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Modals in the Present and the Future

In order to + infinitive.
They studied very hard in order not to fail their English exam.
In order that + full sentence.
Fulanito visited Liverpool in order that he could see his British
Purpos
e

friend.
To + infinitive
They studied very hard (in order) to pass their English exam
So as to + infinitive.
They studied very hard so as to pass their French exam.
For + ing.
A knife is used for cutting.
So (that) + should/could.
Fulanito visited Manchester so (that) he should see his British friend.
As, because, since
As he wasnt well-dressed, they didnt let him in.
It must be break time, because I see many people in the canteen.
Since youre going to Great Britain for the whole year, you should buy
an umbrella.

Reason
and Cause

Because of, due to, owing to


There was no one in class because of the football match.
We couldnt stage the play due to budget cuts. / owing to budget
cuts.
The schools success is largely due to the new director.
For, For fear of, with
With the meeting [being] at 1400, I wont have time to eat.
She couldnt hear the teacher talking for all the noise of her
classmates.
Seeing that
Seeing that you aren't interested I' ll do it by myself
On account of
On account of the weather we didn't go for a walk.

So...that
The lesson was so boring that I almost fell asleep.
There were so many passengers (that) we couldn't find a seat.
Such + a + adj + Noun = noun + verb + so + adj = so + adj + a noun
It was such a boring theatre play = The theatre play was so boring
that....=It was so boring a theatre play that

Result

Hence
Tourism is very important in this area. Hence, we have a lot of people
in our College.
Consequently
Thus
Last research has shown that Tourism is the main sector in the area.
Thus, the local Council has decided to invest more money on local
attractions.
As a result
He missed the early train, as a result he was too late for the job
interview
Therefore
Adverb clause linkers : [ although, though, even though, even if,
whereas, while ] + Subject-verb clauses
- Although I was having a good time, I left early.

- Nobody failed, though it was a difficult exam.


- He failed the exam, even though he had studied a lot.
- Even if you dont like languages, they are important for Tourism
studies.
Concess - Whereas Peter looks rather smart, his friend looks a bit fool.
ion / - While the third year students are wonderful, the second year ones
oppositi
are terrible.
on
Conjunction: but any way, but ... still, yet... still.
Transition linkers : nevertheless, however, on the other hand
It's cheap. However, I don't like it
Smith says he is oor. Nevertheless, he has bought a new car.
Preposition : in spite of, despite,

Manner
and
compari
son

Addition

(exactly) as, (just) as

And
In addition Furthermore Moreover
Besides
In addition to
As well as
Also
Too