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# Electrostatics

6.

Capacitance
1.

## The capacity of a parallel plate condenser is 5 F .

When a glass plate is placed between the plates of
original value. The value of dielectric constant

2.

## Which one statement is correct ? A parallel plate

air condenser is connected with a battery. Its
charge, potential, electric field and energy
are Qo , Vo , Eo and Uo respectively. In order to fill
the complete space between the plates a dielectric
slab is inserted, the battery is still connected.
Now the corresponding values Q, V , E and U are in

will be

(a) 1.6

(b) 5

(c) 8

(d) 40

## A capacitor is charged by using a battery which is

then disconnected. A dielectric slab is then

7.

(a) Q Qo

(b) V Vo

(c) E Eo

(d) U Uo

## (b) Increase in the potential difference across the

plate, reduction in stored energy, but no
change in the charge on the plates

8.

## The energy stored in a condenser of capacity C

which has been raised to a potential V is given by

3.

(a)

## The energy of a charged capacitor is given by the

expression ( q = charge on the conductor and C =

(c) CV

its capacity)

9.
[MP PMT 1989]

(a)

q
2C

(c) 2qC
4.

(b)

1
CV 2
2

(d)

1
2 VC

## If two conducting spheres are separately charged

and then brought in contact

(b)

q
C

conserved

(d)

q
2C 2

conserved

## The capacity of a condenser is 4 10 6 farad and

its potential is 100 volts . The energy released on

(c) Both
conserved

5.

1
CV
2

957

(a) 0 . 02 Joule

(b) 0 . 04 Joule

(d) 0 . 05 Joule

the

total

energy

and

charge

are

## (d) The final potential is always the mean of the

original potentials of the two spheres
10.

separated

[NCERT 1971]

## (a) No change in the energy of the system

(b) An increase in the energy of the system

Q1 R 2 Q2 R1

## than that on the 25 cm sphere

[NCERT

958 Electrostatics
(c) Charge on the 25 cm sphere will be greater

11.

17.

## [MP PET 1990; MNR 1987; MP PMT 2002, 03;

Pb. PET 2004; J & K CET 2005]

12.

## The energy of a charged capacitor resides in

(a) 8 times

(b) 4 times

(c) 2 times

(d) 32 times

A condenser of capacity

18.

## No current flows between two charged bodies

connected together when they have the same
[MP PMT 1984; CPMT 1971, 83]

50 F is charged to

(a) Capacitance or

(c) Resistance

## [CPMT 1978; MP PET 1994; MP PMT 2000]

13.

(a) 2 . 5 10 3 joule

(b) 2 . 5 10 4 joule

(c) 5 10 2 joule

(d) 1 . 2 10 8 joule

Q
ratio (b)
V

19.

(d) Potential or

## The capacity of a parallel plate condenser is C .

plates is halved will be

[CPMT 1984]

(a) 4 C

14.

(c)

## A parallel plate condenser has a capacitance 50 F

in air and 110 F when immersed in an oil. The

Q
ratio
C

Charge

20.

(b) 2 C

C
2

(d)

C
4

## same charge q are combined to form a big drop.

dielectric constant ' k ' of the oil is[CPMT 1985; J & K CET 2004]
The ratio between the potentials of the bigger
(a) 0.45
(b) 0.55
(c) 1.10
15.

(d) 2.20

## Separation between the plates of a parallel plate

capacitor is d and the area of each plate is A .
When a slab of material of dielectric
constant k and thickness t(t d ) is introduced
between the plates, its capacitance becomes

21.

(c)

16.

0 A
1

d t1
k

0 A
1

d t1
k

(b)

(d)

(c) 2 : 1

(d) 1 : 8

## 1000 small water drops each of radius r and

drop. The potential of the big drop is larger than

0 A
1

d t1
k

0 A
1

d t1
k

(b) 4 : 1

(a)

(a) 8 : 1

## that of the smaller drop by a factor of [CPMT 1991, 97;

NCERT 1984; MP PMT 1996; MP PET 2002]

22.

(a) 1000

(b) 100

(c) 10

(d) 1

## dielectric constant 2. The field between the plates

on

is
[CPMT 1974; MP PMT 2000; JIPMER 2002]

## (a) The type of metal used

(b) The thickness of plates

[CPMT 1975]

## (a) Increased proportional to 2

(b) Decreased proportional to

1
2

Electrostatics
(c) Increased proportional to

23.

(a)

## The capacitance of a spherical condenser is 1F .

If the spacing between the two spheres is 1 mm ,

24.

(b) 6 m

(c) 5 cm

(d) 3 m

30.

k and

[CPMT 1989]

31.

respectively, then a

[EAMCET 1986]

(a) 47 . 7 m

(b) 4.77 m

(c) 477 m

## When air in a capacitor is replaced by a medium

of dielectric constant K, the capacity

32.

## (b) Increases K times

(d) Remains constant

## 64 drops each having the capacity C and

potential V are combined to form a big drop. If
the charge on the small drop is q , then the charge

33.

## [MP PET 1985; MP PET/PMT 1988; CPMT 1971]

(a) 2q

(b) 4 q

(c) 16 q

(d) 64 q

The capacity of
increases with the

parallel

plate

capacitor

34.

(a) 240 pF

(b) 240 F

(c) 240 F

## A parallel plate condenser is connected with the

terminals of a battery. The distance between the
plates is 6 mm . If a glass plate (dielectric
constant K 9 ) of 4 .5 mm is introduced between
them, then the capacity will become
(a) 2 times

(c) 3 times

(d) 4 times

and r2

## (a) Decrease of its area (b) Increase

distance
(c) Increase of its area

## The respective radii of the two spheres of a

spherical condenser are 12 cm and 9 cm . The
dielectric constant of the medium between them
is 6. The capacity of the condenser will be

of

its

(a) From P to Q

(b) From Q to P

## The radius of two metallic spheres A and B are

r1 and r2 respectively (r1 r2 ) . They are connected

from Q to P

## by a thin wire and the system is given a certain

charge. The charge will be greater

35.

29.

28.

(b) No

## is 1mm . It is filled with mica of dielectric 6. The

radius of the equivalent capacity of the sphere
will be

27.

(d) 4 0 R 2

26.

4 0
R

25.

(b)

(a) Yes

be denoted by

R
0

(c) 4 0 R

(a) 30 cm

959
[MP PMT 2002]

and

## stored energy is W . If the charge is increased to

2 Q , the stored energy will be

(a) 2W

(b) W / 2

(c) 4 W

(d) W / 4

system is

36.

## Between the plates of a parallel plate condenser, a

plate of thickness t1 and dielectric constant k 1 is

960 Electrostatics
placed. In the rest of the space, there is another
plate of thickness t 2 and dielectric constant k 2 .
The potential difference across the condenser will
be
[MP PET 1993]
(a)

Q
A 0

Q
(c)
A 0

37.

t1 t 2

k
1 k2

(b)

k1 k 2

t

1 t2

0 Q
A

t1 t 2

k
1 k2

41.

## between the plates of a parallel plate condenser

(a) The electric intensity between the plates will
decrease
(b) The electric intensity between the plates will
increase

Q
(d) 0 (k 1 t1 k 2 t 2 )
A

remain unchanged

## The distance between the plates of a parallel plate

condenser is 4 mm and potential difference
is 60 volts . If the distance between the plates is

42.

## (a) The potential difference of the condenser will

become 180 volts
(b) The P.D. will become 20 volts
43.

## (c) The P.D. will remain unchanged

(d) The charge on condenser will reduce to one
third

(b) 4

(c) 6

(d) 8

## The capacity and the energy stored in a parallel

plate condenser with air between its plates are
respectively Co and Wo . If the air is replaced by

(a) 5 Co , 5 Wo

## 6 is placed between the plates of the condenser,

then its capacity will be

(c)

(a) 7C / 2

(b) 3C / 7

(c) 7C / 3

(d) 9C / 4

44.

(d)

## thick slab of dielectric constant 6 is introduced

between its plates, then
(a) The charge on the condenser will be doubled

Co
, 5Wo
5

(b) 5 Co ,

45.

W0
5

Co Wo
,
5 5

## Force of attraction between the plates of a

parallel plate capacitor is

## The distance between the plates of a parallel plate

condenser is 8 mm and P.D. 120 volts . If a 6 mm

(a)

q
2 0 AK

(b)

q
0 AK

(c)

q
2 0 A

(d)

q2
2 0 A 2 K

## A capacitor of capacity C is connected with a

battery of potential V in parallel. The distance
between its plates is reduced to half at once,

to half

40.

(a) 2

## glass (dielectric constant = 5) between the plates,

the capacity of the plates and the energy stored in
it will respectively be

## The two metallic plates of radius r are placed at a

distance d apart and its capacity is C . If a plate of

39.

## There is an air filled 1 pF parallel plate capacitor.

When the plate separation is doubled and the
space is filled with wax, the capacitance increases
to 2 pF . The dielectric constant of wax is [MNR 1998; KCET 2005]

increased to 12 mm , then

38.

(a) CV / 4

(c) 3 CV / 4

6

between

its

plates.

The

capacity

of

the

46.

(b) CV / 2
(d) CV 2

## potential V are combined to form a big drop. The

condenser will be
(a) 144 10 9 F

(b) 40 pF

(c) 160 pF

(d) 1 . 44 F

## potential of the new drop will be

KCET 2000; Kerala PET 2002]

(a) V

(b) V / N

[AFMC

Electrostatics
(c) V N
47.

(d) V N

2/3

plate is

(a) 5

(b) 1.25

(c) 4

(d) 2.5

48.

961

6 F

capacitor

is

charged

from

53.

## Force acting upon a charged particle kept between

the plates of a charged condenser is F . If one

10 volts

## plate of the condenser is removed, then the force

to 20 volts . Increase in energy will be [CPMT 1987, 97; BCECE 2004]

49.

(a) 18 10 4 J

(b) 9 10 4 J

(c) 4 .5 10 4 J

(d) 9 10 6 J

## As shown in the figure, a very thin sheet of

aluminium is placed in between the plates of the

54.

(a) 0

(b) F / 2

(c) F

(d) 2 F

## Two metallic charged spheres whose radii are

20 cm[AIEEE
and 2003]
10 cm
150 micro coulomb

Al strip

## (c) Remains unchanged (d) May

increase

55.
or

(a) 9 10 6 volts

(b) 4 . 5 10 6 volts

(c) 1 . 8 10 7 volts

(d) 13 . 5 10 6 volts

be
[CPMT 1974]

## Twenty seven drops of water of the same size are

equally and similarly charged. They are then
united to form a bigger drop. By what factor will
the electrical potential changes
[MP PET 1991; MP PMT 1994; RPET 2001]

51.

(a) 9 times

(b) 27 times

(c) 6 times

(d) 3 times

## The outer sphere of a spherical air capacitor is

earthed. For increasing its capacitance

56.

(a) 3

(b) 6

(c) 8

(d)

is kept on a

capacitance

(of

which

the

plates

## frictionless) is kept near it. The plate

between the plates. When the plate S
[MP PET 1991]

C
+ + + + + +

## (c) The space between two spheres is increased

(d) The earthing of the outer sphere is removed
The plates of parallel plate capacitor are charged
upto 100 V . A 2mm thick plate is inserted between

is

is left

[CPMT 1988]

spheres

are
S

52.

each

decrease
50.

have

wire is

respectively,

## (a) It will remain stationary on the table

962 Electrostatics
[MP PMT 1992; MH CET (Med.) 2001; UPSEAT 1999]

## (b) It is pulled by the capacitor and will pass on

the other end
(c) It is pulled between the plates and will remain
there

57.

62.

(a) 9 km

(b) 10 m

(c) 1.11 m

(d) 1.11 cm

## plate, the electric field between the plates (after

the slab is inserted) and work done on the system
in question in the process of inserting the slab,
then state incorrect relation from the following

## A capacitor with air as the dielectric is charged to

a potential of 100 volts . If the space between the

63.

## plates is now filled with a dielectric of dielectric

constant 10, the potential difference between the

0 AV
d

(b) W

0 AV
2kd

(c) E

V
kd

(d) W

0 AV 2 1
1
2d
k

## The capacitance of a parallel plate condenser does

not depend on
[MP PET 1994]
(a) Area of the plates

plates will be

(c) 10 volts

(d) Zero

## The distance between the circular plates of a

parallel plate condenser 40 mm

in diameter,

64.

in

(b) 0.1 mm

(c) 1.0 mm

(d) 10 mm

65.

## When a slab of dielectric material is introduced

between the parallel plates of a capacitor which
remains connected to a battery, then charge on
plates relative to earlier charge
[MP PET 1992]

(b) 100000

(c) 25000

(d) 4000000

## The electric field between the two spheres of a

charged spherical condenser
(b) Is constant
(c) Increases with distance from the centre
(d) Decreases with distance from the centre

66.

## The distance between the plates of a parallel plate

capacitor is d . A metal plate of thickness d / 2 is
placed between the plates. The capacitance would
then be
[MP PMT 1994]

(b) Is same
(c) Is more
(d) May be less or more depending on the nature
of the material introduced
if its radius is nearly

(a) 100

(a) Is zero

(a) Is less

## Between the plates of a parallel plate condenser

there is 1mm thick paper of dielectric constant 4.
It is charged at 100 volt . The electric field in
volt / metre between the plates of the capacitor is

1 metre is

(a) 0 . 01mm

[IIT 199

(a) Q

increases

61.

denote

60.

59.

and

58.

Q, E

67.

(a) Unchanged

(b) Halved

(c) Zero

(d) Doubled

## An uncharged capacitor is connected to a battery.

On charging the capacitor
[MP PMT 1994; MP PET 1997; KCET 2002]

[MP PM

Electrostatics

963

capacitor

capacitor

## (c) The energy stored depends upon the capacity

of the capacitor only
(d) The energy stored depends upon the time for
which the capacitor is charged
68.

fully charged

intervals
72.

## A capacitor is kept connected to the battery and a

dielectric slab is inserted between the plates.
During this process

## (a) No work is done

(b) Work is done at the cost of the energy already
stored in the capacitor before the slab is
inserted

73.

## (c) Work is done at the cost of the battery

(d) Work is done at the cost of both the capacitor
and the battery
69.

## The capacitance of an air capacitor is 15 F the

separation between the parallel plates is 6 mm . A
copper plate of
symmetrically

3 mm

70.

74.

thickness is introduced

between

the

plates.

(a) 5 F

(b) 7 . 5 F

(c) 22 . 5 F

(d) 30 F

The

(a) 2

(b) 1

(c) 4

(d) 8

## The diameter of each plate of an air capacitor is

4 cm . To make the capacity of this plate capacitor
equal to that of 20 cm diameter sphere, the
distance between the plates will be
(a) 4 10 3 m

(b) 1 10 3 m

(c) 1cm

(d) 1 10 3 cm

## A spherical condenser has inner and outer spheres

of radii a and b respectively. The space between
the two is filled with air. The difference between
the capacities of two condensers formed when
outer sphere is earthed and when inner sphere is
earthed will be
[MP PET 1996]
(a) Zero

(b) 4 0 a

(c) 4 0 b

b
(d) 4 0 a

ba

## An air capacitor is connected to a battery. The

effect of filling the space between the plates with
a dielectric is to increase

75.

## the plates of a parallel plate capacitor as shown in

figure, will be (area of plate A )

71.

## A parallel plate capacitor has a capacity C . The

separation between the plates is doubled and a
dielectric medium is introduced between the
plates. If the capacity now becomes 2C , the
dielectric constant of the medium is

(a)

## connected together as shown here, with switch S

initially open. When the switch S is closed, which

0 A
(b)
d1 d 2 d 3

K K K
2
3
1

## one of the following is true

[MP PMT 1995]

(c)

76.
capacitor starts charging

d1

K1

0 A(K1 K 2 K 3 )
d1 d 2 d 3

AK 1 AK 2 AK 3
(d) 0

d2
d3
d1

0 A
d1 d 2 d 3

K K K
2
3
1

d3

K2

K3

d2

## The intensity of electric field at a point between

the plates of a charged capacitor

964 Electrostatics
(a) Is directly proportional to the distance between

82.

(b) Is

## The plates of a parallel plate capacitor of capacity

50 C are charged to a potential of 100 volts and

the plates
inversely

proportional

to

the

distance

2

the plates
77.

## Two spherical conductors each of capacity C are

connected by means of a fine wire. The loss of

energy
will
be 1996]
[MP
PMT
[MP PMT 1997]

C
4

(b) 4 C

C
2

(d) 2 C

84.

1
CV 2
2

(a) Zero

(b)

(c) CV 2

(d) 2CV 2

to

(c)

xR
(R x )
R (R x )
x

(b)

x (R x )
r

(d)

R
x

[MP PMT 1997]

12
(a)
0 A
35

charge

Q0 ,

voltage

V0

(c)

85.

## K 9 the new values of charge, voltage and field

(a) 3 Q0 , 3 V0 , 3 E0

(b) Q0 , 3 V0 , 3 E0

V
(c) Q0 , 0 , 3 E0
3

V E
(d) Q0 , 0 , 0
3 3

5000
0 A
7

2
(b) 0 A
3

(d) 1500 0 A

## An air capacitor of capacity C 10 F is connected

to a constant voltage battery of 12 V . Now the

will be respectively

## space between the plates is filled with a liquid of

dielectric constant 5. The charge that flows now
from battery to the capacitor is
[MP PMT 1997]

(a) 120 C

(b) 699 C

(c) 480 C

(d) 24 C

## combined to form a bigger drop. Find its potential

81.

(d) 12 . 5 10 2 J

(a)

80.

(c) 25 10 2 J

## charged to potentials V and V . These are then

(c)

79.

(b) 12 . 5 10 2 J

## of dielectric constant 5 has been used, is C . If the

(a)

78.

83.

(a) 25 10 J

(a) 7 . 2 10 3 V

(b) 7 . 2 10 2 V

(c) 1 . 44 10 2 V

(d) 1 . 44 10 3 V

86.

## 125 identical drops each charged to the same

potential of 50 volts are combined to form a single
drop. The potential of the new drop will be
(a) 50 V

(b) 250 V

(c) 500 V

(d) 1250 V

87.

## A parallel plate capacitor is first charged and then

a dielectric slab is introduced between the plates.
The quantity that remains unchanged is
(a) Charge Q

(b) Potential V

(c) Capacity C

(d) Energy U

A 2 F[MP
capacitor
is charged to 100 volt and then its
PET 1997]
plates are connected by a conducting wire. The
heat produced is
[MP PET 1999; Pb. PET 2003]

Electrostatics
(a) 1 J

(b) 0 . 1 J

(c) 0 . 01 J
88.

(c) 15
94.

(d) 0 . 001 J

89.

(a)

CV
2d

(c)

C 2V 2
d2

(b)

C V
2d 2

(d)

V 2d
C

95.

(d)

1 Q
2 C

is

then

filled

with

wax

## carry some charges. They are put in contact and

then separated. The final charges Q1 and Q2 on

(a) 12.0

(b) 10.0

(c) 8.0

(d) 4.2

Q
C
(a) 1 1
Q2 C 2

Q
C
(b) 1 1
Q2 C 2

Q1 C1
(c)

Q2 C 2

Q
C
(d) 1 2
Q2 C1

96.

2C

C
2

giving

the

farads . The

[AMU 1

## Two identical charged spherical drops each of

resultant capacitance is
[AFMC 1993]

(a) Equal to 2 C
(b) Greater than 2 C
(c) Less than 2 C but greater than C
(d) Less than C
97.

(b) 2 C

C
(d)
2

## capacitor are connected to a resistance wire. The

heat produced in joules will be

## What is the area of the plates of a 3 F parallel

plate capacitor, if the separation between the
plates is 5 mm

4

## [AIIMS 1998; Pb. PET 2000; BHU 2002]

(a) 1 . 694 10 9 m 2

(b) 4 .529 10 9 m 2

(c) 9 . 281 10 9 m 2

(d) 12 . 981 10 9 m 2

98.

(a) 1 . 8 10 10 C

(b) 1.8 10 8 C

(c) 1.8 10 20 C

## The capacity of a parallel plate condenser is 10 F

without dielectric. Dielectric of constant 2 is used
to fill half the distance between the plates, the
new capacitance in F is
[EAMCET (Engg.) 1995]

(b) 20

(a) 4 10 J

(b) 4 10 10 J

(c) 4 10 2 J

(d) 2 10 2 J

## The radius of a metallic sphere if its capacitance

is 1 / 9 F , is
[KCET 1999; Pb. PET 2001]

## A parallel plate capacitor has circular plates of

0 . 08 m radius and 1 . 0 10 3 m separation. If a P.D.
of 100 volt is applied, the charge will be

(a) 10

12

## A parallel plate condenser with oil between the

plates (dielectric constant of oil K 2 ) has a
capacitance C . If the oil is removed, then
capacitance of the capacitor becomes

(c)

93.

1
C
2

plates

92.

1
QV
2

(a)

91.

(b)

90.

(a) QV
(c)

2

(d) 13.33

## The energy stored in the condenser is

[EAMCET (Engg.) 1995; CPMT 2000; CBSE PMT 2001]

## The force between the plates of a parallel plate

capacitor of capacitance C and distance of
separation of the plates d with a potential
difference V between the plates, is
2

965

(b) 10 7 m

(a) 10 m

9
(c) 10[ISM
m Dhanbad 1994] (d) 10 8 m

99.

## The ratio of charge to potential of a body is

known as
[CPMT 1999; MH CET 2001; Pb. PMT 2004]

(a) Capacitance

(b) Conductance

(c) Inductance

(d) Resistance

## 100. If the capacity of a spherical conductor is 1

picofarad, then its diameter, would be

966 Electrostatics
(a) 1 . 8 10 3 m
(c) 1 . 8 10

(b) 18 10 3 m
(d) 18 10

## 106. A parallel plate capacitor has a plate separation of

0.01 mm and use a dielectric (whose dielectric

## strength is 19 KV/mm) as an insulator. The

101. A parallel plate air capacitor is charged to a
potential difference of V. After disconnecting the
battery, distance between the plates of the

## maximum potential difference that can be applied

to the terminals of the capacitor is
[AMU (Engg.) 1999]

## capacitor is increased using an insulating handle.

As a result, the potential difference between the

(a) 190 V

(b) 290 V

plates

(c) 95 V

(d) 350 V

[KCET 1999]

(a) Decreases

(b) Increases

## 102. A 10 pF capacitor is connected to a 50 V battery.

How much electrostatic energy is stored in the

## bigger drop. If each small drop has a capacitance

C, a potential V, and a charge q, then the
capacitance of the bigger drop will be
[AMU (Engg.) 1999]

capacitor
[KCET 1999]

(a) 1 . 25 10 8 J

(b) 2 . 5 10 7 J

(c) 3 . 5 10 5 J

(d) 4 . 5 10 2 J

(a) C

(b) 4C

(c) 16C

(d) 64C

## 103. Two protons A and B are placed in space between

plates of a parallel plate capacitor charged upto V
volts (See fig.) Forces on protons are FA and FB ,

(a) 17 . 0 10

(c) 9 . 5 10 9 J

(b) 13 . 6 10

[MH CE

(d) 8 . 7 10 7 J

then
[RPET 1999]

(a) FA FB

## a 100 V battery. If the capacity is changed from

2 F to 10 F , then change in energy is equal to

(b) FA FB

(c) FA FB

+
+

(a) 2 10 2 J

(b) 2 . 5 10 2 J

(c) 3 . 5 10 2 J

(d) 4 10 2 J

## 110. A 12 pF capacitor is connected to a 50V battery.

How much electrostatic energy is stored in the

## 104. If a slab of insulating material 4 10 3 m thick is

introduced between the plates of a parallel plate
capacitor, the separation between plates has to be
increased by 3 . 5 10 3 m to restore the capacity to
original value. The dielectric constant of the
material will be [AMU (Med.) 1999]
(a) 6

(b) 8

(c) 10

(d) 12

capacitor
[AFMC 2000]

(a) 1 . 5 10

(c) 3 . 5 10 5 J

(b) 2 . 5 10

(d) 4 . 5 10 2 J

## 111. The capacity of a parallel plate condenser is

15 F , when the distance between its plates is 6

## 105. When a dielectric material is introduced between

the plates of a charged condenser then electric
field between the plates
[Pb. PMT 1999]

(a) Decreases

(b) Increases

## cm. If the distance between the plates is reduced

to 2 cm, then the capacity of this parallel plate
condenser will be

[AFMC 2000]

(a) 15 F

(b) 30 F

(c) 45 F

(d) 60 F

[BHU 2

967

Electrostatics
112. When we touch the terminals of a high voltage
capacitor, even after a high voltage has been cut
off, then the capacitor has a tendency to
(a) Restore energy

## 113. In a capacitor of capacitance 20 F , the distance

between the plates is 2mm. If a dielectric slab of
width 1mm and dielectric constant 2 is inserted

(a) 5 C

(b) 10 C

(c) 15 C

(d) 20 C

[AFMC 2000]

## 118. In a parallel plate capacitor of capacitance C, a

metal sheet is inserted between the plates,
parallel to them. If the thickness of the sheet is
half of the separation between the plates. The
capacitance will be
(a)

(a) 2 F

(b) 15 . 5 F

(c) 26 . 6 F

(d) 32 F

C
2[BHU 2000]

(c) 4 C

[KCET 2001]

(b)

3C
4

(d) 2 C

## 119. While a capacitor remains connected to a battery

and dielectric slab is applied between the plates,

## 114. A metallic sheet is inserted between the plates of

a parallel plate capacitor. The capacitance of the
capacitor
[Roorkee 2000]

(a) Increases

then
[KCET 2001]

## (a) Potential difference between the plates is

changed
(b) Charge flows from the battery to the capacitor

## (b) Is independent of the position of the sheet

(c) Is maximum when the metal sheet in the
middle
(d) Is maximum when the metal sheet touches
one of the capacitor plates
115. The capacity of a parallel plate capacitor with no
dielectric substance but with a separation of 0.4

## (c) Electric field between the plates increases

(d) Energy store in the capacitor decreases
120. A body of capacity 4 F is charged to 80 V and
another body of capacity 6 F is charged to 30V.
When they are connected the energy lost by 4 F
capacitor is
[EAMCET 2001]

## cm is 2 F . The separation is reduced to half and

it is filled with a dielectric substance of value 2.8.

(a) 7.8 mJ

(b) 4.6 mJ

(c) 3.2 mJ

(d) 2.5 mJ

(a) 11 . 2 F

(b) 15 . 6 F

(c) 19 . 2 F

(d) 22 . 4 F

## 121. The capacity of the conductor does not depend

upon
[BHU 2001]

(a) Charge
116. Two insulated metallic spheres of 3 F and 5 F
capacitances are charged to 300 V and 500V
respectively. The energy loss, when they are
connected by a wire is
[CPMT 1999; KCET 2000; Pb. PMT 1999, 2001]

(a) 0.012 J
(c) 0.0375 J

## 117. Two conducting spheres of radii 5 cm and 10 cm

are given a charge of 15 C each. After the two
spheres are joined by a conducting wire, the
charge on the smaller sphere is
[AMU (Engg.) 2001]

(d)

All of these

## 122. A solid conducting sphere of radius R1 is

surrounded by another concentric hollow
conducting sphere of radius R2. The capacitance of
this assembly is proportional to
[MP PET 2001; UPSEAT 2001]

(b) 0.0218 J
(d) 3.75 J

(b) Voltage

R R1
(a) 2
R1 R 2

(b)

R 2 R1
R1 R 2

R1 R 2
R1 R 2

(d)

R1 R 2
R 2 R1

(c)

## 123. Two spherical conductors A and B of radius a and

b (b > a) are placed in air concentrically B is given

968 Electrostatics
charge + Q coulomb and A is grounded. The
equivalent capacitance of these is
ab
(a) 4 0
ba

(b) 4 0 (a b )

(c) 4 0 b

(d) 4 0

## cm. If the distance between the plates is reduced

to 4 cm, then the capacity of this parallel plate
condenser will be
[CBSE PMT 2001]

(c) 20 F

(d) 40 F

separation

d.

It

V0.

is
The

charged

to

charging

potential

battery

is

## 124. The capacity of a parallel plate condenser is

10 F , when the distance between its plates is 8

(b) 10 F

difference

b2
ba

(a) 5 F

(c) 0 . 005 N

## three times the initial separation. The work

required to separate the plates is
(a)

3 0 AV 02
d

(b)

0 AV 02
2d

(c)

0 AV 02
3d

(d)

0 AV 02
d

## 125. A capacitor is used to store 24 watt hour of

energy at 1200 volt. What should be the
capacitance of the capacitor

(a) 120 m F

(b) 120 F

(c) 24 F

(d) 24 m F

shall be

plate)
[MP PET 2002]
(a)

2 0 A
q
2 0 A

(c)

(b) E 0

E0
K

[BHU 2

## (a) Decreases two times (b) Increases two times

(c) Increases four times (d) Remain the same

## 127. A charge of 40 C is given to a capacitor having

capacitance C 10 F . The stored energy in ergs
is
[CPMT 2002]

(a) 80 10

(a) KE 0

(c)

q
(b)
2 0 A 2

## the capacitor is filled by introducing a material of

battery connections, the field between the plates

## 126. The mean electric energy density between the

plates of a charged capacitor is (here q = charge

q2

(c) 80

(b) 800
(d) 8000

## 128. Work done by an external agent in separating the

parallel plate capacitor is
(a) CV
1
(c)
CV 2
2

(b)

1 2
C V
2

## 129. A parallel plate capacitor has an electric field of

10 5 V / m between the plates. If the charge on the

capacitor plate is

1 C ,

## the force on each

capacitor plate is

(a) 0 . 5 N

(b) 0 . 05 N

## 133. Putting a dielectric substance between two plates

of condenser, capacity, potential and potential
energy respectively
[AFMC 2002]
(a) Increase, decrease, decrease
(b) Decrease, increase, increase
(c) Increase, increase, increase
(d) Decrease, decrease, decrease

[AIEEE 2002]

the

plates

of

parallel

plate

capacitor

of

## capacitance C in such a way that it is parallel to

the two plates. The capacitance now becomes
(a) C

(b) C/2

(c) 4C

## 135. If there are n capacitors in parallel connected to V

volt source, then the energy stored is equal to[AIEEE 2002]

Electrostatics
(a) CV

1
(b) nCV
2

(c) CV 2

1
(d)
CV 2
2n

## 100 volt. The energy stored in the capacitor is

[BHU 2003; CPMT 2004; MP PMT 2005]

## 136. If n drops, each of capacitance C, coalesce to form

a single big drop, then the ratio of the energy
stored in the big drop to that in each small drop
will be

[UPSEAT 2002]
1/3

(a) n : 1
(c) n

5/3

(b) n

:1

## 144. A parallel plate air capacitor is charged and then

isolated. When a dielectric material is inserted
between the plates of the capacitor, then which of
the following does not change

:1

(d) n : 1

## 137. A conducting sphere of radius 10cm is charged

10 C . Another uncharged sphere of radius 20 cm

## is allowed to touch it for some time. After that if

the sphere are separated, then surface density of
charges, on the spheres will be in the ratio of
(a) 1 : 4

(b) 1 : 3

(c) 2 : 1

(d) 1 : 1

(c) 4 : 1

(d) 1 : 4

## (b) Potential difference across the plates

(c) Charge on the plates
(d) Energy stored in the capacitor
[AIIMS 2002]

## 4/3 times its original value if a dielectric slab of

thickness t = d/2 is inserted between the plates (d

[KCET 2002]

(b) 64 : 1

## 138. 64 small drops of mercury, each of radius r and

charge q coalesce to form a big drop. The ratio of
the surface density of charge of each small drop
with that of the big drop is
(a) 1 : 64

is

the

(a) 8

(b) 4

(c) 6

(d) 2

## and then its plates are joined together through a

resistance of 10 ohm. The heat produced in the
resistance
[AIEEE
2002] is

(a) 1 . 1 10 10

(b) 10 6

(a) 500 J

(b) 250 J

(c) 9 10 9

(d) 10 3

(c) 125 J

(d) 1.25 J

## 140. A condenser has a capacity 2 F and is charged to

a voltage of 50 V. The energy stored is[MH CET 2002]
(a) 25 10 Joule

(b) 25 Joule

(c) 25 10 erg

(d) 25 10 erg

## 141. The energy required to charge a capacitor of 5 F

by connecting a d.c. source of 20 kV is[Pb. PMT 2002]
(a) 10 kJ

(b) 5 kJ

(c) 2 kJ

(d) 1 kJ

[KCET 2003]

radius 1m is

969

## 142. The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor is

12 F . If the distance between the plates is

## 147. The unit of electric permittivity is

2

(a) Volt/m

(b) Joule/coulomb

(c) Farad/m

(d) Henry/m

## 148. The work done in placing a charge of 8 10 18

coulomb on a condenser of capacity 100 microfarad is

[AIEEE 2003]

(a) 32 10 32 Joule

(b) 16 10 32 Joule

(c) 3 .1 10 26 Joule

(d) 4 10 10 Joule

will be
[MH CET 2002]

(a) 8 F

(b) 6 F

(c) 4 F

(d) 3 F

## [MP PET 2003]

970 Electrostatics
(a) 160 V

(b) 80 V

(c) 10 V

(d) 640 V

[RPMT

(a) Double

would be

(a) 1.0 V

(b) 0.5 V

(c) 0.2 V

(d) 0.1 V

C0

is

## [MP PMT 2004]

charged to a potential V0

(a) Increase

## (i) The energy stored in the capacitor when the

battery is disconnected and the separation is
doubled E1

(b) Decrease

## (ii) The energy stored in the capacitor when the

charging battery is kept connected and the
separation between the capacitor plates is
doubled is E 2 . Then E1 / E 2 value is
(a) 4

(b) 3/2

(c) 2

(d) 1/2

## (c) Remain unchanged

(d) First decrease and then increase
157. A 40 F capacitor in a defibrillator is charged to
3000 V. The energy stored in the capacitor is sent
[EAMCET 2003]

## through the patient during a pulse of duration

2ms. The power delivered to the patient is
(a) 45 kW

(b) 90 kW

(c) 180 kW

(d) 360 kW

distance

between

the

plates

is

doubled

by

is

(a) Zero

q2
(b)
C

q2
(c)
2C

q2
(d)
4C

## connecting it with resistance R, then energy is

given by the battery will be

[KCET 2004]

(a)

1
F
8

(b) 8 F

(c)

1
F
2

(d)

1
F
4

## 159. An air filled parallel plate capacitor has capacity

[MP PMTbetween
2003]
C. If distance
plates is doubled and it is

1
CV 2
2

## eight drops of equal radius. Then, the capacitance

of each small drop is ......

(a)

## Dielectric constant of the liquid is

1
CV 2
2

1
(c) Less than CV 2
2

R
V

(d) Zero
154. A capacitor is charged to 200 volt it has 0.1
coulomb charge. When it is discharged, energy
will be

(a) 1 J

(b) 4 J

(c) 10 J

(d) 20 J

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

## 160. On increasing the plate separation of a charged

condenser, the energy
(a) Increases

(b) Decreases

## (c) Remains unchanged (d) Becomes zero

161. The energy stored in a condenser is in the form of
[J & K CET 2004]

## (b) Potential energy

Electrostatics
(c) Elastic energy

971
[MH CET 2003]

## 162. When a dielectric material is introduced between

the plates of a charges condenser, then electric

[Pb PMT 2004]

## 169. Two metallic spheres of radii 1 cm and 2 cm are

given charges 10 2 C and 5 10 2 C respectively. If

(b) Decreases

## charge on the smaller sphere is

(c) Increases
(d) First increases then decreases
163. When

lamp

is

connected

in

series

with

None of these

(c) 4 10

(b) 9 10

(d) 4 10

(d) 0.25 F

[KCET 2005]

## (a) The amount of charge

(b) Geometry and size of the conductor
(c) Both (a) and (b)

[UPSEAT 2004]

(a) 0.16 J

(b) 0.32 J

(c) 0.64 J

(d) 1.28 J
plate

(c) 0.5 F

depends on

parallel

(b) 4 F

4

166. A

(a) 2 F

[AFMC

J

(d) 2 10 2 C

(c) 4 10 2 C

(a) 12 10

(b) 1 10 2 C

capacitor, then

(a) 3 10 2 C

capacitor

## (d) Only on (a)

Grouping of Capacitors

having

plate

1.

then connected

(c) 1.0 J/m

(d) 10 J/m

## 167. The capacity of an air condenser is 2.0 F. If a

medium is placed between its plates. The capacity

medium will be

(a) 5

(b) 4

(c) 3

(d) 6

## 168. If the distance between the plates of parallel plate

capacitor is halved and the dielectric constant of
dielectric is doubled, then its capacity will

## (d) The potential difference in the free plates

becomes 2V
2.

The

condensers

connected

in

of

capacity

parallel,

then

C1 and

the

C2

are

equivalent

capacitance is
[NCERT 1977; KCET 2000;

972 Electrostatics
DPMT 2002; MP PMT 2004]

(a) C1 C 2

(b)

C1
C2

(d)

(c)
3.

4.

(a)

C1 C 2
C1 C 2

(c)

C2
C1

6.

2 0 A
d
30 A
d

(b)

30 A
d

(d)

0 A
d

4 F and

6 F are

## capacitance between any two plates is C then the

capacitor is numerically

resultant capacitance is

(a) 6000 C

(b) 1200 C

(c) 1200 C

(d) 6000 C

(a) C

(b) nC

(c) (n 1)C

(d) (n 1)C

7.

## A parallel plate capacitor with air as medium

between the plates has a capacitance of 10 F .
The area of capacitor is divided into two equal

## Seven capacitors each of capacity 2 F are to be

so connected to have a total capacity

10
F .
11

## figure having dielectric constant k1 2 and k 2 4 .

The
capacitance of the system will now be
[IIT
1990]

(a) 10 F
(b) 20 F

(a)

k2

k1

(c) 30 F
(d) 40 F
8.

## Three capacitors are connected to D.C. source of

100 volts shown in the adjoining figure. If the

(b)

## q a , q b , q c , q d .q e and q f respectively, then

(a) qb q d q f

100
C
9

(b) qb q d q f 0
(c)

2 F

3 F

a b

c d

(c) q a q c q e 50 C
100

(d) qb q d q f
9.

Volts

are

(d)

charged

to

potential V .

Now

they

are

energy

5.

4
F
e f

and

potential

difference

of

the

## Four plates of equal area A are separated by

combination will be

is nV
A

(c) Energy

increases

times

and

potential

times

and

potential

difference is nV
(d) Energy

increases

Electrostatics
10.

1F are

973

## connected in parallel. To this combination, a

fourth capacitor of capacitance 1F is connected

meanings)

is
[MP PMT 1985]
(a) 4 F
(c)
11.

(b) 2 F

4
F
3

Five

(d)

capacitors

of

3
F
4

10 F capacity

each

are

## connected to a d.c. potential of 100 volts as shown

(a) Q1 Q 2 Q3 and V1 V2 V3 V

in

(b) Q1 Q 2 Q3 and V V1 V2 V3

the

adjoining

figure.

The

equivalent

## capacitance between the points A and B will be

equal to

10F

(a) 40 F
(b) 20 F

10F

16.
B

10F

(c) 30 F

(d) Q2 Q3 and V2 V3

10F

10F

(a) 47 F

100 Volt

## 18 F are connected once in series and another

ratio of equivalent
C
capacitance in the two cases s will be
Cp

13.

in

parallel.

(b) 15 : 1

(c) 1 : 1

(d) 1 : 3

condensers

each of

capacity

4 F

(d) 10 F
17.

are

(a)

2

(b) 2

(c)

1
4

(d) 4

4F

Q
4F

and 0 . 6 F

## respectively are connected in series. The

combination is connected across a potential
of 6 volts . The ratio of energies stored by the

is
4F
(a) 2400 ergs

18.

and 6 F

are

## connected in series. A potential difference of

500 volts is applied to the outer plates of the two

## (d) 5400 ergs

Two capacitors each of 1F

capacitance are

## capacitor system. The potential difference across

the plates of capacitor of 4 F capacitance is

## connected in parallel and are then charged by

200 volts d.c. supply. The total energy of their
charges (in joules) is
[MP PMT 1990, 2002]

15.

20F
[CPMT 1990]

condensers will be

4F

14.

3F

2 F

(c) 60 F

The

(a) 1 : 15
Four

(b) 3 F

time

## In the circuit diagram shown in the adjoining

figure, the resultant capacitance between P and Q
is
12F

(d) 10 F
12.

(c) Q1 Q 2 Q3 and V V1 V2

(a) 0.01

(b) 0.02

(c) 0.04

(d) 0.06

## In an adjoining figure are shown three capacitors

C1 , C 2 and C3 joined to a battery. The correct

19.

C2 Q2

V2

V3
+

C3

Q3

C2

are

## connected in series and potential difference V is

applied across it. Then the potential difference
across C1 will be
(a) V

V1 C1 Q1

C1 and

C2
C1

## [MP PMT 1985]

(b) V

C1 C 2
C1

974 Electrostatics
(c) V
20.

C2
C1 C 2

(d) V

C1
C1 C 2

## (d) Two of them are in series and then connected

in parallel to the third

26.

potential of

Vo .

(a) 10 F

(b) 5 F

(c) 20 F

## (d) None of the above

of switch S will be

Three

capacitors

of

capacity

C1 , C 2 C 3

are

(a) (C1 C 2 ) / C1

## connected in series. Their total capacity will be

(a) C1 C 2 C 3

(b) 1 /(C1 C 2 C 3 )

(c) (C11 C 21 C 31 )1

## (d) None of these

Two

capacitors

of

equal

capacity

(b) C1 /(C1 C 2 )

## [MP Board 1977; MP PET/PMT 1988; CPMT 1996]

22.

C1 is charged to the

be
[MP PET/PMT 1988]

21.

A capacitor of capacity

C1 V0

C2

(c) C1C 2
(d) C1 / C 2
27.

are

first

3 F are

## ratio of equivalent capacitance between A and B

of the total capacities in the two cases will be[MP Board 1988; MH CET 2001]
B
and between A and C willAbe
(a) 2 : 1
(b) 1 : 2
(c) 4 : 1
23.

(d) 1 : 4

(a) 4 : 3

## Two capacitors connected in parallel having the

capacities C1 and C 2 are given ' q ' charge, which

(b) 3 : 4

## is distributed among them. The ratio of the charge

(c) 2 : 3

on C1 and C 2 will be

(d) 3 : 2

(a)

C1
C2

(c) C1 C 2
24.

(b)

C2
C1

(d)

1
C1 C 2

28.

## The capacities of two conductors are C1 and C 2

and their respective potentials are V1 and V2 . If
they are connected by a thin wire, then the loss of
energy will be given by

and

C2

are

## charged to voltages V1 and V2 respectively. There

will be no exchange of energy in connecting them

25.

in parallel, if

(a) C1 C 2

(b) C1 V1 C 2 V2

(c) V1 V2

(d)

C1 C 2

V1
V2

29.

1F are

## connected in such a way that the resultant

(a)

C1 C 2 (V1 V2 )
2(C1 C 2 )

(b)

C1 C 2 (V1 V2 )
2(C1 C 2 )

(c)

C1 C 2 (V1 V2 )2
2(C1 C 2 )

(d)

(C1 C 2 )(V1 V2 )
C1 C 2

## A parallel plate condenser is filled with two

dielectrics as shown. Area of each plate is
A metre 2 and

the

separation

is t metre .

The

## dielectric constants are k1 and k 2 respectively. Its

capacity is 1 . 5 F , then
[MP PET 1989]

## (a) All the three are connected in series

(b) All the three are connected in parallel
(c) Two of them are in parallel and connected in

(a)

0 A
(k1 k 2 )
t

k1

k2

Electrostatics

A k k2
(b) 0 . 1
t
2
(c)

34.

## Three equal capacitors, each with capacitance C

are connected as shown in figure. Then the
equivalent capacitance between A and B is [MP PET 1985, 89]

2 0 A
(k1 k 2 )
t

(a) C

A k k2
(d) 0 . 1
t
2
30.

(b) 3 C

## Three condensers each of capacitance 2 F are put

in series. The resultant capacitance is

(c)

C
3

(d)

3C
2

(a) 6 F
(c)
31.

(b)

35.

3
F
2

## joined as shown in the figure. The distance

between each plate is d . The equivalent capacity

2
F
3

(d) 5 F

volts) will be

(a)

2 0 A
d

(b)

30 A
d

(c)

30 A
2d

(d)

0 A
d

(a) 40

(b) 60

(c) 80

(d) 120

## Four condensers are joined as shown in the

adjoining figure. The capacity of each is 8 F . The

36.

A
B

## In the adjoining figure, four capacitors are shown

with their respective capacities and the P.D.

## applied. The charge and the P.D. across the 4 F

will be

capacitor will be

(a) 32 F
(b) 2 F

32.

975

20F

(c) 8 F

300 Volt

4 F

## (c) 800 C ; 200 volts

4F

12F

(d) 16 F
(d) 580 C ; 145 volts
33.

## The capacities and connection of five capacitors

are shown in the adjoining figure. The potential
difference between the points

and

37.

capacitors
the

same

energy is

are
voltage

combined
to

each

respectively
(a) 44 F; 300 C

5F

9 F

A
12F 10F

8 F

(c) 15 F; 200 C
(d) 4 F; 50 C

For

(b) 16 F; 150 C

identical

differently.

is

Three

38.
B

Two

capacitors

each

of

capacity

2 F

are

## connected in parallel. This system is connected in

series with a third capacitor of 12 F capacity.

## The equivalent capacity of the system will be[MP PET 1990; MP P

976 Electrostatics

39.

(a) 16 F

(b) 13 F

(c) 4 F

(d) 3 F

(a)

(b)

11
F
32

(c)

23
F
32

are

12 F

(d)

[MP PET 1989]

40.

41.

(a) 3 . 3 C

(b) 40 C

(c) 80 C

(d) 240 C

45.

(b) CV / 2

(b)

(c) 2 CV

(d) CV / 4

12F

2 0 A
2

K1 K 2

K K
2
1

2 0 A
(c)
2

K1 K 2

K K
2
1

2 0 A
d

K1 K 2

K K
2
1

(d)

12F
B

24F

46.

k1
k2

## What is the equivalent capacitance between

A and B in the given figure (all are in farad)

18F

(a)

13
F
18

(b)

48
F
13

## battery and then another uncharged capacitance

is connected in parallel to it, then P.D.
becomes 20 volts . Then the capacity of another

1
(c)
F
31

capacitance will be

(d)

(a) 2 F

(b) 4 F

(c) 18 F

(d) 10 F

47.

B
12

16

240
F
71

## A condenser having a capacity of 6F is charged to

100 V and is then joined to an uncharged

## condenser of 14 F and then removed. The ratio of

3F to 3F
the following figure is equal

3 F

6F will be

(a) 1F
2 F

(b) 3 F
(c) 2 F
(d) 1 . 5 fF
44.

2 F
B

(d) 10 F

43.

2 F

2 0 A
(a)
(K1 K 2 )
2

## In the connections shown in the adjoining figure,

the equivalent capacity between A and B will be

(c) 15 F

4F

(a) CV

9F

6F

capacitor

(b) 69 F

1 F

8 F

32
F
23

## A capacitor having capacitance C is charged to a

voltage V . It is then removed and connected in
parallel with another identical capacitor which is
uncharged. The new charge on each capacitor is
now
[MP PET 1990]

6F

C
A

(a) 10 . 8 F

42.

32
F
11

2 F

3 F

B
3 F

3 F

3 F

48.

(a)

6
and 50 volt
14

(b)

14
and 30 volt
6

(c)

6
and 30 volt
14

(d)

14
and 0 volt
6

## parallel plate condenser of 1F. The potential

decreases to

Electrostatics
[MNR 1978; MP PET 2002]

49.

## inserted between the plates of second capacitor.

The potential difference across the capacitors will
now be respectively

## In the circuit shown in the figure, the potential

difference across the 4.5F capacitor is

55.

(a) 50 V, 50 V

(b) 80 V, 20 V

(c) 20 V, 80 V

(d) 75 V, 25 V

Q is

3 F

8
volts
3

4.5 F

(a) 4 F

6F

(c) 6 volts

12V

(c)

3
F
4

(d)

4
F
3

(d) 8 volts
Minimum

number

of

capacitors

of

2 F

51.

5 F will be

## [MP PET 1992]

(a) Three

(b) Four

(c) Five

(d) Six

A condenser of capacitance

56.

10 F

(a) 1F

becomes

40 volts .

(a) 15 F

(b) 5 F

(c) 10 F

(d) 16 . 6 F

2F

57.

2 F

## The equivalent capacitance between A and B in

the figure is 1 F . Then the value of capacitance C

is

(a) 1 . 4 F

J ) is

1 F
1 F

(d) 4 F

(10

A

(b) 2 . 5 F

C
2.5 F

1 F

(c) 3 . 5 F
B

(d) 1 . 2 F

## Two capacitors of 3pF and 6pF are connected in

58.

A condenser of capacity

C1 is charged to a

is

[MP PMT 1992]

54.

2 F
A

(c) 3 F

53.

1 F

(b) 2 F

The

has been

52.

1 F

A and B is

potential

1 F

common

1 F

1
(b)
F
4

(b) 4 volts

50.

## [MP PET 1992; RPET 2001; BVP 2003]

(a)

977

(a) 2250 V

(b) 2222 V

(c) 2 . 25 10 6 V

(d) 1 . 1 10 6 V

Two

identical

parallel

plate

(a)

capacitors

are

dielectric

slab

of

dielectric

constant

4.0

is

## U0 . It is connected to another uncharged

C2
U0
C1 C 2

C C2
(c) 1
C1 C 2

U0

(b)

C1
U0
C1 C 2

(d)

C1 C2
U0
2(C1 C 2 )

978 Electrostatics
59.

64.

be obtained are

## battery B 20 V . The switch S 1 is first closed. It is

then opened and afterwards S 2 is closed. What is

60.

(a) 6 F, 18 F

(b) 3 F, 12 F

(c) 2 F, 12 F

(d) 2 F, 18 F

(a) 120 C

C2

3 F

C1

6 F

(b) 80 C

## shown in the figure. The effective capacitance in

S2

S1

(c)DPMT
40 C2003]
F between points A and B will be[MP PET 1996; Pb. PMT 2001;
2 F

12F

(b) 4

65.

2 F

2F

(d) 18

1
(a)
F
2

(b) 1F

## connected in parallel and are charged by a

potential difference of 100 kV . The energy stored

(c) 2 F

1 F

5F
2 F

1 F

(d) 1 . 33 F
A capacitor of capacitance 5 F is connected as
shown in the figure. The internal resistance of the

cell

## (c) 5 10 6 joule and 150 paise

is 0 . 5 . The amount of

capacitor plate is

## (d) 10 7 joule and 150 paise

Three capacitors of

Q
2 F

66.

## (a) 10 7 joule and 300 paise

2 . 0, 3 . 0

and

6 . 0 F

on the 3 . 0 F capacitor is

(a) 0 C
5F
2
(b) 5 C
[MP PMT 1996; RPMT 1999; Pb. PMT 2001]

(a) 5 C

(b) 10 C

(c) 10 C

(c) 12 C

(d) 15 C

(d) 25 C

charge on the

1

are

63.

2F
P

## in the capacitors and the cost of charging them, if

electrical energy costs 108 paise per kWh , will be

62.

## The effective capacitance between the points P

and Q of the arrangement shown in the figure is[MP PET 1997]

2F

(c) 5

61.

B=

(d) 20 C

28
(a)
9

67.

Choose

2.5 V
+

the

incorrect

statement

from

the

## charged individually to different potentials and

x and y is (in F )

connected

parallel

to

each

other

after

[RPET 1997]

(a)

(b)

5
6

1 F

7
6

energies
x

(c)

1 F

8
3

(d) 2

1F

## different from the sum of the individual initial

2F

potential difference

Electrostatics
(d) The net potential difference across them

72.

X and Y

## equals the sum of the individual initial

potential differences
68.

A 10 F

## [CBSE PMT 1999]

C1 = 6F

capacitor and a 20 F

979

(a) 24 F

capacitor are

C3 = 6F

(b) 18 F

C2 = 6F

C5 = 20F

(c) 12 F

## from the line and reconnected with their positive

plates together and negative plates together and

C4 = 6F

(d) 6 F

73.[MP
The
combined
PET 1997]

(a)

400
V
9

(b)

(c) 400 V
69.

capacity

of

the

800
V
9

means that

(d) 200 V

[EAMCET 1994]

## Two condensers C1 and C 2 in a circuit are joined

as shown in figure. The potential of point A is V1

A

D

V1

parallel

C1

74.

V2

C2

The

charge

on

capacitor

of

capacitance

2

70.

(a)

1
(V1 V2 )
2

(b)

C 2 V1 C1 V2
C1 C 2

(c)

C1 V1 C 2 V2
C1 C 2

(d)

C 2 V1 C1 V2
C1 C 2

(a) 20 C
(b) 15 C
(c) 10 C

75.

(a) 3 C

(b) 2 C
2C

(d)

## series with the combination of first two

capacitor is charged to a potential

## difference of 50 V and is connected to another

uncharged capacitor in parallel. Now the common
potential

difference

becomes

20 volt .

2C

(c) C

10 F

P
2C

2V

(d)
Zero 1998]
[MP
PMT/PET

71.

10F

The

76.

C
C

C
3

separation 3 mm

between

A and

50 cm 2

have

and 3 mm

## between B and C The energy stored when the

plates are fully charged is

## capacitance of second capacitor is

[MP PET 1999; DPMT 2000]

[SCRA 1996]

(a) 1 . 6 10

(a) 10 F

(b) 20 F

(b) 2 . 1 10 9 J

(c) 30 F

(d) 15 F

(c) 5 10 9 J

A
B
C

12V

980 Electrostatics
(d) 7 10 9 J
77.

82.

## A capacitor of 20 F is charged to 500 volts and

between A and B is

## connected in parallel with another capacitor of

10 F and charged to 200 volts . The common

## [MP PMT 2000]

3
(a)
F
4

potential is
[BHU 1997; CBSE PMT 2000; MH CET 1999; BHU 2004]

78.

(d) 5 F
83.

(b) 2 F
A

84.

1 F

[RPMT 1999]

1 F
B

A
1 F

85.
(a) 2 F

(b) 3 F

(c) 5 F

(d) 0.5 F

## The capacitance between the points A and B in the

given circuit will be [AMU (Med.) 1999; MH CET 1999;
Pb. PET 2002; BCECE 2005]
1.5 F

86.
3 F

(b) 2 F

3F

(c) 3 F
(d) 4 F
81.

(d) 2 . 5 F

(a) 1 F

1 F

(c) 1 . 5 F

C3

1F

80.

2 F

C2

C1

(c) 1.2 F

2F

(a) 1 F

1 F

in the[Pb.
following
figure
PMT 1999]

(b) 3.2 F

79.

(c) 6 F

## resultant capacitance between A and B

(d) 4.7 F

(b) 3 F

In
the
given
network
capacitance,
C 1 10 F, C 2 5 F and C 3 4 F . What is the
(a) 2.2 F

## In the circuit shown in figure, each capacitor has

a capacity of 3 F . The equivalent capacity

## A potential difference of 300 volts is applied to a

combination of 2.0F and 8.0F capacitors
connected in series. The charge on the 2.0F
capacitor is
[MP PMT 2000]
(a) 2 . 4 10 4 C

(b) 4 . 8 10 4 C

(c) 7 . 2 10 4 C

(d) 9 . 6 10 4 C

## Ten capacitor are joined in parallel and charged

with a battery up to a potential V. They are then
disconnected from battery and joined again in
series then the potential of this combination will
be
[RPET 2000]
(a) V

(b) 10V

(c) 5V

(d) 2V

## In the circuit here, the steady state voltage across

capacitor C is a fraction of the battery e.m.f. The
fraction is decided by
R1
(a) R1 only

1.5F

## parallel, the equivalent capacitance is 6 units.

Then the capacitance are
[KCET 1999]

## (b) 1.5, 2.5, 8

(c) 1, 5, 6

(d) 4, 2, 6

R2

(d) R 1 , R 2 and R 3

## parallel is 12 units and product C1 .C 2 .C 3 48 .

When the capacitors C 1 and C 2 are connected in

R3

## The equivalent capacitance of three capacitors of

capacitance C 1 , C 2 and C 3 are connected in

(a) 2, 3, 7

87.

## A parallel plate capacitor of area A, plate

separation d and capacitance C is filled with three
different dielectric materials having dielectric
constants k 1 , k 2 and k 3 as shown. If a single
dielectric material is to be used to have the same
capacitance C in this capacitor, then its dielectric
constant k is given by
[IIT-JEE Screening 2000]
A/2

A/2

K1

K2

d
K3
A
A = Area of

d/2

[AMU (

Electrostatics
91.

981

## Two capacitors of 10 F and 20 F are connected

in series with a 30V battery. The charge on the
capacitors will be, respectively

(a)

1
1
1
1

k k 1 k 2 2k 3

k k
(c) k 1 2 2k 3
k1 k 2

88.

(b)

1
1
1

k k 1 k 2 2k 3

92.

## In the figure a capacitor is filled with dielectrics.

The resultant capacitance is
A/2

A/2

(d) k k 1 k 2 2k 3
d/2

K1

K3

K2

## with a battery as shown in the figure. When the

switch S is closed and the two capacitors get
charged fully, then
2 F

3 F

2 0 A
d

(c)

2 0 A
k 1 k 2 k 3
d

93.
10 V

1
1
1

k1 k 2 k 3

(a)

(b)

0 A 1
1
1

d k1 k 2 k 3

and

## of 100V. The charge on 15 F is

(a) The potential difference across the plates of A
is 4V and across the plates of B is 6V

## (b) The potential difference across the plates of A

is 6V and across the plates of B is 4V
(c) The ratio of electrical energies stored in A and
B is 2 : 3
(d) The ratio of charges on A and B is 3 : 2
89.

## In the figure, three capacitors each of capacitance

6 pF
are connected in series. The total

94.

(a) 50 C

(b) 100 C

(c) 200 C

(d) 280 C

(a) 25 F
C1
C2
C3
(a) 9 10 12 F
(b) 20 F
(b) 6 10 12 F
(c) 40 F
(c) 3 10 12 F
(d) 5 F
(d) 2 10 12 F
V
95. The
combination
90.

10 F

## (micro-farad) with air filled in the gap between

the plates. Now one half of the space between the
plates is filled with a dielectric of dielectric
constant 4, as shown in the figure. The capacity of
the capacitor changes to [AFMC 2001; MP PET 2001]
K=4

of

capacitors

with

## Equivalent capacitance between A and B is[DCE 2001]

C 1 3 F, C 2 4 F and C 3 2 F is charged by

4F

4F

statements

(a) 8 F
(b) 6 F
(c) 26 F
(d) 10 / 3 F

I.

4F

## Energy stored in C 1 = Energy stored in C 2 +

Energy stored in C 3

A
4 F

4 F

## II. Charge on C1 = Charge on C2 + Charge on C3

III. Potential drop across C 1 = Potential drop
across C2 = Potential drop across C3

[UPSEA

982 Electrostatics
Which of these is/are correct
(a) I and II
(b) II only

B
C2

96.

(a)

C
4

(b)

3C
4

C1
A

C3

(c)

## Two capacitors C 1 2 F and C 2 6 F in series,

are connected in parallel to a third capacitor
C 3 4 F . This arrangement is then connected to

C
3

figure given is

(a)

43
F
24

(b) 11 10 6 J

(b)

24
F
43

32
(c) 10 6 J
3

(c)

43
F
12

(d)

12
F
43

98.

C2

C1

C3
+

16
(d) 10 6 J
3

97.

(a) 22 10 6 J

2V

3 F

2 F
A

4 F

4 F

B
2F

3F

will be

[EAMCET 2001]

(a) 25 J

(b) 200 J

(c) 125 J

(d) 150 J

[AIIMS 2002]

C4

(a) 2F

## A parallel plate capacitor has capacitance C. If it

of dielectric constants K 1 and K 2 its capacity
becomes C 1. The ratio of C 1 to C is

C1

C2

C3

(b) 4F
B

C5

(c) 6F
(d) 8F

99.

4C
(d)
3

## How much energy is lost by the battery in

charging the capacitors

(a) K 1 K 2

(b)

K1 K 2
K1 K 2

K1 K 2
(c)
K1 K 2

2 K1 K 2
(d)
K1 K 2

## the figure. Initially the switch is open and C1

state, the charge on each capacitor will be

A and B will be

[UPSEAT 2002]

## [Orissa JEE 2002]

C1

(a) Q, 2Q

(a) 1 F
1 F

(b) 2 F
(c) 3 F
(d)

1 F

(b) Q / 3, 2 Q / 3

1F

1
F
3

## 100. The equivalent capacitance between A and B is

(c) 3 Q / 2, 3 Q
(d) 2 Q / 3, 4 Q / 3

R
C2 = 2C1

Electrostatics

983

as

(a) 4 volt

(b) 6 volt

(c) 8 volt

(d) 10 volt

(b) 2, 1

1 F

## 105. Two capacitors of capacitances 3 F and 6 F are

charged to a potential of 12 V each. They are now
connected to each other, with the positive plate of
each joined to the negative plate of the other. The
potential difference across each will be

2 F

2 F

(a) 1, 2

(c) 1, 1
2V

(d) 2, 2

[KCET 2002]

(a) 6 volt

(b) 4 volt

(c) 3 volt

(d) Zero

(a) 6 F

(b) 3 F

(c) 12 F

(d) 9 F

106. Two

identical

capacitors,

have

the

same

## capacitance C. One of them is charged to potential

V1 and the other to V2 . The negative ends of the

## 111. In the circuit as shown in the figure the effective

capacitance between A and B is
4F

## capacitors are connected together. When the

positive ends are also connected, the decrease in
energy of the combined system is
(a)

(c)

1
C(V12 V22 )
4

1
2
C V1 V2
4

(b)

(d)

1
C (V12 V22 )
4

1
2
C V1 V2
4

## 107. A capacitor of 10F charged up to 250 volts is

connected in parallel with another capacitor of

[DPMT 2002]

(a) 3 F

(b) 2
[IIT-JEE
(Screening)
F
4F 2002]

2F
4F

(c) 4 F

(d) 8 F
112. Four equal capacitors, each of capacity C, are
arranged as shown. The effective capacitance
between A and B is

potential is

[BHU 2002]

(a)
(a) 500 V
(c) 300 V

(b) 400 V
(d) 200 V

(a) 4 F

(c)

3
F
2

(b)

2
F
3

5
C
8

C
C

3
(b) C
5

## 108. Two capacitors of 1F and 2F are connected in

series, the resultant capacitance will be

2 F

(c)

[MP PET
3 2002]

(d) C
113. In the figure shown, the effective capacitance

(d) 3 F

## between the points A and B, if

each has

capacitance C, is
[MP PET 2003]
C
B

C
C
C

984 Electrostatics
(a) 2C
(b)

## 1000 volt and outer plate of second capacitor is

earthed (grounded). Now the potential on inner

C
5

[MP PMT 2003]

(c) 5C
C
(d)
2

## 119. In the figure a potential of + 1200 V is given to

114. Three capacitors each of capacity 4 F are to be
connected in such a way that the effective

## point A and point B is earthed, what is the

potential at the point P

(a) 100 V

## (a) Connecting them in parallel

(b) 200 V
(b) Connecting two in series and one in parallel

of

capacitance

3F

are

withstand

(a) 1200 V

(c) 9 F , 0 F

(d) 3 F , 2 F

(b) 400 V

volts

[RPET 2003]

(b) 8 F , 2 F

200

between

its

(a) 9 F , 1 F

maximum

C2 .

2 F

capacity

B
P

(d) 600 V

capacitors

3 F
A

(c) 400 V

115. Three

4 F

## [MP PMT 2004]

(c) 800 V
(d) 200 V
121. The charge on 4 F capacitor in the given circuit
is .... in C

1F

4 F

(a)

(c)

C2V
C1 C 2
C1 V
C1 C 2

C
(b) 1 2 V
C1

C
(d) 1 2 V
C1

5F

(a) 12
3 F

(b) 24
(c) 36
10

## 117. A series combination of three capacitors of

capacities 1 F, 2 F and 8 F is connected to a
battery of e.m.f. 13 volt. The potential difference
across the plates of 2 F capacitor will be
(a) 1V

(b) 8 V

(c) 4 V

(d)

13
V
3

## 118. Two capacitors of capacitance 2F and 3 F are

joined in series. Outer plate first capacitor is at

(d) 32
122. Three plates of common surface area A are
connected as shown. The effective capacitance
will be[MP PET 2003]
[Orissa PMT 2004]

0 A
d
30 A
(b)
d
3 0 A
(c)
2 d
(a)

d
A

B
d

Electrostatics
2 0 A
(d)
d

(c) 625 V

## 123. Three capacitors 2, 3 and 6 F are joined in series

with each other. What is the minimum effective
capacitance
[Orissa PMT 2004]

1
F
2

(b) 1 F

(c) 2 F

(d) 3 F

(a)

## 124. Effective capacitance between A and B in the

figure shown is (all capacitance are in F)

[KCET 2004]

(a) 21 F
3

(b) 23 F
(c)

3
F
14

(d)

14
F
3

difference

of

11

is

applied

across

the

## combination. Then, the potential difference across

the plates of 1 F capacitor is

[DCE 2003]

(a) 2 V

(b) 4 V

(c) 1 V

(d) 6 V

## 126. Four identical capacitors are connected as shown

in diagram. When a battery of 6 V is connected
between A and B, the charge stored is found to be
1.5 C . The value of C1 is

C1

(a) 2.5 F

C1

(b) 15 F

C1
C1

(c) 1 .5 F

0 . 1 BF

(d)

## 127. A 10 F capacitor is charged to a potential

difference of 1000 V. The terminals of the charged
capacitor are disconnected from the power supply
and connected to the terminals of an uncharged
6F

capacitor.

What

is

the

final

potential

(a) 167 V

(b) 100 V

(d) 250 V

985