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Example is begins at 2:18 of the video. In this scene we see a gymnast using rotational motion to ﬁght off an attacking velociraptor by knocking the velociraptor onto what appears to be a spike to be impaled. Before getting the velociraptors attention, however, the gymnast jumps on the pole and begins to spin herself on the pole ﬁrst. The pole acts as axis of rotation for the gymnast. The pole is the axis of rotation of the gymnast because we see that 1. she rotates around the pole 2. she positions her body and moves so that a large fraction of her force is directed towards the pole and 3. if we were to apply the right hand rule to this situation we would see that the direction of the ﬁngers would follow the direction of her movement. By spinning on the pole and by creating this motion the gymnast uses her athletic abilities to direct the force she is already given, weight (W=mgh), to throw herself up and over the pole which generates angular momentum (L = mvr sin θ) which is deﬁned as the product of the moment of inertia and the angular velocity. As the gymnast swings we see that she bends her limbs so that they draw inward. This helps to reduce her moment of inertia, which is her body’s tendency to resist angular acceleration. This relates to Newton’s First Law of Motion ( or the law of inertia) which states that an object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.

We can assume that the radius was the entire length of the gymnasts body plus the length of her forearms which she needed to hold onto the pole. The actress who plays the gymnast Vanessa Lee Chester is 5’ 3’’ (which converts to 1.6 meters). The average shoe size for a woman of her height is 0.235 meters and the forearm is considered as long as the foot. Therefore the radius is 1.6 meters + 0.235 meters, which is 1.865 or 1.9 meters as the radius. Throughout the video, we see that her rotational speed changes with each swing to the next as a result of friction between her hands + the pole and also in how she changes her body’s position so I’m only gonna mathematically analyze when she hits the velociraptor. Using the video physics app we were able to examine the period (T) that it took her to complete an entire revolution. She hits the dinosaur at 5:07 and comes to the same place at 6:90 so it took her 165 frames to complete the rotation. We can assume that the iPad takes videos at 60 frames per second making her total time to complete the rotation 2.75 seconds. Using the equation for angular velocity (/t) with / being 2, we can say her angular velocity is 2.28 rads per second. Using the equation for velocity r we get 4.34 meters per second, which was the speed at which she kicked the velociraptor at. From here we can solve for centripetal acceleration, ac = v2, which is 44.744 meters per second per second. From here we can calculate the centripetal force, Fc =mv2r. This equation is based off of Newton’s Second Law F=ma, however, in this case v2r is the centripetal acceleration. Based off of her weight found on the internet, we can assume that the gymnast is 62.51 kg. This means that the centripetal force of the system is 619.69 Newtons which was supposedly enough to send the velociraptor ﬂying out of the window. We can calculate the velocity at which the velociraptor is thrown out of the window to its death by using our understanding of the conservation of momentum, which is the same before and after the collision. Since this was an inelastic collision we would use the equation :(m1)(v)+( m2 )(v)=(m1 + m2 ) (v) . From this we can conclude that the speed of the raptor was 3.57 meters per second.

Another aspect of this clip that relates to physics is energy. The gymnast uses both energies to ﬁght off the velociraptor. We know that energy is conserved potential energy turns into kinetic energy which increases the impulse/momentum which then provides a force strong enough to ﬁght off the velociraptor. There are two main types of energy working in this clip to ﬁght the raptor: Kinetic and potential energy. Potential energy is given from the equation (mgh) and kinetic energy is given from the equation EK = 1/2mv2. When she is preparing to ﬁght the velociraptor the gymnast swings herself backward. At this point her PE is her weight (mgh) multiplied by her distance from the ﬂoor. As she swings forward the PE which she saves up becomes kinetic energy as demonstrated by her velocity as she hits the velociraptor.