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(ASME 31.4 ASME 31.

8- )



( )







(ASME 31.4 31.8)

508
10
1.33
133
10
20
3
413
0.8696
207000
8
12.50

0.6
8.89
14.40

8.21
8.21
13.58

/t=50

10.16
3

14.40

15.90
31.95

ASME 31.8 31.4-

12.5

(% )

43.21



API 5L-

/t 50

ASME 31.8





()

SMYS




t min =

Pi -
Pe -
S -
E -
T -
F -

508
10
1.33
133
10
20
3
413
0.8696
207000

1
8

( P i Pe )D
2SFET

1
0.6

Pe>0 Pi>0

8.89

Pe=0 Pi>0

( )
API 5L

10.25
14.40
13.58
15.9

ASME 31.8





()

SMYS





( ASME 31.4 31.8)

k=

508
10
1.33
133
10
20
3
413
0.8696
207000

1
8
12.50

138.5019
33.53557

MPa
%

21.24654
5.144441
159.7484
38.68001
178.439
43.20557

MPa
%
MPa
%
MPa
%

( Pi Pe )D
2t min

sigma Pe>0 Pi>0


% SMYS (- 72%)
sigma i=0
% SMYS (- 72%)
sigma =0
% SMYS (- 72%)
sigma 12,5
% SMYS (- 72%)


API 5L 2000 .

API RP 1111


508

0

1.33

133

10
()
20

SMYS




t
P y =2SMYS
D
-

2E t
Pec

1 2 D

3
413
0.8696
207000
8
12.50
0.3
t

13.35

1.92

8.21

Pc

Pec Py

( Pe Pi ) f 0 Pc

Pec2 Py2

-
(-i) (fo*Pc)

1.90

(-i)
1.33

fo*Pc (f0=0,7 )
1.33

fo (f0=0,7 )
0.7

(Pc g () Pe Pi )
b
Pc

g () (1 20 ) 1
D D min
max
D max D min

t
2D


(-i)

0.0075

Dmax

511.81

mm

1.33

Dmin

504.19

mm

B-

0.00808

g(-
-
-

0.8696
0.0014

-
-

D mm
60,3 <508

13.35034 508 914,4


1.920861
1.901282
0.87

0.75%

0.75%

-0.25%

0.75%

t-

8.21

t
Pp 24 SMYS ( ) 2.4
D
(-i)

1.33

f0

0.8

13.58

Pp

1.92

mm

( PePi )f 024SMYS(

t 2.4
)
D

API 5L

/2
Grade A
207
2111
Grade
241
2458
42
289
2947
46
317
3233
52
358
3651
56
386
3936
60
413
4211
65
448
4568
70

482

4915

80

551

5619

( -)

508
10

T1

20

T2

1.33

133

10

20
3
413
0.8696
207000

()

SMYS



1.17E-05
15
-15
0.3

8 %
12.50

ekv = 2k + 2N k N ekvSMYS

k-
-

134.17
-76.58
184.77
371.7


330.4



T1

508

20

10

T2

1.33

133

10

20
3
413
0.8696
207000
8
12.50

()

SMYS



5
1.17E-05
-15
0.3

API 5L
t-
t API 5L

/
/

/

/

15.9
12.7

14.3

15.9

3
1030
/
850 /3
7850
/3

15.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
192.863
208.658

155.05
208.66

174.02 192.86
208.66 208.66

-15.79
135.52

-53.61
101.80

-34.64 -15.79
118.71 135.52


14.3
15.9
442.42 461.27
322.95 322.95

- /
/

/

/

56
2650

/3

520


-
-

6
520
632
268.402

119.47 138.31
272.82 289.62

f -

N = n M

ekv = 2N + 2K k N ekvSMYS

n= E(T 2 T 1 ) k
M=

M0
W

0 . 1415 P21 + P 22L2


W

k=

( Pi Pe )( Dt )
2t


15.9
12.7
14.3

129.83

15.9

145.33
272.82

129.83
289.62

0.7
1.2
15
632
1030.00
153.83
50.80
47.94
67,597.29
2,661.31
2,732.51
86,996.38
32.69
-79.93
-47.24
-112.62

0.7
1.2
15
632
1030.00
153.83
50.80
47.62
74,447.49
2,931.00
2,900.29
92,338.13
2.23
-75.28
-73.04
-77.51

/
m

/3
/

cm
cm4
cm3
/

(+)

173.83

181.46

(-)

f -

343.27

253.48


. -

L
-

-
2
-
-

I
W


M0
SIGMA (M)
SIGMA (n)
SIGMA (+N)
SIGMA (-N)

164.73

4.12E-09
3.97E-09


80% SMYS
0,8*SMYS
330.4
MPa

0,9*SMYS
371.7
MPa

cm


( )
DS
-
508

/

1

632

207000

Dext

2.45

0.5

5.00E-05
1030
10
1.33

/3

S eff =NPi ( D2t )2 +P e D2


4
4
15.9

Q
- me


12.7
14.3
15.9
2732.51
2900.29
595.77
612.58


I

-
-

N


Seff


Ks

V
1
2
3
4
5
Vr

15.00
67,597.29
-112.62
479.4
22168.1174
2496493.11

15.00
74,447.49
-77.51
476.2
24568.5846
1904369.65

cm4

6131636.64
961803.61
0.13
0.36
0.70
0.46
0.16
0.01
29.53
7.35E-01
6.15E-04

6753006.34
393684.81
0.13
0.37
0.70
0.50
0.06
0.01
29.53
7.25E-01
6.23E-04

EI
PE =
L 2
eff

V r=

K S=

=2

/
/

m/s

2m e
D

ext 2

EI
C1
m eL

eff

1+C 2

S eff
PE

+C 3

QLeff
PE +C 2S eff

) )

Leff
DS

D ext


V r lim=1
k s /1. 3<0. 4
V r lim=0 .6 +k s /1. 3 0 . 4 <k s /1 .3<1. 6
V r lim=2. 2
k s /1. 3>1 . 6

V r
EI
X 1=
meL 4
eff

X 2=

S eff

PE
QLeff
X 3=
P E +C2S eff
L
X 4 = eff
DS
Vr<Vr limit