization energy decreases down the group although the nuclear charge increases? OR Define
electronegativity. Give its trend in the periodic table.
The bond angles of H20 and NH3 are not 109.5 like that of CH4. Although 0-atom and N-atom are SP3
hybridized like C- in CH4, give reason. OR The bond angles of H2O and NH3 are not 109.5 like that of
CH4 although oxygen and nitrogen atoms are SP3 hybridized. Why? OR Explain the term bond order.
OR What is Bond Energy? OR How the nature of a chemical bond is predicted with the help of
electronegativity values of two bonded atoms? OR Why n-bonds are more diffused than a-bonds? OR NH
3 and N F Shave different bond angles. Justify. OR Define coordinate covalent bond and give one
example. OR it-bonds are more diffused than a-bonds. Give reason. OR Define bond order. Calculate
bond order of hydrogen molecule. OR Define bond energy with two parameters which determine its
strength.
The dipole moments of CO2 and CS2 are zero but that of SO2 is 1.61D. OR Why the dipole moment of
SO2 is 1.61 D but that of SO3 is zero? OR What are dipole-dipole forces of attraction? Explain with an
example.
What is the basic assumption of VSEPR theory, and discuss the shape of a molecule (BF3) containing
three electron pairs? OR Write down two postulates of VSEPR theory. OR State the geometry of NH3
molecule on the basis of VSEPR theory.
Define the term state function, give two examples.

Explain the term enthalpy. OR Explain the term enthalpy of atomization. OR The enthalpy of neutralisation
of all the strong acids and strong bases has the same value. Justify. OR State enthalpy of combustion
with example.
State Le-Chateliers principle and discuss the effect of change in concentration of a product on reversible
reaction.
Explain the term buffer capacity. OR What are buffer solutions? How a basic buffer can be prepared? OR
Write two uses of buffer solution.
Give the two applications of the solubility product. OR How the type of bonding affects solubility of
compounds? OR Define solubility product. Give its one application.
Depression in freezing point is a colligative property. Justify. OR Why Beckmanns thermometer is used to
measure the depression in freezing point?
What is meant by molality? Give its formula.
Why the NaCt and KNO3 are used to lower the melting point of ice?
What is electrochemical series? OR How electrochemical series help us in determining the chemical
reactivity of metals?
Lead accumulators is a chargeable battery. Justify. OR What is difference between cell and battery?
Differentiate between average rate and instantaneous rate. OR What is specific rate constant or velocity
constant? OR Why different liquids evaporate at different rates even at the same temperature? OR How
surface area affects the rate of a chemical reaction? OR What happens to the rate of a chemical reaction
with the passage of time?
What are enzymes? Give two examples in which enzymes act as catalyst. OR Enzymes are specific in
action. Justify.
Why theoretical yield is greater than actual yield?
What is mass spectrum? OR Why atomic spectrum isline spectrum? OR Define spectrums. OR What is
the difference between continuous spectrum and line spectrum?
Define empirical formula and molecul1ar formula with example. OR Write four steps for determining
empirical formula. OR Define molecular formula of a compound. How is it related with its empirical
formula? OR What Gram formula?
What is solvent extraction? OR Write down the name of Eight solvent used in crystallization. OR Define
distribution law and how it is helpful in solvent interaction. OR Boiling points of the solvents increase due
to the presence of solutes. Justify it. OR Why is the vapour pressure of a solution less than pure solvent?
Calculate the value of R in SI unit. OR Calculate the value of gas constant It in SI-units.
Give four fundamental postulates of kinetic molecular theory of gases. OR Derive Grahams law of
diffusion in the light of kinetic molecular theory of gases. OR Write two faulty assumptions of kinetic

molecular theory of gases. OR Write down the faulty postulates of kinetic molecular theory of gases. OR
Explain Boyls law according to kinetic molecular theory of gases.
Why one feels sense of cooling under the fan after bath? OR Explain with reason, Evaporation causes
cooling. OR One feels sense of cooling under the fan after bath. Explain with reason.
Write down two applications of liquid crystals. OR Vacuum distillation can be used to avoid decomposition
of a sensitive liquid. Explain with reason. OR How the liquid crystals help in the detection of the blockage
in veins and arteries?
Define isomorphism and polymorphism with example. OR What is the relationship between polymorphism
and allotropy?
Calculate mass of an electfon from its e value. m OR What is mass spectrometer? OR Define relative
atomic mass. OR Define Molar mass. OR State the law of mass action. OR What is Avogadros number?
Give equation to relate the Avogadros number and mass of an element. OR Calculate the mass of
electron when its e/m value is 1.7588 x 101 C OR Calculate fraction of total pressure exerted by oxygen
when equal masses of CH4 and 02 are mixed in an empty container at 25C. OR Calculate mass in kg of
2.6 x 1020 molecules of SO2. OR No individual neon atom in the sample of the element has a mass of
20.18 amu. Explain with reason.
State Heisenbergs Uncertainty Principle and give its mathematical expression.
Define orbital. OR Why the energy of antibonding molecular orbital is higher than corresponding bonding
molecular orbitals? OR Distribute tk electron in orbitals of 29Cu and 26Fe. OR Justify that the distance
gaps between different orbitals go on increasing from the lower to higher orbits. OR Sketch the molecular
orbital picture of 02. OR Define Hydrogen Bonding.
State the Hesss law of constant heat summation. OR Give statement of Hesss law.
Write two applications of equilibribm constant.
Define pH and p0H.

Chemistry MCQs Guess Paper 11th Class 2016


Note: (Chemistry MCQs Guess Paper 11th Class 2016) All published material contains an informatory
data which is only gathered for educational purpose. These guesses are prepared after detailed analysis
of past five years exams. Our entire team and/or publishers are not responsible in case of variation in
assumed results and outcomes. However the purposes of attempted efforts are to provide accurate and

effective knowledge to the readers, in any case our entire team and/or publishers will not be responsible
for the accuracy or misusage of all published material.

.( ) .

Guess Paper of Chemistry 1st Year Important MCQs


Which statement is not true?
(A) Isotopes with even atomic masses are comparatively abundant
(B) Isotopes with odd atomic masses are comparatively abundant
(C) Isotopes even atomic masses and even atomic numbers are comparatively abundant
(D) Isotopes with even atomic masses and odd atomic numbers are comparatively abundant
Silver has isotopes: (9/, 16, 17, 18)
Whith statement is not correct about galvanic cell?
(A) Anode is negatively charged
(B) Reduction occurs at anode
(C) Cathode is positively charged
(D) Reduction occurs at cathode
Which statement about the following equilibrium is correct 2S02(g) + 02(0.77-2S03(g) AH = 188.3
KJ/ mole
(A) The value of Kp falls with rise in temperature
(B) The value of Kp falls with increase in pressure
(C) Adding V205 catalyst increases the equilibrium yield of sulphur trioxide
(D) The value Kp = Ke
A substance which makes the catalyst more effective is called
(A) Inhibitor
(B) Retarder
(C) Promoter
(D) Auto Catalyst
The mass of two moles of electrons is
(A) 1.10 mg
(B) 1.008 mg
(C) 0.184 mq
(D) 1.673 mg
2.7 g of At will react completely with how much mass of 02 to produce At203
(A) 0.8 g of oxygen
(B) 1.6 g of oxygen
(C) 3.2 g of oxygen
(D) 2.4 g of oxygen
Mass of one mole of electron is
(A) 1.008 mg
(B).0.55 mg

(C) 1.84 mg
(D) 1.673mg
0.1 mole of solute dissolved in 100g of the solvent will be
(A) 0.1 molal
(B) 1.0 molal
(C) 0.5 molal
(D) None of these
Solvent extraction method is particularly useful technique for separation when the product to be separated
is
(A) Non-volatile or thermally unstable
(B) Volatile or thermally stable
(C) Non-volatile or thermally stable
(D) Volatile or thermally unstable
Solvent extraction is an equilibrium process and it is controlled by
(A) Law of mass action
(B) Distribution law
(C) The amount of solvent used
(D) The amount of solute
Law of mass action was derived by Gulberg and wage in
(A) 1909
(B) 1906
(C) 1846
(D) 1864
In solvent extraction the law applied is
(A) Law of mass action
(B) Distribution law
(C) Coulombs law
(D) Boyles law
Solvent extraction is a process
(A) Exothermic
(B) Endothermic
(C) Equilibrium
(D) Non-equilibrium
London dispersion forces are the only forces present among the
(A) Molecules of water in liquid state
(B) Atoms of helium in gaseous state at high temperature
(C) Molecules of solid iodine
(D) Molecules of hydrogen chloride gas
The molecules of CO2 in dry ice form the
(A) Ionic crystals
(B) Covalent crystals
(C) Molecular crystals
(D) Any type of crystals

Which of the following molecules has zero dipole moment?


(A) NH3
(B) CFICei
(C) H2O
(D) BF3
The most stable elements are
(A) Halogens
(B) Lithium family
(C) Noble gases
(D) None of these
Bond angle (I) in case of ammonia molecule is
(A) 105
(B) 107.5
(C) 120
(D) 180
The number of bonds in oxygen molecule is
(A) One a and one 7
(B) One a and two 7
(C) Three sigma only
(D) Two sigma only
In dry ice CO2 molecules form
(A) Ionic crystals
(B) Covalent crystals
(C) Molecular crystals
(D) Any type of crystals
Escape out of gas molecules one by one through tiny hole is
(A) Diffusion
(B) Effusion
(C) Osmosis
(D) All of these
Angstrom is the unit of
(A) Time
(B) Lengthy
(A) Mass
(A) Frequency
Largest number of molecules are in
(A) 3.6 gmH20
(B) 4.8 gm C2H5OH
(C) 2.8 gm CO
(D) 5.8 gm N205
Which molecule has zero dipole moment?
(A) NH3

(B) CHC 3
(C) H2O
(D) BF3
An orbital which is spherical and symmetrical is
(A) s-orbital
(B) p-orbital
(A) d-orbital
(A) f-orbital
Quantum number values for 21 orbitals are
(A) n = 2, = 1
(B) n = 1, = 2
(C) n = 1, =0
(D) n = 2, t =0
The four equivalents SP3 hybrid orbitals in space are at an angle of
(A) 120
(B) 107.5
(C) 104.5
(D) 109.5
The nature of positive rays depends on
(A) The nature of electrode
(B) The nature of discharge tube
(C) The nature of residual gas
(D) The temperature
Cathode in NICAD is
(A) Ag2O
(B) N102
(C) Cd
(D) Zn
Cathode rays strike alumina and produce a colour
(A) Red
(B) Blue
(C) Yellow
(D) Green
Positive ions are called
(A) cations
(B) Annions
(C) Molecules
(D) Hydrated ions
The e value for the positive rays is maximum for
(A) Hydrogen
(B) Helium
(C) Oxygen
(D) Nitrogen

An ionic compound A+ 13- is most likely to be formed when


(A) The ionization energy of A is high and electron affinity of B is low
(B) The ionization energy of A is low and electron affinity of B is high
(C) Both the ionization energy of A and electron affinity of B are high
(D) Both the ionization energy of A and electron affinity of B are low
Which of the hydrogen halide has the highest percentage of ionic character
(A) HI
(B) HBr
(C) HCC
(D) HF
CsF has ionic character
(A) 60%
(B) 80%
(C) 92%
(D) 100%
Ionic product of water (Kw) increases when temperature increases from 0C to 100C
(A) 25 times
(B) 75 times
(C) 55 times
(D) 65 times
Formation of chemical bond takes place when
(A) Energy is absorbed
(B) Forces of repulsion overcome forces of attraction
(C) Forces of attraction are equal to forces of repulsion
(D) Forces of attraction overcome forces of repulsion.
Which species has unpaired electrons in anti bonding molecular orbitals?
(A) 022+
(B) 022(C) B2
(D) F2
For a given process the heat changes at constant pressure (qp) and at constant volume (qv) are related
to each other as
(A) qp = qv
(B) qp < qv (C) qp >
(D) qp c-1-2L
The change in heat energy of a chemical reaction at constant temperature and pressure is called
(A) Enthalpy change
(B) Heat of sublimation
(C) Bond energy
(D) Internal energy change
Which solution has the highest boiling point?
(A) 5.85% solution of sodium chloride
(B) 18.00% solution of glucose

(C) 6.00% solution of urea


(D) all have the same boiling point
The boiling point of water at the top of Mount Everest is
(A) 59C
(B) 69C
(C) 83C
(D) 75C
In order to mention the boiling point of water at 110C, the external pressure should be
(A) Between 760 torr and 1200 torni
(B) Between 200 torr and 760 tor
(C) 100 torr
(D) Any value of pressure
Oxidation state of chromium in K2CrO4 is
(A) 5
(B) 6
(C) 3
(D) 7
The oxidation number of Ce in HCtat is
(A) +2
(B) +3
(C) +5
(D) +7In H2SO4 the oxidation number of S is
(A) +2
(B) +6
(C) +8
(D) +4
Oxidation No. of oxygen in OF2 is
(A) Zero
(B) 1
(C) +2
(D) 1
The oxidation number of chromium in K2Cr2O7 is
(A) 14
(B) 12
(C) 6
(D) 13
The unit of the rate constant is the same as that of the rate of reaction in
(A) First order reaction
(B) Second order reaction
(C) Third order reaction
(D) Zero order reaction

Acetone and chloroform are soluble in each other due to


(A) Intermolecular hydrogen bonding
(B) Ion-dipole interaction
(C) Instantaneous dipole
(D) All of these
The solubility product of AgGe is 2.0 x 10-10 mole2 dm-6 the maximum concentration of Ag ions in the
solution is
(A) 2.0 x 10 Ic mole dm-3
(B) 1.41 x 10-5 mole dm-3
(A) 1.0 x 10-1 mole
(A) 4.0 x 10-20 mole dm-1
The existence of a compound in more than one crystalline forms is called:
(A) Anisotropy
(B) Isomorphism
(C) Allotropy
(D) Polymorphism
The substance used for decolourization of undesirable colour in a crystalline substance is
(A) H2SO4
(B) Silica gel
(C) NaNO3
(D) Animal charcoal
For the reaction NaOH + HC 2 + H2O NaCI + H2O, the change in enthalpy is called
(A) Heat of reaction
(B) Heat of formation
(C) Heat of neutralization
(D) Heat of combustion
How many isotopes are present in palladium?
(A) Four
(B) Five
(C) Six
(D) Seven
Isotopes differ in
(A) Properties which depend upon mass
(B) Arrangement of electrons in orbitals
(C) Chemical properties
(D) The extent to which they may be effected in electromagnetic field
The geometry of ethane is
(A) Trigonal planar
(B) Linear
(C) V-shaped
(D) Tetrahedral
The value of Plancks constant is
(A) 6.62 x 1 J.S.

(B) 6.62 x 10-27 J.S.


(C) 6.62 x 10-31 J.S.
(D) 6.62 x 10-21J.S.
A solution of glucose is 10% w/v. The volume in which 1 gram mole of it is dissolved will be
(A) 1 dm3
(B) 1.8 dm3
(C) 200 cm3
(D) 900 cm3
The velocity of photon is
(A) Independent of the wavelength
(B) Depends on its wavelength
(C) Equal to square of its amplitude
(D) Depends on its source
Stronger the oxidizing agent greater is the
(A) Oxidation potential
(B) Reduction potential
(C) Redox potential
(D) E.M.F. of cell
The term pH was introduced by
(A) Henderson
(B) Sorenson
(C) Goldstein
(D) Thomson
The pH of le mol d.-3. of an aqueous solution of H2SO4 is
(A) 3.0
(B) 2.7
(C) 2.0
(D) 1.5
pH of pure water is
(A) 4.4
(B) 5.4
(C) 7.0
(D) 8.0
The pH of 10-3 mol drn-3 of an aqueous solution of H2SO4 is
(A) 3.0
(B) 2.7
(C) 2.0
(D) 1.5
The pH of 10-3 molar H2SO4 solution is
(A) 3.0
(B) 2.7
(C) 2.0
(D) 1.5

Pressure remaining constant at which temperature of the volume Of a gas will become twice of what it is
at 0C
(A) 546C
(B) 200C
(C) 546 K
(D) 273 K
Water may boil at 120C when external pressure is
(A) 369 torr
(B) 700 torr
(C) 760 torr
(D) 1489 torr
Dissolves in water in the presence of KI due to the formation of
(A) 12
(B) 1(C) 13
(D) 14
The mass of one mole of electrons is
(A) 1.008 mg
(B) 0.55 mgV
(C) 0.184 mg
(D) 1.673 mg
One mole of SO2 consists of
(A) 6.02 x 1023 atoms of oxygen
(B) 18.1 x 1023 molecules of SO2
(C) 6.02 x 1023 atoms of sulphur
(D) 4 gram atoms of SO2
The volume of one mole CO2 is maximum at
(A) S.T.P
(B) 127 and 1 atm.
(C) 0C and 2 atm.
(D) 273C and 2 atm.
The number of moles of CO2 which contains 8.0 g of oxygen
(A) 0.25
(B) 0.50
(C) 0.75
(D) 1.0
Percentage of oxygen in water is
(A) 80%
(B) 88.89%
(C) 8.8 %
(D) 9.8%
When water freezes at 0C, its density decreases due to
(A) Empty spaces present in the structure of ice

(B) Cubic structure of ice


(C) Change of bond lengths
(D) Change of bond angles
Plasma is conductor Of electricity
(A) Bad
(B) Poor
(C) Good
(D) None
Diamond is a bad conductor of electricity because
(A) It has a tight structure
(B) It has a high density
(C) There is no free electron present in the crystal of diamond to conduct electricity
(D) It is transparent to light
The crystal of diamond is
(A) Ionic
(B) Covalent
(C) Molecular
(D) Metallic
Splitting of spectral lines when atoms are subjected to strong electric field is called
(A) Zeeman effect
(B) Stark effect
(C) photoelectric effect
(D) Compton effect
Total number of spectral regions is spectrum is
(A) 4
(B) 6
(C) 7
(D) 8
In ground state of an atom the electrm, is present
(A) In the nucleus
(B) In the second shell
(C) Nearest to the nucleus
(D) Farthest from the nucleus
Bohr model of atom is contradicted by
(A) Planks quantum theory
(B) Dual nature of matter
(C) Heisenbergs uncertainty principle
(D) All of these
The number of carbon atoms in 22.0 g of CO2 is
(A) 3.01 x 1023
(B) 6.02 x 1023
(C) 3.01 x 1022
(D) 6.02 x 1022

An excess of aqueous silver nitrate is added to aqueous barium chloride and precipitate is removed by
filtration. What are the main ions in the filtrate?
(A) Ag+ and Ba2+ and NO3(B) Ag+ and NO3- only
(C) Ba2+ and NO3- only
(D) Ba2+ and NO3- and CeWhich of the following is purified by submission
(A) Naphtalene
(B) Benzoic acid
(C) Ammonium chloride
(D) All of these
If a strip of Cu metal is placed in a solution of FeSO4
(A) Cu will be deposited
(B) Fe is precipitated out
(C) Cu and Fe both dissolve
(D) no reaction occurs
Dry Ice (Solid CO2) is art example of solid
(A) Covalent
(B) Molecular
(C) Ionic
(D) Metallic
Specific rate constant is equal to rate of reaction, when concentration of reactants are
(A) Zero
(B) Four
(C) Three
(D) Unity
In zero order reaction, the rate is independent of
(a) Temperature of reaction
(B) Concentration of reactants
(C) Concentration of products
(D) None of these
The rate of reaction
(A) Increases as the reaction proceeds
(B) Decreases as the reaction proceeds
(C) Remains the same as reaction proceeds
(D) May decrease or increase as the reaction proceeds
The comparative rates at which the solutes move in paper chromatography, depend upon
(A) The size of paper
(B) Rf values of solutes
(C) Temperature of experiment
(D) Size of the chromatographic tank used
Glycerine decomposes at its
(A) Melting point

(B) Boiling point


(C) Freezing point
(D) Critical point
Maximum no. of electrons in an orbital is
(A) 6
(B) 10
(C) 14
(D) 2
When 6 d orbital is complete the entering electron goes to
(A) 7 f
(B) 7 s
(C) 7 p
(D) 7 d
The amount of energy released by absorbing electron in the valence shell is
(A) Ionization energy
(B) Electron affinity
(C) Electro negativity
(D) Atomic radius
Orbitals having same energy are called
(A) Hybrid orbitals
(B) Valence orbitals
(C) Degenerate orbitals
(D) d-orbitals
Gooch crucible is made of
(A) Clay
(B) Asbestos
(C) Porcelain
(D) Iron
Molarity of pure water is
(A) 1.0
(B) 18.0
(C) 55.5V
(D) 6.0
Which gas will diffuse more rapidly
(A) HCC
(B) NH3
(C) CO2
(D) SO2
Transition temperature of tin is
(A) 95.5C
(B) 13.2C
(C) 0C
(D) 128.5C

A real gas obeying van der Waals equation will resemble ideal gas if
(A) Both a and `b are large
(B) Both a and `b are small
(C) A is small and b is large
(D) a is large and b is small
If a and b are zero for certain gas then gas is
(A) Ideal
(B) Real
(C) Non ideal
(D) May be any diatomic gas
Amorphous means
(A) Arranged
(B) Ordered
(C) Shaped
(D) Shapeless
In endothermic reaction tH is taken as
(A) Positive
(B) Negative
(C) Zero
(D) May be any value
In endothermic reactions the heat content of the
(A) Product is more than that of reactantsV
(B) Reactants is more than that of products
(C) Both I and II,
(D) Reactants and products are equal
Which one of the following is a pseudo solid
(A) CaF2
(B) NaCC
(C) Borax
(D) Glass
Standard enthalpies are measured at
(A) 273k
(B) 298k
(C) 373k
(D) All of these
The maximum number of electrons in a sub-shell is given by
(A) 2C+1
(B) 2C1
(C) 2(2C+1)
(D) 2(2C1)
When HCC is added to H2S aqueous solution its ionization
(A) Increases
(B) Decreases

(C) Remains constant


(D) First increases then decreases
An excess of aqueous AgNO3 is added to aqueous BaCt2 solution. The precipitate is removed off The
filtrate contains
(A) Ag+ and NO3 ions
(B) Ag+, Ba+2 and NO3- ions
(C) Ba+2 and NO3- only
(D) Ba+2, NO3 and Cr ions
The hybridization of carbon in C2H4 is
(A) SP3
(B) SP2
(C) SP
(D) dSP3
Which is not a state function
(A) Energy
(B) Heat
(C) Temperature
(D) Volume
The molar volume of CO2 is maximum at
(A) STP1
(B) 127C and 1 atm
(C) 0C and 2 atm
(D) 273C and 2 atm
The volume occupied by 1.4 g of N2 at S.T.P is
(A) 2.24 dm3
(B) 22.4 dm3
(C) 1.12 dm3
(D) 112 dm3
One calorie is equivalent to
(A) 0.4184 J
(B) 41.84 J
(C) 4.184 J
(D) 418.4 J
The absolute zero is
(A) Attainable
(B) May be attainable
(C) Unattainable
(D) May not be attainable
Which of the following has zero dipole moment
(A) NH3
(B) BF3
(C) H2O
(D) H2S

The concentrations of reactants and products at equilibrium are


(A) Equal
(B) Maximum
(C) Minimum
(D) Constant
When value is small, the equilibrium position lies to
(A) Left
(B) Right
(C) Equilibrium
(D) None
When 50% reactants in a reversible reaction are converted into a product, the value of equilibrium
constant Kc is
(A) 2
(B) 1
(C) 3
(D) 4
Properties of waves are
(A) Wave length
(B) Wave number
(C) Frequency
(D) All
K-series have wave-length
(A) Longer
(B) Smaller
(C) Same
(D) Different
The wave number of the light emitted by a certain is 2 x 106 m-1. The wavelength of this light will be
(A) 500 nm
(B) 500 m
(C) 200 nm
(D) 5 x 107 m
The enzyme used for hydrolysis of urea is
(A) Invertase
(B) Urease
(C) Lipase
(D) Zymase
The number of fundamental ways of transferring energy into or out of system is
(A) One
(B) Two
(A) Three
(A) Four
If the salt bridge is not used between two half cells, the voltage
(A) Decreases rapidly

(B) Decreases slowly


(C) Does not change
(D) Drops to zero

Chemistry Long Questions Guess Paper 11th Class 2016


Note: (Chemistry Long Questions Guess Paper 11th Class 2016) All published material contains an
informatory data which is only gathered for educational purpose. These guesses are prepared after
detailed analysis of past five years exams. Our entire team and/or publishers are not responsible in case
of variation in assumed results and outcomes. However the purposes of attempted efforts are to provide
accurate and effective knowledge to the readers, in any case our entire team and/or publishers will not be
responsible for the accuracy or misusage of all published material.

.( ) .

Guess Paper of Chemistry 1st Year Important Long Questions


What is boiling point? What is the effect of external pressure on boiling point? Why the temperature of a
liquid remains constant at boiling point although heat is continuously supplied? OR Give graphical
explanation for elevation of boiling point of a solution
An ideal gas is enclosed in a container having volume 500 cm3 at S.T.P. Its mass comes out to be 0.72 g.
What is the molar mass of this gas? OR What is mole fraction in solutions? Compare molar and molar
solutions. OR What is molar heat of combustion? How it is measured by bomb calorimeter? OR 250 cm3
of the sample of hydrogen effuses four times as rapidly as 250 cm3 of an unknown gas. Calculate the
molar mass of an unknown gas. OR Calculate the pH of a buffer solution in which 0.11 molar CH3COONa
and 0.09 molar acetic acid solutions are present Ka for CH3COOH is 1.85 x 10-5.
Define orbital. Discuss shape of its two types. OR Explain the molecular orbital structures of following
molecules on the basis of the MOT: (i) N2 (Nitrogen) (ii) 02 (Oxygen). OR Define atomic orbital
hybridization with reference to Sp3, Sp2 and Sp modes of hybridizations for pH3, C2H and C2H. OR
Describe the bonding in 01 according to molecular orbital theory and explain its paramagnetic property.
State first law of thermodynamics. Prove that AE = q
Explain demonstration of Grahams law.
Degcribe Daltons law of partial pressure. Write its three applications. OR Explain Daltons law of partial
pressure and give its applications in breathing process.

Describe Millikans Oil Drop Method for the measurement of charge on electron.
Describe the construction and the working of standard hydrogen electrode. OR What is standard
hydrogen electrode (SHE)? How it is used to measure the electrode potential of zinc?
Give three statements of Raoults law and also mention how Raoults law helps in determining the ideality
of a solution. OR Explain Raoults law when both components in the solution. OR State and explain
Raoults law in three forms.
How does the Arrhenius equation help us to calculate the energy of activation of a reaction?
What are ionic solids? Give their properties in detail. OR What are molecular solids? Write their
properties. OR What are molecular solids? Give examples and explain their properties.
Calculate the number of grams of At2S3 which can be prepared by the reaction of 20g of At and 30g of
sulphur. How much the notAimiting reactant is in excess?
What is crystallization? Explain all steps of crystallization.
A mixture of two liquids, hydrazine, N2H and N20 are used in rockets. They produce N2 and water
vapours. How many grams of N2 gas will be formed by reacting 100g of N2H and 200g of N20.
Define electron affinity. Name the factors affecting it. How does it vary in the periodic table?
Where is plasma found? Write few applications of plasma.
Define enthalpy of reaction. How is it measured by glass calorimeter? OR Define enthalpy of
neutralization. Also discuss glass calorimeter in detail.
Describe Linds method for the liquefaction of gases.
Describe the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride and a concentrated solution of sodium chloride.
Define electrode potential. Describe the construction of voltaic cell and reaction occurring in the cell. OR
Explain the term: (i) half life period (ii) order of reaction. OR Write the electrochemical reactions involved
therein. OR N2 (g) , and H2 (g) combine to give NH3 (g). The value of Kc in this reaction is 6.0 x 10-2.
Calculate the value of Kp for this reaction. OR How rate of reaction depends upon the following factors (i)
Nature of reactants (ii) Surface area.
What are liquid crystals? Give three uses in daily life.
What is hybridization? Discuss sp2 hybridization with example. OR Explain structure of CH on the basis
of hybridization theory.
What is electrochemical series? Give its applications.
What are buffer solution? Why do we need them in daily life.
What are azeotropic mixtures? Explain them with the help of graphs.

Write a detailed note on activation energy. Explain with graphs.


Define and explain Hesss law and give its applications. OR Define and explain Hesss law of constant
heat summation with examples.
Write down the steps to calculate empirical formula.
What is stoichiometry? Give its assumptions. Mention two important laws, which help to perform the
stoichiometric calculations.
Describe the freezing point depression method for the determination of molecular mass of an organic
compound. OR How depression in freezing point is measured uy Beckmanns apparatus?
What is mass spectrometer? How is it used to determine the relative atomic masses of isotopes?
Write down the main postulates of VSEPR theory and discuss the structure of NH3 with reference of this
theory. OR Discuss with two suitable examples VSEPR theory of covalent bond.
State the construction and functioning of glass calorimeter.
Outline the important industrial applications of electrolysis. OR Describe the electrolysis of molten NaCt
and aqueous solution of NaCt.
What are enzymes? Give examples in which they act as catalyst. Mention the characteristics of enzymes.
Write four characteristics of a catalyst.
How volume and pressure were corrected by Vander Waals?
What is H-Bonding? Discuss H-Bonding in biological compounds.
Write down the properties of cathode rays. OR What are cathode rays? How these rays are produced?
OR How are positive rays produced in discharge tube? Give properties of these rays.
Explain paramagnetic behaviour of 02 on the basis of MOT and prove MOT is superior to other theories.
Define vapour pressure and give a method for its measurement.
What is an ideal gas? Real gases deviate more from ideal behavior at low temperature and under high
pressure. Explain. OR What is the general gas equation? Derive it in various forms?
Write a note on fuel cells.
Define the following germs: (i) Transition temperature (ii) Allotropy (iii) Isomorphism (iv) Polymorphism.