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Homework 8

Nguyn Vn Hn
Problem 1
dm d

The Problem gives that F=5 KN, l=5 mm and

p
5
25
2
2

, the torque

required to raise the load is found using equation (8-1) and (8-6)

TR

5(22.5) 5 (0.09)22.5
5(0.06)45

15.85 N .m

2 (22.5) 0.09(5)
2

The torque required to lower the load, from equation (8-2) and (8-6) is:

TL

5(22.5) (0.09)22.5 5
5(0.06)45

7.83 N .m

2 (22.5) 0.09(5)
2

Since

TL

is positive, the thread is self-locking. From equation (8-4) the efficiency is:

5(5)
0.251
2 (15.85)

Problem 2
Screws rotate at an angular rate of
n

1720
28.67
60

rev/min

a.
The lead is 0.25 in, so the linear speed f the press head is
V=28.67(0.25)=7.17 in/min
b.
F =2500 lbf/screw

dm 2

0.25
1.875
2

in


Sec

1
1.033
290
cos(
)
2

Equation 8-5

TR

2500(1.875) 0.25 (0.05)(1.875)(1.033)


(1.875) 0.05(0.25)(1.033) 221.0lbf .in
2

From equation (8-6)

3.5
350lbf .in
2
350 221 571lbf .in / scew

Tc 2500(0.08)
Ttotal
T

motor

571(2)
20.04lbf .in
60(0.95)

Tn
20.04(1720)

0.547
63025
63025

hp.

Problem 3.
d m 40 4 36

mm, l=p= 8mm

From equation (8-1) and (8-6),

TR

36 F
2

8 (0.14)36
0.09(100) F
(3.831 4.5) F 8.33F
(36) 0.14(8)
2

2 n 2 (1) 25

rad/s

N.m ( F in KN)

H T
H 3000

477 N .m

2
477
F
57.3KN
8.33
Fl
57.3(8)
e

0.153
2 T 2 (477)

Problem 4
a.
Table A-31, nut height H= 12.8mm, L>= l+H =2(15)+12.8 =42.8 mm. Rounding up,
L=45 mm
b.
From equation (8-14),
From Table (8-7),

Ad

kb

LT 2d 6 2(14) 6 34

ld L LT 45 34 11

142
153.9mm 2
4

. From Table 8-1,

mm,

mm

lt l ld 2(15) 11 19

At 115mm 2

Ad At E
153.9(115)207

574.6
Ad lt At ld 153.9(19) 115(11)

mm.

. From equation (8-17):

MN/m

c.
From equation (8-22), with l=2(15)=30 mm

km

2 ln

0.5774 Ed
0.5774 (207)14

3116.5
0.5774l 05.d

0.5774(30) 0.5(14)
5
2 ln 5

0.5774l 2.5d
0.5774(30) 2.5(14)

MN/m

Problem 5.
a.
From Table A-31, the nut height is H=7/16 in, L>=l+H=2+1+7/16=37/16 in

Rounding up, L=3.5 in


b.
LT 2d

From equation 8-13,


Ad

kb

(0.52 )
0.1963in 2
4

1
2(0.5) 0.25 1.25
4

. From Table 8-2,

At 0.1419in 2

Ad At E
0.1963(0.1419)30

1.79
Ad lt At ld 0.1963(0.75) 0.1419(2.25)

in

. From equation 8-17

Mlbf/in

c.

Top steel frustum: t= 1.5 in, d= 0.5 in, D =0.75 in, E =30 Mpsi.From equation (8-20)

k1

ln

0.5774 (30)0.5
22.65Mlbf / in
1.155(1.5) 0.75 0.5 (0.75 0.5)
1.155(1.5) 0.75 0.5 (0.75 0.5)

Lower steel frustum: t= 0.5 in, d=0.5 in, D=0.75+2(1)tan(30)=1.905 in, E=30 Mpsi.
Equation (8-20) =>

k 2 210.7

Mlbf/in.

Cast iron: t= 1 in, d = 0.5 in, D- 0.75 in, E= 14.5 Mpsi, equation (8-20) =>
Mlbf/in
From equation (8-18)

km

1
1

7.67
1 1 1
1
1
1

k1 k 2 k3 22.65 210.7 12.27

Problem 6.

Mlbf/in

k3 12.27

a.

From table 8-7, we have l= h+

l h 1.5d 2 1.5(0.5) 2.75

d
0.5
2
2.25
2
2

in.

in

b.

LT 2d
From Table 8-7,

1
2(0.5) 0.25 1.25
4

ld L LT 2.75 1.25 1.5


lt l ld 2.25 1.5 0.75
Ad

(0.52 )
0.1963 2
in
4

From Table 8-2,

in

in

in

At 0.1419in 2

kb
From equation (8-17) we have:

Ad At E
0.1963(0.1419)30

2.321
Ad lt At ld 0.1963(0.75) 0.1419(1.5)

Mlbf/in

c.

Top steel frustum: t= 1.125 in, d= 0.5 in, D =0.75 in, E =30 Mpsi.From equation (820)

k1

ln

0.5774 (30)0.5
24.48Mlbf / in
1.155(1.125) 0.75 0.5 (0.75 0.5)
1.155(1.125) 0.75 0.5 (0.75 0.5)

Lower steel frustum: t= 0.875 in, d=0.5 in, D=0.75+2(0.25)tan(30)=1.039 in, E=30
Mpsi.

Equation (8-20) =>

k 2 49.36

Mlbf/in.

Cast iron: t= 0.25 in, d = 0.5 in, D- 0.75 in, E= 14.5 Mpsi, equation (8-20) =>

k3 23.49

Mlbf/in

From equation (8-18)

1
1

9.645
1 1 1
1
1
1

k1 k2 k3 24.48 49.36 23.49

km

Mlbf/in

Problem 7

L l H 40 10.8 50.8

Bolts: From Table A-31, the nut height is H =10.8 mm,


Although Table A-17 indicates to go to 60 mm, 55 mm is readily available.

mm.

Round up to L =55 mm
Equation (8-14):
Table 8-7:

Ad

LT 2d 6 2(12) 6 30

ld L LT 55 30 25

(122 )
113.1mm 2
4

mm,

. Table 8-1,

mm

lt l ld 40 25 15

mm

At 84.3mm2

Equation (8-17)

kb

Ad At E
113.1(84.3)207

518.8
Ad lt At ld 113.1(15) 84.3(25)

MN/m

Members: steel cylindrical head t= 20mm, D=18mm, E=207Gpa. Equation (8-20)

k1

ln

0.5774 (207)12
4470Mlbf / in
1.155(20) 18 12 (18 12)
1.155(20) 18 12 (18 12)

Cast iron: t=20 mm, d=12 mm, D= 18 mm. E =100 Gpa( from table 8-8). The only
difference from

k1

is the material

100
4470 2159
207

k2

km
Equation 8-18:

MN/m

1
1
1

4470 2159

1456
MN/m

kb
518.8

0.263
kb k m 518.8 1456

S p 650
Table 8-11.

Mpa

Assume non-permanent connection. Equation (8-31) and (8-32)

Fi 0.75 At S p 0.75(84.3)(650)103 41.4 KN


Ptotal p g Ac
The total external load is

P
100 mm. The external load per bolt is

6 (100 2 )10 3
4.712
4(10)

Ac

where

Ptotal
N

KN/bolt

Yielding factor of safety, equation (8-28)

np

S p At
CP Fi

650(84.3)103
1.29
0.263(4.712) 41.10

Overload factor of safety, equation (8-29)

nL

S p At Fi
CP

is the diameter of the cylinder which is

650(84.3)103 41.10
11.1
0.263(4.712)

Separation factor of safety, equation (8-30)

. Thus

n0

Fi
41.10

11.8
P (1 C ) 4.712(1 0.263)

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