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This article is about the city. For other uses, see Dubai (disambiguation).
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Clockwise from top left: skyline with Burj Khalifa; Burj Al Arab; satellite imag
e showing Palm Jumeirah and The World Islands; the Dubai Marina; and Sheik Zayed
Clockwise from top left: skyline with Burj Khalifa; Burj Al Arab; satellite imag
e showing Palm Jumeirah and The World Islands; the Dubai Marina; and Sheik Zayed
Flag of Dubai
Coat of arms of Dubai
Coat of arms
Location of Dubai in United Arab Emirates
Location of Dubai in United Arab Emirates
Coordinates: 2457'N 5520'ECoordinates: 2457'N 5520'E
United Arab Emirates
Dubai Dubai
Founded by
Ubaid bin Saeed and Maktum bin Butti Al Maktoum
Towns and villages
Absolute monarchy
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Crown Prince
Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Metropolis 4,114 km2 (1,588 sq mi)
1,287.4 km2 (497.1 sq mi)
Population (5 November 2016)
Metropolis 2,657,000
Time zone
UAE Standard Time (UTC+4)
2014 estimate
Total US$82.9 billion[2]
Per capita
Dubai Emirate
Dubai Municipality
Dubai Tourism
Dubai (/du?'ba?/ doo-BY; Arabic: ????? Dubayy, Gulf pronunciation: [d?'b?j]) is
the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).[3] It is located on th
e southeast coast of the Persian Gulf and is the capital of the Emirate of Dubai
, one of the seven emirates that make up the country. Abu Dhabi and Dubai are th
e only two emirates to have veto power over critical matters of national importa
nce in the country's legislature.[4] The city of Dubai is located on the emirate
's northern coastline and heads up the Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area. Du
bai is to host World Expo 2020.[5]

Dubai has emerged as a global city and business hub of the Middle East.[6] It is
also a major transport hub for passengers and cargo. By the 1960s, Dubai's econ
omy was based on revenues from trade and, to a smaller extent, oil exploration c
oncessions, but oil was not discovered until 1966. Oil revenue first started to
flow in 1969.[7] Dubai's oil revenue helped accelerate the early development of
the city, but its reserves are limited and production levels are low: today, les
s than 5% of the emirate's revenue comes from oil.[8]
The emirate's Western-style model of business drives its economy with the main r
evenues now coming from tourism, aviation, real estate, and financial services.[
9][10][11] Dubai has recently attracted world attention through many innovative
large construction projects and sports events. The city has become iconic for it
s skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the world's tallest buildin
g, the Burj Khalifa. Dubai has been criticised for human rights violations conce
rning the city's largely South Asian workforce.[12] Dubai's property market expe
rienced a major deterioration in 2008 09 following the financial crisis of 2007 08,[
13] but the emirate's economy has made a return to growth, with a projected 2015
budget surplus.[14]
As of 2012, Dubai was the 22nd most expensive city in the world and the most exp
ensive city in the Middle East.[15][16] In 2014, Dubai's hotel rooms were rated
as the second most expensive in the world, after Geneva.[17] Dubai was rated as
one of the best places to live in the Middle East by U.S. global consulting firm
1 Etymology
2 History
2.1 Pre-oil Dubai
2.2 Oil era
2.3 Reaching the UAE's Act of Union
2.4 Modern Dubai
3 Geography
4 Climate
5 Governance and politics
5.1 Law enforcement
5.2 Sharia laws
5.3 Dress code
6 Human rights
7 Demographics
7.1 Ethnicity and languages
7.2 Religion
7.2.1 Minorities
8 Economy
8.1 Tourism and retail
8.2 Expo 2020
9 Cityscape
9.1 Architecture
9.1.1 Burj Al Arab
9.1.2 Burj Khalifa
9.2 Dubai Miracle Garden
10 Transportation
10.1 Road
10.2 Air
10.3 Metro rail
10.4 Palm Jumeirah Monorail
10.5 Tram
10.6 High speed rail
10.7 Waterways

11 Culture
11.1 Food
11.1.1 Dubai Food Festival
11.2 Entertainment
11.3 Dubai Shopping Festival
11.4 Media
11.5 Sports
11.6 Cricket
12 Education
13 Healthcare
14 Notable people
15 International relations
15.1 Twin towns and sister cities
16 See also
17 Notes
18 References
19 External links
Many theories have been proposed as to the origin of the word "Dubai". One theor
y suggests the word was used to describe the souq, which was similar to the souq
in Ba.[19] Another theory states that the name came from a word meaning "money"
, as people from Dubai were commonly believed to be rich due to the thriving tra
ding centre of the location. An Arabic proverb says "Daba Dubai" (Arabic: ??? ??
???), meaning "They came with a lot of money."[20] According to Fedel Handhal, a
scholar on the UAE's history and culture, the word Dubai may have come from the
word daba (Arabic: ?????) (a past tense derivative of yadub (Arabic: ?????), wh
ich means "to creep"), referring to the slow flow of Dubai Creek inland. The poe
t and scholar Ahmad Mohammad Obaid traces it to the same word, but to its altern
ative meaning of "baby locust" (Arabic: ??????) due to the abundant nature of lo
custs in the area before settlement.[21] An inhabitant or native of the city is
a Dubaian.[22]
Main articles: History of Dubai and Timeline of Dubai
Although stone tools have been found at many archaeological sites, little is kno
wn about the UAE's early inhabitants as only a few settlements have been found.[
23] Many ancient towns in the area were trading centres between the Eastern and
Western worlds. The remnants of an ancient mangrove swamp, dated at 7000 BC, wer
e discovered during the construction of sewer lines near Dubai Internet City. Th
e area was covered with sand about 5,000 years ago as the coast retreated inland
, becoming part of the city's present coastline.[23][24] Pre-Islamic ceramics ha
ve been found from the 3rd and 4th centuries.[25] Prior to the introduction of I
slam to the area, the people in this region worshiped Bajir (or Bajar).[25] Afte
r the spread of Islam in the region, the Umayyad Caliph of the eastern Islamic w
orld invaded south-east Arabia and drove out the Sassanians. Excavations by the
Dubai Museum in the region of Al-Jumayra (Jumeirah) found several artefacts from
the Umayyad period.[26]