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INFO 102 TAKE-AWAY JOURNAL

Personal Class Objectives:

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General Characteristics of the Technology Field:
I was able to understand the connection between computer science, business, and
informatics and how each work to enhance our world.
I learned that by 2018, there will be 1.4 million open technology jobs; only 29% will be
filled by women.
The median annual wage for comp and IT occupations is $81,430, which is $45,230 more
than the median annual wage for all occupations, which is $36,200.
A computer and information research scientist earns $110,620 annually.
Seattle is the city with the greatest annual mean wage of $123,490.
California, Washington, and New York are three of the cities with the greatest
employment of computer programmers, from 7,130 to 38,650 people in May 2015.
The starting salary of a big data engineer in 2016 was $129,500 to $183,500.
The starting salary of a big data engineer that is projected for 2017 is $135,000 to
$196,000.
Trending areas in IT hiring are mobile, big data, cloud, DevOps, UI engineers, internet of
things, and security.
Seattle and the Bay Area both employed around 460 to 25,020 people in May 2015.
Companies are focused on their product, not the people.

IT impact on the Health Care Field:


More information is available to doctors.
More information available to patients before even visiting doctor or if they need to.
Health care facilities, pharmacies and insurance (analytics)
Privacy and security can be an issue when it comes to medical records.
Women in IT & Tech Statistics:
Big time companies often find themselves partnering with organizations as they realized
the diversity is necessary within the tech industry.
31% of Apples employees are women as it is actively in pursuit to increase gender
diversity and diminish gender bias.
Female college students, despite testing extremely high in math placement tests, are 4
times unlikely to pursue a career in engineering than males.
Only 11% of all engineers in the U.S. are women, according to the Department of Labors
statistics.
Girls Who Code is an active summer coding immersion program in 42 states that
attempts to close the gender gap in engineering and computer science.
Teach leaders hardly follow women on Twitter; they follow about two to eleven times the
amount of men than they follow women.
Ignore No More is an app created by a mother in Texas to ensure that her children
respond to her texts as soon as they get it.
Women take up 50% of the labor force.
Apple takes up 20% of the women that are working in the tech field.
Being female aids one in getting into college. For example, CMU accepts 1.5 times the
amount of females than males.
The Australian women has to work an extra 66 days to make the same amount as a male
in Australia would.
The number of female CEOs replacing men CEOs surges to 70%.

Women dominate the fields counseling psychology, teaching, and other lower paying
fields, while males dominate the engineering and business fields, both of which consist of
higher paying jobs.
Women in IT roles are 45% more likely to leave their job in the first year.
7% of investors money go to start ups started by women.
Women hold 30% of jobs in google.
Vok codes make more technological jobs accessible to women.
18% of women have computer/tech college degrees.
The gender balance of people playing video games went up from 40% to 48%.
Ebay has 43% of women employers.
About 30% of women employed at Amazon, Google, and some other big companies.
Code Club is based in Nigeria and was created for girls to learn how to code and
technology.
Women described computer science as boring and difficult.
36.4% of women dont feel support in the workplace (tech industry).
The average white woman makes 70 cents per dollar a man makes, prime example of the
wage gap.
Women are only 5% of the high level positions.
Girls Who Code focuses more on young girls ranging from high school to college.

Women take up 39% of the labor force.


In order to fix sexism and racism in office we have to acknowledge it.
Karlie Kloss created company for young girls to improve on coding.
Only 3% of the 25% in the tech industry are African American.
Women have more of an advantage in admissions at some top schools.
The average Australian woman has to work 66 more days to make as much as a the
average Australian man does.
6 of the fortune 15 companies have women CIOs.

Only 12% of women receiving bachelor degrees go into STEM majors.


Women make 77 cents to one dollar a man makes.
Women dominate the industries and careers that have lower income (i.e. teaching).
In robotics all the helpers are female (Siri, Alexa, Cortana) and all the doers are male.
Black and Latino men make 75 cents to each dollar a white man makes.
Women hold less than 25% of jobs in the IT industry.
Diversity increases efficiency in the workforce.
48% of gamers are women.
1% of women in IT industry are black.

Digigirlz is a high tech camp that has 7 locations and is sponsored by Microsoft.
In 2013 there was a lack of diversity in female high school students who took AP
computer science.
Code day in Seattle helps spread knowledge about CS to young generations that are
interested and willing to learn it.
Women usually ask about 7,000 dollars less than men at interviews for the same job.
Black Girls Code aims to increase number of girls of color to code; there are 7
institutions and one in South Africa.
Science Occupations: 47% of women quit because of the lack of a supportive
environment.
Tech Occupations: 57% women of quit because of the lack of a supportive environment.
Grace Hopper celebration of women in technology, attendance rose from 8,000 to 10,000
(2015) to 15,000 (2016).
33% of jobs in the world are IT related.
Israel having the latest technology because they are trying to prevent hacking from
terrorists.
20% of all tech start-ups around the world are run by women.
Chicago, Boston, and the Silicon Valley are the three biggest cities with the largest
number of tech startups founded by women.
In the 8 largest tech companies in the world, female tech positions are growing 238%
faster than males.
6 Fortune 15 companies have female CEOs.
Manufacturing, energy, and financial services are the top three industries for female
CIOs.

The best company for women in tech is BNY Mellon.


Only 4.2% of venture capital investors in the U.S. are women.
U.S. women working in science and high-tech fields are 45 percent more likely than their
male peers to leave the industry within a year, often due to gender bias and feelings that
they are being weighed against male counterparts.
In 2013, just 26 percent of computing jobs in the U.S. were held by women, down from
35 percent in 1990.
At Google, women make up 30 percent of the companys overall workforce, but hold
only 17 percent of the companys tech jobs.
At Facebook, 15 percent of tech roles are staffed by women.
At Twitter, its a laughable 10 percent. For non-technical jobs at Twitter (marketing, HR,
sales), the gender split is 50-50.
In 2013, more than half of the biological scientists in the U.S. were women, compared to
42 percent in 1990, according to the AAUWs report.

Men are twice as likely as women to be hired for a job in mathematics when the only
difference between candidates is gender.
Female patenting has increased over time, from 1.7 percent in 1980 to 7.8 percent in
2010.
In some organizations the number of patents with at least one female inventor was 5
percent, while in other organizations it was as high as 30 percent.
20 years ago, several companies had no female inventors; but by 2005, approximately 25
percent of these same companies patents had at least one female inventor.
Women held only 7 percent of CIO positions globally, which is down 2 percent from the
year before.
Among Fortune 100, 1/5th of respondents indicated their organization to have very
informal diversity efforts with nothing structured at all. Saying that they are too focused
on work than people.
Deloitte did research saying women are 41% more likely to leave IT jobs than men are.
7% of invested start-ups are run by women.
Women are starting businesses at 1.5 times than the national average.
Women hold 30% of the jobs at Google.
Women are 51% of all undergraduate degrees and 18% of IT and CS degrees.
The top 18 tech companies employ women in large percentages; for example, Ebay
employs 41%, Space X employs 18%, and Google/Apple employ 30%.
The organization Black Girls Code has a mission to increase the girls in color for STEM
jobs.
In technology, 56% of women quit their jobs as a large result of burning out.
In 2015, the University of Washington received an award for hiring women at the
university.

Difficulties and Solutions in Combating Workplace Inequalities:

Girls typically do not go into the STEM field because they are discouraged by
unsupportive environments.
The TV/media doesnt glorify the geek culture; it emphasizes it for males, not women.
Girls also go through underestimation of their skills which usually occur with parents or
teachers because of the isolated culture.
Solutions to this issue include the following: outreach programs, TAF, program classes,
code academy, and camps.
Advantages: belonging, role models, low judgement, more funding, no gender
competition, and the redefining of what it means to be a girl.
Disadvantages: confirms problems in prior environment, doesnt help prepare for the
future industry, subtly states that girls are needier, furthers the stereotype that guys are
better in the industry.

Time In Life
Elementary/Middle School

Actions That Can Be Taken


Send girls to camps that teach them the value
of CS & IT and train them in CS that way
they have the ability to improve on their skills
in the future.

High School

Encourage girls to take part in programs like


Girls Who Code, where they will be given
opportunities to talk and work with female
coders and understand the importance and
need of being a female in the industry.

College

Make it a requirement for girls to take at least


one class related to coding that way they get
experience, however little it may be, as to
what coding is like; based on that, if the girls
like the class, they can pursue a CS major,
increasing the number of girls in the field.
Girls straight out of college should try to aim
for landing a job at a tech company and
working their way up the corporate ladder.

Early-career

Mid-career

Women should aim to spread their acquired


expertise in the CS field to young girls around
them; they should mentor them and encourage
them to pursue the CS or IT field in some
form, serving as a role model for the young
girls to look up to.

Leadership

After working long and hard at a company, a


woman should strive to climb up the
corporate ladder. Once she has reached her
goal, she should be an icon for girls all around
to show them that with hard work and
dedication, women can lead side by side with
men and shoot for the stars.

Post-Lecture Reflections:
I was able to understand and gain perspective on how tough it really is for a woman to
gain momentum in the tech industry, even in todays day and age.
I realized, however, that women will do whatever it takes to empower one another and
share success whenever and wherever they can.
I was able to list out and analyze my strengths and weaknesses in order to better
understand myself as a person as well as someone who could potentially enter the work
force in a few years.
I was able to understand how and in what ways IT has impacted the travel industry.
I did not realize how complicated and intricate the travel industry was until I read the
deliverables and visited the websites, which helped me understand the ways in which IT
technicians had to think in order to create these websites.
I was unaware of the kind and amount of data out in the tech space until the lecture we
had; data includes credit card information, location, medical records, etc.
I did not realize that being a travel agent used to be a form of income, since travel
websites have now almost completely eliminated the need for a human travel agent.
Guest Speakers:

I was able to understand what cybersecurity is and what it is used for in todays
generation.
It is a fundamental requirement for businesses as a loss of internet connectivity is a
matter of national security.
It has a $175 billion market.
Some of the successful aptitudes to for cybersecurity include being analytical,
collaborative, observant, self-motivated, innovative, and highly adaptable.
Cybersecurity is the body of technology, processes, and practices designed to protect
networks, servers, computers, etc.
The three keys to cybersecurity are confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
There three main threats to cybersecurity include insider threat, external threat, and
application & systems vulnerabilities.
10% of cybersecurity professionals are women.
Women in cybersecurity are proven to tackle issues with a more holistic and strategic
approach.
Many women tend to quit their jobs in cybersecurity because of burn out.

Personal IT Fun Fact Statistics:


Women hold less than 30% of proprietary software jobs and just of IT jobs overall.
Only 5% of tech startup owners are female.
Women make up a majority of the workforce and are most actively using modern
technologies such as social media.
Over half (56%) of professionals in this country are female.

55% of Twitter users are female; 55% of Facebook users are female.
60% of social gamers on Zynga are female.
IMB, American Express, eBay, & KPMG are just a few companies in the U.S. that
provide strong, supportive, and flexible work environments for employees.
There are not many minorities in the tech industry (1% of the work force in the tech
industry are black women).
48% of women are video gamers.
Diversity increases efficiency in the work force.

Final Lecture Quiz Section Reflections/Takeaways:


We learned how to code HTML in the most basic form.
We learned what goes in to creating an app and how we should pitch our idea to potential
investors to help achieve our goals.
We improved our presentation skills and conquered any fears associated with public
speaking.
We learned about different women in tech and their various influences in the field over
the years.
We learned how to effectively brainstorm and work together as a team to achieve a
common goal.
We learned how to make a website.
We learned about effective website interfaces and what users expect when they use a
website.
We were able to understand the struggles women face in the technology field and what
steps we can take to combat them.
We were able to witness several guest speakers talk about the various obstacles they
encountered during their career relating to gender, race, and religion.
We were exposed to articles we would not have read otherwise that highlighted the
workplace inequalities for women.

Personal Career Plan:


Investment banking has been my professional passion for as long as I can remember. Watching
my father at work at his firm inspired me to think outside of the box and go for a career I know I
could be successful in, though it deviates from the traditional Indian expectations of being a
doctor or engineer. I hope to one day be partner of my own M&A firm and travel the world,
meeting and networking with new people and working with revolutionary companies and firms. I
know the goals that I have set out for myself are incredibly tough to reach, but I think with hard
work, dedication, and passion, sky is the limit. I am also aware that my journey to become a
successful investment banker starts much before my college graduation. At the University of
Washington, I plan on taking classes at the Foster School of Business in order to strengthen my
business skills in various fields such as marketing, finance, management, and so on. In addition
to taking classes, I also plan on applying for internships at various finance firms (i.e. Morgan
Stanley, J.P. Morgan, etc.) in order to gain experience and understand what working in a financial
firm is like. These experiences coupled with the knowledge I gain while studying at UW will
hopefully push me closer towards success and aid me in the process of achieving my dream of
becoming partner of a firm.
Final Assessment:
I came into INFO 102 with an open mind and heart to the struggles that women face in the
technology field. As a woman myself, I took this class with the intent that I could better
understand the obstacles women face in order to craft a strategy to combat the challenges faced,
hopefully once and for all. Sitting in class and listening to lectures or guest speakers was
probably the biggest way in
which I expanded my knowledge.
Listening to their personal
experiences and hearing about their
triumphs was incredibly
inspiring and motivated me to be
more proactive in my life when
facing situations of gender inequality
similar to theirs. Reading
articles and following through with
the deliverables also was a great
facet of this class. Understanding
different perspectives and
reading a males opinion on
workplace inequality really
helped me understand a typical mans
mindset and outlook. In
understanding this, I realized that I am
better equipped to solve the
problem because I can build a
solution around their logic and
thought process, making it incredibly
effective. Not only was I able to think about ways in which I can change the future, I found
amazing peers that I knew I would one day work with to achieve my goal. I formed great
connections, networked, and made great friends that I know will last me a lifetime. All in all, I
am so incredibly thankful that I was blessed with the opportunity to take INFO 102 this quarter
and have all my objectives and expectations met, and I am excited to see what the future has in
store.