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Technology Developments As We Move

Towards Improved Aging Models


Michael J. Farrar (mfarrar@uwyo.edu)
Ron Glaser
Shin Che Huang
Shin-Che
Fred Turner
es e Research
esea c Institute
s ue
Western
TRB Annual Review
W hi
Washington,
D
D.C.
C
January 27, 2011

Whatstheproblem?
The MEPDG Global Aging System (GAS) estimates
binder viscosity at any time and depth in the pavement
Short-term
aged condition

Climate
module

Several studies have suggested that additional


research is warranted to improve or develop
a new GAS.
[Al-Azri et al, 2005 ; Farrar et al, 2006;
Christensen and Bonaquist, 2006]

Characterizingextractedbinderpropertiesfor
modeldevelopment,calibrationandvalidation
p
Status approximately 2 years ago
Chemistry
Ch
i t and
dM
Morphology:
h l
Infrared spectroscopy
Gel permeation chromatography
Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Atomic Force Microscopy
Extracted
binder

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy


Dynamic Shear Rheometer
(intermediate to high temperature rheology)
(0C to 80C)
Bending Beam Rheometer
(l temperature rheology)
(low
h l )
(-10C to -40C)

DSR4mmdia.plates
Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) with 4 mm diam. parallel plates
---- Problem:
P bl
E
Error
d
due tto iinstrument
t
t compliance
li
att low
l temperature
t
t
---- Solution: Correct compliance error: using method developed by Schrter et al.1
(corrected manually)
real time correction conducted by software
(corrected automatically)

Plate dia. = 4 mm
Sample height = 1.5 ~ 1.75 mm
Sample volume = 18.84
18 84 ~ 21
21.98
98 mm3
Sample weight ~ 25 mg

K. Schrter, S. A. Hutcheson, X. Shi, A. Mandanici, and G. B. McKenna, J. Chem. Phys. 125, 2006, 214507.
Sui, C., M.J. Farrar, W.H. Tuminello, T.F. Turner, New Technique for Measuring Low-Temperature Properties
of Asphalt Binders with Small Amount of Materials, TRB January 2010, Washington, D.C.

Technologydevelopmentsfrom4mmDSR

Specifications
Rheology
Asphalt
Low & High Temp.
AASHTO T 313
Asphalt binder
AASHTO MP1A
Mod. binder
Emulsion residue Emulsion residue
Crack Sealant
Crack Sealant

Thin film aging


Short and long-term

Asphalt binder
Mod. binder

Field Sampling
Hammer drill
Rapid sampling
Easy extraction

ANewMethodtoEstimateBBRmvalueand
CreepStiffnessS(t)(UsingaDynamicShearRheometer)

Sui, C., M.J. Farrar, P. M. Harnsberger, W. H. Tuminello, T. F. Turner, A New Low-temperature Performance
Grading Method Using 4 mm Parallel-plates on a DSR, TRB January 2011, Washington, D.C.

LowTemperaturePerformance
g
grade:BBRvs.DSR

Limiting Ts: DSR G(t) vs. BBR S(t)

Limiting Ts: DSR mr vs. BBR mc

ComplexShearModulusModelParameters
withOxidativeAgingUsing4mmDSRandFTIR
FTIR
Concentration
Dependency
Laboratory
aging, RTFO,
PAV (60, 80,
100C)

Rheological
Rh l i l Index
I d
Glassy Modulus

Concentrationand
temperature
dependency

10
Tr =.045
9

LogG*(Pa)

8
7
6
5

Crossover freq.
freq

4
3
2
5

5
Logred (r/s)

10

15

DSR
Evolution of Unmodified Asphalt Binder Complex Shear Modulus Model Parameters with Oxidative
Aging Using 4 mm Parallel-plates on a DSR Michael J. Farrar, Ron Glaser, Changping Sui, ShinChe Huang, Thomas F. Turner, P. Michael Harnsberger, submitted TRB 2011

RHEAmastercurvesversusCAmodel

3Dplot G*/sin ,C,T


MN13agedasphalt
g
p

DynamicModulus(E*)
MN13
MN1
3agedasphalt
aged asphalt

A New Simplistic Model for Dynamic Modulus


Predictions of Asphalt Paving Mixtures,
Ghazi Al
Al-Khateeb
Khateeb et al,
al 2007,
2007 AAPT

Binder thermalstressbuildup
MN13RTFO/PAV
/

Boltzmann Hereditary Integral


BoltzmannHereditaryIntegral

Pavement Thermalstressbuildup
MN13RTFO/PAV

Pavement thermalstressbuildup
(with aging and 2C/hr
(withagingand2
C/hrcoolingrate)
cooling rate)

4mm Dia. Plate DSR

Thank you.
y
Questions?