Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18
Lecture-9 Two DOF Example Problems ©2016 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Lecture-9

Two DOF Example Problems

Course Outcomes

CO#

CO Description

POs Addressed

CO1

Model and analyze one degree of freedom systems.

PO1

CO2

Model and analyze multi degree of freedom systems.

PO2

CO3

Identify unwanted effects of vibrations in a dynamic system.

PO2, PO3, PO4

CO4

Design ways to isolate or minimize unwanted effects of vibrations from a dynamic system.

PO2, PO3, PO5

Points to Master

1.1

Modeling

1.2

Derivation of Equation of Motion using Newton’s 2 nd Law

1.4

Calculation of Natural Frequencies

1.5

Construction of Mode Shapes

1.6

Identify and Explain Semidefinite Systems

Example E1:

Derive the equations of motion of the system shown in FIGURE-E1.

FIGURE-E1

of motion of the system shown in FIGURE-E1 . FIGURE-E1 ©2016 4 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi

©2016

4

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Solution

Assumption:

>

x 2

> y x 1
> y
x 1

©2016

5

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016 6 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016

6

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016 7 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016

7

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Example E2:

Derive the equations of motion of the system shown in FIGURE-E2.

the equations of motion of the system shown in FIGURE-E2 . FIGURE-E2 ©2016 8 Vibration, MDB3093

FIGURE-E2

©2016

8

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Solution

Assumption:

θ 2

> θ 1

Solution Assumption: θ 2 > θ 1 ©2016 9 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
Solution Assumption: θ 2 > θ 1 ©2016 9 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016

9

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016 10 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016

10

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Example E3:

One of the wheels and leaf springs of an automobile, travelling over a rough road, is shown in FIGURE-E3. For simplicity, all the wheels can be assumed to be identical and the system can be idealized as shown in FIGURE E3. The automobile has a mass of m 1 = 1000kg and the leaf springs have a total stiffness of k 1 = 400kN/m. The wheels and axles have a mass of m 2 = 300kg and the tires have a stiffness of k 2 = 500kN/m. If the road surface varies sinusoidally with an amplitude of Y = 0.1m and a period of l = 6m find the critical velocities of the automobile.

FIGURE E3

= 6m find the critical velocities of the automobile. FIGURE E3 ©2016 11 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti

©2016

11

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016 12 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016

12

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016 13 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016

13

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Example E4:

A turbine is connected to an electric generator through gears, as shown in FIGURE-E4. The mass moments of inertia of the turbine, generator, gear 1, and gear 2 are given, respectively, by 3000, 2000, 500, and 1000 kg-m 2 . Shafts 1 and 2 are made of steel and have diameters 30 cm and 10 cm and lengths 2 cm and 1.0 m, respectively. Find the natural frequencies of the system.

m, respectively. Find the natural frequencies of the system. FIGURE-E4 ©2016 14 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi

FIGURE-E4

©2016

14

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Solution

Solution ©2016 15 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
Solution ©2016 15 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016

15

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Example E5:

The transient vibrations of the drive line developed during the application of a cone (friction) clutch lead to unpleasant noise. To reduce the noise , a flywheel having a mass moment of inertia J 2 is attached to the drive line through a torsional spring k t2 and a viscous torsional damper c t2 , as shown in FIGURE E5. If the mass moment of inertia of the cone clutch is J 1 and the stiffness and damping constant of the drive line are given by k t1 and c t1 , respectively, derive the equation of motion for the system.

respectively, derive the equation of motion for the system. FIGURE-E5 ©2016 16 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi

FIGURE-E5

©2016

16

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Solution

Solution ©2016 17 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
Solution ©2016 17 Vibration, MDB3093 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

©2016

17

Vibration, MDB3093

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

g{tÇ~ lÉâ4