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MPLS

2014

MPLS
MPLS L3 VPN
MPLS L2 VPN

MPLS ?

;
L2/L3
SLA

MPLS?
:)

L2 (ATM/FR) - TE
L3 -

MPLS Forwarding Plane


-

MPLS Control/Signaling Plane


IP- +

TE


P - Provider router
(LSR)
MPLS-

PE - Provider Edge Router



/

CE - Customer Edge

MPLS
TC
3

# - 20

L2 Header

L2 Header

TTL
8

TC - Traffic class
S - Bottom of stack
TTL - Time to Live

IP Header

IP Header

MPLS QoS
TC (Traffic Class) - 3 bits

DSCP
TC ( PE)

?
CE

CE

PE

PE

PUSH/POP

PE

SWAP

SWAP

PE

PUSH/POP

CE

CE

MPLS Path
LDP
RIB



MPLS FIB

MPLS Path
In
Label

Prefix

Intf

Out
Label

In
Label

Prefix

Intf

Out
Label

In
Label
R3

R1
R2

IGP


R4

Prefix

Intf

Out
Label

MPLS TE Fast ReRoute (FRR)

MPLS LSP Ping


MPLS LSP Trace
MPLS LSP Multipath Tree Trace
MPLS SNMP MIBs
LDP
L3VPN
TE

MPLS VPN

VPN
VPN
VPN
PE-CE link

MPLS VPN
L3 MPLS VPN
L2 MPLS VPN
P-to-P
Mp-to-Mp

MPLS L3 VPN
VPN
VRF
PE VRF

VPN
PE MP-iBGP

VPN

PE-CE link

(Eth, FR, ...)


L3 - static, IGP, eBGP

MPLS L3 VPN
CE

CE

PE

PE

PE

RR

PE

CE

CE

VRF
Route Distinguisher (RD)
VPNv4: RD + VPN IP prefix
Route Target (RT)

CE

PE

PE

CE

MPLS L2 VPN
VPWS (Pseudowire aka ATOM)
Point-to-point

VPLS
Multipoint-to-multipoint

MPLS L2 VPN: VPWS


VPN

Virtual Cross-connect (xconnect)


PW (1:1)

VPN

Targered LDP
,

VPN

1 L2 + 1 IGP
- VC + control word ( )

PE-CE link

L2

CE

PE

PE

CE

MPLS L2 VPN: VPLS


VPN

Virtual Switching Instance (VSI)


VSI
PW

VPN

Full mesh Targered LDP ( VC) / BGP


,

VPN

1 L2 + 1 IGP
- VC: VSI

PE-CE link

Ethernet: port mode VLAN ID

?
CE

CE

MAC learning
L2 packet forwarding

PE

PE

PE

PE

CE

CE