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Disciplinary Skills and Concepts

(Created by Tamara Shreiners SST309-01 class Fall 2016)


History
Skills/Tools of the Discipline:
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Chronological thinking
Using timelines, calendars, and temporal graphs
Sequencing
Recognizing duration
Decades
Centuries
Years
Months
Weeks
Era
Period
Recognizing and using calendar notation (BC/AD, BCE/CE)
Time periods/periodization
Geographic Units of Analysis (see below)
Analyzing/constructing historical narratives
Sourcing
Contextualizing
Using multiple forms of historical evidence
Primary sources
Secondary sources
Artifacts
Corroborating evidence
Making comparisons/connections
Identifying and explaining significance
Analyzing historical perspective
Recognizing change over time
Connecting case studies to larger patterns
Analyzing cause and consequence
Using and analyzing maps
Using and analyzing visuals (data visualizations, models/diagrams,
pictures, photographs)

Substantive Concepts:
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Family (Kinship)
Community
Cities/Towns
State/Statehood (e.g., Michigan)
Regions (e.g., Great Lakes region, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Great
Plains)

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Nation-State
Continents
Hemispheres
Culture
American Indians (e.g., Ojibway, Odawa, Potawatomi, Menomi, Huron)
Belief Systems/Worldviews
Settle/Settlers
Colonization/Colonists/Colonies (e.g., New England Colonies, Southern
Colonies, Middle)
Exploration
Nomads/Nomadic
Life ways (daily life)
Economy/Economic activities (e.g., Agriculture, Mining, Manufacturing,
Lumbering, Tourism, Technology, Research, Trade)
Migration/Immigration/Emigration
Industry/Industrialization
Natural Resources
Labor/Labor Movement
Adaptation (not to be confused with the biological concept of
adaptation)
Government/Forms of Government (e.g., monarchy, direct democracy,
representative democracy, republic)
Politics/Political
Society/Social
Human Interactions
Columbian Exchange
Slavery
War/Battle
Revolution
Laws
Constitution
Bill of Rights
Compromise
Treaty

Geography
Skills/Tools of the Discipline:

Reading/analyzing/using maps, globes, satellite images


Cultural artifacts
Map symbol systems (e.g., dots, arrows, compass rose, keys)
Reading/analyzing graphics
Recognizing spatial and temporal patterns
Scale
Distance
Direction (Cardinal, Intermediate)
Latitude/Longitude
Cause and consequence
Using geospatial data to make maps and graphs
GIS/Google Earth
Sourcing
Recognizing Bias/Distortions
Substantive Concepts:

Regions
Environment
Human-Environment Interactions
Absolute Location
Relative Location
Place (as possessing distinct natural, physical, and human characteristics)
Culture
Movement
Migration
Population
Cities/Towns
Continents
Communities
States
Nation-States
Landmasses

Bodies of Water
Boundary
Society
Adaptations
Diversity
Economic Activities
Natural Resources
Push and pull factors
Vegetation
Landforms
Climate

Economics
Skills/Tools of the Discipline:

Using Numbers/Numeracy
Recognizing and analyzing patterns
Applying economic principles/theories
Solving economic problems
Modeling economic activity (e.g., circular flow model)
Reading/analyzing/creating graphics
Substantive Concepts:

Wants
Needs
Scarcity
Choice
Costs
Benefits
Resources (Natural, Human, Capital)
Market/Market Economy
Corporations
Self-Interest
Recession
Employment/Jobs
Assets
Liabilities
Fiscal Policy
Money
Government
Supply and Demand
Business
Corporation
Business Cycles

Labor Practices
Consumer/Consume/Consumption
Producer/Produce/Production
Trade/Voluntary Trade
Buying
Selling
Renting
Price
Opportunity cost
Goods and Services
Specialization
Incentives
Competition
Property

Civics
Skills/Tools of the Discipline:

Analyzing political behavior


Analyzing policy
Reading/analyzing/producing graphics
Using political data
Surveys
Analyzing intended/unintended consequences
Analyzing and applying law
Comparing government/law
Deliberative decision-making
Public reason
Connecting case studies and larger patterns
Participating in political and civic spheres
Knowing, analyzing, applying CDVs
Substantive Concepts:

Government
Forms of Government (Representative Democracy, Direct Democracy,
Republic, Monarchy)
Purposes of Government (protecting individual rights, protecting common
good, ensuring equal treatment under law)
Local Government
State Government
Federal Government
Branches of Government (Legislative, Judicial, Executive)
Power
Authority

Politics
Rules/Laws/Ordinances/Statutes
Policy
Structure of Government
Statute
Constitution
Justice/Fairness
Democracy
Citizen/Citizenship
Good Citizenship
Individual Rights
Common Good
Individual Responsibility
National symbols
Patriotism
Freedom/Liberty
Rule of Law
Checks and Balances
Limited Government
Taxes
Voting
Electoral College
Jury/Juror