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GEK-.

49819B

INSTRUCTIONS

RECLOSING RELAYS
TYPE HGAI8L(-)A

GENERAL

ELECTRIC

GEK-49819

CONTENTS
PAGE
DESCRIPTION
3

APPLICATION

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

RATINGS
TABLE

5
I
5

CHARACTERISTICS

CONSTRUCTION

RECEIVING, HANDLING AND


STORAGE

ACCEPTANCE TESTS

MECHANICAL INSPECTION

TIME CHECK

TARGET UNITS

HOLDING COIL

INSTALLATION PROCEDURE

INTRODUCTION
PERIODIC CHECKS AND ROUT
INE MAINTENANCE
CONTACT CLEANING

8
8
9

SERVICING

RENEWAL PARTS

10

GEK -49819

RECLOSING RELAYS
TYPE IIGA18L(-)A
DESCRIPTION

single-shot re
self-resetting, 1
The relays covered by these instructions are
iate reclosure of a power circuit
closing relays which are intended to initiate immeds.
The relays will operate to
breaker that has been tripped by protective relay ker only if a predetermined time
brea
initiate a reclosure following tripping of the
sure.
reclo
l
essfu
succ
has elapsed since a previous
le, immediate reclosure of
These relays are designed for use where a singbreaker reopens immediately
In the event that the
circuit breakers is desired.
abnormal conditions, the apparatus
after reclosure, indicating a continuation of
ons where the
The relays are suited for use in applicati
remains locked out.
reclosures,
time
nt
justify subseque
requirements of continuity of service do not
such as Type SLR relays provide.
relays, which are designed for
The basic operating elements of the HGA18L(-)A e-type unit with a twowinding
HGA hing
operation from a DC voltage source are a Type
coil, a timing capacitor and two resistors.
ained with the aid of the typical
The operation of these relays can best be expl the associated circuit breaker
With
external connection diagram in Figure 1.
the timing capacitor (79/CAP) will
and
open,
be
will
52/b
ch
swit
closed, auxiliary
closed contact of 52/CS and the
the
be charged to full rated DC voltage through
contact will
When the breaker trips, closure of the 52/b
charging resistor.
That
(79/DC) of the HGA unit.
discharge the capacitor through the operating coil
will
and
),
its holding coil (79/HC
unit will then pick up and seal-in by means of ut contact 79 between terminals 1
outp
energize the breaker closing circuit via the
and 2 of the relay case.
will open, deenergizing the
When the breaker recloses, the 52/b contact
The timing capacitor will then
holding coil and causing the relay to reset.
relay is defined as the time required
commence to recharge. The reset time of the
its stored energy will be
t
for the capacitor to recharge to the poin whereact should again discharge the
cont
sufficient to pick up the HGA unit if the 52/b
remains closed for a time longer
ker
brea
the
If
coil.
capacitor through the 79/DC
initiate a reclosure if the breaker
than the reset time, the relay will be ready to
g of the breaker occurs in a time
is again tripped. However, if a subsequent openin
stored energy in the capacitor will
shorter than the reset time of the relay, the
the reclosing relay will be locked
not be sufficient to pick up the HGA unit and
out.

ons in equipment nor to provide for


d nor on-port to cover 21 det1s at variati
re jnsrructo,
Should
operation or maintenance.
with Jnstrdll!tjnn,
s;blt ontnqcncq to be met .,n connCct.rui
are not covered sufficiently for
ar;se
which
ns
rnbltujar
part;
or
snt-u_d
I U! tIUn- a9f0rmit. Ofl he (Its, red
the General Electric Company.
> sses, the matter Ub-uld tie n-ft-rred to
1
;ur
tie ,us hasey
IEEE and NEK standards;
herein meet applicable PNSI
Ge tb; ester,t togs; red the ; rodut de-seri bed
and ordinances because they vary greatly.
bar no 3000 assurance as given w;t!, respect to la I codes

GEK-49819

APPLICATION
The Type HGA1SL(-)A reclosing
relays are usually applied with
circuit breakers for a sing
transmission line
le high-speed reclosure.
If this single reclosure
attempt is unsuccessful, then
it is desired to lock out the
connections for such an app
breaker.
The external
lication are shown in Figure
1 where two 52/b contacts
are available, or in Figure
2, when only one 52/b contact
is available.
Figure 2 that when only a single
Note in
required to avoid a sneak circui 52/b contact is used, an external blocking diode is
t.
A capacitor discharge resistor
is provided between terminals
relay case to provide a means
6 and 9 of the
of disabling the reclosing rela
y
contact if desired.
by
use
of an external
For example, the user may wis
h to permit a reclosure followi
a highspeed pilot trip, but can
ng
cel reclosing following a dela
yed backup trip. This
external reclose-cancel contact
sho
uld
be
an electrically separate contact
dry contact) to avoid the pos
(i.e.,
sibility of a sneak circuit intr
oduced by protective
relay circuits.
GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
The following
reclosing relays:

general

points

must

be

considered

when

applying

automatic

Interrupting Rating of the Pow


er Circuit Breaker
The derating factor applicable
to the interrupting rating of
breaker should be checked prio
the power circuit
r to the application of a
selection of a reclosing cycle.
reclosing relay or the
Closing Control Circuits
When automatic reclosing is
used, it is essential that the
with solenoid mechanisms ensure
closing circuits
com
plete closure of the breaker,
auxiliary switch on the breake
even though the
r mechanism opens before the clos
ure is complete.
Latchchecking Switches
To ensure successful operati
on of a breaker being reclose
relay, the breaker mechanism
d by a Type HGA18
must be equipped with a latch
che
mechanism is tripfree.
ckin
g switch if the
This switch ensures that the
mechanism latch is properly
set for reclosure before the clos
ing circuit is completed.
are not required for non-trip
Latchchecking switches
free mechanisms.
Control Switches
A control switch (typically mod
el 16S81B9) should be provided
reclosing schemes using the
with automatic
Type
HGA
18 reclosing relays.
contacts to prevent the bre
This switch includes
aker from being automatically recl
osed after it has been
tripped by the control switch.
The breaker must be reclosed by
before the automatic reclosing
means of the switch
feature will be restored.

GEK49819

Undervoltage Devices
Where undervoltage devices are involved on the circuit fed by the breaker, it
is usually necessary to coordinate the reclosing time and the trip time of the
Where the
undervoltage device to ensure that the desired results are obtained.
reclosure
initial
the
undervoltage device is involved in a throwover scheme,
not be
may
or
may
it
involved,
is
Where motor control
usually should be faster.
be
should
application
Each
faster.
be
to
desirable for the initial reclosure
.
coordination
checked to determine the required
Associated Protective Relays
If high-speed reclosing is to be successful, the protective relays that tripped
the breaker obviously must reopen their contacts before the breaker recloses. Some
of the superseded types of induction timeovercurrent relays are not suitable for
If distance relays are supplied from line-side
use with high-speed reclosing.
be supervised by the contacts of instantaneous
should
contacts
potential, their
circuit is open before the breaker recloses.
trip
the
that
to
ensure
fault detectors
RAT I N GS
The Type FGA18L(-)A relay is available standard 125 volt DC ratings.
times of 3 to N seconds are available.

Reset

The curret t-closing rating of the contacts is 30 amperes for voltages not
The contacts have a currentcarrying rating of 12 amperes
exceeding 250 iolts.
Interruption ratings (non-inductive
continuously, cr 30 amperes for one minute.
I below.
Table
in
circuits) for various voltages are given
TABLE I
DC

Volts
Amperes

24
3

48

125

250

115

230

1.5

0.6

0.25

20

10

CHARACTER I STI Cs
After the relay has operated to reclose a breaker, the relay will not operate
reset tinie. This is
aging if the breaker does not remain closed for at least the 11
under ACCEPTANCE
thoroughly
more
explained
is
and
relay,
the
the resetting ;ime of
TESTS.
Normal burden data is not applicable to the HFA18 as the operating coil
energized only momentarily during the reclosing operation.

is

GFK-49819

CONSTRUCTION

The HGA18L(-)A relay


resistors mounted in a dra consists of a Type HGA unit, a apacitor and one or
wou
for either surface or sem t case. The single-ended, Si, drawout case is sui two
table
iflush mounting.
An ass
to accomodate either.
The cover attaches to the ortment of hardware is provided
mechanism when one is requir
case and also carries the res
ed. Each cover screw has pro
et
vision for a sealing wire.
The case has studs or
connections. The electrical screw connections at the bottom only for the extern
al
are made through springbac connections between the relay units and the case stu
ds
ked
con
tac
t fingers mounted
and outer blocks, between
which nests a removable con in stationary molded inner
circuit.
necting plug to
The outer block, attached
to the case, has studs for complete the
connections, and the inner
the external
block has terminals for the
internal connections.
The relay mechanism is mount
ed in a steel framework cal
complete unit with all lea
led a cradle, which is a
ds being terminated at the
locked in the case by mea
inn
er
block.
The cradle
ns
back of the case. The cas of latches at the top and bottom, and a guide pin at is
the
e
inserted in the case upside and cradle are so constructed that the relay cannot
be
dow
n.
The
con
necting plug, besides making
connections between the res
the electrical
pective blocks of the cra
latch in place. The cover,
dle
which is fastened to the cas and case, also locks the
connecting plug in place.
e by thubmscrews, holds the
To draw out the relay uni
t, first remove the
Release the latches, and
the relay unit can be dra cover and draw out the plug.
relay unit, follow the rev
wn out easily.
To replace the
erse order.
A separate testing plug
the realy in place on the can be inserted in place of the connecting plug to tes
t
panel, either from its own
another source.
source of voltage, or from
Or, the relay unit can be
drawn out and replaced by
which has already been tes
another unit
ted in the laboratory.
The cover is provided
cover unless the connectin with a mechanical interlock which prevents replacing
the
g plug is in place.
Contact circuits of the Typ
e HGA relays are closed or
arms controlled by a hingeopened by moving contact
type armature, which in tur
n is actuated by the operat
coil and restrained by an
ing
adjustable control spring.
armature gaps are adjusted
The lengths of contact and
by
mea
ns
of
scre
w contacts and locknuts in
fixed contact positions.
the front
Armature gap (and back con
controlled by the screws
tac
t
wip
e)
can
also be
and
locknuts located on the
latter features make it
possible to reduce the pick moving contact arms.
The
up energy and pickup time
relatively low values.
to
Onl
y
one normally closed contac
connected) is used since the
t (not electrically
wea
k
control spring tension would
contact pressure on two nor
not give sufficient
mal
and a holding winding which ly closed contacts. The coil consists of an operating
is connected in series with is connected in separate circuits. The holding winding
a normally open contact of the
relay.

GEK-49819

RECEIVING, HANDLING AND


STORAGE
These relays, when not
cartons designed to protect included as part of a control panel will be shipped in
them against damage.
Immediately upon receipt of
relay, examine it for any dam
a
age sustained in transit.
rough handling is evident,
file a damage claim at once If damage resulting from
company and promptly notify the
wit
nearest General Electric Apparath the transportation
us Sales Office.
Reasonable care should be exe
rcised in unpacking the rela
of the parts are damaged or the
y in order that none
adjustments disturbed.
If the relays are not to be
installed immediately, they sho
their original cartons in
uld be stored in
a place that is free from mo
isture, dust and metallic
chips.
Foreign matter collected on the
outside of the case may find
when the cover is removed, and
its way inside
cause trouble in the operation
of the relay.
ACCEPTANCE TESTS
MECHANICAL INSPECTION
Remove the
molded parts or
Check that the
agrees with the

relay from its case and check


other signs of physical damage that there are no broken or cracked
, and that all the screws are
armature operates freely.
Be sure that the nameplate info tight.
requisition.
rmation

In its normal position, the


control spring will be anchor
of the anchor pin and in the
ed in
nex
t
to the top notch of the armatur the front hole
see directions for adjusting
e tail; however,
the spring under SERVICING.
The contact wipe, measured
when the normally open con by the gap between the armature and the pole piece
tacts justmake, should be
0.02 inch.
recommended contact gap is 1/1
The minimum
6inch.
Check the wiring against
bell set or ohmmeter to che the internal connections diagram (Figure 3).
Use a
ck that the contact circuits
position.
make in the picked up
TIME CHECK
These relays are designed to
close their contacts only
interval has elapsed since
the previous contact closure. if a predetermined time
determined by the time require
The time interval is
d to charge the capacitor
to a high enough energy
level to pick up the relay ope
rating coil.
A test circuit for the Type HGA
18 relay is shown in Figure 4.
Rated voltage should be
since the applied voltage has applied to terminals 8 and 10 for all time checks,
considerable effect on the tim
e needed for the relay
to reset.

GEK-49819

Starting with zero charge


on capacitor C, close switch
and charging capacitor
S-2, starting the timer
C.
Whe
n the timer indicates the
closed and the relay should
resetting time, S-i is
pick up. The timer will reco
rd the exact charging time.
If it is permissible to
open the controlled circui
relay resetting time may
t breaker momentarily,
be determined by the cu
the
t and try method.
should reclose the breake
That is, it
r immediately when it is
waiting for the number of
first tripped, and again
aft
seconds equal to the reset
time of the relay under tes er
t.
TARGET UNITS
Check that the target ope
rates at 80 percent or less
of its rating.
HOLDING COIL
Check the resistance of
the holding coil with an
resistance for relays rated
ohmmeter.
Holding coil
48 volts DC and below should
15 percent. The resistance
be
270
ohm
s,
plu
s or minus
of all other holding coils
percent.
should be 7,250 ohms, plus
15
Check that the holding
operated electrically.

coil

holds

INSTALLATION

the

armature

closed

after the

relay

is

PROCEDURE

INTRODUCTION
The relay should be ins
talled in a clean, dry
location, free from dust
excessive vibration, and wel
and
l lighted to facilitate ins
pection and testing.
The relay should be mount
ed on a vertical surface.
drilling dimensions are sho
The outline and panel
wn in Figure 5.
The
external
and #10
reversed,

internal connection diagram


for the relay is shown in
connections diagrams are sho
Figure 3.
Typical
wn in Figures 1 and 2.
Note that terminals #3
must have the same pol
arity of applied voltage.
If this polarity is
the holding coil will not
hold in the armature of the
relay unit.
If the relay is not mount
ed on a steel panel that
case, the case should be
adequately grounds the relay
grounded through a mounting
not less than #12 B&S
stud
or screw with a conductor
gage copper wire or its equ
ivalent.
PERIODIC CHECKS AND RO
UTINE MAINTENANCE
In view of the vital rol
e of protective relays in
system, it is important
the operation of a power
that a periodic test progra
m be followed.
between periodic checks wil
The interval
l vary depending upon env
ironment, type of relay and
users experience with per
the
iodic testing. Until the
user has accumulated enough

GEK-49il9

experience to select the


tes
it is suggested that the t interval best suited to his individual requirement
s,
interval of from one to points listed under ACCEPTANCE TESTS be checked
at
two
an
years or on the same sch
protective relays.
edule as the associated
CONTACT CLEANING
A flexible burnishing
a flexible strip of me tool should be used for cleaning relay contacts.
resembles a superfine fil tal with an etchedroughened surface, which in This is
e. The polishing action
of this file is so delica effect
no scratches are left on
te that
the
con
tac
ts, yet it cleans off any
and rapidly. The flexib
corrosion thoroughly
ility of the tool insures
the
of contact. Knives, files,
abrasive paper or cloth of cleaning of the actual points
to clean relay contacts.
any kind should never be use
d
The burnishing tool descri
bed above can be obtained
from the factory.
SERVICING
Although the relay has bee
n adjusted at the factor
adjustments have been dis
y,
turbed.
The following adjustments a check may show that
the desired operation.
can be made to restore

The contact wipe,


the normally open contacmeasured by the gap between the armature and pol
e piece when
ts
by means of the adjusting just make, should be 0.02 inch. This gap may
be obtained
screws should be tightened screws in the moving contact arms.
Locknuts on these
after any adjustment.
Minimum recommended con
tact gap is 1/16 inch.
right-hand contact screw
This can be set by turning
in until the normally
the
backing it off three and
open contacts are just
mak
thr
ing
ee
,
qua
rters turns, and then loc
position by means of the
king it securely in
loc
knu
t.
If the contact gaps are
interrupting ratings listed
made shorter, the
no longer apply.
Resetting time of the rel
ay is the time required
sufficient energy to ope
for the capacitor to store
rate or pick up the rel
ay unit.
required to pick up the
Steadystate DC
required. Control spring relay unit is considerably less than the capacitor voltage
tension of the relay may
of the resetting time.
be changed for slight adj voltage
This is done by changing
ust
the position of the spring ments
notches on the armature ta
in the
il,
or
by
shi
ftin
g it from one hole to the
anchor pin. If it is not
oth
er
of
pos
the
sib
le
to
inc
rea
se reset time to 15 second
the spring, it is permi
s by adjusting
ssi
ble
to
inc
rea
se
the
contact until the requir
arm
ed charging time is obtain ature gap by means of the back
will be approximately
ed. The contact gap in thi
1/8 inch.
s case
The charging resistor, Ri,
and capacitor were select
resetting time at rated
ed to provide the normal
voltage; however, longer
or shorter resetting tim
obtained by changing the
e may be
capacitor; for shorter tim values of these components.
For
lon
ger
tim
es
use the
es,
change the resistor. The
capacitance may be selected
new value of resistance or
using the following formu
lae:

EK-49819

2
T

R1A

2
C

Ri

and
Ti

2
(T

)
1
T

where:
Ri

R1A

1
T

2
T

1
C
2
C

resistance (in ohms) in relay


as shipped
resistance (in ohms) required for
desired resetting time
rated resetting time (in second
s) of relay
desired resetting time (in second
s)
capacitance in microfarads in rel
ay as shipped
added capacitance in microfarad
s across terminals 8 and 9.

RENEWAL PARTS
Sufficient quantities of ren
ewal parts should be kept in
replacement of any that are
stock for the prompt
worn, broken or damaged.
When ordering renewal parts, add
ress the neares
Electric Company.
Specify the name of the part t Sales Office of the General
wanted, qua
complete nameplate data, includi
ng the model number of the rel ntity required, and
for renewal parts are shown
ay.
Catalog numbers
in Renewal Parts Bulletin No. GE
F-2623.

10

(+) DC

52 CLOSE
CIRCUIT

C) DC

52/CS
165B1B9
I
0*0
3

2T

43

*0__

o*O

04)01

NOTE I:
NOTE

NQTE3;

NOR AFT NOR AFT


TRI P
CLOSE
TRIP

o*o

o.H-c?

51

65X

79
CC
HC

HGAIBL C2O3A85)
OPERATE COIL
HOLDING COIL

CAP -CAPACITOR

DISABLING CONTACT TO BE
SUPPLIED BY USER
TWO BREAKER b SWITCHES
ARE NECESSARY TO AVOID
CIRCUIT. WHEN ONLY ON
A SNEAK
E b SWITCH IS AVAILABLE
DRAV1ING 0285A8287
SEE
TERMINALS 3 AND IC MU
ST BE OF SAME D-C PO
LARITY.

Figure 1 (0285A8286-O) Typ


ical External Connections of Typ
e I-IGA18L(-)A
Relay Where Two 52/b Contactes
are Available

11

GEK-4819

1+) DC

1. 52
52
b
52 CLOSE
CIRCUIT

(I DC

52/CS
ISBlB9
I
21
oo
0*0!
3
43
qo*o-
5 I
G.
ok
OffO

LOSE

NOR AFT NOR AFT


CLOSE
TRIP TRIP

HGAI8L (0203A85E6)

OC-OPERATING COIL
HC HOLDING COIL
-

CAP CAPACITOR
x
RECTIFIER 295B233
x
x
x
I2(48 OR 125V DC)
I3(25OV DC)
NOTE I: DiSABLING CONT
ACT TO BE SUPPLIED BY
U5ER
NOTE 2: RECTIFIER IS NE
CESSARY TO AVOID SNEAK
CiRCUIT
USING ONE BREAKER
b SWITCH FOR INITIATION WHEN
SEE ALSO DRAWING 0285A
8286
NOTE 3: TERMINALS 3 AN
D 10 MUST BE OF SAME
D-C POLARITY

x-

Figure 2 (0285A8287-O) Typ


ical External Connections
of Type HGAI8L(-)A
Relay using One 5?/b Con
tact
and a Blocking Diode

1?

(WK -49819

DISCaAJG

RES.

-r=

SHORT FIK

I
CAPCjp

_-

-_

(wiEN USED)

Figure 3 (0203A8555.3)
Internal
for Type HGI18[(_)p, Relay Connections Diagram
(Front View)

13

GEK-49819

EXTERNALCAPACITDR
CONNECTED BETWEEN SWKENCALLED FORARE
STUDS8AND 9.

VARI
10

FOR FLJLLWAVERECT
SOURCE OTHERWISE SAIFIED
ME
AS ABOVE FIGURE.

Figure 4 (6400546-4) Testing


Connections Diagram for Type HGA
18L(-)I\ Relay

14

GLK198 i)i

PANEL LOCATiON
SEMI FLUSH

6,625
168MM

(2)

5/16-18 STUDS

FOR SURFACE MT(E.


--

8 375
212MM

9. 125
23: IM

,PEWS

STUD
NUMPER I NG

1 0-32
STUDS

(EL ASS

97532

E_ zj

00000
00000

10 8

1. 125
1/4 DRILL
4 HOLES
6MM

C-

5/8 DRILL
2 HOLES

CUTOUT MAY REPLACE


DRILLE!) HOLES

2.187
56MM

I. 156
29MM

I
CU ]t UT

BACK VIEW

6. 187
157MM

111 MM

8.812
223MM

2.843
72MM

218
l.A
I.

5.25
13 3MM

5.687

144MM
PANEL DRILLING
FOR SLMI--FLUSH MO
UNTING
FRONT VIEW

19MM

5/16-18 STUD
3.0
76MM
VIEW SHOWING ASSLM
DL
FOR SURFACE MT(E ON Y OF HARDWARE
STEEL PANFLS
-

Figure 5 (6209271 18j


) Outline and Panel
Drilling Dimensions for
Type HGA18L() Relay

Revised since last issue

15

500
12MM
(TYPICAL)

PANEL DRILLiNG
FOR SURFACE MOUN
TING
FRONT VIEd

CASE
FP1CAL DiM.
INCHES
MM

GE Power Management
215 Anderson Avenue
Markham, Ontario
Canada L6E 1B3
Tel: (905) 294-6222
Fax: (905) 201-2098
www.gecomIindsysIpm