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1.
2.1
2.2 GPS
2.3 ARDUINO
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7 TINY DUINO
2.8 GPS
3.
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.5
4.
5.
6.


GPS - Global Positioning System,

.

.
24 NAVSTAR . (Navigation
Satellite Timeand Ranging) ,

60 , ,
.
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(GPS)
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GPS,

GPS


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GPS



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GPS
Arduino. -
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,

ATMEGA8 ATMEGA168
Arduino.

GPS Arduino,

microSD.

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,
:
gps ;
Arduino;
;
,
Arduino,

.

1.

2.1


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,
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, .

GPS
.

2.2 GPS

GPS


" ", 80
.

Arduino
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) X-Pet #1 35 ,

( 7 ).
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.

.

500
mAh , .
,
.

: LBS - 50 , GPS - 15 .
.
5000 .
) X-Pet #2 - 60 ,
16 ,
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.
X-Pet #2 ,
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5-7 .
(IP65)
, .
,
. 7100 .
) PET Tracker MPS-340 B. GPS-

IPhone Android,
.
, "SOS"
, GPS-
. 5000 .


, ..
, 2015 30
.
.
GPS Arduino

3000 - 3500 ,
.

Arduino
.

2.3 ARDUINO

Arduino
. ,
,
.

Arduino C++,
/
. Arduino
"Arduino IDE",
Windows, Mac OS Linux.
Arduino ,
USB [2].

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Arduino
, shields
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Arduino, .
,
,
GPS .

2.4
( 2.1) - .


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.

[9].

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""

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"" "", "" (
),
microcontroller - MC.

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.
Intel, Motorola, Hitachi, Microchip,
Atmel, Philips, Texas Instruments, InfineonTechnologies ( Siemens
Semiconductor Group) .

2.1

2.5
.
:

8- ;

16 - 32- ;

(DSP).

8-

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2.6

, :


8-
:

CISC-,

(Complicated Instruction Set


Computer);

RISC-,

(Reduced Instruction Set Computer).


CISC-

,

. 8- CISC

1 12 .
CISC- Intel MCS-51,

, 05, 08 11 Motorola
. [12]

RISC-
.
.
(, 12, 14 16 ),
()
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RISC-

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. RISC- AVR Atmel,
PIC16 PIC17 Microchip .
, RISC-
CISC
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.

8-

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.