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Lecture-9

Two DOF Example Problems

Course Outcomes

 CO# CO Description POs Addressed CO1 Model and analyze one degree of freedom systems. PO1 CO2 Model and analyze multi degree of freedom systems. PO2 CO3 Identify unwanted effects of vibrations in a dynamic system. PO2, PO3, PO4 CO4 Design ways to isolate or minimize unwanted effects of vibrations from a dynamic system. PO2, PO3, PO5

Points to Master

 1.1 Modeling 1.2 Derivation of Equation of Motion using Newton’s 2 nd Law 1.4 Calculation of Natural Frequencies 1.5 Construction of Mode Shapes 1.6 Identify and Explain Semidefinite Systems

Example E1:

Derive the equations of motion of the system shown in FIGURE-E1.

FIGURE-E1

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Solution

Assumption:

>

x 2

> y
x 1

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Vibration, MDB3093

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Vibration, MDB3093

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Vibration, MDB3093

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Example E2:

Derive the equations of motion of the system shown in FIGURE-E2.

FIGURE-E2

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Solution

Assumption:

θ 2

> θ 1

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Vibration, MDB3093

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Vibration, MDB3093

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Example E3:

One of the wheels and leaf springs of an automobile, travelling over a rough road, is shown in FIGURE-E3. For simplicity, all the wheels can be assumed to be identical and the system can be idealized as shown in FIGURE E3. The automobile has a mass of m 1 = 1000kg and the leaf springs have a total stiffness of k 1 = 400kN/m. The wheels and axles have a mass of m 2 = 300kg and the tires have a stiffness of k 2 = 500kN/m. If the road surface varies sinusoidally with an amplitude of Y = 0.1m and a period of l = 6m find the critical velocities of the automobile.

FIGURE E3

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Vibration, MDB3093

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Vibration, MDB3093

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Example E4:

A turbine is connected to an electric generator through gears, as shown in FIGURE-E4. The mass moments of inertia of the turbine, generator, gear 1, and gear 2 are given, respectively, by 3000, 2000, 500, and 1000 kg-m 2 . Shafts 1 and 2 are made of steel and have diameters 30 cm and 10 cm and lengths 2 cm and 1.0 m, respectively. Find the natural frequencies of the system.

FIGURE-E4

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Solution

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Example E5:

The transient vibrations of the drive line developed during the application of a cone (friction) clutch lead to unpleasant noise. To reduce the noise , a flywheel having a mass moment of inertia J 2 is attached to the drive line through a torsional spring k t2 and a viscous torsional damper c t2 , as shown in FIGURE E5. If the mass moment of inertia of the cone clutch is J 1 and the stiffness and damping constant of the drive line are given by k t1 and c t1 , respectively, derive the equation of motion for the system.

FIGURE-E5

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Solution