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Mikrotik Certified Network Associate

MTCNA

Mikrotik RouterOS RouterBOARD


. .

Internet

. OSI. TCP/IP.
IP-.
RouterOS
RouterOS


RouterOS


Mikrotik RouterOS
http://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:RouterOS_features

RouterOS
32- 5 64 6
:

(router)
(shaper)
(firewall)
(wireless)
VPN-
.

Linux
()
Mikrotik
PC x86,
RouterBOARD, virtual environment


RouterOS
()

RouterOS


Level number

1 (Free Demo)

3 (WISP CPE)

4 (WISP)

5 (WISP)

6 (Controller)

$95
30 days
yes
yes
yes
unlimited
500
500
500
unlimited

$250
30 days
yes
yes
yes
unlimited
unlimited
unlimited
unlimited
unlimited

Price
Initial Config Support
Wireless AP
Wireless Client and Bridge
RIP, OSPF, BGP protocols
EoIP tunnels
PPPoE tunnels
PPTP tunnels
L2TP tunnels
OVPN tunnels

no key

registration required

volume only

24h trial
24h trial
24h trial
24h trial
24h trial
24h trial
24h trial
24h trial

1
1
1
1
1

yes
yes(*)
unlimited
200
200
200
200

$45
15 days
yes
yes
yes
unlimited
200
200
200
200

VLAN interfaces

24h trial

unlimited

unlimited

unlimited

unlimited

HotSpot active users

24h trial

200

500

unlimited

RADIUS client
Queues
Web proxy

24h trial
24h trial
24h trial

1
-

yes
unlimited
yes

yes
unlimited
yes

yes
unlimited
yes

yes
unlimited
yes

User manager active sessions

24h trial

10

20

50

Unlimited

none

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Number of KVM guests

0 (Trial mode)

Mikrotik RouterBOARD

RouterBOARD Mikrotik

CPU, RAM, ..
RouterOS

(SOHO) (Core
router)
software-router
(
)
:



rack-mount

(USB, RS-232, Mini-PCI, Mini-PCI-Ex)
5

RouterBOARD
Integrated Solutions
,
,
RouterBOARD



,
, , ..


www.routerboard.com
6

RouterBOARD

RBSXTG-5HPnD-SAr2

RB <board name><board features>-<build-in wireless><wireless card


features>-<connector type>-<enclosure type>

Cloud Core Router

CCR1036-12G-4S

CCR <4 digit number>-<list of ports>-<enclosure type>

Cloud Router Switch

CRS125-24G1S-2HnD-IN

CRS <3 digit number>-<list of ports>-<build-in wireless


card>-<enclosure type>

http://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:Product_Naming
7


LAN Local Area Network

-

(10, 100, 1000, 10000 Mbps)


MAN Metropolitan Area Network

(10, 100, 1000, 10000 Mbps)



10


WAN Wide Area Network

(10, 100, 1000, 10000 Mbps)


, Internet

11


(Host) - ,

,
,

12

-
,



,

,
, ,



OSI (Open Systems Interconnection
Reference Model)
() TCP/IP
( OSI)
13

OSI
7

- (, )
- (, .)

- (, )
- (, )

- (, )
- (, )
- (, )
14

OSI
3-

- (routers)
- (swithes), (bridges)

- (hubs), (repeaters)
15

OSI

OSI

PDU

Data ()

HTTP, FTP, SMTP, SIP

Stream ()

JPEG, MPEG

Session ()

L2TP, PPTP, NetBIOS

Segment ()

TCP, UDP

Packet/datagramm
(/)

IP, IPX, OSPF, RIP, IPSec

Frame ()

IEEE 802,2, 802.11


PPP, HDLC

Bit ()

IEE 802.2, IEEE 802.11

PDU Protocol Data Unit


16

OSI

17

OSI

18

OSI

19

TCP/IP

OSI

20

OSI, TCP/IP

DNS

DNS-,
DNS-

telnet ,

, MAC-


IP, ,

, MAC

, ,
wifi,

21

RouterOS

Router

-
(Null-modem cable)

PC

22


(Ethernet cable)

RouterOS
Winbox

Windows RouterOS
mikrotik.com -

:
interfaces, ip addresses, routes, DNS, queues, etc.

http://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:Winbox
23

RouterOS
Mac Winbox

IP
MikroTik mac

http://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:Winbox
24

RouterOS
Webfig

Browser - http://192.168.88.1

25

RouterOS
Webfig

Web-, winbox

26

RouterOS
ssh, telnet

telnet, ssh new terminal


winbox

27

RouterOS
RS-232


RouterBOOT (BIOS)

28

1
Mikrotik

29

- Winbox-

admin, .

Internet

30


Mikrotik

Internet

31

wifi-.
Ethernet- :
192.168.X.1 IP
255.255.255.0
192.168.X.254

Internet

32

MAC-
192.168.X.254/24 Ether2

Internet

Winbox - IP
MAC- IP

Internet

192.168.X.1

192.168.X.254


Mikrotik

Internet

Mikrotik
-
station

Internet


Wireless


wireless

-
.

36

Internet

- scan
Mikrotik connect
scan
!

Internet

- IP

Mikrotik IP DHCP
DHCP client
- IP

Internet

Internet

Internet


Mikrotik

DHCP-Client

Internet

DNS
().

Internet

- DNS

IP (192.168.X.254)
DNS server

Internet

,
, :
Masquerade -
.

Internet

Masquerade
: 10.0.0.0-10.255.255.255,
172.16.0.0-172.31.255.255, 192.168.0.0 -192.168.255.255

Internet

Internet

Internet

www.mikrotik.com

Internet






masquerade /
/ DNS

RouterOS

RouterBOARD RouterOS
x86
RouterOS
CD, Netinstall

50

RouterOS
Bugfix only
Current

. .

. .

Release Candidate
.

51

RouterOS
RouterOS

System Packages Check For Updates


52

RouterOS
: Winbox, FTP, Webfig, Netinstall*
Winbox
1) mikrotik.com (
- x86, PowerPC, mipsbe, mipsle, tile
RouterOS)

53

RouterOS
2)
3) Winbox -> Files

4)
54

RouterOS
FTP
1) mikrotik.com (
- x86, PowerPC, mipsbe, mipsle, tile
RouterOS)
2) FTP-

3)
55

RouterOS
RouterOS
(packages)

system

56

. RouterOS

ftp://10.10.10.254
Winbox


www.mikrotik.com

57

. RouterOS

Winbox

58

. RouterOS


System > packages wireless

wireless
wireless

59

RouterOS

RouterOS 8- Software-ID,
HDD
software-id
Mikrotik ( )
24
HDD MBR software-id =>

60

RouterOS

System -> Users


, ,
,

61

3 : full, write, read




RouterOS

RouterOS

IP -> Services
,

:
telnet ftp

IP-

62

RouterOS
Quick Set

63

RouterOS
Router Identity

64

RouterOS
winbox


, IP, Router ID,
RouterOS,
RouterBOARD,

Safe mode
-
!!!
read

65

RouterOS
NTP

NTP Network Time Protocol


RouterOS NTP-client NTP-server( NTP-server
ntp)
RouterBOARD =>

System -> NTP Client

66

System -> Clock

4
RouterOS

67



admin read-only

4
RouterOS

68

FTP Telnet
SSH Winbox
Webfig (.8081)

4
RouterOS

69

Identity X_YourName

4
RouterOS

NTP

70

4
RouterOS

NTP
NTP pool.ntp.org
System > clock

71

2 : backup-, rsc-

Backup-
()

Files

Backup




Restore

72

RSC-
CLI (Command Line Interface)
RSC-

73

5.12 /export compact

74

backup
backup

75

76

Netinstall

http://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:Netinstall

77

78

http://www.mikrotik.com/pdf/what_is_routeros.pdf
http://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:TOC ( Basic)
http://www.routerboard.com
https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki__OSI
http://infocisco.ru/articles.html
http://www.subnet-calculator.com/
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP-
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/_