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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................i
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN..............................................................................ii
LEMBAR PERNYATAAN..............................................................................iii
BIODATA........................................................................................................iv
MOTTO.............................................................................................................v
ABSTRAK.......................................................................................................vi
ABSTRACK...................................................................................................vii
KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................viii
DAFTAR ISI.....................................................................................................x
DAFTAR TABEL..........................................................................................xiii
DAFTAR GAMBAR.....................................................................................xiv
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN...................................................................................xv
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
A. Latar Belakang Masalah .................................................................1
B. Rumusan Masalah ..........................................................................4
C. Tujuan Penelitian
1. Tujuan Umum ..........................................................................5
2. Tujuan Khusus ..........................................................................5
D. Manfaat Penelitian
1. Bagi Institusi Pendidikan .........................................................6
2. Bagi Perusahaan Terkait dan Karyawan ...................................6
3. Bagi Peneliti .............................................................................7
4. Bagi Masyarakat........................................................................7
5. Bagi Peneliti Selanjutnya .........................................................7
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA
A. Anatomi Tulang Belakang...............................................................8
B. Low back pain ..............................................................................10
1. Definisi Low back pain...........................................................10
2. Epidemiologi Low back pain...................................................11
3. Klasifikasi Low back pain ......................................................12
4. Etiologi Low back pain...........................................................13
5. Faktor - Faktor Resiko Low back pain....................................15
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6. Patofisiologi Low back pain....................................................18


7. Manifestasi Klinis Low back pain...........................................18
8. Pemeriksaan diagnostik Low back pain..................................24
9. Penatalaksanaan Low back pain..............................................25
C. Kerangka Teori..............................................................................32
D. Hipotesis Kerja..............................................................................33
BAB III METODE PENELITIAN
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
1.
2.
3.
4.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.

Kerangka Konsep Penelitian .......................................................34


Variabel Penelitian........................................................................34
Hipotesis penelitian......................................................................35
Jenis Penelitian ............................................................................37
Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian ......................................................38
Subjek Penelitian
Populasi ................................................................................38
Kriteria Inklusi dan Eksklusi ................................................38
Sampel ..................................................................................38
Pengumpulan Data ................................................................39
Rancangan Penelitian ..................................................................40
Definisi Operasional.....................................................................41
Alat Penelitian .............................................................................42
Cara Kerja ...................................................................................42
Analisis Data
1. Analisa Univariat..................................................................43
2. Analisa Bivariat.....................................................................43

BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN


A. Gambaran Umum ........................................................................45
B. Analisis Univariat ........................................................................45
C. Analisis Bivariat ..........................................................................48
BAB V PEMBAHASAN
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.

Distribusi Frekuensi Berdasarkan Umur......................................55


Distribusi Frekuensi Berdasarkan Masa Kerja.............................55
Distribusi Frekuensi Berdasarkan Sikap Tubuh...........................56
Distribusi Frekuensi Berdasarkan Durasi Kerja...........................57
Distribusi Frekuensi Berdasarkan Repetisi..................................57
Distribusi Frekuensi Berdasarkan Low back pain........................58
Hubungan Umur dengan Low back pain .....................................59
Hubungan Masa Kerja dengan Low back pain ............................61
Hubungan Sikap Tubuh dengan Low back pain ..........................63
Hubungan Durasi Kerja dengan Low back pain ..........................65
Hubungan Repetisi dengan Low back pain .................................66
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L. Keterbatasan Penelitian................................................................68
BAB VI KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN
A. Kesimpulan .................................................................................70
B. Saran ............................................................................................71
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

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