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You are on page 1of 9

As part of CIEs continual commitment to maintaining best practice in assessment, CIE uses

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widespread candidature. The question papers are closely related and the relationships between

them have been thoroughly established using our assessment expertise. All versions of the

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Please direct any questions about this to CIEs Customer Services team at:

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as appropriate.

http://www.xtremepapers.net

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

9709/71

MATHEMATICS

Paper 7 Probability & Statistics 2 (S2)

May/June 2009

1 hour 15 minutes

*2925413684*

Additional Materials:

Answer Booklet/Paper

Graph Paper

List of Formulae (MF9)

If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Answer all the questions.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of angles in

degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 50.

Questions carrying smaller numbers of marks are printed earlier in the paper, and questions carrying larger

numbers of marks later in the paper.

UCLES 2009

[Turn over

2

1

In Europe the diameters of womens rings have mean 18.5 mm. Researchers claim that women in

Jakarta have smaller fingers than women in Europe. The researchers took a random sample of 20

women in Jakarta and measured the diameters of their rings. The mean diameter was found to be

18.1 mm. Assuming that the diameters of womens rings in Jakarta have a normal distribution with

standard deviation 1.1 mm, carry out a hypothesis test at the 2 12 % level to determine whether the

researchers claim is justified.

[5]

The weights in grams of oranges grown in a certain area are normally distributed with mean and

standard deviation . A random sample of 50 of these oranges was taken, and a 97% confidence

interval for based on this sample was (222.1, 232.1).

(i) Calculate unbiased estimates of and 2 .

[4]

(ii) Estimate the sample size that would be required in order for a 97% confidence interval for to

have width 8.

[3]

Major avalanches can be regarded as randomly occurring events. They occur at a uniform average

rate of 8 per year.

(i) Find the probability that more than 3 major avalanches occur in a 3-month period.

[3]

(ii) Find the probability that any two separate 4-month periods have a total of 7 major avalanches.

[3]

(iii) Find the probability that a total of fewer than 137 major avalanches occur in a 20-year period.

[4]

In a certain city it is necessary to pass a driving test in order to be allowed to drive a car. The probability

of passing the driving test at the first attempt is 0.36 on average. A particular driving instructor claims

that the probability of his pupils passing at the first attempt is higher than 0.36. A random sample of

8 of his pupils showed that 7 passed at the first attempt.

(i) Carry out an appropriate hypothesis test to test the driving instructors claim, using a significance

level of 5%.

[5]

(ii) In fact, most of this random sample happened to be careful and sensible drivers. State which type

of error in the hypothesis test (Type I or Type II) could have been made in these circumstances

and find the probability of this type of error when a sample of size 8 is used for the test.

[4]

UCLES 2009

9709/71/M/J/09

3

5

The time in minutes taken by candidates to answer a question in an examination has probability density

function given by

f(t) =

k(6t t2 )

0

3 t 6,

otherwise,

where k is a constant.

(i) Show that k =

1

.

18

[3]

[3]

(iii) Find the probability that a candidate, chosen at random, takes longer than 5 minutes to answer

the question.

[2]

(iv) Is the upper quartile of the times greater than 5 minutes, equal to 5 minutes or less than 5 minutes?

Give a reason for your answer.

[2]

When Sunil travels from his home in England to visit his relatives in India, his journey is in four

stages. The times, in hours, for the stages have independent normal distributions as follows.

Bus from home to the airport:

N(3.75, 1.45)

N(3.1, 0.785)

N(11, 1.3)

N(3.2, 0.81)

(i) Find the probability that the flight time is shorter than the total time for the other three stages.

[6]

(ii) Find the probability that, for 6 journeys to India, the mean time waiting in the airport is less than

4 hours.

[3]

UCLES 2009

9709/71/M/J/09

4

BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every reasonable

effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the publisher will

be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of

Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

9709/71/M/J/09

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

9709/72

MATHEMATICS

Paper 7 Probability & Statistics 2 (S2)

May/June 2009

1 hour 15 minutes

*5621478603*

Additional Materials:

Answer Booklet/Paper

Graph Paper

List of Formulae (MF9)

If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Answer all the questions.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of angles in

degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 50.

Questions carrying smaller numbers of marks are printed earlier in the paper, and questions carrying larger

numbers of marks later in the paper.

UCLES 2009

[Turn over

2

1

The mean car engine size in Europe is known to be 1.746 litres. In Mauritius, a random sample of

230 cars was found to have a mean engine size of 1.765 litres. Assuming that the standard deviation

of car engine sizes in Mauritius is 0.149 litres, test at the 10% significance level whether there is a

difference between the mean engine sizes of cars in Europe and those in Mauritius.

[5]

The weights in grams of oranges grown in a certain area are normally distributed with mean and

standard deviation . A random sample of 50 of these oranges was taken, and a 97% confidence

interval for based on this sample was (222.1, 232.1).

(i) Calculate unbiased estimates of and 2 .

[4]

(ii) Estimate the sample size that would be required in order for a 97% confidence interval for to

have width 8.

[3]

At a certain point on a road, cars pass by at random times at a constant average rate of 3 cars every

2 minutes.

(i) Find the probability that at most 2 cars pass by in a period of 3 minutes.

[3]

(ii) Find the probability that the total number of cars that pass by in two separate periods of 1 minute

and 4 minutes is 6.

[3]

(iii) Find the probability that more than 100 cars pass by in a period of 1 hour.

[4]

In a certain city it is necessary to pass a driving test in order to be allowed to drive a car. The probability

of passing the driving test at the first attempt is 0.36 on average. A particular driving instructor claims

that the probability of his pupils passing at the first attempt is higher than 0.36. A random sample of

8 of his pupils showed that 7 passed at the first attempt.

(i) Carry out an appropriate hypothesis test to test the driving instructors claim, using a significance

level of 5%.

[5]

(ii) In fact, most of this random sample happened to be careful and sensible drivers. State which type

of error in the hypothesis test (Type I or Type II) could have been made in these circumstances

and find the probability of this type of error when a sample of size 8 is used for the test.

[4]

UCLES 2009

9709/72/M/J/09

3

5

The height in metres reached by a sunflower can be modelled by the probability density function given

by

f(x) =

kx2 (2 x)

0

0 x 2,

otherwise,

where k is a constant.

(i) Show that k = 34 .

[3]

[3]

(iii) Find the probability that a randomly chosen sunflower reaches a height of more than 1.3 metres.

[2]

(iv) Is the median height greater than 1.3 metres, less than 1.3 metres or equal to 1.3 metres? Justify

your answer.

[2]

When Sunil travels from his home in England to visit his relatives in India, his journey is in four

stages. The times, in hours, for the stages have independent normal distributions as follows.

Bus from home to the airport:

N(3.75, 1.45)

N(3.1, 0.785)

N(11, 1.3)

N(3.2, 0.81)

(i) Find the probability that the flight time is shorter than the total time for the other three stages.

[6]

(ii) Find the probability that, for 6 journeys to India, the mean time waiting in the airport is less than

4 hours.

[3]

UCLES 2009

9709/72/M/J/09

4

BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every reasonable

effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the publisher will

be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of

Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

9709/72/M/J/09

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